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The Ubyssey Jan 8, 1988

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Array THEUTKEYl
UBC Daycare gets milk money
Faculty support may draw more funding
I spy with my little (eye
see page 3
Save this baby - donate to UBC daycare
deanne fisher photo
By Corinne Bjorge
The decision by faculty
members to support campus
daycare may be the final key to
raising money for new facilities at
UBC, said daycare coordinator
Nab Oloman yesterday.
In the past, the reluctance of
faculty to financially help daycare
has held back other organizations
from contributing funds, said
Oloman.
"The response has continually
been - what is the faculty doing (for
campus daycare)?" she said.
But in a special meeting in
mid-December, the faculty
association voted almost
unanimously to support a proposal
which might bring additional
funds of up to $60,000 to the new
facility.
The December 16th meeting
drew over 150 member s away from
their holiday preparations in a
vote which resulted in $20,000 in
direct financing for the daycare
projects, and an agreement to
match the donations of faculty
members, up to the amount of
$20,000.
The meeting had been called
in response to the failure of a
regular meeting in November to
reach the required quorum of 90
members.
"It was very exciting and
rewarding to have that many
people come out (to the December
meeting)?   said   Oloman.   "And
we've had a good response from
individual members (in terms of
donations)," she said.
Other members however, are
concerned that faculty members
have not done enough.
"We got quite a few donations
for the day,... a bit over $2,000, but
we're not going to get very much
more than we got already? said
Jamie Smith, associate professor
of zoology at UBC.
Smith said that in retrospect,
faculty members should have
asked for a larger financial
committment from the faculty.
"Who knows when the new
building will go up? he said.
The current cost of
construction is estimated at
around $1.2 million.
Of that amount, students
have offered $350,000, and the
university has promised to match
private donations from the
university community up to a
maximum of $500,000.
Fundraising time may be
running out, however.
The deadline set by the fire
marshall for demolition of the
existing buildings is April 1,1988.
"If we are able to show the majority
of the money is in the bank and
approach him with the plans in
hand? he will probably extend the
deadline, said Oloman.
But the group is still at least
$290,000 short of their goal. And
the province has not yet agreed to
help.
In April of 1987, the provincial
government turned down requests
by the Daycare Council for
funding.
Oloman says the
government's reaction was
expected, and the problem of
funding a daycare at UBC is
deeper than simply the question of
funding one daycare at one
university.
It's a difficult problem for the
provincial government, said
Oloman. If UBC is given special
attention, it would "affect demand
from the rest of the province", and
under the current policies, there is
no money for that, she said.
"Two provinces do not have
start up (programmes) for
daycare? said Oloman, "B.C. is
one of those provinces."
Help from the federal
government has so far been
contingent upon matching
funding by the province.
And any other help from the
federal government can not be
counted on in the near future
either, said Oloman. The
complexity of the current
negotiations between the
provinces and the federal
government may mean a new
daycare act will not be drawn up
for at least another year
"And UBC cannot wait for
that decision? she said.	
United Nations appoints
dean of law to committee
aimed at curbing torture
By Lisa Langford
UBC law dean Peter Burns
will be combatting "torture and
other cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment" following
his appointment last month to a
new ten-member United Nations
committee.
It is still unclear what role
the United Nations Committee
Against Torture will play in
curbing the actions of countries
who violate the UN convention
against torture (see sidebar).
Burns said participating
countries are obliged to extradite
alleged torturers to places which
are willing to bring them to trial.
"This is a rather powerful
convention, it's rather unusual i n
that respect? he said.
But some concerns have
arisen over the commitment of
Canada to the work of the
committee.
Reporter Adam Zachary
(This Magazine) has criticized
Ottawa's "dither(ing)" over
introducing the necessary
amendments to the Canadian
criminal code that ratification of
the convention required.
Zachary said Ottawa
delayed signing the convention
because it "didn't want to risk
agitating provincial attorney-
generals   ...   this   (ratification)
involved altering provincial
legislation governing provincial
police and prisons - items very low
on the provinces' priority list."
Burns, however, said there
are always delays when ratifying
UN conventions. "It's a problem
whenever you have a confederal
state. Canada appears to have
adopted the optional extradition
provision. It shows a pretty strong
commitment."
Canada ratified the
convention in June 1987, after 20
other countries had already signed
the convention.
Prison conditions, including
those in Canada, may also come
under investigation, said Burns,
but "only if (the prisons are)
involved in torture."
Burns said part of the UN
definition of torture reads "...when
such pain and suffering is inflicted
by...or with the consent of...an
official or a person acting in an
official capacity."
This "does not include pain or
suffering arising only from that
inherent in or incidental to lawful
sanctions? he continued.
"So when you talk about
prison conditions it's going to have
to be pretty extreme, otherwise
according to the domestic law of
the state concerned it's (the
conditions)  always  going  to  be
characterized as lawful. The
definition clearly will apply to
police officers who use pain or the
threat of pain to extract a
confession? said Burns.
Burns said the committee
must ensure that procedures do
not make it too difficult for
countries and individuals to make
complaints.
Burns said Canada's position
on the committee may be a
reflection of how Canada's human
rights record is seen by other
nations.
Canada "reafjy is regarded by
most states ""as relatively
independent from the power
blocks? said Burns. "We have a
very long tradition in favour of
human rights? he said.
Burns said the qualifications
needed for committee members
are "pretty basic". A good standing
in the community is necessary and
a legal background was a
consideration, he said.
Burns added he thinks it is
interesting that a candidate from
western Canada was appointed.
"It shows rather more outward
looking external affairs and justice
ministries. It is traditional with
these committees that someone
from Central Canada is chosen."
Law dean Peter Burns lone Canadian appointee
The United Nations
Convention Against Torture
is the reult of negotiations
among member countries to
outlaw "torture and other
cruel, inhuman or other
degrading treatment?
The Convention was
ratifed at a 1984 UN general
assembly, but like all UN
conventions, did not come into
effect until 24 countries
adopted it.
The convention became
international law in June
1987. It ensures that no
signing country will provide
safe haven for alleged
torturers; they will also agree
to extradite suspects. The
USSR, Argentina,
Switzerland and Mexico have
all adopted the convention.
The United States has not
signed the agreement.
The UN has established a
ten member committee which
will   receive   allegations   of
torturee from countries and
individuals and then seek
evidence to further
investigation of claims.
The comitteee will
monitor signing countries and
each country will report at
least once every four years to
the committee and indicate
what steps they have used to
suppress torture in their
jurisdiction.
Countries are also
required to enact legislation
outlawing torture under the
convention. Canada has done
so after consulting with
provincial statutes and
regulations.
Participating countries have
an obligation to extradite
alleged torturers to places
which have jurisdiction over
the accused and are willing to
prosecute.
The committe will meet
early this summer to develop
pdky.
VOLUME 70, Number 28
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, January 8,1988 CALL FOR NOMINATIONS
for A.M.S.
Executive Positions
President
Vice-President
Director of Finance
Director of Administration
Coordinator of External Affairs
Close of Nominations:
4:00 pm, Tuesday, January 19
Nomination forms can be obtained and then returned to the A.M.S.
Administrative Assistant, SUB 238.
r
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05 - COMING EVENTS
40 - MESSAGES
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endeavours of friendship. B*6*B.
70 - SERVICES
GRAMMATICALLY PERFECT PAPERS
get better marks. If your writing is less
than perfect, have your work edited. Call
Katie, 737-0575.
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VOLUNTEERS NEEDED
10 healthy Caucasian males (20-45 yrs)
smokers (1 pack/day) are needed for a drug
study (3 weeks) involving drug intake and
blood sampling. An honorarium of $210
will be paid for the complete study. For
details, call Grace, UBC Fac. Pharm. Sci.,
228-6772.
