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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 25, 1988

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 the Ubyssey
Native trials reshape justice system
interview with
playiught Hick
....SEE PAGE 6
By Jeff Silverstein
In a landmark B.C Supreme Court case,
54 hereditary Chiefs representing 76 of
the Houses ofthe Gitksan and Wet'su wet'en
are claiming ownership and jurisdiction of
57,000 square kilometers of land in northwest British Columbia, affirming the foundation upon which their civilizations have
been based for thousands of years.
The attorney general's office has told
the court that a distinct Gitksan and
Wet'suwet'en culture does not exist. Nor
does aboriginal title. In denying these
rights, the Province of British Columbia
and the Federal Government of Canada are
(T) CIairn tKe ?\ And.,
Ignore owners
denying the very existence of these native
There is absurdity in the federal and
provincial government's defence: "Were you
a commercial fisherman in 1967?"; "Do you
have a drivers' license?"; "Do you have electricity in your house?" The provincial lawyers asked one of the Chiefs if he played
soccer or baseball.
The emotional trespassing is designed
to demonstrate to the Crown that by adopting notions of progress, the natives have acquiesced and assimilated into white culture.
The evidence ofthe Chiefs and elders in
support of their assertion to ownership and
jurisdiction has meant relating to the court,
reluctantly, their
sacred history
ada'ox. This oral history describes epics,
philosophy, codes of
behaviour and historical events.
The evidence is
designed to demonstrate to the court the
evolution of the
Gitksan and
Wet'suwet'en society
and the origins ofthe
Clans, the Houses,
potlach, and the laws.
Gitwangak Wolf
Clan Chief Ten-
imgyet, whose English name is Art Matthews, was on the
stand for eight days
and is one of several
Indians who has already recounted part
of his ada'ox. "It is a
big concern of everyone involved that the
ada'ox will be unprotected. I don't know
how how we will protect our histories
which   will   now   be
public. Our history cannot be public? said
Dora Wilson-Kennie explains the kind
of questions she was asked during her two
weeks of testimony: "We have to prove ourselves as a peopl», this is the odd thing
about the trial. \ve have to prove every
aspect of our society. The fact we have to
prove we exist makes me angry?
In the absence of a the usual written
historical record, the plaintiffs' accounts go
back to ancient villages and territory, including migrations or dispersals to other
villages. They include accounts ofthe major
hostilities that took place when boundaries
were being established and re-established.
Above all, the evidence relates the essential
elements of Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en
ownership and jurisdiction.
The court case has put pressure on the
judicial system to be creative and bold in
understanding the Indian world view and
the distinctive nature of Gitksan and
Wet'suwet'en institutions. "The trial requires imagination., .we're trying to get the
judge to expand his mind? says UBC law
professor Michael Jackson as one of five
lawyers representing the Gitksan-
In the past, white experts (anthropologists and historians) have acted as members of one culture looking at another.
Joan Ryan, the second Gitksan to take
the stand, is a teacher in Prince Rupert and
co-chair ofthe Native Indian Teacher Education Program at UBC. During her testimony, Ryan discussed her role in setting up
After forcing white culture
down their throats the
court is now asking the
natives to prove that they
still have a distinct culture.
Stea\ resources
and v^saWe \awS,
NITEP and the qualities that a tribal Chief
must possess. The topic of education appealed to the judge, perhaps giving her testimony more weight.
"To me, what the trial has
done is reveal to our people and
people outside how effective
our elders have been in teaching us?
For the benefit of the court, the traditional boundaries have been set out in maps
giving the court room the appearance of a
first year cartography class. In effect, the 54
plaintiffs will walk the Court around their
territories to acknowledge what to them has
never been in dispute. Those boundaries, for
many generations, have been and still are
being proclaimed and validated in the Feast
The plaintiffs' testimony is expected to
end in June 1988, after which time the court
will be hearing expert witnesses from all
three sides: provincial, federal and Native..
The Gitksan-Wet'suwet'en have said they
won't make use of expert witnesses if possible.
The fact we have to prove we
exist makes me angry."
- Doris Wilson-Kennie
The plaintiffs have repeatedly said the
strongest part of their testimony has been
the truth.
Murry Greenwood says the truth may
work against the Indians. Greenwood, professor of history at UBC, has been hired by
the Crown to throw a wrench in the Gitksan-
Wet'suwet'en land claim.
"On balance I'd hke to see the Gitksan-
Wet'suwet'en win, but not at the expense of
historical truth? said Greenwood.
Greenwood is convinced not only was
the Royal Proclamation of 1763 not an imperial statute but that the West Coast was
notpart of the plans.
"I'm making the historical claim that
they did not think of the west coast. The
Proclamation was not intended to go beyond
the perceived junction of Ruperts' Land and
the Mississippi."
The Gitksan and Wet'suwet'an are
claiming that no part of the territory, resources, nor jurisdiction was ever surrendered, ceded to, or purchased by the Imperial, Federal or Provincial Crown. The
Crown is arguing there was no Indian title
at the outset.
Greenwood said a Native victory would
be immoral since they would reap the benefits of European labour in the area.
see Government page 8
justic€ : step by step.
Create  courts
anci be just/
.'*      -   -'.■/-
VOLUME 70, Number 48
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 25,1988 Classifieds
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Alook at the issues that involve us.
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MARCH 31st at 2:30 p.m.
Across from the Bookstore
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and East Mall)
Wine & Cheese to Follow
President Strangway will be speaking
All Faculty and Gradating Students
are Invited to attend
March 25,1988 Picky ptuckers prefer playing Puccini
heather Jenkins photo
Native languages cling
to survival in the west
Budget boosts
student aid
By Corinne Bjorge
Base operating grants for
B.C.'s three universities are up
$16 million but the provincial
government cut college operating
funds by $3 million in yesterday's
"It's going to be devastating
for (the colleges)? said Canadian
Federation of Students (Pacific
region) chair Rob Clift.
Darlene Marzari, New Democrat MLA for Point Grey said the
move would make post secondary
education less accessible.
"Last year colleges turned
away 3,000 students," said
Marzari. "A lot of students who are
applying just won't be let in."
"It's like putting a
new coat of paint on a
building that is still
rotting away underneath,"
The five percent increase in
base operating funds for universities brings them to a level of $331
million in the coming fiscal year -
$2 million less than last year's increase, and it doesn't come close to
addressing funding inequities created by years of inadequate funding said Clift.
Since 1981 budgetary figures
for universities have increased
14.9 per cent. But the Consumer
Price Index has increased 42 per
cent since that time, said Clift.
UBC president David Strangway said it is still too early to
predict the effects of the budget.
"We don't know exactly what
it means until we get a full picture
in   two   or   three   weeks?   said
By Mark Langton
British Columbia's Native
languages are quietly disappearing, but a UBC anthropologist is
working to bring them back from
the brink.
James Powell, an anthropological linguist, said there has
been little success in the past with
Native languages because anthropologists have been setting their
goals too high.
"There hasn't been a single success story but that's because
people have been unrealistic...
