UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 27, 1976

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Array High-power hustle by Bible peddlers hit
An American door-to-door Bible
sales corporation is using a high-
powered hustle in an effort to
recruit UBC students as salesmen
for the Holy Book.
The Southwestern Corporation
placed anonymous ads in the Feb.
17 and 19 editions of The Ubyssey
offering high paying jobs with long
hours in Eastern Canada, without
specifying the duties. More than
100 UBC students rose to the bait
and have attended one of several
noon-hour pitches by a company
On arriving at the recruitment
meeting students are not immediately informed of what the job
is, but obligated to listen to fast-
talking American Buddy Cranat,
representing Southwestern,
present a three 45-minute "career
counselling"    lecture.    Cranat
refused to answer questions
concerning the nature of the job
during the lecture, remarking "I
am running this interview."
After completing his "career
counselling" lecture and
describing the position that he
plans to offer as being "dynamic,
requiring responsibility,
motivation and ambition" he
reveals that the job is concerned
with sales and management.
Cranat then informs the perspective employees that Southwestern is seeking individuals to
sell the Southwestern line of books,
particularly the Bible.
Students who accept the position
act as independent sales representatives and are expected to
bear the costs of relocating. Prior
to being appointed to a sales
region, salespeople are expected to
attend a week long sales seminar
at Southwestern headquarters in
Nashville, Tennessee. It is the
responsibility of the salesperson to
provide transportation to Nashville .
Cranat estimated Thursday the
average student could make $3,000
in a summer, but admitted some
people were less successful.
Cranat said that to make $3,000 a
salesperson would have to sell
three Bibles per day at a commission of $17.44 on a $40 Bible.
Cranat estimated that in order to
sell three Bibles a day a salesperson would have to make at least
30 calls per day.
When Cranat and his Canadian
associates Brian Williams and
another man who refused to be
identified   were   asked   whether
their recruitment program in
Canada was misleading with
respect to their advertising
techniques and recruitment
presentation, they said it was not.
Cranat felt that they were giving
people an opportunity to develop
valuable sales skills.
Students interviewed by The
Ubyssey had a different opinion.
John Parry, law 2, said "I wish
they had told us what the job was at
the outset." Another student said,
"It was a very low grade sales
pitch. I am annoyed that it was
misadvertised. It should have been
advertised as a commission sales
Cranat said Southwestern has
already employed four individuals
as independent sales reps and they
might hire as many as 20.
CRANAT ... I run the show
Convention fees
increase at UBC
ONE   OF  SEVERAL  options  open   to  students  who can't afford
ICBC  insurance for the coming year is to sell your car as several
—matt king photo
around campus were doing Thursday. Ubyssey reporter discovered,
however, most students will pay the new rates. (See story below.)
Most students trying to pay ICBC
Although most UBC students
say they are going to pay their
increased auto insurance rates,
they appear to be waiting until the
last minute before they shell out.
In a Ubyssey survey Thursday,
only 25 per cent of the cars in
student parking lots had 1976
decals on their licence plates. But
very few cars bearing for sale
signs were in sight.
In a series of interviews Thursday, almost all students said that
they are either getting their
parents to help them pay for their
insurance or that they are not
taking out full coverage.
New auto insurance rates, which
come into effect March 1, have
increased by 150 to 300 per cent
over last year, with male drivers
under 25 years of age being hit with
the highest premiums.
Students who are buying insurance are still bitter about the
Jeff Finger, science 1, whose
parents are helping him pay $479
(no comprehensive) on his 1970
Datsun 510, said "I have an excellent driving record. There is
absolutely no reason why I should
have to pay these rates."
And Ross Barlow, commerce 3,
said his car is not worth the insurance he has to pay on it. He said
that while his 1964 Volkswagen has
an estimated worth of $400 he pays
$475 to the Insurance Corporation
of B.C. for liability coverage only.
Perry Keller, arts 1, said he had
to pursuade his father to help him
pay over $600 for comprehensive
insurance on his 1971 Toyota. "I
have never had a ticket in my life"
said Keller.
Only three students interviewed
said they will not be driving next
year because of the increased
Bruce Stewart, applied science 3,
said he won't be driving his
girlfriend's car when she goes
away next year.
"I aint paying $800 to drive the
car now" he said. "I can't afford
And Keith Gagne, applied
science 3, said he is not going to fix
his 1969 Chevette because he would
.have to pay high insurance on it.
"It's going to stay in its parking
spot outside Gage next year," he
Conventioneers will be paying
more to use UBC's student
residences this summer.
Room rates will be up about 10.5
to 15 per cent over last year, Totem ..
Park Convention Centre manager
Michael Bowes said Thursday.
The convention centre provides
accommodation for groups and
individuals at the university's
three residences during the
Student residence fees will rise
by between 15 and 17 per cent next
year, but the increases include the
price of food, which has risen
faster than the price of room.
Bowes said adult rates for Gage
residence would be $10.50 a day, up
one dollar from last year. Rates for
Gage lowrise suites are also up one
dollar this year at $21 a day for
Totem Park and Place Vanier
single room rates for adults are up
$1.25 from last year to $9.75 a day.
, Bowes said the rates for food
services are $7 a day.
Last summer UBC lost money on
conventions because fewer people
than expected attended conventions held at UBC. Last summer's major convention was the
thirteenth Pacific Science
Congress, which drew little more
than half the expected number of
The Ubyssey learned Monday
that students would pay between
15.5 and 17 per cent more this year
to stay in residence. Last year
student residence fees were increased by 10.6 per cent after the
provincial government ruled that
the residences were covered under
the rent ceiling.
The board of governors asked
last year for an exemption from
the ceiling but was overruled. This
year, however, the rent review
commission ruled that the
revenues are not covered under the
Residence fees at Simon Fraser
University will rise between 16 and
25 per cent as a result of a decision
by that university's board.
Rent proposals steep'
Sonie UBC residence students
can't afford the 15 to 17 per cent
rent increases housing director
Michael Davis wants them to pay
next year, a Ubyssey survey
discovered Wednesday.
And most of those who think they
can afford the increases say they
could only by lowering their
standard of living.
Students denounced the increases as "unjust," "sick" and
"pretty bad." Most said the
university should not force
students to pay 15 to 17 per cent
because off-campus rent increases
are limited to 10.6 per cent.
But Gerald Algier, Gage
residence liaison committee head,
had nothing to say about t,he
proposed rent increases. "I really
couldn't say anything right now.
We are still looking at the budget."
Algier told The Ubyssey Feb. 11
he would oppose any rent increase
above 10.6 per cent, but Wednesday
he refused to comment.
But many students appeared
angered at the proposed increases.
Bruce Ross, forestry 2, was highly
See page 2: INCREASES Page 2
Friday, February 27,  1976
Increases 'out of line'
From page 1
"Students can't afford that
much, especially with high ICBC
Ross said the university should
subsidize student residence
dwellers by keeping the rent increases below the 10.6 per cent
provincial rent ceilings and running at a deficit. He said the
provincial government should
absorb the loss so students can
afford to attend university.
"The government is already
subsidizing 88 per cent of our
education; why not our room and
board too?"
Janet Blomkvist, home
economics 3, said the increases
Davis has proposed are "out of
"I am not pleased. I wish there
was something we could do about
it. Jobs and accommodation are
hard to get."
Blomkvist said the government
should amend the Landlord and
Tenant Act to cover residences.
Joan Wasylik, arts 3, also said
the university should keep rent
increases under the 10.6 per cent
"I think residences should be
subsidized. I don't think it's fair
they should be exempted (from the
But Steve Waddell, arts 3, said
few students have money troubles
and so he doesn't mind paying rent
increases above those paid by off-
campus tenants.
JULY 5th—August 13th
In the largest French-speaking university on the
continent you learn FRENCH where FRENCH is at
METHODS: The latest audio-visual methods are used
with beginners; advanced students work in seminars.
ACTIVITIES: French-Canadian life. discovered
through folksinging evenings, the theatre, excursions
into the typical Quebec, countryside strolls and
sightseeing through historic old Montreal. Sports
activities available.
BURSARIES: L'Universite de Montreal has been
selected as a participating institution in the Federal-
Provincial bursary program for Canadian students who
wish to learn French as a second language.
Booklet on request:
Ecole francaise d'ete
CP. 6128, Montreal 101, Quebec, CANADA
(Queen Charlotte)
Applications are invited from student teachers for
a challenging teaching assignment at both elementary and
secondary levels. If you are interested in joining the
competent, dedicated staff presently on the Queen
Charlotte Islands, forward an application immediately
mentioning this advertisement to:
Mr. A. V. MacMillen
District Superintendent of Schools
P.O. Box 69
Queen Charlotte City, B.C.
Appointments for interviews with the Queen Charlotte
recruiting team, should be arranged through the Placement
Office on Campus. •
"It's like car insurance. Most
people complain but they can pay.
I know few students who have
honest financial problems."
Waddell said it would be unfair to
subsidize student housing because
that would give students a special
privilege above other tenants.
"It's not fair to subsidize
residence housing. If you do that
you are being put under different
regulations than other people."
Our 12 specialists offer a
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SERVING UBC FOR OVER 26 YEARS Friday, February 27,  1976
Page 3
Bargaining review nixed
Belshaw motions fail
Senate decided at its last
meeting it does not have the power
to review collective bargaining
agreements at the university.
Anthropology prof Cyril Belshaw
proposed at senate's Feb. 18
meeting that all collective
agreements be reviewed by
senate's budget committee before
signing, so the committee could
advise the administration on
possible academic implications of
the settlements.
However, senate did not pass the
Pool fund
delayed by
A campaign to raise money for
the $4.7 million UBC Aquatic
Centre is in danger of getting its
expense account mixed up with its
list of donations received.
Doug Aldridge, the $17,000-a-
year head fund raiser for the pool
said Thursday a $6,000 fund appeal
to Vancouver residents has been
delayed, necessitating ads in two
local newspapers, at a cost of $400.
Nearly 350 students began
canvassing residents of Vancouver
in late January, who live west of
Granville, after each resident was
mailed a circular asking for
financial support for the pool.
The campaign has raised $48,085
so far, and the goal for the campaign is $1.3 million. Students, the
federal and provincial governments and the UBC administration
are providing the other $3.4 million
for the pool, which currently is
under construction.
"Fifty grand is not bad for one
month's effort," Aldridge said,
"but we must increase the level of
intake in the next few months."
Each student canvasser is
covering two or three sections of
the west side of Vancouver, which
was divided into 750 sections.
Aldridge said the students didn't
actually ask for money but simply
provided a gentle reminder to back
up the mailed appeals.
Included in the mailed appeals
which cost 6,000, was a complimentary pass to the uncompleted pool, but many people
did not receive the circulars
because of delays in the mails.
This delay means that Aldridge
will take out half-page ads in the
West Side Courier and the Wester
News, two local newspapers.
The ads will cost a total of $400.
motion, ruling that collective
bargaining agreements were
"beyond the purview" jurisdiction
of senate, as they were primarily
financial matters. Senate is
responsible for academic
decisions, and the board of
governors makes financial
Belshaw said Thursday he has no
immediate plans to bring the
motion or another motion which
also failed to get senate approval
up at senate again.
"But its a perennial issue and it
won't die a natural death. The
debate will continue until- it's
resolved," Belshaw said.
In his other motion Belshaw
proposed that the senate budget
committee report to senate annually, and tell senate how much
money the board has allocated for
academic programs approved by
Belshaw said he was concerned
that senate did not have enough
financial information to make the
best possible decisions.
For example, when we recommend a new program to the board
of governors, we don't always have
all the information about the cost
of the program," he said.
"You can't compare the validity
of an academic program strictly on
its merits.
"You may have a number of
programs, and you can't always
tell which proposal should have
"For example, one faculty may
have a proposal which merely
involves a chance in what they're
doing, but they can do it with
existing staff.
"Another program might cost a
million dollars. Or you may have
two programs which are going to
cost money, but one of them is
more urgent than the next, and
then the more urgent one should
have priority."