NEW YEAR SPECIAL: AM/FM stereo
receiver and two 40-watt speakers: $150
(OBO). Excellent deal! Henri: 737-0512
(eve.)
MATURE N/S PERSON required for child
care & light housekeeping, Wednesday &
Thursday, 11:30-5:30 & possibly Fridays. 2
girls, 4 and 7 (Vic. 16th/Arbutus). Phone
738-9937 on wkends or after 6:30 wkdays.
MOUNTAIN BIKE, 9 months old, exc.
condition, fenders, rack, suntour AG
gearshift, $345 OBO. Tel. 732-3438.
P/T NANNY/HOUSEKEEPER required for
2 young school age boys 3-6 p.m. in
exchange for free accommodation. Suit
student 224-2180.
1980 DODGE ASPEN S/W 6 cyl auto, grey
wired interior. 176,000 km, good cond.
$1,500 OBO. 224-0346.
FREE ROOM AND BOARD in exchange
for light housekeeping and babysitting.
Phone 738-8209 (Point Grey area).
20 - HOUSING
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ROOM AVAILABLE IN SHAUGHNESSY
- close to bus route. Non-smoking, quiet
female preferred. $225, utilities incl. Ph.
733-1343 after 9 p.m.
WORD PROCESSING SPECIALISTS - U
write, we type. Theses, resumes, letters,
essays. Days, eves., wknds., 736-1208.
DEKE HOUSE 5765 Agronomy Rd.
- room and board
- best rates on campus
- laundry facilities
- call Johnathen at 222-2561
WORD-PROCESSING $2.00/page, IBM or
Apple, DTP also. ComputerSmiths, 3732
West Broadway (at Alma) 224-5242.
30 - JOBS
FAST! Word Processing $1.50/pg. daiBy
wheel, draft copy provided, overnight
orders welcome. 737-8981.
REQD. EXPD. SANDWICH MAKER &
related job Mon-Fri, 11:30-1:30 p.m. Apply
The Delly, SUB Lower Floor.
TYPING $1.50/double spaced pg. also in
French, Spanish, and Portuguese. False
Creek. 734-4340.
NOTE: "Noon" = 12:30 to 1:30
p.m.
FRIDAY
Baptist Student Ministries
Broomball game and post-game
party. 7-8:30 p.m. game, 8:30-?
Party. UBC Ice Rink #1 (game)/
SUB 211 (party).
Graduate Student Society
Darts Night, 7:30 p.m. Fireside
Lounge, Gra.d Centre.
SATURDAY
Orthodox Christian Fellowship
Vespers. 5 p.m., St. Andrew's
Hall, 5040 Iona Dr.
SUNDAY
Orthodox Christian Fellowship
Divine Liturgy. 9:30 a.m., St.
Andrew's Hall, 5040 Iona Dr.
MONDAY
AMS German Club
Meeting - Freiburg talk. Noon,
BUCH B224.
Graduate Student Society
Video Night. 6 p.m.: "Room with
A View? 8 p.m. "Amadeus?
Free. Fireside Lounge, Grad
Centre.
UBC Film Society
Film Showing: "Rebel Without
A Cause? the James Dean
classic. 7 p.m./9:30, SUB
Theatre, Student Union
Building.
Environmental Interest Group
2nd lecture in series: "Our
Common Future" - Dr. Carole
Christopher on Food Security
for the planet. 7:30 p.m.,
Woodward Rm. 2.
International House
English Conversation Class.
7:30-10 p.m., International
House Ballroom.
Also: Movie Night: "Moria Lisa."
8 p:nu?upstairs at "Gate 4"
Licensed lounge at
International House.
TUESDAY
Political Science Students'
Association
Lecture by Dr. H.D. Heurnanh:
"Germany's Role in the Atlantic
Alliance." Noon, BUCH B214.
Pre-Medical Society
Lecture on Forensic Pathology
by Dr. Ferris. Noon, Woodward
IRC #2.
United Church Campus
Ministry
Informal worship. All welcome.
Noon, Lutheran Campus
Centre.
January 8, 1988
2/THE UBYSSEY Kanada's KGB
The Canadian Security Intelligence
Service's tactics are questioned
By Rob Cottingham (CUP)
G
eorge Smiley would not
have been impressed.
The fictitious spymaster from John Le Carre's novel
liked to keep things subtle and understated. He wouldhave
been horrified if his spy ring, the Circus, had received the
sort of public attention that has recently been paid to the
Canadian Security Intelligence Service.
Recently, the CSIS has been about as low-key as the
latest James Bond movie but this is an image it does not
want to project.
"The James Bond image is totally contrary to what we
do and how we operate? said Gerry Cummings, a CSIS
spokesperson.
"We are involved in counter-intelligence and counter-
terrorism. We provide information to the government and
police, who act on it."
This summer has been suffocating for these domestic
agents, who have been deprived of the spy's equivalent of
oxygen: secrecy.
Recent publicity has shed light on the CSIS, revealing
an organization mired in cold war paranoia. CSIS critics
are growing concerned that the agency's zeal for ferreting
out subversion may be a greater threat to democracy than
the subversives themselves.
The report estimates that the
Counter— Subversion Branch of the
CSIS "probably has more than 30,000
files on individuals—how many more,
no one knows."
The CSIS has been casting "too broad a net" in their
search for subversive activity, according to the Security
Intelligence Review Committee.
SIRC, the official watchdog of CSIS operations, consists of representatives chosen by the prime minister, in
consultation with the opposition party leaders. The
committee prepares an annual report on the CSIS and this
year's assessment is not favourable.
"CSIS is expending money and effort on too many
counter-subversion targets and it is intruding on the lives
and activites of too many Canadians in this area," according to the SIRC report.
The report estimates that the counter-subversion
branch of the CSIS "probably has more than 30,000 files on
individuals - how many more, no one knows?
Many critics question the criteria that the CSIS uses to
target an individual or a group for investigation.
According to the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act, the job of the CSIS is to collect, analyze and retain
information "respecting activities that may on reasonable
grounds be suspected of constituting threats to the security
of Canada." The activities include espionage, sabotage,
clandestine activites that are foreign-influenced, political
violence and other unlawful acts intended to overthrow or
destroy the Canadian government.
The review committee questioned the CSIS' interpretation of subversive activity, citing the example of a targeted group which publishes a left-wing magazine dealing
with arts and social issues.
"We remain to be convinced that the group...should be
targeted for investigation," said the SIRC report, adding
that, in this case, the CSIS investigation was a threat to
freedom of expression.
Soon after the SIRC report was released, Rick Salutin,
the editor of This Magazine, learned that his Toronto-based
publication was the one that SIRC referred to in their
report. Despite subsequent denials from both the CSIS and
solicitor-general James Kelleher, Salutin still believes that
his magazine was targeted for investigation.
"Our source is a lot more reliable to us than a frenzied
denial from the CSIS under fire," said Salutin.
The CSIS never actually contradicted the reports find
ings. CSIS spokesperson Gerry Cummings said
the agency was investigating, not a magazine itself, but a group of
individuals   associated with a magazine.
The       review
committee  also revealed   the   CSIS
practice of identifying friends and associates of people targeted for investigation   and   making
them targets as well. The report
also noted that the CSIS did not
give consideration to questions of
freedom or privacy when they decided to investigate someone.
The CSIS have apparently interpreted their mandate to include
investigations of any opponents of
United States foreign policy and anyone that,
is even loosely connected with them. The
committee made that disturbing discovery when
they looked at the standards the CSIS uses to determine whether to target a group.
