UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 7, 1972

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Array r i^V I L -y\   £ iJ 1
2—Nova Scotia oil; who gets the benefits?
3—AMS approves master teacher award.
5—Page Friday.
15—Hockey birds pushing hard.
| Vol.  Llll,  No.  34
UBC cost jumps
with wiring, plugs,
says job foreman
Unnecessary electrical installations in new
buildings being constructed behind the Ponderosa
Annex are creating an unwarranted expense for
UBC, site foreman Henry Siemens said Thursday.
"The materials the job consultant (Thrun
Engineering) is calling for are more elaborate than
either the type of buildings or the Canada Code
(Rules and Regulations for the Installation and
Maintenance of Electrical Equipment) require," he
The four buildings, to be used for student
services, agricultural economics and other offices,
are two-storey wood-frame relocatable structures.
Seimens said, "the materials being used are
more expensive and require more labor to install
than other equally acceptable materials."
He said the consultant is the one who profits
from this because he earns a percentage of the total
cost of the job — the higher the cost the more
lucrative his enterprise.
John Berigham of D. W. Thomson Co. (the
consulting engineers for the job) said the materials
used in building constructions are usually chosen
according to the preferences stated by the building
owners — in this case the UBC administration.
"Some materials are preferred for maintenance
and specific uses in the building," he said.
Ed Goronzy, physical plant design and planning
division estimator, said UBC usually approves
materials according to the building codes.
"If, when we are screening the original drawings
submitted to us by the architects, we see a material
that we know is giving us problems we ask for a
different material," he said.
Siemens said the standards used by UBC are
"outdated and the consultants are using those
"I don't know why UBC hasn't changed its
standards, because it can do so anytime," he said.
Examples of overly expensive and elaborate
materials being installed are the wiring system and
the wall plugs.
Erwin Epp, arts 4, a qualified electrician,
worked on the site for two weeks in December.
Epp said the conduit system of wiring (where
wires are run through pipes) being installed in the
building is expensive and impractical.
"A more reasonable alternative is to use
Loomex wiring — it requires fewer parts and takes
less time to install," he said Thursday.
(Loomex wiring is wires inclosed in a cloth
covering, commonly used for house wiring.)
The code allows for this type of wiring to be
used in these buildings, said Epp.
Consultant Eric Thrun said Thursday that the
See page 2: WIRING
AMS grad vote up to courts;
'A can of worms', says rep
The Alma Mater Society executive has asked
student court to determine the validity of the
graduate students association's three representatives
on AMS council.
At Wednesday's council meeting AMS president
Grant Burnyeat refused to allow the GSA to vote.
"Only 816 members of the GSA have paid their
AMS fees, and thus are active members and
therefore the GSA is only allowed one vote,"
Burnyeat said.
"It's a can of worms," said Svend Robinson,
AMS science rep.
'The constitution says that AMS fees are
optional to grad students in their second year and
up, but it also says that the GSA president is the
official council rep," he said.
GSA president Gina Quijano, just as the other
GSA council reps Tony Grinkus and Julian Wake,
are in their second year of grad studies and have not
paid the AMS fees.
"It seems somewhat inequitable to those who
have paid for us to allow them to vote," Burnyeat
However, the council meeting of December 6
voted to allow the grad students to retain their
"It seems quite clear that the executive is going
against the wishes of council in refusing to allow
them to vote. According to Robert's Rule of Order,
which we unfortunately have to resort to, no action
of the assembly may be overturned by the
executive," Robinson said.
"A very dangerous precedent is being set," he
However, Burnyeat told The Ubyssey: "Until it
is decided by student court I will continue to rule
that they can't vote."
Murray refuses to implement
AMS council SUB motion
Alma Mater Society co-ordinator Rick Murray
has refused to implement an AMS council motion
calling for SUB to remain open 24 hours a day on a
trial basis.
The Dec. 6 motion by grad student
representative Gina Quijano stated: "That council
direct SUB management to open the Student Union
Building 24 hours a day for a trial period, until such
time as damage is caused as a result."
It followed the rescinding of a motion allowing
the building to remain open continuously on a
permanent basis.
Murray told The Ubyssey he did not know why
the motion had not been implemented, but added
that it did not meet with his approval.
"Also, there was no starting date on the
motion," Murray said.
Arts rep Kathy Carney said Thursday she felt
councilors had agreed on when the motion was to
take effect in discussion preceding the passing of it.
"I assumed the motion was to take effect
immediately," Carney said.
Murray said Thursday he does not agree with
the motion and "will stall it for as long as possible."
—daryl tan photo
traits gone
The SUB non-student craft booths controversy has
apparently been solved.
A look through SUB's foyer Thursday revealed that no
independent craft booths remain in the building.
Alma Mater Society co-ordinator Rick Murray said
Thursday that all craft operations have been moved into the AMS
crafts co-op beside the south entrance of the cafeteria.
The Thunderbird Shop in the SUB basement complained in
November that the AMS was breaking its lease by allowing
non-student businesses to be set up without charge.
The shop claimed that if non-students could use SUB space
free of charge, it should have the same right. The shop presently
pays $7,500 yearly to rent its facilities.
Murray said that all craftsmen were moved into the AMS
operation beginning Jan. 1.
"The AMS takes a certain percentage of what each business
sells," Murray said.
He added that since the AMS co-op is non-profit, he hopes
that the profit percentage kept by the store can be lowered as
overall sales volume picks up.
The Thunderbird Shop has expressed no initial reaction to
the new scheme.
"We've had no more discussions about it with them,"
Murray said.
"If anything happens, we'll handle it when it develops."
Murray said he feels there shouldn't be any problems
concerning the crafts competition with the Thunderbird Shop.
'The AMS operation is not marketing any college-shop
products," he explained.
