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The Ubyssey Aug 12, 1987

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\fol 6 No. 5
August 12,1987
Heating up a cold war
The federal government's
proposed defence policy "relies on
cold war rhetoric...and will extend
rather than help end the arms race,"
said a telegram sent Monday to the
prime minister.
The telegram, which
called for nation-wide public hearings into the federal white paper on
defence, was signed by eight leaders
in the Vancouver peace movement.
"Challenge and
Commitment," the white paper on
defence, argues that Canada must
increase its defence spending to
help deter a nuclear attack on North
America by the Soviet Union.
The paper recommends
the creation of a three-ocean navy,
including six new frigates and 10 to
12 nuclear powered submarines to
defend Canadian waters and to protect national sovereignty. It also
proposes enlarging the air force to
provide increased surveillance, especially in the Canadian arctic.
accurate," said Hoye, a retired
colonel. "The primary threat to
Canada is the threat of nuclear war,
no matter how it is caused," so we
should concentrate on preventing
war, not on preparing for it, he said.
"None of this nonsense is intended to promote
reasoned judgements." -- Dr. Carole Christopher
The paper's basic flaw is
its fundamental assumption that the
biggest threat to Canadian security
is a Soviet nuclear attack, said
Norm Hoye, chair of Veterans
Against Nuclear War(VANA), at an
End the Arms Race press conference Tuesday.
"That statement is just not
Hoye said the paper's assessment of the threats Canada faces
is "based on an ideology (of East-
West conflict)," reflecting the public
demand for an identifiable enemy,
rather than on a rational analysis of
real threats and strategies.
"The result of this inaccurate assessment of threat is an inap-
Fee waivers mar agreement
Negotiations between UBC faculty
and administration finally came to
an end yesterday with a vote by the
Board of Governors to approve a
general salary increase.
Faculty will be receiving a 1.05
per cent general increase for
1986/87, effective last January, and
a 4.98 per cent increase effective
July 1st for 1987/88.
The vote showed "very strong support" for the agreement, said UBC
president David Strangway.
BoG student representative Simon
Seshadri said he thought most of the
agreement was "excellent."
He is pleased that salaries are on
the rise:   "I think it's time we
brought the salary levels of our faculty back to pre-'82, which was the
top of the nation."
But Seshadri decided to vote
against the agreement because part
of the faculty salary agreement allows dependents of faculty members
a fee exemption on up to sixty units.
"I am philosophically and morally
opposed to that," said Seshadri.
He criticized the agreement for favoring faculty dependents above
other students. "I think that children
of faculty members are to a degree
already members of a privileged
Faculty dependents already benefit
in other ways from their position,
said Seshadri. "Basically a faculty
member's child is not faced with the
expense of re-locating which is already a cost which some non-faculty students bear," he said.
But the policy will probably cost
UBC less than offering a slightly
higher wage settlement, said
Seshadri. "From the university's
view, I think it makes sense (because) not every faculty member's
child will take advantage of it," he
One of the strongest arguments in
favor of tuition waivers is that everyone else is doing it
"It's a common practice in 75 per
cent of North American universities," said Strangway.
propriate policy," he said.
To talk about defence in
the event of nuclear war "is absolutely monstrous," said Hoye. "But
that is the main thrust of that paper."
Because a nuclear war
would more than likely be caused
inadvertently, he said, Canada
should focus its attentions on minimising that possibility by preserving global security and peace, not on
preparing a defence against a nuclear attack.
Basing defence policy on
the fear of a Soviet attack is globally
destabilising because "the security
of *our' side (cannot) be achieved
without consideration for the security of the other," said an End the
Arms Race release.
"Security in (the white paper) is not seen as a global objective
that must be reached by everyone,"
the release said.
by "the probability of megadeath."
The white paper's proposals are based on the "militaristic"
idea "that weapons will somehow
solve our problems - but they won't,-
" said Christopher.
"It is an intensification of
old solutions that have become extremely dangerous (in the nuclear
age)," she said.
Don Grayston, director of
the Shalom Institute, echoed
Christopher's sentiments.
"This paper is written in
Oldspeak," said Grayston. "If I was
looking for a title for it I would call
it "Heating Up a Cold War.'"
None of the speakers at
the press conference denied the necessity of maintaining some national
defence force, especially a surveillance force to protect Canada's
Hoye said Canada needs
"There is no use having large forces addressing a threat
that does not exist." —   Norm Hoyle, retired colonel
EAR member Thelma
Ruck Keene said the government
has presented a "simplistic view of
the world" to gain support for the
defense proposal.
"The use of the image of
an enemy is a very good tool to get
the public on your side," she said.
But propaganda that paints
a black and white picture of world
politics cannot lead to sound policy,
said Keene. "None of this nonsense
is intended to promote reasoned
judgements," she said.
Dr. Carole Christopher,
representing the Centre for Peace
and Justice, said the division of the
world into a we-them scenario is a
concept that has been made obsolete
defence equipment but "the equipment they (the DND) recommend is
not the type I would use."
In developing a defence
policy, said Hoye, one should determine the real threat, develop strategies, and then decide what equipment is necessary to carry out those
strategies. "This seems to have been
done in the opposite sequence," he
"There is no use having
large forces (addressing) a threat
that does not exist," he said. What
Canada needs, said Hoye, is a "pres-
ence" to protect the country's
sovereignty, not nuclear powered
submarines to defend against a nuclear attack.
Simon Seshadri... morally opposed to tuition waivers Page 2
The Summer Ubyssey, August 12,1987
Sexist Wreck beach women rude to prudes
Ah, the delights of Wreck
Beach - basking in the sun and
plunging into the cool ocean,
playing frisbee, smoking a joint or
two, endless lazy afternoons of utter
self-indulgence, a foretaste of
paradise in a setting of idyllic
exuberance. And nothing to disturb
the idyll except perhaps too many
vendors hawking their goodies.
But why are there consistently
more women than men on Wreck
Beach? What dark social forces
keep men away from one of the
world's famous nude beaches?