One group was targeted for surveillance because of its "attack on the anti-communist, pro-
U.S. government of El Salvador?
*We cannot agree that a non violent attack
on U.S. foreign policy is necessarily a threat to
the security of Canada? the committee said.
The committee added that the CSIS has not
shown any interest in investigating Canadian
groups that are raising funds for the U.S.-
backed Contras in Nicaragua, when such
groups fall more clearly into the CSIS's mandate of monitoring activities supporting the use
of violence against a foreign state
This example raises the frightening possibility that the CSIS is acting less in the defence
of Canada's security and more in support of U.S.
foreign policy.
While the investigations of protestors of
U.S. foreign policy are somewhat overzealous,
they are but the latest charges of CSIS paranoia. Last year's SIRC report contained summaries of complaints brought against CSIS by
individuals who had been denied security clearances because of CSIS investigations. In many
cases, SIRC found that CSIS has considered
items in an individual's background in the worst
possible light but had very little evidence that the
individual was a security risk.
The agency's fears of security risks evidently
extends to its own personnel. The CSIS uses polygraphs,
better known as lie detector tests, to evaluate potential
and current empolyees.
Last year, the review committee
expressed "grave concerns" about the
reliability of polygraph evidence, advising against continued use of the
machine. This year, the committee reported   that,   although   CSIS   has
stopped giving the  test to cuirent
employees, it continues to do so wi th applicants. In fact, the
agency has engaged in deception (or what the SIRC report
calls disguise) by referring to the continued use of polygraph tests as a 'pilot project.'
Another interesting finding of the committee was the
the reluctance of CSIS to get involved in a clear case of
potential terrorism: the December 1985 bomb threat
against a commercial flight origination in Ottawa.
Despite the agency's zeal for tracking down dissension,
CSIS "did not take up an invitation to assist in some
surveillance when faced with a real threat.
l-W-feXfeMKCSP
January 8,1988
THE UBYSSEY/3 Strangway, Monday, SUB
12:30. Be there or see your fees
go up.
VOLUNTEERS NEEDED
heterosexualfetnaCe voCunteers, 22 years and older, are needed
for a study measuring emotional andphysiological reactions to
brief visual stimuli, some of which may include erotic content.
$20 T>OLL!A!RS iviiibe paid for participation in this study.
for further information, please contact:
'Eileen Palace, 'Department of Tsycholgy at 228-3800,
between 4:00 and 6:00 TM, Monday through Jriday.
LEARN TO DANCE - ALL LEVELS
See Us In SUB 208!
(In SUB Concourse Friday, Jan. 8)
Ballet UBC Jazz
Classes in: Ballet, Jazz, Contemporary & Dancercise
$55/term - includes all classes
$25 book of 10 Drop - Ins
$3/class Drop - Ins
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12:30 p.m.
Welcome Back!
Happy New Year to
Everyone
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For more information: 224-4748
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•r expires Jan. 31/8
Professor takes education abroad
CIDA grant allows expanded project to continue
By Jeff Silverstein
The first time Dr. David
Robitaille went to the Dominican Republic on a fact finding
mission was in 1983. When he
arrived , Robitaille was
shocked by the poverty.
"Conditions were primitive, teachers work in difficult
conditions with heavy teaching
loads and inadequate
resources?said Robitaille.
As head of UBC's department of mathematics and science education he wanted to see
to what level the education
system had fallen.
To confirm these impressions of a country where by
grade eight only 10 per cent of
children are in school, Robitaille pointed to pictures on the
wall where one can see schools
that are empty of equipment
and people. With an injection of
close to $200,000 in the form of
two grants from the International Development and Research Centre, Robitaille and
Richard Wolfe, the two principal Canadians involved in the
project, went about developing
text materials and a teacher education program from 1983 to 1987.
"The materials were developed to reflect a particular model
of teaching math which previous
research had proven to be effective? said Robitaille.
The project reached out to
approximately 20 schools and retrained 60 teachers from the
Dominican Republic this past
summer.
Data coming out of the Dominican Republic on the success
rate of the project is exciting - kids
and teachers using these have
experienced significant gains in
math skills. Due to the efforts of
Robitaille and his collegues, the
Canadian International Development Agency has recently recognized them with a four year
$750,000 grant.
"When we began the initial
project, mathematics levels in the
Dominican Republic were extremely low, even for a third world
country? said Robitaille.
"We've seen a significant improvement  over  the   past  four
years, and the CIDAfunds will
make it possible for us to expand our activities to include
additional grade levels and
subject areas, and to reach a
larger number of schools."
Robitaille believes that
with the support offered by the
federal education ministry
and the university the project
could reach out to thousands
by 1992.
The Dominican Republic
until recently was a dictatorship and therefore paid little
or no attention to education.
Although today's government
is commited to improving the
level of education, they do not
have the money or facilities at
the secondary level.
An effort is being made to
develop qualified personnel by
allocating funds to support
visits of educators from the
Dominican Republic to UBC
for specialized training to insure the success of the project
after the funds expire.
Dr. David Robitaille has improved math levels among children in the Dominican Republic
MBS AWARDS
B.C. Student Loan Recipients
Equalization Payment Recipients
If your BCSAP Notification of Award shows that you should be receiving a B.C. Student Loan in
January 1988, and you have not yet picked up your BCSL document, PLEASE NOTE THAT YOU
MUST CALL AT THE REGISTRAR'S OFFICE TO CLAIM YOUR AWARD. You will be required to
present photo ID such as a student card or driver's licence. The signed B.C. Student Loan document
must be taken to your bank to be cashed. You are reminded that second-term tuition fees must be
paid in full by January 15.
If your Notification of Award shows that you have an Equalization Payment due in January, you
should rejport to Room 60 of the General Services Administration Building to pick up your cheque.
If you did not return a completed Statement of Personal Responsibility to Victoria in the fall, the
Ministry of Advanced Education will be withholding your Equalization Payment cheque until your
statement is received and evaluated.
The second instalment of a Canada Student Loan may be obtained by having a Schedule II signed
in the Registrar's Office. The signed schedule should then be taken to your bank.
The Registrar's Office is open on weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Itis located on the second floor
of the General Services Administration Building.
Awards & Financial Aid * Room 50, General Services Administration Building • Phone: 228-5111
4/THE UBYSSEY
**o-
January 8,1988 By Jeb Blount and Isabel Vincent (CUP)
The debate takes a cultural slant
While the people who work in Canadian cultural indus
tries have reacted with relief to the proposals for free
trade between Canada and the United States, they share the
concerns of Canadian artists about the future of Canadian
culture in the wake of a free trade agreement.
"I'm opposed to losing the distinction between what U.S.
and Canadian culture is," says Stan Bevington, publisher at
Coach House Press, a small Canadian publishing house that
specializes in Canadian authors.
Bevington does not think the deal will adversely affect his publishing business but he
worries that free trade could be potentially
harmful for Canadian culture.
"But I don't think...(free trade is) a serious econmic
threat. The economies of scale that U.S. companies have do
not apply to small scale operations like Coach House."
Bevington does not think the deal will adversely affect
his publishing business but he worries that free trade could
be potentially harmful for Canadian culture. He suggests
that the mass market is diametrically opposed to the Canadian tradition of multiculturalism.
"Trade agreements encourage the old economy of scale
ideas. The part that bothers me most is the authentication of
culture of large markets."
Malcolm Lester, a publisher at Lester and Dennys, a
Toronto publishing company, says he has few fears about
how his business will deal with free trade.
"I'm somewhat reassured, having seen the background
documents from the Department of Regional and Industrial
Expansion. The policies that give the Canadians the ability
to compete in their own markets are in place," says Lester.
