UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 17, 1989

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Array the Ubyssey
VOLUME 71, Number 45
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 17,1989 Classifieds
Rates: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00,
additional lines 60 cents, commercial -3 lines,
$5.00, additional lines 75 cents. (10% Discount on 25 issues or more) Classified ads
payable in advance. Deadline 4:00 p.m,. two
days before publicalton. Room 266, SUB,
UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 2A7
Looking for
and FUN?
Information Meeting
Wed. Mar. 22
SUB Rm. 213
For Info.: 434-1411
RETURN FLIGHT to Toronto leaving
March 23 - Rtn. March 30th $200. Call 228-
1691 evenings
SUPER SINGLE BED and bureau, $150
OBO Call 734-9502.
2 RTN. FLIGHTS ANY US air destination
expires end of May $250 each obo. Call 733-
12-speeds Shimano gears and derailleurs.
$200 o.b.o. 737-0507.
88 ROCKY MOUNTAIN 'Stratos' 19 inch
frame good condition $800 obo call 687-3810.
TREEPLANTERS - For sale 1 pr. boots S 12
and 6 $501 shovel $201 set bags $20. Equip,
used 1 wk. 733-4758.
Note: "Noon" = 12:30 p.m.
Muslim Students' Association
Weekly prayers. Non-Muslims are
welcome, for more information call
224-8590. Noon, The lower lounge
of International House.
History Students' Association
Bzzr Garden - "Time in a Bottle"
Members,   bring   Membership
Card.   4:00   -   7:00,   Buchanan
The Radio Show
In-depth arts analysis and a general miscellany of commentary on
the local arts scene with a concentration on theatre. 5:30 - 6:00 pm,
CiTR 101.9 fm.
Hope Taping
200-Proof live mixes, remixes and
kilomixes. Music to be recorded at
home. 6-9:00 pm, CiTR 101.9 fm.
UBC Student Ministry
St. Patrick's Day Gym Night, 6:30
pm, Langara College Gym, (49th,
near Cambie).
LUGGAGE SET 3 pc soa-sided S75 obo.
Portfolio case 30" x 28" S60 obo. Must Sell
call 732-0964 after 6pm.
BASEMENT SALE, Small Misc. items for
sale, e.g., bookshelf, desklamp, briefcase,
kitchen utensils, etc. 222-2784.
2.8LD zoom brand new $899 (Retail $1250 +
tax). Tamron 60-300 f/3.8-5.4W/macro 1:1.5
$349. All with original hard case and manual. Phone George 321-2201.
Excellent Mechanical
Runs very well
Asking $1300 obo - Must sell
733-3975 after 5 pm
ONE-BR. APT. available anytime between
Apr. 15 and Aug. 31. Furnished/unfurn.
Granville & 70th. $440/mon. 261-1383.
DUNBAR & 33rd 4 Bdr. $1200/month, llth/
Alma 3 Bdr. $900, May 1st 261-6944 (Tom).
ACCOMMODATION WANTED May - August. Female 2nd year law student. Fully
furnished. Call eves. 721-2969 (Victoria).
CHEAP CAMPUS SUMMER ACCOMMODATION, Beta House, 2140 Wesbrook mall,
close to library, full kitchen, pay t.v., games
room, parking. Call Angus: 222-1007!!!
ROOMMATE NEEDED for 4 bdr. Home
41st and Granville for May 1st $250/month.
Call Tom 261-6944.
M/F ROOMMATE needed Apr. 1. Great 3
bdm. suite at Cypress/13th Close to UBC
and downtown only $250. Call 737-0524.
30 - JOBS
River Area - April - August. $5.50 - $9.00/hr.
Call 874-4166 or 222-8424 (Scott).
Lutheran Student Movement
Lenten Study Series - "Being a
Christian in a Secular World",
7:30   pm,   Luthefah   Campus
UBC Sailirig Club
Sailing Week!! "Ever been to sea,
Billy? Day" Gpriie ft* a free day of
sailing* 11:00 am *- 3:00: pm, Jericho Sailing Centre.
International Development Club
Car Wash, 12 - 4, 10th at Alma
Chevron Station.
Eastern Orthodox Mission
Great Vespers, 5 pm, St. Peter's
Anglican Church - 41580 Waldon
(Main and 30th) Tel.: 275-2985.
Film: Imagine, 7 pm, SUB Theatre.
Those hard rocking loudmouths
hit UBC with the Icemen and She-
Tix everywhere (see Discorder or
call 228-3017).    7:30 pm, SUB
High School Boys' Basketball
Live broadcast of the BC AAA
Final at the Agrodome. 8:30 pm,
CiTR 101.9 fm.
High School Boys' Basketball Provincial Final Live Sportscast. 8:30
pm, CiTR 101.9 fm.
Wednesday March 22,12:30 PM
Thursday March 23, 700 PM-
SUB 207/209
Featuring Guest Speaker
Chaim Chessler on Opportunities In Israel
Tuesday March 21, 12:30 PM
Monday, March 20
Megillah Reading-6 PM
Party-7:30 PM
For more information: 224-4748
In each of the school districts listed below the
local teachers association has not been able to
conclude a collective agreement protecting
teacher rights and determining salaries and
working conditions. BEFORE applying for a
teachingposition in any of these districts, please
contact the teachers' association for information.
- Central Okanagan - 860-3866
- Cranbrook - 489-3717
- Keremeos - 499-2727
-Langley- 533-1618
- Nisgha - 633-2225
-Sooke -474 -3181
- South Okanagan - 498-2255
- Vancouver Island West - 283-2486
35 - LOST
Entering the job market?
Give yourself a head start by using a
professional effective resume to open
doors to those important interviews.
As Career Consultants we have produced a proven step by step guide to such
a resume. Service includes professional
critiquing and laser printed copies.
Following the guide gives career direction and increased confidence in interviewing.
Special Student Rate
Call for details to Adam-
International • 731-5327.
SUMMER WORK - Make $625 wk. and gain
mktg/mgmt experience valued by IBM, P &
G, and others. Lve mssg. at 433-1047.
- set your own evening/wknd hours
- great money. Call Hans 736-1571
Film:  Dead Pool, 9:30 pm, SUB
Eastern Orthodox Mission
First Sunday of Great Lent - Sunday of Orthodoxy. Divine Liturgy
of St. Basil the Great. 9 am, St.
Peter's Anglican Church, 4580
Waldon (Main & 30th) Tel. 275-
Lutheran Student Movement
Communion Service, 10 am, Lutheran Campus Center.
UBC Sailing Club
Sailing Week!!  Broken  Centreboard Regatta.  Fun Racing with
Lasers > and Laser »s. 11:00 am
- 3:00 pm, Jericho Sailing Centre.
Just Like Women
Feminist news and analysis and a
broad range of women's music.
6:30 - 9:00 pm, CiTR 101.0 FM.
Film:  Imagine, 7 pm, SUB Theatre.
Film:   Dead Pool, 9:30 pm, SUB
Zen Meditation Society
Meditation, 3:30 pm, Graduate
Centre Penthouse
OLD, FADED, BLACK Cooper baseball
glovelostMarch 11. Please phone224-9072.
Ask for Flash.
BETWEEN 4-4:30 pm March llth at
countertop (sinks) in women's north side
washrooms at Sedgewick Library. 1 GOLD
WEDDING BAND withsmall diamonds,SD
Hyman/July 3 lst/88 inscribed on inner surface and 1 topaz stone antique ring - sentimental value. If found pis. call Sabine
Hyman at 683-0742 or lv. mess, during
business hrs. 685-9277. REWARD.
Grey Cleaners. Permanent position. For
interview 224-4377 Miss Duncan.
WORK OWN HOURS from home. Busy
professional needs someone for phone work.
Complete info and attractive pay provided.
Rick Murray 270-7700.
We need installers for inground
sprinkler systems this summer.
Wages $6-8 + Bonuses
Vancouver Area. Car an asset. We train.
Call 681-5755 and leave message.
healthy male, non-smokers reqd. for on-
campus drug study. $75 gratitude paid on
completion. For Info, please call David 228-
5838 or Dr. McErlane 5441.
MESSAGE OF ISLAM 26: Muslims believe
that God created the Earth and the Heavens
in 6 periods. The length of each period is
unknown. But in Koran God says that a
period may be like 1,000 years or even
50,000 years of our reckoning!
new pledges, Tracy and Nana. Welcome to
the Greek system and have fun!
Concept to finished product - I tutor, edit
and/or type. Jo, 732-8261.
6th 683-4289.
word proc. & IBM typewriter. Student rates.
Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
required resumes (same day service). Tapes
transcribed. 224-2310 (24 hrs).
UBC Astronomy and Aerospace
General Meeting: 1989-90 Executive Elections, 5:30 pm, Astronomy and Geophysics 142.
Sports Digest - featuring reports
on the CIAU men's volleyball
championships. 5:30 - 6:00 pm,
CiTR 101.9 fm.
Sports Digest
All the latest in sports with Lane
Dunlop. Catch the results of Saturdays AAA boy's basketball finals. 5:30 - 6:00 pm, CiTR 101.9
Jewish   Students'   Association/
Purim Party
Mesillah Reading 6:00 pm - Party
- 7:00 pm. Hillel House.
UBC   Film   Society   -   Classic
Film   Showing  -   Michelangelos
Antonioni's "Blow Up", 7:00 and
9:30, SUB Auditorium, SUB.
The Jazz Show - Feature at 11:00
"DavisCup" - ACollectors' Item by
New York Pianist Walter Davis Jr.
with Jackie McClean (alto) and
Donald Byrd (trumpet). 9:30 pm *
12:30 am. CiTR 101.9 fm.
Jewish   Students'   Association/
Famous Hot Lunch and "Opportu-
•^ Going Your Way!
Specialists in scientific texts, graphs, grammar correction and style polishing.    253-
0899. Free pickup & delivery on campus.
WORD PROCESSING, S2.00/dbl. sp. page,
MLA, APA, CMS, editing. Comput-
erSmiths, 3724 West Broadway at Alma,
Type it yourself ... simplified instructions, spell check, and laser printer make
your work look top quality. $57hr. and
lOc/page. Friendly help always available. SUB lower level, across from
Tortellini's Restaurant; 228-5496.
Need the professional touch? ... have it
done for you - you can even book ahead.
$25/hr., 6-8 double spaced pages of normal text per hour, laser printer. SUB
lower level, across from Tortellini's Restaurant; 228-5640.
TYPING, QUICK, Right by UBC. $1.25/pg.
d/sp. Call Rob 228-8989 anytime.
Experienced, accurate, laser printed.
Pre-booked from $1.75/pg.
RUSH AND OVERNIGHT from $2.50/pg.
Vivian 737-8981.
Steve does word processing
Steve does resumes
Steve does laser printing
Steve does QUALITY work
Let Steve or Doug do it!
essays, theses, scientific work done quickly
on laser printer. Competitive rates 736-
Letter quality typeset, fast efficient. 24 hrs.
nities in Israel" 12:30 pm, Hillel
In Context
News and Interviews from and
about the local arts community. 3
-4:00 pm, CiTR 101.9 fm.
Fine Lines
Literary Criticism in a Canadian
vein from the studios of UVIC
Radio, CFUV. 5:30 - 6:30 pm,
CiTR 101.9 fm.
Lutheran Student Movement
Co-op Supper, 6:00 pm, Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Chinese Collegiate Society
Oriental Luncheon (Free Admission for members and non-members). 11:30 am to 2:30 pm, SUB
(upstairs) Rm. 207/209.
Environmental Law Group
Paul George, Executive Director of
the Western Canada Wilderness
Committee speaks about WCWC's
Legal Battles to preserve B.C.
wilderness. 12:30 pm, Law 157.
Anglican,   Lutheran,   United
Church Communities
Worship.   12:40, Lutheran Campus Centre.
International House
Foreign Film; "M" (Director: Fritz
Lang) FREE! Everyone Welcome.
8:00 pm, International House -
Gate 4 Lounge.
at Vancouver East
Sunday, March 19
Admission $5
all proceeds go to
Canadian Crossroads
March 17,1989 NEWS
UBC gala
angers some
By Katherine Monk
While the University hopes
to ring in $130 million at the
"fundraising kick-off banquet"
this Monday night, some of the
people crowding into the Pan
Pacific gala may feel a little
Eighty male UBC athletes
were asked to attend, while only
26 female athletes were invited
to the black tie affair along with
Premier Vander Zalm and Lieutenant-Governor David Lam.
While director of women's
athletics Joanne Jones agrees it
may look like discrimination on
the surface, it really is just a case
of bad communication. "It wasn't
intended to be unequal," she
said. "It's just that the systems
are so different—there are many
more men than women in athletics."
As it stands now, every man
and woman who is a first time
Big Block winner will be able to
attend the $75 dinner free of
charge. On top of that, the fundraising campaign will foot the
$12,000 bill for Big Block sweaters which each winner receives.
But Women's Big Block co-
president Robyn McCreery said
the sweaters and the gala dinner
don't make up for the breach of
tradition which the development
office, which organized the
event, has forced on the students.
Traditionally, the women
organize their awards banquet
and it is a very special evening,
McCreery said. "This year the
winners' names were plastered
all over War Memorial Gymnasium—it's not a big deal anymore. This year's Athlete of the
Year found out she was Athlete of
the Year by walking by a chalkboard—and what if she hadn't
seen it—it would have been embarrassing for John Turner to
call Melanie's name and she
wasn't even there."
Even more offensive, said
McCreery, was the directive issued by the development office
which prohibited any other banquet-like function to take place
this year—any fundraising occasion could have upstaged Monday's gala which every CEO of
every major company in British
Columbia will attend.
Jones said she can understand how the women's Big Block
feels, but it is only for one year,
and the benefits outweigh the
disadvantages. "This is a major
affair, and it doesn't happen
every year—we've been given
$20,000 from the development
And considering the fact
that the men are getting this
dinner and nothing else, it could
have been a lot worse, said Jones.
"The University has shut everyone down, not just us—it's tough
for everyone."
Jones said she tried to explain to the development office
how the Women's Big Block banquet—unlike the men's dinner
which is used to raise enough
money to pay for the sweaters—
wouldn't interfere with any fundraising goals which the University had in mind. "But in their
ultimate wisdom, the University
decides what is the best way to
raise money—not just for now,
but in the future."
