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The Ubyssey Feb 17, 1988

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 the Ubyssey
Challenge '87 jobs
are no challenge
By Geoff Castle
Last year's federal student job
creation program has received
mixed reviews from UBC participants.
Students criticized Challenge
'87for its lack of career relatedjobs
while others appreciated any
chance to work.
Kelly Boychuk, engineering 2,
was hired through the program
last summer, working at a factory
which manufactured truck interiors.
"I'm glad the government
kicked in the bucks, but that job
was a real waste of time. I didn't
learn anything and half the time
was spent dogfucking? he said.
Under the Challenge program, the federal government
pays a proportion of the wages in
order to encourage businesses and
organizations to hire students in
career-oriented fields.
"Most Challenge jobs tend to
be of a 'practical' nature? said
Angela Soukoreff of Employment
and Immigration Canada.
These practical jobs include
such things as farm labour, clerical work and waiting on tables,
said Soukoreff.
She refused to reveal the percentage of career related positions
provided by the program.
Career related jobs do exist,
said Soukoreff, especially in such
things as computer programming
and geological research.
Karen Dube, Arts 2, who
wai tressed at a hotel last summer,
was appreciative ofthe Challenge
subsidy.
"They couldn't have paid me
$6.00 anhour withoutit? she said.
But Dube believed her employer was one of the many who
attempt to take undue advantage
of government programs. "I think
my boss was trying to claim wages
for me into October? said Karen.
Henry Yu, Arts 3, worked for
the Canadian Cancer Society as a
liaison officer.
"I spent a lot of time dealing
with the ethnic communities. It
was really interesting and I
thought it was a quite worthwhile
experience? Yu said. "If it hadn't
have been for the Challenge
money, my job wouldn't have been
around?
Fewer students, though, are
likely to benefit from the Challenge program in 1988 because
federal government funding for
the program is stalled at $180
million this year, the same level as
in 1986.
Inflation over the past two
years has been roughly four per
cent meaning the Challenge program has lost eight per cent of its
funding, in real terms since 1986.
The money allocated for student business loans has also been
cut to $800,000 this summer,
down from $1.4 million in 1987.
Betty Crocker freebases fudge brownies with tragic results o*m ■
Peeved parkers plagued by
confused computer in B-lot
Canadian stations raise
funds for rebel radio
Windsor (CUP) El Salvador's two
rebel radio stations are sending
news of their country's war-torn
plight all the way to Canada
thanks to the fundraising efforts of
four campus radio stations.
University of Windsor's
CJAM, University of Toronto's
CIUT, Ryerson's CKLN, and
CHRYat York University are raising funds for El Salvador's Radio
Faribundo Marti and Radio Ve-
nceremos. Both stations are
operated by El Salvador's National Liberation Front (FMLN),
the anti-government rebels.
Through the  twinning,  the
Canadian stations receive information and regular news reports
from the rebel-controlled zones in
El Salvador, and in turn provide
moral and material support to the
Central American stations.
"This is an opportunity for
North America to have access to
information (about) what is happening there directly from the
people of El Salvador," said Anita
Daniels, director of operations at
CIUT. "It would't be influenced by
governments or American political wielding. It presents the political realities of El Salvador?
By Stephen Scrimshaw
Problems continue to plague
UBC's two-year old mechanical
parking gates, forcing traffic and
security to shop for an improved
system this spring.
Students who enter the exit
gate confuse the parking computer and permit overcrowding of
B-lot, said Ed Leather, traffic and
security's pay-parking supervisor.
B-lot encompasses seven
parking areas and has space for
5,600 cars.
Planned changes may include
a card-operated payment system,
and a switch from exit to entry
charges.
But outgoing AMS president
Rebecca Nevraumont said the
problems couldhave been avoided.
"Before the gates were in
stalled the students on the (traffic
and parking) committee recommended a card reader system (for
B-Lot). The committee accepted
the proposal but the president's
office shot the idea down? said
Nevraumont.
"They could have saved students the frustration of getting
into the lot and finding there is not
a parking spot? she said,
Instead, students have been
receiving fifteen dollar tickets for
double parking in B-Lot.
UBC student Tim Hubbard
received a ticket a month ago.
Hubbard said on more than one
occasion the computer operated
gates have admitted him into a lot
even though the lot was completely full.
"If they aren't going to post
signs, then in the meantime they
shouldn't issue tickets if the lot is
full? said Hubbard.
When Hubbard complained to
UBC traffic and security, he was
told he could pay the fine and
appeal the citation. Students can
al so pay the quarter to leave the lot
and return to traffic and security
for a refund.
Leather said "a reasonable
person would not leave their car
parked illegaly - it puts a car in a
compromising position, common
sense should tell them not to leave
their car there if they do not wish
to get ticketed."
The system has malfunctioned at times causing similar
problems, but the bulk ofthe problems are the result of people abusing the system, said Leather.
Hospital workers fight
layoffs at VGH
Hospital workers demonstrated at Vancouver General
Hospital yesterday to protest employee layoffs.
VGH management announced in November 1987 that up to
260 health care workers could lose their jobs due to an estimated
$800,000 deficit in 1987.
On February 3,117 licensed practical nurses, orderlies and
clerks received layoff notices.
Hospital management said it plans to replace the affected
workers with registered nurses. "But that isn't likely to happen?
said Ted Rutledge, hospital employees' union copy writer.
"If they filled those jobs with registered nurses it would cost
them 30 per cent more and besides, there is a national shortage
of RNs? said Rutledge.
"They will probably use the shortage as an excuse to not fill
the positions and close more beds? he said.
The employees union will be holding another demonstration
at the provincial legislature on Monday, February 22.
Hospital Employees Union protests layoffs Monday
mandat ngan photo
VOLUME 70, Number 38
Vancouver, B.C. Wednesday, February 17,1988 Classifieds    u=uw=*Hgi
Rates: AMS Card HoMars - 3 Hnaa, $3.00, additional lines 60 cents, commercial - 3 lines
$5.00, additional lines, 75 cents. (10% DISCOUNT ON 25 ISSUES OR MORE) Classified
ada payable In advance. Deadline 4:00 p-m. two daya before publication. Room 266, SUB,
UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 2A7
CLASSES
05 - COMING EVENTS
THE VANCOUVER INSTITUTE
Free Public Lecture
THE OUTLOOK FOR GLOBAL
BANKING
Mr. Donald Pullerton
Chairman   and   Chief Executive
Officer
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
Saturday, February 20
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Building
8:15 p.m.
15 - FOUND
RED GLASSES FOUND in Gallery Lounge.
Come to SUB 230A to claim.
ONE BLACK AND SILVER EARRING,
near Buch. blocks. Go to Lost and Found in
Brock Hall.
20 - HOUSING
N/S FEMALE PREF. to share apt. on campus, Feb. 15-May 1, $185/mo., 266-7611.
Maria.
ROOM VERY CLOSE TO UBC. Separate
entrance. Shared kitchen and bathroom.
$250/month. Includes utilities. Ph. 224-
2551.
FURN. ROOM in large 3-br. bsmt. on Spanish Banks, March 1st, $220/month incl.
everything. Ph. 224-7785 Brent.
ROOM IN SHARED HOUSE. Available
now, 16th & Tolmie. Washer, Dryer, $1857
mo. & utilities. 224-4829.
2-BDR. BSMT. SUITE, 13th near campus,
$575 utilities incl. Avail. March 1st - 224-
5507.
30 - JOBS
JAPANESE SPEAKING TOUR GUIDES
We are looking for tour guides and driver
guides who can work from early May to
September. Applicants must be fluently
bilingual (Japanese/English) and be able
to work in Vancouver and take short trips
to surrounding areas. We are also looking
for office staff, preferably bilingual and
with basic accounting knowledge. Experience is an asset in both jobs but we will
train promising applicants. Send resumes to: Tourland Travel Ltd., 200-900 W.
Georgia St., Vancouver, B.C., V6C 2W6.
Resumes should be written in native language of applicant but follow traditional
Canadian resume format.
"BUSINESS & SOCIETY IN JAPAN"
Optional credit/financial aid
International Internship Programs
406 Colman Bldg. 811 1st Ave.
Seattle, WA 98104 (206) 623-5539
N/S MOTHER OF 15-MONTH-OLD will
babysit 1-2 yr. old in my Kits home weekdays. Snacks & lunch incl. 734-8348.
SMALL TRUCK OR VAN driver needed for
fast growing decora ting business. Must have
abilities in horticulture and basic carpentry
and be well groomed for customer service.
Flexible hrs. Apply in writing only to 8235
Cartier St., Vancouver, B.C. V6P 4T6.
STUDENT REQUIRED for position in insurance office. Full time in summer/part
time in winter. Company willing to train.
Commerce and economics students preferred. Call Chambers Olson 734-2288.
35 - LOST
SMALL, BLACK, ZIPPERED POUCH.
Nylon with velcro on one side. Key inside.
Lost near Gage Towers, 263-6644.
40 - MESSAGES
GUY WHO SAW GIRL dramatically trip
over nothing - Mon. aft. Feb. 8 outside Buch
D. - Thanks for the kindness (you didn't
laugh TOO hard).
THEY SAY IT'S YOUR BIRTHDAY ...
Happy 19th birthday, Sarah H.
Love, Your Secret Sister.
GOING SKIING during study break? We
aren't. Speakeasy is open regular hours
during the break. Stop by or give us a call
(228-3700) ifyou feel like a chat.
70 • SERVICES
NEW AGE CHANNELLER - Psychic Advisor - ESP/UFO Research & Investigation -
Daniel 683-0864.
ESTABLISHED DAYCARE CENTER now
offering night care, Mon.-Fri. 16th/Crown,
3:30 p.m.-12:30 a.m. Jane, 228-8358, 224-
1658.