No one at the Thunderbird Shop was available for comment
on the matter. Page 2
Friday,  January 7,   1972
Nova Scotia oil; money for the same purses
from the 4th Estate
via Last Post News Service
HALIFAX — Despite glib pronouncements about
developing "every opportunity for Nova Scotians to
engage in and benefit from" the province's potential oil
discoveries, the profit from the venture — if there is any —
will line the usual Nova Scotia pocketbooks.
Offshore Industries Limited (OIL), a new corporation
set up by the. province and a group of Nova Scotia
businessmen, is probably as good an indicator as any of
the direction in which the province is heading on offshore
Three of its seven directors — J. S. MacKeen
(chairman), Frank Sebey, and Charles MacCulloch — are
among the most influential men in the province. All of
them are directors of Halifax Developments Limited,
owners of the downtown Halifax development Scotia
Square. MacCulloch is a current member of the board of
Industrial Estates Limited, the crown corporation that
tries to lure outside investment to the province. Sebey is a
former IEL president.
Another former president of Industrial Estates
Limited, Morley G. Taylor, is also on, the board of the
new company, as is R. B. Cameron, who holds the all-time
record among provincial business heavies for presidents of
crown corporations. Cameron, who currently holds down
the title of president of the Fundy Tidal Power
Corporation, was at one point coincidentally president of
Sydney Steel Corporation and the Deuterium of Canada
Ltd. heavy water plant.
Other directors of the company include R. G. Smith,
former president of National Sea Products, and local
business man-insurance agent Austen Hayes.
According to statements by Premier Regan at a recent
press conference, the new company will be involved in
servicing the offshore oil industry, which could possibly
include anything from building oil rigs to supplying meals
at sea.
Director Charles MacCulloch declined to say how
large the capitalization for the new venture would be, but
described it as "substantial". He said he didn't believe the
company would have any trouble raising whatever is
The province has already kicked in a token $40,000
to help OIL get off the ground, but sources indicate that
the province's stake in the industry — for better or worse
— could be as high as one-third of the amount ultimately
required to make it a going concern. How much it finally
invests in dependent on the success of OIL in obtaining
money on the private market. That could be a more
serious problem than either the province or the company
is willing to admit.
"We want to prevent speculation in this kind of a
situation," Premier Regan said, but added that the
company will "definitely" go public.
"That's just a guess," says MacCulloch, however. "We
may never actually develop an oil industry anyway."
Like most businessmen, MacCulloch is much more
reticent than the premier in predicting the dawning of any
new age for Nova Scotia because of recent developments.
"It's a chance thing," he says. "If I didn't believe
there wasn't an opportunity to make a wise investment in
the oil industry, I wouldn't be involved. But we can really
only hope that it will develop — it's still too early to tell."
MacCulloch estimates, however, that if the industry
does flourish, and if OIL is successful in landing contracts,
prospects for employment could run into the
"Again, it's impossible to predict accurately becuase
no one knows how quickly or on how large a scale the
thing is going to develop," he said in an interview.
"However, according to our reports we think it looks
promising and very promising that Nova Scotians will be
trained to take the jobs that will develop."
MacCulloch says the fishermen of Nova Scotia would
make "ideal" employees for the new industry.
He likens the new venture to the development of
Scotia Square, the mammoth concrete complex that is
still rising in downtown Halifax. "No one thought local
people could become involved in that either, but we
proved that wasn't true. The thing really is - if you don't
venture something you'll never gain anything. That's what
private enterprise is all about."
The problem for Nova Scotia, however, is that if oil
becomes a lucrative proposition, the lot of most Nova
Scotians will not be seriously enhanced, and the big
gainers — again — will be people like MacCulloch,
MacKeen and the rest of the men who make up Offshore
Industries Limited.
OIL is hopeful that its partnership arrangement with
Bow Valley Integrated Services Limited of Calgary, *a
Canadian-owned firm involved in oil industry servicing,
will give them the needed expertise to compete for
contracts. Bow Valley has been involved in such
operations in Alaska, Mexico, the United States, and
northern and western Canada.
In return for supplying this expertise, Bow Valley will
get a stock interest in the Nova Scotia firm. The provincial
government, for whatever it sinks into the comapny, will
be entitled to name one member to their board of
directors — like Les Single, deputy minister of
development and a member of the board of IEL.
Offshore Industries Limited, which expects to be
operational within six months, was the brainchild of
Colonel J. C. MacKeen, who begun to lay the groundwork
for involvement in the industry 18 months ago during a
trip to England to examine the production of supply
ships. MacKeen is chairman of Halifax Developments
Limited and the Nova Scotia Light and Power Company,
honorary chairman of Industrial Estates Limited,
president of Provincial Investments, Bilton Investments
and International Protection devices, as well as being
vice-president of Eastern Canada Savings and Loan and
Canada Permanent Trust. His directorships number in the
vicinity of 15, many of which he shares with other
members of the new oil-servicing company.
After convincing himself of the possibilities of
making a buck out of off-shore oil, MacKeen brought in
Charles MacCulloch, who describes himself as a "very
good friend" of the Colonel. MacCulloch and MacKeen
have been busy men together, both were in on the ground
floor of Scotia Squares development, and served together
on the board of Industrial Estates Limited. MacCulloch
has also been a director of Dominion Coal, Eastern
Canada Savings and Loan (MacKeen is vice-president),
Sobey Leased Properties (Frank Sobey), and Ford
Together they put together a consortium of business
biggies — mostly friends with whom they have done
business before — and went to the provincial government
for assistance.
The province turned down their original proposition,
which didn't allow for the company to go public. Under
the present arrangement company shares will become
available to the public once the venture is operational and
once — and if — oil is discovered in marketable quantities.
Co-op book supplies
decreasing - help needed
Although the student co-op bookstore in SUB
still has a stock of more than 5,000 books, the
selection is decreasing in certain areas, says
co-ordinator Murray Kennedy.
Kennedy said Thursday English books are the
fastest sellers, followed by those used in second
term science, education, political science and
commerce course.
