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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 2, 1978

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Array Election scandal
• •
ns up
The student representative assembly Tuesday asked the
university senate to conduct a
public hearing into irregular
aspects of January's board of
governor's election.
After hearing a report from
Alma Mater Society president
John DeMarco, the assembly voted
to advise registrar Jack Parnall
that, in its view, voting at the
polling station in the civil and
mechanical engineering building
was improperly conducted.
DeMarco told the emergency
meeting of the assembly that he
has conclusive evidence that
engineering students signed voting
sheets giving their votes away by
proxy to other students.
Current board member Basil
Peters,  an  engineering  student,
and AMS external affairs officer
Paul Sandhu, narrowly defeated
arts undergraduate society
president Fran Watters in the
election Jan. 18.
The senate now has the final
decision on how to resolve the
election controversy, but the issue
must first come before the senate's
Universities Act committee. The
senate could decide to call a new
election or declare some of the
ballots invalid.
DeMarco, himself an engineer,
said other people filled out ballots
for people who signed the sheets.
He said he has a photocopy of the
voters' list which proves there was
manipulation of the voting
On one list there were 28 names,
all of whom are students in a
Wednesday afternoon applied
science 251 course, he said.
DeMarco added that several
persons have admitted to him they
signed the list but did not vote.
And he said that of the actual
ballots cast, there were a number
of ballots marked with the same
DeMarco said that although
there were improprieties in the
RESPLENDENT IN GLOW of street lamp, slush-covered Japanese
Maple strikes eerie figure on front lawn of veteran photog Matt King
in depths of North Vancouver. Courageous photog captured scene by
skulking around neighborhood during height of storm that hit city
Tuesday night and continued Wednesday, forcing cancellation of some
night classes.
Bit parts boil theatre students' blood
Theatre students at UBC are a
discontented lot, thanks to their
non-appearance in Freddy Wood
Theatre productions.
"I feel sorry for theatre students
coming into this program because
it takes so long to get into a production," a fourth-year theatre arts
student who refused to be identified, said Wednesday.
"The student is not given first
In the September production of
Moon for the Misbegotten, only one
student was a cast member and
this student only appeared on stage
for five minutes, the student said.
The rest of the cast was comprised
of professional actors.
The student said faculty
members told him theatre students
don't have enough time to play lead
Usually all lead actors are
Equity actors (professional unionized actors), he said.
The Freddy Wood theatre is a
showcase for  directors  to  do
productions they couldn't do
elsewhere, he said.
"What it boils down to is, is the
theatre here for the director or for
the student?"
Theatre 200 students very rarely
appear in a production, he said,
and are told they lack the
necessary experience. Theatre 361
or 461 students are usually
The only chance a theatre 200
student has of being involved in
production is in classroom work
and acting in a theatre 400
program, in which fourth-year
students must direct three scenes.
"If they can't get a student for a
part,why are they doing the play in
the first place?" asked the student.
Giving first preference to
students in theatre productions is a
policy which "has never seemed to
be implemented in the shows," a
first-year theatre student who
declined to be identified said
Outside actors have sometimes
been hired simply because of their
age, he said.
For certain roles; a young student
is not considered appropriate, he
added. An outside actor who is
neither a faculty member, a
student or a staff member but is
the desired age is used, he said.
"It's a mystery to us why they're
In response to student complaints about their non-appearance
in theatre productions, theatre
department head John Brockington said Wednesday, "it's in the
nature of the animal (to gripe)."
"So many people want to get out
and stand in the spotlight."
Brockington said he recognizes
this as a natural and understandable desire, but added, "we all
have to face up to the fact that it
may never come." Brockington
thinks the chance for students to
work with professional actors is a
"tremendously valuable learning
experience," and can be inspirational.
"Students learn so much from
people better than they are, who
have more experience," he said.
Working with professional actors
often improves the student's acting, he added.
For the last three or four years,
the Freddy Wood Theatre has
followed the guest artist
agreement, which is the only form
of agreement allowed for a nonprofessional company, said
There are no restrictions
regarding the use of students or the
percentage of equity actors. There
are no strings attached, said
Brockington, except a certain
minimum wage must be paid per
"We work strictly within the
The Freddy Wood casting policy
is to audition students and members of the university community
first, Brockington said. When these
auditions are completed, if any
roles are not filled satisfactorily by
students, the theatre turns to
professionals, or occasionally
people from amateur theatre, he
Students are given first
See page 2: WOULD-BE
voting procedure he is not
suggesting that ballots from the
engineering poll be discarded.
The assembly also decided to
refer the matter to student court.
But the disciplinary power of the
student court is limited. The
maximum punishment it can
impose on any society member is a
$5 fine or expulsion from the AMS.
Student senator-at-large Ron
Joseph, also an engineer, said that
although some irregularities occurred, 200 engineering students
voted properly at that poll.
Joseph said there is an explanation for the fact that an^ntire
class signed the voters' list at the
same time.
"It's also a case in engineering
where a class may just get up and
vote en masse," he said.
Although the senate has the final
authority over what action to take
about the irregularities, the AMS
decided to conduct an investigation
because it was given responsibility
for running the election, DeMarco
Peters said there have been
threats of physical violence and
blackmail during the AMS investigation.
"I have evidence that there was
at least one case of a threat of
physical violence and evidence of
outright blackmail," he said.
DeMarco said he has received an
Seepage 2: THREATS
Queen's U
dumps on
sleazy corp
Queen's University senate has
voted to urge the university's
board of trustees to oppose on
moral grounds a plan by Noranda
Mines Ltd. to invest $350 million in
The senate's decision followed a
referendum in late November in
which more than 2,400 Queen's
students opposed Noranda's plan
to develop a copper mine in Chile
because of the Chilean government's continued violation of
human rights.
UBC's board of governors has so
far refused to consider withdrawing its money from the
company, claiming it is not legally
allowed to make decisions about
university investments.-
Queen's has about $236,000 worth
of shares in Noranda, which will
decide at a shareholders' meeting
in May whether to go ahead with
the investment in Chile.
Although the senate motion,
which passed by a 25-15 vote, does
not call for withdrawal of Queen's
funds from Noranda, it nevertheless drew spirited opposition.
One professor argued the
university should not take stands
on public issues on moral grounds
because it could place itself in a
position where the university could
not pay for education because it
would have to refuse revenue on
moral grounds.
"We do have to live in a
capitalistic society and we have to
do the best we can," he said.
Another opponent of the motion
said, "we're going to open up a
question so broad that we don't
know where we'll come out."
But a professor supporting the
motion pointed out "morality is a
big part of the thinking of a
university. Would we have said
that the universities of Germany
should have said nothing about the
persecution of Jews?"
"If morality is not the business of
the university, then whose is it?"
University principal Ronald
Watt said the board of trustees has
set up a committee to establish a
policy for Queen's on investment in
companies that operate in countries which abuse their citizens. Page 2
Thursday, February 2, 1978
Threats plaguing
poll investigators
From page 1
anonymous letter threatening disclosure   of   embarrassing   information if he continues with the
AMS investigation.