75 - WANTED
SHEET MUSIC & BOOKS in reasonable
condition buy/sell/trade; Secondo Music
Store, 2744 W. 4th Ave. (at Macdonald). 734-
2339.
TRAVEL CUTS is...
Going Your Way!!
♦Student Flights*
♦Cultural Exchanges*
*Adventure Tours*
*And much more*
Visit the Student Travel experts on Campus
S.U.B.   224-2344
SEAMSTRESS REQUIRED immediately to
hem pants and sew mil. patches. Call Rob
224-5531.
VOLUNTEERS NEEDED
Healthy Caucasian male (20-40 yrs.) smokers (1 pkVd) are needed for a drug study (3
weeks) involving drugs intake and blood
sampling. $210 will be paid for the complete
study. For detailed info, contact Grace, UBC
Fac. Pharm. Sci., 228-6772.
ALREADY WORRIED about summer employment? We need ambitious, open-minded
people. No exp. necessary. We provide training. Part or full time for appt. Call 531-1166.
80 - TUTORING
YOU CANNOT AFFORD to lose marks on
essays. Let me help you with the grammar,
punctuation, and layout of your term paper.
Rate: $157hr. 222-2505.
GRAMMATICALLY PERFECT PAPERS
get better marks. If your writing is less than
perfect, have your work edited. Call Katie
737-0575.
SPANISH OR FRENCH with native
speaker Ph.D. student. Grammar-conversation. Oscar 738-4102.
TUTOR WANTED for Grade 12 Maths near
UBC. Two hours per week. Phone 224-2551.
85 - TYPING
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
Word Proc. & IBM typewriter. Student
rates. Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
WORD PROCESSING SPECIALISTS - U
write, we type. Theses, resumes, letters,
essays. Days, eves., wknds., 736-1208.
WORD-PROCESSING $2.00/page, IBM or
Apple, DTP also. ComputerSmiths, 3732
West Broadway (at Alma) 224-5242.
FAST! Word Processing $1.50/pg. daisy
wheel, draft copy provided, overnight orders
welcome. 737-8981.
WORD WEAVERS - 41st bus line, upstairs
at 101-2258 W. 41st Ave. Faculty and student rates for quality, custom word processing. FAX. Translation and transcription in
major languages. Thesis specialists on multilingual terminals. Specialite en francais.
Japanese & Chinese document preparation
available.
MacINTOSH WORDPROCESSING: Experienced editing, reason, rates. Call Jack -
224-0486.
KER-WORD PROCESSING SERVICE.
Using IBM-XT with WordPerfect #202-1515
E. 5th Ave. Call Kerry 253-8444.
TYPING - NO NOTICE REQUIRED. Essays, theses (low price), resumes. Editing &
Research assistance. 327-0425 (before 10
p.m.).
ADINA WORD PROCESSING: Student
discounts. Letter quality printers. 10th &
Discovery. Phone 222-2122.
WORDPOWER - Word Processing - IBM &
Macintosh laser printouts. Student discounts. 222-2661.
LETTER PERFECT WORD
PROCESSING
Reasonable rates, student discount.
Quality printer & paper. 224-2424.
YEAR-ROUND EXPERT ESSAY, theses,
typing from legible work, spell/gram. corr.
738-6829 10-9. King Ed bus route.
NOTE: "Noon" = 12:30
p.m.
1:30
TODAY
Ballet UBC Jazz
Dance classes - all levels, $3
drop-in. Daily, SUB 208.
UBC Law Union
Speaker: Darlene Marzari,
MLA. Topic: "Section 80 and the
Loss of Voting Rights for Students? Noon, Law School Rm.
169.
AMS Integrity in Action Club
A talk given by Dale Maranda
entitled: To Be or Not to Be?
What A Stupid
Question!" Noon, BuchB225.
UBC Circle K Club
Come join our Bring-A-Priend
Campaign. Noon, SUB 111.
Political Science Students Association
Beat the Clock Bzzr Garden.
4:30-7:30, Buch Lounge.
Graduate Student Society
Jazz Live with guitarist Michael Guild. 5:30-8 pjn., Fireside Lounge, Grad Centre.
ALSO: Bridge. Beginners Welcome. 6 p.m., Fireside Lounge,
Grad Centre.
Maranatha Christian Club
Bible study and discussion. Any
religion, no religion welcome.
For more info, call 228-8554. 7
p.m., 1868 Knox Rd., UBC.
Psychology Students Assn.
Midterm Madness Night Club
Night. Tickets: $5 in advance. 7
p.m.-2 a.m. (specials 7-9 p.m.).
Hippopotamus Club, 304
Lonsdale, N. Van.
UBC Geography Students' Employment Organization
Forum #2: answering "Who Hires
Geographers, And Why?" 7:30
p.m., Graduate Student Centre,
Garden Room.
THURSDAY
University Christian Ministries
Join us as Tony Campolo teaches
us how to reach out to our friends.
7 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre -
Lounge.
Graduate Student Society
Masterpieces   of  film:   "Mean
Streets,"   with   discussion   and
commentary.   8  p.m.,   Fireside
Lounge, Grad Centre.
CITR and the Pit Pub
Dance contest prizes for all who
dance. 8:30 p.m.-l a.m., Rt Pub.
FRIDAY
Muslim Students' Association
Friday lecture and prayers. Mohamed Yousif, Imam. 12:45 p.m.,
International House.
Graduate Student Society
Bzzr Garden. 4-7:30 p.m., Ballroom, Grad Centre.
ALSO: DJ Night. 7-12 p.m., Fireside Lounge, Grad Centre.
CITR FM 102 (cable 102)
Basketball  broadcast:   UBC  vs.
Saskatchewan.  7:20  p.m.,  War
Memorial Gym.
Graduate Student Society
Darts Tournament. No entry fee.
7:30 p.m., Fireside Lounge, Grad
Centre.
SATURDAY
CITR FM 102 (cable 102)
Basketball broadcast:  UBC  vs.
Saskatchewan.   7:20  p.m.,   War
Memorial Gym.
MONDAY
UBC Personal Computer Club
IBM meeting: "Who's Stephen?"
Noon, SUB 211.
Japan Study Tour (Geography)
Meeting   this   and   subsequent
Mondays, 12:30 p.m., UBC. Geography, Rm. 229.
Institute of Asian Research
Free  noon-hour films:  "Korean
Painting" - "Korea's Folk Painting? Noon, Asian Centre Auditorium.
Graduate Student Society
Video Night, 6 p.m. - "To Have &
Have Not," 8 p.m.: "Casablanca."
Fireside Lounge, Grad Centre.
Need to copy
class notes?
come to
COPY RIGHT
Home of
25 self serve machines
-50 a copy-
SUB Lower Level
and
North end of
SUB concourse
•Chronicles-
The firs* cheerleaders
2/THE UBYSSEY
February 17,1988 Hagen improves
student funding
■mfWyy&tt
*  »>*    '/  '* *__%,   j
'Mi
Victoria (CUP) — Students who
can't afford a post-secondary education in B.C. can still go to university, says the province's education
minister, Stan Hagen.
Hagen appears to be leading
his ministry on the road to reform,
his critics say, taking a 180 degree
turn from former minister Russ
Fraser—known for telling students during the 1986 election
campaign that if they couldn't afford to continue their education,
they should put it off.
Hagen has promised to make
better acess to education a priority. But that does not mean more
money for universities and colleges.
"It's important for (students)
to recognize that just because they
cannot afford post-secondary, they
can still go? Hagen said, pointing
to improvements in accessibility,
especially financial aid and distance education.
Hagen has pumped millions
into improving student aid. Direct
financial aid to students more
than doubled in 1987, jumping to
$36.8 million from $17.8 the year
before. A 15 per cent jump in
enrollment last September followed, and more increases in aid
have been committed over the next
two years.
But the minister said funding
for universities and colleges is
"adequate? despite the increasing
strain on the faculty and facilities.
Funding estimates in the
Spring budget will likely hold few
surprises this March.
"We have to be focusing on
maintaining the level of funding of
the last year, on the quality of
education, on the quality of teachers and teaching? he said.
NDP education critic Darlene
Marzari agreed that Hagen has
improved student aid, but said the
universities are "starving?
Marzari said funding is in no
way adequate, and the system of
funding post-secondary education
needs revamping.
An NDP MLA for Vancouver-
Point Grey, Marzari said Hagen
has been able to restore some of
the funding lost in the 1983 restraint budget because he sits on
treasury boards, and sometimes
exceeds his budget.
"Hagen is all that comes between the post-secondary system
right now and the rather vindictive, ignorant bunch of cronies in
the provincial government?
Marzari said.
"Everybody is breathing a
sigh of relief, before they know
how long this minister is going to
last, and without looking at the
rest ofthe government...(which) is
anti-post-secondary."
The legislature will sit in full
again in mid-March, and will include a second throne speech and
budget under Premier Bill Vander
Zalm's government.
pm
,.__. ? |g*T-__.
Panelists at law conference debate government's right to isolate aids patients
mandel ngan photo
Doctor defends quarantine bill
By Elynn Richter
British Columbians should
trust their medical health officers
to act responsibly said the provincial government spokesperson on
AIDS.
"Bill 34 is within the powers
and right ofthe government? said
Dr. Michael Rekart, speaking at
UBC's third annual conference on
law and contemporary social issues.
Passed on January 9, Bill 34
gives health officers power to detain, test, and quarantine people
with AIDS and other communicable diseases if they have "reasonable grounds" to believe a person is "likely to willfully, carelessly or because of mental incompetence" expose another person to
the disease.
Kevin Brown, a representative from the group People With
Aids, which advocates the rights of
AIDS victims, said "to accept new
legislation demands an act of
faith."