I've heard it said that women
are by nature keener voyeurs. While
women like to feast their eyes on
hunks of raw malehood, most men
lack interest in the sight of nude
Other possible reasons why
men - and especially single men -
often stay away from Wreck Beach
are that they feel exploited as sex
objects by the glances of women;
that they worry about being
harassed; that physical
imperfections make them acutely
self-conscious; and that some of
them want to restrict visual access to
certain parts of their bodies out of
Let me briefly explore these
reasons. Should men feel exploited
as sex objects by the glances of
women? It's important to
understand this term, "sex object,"
because it often makes bewildered
women feel vaguely guilty about
lusting after men. To regard persons
as sex objects means treating them as
less than fully human, as playthings
intended purely for sexual
gratification. What men want when
they object to being treated as sex
objects is not, presumably, to
discourage women from finding
them sexually desirable, but rather to
appreciate their sex appeal as only
part of their being.
Men on Wreck Beach should
forget suspicions about being sex
objects and enjoy the sun and the
surf and the power of their bodies to
fascinate women. When women
admire nude men, it is ultimately not
so much our flesh they perceive as
the mystique of persons appearing
without forbidding textile defenses.
Do men on Wreck Beach need
to worry about being harassed?
Since would-be offenders are in full
public view and vastly outnumbered
by would-be protectors, the risk of
serious harassment is about as great
as in a supermarket. If some women,
bent on sexual conquest, make a
nuisance of themselves, a pointed
remark will put them in their place.
There is nothing wrong with
seeking contacts on Wreck Beach.
Just keep in mind that unescorted
men often feel a bit exposed and
defensive. If someone is
approachable, he can always give a
signal: a smile, a friendly remark, a
request for help to unwrap his
What about men who feel
acutely self-conscious about physical
imperfections? They have nothing to
fear on Wreck Beach and a lot to
gain. Even if, by prevalent norms,
your body is imperfect, or you hide
a pimple in an embarrassing spot,
hiding these imperfections will only
set up a vicious cycle. People won't
accept you the way you look if you
don't first accept yourself, and their
non-acceptance will in turn make
self-acceptance more difficult
Finally, and speaking from
bitter experience, there are still
prudes in our society - people who
condemn Wreck Beach because they
regard public nudity as undignified,
unsavory or sinful. Can we prove
them wrong? Card-carrying bigots
are obviously beyond the reach of
reason, but others may listen. And
what could be more unreasonable,
when soaking up sunshine, than to
leave those silly swim trunks on?
Besides, the tan marks left by swim
gear are less than appetizing and
more than a little ridiculous.
Some prudes attach strange
value to the sight of their genitals.
Young men have traditionally been
led to think that access to their
genitals is the greatest prize of love
they can offer a woman, provided
she married them in return. They
seem to think that letting everyone
look at them nude is giving away
something for nothing.
Other prudes claim to be
offended, not by nudity, but
fondlings and other sexual goings-
on in full public view on Wreck
Beach. In fact there is little (for my
taste too little) of that. The main
part oof Wreck Beach is populated
by friendly, frolicking heterosexuals
seeking a full body tan and the mild
aphrodisiac of general nudism. If
anyone happens to disturb your
sensibilities nothing is easier than to
redirect your gaze toward the blue
expanse of water, over to the
anchoring ships and the snowcapped mountains shimmering in
the sunlight beyond.
It does take a modicum of
courage for most of us to take off
our clothes in public. You may not
bring yourself to do it the first time,
and nobody will force you, but after
a couple of clothed ventures you
can't help feeling that nudity on a
beach is healthy and pleasurable.
The simplest joys are the greatest,
and it's always a simple and sublime
joy to go down to Wreck Beach,
leaving one's clothed respectability
behind, and celebrate life, peace and
beauty in gloriously defenseless
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228-9114 The Summer Ubyssey, August 12,1987
Page 3
Hagen slapped but back
Advanced education minister
Stanley Hagen contravened conflict
of interest guidelines out of carelessness and ignorance rather than
by a deliberate attempt to mislead,
according to a report released by the
Deputy Attorney-General this week.
Hagen was reinstated in the
provincial cabinet following the release of Ted Hughes' report
But the NDP's critic for advanced education, Darlene Marzari,
dismissed Hughes' report as a
"One-would expect that a
quasi-judicial or a judicial process
should be used," she said. "It is not
a quasi-judicial or a judicial process
to ask a government employee to
write a report"
"Obviously, he (Hughes) did
what he was told (by the premier),"
she said. "It's clear to me we must
have better conflict legislation with
solid procedures for investigation
Marzari said Hagen's quick reinstatement to the cabinet is evidence that Vander Zalm is judging
such issues according not to the law
but to public opinion.
'It's enlightened despotism - the
premier decides what is law," she
said. "Vander Zalm will determine
(the verdict) depending on what kind
of phone calls he gets."
Hughes' report, the result of a
twelve-day investigation, concluded
that Hagen had broken conflict
guidelines by retaining company directorships and through his involvement in the refinancing of one of the
companies early in 1987.
However, Hughes determined
that Hagen had directed his legal
counsel to resign his directorships in
1986, but the lawyer had neglected
to do so.
Reached by telephone Monday,
Hughes declined to comment on the
investigation or the contents of his
report. He refused to shed any light
on why Hagen did not notice his
lawyer's oversight when he signed
documents as president of one of the
companies as recently as this June.
Hagen resigned his portfolio
July 24 amid revelations that he had
retained directorships in three companies after his appointment to
Cabinet in 1986. Opposition MLAs
also charged he had violated the
B.C. Constitution Act when his cement company had accepted a contract with UBC, which falls under
Hagen's ministry.
The Constitution Act prohibits
members of the legislature from doing business with the government
Hagen's reinstatement follows
an outpouring of public sympathy
never before accorded to a B.C.
minister of advanced education.
Rob Clift, chair of the
Canadian Federation of Students -
Pacific Region, welcomed Hagen's
return to the Cabinet
"I'm happy to see him back,"
Clift said. "He's the best minister
we've had for some time. We've always had a good working relationship, and he's very open and accessible."