Indians want to keep their language as a symbol of group identity and they can be taught in that
manner without setting fluency as
a goal? said Powell.
"If a family uses 500 to 600 words
or phrases, they can say they
speak the language... it's an identity symbol they can always have
with them? he said.
Powell said some languages are
used by so few members of the
community that they can be
"wiped out in a car wreck."
Of the 20 Native languages in
B.C. before the Europeans arrived, only three — Chilcotin,
Nass-Gitskan and Carrier — are
thriving, while four have died out
altogether. The rest are slowly
"Those are languages spoken
where there is at least one generation between the speakers and the
age group currently being socialized," said Powell. "At that point,
the language is extremely difficult
to keep alive?
English has become the dominant language of Native society
and often the only one spoken by
Native children. That's because
it's become necessary for them to
adapt to an English-dominated
society, said Powell.
"Indian kids are not going to
find a job if they speak Indian... it
has been argued that the school
system forced the change from
Native to English but the same
has happened in areas where
schools aren't so repressive... it's
the same trend everywhere."
Strangway, but "overall, the signals don't look too bad."
Phase two kicks in -financial
aid up
The biggest increase came in
funding for student financial assistance, a jump to $58.1 million
from $26.4 million. The increase is
part of a three phase program
announced by the Social Credit
government last year.
This year, first and second
year students are eligible for
equalization payments. A single
student can receive up to $6,200
and a student with dependents
can receive $8,300 said Clift.
Of that amount, the student must
repay only $3,000.
Distance funding out of sight
The provincial government
also announced an increase to
distance education from $15 million to $17 million.
Clift said the main problem
with the increase was that distance education programs are
built upon a core of university
"It's like putting a new coat of
paint on a building that is still
rotting away underneath? said
Clift. "If (the universities) are
having problems keeping their
core programs, there is little sense
in putting money into an add-on
program? said Clift.
Private  funds  matched  by
Strangway was pleased with
the new matching fund initiative
that allows for donations of provincial funds up to a level of $10
million to match funds raised privately by the university.
But he also said the benefits of
the new initiative program will depend on future funding levels.
Presenting the languages in a
traditional environment is the
best way to make them part of
Native life again, Powell said.
"Certain acts are seen as English-
language activities and that's just
about everything except ceremonies and potlatches. We need revitalized activities like hide-tanning or new ones like soccer or
hockey where kids can use the
language as a part, of the activities?
The languages of the Northwest
Coast are extremely complex
("linguists come from all over the
world just to get their ears on
them? said Powell) but their richness has led to problems in maintaining them in written form.
An international phonetic
alphabet is available for writing
non-standard languages, but Natives can find it strange and difficult to use. "Instead we set up a
practical writing system and let
the community decide for itself
how the language should be written? Powell said.
Audit continues in
Sports Services
By Victor Chew Wong
UBC's University Athletic
Council voted unanimously
Wednesday tocontinue an internal audit started last year to address charges of financial inac-
countability within Athletic and
Sport Services.
"There seems to be a general lack of confidence in the administration and management
over there, and this would alleviate the situation? said UAC
chair Bill McNulty.
"The audit is to show the
basis of where you're coming
from and maybe to get rid of
some of the skepticism surrounding the administration (of
Athletic and Sport Services),"
said McNulty.
"They (Athletic and
Sport Services)mustbe accountable to the students? said
McNulty. "I mean, look at fees.
They get more than half their
funding from the
students...about $800,000 plus a
grant for intramurals
Last year's audit was suspended because of the
president's task force review of
athletics, but will now continue.
"Dr. Hindmarch (director of
Athletic and Sport Services)
welcomes the audit because
there would be two advantages
for him? said AMS president
Tim Bird."It should clean up
the dpubts people may have and
also it will give him exact breakdowns so that he can see clearly
where corners can be cut and
where more funding is needed?
"We've always had audits
and we have internal audits
every few years, it's nothing
new? said Hindmarch.
"The audit is to... get
rid of some of the
skepticism surrounding the administration"
"There's always been innuendo about things and we
wanted to clean things up? he
UAC also voted to table the
Athletic and Sport Services
budget until April 16 when they
next meet.
"There was nothing seriously wrong with the budget
except there was some missing
information that has to be seen
before we can pass it," said Bird.
The budget was sent back to
Athletic and Sport Services last
week by the UAC's budget
committee "to have certain costs
allocated to their proper classification? said Bird.
The President's office will
hire an outfiide management
consultant for Athletic and
Sport Services.
March 25,1988
THE UBYSSEY/3 Publishing charges unfounded
By Andrew Boyle
Claims that the Alma Mater
Society Desktop Publishing department is not price competitive
are inaccurate according to AMS
Last month, the Science
Undergraduate Society accused
the AMS Desktop Publishing
Department of overcharging for
their typesetting services on two
issues in December and January.
The SUS newspaper paid
$400 to publish an eight page
paper at the AMS service compared to $217 at Friendly Technologies, said Jean Guay, assistant production manager of the
science newspaper 432.
"Why should students pay
more when it was their money that
was used to start up the company
in the first place?" said Guay.
"(The cost to students) should be
subsidized to keep prices down?
Peter Lankester of AMS
Desktop Publishing said the science students' complaint was an
isolated incident, and one with an
"Our rates for having someone type from a disc is $25 an hour
versus $40 most other places. In
their (the Science students') case,
they had about eight hours worth
of editing to be done, which, of
course, we had to charge for? said
Lankester said Desktop Publishing makes every effort to be
fair to students. When Desktop
first opened it printed three issues
of 432 for free while the employees
were familiarizing themselves
with the operation, he said. Guay
acknowledged this service but
claimed that only two issues were
prepared without charge.
AMS president Tim Bird said
the science students' incident was
isolated and that AMS printing
rates are fairly competitive "as
long as people are not leaning over
the typesetters shoulder constantly making changes." Bird
said 432 may not have been ready
to have their material typeset.
But Guay said editing time
aside, the cost of printing out a file
onto high quality glossy paper is
almost half the cost at a downtown
shop. He said AMS Desktop
could lower their prices and more
than make up the difference in
Bird disagreed and said subsidizing the service to give students
cheap printing rates would encourage inefficiency.
Past AMS director of finance
Don Isaak who initiated AMS
Desktop Publishing said the shop
"may decide to amortize (pay off
start-up costs) over alonger period
and lower our rates in the future?
But Guay said the AMS
should have already taken that
step. "They should have realized
how much it would cost to start up,
and planned to pay off their equipment over a longer time so they
could keep their prices competi
tive? he said.
Isaak said debate surrounding printing costs ignored the real
reason behind the creation of the
AMS publishing firm.
Desktop Publishing was created last summer to keep printing
costs down for on-campus groups
like The Ubyssey and CITR's Dis-
corder, and menus for restaurants
in SUB, said Issak. "Outside work
such as student papers, posters or
essays are just gravy? he said.
Model overcomes obstacles
Alexis Gervais is a pioneer in
the realm of fashion modelling.
She is a victim of arthrogry-
phosis and will become one of the
first handicapped models performing for the non-handicapped market when she walks on stage at
Surrey Place Mall tomorrow.