"We are anxious to expand the store's stock
and hope that we have at least 10,000 books on the
shelves by next September," said Kennedy. "But as
all the books are brought in by individual students
this means more people will have to start bringing in
their used books in order for the stock to grow."
Because the bookstore uses the Georgia
Straight's distribution service for such books as the
B.C. Access Catalogues, Last Whole Earth
Catalogue, Dome Book, the Tassajana Bread Book,
Cultivator's Handbook and the Georgia Straight
writing supplement can be offered at prices 15 per
cent lower than regular retail price.
He said the co-op bookstore is beginning to
become a real alternative to the administration
bookstore, but its effectiveness depends upon the
book selection.
"The selection increases as the volume increases
and we would like once again to invite everyone to
bring their used books in," said Kennedy.
Wiring system creates problems
From page 1
Lbomex system would be adequate but it is
university standard to use a conduit system because
with it the wiring can easily be altered.
"The Loomex system cannot be changed," he
said. "And in an educational building the
possibilities of necessary changes are high."
The cost difference for 250 feet of each type of
wiring is $15.13 according to prices quoted to The
Ubyssey by General Electric.
D. W. Thomson Co. purchases a great deal of its
material from General Electric, Siemens said.
Epp said another disadvantage of the conduit
system becomes apparent when considering
relocating the buildings.
"The buildings must be moved one partition at
a time," he said.
"But the pipes run through the partitions and
must therefore be cut before anything can be
He said the code warrants piping for industrial
locations but not necessarily for these types of
To install the conduit system the pipes must be
cut, bent and joined before the wires can be pulled
through them.
"The labor cost to the university for this is
higher than it would be for installing a Loomex
system, which just involves stapling the covered
wires to the structure," said Epp.
Siemens said another needless expense is
created by the type of wall plug outlet locks used.
He said they are complicated and take longer to
install than a simpler type which is available and,
according to the code, equally adequate for the
purposes of these buildings.
The price difference, calculated from General
Electric figures, between the plugs is $1.08 each.
Thrun said the more expensive plugs are used
because "they are easier to work with, take no
longer than the cheaper type to install and their
overall cost is only about $50 more than for the
simpler type."
Just One Block from Campus in the Village
We have enlarged our dining room
to offer you better service.
Open Every Day from 4:30 p.m. to 11 p.m.
5732 University Blvd.
Phone 224-6121
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91t GRANVILLE    SHOW TIMES: 12:05, 2:25, 4:40,
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Warren Beatty - Goldie Hawn
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SHOW TIMES: 12:15, 2:30, 4:50,
A    fast-moving,    modern   adventure   drama   dealing   with   the
lumberjack in Oregon's timberlands.
Adult Ent.
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IHUl^UH 688-2308 DAILY 11:30-7:30
CAMBIE ai nth Tickets for Tonight's Performance
• 76-2747 Available at Park Theatre From 7 P.M.
I Friday,  January  7,   1972
Page 3
HEY, HEY, HEY ... "I really like to move like this — you try it," says dancer Paula
Ross of the dance workshop coming to UBC. Nobody is going to learn to dance in
eight lessons but Paula and her dancers say they will allow you to experience your
body through movement exercises and dance modes. Sponsored by the special events
committee, the workshops begin Thursday, at 2:30 p.m., in the SUB ballroom. Cost is
$2 a session at the door.
Master teacher award committee
gets student council approval
Alma Mater Society council voted Thursday to
support the master teacher award for outstanding teachers
of UBC undergraduates.
Council voted in support of the Students' Coalition
executive motion to appoint four students on the award
committee chaired by academic planner Robert Clark.
Two of the students are undergraduates; Gordon
Blankstein, agriculture 3, and Karin Vickars, education 5;
the grad students are Gordon McNab, chemical
engineering 7, and Richard Ouzounian, arts 7.
Clark wrote AMS president Grant Burnyeat asking
that council appoint two undergrads and two grad
Last year, council and the graduate student
association executive refused to name students to sit on
Clark's committee.
The then AMS president Tony Hodge said UBC's
administration discourages good teaching by not providing
teacher training.
GSA executive members called for a re-evaluation of
the award last year.
MacKinnon to contest vote;
claims irregularities in recount
Defeated Alma Mater Society secretarial candidate
Tom MacKinnon said Thursday he will definitely contest
the AMS by-election of Nov. 24.
MacKinnon said his challenge will be based on voting
irregularities, such as the disappearance of ballots between
the official count and the recount which was held two
days later.
MacKinnon was originally elected secretary by 10
votes but lost to Hilary Powell in the recount.
Previous reports had MacKinnon withdrawing his
charges from student court, but MacKinnon said he had
every intention of going through with the challenge.
MacKinnon said he plans to file the following
• The AMS by-election of Nov. 24, 1971 is
invalid by reason of irregularities in election procedures;
• Alternatively, should the whole election not be
declared void, that part of the election pertaining to the
election of secretary be declared void due to irregularities
in election procedure;
• Alternatively, should the whole election be
declared valid, that Tom MacKinnon be reinstated as AMS
secretary by reason of irregularities in the recent election.
When told to "MacKinnon's plan AMS president Grant
Burnyeat said: "No comment."
Hilary Powell, current AMS secretary had more to say
than Burnyeat.
Powell said: "It's certainly a hassle sitting on council
without a vote but there are so many other hassles on
campus that this is really a minor one."
While her election is being challenged, Powell does
not have the right to vote at AMS meetings.
Powell also said she doesn't expect any changes in the
executive, "though I really can't say, as that is up to the
courts to decide."
Student court has not yet set a date for the hearing.
Chief justice Steve Nathanson was not available for
comment on the matter.
"I do not doubt that we will not be defeated in this
challenge and will oust the student's coalition types,"
MacKinnon said.
Summer flights
to England cheap
Western Student Services is sponsoring four return
flights from Vancouver to London, England this summer
and two one-way flights to London in the spring and fall.