"I'm not worried about it (the
letter) because I have nothing to
hide," DeMarco said.
Peters said he has received
reports of irregularities at other
"Numerous people have come to
me wanting to make specific
allegations about all kinds of things
about the election," he said.
"These (other irregularities)
haven't come out because they are
deathly afraid of physical
Peters said the election was
improperly run because there were
no envelopes requiring a voter's
name and student number for each
ballot cast.
He also said many AMS cards
were improperly ticked off,
allowing some students to vote
The controversy about
irregularities in the engineering
poll might end with one of the
current student board members
stepping down.
At the engineering poll Basil
Peters got 257 votes from the 274
ballots cast.
It has been estimated that as
many as 150 of the poll's ballots
might have been cast by proxy. If
these ballots are invalidated, Fran
Watters will technically be elected.
In the January election Watters
received 1,118 votes to Peter's
Would-be Hamlets
languish backstage
From page 1
preference, Brockington said. But
"students are not always ready to
perform some of the roles."
"When we're looking for
professional actors, we do our very
best to try and employ our former
The majority of professional
actors used in the last four or five
years at Freddy Wood are UBC
theatre graduates, he said.
Brockington said the present
theatre policy is fair.
"It allows amateur companies to
stage a very difficult play which
requires a tremendously experienced actor under a very
reasonable arrangement."
The Dorothy Somerset Studio
uses students in every production
without any equity performers.
The productions are directed by
Often an actor is chosen for a
leading role before the play is
announced, if the role is
"demanding, taxing" such as King
Lear or Antony and Cleopatra,
Brockington said. The actor might
very easily be a student, he added.
The theatre students' association
held a meeting Monday and drew
up seven questions it thought were
crucial issues for all theatre
The questions ask for a definition
of the relationship between the
Freddy Wood season and the
theatre department and suggest
greater rapport between the
students and the faculty.
Some of the questions are:
"Why does the 310 and
syllabus remain virtually
changed from year to year?;
"Are Freddy Wood directors
obliged to cast students whenever
possible? If they are not so obliged,
why are acting students required
to audition and perform if cast?
"What is the philosophy behind
the offering of a B.A. in theatre at
UBC? What is the anticipated 'end-
A meeting will be held Tuesday
noon at Somerset Studio in which a
panel of theatre faculty will
respond to each of the seven
questions. All theatre students are
urged to attend, because there will
be an open forum after the panel.
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I Thursday, February 2, 1978
Page 3
Profs started witchhunts
University professors, not the
common people, instigated the
European witch craze of the 1600s,
an expert on witchcraft said
Erik Midelfort, history professor
at the University of Virginia, iold
an audience of 175 in Buchanan 102
that hundreds of persons were
massacred during the craze.
He said a legal system that condoned torture and religious persecution, religious war and
fanaticism sparked the craze.
He said that the crucial point
that may have caused the steep
rise in the number of witch trials in
the early 1600s was the growing
practice of consulting university
faculties about points of law and
supernatural occurrences.
This  became  necessary  when
medieval countries began adopting
Roman law during the
renaissance, taking the judicial
power away from local courts and
juries, who lacked the literacy to
administer the complicated new
The universities were then approached for interpretations of the
law, Midelfort said. Influenced by
the schism in the church that had
gone on before, they replied with
hard-line orthodoxy, condemning
all sorcerers as aligned with the
devil and possessed by demons.
Incorporated into an emerging
legal system that was inquisitorial
rather than investigational, with
torture a calmly accepted practice
for gathering evidence, the result
of the demonic interpretation was
unprecedented persecution of
innocent people.
Midelfort pointed out that accusations of witchcraft, originally
vague and unconnected with the
church, were handled locally with
few convictions before the
Theological controversies over
heresy, and the influence of the
devil on earth changed these
relaxed attitudes.
Witches were identified as being
agents of Satan, bent on destroying
the Church, and thus the state. The
full power of the legal systems,
both ecclesiastical and criminal,
was brought to bear on alleged
practitioners of heresy.
Midelfort said about 80 per cent
of the persons accused of witchcraft
in Europe were women. But the
parliament of Paris, an appeals
court, received more than half of
—edmond o'brien
SLIDING FOR HOME base. Dean Civitare enjoys second childhood during Wednesday's alleged snowstorm.
As usual, alleged snow turned to horrible, damp slush, creeping into shoes and up pant legs and making life
generally miserable for masochistic Vancouver residents.
U of AA women underpaid?
female professors at the University of Manitoba might still receive
lower salaries than male
professors with the same
qualifications, the faculty
association's status of women
committee chairperson said
And that is why the committee is
asking for a review of all
professors' salaries.
Lorna Sandler said this review
would be done by the inequities
committee, a joint faculty-
administration committee which
administers an inequities fund
established by the faculty's contract. The faculty is unionized.
The fund, which contains $35,000,
is used to correct inequities in
salaries caused by sex or other discrimination.
The inequities committee is
being asked to review all female
professors' salaries. If any are
found inequitable,  the  professor
Students get tests
TORONTO (CUP) — The University of Toronto will require all arts and
science students entering the university to pass an English proficiency
test, beginning in 1980.
Students who fail will be able to remain on campus for a year, but if
they fail a second test they will not be permitted to continue at the
After some people attending the committee meeting objected to a
multiple-choice proficiency test, the committee agreed to form a special
committee to decide what type of English test students will be required to
The Carleton University senate considered similar measures two years
ago. It agreed that all students should be given proficiency tests, with a
passing grade required for graduation and remedial instruction available
for students who did poorly on the test.
will receive a cash settlement from
the fund to make up the inequity.
The inequities fund at the U of M
has been in existence four years. In
its first year it had $100,000 but the
amount has decreased since then.
Sandler said this may well be one
of the last years for the fund
because of the university's tight
financial position.
"We want to assure ourselves
that women's salaries are on par
with men's," she said.
The committee has also set up a
format for a questionnaire on
hiring procedures, Sandler said,
which will be distributed to all
heads of departments who are
faculty association members.
The questionnaire will ask
whether the department has a
policy on hiring women, the
number and kinds of job openings
in the department in the last two
years and the number of women
who applied and the number who
were hired.
In addition, she said, it has set up
a study to investigate the need for
day care on campus and is
preparing a questionnaire on the
ratio of female faculty promotions
relative to male faculty
its petitions from males accused of
Whether this reflected that
women were denied fair proceedings, or indicated that there were
more male witches than supposed
has not yet been researched,
Midelfort said.
Demographers' evidence indicates an unusually high ratio of
women to men in Europe at the
time, he said.
The nature of the people accused
of withcraft, as well as the common accusations leveled against
them, varied from region to region,
he said.
For example, early frost and
hailstorms were often blamed on
witches in Germany, while in
France the most common charges
involved the causing of sterility or
MIDELFORT ... blames profs
Report won't do
faculty assoc.
The UBC faculty association has
decided that recently drafted
regulations governing the outside
activities of professors are
inadequate, association president
Richard Roydhouse said Wednesday.