"I hope that actions such as
mine can help to make the public
more comfortable and less ignorant about our presence? said
Arthrogryphosis is a congenital condition which produces a
limitation in the movement of
joints. Walking is difficult but not
impossible. Gervais relies on a
battery powered scooter for most of
her transportation.
"I don't want to make a spectacle out of being handicapped.
Most of us don't expect, or want,
special treatment and there are
certainly activities in which we
cannot participate. But no one
should feel awkward about, or be
denied a chance to do, something
that they can do, especially when
it's something that they really
want to do? she said.
Gervais didn't let her disability get in the way of pursuing her
interests in fashion consulting. In
January 1988 she enrolled in a
fashion modelling course at
Semiahmoo High School under
the instruction of Karen Roland-
The Bookstore
invites you
to our Spring
Bring your used books to the Bookstore
and get cash back. Soft or hard cover,
whether used on this campus or not,
we will buy all titles that have
resale market value.
Buy Back dates:
April 11 - 22,1988
9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
6200 University Boulevard • 228-4741
"I originally took the course
solely for self-improvement? said
Gervais. "As it went on, I found
that the participation was building my self confidence and tearing
down a lot of the self-consciousness which plagues us (the handicapped) when we are out in public."
Karen Roland-Scott, who has
over ten years of experience in the
fashion industry, said that Gervais is the most courageous person
she's ever met.
"From the first time I saw her
walk, I knew she had it in her. She
feels the music? said Roland-
(6mos. max)
(one vear ma
From Toronto and v.v
$ 59
$ 69
From Montreal and v.v. to:
From Ottawa and v.v.
Student Union Building
University ol British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia
Granville Island
1516 Duranleau Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
604 228-6890
604 687-6033
Going Your Way!
To All Students Who Have Applied For
Work With The
Since September 1987
We Will Not Be Hiriny Until Early A.if nst
For The School Year Commencing Sept/88
We have Not Retained Anv Applications
For The Past School Year. If You Wish To Be
Considered For Employment For September/88
Please Fill Out An Application Form And Mail
It to Us By August 1/88.
Interviews Will Be Held
A ugust 15th to A ugust 31st
March 25,1988 Protestors warm up for Saturday's rally against U.S. intervention in Central America at the Vancouver Art Gallery
on West Georgia Saturday March 26 '■ «■■8hore Phot«
Concrete blocks
cause carpark chaos
Present your UBC
student card before
ordering and receive a
complimentary order of
regular trench fries or
hash browns with any
Valid only at
McDonald's on Broadway
at Blenheim
331D West Broadway
Vancouver, B.C.
By Katherine Monk
A wall of concrete blocks installed by Physical Plant surrounding the parking lot in SUB
loop may mean "chaos in the long
term" according to AMS president
Tim Bird.
"Couriers can't get in, deliveries can't get in, and the loading
dock is a traffic jam all day? said
Bird. "Our secretary has been
taking calls from students and
parents of students all day asking
us to do something about it."
But Robert Goodwin, assistant supervisor of patrol, said the
concrete headers are necessary to
"to protect the perimeter of the
parking lot, and stop the vehicles
which don't pay.   Otherwise you
can sneak into this parking lot
from the back?
The installation, which limits
access to the lot to two ramps,
poses no problem to disabled students said Goodwin.
"All they (handicapped students) are trying to get into is a
parking lot? Goodwin said.
"Besides, it's physical plant
which put them there in the first
place? Goodwin added.
Physical plant was unaware
of any problems with the headers,
said Dennis Haller, director of
physical plant and construction.
"But if there's a problem, we
could have a look at it tomorrow?
he said.
Bird said the placement ofthe
concrete blocks is part of an overall
design fault in the new parking
facility, and the removal of SUB
"It seems to me it would have
been a lot easier to just include the
visitor's parking lot with the temporary parking lot in Maclnnes
Field? Bird said.
"Either there's a reason for it
(the removal ofthe loop in place of:
the visitor's lot) which I don't
understand , or it's just a method
of phasing out the loop? said Bird.
But Bird said his power is
limited  in   terms   of  planning.
"Until I get a whole stack of com-'
plaints in writing, it will be diffi-;
cult to do anything about it? he
Absolutely Stunning Academic
Call For Your Free Grad Photo Session
! 3156 W. Broadway
731-8314 or 732-3023
By-Hie end of+he semes+er, Mayiwd's
dirty laundry had taken ona life of its own.
Chocolate Mug Shot
hot chocolate
Shot of Southern Comfort
Top with mini-marshmallows
Coffee Mug Shot
Hot black coffee
Shot of Southern Comfort
Teaspoon ofrsugar
Top with whipped cream
March 25,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 Jew confronts
Arab on paper
By Rick Hiebert
Through Different Eyes n
the unique co-operative
effort of two political
opponents: one a Jew, the other
Hyman Bookbinder is a former
Washington lobbyist for the American Jewish Committee and former
U.S. Senator James Abourezk is
founder and head ofthe American
Arab Anti-Discrimination League.
The result of their collaboration is
fiery rhetorical debate on the issues
ofthe Middle East and Western policy toward the area.
rm. . i l.,_ r	
is a
of the Middle East and Western pol-	
icy toward the area. Bookbinder argues that the West
The book's format is also unique, should support Israel because the
Eachauthor gets some space to Israelis share Western values and
This couM K_ *-,_?_???   .. -
make their basic arguments, then
an opportunity to rebutt the other's
piece. The book also includes the
transcript of a face-to-face debate
between the authors, an appendix
which includes basic documents
central to the issue and two bibliographies, where the authors reccom-
end further reading.
Through Different Eyes
By Hyman Bookbinder and
James Abourezk
Adler and Adler
4- Ot^     t^^«
**5c o**>£> *• \ vr>^^re e*^?K
lox rabbi,
Wfflon gives _ome $fo2?fltunnel
Playwright battles racism
JL    my    * ^ .  ■     „t of Sam Spade,   much-just tw^ongx-
* _ r *,.- I detective remi^s-nt ofrSj   V Y^w Fev        & ^
It was too telling a coincidence not to write
abi°am on the bus, on the way to
intervfew Japanese Canadian
XM.V    ** two or three short
, ^TfSardlystrikesyouasthe
•     If this naruij, ment,
stuff of serious pohtacal^
interview Japanese wj-^ knovm image interm^—^^
playwright Rick Shioimiand tems of^our understenm^ ^
overhear two people talking ^  Rut at the same^ ^ ^
me:  «, , a- vellow races are represents a ce them.
^Jtfatice overripe      nese Canadian.fgg intern
it*, true "responds another
Its true  J??,1' hatthePnme
crabbed voice, It^J    ^deau
Minister wants. It swna
wanted years ago. There uoe
^lyXw^Llt'sone^ I ^JS^
^iLe^El^tSr    Seavyhan^dShi£
represents a cer^      -;    them.
nese Canadians feel ^x. ntern.
selves and about the ^
ment) camps, says fled lone.
theatre? says SJuomi. flict
vorable reviews d.t
"It was my first piay*u        „
TheNewYorfcer.a      H     ver
political-he ^.'"^"Sall
detective ^"■^■dUcW.
aheavy handed way.