But Marzari vowed her party
would continue to investigate the al-
leged contravention of the
Constitudon Act when the matter is
referred to a committee of the legislature for inquiry.
Hagen spent the week at a retreat for Socred MLAs and could not
be reached for comment
Grandma calls for prison system reform
Claire Culhane walked through
Parliament wearing a button saying
"Arrest me now, avoid the rush",
during debate on Bill C9 which created the Canadian Security and
Intelligence Service.
Culhane, one of the foremost critics and watch-dogs of Canada's
prison system, is angry at what she
calls the government's attempt to
take away personal freedoms.
"The CSIS can walk into your
homes, read your mail—it's just like
being in prison," she said.
Culhane's awareness of freedoms
comes from years of working for
prison reform. The theme of her activism has been "less people in
prison for shorter periods of time",
and she spreads her message by vis
iting and speaking at prisons across
the country.
Since 1978, Culhane has been
barred from all but two of B.C.'s
prisons. But she expects to win a
court case this September against
the prison authorities. They don't
want the negative publicity, she
said, and at the very least "it will be
another platform to tell what is happening in our prisons".
Thirteen years ago Culhane received a letter from a prisoner. Two
of his friends had died in solitary
confinement—one of a heart attack.
He couldn't get help because the
guards had cut the wires to the 'panic button' and couldn't be bothered
to answer. Three weeks later there
was a hostage taking at the same
prison to protest against the condi
Culhane doesn't claim to have an
easy solution to prison reform, but
says the current attitude the B.C.
government is taking is wrong.
"Li the name of protecting society,
$10 million was spent to build a
youth correction centre in Prince
George, but over the past year four
youth counselling centres have been
shut down in B.C.", she said.
The most recent example of the
government's attitude is the cutting
of bed space in Vancouver's Pender
Street detoxification center, despite
protests by health officials, said
"How dare they talk of protecting
the community against criminals
when they cut all the social services
that help people when they are in
trouble," she said.
She said suggested methods such as
electronic bracelets to keep track of
prisoners won't help. "If you're just
adding to the number of people under control, that is not an alternative," she said.
Getting the community concerned
is the most important step in making
prisons more humane. Culhane says
individuals and groups should be
monitoring what is going on inside
Culhane would also like to see a
supervised after-hours school program to cut down on the number of
young people going to prison. "What
everyone needs is one to one care,"
she said. "It can be parent's groups,
taxpayer's groups or just concerned
Prisoner Eddie; Walton died in
1974,. while in solitary WHiBnement
ai Mi_ha.**3n M„xiriu«n security
penitentiary. His death was
followed by that of Bobby Leaders
in _*??_, also in solitary at
Nation*! Prison. Itistifce Day
originated, in 1976 ta carnmeiHorate
all those: who have died tmaattiral
deaths in prison, including murder
trad smdde* ftjsa.3a.yoa wli&hto
express and strengthen solidarity
amongst   prisoners   and   their
August 1/Bth, Prison Justice
D-iy is ww recognised in most
prisons in Canada. Mast prisoners
participate by going on a 24 hour
work and hangefsaifce. Page 4
The Summer Ubyssey, August 12,1987
The Summer Ubyssey, August 12,1987
Page 5
Bloom blasts educational B.S.
Theatre group enables the disabled
When we think of an actor,
we imagine someone who is able-
bodied and articulate. We do not
imagine a paraplegic, someone with
such little control of their limbs that
they must be strapped to a
wheelchair, or someone who can
only communicate through rudimentary sign language and non-verbal
Tjellows. Yet at Theatre Terrific, a
drama group for the physically handicapped and mentally disabled, such
people are indeed acting—participating in classes, leading workshops,
working in groups to create scripts,
•'.id performing in highly successful
shows. In the process of doing so
they are becoming more articulate,
more assertive, more communicative, and far happier.
"Our mentally handicapped students come out of themselves through their dramatic work.
They leave class with a brighter,
more spontaneous, more alive, more
verbal.and more joyful feel," says
Sue Lister, Artistic Director for
Theatre Terrific.
"We had one lad, Jerry,
who came early on. He had
' Frederick's Ataxia; he had to be
strapped in a wheelchair because he
had minimal use of his arms and
none of his legs, and we could barely
understand him. He kept coming
back term after term. He joined
Direct Access when it was formed,
and now he's performing on stage
and being understood," says lister.
"Another boy, Victor, came
to his first class, stood against a
wall, looked at the floor and never
said a word. Eventually we got him
dancing—he loved it—and acting out
stories. During the next couple of
weeks his step quickened, he began
to say hello to everyone, to want to
participate, and to look forward to
Theatre Terrific was
formed in January 1985 by Connie
Hargrave, a social worker.
According to Lister, "Connie saw
the need for a creative outlet for
mentally and physically handicapped
people. They were being taught all
kinds of practical skills, but had no
chance for creative human expression. Connie saw that people developed and flourished throujjrh creative
interaction. Drama is a great way to
Lister, a British trained
drama teacher, was hired in '86., and
proceeded to bring Hargrave's ideals
to realization. Lister has a background in group drama therapy. She
received her greatest inspiration
from Okayay, a British company of
physically disabled actors who have
toured internationally with great success.
Lister works with four other instructors, one of which is Paul
Beckett, a professional physically
disabled actor, who has trained in
Toronto and New York, and worked
on stage and in radio plays. Their
results are impressive.
Theatre Terrific's first
show, Oh Phooey!, was performed in
Vancouver and then taken to
Naramata, a special-education
teacher's conference in the
Okanagan, where Theatre Terrific
gave a series of workshops. Their
second show. Dancing on The Head
of a Pin With a Mouse in My Pocket
was performed at Expo, Kits House,
and at the 1986 Fringe Festival.
In 1987 Theatre Terrific
formed the Direct Access company,
which is made up of their students.
"Direct Access will take their work-
improvisations and scenes—to any
group in town who wants to see
them," says Lister, "The response
has been tremendous. We've been
invited by UBC, Riverview, and numerous schools and conferences".