Belshaw said all this information
was not always available to senate,
particularly information related to
costs of programs.
He said the senate's curriculum
committee might be given some
financial information on proposed
new programs, but did not personally know if this was the case.
Curriculum committee chairman Ron Shearer said the committee does receive information
about the probable costs of committees, but does not use the information in evaluating the
"We evaluate these programs on
their academic merits," he said.
Shearer said the cost estimates
were given to the senate's budget
committee, which "looks at the
costs when it works out what it will
propose to the president on the
university's budget."
The budget committee was
established last spring under the
Universities Act to advise the
administration president on the
preparation of the uhiversity
—matt king photo
WHAT IS THIS OBJECT? First person to come to Ubyssey offices,
SUB 241K, with correct answer wins a special prize. Contest should
be of particular appeal to psychology major as the sculpture has a
Freudian appeal. Physical plant employees  may not enter.
Plebs to view UBC
Senator speaks out
Gabriel Gedak, student senator
representing the dentistry faculty,
says he is unhappy that successful:
instructors who aren't so good at
research are penalized by the
He says he wants to use his term
in senate to help students and instructors hurt by the current
tenure and promotion system.
But in an interview Thursday,
Gedak said he doesn't want to
make any fundamental changes at
Such changes would include
student membership on tenure
"If you give students complete
power — there's a lot of radicals
around — if they have complete
control, it (the university) will go
to pot," he said.
Gedak mentioned improved
teaching evaluation questionnaires
and student meetings with deans
and  senior  administrators   as
possible solutions, and then pointed
out their pitfalls in larger faculties.
He said quentionnaires and
meetings work in dentistry, one of
the smallest faculties, but he said
the teaching evaluations don't
"have any real influence" in
faculties such as science.
And when he was in science,
Gedak said, on one occasion when
he wanted to see the dean he was
quickly shunted to an assistant. "I
didn't know who the dean was," he
But his orientation is to become a
dentist (dentists make an average
salary of $35,000 a year, he said)
and he looks with disdain on the
fate of arts and science students
who he said get a degree and
nothing else.
"You go for years in arts," he
said. "What can you do with it? It
doesn't lead you anywhere."
But Gedak admitted "I really
have no idea" of how to solve the
tenure and promotion problem, the
one he says is the most serious for
UBC students.
AFTER READING favorite paper. The Ubyssey, student pores through boring Vancouver morning paper
during relaxing moment in Sedgewick library. Reminder to all students that The Ubyssey publishes for
one more month so get your articles, notices and opinions in now.
This year, as happens once
every three years, those massive
iron gates on Blanca will slowly
creak open to let the outside world
partially see how this half lives.
Open House '76, slated for March'
5-6, is entirely the work of the
students and faculty of UBC.
According to organizers the event
offers the public, alumni and
future students a chance to see
some of UBC's activities, including
a variety of various clubs on
campus and, of course, academic
"We've really .got something for
everyone this year," says Doug
Malyuk, head of public relations
for Open House '76.
"Open House '76 isn't the ad-
. ministration's way of justifying the
public's taxes. The event is held so
that the general community may
see exactly what we're doing out
Malyuk said people will be able
to find out things they never knew
happened out here. It will also
increase awareness among
students and faculty currently
attending UBC, he said.
"For example, a first-year
student in the arts faculty may
have no idea in which direction
he's heading in his academic life.
Open House '76 will have
something for that person."
Among the many formal activities happening in. conjunction
with Open House '76, 55 departments and faculties will be
presenting displays in their
various buildings.
For example, the psychology
department's set-up in the
basement of the Henry Angus
building includes demonstrations
on illusions, light and color vision
and psychological displays with
Nearly 35 clubs on campus will
show their wares in various
locations around SUB. The UBC
canoe and kayak, skydiving and
karate clubs cover only a few
activities students engage in.
Of the funds allocated for Open
House '76 ($11,500 from the- UBC
administration and $2,500 from the
Alma Mater Society, approximately $4,100 is distributed to
the various faculties while $1,100 is
given to the clubs. The remaining
funds are channelled back to the
Open House '76 committee to pay
for physical plant's work ($5,000
worth) and to offset operating
costs. The planning, public
relations and other work is done
completely by 11 volunteer
In   addition   to   printed   in
formation produced by the Open
House '76 committee, various
shopping centres and display signs
in Vancouver will soon carry information about the event.
UBC students trained in first-aid
will be stationed at various first-
aid posts around campus to back
up to health services.
A babysitting service will be
provided by Phrateres, a women's
social club and the Gears are in
charge of organizing the parking
and traffic. Free tour buses will be
taking people to and from the
recently-opened TRIUMF (Tri-
University Meson Facility)
Generally, a co-operative effort
is being exhibited by students,
faculty and all people involved
with Open House '76. CBC Radio
will be on hand for the event to
broadcast some of the more interesting events from a campus
location. Students from high
schools from all over B.C. are
going to be bused in to see the
All over UBC, the wheels are
starting to turn in earnest in
preparation for Open House '76.
And the line-ups haven't even
started yet . . .
to survive
The Recreation UBC program
next year will not suffer any major
changes or program cutbacks,
despite the abolition of the $5 fee,
program co-ordinator Ed Gautschi
said Thursday.
The administration will take
over the payment of the program
funding which was derived from
the student recreation fees. Last
year about $14,000 was paid by
about 3,000 student members.
The decision to absorb the part of
the funding paid by student was
made in a board of governors
meeting in September.
Board member. Rick Murray
said Thursday that the reason
behind this change was a motion
brought forward in the meeting
stating that because students
contribute to the construction cost
of most of the sport centres cn
campus, they should not have to
pay to use them.
Gautschi said the program will'1
cost more next year than at
present. Faculty and staff will
continue to pay a $10 fee to join the
program, he said. Page 4
Friday, February 27,  1976
Adieu NDU
Pat McGeer has been so preoccupied with running the
Insurance Corporation of B.C. into the ground that he
hasn't spent much time on his other — and much more
important — portfolio, that of education minister.
Consequently, it is impossible to examine any Social Credit
education policies.
Unless, of course, you want to criticize, a lack of
education policy. That vacuum may be killing Notre Dame
University in Nelson.
Unlike other B.C. universities, NDU was a
privately-operated campus, until it was taken over by the
NDP because its former operators could no longer maintain
it. It was the NDP's original intention to make NDU a
public university, like the University of Victoria, Simon
Fraser University and UBC.
Last year, apart from its grant to the three public
universities, the government gave NDU an outright grant of
$1.8 million dollars — 73 per cent of NDU's budget — to
allow it to continue operating until the end of this year.
This year, NDU is supposed to come under the
jurisdiction of the Universities Council, the co-ordinating
council which allocates funds from the universities grant to
the public universities.
But council chairman William Armstrong has said he
doesn't expect very much money for the universities this
year. "So far I haven't heard any encouraging noises about
university funding generally," he said.
What that seems to indicate is that unless UVic, SFU
and UBC take budget cuts, NDU is' left out. That is not a
very probable course of events. NDU is being threatened
with closure.
That is a big deal. NDU has only about 500 students,
and about 150 employees, so it might not sound big. But
putting 150 people out of work is going to depress the
economy of the whole Nelson area.
The students are either going to have to come out to
the coast — which they may not be able, or wish, to do, or
they will not receive a university education.
For NDU-bound students to get a university education
on the coast would be expensive, both in terms of money
and social upheaval.
Whenever a university or college opens anywhere, the
government trumpets the news for all its worth. But they
are threatening a 25-year-old institution with closure, and
aren't saying a word.
It's time the Socreds let the people of Nelson, and B.C.,
know what their intentions are.
"Well gee   ... I see no reason to keep a university in the boondocks. I  mean, look at our premier
.. he's a grade 10 dropout!" '
I am pleased to advise that
brokers for Anchor, Ball, Ber-
nardin and Kerr canning lids have
all indicated increasing supplies
are to be available to consumers
for the coming season. New brands
will also be ayailable from New
Zealand and Taiwan.
I might add, though, only one
distributor has written to me offering his services to meet the
demand of canners registering
their requirements. I have passed
on all those that were made known
to me, and respectfully suggest
that those readers who are interested in canning lids for the
coming season make their needs
known to?
CFB Trading Company Ltd.,
P.O. Box 48652, Postal Station
Vancouver, B.C.
Rafe Mair
consumer services minister
Our chapter of the Jaycees is
located behind the walls of the
state penitentiary and the membership is composed entirely M
men incarcerated at this facility.
We recently initiated a new
project called A Brighter Day,
which we would like you to help us
make a success.
There are a great number of men
here who do not have friends or
relatives on the outside with whom
they may correspond. Our
program is designed to fill a void in
their lives and brighten their day
each day at mail call.
Below are several names of men
who would appreciate someone to
write to and correspond with.
Larry Dry, 90836, age 24
Rocky Brand, 91353, age 28
Kenneth Harwell, 90962, age 22
Ben Tullis, 88238, age 33
Albert Clayton, 83376, age 25
Gerald Conaway, 91085, age 27
P.O. Box 97,
McAlester, Oklahoma.
Thank you for helping us help
someone here have a brighter day.
George Smith
project chairman, 85633
The recent statements by
Gunnar Dybwad regarding conditions at Woodlands school raise
some disturbing questions that
must be answered. The defence of
Woodlands also raises some doubts
and supports the obvious need for
an independent public investigation to be undertaken to
determine the real truth.
Both parents and the community
have the right to know what
Dybwad was looking at that caused
him to make the remarks.
Dybwad made mention of the
Berger Commission and its
recommendations. If the rights of
children are to have any meaning
for those who must live at
Woodlands, then we must know
what the conditions are and ensure
that they meet the same standards
for any child in the community.
No government has the right to
exempt itself from the responsibility of protecting these citizens
simply because they are helpless.
We were pleased to note human
resources minister Bill Vander
Zalm's interest in fenovating
Woodlands, however, we hope he is
aware that physical reconstruction
is not enough.
The root of the issue we wish to
address is the quality of life for
persons living within the walls of
the institution. We would propose
toward achieving this end that
smaller facilities be created within
the community in order to provide
a more humane environment.
Needless to say, while
Woodlands stands we support the
upgrading of the quality of life in
the institution.
student association
school of social work
We at the Kinsmen
Rehabilitation Foundation would
like to thank publicly the following
university groups for their work in
making the 1976 Mothers' March
Campus fraternities:
Alpha Delta Phi
Delta Kappa Epsilon
Psi Upsilon
Sigma Chi
Beta Theta Phi
Latter Day Saints Association
Lutheran Student Movement
Panhellenic House
rehab med undergrad society
Sigma Phi engineering fraternity
It is through their efforts that we
can continue to provide services
for the physically disabled of B.C.
Carol Ann Rule
area supervisor
Kinsmen foundation
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and - Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments
228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Gary Coull
".Let's put out a newspaper," yelled Gary Coull. "Qr else," added
Doug Rushton. Sue Vohanka and Ralph Maurer told the two autocrats
to drop dead. "Where's Chris Gainor and Heather Walker?" asked Nancy
Sputham. "I know," giggled Marcus Gee. Meanwhile, Bill Tieleman,
Gregg Thompson, Mark "Crestfallen" Buckshon, Susan Alexander and
Len MacKave grabbed telephones and started asking nasty questions as
Paisley Woodward, Dave Morton, Ian Morton, Merrilee Robson, Susan
Borys and Bruce Baugh attacked typewriters. Dave Wilkinson expertly
inked a cartoon while Doug Field, Peter "Bible Thumper" Cummings
and Matt King ran about town in search of page one art. In the back
offices. Bob Diotte, Jean Randall, John Ince and Greg Strong were
stabbed in the back by Mark Lepitre and Bob Rayfield. Who will lead
this smoothly functioning newsgathering organization next year? Only
the shadows know.
This is to announce my candidacy for editor of The Ubyssey. I
feel I am qualified for several
1) I have a lot of experience
dealing with people.
2) Since I am quite mobile I
could keep tabs on what is happening, news wise, over a wide
3) I have friends in high places.