The return flights each cost $250 and are scheduled
for May 1 to Aug. 25, May 10 to Sept. 3, May 15 to Aug.
25 and May 28 to July 14.
The one-way flights cost $145 and are scheduled to
leave May 15 and Sept. 11.
Bookings on return and one-way flights can be made
through the WSS office at 2021 West Fourth Avenue or
the Alma Mater Society travel office in SUB-.
All registered UBC full and part time students are
eligible for the flights.
"This year's executive agrees with the protest last
year because it had some relevance," Burnyeat said
(In the spring of 1970 two popular teachers, Brian
Mayne and David Powell of the English department who
have since been refused tenure, although nominated, did
not receive the award.)
"I think the award has some merit— it does draw
attention to an emphasis on good teaching," said
He said he believes much more emphasis should be
placed on teaching rather than research and publication.
"However people doing research are in a good
position to re-evaluate their teaching as they evaluate new
information," said Burnyeat.
Education rep Sandy Kass said Thursday the award
does not promote good teaching and covers up
promotions and tenure disputes.
GSA rep Julian Wake told The Ubyssey the master
teacher award perpetuates the myth that UBC is
concerned with good teaching.
The award, worth $5,000, is given to the teachers
who show a comprehensive knowledge of their subject, an
enthusiasm for the subject and good relations with their
At least two committee members visit the classroom
of each nominee and question department heads on the
Other members on the committee include two
representatives of the alumni association — one who is a
faculty member — and five other faculty members.
Nominations for the award close Jan. 21.
Last year's winners were zoology professor Peter
Larkin and assistant French prof Floyd St.  Clair.
Placement offers
Undergraduate students are not visiting the campus
placement office, placement officer Cam Craik said
"I find normally that first, second and third year
students don't visit our office," said Craik. "I'm inviting
them down."
He said job interviews for graduating students start
Monday but students shouldn't ignore the bulletin boards
in the West Mall office where summer and part time jobs
are offered. Page 4
Friday, January 7,   1972
When it comes to the AMS finding new ways to
waste our money, we thought we had seen just about
However, the new Students' Coalition executive has
demonstrated an inventiveness in this area that appears
to know no bounds.
As we reported Thursday, AMS treasurer Dave Dick
hired a professional negotiator, at $200 a day, to
represent the AMS in contract negotiations with the
Office and Technical Employees Union.
The negotiator worked for two and a half days and
collected a $550 pay cheque (How would you like to
own a piece of that racket?)
In hiring the negotiator, Dick demonstrated an
arrogance that will undoubtedly earn him a place of
honor in the ranks of past AMS treasurers.
The negotiator was hired and the cheque signed
before Dick had even approached his own finance
committee — much less the AMS council — for approval
of such insanity.
Remember the Students' Coalition's righteous
indignation when they charged the Human Government
with ignoring council and circumventing proper
constitutional procedures? Of course, decisions were
then being made by the Human Government caucus,
which did not have the benefit of the eternal wisdom
possessed by such Student Coalition notables as Dick,
internal affairs officer Micheal Whatsisname and
external affairs officer Adrien Asshole.
The reason given for spending such an absurd sum
of money (we have several unemployed friends who
would have worked for half the price) is essentially that
no one on the Students' Coalition executive knew
fuck-all about labor negotiations. This is undoubtedly
quite true, although there is no reason to limit the
discussion to one field.
More disturbing than the expenditure of the money
is the attitude shown by Dick and his cohorts.
Rather than working on a human level with the
AMS office staff and the union representing them, the
AMS executive assumed the role of business
management struggling against the money-grubbing
("Won't it be great to hire a professional negotiator
and be just like all the big corporations and keep the
workers in their place. Maybe we can even ask for a fee
increase and tell the students they have to*give us more
money because we're being screwed around by the
For a while there, we thought we had almost seen
the end of the days when student council types were
nothing more than junior executives-in-training.
For a while, we thought we were finally seeing
student council executives who were more interested in
people than in their future careers in corporate
It looks like we were wrong.
The Students' Coalition appears to have not only
resurrected that grand old tradition, but has refined it to
its most disgusting level. — N.S.
JANUARY 7, 1972
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year
by the Alma Mater Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are
those of the writer and not of the AMS or the university administration.
Member, Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a
weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located
in room 241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301, 228-2307; Page Friday, Sports,
228-2305; advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Leslie Plommer
'Twas a day for ghosts from eras past with Mike Quigley wiggling his
way across the bustling newsroom to breathe heavily down the neck of
Maurice Bridge who swore at Sandy Kass for being so brilliant and cursed
Mik,e Sasges for saying he preferred PK which prompted Sandi Shreve and
David Schmidt to appeal to Nate Smith who refused the offer saying
Murray MacMillan looked more appealing which forced Tricia Moore to fit
a jealous rage into the auspices of Jim Joly who interrupted the grumblings
of Mike Gidora who Gord Gibson couldn't recognize to save Don Gardener
who didn't really know what was going on which suited Pat Fitzgerald fine
with all of Gary Gruenke who said he is fonder of Kent Spencer who
figured Daryl Tan was the man for the job until Kathy Carney jumped in
beside him. And whattya know, Curtis is alive and well and living at (of all
places) home.