Even in December, Jones
said she didn't know if the
Women's banquet would happen. "I didn't know if we were
coming or going. And no one had
even made a motion to include
women at the gala—can you
imagine what would have happened then?"
Jones said that there was
talk at one point, when it looked
as if only 100 tickets to the gala
could be made available, of having the men draw fifty names
from a hat and filling the women
's places with repeat winners.
"But then you're going to tell
some little rugby player that he
can't go?"
"The students who worked
on planning the Women's banquet must feel very threatened.
It's destroyed everything they've
worked for, and they feel the rug
has been pulled out from under
them. But next year they will be
able to do all the work and planning themselves again."
McCreery said the goal of
the kick-off dinner was great,
and making money for the University was certainly a good idea,
but it was inappropriate for the
development office to move the
date of the Women's Big Block
Banquet since there was no risk
of upstaging the kick-off.
"Athletes are not the focus of
the evening. The money means
nothing to us. It's pride and the
team spirit."
Grads go at prez
Graduate students got
their chance to have a go at UBC
president David Strangway
yesterday but the row was less
than bloody.
Questions during the session with president, who visited
the graduate students' centre,
focussed mainly on the issue of
increases in graduate students'
tuition fees—a 50 percent increase for those who take longer
than the prescibed time.
Many students have to
work in order to pay the fees and
are therefore unable to complete their degrees in the suggested two years for a masters
and three for a PhD, which traps
them in what student Phil Ben-
net called "a vicious cycle."
Although Strangway acknowledged that the student
may not always be at fault if a
degree is delayed, he maintained
that the necessary fee increase
was best applied to those in their
later years.
"(The increase) was really
not intended to be punitive. Of
course it has some elements of
being punitive, but it was really
intended to be a more equitable
way of implimenting a 10 percent
increase," said Strangway.
Strangway added that continuing fees in graduate studies
"are higher at most universities
with which we compare ourselves."
Jolly Green Giant gives L'il Green Sprout a noogie
Duke's petition invalid,
referendum a no-go
By Deanne Fisher
Students will not be given the
chance to go to the polls to save
Duke's Cookies.
The Alma Mater Society vice-
president has ruled Wednesday
that a petition calling for a referendum on the fate of the popular
cookie shop is invalid.
Sara Mair checked the first
350 signatures of the 1031 collected and found that 94 did not
belong to registered UBC students.
"My action is not one of malicious intent to Duke's nor to the
valid students who signed the
petition. It is part of my job as the
vice-president of the AMS to validate any petition," said Mair of her
The shop is scheduled to be
taken over by a similar AMS-run
cookie store.
Tamara Hunter, a second
year law student fighting to keep
Duke's open, said she is "disgusted" with the decision.
"It's completely contrary to the
spirit ofthe (AMS bylaw allowing
for petitioning for a referendum)
which is a mechanism for grassroots concern," she said.
Hunter said she has a further
160 names who signed the petition
which she chose not to submit as
only 1000 signatures were required. Mair, however, would not
accept the extra signatures, according to Hunter, as they would
constitute another petition since
they were not submitted with the
Though Hunter was permitted to address student council
with her concerns at their
Wednesday meeting, she was not
informed at that time that her
petition was deemed invalid.
"Why did they let me speak and go
on and on for 15 minutes?" she
Hunter could not speculate
why some people might have falsified their names or student numbers. "I just have to take that as
being the case," Hunter said, referring to the invalid names. "For
whatever reason, some people put
bogus student numbers down."
However, Hunter would like
Mair to provide a list of the invalid
A third petition is rumored to
be in the works, though Hunter
said she had only heard about it
but had not seen it herself. A third
petition would have to be submitted quickly as the Duke's licence
terminates at the end of April.
Ghana or bust...
Undaunted by student
council's rejection of his request
for a $250 donation two weeks
ago, Crossroader Hai V. Le fared
better with the graduate student council yesterday.
The GSS gave Le $150 for
his trip to Ghana through Canadian Crossroads International,
a development organization
through which Le will be posted
at a medical clinic.
Grad   student   president
Robert Beynon said the decision
to donate was partly motivated
by disappointment with the
tight-fisted AMS student council.
Le has collected $61 in personal donations from student
council members, and $100
from the Arts Undergraduate
Le hopes to set sail for
Ghana in May.
March 17, 1989
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We're working on everything from object-oriented methodology, compilers, operating systems,
and networking to sophisticated graphics, powerful applications software and more. In fact, we're
working on some truly visionary ideas we can't even reveal yet. You could be too, if you have
programming experience and a background that includes micro's, "C" or Pascal, 8086, 68000,
UNIX'"/XENIX®, Macintosh® Toolbox, or MS-DOS®.
Program Managers
Instant responsibility. You select the features, you shape the product, you design the user interface
for new generations of software. Guide product development from programming through documentation and testing. Keep your product at the forefront of technology by knowing your competition and product trends.
There are full-time and summer opportunities to work with our teams in applications, systems, languages, or CD-ROM. If you're about to graduate or are working towards a B.S. or B.A.
in computer science, math, physics, or related field, we want to talk to you.
Microsoft offers you an opportunity to live and work where the quality of life is high and the
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Begin by sending your resume TODAY to College Relations, ^_^
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Trademarks arc registered Id their respective companies.
March 17, 1989 FEATURE
Bottles gone to waste.
■ "W"arbage is everywhere.
^^^ With no room at the
dump, politicians are realizing
that it's time to enforce recycling
and change the North American
approach to garbage.
While the average West-German household fills one garbage
can a week, a family in Canada
fills five.
Canada will soon be meeting
their standard.
To avoid further ecological
damage, City Council passed a
motion last month to establish a
target of 40 percent waste reduction through domestic recycling.
"It 11 start after we get the vehicles
in about six months," said Brian
Davies, spokesperson for City
According to Council minutes
for February 21, "Several of the
speakers felt that the City should
go beyond a voluntary program
and make it a compulsory program for residents to separate
their garbage."
Council even went so far as to
discuss the establishment of a
penalty system for those who do
not separate their garbage, and
those who have more than a set
number of containers.
The shortage of landfills has
forced many corporations to rent
space on Indian reserves for their
garbage—leaving potentially dangerous waste unmonitored by the
federal government as reserves
are not subject to the same legislation.
Lis Vallister of UBC's Environmental Interest Group is well-
versedin the hazards presented by
landfills. Toxic gases and chemicals leak out of the landfills into
the air and water, according to
Vallister. "Landfills are supposed
to be self-contained...this is only in
"Leechates are the problem.
They get into the groundwater and
the river system which bleeds into
the ocean eventually. The
leechates are created by an anaerobic fermentation of compost
like apple cores and carrot peels,
combined with things like oven
cleaners, paint, and chemicals
dumped by industries," she said.
Leechate is known to contaminate water used for fish, plant
life, and drinking. "The leechates,
which are basically toxic and corrosive chemicals, eat their way
through the lining which is supposed to contain the landfills,"
Vallister said.
As   one   alternative   to   the
shortage of landfills in the area,
the Greater Vancouver Regional
District will dump an estimated
300,000 tonnes of Vancouver garbage in the interior town of Cache
Creek this year and residents may
resort to a human blockade if nothing is done to stop it.
"They don't want Vancouver's
garbage," said Vallister.
Residents are waiting for the
results of a local referendum ordered by Premier Bill Vander
Zalm. But Chief Terry Morgan of
the Bonaparte Indian Band
warns, "If nothing happens, we
won't be pushed into a corner—we
will blockade the road."
Wastech Services, which operates the dump for the GVRD,
shows no indication of budging.
The Vancouver Sun reported that
the company is boosted security
and briefed the truck drivers on
what to do if met by protesters.
"The other alternative (besides recycling) would be to use the
incinerator more extensively,"
said Vallister. The incinerator
which opened in Burnaby last year
is emitting chemicals, several of
which have yet to be identified—
and some which have been correctly I.D'd are known to be lethal
in certain doses, she added.
"Hardly anybody knows that
there are unidentified chemicals
coming out of the incinerator,"
said Vallister.
"There are already acid gases
which contribute to acid rain. For
example, when carbon dioxide and
sulphur dioxide combine with
water, they form carbonic acid
sand sulfuric acid. There are also
heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, and mercury being burned.
Some disperse into the atmosphere—we breathe it. Once it goes
in your lungs, it stays there and irritates your body. Toxic organics
such as dioxins, furans are also
"Although they may say it is
more expensive to recycle, over the
long term, it will be cheaper.
Landfills will poison our water,
poison our food—killing it, and the
natural diversity will be depleted.
The cost ofthe consequent medical
attention will be expensive," she
At-source separation was resolved by City Council as the best
means to remove toxic materials
from entering the wastestream.
"The city will either be distributing the blue boxes (the successful containers created by A-l
products in Ontario) or boxes with
separable containers," said Davies.
Currently, only 5000 households in Vancouver separate their
garbage. In Delta and Surrey,
rates of up to 70 percent have been
"Recycling will be a major
step, but it will be difficult—it'll
take a lot of education," said Vallister.
At UBC, Vincent Grant of
Surplus Equipment and Recycling
Facility, is responsible for receiving outdated equipment and supplies and selling them to the public. He receives a 20 percent commission which is allotted to SERF
employees and UBC's only recycling program. The remaining 80
percent goes to the university.
Grant points out that recycling would offset the $1000 a day
waste disposal cost on campus.
A growing number paper recycling bins have been placed at
department buildings on campus.
Recently, newspaper recycling
bins have been placed outside of
"New ones would cost $1000,
so instead we are using old library
book drops which cost around $300
each," Vallister said.
If people kick in and recycle
old paper, the city's 40 percent
waste reduction scheme may well
succeed since 38 percent of household waste is paper, according to
Statistics Canada.
And if Alice Jenne, the SUB
nightime custodian, is any indication, recycling is just becoming a
part of the daily routine. Jenne
heads a household of five which
fills one garbage container a week.
"I return all the bottles and cans,
burn all the paper in the fireplace,
and feed the leftovers to the cat."
By Chung Wong
Where to put your newspaper when you're finished.
Pledges to reduce dioxin emissions
lacking, says environmental lawyer
By Gordon White
Pledges by the pulp industry
and the federal and provincial
governments to reduce and eliminate dioxins and furans from pulp
mill effluent and pulp products are
still woefully inadequate, says Bill
Andrews, the executive director and lawyer for the West Coast
Environmental Law Association,
told a UBC audience Thursday
that by focusing on only two of the
thousands of organochlorines, the
governments and pulp industries
do little to address the real problem.
Of the more than 3000 organochlorines in pulp mill effluent, only 300 have been identified
and over 100 have found to bioac-
cumulative, persistent, extremely
toxic and even lethal in minute
quantities, said Andrews.
"Industry's current approach
to deal with dioxins and furans is
to reduce their levels. But in doing
so only a small percentage of the
organochlorines will be affected,"
he said.
"Our stance is that we should
eliminate all organochlorines
without waiting to see what damage will be done," he added.
Currently, all pulp mills in
B.C. use chlorine-bleaching processes that are largely responsible
for the formation of the organochlorines. The pulp industry plans
to address the "dioxin problem" by
using less chlorine and more chlorine dioxide.
To Andrews, who acts on behalf of a coalition comprised of 42
groups including Greenpeace, the
Sierra Club of Western Canada,
the B.C. Wildlife Federation, and
the United Fishermen and Allied
Workers Union, this change in
bleaching techniques is the wrong
"We are calling for an urgent
and realistic timetable for elimination of all organochlorines,"
said Andrews. "The federal government should be moving towards eliminating all these compounds."
Andrews cited the Federal
Fisheries' closure of shellfish harvesting in Howe Sound and near
Crofton this past November as
being one ofthe few positive steps
towards recognition ofthe seriousness ofthe pollution problem.
Unfortunately, this ban and
further studies have only been
achieved by pressuring the federal
government,   he   said.   "Federal
Fisheries started taking samples
in 1987-1988 and were pushed to
release information because of
Greenpeace's own study," said
Andrews, referring to the testing
of dioxin levels in shellfish .and
sediments near the Crofton and
Howe Sound Mills.
"Health and Welfare said at
the time there was no danger to
the public. More samples were
needed if danger were to be declared according to Health and
Welfare," said Andrews, adding
that pressure from environmental
groups brought about more studies and the subsequent fishing
Also contributing to the problem, according to Andrews, is the
governments' unwillingness to
release study information. "We
have asked for access to industry
studies. The B.C. government
wouldnotrelease the information.
The feds stymied us claiming a
need for money to sort the information."
"My belief is that we should
have right to information, especially that which is electronically
available," said Andrews. The federal government's refusal to supply software versions of a July
1988 study of pulp mill pollution in
Canada, the Sinclair Report, was
one example offered by Andrews.
Yet Andrews remains optimistic. "This is an exciting time
since we are moving towards eas
ier access to information which
brings about major changes," he
Andrews' lecture was sponsored by UBC's Environmental
Interest Group.
AMS neutralizes
on rec fac issue
The yes side ofthe recreation facility oampaign will
net be aided by student council -dollars and propaganda**!
Mxt fall's settoad referendum.
Council voted Wednesday night to put ont only
neutral information on the
project, as opposed to last
.fall's campaign which saw
pro-rec fac literature and bus
ads funded hy tha Alma Mater Society,
Two student Initiators of
the petition calling for another referendum addressed
student council, warning that
if the   next  referendum
showed further bias by the
AMS, another petition might
well follow.
The AMS*s access to
funds gave "a considerable
advantage to the 'ym' side
and had the potential to
prejudice the outcome of that
referendum,* Keith Davidson
told council,
A majority of council
members agreed. * We have to
represent all students and
the best way to do that is to
remain neutral* said Arts
acting president Joanna Harrington, adding that the" AMS
could set up a fund for both
the 'no* and 'yes* campaigns.
March 17,1989
Mater Society
Duke's Cookies
(6781427 Holdings Ltd.)
• On January 31, 1984, the Alma Mater Society
(AMS) entered into a standard legal sublease
agreement with 6781427 Holdings Limited (i.e.