Roydhouse said the association
decided at a meeting that the
policy and procedure suggested in
the joint faculty-administration
report does not adequately deal
with potential abuses.
The report suggesting stricter
regulations on outside activities
CEQ seeks
private ed
funding halt
Quebec teachers have called upon
the provincial government to stop
funding private schools.
The teachers say private schools
are the domain of "the privileged
classes" and are "highly selective
and discriminatory."
Delegates to a conference of the
80,000-member Centrale de
l'Enseignement de Quebec (CEQ)
Sunday agreed that private
schools, which are 80 per cent
supported by public funds, are
hurting public education.
In B.C., private schools only
recently began receiving funding
from the public with the implementation last year of the Independent Schools Act.
"Private institutions deprive the
public sector of a clientele which
would guarantee more ample
resources for better services,"
said one spokesperson.
"The quality of public education
is definitely suffering."
Although the Parti Quebecois is
opposed to funding private institutions, provincial education
minister Jacques-Yvan Morin has
said he sees private schooling
complementing rather than hurting, public schools.
Many government cabinet
ministers are products of private
schools in the province and
pressure to retain private
schooling is increasing from anglo-
phones who fear changes in the
public system.
The teachers agreed that the
recent increase in the number of
private schools, particularly in the
outlying areas of the province, has
made the situation especially
According to the CEQ, the least
the province should do is freeze the
granting of licences to private
was prepared after two alleged
incidents of misuse of university
time and property by professors.
Although the report was not
accepted by the faculty association, it was not actually rejected,
Roydhouse said.
"It would be wrt ng to imply that
the faculty association did not like
the proposed regulations because
they are too restrictive," he said.
"We didn't reject it, we are intent on revising it."
Roydhouse said there could be a
conflict over bureaucratic interpretation of the proposed new
Professors should be available to
the community at all times, he
said, but it is the duty of faculty
members to inform their departments of outside activities.
But at the same time, they
should not have to seek the
department's approval. Roydhouse said such activities are a
matter of personal ethics.
He said the faculty association
has decided the recommendations
contained in the association committee report should be preceded
by a statement of principle.
Former SDSer
gets probation
for 1969 charge
CHICAGO (CUP)—Mark Rudd,
former leader of the Students for a
Democratic Society and their
militant successor the Weathermen, has pleaded guilty to two
counts of aggravated battery as a
result of the Days of Rage
demonstrations in Chicago in
October 1969.
For his guilty plea, Rudd was
fined $2,000 and placed on two
years probation which he will be
permitted to serve in New York
City. Rudd had asked that any
sentence imposed be served in New
York after acknowledging that he
was married and had two children.
Rudd, who initially attracted
media attention as president of the
Columbia SDS during student
demonstrations there in 1968-69,
had charges against him for those
activities dropped when he
reappeared in New York last
September after seven years
The charges from the 1969 Days
of Rage stem from a four-day
demonstration by the Weathermen
who had split from SDS several
months earlier. In an attempt to
polarize others towards their
militant position, the men ran
through the downtown area of
Chicago fighting with police and
smashing in windows of banks and
companies. Page 4
Thursday, February 2, 1978
I  hear the^  have   a
Seawje.  treatment
plant. b^  ttie  river..
—Tak.e5   all  the   sludge
out of   tine  seuoaqe-.
Puts  clean uoattr
back in the  riucv-...
„„ o        , I thmk tViev) use it
OH..7 What       +q     te ^ cofe here.
happens  to
the sludge?
Election will
clear stench
Things are pretty heavy over at the Alma Mater Society
offices these days. To say that there has been a great deal of
arm-twisting going on would be an understatement.
It's all happening because of what can generously be
called questionable voting practices in the civil and
mechanical engineering building during the recent elections
for board and senate candidates.
Ever since the allegations came to the attention of The
Ubyssey staff and others last week, there has been a
disturbing series of threats and rationalisations from the
people concerned with this matter.
It has been suggested that the engineering building was
not the only place where improper voting practices occurred.
Also, it has been suggested that this is not the first election to
be affected by votes which have been improperly cast.
The engineers have been on the defensive about all this,
and fingers have been pointed to potential sore losers.
Clearly, the atmosphere has been poisoned. But this matter
cannot be shoved under the rug.
The fact is, some courageous people have decided to let
people know that shady election practices have occurred.
Such practices should not be tolerated. Unfortunately, the
courage of the people who spoke has been tested to the limit.
It's time for another election. This will be very
inconvenient, but it appears to be the fairest solution. A new
election will eliminate questions about the legitimacy of our
representatives, and thwart the power of the arm-twisters.
It is up to the senate to call for a new election. We
hope that senate would abandon its usual ways and make a
speedy decision, so the stench from this ugly mess can be
cleared as quickly as possible.
As for the AMS, which ran the polling (the registrar's
office did the counting), it is time for a complete review of
voting practices. The position of AMS returning officer is a
low-level appointed position, and there have been some
unfortunate experiences with the holders of that position in
past years.
The function and effectiveness of that position should
be reviewed, with a view to providing the AMS returning
officer with stronger authority, but also with a much higher
degree of accountability to the student representative
FEBRUARY 2, 1978
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-23C1;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
"Bill Tleleman's got Mis socks on the wrong bloody way!" yelled a
certain poofta. "Blood, did somebody say blood?1 asked an eager Lloyanne
Hurd, her fangs springing out In anticipation of a potential feast. "Yes, are
you going to donate some?' asked Chris Gainor hoping someone would
notice that he had. Marcus Gee sat on the floor, wanly remembering when
he was strong and pink. "I wish I had some more blood," he said dolefully
(he'd just eaten some pineapple). "How much longer are we going to
continue In this vein? asked Mike' Bocking wearily. "Have a heart,
Bocking," sighed Ed O'Brien. "Yes, we're tired of bleeding heart liberals
around here," said Matt King sternly. "Better red than dead,"
propagandized Kathy Ford. Heather Conn looked disgusted. "You people
are all sick," she said. "What a bunch of clots." Just then, Tom Hawthorn
let out a bloodcurdling scream. "I can't stand any more but at least I know
when something's funny." "Stop squeezing blood from stoned students,"
said Verne McDonald, as Geof Wheelwright fainted. ,
Use windfall for Asian Centre
Who could not but read with
interest the revelation that the
university has become subject to a
$1.4 million windfall — the result of
good housekeeping and the
blessing of AIB control over wages.
There are undoubtedly a number
of areas which this money could be
poured; I would like to make the
case for one of them: the completion of the Asian Centre. People
who have long since graduated,
taken on jobs and started families
will recall that the project was
begun in 1971. Those of you who are
still here and who manage to visit
the Nitobe Gardens from time to
time will have noticed that
although the centre is a substantial
presence, it is by no means
That is unfortunate for a lot of
reasons. The project had international backing. The Keidan-
ran, which is a Japanese business
organization, has granted around
$550,000 toward the centre. The
federal and provincial governments, in response, each granted
around $400,000. Various other
contributors brought the level up to
around the $1.7 million mark.