"cOrtfMTulATi0N$-Y0U JUST ItfNtD VfrUR Vtmt IH WOtM EMOMCSt'*
So Michael Robinson, new
AMS internal affairs officer,
doesn't want psychology students
to take part in his proposed
Group Daycare plan because he
"can think of nothing more
disgusting than using little kids as
guinea pigs." (Ubyssey, Dec. 2,
1971, p.6). Surely he is not
serious in putting forward such an
irrational, asinine argument! If he
is to continue his absurd line of
reasoning, he should not allow
home ec students to take part
because they might just start
baking kiddy pies, or nursing
students because surely they
would conduct hundreds of
nefarious experiments on bedpan
analysis with the innocent babes,
or Chemistry students because
naturally they would prepare
aqueous solutions of the
defenseless children — the list goes
on ad nauseum. Oh, wait, I'm
sorry, Michael. Of course I
shouldn't have included the
chemistry students. After all, they
weren't initially approached - not
enough women, I presume. But
then, daycare is women's work,
isn't it Michael!
science rep,
AMS council
The issue of the tunnel crossing
is not mainly that of easier access
to Vancouver of people and cars
from the North Shore (mostly
cars; the average occupancy of
cars using the Lions Gate Bridge is
1.2 people per car). The larger
issue is whether the pattern of
development of land use in
Vancouver shall be based on the
need to move, store and service
ever more cars with the attendant
pollution, noise and ugliness; or
whether it shall be based on the
need of people for a clean, quiet
and aethestic environment with
trees, open spaces, places to walk
and sit and places to enjoy.
The tunnel crossing is the
major link in a total freeway
system for Vancouver. A
commitment of $200 million in
this project means a final
commitment to the automobile as
the "solution" to transportation
needs in the Lower Mainland.
It woq't work here any better
than it has in San Francisco, Los
Angeles, Toronto, etc., simply
because the land requirements of
the automobile exceed the supply
for population densities typical of
modem cities.
What we should be doing,
starting now, is devising means for
getting people out of their cars.
We need greatly expanded bus
service, express bus lanes, car
pooling, special taxes on
automobiles to support free
public transit, a major rental
system to promote shared use of
cars, train service on major
commuting corridors, etc.
I strongly urge thoughtful
people to oppose the tunnel
crossing by means of letters, to
representatives in all levels of
government and by support of
anti-tunnel programs. They beat a
freeway in Toronto (a bit late).
We can do it here and it's not too
Assoc. Prof
We are all screaming about the
desecration of wilderness parks,
yet we fail to see destruction of
parks (although not labelled as
such) going on in our own midst.
The area I am referring to is
the UBC arboretum, between
Place Vanier and West Mall.
The first encroachment on this
"park" was the extension of the
Fraser  River  parking  lot.  Then
buildings were constructed on the
West Mall side, which extended
into the park.
Now the final blow has come
with the construction of four new
buildings smack in the middle.
Of course the planning
commission (whoever they are)
will defend itself with "well, see
how neatly the buildings are set
within the trees."
They won't say how many
trees were knocked out to make
room for the buildings and I'm
sure the presence of the buildings
will not have a beneficial effect on
the remaining trees. Anyway, who
the hell wants to look at buildings
in a "tree park".
In fall, the many varieties of
trees made the area one of the
most beautiful on campus. It was
also a recreational area with the
small field (which no longer
exists) often being used for
impromptu lunch-break football
I fail to see why more army
huts couldn't have been moved to
make room for the new buildings
or why part of "L" lot was not
I suppose the. reason no one
objected was that no one knew
construction was going to take
place until it was underway.
In future, I feel we should
demand to know where buildings
are going to be placed in order to
prevent this from happening
Engineering 4
-r«e Line- "What we need to do is take
the assessment of press performance out of the circus
ring and away from conspiracy theorists."
ry a gentle laxative
.t,„      Information
">^  Circulation    .
Classified   ..
CLOUDY DAY, JAN. 4, 197.9'
• ••
VICTORIA (CP) — The 41st
session of the Older Boys'
Parliament of British Columbia prorogued Friday after the
member;) voiced unanimous
opposition to the use of nuclear weapons.
A resolution was passed-on
the last day of the week-long
session authorizing the parliament to write to the nuclear
powers and Prime Minister
Fierre Elliott Trudeau to protest the use and manufacture
of such weapons.
The members also voted to
send a member of their par
liament around the province
to publicize the organization,
made up of young men from
various church-sponsored
youth groups.
But if politicians and industrial leaders continue to meet
the problems with puny, inadequate gestures, then the
grim statistics and Cassandra-like forecasts must be repeated over and over until
public pressure forces them
to act more effectively.
Those present at the interview .said little.
The luxury of exaggerations
New year and new problems
'Most can ignore'
valuation dates
A perfect fake
wins the phony *f
NEW YORK (AP)—A majority of young people, think
woman's place is in the home,
find the hippie life style unappealing, are concerned about
their future financial security
and think people ought to be
self-supporting, not dependent
on government or parents, according to a new youth survey.
The survey conducted for
the Institute of Life Insurance
in New York polled 3,000
voung people aged 14 to 25 in
72 geographic locations and
concludes that the counterculture represents a very
small percentage of young
■'I think this survey confirms the suspicions of a number of people in that it shows
that young Americans are not
that deviant in their values
and thinking-," says the sur-
vev's director, Dr. Harold
Edrich, of the institute.
"We tend to confuse superficial manifestations of change
with change. If you look at
the basics, there's more continuity than change." . . . The
• old-fashioned values of marriage, family, financial security, savings, a good job —
those are the ones to which
the great majority still subscribe."
About three in five young
persons surveyed say they
agree that woman's place is
in the home. However, the
poll does say that the more
highly educated tended to reject that statement and that
only two in five of the females
One third agree with the
statement, "People sacrifice
too much for their children;
they should put -more emphasis on themselves."
Asked to indicate their preference for lite styles, tour of
10 feel they would conform to
an average family and work
routine and another three in
10  see themselves as becom
ing successful executives or
professionals with families
and living in ,t,ood residential
Eight per cent of those interviewed say the most satisfying way to live is to work
toward solving serious social
problems at the expense of
material wealfch.
Significantly, however, 20
per cent of the young men say
they expect to adopt life
styles which do not include
Half of those surveyed say
they feel it is necessary to
save money in a regular pattern and stick to it. An additional 37 per cent say it is important to save regardless of
pattern.  One in every 10
OTTAWA  (CP) — The federal government has
announced valuation dates as starting points for calculating a new capital gains tax.
It also told most Canadians	
In Vancouver, The Sun had
no comment.