Duke's Cookies) for a term of three (3) years
commencing on the 1st day of February, 1984 and
expiring on the 31st day of January, 1987.
• As the AMS is leasing the Student Union
Building (SUB) from the University of British
Columbia, the sublease agreement between the
AMS and Duke's Cookies had to be approved by
the Board of Governors. The Board of Governors
at its meeting of March 1,1984 approved the above
mentioned three year sublease.
• On May 12, 1986, Duke's Cookies made a
presentation to Mr. Charles Redden, the General
Manager of the Alma Mater Society, and
requested additional space to expand the
currently leased premises. Following the May
1986 meeting, Mr. Redden retained the distinct
impression that the current premises were
unacceptable to Duke's, and that Duke's
continued successful operation in SUB depended
upon the expansion of the premises defined in the
sublease agreement.
At this meeting, Mr. Redden also verbally
informed Duke's that their proposed plan for
expansion was unacceptable and that he had no
authority to accept it. Mr. Redden indicated that
only a committee of the Student's Council could
accept the proposed plan for expansion (or any
amended plan). The proposed plan of Duke's
Cookies called for the space that was and is
presently occupied by the AMS Box Office/SUB
cetera. Mr. Redden verbally informed Duke's
Cookies that, in no event, could any final decision
be made prior to December 31, 1986 until the
implications of the expansion were assessed on
the existing AMS operations (AMS Box Office/
SUBcetera) and Student's Council had some idea
of the renewal plans of all other sublessees in the
Student Union Building.
At the end of the May 12, 1986 meeting, Mr.
Redden mentioned to the owners of Duke's
Cookies that if renewal was desired, the option to
renew should be exercised in writing. Despite this
acknowledgement, no action was taken by the
• By May 30,1986 (the earliest) or July 31,1986
(the latest), Duke's Cookies was required to
inform in writing the Alma Mater Society
regarding Duke's Cookies' intention to renew this
sublease for a further term of two (2) years from
the expiration date of January 31,1987 as stated in
Section 9.08 of the sublease agreement.
• On September 18, 1986, Duke's Cookies was
notified in writing by the AMS that they had not
exercised their option to renew the sublease with
respect to the premises in the sublease with
respect to the premises in the Student Union
Building, and accordingly, Duke's Cookies was
asked to vacate the premises by January 31,1987,
the sublease expiration date. In the same letter,
Duke's Cookies was informed about the AMS's
decision to expand its operations into the premises
as of February 1,1987.
• The AMS received a letter dated September 24,
1986 from Duke's Cookies in response to the
AMS's letter of September 18, 1986. Duke's
Cookies mentioned that there have been ongoing
negotiations to extend and broaden the terms of
the lease, and Duke's Cookies had the
understanding that the AMS was to have Duke's
Cookies as long term tenants. However, standard
sublease agreements usually have a maximum
term of five (5) years, and the AMS is not in a legal
position to make long-term sublease agreements.
Reason being that the AMS's own lease with the
University of British Columbia for the Student
Union Building expires in 2013 (with the option to
renew for another fifteen (15) years).
• Upon Duke's Cookies' receipt of the AMS's
letter dated September 18,1986, a formal meeting
occurred between both parties on October 28,
1986. Once again, Duke's Cookies expressed
interest in expanding the current premises. The
AMS reiterated its position that Duke's Cookies
expressed interest in expanding the current
premises. The AMS reiterated its position that
Duke's Cookies had not properly exercised its
option to renew, and accordingly, Duke's Cookies
was again requested to vacate the premises on
January 31,1987. At this same meeting, the AMS
also informed Duke's Cookies that they were not
paying market value rent for the premises. At the
end of the meeting dated October 28,1986, it was
obvious that both parties were in disagreement,
and at this time, it was decided to let the court
decide the matter. The statements and resolutions
of this meeting were confirmed in a letter from the
Alma Mater Society to Duke's Cookies dated
October 31,1986.
• On December 9,1986, Duke's Cookies issued a
rit out of the Supreme Court of British Columbia,
and subsequently, affidavits were submitted by
both parties. On January 5,1987, the legal councel
of the AMS contacted the legal councel of Duke's
Cookies with a proposal to settle the dispute
without a further court hearing. The proposal
from the AMS was "that Duke's Cookies would be
permitted to remain at their present premises on
the same terms and conditions as are contained in
the present lease, including rent on the same basis
as is presently calculated, until April 30, 1987, at
which time, Duke's Cookies would leave without
further dispute." The AMS's proposal to settle out
of court was not accepted.
• On January 19, 1987, the AMS and Duke's
Cookies appeared in the Supreme Court of British
Columbia. The court held that the AMS could not
rely on the strict notice of renewal provisions in
the sublease because the discussions between the
AMS and the principals of Duke's Cookies
regarding possible expansion of the Leased
Premises had, by virtue of the doctrine of
promissory estoppel, prevented the AMS from
strictly enforcing the sublease.
• On September 29,1987, the Alma Mater Society
appealed the decision, but the appeal was
dismissed. With the court's decision, Duke's
Cookies had the right to exercise the two year
renewal option.
• On March 15,1988, The Alma Mater Society and
Duke's Cookies signed the "MODIFICATION
OF SUBLEASE" agreement. Based on this
agreement, the said sublease was renewed for a
period of two (2) years ending January 31,1989, at
the rent stated in the sublease, amended to reflect
percentage rent of 9% of gross sales. The parties
also agreed te extend the renewal term of the
sublease to April 30, 1989. This agreement also
AFTER APRIL 30, 1989". This document was
signed and sealed by Matthew Harvey Colclough,
Andrew Markus, and Violet Mona Fraser for
Duke's Cookies, and by Charles Redden for the
Alma Mater Society.
• From March 15,1988 to the present, there has not
been any correspondence or formal/informal
meetings requesting or attempting to renegotiate
the sublease's final expiration date of April 30,
• On February 1st, 1989, Student's Council passed
the following motion:
Moved Leanne Jacobs, Seconded Phil Bennett:
"That Student's Council re-affirm that there shall
be no further renewals or extensions of the lease
agreement between the Alma Mater Society and
6781427 Holdings Ltd. (Duke's Cookies) after
April 30th, 1989.
Note: This is in accordance with the "Modification
of Sublease" Agreement signed and sealed by
both parties on March 15th, 1988."
This document has been prepared for the members of Student/s Council and student population as a whole. The intention of this report
is to provide factual information regarding the historical and present relationship between the Alma Mater Society and Duke's Cookies
(6781427 Holdings Ltd.). This report should clarify any of your uncertainties and should provide you with a thorough understanding of
the situation. This issue has caused great concern among the AMS Executive, Student's Council, and students at large.
The Student Union Building was constructed in 1968/1969 for the purpose of hosting student activities and student-run operations.
As the membership of the AMS increases, the demands for space and services grow. The Alma Mater Society is solely responsible for the
operation and administration of the Student Union Building. Space to sublessees is subject to availability and legal agreements. The Alma
Mater Society reserves the right to establish its priorities based on our Constitution, Bylaws, and Code of Procedure.
The AMS Executive
March 17,1989 NEWS
Flights endanger Natives
By Greg Davis
The Innu people of Labrador
face the destruction of their way of
life if low-flying military jets continue to train over their land, according to Innu Chief Daniel Ash-
In order to raise awareness,
Chief Ashini gave two lectures at
UBC Tuesday describing what
was happening in his home of
Sheshatshit, a community of 800,
50 km from the major military air
base at Goose Bay.
There are currently 10,000
Innu people living in Quebec and
Labrador and they depend on
hunting to maintain their existence in terms of survival and
identity, said Ashini.
"That way of life is still very
strong," he said. "We wish to maintain that, to educate our children
and pass on the knowledge of our
ancestors, of hunting, gathering,
respecting nature and so on."
The chief said the low flying
sonic jets frighten the caribou
herds, disrupt hunting practices,
frighten the children, and cause
environmental damage from poisonous exhaust.
"The caribou herds are changing migration patterns to avoid
the low level flight areas," he said.
"These jets fly from 700-800 mph,
even breaking the sound barrier.
When our families are out, they've
stated they could see the faces of
the pilots when they're overflown.
The exhaust fumes can be smelled,
the oil slicks can be seen on the
lakes and rivers."
The noise levels ofthe fighter
jets can reach up to 140 decibels—
equivalent to a whole day of industrial noise. The jets are allowed to
fly as low as 30 metres above the
ground, compared to the minimum level of 75 metres set in
The Innu protest that their
children are suffering trauma
from the sudden overpass of the
planes, Ashini said. The Royal
Canadian Air Force has given its
assurance that Innu campsites
are to be avoided, but the disruption continues, said Ashini, citing
one campsite that was overflown
27 times in one day.
And if the Canadian government succeeds in its bid to establish   a  NATO   Tactical   Fighter
Weapons Training Centre at
Goose Bay, the number of low level
flights will increase.
"The culture of the Innu
people cannot live hand in hand
with the military activity that's
presently taking place in our territory," said Ashini.
"We'd like the activity abolished and the proposal for the tactical weapons centre at Goose Bay
to be dropped. We feel our culture
is at stake here and we are prepared to give up our freedom to
protect it," he said.
Ashini was among many
people jailed for two weeks last fall
for occupying runways and bombing ranges in order to prevent
NATO operations from continuing. They plan to resume their
campaign when flight testing
starts again in April.
Minister of Defense Bill
McKnight and Indian .Affairs
Minister Kim Campbell have now
decided to meet with Innu leaders
on March 23. Chief Ashini does not
believe any resolutions will come
from this meeting, but would like
to establish a long term diailogue.
Since the Innu have not made a
treaty with the government, they
feel their land is protected under
the Royal Proclamation of 1763,
which guarantees Native people's
right to their land in lieu of a
Dr.Iskenius, a German member of Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, was with
Chief Ashini to lend support to the
campaign as low flying jets are
also a big problem in West Germany.
"Low level flights are not necessary for defense of a country.
(The flights) are only needed for
preparing to underfly the radar of
the enemy," Iskenius said.
"On April 6 people in Germany, Netherlands, and Great
Britain will hold vigils before their
Canadian embassies because of
(Canada's) acceptance of low level
flight export and to express solidarity with the Innu people," said
Dr. Iskenius. There will also be a
vigil outside the West German
embassy in Vancouver at 5pm.
Applications for five positions on the  1989-1990
The Committee provides an opportunity for UBC
student artists to display their works and to bring UBC
students into contact with contemporary Canadian
works of art. The purpose ofthe Committee is to ensure
that the AMS Art Col lection is properly maintained, and
utilized, and that Art Gallery policies are implemented.
These positions are open to UBC students.
Application forms are now available from the AMS
Executive Secretary in SUB room 238.
Applications must be returned by
4 p.m., Thursday, March 23, 1989.
The University of British Columbia
The Cecil H. and Ida Green
Visiting Professorships
1989 Spring Lectures
— Professor Aron Gurevich —
Institute for World History
Academy of Sciences, USSR
An eminent scholar in the history ofthe Middle Ages, Professor Gurevich has made
a vital contribution with his recent book Medieval Popular Culture. He comes
to UBC from the Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities in Santa
Monica, where he is the holder of a prestigious fellowship this year, a tribute to
the stimulating vigour of his mind.
Monday, March 20, 1989 - 3:30 p.m.(Seminar)
"The Anthropology and Sociology of Berthold von Regensburg"
- in Room B-214, Buchanan Building
Tuesday, March 21, 1989 - 7:00 p.m.
"Angry Saints and Good Demons in the 13th Century Exempla"
- in Room A-204, Buchanan Building
Wednesday, March 22, 1989 - 12:30 p.m.
"Doing History in Moscow:
From the Recent Experience of a Soviet Intellectual"
- in Room A-205, Buchanan Building
All Lectures Are free • Occasionally unadvertised seminars are presented
The Prospect Point Cafe
Spend your summer working in
Stanley Park on our deck.
The Prospect Point Cafe is hiring
hosts/hostesses, exprienced
bartenders, waiters and waitresses.
Positions also available in our quick
food kiosk.
Apply In person March 20 - 23 between 3-5 pm.
Price varies with departure and return dates. Seats are limited and
some conditions apply. Departure tax of $19 not included.
U.B.C. 228-6890   S.F.U. 291-1204
ir-^l Going Your Way!
The Stoaters 'March 17- St Patricks Day SUB Ballroom
-Tickets Available at Fogg U Campus -Kitsilano -Broadway-English Bay-
March 17, 1989
THE UBYSSEY/7 "Efriian& tte mim tfftoffpmsM fe th& <B5tMB¥mm^r^ Kj$e <mjmmieiiff&\^ Pest/ofpmr"mtpetpk. „.. fktftirtmf
Paris '68: Making revolution
by Paul Dayson
In May 1968 a popular movement filled the streets of Paris,
and indeed much of France. An
industrialized, consumer-oriented country experienced a general insurrection.
France, during the period
leading up to the events of that
May, experienced a process of
'Americanization'. Consumerism
was becoming dominant in French
life. To the older generation, those
who had seen the depression, this
search for material security was
all important but their children
saw instead."ugliness" and "spiritual annihilation." To the youth
the quality of everyday experience
and the control of one's own destiny gained importance.
In education students found
this spiritual annihilation and
ugliness rampant. The educational authorities had been concerned with providing quantity of
education for the post-war baby
boom rather than quality. Despite
this,space and budget did not increase as rapidly as did the student population resulting in overcrowding, some lecture halls being
filled to twice their capacity. Problems with quality of education
were, overstrained library
facilities,lack of informal teacher
contact with most faculty maintaining an academic circle outside
which contact was limited and
entrance to which was only
through advanced studies, which
was further aggrevated by the
large classes, and poor cultural
and social facilities at the newest
universities, such as Nanterre
where the unrest started. Students' abilities to change these
problems were constrained by the
fact that universities and schools
had little autonomy with any deviations from the norm havin
Goodman, an american socio lo-
gist and writer, summed it up saying, "In advanced countries...(we)
go to extraordinary effort and
expense to provide schools that
To the radicals the universities were seen as essential to capitalism providing the increasing
number of specialists that the
consumer society required. Daniel
Cohn-Bendit, one ofthe most outspoken members of the Nanterre
radicals, saw graduates as necessary for the organization of production, industry, the state machine, but more importantly to
"adjust the psychology of individuals and groups and to preserve
their sanity, even to "organize' leisure activity. These students had
a clear goal of forging a revolution.