I hope the Ubyssey staff will
support  me in  my  bid  for  the
editorship.   If   they   do   not   the
consequences could be hellish.
Thank you.
Paul Hellyer
After the deluge of letters earlier
in the year, we are now getting low
again. Remember, you only have
one month left to clearly enunciate
your views to the campus community before The Ubyssey ceases
another glorious year of
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter or
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241-K. Page Friday
'Sid ^*£2?
The media in B.C. part 2-the press
Whether we like it or not, the press has enormous
effect on our conception of the world. The positions
of newspapers as the most influential carriers of
news gives them the power to mold our opinions
about important events and issues.
The public takes it for granted that newspapers
don't abuse this power We accept blindly that
commercial newspapers are "objective." In reality
this is rarely true.
Newspapers are all businesses; their main
purpose is to make a buck. This cannot help but
show up in the way they cover issues and events.
When the postal workers struck last fall hurting all
businesses, B.C.'s commercial newspapers were
hardly objective.
Newspapers, like other businesses, are rarely run
democratically. In fact most operate more like a
dictatorship than a democracy, with the publisher
as dictator and the reporters as plebs. OnPF 4 and 5
Page Friday takes an inside look at Pacific Press,
and finds that power flows from the top down. We
also examine how a senior editor for the Vancouver
Sun, Allan Fotheringham, was shafted by the Sun
brass when he refused to toe the line.
And on PF3 John Ince interviews Fotheringham
before he was offered a demotion.
B.C. newspapers also share another characteristic; all but one of them are owned by corporate
chains. On PF6 Marcus Gee investigates how chain
ownership keeps B.C.'s Interior newspapers in the
journalistic bush league.
B.C.'s four major metropolitan rags are all owned
by one or the other of two huge chains: Southam and
FP. Two of them — the Victoria Colonist and the
Victoria Times — were hit by a six-month strike in
1973-1974. Nancy Southam examines the papers'
struggle for survival since the strike on PF7.
There have been some attempts to start up
'underground" newspapers to provide an alternative to the corporate viewpoint of the commercial
press. ON PF2 Greg Strong details how one such
attempt, the Georgia Straight, has degenerated into
a deliberate consumer product, styled to attract the
youth market. the press in B.C.-
Georgia Straight turns to consumer
The Georgia Straight is advertised as the last "underground
newspaper in Canada," but it has
become a consumer product.
"The whole term underground is
obsolete and doesn't have any
meaning said Straight editor John
Cuff in an interview Friday.
He said the Straight is trying to
broaden its scope and get away
from the "negative associations of
an underground press."
The Georgia Straight is a Vancouver weekly newspaper first
published on May 5, 1967. The
founders had hoped to provide an
alternative voice to the Vancouver
Sun establishment line. The first
issue cost $150 to print and all the
15 cent copies were sold in the
The paper's publisher Dan
McLeod, said the first issue came
out when "the whole Hippie thing
started happening, the so-called
hippie . movement or psychedelic
McLeod said the paper had tried
to offer an alternative to the mass
market media. The poets and
writers involved in the original
paper were political activists,
heavily concerned with the anti-
Vietnam war movement, fighting
higher food prices and interested in
an alternative to the Sun's leisure
The organizers of the newspaper
knew nothing about the operation.
of a publication or of journalism.
The only professional advice they
got was from then Ubyssey editor
John Kelsey, who took a small role
in the development of the Georgia
"At the beginning, we were
green and it showed, but as we
went along people who dropped out
of the Sun joined us," said McLeod.
We were determined to publish."
The sixth issue of the Georgia
Straight was banned in September
by mayor Tom Campbell creating
the most critical period in the
paper's history. The newspaper
became illegal after Campbell
revoked  its  license   and   police
seized copies as soon as they were
printed. The paper was being sold
by street vendors who received a
nickel from every 15 cent copy and
in desperation about police
harassment, they gave most of the
60,000 copies away.
This marked the beginning of a
long series of legal battles between
the Straight and the Vancouver
courts. Brought against the paper
were several thousand dollars
worth of obscenity charges for
nudity in cartoons and the use of
obscene nighties, $1,500 for
criminal liability and a $2,000 fine
for counselling people to cultivate
But the management at the
.Georgia Straight are now de-
emphasizing the controversial
nature of the paper, preferring to
call it an alternative newspaper.
Cuff said the paper is changing
with the times and abandoning the
old "dogmatic, rhetorical,
narrative and a narrow-minded
political stance."
What is this alternative view
promoted by the Georgia Straight?
Cuff claimed that part of the
alternative view was to provide a
forum to promote new ideas.
Actually, the management of the
Straight has remained relatively
unchanged during the eight years
it has been in operation. The
publisher Dan McLeod, for
example, has stayed in the position
that he took when the paper was
It also remains to be seen how
much they are open to new ideas.
In 1971, the Georgia Straight's
offices were temporarily taken
over by a women's group. When a
split developed among the
Straight's staff in 1972, regarding
the direction of the paper, the
office was once more occupied, this
time by a "marxist" group.
Both times, control of the paper
returned to the same founding
group which weathered these
changes as they had so many
McLeod said the Straight was the
only Vancouver paper that took
gay advertisements, this being
part of a social change toward sex
role definitions.
However, the stories in the
Georgia Straight are often sen-
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sational, with descriptive accounts
of murderers or interviews with
male strippers. These stories don't
provide a social direction McLeod
claims the paper provides.
Feature stories often lack unity
of focus. The January issue with its
feature stories on Cajun cock-
fighting, the CRTC hearings and
the old Carnegie library is just one
issue where stories seem to have
been chosen at random, then approached from a personal perspective.
The Straight places heavy
emphasis on music reviews and is
advertised as the "most comprehensive and colorful entertainment, this side of a certain
famous bi-weekly." Is the Straight
then claiming to be a Canadian
version of the Rolling Stone and is
that their alternative view and
social direction?
Cuff denied the Straight is an
imitation of the Rolling Stone. "No,
I don't think that's our direction
and it's not a valid comparison."
If one goes beyond the abstraction of the so-called "alternate view" and social directions,
the Georgia Straight is a small
operation tightly controlled by its
editor and publisher.
Their stories are often sensational and geared for the youth
market in much the same manner
as the Rolling Stone caters to a
certain special audience.
The Georgia Straight may have
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Page Friday. 2
Friday, February 27,  1976 the press iii B.C.-
Frothy's lifespan
shortening fast
This interview with Allan Fotheringham
was conducted before he was axed as senior
editor of the Sun. Fotheringham's present
status at the Sun is unclear. He has been
off ered the job of associate editor, but no one
is sure what this job entails.
There is great speculation as to why
western Canada's most controversial, and
most celebrated media-man has been "reclassified." It seems clear that Frothy has
alienated his boss Stuart Keate, the Sun's
publisher. There are differing views on the
causes of that alienation.
Some say that there was a personality
conflict between the two, with Keate annoyed at tbe amount of public attention
Fotheringham has been receiving on
election night television, on the banquet
circuit, on hot-line talk shows. Keate's
cherished role as the official spokesman of
the Sun is threatened by Fotheringham's
popularity. (Thatecho of public opinion, The
Ubyssey, sought out Frothy for an interview, not Stuart Keate.)
Others say that the real reason for
Fotheringham's fall from grace is that he is
pointing the Sun in new directions. As the
following interview shows, Fotheringham
thinks the traditional approach to news
reporting needs substantial change. He
believes there must be more interpretation
of the news, more analysis of background
facts,   less   reliance   on   "official"   news
FOTH   . . . officials pokes man?
sources. This challenges the traditionalists
concept of objectivity and threatens their
position in maintaining the status quo of
And, finally, some argue that Frothy's
troubles with the Sun stem simply from the
fact that he is a progressive reformist in a
nest of Liberal WASPs. His recent attacks
on the Liberal god, Pierre Trudeau, his
favourable treatment of Dave Barrett, and
his sharp jabs at the ruling elite, must have
produced some fidgetting and nervousness
in the boardrooms of the Sun.
In spite of Fotheringham's relationship
with the chieftains of the Sun, Fotheringham
has a very secure position in Canada's
media. His column in the Sun is the most
popular feature in the paper. He regularly
contributes to Maclean's and writes for a
variety of other publications. He has been
offered jobs in other important newspapers,
such as the Toronto Star.
Why is Fotheringham so popular? There
are a variety of reasons.
First, Frothy has a brilliant literary style.
At times he is almost poetic. His language is
rich in metaphor and simile, concise, and
free of academic pedantry. For these
reasons the column is entertaining.
Secondly, Frothy concentrates on personality. He takes pot-shots at the powerful,
and devastates them in a sentence. To the
average Joe'this is great fun. The bombastic
politicians, conspiring business leaders and
mindless union hacks, all pay for their
Fotheringham realizes (as do the
publishers 6f People magazine) that the
public feeds on personality. This is the
decade of the spectator. And the substance
of what we watch is becoming unimportant,
we are just interested in the players.
Fotheringham is cashing in on this.
Frothy's columns rarely discuss a real
issue. The issue is only relevant if it is
clothed in personality. Only on very rare
occasions will he tackle a particular issue,
and make a point which is divorced from a
personality. Thus even though his columns
are entertaining and fun to read, they are
essentially superficial. The reader is left
with nothing tangible. And outside of attacking or praising particular individuals,
Frothy never really has' to take a stand on
anything. In this way he can operate as the
star   columnist   of   an   establishment
newspaper, excite controversy and attention, and leave the status quo fundamentally unchallenged.
Page Friday: I understand you worked for
our great rag at one time. When did you
start at The Ubyssey?
Fotheringham: I started in 1950 at The
Ubyssey and I went "down to The Ubyssey
and said I wanted to work on the paper and
they assigned me as a chubby cheeked little
boy to do a piece on the engineers, a news
story, and I had never done a news story in
my life, so I went and did the story and
handed it in, and thought that this was extremely boring, so I went home next day and
wrote a column and handed it in to them.
They put it on the front page and that is how
I started as a columnist.
PF: What did you study at UBC?
F: J studied beer and girls and occasionally
I studied English and political science. Very
PF: How did you start working with the
downtown press?
F: I was the editor of The Ubyssey and on
the last issue of the year we did a goon issue,
a takeoff on the three downtown papers (at
that time the News-Herald was still
publishing). We stole some type from the
composing rooms of each of the papers and
altered the type slightly so that the type
came out as the Vancouver Son and the
Vancouver Daily Providence. It was a
vicious attack on certain personalities at the
Sun and a takeoff on columnists and the
"Crummy brothers" as we called-them, who
were the Cromie brothers who owned the
Sun. As a result of the parody the Sports
Editor of the Sun (who I was working for at
nights at the Sun) threatened a lawsuit.
About a week later, in the middle of final
exams >, I received a letter from the
publisher of the Sun, Don Cromie, written on
his letterhead and in great legalese that the
vicious satirization and plagiarism of the
Sun had done great damage and was clearly
actionable. He demanded to know the
person respoasible for this. I was fainting
away in the middle of final exams, when I
read this, but in thefinal paragraph read the
words, "Would you be interested in a
salaried position at the Sun." I went down to
see him, still not knowing whether it was a
hoax and his sense of humor was such that
he put me to work with the Sports Editor
who had originally threatened the lawsuit.
That is how the whole wretched business got
PF: Have you worked mainly as a journalist or have you had other jobs?
F: I can't do anything else. I'm a one talent
man. Actually before university I did the
PF: In one of your columns you wrote that
writing a column was a mental striptease
which leaves you standing bare naked in
front of the reader. Is that one of the reasons
which prompted you to take on the position
of Senior Editor at the Sun and decrease
your column writing activities?