So, there are a number of donors
who are still waiting to see that
theirs was not a vain gift.
Secondly, the building is not
heated and is therefore subject to
the effects of damp Vancouver
weather, and has been for the past
few years.
This is having a deleterious
effect on the concrete surfaces and
Sign up
The science undergraduate
society is looking for second-year
science students to help us out.
There is an orientation being
conducted at UBC this year for
some grade 12 students.
What is envisioned is for a
second-year science student to be
accompanied for a day or so by just
one grade 12 student. In this way a
potential UBC student can see
what a typical university day is
like. The program will occur
during science week (after midterms) Feb. 27-March 3. Pick any
day or days in this span to meet
your "buddy" out here and show
him/her around.
If you are interested, please
come into the SUS office (Room
216, Auditorium Annex) and sign
Hugh Welch
president, SUS
I would like to clarify a point in
my letter which appeared
Tuesday, and explain why this
letter appeared in the first place.
Shortly after the senate and board
elections this year, the department
head of mechanical engineering
was called by someone allegedly
representing The Ubyssey.
This person suggested that the
fourth-year engineers who had a
class on the Wednesday afternoon
of the vote were involved in
irregular voting practices. The department head, J. P. Duncan, was
asked to verify this allegation. As
nothing irregular occurred in our
class, Duncan could not verify this
I was rather upset at this
challenge to my integrity and to
that of my colleagues. The staff of
The Ubyssey denies that they had
anything to do with this allegation.
I apologize to The Ubyssey staff
for saying they were engaged in
nefarious behavior in this particular incident. I stand by the rest
of my letter.
Ron Joseph
mechanical engineering 4
will probably raise the ultimate
cost of completion.
Thirdly, the centre was to be
used, among other things, as a
repository for the Asian book
collection now squeezed into the
south end of the main library. A lot
of valuable space —needed space
— would be created for the main
collection to be moved
At last count, the cost of completion was set at about $3.5 million
over and above that $1.7 million
already collected and spent. At
first this increase in costs was
almost wholly attributed to inflationary factors.
However, that is not entirely the
case. Originally, the centre was to
have been two floors at a cost of
$1.5 million. That was the figure
used by the fund-raising committee.
But during the planning stages,
two more floors were added to the
plans, with a subsequent increase
in costs, later compounded by
inflation. The addition to the
building and the increase in capital
requirements were never communicated to the fund-raising committee, which by then had done the
job it set out to do.
It is true, because of all of this,
that at least some of the relationships that UBC has with people on
the other side of Blanca and on the
other side of the Georgia Strait
(Victoria and Japan) are peeved
with the university administration's attitude toward the
project. It is also true that they
would be somewhat mollified if the
$1.4 million windfall were to be
used to satisfy this now seven-year-
old itch.
Vian Andrews
Persky, Clyne unsuitable
Open letter to the senate of the University of British Columbia:
Today I received a ballot paper requesting that I vote to elect the
chancellor of the University of British Columbia and 11 persons as
members of the senate. A brochure entitled Information with Respect to
the Candidates for Chancellorship and the Membership in Senate was
I am sorely distressed and somewhat alarmed by the curricula vitae of
the nominees for chancellor. I am fairly uninformed of the politics in
British Columbia and the University of British Columbia since I
graduated in 1961. The office of chancellor is a prestigious one and obviously a political one.
I have been asked to make a decision on the basis of unimpressive information regarding these candidates. My criticisms are based solely on
the substance in the brochure. One man in his middle 70s has not been
active in the community for five years save for an honorary presidency of
the Boy Scouts, Vancouver region. Interestingly, he relinquished his B.C.
supreme court position for the chairmanship of MacMillan Bloedel.
The other man in his early 30s is a "young Turk" whose administrative
talent is not obvious but whose political radicalism is. In deference to
these gentlemen, on the basis of the information available, neither appears suitable.
My recommendation at the very least is to ask that the nominators
provide a brief point of perspective as to why their candidate should be
elected. Also germane to the vote would be a job description, forms of
remuneration, and a note regarding historical precedence.
Thank you for your attention, good luck!
R. Garratt Richardson
B.Sc, M.D., 1961
Seattle, Wa.
Bookstore is unefficient
I have just recently purchased a commerce 355 paperback textbook
called the Canadian Income Tax Act.
The cost of this text is $13.50 at the UBC bookstore. Upon opening the
textbook I found an order form stating that upon purchase of 100 or more
of these texts, the publisher will offer a 33-1/2 per cent discount, and will
pay mailing charges as well.
Therefore, if an individual wanted to buy 100 of these texts and sell all of
them at $13.50, he or she could make a profit of $452.25 (100 books times 33-
1/2 per cent of $13.50).
Meanwhile, our non-profit bookstore (the one and only) has costs of
$452.25 to sell 100 of these textbooks, or so it says. If that is the case, then
the bookstore is one of the most inefficient businesses on campus.
It should also be noted that the UBC bookstore sells more than 100
copies per year, since there are seven sections of the course this year.
We feel it only fair for a competent management to give us commerce
355 students a refund now on the amount that we overpaid?
Unhappy commerce student
Gears versus aggies?
to the standard rules of debate.
Judging will be by the UBC
debating club; awards supplied by
Molson. Gears and aggies? We
trust that neither of you will have
the guts to back down!
Art Hamilton
Brian Gray
Lael McCall
Daphne Gray-Grant
UBC debating club
So the engineering undergraduate society objects to the fact
that the co-op education program
is not open to all persons
"irregardless" of sex?
Who says there is no value in an
arts education?
David Steinberg
arts 4
For two weeks UBC has put up
with the antics of gears and aggies.
What are these groups trying to
prove? Both have devoted considerable time, energy and intellect (where possible) to
asserting themselves. Could it be
that they are in fact competing
with each other to prove their
But why this childish carrying
on? Why not debate the question
intelligently? Any gear or aggie
worth his godiva should be able to
prove it.
Therefore, the following open
challenge is issued to gears and
aggies on campus — to debate the
resolution, "That gears are a
greater detriment to the image of
UBC than aggies." The aggies
would, of course, uphold the affirmative; the engineers, the
negative. Format will be according Thursday, February 2, 1978
Page 5
Soviet prisons — hunger, pain
Over the past few years, we in the West
have become increasingly aware and
concerned about the nature of the Soviet
penal system. Sixteen millimetre movies
smuggled out through Czechoslovakia and
Finland show barbed-wired camps guarded
by dogs and armed patrols in which
prisoners living in barracks complete a
scene reminiscent of days we had hoped
were long gone.
With the release or exile of a number of
Soviet dissidents, the plight of political
prisoners in the USSR has taken on new and
personal meaning. The revelations of men
and women like Sakharov, Pluysch, Solzhenitsyn and Bukovsky have illuminated
some dark corners concerning the treatment of prisoners of conscience behind the
curtain of secrecy that surrounds most
elements of the Soviet political system.