They saw themselves as a detonator to spark an explosion by provoking the establishment into
repressive acts that would result
in spontaneous action. This action
they would not seek to control but
would allow to run its course.
Agitation by students began
in the mid-1960's over dormitory
segregation and continued with an
expanding focus into the 1967/68
year. It was against this background of dissatisfaction and agitation that the March 22 movement emerged when, following the
arrest of six anti-war activists for
attacks on American businesses in
Paris, 150 of students occupied a
building and after a heated debate
released a statement condemning
the arrests. This movement at
Nanterre grew rapidly through
more occupations and discussions.
The Dean of Nanterre ordered the
university closed and had seven
prominant activists in the March
22 movement appear before a disi-
plinary board at the Sorbonne.
The anti-war movement, dominated by the militant left, and the
movement for changes in the educational system fused. Demonstrations were called and banned.
Students were arrested over the
weekend before the demonstrations and the Sorbonne was
turned over to the police by its
administration on May
3rd.Emerging from libraries and
lecture halls or walking through
the Latin Quarter, the student
district, students found themselves facing riot police. Commonly the police reacted brutally
attacking the students.
On May 7th 50,000 students
marched behind one banner: "Vive
la Commune". On May 10th students decided to occupy the Latin
Quarter. The police were driven
out of the Sorbonne by the students who erected barricades with
materials from constuction sites
and cars. These barricades were
soon assaulted by the police riot
squads ordered by the Minister of
the Interior to clear the streets.
After several hours of pitched
street fighting, in which students
withstood tear gas, phosphorous
grenades and police charges, the
streets were cleared.
The next day workers began
to join the students with a mass
student/worker march through
Paris. This time uninterupted by
the police. The police guarding the
entrances to the Sorbonne were
discreetly removed and the students returned to their university.
The Sorbonne and other universities which followed suit became beehives of activity. Pamphlets were produced outlining
grievences ranging from the education system to society at large
and calling for increased action.
Primarily their demands of the
government were for nothing, or at
least nothing specific that the establishment could give them. "In
other words," Jean-Paul Sartre
said," they were asking for everything: freedom." Discussions were
held nightly at which decisions
were made on the basis of direct
democracy. People ceased to ask
what was possible but how it could
be carried out. Slogans such as,
"All power to the imagination".
Murals and bulletins decorated
the walls. Black flags and red flags
flew side by side fromn official flag
poles. Power it was discovered
does not lay in the legislatures and
serialized politics, where one casts
a vote every few years, but in the
streets and the politics of everyday
By May 22 a general strike
had spread across the country, the
largest in history. Some
10,000,000 strikers, taking inspiration from the students, occupied
their work places. This they did
inspite ofthe advice of their unions
who regarded the students as
"adventurists" and "provocateurs". The workers, however,
saw the government as their enemy as it had been harsh in dealing with labour disputes exibiting
a   classic   conservative   nature.
"If the  regular
world is a stage and we're
all actors, I want to change the
world so that we can all be directors."
In the spring of 1871, for two
brief shining months, the citizens
of Paris became the directors of
their own funeral dirge. They were
following in the footsteps of the
Great French Revolutionary tradition, a tradition which demanded sacrifice in the defense of
a symbol. The symbol was the
Commune. The mythical Commune. That the realities of the
Commune had faded from memory
over the eighty years since itjwas
first established was unimportant. It was more than just a historical event, it was a belief. The
spirit of the Revolution. A Utopian
dream, which because of its undefined nature couldappeal toevery-
one, encouraging divergent idealistic and ideological tendencies to
exist side by side. It allowed Socialists, Anarchists and Marxists
with their attendant social programs to stand beside the Jacobins
and their simple defense of the
symbol. They could stand and die
t o -
even if they instinctively mistrusted each other. If it
was their belief in the spirit of
the symbol that gave them the
strength to oppose those they saw
as their oppressors, this same belief doomed them to a euphoric
complacency that could only end in
failure and death. Indeed, the
streets eventually did run red with
their blood while the city burned
about them. From the vantage
point of the present viewing the
past it seems that the Communards acted as if they believed that
symbolism alone held the key to
bringing their utopia into being.
That merely by whispering the
holy name "Commune", they
would bring the walls of oppression tumbling down. That failing,
by removing the symbols of their
oppressors they would facilitate
the coming ofthe new age.
Whether or not we can under-
the role
of the Paris
Commune in history does not detract
from the fact that it is a symbol of a spirit that exists. The
symbol ofthe Commune is as alive
today as it was in 1871 and 1968,
even if our perceptions of it have
changed with the times. But
people tend to see what they subjectively believe to be true. It is
such an important symbol that
each political pursuasion has
tended to reinterpret it as they
saw fit. Previous to the uprising
Karl Marx opposed spontaneous
uprisings in general, and those in
Paris in particular. Marx was
soon writing ofthe Commune as if
Others, high school students, the
unemployed, the disaffected youth
and people from all walks of life,
soon joined the escalating movement for many different reasons
and grievances united by the collective power ofthe popular movement.
People compared this movement to other uprisings and revolutions that have marked France's
history, drawing parallels between the French revolution, the
1848 insurrections, the Paris
Commune of 1871, the General
Strike of 1936 and the liberation of
Paris by the French Resistance in
1944. They saw themselves as
inheritors of a tradition of spontaneous insurrection.
So how did such a movement
The movement as it expanded
to encompass a greater and more
diverse number of people was divided in its goals. Up until May
7th, 'vanguard' groups, the Stalinists, the Trotskyists and the Maoists disdained the students. Indeed on May 10th, at the barricades, the Federation des Etudiants Revolutionnaires, a
Trotskyist organization, was attempting to get the students to
leave the streets. Later these
groups sought to control the movement. They wanted to obtain
power not abolish it, as did the
majority of the unions. The unions
wanted material and quantitative
change. It was for this reason that
occupation of their work places
never progressed to worker operation. The collective movement was
united in its actions, using the
same means of occupation and
direct action, but having substantially different aims.
The differing aims of the
movement's participants became
evident when the Gaullist government called an election and the
struggle was deflected into an
election campaign. This abdicated
the power upon which the movement rested on, as Bookchin said,
that "the direct entry ofthe people
into the social arena is the essence
of revolution." The people on the
barricades were actively participating in politics. De Gaulle in
asking the population to have an
election was actually asking for a
return to institutionalized political behavior. As Sartre said,
"When I vote I abdicate my power."
Thus the movement relinquished
the power they had won in the
street. They voted for voting.
De Gaulle won the election,
portraying himself as the key to
stability despite the fact his government's policies and reactions
had led to the uprising, and a wave
of represssion was unleashed
upon the student movement.
Bookchin   points   out,   however, that "the uprising exploded
the myth that the wealth and resources of modern industrial
society can be used to absorb revolutionary
theories had
inspired it, and it
made   him   famous.
Lenin used Marx's interpretation of it as a test run for his own
Revolution, learning from it the
ruthless determination required
to achieve victory.
Perhaps the most fitting eu-"
logy of the Communards comes
from   the  French   Impressionist
August Re
noir   who   said,
"they were madmen,
but they had in them that
little flame which never dies."
March 17, 1989 There'$ mjusfice, them'smt u$ ~.. certified, tOOpercent,ptfdiediycorreet .Jiis forbidden fo forbid
Squat the city:
taking action against homelessness
In the midst of high rents, low vacancy
rates, unemployment or bone-crush-
ingly boring work, some are taking action
for themselves by squatting - occupying
abandoned or vacant buildings.
The image of squatters is ambiguous. It
ranges from politically organized squats to
homeless street kids finding a crashpad;
from squats that are highly renovated to
unrolling a mattress on a dusty floor; from
a tightly knit community to a place to smoke
Squatting in Vancouver usually involves the crashpad, the dusty floor, and the
Stephen   Leary   of   the   Downtown
Eastside  Residents  Association  (DERA)
says much ofthe squatting is done by street
kids. "Squats are really awful. There's a
lot of young people, a lot of glue sniffers.
It's a really bad scene. A lot of decent
people I know who squatted got scared
However, the Vancouver squatting
scene, says Leary, is hard to pin down
because it is transient and changes so
much. "(Squatting) ebbs and flows.
There's a fair bit going on all the time,
especially in the summertime."
Leary feels  one  of the  reasons
squatting isn't seen as a viable alternative is that "the housing crunch hasn't
really hit us. Here there are still hotel
rooms even though they're crummy, but
at least they're a roof over your head."
Another   reason   squatting   isn't
more popular is the fact that there
aren't any squatter laws in Canada, like
those that exist in England. Squatting
in Canada is regarded simply as trespassing. The security necessary to allow
people to make a squatted house more
like a home simply doesn't exist in
"It's a big sacrifice (to be a squatter). Essentially you have no belongings
and have to be ready to go at all times,"
says Leary.
Squatters in Vancouver just want
to "crash for the night and maybe a little
space they can keep for a few weeks,"
says Leary. "They just want a place to
hang out without getting hassled. I
don't see them making a political statement about housing. They're more into
keeping out of sight."
Leary cites the Marshal Hotel on
Hamilton Street which was squatted
during Expo, as one ofthe exceptions to
this. In mid-Winter, and in a political
climate where many hotel and low-rent
tenants were being evicted to make
room for out-of-town tourists bringing lucrative business, BC Hydro, the owner of
the building, decided to evict the two dozen
squatters living there. "Every building that
had space was being renovated and there
were a lot of people left without places to
stay. The police came in and rousted everyone out. It was still a good place and BC
Hydro just wanted to make it into a parking
lot, which they did," says Leary.
Chris, 25, was one of the people who
originally squatted the Marshal
"Me and a group of friends were talking
about being tired of paying rent to landlords, and how we preferred to use our
resources together and not have to pay for a
living space, so we started looking for potential places," he says. "At the same time,
Expo was happening and people were getting evicted."
They eventually found the vacant
Marshal Hotel, a large building with over
50 rooms, and opened it up. "It started with
a very small core of people and branched out
because we started meeting homeless
people on the street who needed a place to
stay and we let anyone in. It quickly became
a crash pad for a lot of people," he says.
Though shut down, the hotel still had
running water, electricity, and a gas stove.
"For some people it was a great place. They
had been living under bridges so it was a
great place to live," he says. "On the other
hand it wasn't a very organized squat in
terms of people controlling their own lives.
All of a sudden, it was totally out of our
The squat lasted only several months
and Chris attributes this partly to the
number of people in the hotel. "With all the
people going in and out, it became very
visible and we had the police and fire department come visiting. Part of the reason
was that there were underaged kids who
had run away living there."
"It was mid-Winter when they decided
to kick us out." The eviction garnered a lot
resist the eviction," he says.
Chris says he sees the potential of
squatting in providing a "situation where
you're no longer putting all of your energy
into paying for housing, where you won't
have to put as much of your life into pure
survival, and can put it into developing your
own creativity."
"It's a strong indictment ofthe way the
present society is organized."
'an, 22, a carpenter, Steve, 24, a cook
in a greasy spoon, and Red, 35, currently
squat a house together in Seattle.
Estimates of homeless in Seattle number over 5,000, while over 4,200 units of
housing lie vacant. "Certain areas have lots
of squattable houses," says Steve. "Usually
older, more run down neighborhoods."
of media attention at the time. "BC Hydro
pulled a publicity stunt and paid for a hotel
for 20 of us for two weeks," says Chris.
He sees squatting as saying,"that everybody has the right to a home and that we
don't recognize the idea of accumulated
"The same thing is going on in the East
End", says Chris. "Housing is a very big
problem there. People are going to have to
think in terms of applying direct action if
they don't want to get kicked out."
Chris stresses the idea of solidarity
among renters.
"A lot of people are being kicked out of
the East End in the whole process of yuppi-
fying that neighbourhood," he says. "And
they feel they're alone when they take a
stand, or even contemplate taking a stand.
But if people start organizing they can resist it."
"The housing market is just skyrocketing," says Chris, "and you're going to see it
get worse as the entire gentrification ofthe
East End goes along."
"If we want to maintain our communi -
ties, we're going to have to fight on whatever
level, whether it's demonstrations, house
occupations, or when one person is getting
kicked out, having a large group of people
Their house currently has 10 inhabitants, seven of them men and three women.
"It's definitely harder for women," says
Dan. "A number ofthe women in the house
want a more secure house. They're constantly confronted in the streets by men and
want to have a secure place to come back to."
Describing their motivations, Steve
says, "People have forgotten to take responsibility for their own lives through their own
activities. We can get together and satisfy
our basic needs - food, shelter, clothing -
outside ofthe commodity system."
"By doing it I'm demonstrating to others the possibilities and how it is not such a
difficult, momentous step," says Dan.
Red views working to pay rent as part of
the "control system." "I'm happy almost all
the time because I'm doing what I want to
do," he says.
They agree it takes a lot more time and
energy to squat than to rent but that being
freed from the need to work leaves much
more time anyway.
How do others in the neighborhood
react? "There are," says Steve, "as many
different responses as attitudes concerning
private property and using abandoned
buildings without paying." But he does believe that informing the neighbors is the
best policy. "They're going to know what's
happening so it's better to be honest with
them and tell them what you're doing. They
have a positive experience and don't call the
Dan stresses the idea of stability as a
key to a successful squat. "Ifyou come in as
if it is your house—a place you're going to
keep and stay in—people aren't as quick to
call the cops and try to get you out."
Seattle laws are similar to Vancouver's
and squatters can be charged with trespassing. The three cite general police harassment as a major obstacle to squatting peacefully, usually in the form of intimidation
through illegal searches without a warrant
and threats to evict them right away.
By way of contrast, London offers a large squatter's movement, estimated in 1985 to be 30,000
strong, in a situation that has a lot of
empty houses and relatively lax
squatter laws. Jennifer Howes, 22, a
third year Religious Studies student
at UBC, Joanne Roan, 22, a fourth
year Anthropology student, and
Silvio Costa, 25, who works full-time
while studying English as a second
language, shared a squat together in
Clapham, in south London, in the fall
of 1985.