"Maybe some of our fears are
not so groundless? he said. "We
need only examine cases of discrimination (against AIDS patients) to realize it takes place?
"History has a nasty habit of
repeating itself? said Brown,
reminding the audience that both
holocaust victims and Japanese-
Canadians have been targets of
government abuses.
Kenneth Smith, a lawyer
speaking at the conference said
the powers given to B.C. medical
health officers are too arbitrary.
If a person is accused of wil-
Penis palmed by fake sex psychologist
Hamilton (CUP) — Male students
at McMaster University are being
told to hang onto their pants now
that a woman posing as a sexual
education counsellor has been
calling them up asking for details
about their penises.
So far three men have been
phoned by a woman claiming to be
conducting a survey for
McMaster's Sexual Education
Centre.  According to Jana Roth,
the centre's coordinator, the
woman asked questions of an intimate sexual nature and in one
instance even persuaded a man to
meet her.
During the meeting, the
woman measured the man's penis
for both length and circumference.
She then questioned him about
the fantasies to which he masturbated and requested and received
a semen sample.
The student contacted the
Sex-Ed centre after the encounter
and was a little "perturbed" to find
out he'd been duped, said Roth.
"We would never do anything
hke that? said Roth. The centre
is not conducting any surveys now
and when we do...it would be with
questionaires so as to maintain
anonymity (ofthe respondents)."
fully transmitting the disease, the
health officer's decision can be
challenged only in an appeal to the
courts, said Smith.
He added this would result in
"devastating publicity, and has
discouraged many from testing?
However, society has the
right to protect itself from the
malicious, Rekart said.
While recognizing that this
legislation gives medical health
officers certain powers which have
the potential to be abused, Rekart
said health officials are intelligent
and responsible.
"It's a matter of trust? he
said.
While Brown feels present
medical health officers are responsible people, "the time may come
when people change or when politics change and there are not too
many safeguards for (AIDS victims) against public outcry and
frenzy? he said.
The public has a difficult
time dealing with STD's (Sexually
Transmitted Diseases). We seem
to want to penalize people for
engaging in sex? Brown said.
"Our only crime is to be ill? he
said. "The government has a
moral responsibility to remember
us, that we have rights, all to easy
to overlook, in the rush to public
safety."
How to watch rugby. .
Dress warmly, expect rain and bring spirits
Rugby, in the words of someone I don't know, "isa hooligan's
game played by gentlemen?
Rugby is also one of the oldest
but least understood of UBC's
varsity sports. It has few spectators and fewer knowledgeable
ones. To correct this, I offer this
rugby primer, or, How to Watch
Rugby and appear reasonably
intelligent.
Above all, a game of rugby is
a social event. As a spectator, you
can skip all the hard work and go
straight to the socializing. The
three crucial points are: dress
warmly, assume it will rain, and
bring refreshments. A Rugby
player's credo is "win in or lose,
we stick to booze? but the more
sophisticated fan will bring coffee in which to mix the liquor.
There is more to rugby than
an excuse to get out ofthe house
and begin drinking early on a
Saturday afternoon. There is the
game.
Each team is made up of fifteen players, roughly divided into
seven fat but slow forwards, seven
runty but slow backs, and one
scrumhalf. Forwards are the ne-
anderthalic linemen of rugby.
Their sole aim in life is to touch the
Freestyle
ball at leastonce a game and hang
onto it as long as possible.
Backs are the flighty glory
hounds, the receivers of rugby.
They want the ball as often as
possible but get rid of it as quickly
as they can. The scrumhalf, or the
egomaniac, is rugby's quarterback. He wants the ball but will
not touch any other player to get it.
Rugby play can be started in
three ways. The kickoff is the
simplest. Far more fascinating are
the scrum and lineout.
In a scrum, the forwards link
up into a three-headed turtle with
sixteen legs, four arms, and precious little mobility.. They then
rush the opponents' tangle, attempting to drive their heads out
the collective ass ends of the
opponent's scrum.
If it all holds up, the
scrumhalf rolls the ball into the
mess where two "hookers" hack
and kick at it like a hockey faceoff
without sticks. Somebody wins.
Lineouts, the throw-in of
rugby, return the ball fo play from
out of bounds. The forwards line
the gutters of an imaginary grass
bowling alley. The ball is thrown
down the centre ofthe alley for the
forwards to fight over. Somebody
wins.
Now that play has begun,
whoever has the bal 1 will use one of
three methods to advance it. The
player might first kick the ball
away. To a back, this is strategy.
To a ball-chasing, possession-obsessed forward, thisis a pain in the
ass.
Or the player might run with
the ball which often results in
tackles and ugly swarms called
rucks or mauls. These meetings
over the concealed ball often hide
light taps to the head, polite
prying of fingers and other un-
speakables.
To avoid a ruck or maul, a
back will pass the ball to some
other poor sod. The pass must go
backwards, sometimes leading to
spectacular sprints back and forth
across the pitch while coaches
scream, "Up the field!" The poor
forwards mindlessly chase the
ball^ never quite catching up.
Play continues until it stops.
Three things stop play. The ball is
dead when passed or knocked forward, gets stuck in a ruck or maul,
or goes out of bounds.
Play also stops when someone
scores. Rugby's touchdown is the
four point "try", followed by the
two point convert kick attempt.
Two different three point goalscan
be kicked: the drop goal, taken
during play, and the penalty,
taken after the official calls an
infraction.
There are three ways to describe the rugby referee:
blind,drunk, or stupid. Few laws
govern rugby and the referee
knows most of them. Many times
the referee will find he's blown
his whistle and doesn't know
why.
Hell then accuse someone of
being offside. Since few referees
and no players understand the
offside law, hell usually get
away with it. Besides, someone
was probably offside anyway.
As long as the ball is in play
you can yell, "They're offside,
ref? A chorus of supporters will
join in and you'll feel like you've
been taken into the fold. Your
sideline mates will be a wealth of
inaccurate anecdotal information. They will also involve youin
the social aspect of that grandest
of games, rugby.
See you on any Saturday.
You bring the umbrella, 111 bring
the beer.
Jody Woodland is a jock turned
sports hack who searches for
meaning along the sidelines.
H-OL-I-D-A-Y-S
JOIN 4000 YOUNG
CANADIANS FROM ACROSS
CANADA BUSTING LOOSE
TO MEXICO THIS SPRING IN
MAZATLAN, PUERTO
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3431 W. Broadway ♦ 738-5238
February 17,1988
THE UBYSSEY/3 l/yia|Bkicori/
PAYb.
(i^ifekfl, nae>)
WO
Ice 'Birds beat up Brandon
By Sean McLaughlin
The members of the UBC ice
hockey team were ungracious
hosts to the University of Brandon
Wildcats on the weekend.
The 'Birds beat up their
guests 8-3 Friday and had the
audacity to steal a point from the
Manitobans in a 4-4 tie after trailing 4-1 on Saturday..
The Birds jumped on their
visitors early Friday.
"Brandon came out flat? said
UBC head coach Terry O'Malley.
"We built up a 7-2 lead after two
periods and coasted to an 8-3 win."
The game was marred by an
ugly incident late in the game
involving 'Birds' forward
Toshiyaki Sakai and Brandon's
Troy Sanbrook.
"Our player took a cross-check
in the back of the head? said
O'Malley.
A minor scuffle ensued and
"Birds forward Kevin Griffen was
thrown out of the game as third
man in the fight.
Sakai, Griffen and Sanbrook
were suspended from playing in
Saturday's game.
In Saturday's rematch the
snaggle-toothed Wildcats went
ahead 3-0 before the Birds had
worked up a sweat.
"Hockey can be like tennis?
said O'Malley. "You win the first
set and in the second you wonder if
you've ever played the game before?
O'Malley's troops started
along the comeback trail at the 15
minute mark ofthe second period
when Troy Winch stormed down
the right wing and caromed the
puck off a Wildcat defenceman
into the net.
Brandon regained a three
goal lead before the Birds' Jeff
Hunt threaded a perfect pass to
Mitch Evanich who flicked the
black disc into the roof of the net.
'Birds' forward Grant Del-
court brought the sparse crowd to
their feet when he jumped on a
pass from Scott Fearns, darted in
on goal and slipped the puck between the legs of the Brandon
goalie with one second left in the
period.
Delcourt also had a hand in
the game tying goal as he threw
the puck out to Rob Whiton from
behind the Brandon net. Whiton
wasted no time in depositing the
puck low to the stick side of the
startled netminder at 3:44 of the
third period.
The 'Birds ran into penalty
trouble late in the game but goalie
Carl Repp almost single-handedly
smothered Brandon's chances of
pocketing a pair of points.
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SEE YOUR NEAREST FORD OR MERCURY DEALER OR CALL FORD TOLL FREE AT
18003875535
I Hot
I Flashes
Volunteers
Wanted
Women to do rape
crisis work
Must be supportive of women
and willing to work towards ending violence against women.
The next training begins on
Wednesday February 24,1988 for
eight weeks.
Wednesdays 7-10 p.m. &
Sundays 11 a.m. — 5 p.m. There
will be no training on Sunday
April 3rd, 1988 (Easter weekend).
Women must complete the
training and be accepted into the
collective to do this work.
We offer extensive training in
counselling & crisis intervention,
public speaking, advocacy & liason work, group facilitation &
collective process. Also we provide
information on the legal, medical
& police procedures for rape crisis
work.
WAVAW Rape Crisis
Centre. For more information
please call 875-1328.
Ubyssey
Editorial Board
elections
Submissions to the committee on
editorial board job descriptions
are being accepted until February
22, 1988. Please bring your written submissions to SUB 241k
during office hours.