Shiomi comes byw?    Q^ng
aplaywnghthew^ ^^
Japanese Canaman0;
accident. ua writer since
**T'd wanted toDea« «_»»	
■■^ idlyButthenumber.of^^S
l....ii_^^^.^^.iiii_^^        on Canadian stages S^^ople
^m^^^m       reflects the ^1° stoomi offers
in Canadian society
^k^m^m        a series of rea^n for ttj^ *
"At last ^^-.grants, and
nity are **cef .SU language.
lllslllti: i  Of the other ^'™   t. There are
double discour^ementnetoft)llow.
*>r0le m°^S of Asian
M the same ton e a        ^
Canadian fam^int0 those
■■■1   Z^^hUs)ha
This could be tolerati. in.
devoting many P^TS £°f£ y Wlule      &ow£S£ £ "f^^on and
„™"gs' n04 very many." How lssues *at «"«--*
,a^S \ .  ^^^n^^oW^^nvJ^^
Ae'   .*,-.cno^s'v^
f^ \ ^
t \ WE
*-e        \
\ ^?t,W^S^.«11^^ lnd^e     \        Sre s^&v^Ce^ ^1^,*
^ .W^< S^eettovet^et-^^
rto^f^ta^'? A^Se^^at^V«tedV
at the
^^  l^|^«
as a
freedoms in an often unfriendly
region. He writes that Israel has a
right to exist and is willing to work
for a peaceful settlement ofthe
region's problems. Israel isn't
perfect, says Bookbinder, but
should support the nation as 1
trusted and friendly ally.
Abourezk, on the other hand,
argues that it is in the West's interest to not support Israel. The
Palestians, he writes, have been
poorly done by and "clearly Israel is
sitting in its entirety on Arab land?
We should upbraid tyrannical Israel
for its "state terrorism" and support
the Palestinian Liberation Organization in its efforts to "liberate" a
Palestinian state, according to
men raise compelling argu-
eu conflict. f/Jfes^
ments and are intelligent advocates
ofthe two sides ofthe Arab-Israeli
conflict. The book is lucidly written,
easy to follow in its arguments and,
in many ways, a fascinating and
timely introduction to the current
problems and ideological conflicts in
this troubled region.
The authors vary in their treatments of their respective opponents.
Bookbinder, while suppoting the
Israeli point of view, also condemns
Israeli failures and he tries to
understand and empathize with the
Arab point of view.
T:at^eV* ^Ve^U^s C<*X*T
& .-iTl.'-
"   rotv^^I've^
UIlue*_*>l>_.IlU _;I1U -1J
Arab point of view
However, Abourezk is not as
charitable to his political opponents
He, as do many who share his point
of view, sees the conflict as primarily the fault ofthe "Zionists" and
their friends.
didn't want w V***^;have
fS^Yellow Fever would
^n   fte their mainstream audi-
aPPPf"ifsSmi. The history
SlowFever reads like an il-
Asian Canadian theatre.       _
Aaa2Bl«t was five years ago,
k^tnrm "At that time there
saysShiomi, ^'.,. real Asian
^^ because the opportum-
very tough ^eC*u^e  In film and
;e?arerarely*ere. I     .ttlebi
TV they can ^^/thebutler -but
parts - the ^"Varger roles for
^erearenotmanyl^     avet0
them* flota0Wgn characters.
-1 ay roles as for«g« saW an
At the same t^ hflte we see
Asians cast m ^     ^tions of
^^^sa^Death of Salesman,
plays hke, say, ^
miss mark
■"" .multiples of the sai
«To say you re a    v   tto
say you re less m Wnd of
less Canadian* ^2vetoWorlt
against—tne ^   mainstream,
5Se mainstream*
lf Shiomi ge^^rf
soonbe hearing^ crank races
buS6SSSng over the theatre
aTe even tai£u-&
now. What next?
March 25,1988
By Kathy Chung
In the introduction to. his^
show, Chinatown Intenors,
photographer Pok-Chi Lau
Wites that his viewers share a
common heritage with his
_*,Wo-*ts Lau states that as , ^--.Qf personal m"-*"-—
Sth Americans, most of our fQf y^couver 1976 portrays a
ancestor^wereiTAmigrants.The     J^g child who looks at the
anCC _^w««hMt. he writes,     ^^ with refreshing interest
portray predominantly the
little energy for lite.
Onlv a few portraits give any
sigSf personal confidence or
^S11 „ H  1 Q7fi nortravs s
ancestors were _u_u___.-.«"-— -
pu^oseofhis exhibit, he vmtes,
is to break down the media
stereotypes imposed on the
Chinese by presenting factual
images of immigrants'lives m
Chinatowns across America.
Chinatown Interiors
Pok-Chi Lau .
Fine Arts Gallery, Main
Library, UBC
to March 31,1988
Lau's photographs show a
dark, bleak world of one room
apartments with peeling walls
and bare light bulbs, inhabited
bfsnent, resigned immigrant.
y      Many of the pieces, such as
Chinese Laundry with Deity of
Widow, are still-lifes ofliving
quarters, often containing the
ubiquitous Chinese calender, pic
tes^f Chinese deities,jmd wire
coat hangers onthewallSwLaus
high-contrast, black and white
photos emphasize the stark
empty living conditions of the
UrbanCsshow presents a very
narrow vision. The interiors from
the different cities seem lite
J°y-VSd who looks at the
SSsity. RetiredT01 Shan
Chinese Women m Then-
Apartment, one ofthe lew
briSS toned photographs, de-
oicts two old women who
&y show hints of smiles
Sanding with arms around each
Sed people who populate
ist and the life of an immigrant
is not often simple, however,
Tau has failed in his wish to
praS insight into the lives of
Man-Chu Chinaman . However,
exhibit is as manipulative *
media it responds to.
There are facets of these
peopSs lives that Lau doesnt al-
easy for these people, but 1 coma
nSelp imagining that oc^on-
X, there is a smiling facerm.the
other side of the room which Lau
was photographing.
March 25,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 Government position racist
Government has imposed assimilation, arrest and abolition on natives
This seedling protected by
House Chiefs in the course
ofthe Seasonal round.
Arrival of
from page 1
The government's defence is
ultimately a racist position. Ever
since the Canadian government
abolished potlatch (the feast) and
began arresting Indians for practicing their culture, the government has systematically forced
the Indians to assimilate into the
dominant white culture.
After forcing white culture
down their throats the court is now
asking the natives to prove that
they still have a distinct culture.
Federal and provincial lawyers
are demanding proof that native
culture is not just something that
materializes on feast days.
There is along period in Canadian history during which the
government institutionalized the
denial of Indian ownership and jurisdiction. This is not the first time
the Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en
Chiefs have sought recognition of
their rights to ownership and authority over their territory.