Once you've changed the lock and
have the key it becomes a legal squat,
says Costa, in which case you can only
be evicted through the courts, a process which often lasts at least a few
months. "You can stay sometimes five
or six years legally." Police must then
respect the squat as if it were private
Council—local government—
houses comprise 90 percent of squats.
"It's very easy to find a place," says
Costa. "In any block you find at least
two or three empty places." Furthermore, there are many squatter support organizations and legal offices
that help people find squats.
"At first we were looking for jobs
and we were looking for an apartment," says Roan. "We couldn't find
one. In London there's a real shortage
of cheap housing, (we) applied to all
kinds of places and they were all
taken as soon as they came on the
market so after a while we decided to
try and get a squat."
Roan says she knew of many examples of public squats, including
community halls,  daycare centres,
restaurants, pubs and bookstores.
While most ofthe people they knew
were young, they said it was not unheard of
for entire families to be living in squats.
They agreed that most ofthe squatters
were working class, unemployed, travelling
from other places or counter-cultural.
Costa says the worst thing about his
experience was probably that "you tend to
become lazy, like you're wasting a lot of
hours doing nothing, when you could be
doing something. You have a lot of time
because you don't have to work."
But Roan says other squats were more
organized. "The one those people had in
Chiswick shows what a house could be.
They redid the whole house, and got hot
water, and electricity and everything, legally. For them it was a permanent home."
Howes adds that "they were very organized
and had a system of communal living that
worked very efficiently."
"Everyone has just as much right or
responsibility in the place and its free," says
Roan. "And that's why you're so free with
inviting people in because you think "great,
I've got this free place and I should share it
with everybody,'"
by Keith Leung
March 17,1989
March 17,1989 March 17,1989
THE UBYSSEY/11 by William Shakespeare
directed by Rod Menzies
MARCH 15-25
Special Previews - March 15 & 16
2 f or the price of 1 regular admission
Curtain: 8pm     :
Matinees - Thurs. 23",m2M?m& Sat.25,k © 2 pm
Support Your Campus Theatre
Come and Celebrate with
"The Jewish Minstrel"
Megillah Reading - 7:00 p. m.
Refreshments - 7:30 p. m.
Concert - 8:00 p.m.
Followed by singing,
dancing, Vchaim!
Megillah Reading - 9:00 a.m
Limited Seating - Reserve Now!
Adults - S6.00   Seniors/Students - $4.00
Children in costumes free
Co-ops pursue peas
By Terry Brennan
Dissatisfaction with capitalistic society doesn't necessarily
mean planning a revolution.
There are less drastic, and more
immediate, responses. "Think
globally, act locally" guides people
who are attempting to change the
status quo. Consumer co-ops are
examples of this sort of thinkingin
Co-ops provide people with a
non-profit, non-exploitive, participatory alternative to traditional
shopping. A co-op is owned by its
members—the people who use it.
Vancouver has two food co-ops:
The East End Food Co-op and
Agora Foods. Co-op members pay
a fee ($75 or $80) to join a co-op.
Then they have the option of contributing to its running by working the odd shift or getting involved in administration.
The atmosphere for shoppers
and workers is unlike the conventional grocery store. "It's more like
community. It's not like you're
passing through buying. People
spend time talking to each other;
you get to know the people there.
Because you're a member, you've
got something in common with the
person there," says Agora member
Paul Dayson.
The distinctions between
servers and customers are
blurred: "You can ask anyone in
the store for help and they_l know
where things are," Dayson says.
Members can buy inexpensive food and participate in community development. The stores
offer goods at the lowest possible
price. Dayson said he shops there
"because he can buy things there
that he can't get anywhere else".
Gail Meredith, a coordinator
at Agora foods, said that "a co-op is
a creature of its members". Decisions at the store depend on
member participation. Unlike traditional retail enterprises, co-ops
are founded on the basis of mutual
aid. Members elect a Board of
Directors and can attend annual
general meetings. This way they
contribute to decisions about what
types of goods to carry and the
direction of the store.
A co-op is more than just a place
to purchase food at low cost.
Members find a sense of community that otherwise is elusive in
our fast-paced society. Shopping
at a co-op isa social activity—even
apolitical activity. Co-ops redefine
economics, as the roles of buyer
and seller are reinfused with a
moral component.
Co-ops actively participate in
the restructuring of retailing and,
on a wider scope, society. They
support local producers, organic
farmers, community groups and
other co-ops.
Co-ops have to keep afloat
financially to realize their goals of
social reform. Members assume
responsibility for the co-op's financial well-being and the realization
of its goals. With the current
spread of huge chain grocery
stores, co-ops must combine effective management with committed
member patronage to maintain
their position in the marketplace.
An East End Food Co-op employee, Vibe Smith, recalled that
"the co-op had to bite the bullet
and drop prices" in order to remain
A sales increase of 32% in
1988 over 1987 at the East End
Food Co-op is an encouraging indication that co-ops are fulfilling the
needs of their members.
The. vie-tETABIe   RE-joujn<*t**Y PRice.  ttuwta
751 THURLOW • 688-7013
Vancouver TheatreSports League
The University of British Columbia
Application Deadlines
The Office of the Registrar wishes to remind students considering
applying for transfer of the following deadlines:
Architecture   March 31
Commerce and Business Administration May 31
Education May 31
Education Diploma Programs April 1
Engineering (Applied Science) May 31
Dietetics May 15
Fine Arts Studio Program March 31
Landscape Architecture April 30
Medical Laboratory Science April 30
Music April 15
nursing (Four year program) May 31
Pharmaceutical Sciences"     May 31
Agricultural Sciences, Arts, Family and Nutritional
Sciences (except Dietetics program) Physical Education and
Recreation,Forestry and Science June 30
Change of Faculty Forms are available from the
Registrar's Office,G.S.A.B. flours 8:30 to 4:00, Monday
to Friday.
March 17,1989 ThMffeMk acflocatlf ~.< 5ocMsm et ti&erfe  ~T
Rewriting the rules
Teachers and students on equal terms
By Warren Whyte
BC's education system
pushes a competitive, marks-oriented program: students are told
to accept what they are taught, no
questions asked.
But, in February 1972, five
university professors got together
to form a new kind of school for 12
to 18 year olds. Because of what
they saw as an "unhealthy and
unquestioning respect for authority in books," they wanted to create a school that would emphasize
the students' critical and analytical senses.
The Albert Street School was
shut down in 1973 by the Burnaby
Planning Department after an
initial renting agreement expired, but the lessons that were
learned there are still valuable to
educators today.
Students learned responsibility by participating with professors in decision-making processes. All rules were made at
weekly assemblies, when problems were discussed and were
usually solved all on the basis of
one vote per person. There was no
disciplinary action brought down
from above; real problems were
brought up at the meetings.
The school was simply called
The Albert Street School, because
it was agreed that the complex
ideas behind the school would be
lost with a misleading term like
'alternate' or 'progressive'. About
55 students attended.
One of the professors was
designated Headmaster. The title
of Headmaster was merely a legal
formality, however, as there were
no hierarchical distinctions made
between teachers and students.
'Headmaster' Nathan Popkin
wanted to create a school to prepare students for what university
should be. He said the true purpose of a university is to develop a
critical, analytical sense about
books, the world and even oneself.
Popkin said the school was
not designed to provide alterna
tive facilities for kids with family
and drug problems.
The Albert Street School was
definitely "a school, not a treatment facility," said Popkin. In
fact, "serious problems were
rare," he said.
Age mixing was important to
the school's success in teaching
cooperation and tolerance. Students of different ages and abilities learned in the same classroom and the more advanced students helped those who could not
perform as well, rather than
shunning them.
Instead of being grouped according to age, students were encouraged to follow their own interests with others who enjoyed the
same subjects. Because of Nathan
Popkin's belief that "the best motor to energize the learning process is curiosity," students were
encouraged to pursue their own
interests instead of those of the
teacher or provincial government.
Student projects dealt with
subjects such as environmental
preservation or Canadian studies, and were usually interconnected. Some projects would
spawn others: while-
writing and performing a play
students read and studied
Shakespeare and Anton Chekov.
The school emphasized work
as well as study. Two months out
often were set aside for working
in the Veal world.' With the help of
co-ordinators, every student
found a job in a bookstore, restaurant or library. The work component was embraced by the students and was an important part
ofthe school, said Popkin: "learning and labour go together and
should go on until we die."
Students were not graded,
but their work was evaluated in
student-professor consultations.
Students prepared written evaluations of their own performance
and then met their professors to
discuss the progress that was
being made.
Because it was a private
school, tuition was charged—but
it was a sliding tuition based on
family income. Most of the students came from a middle class
background and paid eighty dollars each month. One student's
mother was on welfare and paid
As far as the students were
concerned, the school was a success: they enjoyed it and learned
things they would not have other -
wise encountered.
But the school failed in one of
its primary objectives: the students did not relate the school to
their community in the way that
had been hoped. Popkin said he
wanted to "educate people to live
in society in a more positive and
healthy way;" but students could
not see the connection between
the way they acted inside the
school and the way they should
act outside the school.
Today it is difficult to find an
alternative to the rigid, curricu-
larized school system most kids
must face. The only local alternative is the Waldorf School—one of
the International Association of
Waldorf Schools—in North Vancouver.
The Waldorf program maintains a balance between intellect,
aesthetics and athletics. The
school fosters a strong feeling of
community, according to visiting
physics teacher Gordon
Kubanek said although the
school administration is rather
authoritarian, it promotes a noncompetitive atmosphere and encourage the development of a
"sense of morality through aesthetics."
Students learn reverence for
their surroundings and neighbours through study of the arts.
Although tuition at Waldorf is
expensive, it also operates on a
sliding scale—though one that is
not quite as slippery as that ofthe
Albert Street School.
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March 17,1989
THE UBYSSEY/13 WmcrijsIWfk^ fatpu cm'tstop the spring .♦., War is the health ofthe State,~ fight wrwtws ...3hettouf m.
Direct action puts Natives on road to victory
By Joe Altwasser
Direct action is the new catchword that describes the strident
measures Native people in Canada are now using to protect their
territorial homelands. It usually
involves the blockading ofthe historic tribal lands from logging and
mining companies intent on exploiting the area's resources.
"Direct action is bringing
people together and allow(ing)
people to get back on the land
which is really important," according to Ardythe Wilson, one of the
band coordinators of the Gitskan
tribal council.
In B.C., one ofthe most well-
known native fights is taking
place in the Bulkely valley near
the town of Hazelton. Here, the
approximately 10,000 strong
Gitskan nation is defending part
of its 57,000 square kilometre
homeland from the onslaught of
logging companies.
The Gitskan and the neighbouring Wet'suwet'en tribe say
this active opposition is a last re
"This is the only way to get the
public and the government to
understand. We can't get any support from the courts, what can we
do?" asked Wilson.
"The people are
aware of the
consequences like
jail, but it is worth it
considering the
slaughter taking
At present the Gitskan are in
the B.C. Supreme Court attempting to have the courts confirm
ownership of their homeland. But
court battles take a great deal of
time. The fight in court will likely
stretch into the 1990's said
Wilson. And in the interim the
logging companies continue to
"In the meantime Westar (one
of the major companies logging in
the area) has been taking all they
can out. By the time the court has
settled it will be empty land," said
The Gitskan have had some
success in defending their territory. Last year they won a court
injunction over Westar. The court
found the Gitskan would suffer
irreparable damage if the logging
went ahead in the northern third
of their territory, north of the
Babine river. Wilson said it was
their first victory. Usually, the
courts rule in favour of corporate
interest, he said.
Wilson said the courts favoured the Gitskan because the
northern Sustutakla territories
had never been logged. The logging companies were not granted
the right to build a bridge across
the Babine in order to access the
virgin stands of timber.
But Westar was able to continue logging the southern two-
thirds of the Gitskan land primar
ily because they had already begun extracting timber, said
Wilson. It is this portion of the
territory they are fighting to regain control of.
"Here we have little hope of
success through the courts to stop
the clear-cutting," said Wilson.
Besides creating public
awareness to their plight, direct
action has also provided the
Gitskan with numerous other societal benefits.
The people are very committed in their approach to the cause
of protecting their land and it has
made them realize that through
the force of numbers they can
make a difference, said Wilson.
"The people are aware of the
consequences like jail, but it is
worth it considering the slaughter
taking place," said Wilson. "We
want our children to have the
same opportunity to enjoy the
wilderness when growing up."
Wilson said there is a history
of Gitskan people who have died in
jail because they were defending
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their land.
"We have always opposed the
settlement of our land, since the
first Dutch settlers, who were
given land scripts after the Boer
War, and came and burnt the fish-
houses and long-houses while the
Natives were absent either fishing
or hunting."
The blockades, as well as
being a political tool, have brought
large numbers of the Gitskan together in the wilderness where
they are drawn closer to their
roots. The protests involve the
whole tribe and bring together the
youngest members of the tribe
with the elders and chiefs in a
positive environment.
Wilson said when the kids
came out to the camps they often
learned how to clean fish, settraps
and nets, and smoke fish.
"Direct action brought people
together and when you are
touched like that it is important to
pass it onto the children. To get
back onto the land is really important," said Wilson.
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March 17,1989 Ballet B.C. bedazzles
by Alexandra Johnson
Ballet B.C. brought a strong
sense of the evolution of
an ancient art form to the Queen
Elizabeth Theatre last weekend.
Ballet British Columbia
Queen Elizabeth Theatre
March 10th and llth
Choreographer John Al-
leyne's 1989 work Flying to Paris
appropriately opened the
performance. It presented the
'place where the Ballet happens'
and showed images of dance in
transition—a suspended notion
of dancers' thoughts moving
together to create a concrete
vision. The choreography broke
the confines of classical basics
and caught, in the carefully
engineered movement of human
bodies, the sense of a generation
in the midst of change.
The music hung in the air
like the suspense-filled background music of a crime drama.