However, the possible American interpretation of the
treaty gives Lester something to think about. "I don't know
what the American interpretation will be and I can't lobby
Washington," he remarks.
Gillian O'Rielly of the Canadian Booksellers Association
echoes Bevington and Lester's confidence in the safety of the
Canadian culture business, with one notable exception.
"Canadian industries aren't on the bargaining table, but periodicals are," says O'Rielly.
Canadian magazines have traditionally relied heavily on
government assistance to publish in Canada. Many Canadian
periodicals receive postal subsidies and tariffs. As well,
Canadian content rules make it difficult for many foreign
magazines to penetrate the Canadian market. But under the
free trade deal, any advantages derived from the postal
subsidy must be dropped.
Lorraine Silyer, managing editor of This Magazine and
the treasurer of the Canadian Periodical Publishers' Association, says she is genuinely worried about the changes to the
postal subsidies in the agreement.
"We're not sure how the adjustment (in the postal subsidies) will be made. If the U.S. publishers are given the same
low rate, it will be a big subsidy to U.S. magazines. If the
subsidy is removed, the Canadian magazines will be penalized. We're not convinced that it will be possible for some
Canadian magazines to survive a postal hike," says Silyer.
Silyer sees American magazines as the biggest threat to
the Canadian periodical industry.
"We don't have the economies of scale and it's hard to
compete. U.S. magazines can expand into Canada and reduce
their costs. We're a dumping ground for U.S. magazines,"
Silyer says.
Maclean's magazine is a periodical that could be seriously
hurt by changes to the postal rates, and yet its editors have
steadfastly supported free trade. However, its parent company, Maclean-Hunter Ltd. of Toronto, is primarily a publisher of trade magazines and has a huge U.S. operation.
Under the current guidelines, Maclean-Hunter has little to
lose or gain by free trade.
While she has her concerns, Silyer is not totally disappointed with the free trade deai. "There were three components of cultural subsidies to magazines that could have been
messed up. Two (tariffs and advertising rules) are apparently
intact."
But the whole issue of Canadian culture is another
matter. While the business people are not too upset, Canadian artists fear that the free trade deal will allow an American invasion of Canadian culture.
Doug Coupar of the Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists calls Canada "a culturally occupied
country."
"It is naive to talk about free movement when we are
overwhelmed by the United States. We supply all sorts of
performers to Hollywood but we have nothing to do with
Canadian performers contributing to their own culture," says
Coupar.
Sheila McCarthy, star of the acclaimed Canadian feature
film I've Heard the Mermaids Singing, agrees with that
assessment.
"When I auditioned for Mermaids, I thought "big deal -
the small Canadian film that no one will see.' I had auditioned and lost three-line secretary parts in big U.S. films
and cared more. When Mermaids received international
applause, my face was red. If free trade means closer cultural
ties and less Mermaids and more secretary parts, I say a
reformed, emphatic and born-again Canadian no'," McCarthy
recently told Maclean's.
The free trade concept is a diffficult issue for many in the
arts. Canadian artists fear that opening the channels of communication between the American and Canadian cultural
communities too much will allow the U.S. to overwhelm
Canadian artistic enterprises, ultimately restricting the
transmission of ideas.
Maclean's magazine is a periodical that could
be seriously hurt by changes to the postal
rates, and yet its editors have steadfastly supported free trade.
Stan Bevington is excited about the free exchange of
ideas and information between the U.S. and Canada, which
he forsees as part of the free trade deal. He ultimately wants
to see computer data bases with Canadian books on line to
give the whole world access to Canadian culture. Under such
circumstances, free trade and restrictive economies of scale
would be irrelevant.
But Bevington says the issue of free trade and Canadian
culture eventually comes to a choice. While free trade doesn't
threaten his business, he acknowledges that Canada is
threatened by the deal.
"Larger markets mean marketing of objects rather than
quality. Culture is not a bottom-line sort of thing. Ifyou want
to save money, you limit the choices.
"We have a wonderful sense of multiculturalism. We have
different people, different accents. What use is a large market
to them?" he asks.
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U.B.C. DEPARTMENT OF
STUDENT HOUSING
Invites Applications for the Position of
RESIDENCE ADVISORS FOR 1988 - 89
These positions are open only to full-time registered U.B.C. students.
Successful applicants will be required to live in the residences. Application forms and detailed job descriptions are available at the Ponderosa Housing Office and at the Front Desk of each single student
residence area: Totem Park, Place Vanier, VV.H. Gage, and Acadia/
Fairview.
Information Meetings: 6:30 p.m. in the Residence Commonsblocks -
January 12 at Totem Park; January 13 at Place Vanier, Janurary 14 at
Walter Gage.
Applications will be accepted from January 4th to January 18th, 1988
at the Front Desks of the single Student Residences, or at the Ponderosa Housing Office.
January 8,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 War on video rentals
I'm declaring war on video rentals. I'd like to give all
of us a boot to the head for every movie we've rented
and viewed on the small screen.
Now I'm not denying that videos have certain advantages. I know they're cheap; I know you can stop the
film to pee; I know you can fondle in a big way; I know
you don't get any hecklers; I know about homemade
beverages and substances - yes, I know all this and I
don't give a shit. You see, what you don't get is the
picture. We don't get the picture.
Ifyou knew Mona Lisa just from postage stamps,
Freestyle
would you really know her? Would you have seen her?
You wouldn't even know if she was smiling. Similarly,
you haven't seen a movie until you've seen it where it
belongs: on the big screen. You may have seen a sort of
Readers Digest Condensed Version, but you haven't seen
the film the director made.
If you're still not convinced,
consider colour, the key visual
mood element. Colours are carefully chosen by the director and
cinematographer and hardly deserve to be "interpreted"
by our TVs. And what about the aural elements? The
characters' voices and the soundtrack should surround
us, engulf us in their mood, not yap at us from a box like
a bunch of dogs flying Air Canada.
Yes, movies are made for the big screen. It is no
accident that there are things called Made-For-TV Movies, and it is no accident that they are stylistically
different from real movies. Made-For-TV movies use a
lot of close-ups and dialogue and very little scenery and
music (i.e. they're basically soap operas), because the
directors realize that these things lose their effect when
viewed on the small screen.
It's about time we realized the same thing and
stopped cheating ourselves - not to mention the moviemakers. Movies need the right venue. If God came to
earth (again?) he'd come to the big screen, and it
wouldn't do us any good to wait for the video.
Martin Dawes is a tuba playing music student who likes to
fondle in a big way without being bothered by hecklers.
AT/V.tt
No waiting
for actor
By Laura Busheikin
Sitting comfortably in the Arts Club
Lounge, actor Mark Weatherly smokes
Marlboros rather than the home-rolled Drum he smoked
back in the Green Room at UBC's Freddy Wood Theatre.
Weatherly has just finished his evening performance in
the Arts Club's Angry Housewives, in which he has just
replaced Scott Anderson.
Weatherly was cast in the role of punk-rocker Tim
only days after he finished his last week of classes at
UBC. His instant transformation from starving student
to professional actor—he's an equity member now—
belies the rumour that all ex-UBC Theatre students go
on to work at Fogg'n'Sudds.
Weatherly is graduating with a degree in History,
but his time and energy at UBC were all poured into the
theatre department, where he took acting courses and
acted in many of the mainstage and studio productions.
He most recently appeared as Dr. Rank in A Doll's
House last fall.
Weatherly attributes his success to good timing.
"You've got to be in the right place at the right time? he
says, "Once you're there, your experience and classes will
help you out?
"I had lots of stage time at UBC, and my acting
experience has held me in good stead? he continues.
The transition from student theatre to professional
theatre involved some adjustment. "I had very little rehearsal time. I just had to jump right into the show.