In 1884, the Gitksan Chiefs of
Gitwangak   told  the   Provincial
The Bookstore introduces
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Business Calculator
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Scientific Calculator
Scientific Calculator
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6200 University Boulevard • 228-4741
Government that the influx of
miners to Lome Creek within
their territory, without their consent had to be stopped.
In 1908, Gitksan Chiefs travelled to Ottawa to present a petition to the Federal Government to
stop the wrongful appropriation of
their territory.
The government responded to
the efforts to have the courts address the issue by amending the
Indian Act in 1927, making it an
offence, punishable by imprisonment, to raise money to press for
land claims. That law was not
repealed until 1951.
With history being made in
this landmark trial, Don Ryan,
president of the Gitksan-
Wet'suwet'en Tribal Council said
press coverage has been scant.
"The court case just isn't sexy
enough. When the decision comes
down well get a lot of coverage?
Peter Grant, a lawyer representing the Gitksan-Wet'suwet'en
says the case has implications for
everyone in Canadian society. "I
think it's a dangerous proposition,
because if Indian people lose their
rights because they take on modern principles, then we give up
certain rights as well?
"Act Without Words II"
directed by Wendy Gorling
"The Bear"
directed by Debra Thorne
Mar. 21 - Apr. 10*
(in repertory)
"The Bald Soprano
directed by Kathiyn Shaw
directed by Morris Panych
TICKETS:      2 for 1 (2 for $7.00) Tues. - Thurs. & Sun.
$5.00 Fri. & Sat.
CURTAIN: Tues. - Sat. 8 pm / Sun. 3 & 8 pm
*no performances Easter Sunday, April 3rd, 1988
Your AMS Student
Card Is Worth
10% Off Bicycles
& Accessories
Show us your student card at Sixth Avenue Cycles
and we'll give you 20% off the list price of selected bicycles and all accessories in stock — no
questions asked. We carry a full line of Norco,
BRC and Kuwahara bicycles, as well as the highest quality racing cycles from Ros sin and Guer-
ciotti. Plus, one of Vancouver's largest selections
of cycling clothes and accessories. We're located
on Sixth Avenue in Vancouver, one block west of
the entrance to False Creek.
"Dedicated to Cycling Excellence"
856 West 6th Avenue
Phone 875-0029
and have we got a sale for you!!
s& ^SBttOOHS
men's & women's
NOW $£Q 95
only vy.
Reg$89.95 \,v,,*-   •^-"~"'
Quantities limited. On Sale from March 19 to March 31" 1988.
Come in and see our many other
in-store specials.
UBC students staff & faculty receive 10% OFF
regular priced merchandise.
2716 W. Broadway
March 25,1988 Davis   Cup   action
slated for Vancouver
Canada and Chile will trade
serves at UBC's War Memorial
Gym next month in the first Davis
Cup tennis action in Vancouver
since 1972.
The prestigious three day
international tournament (April
8-10), with afield of over 100 countries, will feature Canada's top
male players in a must win situation against their South American rivals. Canada must defeat
Chile in order to remain in group
one of the American Zone, recognized around the world as the
toughest in Davis Cup.
Canada hangs its hopes on the
raquets of former Canadian champion, Glen Mitchibata and Vancouver native, Grant Connell.
"Mitchibata and Connell will
play doubles (Saturday) by virtue
of their reaching the quarter finals
of the Australian Open? said
Davis Cup coach Robert Bettauer.
"It was the first time a Canadian
doubles team has reached the
quarters in a Grand Slam event."
There will be four singles and
one doubles match played over the
course of the three days. Each
match will be determined by the
best three of five sets with no tiebreaker - there have been Davis
Cup matches that 'have lasted six
hours or better.
Filling out the six man Canadian roster are Andrew Sznajder
(current Canadian singles champion and NCAA indoor champion),
Chris Pridham, Martin Laren-
deau, and Hubert Karrasch.
For ticket information and
times of matches contact VTC/
CBO or the UBC tennis centre.
Canada's Grant Connell in tennis action
photo gary winter
Athletes honored
Co-winner Jeannie Cockroft (middle) accepts female athlete ofthe year award. Ken and Pat Slade
accept award   on behalf of daughter, Melanie. Photo «t*we chan
Melanie Slade and Jeannie
Cockcroft were selected as co-athletes of the year by the women's big
block club at the annual year-end
awards banquet.
Slade, a member of this year's
women's field hockey team was
chosen for her excellence on the
field. She is currently with the
Canadian national women's team
in Australia on a pre-Olympic
Cockcroft, who received the
athlete ofthe year award in 1986,
was selected again because of a
CIAU high jump victory and an
Olympic qualifying jump of better
than 1.92 metres.
Last Thursday night at the
men's big block banquet Roy Radu
won the Bobby Gaul Award as the
outstanding graduating male
Radu, a fifth year education
student, has been the captain of
the UBC rugby "Birds for the last
four years and a member of the
Canadian national team since
1 HR.$3!
5706 University Blvd
222-1688   .  _ 	
M-TH 8-9 F 8-6 Sat 10-6 Sun 11-6 Great copies. Great People.
Students who have been receiving Canada and B.C. StudentLoans
through the Province of British Columbia are reminded that they
may be eligible to have part of their debt repaid. Borrowers
graduating with their first degree may have a student loan debt over
$12,000 repaid. Those completing their second degree may be
eligible for remission of student loans exceeding $16,000.
Loan remission is not automatic. You must apply. Applications
are available from the UBC Awards Office or your lending
institution. Applications must be submitted after you graduate to
the Ministry of Advanced Education and Job Training in Victoria.
Do not miss this opportunity to reduce your total indebtedness.
For more information, contact the Awards Office or the Ministry of
Advanced Education. (Toll Free: 1-800-742-1818).
-Awards & Financial Aid • Rm 50, General Services Admin Building • Telephone: 228-5111
^ Telephone Registration
is here
* bud
Pick up your copy of the University Calendar and the
Program Planning & Advising Information booklet.
Location:    Registrar's Office
Dates: March 29 - April 15, 1988, Monday - Friday
Time: 8:30 - 4:00 (March 29-31 until 7:00pm)
Watch for the Telereg Procedures & Course Schedule,
which will be mailed to your permanent address in late April.
If you have changed your permanent address, please notify
the Registrar's Office.
New Policies
A $100 deposit will be required within 10 days of your
initial registration. This will "hold" your courses until fees
are paid.
The first instalment of fees will be due by August 31,1988.
Office of the Registrai
March 25,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 A hopeless
half dozen?
Six candidates. Six dedicated servants of the student body. Six candidates running for the position of
AMS Director of Finance in this week's byelection. Six
candidates with a lot of unanswered questions.
Why are they running now? Why didn't they run in
January? Did they miss or not know about the deadline?
Did they have other commitments? Are they opportunistic resume builders?
This is a group of candidates who collectively have
little to offer. Their campaign material presents six versions ofthe same old story or a half dozen vacuous or erroneous lists of qualifications and ambitions.
Michael Roberts appears to be both a career student
and a career politician. After two years at Langara,
including a term as treasurer, he feels ready to step into
one ofthe top student positions at UBC. He's only been
at UBC for 7 months. Sure, he has student society
experience but it may not apply to UBC. We do not know
if he did a good job at Langara.