F: A columnist has a limited lifespan. The
reason any columnist is successful, which
means that a number of people want to read
him, is that he relates to a certain number of
readers. The readers must feel that what the
chap is writing is relevant to that period in
time. Certain columnists come along who
can relate to a wide audience, but for
various reasons such as old age, tired
brains, and the facUthat the columnist loses
his touch with the influential people of the
day who are doing the thinking, you lose the
link with the audience. When a columnist
loses that link, he dies. There are many
columnists today who have died, but they
are walking around and they don't know it. I
think a daily columnist especially has a
limited time span. There are only a certain
number of years in which you want to put up
with working 12 to 15 hours a day. Your links
with your audience change. I wonder where
in hell are the younger columnists. No one
seems to want to be a columnist anymore. I
am sure I do not relate well in what I write to
people 25-30 years of age. There has to be a
continual renewal of the link.
PF: You said that part of being a columnist
is having links with influential people. This
I studied beer and girls and occasionally I studied English and
political science. Very occasionally.
usual steel worker, raspberry planter sort of
thing, and there was a time in London I was
a substitute teacher.
PF: How much time did you spend in
F: I spent three years in Europe, I would
work in London until I had enough money to
roam the continent, and when I ran out of
money I would return to London earn some
more and set out again.
PF: Did you spend any time on Fleet
F: Yes. To my shame and horror, for which
I shall have to answer in hell, I worked for
Lord Thompson, on a little cheap sheet
(anything associated with Lord Thompson
of course had to be cheap) which was a
small paper recording Canadian news like
the Stanley Cup scores etc. It was for the
Canadian community in Britain and Germany. There were numerous publishing
delays so the readers were lucky if they got
the Stanley Cup scores by the Grey Cup. And
then I worked for Reuters on Fleet Street on
the North American desk, covering, editing
and interpreting world news for the North
American audience.
PF: Have you any aspirations outside of
F:  No.
seems to mean that a columnist must be
part of the establishment.
F: No, Bob Hunter was not a member of the
establishment. A columnist has to get out
into society. But readers no longer put up
with chaps who put their feet up on the desk
and say "This is how the world should
work." The readers will only tolerate
prejudice and opinion as long as they think
that the guy has been there, is aware of the
real situation, and is not dreaming the
column up out of his head. A columnist has
to get out and use some shoe leather. The
day is over when a columnist can spin
stories off the top of his head.
PF: In the last year your column seems to
have become more concerned with personality rather than issues. Why?
F: If that is so, I wasn't aware of it. I can't
analyze my work, the same is true of any
writer. You never sit down and write a
general plan for the column. The column
takes you. When you start a column you
have no idea of the direction it is going to go.
The type of column I'm writing today is not
the sort of column I thought I would be
writing, when I started.
PF: What sort of column did you intend to
'-tut icyjsey ■
F: I always thought pf myself as a light
PF: A popular columnist has considerable
power in shaping the fortunes of politicians
and other public figures. How do you deal
with this power?
F: It not something I think about all that
much. Obviously you have to be responsible,
you try to be fair to people. I know that
many people feel I am not fair to certain
people, but when you come across individuals like Allan Lau and Walter
Davidson you say what you think and say
what you know.
PF: What type of research staff do you
F: I have a researcher and a secretary and
I use a lot of reporters on the staff. Functioning within the newspaper, there are
many resources I draw on.
PF: What sort of libel protection system do
you have?
F: The column is regularly checked by our
"solicitors. Having been in the business for
twenty-five years I've got a good idea of the
law of defamation. You learn over the years
from dealing with lawyers, law cases and
from editors. The late Bill Gait knew more
about libel law than most lawyers.
PF: Recently you have been promoted to
the position in the Sun of Senior Editor.
Were you promoted to that position to
modernize the Sun and bring it up to date on
the "new journalism?"
F: It is not for me to say why other people
appointed me to the job. I have certain ideas
how the paper can be improved and I
discuss them with the publisher. He agrees,
with some things and disagrees with others.
PF: In what ways do you think the Sun
could be improved?
F: In the same way that the Sudbury Bugle
or New York Times could be improved — by
making the paper more relevant to 1976. We
have to concentrate more on the reasons
why things happen, rather than reporting
them as happening. One of the big faults of
newspapers is what is called the "bump of
surprise." The poor reader picks up the
paper tonight and reads that the Pacific
Center has been blown up by some
terrorists, which comes as a bit of surprise.
We report the story but what we fail to do is
inform the reader that in the last year there
has been a local terrorist group of architects
(with good taste) who think that the Pacific
Center should be wiped from the face of the
earth. Newspapers too often fail to give the
reader the background on the story. Strikes
will burst upon readers.on the front page.
We are great on covering the event of a
strike but we do not inform the readers of
the issues behind the dispute. -
PF: You are saying that a newspaper must
give more interpretation, discuss more of
the background issues, instead ' of just
concentrating on the events themselves. But
concretely, how does a newspaper do that?
F: That is a difficult question. I know how to
do it. A newspaper must attempt to hire the
sort of people who have that point of view
and ability. Reporters too often rely on
official sources, speeches, press releases.
We are not so good at discovering the views
of people who do riot have a platform, who do
Friday, February 27,  1976
Page Friday, 3 the press in B.C.
Sun and Province
Wbaf to de with Foth?
Often what occurs behind the scenes at
Pacific Press is more interesting (or, to
some more discouraging) than what appears in the papers produced at 2250
Take, for example, what happened
Monday morning, Feb. MS.
A printer, armed with a knife, cut a four
inch by three inch piece of the Sun's page
four out and replaced it with a new piece. It
happened between the time the early edition
of the Sun appeared (about 11 a.m.) and the
time the home edition appeared (about 2
It was the masthead, that small area of
page four that claims the paper is
"politically independent" and lists the
senior personnel of the paper.
One name, Allan Fotheringham's, was
missing after the change.
One position, senior editor, was also
missing. Fotheringham and David Ablett
had been listed as senior editors, but now,
with a deft flick of the wrist, the printer's
work revealed that Ablett had become
editor of the editorial pages and
Fotheringham a . . . what?
Any reader who tried to find an explanation of the change in the newspaper of
that day, or any following days, would have
searched in vain.
Sun publisher Stuart Keate, however, did
let the staff in on the secret, but, as usual, in
the language of a man who can do practically whatever he wants with the paper,
and knows it.
A memo to the Sun's staff appeared on the
bulletin board late the same morning. It
immediately attracted a massive audience,
but the reviews were not good.
Keate reiterated what the masthead
change spelled out, and said Fotheringham,
in Ottawa to cover the Conservative party
convention, had been offered
"reclassification" as associate editor and
was "considering other options in the
No reasons, no explanation. A typical
Keate memo.
Fotheringham was in shit, of course, but
how deep and why, nobody knew for sure.
(Except, perhaps, Fotheringham and
Keate.) That, however, did not prevent the
staff members from immediately forming
groups to speculate on the "announcement," which saddened and
disgusted many and bored the few who have
long since given up caring about anything
but quitting time and pay cheques.
Why saddened? Because when
Fotheringham was appointed senior editor
last May, many hoped that western
Canada's bastion of Liberal adoration and
mostly dull and uninspired news coverage
would change.
Shortly after his appointment,
Fotheringham said: "A hole will appear in
the ceiling, light will shine through and birds
will sing." A typical wry Foth observation
then, a sick joke now. He would not say
publicly then what power he had, what plans
he had or what changes, if .any, he was
contemplating. He was simply an "advisor
to the publisher," he said.
Privately, however, he admitted he was
really not too sure of the implications of his
appointment, but promised observers would
note a change in the Sun within a year at the
earliest, two years at the latest.
He was wrong — it took less than a year.
What happened? What had one of
Canada's best columnists and political
observers done wrong?
Two possible reasons have surfaced from
the long and fervent discussions that have
taken place since Feb. 16. One is that
Fotheringham, writing in a Liberal
newspaper, had shat upon that party and its
leader just once too often in his column of
Feb. 7. In that column, Fotheringham tried
unsuccessfully to conceal his rancor that
prime minister Pierre Trudeau had refused,
during a week long public relations tour of
B.C., to be interviewed by Foth.
The other reason, related to the column, is
that the Sun's higher-ups, including Keate
and R. S. Malone, head of FP Publications,
which owns the Sun, did not think
Fotheringham, as senior editor had any
right to expect an interview with the prime
minister or to complain about the denial of
that alleged right.
There is one other possibility. In true Sun
style, Fotheringham's original promotion to
senior editor had never been explained to
Sun staffers. His duties were never detailed,
neither was his power or what he could do
with it (if indeed it existed).
Trie only concrete action that can be
directly attributed to Fotheringham was the
rehiring of John Sawatsky to work in the
Sun's Ottawa bureau.
Sawatsky is a young reporter who joined
the Sun a few years ago and quickly endeared himself to Foth and Sun
management types. He singlehandedly
established the Sun's energy beat,
becoming, through his own initiative and
hard work, the reporter who covered and
wrote most, if not all, of the Sun's stories on
energy. He established extensive and important contacts in the energy field then, a
year and a half ago, quit the paper to work
for one of them as a public relations person.
Sawatsky was rehired after
Fotheringham's promotion. The Ottawa job
was never offered to other Sun staffers,
many of whom could and would have taken
Aside from that, all Foth did was cut back
the frequency of his column — not surprising, since he had been complaining that
he thought he was "burned out" as a
columnist and needed a rest.
And what did he do with all that spare
time? For one thing, he recently started to
write a regular column in the fortnightly
Maclean's magazine. (Job offers from
Maclean's and the Toronto Star are two of
the prominent "other options"
Fotheringham is mulling over.)
So maybe the corporate heavies who run
the Sun were miffed because their new
senior editor wasn't doing much of anything
for the paper and wanted to give their star a
slap on the wrist. It's more likely, however,
that Foth wasn't up to much within the Sun
because Keate and his cronies were not at
all prepared to let Fotheringham do
anything drastic with the comfortable
money-making machine the Suri happens to
That Trudeau's visit to B.C. this month was
nothing more than a blatant attempt to flog
the Liberal party is undeniable. That's okay,
unless it is painted as such in a newspaper
whose publisher is so ga ga about the
Liberal establishment he invited Trudeau to
lunch during the 1974 federal campaign,
then rushed down to his 250,000 circulation
printing press and detailed what Mrs. Keate
tempted the prime minister's palate with.
Just what the readers were dying to know,
Fotheringham's Feb. 7 column spoke of
the "dishonest nature of the prime
ministerial tour" and the "media fake
game." For the Sun, that's removing the
glove — Fotheringham might as well have
categorized that tour as "a fucking
The scenario of Keate reading that and
shitting his expensive pants is quite
credible. Although Keate rarely interferes
in the day-to-day operation of his
newspaper, his presence constantly looms.
He is never mentioned by name when he
does make specific requests — it is always
"the publisher wants this story written" or,
"the publisher wants this article presented
in such and such a manner."
Sometimes, Keate doesn't have ta come
through with specific requests — his underlings just know how to handle the
situation. The newspaper business isn't all
that different from other businesses — there
are certain employees who make it their
business to do things they know the
publisher would like.)
And Fotheringham has not been spared
from the scrutiny of "the publisher." In the
summer of 1974, Keate "killed" an entire
Joachim Wohlwill
Dr. Wohlwill is one of the pioneers and a respected
researcher in the emerging field of environmental
psychology. His research brings together aspects of
sociology, psychology, architecture and urban and
regional planning in order to understand more clearly the
relationship between people and their environment and to
create a scientific basis for design. Dr. Wohlwill is a
professor of man-environment relations at Pennsylvania
State University and the author of numerous articles on
environmental psychology.
Wednesday, March 3
In Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources Centre,
at 12:30 p.m.
Thursday, March 4
In Room 202, Buchanan Building at 12:30 p.m.
sponsored by
The Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professorship Fund
The Second
will be held on
Thursday, March 4
1:30 p.m.
in Buchanan 106
Pierre fe
What would you da if you were an In
quiet gel-together over lunch to disc
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Al noon, Thursday, Feb. 12, the Vi
closed for two jhqiits ao those- attend
complete privacy*
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terrupted. ..-'■ ..-."■■ """
What was the-occasion? Friitie n
friends from the media .to a "banker
record . ".