UBC
Procrastina-
tors' Club
Meetings of the Procrastina-
tors' Club are postponed until further notice. Those still intending
to come to the September organizational meeting needn't bother,
it will be held some time next year.
UBC Apathy
Club.
Please   note   all   meetings   are
cancelled due to lack of interest.
4/THE UBYSSEY
February 17,1988 'Bird women overpowered
By Franka C-von Specht
Though the UBC 'Bird women
volleyed valiantly against the
University of Victoria at War
Memorial Gym this weekend, they
sang the blues as they were twice
defeated.
In Friday's loss, the "Birds did
manage to take one game, 15-6,
17-15,14-16,15-10. But Saturday
the Vikes tightened their ranks
and showed why they are ranked
third nationally by sweeping the
match in three games, 15-10,15-6,
15-9.
After a slow start in the first
game on Friday, during which
Vikes' power hitter Kim McLean
threaded 10 kills past UBC blockers, the 'Birds adjusted their defence to contain the talented UVic
squad.
The 'Birds' one-point-at-a-
time attitude kept pressure on the
Vikes throughout the match. They
tied 15-15in the second set andlO-
10 in the fourth, But UBC was
unable to find the finishing
touches.
"Both teams made a lot of
unforced errors. We weren't particularly sharp—but neither were
they? said UBC coach Donna
Baydock
UVic coach Patty Schlafen
agreed. "It was terrible, the worst
we've played in months. Two of
our starters were out and the girls
have been sick. It seemed like they
were only putting in time?
But the Vikes put in a hearty
effort on Saturday night; guilty of
few unforced errors, the Vikes
moved their offence quickly and
deceptively to find unguarded
floor.
Their successful raid was
partly due to returning starter
Kristie Simpson who provided
leadership on the court.
Though the 'Birds never lost
heart, their attack was shut down
by UVic's blocking.
"We were too impatient with
the spiking. We wanted to end the
rallies too fast and hit right into
their hands? said Baydock.
"They (UVic) are bigger,
stronger, and faster and are difficult to defend against? said setter
Amy Ku who was deemed UBC's
most valuable player. "But we did
a good job tonight?
At 5'4", the shortest player on
the team, Ku collected seven stuff
blocks. Gifted with speed, Ku also
covered the court well to catch up
to errant passes.
UBC's middle blocker, Trina
Hewlett spun 19 kills past the
UVic defense and jumped for
seven stuff blocks.
UBC's Trina Hewlett (11) powers ball past UVic double block in volleyball action over weekend
Basketball kids win opener
Last night at War Memorial
Gym the UBC men's basketball
team opened their two game home
stand with a convincing but un-
glamorous victory.
The 'Birds defeated the University of Calgary Dinosaurs 97-
77 in a game plagued with turnovers.
"I think it was a lot better
game than a lot of people saw?
UBC head coach Bruce Enns said.
"I think we exhibited some good
patience on offence...but we did
lose a little bit of intensity toward
the end."
UBC came out strong in the
first half and jumped to a 28-13
lead with pressure defence, uptempo play and revolving door
substitutions resembling the style
of Georgetown.
After the initial surge the
'Birds settled down, maybe too
much, and committed the bulk of
their 21 turnovers.
Calgary coach, Gary Howard,
blamed the loss on the beating his
team took on the boards - UBC
outrebounded the Dinosaurs 47-
20.
J.D. Jackson led the 'Birds in
scoring with a quiet 21 while Al
Lalonde added 20 points. Eric
Anderson finished with 13 points
for Calgary.
UBC plays Calgary again
tonight at 7:30 at War Memorial
Gym.
Vf"*W—W{V
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Hoop men split
prairie pair with
Lethbridge on
weekend
The UBC men's basketball
team returned with a win and a
loss from Lethbridge this weekend.
On Friday night the 'Birds
defeated the University of Lethbridge Pronghorns 81-77.
Despite the fact that Mike
Clarke, UBC's leading rebounder,
wasn't in the line-up the "Birds
still dominated the boards by
grabbing 46 rebounds to
Lethbridge's 28.
J.D. Jackson led UBC in scor
ing with 25 points while Al Lalonde added 13.
On Saturday night Lethbridge turned the rebounding tables
on UBC (43-36) and dropped the
'Birds 89-85.
Lalonde scored 21 points in
vain for the T_irds and Jackson
added 18.
Volley 'Birds drop
three to Vikings
Last Thursday night the UBC
men's volleyball team dropped a
three game match to the University of Victoria at War Memorial
Gym.
The 'Birds lost, 15-1,15-9,19-
17. Greg Williscroft led the'Birds
in kills with 19.
Hoop women hold
playoff hope
The UBC women's basketball
team dropped two games in Lethbridge this weekend.
The 'Birds lost to the University of Lethbridge Friday night 86-
67 then by a similar margin, 88-61
Saturday.
Sue MacPherson led the UBC
attack Friday night with 19 points
and Kim Saunder did Saturday
with 14.
Despite the fact that the loss
drops UBC's record to 4-14, the
"Birds still control their own playoff fate.
If UBC defeats Saskatchewan
twice this weekend the 'Birds will
be guaranteed the fourth and final
Canada West play-oi'f seat.
RED LEAF
Restaurant
Luncheon Smorgasbord
Authentic Chinese Cuisine
228-9114
10% DISCOUNT ON
PICK UP ORDERS
LICENSED PREMISES
Mon -Fn   11 X-9:00 p.m.
CLOSED SATURDAYS
Sundays d.id Holidays
4:00 p m. 9 p.m.
2142 Wettarn Parkway
UBC Villaga
Opposite Chevron Station
GMAT   LSAT     GRE
(Graduate Management
Admission Test)
(Law SchoolAdmissaonTest)
((jraduati; Record Exam)
WEEKEND TEST PREPARATION COURSES
Offered at the University of British Columbia
• Includes Sexton text book, lectures and       ooo^to
• One year personalized services. _WL*Vo-S7_£
• Instructors hold PhD, MBA or LLB.
• Next courses March 4, 5, 6th. •
(SextOIl Educational Cbnters
PROFESSIONALS IN TEST PREPARATION
MUG
SHOTS
Chocolate Mug Shot
Hot chocolate
Shot of Southern Comfort
Top with mini-marshmaltows
Coffee Mug Shot
Hot black coffee
Shot of Southern Comfort
Teaspoon of sugar
Top with whipped cream
STUDENT COUNSELLING
& RESOURCES CENTRE
nrss&nts
A SERIES OF FREE WORKSHOPS
ORAL PRESENTATIONS FOR
INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
This workshop, specially designed for International
Students, will have an experiential and skill development
component. Some of the topics to be covered are:
gathering, organizing and outlining, language style, nonverbal communication, speech anxiety and visual aids.
Friday, February 26 -12:30-1:20
Friday, March 4 -12:30 -1:20
Friday, March 11      -12:30 -1:20
INTERVIEW & RESUME SKILLS
A two part workshop that will give you an opportunity to
develop a working resume and to learn effective
interview skills.
The first session will deal with developing your resume
and the second session will provide you with the
opportunity to polish up both your resume and your
interview skills.
Two 2 hour sessions 12:30 - 2:30 - Thursdays
March 10 and March 17
HOW TO SURVIVE THE INTERVIEW
A two hour workshop designed to help students prepare
for, and understand the interview process.
One 2 hour session 12:30 - 2:30, Thursday
March 24 OR March 31
NEW BEGINNINGS:
WHERE DO I GO FROM HERE?
Transition periods can be unsettling. Learn how to
transform a time of uncertainty into one of opportunity
and self-discovery. Working within the supportive
atmosphere of a small group, begin to explore your own
attitudes, interests, and values.
Six 2 hour sessions 2:30 - 4:30, Tuesdays
February 23. March 1,8,15, 22,29
All workshops have LIMITED ENROLMENT
Register by student number at:
STUDENT COUNSELLING &
RESOURCES CENTRE
ROOM 200, BROCK HALL
February 17,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 UBC ignores ,fbest in the west"
By R088 McLaren
David Watmough has been called one
of the "best writers in western
Canada", but surprisingly, this Vancouver
resident isn't well known to the UBC
population.
Reading from his new book, Years of
Fears, last week, Watmough attracted
only about 20 people to SUB.
But for those who showed up,
Watmough's reading and talk afterwards
was an opportunity to catch an insight
into an extraordinary man.
"I was imprisoned when 16 for being
gay. When asked when I came out of the
closet, I say I never had the chance to get
in. When your father learns you're gay
across a courtroom, it takes care ofthe
problem of how to tell him? Watmough
says.
After a job as a reporter, and a stint
in the Royal Navy, Watmough completed
theological studies at King's College,
London Univesity. Then he studied in
France where he wrote A Church Renascent, a study of left-wing French Catholicism.
In 1952, Watmough travelled to
America and began working in radio,
publishing and journalism.
It is Watmough's American experi
ences that provide the material for his
latest novel, Years of Fears.
Set in McCarthyite California,
Watmough's protagonist is Davey Bryant,
an English immigrant. Bryant is beset by
fears, from the homophobes around him
and the guilt within. At heart, though, it
is a novel of human exploration, a story
about one man learning about life.
The significance of my work is not
confined to gay people. I write out of
strength of being gay but I write about
general situations, about what people do
in the round, not just what they do in
bed? Watmough says.
But as a gay writer he must fight the
"conspiracy of silence" he says exists in
Canadian literary and publishing circles.
"I've published more than most
people but I've never been asked to be on
a Canada Council literary jury? says
Watmough. "I've written and asked why,
but I can't get an answer. I suspect it is
because I'm gay?
Watmough also criticizes
publishers  for failing to
print books about gays.
"There is
homophobia
David Watmough working out in the open
(the publishing industry) it has no right
to be in? says Watmough. "The UBC
Press has come up with half a book. It
damn well isn't enough. This liberal
institution is full of phoneys and hypocrites?