Theatre Terrific are currently working on a show called
Such Stuff As Dreams Are Made
On, for the 1987 Vancouver Fringe
Festival. It is directed by Catherine
Caines and will play September 11th
through 20th, at Heritage Hall.
"I want our people to get
out and get parts in movies, TV and
stage," says Lister, "There are lots of
dramatic, great parts in theatre and
film for disabled people.
Traditionally they've been given to
able-bodied people. Why not give
them to disabled people, who can
bring their own lives and feelings to
the role? You know, it used to be
that black men were traditionally
played by whites, until people could
accept that blacks are equally creative, intelligent and capable. This
is the same sort of story".
Perhaps some such realiza-
tion is taking place in the
film/TV/theatre world. Theatre
Terrific students are finding work.
'We have students doing auditions;
we've had two people on Danger
Bay; one of our students had a part
in Earthstar Voyager (a science-fiction film shot at Expo). We're being
rung up by'casting directors who
need disabled people".
However, in spite of
Theatre Terrific's multilevel success,
the group's survival is uncertain, due
to lack of funds. Initially they were
funded from the federal government
through Job Creation, but after two
years this funding was cut off.
"We've spent months trying to get money from the BC government with ve^ little result" said
Lister, "Finally we got a $5000 grant
from Culture. We've had some funding for job training, which we've
used to hire two or three students to
help with benefits. In June we had a
huge benefit at the Arts Club. The
place was packed, but the government and monied people weren't
"We need a patron, or pa
trons, of the arts to take us on, and/or
corporate sponsorship. If Theatre
Terrific is not supported, it will
And that will be a fate as
crippling as the handicaps that used
to limit Theatre Terrific's students'
opportunities for self-expression.
A new book takes a critical look at
trends in education in North
American society and urges a return
to more traditional educational
methods in order to provide the
thinking citizens we need to solve
the problems we face.
Book "
The Closing of the American Mind
By Allan Bloom
Simon and Schuster
Allan Bloom's The Closing of the
American Mind is an American
book, but it can and should receive a
lot of attention in Canada. The ideas
behind Bloom's thesis, and the problems he sees, seem applicable to
Canada, due to the marked similarity
of Canadian and American universities.
Bloom, who is most famous for his
translation of Plato's The Republic,
is a classicistHe feels that universities should teach students to have a
wide knowledge of past thought,
that is an education oriented towards
the classics of Western Civilization,
and to think critically about the
world around them. Students in all
faculties, Bloom argues, should examine the work and ideas of past
masters in their fields and use them
as a basis for their own critical
Bloom aigaes mat North American
society is being robbed of knowledge because students lack such a
basic well rounded and unified education. Instead, he argues, students
are being taught what is deemed to
be educationally fashionable and
trendy (i.e. like 'basket-weaving
courses'), even if it adds nothing of
substance to their lives, intellectually or otherwise.
In order to prove the above thesis,
Bloom examines both the students
he has seen during his university career and the ideas that have or
should have influenced their education. He seems to convincingly
prove his case.
When Bloom talks about students
or university life, the anecdotes he
uses makes his book easier to read
and very informative. However,
when he gets away from such practical subjects and dives headlong into
the realm of philosophy, Bloom occasionally writes as if his audience
Dignity revealed through drama
Hot Jazz heats up the Gultch
Catherine Caines, who is
directing Theatre Terrific's
upcoming show at the Vancouver
Fringe Festival, believes that there
is no such thing as a handicapped
"Who's to say what's
normal?" she asked. "People who
we call handicapped simply have a
vision of the world that is different
from ours."
Her aim in putting
together Theatre Terrific's show is
to share that different vision. "All
acting training is based on
communication skills. Acting is
based on wanting to share."
Together with 4 students
from Theatre Terrific, Alex
Madden, Bonnie Totten, Joey
Barker, and Thomas Whitehead,
Caines is creating a piece around the
theme "dreams', using a group
creative process incorporating
storytelling and improvisation.
Ideally the final product will give
the actors a chance to express their
own feelings and ideas.
"I've always felt that
process was more important that
product and I still feel that way. I'm
glad to have a chance to work with
these people to create a script from
them. I'm working against being
patronizing, and I'm trying to reveal
people's dignity. Dignity is very
Caines, who runs her own
drama school (FTS at Presentation
House) and teaches at UBC as well
as working with Theatre Terrific, has
several goals when teaching drama
■_i a therapeutic environment: to
improve communication skills and
self-image, to promote non-
aggressive self assertion, and to
teach leadership skills.
"It's amazing just how
much so-called handicapped people
«an develop in these areas. I've
taken the "handicapped' into schools
and shad them lead students,in
workshops," she says.
"I've woiked with extended
care patients at VGH. These are
-Sp^r-nle waiting to die. I've seen
"pe- ,:*e going from just saying, "I
don't remember' all the time, to
improvising scenes with memories
•from their past—and wanting to share
these memories."
"I've also worked with
[people in group homes who bus in
every week. The drama work is Ihe
highlight of their week.   Otherwise
it's just TV, bingo, or bowling."
Caines finds that many of
her so-called "handicapped' students
are free of some of the handicaps
that afflict most so-called "normal'
people. "They don't know fear," she
said, "At my first rehearsal one of
the students came up to me and said,
"What do you want me to do? Tm
not afraid."
At a Theatre Terrific
rehearsal this reporter attended last
week, I saw no fear. Rather, I saw
actors working hafd, in a
cooperative manner, and with joy,
to express themselves and create a
show. At the end of the rehearsal
Catherine Caines sat everyone down
in a circle and asked diem to tell die
group about something they'd done
that day that had made mem happy.
Bonnie, who is non-verbal, made
some signs with her hands. Caines,
using her scanty knowledge of sign
language, and a book, interpreted:
"The first sign means...feel
happy...the next sign...share...you.