The effect was the same. We
were aware of discovery, of an
ally or enemy lurking just
beyond each experiment in
Through this first work, the
dancers proclaimed "This is what
we do; this is why we're here and
this is the kind of high quality
performance you can expect form
us." They delivered on this
The second piece, In Passing, a 1986 work choreographed
by Reid Anderson, gave us a
light look at two couples in the
midst ofthe trials of romance. It
was sometimes amusing,
sometimes poignant and a
pleasure to watch from beginning to end.
The two highlights of the
evening were still to come.
French born choreographer
Serge Bennathan, in a short
prelude to his work, The Fall,
writes "We have gone so far in
our self-destruction that even
our highest and most beautiful
hopes, the angels, can't survive."
The spotlight illuminated a
small tree, the object of a man's
awed gaze as the piece began. A
woman cradled a carved dolphin
in her arms while a lifeless angel
lay curled up on the stage behind
them. Their dance was a lamentation of loss—a look towards a
day when we may covet a single
tree as a scarce treasure and a
single species from the sea as a
reminder of oceans that have
long since been corrupted.   They
finally settled beneath the wings
of the prostrate angel and left us
waiting with them for an end to
The next work, Urlicht
(Primal Light), was exquisite.
Yseult Lendvai and David
MacGillivray held violent energy
and graceful strength in perfect
balance. Like Creek statues
come to life, they captured light
and released it across the stage.
The work was given as a gift
to the company by its Frankfurt-
based choreographer, William
The last piece, surprisingly,
was a disappointment. Petite
Symphonie Concertante was an
exercise in dischord. The
components—set, music, costumes and choreography—
clashed. The 70's psychadelic
backdrop, classical tu-tu-like
attire, and modern-classical
music arrangement just didn't
mix. The choreography seemed
barely able to keep up with the
music and the dancers, though
proceeding with their usual level
of precision, appeared caught in
the middle of something beyond
their control. Unbelievable.
Despite the unfortunate end
to the evening, there is no doubt
that Ballet B.C. is a pioneering
force among companies of its
kind. On the heels of a highly
acclaimed cross Canada tour,
and pending the announcement
of a new Artistic Director, the
company can look forward to
continued success in the future.
The Ombudsperson will be
required to deal with student
complaints and should have
scheduled office hours. The
Ombudsperson will also have to work
with the A.U.S. Academic
Applications are available from
Buch A 107, and must be submitted
by 4:00 pm, Thurs, March 23, 1989.
• Deluxe accommodation in
• Narrated Cruise
• Comfortable 53' Lady Selkirk
• Sheltered waters
• Long Beach, Cathedral Grove,
eagles and more
Escorted return Bus direct from Vancouver
Per person, Double occupancy. One night
B.C.'s first and finest gray whale charter
Suite #102 -1807 Burrard St.. Vancouver, B.C. V6J 3G9
Al^      Thursday, March 30, 1989 -12:30 pm
Graduate Student Centre Banquet Room
1. Report of Council - Opening Remarks.
2. Introduction of new executive.
3. Accepting the 1988 financial statement as audited.
4. Reappointment of the Auditor-General of B.C. as the
Society', auditor.
Refreshments Served
Speaker, Wilfred Cude, to follow
Take note that the students Court is convening
to determine the wording of the referendum
regarding the student Recreation Facility
The hearing is to be held on the 20th day of
March, 1989 in SUB Room 260.
Persons desiring to make submissions on this
matter are directed to give notice to the Clerk of
the Court through the Ombudsoffice (228-
4846), SUB 100A, before commencement of the
Jessica Mathers
Clerk of the Court
Thursday, March 23,1989
12:30 p.m.
Buchanan Bulding, Room A 106
Saturday, March 25,1989
8:15 p.m.
(A Vancouver Institue Lecture)
Woodward IRC, Lecture Hall, No 2
March 17,1989
Music stars in sleepy show
by Robert Groberman
Nocturne opens with a
stage full of actors
miming going to sleep, ends with
them waking up, and in between
shows us what these people are
dreaming about. Were it not for
the show's original musical
accompaniment, the audience
would have fallen asleep too.
Studio 58 at Langara College
Until April 2
This series of unconnected
dream sequences, conceived,
written, directed and choreographed by Morris Panych is a
hit and miss proposition. Some
sequences are fun, some are
boring, and some are stupid. All
are accompanied by musical
variations on Chopin's Nocturne,
Opus 37, No. 2, composed by Jeff
There are thirteen sequences, with the interesting
outnumbering the stupid and the
boring. In "Raccoons," four actors
run around in the dark, shining
flashlights on their own faces as
they strike various tableaux
which tell a scene by scene story
of a robbery. The light technique
is effective and interesting, but
the sequence goes on for too long
and what begins as fun becomes
The sequences are separated
by blackouts, during which cast
members perform short poems
about humans and animals.
These poems are set up to be
witty, but most fall clunking to
the floor.
"Cockroaches," though,
contains some ofthe evening's
finest moments, as the entire
cast, playing cockroaches, takes
to the stage and executes a tap
dance number that is well
choreographed, fun to watch, and
backed up with a variation of
Chopin that sound more like the
Jeff Corness' variations on
Chopin's beautiful music are
consistently interesting and
work beautifully with Panych's
imaginative choreography.
Ken MacDonald's set,
consisting of a house front
located up stage and two steel
ladders, suggests the backdrop
from one of those old Yosemite
Sam cartoons, and is suprisingly
Nocturne has no intermission, and ninety straight minutes
of unconnected vignettes begins
to feel endless. A play without a
plot is also a play without an
ending, and as the evening
progressed, I started to feel
trapped, finding no conventional
signals that the play is approaching a denouement.
If the sequences that don't
work were removed from this
show, we would be left with a
performance much closer to sixty
minutes, the piece would be
much tighter, and would not
have to rely so heavily on the
music to carry the audience
through to the end.
Noctume-al animals strut their stuff
Learn of love and woman
by Kurt Preinsperg
Imagine my delight when idly
browsing through a bookshop's sex counsel section, I
found a gem among the rubble:
Merle Shain's new meditation on
love and courage, appropriately
titled Courage My Love.
Courage My Love
by Merle Shain
Seal Books
Merle Shain is Canada's
queen among thousands of relationship experts whose advice
nourishes our battleworn souls
in these cynical times. She
taught us how to hang in
there or bail out if necessary in
three previous works (the best
known is Some Men Are More
Perfect Than Others).
Her new book, like the
others, consists of beautifully
crafted mini-essays, musing
battle-reports from the war
between the sexes which read
like inspired love letters. It's the
kind of book ideally suited for
lovers to read to each other in
the afterglow of lovemaking.
"...what is this psychic
space," she asks, "this common
ground we seek to share, called
intimacy—this place where you
can exist in your own inner light
and not be judged, this haven
where your vulnerabilities don't
humiliate you, where sex is
always warm and close and all
your funny lines are understood,
and there is always someone
back to back with you when you
take on the world?"
Her answers are as perceptive and inspirational as any
we're likely to find. Merle Shain
counsels without a trace of
preachiness and analyzes
without analyzing emotions to
death. She has a voice all her
own to articulate her philosophy
of loving, an immensely sane
philosophy articulated with a
poet's sensitivity. If books can
ever make a person more
sensitive, hers will.
The insights she offers on
perennial themes like freedom
and commitment sound a slightly
disillusioned note. She laments
the ease with which the fluke of
passion for someone new destroys good relationships. She
illustrates through anecdotes
and parables how we want
freedom when we have love and
how we want love when we have
freedom. She shows how in using
others we really cheat ourselves,
and how we use and cheat others
mostly out of lack of self-respect.
She defends feminism while also
taking stock of its disappointing
It's easy to dismiss Merle
Shain as a soppy romanticist.
But I'm a grateful admirer; I've
learned more from her about
women than from any other
source. She has a magic, metaphor-rich way of teaching us
about subtle feelings, to catalyze
communication about trouble
spots that usually remain
undiscussed, and to inflame our
longing for the beauty of love.
Guided by the recognition
that in the end, when we die,
we'll either have experienced
life's sweetness or we won't, she
reminds us of the very real
possibility that we will find our
salvation either through love
relationships—or not at all.
I was saddened to hear that
Merle Shain died this week.
cMy    *
' bestseUlfig author of
Some Men Are More Perfect
Than Others
Live Go-Bet weens
beat own record
by Thomas Long
this. Neither the Smiths, nor
the Talking Heads have the
Weaving their way
talents of Amanda Brown.
through a rather small crowd,
Whether on violin (where she
Australia's Go-Betweens
spent most of the
climbed on stage and went
evening...sorry, morning),
straight to work last Thurs
oboe, guitar or backup vocals,
day night (or rather, Friday
each of her contributions
morning—will a headline act
seemed to lift each song above
ever come on before midnight
easy categorization.
at the Town Pump?) Witty
Which makes it all the
banter about it being "really
more confusing as to why her
great to be here" is not the Go-
stylings are virtually buried
Betweens' style. For the next
on the new album. Love Is A
hour and twenty minutes the
Sign, for example, sounded far
band played all of "16 Lovers
better live, with Brown's
Lane," their late$t release,
almost psychedelic runs on
and dusted off a few gems
the violin fleshing out the
from the past for good meas
Save for Devil's Eye, a
McLennan ballad which
retains all of its charm on
The Go-Betweens
vinyl, the new material was
The Town Pump
vastly better performed live.
March 9
Quiet Heart is another
example. With drummer
On record, the Go-
Lindy Morrison's subtle
Betweens' sound lies some
changes, the song moved from
where between the Smiths
what appears to be an imita
(Streets of Your Town, Was
tion of U2's With or Without
There Anythng I Could Do)
You, into a genuinely original *
and early Talking Heads
song. It's too bad none of this
(Clouds, I'm Alright, Dive for
was captured by their (over)
Your Memory). Frontmen
Grant McLennan and Robert
A final nod must be given
Forster, who share the
to the cleyer images which
songwriting credits while
were projected behind the
splitting the vocal chores, do
band during the show. At any
little to discourage these com
given moment, one was face to
parisons live: McLennan,
face with Humphrey Bogart
when stripped of his guitar,
and Lauren Bacall in a clinch,
prances a la Morrissey to For-
an aboriginal tribesman in
ster's David Byrne-like pos
full regalia, or a wistful
autumn scene*—none of which
Yet there is definitely
detracted from a solid per
more to the Go-Betweens than
March 17, 1989 PAGE FRIDAY
Live, kickin* & howlin1
by Olivia Zanger
D.O.fuckin' eh.
Just a fun lovin' bunch of
red-blooded boys out to raise a
little Hell, kick a little ass and
throw a little fear into the hearts
ofthe AMS.
Well, it's fear and loathing
time for those AMS "pencil-
necked geeks." DOA is hitting
SUB Ballroom this Saturday—
hard, fast and furious.
When DOA plays this Saturday's gig, joined by the infamous
ex-Dead Kennedys' singer Jello
Biafra, it will bring to an end a
battle that began over the tuition
fee rally of January 26th, when
DOA was suddenly cancelled and
prevented from playing at the
I talked with DOA's lead vocalist Joey Keighley (a.k.a. Joey
Shithead) about the band's political involvements, the new movie
in which they star, Terminal
City Ricochet, and the major
international tours planned for
the year ahead, as well as their
problems with the AMS.
SUB Ballroom
March 18th
The AMS cited the time DOA
urinated on an audience as
partial grounds for refusing
to let you play at the January
26th tuition fee rally. What
prompted you to do that?
DOA:Well I did it a few times.
The first time was in Toronto, I
pissed on the dance floor and
grabbed various people and
dragged them through it. It's a
sorta fun thing to do. If you've
ever seen the Viletones, it's an
obvious thing to do.
"This piece a shit
yours?! Uh-oh! Vio-
fucking-lation! Well
Officer Friendly,
what does Elmer the
Saftey Elephant
have to say about
driving without a
safety light?"
The time I did it from the
stage was San Francisco, in
1978...we were getting a really
poor reaction from the crowd, so
I figured it couldn't get much
worse, so I thought at least this
would stir 'em up, and sure
enough it did. Strangely enough,
I got a real good arc...I got a good
distance. This is one of my fortes.
I can piss over a van...no
problem...I'm not just talking
about leaking down the other
side or anything like that. I'm
talking your true arc over a
regular sized standard American
So anyway, it nailed a table
and people scattered, and after
that people had a great time.
They saw that we meant business and that we were a fun
lovin' bunch of guys. It's always
like one of those things, you
know, you always see guys at a
party wearing a lampshade on
their head. Try pissin' on people.
It's the same sort of reaction—
you're the life of the. party.
As far as pissing on anybody
protest. How successful did
you feel the last tuition fee
rally downtown was?
DOA:The rally was pretty good.
Obviously the weather was a real
downer on turnout-type things.
Also those things usually work
better right on a campus. Students' attention spans are very
short... Trying to get them downtown—most people going to university are just apathetic.
them away..We play the final sequence—there's a big party
sequence going on, and DOA is
there playing.
Cast of thousands?
DOA:Cast of hundreds, but what
distinguished hundreds they
were! Anyway I think it's going
to be, rather than just being a
trashy, grade B, exploitation-
type film, it's going to be a
Brian, Chris, John and Joey. Or is it Mark, Matthew, Luke and John. Or maybe Stalin, Lenin, Marx and Trotsky.
No! I know! It's Eenie, Meenie, Minie and Mo! Or Curly, Larry, Mo and Shemp...or Fee, Fie, Foe and Furn...or
John, Paul, George and Ringo...or is it Archie, Edith, Mike and Gloria? Yeah, yeah...That's it.
at UBC goes, we didn't have any
intention of that, although if the
members of the AMS that
stopped us from playing at the
rally were near, all of us in the
band would gladly piss on them.
No problem. They wouldn't have
to go downtown to pay for it like
they usually do.
Everyone remembers your
support of the Squamish 5,
and I'm sure that was in the
back of the minds of the AMS
when they made the decision
that DOA was not the "right"
kind of band for a protest
rally. Why were you involved
with the Squamish 5? What
was your purpose in publicizing the controversy?
