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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Oct 23, 1975

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 Strike hint nets unused mediator
By MARK BUCKSHON
UBC's administration requested
a mediator to settle a dispute with
campus,* library and clerical
workers because officials believed
a strike vote would be held
Thursday, Oct. 8.
But The Ubyssey" learned
Wednesday the Association of
University and College employees
had no such plan, and administration vice-president Chuck
Connaghan considered .withdrawing the mediator request after
he learned of the mistake.
In the end, mediator Ed Sims
was asked to stand aside while
AUCE and the administration hold
a series of meetings to settle nonmonetary issues.
: Negotiations are continuing
slowly, union and administration
spokesmen said Wednesday.
Union president Emerald
Murphy said the administration
refuses to discuss wage and
vacation issues until confusions
resulting from federal wage and
price controls are settled.
But they are proceeding without
mediator Sims.
Sims said Wednesday he will
stay out of the dispute until the
union and university really want
him around.
"I'm just waiting until the
. university or union side decide to
call me in," he said.
"The problem was there were a
lot of rumors flying around," said
Connaghan, in a telephone interview from Montreal where he is
attending a. pulp and paper
manufacturers' convention.
He said he requested the UBC
board of governors at an in-camera
meeting Tuesday, Oct. 6, to approve the mediation request "to
protect the university." The board
went along with his request.
Connaghan and UBC negotiators
feared that if a strike vote was
held, the university would no
longer be legally able to request^
mediator under provincial labor
law.
The union would then be able to
strike with 72 hours notice.
But, when Sims was called, the
union lost the right to strike, at
least until his report is prepared.
Murphy said the union's constitution prohibits the strike vote at
the time anticipated by the administration.
And none of the union's
newsletters or literature indicated
the union was planning a strike
vote for that week.
AUCE negotiators were
astounded by the board's action.
They received the notice that
mediation was being requested at a
special meeting the administration
called Wednesday.
Thursday, Connaghan learned
about the mistake and called
Murphy to clear up the situation.
He apparently considered asking
Sims to withdraw completely, but
later changed his mind to
requesting Sims to remain in the
background for a while.
Union and administration officials met that Friday — without
Sims.
And they have continued
meeting until Wednesday.
Administration personnel
director Robert MacLean said
Wednesday the negotiations are
moving forward , slowly, but
negotiators are making some
progress in resolving the dozens of
non-monetary items disputed.
A union negotiating team
spokesman agreed some things are
being clarified.
But both agree Sims will be
needed — eventually.
Act study
criticized
* A former Alma Mater Society
lawyer Wednesday disputed an
interpretation of the Universities
Act which would allow students on
faculty committees making sensitive decisions.
Roger McAfee, until last  year
_   lawyer   for   the   AMS,   said   he
disagrees   With   fellow   lawyer
Stuart Rush's interpretation of the
act.
Rush, asked in September by
Simon Fraser University's Student
Society for an interpretation, told
them   the    clause   guarantees
• student participation in such
sensitive decisions as hiring,
firing, tenure and promotion of
faculty.
McAfee said the meaning — of
the part of the act in question —
section 8, clause 40(b) — is quite
clear.
"The act and the clause in
question refer to student representation on, but not student
membership of, those faculty
committees," he said.
According to this interpretation
students could observe and present
briefs to decision-making committees but could not actually vote
■* er otherwise participate in the
decision.
However, McAfee said there are
other means of securing greater
student representation through the
Universities Act.
"There are some  other,  more
involved sections of the act which
**    together with clause 40(b) can be
effectively  used   to  win   student
. participation," McAfee said.
McAfee refused to go into
greater detail.
A student and faculty ad-hoc
committee is being established this
.» week at SFU to make recommendations on student representa-
f tion on arts faculty committees, on
the basis of Rush's interpretation.
UBC administration vice-
president Erich Vogt said Wednesday there are various interpretations of the clause.
He said the SFU interpretation
was most likely out of line with the
meaning of the clause as it was
intended.
"I'd be very surprised if that was
the purpose of the people who
drafted it that way," said Vogt.
Vogt sajd students have a
valuable contribution to make in
judging teaching aspects of faculty
decisions. But he claimed students
could offer a "less clear" contribution in the areas of research
and administration.
Arts dean Robert Will said
Wednesday he had no comment on
the SFU developments. He echoed
Vogt'.s contention that students can
contribute only on a teaching,
evaluation basis.
Science dean George Volkoff
said Wednesday students belong on
curriculum and teaching learning
committees only.
"I'm nota lawyer and I can't say
what the legalities of this thing are
but as far as I'm concerned the
senate has passed the rules for this
university," he said.
AMS president Jake van der
Kamp said Wednesday that it was
doubtful whether the SFU
developments would have much
impact on UBC.
He said that because the clause
is legally unclear and not easily
interpreted, it would require
sustained study and possibly court
action to determine its real
meaning.
Van der Kamp said that past
attempts by student groups to
approach the board of governors
on the matter of student representation on faculty decisionmaking bodies have ended in
failure.
Fire!. . .really?
By RALPH MAURER
Got an interesting little memo in our office Wednesday!
It was reputedly from building manager Graeme Vance, and according
to the official-looking part on top (From: To: Re:) was sent to all staff
and users of SUB.
Now we get these little memos all the time. Nothing unusual about most
memos from Graeme Vance or anybody else in the building, for that
matter. But this one is a hoax. It has to be. Here's how we know.
Listen to what itsays about what you should do if you hear a fire alarm
in SUB:
"1. Secure all cash or other valuables.
"2. Switch off, or close down ^11 equipment.
"3. Clear all persons from your area."
Ah. It's nice to see they remembered us.
Does that give you a lot of faith in your SUB building management?
In case of bomb threats, we are told, to contact immediately one of the
following for instructions:.
"1. Building manager." (Him?!!!)
"2. SUB proctor.
"3. UBC patrol."
The last two make more sense. They'll probably call the RCMP in the
village, which is what you should do in the first place, at 224-1322.
Maybe you should call them anyway. Tell them there's some dangerous
nut going around SUB giving bad advice on what to do in case of an
emergency.
■-mmmmmMMiMM
-matt king photo
VOICING CONCERN over federal government's wage and price control legislation, members of the
Association of University and College Employees meet Wednesday in SUB ballroom to plan opposition to
plan.
Strange bedmates for AUCE
By MARK BUCKSHON
About 700' Association of
University and College Employees
members voted Wednesday to
"support in principal other
protests by the labor movement"
against the federal government's
wage and price legislations.
That vote was obvious, and
expected.
What wasn't obvious were indications 'that AUCE is actually
leading the protest.
And, in protesting, AUCE is
joining strange bedfellows — such
as the association which represents most B.C. doctors.
, In an interview after the
meeting, UBC's AUCE local
president Emerald Murphy and
union organizer Judy Wright
alluded to the intricate and extensive protest brewing in B.C.
labor organizations.
Some of their Temarks were off
the record.
But they publicly presented
enough tidbits to surprise any one.
Take, for example, two extraordinary union meetings earlier
this week.
The first, on Monday night, was
organized by AUCE.
Representatives, in a semiofficial capacity, from several
unions attended.
Wright said the meeting was
organized to discuss union reaction
to the wage and price controls.
Tuesday, another union meeting.
This time, the meeting was
organized by the B.C. Teachers
Federation.
At the meeting were AUCE, the
B.C.   Hospital Employees  Union
and   several   other   unions   and
associations.
Wright requested the other union
names not be printed because they
haven't yet committed themselves
to firm actions.
But   she   said   the   people   at •
Tuesday's meeting represented
120,000 workers.
And one group represented
there, she said, was an
organization of B.C. doctors.
Another union represents most
B.C. government employees. A
third represents dentists.
"These are just independent
Canadian unions," Wright said.
"The B.C. Federation of Labor is
doing the same thing," said
Murphy.
AUCE, an independent union,
and the B.C. Federation of Labor
traditionally don't get along very
well.
So representatives of the
Canadian Union of Public Employees (active in the B.C. Fed.)
didn't attend either Monday or
Tuesday's meeting.
But a UBC CUPE local representative came to the Wednesday
AUCE membership meeting,
where the SUB ballroom was
packed to capacity, and expressed
support.
Today, B.C. finance minister
Dave Stupich and premier Dave
Barrett return from Ottawa, where
ihey learned Wednesday how the
controls will apply to this province.
Friday, representatives of
AUCE, BCTF and the hospital
employees, will go to Victoria and
try to dig up some cabinet
ministers who can be told the
controls shouldn't apply to B.C.
Murphy        admitted the
conglomeration of unions and
associations represent a "lot of
different points of view."
"We    have    to    show    our
dissatisfaction with the legislation
the way it is presented," she Said.
"I think a lot of members are not
diametrically opposed to wage and
price controls. But the way it's
been done is putting the* whole onus
on the worker."
She said AUCE would be
restricted to an eight per cent wage
increase, meaning an increase in
take-home pay of less than $25 per
week for many members.
(Since the last contract expired
more than a month ago, AUCE
were negotiating with the administration and were offered a 19
per cent wage increase.)
But Murphy's answer didn't
explain the odd conglomerations of
unions.
Nor were she or Wright able to
specify exactly -what the unions
want from the provincial government. They used words like:
"relevant protest — effective
protest."
They hedged when asked if
AUCE would join in a general
strike or take other drastic action.
Murphy said the executive might
"encourage the membership to
participate in some sort of protest
rally."
"We're trying to sort of get rid of
the emotions," which she said represented initial reaction to the
federal government's announcement. "That takes a lot of
time."
Goodies
If you're wondering why there's
a mail strike, Paul Mitchell will
give you the answer on page 6.
And Len MacKave tells you
who's who and what's what in the
upcoming Alma Mater Society
elections. See page 12. ruyo  t.
i n t
UBYS5ET
Thursday, Oktober 23, 1975
'Campus spying massive'
DENVER (CPS-CUP) — No one
is surprised anymore by reports of
domestic surveillance by the
Federal Bureau of Investigation.
But spying and harassment of
"\ campus radicals and radical
organization was practiced on a
massive,- systematic level,
documents recently made public
reveal.
Documents obtained independently by U.S. senator Frank
Church (D-ID), the Young Socialist
Alliance, the Socialist Workers
Party and various individuals who
made use-of the Freedom of Information Act, show that the FBI
set up phony college newspapers,
sent anonymous, derogatory letters to parents and professors,
personally intimidated members,
of certain student groups and kept
Aijijptor"**
APPOINTMENT SERVICE
731-4191
3644 West 4th Avenue
At Alma
-"every black student union or
group, regardless of their past or
present involvement in disorders,
should be the subject of a discreet
inquiry to establish the
background of its key activities."
But blacks were not alone. FBI
files made publie under the
Freedom of Information Act show
the FBI operated several counterintelligence programs, or Coin-
telpros, divided into different
categories: new left, white hate
groups, Communist Party, U.S.A.,
black extremists and socialist
workers party.
Documents obtained by the
Socialist Workers Party and the
Young Socialist Alliance in connection with a suit they have filed
against the U.S. justice department, show the FBI engaged in a
Angeles. At the University of
Houston, -the FBI was disturbed
that the YSA had "free and continual access to meeting rooms on
campus and the privilege of
passing out their papers and
literature among the students. . ."