And another thing I'm not used to is doing two performances in a row. We have just over an hour between
performances."
One worry that Weatherly needn't have is uncertainty over the success of the show. Angry Housewives
has been immensely popular since it opened last March.
It's a high-energy, fast-paced, and utterly enjoyable
musical about four women who break out of their
traditional roles and their boredom by forming a punk-
rock band. They enter a punk-rock contest with their
showcase song "Eat your fucking Cornflakes".
Weatherly was one of over a dozen actors who auditioned to play Tim, the punker son of one of the "Housewives". He has a contract to play the role till the end of
January, but if all goes well he could be in the show till
it ends in March. His achievement should provide hope
to all theatre students who hope to be more than a
waiter.
The Native l.irlli
Performing Arts Inc. production
ol the avvarci-winninu
rn«'REZ
NINTI.IiS
"Innovative writing,
imaginative dire, linn
and exuberant ensemble acting'
TORONTO STAR
Runs to Jan. 30
8 pm
(2 tor 1 with this ad Mon. Jan.  IV
Vancouver East
Cultural Centre
Tickets - VTC  - 280-4444
Reservations 254-9578
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6/THE UBYSSEY
January 8, 1988 - Movie
The Play:
the review
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by Carolyn Sale
We've all seen B-movies. Some of
us even like them. The American
film industry makes big bucks spooning
up the bland, pulpy fare of second rate but
glitzy films to the world's
undiscriminating movie public. But I'm
willing to bet that Joe-blow chomping his
popcorn in front of the big screen down at
the Cineplex Odeon does not often, if ever,
occupy a seat at the Vancouver
Playhouse.
Yet, the production crew down at the
Playhouse apparently harbours the
erroneous belief that what Vancouver
Theatre types are itching to see on stage
is a movie. Live film as it were. Or
maybe Tom Wood, the writer and star of
the Playhouse's current production of B-
Movie, The Play thinks he has very
cleverly devised a way of tapping into the
movie-going, cash carrying audience.
The four characters are, as
a group, flatter than
Saskatchewan.
On the sensual level, B-Movie, The
Play, hits the mark. It's a very attractive
show that manages to provide the bright
visuals, snazzy soundtrack, and sharp
special effects which are the mainstay of
any Hollywood production. The sets are
chic, the special effects dazzling, and the
lighting highly creative. This is one slick
show, but it's fluffier than candy floss.
Tom Wood plays Art Findell, a goofy,
Woody-Allen type bumbler, the kind of
guy who gets freaked out walking around
his own apartment and who can't get a
girl—and when he does, he's impotent.
Art's making a movie. It is not too
often that you see the words 'Art' and
'movie' in the same sentence, but it's that
kind of cheap play on words that
characterizes this movie—I mean, play.
Title of Art's movie: Joanne and Eddie.
Art's re-making the story of Jocasta and
Oedipus. Wood probably thought he
could keep the critics at bay by throwing
them a literary allusion or two. It's a
handy tale which allows Wood to evolve
his plot around that ever popular surefire, crowd-pleasing subject—sex.
I won't spoil the fairly predictable
plot by describing it. Suffice it to say that
the four characters—Gloria (Dana
Brooks) a Hollywood starlet, Dick (David
Elliott), a gorgeous but brainless exotic
dancer who mistakenly gets cast as the
leading man, Lottie (Corrine Koslo), the
nerdy, bookish looking younger sister of
Stan (Stephen Ouimette), Art's sidekick—
are, as a group, flatter than
Saskatchewan. None of them manages to
do anything more with his or her role
than portray a stereotype. Art is terribly
overacted.
Stephen Ouimette is quite comic as
Stan, slipping in and out of various
characters that have peopled the silver
screen over the last sixty years. But, in
general, the humour is cheap, relying on
slapstick rather than wit.
The script is at times funny. But
■«/..*
there is no evidence of any substantial
consideration of the way B-Movies have
warped our collective psyche. There's too1
much mimicking of the B-movies, but not
enough questioning of them, for B-Movie,
The Play to qualify as a send-up.
THEATRE
B-Movie, The Play
Vancouver Playhouse
Which brings me back to my original
question: what nadir has Canadian
theatre sunk to that it has to turn to the
movies--and B-movies, at that—for
inspiration? Making Canadian plays
more like American movies is not going to
re-invigorate the Canadian theatrical
scene. It's more likely to kill it.
The biggest laugh of all: B-Movie is
scheduled to go into film production in the
spring. :B-Movie, The Play, The Film'???
January 8,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 THAT'LL STOP YOU
N       O
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R       I
Doo what? See ifyou can match the tunes with their performers!
8/THE UBYSSEY
January 8,1988 Canadian TV:
Mounties and
maple   sugar
By Katherine Monk
The wet dream of the Canadian
television industry has reached the
airwaves: Canadians are taking over
American affiliates, and beaming
Mounties and maple syrup into the
mashed potato minds encased in Contour
chairs across the United States. This is
just one of the scenarios which the writers
of CTVs new series Mount Royal have
asked us to swallow in the most expensive
production ever to reach Canadian picture
tubes.
I could go on about how
Mount Royal's completely
Eastern slant strokes
Montreal into a swelling
cosmopolitan member of
the international scene.
Mount Royal is about the trials and
tribulations of the Valeur family, a truly
Canadian fantasy made up of a billionaire
French-Canadian father, an Anglo
establishment mother, and three bilingual
offspring engaged in trendy occupations:
modelling (lots of opportunities to show
off designer clothes), night club
management (an excuse for Miami Vice
style violence), and closest to my heart,
the struggling reporter caught between
her morals and the search for a good story
(a mandatory yuppy career woman who
still wears sneakers with silk blouses). A
step closer to reality than Dynasty, but
these characters are still light years away
from the monotony of nine-to-five.
Despite the expensive production
techniques: kinetic camera work, multiple
angle coverage, permanent sets, location
shots in Europe, and recording it all on
thirty-five millimeter film, it still looks
"Canadian". Which is not to
euphemistically say "bad", but merely
"different" from the usual fare.
The acting swings from flowing
natural screen presence to verbal
constipation. Maybe once the writers stop
writing American style dialogue for
Canadian characters, this problem will
straighten itself out. Perhaps this is
Mount Royal's main problem: it's
Canadian culture Americanized. Or
perhaps because it's so close to home, the
suspension of belief just isn't there.
I suppose I could go on about Mount
Royal's completely Eastern slant, how it
completely ignores anything West of the
Ottawa-Hull border, and strokes Montreal
into a swelling cosmopolitan member of
the international scene, but I'm from
Montreal, so I won't. \
Yet, for all of Mount Royal's
problems, its quirkiness was seductive.
The characters were human enough that I
cared what happened to them, and
although it was just the first show, the
writers didn't make them do things which
would make Lucille Ball look like
Einstein, just to keep the plot line rolling.
TELEVISION
Mount Royal
CTV
Fridays, 10 p.m.
Mount Royal airs on Friday nights at
ten o'clock, and unless Citizen Kane is on
another channel, there's a good chance I'll
be wasting my time drowning my token
Canadian cynicism in a glitzy vat of
entertainment. Now, wouldn't Pat
Carney be proud?
IHot
I Flash
President Strangway
will speak Monday in
SUB at 12:30 p.m. Students interested in
speaking for or against
tuition fee increases
should attend.
Grizzled   mischief
collected in Collins
By Kurt Preinsperg
Doug Collins' newspaper columns
have made him a Vancouver legend in his own time. Now he has collected
over 100 of his most outrageous opinion
pieces in The Best and Worst of Doug
Collins. For anyone with half a political
mind, it's an entertaining work, exasperating, and dizzying like strong dope.