Is Your Breath What It Used To Be?
GORMAN, Calif. (AP! -
per Stanley Culver had heart trouble, asthma and emphysema.
He kept an oxygen tank in
his tiny trailer. With it he ami
his   wife.   Georgina,   ielt   se
say they feel saving is not
necessary and 86 per cent say
they feel life insurance is necessary.
When asked what they
would do with a sudden windfall of $3,000, six of 10 say
they would save or invest it.
Of those who say they would
spend it, the most prevalent
purpose is to buy an automobile.
An overwhelming 85
cent say they are concerned
about their economic future,
with only three per cent expressing a complete lack of
concern. Nevertheless, three-
fourths of the males and two- i:ure-
thirds of the females who indi- Nine days ago snow started
cate concern for the future falling in the Tehacha pi
say thev believe Americans Mountains north of Los An-
are too concerned about finan- geks. Six feet of it snowed in
cial security. tne Culvers' car. They had no
'The survey shows that four telephone,
out of five believe people "Wednesday morning the
should be responsible for tak- oxygen ran -out," recalled
ing care cf themselves and Mrs. Culver. 49. At 11:30 a.m.
not rely on family or govern- Culver, a 53-year-old retired
ment assistance. mechanic, told her,  "I can't
., breathe." A few minutes later
The    perspiration   brought he was dead,
out  by   unpleasant   emotion     Mrs. Culver began looking
may have a strong odor, espe- for   help   she   didn't get for
cially if the person is suffer- days-
ing from a mild psychosis. "I   got   out   a   sheet   and
painted   Help' on it in big let-
If you want a revolution
you must do it yourself
University students
ters and put it on the roof of
the trailer," she said. "Helicopters passed over many
times, and I waved for help. I
even tried signalling them at
n:-ht wiih a flashlight.
"No one would stop lo help
"By Saturday 1 couldn't
stav any longer. I'd been
there four clays with him on
the bed. The snow had melted
down a bit. I put on my heavy
boots, a ski coat and gioves.
and took a shovel to help me
keep my balance, and started
toward the road."
In o'i hours, Mrs. Culver
trudged 1' -z miles through
four-'foot drifts to the two-lane
Gorman Post Road. There she
found an emergency phone.
but it didn't work.
Two miles down the road
she saw tourists playing in the
"I must get help," she told
the first man she came to.
'My husband is dead back in
our trailer." She said the man
pointed to figures in the distance making a snowman and
replied, "I can't help you. The
children are playing.-1
"After that, I simply
wouldn't ask anyone else."
Mrs. Culver said. "I could
hear the children playing. I
was afraid somebody else
would tell me no.
"So I put out my thumb and
. I just
tried to hitch a ride .
kept plodding along."
As she walked two more
miles down the snowy road,
drivers ignored her <uii.-
stretrhc-rf thin" It
Six hours and nearly six
miles after she started, Mrs.
Culver reached a restaurant
and called the local deputy
sheriff. The deputy was gone
— on duty at the Rose Parade
in Pasadena — but his wife
drove Mrs. Culver to a relative's house in Gorman. Nobody was home, but neighbors
let her in,
"I turned on the heat, made
myself some dinner, and went
to bed, thankful it was all
A sheriff's party brought
out Culver's body.
Mrs. Culver said Sunday
she has made no plans for her
"But." she said, "f know
I'll have to move the trailer
out. of the mountains.
I'll have io move close to
other people, in case I "need
Tranquilizers may help in
the cases of nervously produced sweating.
to ignore the whole thing.
The Johnson Liberals and
the Anscpmb Conservatives
were quite convinced that a
fly-by-night, traitorous mischief-maker from South Oka-
nagan hadn't a chance. How
could the voters go for such a
hipoety-hop sort of opportunist?
But they did, and the political face of British Columbia
was changed, and it will never
again be the same.
British experts say they
have had good results in decreasing sweating in the arms
and hands by cutting the sympathetic nerves in the neck.
These nerves are a part of
the sympathetic nervous
system, which regulates the
involuntary activties of the
body, such as the beating of
the heart and the expanding
and contracting of the blood
This operation to cut the
sympathetic nerves was devised many years ago at the
Mayo Clinic by the late Dr.
Leonard Rowntree, with the
help of several expert neurologists,
A police spokesman said an
autopsy will be held and the
pathologist   should be able to
tell an inquest whether drugs
or alcohol was involved. No
date tor the inquest has yet
been set.
Police believe that the youth
walked unclad from his own
home, about four blocks from
the .scene. Steps lead down to
the highway from the embankment near the end of
Jones Avenue.
"It was do or die." said
Stanford quarterback Don
Bunce. "Our offence wasn't
doing anything and we had to
try something. We had been
working on it all season long
but never had a chance to use
After the run, the Indians
caught   fire.
But the officials condemned
the bombings in Northern Ireland, saying they are the
work of persons "blinded by
bigotry and unable to see who
the real enemies of the Irish
people are."
Of course there are more
serious incidents. Nor are
they by any means all racially based; more affluent blacks
suffer from them too, and are
also worried about the deeper
social problems which the
above superficial examples
only palely reflect.
A big year for
big winners
"We set fire to the northern
Tories in'full confidence that
the blaze would cross the border and burn up corruption
from Belfast to Cork."
Does it sound frightening?
"Perhaps. But it's only part of
the story; in Jamaica, one
feels, there is no whole story.
For the really remarkable
thing isn't that there are unpleasant incidents arising
from racial, class and economic divisions, but that there
aren't far more.
And that such great acts of
individual kindness and goodwill can be extended by a people suffering from the terrible
inheritance of white domination which in some ways continues in subtler forms today.
And that Jamaicans fulfil
to the extent they do the
promise of their national
motto: "Out of many, one
The chairman of the council, Methodist Bishop Abel T.
Muzorewa, said in a prepared
statement at a news conference that Africans have always demanded independence
before majority rule.