The suit filed by YSA and SWP
calls for a federal injunction
against further surveillance and
claims damages of $27 million.
Further evidence that the FBI
accelerated campus, and campus-
related surveillance is provided by
files obtained by the College Press
Service under the Freedom of
Information Act.
The files show that CPS fell
under the watchful eye of the FBI
\.v.\ ^S^~«^,
tabs on -black student
organizations. ..
In addition, documents obtained
by College Press Service show
extensive surveillance of the news
service.       •       .
Church, chairman of the senate
intelligence committee, learned
that in 1970 J. Edgar Hoover, then
director of the FBI, ordered increased surveillance of radical
campus groups and expanded use
of FBI informants.
Hoover concentrated the increased surveillance on black,
radical groups, Charles Brennan,
former chief of the FBI domestic
intelligence division said in
testimony given to Church's
committee.
According to Brennan, a- 1970
memo   by   Hoover, stated   that
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wide   variety   of   spying   and
harassment activities.
The files show the FBI:
• sent a derogatory, anonymous
letter to officials with the approval
of Hoover, designed to encourage
the dismissal of an Arizona State
University professor who had
taken part in anti-war activities
and was a member of YSA and
SWP;     .
• ran bogus college newspapers
at American University and Indiana University. The papers
contained such wisdom as "war
can only be abolished through
war," and attacked the "new left
hippie breed;"
• tried to have YSA chapters
removed from the campuses of the
University of Houston and. the
University of California  at. Los
from 1970 to 1973. During the
heaviest period of surveillance —
1971 and 1972 — the FBI monitored
CPS releases, .conducted periodic
visits to the CPS home office in
Denver, investigated CPS affiliates around the country and
filed reports on the life styles of
members of the CPS collective.
-In one section of the 157-page
report, the FBI was concerned
with "connection with New Left
organizations, propensity for
violence, whether any individuals
. . . reside in communal type
existence and the extent of any
foreign or domestic subversion. . . ."
All the details in this section
were deleted and CPS is appealing
several of the deletions.
HELENE
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• SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT •
CHRISTMAS IN
H AWAII
Departing Dec. 16 and Returning Dec. 31.
The cost for this limited departure includes return airfare, 14
nights deluxe accommodation, including kitchenette, at the Outrigger West Hotel (Kuhio or Surf Wing) lei greeting, transfers
and porterage and 4% State tax.
More details from any of our eleven offices.
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Offices around the town —
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PORT COQUITLAM: 2540 Skoughneur Strut — 942-7238
TRAVEL
NOTICE
OF
POLL
GENERAL ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD TODAY,
OCT. 24, 1975 TO FILL VACANCIES IN FOUR
A.M.S. EXECUTIVE POSITIONS. POLLS WILL BE
CONDUCTED AT 11 CONVENIENT "LOCATIONS
ON CAMPUS AT THE FOLLOWING TIMES:
GENERAL POLL:
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 24th, 1975
In the fallowing buildings or areas:
SUB
MAIN LIBRARY
SEDGEWICK LIBRARY
WOODWARD LIBRARY
WAR MEMORIAL GYM
BUCHANAN BUILDING
civil engineering
education building
angus building
law building
McMillan building
Polls will be open between the hours of 10:00 a.m.
and 4:00 p.m.
A valid A.M.S. card must be presented at all polls in
order to vote, and all students will be allowed one
vote for a candidate to fill each office.
BRENT TYNAN
Returning Officer Thursday, October 23, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 3
Postal strike not over wages
OTTAWA (CUP) — Despite
press reports to the contrary, the
wage packet is not the major issue
behind the general strike of
Canada's 22,000 postal workers,
according to Canadian Union of
Postal Workers spokesman Paul
Mitchell.
Mitchell said Wednesday, one
day after the nation-wide strike of
inside mail sorters, that contract
talks broke down after postmaster
general Bryce Mackasey and his
negotiating team delivered an
ultimatum to the union — accept
the government's wage offer or the
talks are off.
This was unacceptable to the
union, Mitchell said, because
issues other than wages, notably
the use of casual labor by the post
office, must be negotiated before
wages can be settled.
"It is these issues which have led
to the disruptions of the postal
system over the past 10 years," he
said. "There will never be peace in
the post office until the problem of
casual labor is solved."
Mitchell said the other major
issue — automation — has already
been resolved to the satisfaction of
the union and union negotiators
have already initialled the contract
clauses dealing with automation.
But without further agreement
on the issue of non-union casual
labor, CUPW thinks the postal
workers' jobs are no more secure
than before.
Mitchell said that at some postal
stations across the country, there
are more casuals than regular post
office employees.
The casuals are not members of
the union; they received less pay
and no union benefits, and we want
them eliminated or controls placed
on their use," he said.
But the government won't talk
about casuals or any of the
unresolved issues until the union
accepts the pay offer, and
Mackasey has admitted that it was
his side which ordered the
elimination of the talks.
Not that the postmaster had
much choice. The Monday night
telephone call in which the chief
negotiator for the post office told
the union to accept the wage offer
or forget the talks scheduled for
the next morning, was taped by
CUPW.
The telephone ultimatum
followed three days of talks between the union and the government which saw the union initial
123 clauses of the contract.
Then, on Sunday afternoon,
Mackasey put his wage proposal on
the table — 38 per cent over 30
months.
The union submitted its counterproposal — 51 per cent over 27
months, which would bring
members up to $7.32 an hour, down
from the original demand of 71 per
cent over one year.
At talks held Monday afternoon,
the government negotiators told
the union the wage offer had to be
approved as presented before
other matters were discussed.
Another meeting was scheduled for
Tuesday morning.
Then came the phone call and the
ultimatum.
Shortly after, the nine-member
national executive committee of
the CUPW voted unanimously to
strike.
The West was the first to go and
by Tuesday morning the whole
membership was out.
Although CUPW is prepared to
AMS votes to
support BCSF
By SUEVOHANKA
Alma Mater Society council
voted Wednesday to support in
principle a fee of 50 cents per
student per semester to the B.C.
Students' Federation.
A BCSF committee will present
to council a detailed proposal of
how the fee could be instituted
after the BCSF's November
conference.
The proposal, if implemented,
would mean UBC students taking a
normal winter session course load
would pay $1.
Councillor Johan de Rooy urged
council not to support the motion,
saying that past councils have been
held to giving final approval to
motions which they'd earlier
supported only in principle.
He said council should withhold
approval, even in principle, until
the BCSF brings forward its
detailed fee proposal in November.
Before students could be
assessed the fee, the AMS would
have to take it to a general
referendum. The referendum
would require two-thirds approval
by at least 20 per cent of the
student body.
Council ratified the fee principle
along with a series of other motions
which came out of a BCSF conference at Malaspina College in
Nanaimo earlier this month.
Among the motions ratified by
council were:
• that the BCSF establish a
liaison with the Universities
Council, and then move to have
voting student representatives sit
on the council;
• that individual council should
push for greater student representation on all administration
committees, especially on budget
and hiring;
a that the BCSF investigate the
situation of degree granting at
Notre Dame University in Nelson;
« that the BCSF investigate
racism   in   post-secondary   in
stitutions with special attention to
housing, fees and admissions
policy;
• the provincial education
department be required to list
budgets of each post-secondary
institution;
• students be given voting representation on community college
councils and access to both public
and in-camera sessions of all
college council meetings.
o and the BCSF support continuation of the rent freeze at 10.6
per cent and fight against further
increases in the rent ceiling.
Council also ratified motions
calling for BCSF to set as a long-
term priority improvement in the
status of women at post-secondary
institutions and to examine the
circumstances of single parents
trying to attend post-secondary
institutions.
But, council decided not to approve a motion that said BCSF
urge "that all restrictions on
foreign student employment be
removed."
Bruce Wilson, an arts undergrad
society representative, said he
opposed the motion because, "I'm
against any sort of motion allowing
Careers '75 money going to pay for
American students to attend our.
institution."
"It gives American students a
carte blanche to come into our
institution to take jobs," he said. "I
oppose domination of Cpnadian
universities by Americans."
In other business, AMS vice-
president Dave Van Blarcom
chastised councillors for their poor
attendance at a meeting last week
between student senators, student
board of governors members and
AMS councillors.
The meeting, held to co-ordinate
efforts of student representatives
at various university levels, attracted only a few of the 37 councillors.
go back to the bargaining table to
discuss non-monetary issues, and
says wages are not the major
issue, they are far from satisfied
with the government's pay offer.
The government offer is based on
the report of the conciliator and
would give the inside workers
parity with the letter carriers.
The inside workers, Mitchell
said, have always received more
than the letter carriers in the past.
They work shifts, do night work
and put in longer hours. Parity is
just not good enough, he said.
As for how long the strike will
continue, CUPW is prepared to
stay out until the problems are
solved with a new contract, he
said.
Mitchell thinks the government
"doesn't want to go too long" and
may use back-to-work legislation
to break the strike legally. He
would not speculate as to the
possible union response to such
legislation.
CUPW members, however, are
the ones who suffer the most from
the strike.  They have no strike
fund, nor is there any union-
controlled pension fund to borrow
against.
"They'll have to live on money
they can borrow from their credit
union or on savings for the duration
of the strike." Mitchell said.
But the hardship to advance
union demands is nothing new for
CUPW membership.
It was the militancy of these
workers which, in the 1960s, won
for all federal public employees the
basis of collective bargaining
power — the right to strike.
CHU-ORE
SEE    T-CU
—matt king photo
GENIAL GEAR takes money contribution for crippled children's fund from Leslie Hillman, commerce 1,
during Wednesday's glorious sunshine. Engineers are holding campus-wide blitz this week for coin donations
to raise money for handicapped youngsters. Part of festivities is annual T-Cup game between Gears and
Aggies, noon today at Thunderbird stadium.
Public key to pollution solution
By ANNE WALLACE
The public is ignorant of many
of the basic causes of pollution and
this has made finding a solution to
it difficult, civil engineering prof
Denis Russell said Wednesday.
He said making the public aware
of the causes of pollution is the key
to solving the problems.
"If people could see the
problems they might be able to do
something about them," he said.
"How to make people aware is my
primary interest."
Russell was speaking to an interdepartmental workshop in
Angus. In these bi-weekly
workshops professors and grad
students in different areas of study
meet to discuss the various aspects
of a single issue.
Russell used the example of
algae-polluted Skaha Lake in the
Okanagan to illustrate his talk.
Russell and an engineering grad
student recently completed
researching this problem.
Russell explained that a lake
newly formed by a glacier is virtually sterile, having few of the
nutrients needed to sustain life.
As the lake ages, the nutrient
level is increased by the addition of
enriched water brought in by the
creeks and rivers which empty into
the lake, he said.
This permits the lake to support
more and more growth and when
this natural cycle continues,
Russell said the end result is a bog
or swamp.
People don't so much change the
cycle but cause the nutrients in
the lake to build up much faster
than they would naturally, he said.
Russell said a lake has two basic
layers, and explained how these
interact to form the conditions
which encourage such things as
algae bloom.