PRINT
Doug Collins
The Best and Worst of Doug Collins
Whitecap Books, 1987
In a bristly style all his own, this
grizzly mischief-maker sets us straight on
AIDS, food aid, communism, religion,
sexism, Native rights, immigration, the
death penalty, free speach, South Africa-
pornography and alcoholism. He deftly
impales prominent public figures on his
poison pen. That a book like this could
see the light of day is itself a monument
to free speech in our society.
Doug Collins is no stranger to UBC.
He has made enemies among the academic establishment by attacking their
job monopoly, free tuition for their
children, and professorial corruption (for
which he received the MacMillan Bloedel
Newspaper Award).
Collins can be a mean bigot at times.
He bashes gays, lesbians and environmentalists, pokes fun at feminism, blasphemes against non-white immigration,
glorifies an old-fashioned and suspiciously
boozy manliness and often lapses into
beer-parlor ramblings laced with invective.
But how can a left-leaning liberal like
myself love a redneck like Doug Collins?
Well, he has brought the craft of penning
pungent political columns to high perfection. A fearless integrity speaks out of his
columns, a fierce loyalty to the good of the
country as he sees it, and also willingness
to laugh at himself.
Even if one violently disagrees with
his views, there is a place for intelligent
muckrackers and public gadflies like
Doug Collins. He has his hand on the
pulse of real life and has done more to
provoke people out of their mental inertia
and wake them up to political issues than
an army of academics.
Democracy needs free spirits who
have both the courage to think for
themselves and the talent to speak their
minds forcefully.
Since I joined the
Ubyssey, my life has
been magic.
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ATTENTION
UBYSSEY STAFF
Due to organizational difficulties, a special 12:30 editorial
meeting will be held Mon Jan
11. Making 12:30 meetings permanent will be discussed Wed
at staff meeting.
January 8,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 '...1H£Mario*/ w,uL
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High stakes justified
convict interview
The obligation of any news agency to its com
munity is to strive for honest and comprehensive coverage of the news and for courageous expression of editorial opinion in support of
basic principles of human liberty, dignity, and soc il
progress.
It was on these principles that BCTV conducted
its interview with escaped convict Terry Hall.
News-gathering methods that might be considered unjustified in normal situations may be necessary when the stakes are high. And the stakes were
high when 13 prisoners escaped from Oakalla on New
Years Day.
The escape drew attention to the problem of security at the institution, and to problems within the institution.
But, when BCTV aired an interview with Hall, a
convict on the run, it aroused indignation on the part
of the attorney-general and others.
Letters
Food for
thought
The AMS Foodbank is
only the first object or
purpose of the AMS Food and
Development Center, whose
constitution was accepted
unanimously by Council
more than a year ago, (and
then apparently forgotten).
The last object or purpose of
the Food and Development
Center adopted by Student
Council was to establish a
food program as part of a
child daycare service.
The AMS is ready and
willing to donate $350,000
towards new UBC daycare
facilities. Perhaps the role of
the AMS Food and
Development Center should
be recalled and talked about
in this context?
Blair T. Longley
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.
After all, no one knew better than  Fee Increase?
Terry Hall the brutality of Oakalla.
The news station was accused of betraying the
public interest by not calling the police. After all, Hall
was an escaped convict who could have caused harm.
Presumably, no journalist should willfully endanger
human lives in order to break a story. However, the
journalists involved also had the duty to see that the
public's business is conducted in public.
After not being allowed into the prison with cameras, BCTV decided that an interview with an inmate
who was still digesting his prison dinner, had the
power of conviction and immediacy. After all, no one
knew better than Terry Hall the brutality of Oakalla.
Avoiding an interview with Hall would deprive the
public of most valuable information.
THE UBYSSEY
January 8,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays throughout
the academic year by the Alma Mater Society of the
University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are those
of the staff and not necessarily those of the university
administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is a
member of Canadian University Press. The editorial office
is Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 228-3201/228-2305; advertising,
228-3977.
As Mandel Ngan and Deanne Fisher furiously rewound themselves, Steve Chan PMT'd Corinne Bjorge and Jeff Silverstein into
next Monday's issue. No more bills to pay, thought Corinne as her face
melted into sixty dots per square inch. Visitors Derek Craig and
Kyoko Oka looked on in astonishment. Victor Chew Wong and Katherine Monk continued to waltz around the room, oblivious to the cries
of Laura Busheikin and Carolyn Sale as they reviewed the entire
Mount Royal series. The smell of popcorn pervaded the office. Chris
Weisinger and Greg Davis chased the X brothers (Kevin, Bud, and
Stephen) with Xacto blades until they found sanctuaiy behind the
consoles of Alex Johnson and Peter Francis. Martin Dawe kicked the
stereo in as Robbie Robertson's voice abruptly ceased.
Lisa Langford and Ross McLaren sailed off, never to be seen
again....
city desk: Corinne Bjorge & Ross McLaren/ production:
Lisa Langford/ entertainment: Laura Busheikin/
sports: Victor Chew Wong
On Monday January
11, at 12:330 in SUB Auditorium, President Strangway
will meet with students to
discuss the proposed tuition
fee increases. Lack of student attendance will likely
be viewed by the Board of
Governors as lack of interest. Simon Seshadri
Student BoG rep
Rehashed
philosopher
rehashes
I enjoyed reading Mr.
Hulley's many words of
advice to me in his recent
letter (Ubyssey, Jan. 5).
However, Mr. Hulley
misrepresented my
argument in favour of
decriminalization of
marijuana and then
proceeded to knock down the
reconstructed version
easily. As Mr. Hulley has an
apparent interest in
philosophical matters, I
would like to remind him of
the logical fallacy of "straw
man" arguments of the sort
he supplied.
My philosophical
argument in favour of the
decriminalization of
marijuana was not based, as
Mr. Hulley alleged, on the
view that since alcohol and
cigarette use is permitted in
society, so marijuana use
should be permitted also.
My reason for bringing
alcohol and cigarettes into a
discussion about the
legalization   of marijuana
Dear President Strangway
As a major gateway to
good jobs, social respect
and self-development, a
university education
shapes a person's life
chances in profound ways.
But students from well-to -
do family backgrounds are
greatly overrepresented at
university relative to
students from
economically deprived
family backgrounds.
Student loans cover only
part of the actual cost of
studying and have a
demoralizing effect on
many needy students. Any
further increase in already
much too high tuition fees
will make private wealth
an even stronger
discriminator in access to
university. Therefore, any
further tuition increase is
socially unjust and morally
repugnant.
By shifting financial
shortfalls onto students,
the university is
collaborating with our
government in setting up
an even worse class society
than we already have. As
divisions continue to widen
between people with
secure jobs and economic
power and people facing
poor job prospects,
educational barriers and
lifelong insecurity, our
society will become
convulsed with deep social
problems.
One such problem is
the creation of an alienated
minority which feels
victimized by social
injustice and no longer
bound to any social
contract. Full of rage,
many victims of social
injustice will not respect
existing laws and
institutions, but sabotage
them at every turn.
How, dear President
Strangway, can we
demand socially
responsible conduct from
victims of appalling social
injustices like financial
barriers to a university
education?
Kurt Preinsperg
External Affairs Director
Graduate Student Society
was to show that an
argument against the
legalization of marijuana,
based on the belief that it
promotes health damage, is
not a sufficient reason for
restriction. Health damage
real or imaginary is
insufficient justification for
restriction because to
restrict use on those
grounds limits the freedom
of the individual to choose to
accept the risk or not.