And juat who were these privilege
Stuart Keate, Sun editorial page edUb
Hutchison, Sun Columnist Allan FWhe
Hutchison, that literally grey emir,
blesses the world .with bis qbservatio
fairlyfurnuil. After all, it was lunch w
So Sun sloriKS of the event were w
man who is political leader of this x-u
Now jutil how you may ask. did these
They're all in the newspaper busings
to relate and interpret current events
Vancouver Sun benefit from this even I
single word about it?
K\<m\ publishing day. Ihe masihe;
rouvvr Sun is politically independen
Page Friday, 4
Friday,  February 27,   1976 the press in B.C.
fie Press' dynamic duo?
tratch to see which paper it is
mw HUMS -
ifrdud itejMg&ft?* ;
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F'$craetf$ Bfew can Spreaders of the
Ifttog 'Reporters" Agree not to write a
fcge four oi the Sun says, "The Van-
Well, it's really not quite like that
Some people call them the morning and
evening editions of Pacific Press.
That's because, depending on the time of
day, one can go to that company at 2250
Granville in Vancouver and buy copies of
two different newspapers. One is usually a
lot bigger and not quite as right wing as the
other, but they cost the same.
They are the Vancouver Sun and the
Province, Vancouver's leading, and only,
daily newspapers.
"What's going on?" you say. "How come I
can get two different newspapers at the
same point of publication?"
You wouldn't be the first to ask that
question. The government of Canada, acting
on your behalf, heard about it back in 1957.
And so, under the provisions of the Combines Investigation Act, a restrictive trade
practices commission took a look at Pacific
Press Ltd., which owns and operates the Sun
and the Province.
That commission completed its investigation Aug. 16, 1960. Almost 16 years
later, the situation remains essentially the
same — the Sun and the Province were the
only daily newspapers published in Vancouver then and they still are now.
The date is June 15, 1957. The Herald,
Vancouver's morning newspaper since 1933,
produces its last issue. Two days later, a
Monday morning, the Province, formerly an
evening paper, appears on the doorsteps of
those who used to receive the Herald or the
Province in the evening.
The other evening newspaper, the Sun,
now has unopposed control of the evening
newspaper field. Its former competitor, the
Province, now has unopposed control of the
morning newspaper field.
Both papers are now printed on the same
To explain the arrangement, still in effect
today, it is necessary to go back to 1946. In
the beginning of that year, the three above-
mentioned newspapers were being
published in Vancouver. Each was independently owned and operated.
The Province was by far the biggest, and
richest, paper. The Sun was a struggling
second and the Herald a pathetic third.
Then, on June 6,1946, the Province was shut
down by a strike. The strike did not end until
November, 1949, although the paper ceased
publication for only eight weeks. It managed
to survive by assembling scab labor from
across Canada. The scabs literally lived in
the Province's plant for 1-1/2 years,
producing the paper.
The strike had disastrous effects for the
Province — 35,000 subscribers shifted to the
Sun, making the latter the largest circulation paper. The position has never been,
and probably will never be reversed.
The shift in respective number of subscribers is not the most important economic
consideration, for it is advertising revenue
that makes or breaks a newspaper, as the
commission's report pointed out:
"A very large proportion of its (a
newspaper's) revenue is derived from
advertising and the amount of advertising
which will be placed in it depends to a great
extent not on its circulation considered by
itself, but on its circulation relative to that of
other newspapers in the same area. Even if
a newspaper is able to maintain a relatively
constant circulation, if a competing
newspaper is able to secure a larger circulation, it will tend to attract advertising
revenue to itself at the expense of the first
newspaper. If the disparity in circulation
becomes great enough, the first newspaper
is likely to be forced out of the field.
". . .the point is that the circulation of a
particular newspaper cannot be considered
in isolation — the important thing is how
that circulation compares with the circulation of competing newspapers in the
same area."
The figures reveal the dismal truth:
Circulation, March, 1946 June, 1957
Sun 98,304 198,048
Province 124,443 122,721
Revenue, 1945
Sun $  757,538
Province       $1,054,714
Revenue, 1956
The Herald, the poor old Herald, meanwhile, was little more than a joke, so much
so that the Sun bought it in April, 1951 solely
to use its newsprint, which was in short
supply at the time, and sold it in February,
1952, when the newsprint supply increased.
Begun as a co-operative of newspaper
people in the dirty thirties, it was in the
hands of the Thompson Company as it
dwindled into insignificance in the mid 50s.
The Province actually lost money in seven
of the years between 1945 and 1956. (Even
today, losing money is by no means an
unfamiliar event for the Province.)
It was tough on the Province, dropping
from first to second place, for the anti-labor
reputation it acquired and the tendency of
advertisers to greatly favor the paper with
larger and increasing circulation were
starting to do it in.
On top of that, the Sun began to expand in
a big way, buying newer and better presses
and increasing its capacity. But the
Province, was not completely on its own. It
was part of the Southam chain of
newspapers, even today, one of the largest
in Canada.
Evidence was given at the commission's
hearings that in those years — the early to
mid '50s — Southam was expanding its other
newspaper operations across Canada — new
presses, bigger presses, presses capable of
printing color (so important for advertising
revenue). But the Province? Nothing,
nothing, that is, except the purchase^ of a
plot of land in 1956.
Why didn't Southam expand its Province
operation? Southam representatives
testified that they didn't think it would be
reasonable given the Province's revenue-
producing record. But they also admitted
they knew that if they didn't do anything, the
Province would go under.
However, the Province was not about to
give up easily after the drastic losses that
resulted from the strike of 1946. The two
papers became heavily involved in what
capitalists call competition, the backbone of
the capitalist system, right?
A. W. Moscarella, publisher of the
Province at the time, put it this way: "We
were at one another's throats all day
long "
Both papers began extensive and expensive campaigns to win (or keep) subscribers: contests, promotions, giveaways,
even (in the Province's case) reduced advertising rates. In terms of cost per
thousand circulation, the Province was
spending about 50 per cent more than the
It didn't work. The Province's circulation
did increase somewhat, but not by as much
as the Sun's. During the time of this intense
competition for subscribers, the Sun could
afford to, and used, bigger and better
promotional gimmicks. (Can you remember
the last time either paper tried the big
This expenditure disturbed the publishers
of both papers somewhat, because it was
costing a lot of money to compete. So
Moscarella sat down with Sun publisher Don
Cromie to talk about it.
Moscarella: "The first discussion I had
with Mr. Cromie must have been at least I
would say about around 1953 or 1954. At that
time we were both engaged in a very expensive promotional activity, and each of us
was cancelling out what the other fellow was
trying to do."
They both knew, of course, that the
morning paper, the Herald, would soon be
non-existent. Cromie suggested that the
Province become the morning paper and the
Sun stay the evening paper.
Moscarella: "I said that sounds alright
providing we reverse the situation, that we
go into the evening field and he (Cromie) go
into the morning field. Of course, he laughed
that off, nothing doing, his was the largest
paper and he should have the choice of the
field in which he should publish."
End of discussion.
Remember that at this time both papers
were competing like crazy for the biggest
piece of the evening paper pie. But competition, the alleged mainstay of the
capitalist system, just wasn't getting them
The Cromie-Moscarella conversation
indicates the seriousness with which they
regarded competition. The idea of
remaining  as   completely  independent
competitors, with the Province going into
the morning field, was more or less casually
rejected. This competition stuff was obviously a pain in the neck.
Something else had to be dreamed up. The
perfect solution, of course, was
amalgamation, where each could, on the
surface, continue to be competitors, with
none of the pitfalls that nasty old competition seems to inject into the system,
especially when both parties aren't too keen
on the pure competition idea in the first
Southam bought the Herald June 15, 1957
(for $260,000) and immediately sold it to
Pacific Press. The agreement, of course,
was negotiated long before that. At the
commission's hearings, Southam's St. Clair
Balfour admitted that before Southam
bought the Herald it had been arranged that
Pacific Press would in turn buy the assets of
the Herald.
The Pacific Press agreement was entered
into May 24,1957. Southam and the Sun both
agreed to sell their plant and equipment to
Pacific Press and each bought exactly half
of Pacific Press.
The Province, on which Southam was not
prepared to spend money to upgrade its
plant equipment when it was a completely
independent newspaper, paid $3,850,000.
(Southam estimated it would have had to
spend $4.5 million on an independent
Province to obtain a plant with the capacity
of the Sun's.)
Everybody that works for the Sun,
Province or mechanical departments that
produce both papers are actually employees
of Pacific Press. Southam, which owns the
Province, owns half of Pacific Press, and
gets half its profits. FP Publications, which
owns the Sun, also owns half of Pacific
Press, and gets the other half of the profits.
The preamble of the Pacific Press
agreement states, among other things, that
the arrangement was made as a means "to
maintain the existing quality, character and
personality of each of the said newspapers
and independence, freedom and autonomy
in the publishing thereof respectively. ..."
Shortly before the amalgamation actually
took place, the Sun's Cromie had the gall to
publish this statement in his newspaper:
"I believe that our alternative
(amalgamation) is as practical and conscientious as we can devise. It ensures a
healthy measure of competition. It escapes
an impending, wasteful struggle whose goal
would have been the elimination of competition."
Earlier in the same statement, Cromie
said: "... this struggle would involve two
new plants costing about $18 million fighting
for a market that should sustain only half
that much capital and attendant operating
So what he was saying is that there was a
need for two newspapers in Vancouver, but
as two completely independent operations,
because that cost too much.
Now the question comes up: why did the
Sun, profitable, expanding and with a bright
future, enter into this agreement, whereby
the profits of a successful growing
newspaper would be combined with the
probable losses of a not-so-successful paper
and divided between the two?
The commission asked Cromie this and
he, with a straight face, replied: ". . .we did
not like to take the gamble that we would be
the ones forced out by some circumstances." When asked if he thought it
would be a profitable venture, Cromie answered: "I think in time it will be."
Well, he's right in a way. Both parties are
making money out of it. The only problem is
that it is the Sun that is producing most of
the money.
And what happened after the
amalgamation in June 1957? In the period
between that date and December, 1960 the
Province lost money 25 of the 30 months. In
the same period, the Province's circulation
dropped from 122,721 to 106,435. The Sun's
went from 198,045 to 211,930.
Mr. Cromie, to say the least, was an optimist.
The commission concluded that "failing
an arrangement to underwrite the Province,
sooner   or   later   the   conditions   of   the
Friday, February 27,  1976
Page Friday. 5 the press in B.C.
News chains dominate B.C. press
Nobody can say that corporate
chains are always bad. Look at all
the good McDonald's has done for
the world.
But when chains dominate
something as influential as
newspapers, as they do in B.C.,.we
had better start worrying.
At this writing there is only one
independent daily newspaper left
in B.C., the New Westminster
Columbian. All the others are
owned by one of four powerful
chains: Southam, FP, Thomson
and Sterling.
FP and Southam own all four big
metropolitan dailies in the
province — the power they exert is
examined elsewhere in this issue.
Thomson and Sterling dominate
a completely different market:
small town dailies. Thomson B.C.
Newspapers, part of the international newspaper empire run
by Lord Thomson of Fleet, owns
five B.C. dailies. Sterling
Publications, child of David Radler
and two partners, owns six.
Together they hold a virtual
monopoly on the dissemination of
printed news in B.C.'s interior.
That the ownership of this most
persuasive media lies in the hands
of so few is, in itself, frightening.'
The potential is always present for
a small group to mold the opinions
of many.
Yet there is no evidence either
Thomson or Sterling forces its
papers to push a certain editorial
line. In fact most interior rags
enjoy a. fair amount of autonomy
from their owners.
Then why are B.C.'s interior
papers so uniformly dull and
uninspired? Why do they rely on
wire services for 90 per cent of
their editorial copy? Why do they
so rarely investigate local issues
beyond a superficial level?
. Part of the answer can be found
in the subtle effects of chain
While the rare independent
publisher tries to make his or her
newspaper a progressive force in
the community, the owners of
Thomson and Sterling don't really
give a damn as long as their papers
make money.
Roy Thomson once said, "I am in
the business of making money and
I buy more newspapers in order to
make more money to buy more
newspapers to makcmore money
to buy more newspapers. ..."