Under the Soviet corrective labor system,
as the penal system is called, most prisoners
of conscience serve court-imposed prison
terms in corrective labor colonies (referred
to by prisoners as labor camps). The exceptions are those serving sentences of exile
(usually in confinement in a small district in
a remote part of the country), those held in
psychiatric institutions for political rather
than medical reasons, and a small minority
who are sentenced to serve their term in a
'corrective labor institution' — a prison.
Soviet corrective labor theory recognizes
that prisons are less suited to re-educating
prisoners than are the labor colonies; their
emphasis being rather more punitive and
deterrent-oriented. A prisoner may be
sentenced to a term in prison for two basic
reasons — "anti-Soviet agitation and
propaganda" and flight abroad or refusal to
return home from abroad." In Soviet legal
theory, these crimes are deemed as serious
as charges of conspiracy or treason in the
West. A more common way to be sent to a
prison is on the grounds of punishment for
alleged "malicious violation of the demands
of discipline," as defined by Article 53 of the
corrective labor code.
More often than not, this category of
prisoners of conscience have persistently
protested against conditions by undertaking
hunger strikes and work strikes. Samizdat,
the Russian human rights journal network,
reports 45 cases of prisoners transferred
from labor colonies to prisons as a disciplinary measure. In all cases the affected
prisoners were sent to Vladimir prison.
Located 175 kilometres east of Moscow, in
the ancient city of Vladimir, this prison
complex consists of six buildings, one of
which dates to the reign of Catherine the
Great in the 18th century.
According to Soviet law on corrective
institutions, there must be 2.5 square metres
space per prisoner in the cell. But the testimony of ex-prisoners asserts that this is not
the case. Each cell is a concrete box, the
only window being entirely obscured by an
iron blind.
Frequently these cells have neither
running water nor toilet, the prisoners being
forced to resort to a toilet bucket. The cells,
often over-crowded, lack proper ventilation
and heating and are uncomfortably hot or
cold depending on the season. The stench of
human waste and sickness prevails
Prisoners are allowed short exercise
periods in yards which are essentially stone
pits. Each is five or six metres by three or
four metres, little larger than the cells. An
iron grill covers the top of the yard. Sunlight
rarely falls into the area of the exercise yard
and vegetation is never seen.
The prisoners' conditions of life are even
more desperate. In 1975 the Amnesty International report Prisoners of Conscience in
the USSR, recorded that there were around
50 prisoners incarcerated in Vladimir
prison. However personal reports from
recently released prisoners estimate that
there have been as many as 70 or 80
prisoners there at any one time. Food,
medical treatment, compulsory labor and
punishment are all unusually severe and
contribute to the already desperate conditions of the inmates' health.
Steve St. Michael, flirts 4, is a member of
Amnesty UBC, which is associated with
Amnesty International. Perspectives is
open to all members of\the UBC community.
Inmates of prisons are on the lowest of
food norms. According to their "regime,"
prisoners receive from 2,000 calories and 51
grams of protein per day (ordinary regime)
to 1,750 calories and 49 grams of protein
(strict regime) to 1,400 calories and 38
grams of protein per day.
In July of 1976 the group for the assistance
of the implementation of the Helsinki Agreements in the USSR reported that the calories
and requirements "of a man in a state of
rest" in normal circumstances was about
2,200 calories per day. Thus even the least
inadequate of regimes falls 10 per cent
below this minimum standard requirement.
The food provided on all regimes in the
prison is of "low quality." Prisoners'
testimonies concerning food in the prison
rings of Solzhenitsyn's A Day in the Life of
Ivan Denisovitch. Bread is usually underbaked, the fish served in the prison is not
rarely completely spoiled and rotten.
Meat is of the lowest quality, cabbage
used in borscht (which is served to the
prisoners several times a week) is foul-
smelling or rotten, and the potatoes are
driedtnit and well past their time of keeping.
Prisoners on ordinary regime in Vladimir
prison may supplement their diet, in that
they are allowed to spend 3 rubles ($4.32)
each month. Those on strict regime are
allowed 2 rubles. This sum must cover not
only any food purchases the prisoner might
make, but also his other needs, such as
tobacco, pens, envelopes, paper and postage
stamps, toothpaste and toothbrush, soap,
razor, blades and other small necessities.
These articles are usually of very poor
quality, often stale and beginning to spoil.
Food rations and spending privileges are
further reduced for those on "reduced
rations." The result of such a diet are
shocking but not surprising. "Because of
under-feeding, prisoners on strict regime
Profs up
Some disturbing facts about textbooks
and the industry behind them were the
subject of a Ubyssey article on Tuesday.
Prof. Ray Cleveland painted a grim picture for those of us concerned about the
quality — and the cost — of our education.
But Cleveland failed to give the
universities themselves the amount of
criticism they deserve for contributing to
the problem of high-cost, low-value texts.
The publishers, he suggests, are the ones
putting the screws to the struggling
student, who is forced to spend small
fortunes for glossy, fat and soon-to-be-obsolete books.
True enough. Yet the situation in several
departments is almost completely the
fault of professors and department heads!
In English courses, for example, it is
common to see booklists composed entirely of "study" editions of novels which
are readily available at one-half or one-
third the price in inexpensive versions.
Remember that Victorian novels or
Romantic poetry are reprinted in most
cases without the payment of royalties to
the authors. If the work is an English one,
there is no question of getting a good translation. And for many novels, even footnotes are not important.
So why not use the cheapest available
paperback? The $3, $4 or $5 "student"
editions are not attractive hardbound
books that will form a part of the student's
home library. No, they're just fatter,
glossier paperbacks, with the addition of a
lengthy introduction no one reads by an
academic no one knows,
Here is a question of instructors simply
being insensitive to the financial position
of their students. Last year, in English 201
(major authors), I was able to buy most of
my books in cheap editions, some of them
right in the same bookstore as the school
Gregory Smith is a third-year arts
student. Opinion pieces should be typed
.cmd triple-spaced.
tex&pBut I had to try and follow the in-
strumr? who was using her (free) copy of
the edition on the booklist.
It wouldn't take much hunting for
department textbook decisions to take into
account Hie availability of Signet and
Mentor andall the many low-cost editions
of major works. At the very least, booklists
could bear a note indicating the optional
publishers in addition to the expensive
A second problem, one not confined to
the English department, is the listing of
required texts that are not integral to the
course. This is sadly common among
professors who have not the courage to
resist academic pressures or who are
unsure of the value of their own lectures.
More than once, I have bought a $10 or
$15 text, only to find that it is never
referred to by the prof, not required for
the exam, and not interesting, period.
Another aspect of the useless textbook
problem is even more frustrating. This is
the well-meaning instructor who exclaims,
"good God, I never dreamed it was that
expensive!" when told the cost of the book
he or she has assigned. A lot of good his
repentance does, after three-quarters of
the class has bought the book.
These annoyed musings are directed
mainly at the faculty of arts. Perhaps
students in other faculties fare better — at
least their expensive texts may be useful.
In any case, the subject is one that should
be pursued at all levels, most importantly
between students and their profs.