He said although this process
takes place over a long period of
time, the damage occurs in the
bottom layer because the layman
sees only the surface layer of the
lake, he is not easily convinced of
the processes which are occurring
in the unseen bottom layer. By the
time the results are seen on the
surface, it is" often difficult to
correct the situation.
Russell said this was the case
with Skaha Lake. Over recent
years, it gradually lost clarity and
then in 1967, there was a great
algae bloom.
"This occurred because conditions became just right. After
that it only took a matter of days
and the whole lake was like pea
soup," Russell said.
He said the problem is currently
left with politicians and they are at
the mercy of the experts they hire
as consultants.
Often a problem arises when
each expert contributes a piece of
information on the problem but it is
not clear how to put the pieces
together, Russell said.
One person at the workshop said
"a system is more than the sum of
its individual parts." He said the
problem is not solved simply by
gathering experts and getting their
advice.
No takers for Totem rooms
There are 30 vacancies for
women in Totem Park residence
but nobody seems to want them.
The reason for the vacancies
may be that many women who
moved into the double rooms in
Totem during September did so out
of desperation and have since
found another place to live, Totem
area co-ordinator Harley Steubing
said Wednesday.
"Many people in residence
moved in as a last resort and it
didn't work out," he said.
Steubing said many students
found the lack of privacy in double
rooms bothered them and have
moved to more private off-campus
housing.
UBC housing room assignment
co-ordinator Mary Floris said
Wednesday the same rooms have
not remained vacant but rather
some are rented and some are
given up each day. But she said the
average daily number of vacancies
has risen to 30 from about 15 since
the beginning of October.
Floris said there are more
vacancies in Totem than in Place
Vanier or Gage Towers because
there is an equal number of men's
and women's rooms in Totem, and
more men than women at UBC
want to live in residence.
Other reasons for the vacancies
include Totem residents transferring to other residences and
residents who have dropped out of
the university, Floris said.
A double room in Totem from
Oct. 23 to Dec. 19 rents for $286.72
Spring term rent is $599.04. Page 4
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23, 1975
Support posties
Canada's postal workers have been run
around long enough.
Now they're on strike and they deserve
a decent settlement.
The most shocking aspect of the strike,
which could prove to be lengthy and
extremely crippling to the country, is the
Liberal government's attitude.
The two sides were supposed to be
using a collective bargaining type process to
reach a settlement. That means each group
gives and takes a little until you arrive at
details which are amenable to both sides.
But government negotiators are
perverting this process.
Postmaster general Bryce Mackasey
issued an ultimatum to the Canadian Union
of Postal Workers representing the 22,000
inside workers currently on the picket
lines.
He told them they had to accept a
$1.70 an hour wage increase over 30
months before the government would be
willing to discuss other issues which the
union considers important.
The CUPW contends rightly that the
issue of casual labor in post offices across
Canada must be resolved before wages can
be negotiated.
Casual workers who are not members
of the union, work on a part-time basis.
But their cumulative effect means less
unionized employees are necessary thus
saving the government money by hiring
part-time people without giving them the
benefits of a union contract.
Postal workers have long had disgusting
working conditions and low wages. While
their original contract demand in this
round to talks (you'll be shocked to learn
they haven't had a collective agreement
since Oct. 1974) of 71 per cent over one
year was a little ridiculous, one must
consider their current wages.
Even if their counterwage proposal to
the government of 51 per cent over 30
months (an arithmetic average of about
20.4 per cent over one year) was accepted
by Mackasey it would only give them $7.32
an hour by sometime in 1977. Who knows
what the economic situation will by that
time?
How could the union be any more
reasonable during the negotiations than by
working for a year without a contract?
On pages 6 and 7 of today's Ubyssey
there is a background feature on the postal
dispute. On page 3 there is an update of the
situation from Canadian University Press.
After years of labor discontent in the
post office, the government introduced
legislation in 1965 giving all federal civil
servants the right to strike. But at the same
time the law placed severe restrictions on
collective bargaining.
What followed was the first major
postal strike in that year.
The union makes a good case for the
postal service to become a Crown
corporation "under the Canada labor code
which would consolidate authority for the
post office and end postal workers'
legislative problems."
This postal strike will adversely affect
almost everyone (especially the strikers
who won't be getting strike pay) but the
inside workers deserve public support.
And don't get taken in by the current
anti-labor legislation being proferred by
both the Trudeau and Barrett governments.
A back to work order to the posties is
unfair and will only fuel more bitterness —
especially when they aren't at fault.
Say no to any thought of forcing them
back to work. Rather, force the
government into giving them a decent
settlement.
"What did you learn
in eohool today?"
Letters
Open Pit
doors early
I am writing concerning the
matter of relaxation and enjoyment in this bureaucratic
establishment. Why doesn't the
manager of the Pit open the doors
at noon (for all you red coats, the
big hand is on the twelve and so is
the little one), on the weekdays?
This would aid in relaxation.
It would be of great comfort to
alcoholics of the area, and a great
place to have lunch (i.e. liquid
variety), serving to uplift your
mind as you await your 4:30
tutorials and, making them more
interesting to attend.
It does have its drawbacks, I
must admit. Seeing pissed red
coats crawling to classes at 2:30,
but at least it will keep them off the
streets and out of trouble.
I ask in all sincerity that at least
it be given a try. So as my hands
begin to shake, open the Pit doors.
Mike Milko
microbiology
provide a partner for the unwed
quark.
"Both the quarks and the leptons
would then consist of two pairs of
particles, and each member of a
pair could change into the other
member of the same pair simply
by emitting a W. The desirability of
such lepton-quark symmetry led
James Bjorken and me, among
others, to postulate the existence of
a fourth quark in 1964."
Lonely Quark and Charm next
proceed to be fruitful and multiply
— but of course the whole story has
been anticipated in the Timaeus:
"The addition of a fourth quark
flavor must obviously increase the
number of hadrons. In order to
accommodate the newly predicted
particles in supermultiplets the
eightfold way must be expanded.
In particular another dimension
must be added to the graphs em-
Myths
Whenever I am in the mood for a
good myth, I pick up the latest copy
of Scientific American. The recent
edition features the Creation of
Charm as a helpmate for Lonely
Quark. S. L. Glashow tell the
following tale:
"The leptons consist of two
couples, married to each other by
the weak interaction . . . The
quarks, on the other hand, come in
only three flavors, and so on must
remain unwed. The scheme could
be made much tidier if there were
a fourth quark flavor, in order to
ployed to represent the families, so
that the plane figures of the earlier
symmetry become Platonic and
Archemedean solids."
Lest we forget-that the myths of
science (unlike other myths) are
much better at controlling man's
physical environment than his
social behavior, the recent edition
of Scientific American also includes a picture of the men
responsible for the development of
the U.S. hydrogen bomb.
Bill Anglin
Phd philosophy
Loans
An open letter to Ontario
residents attending UBC on OSAP
loans:
I am an Ontario resident attending UBC on an Ontario Student
Assistance Plan loan. The Ontario
THEU8YSHY
OCTOBER 23,1975
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly
commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are
located in room 241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977. Editor: Gary Coull
"When elected we plan to install radios in the skulls of every student",
CITR "independent slate" candidates droned in their broadcasting
monotones. Sue Vohanka, Gary Coull and Len MacKave groaned: "Oh no,
we have to listen to that CITR drivel all day as it is."
"Get lost", yelped Ralph Mauer as one of the radio politicos,
mistaking Maurer for an infant, tried to kiss him.
Doug Field, Nick Smirnow, and Matt King and Marcus Gee sneered
and tossed rotten tomatoes at the obseqious radio types who jumped from
their soapboxes incredibly managing to extract their feet from their
mouths at the same time.
"For independents those guys sure are chummy" and Heather Walker
Gregg Thompson and Larry Hill.
"What really bothers me is when they hold hands and do strange
things with their microphones", Cedric Tetzel, Tom Barnes Mark Lepitre,
Mark Buckshon and Chris Gainor exclaimed.
government is notorious for its
tardinesss regarding out-of-
province loans, which though
unfair, is understandable when
viewed from a political perspective.
My loan has been "in the works"
since Aug. 13, and despite
inquiries, I have received nothing
from the government, not even a
notice of assessment. This, too, is
understandable since the loans
were, at one point, anyway, being
sent via third class mail and
arriving some seven weeks after
posting.
However, red tape combined
with a mail strike of undetermined
duration just may be enough to
force me out of school and into
starvation. Understanding just
ain't gonna help.
Apparently, there are about 200
UBC students in the same or
similar circumstances. I suggest
we pool our complaints, with the
aim of forcing some action to speed
up the processing and delivery of
our loans.
If you are interested, call 261-
0494 between 7 and 10 p.m. Monday
to Thursday.
Thirsa Irvine
arts 2
Reply 2
In defence of my credibility I
would like to comment on The
Ubyssey article titled 'Rape report
termed superficial' that appeared
Oct. 10. Heather Walker did not
read carefully the Rape report
before she wrote her article. Instead she collected her information
from Lake Sagaris the Alma Mater
Society co-ordinator for the project
to which I was employed.
Lake Sagaris is quoted as saying
"The two women who did the
report lacked experience and
knowledge of UBC." For her information I have been a full-time
student for the last year and a half.
She would not know this because
for the most part of the project she
was unavailable and seemed
disinterested in what we were
doing.
As Sue Kirkpatrick pointed out
in The Ubyssey Oct. 17, Lake
Sagaris' list of suggestions nearly
matched   our   recommendations.
I propose to anyone who would
like to read the Rape report there
are copies available; at the AMS
office, the Women's Office, the
Dean of Women's Office, the traffic
office, Health Services, Housing,
Speakeasy or Hut M-28 room 7.
Working on this project has been
frustrating because of the negative
responses from certain groups on
campus. It would have been encouraging to have had some
positive support and a working
together to help others who might
be raped in the future.
Robijn Gould
arts 4
Lifi
e
Person standing in a small crowd
near bus stop at Arbutus and
Broadway a bout 8:05a.m. Glances
at watch and impatiently searches
through the traffic for sight of a #10
UBC.
It's a miserable, rainy Wednesday morning. Should have
stayed in bed. Where is that bus?
I'm gonna be late.
Finally the bus arrives. It's not
completely packed yet. Drat! Last
on. The only person without a seat.
Great; somebody's getting off. Ah,
a seat. Thought I'd have to stand
up the whole way. Must be at least
20 minutes. Now I can just sit here
and hope the driver doesn't stop too
often so I'm not late for my 8:30.
Where do all these people come Thursday, October 23, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 5
We were walking through SUB minding
our own business. Our forward motion was
arrested by a phampleteer. SEX WORKS!
by Moses David. She was holding a thing for
me to read. It said: Make love to me!
So, on the chances that you didn't see a
copy yet we will excerpt a few phrases. The
elimination of fear by faith gives peace of
mind and rest to your stomach and vital
organs.
Below that there is a cartoon describing a
guy who says of himself: what's the use. I'm
hopeless, no good. Oh my god the test is
tomorrow, Christ! Then that figure looks at
a fellow student who is apparently not even
thinking about the test. Instead he is
thinking about mountains, rivers, sniffing
flowers, and a blond with big eyes, a wide
smile, and a cleavage. She is waving at him,
and saying Hi.