It makes me feel happy to share
things with you!" Clearly Caines"
vision of theatre as sharing is
Jazz is slowly making a
comeback in Vancouver. The du
Maurier International Jazz Festival
was a success the second year in a
row. And with the help of the Costal
Jazz and Blues Society (which produced the du Maurier Festival), excellent jazz acts are trickling into the
One such act was the New
\brk jazzer Steve Kuhn. Kuhn, a
legendary jazz pianist, brought his
Stevekuhm Trio
Vancouver East Cultural Centre
August 8 .	
trio of Harvey Swartz on bass (substituting for Ron Carter), and Al
Foster on drums to the Vancouver
East Cultural Center.
The audience was not disappointed. Kuhn played for over
tow hours and mesmerized the crowd
with his skills as an entertainer and
Kuhn began the first set
with a solo piano piece and then introduced the band members. The trio
hit their stride half-way into the first
set and never looked back. Playing
hits like Fats Wallers "Jitterbug
Waltz" and Kuhn's "2 by 2" the trio
Swartz especially was hot.
He played his stand-up bass like an
acoustic guitar, improvising melodies
few could play off a sheet of music.
In the second set, Kuhn
stole the show. Playing standards like
Hoby Carmichael's "Litte Old Lady"
and Kuhn's won composition, the ballad "Trance", Kuhn's fingers raced
across the keys, earning him the admiration of the many musicians in the
audience, and the awe of the mortals.
The trio finished the second
set playing a John Colt*_ine chart,
"Count Down" (also played by Miles
Davis and called "Tune-up"), and
played a french song "Em Manuel"
for the encore. It was a great finish to
a great night
Radical activists activate audiences with music
just wouldn't disappear
they'd trawl from the rubble
regroup and give it trouble
bashed and bruised
they'd nuke the news
(from Tyrannosaurus Wrexpo - the
Spiritof 86 by Norman Nawrocki)
The Black Wedge is
coming and it's breaking down the
barriers between politics and
culture, shattering the conventions
of 'normal' music and poetry.
The Black Wedge is a
group of underground poets and
musicians who promote an extra-
parliamentary form of political
One part of the Wedge is
made up of the 'performance unit'
out of Montreal called 'Rhythm
Activism'. This unit includes ranter
poet Norman Nawrocki and
subversive guitar plucker Dem
Stink. Together they produce an
aural assault designed to activate,
rather than captivate, their audience.
"We try to get people to
actually think for themselves instead
of always relying on the
government or political parties,"
says Dem Stink. "We're into other
kinds of parties, like fun ones."
The Activists anarchist
message comes out in their music.
Nawrocki says, "Dem Stink does
things with his guitar people would
never   think   of  doing.      He's
subverting the musical form, and the
words deal with direct action and
everyday survival...an anarchist
critique is built into the pieces.._o
we basically let the (performance)
pieces do the talking for us."
Nawrocki stresses the
importance of tailoring Black
Wedge performances to local
audiences and to their real-live
situations. "On our last tour in
Olympia, Washington, before the
show we talked with local people
about the issues they were
concerned about. Later, we put
together an improvisational piece
incorporating J those issues and
presented it live on stage. People
were happily surprised that we
talked of Olympia's housing
problems, their youth curfew, the
spraying of pesticides on local apple
orchards and how people were
organizing resistance." The
current Black Wedge tour is set to
travel across Canada with an
entorage that includes - in addition
to Rhythm Activism: Vancouver's
'Mecca Normal'(who bring 'psychosocial lyrics and distorted chords for
a distorted world'); Peter Plate from
San Francisco 'is the news from
nowhere, a broken window found at
dawn'; Toronto's all-women
ensemble 'Mourning Sickness' who
'violate the norms of music and
female behaviour'; and also from
Toronto is Bryan James, whose
'ideas come to him through the
cosmos (the television set)'.
You can catch the Black
Wedge tomorrow night at
Graceland, 1250 Richards St. (in the
alley). Be prepared to be activated.
were graduate students and not the
general public. This problem, most
pronounced in Part II of the book,
could have been eliminated with
more careful writing on Bloom's
However, most of the book, especially the part where he discusses
modern students and their foibles,
is lively and opinionated. Bloom is
traditionally minded (for example,
he dislikes MTV and rock music)
and he has some caustic comments
to offer on student life and culture,
comments that add energy to his
work and plausibility to his ideas.
Unfortunately, students and facul
ty may balk at reading Bloom's
book due to his critical attitudes
about student life and education.
This is too bad because this book
should be read, discussed and debated in universities precisely because of the ideas it advocates.in-
stead of being fobbed off as the reactionary musings of a cranky old
The Closing of the American
Mind is not light summer reading,
but everyone interested in education, and die society and culture
that such education produces,
should read it.
Sweet Emmy Lou
August 5, amidst the mutton chops and cheap perfume, the
Orpheum played host to Emmy Lou
Harris and her Hot Band for an all
too rare event. This concert combined solid professionalism with
exquisite talent to produce an
Emmy Lou Harris
August 5
evening of great sounds.
The fact that Harris's
voice is one of the best ever to grace
the country stage or recording studio is no secret to her legion of fans.
Most of them return time and again
to hear her perform.
No surprises here folks:
no laser shows, smudgepots or rambling political dissertations; just
honest-to-god entertainment from a
singer who knows her audience.
This sympathy with the
audience was evident during the
non-stop one and one-half hour programme which included material
from her early days with Gram
Parsons on through to her most recent solo effort and a few extras
thrown in for good measure.
With rhythm guitarist
Barry Tashion and Don Johnston on
keyboards supplying most of the vocal harmonies, this years version of
Harris's "Hot Band" had ample op
portunity to show off their talents.
Particularly noticeable were Steve
Fisher on Dobro and pedal steel and
lead guitarist Frank Reckart who
soloed with frenetic finesse on a
couple of "shuffle" tunes.
But die evening righdy belonged to Harris. Resplendent in a
long black dress and red boots, she
opened with "Easy From Now On"
and "Still Dream At Night", before
launching into the old chestnut 'To
Know Him Is To Love Him,' recently reworked on her album with
Linda Rondstadt and Dolly Parton.
It was here that all Harris's abilities
became evident: the perfect modulation resonating clear and powerful.
Having announced that she
was pulling out some "relics" for this
tour, Harris, to the delight of the
crowd, delivered such ones as
"Sweet Dreams of You", "Sandman".