Mr. Hulley seems to
adopt the view that the role
of government is to guard
the health of its citizens. But
I believe that this conception
of the proper role of
government is paternalistic,
wrong, and cannot be
justified. The most powerful
argument for the
legalization of marijuana
(an argument I supplied to
which Mr. Hulley did not
respond) is an argument
based on the philosophical
principles of the role of
government in a free and
democratic society. The
principle I have in mind is
that any action must be
permitted unless it causes
harm to another individual.
On any definition of harm,
marijuana use does not
harm others, if given similar
legal status to alcohol.
Therefore, marijuana use
must be permitted in a free
and democratic society. The
kind of paternalistic
government Mr. Hulley
believes in does not adopt
this classic principle which
originated in the influential
thoughts of philosopher
John Stuart Mill. Instead,
Hr. Hulley's paternalistic
government will produce
volumes of rules and
regulations designed to
limit the freedom of the
citizens to engage in activity
conducive to their
conception of the good life.
Each citizen must be free to
choose amongst the greatest
possible number of options
for the good life. I believe
that good government
restricts the individual as
little as possible; and that
the present marijuana
restrictions are severe and
unwarranted.
The bottom line, Mr.
Hulley, is that government
must limit only actions
which are harmful to others.
And until marijuana use can
be conclusively
demonstrated to cause harm
to others, it must be
permitted. Questionable
philosophic arguments may
not cut the mustard, but
valid philosophical
arguments, such as I have
provided, certainly will.
Randy Reiffer
Philosophy 4
Dope and the
data-base
T. Hulley (Jan.5)
criticizes R. Reiffer's view
that the process of justifying
our beliefs by gathering and
analyzing conflicting
thoughts and ideas can
benefit from marijuana-
induced states of altered
consciousness. Hulley
claims that people who tried
this in the sixties and
seventies "abandoned that
approach when they
discovered that their
chemically-induced insight
didn't last much past
Saturday's party".
Here Hulley seems to
subscribe to the common
misconception that learning
from altered states will
come, if it comes at all,
suddenly and effortlessly,
like turning on a light in a
dark room. Those who tried
drugs with this in mind were
of course disappointed, and
flitted off to try other quick
fixes.
Instead, the learning
comes from the addition to
one's data-base of large
numbers of interesting new
types of experience,
allowing more numerous
and reliable references to be
drawn during the later years
of careful reflection that
Hulley rightly prescribes.
Hulley notes that great
thinkers typically spend
many years observing and
comparing before claiming
wisdom. Altered states
provide types of observation
unattainable elsewhere,
which is why great thinkers
often experiment with
altered states.
Taking marijuana for
knowledge is like travelling
for knowledge. Travellers
who seek pearls of wisdom
from exotic mystic sages will
obtain little of value, for
there is no substitute for
rational inquiry. Travellers
who just soak in new scenery
and observe other ways of
life will broaden their
horizons and open their
minds to new possibilities,
in the long run learning
much of value.
Have a salad, T.H., and
see if your perspective
changes - after a while.
Nick Sleigh
Philosophy
Send samples
Don't   send   letters.
Send samples. -staff
10/THE UBYSSEY
January 8,1988 I was not surprised at
Randy Reiffer's feeble attempt
to counter my argument, in the
Dec. 4th issue of The Ubyssey
and naturally I still feel that his
argument is incorrect. Along
with him, there were other
invalid claims.
Firstly, Randy answers the
question of why it should be
people like me who should
defend his claim by stating that
"coercive laws" should be
abolished. However, he has not
proven that this law is coercive.
I believe that this law is
maintaining the integrity of the
majority in society.
Next, he attempts to
resolve my argument on minors
gaining access to this drug by
stating that his plan would
"deglamorize the use of
marijuana and thus reduce peer
pressure". Now that is
preposterous. I cannot imagine
a method that could
deglamorize it especially since
we can't even do it with alcohol.
Also, it seems more reasonable
to think that with legalization
will come more peer pressure
because teenagers will be able
Economist demands philosopher
check supply argument, come up
with less dopey alternative
to justify its use by saying that ifs
legal for the adults and so what can
it do to us?
Randy also mentions that he
would have strict laws condoning
the act of trafficking to minors by
using similar laws regarding
alcohol. Well, I personally haven't
heard of the cops apprehending
people who sell alcohol to minors.
Besides, most teens have older
siblings or friends who can get it
for them. So, Randy's solution to
this is very weak.
Randy counters my concerns
over the health effects by saying
that alcohol and cigarettes are
legal. Well, I think society has
progressed much more and is more
reluctant to allow mind-altering
substances to be legal. Society is
more cautious and more concerned
with the health of its citizens. For
instance, saccharin was banned
because it was discovered that it
causes cancer. Now, Randy do you
think we should allow people to
sell/buy saccharin even though we
know it causes serious health
problems?
Randy along with Darryl
Boon both disagree with my theory
that a reduction in price will occur.
They argue that taxation will
maintain its high price because it
would be government controlled.
This seems true on the surface, but
it ignores two points. One is that
people will begin to grow their own
marijuana (just like how people
make their own wine or beer) and
the other is that "organized crime
groups" will still have a desire to
sell the good and will undercut the
government price. This also
counters the argument that the
governments will control the
supply.
Also, Mr. Boon proposes that
after legalizing marijuana we
should educate the public on its
health hazards. That sounds
contradictory: it would seem more
logical for the government to
educate the public and keep it
illegal to show that the
government believes what they
are promoting.
Another fallacy is that he
thinks that the revenue from the
sale of marijuana can be used to
build new hospitals. But Mr.
Boon does not realize
legalization will bring more
bureaucracy and the revenue
generated will be spent on
administration and distribution
costs with nothing for new
hospitals. In addition we know
that the costs associated with
alcohol and cigarettes (from
drinking and driving and lung
cancer) are not compensated by
the revenue generated by the
sale of them.
Mr. Richmond's article is
nothing more than an
expression of his opinion with no
substance whatsoever. His only
criticism is on the health issue
and as I mentioned before,
society has progressed and
knows better and so our laws
should reflect on what is best for
society.
To conclude, I still believe
that the ones who want to
legalize marijuana must be the
ones to convince others to
change the law. At present, this
has not been done sufficiently.
David Li
Economics 3
AMS Council's
priorities baffle
In 1970, The Ubyssey ran
three pages on the proud history of
student politics, student protests
and student victories which
included the following events: :
In the fall of 1967 the first
student senators were elected at
UBC to give the students a yqice
amidst the faculty, corporate
businessmen and others who
traditionally sat on senate and
dictated how the university ran.
In 1968, students swarmed
the administration building at
Simon Fraser University
demanding freer, less insajne
admissions'policies.
In 1969, 3,000 gathered in
Blaine, Washington to protest the
testing of an atomic bomb that
could have caused an earthquake -
thimbleful of students interested
in running for student senator
positions, it won't be surprising if
voter turn-out is pathetic.
AMS elections are at least
somewhat contentious, even if
they are popularity contests. But
what do the most jx^vilar peopl?
on campus dq with their decisionmaking power?
Well, in addition to ultimately
deciding to remove thelogo once
the current six-month supply is
depleted, our pompous council
actually considered adding the
slogan "Only Fools Smoke" to the
matchbooks. : As a non-smoker, I
would consider takingup the habit
if I thought it would prove to
council that they are not some lofty
morally-superior   herd   with   a
Freestyle
wiping Vancouver Island off the
map.
Now it's 1988 and seven of
nine student senator positions will
be won by acclamation this month.
The other two positions didn't
receive nominations, and will
remain vacant unless the
incumbents choose to extend their
terms throughout the next year?
It's 1988 and the main topic of
debate in Wednesday night's
council meeting was whether or
riot to remove the AMS logo from
matchbooks distributed
throughout AMS food and
beverage outlets, for fear they may
imply that council is encouraging
smoking.