Watmough urges the gay community
to change this situation by supporting
businesses that sell gay literature. "In
Vancouver, the one bookstore is poor, and
struggles with
pornography
because not
enough gay
people ask for
titles? Watmough says.
Watmough
says he
has translated his strength as a gay
writer into success as an artist. He has
written 12 novels, several plays, and
several periodical pieces, as well as
worked as an arts reviewer for the New
York Times, the New Statesman, and The
Vancouver Sun.
But it his Davey Bryant character
that Watmough is most known for.
Bryant appeared first in 1968 in "A
First Death" and has reappeared to
critical acclaim many times since, notably
in Connecticut Countess, and Vibrations
in Time.
Bryant's character has been compared to Salinger's Holden Caulfield, not
because of similarities in personalities,
but because both represent symbolic
characters.
Jane Rule, a B.C. writer, has called
Bryant the "everyman ofthe gay world.
There is a rich challenging experience in
every volume ofthe Byrant novels?
Much of this experience comes from
the semi-autobiographical nature of
Watmough's work.
Watmough says Fears is about "the
feelings an immigrant has. In Vancouver
there is a huge immigrant feeling and I've
been through it."
But for now, David Watmough is
happy, and writing well, in Vancouver.
Make Money
Hand Over Fist
If you know your way around a keyboard-typewriter, word processor or computer-
we know a way to make your knowledge pay off during the conning school break.
Just register with us at Kelly Services.
We've got the kind of jobs you'll love to get your hands on.
Choose your own assignments. Work as much as you want. Or as little as
you need.
And if you're not a keyboard wizard, there's still plenty of work to go around.
Receptionist. File Clerk. Accounting Clerk. Product Demonstrator. Stock Handler.
With more than 40 offices across Canada, there probably is a Kelly office
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6/THE UBYSSEY
February 17,1988 Sleazeball opera modernized
by Justine Brown
Writer Vincent de Tourdonnet's
new adaptation of Threepenny
Opera transplants Brecht's Victorian
slum-dwellers into a version of contemporary Canada. Surprise—it comes off all
right.
Yes, legendary sleazeball MacHeath
(Mack the Knife) is alive and well in
downtown Vancouver, wearing flashy
Italian suits and parking his Mercedes in
front ofthe Stock Exchange.
THEATER
Threepenny Opera
By Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill
Directed by Roy Surette
Firehall Theater
Until March 12
Played with flair by Tom MacBeath
(Fire, The Man Himself), the charismatic
gangster, supported by a cast of relentlessly unprincipled toadies, terrorizes the
town. Something faintly carnivorous
about the set of MacBeath's teeth makes
him just right for the part.
Mack encounters trouble in the form
of the Peachum family. Mr. Peachum,
boss of professional beggars, is furious
when his only daughter elopes with
MacHeath. After all, her young legs are
an asset to the family business- as Dad
points out, his own legs won't keep the
employees coming around.
Richard Newman is confident in his
role as the garrulous, dried-up old cynic.
Honourable mention, however, goes to
Nicole Robert for her stylish portrayal of
the repellant Mrs. Peachum. That
sourpuss glare, those falsies—worth the
price of admission alone!
Determined to land MacHeath in jail,
Mrs. Peachum goes looking for someone to
inform on him. No problem. Mack's
hooker ex-girlfriend Jenny (Babs Chula)
is happy to oblige. And not content with
having sold her lover to the police, Jenny
betrays him again once he escapes.
This production is truly funny in parts.
The wedding reception is a high point,
with the unwholesome crowd of hookers
and thugs playing Mack's Distinguished
Guests under heavy duress. Mitch Molloy
is particularly fine as the vacantly leering
Walt.
Like any opera worth its salt, this one
is a complex operation: singing, dancing,
big sets and the like. To further complicate matters, director Roy Surette
incorporates TV. Each song is solemnly
announced by slides overhead (Song
About the Uncertainty ofthe Human
Condition, Ballad in which MacHeath
Asks Everyone for Forgiveness, etc.).
The play is well-coordinated for the
most part (cast doubles up as stage crew),
although the pacing tends to lag in the
second half. Good singing is undercut
somewhat by a bloodless computerized
interpretation of Kurt Weill's great music.
Touchstone Theatre's Threepenny
Opera is good entertainment: overtly
theatrical in true Brechtian spirit, well-
casted, successfully adapted to its locale.
Give it a go.
Rich record spans emotional spectrum
By Dave Weber
i want a table
no just for one
but i know you do
i can see some from here
ok then say for two
no there's only one
don't you want my business
i will never come back here
Jane Siberry, Goodbye
Embryonic ideas hit stage
By Vincent Grunau
Each year UBC playwrighting
writing students suffer their
original plays to be produced.
This year, Brave New Play Rites, as
the event is newly christened, stepped
off campus for the first time since it's
inception (as Sideshow) eleven years ago.
To playwrighting students, this is
roughly equivalent to a term paper or
mid-term exam. Writers must submit a
short scene or self contained act as part
of their course work. They then watch,
and participate, as directors, actors, and
technical staff take liberties with their
work.
THEATRE
Brave New Play Rites
UBC Creative Writing Students
Heritage Hall
February 12 -15
The alliance between beginning directors and beginning writers is often
precarious, one often dominating to the
detriment of the other. In The Cut,
literary rather than dramatic experience prevailed. It laboured under the
burden of overwriting; its outlandish
plot traces the progress of a Nova
Scotian neurotic with murder in his
past through social savoir-faire,
alcoholism, schizophrenia, homosexuality, suicide, attempted murder, all
within the ten minutes of the scene.
The stage as well as the format proved
too small for the writer's idea.
Daniel McCleod, a participating
director, made the father character in
Tibet undress from tuxedo to boxer
shorts, and redress during the performance.
More than once the size of the
venue was barely adequate; the
productions erred in attempting too
much. The vignette format, however,
inevitably poses a problem for beginning writers. The plays must be brief
for everyone's contribution to fit (14
different plays ran, half on Friday and
Sunday, the others on Saturday and
Monday). But only accomplished skill
can start and, more
see Brave New Play Rites, page 9
An argument with a maitre d' is perhaps the last thing that would
normally appear during the climax of a
love song, but then again, normal is the
last word to describe a Jane Siberry song.
The music in the song Goodbye suggests
tragedy, yet the argument introduces a
slightly humourous event. By juxtaposing
a sad break-up and a testy tete-a-tete she
invites a mixed response to a common
theme.
Jane Siberry's The Walking immediately asserts itself as non-mainstream.
The length alone has apparently been
enough to frighten off most commercial
airplay - the songs range fron four to
eleven minutes - a total of 57 minutes.
But there isn't an unnecessary minute on
the album.
The opening track, The White Tent
The Raft, shows how deftly Siberry
operates. The melody repeatedly splits,
layers, runs at varying parallel speeds
and spontaneously realigns to form new
melodies and tempos. In effect, she scans
the score to find the most appropriate
musical niche to describe the raft as it
passes through the clearings - the happy
clearing, the wierd clearing, the angry
clearing, the sad clearing. Siberry
explores the music just as the raft
explores the river.
The Bird In The Gravel, perhaps the
most lyrically complex song, almost reads
like a play complete with characters,
scenes and parts. This allows the audience to occupy several perspectives as
they sway from one character to the next:
the master of the house considering his
estate, the servant perfecting his tea
pouring technique, the maid enjoying the
autumn forest, and the pantry fretting
over the heavy harvest workload. The
four page lyric sheet elaborates this
lyrical texture. Different forms of type
and overlapping text reflect the juxtaposi
tion of lyric and voice as they occur within
the songs.
ALBUM
The Walking
Jane Siberry
Duke Street Records
Although The Walking is ambitous
and complex, its execution is subtle and
unpretentious. The tunes are catchy,
colourful, and range from delicately
simple to passionately full. The subjects
straddle the emotional spectrum.
Siberry's quirky side surfaces often
enough to keep us curious. Lena Is A
White Table, for example, provides us
with those unforgettable Siberryesque
lyrics which take more than a few listens
to figure out: "well, maybe she should go
to school, no, no... she's a table, Lena's a
white table".
The Walking, which was released in
Canada last fall by Duke Street records,
will be released in the U.S. and abroad
this month by Warner Bros. The move to
a big-name commercial label has not
required a compromise of artistic integrity. The Walking is Siberry's most
adventurous work to date. She masterfully combines the complex and experimental with rich entertainment.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
THE CECIL H. AND IDA GREEN
VISITING PROFESSORSHIPS
1988 SPRING LECTURES
CHARLES TAYLOR
One of the most distinguished philosophers in Canada, Professor Charles Taylor excites
interest as a thinker, academician and politician. In a major journal his current work has
been referred to as "the philosophical history ofthe modern identity and how we have come
to be imprisoned within a detached conception of an autonomous self." Dr. Taylor will also
present specialized seminars in appropriate departments.
THEORIES OF MEANING
Tuesday, February 23 In Room A-104, Buchanan Building, at 3:30 p.m.
THE CHARTER OF RIGHTS AND ITS IMPACT ON CANADIAN LIFE
Wednesday, February 24    In Rooms 101/102, Curtis Building, at 12:30 p.m.
THE INNER SELF
Saturday, February 27
In Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources Centre,
at 8:15 p.m.
(A Vancouver Institute Lecture)
ALL LECTURES ARE FREE
'      This coupon is valid Mon. to Sat./11:30 am - l_0pm/4_0 pm- 930 pm. Offer expires Feb. 29/88;     |
L ^e_.
February 17,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 9f9f9f9ffff
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Pick up your copy of the "Business
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a publication ot the Royal Bank.