Wayfaring Stranger", "Leaving
Louisiana in the Broad Daylight",
and a beautiful rendition of "Pancho
and Lefty".
She interspersed these
with new material, including Ralph
Stanley's "Angel Band", the soulful
tide track from Harris's latest album.
Then the highlight of the
evening occurred after the encore,
when having just kicked out all the
stops on Hank Williams'
"Jambalaya", Harris obliged the still
roaring crowd by walking back on
stage with only her acoustic guitar
and gave a sad, haunting version of
Dolly Parton's 'To Daddy". Page 6
The Summer Ubyssey, August 12,1987
Big Bill Bashes Bums
Our proud provincial government is in a collectively bad
mood lately. The B.C. Supreme Court told them their
practice of giving less assistance to people under 25 than
over is unconstitutional. Surely this came as no surprise.
The Charter clearly disallows age discrimination. And
surely the government's self-inflicted embarrassment
(allowing this case reaches the Supreme Court) cannot be
blamed on poor people.
Even more inexplicably, the government is angry that
thousands of welfare recipients did not pick up their welfare cheques during the recent mail strike. The government considers all of these people cheats. Defrauders of
the public purse. Less than scum. Guilty. They have
been cut off welfare, unless they have a damn good
Surely in the democracy we think we live in we cannot
consider the act of not picking up a check evidence of
anything but an inability to pick up a cheque. It is circumstantial evidence, at best, of fraud. It appears the
government believes if a person can survive on day past
cheque day without the monthly injection they don't need
the money, and they are probably in Hawaii.
One wonders if the government will attempt to prosecute
these "cheats" in the Supreme Court of B.C.
The fact is the government's attention is focused on hurting people who can least afford to be bashed, and can
least exercise an opposition. The government is well
aware that welfare recipients expressing dismay to the
media look greedy, greedy, greedy. Meanwhile, the savings by cutting off people without hearing, and reducing
welfare rates so everyone gets the same, are negligible.
Our provincial government's public musing about lowering welfare rates is cruel and unnecessary. It clearly indicates the government's bent towards hurting the lame to
appear tough and fiscally minded.
August 5,1987
The Summer Ubyssey is published Wednesdays throughout the
summer session by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
British Columbia, with the additional funding from the Walter H.
Gage Memorial Fund, and the UBC Alumni Association. Editorial
opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is a member
of Canadian University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 228-
2301/228-2305; advertising. 228-3977
The newspapers screamed abuse at the horrible immigrants. Ross
McLaren, Jennifer Lyall and Malcolm Pearson had all come to the
mainland in a leaky bathtub and claimed asylum as refugees from the
Vander Zalm tyranny. "Vancouver Island isn't safe for revolutionaries,"
they cried, but Rick Hiebert didn't hear. Corinne Bjorge, Michael
Groberman, and Laura Busheikin, the three blind mice, ran around the
table, moving a cursor about Don Isaak, the farmer's wife, chased after
them with a carving knife. Stephen Wisenthal, David Ferman and Alar
Olljum stared ludely at Kurt Preinsperg, who was lying invitingly on
Wreck beach, staring lasciviously at John Richmond. Michael Smart
reserved comment on the pathetic scene. Ian McLaren threw rose petals
at the refugees and told them to go back to Vancouver Island .
For shame, the President is in a tizzy
For shame, didn't the current
Ubyssey editors read what their
predecessors wrote? To print Mike
Geoghegan's quote "And UBC didn't get any input into those
changes" indicates this. Good old
Mikey was referring to the changes
in the provincial governments' student aid program.
Just to remind the editors of
the Ubyssey, and hopefully, to have
Mikey think before he speaks next
time, one of the two students who
sat on the committee to assess B.C.
Student Aid was Don Holubitsky,
very much a UBC student. This
committee submitted a detailed
document which recommended all
the changes that were, in fact,
implemented. I submit that his
contribution was equal to that of
any CFS representative. It is also
naive, Mikey, to assume that the
province would implement a new
student aid program without "talking to" the university with the
largest student population in the
Pro or con CFS aside, please
give credit to all the individuals who
worked on the new student aid package and please spare us all asinine
quotes like "CFS, like God, helps
those who help themselves." Does
God charge rep. by pop. fees but
one vote per institution for his assistance?
Rebecca Nevraumont
AMS president
Marxist says superpowers not
Sikhs to be blamed for Indian strife
August 15 is celebrated by some as
India's "Independence Day". But
this is nothing to celebrate. The
Indian people are still languishing
under neo-colonialist exploitation
and oppression.
Conditions in India are worse than
ever before. While the foreign
investors and wealthy Indian families
get richer, millions of the Indian
working class and poor suffer the
severest hardships imaginable. This
situation began with British colonialism. It continues under the Indian
government today. The seat of
power was merely passed from one
group of exploiters to the next.
Neither have provided for the Indian
people. Furthermore, the Indian
economy is completely dependent on
foreign investors of either the U.S. or
Soviet camps. This situation is exacerbated by the conflict between the
two superpowers over their geo
political interests in India. Their
intervention has brought more com-
munalist violence and fascist terror
against the Indian peoples. The
people gained nothing by formal
independence in 1947.
The Indian government is called
"one of the most democratic in the
world" by the Canadian state and
others. But the facts show otherwise. In the name of defending the
Indian Union, the Indian government organizes communalist violence and fascist terror. These
attacks on the people are blamed on
certain religious extremists when it
and the two superpowers are
responsible for them. The Indian
Union is actually a factor for disunity. The nationalities of the Indian
peoples is obscured while an issue is
made of their religions in order to
set them at each other's throats. The
Indian government is democratic in
name, but communalist and fascist
The Indian people have yet to win
their national and social liberation,
and they are continuing to struggle
to achieve that end today. Having
never accepted the communalist
policy of the Indian state, they are
uniting to defeat it.
The People's Front and East
Indian Defense Committee support
this just struggle of the Indian people. They say that it is the two
superpowers, not religion, which is
the source of the conflict in India
today. The news media avoids at all
cost reporting this view. So students
who seek the truth about the situation in India and would like to hear
this view explained are invited to a
public meeting organized by the
People's Front and EJ.D.C.