Sterling vice-president John
Quell also said the chain buys
newspapers to make money.
But Quell said in an interview
Sterling's main objectives are to
supply employment for the
newspaper industry and to provide
a service to the communities
where Sterling papers publish.
Quell said Sterling provides a
service to the community because
local papers "grow" after the
chain buys them.
"To make the business grow is
the objective. It can't help but
grow if it is doing its job.
"We usually try to make the
paper more efficient. We want a
return on our money."
But when asked if Sterling was
committed to improving the
quality of its papers Quell was
equivocal. He said it is good for the
community if the local newspaper
grows in circulation under
Sterling's guidance but the content
of the paper is the local publisher's
In theory, chains have a great
ability to improve the editorial
content of their papers because of
all the capital they have on hand.
Profits could be ploughed back into
use to hire extra staff for an understaffed paper or used to hire
extra reporters while others do
investigative pieces.
Unfortunately profits are more
often used to- build circulation or
buy more papers. A special senate
committee, set up in 1969 under
senator Keith Davey,   found  the
Page Friday, G
Thomson group was not doing
enough to improve its newspapers.
"We believe the evidence is
overwhelming, for instance that
the Thomson chain is doing an
inadequate job for its readers in
terms of the profits it earns."
The committee also found the
Thomson papers exhibited
"numbing journalistic conformity."
The attitude of the Thomson
chain is crystalized by a remark
Roy Thomson made to journalist
Douglas Fisher when Fisher asked
him why he did not run an Ottawa
columnist in the Port Arthur News-
Chronicle, given the high interest
about federal politics in the area.
"Frankly," Thomson replied,
"what would be the point of it. I
wouldn't sell one more paper in the
market area."
This tightfisted, hardware store
mentality is bound to affect the
quality of Thomson's B.C. papers,
whether or not the head office in
Toronto meddles directly with its
papers' editorial policies.
Though Thomson claims to give
its papers complete editorial independence. His claim that all its
papers are editorially independent
becomes dubious when one takes
into account that every local
publisher is appointed by the
Thomson publishers and
newspaper staff are told that if
they are good they will be moved
up the corporate ladder. "Thomson
newspapers benefit from the
ability of the Thomson Group to
provide attractive career
prospects to promising editorial
and business talent for promotion
within the Thomson Group," a
Thomson prospectus states.
This means if publishers scrimp
and save — inevitably at the expense of editorial quality — and
turn a neat profit for the chain they
will be rewarded by a promotion.
Some independence.
Sterling, based in North Vancouver, apparently monitors what
appears in its papers much more
closely than does Thomson.
Penticton Herald editor Harvey
Gay told The Ubyssey that he
frequently discusses the content of
the paper with Sterling executives.
"This keeps a pretty close monitor
on the quality of the newspaper,"
he said.
But Gay hastened to add that
Sterling does not dictate what
appears in the paper.
Iris Christison, publisher of the
Prince Rupert Times, said she
discusses the editorial opinions of
the Times with Sterling proprietor
David Radler.
"We discuss the general quality
of the paper. He wants good news.
He does discuss our editorial
opinions but each paper has its own
That's the publishers' side, but a
reporter for the Cranbrook Daily
Townsman had another story. The
reporter said Sterling has a much
greater influence than the
publishers were letting on.
"Sterling's presence is known.
There are certain things they
would like the paper to do ...
certain things as far as editorial
The reporter said the Townsman
is never commanded to write
specific stories or editorials. Instead the paper receives
"suggestions" from Sterling
"We are never forced into it. You
may get a letter saying why don't
you do a story on this or an
editorial on that."
Thomson executives never
discuss the quality of its
newspaper with the Kamloops
Sentinel, publisher Dick Laidlaw
told The Ubyssey.
Publishers of Thomson papers
all said the chain has no effect on
their newspaper's content.
Kamloops Sentinel publisher
Dick Laidlaw said he never
discusses the quality of the paper
with Thomson executives. But he
said the Thomson chain is concerned "daily" with the quality of
its newspapers.
He called the Thomson Group
one of the best chains in North
Laidlaw said the Davey com
mittee's conclusions about the
Thomson chain are wrong. He
called the committee's statement
that the Thomson papers are
characterized by "numbing
journalistic conformity,"  untrue.
But the chain newspapers in B.C.
do conform in at least one way:
none of them want to rock the boat.
The role of the press in any
community has always been to
provide critical coverage of local
issues and to act as a watchdog of
None of the B.C. Interior papers
fulfills this role adequately. In fact
most are content to act as spectators to the news, neglecting their
duty to investigate the impact of
events and decisions. The majority
fill their papers with cheerleader
stories about local events and
This is partly the fault of the
chains for not encouraging more
in-depth reporting, but it is also the
fault of the local publishers and
editors who let the news slide by
Laidlaw typifies this passive
attitude to the news. He compared
the Sentinel to a mirror, saying the
paper tries to reflect what happens
in the community. He said the
paper makes no attempt to instigate change in the community.
"There are lots of things you ^
could complain about but in
respect for the community leaders
we can't jump on their backs.
Especially when the federal
government is trying to legislate
more socialism."
Vernon News publisher Bruce
Rowland  has similar  opinions '■%
about his paper's role.
"I think our real function here is
to record what is happening in
Vernon. We are not simply here to
move and shake things." The
Vernon News, like the Sentinel, is a
Thomson paper.
That these two publishers should
have such similar views about the
press is probably more a reflection
of their backgrounds in the small
town press than their allegiance to
the same chain. But their perspectives and those of their papers
are anachronistic and they reflect
how little the chains have done to
bring in modern, or even competent journalism to the Interior.
SUBFI LMSOC just couldn't restrain itself from presenting:
H.I.   fllM
SUB AUD. -Triur., 7:00
Fri.. Sat., Sun.-7:00/9:30
Rated HIGH
(Attendance  and
state of mind wise)
Bring 75c, AMS card
do not bring dope
a CBC production
FEBRUARY 28, 1976
7:30 P.M.
v      Sat, 11:30 a.m.—CBU 690        ^
:riday,  February 27,  1976 the press in B.C.
Victoria press struggles
Both Victoria newspapers —
The Daily Colonist and The Daily
Times — are struggling to survive
in the aftermath of a six-month
strike that closed down their press
in the winter of 1973.
If they fail the papers' owner, FP
Publications, will probably merge
them into a single daily paper,
eliminating the competition vital to
a healthy press.
The merger would have a drastic
effect on Victoria readers, used to
having a choice of editorial
viewpoints and news coverage.
The strike, which lasted from
December 1 until the end of May,
1974, was the result of a walkout by
21 members of the printing
pressmen's union. The dispute
between the union and
management was over job security
in theface of technological change.
Three hundred and twenty employees of both papers were affected by the walkout.
Both newspapers are published
by Victoria Press which is owned
by the FP (Free Press) newspaper
chain, FP also owns or controls
eight other dailies in Canada. It is a
private company and is the largest
of all the Canadian newspaper
groups in terms of circulation. It
has owned Victoria Press since
During the strike the union staff
of Victoria Press published a triweekly edition, The Victoria Express, with a circulation of 40,000.
For 15 cents a copy, the Victoria
residents kept in touch with local
Needless to say, both the Vancouver dailies, the Sun and the
Province, enjoyed a wider circulation in the Victoria area during
the strike.
In order to remain afloat, Victoria Press had to decide.between
laying off employees or closing
down one paper. In the encT, a 34
per cent wage increase over two
years was agreed upon. It was the
highest negotiated rate for
reporters anywhere in Canada.
To balance the increase, the
price of the Saturday issue of the
Times and the Sunday issue of the
Colonist were increased "from 20
cents to 30 cents, and 45 employees
were laid off. Some employees
went into early retirement while
many of the younger people went to
other papers.
Since January 1, a 'trial
agreement' is in effect at both
papers to see if they can continue
to publish despite the increases.
The agreement runs until the end
of June.
Times general manager Jack
Melville said the main purpose of
the agreement is to "preserve the
two newspapers, and to remain on
sound financial footing."
Asked what will happen after the
trial period is over, Melville said,
"The end of June remains to be
seen. I cannot speculate because
only one month has passed since
the agreement went into effect. But
we are doing this because neither
the union nor the employees
wanted to see the two papers
The working arrangement
between FP and Victoria Press
seems to be fairly loose. Each
paper is a 'subsidiary' of FP, but
editorial content and policy is left
to the discretion of the editors.
The difference in opinion between the two papers was clearly
evident during the last provincial
election when the Times supported the NDP, while the Colonist
backed the Socreds.
In their pre-election editorial
titled "A Mandate for David
Barrett," the Times said their
"reluctant decision" to support the
NDP was based on "the political
future of this province, not next
month or next year, but a decade
from hence."
The Times is known to be a
"small T " liberal newspaper,
with strong leanings towards the
Liberal and Conservative parties.
Ad taxes hit mags
The House of Commons has
passed new legislation under the
Income Tax Act which will have a
marked effect on the magazine
industry in Canada.
Bill C-58 will remove the
privilege of tax exemptions from
the cost of advertising that has
been available to American owned
magazines in Canada.
Time Canada is the magazine
which will be the hardest hit by this
new bill. This magazine has a
Canadian circulation of about
650,000, and was more popular with
national advertisers than its
competing  Canadian  magazines.
Don Ladkin, the Western Advertising Representative for
Macleans magazine said that the
reason why national advertisers
sold their ads to American owned
publications was that their cheaper
editorial costs resulted in lower
The format of Time Canada is
the same as the American edition.
The magazine, with its well
established circulation in the U.S.
was able to amass a large enough
profit so that it could afford to
reproduce the same material in
Canada at a cheaper rate.
From PF 3
not speak to the Rotary Club, who
have no public relations officers.
This must change. The Reporter's
View column in the newspaper is
an example of a new approach to
newspaper reporting.
PF: What do you think of journalism schools?
F: I suppose you cannot be harmed by a journalism school, but I
really don't think that is the way to
go about it. I think the way to go
about it is to go to university and
get a good general background:
economics, political science, law.
You have to have technical
knowledge but this can be acquired
by working for a newspaper,
learning the nuts and bolts. People
come out of journalist schools who
are technically proficient but they
don't have a broad enough
background and they don't seem to
have flair.
Time Incorporated had a large
capital base to boost Canadian
circulation, and make the
magazine more appealing to advertisers.
Time Canada president Stephen
LaRue announced after the bill's
passage that the current issue of
Time Canada will be the last, and
the U.S. edition will be sold here
starting next week.
Time had put up a vigorous
battle against Bill C-58, and also
against the Cullen Rule announced
by National Revenue Minister
J.S.G. Cullen last October.
One condition of Bill C-58 is that
any magazine printed in Canada
cannot be "substantially the same
as" a foreign periodical and the
additional Cullen rule interprets
this to mean "more than 80 per
cent different."
Time Canada has put a vigorous
fight against the passage of this bill
and in a recent editorial, said "no
government should have the power
to decide what may be published in
any newspaper or magazine."
They also claim that "the cost of
first-class foreign coverage on the
scale of Time ' is beyond the
resources of any publication the
Canadian  market  can  support."
•Ladkin feels that this legislation-
will be of great benefit to
Canadians. Maclean's has already
invested $2,000,000 to set up
bureaus around the world, staffed
with Canadian reporters, so that
when Maclean's evolves into more
of an international news magazine,
the /lews will have a Canadian
slant, rather than the familiar
American slant evident in Time
Another Canadian magazine that
will benefit by the legislation will
be the new B.C. publication
"Westworld," coming out this
year. It will be a weekend supplement to the smaller newspapers
around B.C. and Ladkin claims
that the new magazine would not
have a market if Canadian advertisers were still able to do
business with Time Canada.
The obvious purpose of this
legislation is to protect and encourage Canadian culture, and
though we might expect Canadian
magazines in the U.S. to lose their
right of tax exemptions for advertising, this prospect is of. little
importance compared to the
growth . potential afforded
Canadian magazines in our
Discover FRANCE
Travel by train.