Shawn Bordoff asks,"Did you invest $39.50?" Then,
he tells us that, yes indeed, we did. His poster boldly
proclaims his desire to be our voice. But he neglects to tell
voters why he wants to perform this role or how he is
different from the rest.
Jonathan Mercer wants to return to the AMS after
a two year absence. Mercer's poster presents an impressive list of credentials. Unfortunately, some of them are
exaggerated. Mercer was not really the AMS Ombudsperson in 1985. As Vice-President in 1985/86, Mercer
was responsible for the office and took over briefly when
the true Ombudsperson left and had to be replaced. His
representation of Arts on Student Council did not run
through 1986 but ended in 1985 when he became Vice-
Karl Kottmeier, the current Assistant Director of
Finance, responsible for the club accounts, wants to
increase the scope of his involvement. It's a good thing
the Director of Finance has a secretary because
Kottmeier either can't spell or, worse, didn t take the
time to even inspect his poster before having itprinted.
Karl also trumpets his membership in the Thunder
Booster Fan Club. Great. Team spirit hardly applies to
the DoF position.
Dan Gomes is another of those "greater voice" proponents. Gomes has a pleasant picture on his poster and
boasts a three point program that, well, has already been
accomplished by past councils. Gomes' awareness ofthe
issues is questionable.
Todd Patola combines some of the fine features of
the other candidates. Like Kottmeier, Patola cannot be
bothered to check his poster, giving us pearls like the
untranslatable "3 yrs working for the AMS Executive
officer of Fredo Holdings co." The AMS has no executive
officer, especially for Fredo Holdings. He is a portfolio
manager but his poster does not tell us if he is a good one
nor how this applies. Like Gomes, Patola does not appear
to understand his own goals. The AMS already provides
some 300 students with well paying employment. Patola
wants to balance the AMS budget; that's commendable,
especially since the AMS budget is balanced every year.
The law requires it.
When the ballots are counted and the results released, the inevitable low voter turnout will be blamed on
one of two factors: the traditional UBC apathy, or a
decided inability to choose from a field of uninspiring
hamster brains.
Perhaps all ballots should have a "NO" box, giving
voters the opportunity to reject the whole gaggle of goobs.
rtvte cu£/\r cur!
March 25,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays
throughout the academic year by the Alma Mater Society
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those ofthe
university administration, or ofthe sponsor. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian University Press. The
editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977.
Laura Biuheikin and R.D. Shore were lining quietly at their desks when a beer
bottle flew part Laura's bead. No one else was in the room. That night, as
moonbeam! shone through windows of the news chamber, Corinne Bjorge and
Victor Chew Wong saw a white shape float eerily through the room. They
weren't even stoned. Just then Peter Francis and Ales Johnson ran in screaming from the Desktop Publishing Halls. Before they could still their chattering
teeth long enough to explain their terror, a computer terminal began to shake
and crackle ominously. The newslings stared at it aghast as the glass screen
shattered and out thrust Katherine Monk's gory head. She struggled out of the
terminal dragging Deanne Fisher behind her by the hair. Just then the door flejr
ofTits hinges with a crash and in floated a flying carpet. On it lounged Laura
Busheikin and Martin Dawes, looking bewildered. They wore persian robes and
carried, between them, a bejewelled chest Steve Chan popped out ofthe
darkroomand smiled knowingly. 1 can explain all this,* he claimed. But before
he spoke again the chest flew open and a witch with the face of Jennifer Lyall
jumped out and hit Steve over the head with a broom. Chris Wiesinger, Jeff
Silvcrsteir., and Darren Atwater materialized out of thin air and began wailing
like Banshees. "Hail Macbeth,* cried Derek Craig and Andrew Boyle from Mike
ofi.ee. The faces of Mike Laanela and Jody Woodland flickered on the windows,
then disappeared. Suddenly the news chamber began to fly through space,
circling and swooping through the sky. The voice of Kelly Duncan came over th<
P.A. system, explaining with an evil cackle that then were no escape txiis!!! Th(
ghosts of Cathy Aarde, Kathy Chung and Dean Michael Guistini seeped through
the floorboards and began cramming all the newslings into the bejewelled chest,
which expanded to fit them. Mark Langton emerged from an empty Kokanee
bottle and began reciting incantations. Then the lights went out and silence
reigned. The next day noone remembered anything but the office was messier
than normal, and wasn't in it's usual location. But Rick Hiebert looked both
terrified and pissed off. "What happened to my masthead???" he asked. No one
answered.   Hollow, disembodied laughter echoed through the news chamber...
Corlrm* BJorg*
R.D. Shor*
Laura BuarhaUdn
Victor CtwwW
BR.Txsrt   coLUfASiA-i   HEW
PLO 'one of
many representatives'
The article on March
4th by Mr. Safty either mistakenly confused or, as the
case may be, intentionally
misconstrued the PLO
(Palestinian Liberation Organization) as the uncontested voice ofthe Palestinian people. In light of this,
the following is meant to
express Mr. Safty free of
the equivocation he drew
between the Palestinian
people and the PLO and
thus rescue him from admitting of any blatant fallacy. A compendium ofthe
PLO as distinct from the
Palestinian people per se is
then in order.
The PLO is but one of
several groups which purport to express the voice of
the Palestinian people as a
whole. While it is veridical
that the PLO are certainly
the loudest ofthe many factions to arrogate this responsibility it would be
non-sequitur indeed, to
conclude that this necessarily entails that the Palestinians embrace the PLO
as their political spokesmen. Given the reprehensible nature of the coercive
acts historically definitive
of the PLO, it would certainly be to insult the integrity ofthe Palestinians as a
whole to expect that this
organization is an expression of Palestinian sentiment in general. Rather, a
preponderance of evidence
points in the opposite direction. The relative silence of
any proper opposition to
the PLO (an opposition one
ought to expect supposing
there did indeed exist an
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300
words in length. Content which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not
be published. Please be concise. Letters may be edited for brevity, but itis standard Ubyssey
policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring them, with
identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
internal conflict of interest
or, at the very least, approach) might best be attributed to the well documented
fear tactics as implemented
by the PLO.
Returning to the matter
of Mr. Safty's column then,
it would seem that any
equivocating of the PLO
with the Palestinian people
is sure to only cloud an already very complicated and
difficult issue. By asserting,
for example, that official
Israeli policy precludes negotiation with the Palestinians when it is in fact the
PLO Mr. Safty had ought to
be meaning, one is easily
lead astray (barring more
exact information for
Instead of cluttering an
issue with deceptive
misinformation.one should
strive to address matters
honestly and objectively,
thereby presenting the
uninitiated with the tools to
derive their own conlusions
through an appeal to reason
in conjunction with a genuine desire for truth.
A.M. Estrin
Philosophy 4
A second growth will
never be the same as a virgin forest stand. How could
a new forest develop of similar richness and variety
given today's acid rain,
ozone layer and rapid
extinction of invaluable
micro-species, not to mention countless other destructive ecologicla and
environmental phenomena?