ROYAL BANK
8/THE UBYSSEY
February 17,1988 Caesar conspires with
tradition
By Laura
Busheikin
politics IS
a hereditary disease,
passed on from generation
to generation.   The manoev-
ers, ambiguities, irrationalities, compromises and plain
ugliness behind the transfer of
political power are similar now to those
of 1599 and 44 BC.
1599 is the Year in which Shakespeare
wrote Julius Caesar; 44 BC is the year in which
it is set. Carousel Theatre's adaptation of the
play aims at eliminating the time gap.
The audience is not allowed the comfortable
distance afforded by watching a piece of distant
history. Director Susan Ferley's intent is clearly
to implicate the audience, and, in spite of uneven
acting and stiff, static blocking, she succeeds.
The actors, representing the angry mob who,
in their approval or disapproval, hold the key to
political power, roam the aisles ofthe theatre,
shouting and heckling both the characters on stage
and the audience. 'Breaking through the fourth
wall' is too often a tired cliche or a clever gimmick;
here it works. The audience feels part of the mob,
as if the politicians on stage are appealing to them
for support. The examination of politicians
jostling for power becomes also an examination of
the role of the masses in condoning their behavior.
THEATRE
The Caesar Conspiracy
Carousel Theatre
The Waterfront Theatre
The implication of the audience is most compelling in the famous oration scene following
Caesar's assassination. Both Mike Stack, as
Brutus, and Gerry Mackay, as Mark Antony
appeal as much to the audience as to the volatile
mob represented by the rest of the cast who mill in
the aisles, responding.
Because the audience is involved, we feel ourselves swayed first by Brutus' speech, then by
Mark Antony's. The play forces an awareness of
the masses as a political force—as a gullible, irrational, easily manipulated force.
In spite ofthe integrated vision ofthe directing, The Caesar Conspiracy never rises to greatness. None ofthe actors have the power to deeply
stir; Stack as Brutus plays ambivalence convincingly and is sympathetic, but doesn't reach to the
depths of Brutus' troubled nature. Jamie Norris
as Caesar is unconvincing; Shakespeare's lines
sound uncomfortable on his tongue and he lacks
the charisma of a Caesar. All the actors, except
fT
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Alison   Kelly   and
Jamie   Norris   in
The Caesar
Conspiracy
perhaps Mackay, as Antony, are too young for their
roles; the show has, at times, the feel of a well-
produced, well-directed student production.
The actors are often too conspicuously posed on
stage. Perhaps this is an outgrowth ofthe set: a
marble platform forms a thrust stage with the audience sitting on three sides of it. The space is
defined so narrowly that it cramps the blocking.
These limitations, along with the extensive
cuts in length (the show runs for ninety minutes,
without intermission) obscure some of the shadings
of the original Julius Caesar. Still, The Caesar
Conspiracy is an intelligent and admirably integrated work.
INCOME
TAX
PREPARATION
$30
Call Andrew at
687-5653
Real Securities of Canada Ltd.
Brave New Play Rites
from page 7
importantly, finish something interesting in the
ten to fifteen minutes granted each play.
Some writers solved the problem by limiting
themselves to light, mildly comic, subjects.
Donald's Revenge, the tale of a frustrated
plumber's attempt to buy a bathrobe he can wear
in the hospital with dignity, was tidily wrapped up
by his long-suffering wife's punchline at the end.
The best ofthe works demonstrated a cooperation between director and writer, and a clear, uncluttered intention.
To Hit A Heavy Bag, a monologue, with only a
punching bag on stage for prop, worked within the
limitations of the form. The actor played a
stereotypical Italian boxer, but added his own
individual traits—a catch in his throat each time
the script left off, and a habit of repeatedly pulling
a hair from his tongue. The simplicity of directing
and stage fit the writing: colloquial, familiar,
ethnic, and odd. There was no problem ending the
piece—the boxer simply left the ring.
This year's move off-campus whispers a
promise of legitimacy—even success—for the
writers. Last year Norman Sacuta's Eliot in
Purgatory was expanded, produced and well
received in September's Fringe Festival, where it
was directed by Daniel McLeod. Their meeting at
Sideshow is a good example of the fulfilled potential
ofthe event: writers meeting directors and producers, developing an embryonic idea into a successful
theatrical work.
i
0*>
•    •
IBA\$H   *
* •
Exotic Indian  *
Dinner $5-°o
Also B<Or& Vine
Wednesday Hillel House UBC
cro    1 7+u. (Behind Brock HalD
TED.   I/111 224-4748
5:30 P.M.
FOOD * /WUSIC * FUN
OPEN EVERY DAY M-TH 8-9
FRI 8-6 SAT-SUN 11-6
ISRAEL WEEK AT U.B.C.
Tuesday, February 23rd - Thursday, February 25th
Featuring displays In the SUB Concourse trom dam to 2:30 pm daily.,
Special Events
Tues., Feb. 23
Lunch at Hillel House
with guest speaker Dev Karen Ya'ar
(Director of all overseas university
programs in Israel)
12:30-1:30 pm
Movie: Avanti Populo
An Israeli film which portrays the relationship
between Israeli and Egyptian soldiers
7:30 pm
Lassere 102
Wed., Feb. 24
Should Israel Remain Open to the Press?
Guest speaker: Ya'acov Ahimeir,
Chief Editor * Anchorman of Israeli TV news
12:30-1:30 pm
Buch. B313
Current Crisis in Israel
Speaker: Ya'acov Ahimeir
Refreshments served
4:30-6:30 pm
Lasserre 102
Thurs. Feb. 25
Society and Technology
in Israel's 40th Year
Speaker: Dr. Avi Ellencweig
visiting prof, at U.B.C.
from Hebrew University of Jerusalem
12:30-1:30 pm
Buch. B313
February 17,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 B   *    4    f.    (/    4    il      3    ,/A .    ^
.*'
Make literacy a
mega-project
Literacy is often taken for granted, so
abundant it is hardly noticed by those who
possess it - only by those who don't.
The Social Credit government doesn't so
much believe in literacy as it does in overcrowded classrooms from kindergarden
through university, underpaid teachers,
underfunded programs, and student loans
that cost the government more, including administration costs, than bursaries.
We are governed by a political party who
has left education on the back burner so long
that it has all but vaporized.
The burden of illiteracy is not always
measured in tangible terms. Illiteracy is a
limiting factor in climbing the socio-economic
ladder; it diminishes quality of life; it isolates
individuals from society and denies them the
opportunity to experience the wealth of written culture.
But a Southam News survey has put a
price tag on illiteracy. Their recent survey
estimates that illiteracy costs the Canadian
public $10.7 billion a year. It diminishes a
person's earning potential and increases the
liklihood of landing in jail or in an unemployment line.
Illiteracy also costs Canada $172 million a
year in unemployment insurance payments to
persons with less than a grade nine education.
Canadian industry loses $4.2 billion a year
through industrial accidents, lost productivity and additional training costs associated
with illiteracy. And growth in high-tech industries is severely retarded by illiteracy.
Maybe now that a financial stigma has
been attached to illiteracy our provincial leaders will make literacy a mega-project.
Daily Graphic — Bruno Rouyere
Correction
In a February 5 editorial, The Ubyssey incorrectly reported that student board of governors representative Bob Seeman said any woman downtown in
a mini-skirt is a prostitute. Bob Seeman actually said
the woman in the Double Dragon video game was a
prostitute because she was downtown and was wearing a mini-skirt. The Ubyssey regrets any harm this
editorial may have caused Bob Seeman. The people responsible are being forced to eat their words, byte by
byte.
THE UBYSSEY
February 17 1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays
throughout the academic yearbythe Alma Mater Society
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or ofthe sponsor. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian University Press. The
editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 228-2301/228-2305;
advertising, 228-3977.
"Oh bloody hell," cried Elynn Richter hanging from the office
chandelier in her leathers, "doesn't anyone understand my ugly
life!" "I do, I do!" yelled Jody Woodland standing at the podium in his
white wedding dress. "I hate cranky bitches," said Frahka Cordua-
von Specht. Sean McLaughlin, dressed in his Spidey pyjamas,
crawled fhriously across the ceiling to free Elynn from her living
nightmare. Victor Chew Wongreached for a can of raid and sprayed
Michael Groberman in the left eye. Michael grunted "argh," but at
least he was there. Jennifer Lyall shook her head arid said, "don't
you just hate when you get sprayed in the left eye with raid? I hate
when that happens." R.D. Shore and Katherine Monk lay comotose
on the floor while Stephen Scrimshaw searched for the entrance to
the gate of hell. "Hell," Stephen cried, "is breathing the same air as
Ross McLaren." But secretly he admired Ross, just as everyone on
staff did. Steven Chan continued to pmt himself into Arnold
Scwarzzenegger while Ross Ostrom continued to search for meaning in his playing cards. Chris Wiesenger, Deanne Fisher-Queen,
and Derek Craig had no place in this masthead because ... well just
because. Geoff Castle, Corinne what's her name, and Laura
Busheikin were off somewhere dreaming of lotus-land where health
care was a reality. Peter Franci6 and Mandel Ngan hoped to date the
p6eudo-sex therapist. Dave Weber and Kelly Duncan began a
hunger strike to save the trees on campus — and also for lent.
Vincent Gruneau and Justine Brown and Mike Gordon complained
about everything in general but especially feared brain death. And
Alex was there too.
city doak: Corinna BJorf• "Vf,
foatures: Rosa McLaren
antartalnaant: Laura Bii-halMn
sports: Victor Chow Won*
producttoa: R. D. Shore
A
Letters
Seeman demands retraction
On February 5,1988,
The Ubyssey editorial referred to a conversation
that I had on February 3,
1988 with Corinne Bjorge,
a Ubyssey editor. The editorial reported that, "Incidentally, Seeman also
said (six times), any
woman downtown in a
mini-skirt is a prostitute."