Paragraph 8 begins: "Because peaceful
meditation and mental concentration on
positive attitudge and good thoughts do
definitely have a good effect on both mind
and body.
The two greatest sources of fear and
worry are the past and the future . . . People
automatically think of evolution when you
talk about God, because the whole purpose
of the teaching of evolution is to eliminate
faith in God
Cartoon: a monkey standing on a hilltop is
thumbing his nose at God. he is sticking his
tongue at God. Three globules of spittle are
flying off his tongue. The monkey appears to
not have heard about ontogeny recapitulates
phytogeny at all. God looks down at the ape.
He is irritated. His fists are clenched. His
eyes are bugging out of his head.
Cartoon: Under a billboard which says
Garden of Ederi*an ape smoking a pipe in a
bowler hat with an umbrella hanging in the
' crook of his arm is supervising the departure of Adam and Eve. They are being
dragged by their necks. They are naked.
Their cheeks are bulging. Their eyes are
bulging too. An ape is dragging them stage
right; as indicated by another ape.
Cartoon: God is riding in the back seat of a
spaceship which is being driven by an angel
with wings on her spacesuit. God's got
goggles. God's moustache is blowing out
behind him. Then in the next picture, there
is Adolph Hitler with quasars coming off his
sword. Hitler has a shit eating grin on his
face as he looks out at the reader watching
him wipe blood off his sword. All this time
God is sleeping on a cloud. He has his feet
crossed, his hands over his belly, and there
are actual ZZZZZ's coming out of his mouth.
Next comes a jungle scene. A sign says
Vietnam but Vietnam is scratched out and
under that somebody has written in "the bad
guys." The sign is pointing to a place where
a bomb has just exploded. Ka PooM. Three
babies and a hat are Flying through the air;
one kid looking up one looking down and one
crying. And up on lop of the jungle up on top
of the clouds, Guess who? Not God this time
but Nixon in a long white gown.
Nixon with wings and a scowl under a halo
is depositing bombs from on high. His baby
finger is crooked as if the bomb was only a
tea-cup.
Paragraph 25 Just like we have our own
" Hitler in America — Nixon — and they're
going the same way that Hitler Germany
went because that's what the people want.
So the people themselves are to blame.
People get the kind of leaders they want and
deserve — some good some bad, or some
mostly good and some mostly bad, usually a
little bit of both or a whole lot of one and a
little bit of the other. -
Cartoon: An ape is scratching his head
wondering 'how many million years do you
think it will take me to grow a tail?' You're
not going to believe this but look for yourself
and you will see an ape holding a mirror up
his ass while he wonders. The statue is
labled Evolution by Charles Darwin it would
topple over if it wasn't propped up by
assumptions, fakes, theories (crack) unbelief, lies, guesswork. But the funny thing
about this cartoon is the bird goes 'splirt'
and drops some whitewash on the statue.
We are half-way through the book and
almost everything has been mentioned
except sex. There were fire breathing
dragons, there was a mastodon chasing a
caveman underneath a rock which was
being held up in the air by a bunch of other
cavemen, a dino fell over and said 'I'm so
tired I must be overweight!'
Paragraph 34. The most fearsome of
beasts are not those that conquered the
earth, but the meek shall inherit the earth
little, weak, tiny vulnerable man ...
The first half of the piece bad-mouths
evolution. Then it goes into a long comparison of god to electricity.
Paragraph 62. God exists, you may be
sure, just like electricity exists. All we have
to know is to trust the engineers and the
electricians enough to have faith in the
power. All you have to know is, you can flip a
switch and it works. All you have to know is
that it's here and it's obvious it's here
because it works.
After the tirade against evolution, and the
comparison of God to electricity, on the very
last page of the document we come to the
juicy part.
He's more than sex. drugs, meditation,
demonism or witchcraft! You don't have to
understand him. Just know him. You don't
have to know where he came from just meet
him. He's like a lover. You don't have to
know his entire past history: All you know is
one look and he turns you on. One touch and
you melt! One kiss and you're gone! One
embrace and you're laid. One thrust and
you're made. You've let that lovin' man in
and he really sends you, and all you want to
do is go go go until you explode.
Paragraph 72. All you know is it works and
you like it! In fact you love it! In fact you're
crazy about it, mad about it, he really blows
your mind, flips your lid, gets through to you
and sends you, and he's all you want from
now on! He's your whole bag and hang-up
and you'rereally onto him! He really does it
for you, and you like it, and you love him,
and that's all you care or care about!
Paragraph 74.You can't explain why his
touch electrifies you. You don't understand
all the scientific workings of his lovemaking
and why it makes you so happy.
Paragraph 75. Flip out and have a ball
with him! He's your electricity, he's what
turns you on, he's-what gives you such a
charge! You don't care who he is or where
he came from as Jong as he keeps loving you
like this and makes you so happy, that's
what counts.
Just let him in. Try him. He works,
meaning god works, is the last titillating
sentence in a document entitled Sex Works.
Sex on the first page. Sex on the last page.
But nowhere in between, because in between
is only ravings F.O'.
i^saams^i^^^^^^'-^:'.- KM*&3i&--<«/&>msmmz>Mmmm
Letters
from? Come on, the bus is full, let's
get going. All right how, don't stop
anymore, we're full enough.
Blanca; just go straight through.
Lots of drivers do it. Come on,
we're gonna be late. Aw! he turned. Look at them all standing out
there in the rain. What did we have
to stop for anyway, there's no
room?
Move right to the back of the bus.
Right to the back of the bus.
Right to the back of the bus.
They're already lined all the down
the aisle. What do you expect them
to do, stand side by side. Sure and
have them pushing against my
shoulder the whole rest of the way.
Let 'em wait for another bus. Let's
get moving. Finally! The saps.
That'll teach them for getting on at
Blanca.
That guy Standing up over there
got on the stop after me. The sap,
still standing up. Wonder what he
looks at me for. I got on first. Why
should I have to stand up. I've been
standing in a crowded bus the
whole way to campus before. I
know what it's like. I'm tired this
morning. It's my seat.
Finally, we're here. Thought the
lousy ride would never end. May
have been in last, but I'm getting
out first. I'm gonna be late . . .
Doug Alexander
SOWK4
Critic
attacked
By what I think is acommonly-
held definition, a review is. "a
critical evaluation." Jean Randall's words on Three Days of the
Condor do not constitute a review.
For three-quarters of her copy
space she is content with reciting
the movie's plot. Randall's few
comments are usually vague and
because of the lack of analysis she
inadvertently presents "Condor"
as the pretentious, and ultimately
superficial, film that it is.
Possibly because Robert Redford, the star, demonstrates little
acting ability, the reviewer has
chosen to totally ignore a
discussion of the acting.
Perhaps what is more important
than the review itself is the reason
this film was written of at all.
By what I think is a commonly-
quickly reviewed if, say, Michael
Sarrazin and Candice Bergen had
played the Redford/Dunaway
roles?
I doubt it.
If Randall was appeasing those
filmgoers who love stargazing, and
suitably vapid films, I suggest she
is demeaning the field of journalism.
Furthermore, if Ms. Randall
continues as a film reviewer, she
should make herself aware of what
is showing in Vancouver cinemas.
A fine film, "Mean Streets,"
directed by Martin Scorsese
("Alice Doesn't Live Here
Anymore"), played at the City
Nights from Oct. 12 to Oct. 18.
Yet it was not reviewed in The
Ubyssey while theatre-goers could
still see it. Randall, if you did not
see Mean Streets, you missed the
artistry of film that could have
made Condor interesting — i.e.
superb characterizations by lead
performers (Harvey Keitel and
Robert De Niro); innovative use of
the camera; and • even ' better
"glamour shots of New York and
the Brooklyn Bridge."
And in Mean Streets the sex was
not gratuitous, or boring, as it was
in Condor. The "Condor" review
could have been delayed because
that film's engagement is continuing.
It is important for The Ubyssey
to review films and Ms. Randall
should be commended for
presenting her views. But I feel
that a little more awareness of the
Vancouver film scene would lead
to better, and more timely,
reviews.
Rory Tennant
arts 2
Dear Mr. Tennant:
If you really think  you  can  do
better,   come   in   and   show   us.
Tuesdays SUB 241-K.
Jean Randall
arts 5
Pen nanies will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter or
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241-K. Page 6
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23, 1975
Mail workers squeei
// you're wondering why the postal
workers are on strike, and haven't found
the answer in the daily papers, this might
help you. The writer is a spokesman for the
postal workers. His opinions are different
than those of businessmen, chamber of
commerce executives and Bryce Mackasey.
You might find they make sense.
This was written before the strike began.
By PAUL MITCHELL
The long and bitter struggle between the
Canadian Union of Postal Workers and the
federal government has once again surfaced
in its full intensity this year as Canada
experiences a national mail service shutdown.
The issues in this strike are many and
encompass long standing grievances of 10
years or more.
Also heightening this year's confrontation
is the postal worker's disenchantment with
their wages, which haven't risen in more
than 21 months. The union itself has been
without a collective agreement since October, 1974.
But the root of the problems.in the post
office this year can be traced to two
elements.
A history of poor employee-employer
relations. and the struggle over
technological change and the resulting
threat to job security.
This year the union states that the vital
question of technological change, job
security and some of the smaller, but very
important issues, must be cleared up if
there is going to be any hope for labor peace
in the post office.
Compounding the situation is the Public
Service Staff Relations Act, which prohibits
postal workers and all public servants from
negotiating the effects of technological
change, job security and classifications.
These restrictions are not contained in the
Canada Labor Code, which governs
unionized workers under federal jurisdiction in the private sector.
The union is not opposed to automation
and believes in the need to update Canada's
outdated mail handling facilities. But the
union wants some say in this transformation
and protection from its effects.
The union's goal this year is to gain wage,
job and classification security for its
members and some positive benefits from
the automation program.
Along with the current struggle over
automation is the union's attempt to solve
some of the smaller issues which have
plagued the post office for years.
These include the use "of casual labor, a restructuring of the grievance procedure,
week-end premiums for workers whose
regular shifts fall on the weekend and some
extra incentive for workers.who haVe to
work night shifts.
. The problems in the post office have been
surveyed, reviewed and documented many
times since the first national postal strike in
1965.
This strike led to a royal commission on
working conditions in the post office chaired
by judge Andre Monpetit. His report, tabled
in 1965, documented the "post office as being
riddled with paternalism, nepotism,
favoritism and neglect.
The judge's report pointed out the need for
collective bargaining to protect postal
worker's rights.
The government introduced legislation in
1965 which gave all government employees
the right to strike but placed many severe
restrictions on Collective bargaining.
This legislation, and the problems
resulting from the government's failure to
implement the recommendations of the
Monpetit report, led to further national
postal strikes in 1968 and 1970.
Since, then the post office has been faced
with a series of work stoppages, slowdowns
and other signs of worker discontent.
Another major problem in the post office
is the division of responsibility for its
operation and the large number ofunions in
the post office which can all stop mail
service to some degree.
This division of responsibility has led to
calls from the union to make the post office a
crown corporation under the Canada Labor
Code, which would consolidate authority for
the post office and end the postal worker's
legislative problems.