Anti-inflation Student-Railpass
and Eurailpass as well as point to
point tickets and reservations for
travel in France and in Europe are
available through your travel
agent or our Montreal office.
Room 436, 1500 Stanley Street,
Montreal, (514) 288-8255
But realizing that neither of those
parties would form the next
government, they chose the NDP
over the "conglomeration of
turncoats and greedy opportunists" — Socreds. Out of the
four major dailies, (Sun, Province,
Colonist, and Times), it was the
only one which supported the
Barrett regime.
The Colonist's support, on the
other hand, was predictable.
Although they classify themselves
as an 'Independent' paper with no
political ties, they are known to
lean to the right.
Even the publisher and editor,
Richard Bower, admits that. In an
interview with The Ubyssey Bower
was asked if the Colonist was
really an independent newspaper.
"Saying we are independent just
means we are free to support
anyone we want. At the moment we
are disillusioned with the present
federal Liberal party, and we are
looking with favor on the
Progressive Conservative national
party. We also support the Socreds.
But basically we leave ourselves
What is interesting to note here,
is the fact that most readers think
newspapers have no right to voice
a political opinion. But that is the
primary function of the editorial
page — to state an opinion on any
given issue or personality.
This fallacy was revealed when
readers wrote to both editors,
complaining of the newspaper's
stands. George Oake, editor of the
Times was asked about the
response he received after the pro-
NDP editorial appeared.
"We had lots of letters ... the
response was about half and half,
both for and against our stand. But
we had more static from people
who thought we had no right to
support any party, or voice any
The Times also suffered a loss in
subscriptions and advertising,
from irate customers.
Apart from their editorial
contents) the two Victoria
newspapers exist-on common
ground. They both work in the
same building on Douglas Street,
and use the same presses. They
have the same reading public,
being the only two papers in Victoria. And they both lost money in
1974 and 1975.
The Colonist, a morning paper,
publishes Tuesday through Sunday. Their five-day circulation is
38,878, with the Sunday edition
circulation reaching 44,572.
Established in 1858, it is the oldest
paper in B.C.
The Times appears in the
evening from Monday to Saturday.
It has a slightly lower five-day
readership of 30,116, and its
Saturday edition is also lower, at
Both papers have to compete
' with the Province and the Sun who
have customers through counter
and street sales as well as subscriptions. The Province sends
1,400 copies to Victoria, while the
Sun sends 1,201 copies of its three
star edition that comes out at noon.
Both Bower and Oake are optimistic that the two dailies will
survive. Although no one will know
the fate of the papers until the
summer, the two editors are
working their butts off to break
even this year . . . and to save
their jobs.
__ Ski
20% OFF     k
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Ski schools
Ski tours
Film nights
Wax clinics
Phone for
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The Great Escape
1790 West Georgia St. 687-1113
To Renew Your
HI, I'M JIM BUNTAIN a fellow student reminding
you there are just two days left to renew. So
avoid the lineups. See us today.
18th and Dunbar 3713 West 10th Ave.
3458 Dunbar St. 224-3713
9:00 a.m. -9:00 p.m.
Friday, February 27,  1976
Page Friday, 7 the press in B.C.
Fotheringham in shit
From PF 4
Foth column. The offending
material was a transcript of an
hilarious provincial court trial in
which the defendent candidly
described himself as a
"cocksucker" and which ended
with the judge indirectly
suggesting the defendant go fuck
It wasn't long before
Fotheringham stormed into the
Sun newsroom and demanded air
fare to, of all places, Zambia. The
money was eventually scraped
together and Foth promptly
departed for Africa, where he
sulked for a while before filing
another column. That's class.
This time, however,
Fotheringham won't be off to
Zambia. He has continued to write
his column. But was it coincidence
that, when writing of the Conservative party leadership candidates, Foth wrote: "One finds
who one's friends are when the
pressure is on. It is a simple,
amusing fact one discovers when
life's prism closes in." That appeared Feb. 19, three short days
after the position of senior editor
officially disappeared.
Well, Foth is discovering who his
friends are—aSun editorial writer
penned a letter (signed by 29
newsroom staffers) to Keate expressing concern over the effect
the shift would have on
Fotheringham, the paper and the
future of the concerned staffers.
The letter said the writer did not
want to "infringe on the
prerogative of the publisher to run
the paper as he sees fit."
It certainly didn't — Keate
replied politely, thanking the
staffers for their obvious concern,
but declining to comment on the
situation until he had heard from
One staff reporter, believing the
letter too wishywashy, wrote his
own letter to Keate. It was not
wishy washy:
Dear Mr. Keate:
While Allan Fotheringham's
duties as senior editor of The
Sun were never clearly
defined, it was widely believed
that his appointment heralded
an attempt to make the paper
more responsive to its readers
and more relevant to the world
in which it exists, and to encourage staff members to
develop and contribute to the
best of their ability.
Your memo of Feb. 16, in
which Fotheringham is offered
"reclassification," can only be
taken as an expression of no
confidence in his performance.
Staff members whose work
goes into the paper each day
are surely entitled to know the
significance of this action.
With Fotheringham's sudden
and unexplained demotion, the
question of where' The Sun is
heading becomes a pressing
Also disturbing is the
suspicion afoot that the action
has something to do with
Fotheringham's well-known
anti-Trudeau, anti-Liberal
views. Given this newspaper's
long, nearly unbroken record
of support for the federal and
provincial Liberal parties, it is
alarming to see suggestions of
this nature go unchallenged.
As you are aware, a
democratic society cannot
tolerate the silencing of unpopular voices.
In general, the advent of a
more open style of internal
decision-making at The Sun is
overdue. Consultation with
employees on important
matters affecting our working
lives and the content and
direction of the paper is a
necessity if it is to make the
kind of advances which are
possible. As a start, I urge you
to make a full disclosure of the
circumstances surrounding
your disagreement with
Fotheringham, preferably at a
meeting to which all staff are
Keate's memo said he expects a
reply from Fotheringham by the
end of this month. Maybe, just
maybe. Sun staffers and the rest of
the public will find out what's going
on. Sort of.
Shortly after Fotheringham was
appointed senior editor, a local
magazine article was headlined
"Will Allan Fotheringham make
the Sun shine?"
The answer seems to be: No.
They set out to try everything in the book . . .        ===
It's a love story full of comedy, ^=
it's a comedy full of love. SS
1 t£^i$*
, t$>t*"
SHOWTIMES: 12:40, 2:5*5,
5:05, 7:20, 9:35
Carry On
Mature: Some suggestive dialogue
R. W. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
SHOWTIMES:  12:15,2:00,
4:00, 6:00, 8:00,  10:00 88'  GRANVILLE
7:30,  9:30
GENERAL:   PARENTS:    Occasional coarse language    WBffi^'^S
R. W. McDonald, B.C. Dir. 876^*747   h
Mature:    Some   nude   and
VUrHIU    suggesjive    scenes.    R.    W.
224-3730V     McDonald, B.C. Dir.
4375 W. 10th Show Times:   7:30,   9:30
Two-time Academy Award Winner- =
is the woman in ==
Scenes of nudity and brutality, coarse language,
R. W. McDonald, B.C. Director.
TVMiOrtt Sfa&e&fiewie
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Page Friday, 8
Friday, February 27,  1976 Press
From PF 5
newspaper publishing business in
Vancouver would have resulted in
only   one   daily   paper   being
published in that city."
In other words, the Province was
doomed. But the key statement is
"failing an arrangement to underwrite the Province." Someone,
i.e., the owners, would have had to
be prepared to inject a large
amount of capital into the Province
in order for it to continue to survive
and compete with the Sun. A most
distasteful prospect for the
Southams, for there was no
guarantee profits would result
from the investment. The Pacific
Press deal, on the other hand, was
a lead pipe cinch in the profit
The commission went along with
both sides' argument that it was
economically justifiable for the
Pacific Press deal to have been
made. It did not censure or
criticize the Southam group for
failing to try and make a serious go
of competing as wholly independent newspapers. It did,
however, say: "It is obvious that-
the nature of the competition
between the two papers under joint
management of such a character
cannot be the same as when the
newspapers are separately owned.
"At the same time it must be
said that the continued publication
of separate newspapers, particularly when the individual
papers are linked in a traditional
way with separate publishing
interests, does not immediately
represent as serious a danger to
the   public   interest as   a
newspaper monopoly in the hands
of 3; single owner.
'*As long as the dominant personnel in charge of the operation of
eaeii paper are zealous in maintaining an independent character
for? the newspaper they direct, it
majkbe argued, thajt a,substantial
degree of competitive vigor will
"It is evident that there would
have to be a constant striving for
independence in editorial direction
to offset the effect of unified
ownership which would tend to
erode the sense of separate identity
in the two newspapers. The end
result might be an appearance of
rivalry without serious conviction,
such as the rivalry of two articles
under different brands produced
by the same manufacturer.
"It is clear that as long as the
arrangements regarding the
continued existence of the
Province and the Sun are matters
of private agreement, there is no
safeguard that the public interest
in a variety of independent
newspapers may not be further
affected to its disadvantage."
Consequently, the commission
recommended the contract signed
by the two papers' publishers shall
be iron-clad. The money-making
Sun was stuck with the money-
losing Province, much to
Southam's delight. What would
have happened if the deal had
never been made and the Province
-the press in B.C.
Mar. 1 to 6 incl. at 9:20
put up a fight and won or lost is
anybody's guess.
But don't get the impression that
the Sun is in such a bad position.
Some say the deal is just plain
dumb, from the Sun's point of view.
Again the question is asked: why
hook up with a loser? The Sun
continues to make enormous
profits while the Province continues to barely scrape by. But
Pacific Press continues to make
healthy profits for both parties.
That's why the deal continues to
be a good one. It's comfortable.
Never again will either paper be
faced with the prospect of competition from another source
resulting in a decrease in either's
profits. For the Sun and Province
have a virtual stranglehold on the
daily newspaper publishing
business in Vancouver. The
Vancouver Times tried to break it
and its owners took a bath.
It's really beautiful. The big
Vancouver advertising market is
sewn up. It would take someone or
B.C.   Dir.   warns   "Very   frank   sex
at 7:30
Jackie Cooper — Alex Cord
3123 W. Broadway
Admission $2.00	
some corporation with financial
assets of some of Canada's richest
people to try and establish a third
daily newspaper in Vancouver. But
Canada's millionaires are, of
course, already millionaires. Why
take a chance? And besides, why
should the people of Vancouver (or
the writer of this article) expect
some millionaire to go up against
one of the most comfortable
newspaper publishing establishments in North America?
Oh yes, the people of Vancouver
. . . specifically, those who read (qr
would like to read) newspapers.
Well, newspaper readers of
Vancouver, if you don't like the Sun
or the Province, tough luck. The
parties to the Pacific Press deal
fixed it so that, barring the advent
of a very zealous and well heeled
newcomer, the situation will never
change. And the government of
Canada, through the restrictive
trade practices commission, made
it official.
That's why.
—f stop fitzgerald photo
IN THIS NEWSROOM, just a short walk down a corridor from
another just like it (only bigger) Province is put together by
hardworking souls who labor under budget that is fraction of Sun's.
Jm Each
Monty Python's Previous Record. Another
Monty Python Record. Genesis Live! Best
Of The Lovin' Spoonful. Coast To Coast-
Rod Stewart & Faces. Trafalgar - The Bee
Gees. Plus many more to choose from.
SMAS 11419 - Venus & Mars
- Paul McCartney	
ST 11467 - Greatest Hits -
Helen Reddy.'.	
AL 4060 • Tryin' To Get The
Feeling - Barry Manilow	
ST 11496-Give Us A Wink
• Sweet (New Release)	
ST 6437 • Baptism - Ann
UA-LA 546 ■ Face The Music
-Electric Light Orchestra	
' Columbia
PC 33893 ■ Desire •
PC 33919- Aftertones-
PC 33S78 - Native Son -
PC 33900 • Greatest Hits -
PC 33453 - Wish You Were
PC 33540 - Still Crazy After
All These Years - Paul Simon
PC 33700 - Breakaway -
PC 33394 - Between The
KG 33694 ■ Gratitude - Earth
Wind & Fire. 2 Record Set
SD 18133-
7E 1051 - Hissing of Summer
Lawns - Joni Mitchel	
MS 2225   Fleetwood Mac.