And, of course, there is always the
possibility of using the libraries, both at
UBC and in the city (where the loan period
is almost a month). Amazing how few
students question the bodes they are told to
Many works are sitting on public .library
shelves. Using your library card instead of
your cheque book might just be one way to
avoid buying the 33 works of philosophy
your eager colleagues are toting to classy
suffer from swelling of their finger joints
and swellings and red blotches show up on
their bodies."
The October, 1976 issue of the Soviet
publication A Chronicle of Current Events
reported that on August 26 Gabriel Superf in
finished three months on strict regime. "In
the evenings his legs swell up, and he is
having difficulty with his stomach and liver.
He has persistent pains."
Medical attention in Vladimir prison is
little better than the conditions which
created the initial ailments. Almost without
exception, inmates suffer from chronic
gastrointestinal disease and related liver
ailments. Tuberculosis and vision
deficiencies are endemic to life in the
Neither curative nor preventive medicine
are practised to any great degree in the
prison system, and some relatively healthy
prisoners of conscience have been been
housed in cell blocks where others with
infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and
venereal disease were being kept. All of
these prisoners shared the same lavatory.
In his recent Documentation, released
prisoner Vladimir Bukovsky states that
under the conditions of prison medical
practice, the prison doctors cannot undertake to cure patients. The institutional
medical system is geared only to relieving
the acuteness of an illness and preventing
the impermissible outcome of death. But
medical abuse is not restricted to physical
Upon arrival at Vladimir prison, Mikhail
Yatsishin displayed mental disorders in the
form of hypochondria, anti-socialness and a
tendency toward coprophagy or the eating
of feces. Under strict regime, Yatsishin's
manifestations of persecution mania grew
and eventually his cellmates were forced to
stand 24-hour guard over him for fear he
would kill himself. They demanded that he
be transferred to a psychiatric hospital.
Only after a series of catatonic fits was he
removed to a "hospital cell," where he
remained for several months.
Regardless of their state of ill-health
inmates of Vladimir prison have since the
spring of 1975 been required to perform
compulsory labor. Cells were 'converted' to
work areas while the always inadequate
lighting remained. For the most part labor
consists of processing small radio parts. The
lighting constantly strains the eyes and
violent headaches develop immediately.
Labor safety standards are violated for fear
of upsetting the production plan.
The USSR's corrective labor legislation
establishes that the most severe form of
punishment is to be transferred to a prison.
Thus for the inmates of such as Vladimir
prison, the usual types of punishment are
extra-legal and limited to placement on
reduced rations or imprisonment in a
"punishment cell."
Though the inmates have a theoretical
right to complain to the authorities, the
exercising of this protest usually results in
further punishment. By far the most severe
of punishments is to be confined to a
"punishment cell."
These cells are usually tiny with a floor
area of less than three square metres. Little
or no lighting is provided and ventilation,
where it exists, is often used as a form of
punishment. The system is such that when
operating it sucks in the stench from the
Prisoners are held in complete solitary,
receiving no visits, unable to send or receive
letters or purchase food items to supplement
the diet of bread and boiling water. All
warm clothing is confiscated when a
prisoner is confined to such a cell.
"Cement fur" on the walls makes leaning
impossible while the cement cylinder used
as a seat is uncomfortable and puts a great
deal of strain on the spine. Though the
corrective institutions legal code limits the
terms of confinement to 15 days, violations
are frequent and multiple terms commonplace.
Over a single 11-month period, the
Helsinki Group recorded that there occurred 31 cases of prisoner confinement in
punishment cells; the lowest term having
been six days and the longest 45 days.
Vladimir prison is neither an isolated nor
extreme case within the Soviet penal
system. It is merely the prison about which
most is known outside of the Soviet Union. Page 6
Thursday, February 2, 1978
Frat rats
foster fest
Every year, UBC sororities
and fraternities come out of their
little houses and do something
useful — raise money for charity.
And this year is no exception.
Mardi Gras, as this event has
come to be known, starts
Saturday and is a week-long
event. All money made at the
various activities goes to multiple
sclerosis research.
Among the events are:
semi-formal dance at 8 p.m.
Saturday at the Commodore, a
car rally at 1 p.m. Sunday from
the north side of the Park Royal
shopping centre, a gong show at
9 p.m. Wednesday in SUB
ballroom and a ski night at 7
p.m. Thursday at Grouse
If you're interested in taking
part in any of the events — you
don't have to be a sorority or
frat member — telephone
Hot flashes
Frat rat sources have assured
us that those who attend will not
be forced to dress up funny or
run   around   swallowing   goldfish
and cramming into telephone
booths. Frat and sororities aren't
like that anymore, they claim.
Namibia talk
The situation of blacks and
whites in Africa is becoming
increasingly tense as blacks refuse
to accept any longer the repressive
conditions in which they are
forced to live and whites become
afraid of the consequences.
Two blac ^ will speak on the
situation in 4Jamibia, formerly
Southwest A *.ca, today at noon.
Hiuanua S.,ihepo and Lylie
Emvula are from Suweto, a town
that has been described as "a
hellhole in South Africa." Their
speech will be in SUB 119.
Come and find out about the
rest of the world.
Conservative finance critic Sinclair
Stevens speaks, noon,  Bu. 2225.
Sven Eriksson on the Christian
community In act^m, noon, Chem
2 50.
Business   meeting,   noon,  SUB  213.
PQ MNA Richard Guay speaks on
a Quebec-Canada sovereignty
association, .^1:30 p.m., SUB
Love feast, 5:30 p.m., Lutheran
Campus    Centre    conference   room.
Women's   drop-In,   noon,   SUB   130.
Bible study on the Christian
attitude to earthly treasures, noon,
SUB 205.
Open forum, noon, SUB 212.
General   meeting,   noon,   SUB   113.
The Canadian  Economy: The Long
Decline;   speaker,    Robert   Sims,   8
p.m.,  1208 Granville.
Meeting with  members of  the SFU
TA     association,     noon,     Graduate
Student Centre garden room.
Game      against      University      of
Saskatchewan,    Thunderbird   arena.
General   meeting,   noon,   SUB   212.
Executive      meeting,      noon,      SUB
Concert   by   jazz   musician   Al  Nell,
8:30    p.m..   Music   Building   recital
General   meeting,   noon,   SUB   130.
Informal   talk  on   the  Baha'i   faith,
noon, SUB  115.
Only Until Tomorrow
$UiM£Oil Vlu$OjaC
SUB Aud. Thurs. & Sun. 7:00 |
Fr:. & Sat. 7:00 & 9:30 75C
Buddy can you spare 75c
for poor Subfilms?
PQer spews
Do you think Canada should
stay in one piece, or do you
think it would be interesting if
Quebec separated?
Do you even care?
Well, if you're convinced this
unity   issue   is   more  than just a
scheme dreamed up by the feds
to distract us from the problems
of unemployment (900,000
Canadians unemployed at last
count and that doesn't include
so-called unemployables) you
might want to come and get
worked up and anxious at a
unity speech today.