I did not make this
foolish statement.
As a minor part of a
heated conversation on
censorship and the controversial video game Double
Dragon, I said that The
woman in the video game
looks like a prostitute
downtown in a miniskirt." Ms. Bjorge then
asked whether that meant
"that every woman downtown in a mini-skirt is a
prostitute?" I replied, "No. I
did not say that, I said'The
woman in the video game
looks like a prostitute downtown in a mini-skirt'."
At this point, to my
surprise, Ms. Bjorge
shouted to a colleague, "He
just said all women downtown wearing mini-skirts
are prostitutes." Shocked, I
repeated my denial and my
original statement. Ms.
Bjorge then yelled, "He said
it again!", interrupting me
as I tried to explain the difference between what I had
said and what she was now
saying.
The libel laws of Canada prohibit the publication
of untrue statements which
tend to lower the reputation
of an individual in the minds
of the community:
Unless the following is
performed, I will be instructing my legal counsel
to pursue this matter. This
letter must be prominently
published in its entirety,
under an unbiased, serious
title. Furthermore; The
Ubyssey must publish a
complete, unequivocal;
prominently displayed, serious editorial retraction
and apology to my satisfaction. These requirements
should be considered without prejucide to any further remedy that may be
sought under the law.
like others in our society, I feel that equality for
women is critically important. Censorship and libel
are not the means by which
society will achieve that
end.
Bob Seeman
Student rep.,
Board of Governors
Anti-abortion opinion lacks
argument, writes reader
In a letter to the Ubyssey printed last Friday, Tom
Bolland lectured us that if
we were all "responsible,"
had "self-discipline? and
"respected our sexuality?
abortion would be a non-issue. What I assume he
meant, though he didn't
state it so directly, is that we
shouldn't have sex unless
we want babies. Beyond the
simple fact that if nobody
has sex nobody will get pregnant, his position is untenable.
Recently (Jan. 15) an
article entitled "Peru perused" by Jeff Silverstein
and Dona Biro appeared,
which dealt with their trip
to Peru, specifically to
Cajamarca. The story was
related to Mr. Adrian Levy,
a member of a rural development project sponsored
by CUSO.
I read this article and I
agree with almost 95 per
cent of the text, but I disagree with what I call "the
nasty paragraph", where
they stated that: "Even
though Adrian held a
bachelor of science degree,
he was able to teach the
fourth   year   students   a
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
M-l complex
concerns
In response to Ms.
Cathyl-Bickford's letter two
weeks ago, I would care to
comment upon research
funding in universities. I
must agree that a lot of research wouldn't get done
were it not for industry and
military funding. However,
science is often in a position
of servitude to the interests
of the corporate/ government/ military complex that
forms the power structure
on this (and not only this)
continent.
There are a great number of bright, ambitious, and
enthusiastic individuals
like yourself who are capable of looking at the issue
as: If it weren't for funding
from non-government
sources, the work wouldn't
get done.' A lot of today's
research will be creating
problems that only
tomorrow's research will
(maybe) be able to deal with.
The interests of the power
complex rarely take long-
term ecological forecasts
into consideration when
making decisions directed
at maximizing short term
gains.
Unfortunately, the options for scientists are few.
With an interest in research
for the love ofthe work, getting some papers out and
establishing a career, the
university researcher has to
make ends meet and the
way to do this has been provided. I know of more than
one case where graduate
candidates in the sciences
ended up doing work here
that was of a considerably
different nature than what
they had expected to be
doing.
I am dismayed that
brains and talent must often
be spent doing work that has.
been handed down from
power centers to serve aggressive expansionism at
the cost of any ethical considerations. I have heard
stories of scientists who, in
their later years, became
disillusioned over their perception of the scientific
movement and their role in
it. They then join Greenpeace or other organizations
in an attempt to undo what
the military-industrial complex has perpetrated.
Douglas C. Willoughby
Philosophy 4
Bolland's opinion, presented without the benefit
of a logical argument, is
founded in his Christian
morality, which is shared by
a minority of BC's population. Just like Bill Vander
Zalm, Bolland fails to see
the importance of freedom of
conscience and the injustice
of legislative morality; more
importantly, he fails to understand that his morality
is abhorrent to many people,
and that those people will
continue to have and to en
joy  sex,  even  when  they
don't want to reproduce.
Obviously, if nobody
has sex nobody will get pregnant. But it is a simple fact
that there have always been
unwanted pregnancies,
and, birth control being
what it is, there will continue to be unwanted pregnancies in the future. It is
astounding that there are
still people who can deny
that reality.
Incidentally, Tom, I
have a great deal of respect
for my sexuality.
Jennifer Lyall
arts 3
Generalizations in Peru article challenged
great deal, beginning with
concepts such as food
chains. This highlighted the
substandard education students in Peru receive".
I must explain that in
Peru there are around 50
universities, of which only
10 can be thought of as what
we might call "universities".
The reason for this high
number of universities is
the result of political ma-
noeuvers. In small towns
like Cajamarca, politicians
promise nice things (i.e. to
create a university) in order
to be elected and the result
is almost 40 universities all
over Peru with minimal infrastructure and teaching
staff. I believe that under
the above circumstances
Mr. Adrian Levy was allowed to give nice lectures
on Food Sciences starting
with concepts such as "food
chains".
I think that Jeff Silverstein and Dona Biro
made a wrong assumption
about the standard education in Peru by taking into
account only a single example out of 50 universities. Their mistake was to
generalize their observations of a single specific
example to the overall situation in the country.
Augusto Quinde Abad
Grad Studies
10/THE UBYSSEY
February 17,1988 Cruise needed to
win
Tony Rodgers- charges me
with "misstatement" because I
made the common-sense observation that any weapon, not just a
cruise missile, can be first-strike
or second strike simply because of
the order in which it is used.
Rather than deal with this,
Tony instantly wanders into what
he imagines are "two competing
conceptions for nuclear deterrence." Whether there are two or
102 makes no difference to the fact
that there is nothing inherent in a
weapon that makes it first-strike.
As he wanders further off the
track to discuss what he thinks is
"official Western nuclear policy?
he only comfirms the original
point, for any policy is the product
of human choice, not the design or
inanimate machinery.
Ironically, what he calls
Western policy is actually official
Soviet nuclear policy. The Soviet
Military Encyclopedia, which has
no parallel in the West, repeatedly
insists that nuclear war is win-
nable by "the socialist coalition,."
But Tony doesn't tell us this.
If the West is not capable of
fighting and winning then it risks
losing. The best - no, only - deterrence is for the West to plan to win.
Not to plan to win is to plan to lose
at the hands of others who plan to
win.
Greg Lanning
Lawl
Objectivist argument questioned
I have a beef with one passage
of Stephen Weaver's (very good)
letter to The Ubyssey (Vol.70/35)
concerning objective journalism:
"All argument and proof presupposes something to relie these on -
an objective reality independent
ofthe perceiver's consciousness".
In the macroscopic world of
the average engineer, Weaver's
claim hardly seems questionable.
In the realm of Newtonian physics
the observer does indeed separate
himself from an apparently objective reality, perform an experiment, and interpret the results
within the intuitively palatable
framework of classical logic.
But, what do you conclude
when this comfortable framework
transforms reliable experimental
data into gobbly gook? When the
applicability of accepted theories
appears doubtful? When new
theories suggest (quite strongly)
an unavoidable unity between
experimenter and experiment?
And, to completely blow us out of
the water, when the physical object under investigaion is sometimes there and sometimes not -
when a particle moves in such a
way that it pays no respect to the
concept of a trajectory!?
Most students raised on classical physics don't readily accept
the philosophical implications of
Quantum Mechanics (QM), and
many who study QM don't even
appreciate that there are philosophical implications. I'm not
exactly a quantum theorist but
I've read enough to know that our
unaided senses cannot resolve all
the subtleties of nature.
Having made it this far, there
must be a few people wondering
what particle physics has to do
with objective journalism. The
concept of objectivity is fundamental in critical thinking, a mode of
thinking applicable under a wide
range of circumstances whether
the interest lies in particle physics
or in a news story. To question a
universal concept anywhere
means to question it everywhere.
No one can say for certain, but
"objectivity" in our most rigorous
interpretation may be, in fact, a
myth.
Gordon J. Douglas
Geophysics 4
Phony posters
offend
Recently on campus there
seem s to have been a rash of phony
posters. The first was one advertising a male candidate for AMS
president. It stated he had
straight white teeth, a 4x4 truck
with a gun rack, three pit bulls,
and a platform which consisted,
among other things, of an anti-fag
campaign and keeping women in
their place. I laughed when I read
it because I saw it as poking fun at
people who hold these views.
However, a second poster,
which just recently has caught my
attention, has made me change my
mind. It is a false ad for the Gays
and Lesbians Valentines dance. It
advertises this dance as "The Up
the Bum Dance". As with the
previous poster, because of the
way it is laid out, it takes a brief
moment before one realizes it is
false. However unlike the previous poster, there can be no doubt
about the malignant nature of this
one.
Why are some people taking
the time and effort to make and
put up such posters? Don't they
have enough of a course load to
keep themselves occupied? Do
they not have enough sensitivity,
tolerance, or respect for other
people to realize these posters are
offensive and prejudicial? Why do
I get the impression that whoever
made these posters has not had to
suffer one day of discrimination in
their life, and therefore, could not
possibly understand the suffering
they may cause? University is
supposed to be a place where
people go to grow,, learn and understand, which apparently these
people have not yet done.