7E 1048-The Best of
Carly Simon	
SD 181-54   Songs For A New
Depression - Bette Midler	
7ES 1039-One Of These
Nights - Eagles	
Greatest Hits -
BS 2894 -
2RX 2237   Gord's Gold
Gordon Lightfoot
2 RECORD SET $10.58
KPLI - 0118 - Greatest Hits
- Roger Whittaker   $7.29
LSP 4702-The RiseS Fall
Of Ziggy Stardust - David
Bowie \ $7.29
APLI-0915 - Coney Island
Baby - Lou Reed  $7.29
CPLI 1327   Station To
Station - David Bowie  $7.98
CPLI 1183 - Windsong -
John Denver J $7.98
ABCD 835 - Greatest Hits
Jim Croce J.S7.98
CPLI 0374-Greatest Hits
John Denver J$7.98
CPLI 0998 - Young Americans
- David Bowie J$7.98
JM2 - 5000 - Live In Canada
Roger Whittaker 2 Record
Set $10.98
Page Friday, 9
Friday, February 27, 1976 Page 14
Friday,  February 27,   1976
^A"^    iV'-'   '
t   ™i*f'-.
Students and faculty
concerned about the lack of
scholarship   funds   available   for
Hot flashes
English students at UBC will be
walking around the University
Endowment Lands in a Sunday
Walkers are seeking   sponsors
'Tween classes
Ren dez-vous,     midi,     la
internationale, le salon.
Administration     president
Kenny     on     psychological
noon, Bu. 203.
General   meeting,   noon,  SUB 215.
General     meeting,     noon,     Brock
annex 351A.
Talk   on   Baha'i   faith,   noon,   Gage
Herman   Curr,   physicist,   speaks   at
symposium on science and religion,
3:30     p.m.,     theologian     Langdon
Gilkey   speaks   at   7:30   p.m.,   Bu.
Thunderbird     basketball     playoffs
from Calgary, 6 p.m., CITR.
Upsurge in Spain with Fred Nelson,
8 p.m., 1208 Granville.
Michael Klenlec, jazz guitarist, 8:30
p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Thunderbird     basketball     playoffs
from Calgary, 6 p-m., CITR.
Open    house,    all
SUB 200.
invited,   6   p.m.,
Coffee house featuring Tetelestai,
7:30 p.m., Marpole United Church,
67th and Hudson.
Square dance with a real caller,
coast $1, 8 p-m., winter sports
complex, gym B.
ORIGINAL £&&)     TO
^   "v    IRELAND    ^ JJ
the Irish.
Join the adventurous
clan that's discovering the
smooth, elegant, burnished,
emphatic flavour of fine
Old Bushmills.
... The people who created
Irish Whiskey back in 1608.
Pour IV2 oz. of Old Bushmills
down over the rocks, swirl,
and then . . . down the Irish.
Michael Mawena,
secretary, speaks,
Zanu   organizing
7:30   p.m., SUB
to pay them  by the mile in the
10-mile open air hike.
If you're interested in walking
to help bolster English student's
scholarships (there are only a few
for thousands of students) meet
about 10 a.m. at the northeast
corner of Buchanan Tower.
Pledges can be arranged through
either Vic Hopwood at 228-4268
or 224-9243 or Jan de Bruyn at
228-4226 or 261-8988.
Quality Components, Maximum Discounts At:
SOUND  ROOM    2803 W. Broadway
(at McDonald) 736-7771
SOUND   BOX       1034 Davie (near Burrard) 681-8188
Nominations for executive positions will
be received between March 3 and March
17 — Forms may be picked up and submitted to Room 208 War Memorial Gym.
Letters of application for appointment to managerial
positions will be received between March 3 and March
26. Submit applications to Room 208, War Memorial
Public Relations Officer
Equipment Manager
Field Hockey
Figure Skating
Track & Field
MONDAY, MARCH 1 - 12:30
Nominations for the  positions of President, Vice President,
Secretary, Treasurer and Social Co-ordinator will be accepted
in the Recreation Office until Monday noon.
Four delegates will  be  chosen  from  the  meeting  to attend
the B.C.R.A. conference in Victoria.
Phone or Visit (JOHN EDGE) At:-
9 Kingsway/M*ain    (872-8811)
And get a fair deal on our new and used vehicles.
RATES:   Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
- Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1 50 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming  Events
DISCO PARTY —- Friday, Feb. 27th at
8 p.m., SUB Ballroom. All students
welcome. Tickets available in AMS
office.  Door prizes, liquids.
DR. BUNDOLO is proud to announce
"Enough seats for everyone." This
Saturday Night, Feb. 28, 7:30 p.m.,
Old Auditorium.  It's Free!
SATURDAY NIGHT comedy special!
Dr. Bundolo Sat., Feb. 28, 7:30 p.m.,
Old   Auditorium.   It's   Free!
10 —For Sale — Commercial
CLEARANCE of scientific calculators.
Texas Instruments, H.P., etc. 25 to
50%   off.   CaU 738-5851.
10— For Sale — Commercial
11 — For Sale — Private
VW CAMPERIZED window van, 1969
rebuilt motor,  $1800. 224-7257.
VIVITAR TELECONVERTER $12. telephoto lens and case 300mm $125.
Hardly used 224-1037 after 5:30.
"61 V.W. VAN, $200. FACULTY PARKING STICKER. 734-1980.
15 — Found
CALCULATOR     FOUND.     Identify     to
claim.  Dave  Jones, 228-0685.
20 — Housing
I BEDROOM furnished, self-containad
suite UBC gates, $160, female preferred. 224-3882.
ROOM & BOARD, Kerrisdale home.
Mature responsible student, male
preferred, references, $150.00. Available   March  1.   Evenings 261-0156.
STUDENT TO SHARE four-bedroom
house with three others. Near 13th
& Cambie. 879-0305. Occupancy
March lit.
FOR RENT: Sleeping room, snack facilities, private entrance and bathroom.
Non-smoker, male preferred. Near
UBC gates. Tel. 224-9319 after 6 p.m.
FRATERITY HOUSE on campus, $60.00
per month. Kitchen privileges, room
only. Phone 224-9679 evenings, manager.
30 - Jobs
EARN $15.00 MONITORING psychology
subjects for 24 hours. Monitors may
eat, sleep, study, etc. Required to
play tape during experiment. Sign
up Friday, Feb. 27, 12:30, room 13,
Henry Angus.
35 — Lost
12 Tuesday morning. Reward. Call
Brian Stuckert, 929-4875. Desperately needed.
ONE TAN LEATHER % length coat.
Size 46, missing from McMillan Building, Tues., Feb. 24. Finder please
phone 224-6204 after 6:00 p.m. Reward.
40 — Messages
is being made to form a Canadian
West Chapter of The Gay Academic
Union. If you are interested, or
want further details, please contact M. E. Eliot Hurst at either The
Geography Dept., SFU, 291-4424 or
at  home,  929-1288.
50 — Rentals
— blackboards and screens. Free use
of projectors. 228-5021.
65 — Scandals
SKI CABIN AT Whistler, cozy. Very
warm, available weekends, $10 nite.
Call Alan, 874-6771.
CAN YOU HANDLE IT? Find out Feb.
27th at The Party; Disco in SUB
Ballroom at 8 p.m. Sponsored by
UBC Ski and Skydiving Clubs. Tickets in AMS Office. Buy Now!
CONTRARY TO malicious rumors Subfilmsoc is showing Clockwork Orange
this Thurs., 7:00 Fri., Sat., Sun., 7:00'
9:30 in the SUB Aud. So be sure to
beat the c a. 20,000 standing in
line!   75c.
70 — Services
coach 1st year. Calculus, etc. Evenings. Individual instruction on a
one-to-one basis. - Phone: 733-3644. 10
a.m. to 3 p.m. daily.
CUSTOM CABINETRY & woodworking.
Renovations, additions, new contraction done anywhere. Guranteed work,
free   estimates.   689-3394. —
80 — Tutoring
Call the Tutorial Center, 228-4557
anytime or see Ian at Speak-Easy,
12:30-2:30 p.m. $1 to register (refundable).
85 —Typing
thesis,   manuscripts.   266-5053.
90 - Wanted
A SKI RACK for a sports car. Ask
for   Steve,   736-9435.
ANYBODY OUT THERE teach clarinet? Struggling beginner needs
assistance. Phone 228-8519 after 5
Jr==Jr=^r^P^r=^r=Jr=s!REJr=Jr=rf= rnuuy,   reoruary   z/,    ly/O
Page 15
Wrestlers in Winnipeg
The Thunderbird wrestling team
will be represented by six
wrestlers in the Canadian National
Intercollegiate meet on Saturday.
Jose Machial (118 pounds), Eric
Kolsrud (134), Mike Richey (167),
Clark Davis (177), Dave Lim (190)
and Kyle Raymond (heavyweight)
will make up the UBC contingent
for the Canada West team.
A big loss for the 'Birds will be
George Richey who will not be able
to attend because he is competing
in the World Cup meet this
The World Cup has been held in
the last four years in Toledo, Ohio.
Teams from the U.S., Japan and
Bulgaria can be expected to
provide some tough competition.
The 'Birds have the potential and
the experience to win some victories in the nationals. "The
nationals will be tough because all
the best teams will be sending their
best wrestlers to compete. Our
team is young and will be competing in some tough weight
classes," says coach Bob Laycoe.
Ontario is the best team competing and arefavored to win. UBC
hopes to win three four matches.
Meanwhile, the Thunderbird
basketball team travelled to the
University of Calgary this weekend
to face the Dinosaurs in the battle
for supremacy in the Canada West
The 'Birds play the Dinosaurs in
a best of three playoff series.
UBC, who has handed Calgary
its only defeat in league play this
year are hoping to beat them a
second and third time to win the
conference title. -
The 'Birds are in the same
position as they were last year.
Finishing in second place they
travelled to Victoria for the
playoffs in which they won.
The games can be heard on CITR
Rugby 'Birds split games
radio Friday and Saturday night
starting at 6 p.m.
The Thunderbird volleyball team
is in Winnipeg taking part in the
Canadian Intercollegiates (CIAU)
which began Wednesday.
The 'Birds should do well in the
Intercollegiates. UBC coach Lome
Sawula says, "I think the team has
the ability to win the Intercollegiates. If we play well
during the tournament we can
come first. A lot will depend on
conditioning because I don't expect
any of the matches to be easy.
The Thunderettes are also in
Winnipeg for the Intercollegiates.
They have an excellent team and
should be oneof the stronger teams
in the tournament. The Thunderettes have the ability to win the
Intercollegiates and everything
depends on how well they put
things together for the tournament.
The Thunderettes have been the
CIAU champs two of the last three
years, losing out to Saskatchewan
in Canada West play last season.
The rugby 'Birds split their two
games in California last Saturday
and Monday, breezing by the
University of California at Santa
Barbara 51-10 then dropping a 14-3
decision to Long Beach State.
The victory over UCSB gave the
5Birds their fourth straight World
Thunderbird coach Donn Spence
said he felt the 'Birds came up with
their best game of the year against
Santa Barbara.
Meanwhile the Thunderette
gymnastic team will be sending
two representatives to Laval
University to compete in the
National Intercollegiate meet
today and tomorrow.
Jennifer Diachun and Lenka
Svatek will go to Quebec City as
part of a six-member contingent
that makes up the Canada West
"Experience, Knowledge
and Wisdom"
Fri., Feb. 27th
>/. Buch 102     3:30     Prof. Herman Carr—Physicist
7:30     Prof. Langdon G. I key—Theologian
Sat. Feb. 28
Buchanan Penthouse 9:30 a.m.
Carr & G. I key in dialogue
Science and Religion Consultation
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Room 100P S.U.B., University of B.C. 224-0111 Page 16
Friday,  February 27,   1976
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