As David Suzuki mentioned
at SUB recently, unique
micro-organisms are going
extinct at a rate faster than
scientists can even discover
If B.C.'s wilderness and
virgin growth is as abundant and intact as Les Reid
and others seem to insist,
why then is there such reluctance to give up relatively small areas like the
Stein valley? It is predictable that the logging industry should be stubborn in
this matter, but when Foresters join in the shortsightedness, it becomes grotesque.
Growing numbers of
people are awakening to the
fact that the option to leave
rich areas of untouched virgin wilderness intact will
not be available to us much
longer; Suzuki cited 30
years. And the Stein, of
course, is more than just a
beautiful wilderness, it is
the specific heritage and
livelihood entrusted to
Lytton and Mount Currie
natives for generations.
The global crisis we face
today is well documented in
the United Nation's recent
publication, Our Common
Future. And it is very clear
that our lifestyles and values of the past and present
have brought upon us a
global mess.
I applaud Suzuki who
bluntly and articulately
warns us that past and current logging practices must
be scaled down and some
areas preserved. And I encourage ones like Les Reid
and J.V. Thirgood to take a
stand that reveals awareness of the unprecedented
times in which we live. If we
continue in our tunnel vision, we are going to end up
where we are headed.
Toshiko Hyodo
Commerce 3
in Central
The most recent American show offeree in Central
America is only the latest
example ofthe foolishness of
American foreign policy in
Central America. Over the
past few months there have
been incursions by Nicaraguan soldiers into Honduran territory as they pursue
Contra forces. What a coincidence that the day indictments in the Iran-Contra
affair were made, the Reagan administration announced that Honduras had
been invaded by Nicaraguan troops and that the
Honduran government had
asked for American military
help. This move is an obvious ploy to renew contra aid
and to distract the public
and media from the Iran-
Contra indictments. This is
surely not the way to implement a coherent and rational foreign policy.
Nicaragua is far from
perfect, but its neighbors
aren't perfect either. Honduras is being tried by the
Interamerican Tribunal for
Human Rights for allegedly
using death squads to liquidate the opposition. In El
Salvador, the party of
Roberto D'Aubisson, who
allegedly is involved with
the death squads there, just
won a majority in that
nation's Congess.
More is asked of Nicaragua than of any other Central American nation. The
reason is very clear.
Nicaragua's crime is not its
ideology, its agrarian reform, Soviet weapons, or its
rocky relationship with its
internal opposition.
Nicaragua's crime is its independence from the United
States. Nicaragua is for the
first time deciding its own
policies and that irks the
United States.
The initiatives of the
Central American presidents have to be respected.
There are limits to what
they can achieve. For example, even if Honduras
banned Contra camps in its
territory, it would make
little difference as long as
American aid continues.
It is in the United States'
best interest not to be left
behind in the current dynamic of change in Central
America. The problem is not
that Central America poses
a security threat it is its
political independence—
particularly that of Nicaragua, whose autonomy was
compared by Walter
Lippman to that of Long
That year, Franklin D.
Roosevelt wrote in the journal Foreign Affairs:
"....the result of our intervention in Nicaragua is that
never in our history have we
had fewer friends in the
Western Hemisphere....We
jealously guard our own
sovereignty. The correct
thing would be to respect
this sentiment in other nations?
The struggle between
Latin America and the
United States is also a war
between memory and amnesia. Who asked Nicaragua to
be democratic when it was
occupied by the Marines or
ruled by the Somozas?
Julian Ventura
Arts 4
March 25,1988 Trivial censorship concerns student
Censorship is an ugly word!
Who said that? It's even uglier
when it occurs in a supposedly
educated population such as a
university. Lately, as I've been
walking aroud campus, I've noticed that many of the ads on
bulletin boards which offer discount rates on magazines for
students have been censored. If
you look closely, you will notice
that the cover ofthe swimsuit issue of Sports Illustrated has a a
black line drawn across the chest
of Elle Macpherson. This is an
outrage. Not only is it an insult to
our society in which we brag about
how much freedom we have, but it
is also an insult to Elle. It makes
me wonder what the motivation
was behind the person's action
that they would take all that time
to censor such a trivial and obscure item. I hope the people responsible for this atrocity realize that they are jeopordizing
the freedom of a nation and
before they embark on their
next valiant quest for maoral-
ity, or whatever their purpose
may be, that they think about it
first and use a little common
sense in their judgement.
Charles Marty
Arts 3
Reagan's legacy for peace
little more than fantasy
It is now fully five years
since U.S. President Ronald
Reagan announced the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), a
plan to build a defensive shield
around North America that
would render nuclear missiles
"impotent and obsolete? To
evaluate the present debate we
must put it into the context of
these five years.
While the grandiose claims
made for SDI in 1983 have been
scaled down somewhat, its purported goals remain as distant
and uncertain as ever, and believing in its prospects of ever
achieving them requires the
same enormous leap of faith.
The arguments against SDI
remain exactly as they were in
1983, because they have never
been refuted.
Five years have passed
without a shred of evidence
emerging that supports the
claims made for SDI, or discredits the counter-arguments
that critics have been advancing all along. A great deal of
new information has emerged,
but all of it is on the side ofthe
skeptics. Critics of SDI are still
shooting with the same bow,
but they have a lot more arrows
in their quiver.
It is also worth remarking
that, while the Reagan administration has tried many different strategies for selling the
program to the public, dealing
with these perfectly valid objections head on has never been
among them.
The arguments against
SDI fall roughly into two categories: the technical and the
strategic. The technical argument is simply that an impenetrable shield around North
America is not technologically
feasible and probably never
will be.
A limited defence for U.S.
intercontinental missiles is
possible but strategically undesirable. This was agreed upon
by both superpowers by 1970,
and such systems were prohibited by the Anti-ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty of 1972.
Such defences inevitably
give rise to new offensive
countermeasures, leading to
refinement of the defences,
leading to new countermeasures, and so on. So the devel
opment of defensive weapons
leads to an unrestrained arms race
in both offensive and defensive
The superpowers chose to
forego the development of strategic defences because the counter-
measures are inevitably cheaper
and more effective. The disparity
in cost has been estimated at 10 to
1 (i.e. the systems needed to evade
or destroy a $100 billion ABM
system would cost less than $10
Why, then, all the enthusiasm
for SDI in Washington? I do not
accept the notion that Ronald
Reagan is a 'puppet', an
uninvolved, unaware frontman for
the military-industrial complex
(although he has been very effective in promoting their interests).
His enthusiasm for this project is unlimited, and it is his opinion that has prevailed over the
initial skepticism of his cabinet
officers. They are, after all, presidential appointees, and what
power they have depends on their
maintaining his approval. The
ignorance of an individual president does not eliminate the
enormous power and prestige of
his office.