As it now stands the post office department is responsible for the daily operation of
the post office. But the treasury board is the
real employer of postal workers and must
agree to any contract before it is signed.
The public service commission has the
responsibility for hiring all post office
personnel and the department of public
works looks after the maintenance of postal
facilities.
This division of authority often leads to a
great deal of buck passing which further
frustrates postal workers.
When the public is faced with a strike in
the post office it tends to blame either the
CUPW, which represents 22,000 inside
workers or the Letter Carriers of Canada,
which represents 16,000 letter carriers.
However, there are 22 different unions in
the post office which can, if on strike, all
cause the public some degree of inconvenience. CUPW has always advocated
one union in the post office but the government has consistently refused to allow this
because it is in their interest to have several
unions to play off against each other during
contract negotiations.
While these problems bear significantly
on the negotiations this year and must
eventually be solved before there can be
real peace in the post office, this year the
postal workers are trying to resolve the
biggest problem they have faced yet —
automation.
Since this article was written, the
automation issue has been agreed upon by
both sides. The background of post office
technological change which follows is still
useful in understanding this complex strike
situation.
CUPW instituted a boycott the postal code
campaign almost two years ago as its main
weapon in trying to force the government to
give postal workers the right to negotiat
the effects of technological change.
The postal code is the key to th
automation program and the system will no
work unless 77 per cent of all mail i
ultimately coded.
The automation and modernizatioi
program in the post office started as a resul
of recommendations contained in "/
Blueprint for Change," a massive govern
ment study on the post office completed ii
UBC's post <
Erk
1969  for  then  postmaster   general,
Kierans.
The program, which has already started
calls for the expenditure of more than $i
billion on buildings and equipment in Z
urban centres. The spending is concentrate:
mainly in Toronto and Montreal as mon
than half the country's mail passes through
these two centres.
The automation and mechanizatior
program involves the use of verj
sophisticated machinery. The first step ir
the automated process is the-Culler Facet
Cancellor which cancels and faces mail ali
one way in preparation for sorting.
It also rejects any mail thicker than three
eighths of an inch, with bent corners or mai'
Were all
British Columbians
Wc all have rights. Thursday, October 23, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 7
ed to strike by gov't
containing anything such as a paper clip or
staple. It also rejects any mail smaller than
three and one half inches by five and one
half inches or larger than six inches by ten
inches. All rejected mail is sorted manually.
Mail then proceeds to the coding suites
where operators read the postal code, if the
mail has one, and key the code on the letters
_so it can be translated by the letter sorting
machines. It does this by placing small
yellow bars on the envelopes.
Postal qi,i-      «
1 Nation y  i
e ... closed as well
Mail is then sent through the letter sorting
machine, which can sort 23,500 letters per
hour, to 288 different locations. The
machine's programming can be changed to
run the letters through' several times for a
Tiner sortation.
Full automation, which will follow the
completion of the mechanization process,
involves the introduction of the Optical
Character Reader. This is the ultimate in
automated mail sortation machinery and
will eventually replace the key coders and
.manual sorters.
Using, computer programming and
electronic scanning devices it can translate
typewritten postal codes at the rate of 30,000
letters per hour and put the yellow bars on
the envelopes. From the OCR, the letters go
to the'LSM for sorting.
This automation program will be supplemented by an extensive mechanization of
mail handling facilities. Mail will be moved
by containerized transport, a machine will
empty and shake out mailbags and conveyor
systems will move the mail inside the plant.
Machines will also be introduced which can
sort large envelopes.
The new technology is enormously labor
saving because a postal clerk following the
old manual sorting methods, is only expected to sort a maximum of 1,800 letters an
hour.
The introduction of the new technology
will also vastly alter the work schedules of
postal workers and could change their
classifications.
Besides relying on the automated
machinery, the post office is circumventing
the union's position and its control over the
workplace by following policies designed to
take work out of the_ union's hands.
The post office has started to hire large
numbers of casual labor, who receive lower
wages than postal workers and have no
union protection or job security. It has also
hired many term employees who have
contracts which only allow them to work for
terms of three, six or 12 months.
The effect of this large casual work force
is to deny the hiring of badly needed full
time postal workers. It has been estimated
that the use of casual labor-lias meant the
equivalent of 4,000 full time jobs.
The government is also applying pressure
on special permit holders to pre-sort their
mail before it reaches the post office. In the
past, unionized postal workers have always
sorted all mail but now the government is
forcing private mailers.to perform these
tasks at the expense of postal workers' jobs.
The post office is increasing its use of
private sub-contract post offices in smaller
centres. These post offices operate at the
expense of postal sub-stations run by the
government with unionized employees.
This practice could also lead to the further
erosion of postal workers jobs. As the post
office opens the large automated plants, it
consolidates smaller post offices in the area.
The post offices consolidated are left with
only a small wicket service which is exactly
the job the post office is contracting out.
The post office allows a system of private
mail carriers to operate in violation of the
monopoly provisipns of the Post Office Act.
Corporate and communications companies
using these systems are mostly immune
from postal strikes. These companies
operate at the expense of the taxpayer who
must support the post office's many non-
profitable operations.
The introduction of automated technology
will mean many things to postal workers.
The primary result will be a reduction in the
workforce. While the union knows this is
inevitable1 it wants to see it done through
attrition rather than mass layoffs.
This is tne main reason why they want
articles on job security in their contract.
The machinery could also mean a
reduction in postal workers classifications.
The post office tried to do this in 1974 when it
said that all workers operating coding suites
would be given a new classification P.O. 1
rather than a P.O. 4.
This would have meant a loss of 54 cents
per hour in wages. This unilateral post office
declaration plunged the post office into a 16-
day strike before the coder job description
was enlarged and their salary made
equivalent to a manual sorter.
In order to stop any repetition of these
. moves by the post office the union wants job
classification protections in its contract.
The union also believes that the introduction of automation should bring some
positive benefit to the workers in the industry automated. Instead automation is
being carried out at the expense of the
worker and used solely for the maximization
of profits.
The union wants to be able to gain from
automation by receiving better wages and a
reduced* work week at no loss in pay.
But befor^i these protections can really
mean anything, the governmenfcwill have to
I
I.
British Columbia's Human Rights Code guarantees to all of us our rights
to employment, to tenancy, to property ownership, to a full range of
public services—and to membership in unions and employers'
associations—without discrimination on the grounds of race, religion,
colour, age, marital status, ancestry, place of origin, political belief, sex,
or any criminal conviction unrelated to the job being sought.
Discrimmation is still a fact of life—but we don't have to "live with it"
In British Columbia.
We have published a booklet, titled "YOUR RIGHTS". It explains the
Human Rights Code. You may pick up your free copy at any B.C.
Department of Labour office.
HUMAN RIGHTS BRANCH
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
GOVERNMENT OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Hon. W.S. King, Minister
James G. Matkin, Deputy Minister
either change the post office into a Crown
corporation under the Canada labor code or
else amend the staff relations act to remove
the restrictive clauses.
While automation and the .restriction in
the law have placed a heavy burden on this
year'* negotiations there are other factors
that make the struggle between the post
office and the CUPW more important for the
future of labor relations not only in the post
office but in the country.
The labor climate in Canada has also led
to a great deal of tension in this year's
negotiations. The government is dusting off
many tactics which it hasn't touched in
years in an attempt to defeat the postal ,
workers.
The postal workers struggle could set
important precedents for the rest of the
public service and organized labor as a
whole.
The stage has been set with a large,
militant and highly visible union matched
against the federal government.
Because of the federal government's
attempts to introduce and maintain certain
ideas, it must make a strong stand in front of
the public. It must show the public that it is
in'control even at the cost of the postal
workers justifiable demands.
Wage increases in the public service tend
to do two things. They are used as a
measuring stick for other public service
unions and for workers in the private sector.
For this reason the government must make
sure that postal workers do not receive a
large wage increase.
The issue of automation, while it has been
introduced into some parts of the private
sector has not been as noticeable before.
The post office is the- first highly visible
service, with a large work force being
automated. For this reason the government
must define exactly what the relationship
between workers and automation must be.
We are beginning to see, by the government's present attitude, that automation is
not meant to benefit workers.
If CUPW wins the right to negotiate
automation and gains some good protections
from the effects of automation in its contract then workers in both the public and
private sectors will start asking for the
same thing.
The postal workers demands for full job
security in the face of the present heavy
unemployment would also create a
precedent for Canadian working people, but
it is undoubtedly contrary to the government's unemployment policy.
In order to defeat the union, the government, through the postmaster general,
Bryce Mackasey, has mounted an increasingly bitter attack on the union's
leadership in .an attempt to divide it from
the membership.
However, the union's membership fully
supports its leadership. »The leadership is
only carrying out the policies and mandates
passed by the membership. All contract
demands come from membership wage and
contract committees. The demands are then
collected and presented to the membership
for ratification. The membership approved
of the demands by an 87.4 per cent vote.
In some cases the confrontation takes an
even more direct route as in Montreal where
the post office provoked a situation in order
to fire or give long term suspensions to more
than 80 postal workers, most of them union
officials and give out one-day suspensions to
more than 1,000 others.
This was done to deprive one of the
strongest CUPW locals of its leadership and
to try to split the union along English-
French lines.
The postmaster general has also tried to
split the union by appealing directly to the
membership.
He has promised many things to the postal
workers in public that his negotiating team
steadfastly refuses to give CUPW at the
bargaining table. It also refuses to put any
of Mackasey's promises in the collective
agreement where it counts.
Mackasey has threatened to close down
the post office for three months in an attempt to intimidate the workers. This threat
though is no more than a bluff as the cost to
the country's economy would be enormous.
But whatever happens, the confrontation
between CUPW and the federal government
promises to be long and bitter. The union
believes in its demands and must attain
them this year.- The government is committed to seeing the union gets nothing. Page 8
THE       UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23, 1975
0 HITACHI
Lo-D
(Low Distortion)
Summary
THE HIT.ACHIPS-12, a moderately priced turntable
by today's standards, offers an overall quality of
performance that should satisfy the most critical
listener. In" fact, we doubt that most experienced
audio enthusiasts could hear any difference in sound
quality between this player and the most elaborate
units costing up to several times as much.
Although the PS-12 is not fully automatic, and
requires the user to handle the arm manually, it is a
simple and apparently trouble-free unit. It is for these
reasons we consider this unit a "Best Buy."
Summary
ALTHOUGH THE Hitachi VFS-260 is not yet sold
separately, it does complement the excellent overall
performance of the Model PS-12 turntable. As we
have noted, the effectiveness of a good arm and
turntable combination'is sometimes diluted by the
inclusion of an inferior cartridge as part of the total
package. This is definitely not the case with the
Hitachi unit, in which the cartridge quality is
thoroughly compatible with that of the associated
arm and turntable.
BEST BUY SUMMER CONSUMER GUIDE
Suggested Retail Price $199
95
(O)
^   ■"■■ T#VdrMI (Low Distortion)
came up with a totally new 3-head system for this "high spec"*
cassette recorder.