The speaker, Richard Guay, is
a Parti Quebecois member of the
Quebec National Assembly. The
speech is at 1:30 p.m. in the
SUB ballroom.
At least it's somewhere dry to
eat your lunch.
Neil speif
Tired of getting up and
boogieing to the same old dull
disco shit in some sleazy pick-up
What to put some jazz, pizazz
and razzamatazz into an evening
that would otherwise be spent
boring yourself to death with
homework or friends?
Al Neil, the legendary jazz
pianist and shaker and mover of
the Vancouver music scene in the
1950s and 1960s will be giving a
concert Friday at 8:30 p.m. in
the recital hall of UBC's Music
Cost of the concert put on by
the fine arts dept. is a minimum
donation of $2.
CD   /A A     desk top, user programmable, alphanumeric,
wl\™Ow^^   prompting microcomputer
• You can key in your
own programs, and
edit and delete or
insert steps
• The SR-60A can run
up to 7920 step or
990 data register
• Fully alphanumeric:
keyboard, LED display, data storage and
• 50 character per
second SILENT, thermal printer. System
• Interfaces to: single
or dual tape cassettes,
CPT Selectric report
printer and RS232
for a wide variety of
communications de- ,
• Over 250 library
systems     developed
For product monograph,
engineering or business
systems abstracts or a
demonstration, please
MM   INK ..MM   Hi
The SR60A $2850.00 F.S.T. Inc.
Infotron Systems Ltd.   732-0132
1401 W. Broadway, Vancouver V6H 1H6
Dealerships are available in some areas.
Outgrown or grown tired of your clothes?
I sell quality used clothing on consignment.
Find something to add to your wardrobe — or give as a
gift; at prices you can afford.
Come have coffee and get acquainted.!
2621 Alma Rd. — 224-7115
Bring this coupon and receive a bonus!
Henneken Auto
Service—Repairs—Used Cars
8914 Oak St. (Oak & Marine) 263-8121
7:00 p.m.    CREATION    -    Dr. Mark Henkelman, B.C. Cancer
7:00 p.m.    John Hodges, Dept of Animal Sciences, U.B.C.
Feb. 19,      LIVING  IN A CLOCKWORK AGE    -    Dr. Donald
7:00 p.m.    Anderson, former Professor and Director of the Division of  Health  Services Research and Development,
Sunday evening talks at
A 1920's MUSICAL
UBC Old Auditorium I
8:30 p.m.
AMS Business Office
Thunderbird Shop
Concert Box Offices
SUB Party Room
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 17:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 1W5
5 — Coming Events
S.U.S. BZZR NITE tonight in SUB Party
Room, 4-8 p.m. Science T-Shirts on
sale also.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
WINTER SPECIALS. Bauer Black Panther skates, $63.50; Down ski jackets,
$36.£5 up; Ladies figure skates, $27.95;
Adidas Roms, $19.95; Squash racquets,
$12.95 up; Racquet-ball racquets, $6.95
up. Community Sports, 3616 West 4th
Ave.,   733-1612.
11 — For Sale — Private
SWITH CORONA French typewriter
"Sterling" manual. English letter arrangement.  224-3889  after 6 p.m. $55.
SNOW TIRES, D-78-14 Goodyear. Like
new. 228-4819.
15 —Found
WATCH   —  Home   Ec.  Building.   Phone
22'8-9279  evenings.
65 — Scandals
the UBC Sailing Club dance at Grad
Centre, Friday, Feb. 3rd. Liv£ band.
Prizes.  Tickets $2,   AMS  office.
can afford to see Truffaut's 'Small
Change" (only 75c).
85 — Typing
TYPING — 75c per page. Fast and accurate by experienced typist. Gordon,
CAMPUS DROP OFF point for typing
service. Standard rates. Call Liz, after
6:00 p.m., 732-3690.
FAST, accurate typist will do typing at
home. Standard rates. Please phone
anytime,   263-0286.
EXPERT   TYPIST   —   Essays,
Papers, Thesis, 75c per page
90 - Wanted
40 — Messages
JOY TO YOU-KNOW-WHO on her birthday from a custom made friend.
65 — Scandals
BLOOD DRIVE only until tomorrow,
10-4. SUB upstairs. Be generous and
give blood.
'   WANTED   —   one   pair   downhill   skis,
i       1C5-175    cms.    with    bindings.    Phone
D'.avme, 224-9993.
i   =Jr=Jr=Jr=Jr=Jr=ir^=Jr=^n=ur=Jr=J;
=Jr=Jr=Jr=it=lr=Jr=Jr Thursday, February 2, 1978
Page 7
Pepsi punks
Kids sell pop for points
Right now in schools across the
U.S., children are busy selling
Pepsi-Cola in the name of
They are part of Pepsi's Learn
and Earn Project — an annual
competition set up by Pepsi and the
Distributive Education Clubs of
America (DECA) which encourages students to sell the soft
drink at pep rallies, basketball
games and other school functions
— all for class credit.
"The students get involved in
setting up the sale of Pepsi," one
DECA representative explained.
"They go through the whole concept of how much to buy, whether
or not to sell the big cups or the
little cups ..."
Then, each spring, the students
write up their Pepsi-selling success
stories for a chance at national
prizes: shares of stock in the Pepsi-
Cola company.
According to materials the
company sends to teachers, the
project professes to "help
strengthen students' broad understandings of business — particularly its broad marketing and
management aspects."
Whether it fulfills this objective
or not, it does succeed in selling
The Learn and Earn Project is
just one example of the hundreds of
ways foods companies (as well as
other types of corporations, public
utilities, and trade associations)
promote their products in schools.
Particularly in the fields of
nutrition and home economics,
companies send numerous
teaching aids: highly professional
films, shiny work-books and
pamphlets   —   all   available   to
Charges of election fraud and
blackmail rocked this tiny island
kingdom last week.
Presidente Jock DeMacho
charged a potential usurper, Banal
Bleating, with conspiring to
overthrow this banana republic
through electoral fraud.
Bleating's sidekick, Pale Can-
dhu, turned state's evidence and
said his former cohort (Bleating)
hired bands of baboons and apes to
stuff ballot boxes.
The charge d'affaires of
Bleating's campaign, Just A.
Stoogie, denied leading his band of
precocious primates in the failed
Despite Bleating's denials of any
wrongdoing, DeMacho's hand-
picked squad of six hairy puce
blorgs, the elite corps of the
presidente's palace guard will
shoot Bleating at dawn.
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teachers at well below commercial
rates or free.
For example, the Savannah
Sugar Refining Corporation puts
out a booklet for students called
Sugar through the Ages, which
includes statements such as
Scientists have found that
generous amounts of sugar are a
valuable part of well-balanced
diets for growing children.
But nutrition is not the only area
where corporations have found a
lucrative form of advertising. A
mathematics textbook called
Mathematics Around Us,
published by Scott, Foresman and
Company, features illustrations of
58 different corporate brands and
businesses, including Tootsie Roll,
Cracker Jack, Jujyfruit, Hershey,
Baby Ruth, McDonalds's and
Dairy Queen.