Ifs 1988 and the Medical
Undergraduate Society is holding
£t party where "second year girls"
act as "serving wenches",
perpetrating the kind of blatant
sexism which should have
disappeared in the sixties.
The 1970 Ubyssey article
claimed that "student councils
were invented in the first place by
university administrations as a
tool to keep students in line - at the
same time giving them some
impression that they have some
control over their university life."
In other words, administrations
expected the same kind of student
apathy that we are witnessing
today.
The representation' students
fought for in the seventies is barely
acknowledged by the student
population today.    With only a
mandate to dictate which
unhealthy activities I should
avoid.
Fortunately, the brilliant
"Only Fools Smoke" scheme aimed
at "shaming" students was
defeated.
Somewhere in the midst of the
disorderly mayhem that was
supposed to resemble a formal
meeting Wednesday night, an
unacknowledged voice brought to
light a. more pressing problem -
that of a lack of non-smoking areas
in the Gallery, or enforced nonsmoking areas in the Pit. But
council neglected to deal with this
i ssue. Typical of the AMS to skirt
around the real dilemmas.
Every AMS council meeting
deals at great length with reports
from representatives i whose
constituencies are teeming with
vital issues. Some are holding beer
gardens. Others - a dance. And
still others, a party! '
Council did deal with one
important issue. They decided,
after some debate, that the AMS
president should write letters to
the board of governors and UBC
president in opposition to tuition
fee hikes. Yipee!! Now, what
about making a sincere effort to
lobby the government on this
issue, or improve disabled access
on campus, or combat the exodus
of professors from UBC, or...?
Deanne Fisher is a Ubyssey staffer
who    trolls for meaning at AMS
council meetings.
$1,000 SAYS WE'VE
CAUGHT YOUR EYE!
Unless you're different than most,
one of the toughest things about
university life is the cost of it. To
help you, Umbertino's at Broadway
and Balaclava is proud to present
two incredible programs tailored
exclusively for U.B.C. students.
The first is to provide low-priced,
nutritious, all-inclusive meals
throughout your university year
that will satisfy your wildest cravings without deflating your pocket-
book. A monthly special - we've
already started! - will be advertised
in the Ubyssey. As long as you produce a coupon, you've got the deal.
r ENTRY FORM A
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Call us at 731-3232 for
all the details
The second? Because you need hard
cash for next fall's fees, rent or whatever, complete the coupon - or one hke
it in our restaurant - and drop it in the
barrel, no purchase required. On Sept.
1, if your name is drawn, you can produce a U.B.C. card and answer a skill-
testing question, you will have One
Cool Grand to spend exactly as you
wish. We've got big plans for U.B.C.
This is just the beginning!
OFF CAMPUS QUmALITY FROM...—r-
BROADWAY AT BALACLAVA 731-3232
(ACROSS FROM ORESTES)
January 8,1988
THE UBYSSEY/11. by Chris Wiesinger
Remember Martin Scorcese's The
Last Waltz? The farewell
performance of The Band in 1976 marked
Robbie Robertson's exit from the limelit
rock and roll stage. The Band released its
final album, Islands, in 1977, and
Robertson began a quiet life. He produced
Neil Diamond's Love At The Greek (1977),
co-wrote and starred in Carny (1979) and
wrote scores for films like Raging Bull,
The King of Comedy, and more recently,
The Color of Money.
With the production assistance of
fellow Canadian Daniel Lanois, guests
U2, Peter Gabriel, the BoDeans, and
former Band-mates Garth Hudson and
Rick Danko, Robbie Robertson has
created a rock arid mil *-**-t<:4-p**piece — a
classic — in th  eponymously titled Geffen
release.
The thematic range of Robertson's
lyrics is matched by his versatile voice —
mournful in "Fallen Angel", a song about
a recently deceased friend; frustrated in
"Showdown at Big Sky"; forlorn in
"Broken Arrow"; frayed and hard-bitten in
"American Roulette".
"American Roulette" is, according to
Robertson in an interview released in
October, 1987, a song which questions the
American propensity "of seeking out
heroes, building them up as high as they
can go, and then blowing them out of the
sky?
"It's a very strange phenomenon...
They don't have this problem in Spain or
Italy or China. I wrote the first verse
specifically about James Dean, the second
verse about Elvis Presley, and the third
verse about Marilyn Monroe. There are
many more of them — as we know, the
list goes on and on. I wanted to paint this
picture very, very clearly —just for
myself to have a look at it. John Lennon
was fine until he came over here. He
came over here and it's American roulette,
you know. They don't do this in England.
Rock 'n' roll elder
creates a classic
They don't do this in Germany. It's a very
odd thing?
"Hell's Half Acre" expresses conflicts
textured with harshness, softness, anger,
and desperation. He explains: "I drew a
picture in my mind of a fictitious war.
This is all written in mythological terms
— I don't know which war this is. (Could
be all of them...) The idea of a country
going to war and
drafting a native son
off the reservation —
drafting somebody
who doesn't
understand what the
mainstream rock. Pay attention to
"Testimony", in which Robertson gets into
a stylistic 'duel' with U2's Dave "The
Edge" Evans.
"Sweet Fire of Love", co-written by
Robertson and U2, is an archetypal U2
piece, spiritual and, given Bono's
desperate voice, achieves an almost
religious fervour. Robertson and Bono
share the vocals
on this one, their
complementary
voices playing off
on another as a
result of
ALBUM
Robbie Robertson. Robbie Robertson
Geffen Records
WEA Canada, 1987
fight is all about — seemed like the
ultimate rape to me."
The years have also fine-tuned
Robertson's guitar abilities, giving the
material on the album a musical edge
which sets it apart from commercial
contrasting vocal textures.
Unquestionably, the finest piece on
the album is "Somewhere Down the Crazy
River", which combines spoken lyrics with
a moody and mellow background. "Yea, I
can see it now/ The distant red neon
shivered in the heat/ I was feeling like a
stranger in a strange land..." Robertson's
somber, reflective voice caresses lyrics
which wrap an atmosphere of a hot
summer night around the listener.
The song, Robertson says, "has this
kind of hot, sleazy Delta quality to it. I
was telling Daniel (Lanois) and the
engineer this story about when I was
sixteen years old and went from Toronto,
Canada down to West Helena, Arkansas.
It was like walking off one planet onto
another."
In the background — waayyy in the
background — hang the haunting strains
of three guitars, played by Robertson,
Lanois, and Bill Dillon. A bass,
omnichord, and Manu Katche's drums
complete the sound.
The music for the piece was written
before Robertson had settled on lyrics. As
he was relating this story, the track was
playing, and Lanois taped him. "Then we
did it again and I began telling stories
about another time I went down to New
Orleans on a project —just story telling,
relating things that happened? he
explains.
"Catch the blue train/ To places never
seen before/ Look for me/ Somewhere
down the crazy river..." Somewhere down
the crazy river, echoes Sammy BoDean,
his voice plaintive and gritty, reflecting
the strain of the heat.
Lanois and Robertson have outdone
themselves with this piece; they create an
aura — you can feel the heat, see the
neon, hear the river, remember...    "She
said 'There's one thing/ you've got to
learn/ Is not to be afraid of it'/ I said 'No, I
like it, I like it, it's good.' She said "You
like it now/ But you'll learn to love it
later."
If you're at all into that old blues-
influenced guitar orientated rock and roll,
the real thing — none of that syntho-pop
bullshit — this album's for you. You'll
like it the minute you put it on the
turntable... you'll learn to love it later.
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12/THE UBYSSEY
January 8,1988

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