Cassette   tapes   are   designed   for   single-head
operation, with pressure at one point. These
days,    however,   high   quality   recorders   have
three heads, only one head having contact with        * jr" /**■««»
the pressure pad. jj^*"*&>/ /^***»
Now   Hitachi   design   engineers   have   found   a j^F'._ ^   ""     ^
unique way of putting the record and playback       SW * s^&ttf^,
heads    together   to    take    advantage   of   the       IL '9^&
pressure    pad.    It    means    improved    record       IHSfeto^. 'A
playback quality. Yet, like most good design
ideas, it's deceptively simple, reliable,and not
too costly.
But the two-plus-one system isn't the only
outstanding feature of Hitachi's new hi-fi
cassette deck. Consider the double Dolby; the
exceptionally low wow and flutter; the
excellent frequency response; the full two-year
warranty. Your customers will be expecting a
much higher price tag. -
Suggested Retail
*Let the specs speak
Price $49995
Double Dolby noise reduction
Off-tape monitoring
Frequency response       20-20,000 HZ (CR02) + 6dB,
or 35-16,000 HZ  (CR02) + 3dB
Wow & flutter 0.05% WRMS
S.N Ratio 63dB (Dolby:on)
15 1Cs  to increase reliability
The D-3500 is the latest in a new line of
superior cassette decks from Hitachi. Look for
more news of these feature-packed products
this fall.
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Stereo's come a long way, baby. Just look.
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AUDIO SECTION
RMS power (both
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HS-420
Dynamic 3-way speaker system in bass reflex box
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finish cabinet. Maximum input: 40W.
Suggested Retail Price s18995 each
0 HITACHI
Lo
(Low Distortion)
(O)
HITACHI
Lo
(Low Distortion) Thursday, October 23, 1975
THE      U BYS
Page 9
Feminist author dumps on Mao's China
By HEATHER WALKER
Although women have made
important gains in reaching
equality in China, they are still
"oppressed by Mao Tse Tung's
government, feminist author Katie
Curtin claimed Tuesday.
She said gains made by women
through the revolution are being
erased by Mao's regime and only
about one in 10 Communist party
members — and fewer in the
higher levels of the party — are
women.
Curtin was promoting her book
'Women in China'. The speech was
sponsored by the Young Socialists,
a group of Trotskyites.
"Canadian women take two
•different approaches to the experience of women in China," she
-said.
"One is that their experience has
little to offer as a model for
liberation because women are
oppressed in China by the lack of
democratic rights," she said.
"The other approach is that we
can learn from the gains made by
women and the people as a whole,"
she said. "This view states that
democracy is not important in
China."
She said there is some truth in
both of these views but both are "in
the main, wrong."
"The first view totally underestimates the tremendous gains
won through the revolution,"
Curtin said.
"Before 1949, women in few
countries were so underprivileged
and lacking in rights (as the
Chinese women)," she said.
Curtin said that before the
revolution, marriages were
arranged and a woman's only
function was to bear a male child.
"If she didn't bear a male child
she could be cast out of her
husband's house," Curtin said.
Curtin also quoted a Chinese
proverb which she said was indicative of the general attitude to
women at the time: "A woman
married is like a pony bought, to be
ridden or whipped at the master's
pleasure."
She said female infanticide was
common and mentioned the
practice of tightly binding
women's feet as another example
of the degradation of women.
"Political power belonged
completely to men from the village
clan to the government
bureaucracy," she said.
There was the beginning  of a
women's movement in China
before 1949, Curtin said, but it only
affected women in the cities.
Women were "militant and
energetic fighters" during the
Chinese revolution, she said.
"They suffered the deepest from
CURTIN . . . praises and damns
social problems," Curtin said.
Besides the problems caused by a
foreign imperialist dictated
economy they could be sold as
prostitutes and were fed least
during famines.
"The gains women made from
the revolution should inspire
feminists everywhere," Curtin
said.
"Foot binding and infanticide
were abolished, prostitution was
outlawed, women were given the
vote, marriage laws were changed
to allow free choice, allow married
women to hold property, allow
divorce and given women custody
of children."
She said the literary campaign
effected women especially because
many Chinese women were
previously illiterate.
Women began to work in male-
dominated fields including road
building and jobs involving heavy
construction equipment.
As 90 per cent of women had jobs
away from their homes, some
provision had to be made for day
care, she said.
"Fifty per cent of children from
age one to three are in nurseries,
and 80 per cent of children from
age three to seven are in kindergartens," Curtin said.
"Women are no longer looked on
as breeders of male children but as
productive people in their own
right," Curtin said.
But she said the Mao government is not doing all it could for
You want to change
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You're ready to upgrade.
But your worry is that moving
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Well, it can be. But it
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Hitachi has just brought a
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The name of this new line
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Hitachi scientists measured these individual listening
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Then, the results were mathematically tabulated and converted into a unique Sound
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Called ESP for its investigation of Emotion, Sensation
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DOLBY is a trade mark of Dolby Laboratories. Inc.
women, and in some cases is being
deliberately oppressive!.
"Only 10 per cent of the members of the Chinese Communist
party are women, and this is even
lower higher up in the party.
"Women who are high up in the
party are usually the wives of
important people," Curtin said.
Curtin said the Chinese
bureaucracy supports the so-called
nuclear family, which she considers repressive.
"In 1953, family mediation was
instituted instead of easy divorce,
and now it is extremely difficult to
get a divorce." she said.
Curtin said the government is
reinforcing prejudices against
women instead of trying to remove
them.
"In 1956 they stressed the glories
of home life." she said. "A woman
should arrange her house in proper
order, encourage her husband and
children to study hard and study
hard herself."
The government is using its
political power to grant special
privileges to the members of its
bureaucracy, Curtin said.
In order to maintain its position,
it suppresses democratic rights
such as freedom of the press and
freedom of speech, she said.
Curtin said complete women's
liberation could not take place
under the current bureaucracy,
which should be "thrown out and
replaced by democratic
socialism."
Lowther
funeral
on today
Funeral services for Pat
Lowther will be held 2 p.m. today
at the First Memorial Chapel on
Lillooet Road in North Vancouver.
The Vancouver poet and UBC
lecturer's badly decomposed
body was" found Oct. 13 in a creek
near Squamish, three weeks after
she disappeared from Vancouver.
Police are investigating her death
as a murder.
In addition to the funeral, a
memorial service for the poet will
be held at 7:30 p.m., Friday at the
Unitarian Church, Forty-ninth and
Oak.
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THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23, 1975
,-*<;
Hot flashes
BC pills
withdrawn
All students currently using
Modacon birth control pills
should contact their doctor for a
change of medication.
This drug has been withdrawn
from the market because the
estrogen content has changed due
to exposure to light.
Modacon pills are bright pink
in color and are packaged in a
white plastic "Ortho" dialpak.
For further information,
contact the Student Health
Service, Wesbrook Building.
Holt on
Simma Holt, MP for
Vancouver-Kingsway, has never
been at a loss for words in her
career as Vancouver Sun writer
and boring political hack.
Holt    will    be    the    featured
speaker at the Women in Motion
conference, and tomorrow at
11:15 a.m. in SUB ballroom she
will speak on the mature woman
participant in sports.
The conference, which begins
tonight along with a sports
festival, will include other
speakers as well as panels and
socials. All students interested
must register at the SUB
ballroom. The conference costs $1
per day.
Medi€inal
Progress in medicine has
usually been measured in term of
scientific discovery ' rather than
social progress.
But Ruth Hodgkinson, an
expert from Queen's University
on the social history of medicine
will speak Saturday at 8:15 p.m.
in IRC 2 on that aspect of
medicine.
Thief.
While some students were
dropping off blood at the Red
Cross bTood donor clinic the first
week of October, others
apparently picked up three large
Red Cross banners that had been
put up on campus.
Red Cross doesn't have a lot of
money to spend on stuff like
banners so they would appreciate
their return.
If you know where the banners
went, please call Daphne Mitchell
or Florence Edwards at 879-7551,
or bring them to the next Red
Cross blood donor clinic, on
campus Oct. 30.
Schmoefry
A. J. M. Smith, well-known
Canadian poet and anthropologist,
will read from his work noon
Wednesday in Buchanan 202.
This is the second in a series of
noon-hour poetry readings coming
to UBC this year.
'Tween classes
TODAY
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
Canadian   poet   and   anthropologist
A. J. M. Smith reads from his work,
noon, Bu. 202.
SAILING CLUB
General  meeting  of Jericho Sailing
Association,        8       p.m.,       Jericho
gymnasium.
INTER VARSITY
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Bernice  Gerard  on what is causing
the  rise of new religions, noon, Bu.
100.
ARTS UNDERGRAD SOCIETY
Meeting   to   select   grad   class   rep,
noon, Bu. 104.
NDP CLUB
Election   of   executive,   noon,   SUB
211.
INTEGRITY
General  meeting and guest speaker,
noon, Bu. 232.
CHARISMATIC
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Ask     the     Chaplain     Night,     with
Bernice       Gerard,        7:30       p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre lounge.
PRE-DENTAL SOCIETY
Dr.     D.    G.    Marshall    on    general
dentistry, noon, IRC 1.
MEDIEVAL SOCIETY
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
CONTEMPORARY DANCE CLUB
Yoga class with Maureen Tribe, 2 to
3:30 p.m., dance class with Drelene
Gibb,   3:30 to 5:30  p.m.,  SUB  200.
CONSERVATIVE MIDDLE CLASS
NEW STUDENTS CLUB
General  meeting,  {we're  not  dead),
8 p.m., Pit.
FRIDAY
4-H ALUMNI CLUB
Organizational meeting, noon, home
ec building 100.
SKYDIVING CLUB
General meeting, noon, SUB 125.
ALLIANCE FRANCAISE
Discussion        sur        Tart,        noon,
International House 402.
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
Panel     discussion    on    relationship
between U.N. and member nations,
noon,    International    House   upper
lounge.
CAMPUS CYCLISTS
Meeting, noon, SUB 111.
YOUNG SOCIALISTS
Claire Culhane speaks, 8 p.m., 1208
Granville.
ANARCHIST COLLECTIVE
Discussion   of Portuguese situation,
noon, SUB 119.
SATURDAY
CHARISMATIC
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Bowling, socializing, refreshments, 7
p.m., SUB games room.
CHARISMATIC CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Guest Speaker
BERNICE GERARD
Chaplain, CJOR Open-Liner
Thurs., Oct. 23 — 7:30 p.m.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS CENTRE
nu
MUSSOC
Auditions for Hello,  Dolly!, 2 to 6
p.m., Old Auditorium.
SUNDAY
MUSSOC
Auditions  for Hello,  Dolly!, 2 to 6
p.m., Old Auditorium.
MONDAY
FEMINIST KARATE ASSOCIATION
Practice, noon, SUB 200.
TUESDAY
PHOTOSOC
Meeting     to     discuss    relationships
with AMS, 8 p.m., SUB 212.
STUDENTS' INTERNATIONAL
MEDITATION SOCIETY
Free   introductory   lecture,   8   p.m.,
Bu. 232.
CHARISMATIC
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Prayer and sharing, noon, Lutheran
Campus Centre conference room.
DECORATE WITH PRINTS
-Lburs    i2--x> / &-^>
Sun    -9:iO
(members
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grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
738-2311
(Opp. Liquor Store and Super Valu)
Art Reproductions
Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs & Prints
Jokes - Gifts, etc.