On one page in the textbook, 15
Coca-Cola bottle caps are used to
illustrate the division of five into
On another page, under a box of
Jujyfrqits that cost 12 cents in the
illustration (but 20 cents in most
stores) is the mathematical
problem: "How many boxes of
Jujyfruits for 75c? How much
money is left?"
What ever happened to apples
and oranges?
On Monday, December 5th, the Dental Undergraduate
Society held a fee referendum. Eighty-seven per cent
of the faculty voted with seventy-three per cent of
those students agreeing the DUS fee should Iber raised
from $20.00 to $25.00.
Third-year Commerce Accounting Option or First-
Year Licentiate in accounting students who are
interested in summer employment with the Vancouver Office of Price Waterhouse & Co.: Please
mail a copy of your U.C.P.A. form or personal
resume and most recent transcript of marks to:
Personnel Manager,
1075 West Georgia Street,
Vancouver, B.C.
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Student Union Building, Room 100P,
Phone (604) 224-0111 Page 8
Thursday, February 2, 1978
Sun Life uses political lever
Canadian University Press
Two weeks before the crucial
1970 Quebec election, a spectacular
caravan of heavily-armed Brink's
trucks, laden with bonds and
securities, sneaked across the
Ontario-Quebec boundary under
the watchful eye of most of Montreal's mass media.
Now, eight years later, the Sun
Life Assurance Company of
Canada, the country's largest
insurer and seventh largest
financial institution, has announced that it too intends to sneak
across the Ontario boundary, with
its stocks, bonds and head offices.
The stated reason for the move,
which won't take place for two
years, is Quebec's language law,
Bill 101, which the company says
affects its ability to operate its
multinational head office.
The threat to move out of Quebec
at this time has caused a stir in
Canada, particularly among those
interested in the outcome of the
referendum on Quebec independence.
The Quebec government has said
the corporation is a "poor corporate citizen" and has threatened
to repatriate the $200 million the
company has extracted from the
Federalist politicians have been
wailing about the company's responsibility to help preserve the
Canadian confederation. And the
Financial Post has run front-page
banner headlines asking, "Did the
company really have to say it
It's an interesting question. The
Financial Post finds the company's
decision to cite Bill 101 as the
reason for its proposed departure
"a little premature, to say the
The company has stuck to this
claim — "that language is the real
reason" — and has delayed a
policy-holders' meeting on the
move for three months.
Company president Thomas Gait
insists that the lack of rights to
English education for the children
of staff coming to Quebec was a
major element in the company's
decision. "The language of
education is of vital importance in
the acceptability of Montreal as a
place to live."
And James Sinclair, Trudeau's
father-in-law and a member of Sun
Life's glittering board of directors
said: "All he (Quebec premier
Rene Levesque) has to do to stop
this hemorrhage is to announce
that head offices of multinational
companies can operate in English
and that head office families car.
send their children to English or
French schools."
This excuse, (besides showing an
unusual concern on the part of a
company like Sun Life for its
employees),   raises   a   lot   of
at 4463 W 10th Ave.
No Order Too Large
or Too Small
224-2121 MS 8-6:30
The Agricultural Undergraduate Society Fee
Referendum of $3.00 to
be continued for 5 years
was held on Jan. 30/78
No 13
Yes       158
Spoiled     1
Referendum Passed
FRIENDLY SUN LIFE EXEC . . . French does not compute
questions about the company's real
The most obvious is that Bill 101,
as it now stands, does not interfere
with the language rights of head
office staffs of multinationals.
During the hearings on the bill,
the government backed down on
this point, and has yet to draft the
regulations for head offices.
But there is little doubt the
government will accept the recommendation of its language office,
which suggests that language
cannot be legislated for multinational headquarters.
Provisions have already been
made for the children of multinational executives who are transferred into the province for three-
year, renewable periods.
Sun Life has also gone to great
lengths to publicize the announcement of a decision that
could have been accomplished by
continuing to slip its staff slowly
The company, like so many
others following the shift of capital
in North America, has been
moving its operations and money
out of Quebec toward Toronto for
more than a decade.
Only 20 per cent of the company's   operations   are   still   in
Quebec and the actual head office
operation involves only a portion of
the 1,800 jobs cited by Sun Life
What makes the move even more
suspicious and even less likely to
be an "ill-considered mistake," is
the fact of who made the decision
to announce the proposed move.
Sun Life's board of directors is a
classic of the Canadian "old-boy
network" that dominates the
country's corporate management.
It includes the heads of the Bank
of Montreal, the Royal Bank of
Canada, the Canadian Imperial
Bank of Commerce and the Bank
Canadian National.
It also includes the heads of
major financial institutions like
Royal Trust, Credit Foncier,
Canadian Investment Fund and
Canadian Pacific Investments.
Major resource industries like
CIL, Cominco, Consolidated
Bathurst, Domtar, Gulf Oil, Steel
Company of Canada, and two
others which are more infamous,
INCO and Noranda Mines.
So any decision approved by the
Sun Life board affects more than
one company.
The Financial Post said, "the
fact that Sun Life's board is made
up of leading members of Canada's
financial and business elite also
has many people wondering what
that portends for further corporate
departures from Quebec."
This is probably the most important implication of Sun Life's
announcement. Leading financiers
and industrialists seem to have
agreed on the best way to deal with
what they perceive to be the threat
of Quebec independence.
Sun Life's announcement seems
to indicate the path at least some
large corporations have accepted
in their fight against a separate
Quebec — pressure on Quebec
voters facing the national
Two events could have a major
effect on the way Quebec people
choose to exercise their right to
self-determination. The first would
be a federal threat to use the
Canadian army to intervene after
an independence vote.
The other event would be a
threat of a mass corporate exodus
from the province and destabiliza-
tion of the economy, in the same
way as ITT and U.S. copper concerns exercised their power to
depose Chilean president
Salvadore Allende in 1973.
This sort of threat is not as farfetched as it first might seem, as
evidenced by the corporate attitude that spawned the Brink's
escapade in 1970 and coerced many
Quebec voters into electing the
federalist option and Robert
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Sun Life, like Royal Trust which
engineered the Brink's incident,
has for a century milked a comfortable profit out of Quebec. In
fact, the records of most English-
Canadian and U.S. corporations in
Quebec have betrayed a distinctly
colonial attitude toward the
province and its people.
Large Canadian corporations
are apprehensive about any
political change that might affect
their ability to maintain this
situation. Despite the Parti
Quebecois' pandering to corporations, especially American
ones, English-Canadian business
interests are united in their opposition to the Quebec independence movement.
Sun Life's early refusal to
elaborate on the details of the
proposed move, its decision to
delay the policy-holders' meeting
for three months, and its subsequent explanation that the move
wouldn't take place for two years
seem to indicate that Sun Life isn't
any different from other Canadian
The company and many others
will dangle their decision as
threats in the faces of Quebec
voters who worry about the
province's future economic
stability until after the referendum
on independence.
It is the threat to move rather
than any real move that will have
the greatest effect on the spirit of
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