The meeting will be held on
August 16 at 2:30. It will take place
at the Desh Baghat Temple, 5880
Main Street in Vancouver. The key
speaker will be Hardial Bains, First
Secretary of the Central Committee
of the Communist Party of Canada
Premier Vander Zalm has
been criticized for opposing the
efforts of certain people to become
immigrants to Canada, on the
ground that Vander Zalm himself is
an immigrant to Canada.
The reasoning seems to be
that for an immigrant to say "Don't
immigrate" is pragmatically self-
contradictory, like a singer singing
"Don't sing". However, just as
someone who once sang can
consistently say "Don't sing" to a
drunk roommate at 4 am, Vander
Zalm can consistently say "Don't
immigrate" to people if present
circumstances warrant it.
Possibly Vander Zalm is
wrong for some other reason, but
not for this reason.
After all, if no immigrant
could ever morally oppose further
immigration, then a finite country
populated entirely by immigrants
would be  forced  to   welcome
indefinitely       many more
immigrants, no matter how much
this lowered the standard of living,
as it inevitably would when space
ran out How much space a person
needs is a good question, but there
is obviously a finite minimum.
It would be useful to cite
Vander Zalm's past behaviour if the
circumstances were relevantly
similar, but clearly they are in some
relevant respects dissimilar, if only
because we have leamed-so much in
the last few decades about the
causal relations between population
policy, the environment, and
human prospects for happiness (see,
e.g., Garrett Hardin), and because
Canada's population, and the
world's, have greatly increased
during this time.
Nick Sleigh
philosophy grad student
All letters must be typed, triple spaced, on a 70 character line.
Letters will be edited for spelling, grammar and brevity.
Letters must be brought, in person, to The Ubyssey office, SUB
241k, and be presented with a piece of identification that
suggest the person delivering the letter is its author. Please
** '^"^ ?^ ^
y-y* -x^ ■*
Last issue's front page story —
"Lest We Forget" -- was aptly
named. The story was written by
Michelle Lalonde, not anyone else.
Those who didn't write the story
include Melinda Wittstock, Enver
Hoxha, Mario Cuomo, Edwin
Meese, Jimmy Hoffa, Marilyn
Monroe, William Shakespeare,
Dante and Gabriella Rosetti
Elizabeth Barrett and Robert
Browning, Vladimir Nabokov, or
Cal Worthington and his dog Spot,
The person responsible will be permanently consigned to the amnesia
ward of UBC hospital. The Summer Ubyssey, August 12,1987
Page 7
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years experience, Word
processing, IBM typewriter. Student rates. Dorothy
"*     Martinson, 228-8346.
TYPING, short notice service. Essays, resumes, papers.
Proofreading extra. 327-0425 John. Research & essay
-*-      writing assistance available. Will pick up &/or deliver!
Philosophic conversations: Wayns Henry, Grad Student,
speaks on "personal identity," 8 p.m., Graduate Centre
Meditation, instruction provided, all welcome. 4:30 pm
to 5:30 pm, penthouse, Graduate Students Centre.
hot flash
Beverage Department is now hiring returning UBC students. Experience an asset but not necessary. Apply Rm.
266 in the Student Union Building, 6138 SUB BLVD,
Student Council voted unanimously August 5 to give AMS director of
graft Don Isaak authority to spend $12,000 on typesetting equipment. The
AMS has already spent $24,000 on related equipment and they slapped Isaak
lightly on the wrist at the previous council meeting for spending without
prior approval.
"Savings will pay off in less than one year," said Isaak. The equipment
will be used to publish The Ubyssey newspaper, constituency publications.
Intramural publications and for commercial business.
Council also authorized Isaak to undertake a feasibility study of setting up a
print shop run by the AMS.
Facilities manager Nuala Ehlert has been gathering information on AIDS to
present to council before September. Based on current pamphlets from the
University of Toronto and other current literature, the information should
help determine which direction Council might take when presenting information to new students in the fall.
The resignation of graduate student representative Phil Ross was announced
at the Wednesday council meeting. He is now the proud father of a baby pirl.
Council recenUy spent $30 from the contingency fund to support blind
sports. Amount spent from the contingency fund to date ....$30.
AMS vice-president Jody Woodland said there is a move afoot to get more
people involved in the conference on post-secondary education.
"People are pushing for more spots," he said, adding some universities have
no representation at all. The committee that issued the invitations used a
"completely scattershot method. No one can figure out why," said Woodland.
Of the 597 people invited to the conference only 150 are academics (50
administration, 50 faculty, and 50 students.) No indication has yet been given
by Council on how they plan to push for more involvement in the forum.
"A lot of the stuff we've
bought we didn't really
need to buy."
- Director of finance
Don Isaak on his decision
NOT to save money by
stealing software.
(Just outside the UBC Gates on 10th Ave.)
Free 26 oz. Coke with all orders
224-3333 or 224-2417
Personal ad
_,M^*JtJi||K'*J__»'a_Ba_f_ CM' ■!__>"»*rjat —
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pun   intended)    and   I!m   feeling   obsolete   since   a   big   PC
has   moved   into   the   office
where   I   live.      Use   me,    abuse
me!    Ifm   into   anything--write
a   news   story   on   me,   pound
out   an   entertainment   review,
or   tap   out   a   sports   report.
I   live   at   the   Ubyssey
office,    SUB   241k.      Drop   by
and   get   someone   to   introduce
us.      This   could  be   the   start
of   a   beautiful   relationship!
flLttfl SMT
Friday August 7 is
- Ken Lister, bass
- Chris Sigerson, piano
• June Katz,vocals
Saturday, August 8
- Diana Krall, piano
- Cambell Ryga, sax
2505 Alma at Broadway - 222-2244
May we entice you with a free burrito, or
perhaps a free enchilada?...Yes!!
Come to the la tortilleria at 2278 West Fourth Avenue( across from
Plimley Dodge Chrysler) and when you purchase a burrito, enchilada,
or taco your friend gets one of the same value or less for free.