The commission to carry
out the test of acceptability is
composed entirely of white
men. he said, and Lord
Pearce could not be trusted
by Africans because he had
come out on the side of "illegal measures in the interest
of law and order" in the Rhodesian constitutional test case.
Africans reject the concept
of parity between white and
black in Parliament as immoral, the bishop said, and insist
on black majority rule.
The   council,   he   said,   "is
horrified to see that many detainees   and  restrictees who
"Valuation" page 2
Nixon pledges
pick a wishbone
MILAN, Italy (Reuter) -
Police firing tear-gas grenades fought back 4,000 soccer
fans trying to get into the
packed San Siro Stadium Sunday for a crucial league game
between reigning champion
Internazionale of Milan and
current soccer league leader
Juventus of Turin.
What happened, police said,
was this: seven persons were
killed in incidents blamed on
fireworks or gunfire by celebrants. At least 2,000 persons
were injured, 220 of them hospitalized in Rome and another
203 hospitalized in Naples.
Dozens of fires were set by
exploding fireworks.
A Roman doctor estimated
that fireworks caused the amputation of 1,000 fingers. Dozens more victims were reported suffering severe eye
damage or partial blindness.
40 feared drowned
DOHA, Qatar (Reuter) -
About 40 people were feared
drowned Sunday when a Qata-
ri ship sank during a storm
off the island of Qais in the
Persian Gulf Saturday night.
told to
quit Senate
OTTAWA (CP) — Two New.
Democrat MPs were ordered
out of Senate galleries Friday
for breaking the rules of decorum of the upper chamber by
Frank Howard (Skeena)
was twice asked to leave, and
John Skoberg (Moose Jaw)
got the senatorial boot once.
The first incident occurred
while Senator Hazen Argue of
Saskatchewan, once a dedicated New Democrat but now a
Liberal, was speaking.
The two MPs. sitting in the
public gallery, broke into loud
applause. They were greeted
by stony stares from the Senate floor.
Applause is not permitted in
either the Commons or Senate.
Speaker Jean-Paul Dcscha-
telets asked the gallery security guard to remove the ap-
After some discussion, the
two loft.
But they retimed shortly,
and  once more applauded by
Death toll rises
SEOUL (AP) — The death
toll in the Christmas Day fire
in Seoul's Taeyonkak Hotel,
the worst hotei tire in history,
was 161 and not 165 as previously announced, authorities
said today.
KARACHI. (UPI) — Several hundred workers seized the
Pakistan Tobacco Co. premises Monday and held the
manager and other staff
members virtual prisoner inside the factory.
The workers took the action
' ofter a long-standing dispute
with the management.
thumping the reporting desk
in the press gallery.
The Speaker said there
would be order, or the MPs
would be ejected.
Moments later Howard returned to desk thumping, and
the Speaker whirled from his
chair, pointed up, and demanded his ejection.
Howard was unbending
when the regular securil y
guard told him to be on his
way. but he hastened out moments later, when a broad-
shouldered plainclothesman
showed up.
Skoberg left moments later.
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (AP) — Shopkeepers in
Brunei went on the alert for
women shoplifters after one
girl was caught when an
unexpected squeal issued
from her bosom. She had stolen a weeping doll and stuffed
it in an oversized brassiere.
hot cargo
Canada's Eskimo population
totals 16.000.
fought off
(AP) — A terrorist group
failed Monday in an attempt
io seize the coast guard headquarters in the city oi Zarate,
60 miles nortn of here.
Officials said troopers repelled the attack, staged by
about 15 armed men. More
than 300 shots were fired during the two or three minutes-
that the attack lasted.
Two coast gua rd officers
1 were injured.
The terrorists apparently
were in quest of weapons and
uniforms, authorities said.
hint   that   apno   Agnew, his
controversial vice-president,
will be on the Republican
campaign    ticket   with  him
Nixon said he is opposed to
granting amnesty to deserters
and youths who fled the U.S.
to avoid military service.
But he added he would reconsider the matter when the
Vietnam war ended.
"I say this not because I
am hard-hearted, but because
it is the right thing to do."
"Well before the first of
February I will make another
withdrawal announcement,"
Nixon said in a CBS interview
Sunday night.
Once again, the president
emphasized he intends to keep
some U.S. troops in Vietnam
and airpower in Southeast
Asia as long as the North
Vietnamese hold U.S. servicemen captive.
If there has been no progress by the time he travels to
Peking next month and Moscow later this year, Nixon
said, "the subject of prisoners
of war will again be raised.''
The president said he would
disclose by Jan. 14, whether
he intends to seek a second
four-year term in the White
And he answered one of the
most insistent questions being
asked in political circles by
dropping   an   equally   strong
! hi i ii HiiiiiTFimi t m fi iTTiir i n 1111111 i n i inn i'i 11 h i i 1111111 fi nil 11 t"i i i i'nTiii iii ii
'I It would be foolish of us to tell you that we can cure =
■ = every case of hairless . . . What we can say is, =
= FROMMES cxperieruc has shown that modern!
| sophisticated treatment can encourage hair growth, =
Eeven in the most unlikely cases. 5
Iare you satisfied that nothing can 1
j be done about your thinning hair?   i
itijmim imiiniiii in iiiiittmimiiiiuuiii iiiiiihmii iiiiimiiiiniiiiuiiiimm
NEW YORK (AP) — "Merrill Lynch is bullish on America," a voice proclaims as a
herd of bulls comes thundering across the plain in a
television commercial. Neither the bulls nor the plain
are American, however.
"There is no place in the
United States where you can
find more than 500 fighting
bulls in one place," explained
Dennis Burns, account executive for the advertising agency of Ogilvy & Mather, Inc.,
in explaining why the commercial was filmed in central
"The big American cattle
ranches keep only a score or
so of bulls for breeding purposes, and the rest becomes
steers," he said. "And we
didn't want to use steers."