Iris Bittertich
Graduate Studies
Agricultural Sciences
Lubicon claims
challenged
I have lived in Northern B.C.
for all of my life, and I have come to
know many of the Indians there
quite well. I have lived with them
and gone to school with them, and
from this first-hand knowledge, I
understand just how much your
article on the Lubicon is outright
propaganda.
In the article, you had no
comment from the industry (you
even drew parallels between one
company and South Africa), and
you accepted the Lubicon claim as
valid (not calling the lard "disputed", instead you called it "their
land"). I also noticed that you did
not describe the size of the area
claimed. May this have something
to do with the claim being perpos-
terously large? Any section of land
in the Alberta foothills wliich is
covered in 4500 km of road must be
a large area. May it also l>e possible that the reason there is not a
settlement with the federal government is because the Lubicon,
not the government, is being unreasonable?
Where I live in northern B.C.,
the Indians are claiming a section
of land the size of Nova Sco tia. The
federal government asked the
Indians if they would like to make
a monetary settlement. Don
Ryan, speaking for the Indians
said that they would accept the
modest price of three trillion dollars for the land. Last year's U.S.
budget hovered at around one trillion dollars. Does this sound like
the negotiating stance of reasonable people?
Yes, time is running out for
the Lubicon. If they don't stop, the
people of Canda will realize that
the Indians do not earn their tax-
free like on reserves with housing,
university education, and many
other items paid by the governments. The only way to stop the
preferential treatment of Indians
is to demote them to the status of
Canadian citizens. This means
you, the media, must realize that
you are being used to peddle their
propaganda.
Alex Doll
Engineering 1
Transsexuals discriminated against by feminists
Where does our definition of
sex reside: in the body, or in the
soul? My thoughts were provoked at a recent meeting of cultural feminists. A speaker rose
from the audience to denounce a
woman sitting next to her as a
transsexual. The person in question was then ejected from the
room. What caused this sudden
desire to expel someone whose
words had previously found a
ready audience?
Some-feminists have welcomed transsexuals as participants in a struggle to break the
shackles of sexual stereotype.
Others have reacted swiftly to
what they perceived as an invasion, by calling for their exclusion
from the community of women.
Opinions range from Andrea
Dworkin's "every transsexual
has the right to survival on his/
her own terms. That means that
every transsexual is entitled to a
sex-change operation, and it
should be provided by the community", to Janice Raymond's
"all transsexuals rape women's
bodies by reducing the real female
form to an artifact".
Initially, sex-change operations
were available to anyone who
could raise the cash. In these more
enlightened times, the costs are
still largely borne by the patient,
but the decisions regarding access
to surgery have been appropriated
by psychiatrists. Efforts are made
to dissuade the prospective patient, and if that fails, to ensure
that they can socialise 'appropriately' as members of the desired
sex.
Perspective
With this requirement for social conformity comes a curious
problem. Doctors (mostly male)
seek to counsel their patients on
appropriate behaviour. Men seem
to have different, often quite bizarre, views of appropriate behaviour for women, than do
women themselves.
The more successful the aspiring transsexual is at 'passing' the
more likely it is that surgery will
be recommended. Their mannerisms are anathema to feminists,
who are trying to dismantle the
existing structure of sex roles.
They accuse transsexuals of supporting the mechanism of sexual
oppression, embracing it so thoroughly. Whether they actually do
embrace the stereotypes is often
hard to tell.
The problem may lie in our
culture's insistence upon a binary concept of sex, gender and
gender role. In essence? we have
decided that we will only accept
two flavours of people - male and
female - nothing in between, and
most certainly not both in one. In
making that decision, we have
made it very difficult for some of
our brothers and sisters to function as whole people.
Gwyn Cathy I is a grad student
who embraces no stereotypes.
ALMA MATER SOCIETY
THE GRAD CLASS COUNCIL
is now accepting Proposals for the
1988
GRAD CLASS GIFTS
Proposals must:
1) Be as specific as possible
2) Include the following information:
• name of group requesting funds
• number of people working on project
• name of a contact person (include telephone #)
• who will benefit from the project
• description ofthe project in detail
• a summarizing paragraph including the most salient
points
• the amount of money requested
• sources of other funds if applicable
There is a limit of one proposal per particular group of
graduating students
There is an upper limit of $3,000 for each proposal.
Each group must be prepared to give a short presentation of
their idea to the members of Grad Class Council at the end
of February.
The deadline for proposals is 4:00 p.m. Wednesday,
February 24th, 1988 and is final. No proposal will be
accepted after this date.
Applications may be picked up from and returned to
SUB Room 238.
Please contact Jane Newlands, c/o SUB 238, 228-3971
ifyou have any questions.
Dairy
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1 Pair Blizzard 190 Skis
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1 Set Salomon Bindings
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Enter With Any
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February 17,1988
THE UBYSSEY/11 CUT OUT FOR THE
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BROADWAY AT BALACLAVA 731-3232
(ACROSS FROM ORESTES)
A Graduate Program In
Resources
And The Environment
Are you interested in doing a Master's Degree in
Resources and the Environment? Do you have a
particular thesis topic in mind? Is this topic interdisciplinary so that it doesn't seem to fit conveniently into a conventional academic program? If
you answered "yes" to all these questions, then
the Resources and the Environment Program at
The University of Calgary may be right for you.
The Committee on Resources and the Environment offers graduate work leading to M.Sc. and
M.A. research degrees.
Areas of special interest include:
(a) resource management
(b) resource depletion
(c) resource alternatives
(d) environmental quality
(e) environmental awareness
(f) environmental, ethics
(g) environmental policy
(h) impact assessment
For more information write to:
Dr. W.A. Ross
Chairman, CRE
Faculty of Enviromental Design
The University of Calgary
2500 University Drive N.W.
Calgary, Alberta
T2N 1N4
OR CALL:
(403) 220-7209
Socreds stifle funding for
sex change surgery
| By Ross McLaren
Every government has its priorities. Bill
Bennett's was mega-projects: north east
coal, Expo, the Coquihalla highway.
Bill Vander Zalm's Voad to progress' is paving
over a decent health care system in B.C.
Open heart-surgery, say the Socreds, is a "fad".
Abortions, say the Socreds, are morally wrong. With
one hand, the government laid off 165 workers at
Vancouver General Hospital. With the other, they
forked out $20 million to the B.C. Lions.
So it should come as no surprise that sex-change
operations are no longer funded under the Medical
Services Plan (MSP), pending the results of a government review.
About 250 people in Vancouver await a $8,700
sex-change operation. Meanwhile, the costs of personal depression and psychosomatic conditions take
their toll.
"It is not a question of finances? says Ann
Maxwell, a social worker at the Vancouver General
Hospital Gender Dysphoria Clinic. "The post-surgery use of the health care system is reduced remarkably. People without surgery develop depression and require lots of care?
aThe government is bringing their religious and
moral views onto this issue? she says.
Maxwell says the government's failure to fund
transsexuals' operations and medical bills forces
people to find on the streets what B.C. won't offer in
its hospitals.
"The ones who can afford it go ahead (and get an
operation)? she says. "But this leads to 'doctor-shopping' on the street for hormones. Then people receive
inappropriate doses and don't follow an adequate
medical program."
Meanwhile, the government is giving the gender
clinic the go-around, refusing repeated requests for
meetings, asking for a list of surgery candidates (a
list of 20 was submitted) and then saying the list was
too long, says Maxwell.
It was only after a patient threatened to sue the
government that health minister Peter Dueck arranged a January meeting between the ministry of
health doctors and the clinic, the first meeting since
May, she added.
"The director (of hospital programmes) indicated concern about the number of
approvals   after  indicating  they
agreed to fund surgery? Maxwell
says.
The government's response
was as muddled as their relations
with the gender dysphoria clinic.
One health official from Vancouver said the government was
not funding transsexual
operations, while an officer from
Victoria said the program, like all ministry of health
programs, is under review.
"Transsexual operations have been deemed not
medically beneficial to the patient? says Paul Hur-
meses, a Vancouver health official. "This has been decided by a panel of doctors within the ministry of
health in conjunction with a panel of doctors outside
the government?
"It is almost under cosmetic surgery. It is unnecessary, period? added Hurmeses.
But in the eyes of those who have undergone a
gender change, the government is way off base.
"I don't think transsexualism is a condition a
person chooses? says Patricia (a transsexual who
declined to use her real name). "I think the government is confusing transsexualism with transvestism
(cross-dressing, not cross-gender).
"But it is a wonderful piece of social engineering
by Vander Zalm to get rid of a group of people? she
added.
Patricia says she has spent approximately
$20,000 of her own money over the last eight years on
a sex change operation, counselling, and medication.
Her hormone pills alone cost $57 a month.
Lois Boone, B.C.'s New Democratic Party health
critic, says frozen funds for transsexual operations is
one more step towards dismantling medicare as we
know it.
"The government is reviewing MSP programs
with an eye to removing more things," says Boone.
Boone also said Dueck made it clear during
debate in the legislature that transsexual operations
would not be funded.
Peter Dueck and the Socred MLA for Point-Grey,
Kim Campbell, were unavailable for comment.
Darlene Marzari, NDP MLA for Point-Grey,
says "the federal government and the B.C. government are looking for ways to break medicare apart."
"They are denying services to people who are not
powerful and people who do not meet the approval of
the neo-conservative frame of mind," said Marzari.
Marzari says the government refusal to fund
certain services is illegal because the government
has not introduced legislation giving the health
minister power to decide what programs are funded.
Currently, Dueck can approve what programs receive money.
"The B.C. Civil Liberties Association two
days ago dropped a writ (launched
a case) in court against the government to have them bring the matter to the house? she added.
"The government is creating
a myth around emotional issues,
about vasectomy, abortion, and
transsexuality, while knocking
one service after another? she
says.
12/THE UBYSSEY
February 17,1988

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