Authentic Mexican Food - licerfsed premises
- eat in or take out -10 am to midnight
732 - 5522        - 2278 West Fourth Avenue, Vancouver
la tortilleria Page 8
The Summer Ubyssey, August 12,1987
Baby festival grows up
Edmonton's Fringe
Festival has grown from a baby of a
festival to a giant.
In the festival's first year,
it sold 7500 tickets. Last year the
figure rose to 120,000 and the festival continues to grow.
According to Brian
Paisley, artistic director of the fringe
festival and UBC ggraduate, it is the
atmosphere that makes Edmonton's
fringe festival great.
"It's very much an outdoor
thing," says Paisley. "We have long,
sunny days. The streets are crowded
with people, and entertainment.
There are jugglers, food concessions, and extended lobbies from the
theatres, so you can get a drink in
the street."
The idea, says Paisley, is
for people to "park here and stay all
day. For 20 dollars you can see a
couple shows, eat, have a beer, and
see a street show."
Quite apart from the fun,
the festival represents an important
venue for new Canadian plays. "On
the first day we will premiere over
100 Canadian plays," says Paisley.
"Throughout the festival, there will
be shows from every province in
Canada, and from Africa, Mexico,
Europe, and the United States."
Among the many
\_ncouver productions winging their
way over (more likely travelling
through) the Rockies is Touchstone
Theatre's Red Channels. The play is
directed by award winning director,
and Touchstone Artistic director,
Roy Surette. It stars well known
Vancouver performers Kevin
McNulty (Walt and Roy, The
Melville boys, Glengarry Glenross),
and Barbara E. Russell (Carousel
Theatre's Romeo and Juliet, Taming
of the Shrew, and Nicola
Cavendish's It's Snowing on
The play, written by local
playwrights Leslie Mildiner and
Jennifer Martin, is called "a paranoid love story", and will return to
Vancouver for The Vancouver Fringe
Festival, in September, as the first
play of Touchstone's four play season.
Also going to Edmonton is
Brian Linds' one man show Brian
Goes Hawaiian, recently showcased
at The Vancouver International
Comedy Festival on Granville
Joining Touchstone and
Linds in the journey east is Dark
Horse's productions of Care and
Control, a topical, political play
about lesbian mothers and their battles to keep custody of their children. Dark Horse, a new theatre
company comprised of many UBC
graduates, produced last year's criti
cally acclaimed Ramona and The
White Slaves.
The tour to Edmonton is
to "expand our audience towards a
higher profile, and gain credibility
with the Canada Council as a touring
company," explains Dark Horse
director Robert Garfat
The production will return
to Vancouver to open at Vancouver's
own Fringe Theatre Festival in
This journey form Fringe
to Fringe, from Edmonton to
Vancouver, is not rare. The
Vancouver Fringe Festival, now
entering its third year, is timed to
follow the Edmonton version.
Vancouver Fringe artistic director
Joanna Marata says she and Paisley
meet often during the year. "We
share many acts, but our festivals
take their own shapes," says Marata.
She got the idea for the
N&ncouver version from Edmonton's
success. In 1985, her theatre company, TheatreSpace, took a show to
Edmonton, "and I decided we should
have one here too."
Hopefully, one day,
Vancouver's baby fringe festival will
grow up like Edmonton's.
The 6th Annual Edmonton Fringe
Festival, (various venues)
August 15-23
Edmonton, Alberta
Intrepid journalist -
explorer searches for fabled N.W. Passage to high culture
When you need copies
quickly and hassle-free, see
us at Kinko's. Our self-
service copiers are very easy
to use and give you the great
quality, inexpensive copies
you expect.
5706 University Blvd.
M TH 8-9 F 8-6 Sat 10-6 Sun 11-6
Chick Corea
Chick provides feast for fusion fans
If you like jazz-fusion, you will like
Chick Corea Elektric Band's album, Light
■Years. This album is heavy on the fusion side.
Corea uses all the latest keyboards at his disposal- Yamaha TX816, Synclavier, Rhodes,
Kurzweil — to play his music.	
Light Years
The Chick Corea Elektric Band
Producerer: Chick Corea	
The jazz and other music elements
have not been lost though. Corea draws from
Latin, bop and jazz sources. These elements,
however, have been incorporated into the electronic medium.
That medium should not be surprising for the man who led the fusion group
Return to Forever. Back in 1972 this group
was a mover in the jazz-fusion field and Chick
has never really left fusion, only occasionally
for forays into classical and experimental
Chick's latest elektric band is new.
Formed in 1985 with John Patitucci on bass
and Dave Weckl on drums, this group toured
and produced one album, The Chick Corea
Elektric Band. For Light Years, Corea has
added two members, Frank Gambale on guitar
and Eric Marienthal on tenor and alto sax.
The new band's results have been
positive. Marienthal adds a special touch on
sax, a touch that provides a bridge back to the
old-time jazz music. His sax blends the hard,
syncopated sound of the fusion band with a
softer tone that sits well on the album.
John Patitucci is also excellent. He
has a rocking bass that sets up Corea on the
key boards. And what music it is. Corea hides
his keyboards' melody behind the other instruments while weaving an intricate pattern that at
once binds the group together and directs them.
And that is how Corea works, taking
one idea or one melody and developing it intc
a tune. With Light Years Corea has gone one
better and developed his album from a poem of
his titled Light Years.
This album is recommended for the
fusion fans and those who want a taste of
where fusion is going these days.
Never Mind the Hi-Fi
Feel the Music!
T  t ought to be superfluous to point out the the
function of stereo equipment is to reproduce
music for people to enjoy.
Unfortunately, this simple idea has been lost in a |
deluge of hyperbole in advertising and confusion
among consumers. So it may come as a surprise
to hear about an audio store that puts the music
ahead of the equipment.
Music Works! Dedicated to the music lover
inside every hi-fi buyer.
4740 Main (at 32nd Ave) Vancouver
875 - 6364
/ m 0 $ m
* '_r- _ »•_.


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