'DECORATE WITH POSTERS'
Notice
to the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
by order of Council, October 15, 1975
that the nominations for the Presidential Advisory Committee are to be re-opened as of
October 16, 1975 and closed at 1:00 p.m. October 23, 1975.
All students registered in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and all students
registered in the Faculty of Graduate Studies affiliated with Agricultural Sciences are
eligible to sit on this committee.
An all candidates meeting will be held on Tuesday, October 28, 1975 in Room 166
McMI. Bldg. Nomination forms are available in Room 62 of McMI.
Elections will be held October 30, 1975 and polls are open 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
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THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional fines 25c,
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m„ the day before publication.
Publicati&ns Offim Roam 24f, SMB., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
SKI CLUB - V.O.C.
GRAND RIPOFF SALE
Thurs., Oct. 30 (all day) in SUB 211/
213. Sell your old skis, boots, packs.
Whatever. Bring equipment to SUB
18F or 216F any noon hour prior to
the sale OR to SUB 211/213 on the
day of the  Ripoff!
10 — For Sale — Commercial
C & C SPORTS
Volume Discount Sale
$1 off for every $15 in purchases
Save on squash racquets, ski lackers,
etc., etc. Open 4-9 Thurs., Fri.; »■•
Sat.;  12 noon 6:00 Sun.
3616 WEST 4th AVENUE
11 — For Sale — Private
HARLEY DAVIDSON, panhead chopper.
Lots of chrome, stroker kit. $2600 or
serious offers.  433-1039 after 7:00.
175   CM.   HART   HORNET   SKIS.   CUbco
bindings, ladies' Nordica boots size 7.
Used. Package deal: $100. Will bargain. Call 943-4382.
1965 DODGE. Good running condition.
Ring 525-4219.
1971 MAZDA ROTARY. Excellent condition. 44,000 miles, serviced regularly.
Canary yellow body. Very clean —
224-5053.
TIRED OF STUDYING! Relieve tension!
Pinball machines and amusement
games.   S225-S400.   224-1692.
15 — Found
20 — Housing
LIVE-IN STUDENT REQUIRED. Room
& board in exchange for babysitting.
281-0746 after 4:00 p.m.
ROOM & BOARD in faculty home for
care of 2 children & cooking supper.
3% hrs., 5 day week. Non-smoker —
224-5036.
60 - Rides
NEED TO JOIN A CAR POOL from
Richmond to U.B.C. Hours flexible.
Phone Susan 277-9801 or 278-0224 after
5 p.m.
65 — Scandals
DELIVERANCE, Sat., Oct. 25 in the Old
Auditorium, 7:00 and 9:30. Price is
$1.00.  Burt Reynolds  does  his  thing.
WANT   TO   HOWL   ON   HALLOW'EN?
Do it at the Cage Halloween Party,
K S^ Fraternity, 2280 Wesbrook Crescent, Oct. 31, 8 p.m. Admission 75c.
Free with costume. Full facilities.
Don't miss it!
70 — Services
SWINGING  COUPLES & SINGLES meet
others  in Wash.   &  Western  Canada.
Est.   1969.   Free   sample   ads,   details.'
CY  Club,   P.O.   Box   753,   New  Westminster, B.C. V3L 4Y8.
PERMANENT HAIR removal by Electrolysis Kree Method in my home.
Prices are reasonable. Phone 738-6960.
YOUR WEDDING professionally photographed. Call Kinzer Photo, 681-0315
daily; 873-5959 evenings.
80 — Tutoring
EXPERIENCED MATH TUTOR will
coach 1st year. Calculus, etc. Evenings. Individual instruction on a
one-to-one basic. Phone: 733-3644. 10
a.m. to 3 p.m. daily.
85 — Typing
EFFICIENT    ELECTRIC    TYPING,    my
home.   Essays,   thesis,   etc.   Neat   ac- .
curate    work.    Reasonable    rates   —
263-5317.
FAST, EFFICIENT TYPING near 41st &
Marine Dr. 266-5053.
TYPIST AVAILABLE. Elite (small) type.
Essays, terms papers, thesis. Phone:
327-5381.
90 - Wanted
25 — Instruction
30 — Jobs
TYPIST  FOR 2  HALF  DAYS per week
for lawyer doing research. Machine
dictation. Some legal experience
desired. 224-5056.
35-Lost
REWARD FOR LOST racoon fur hat.
Lost near Sedgewick or Coffee Shop.
PLEASE return! 263-9779.
40 — Messages
50 — Rentals
WHISTLER CONDOMINUM needs people
for November thru May. Close to
lifts. Sleeps ten. $300-00/season. CaU
Pat, 688-5908 — Bob, 687-0798.
WANTED   —   PEOPLE   TO   SHARE   ski
cabin at Whistler. $400 for the season.
Evan Cardiff, 988-2141 days; 980-7457
evenings.
LEAD GUITAR PLAYER for Rock and
Roll Band. Phone Dave, 926-2388. <
99 — Miscellaneous
EUROPEAN-SPANISH STUDENT wishes
cultural exchange with university
girl. Invites exchange for visit. Write
Gonzalo del Pino, Madre de Dios 18,
Malaga, Spain.
20 PERSON CABIN on Hollyburn Moun-,
tain on the North Shore. Mid-week
$40 per night; weekend $50 per night.
USE
UBYSSEY
CLASSIFIED
TO SELL - BUY
INFORM Thursday, October 23, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 11
Big week ahead for UBC women
By CEDRIC TETZEL
"We feel that there is a considerable lack
of knowledge and understanding," says
Mrs. Marilyn Pomfret, UBC director of
women's athletics, "about what females are
capable of performing and what will
motivate them to participate, regularly in
physical activities."
In a bid to rectify this situation, the UBC
Women's Athletics Association will hold a
t.week-long program called: Women In
Motion: Health, Sport and Recreation.
< The eight-day session will be a part of the
International Women's Year Program and
will consist of conferences and panel
discussions on the subject of women and
sports and there will be participation clinics
for a number of lesser known sports that
1 have the potential of becoming very popular
with women participating, or as spectator
sports.
According to Pomfret there are certain
myths and taboos regarding women participating in sports and the purpose of this
program is to dispel some of these myths.
»    "During the week," says Pomfret," we
hope to impress upon others the need for a
new awareness and change within our
sports and recreation structure to allow and
encourage increased participation by girls
and women."
The program was launched last night with
a wine and cheese social at the SUB party
room.
The participation clinics will start today
with water polo, synchronized swimming
and fitness swimming demonstrations at the
Empire pool at noon. Taking charge of the
demonstrations and the clinics will be the
New Westminster Water Polo Association
and the B.C. Synchronized Swimming
Association.
Tomorrow's highlights will include a
demonstration by the renowned gymnast
Seije Fekete on modern rhythmic gymnastics. This will start at 4:30 p.m. at the
War Memorial gym.
Though spectators are welcome, Pomfret
stressed the emphasis is on participation.
All the athletes have to do if they are interested is to show up at the locations ready
to take part.
As for the conference part of the schedule,
registration beforehand is necessary.
Speaking at the-conference will be various
health and sports experts and government
officials dealing with sports and recreation.
The conference will take plac'e from Oct.
24 till Oct. 26 and will deal with such topics
as physiology, * psychology, culture,
medicine and nutrition as they are related to
participation in sports and recreation by
women.
Panel discussions will deal with subjects
such as: "What Motivates Women To
Desire, Need, and Continue Physical Activity;" and "The Inferiority Of the
Female: Reality or Myth?"
On Saturday, the participation clinics will
centre at the Winter Sports Centre for
demonstrations on ringette, otherwise
known as "floor hockey on ice," basic and
power skating, speed skating, squash and
racquetball.
Then on Monday, the program will
highlight one of the fastest growing, spectator sport in North America, co-ed
volleyball.
For those who enjoy more serene types of
athletic activity there will be a yoga
demonstration by Kareen Zebroff of
television fame.
Other featured sports include soft
lacrosse, netball, karate, and self defense.
Further information will be available at the
Women's Athletics Office;
One of the most interesting features of
Women in Motion will be a fitness evaluation
program set up at the lobby of the War
Memorial gym. There, those interested or
curious can find out how fit they actually are
by going through the cardio-respiratory
tests conducted by Dr. Ted Rhodes. The
results .of this test will be compared to the
fitness norms and consultation may be
available for those who would like to know.
These tests will be carried out every day
from noon till 4:30 p.m. except Sunday.
The entire Women in Motion program will
draw to an end next Thursday with the
Great Pumpkin Bicycle Race and another
modern rhythmic gymnastics demonstration . by Seije Fekete.
Humiliated 'Birds start Canada West
The UBC Thunderbirds soccer
team continued their slump with a
4-0 humiliation at the hands of
unbeaten Pegasus last Saturday.
UBC coach Joe Johnson said,
"The game set me back 11 years.
The 'Birds are back where they
first started. They were running all
over the place and weren't hungry
for the ball."
Contrasting sharply with the
'Birds, Pegasus showed a more
fluid brand of soccer. The forwards
helped out in defence and the
defenders supported the  attack.
Johnson could only describe the
UBC play as "lacklustre." He
added the 4-0 score flattered the
team a bit.
With the morale-crushing loss
and the Canada West games right
around the corner", the 'Birdsare in
the worst situation they can
possibly be.
They will be heading for Victoria
Sunday for the first round of
Canada West play against the
University of Victoria Vikings.
As the current national champions the UBC team can't afford to
lose, against the strong UVic team
if they want to have anything to do
with the national finals at Victoria
in November.
After the Victoria game the
teams will head north to play the
Universities of Alberta and
Saskatchewan in Edmonton, Oct.
31 and Nov..l.
Because the UVic is hosting the
nationals this year, the Vikings will
have a chance for the title even if
—cedric tetzel phdto
ROY ZUYDERDUYN, UBC defender-turned-forward tip toes through enemy infested soccer pitch as
teammates take walk around the park.
UBC Thunderettes sports menu
derettes' field hockey team. The
team placed second in Canada
West play last year, and also went
on a tour of England and Scotland.
The game this weekend is in the
city'league. They are taking on the
Ramblers at Trafalgar Park, field
There's lots of action in UBC
sports for the rest of the week.
Tonight the Thunderette basketball team is competing in the
Vancouver Senior A League.Their
first game of the season is against
a city team (they haven't picked a
name yet). Game time is 5:00 p.m.
at Gym A of the Physical
Education unit.
*     *     *
The Thunderettes tennis team is
participating in their first intercollegiate competition in many
years this Saturday. The reason for
ALL
CANDIDATES
MEETING
TODAY
NOON
CONVERSATION
PIT
this is that University of. Victoria
has a tennis team finally. The
Thunderettes will travel to Victoria to take on the Vikettes in an
exhibition match.
*     *     *
Last but not least, is the Thun-
Henneken Auto
DON'T
FORGET
ALL
CANDIDATES
MEETING
NOON
CONVERSATION
PIT
S.U.B.
they do not win the Canada West.
They only have to finish first or
second. The other teams, on the
other hand, including UBC, will
have to win the title before they are
eligible.
The 'Birds have the talent and
manpower to be the powerhouse of
the league, but they have to learn
to play as a team and right now
they have three days to do all their
learning. They have a job to do and
they must get down to business.