DOA:These people were just
fighting fire with fire. All those
things that they bombed were
designed to hurt people or the
places that people inhabit. So we
decided on those principles to
support them, to try and make
people aware of what they were
saying; that they weren't just a
bunch of mad terrorists on the
rampage trying to blow things up
in a frenzy of someone learning
to light their first fuse...I can't be
a big supporter of violence—
there's too much of that already—but what they were
aiming it against were pretty vile
You've claimed that the 'old'
AMS threw "red herrings"
your way when they censored
your playing at the tuition
fee rally to hide their fear of
the confrontational language
DOA would use. The 'new'
AMS welcomed you to their
They're a very apathetic lot.
They don't give a shit about
Basically the rally was fine.
Good spirit to it...I really think
that we need some chronic
changes before you're going to
get real emphasis on education,
but that doesn't mean that
people should stop trying...You're
not going to turn over mountains
with a mere rally, but on the
other hand ifyou don't do
anything you won't stand a
In Terminal City Ricochet,
you're playing an armed and
dangerous, bad-guy cop
paired with wrestling champion Gene Kiniski, the band
does a scene, and you all do
the soundtrack. What's the
movie about?
DOA:Terminal City Ricochet is a
futuristic-type movie. We try and
go into every scene with unbelievable action-packed sequences.
We get great lines... you know,
"This piece a shit yours?! Uh-oh!
Vio-fucking-lation! Well Officer
Friendly, what does Elmer the
Saftey Elephant have to say
about driving without a safety
light?" We have some really intellectual conversation that goes
on in the film...We have these
great hats: flower pot meets
clockwork orange.... Anyway, one
guy runs the whole town, owns
half the town, some people don't
like it and decide to kidnap the
head guy's son. They bungle it,
but the son hates his old man
anyway, which isn't really his old
man for starters, and helps them
do the kidnapping, and then the
police come and try and blow
trashy, grade B, exploitation-
type film with political overtones, which makes it even worse
or better, depending on your
standards of judgement... I
equate it a lot to a British
Columbia-type mentality where
a few people own most of the
stuff, and they also call all the
shots, and that's pretty much the
way its been around here for
years and years and years.
You always see guys
at a party wearing a
lampshade on their
head. Try pissin' on
people. It's the same
sort of reaction—
you're the life of the
Who's distributing the film?
DOA:Apparently it's going to be
Cineplex Odeon...You don't think
DOA would just get involved
with any old rinky-dink project
that comes along! Believe me,
people have asked, many, many,
many people. We said "We're
waiting for a quality production
that actually means something."
We ain't just no chisling fly-by-
nighters who'd just take anything that's handed out to
us...but we take every second
thing that's handed out to us.
Last December, you did a
tour ofthe West coast and
New York with your new
guitarist Chris Hombre
("Humper" or "Humper
Greenhorn the III", as you've
nicknamed him). After interviewing several dozen
hopefuls, and turning away
the great mass, you decided
on the ex-Dayglo Abortions
guitarist. How was the tour
and does Hombre cut the
DOA:We went to New York—
played a big political rally there,
called Refuse and Resist, for a
couple of thousand people...
looking to try and counteract a
lot ofthe right-wing things that
are happening in the United
States....  Chris, well, we took a
chance on him. He turned out to
be a closet surprise...He's doing
great—we're real happy with
him. He had the right combination of attitude and ability.
You don't think DOA
would just get
involved with any old
rinky-dink project
that comes along!
Believe me, people
have asked, many,
many, many people.
You've told me your future
plans include extensive touring to promote your new album expected to be released
this summer, and that this is
the first of several tours be-
gining with Northern Europe
in July or August and lasting
for 5 or 6 weeks. What else is
on your itinerary?
DOA:Everything's tentative at
this point. We'll do England,
Germany, Holland, Scandanavia
for sure. /And in the fall we'll do
the North American tour....We'll
play across Canada; well play
the mid-West, play the East
coast, play the West coast, play
Texas. Whatever that takes....
Well probably be touring more
or less the rest of this year, and
then hopefully in the new year
we'll go to Japan and
Australia....It all depends where
you get releases of your records
too. That's the key thing.
Record releases...movie
releases...big tours...Do you
think DOA has sold out, or
have you just bought in?
DOA: Well, really neither, cuz
what DOA is, actually almost
unique amongst pretty well almost every band on the face of
the earth, is that what we do we
do for reasons that are not just
related to monetary matters.
And that's not to say we're a
bunch of saints...but we try and
make statements on things and
try and say things to people. We
just go along and play music and
we let all the people make their
interpretation of that.
March 17, 1989
THE UBYSSEY/17 Attempting the
This is The Ubyssey's first attempt at
what has been dubbed, for lack of a better
name, the "Alternative Politics" issue.
Its purpose is to challenge old assumptions about the way things are and the way
things have to be. It hopes to suggest alternatives to the dominant models in our society - alternative ways of living and thinking.
Its intention is to fill a gap through coverage
of issues not usually touphed by the mainstream media.
This issue, and indeed the need for alternatives itself, finds its impetus from larger
issues, ranging from vast ecological destruction to nuclear arms build up to the deadening poverty seething underneath our happy
consumer culture. Many of these find their
cause rooted in the political and economic
institutions of both capitalist and socialist
nations. Attempts should be made to identify the source, rather than attack the individual symptoms. Other approaches lead to
the fragmentation of the social activists,
dividing the environmentalists, the feminists, the peace activists into different
camps with different agendas.
This issue is ultimately insufficient in
dealing with even a small fraction ofthe possible alternatives to existing problems. The
articles are simply meant as a springboard
to explore positive responses to structural
inequalities that result in power, domination and hierarchy.
So there.
Hat eating contest ...The sports staff wants to apologise
to Gail Wil son alias Smith for any difficulty The Ubyssey
may have caused her. In addition The Ubyssey would
also like to congratulate the men's Volleybirds on their
second place finish at the Canada West Championships-
not third as The Ubyssey headline so quietly
March 17, 1989
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bytheAlmaMaterSociety
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those ofthe
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;   FAX# 228-6093
"Grab the bricks, it's a revolt* shouted Greg Davis to his loyal band
of Anarcho-Communist shock troops, "we're storming that bastion
of interior fascism, Gage towers." Olivia, Chung, Paul, and Terry
Brennan quickly stepped into line behind their comrade leader M.
Davis. Douglas Ferris hollered to his own platoon of Corrine Bjorne,
Keith Leung, Jen Lyall, and Robert Groberman that, "the capitalist university must come to an end." Comrade Laura Busheikin
agreed and exclaimed "the first step of this transformation is the
physical occupation ofthe building." "Charge," shouted Laura-May
and Jon Triechal eyes blazing with the hope that a few capitalist
dogs would have their throats sliced open to let their filthy blood
flow onto the cobbled street. Rick Heibert was unsure ofthe cause
but he rooted for blood nevertheless along with Ted Aussem and
Ernie Stelzer. The basic (act of life in capitalist life is the alienation
of creative power said the great revolutionary intellectuals Alex
Johnson, Vince Sheh, Deanne Fischer. "Nous sommes le pouvoir,"
said Katherine and Joe. The whole group charged taking with them
the recent converts, Dean Hilton-Paravantes, Luis Piedmont, and
Karen Lee Plessner. Michael Vaney and Monica Brunner silently
infiltrated Gage and slit the security guards throats allowing the
shock troops Gordon Whyte, Martin Chester, and Laura Zerebeski
to enter and throw their grenades. Kurt Preinsperg was shot.
Hopman Seto and Hai Le were the last comrades to enter Gage and
after crawling over the dead fascists, raise the hammer and sickle.
Joe Altwasser
Deanne Fisher
Robert Groberman
city desk:
Katherine Monk
What "rights"
mean in a UBC
I have recently discovered that the Housing Department at UBC is not as
"fair" as they make themselves out to be.
The Resident Life Coordinators (the people in
charge of a single residence)
and other housing staff (i.e.
advisors and Standards
Committee members) wield
too much unsupervised
power. I have experienced
this abuse of power.
Two weeks ago, I was
evicted from Place Vanier
residence which is on a four
point disciplinary system. If
a resident receives four
points, he/she is evicted. I
received my first three
points for distributing a
pamphlet which contained
abusive material about
housing staff. I had no part
in the making of this material and I had no knowledge
of the material until the
morning of its distribution.
As a result of this pamphlet
at least seven ofthe thirteen
involved were evicted.
I received my final and
fourth point for an alleged
noise violation. My house
advisor claimed that she
heard my voice down one
flight of stairs and through a
set of glass doors. The irony
is that while other members
on my floor were making
excessive noise I was purposefully being quiet. I took
the case to the Standards
Committee (a committee of
fellow residents that decides whether one is guilty
or innocent involving a dispute between an advisor
and a resident). I had four
witnesses who testified that
there was no noise coming
from me on the night in
question. During the hearing, I had no chance to hear
or refute my advisors testimony and a crucial part of
one witness' testimony was
arbitrarily omitted from the
Committee's report. Consequently, the Committee
took the advisor's testimony
over mine and my four witnesses testimony and I was
found "guilty."
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k.  Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
While waiting for my final notice of eviction, there
were other instances of injustice. Before I had received my fourth point, I
was not allowed access to a
Place Vanier dance because
the R.L.C. decided that he
did not want to take any
chances with my predicted
destructive actions. Furthermore, I was not granted
an appeal because the assistant director of student
housing felt that it was not
necessary. I was not given
visitation rights to any
U.B.C. residence because
the R.L.C. considered me a
"pain." This policy of no
visitation rights stems from
an illegal practice by the
housing department of
keeping evicted residents
off of public property.
Who gave these housing staff members so much
unchecked power? Why
hasn't anyone ever questioned this god-like authority over the lives of university level students?
Why is there no recourse to this dictatorship
called housing where the
residents' rights are unconstitutionally seized except
writing to The Ubyssey?
Susan Yount
in housing
My father, Kenneth
Kendall, a former faculty
member at UBC (1984-
1988) wrote this letter regarding a situation involving a floor mate of mine,
Susan Yount, who was
evicted under questionable
Mary Flores, Director of
Single Student Housing:
I am writing this letter
to apprise you of a situation
occurring in one ofthe residences (Place Vanier). The
cause of this problem seems
to be a personality clash
between a student resident
(Susan Yount) and a floor
supervisor (Carl Cooper).
The student (an honors
exchange student from
UCSB) has been given notice of eviction on grounds
that are not only weak but
unfair. She was first given
an extreme penalty (3
points) for helping distribute written information
that was deemed personally
critical by Mr. Cooper and
generally critical of the
dorm supervisors. She was
not the originator of this
material and has stated she
brought a copy to her floor at
the request of a friend for
the purposes of dissemination. A few weeks later she
was accused of excessive
noise-making and given
another point even though
witnesses in her behalf testified that she was not involved. This last penalty, for
a disputed violation, on top
ofthe excessive penalty for a
seemingly harmless act, has
led to her notice of eviction.
I believe you will agree
with me that this is a form of
political harassment that
has no place in a university
setting. This sort of international incident does not
serve the interests or the
reputation of an excellent
university such as the University of British Columbia.
I urge you to resolve this
problem in a manner satisfactory to all those involved
before it gains a significance
out of proportion to its intrinsic merit.
Kenneth R. Kendall,
Lunar Planetary
University of Arizona
I believe this kind of
harassment needs to be
acknowledged for the sake
of the residents at Place
Vanier and the other residences on campus. As seen
from this particular case,
the residents are given no
chance for defending themselves. They are guilty until
proven guilty by the "fair"
housing disciplinary process.
Sara Kendall
Arts 1
Lit lover
lashes letter
As a writer and an avid-
almost fanatical-reader, I
am saddened by Bruce
Gairns's recent letter in The
Ubyssey. Through I cannot
agree with his hypothesis
that it is expectation and
author reputation which
make great literature, I
think I can understand why
Mr. Gairns would feel this
Literary academics
(English profs) too often
approach a work as though
it were a nut in need of
cracking, and, like a nut,
they presume the work of
little use until the shell is
discarded. Good authors—
yes, Mr. Gairns, Margaret
Atwood included—are well
aware of the ideas in their
work. When a prof dismisses
the shell of story or surface
though, she or he not only
ignores that which the author probably spent the
most time considering and
sweating over, but robs the
work of it's chief aim: pleasure.
Though English profs
have nothing but the best
intentions and the love of
literature at heart, I think
Mr. Gairns's is one of two
common and disheartening
reactions to the methods of
literary academia. Professors reveal the so-called
hidden meaning to their
students, and the students—shocked to find that
this wasn't the story of a boy
and his dog after all, it was
really a treatise on some
Platonic theory of human
existence—say either:
(a) Bullshit,
(b) I must be too stupid
to see this.
Either way, the outcome is
that English courses often
discourage people from
I would like to encourage Mr. Gairns to keep reading in spite of the way his
English courses make him
feel. Writers are generally
fairly smart folks with an
interesting point of view. If
you don't like a book, the
writer won't mind if all you
can say after reading it is,
"Wow, that was pretty cool."
Sometimes that's all a
writer would want you to
Leo McKay
MFA Creative Writing 2
March 17, 1989 Greens colour German politics
The philosophy of the Green
movement reflects the ideal of
orienting human affairs and activities to be in balance with the
earth's ecological system.
Throughout the western industrial countries, environmentalists, including peace activists,
feminists and other popular
movements have
banded together to
engage in the political system under
the banner of the Green Party.
The movement has had most
of its success in West Germany,
where the roots and impetus of
the Greens lie. It is a grass roots
movement that seeks to increase
individual participation in the
decision making processes by decentralizing the complex, bureaucratic state structures that
now harness most societies. In
the last West German elections
they received 8.3% ofthe popular
vote - putting some green blood
into the traditional, stodgy German political establishment.
The party has suffered, how
ever, from a split between the
'realos', those who want to form
coalitions with the Social Democrat Party (SPD) to achieve limited gains, and the 'fundis', the
Green fundamentalists, who do
not want to compromise their ideals or loose touch with their support base.
But the strength ofthe Green
Party lies in its grassroots support. An attempt to become affiliated with the SPD can cause the
party to lose sights of its original
goals. Because decentralization is
a mainstay of the Green philosophy, with the belief that local
people know what is best for local
needs, the Green Party should
concentrate on gaining office at
the municipal or district level,
rather than getting embroiled in
the rigid national government,
where their ability to initiate
change is extremely constrained.