Ronald Reagan can not be
judged by the same standards as
are other political leaders. He is
altogether ignorant of science,
history, and nuclear strategy. He
thinks in images only and is
swathed in a thick layer of moral
certitude impermeable to logical
argument. (Well, maybe not that
much different than other political
He may have been entirely
unaware of the ABM treaty and
the research into ballistic missile
defence that existed, to the tune of
a billion dollars a year, prior to
1983. He may well have believed
that he was proposing something
entirely new, rather than something that his predecessors had
considered and found wanting.
Even now he may believe that
SDI will ultimately create an
impenetrable shield around
America, even as underlings acting in his name scoff at this fantasy and press for deployment of
the same kind of limited defences
President Nixon rejected in 1969.
Will SDI outlive Ronald Reagan? George Bush has promised to "carry on the Reagan
legacy", but lacks Reagan's personal popularity and will have
more difficulty selling the program to Congress and the public
(and the 'great communicator'
himself has had plenty). The
Democratic presidential aspirants are unanimous against
SDI. The Senate has unequivocally rejected the "broad interpretation" of the ABM treaty.
The Soviets are unlikely to drop
their (perfectly valid) insistence
that strategic defences are incompatible with deep cuts in
offensive weapons (it is worth
noting that this is one ofthe few
matters on which prominent
dissidents like Sakharov agree
■ "ith the official line).
SDFs main legacy will be
similar to that of the Reagan
presidency as a whole: wasted
money and missed opportunities for peace. Because the administration has made an effort
to disperse research contracts
widely in order to create a political constituency for the project,
it is unlikely that research funding will ever be scaled down to
pre-1983 levels.
While this in itself is tragic,
because it diverts even more of
the limited resources of American science into the military, the
ABM treaty and the uneasy
standoff it safeguards appear
safe for now.
But the financial potential
of the program is undeniable.
Once such a constituency has
been created it can not easily be
dismantled. It will look for opportunities for future expansion, and will link its future to
those of Reagan appointees who
have survived the Iran-contra
scandal unscathed and are
likely to resurface in future
administrations. The biggest
question is whether a Democratic president would (or could)
move to disable it (and many
other useless and dangerous
parts of the defence industrial/
bureaucratic complex) once and
for all.
Jim Christian is a graduate student who believes in Gandhi's
maxim that human civilization
would be an excellent idea.
(Graduate Management
(Law SchoolAdii—ssionTest)
Offered at the University of British Columbia
• Includes Sexton text book, lectures and      oo*->jao*-jo
• One year personalized services. __2_S-*827__
• Instructors hold PhD, MBA or LLB.
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Attention all Ubyssey staffers !!!
The farewell issue is in production
next Monday and Tuesday nights,
last chance for fame and glory.
Attention all Ubyssey staffers !!!
The farewell issue is in production
next Monday and Tuesday nights,
last chance for fame and glory.
The Bookstore will be closed
March 30th - April 4th
The Bookstore will re-open
on Tuesday, April 5th at 8:30 a.m.
Hillels Famous Hot Lunch
Last One For This year!
Featuring Borscht
and Blintzes
With a discussion led
by Mordehai Wosk on
Tuesday March 29, 12:30 p.m.
at Hillel House (behind Brock hall)
Tel: 224-4748
*CalIing All Grads*
Use The $500.00 Coupon
For Down Payment
from $7488
or lease from only $168.97lSS
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your new car with this coupon. One coupon per car.
Place your order now for your brochure.
Call us today at 879-4233 or visit our show room
for validation of this coupon.
Partners in the new
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at 18th, VANCOl VKR
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Mon.—I-'ri 8:30 am to 10 pm
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March 25,1988
THE UBYSSEY/11 Weird play questions li
By Laura Busheikin
rou're on earth, no cure for that?
.says one character in Beckett's
Endgame. Oh boy. Why watch a whole
play that concentrates on the idea that
life is an incurable disease, a festering
sore that won't go away but isn't critical
enough to be cut out?
Well, Beckett's parable of pointless-
ness has enough pitch black humor to almost qualify as a comedy. And the play is
so weird that you just have to keep watching—you never know what you'll see next:
an object draped in a sheet turns out to be
a blind woman in a wheelchair; two
innocent looking garbage cans are—
surprise—the homes of two grotesquely
old people; the 'family pet' is a stuffed dog
with three legs.   Beckett creates a
surreal, bizarre world which is meant to
be a chilling parallel ofthe world we
Pitt International Gallery
Novus' production is worth seeing
just for its setting. The play has found its
perfect home in the cramped backroom of
Penelope Stella as Hamm (left) and Melanie Doerr as Clov..
The Pitt Gallery; the tiny space creates a
mix of oppressive claustrophobia and
compelling intimacy. The set, a sculptural installation by Persimmon Blackbr-
idge and Jean Mitten, is the perfect
environment for characters who, too jaded
for angst, hug the walls that bind them
and search for order in a meaningless
Furniture emerges half-trapped from
the walls. A table set for two pokes out at
an odd angle. Only half of it is visible; the
other half disappears into the wall. Two
halves of a chess board, with pieces set in
a stalemate endgame position, face each
other across a corner. Faceless pictures hang, a typewriter sits unused, and over
jail of it is thick coat of grey
paint. It is as if everything in
the room belongs to the walls.
Amidst all this suspended
animation the four characters
eke out lives lacking even the
dignity of quiet desperation.
Nell and Nagg, the old couple
in the garbage cans, beg for
biscuits and strain their
cracked, withered lips in a
vain attempt to kiss each
other. Chairbound Hamm
torments her companion/
servant Clov, who rolls her
eyes and sighs. They check
the windows regularly for
signs of life, of growth, of some
sort of communication from a
world outside their room.
Penelope Stella's inspired
performance as Hamm brings
a campy pathos to the role;
with glittering rings, finger-
less black gloves, silk robe and
pill box hat, she looks and acts
like an aging actress well past
photo stave chan     her prime. But beneath her
Clov searches for life. photo stave chan
tantrums, airs and demands is a desperate anguish. With her trembling Ups and
a voice that at times teeters on the brink
of hysteria, Stella is an unforgettable
Melanie Doerr's more stylized interpretation of Clov is, unfortunately, less
successful. Her deadpan delivery works
for the comedy but at other times her lack
of emotion alienates the viewer and rings
false. Her stiffness is particularly jarring
in contrast with Stella's wholehearted
Ron Sauve and Elisabeth Ormsby as
the old couple are appropriately absurd,
and account for much of the humor of the
Beckett's humor is, at times, rather
dated. The macabre jokes about life's
meaninglessness seem facile. But the
play's serious philosophical query is
timeless, and its portrait of a world bereft
of nature and pity, of lives held in self-
imposed captivity, is profoundly unsettling.
Ubyssey staffers, last issue will
be in production next Monday
and Tuesday nights. Last
chance to get in the masthead.
piUS free services
PIUS low prices
PIUS binding
piUS quality
PIUS speed
FRI 8-6 SAT-SUN 11-6
UBC Grad Society
with the
Free Radicals
on the last day
of classes
L-Thur. Mar. 31
8:00-12:00 pm
Everyone Welcome
— No Cover Charge —
Grad Centre 228-3203
March 25,1988


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