The UBC coach said the veterans
have had enough time to prove
they can do the job and he will not
hesitate in cutting anyone from the
team. He is only allowed to take 16
players to Victoria.
To write off the team right now
would not be fair. They did manage
to slosh through rain and mud to
take the University of Alberta
Golden Bears 1-0 the week before.
Even if they don't play any better
in Victoria, who knows, maybe it'll
rain.
SUBFILMSOC presents
a good movie:
(with George Segal
& Glenda Jackson)
A TOUCH
OF CLASS!
Thurs./Sun. -7:00
Fri./Sat. - 7:00/9:30
SUB AUDITORIUM
75c & AMS Card
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8914 Oak St. (Oak & Marine)
2638121
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Fri. - Sat.
4:00 p.m. - 4:00 a.m
Sun.
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738-9520
or 738-1113
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926-8521
DOWNTOWN - WEST END
„    OPEN
Mon. - Thurs.
11:00 a:m. - 3:00 a.m.
Fru- Sat.
11:00 a.m. - 4:00 a.m.
Sunday
11:00 a.m. - 1:00 a.m.
688-5491
1 359 Robson
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3644 WEST 4th AVE., AT ALMA
731-4191 i iiursuay, v/ciODer ^o,   iy/a
Just who are these turkeys?
By LEN MacKAVE
Students voting in Friday's Alma
Mater Society by-elections will be
faced with choosing from among
eight wishy-washy candidates
whose views on four key issues all
seem to agree.
A new external affairs officer,
treasurer, co-ordinator and ombudsperson will be picked by
UBC's 22,000 or so eligible voters.
Two people are running for each
position.
One slate has fielded candidates.
Student Unity,, which swept six of
seven AMS executive positions in
February's general election, is
fielding candidates for three
positions.
Lake Sagaris, arts 3, resigned
her position as co-ordinator to run
for external affairs. Nadine McDonnell, arts 4, an arts rep on AMS
council, is hoping to replace
Sagaris as co-ordinator and Dave
Coulson, commerce 3, commerce
rep on council, is running for
treasurer.
They will be opposed by three
members of CITR radio — all
running as independents and all
claiming the fact they are all affiliated with CITR is a coincidence.
Ralph Bedford, arts 3 is opposing
Coulson, Bob Goodwin, commerce
1, is opposing Sagaris and Thomas
Chan, science 3, is running against
McDonnell.
The position of ombudsperson
will be contested by Graham
Nicholls, arts 4, and Moe Sihota,
social work 3, also a member of
CITR. However, the ombudsperson
has no vote on council.
Students have already picked a
new internal affairs officer —
former treasurer Dave Theessen
won that position Hby acclamation.
The election was made
necessary by the rash of
resignations in the AMS executive
in September and early October.
Stew Savard resigned his external affairs post Sept. 10 because
of poor marks. Janet Neilson
served as interim external affairs
officer since that time.
"Control of monies and finances
by the various undergraduate
societies directly are important,"
said Sagaris.
"Also,  the  members  of these
various societies must be informed
.of.  the   decisions   made   by   the
governing body in the future, and
must be passed on to the members.
"There will naturally be a
certain amount of confusion due to
the realigning soon, but in the long
run I believe this restructuring will
prove invaluable," she said.
Coulson said simply that
"restructuring of the AMS is a
good thing and the best, main point
to remember is granting the undergraduate societies complete
control of their finances."
Thomas Chan. could not be
reached for comment, but his
manager, Watson Seto, said Chan's
policy is that "change is needed, as
there is a lack of communication
throughout the AMS.
" "They (council) seemed to adopt
a policy of, "let's pass it, see if they
scream, then we'll fix it," Seto
said.
In September, Dave Van Blarcom released a proposed new
constitution for the AMS. Under
this constitution the present
students' council would be
dissolved in favor of a much larger
one composed, of undergraduate
society reps and student reps on
senate and board of governors.
All members of this so-called
student representative . assembly
would be students who have been
elected to represent their constituency not simply in a student
council, but in faculty committees,
senate, the board or as undergraduate society reps.
The new constitution, if adopted,
would also give the different undergraduate societies complete
control of and responsibility to
their own members for their own
budgets.
Under the current constitution,
the AMS collects a student fee from
all students and then distributes
building, but candidates expressed
little knowledge of the proposed
changes.
Sagaris, who drew up some of the
new policies said she^ wrote it with
the intent of having it looked over
and discussed by everyone so that
people could decide whether or not
the proposed reforms would actually happen.
"There are things on the second
draft that I don't necessarily agree
with or feel too strongly about,"
she said.
"The new policies are definitely
an improvement," said McDonnell. "But we must make sure
that it's what the students.want,
although I must admit that some of
the new policies need a -little more
explaining."
' Seto said Chan's views were that
"the building is the most useable
part of the student's fees, so any
good changes will only benefit the
students"
However, he spoke against some
GOODWIN . .. CITR voice
of the proposed changes, saying
that some of the policies must be
reworked before they are implemented."
Candidates Coulson and Goodwin
hesitated to form an opinion on
SUB changes.
Coulson said he is "as much in
the dark as most people" and
Goodwin said he is "not familiar
SIHOTA . .. social worker
Sagaris and Theessen resigned
their respective positions of coordinator arid treasurer in the
"Dutch shuffle" of executive
positions Oct. 2.
And interim ombudsperson Dave
Johnson announced in early October he would not continue in that
position. He was chosen as interim
ombudsperson after Students'
Court ruled February's ombudsperson election invalid.
There was little difference in the
position the six candidates* for the
three voting' positions up for grabs
— external affairs, co-ordinator
and treasurer — took on decentralization. .
They all said they like AMS vice-
president Dave Van Blarcom's
proposed new constitution.
Bob Goodwin said there was once
a need for a strong central
organization such as the AMS, but
"changes are essential."
McDonnell said the AMS
decentralization procedure "looks
good, it's what the university
really needs."
"Greater communication must
be desired throughout the various
levels of the organization," she
said.
Coulson and Sagaris both said
the AMS reorganization was good,
but placed more emphasis on
distribution of finances under the
proposed constitution.   *
McDONNELL .. .for co-ordinator
money to the different undergraduate societies according to
their size.
It is expected the AMS
restructuring committee will
complete a final draft of this
constitution before Nov. 1, and it
will be presented to council for
study at that time.
NICHOLLS . .. non-political
with it" and "hasn't seen the list of
proposed changes."
The National Union of Students,
a lobbying group for student-
related issues, was a major issue
on which candidates Voiced varied
opinions.
Bedford said: "I'd like to see
exactly what they're doing for us. I
national organization of students is
vital."
Seto for Chan, said: "It adds
another layer to student government." '
McDonnell and Coulson expressed extremely mild support
for it.
"It appears that it is doing what
it says it is doing, so we really can't
complain about it," said McDonnell ambiguously.
Coulson said he sees it as a very
effective organization, sometimes.
"It's nice to have a national lobbying body," he said. ■
NUS is currently lobbying for an
increase in the NUS student fee to
$1 per" student per year from 30
cents per student per year.
Various members of the current
AMS executive including president
Jake van der Kamp, have expressed opposition to a fee increase.
A general concensus was
reached by candidates about the
SAGARIS ... pro-NUS
If council passes the new constitution, it will be put to a student
referendum. Twenty per cent of all
eligible students must vote, with
two-thirds of those voting in favor
of it before the new constitution is
passed.
SUB management committee is
in the process of drawing up a new
SUB building policy. The code
regulates   student   use   of  the
"An organization that spends
approximately one third of its
funds on administration costs
means one thing to me - inefficiency."
Bedford also said he would like to
see more money allocated to the
various clubs on campus.
At its Oct. 15 meeting, the AMS
pared CITR's budget to $7,600 from
$8,725. Bedford, a member of
CITR's executive, defended their
budget requests at that meeting.
He denied any connection between
himself and other CITR members
who are nominees for AMS posts,"
then aceidently opened his
briefcase revealing a large stack of
'Elect Bob Goodwin' posters.
"We're all running as independents," he said.
Sagaris also expanded on several
issues and expressed concern with
the situation at Notre Dame
University and about women's
issues which are currently in
turmoil at UBC.
BEDFORD . .. defended CITR
students' provincial lobbying
group, BCSF.
McDonnell felt that this was the
organization which UBC should
devote most of its energy and
money on. Seto said Chan agreed to
this, saying "a government in
B.C. for its students? — it has to be
a good idea."
Lake Sagaris said BCSF was a
"great idea" because there is little
or no bureaucracy, while Coulson
warned that BCSF is a locally-
based organization, and care must
be taken to avoid the organization
from becoming primarily concerned with the problems at UBC.
"I do think that it's a good idea"
he said.
Goodwin expanded on the
various aspects and relationships
between the AMS and BCSF,
saying "referendums that concern
UBC and BCSF should be acted
upon accordingly. We should push
for more people in higher positions
to attend these various meetings to
find out what exactly is going on."
In an interview Monday, Bedford
raised other specific points that he
would like to see changed.
"I would like to see an increase
in the AMS investment income. I
would also like to decrease the
student's council administrative
budget. According to the AMS
budget published in the Oc. 3 issue
of The Ubyssey, a total of $159,290
is available for discretionary use.
Of this amount, $50,155 is spent on
Student's council."
COULSON .. . fuzzy on issues
"The Canada Student Loan
Plans have some faults with them
at present. A more detailed and
money-needed oriented
questionnaire must be put into
effect immediately.
"Naturally, these steps must all
be researched heavily in advance," she said. "The system
must be almost completely
reworked."
"Housing is something that also
concerns me." she said. "There
should be more residences
available not only to students,
faculty and staff, but also more
room must be made for people of a
low-income bracket."
Graham Nicholls, running for
the ombudsperson, said campus
politics isn't really a direct concern of the ombudsperson, so that
he was relatively uninformed
about current political issues at
UBC.
"I think that if I win the post, I
would be generally carrying out
the same functions as my
predecessor did. I'm here to help
people directly, if they have been
discriminated against or are in a
hassle with someone."
Moe Sihota, opposing Nicholls in
the election, was not available for
comment Wednesday.
Polls will be open from 10 a.m. to
4 p.m. Friday in SUB, Buchanan,
Henry Angus, civil engineering
building Woodward, War
Memorial Gym, law building,
MacMillan, education and
Sedgewick library.
CHAN . .. mystery man
wouldn't  be  willing   to   commit
student money to NUS."
Goodwin said he couldn't say
how effective NUS has been or will
be. "We haven't really seen any of
the action yet," he said.
Sagaris called NUS a "key
issue" of the election and said that
although students will have to
change it in some respects," a
ALL CANDIDATES MEETING
All students are invited to attend a forum in the Conversation Pit,
Main Floor S.U.B., today Thursday, October 23rd. At this time,
candidates for all vacant A.M.S. positions will have an
opportunityto present their views regarding issues of importance
to the entire student body. In addition, members of the audience
will be invited to question candidates on any relevant subject.
Nominees for the offices of Treasurer, External Affairs Officer,
Internal Affairs Officer, Co-ordinator, and Ombudsperson will be
in attendance. -
BRENT TYNAN
Returning Officer

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