Within the national and European
context, it is best they remain as
an opposition party.
True change starts with conscious individuals and works up
through the system. Poor attitudes and wasteful practices cannot be changed from the lofty towers of a national capital. If the
Greens can experience success in
building a community based network of participating citizens,
then they can undermine the supra-in-
sti tutions that dehumanize our world.
Municipal recycling and alternative energy projects must be
established before national energy programs can be effectively
tackled. This does not mean that
one should refrain from campaigning against nuclear power;
national level pressure and protest must always continue. But
the Greens must not participate
in governments while the centralized, capitalist structure still
exists. Start small, and stay
small while expanding.
Greg Davis is a plant lovin',
tree hugging political hack
Price of
"progress" too
high to pay
I would like to respond to the
February 21 Perspective by 0.
Brenninkmeyer in which the author argues against Canadian
involvement in the Brazilian rainforest issue. First let me state my
complete agreement with much of
what the author says. The point is
very clearly made that we have our
own environmental problems to
deal with in Canada, and it is
hypocritical to point an accusing
finger at Brazil while we continue
with our own irresponsible ways.
This is indisputable, and Brenninkmeyer discusses several examples of Canadian mismanagement, to which I would add the
ongoing liquidation ofthe remaining old-growth rainforest ofthe BC
However, I feel it is worth
pointing out a few misunderstandings or omissions on Brennink-
meyer's part. Perhaps it was not
made clear in the original Ubyssey
article about the Altamira protest,
but this event was conceived and
instigated by native Brazilians.
The Kayapo Indians, along with
some 28 other peoples ofthe Central Amazonian region, INVITED
the Canadian countries. It is a
false and misconceived assumption that it takes "well-fed" Canadians to tell the Brazilians how
wrong they are to continue with
current plans to industrialize the
Furthermore, from Brennink-
meyer's line of reasoning against
foreign intervention, it is but a
small step to question the right of
the recent (about 400 years) immigrants from Portugal to destroy
the homeland of the indigenous
peoples of the Amazon. In other
words, interpretations of these
events will vary according to the
historical context chosen. If we
choose an appropriate time-scale,
knowing that people have lived in
the Amazon basin for thousands of
years and that the threatened
rainforest is itself the product of
billions of years of evolution, our
perspective on current events and
the issue of sovereignty is slightly
different. It becomes mildly ridiculous to argue that the powers that
be in Brazil have some kind of
undisputable right to do as they
wish within imaginary lines called
Another of Brennikmeyer's
points is weakened by an obvious
ideological   bias.   When   he/she
presents the well-known opposition between economic success
and wealth and ecological well-
being, Brennikmeyer articulates a
common myth that destruction of
the environment is the cost of a
high standard of living, and that
the only way for developing countries to escape their poverty is to
follow the path taken by the rich
countries, I really feel I must dispute this very outdated and dangerous line of reasoning, although
it has already been repeatedly
discredited, most recently by the
World Commission on Environment and Development in Our
Common Future.
First, burning and flooding
the Amazon can by no stretch of
the imagination be for the good of
Brazilians. Taking into account
local droughts brought on by
changing rainfall patterns, loss of
land and habitat, and the damage
to the food supply of the Amazon
River, all caused by indiscriminate destruction of the regional
ecology, it is apparent that such
development will never break the
cycle of poverty. Furthermore, it is
well known that power from the
proposed dams will be used by gold
mines, which currently use mercury in the ore extraction processes, and then discard it into the
river. Mercury levels as high as 14
times the safe level have been
reported in people living downstream from some of these mines.
Most illuminating is the fact that
profits from the mines are destined in part to pay off Brazil's
absurd foreign debt. If we are to
extol the virtues of rapid industrialization, let us first look at the
costs, and then see who the real
benefactors are.
Ecologically sound development is possible; the only thing
preventing it is fear of changing
the status quo, and the willingness to perpetuate such outdated
nonsense as modernization theory, with industrialization as the
price of "progress" . Please reassure me—they're not really still
teaching that in Poli. Sci. are they?
My final point is in direct response to the moral dilemma of
whether Canadian environmentalists have the right to interfere
in Brazil's internal politics. Personally I feel it is another misrepresentation to make the global
environment crisis a North-South
opposition. We are all in this together, along with all the threatened species of animals and
plants, and the future generations
of all of us. Enough ofthe theorizing and moralizing; the real oppo
sition is between those who would
destroy and then justify it with
platitudes, and those who would
make a stand. We all have that
choice to make.
Joan Bratty
Environmental Interest
Storm the
Storm The Wall week turns
into something resembling a
nightmare for anyone populating
the Main Library, the Physics
Building or even the Chemistry
Building. Don't get me wrong; I am
very grateful for the Intramurals
Sports Program here at UBC.
During my tenure both as an
undergraduate and graduate student, I have taken part in a large
number of Intramural programs,
including Fort Camp Hockey, volleyball, BC Place Soccer, six Arts'
20 Relays (on winning team in
three), the Centipede Run, Grouse
Ski Challenge, and yes, STORM
While trying to write my Ph.
D. thesis in the Chemistry Reading Room during the past week,
the not-too-distant screams of
enthusiastic Storm The Wall competitors led me to question the
intellectual caliber of UBC. As if
the decibel output of the screaming masses that take part in this
event for large parts of the day
(including the weekend, as I unluckily found out) wasn't enough,
the AMS constantly has to make
us aware of the impressive wattage of their sound system. Do they
have to announce the arrival of
each heaf s cyclist to every carrel
holder in the Main Library? And if
this must be done, can[t the AMS
find a more appropriate location
for this and any other Intramural
events which find their home base
on the Campus Plaza (also known
as "The Race Center")? There is a
lot of open space near Osborne
Gym and even around War Memorial Gym where the perhaps necessary noise level would not both the
people who are trying to take the
reputation of universities as centers of higher learning seriously.
Out on the campus peripher-
alities, the AMS could blast their
REM, XTC and DOA to their
hearts content, without turning
the center of the campus into another Bronx Zoo. Perhaps that is v
exactly the way they want it.
Walter V. Cicha
Chemistry Grad Student
Israel's Tarnished Values
"Israelis in the West
Bank and Gaza are perceived as hostile occupiers
and continued Israeli rule of
a resentful Arab population
must lead to repressive
measures that, in the long
run cannot hut distort and
corrupt the values we associate with a Jewish state."
-The American Jewish
Eloquent words indeed*
words that strike to the
heart ofthe matter, Theval-
ues the American Jewish
Congress refer to are democracy, freedom, and liberty.
Clearly, they are incompatible with, discrimination.,
segregation, and repression , Asynationissomuch
more than the mere sum of
Shamir continues to fiddle
while the West Bank and
Gaza Strip bum*
By avoiding direct talks
with PLO representatives
through an international
peace conference and by continuing to pretend that the
West Bank and the Gaza
Strip biblically belong to it,
Israeli only turns the tide of
woricl opinions against it,
and confirms itself as the
recalcitrant party, Increasing numbers of Supporters of
Israel abroad weleome negotiation with the PLO. Infact,
the Bush administration
maintains a dialogue with
the PLO despite Israel's objection.
Israel does have reasons
to oppose an international
peace conference. Given the
its ideology, economy and
history, bat Israeli harsh
treatment ofthe Palestine
To date, switiingte Israeli Befense Minister'
YMwk Mto, %9 000 Pal**
miM&m have been arrested, tS4<^MM md 7000
wounded since iiie Palestinian uprising - intifadah -
began in Decesmber 1987.,
Israel** iron, fist policies
«use of plastic ballets* bull*
dozing homes of protestors',
closing of schools and uni*
versities, and illegal deportation of Palestinian activists - designed to quell the
young, rock-throwing protestors have been out of proportion to acts of defiance by
the young Palestinians.
A recent study released
by the United Nations Human Bights Commission
hasfoand Israel guilty of; -
* Killing Palestinians,
indading children;
* Crippling youths lay
breaking their bones;
* Savagely beating and
* Torturing; detainees;
* Growing gas bombs
into ihouses. mostpes and
hospitals, causing death by
* * Imposing c__rfewe and
military sieges intended to"
destroy towns and villages.
So fm Israel's iscon fist
has not loosened any bit
&aat November the Palestine National Coancii formally recognised Israel's
right to existence., professed
to reject terrorism *m aU its
forms * and endorsed the
*two-state" concept which
called far tfe.e creation of a. •
Palestinian state alongside
a Jewish state,
In the By_antme world.
of Middle last politic, $*e
PLO*s move w a giant
step. It nttdged She door
open to tne peace process.
Bat unfortunately Israel's-
prime minister TS&n&k
history of Ceoeral Assembly
votes on Mideast matters,
ajntl && fact that its people
are divided on the issues of
relinquishing Hie occupied
territories for peace, Israel is
bttyingitrae m the hope that
the uprising :somebow will
ebb fete* disamry because of
Israel's inews^ingly harsh
repression, -'
But the brutal also hurts
itself* Israel's economy stagnates; its carefully crafted
Image as being bullied by Its
neighbors blurs, Om can
"only hope that Israel realizes'
no amount of repression can
bring the uprising to an end
as time has shown - only a
political solution can. The
grievances and the frustration that fuel it have deep
social, economic, and political roots* Crackdown only
nourish and strengthen
In the long ran, Pales-'
tinians and Jewish children
may well be the ones who
suffer the most The violence
they witness daily on TV or
on the streets is real It will
not be toe long before they
pit hopelessly-tangled ui a
web of hatred Mid antagonism that seethes just below
the surface o£ daily violence,
^hes© youngsters are tomorrow^ leaders, A corruption
of their values will only corrupt the characters of the
Jewish state and perpetuate
Accommodation with
the status quo where violence &nd injustice prolong
themselves, offers no reward, Peaceisanever**end*
ing process. It would be a
mistake m the part of Israel
to continue to refect talk
with the FLO, After all, ne*
goiiatio.R and compromise \
. will fosrmgpeacietothe region
*- fioi brute force $M blindfolded vision,
twi-wncii htttotufn rights
March 17,1989
NDP wins big in Pt. Grey
By Rick Hiebert
"It's an absolute massacre!"
This was the reaction of a
happy New Democrat as his candidate, Dr. Tom Perry, won a resounding victory in the Vancouver
Point Grey by-election Wednesday
Perry, who lectures in the
UBC Faculty of Medicine, won the
election with 53 percent of the
vote, outpolling Socred Michael
Levy who finished with 24 percent
and provincial Liberal leader Gordon Wilson who garnered 20.4
percent. Levy and Wilson battled
it out for second place much ofthe
night as most traditional Socred
polls on the South End of the riding went NDP.
Perry, in his victory speech,
said the NDP by-election wins in
Point Grey and Nanaimo pointed
to a trend that "will culminate in
the defeat of the Social Credit
government, which is perhaps the
most corrupt and dishonest, least
compassionate government this
wonderful province has ever
Perry later said one of his
main goals as an MLA will be "to
represent universities—not only
UBC, but the other universities as
strongly as I can. I intend to represent in every possible way the
interest of students and faculty
and the University as a whole and
fight as hard as I can for it. I don't
think we've fought—those of us
who work there and study there—
nearly hard enough in the past."
Perry said he wants stable,
long-term post-secondary education funding that will allow universities to plan ahead. He said
hell work for a "complete rollback"
of tuition increases at universities
across the province and try to get
more student aid. "I think we need
a major program throughout the
province to improve accessibility
to education so that we improve
our participation rate which, right
now, is the worst in Canada."
Perry said his other main priorities as an MLA would be environmental conservation, health
and dealing with the housing crisis. "I'm concerned with the issue
of demolitions, which are forcing
the eviction of elderly people from
their apartment buildings and I
intend to do everything I can to
stop that—and I mean everything."
UBC's newest MLA also sees
the current flap over the University Endowment Lands as an opportunity for the provincial government "to seek a creative solution that meets the needs both of
the original inhabitants of Canada
and ofthe public, which wants the
lands to stay as a park." Perry
foresees that a compromise will be
reached, even if the UEL issue has
to be resolved in the courts.
"I'd like to thank (UBC's students) very much for their support
and I hope it won't be a one time
phenomenon," Perry said, with a
broad smile.
Dr. Tom Perry, on the (gasp) right.
Final official results, Vancouver Point Grey by-
Dr. Tom Perry
New Democrat
Michael Levy
Social Credit
Gordon Wilson
Valerie Parker
Bob Seeman
Mary Anne Nylen
Louis Lesosky
Human Race
Gerald Kirby
New Populist
Voter turnout: 45.1%
Restaurant    fTl
Luncheon Smorgasbord   •«•■■
Authentic Chinese Cuisine
Mon.-Fri. 11:30-9:00 pm
Closed Saturdays
Sundays and Holidays
4:00 pm - 9 pm
k_±_J_| 2142 Western Parkway UBC Village
Opposite Chevron Station
The Graduate Student
Proudly Presents
from new York City
March 17,
4 pm
Unlimited train travel in Canada
for the unlimited imagination.
There's never been a
better time to see Canada by
train. Now, with VIA Rail's new
Canrailpass, you can travel coast-
to-coast or by region for one great
price. It's your passport to seeing
Canada in the most affordable
Unlimited mileage and
The moment you own a Canrailpass is the moment you own the
country. You may travel anywhere
you want, with as many stops as
you want, when you want. Canrailpass is designed for the 'plan as
you go' traveller. You can even add
days prior to your first departure.
' * r—Mi        '^^
D     E
N     '
S 69
iruSl DO pu'C hrr-cn oc'MH
r M()-(
\ Oilic J", .r f :
VIA trains
cover our country
VIA Rail has over 18,500 kilometres of track. Our trains stop in
over 416 Canadian communities.
It's a rail network that covers the
country as only the train can.
The romance of
train travel
Your vacation begins the
moment you board our trains.
Friendly service, freedom to move
around and opportunities to meet
other travelling adventurers like
yourself. All these unique qualities
make the train a natural choice.
Don't forget to bring an address
book to record the names ofthe
new friends you'll make!
For complete details, call your
travel agent or VIA Rail.
Take the train. There's nothing quite like it!'
March 17,1989


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