The commercial was made
for Merrill Lynch, Pierce,
Fenner Smith, the world's
largest brokerage house. In
Wall Street parlance, being
bullish means an investor is
confident that a stock or the
market itself will rise. Investors who lack such confidence are called bears.
' and ("Ii wo
Iht nervousnm. i!gepje„nesi
, tM«ng.At*ifinjiin. Sjlutatucr
„ -. -a if to
itllavorid. pliMint
rn l« rtfund.
sure hangover cure
~     ©he Sun	
Stuart  Keate,
Vice-President and Publisher
Bruce Hutchison,
Editorial  Director
C. H. MacKay.
Editorial  Page Editor
William T. Gait.
Managing Editor
The Sun is politicolly independent. It is o
member of the FP Publications Ltd. group
cf   newspapers   and   is   published   daily,
except   Sundays    and    holidays,    by   the
Sun    Publishing    Company    Ltd.    for    the
proprietor, Pacific Press Ltd., both cf 2250
Granville Street. Vancouver 9, B.C.
„_„- i See any profits?
A Prophet in Politics: A Biography of J.S.
Woodsworth by Kenneth McNaught, University of
Toronto Press.
McNaught's study into the life and times of
James Shaver Woodsworth, labor MP and prime
mover behind the formation of the Cooperative
Commonwealth Federation is as thorough as any
available not only biographically but historically as
well. Through the political experiences of
Woodsworth, in and out of parliament, Canada of the
1920's and 30's comes into perspective as a country
whose government is dedicated to big business and
the suppression of movements for social and
economic justice.
It is a political biography and comes highly
recommended for any person studying the Canadian
parliament and how it functions and whose interests
it serves. The handouts to big business by both liberal
and conservative governments alike (a la Marchand),
the denial of decent welfare rights and social
assistance, the use of state power to suppress the
labor movement and crush strikes; it's all there with
Hansard sources and carefully documented with the
full color of the times.
McNaught is a principled writer and spares his
subject neither praise nor criticism when deserved. It
is clear that he was in full sympathy with the
programs Woodsworth espoused, gradual and
painstaking social reform. As such both the writer
and the subject share reformism and anti-capitalism
(at least its worst aspects), or, social democracy as an
McNaught begins with Woodsworth's rise from
Methodist evangelism, to social evangelism (the social
gospel or good ol' Christianity with a social content)
to a full-fledged political activist. He traces
Woodsworth's development as an exponent of
labor-farmer rights to the founder of the CCF to his
eventual down-fall and defeat by his own party on
the issue of peace in 1939.
Woodsworth's ideology was in his own view
socialist. In fact it was state capitalist. He never went
further than state ownership of the means of
production and always had a statist (control from
Ottawa) view of Canadian federalism. To be fair, the
latter sprung from experience of Ottawa's legalistic
hedging over labor disputes where labor was being
crushed by provincial legislatures and police.
Woodsworth wanted to see the federal government
act as an arbitrator so that labor could act without
brutal suppression.
Woodsworth's view of his political strategies was
such that he saw his method as being right for the
times. He dismissed other further left groups, among
them the Communist Party, in the interest of reform
not revolution. He saw no need for a worker's
revolution believing that under the control of the
government and out of private hands production
could be rationalized to serve all. The subsequent
history of the CCF and its successor, the New
Democratic Party, shows that this view was simplistic
and naive. In fact state capitalism is no qualitative
change from capitalism itself. Workers have no more
say in state run utilities than they do in corporate or
private firms. Workers' control is no more of a reality
in the NDP platform (and more important its
practice) than in the Liberal or Conservative parties.
The combination of (an inherent) conservatism,
moralism and old church influences - still an
important ingredient in the NDP through Douglas,
Lewis et al - influenced Woodsworth and his
strategies. Yet in Woodsworth's favor there was an
honesty and dedication that has not been seen since
in a Canadian parliamentary political figure. Better
for you to read the book than me to go on talking
about it. It serves as a basis for understanding Canada
in the 20th century. - Dick Betts
Golly, gosh, gee whiz!!!
Toby Moffett, The Participation
Put-On, Delacorte Press, New York,
1971 (in Canada, Fitzhenry &
Hi! Meet bright-eyed, bushy-tailed
Toby Moffett. Syracuse U., class of
'66, give or take a year. A little
football, frat rat, student president,
and later on, organizer of art shows
with proceeds going to civil rights.
Yes, red-blooded all-American boy
Well, what happens to the Tobys?
(By the way, his "disenchanted
reflections", as this book is subtitled,
don't require thorough reading —
about the first 50 pages and the
closing paragraphs are more than
This particular Toby, it was
announced in Sept. 1969 by James
Allen (U.S. Commissioner of
Education at that moment), had
become director of President Nixon's
Office of Students and Youth.
Six months later, May, 1970, as
President Nixon was invading
Cambodia and the Ohio National
Guard were murdering four people (of
the sort who, earlier that week, Nixon
had called "bums"), Toby — sadder,
but it's hard to tell how much wiser —
was making headlines by quitting. The
"increasingly repressive character of
this administration," Toby said, made
it impossible for him to continue his
Now, a year and a half later Toby
tells lis his sorry tale of how he was
unable to change the world through
proper channels. But never fear. Toby
plods on. According to his dust jacket,
he's taken on a new job: director of
the Connecticut Earth Action Group,
"an environmental-consumer advocacy
organization" (get that!) "which will
seek to emulate on the state level the
project run nationally by its creator,
Ralph   Nader."   Toby   sure   has   a
penchant for rising to the top.
However, I'm not inclined to be as
hard on Toby Moffett as I appear to
be in this first rush. There, but for the
grace of Marx, and all that. That is,
almost without exception, those of us
who are radicals now did not start out
with an analysis of U.S. imperialism
whenever it was we started out
(whether 1965 or this year).
While it must seem incredible to
many of us that anyone could become
an employee of the Nixon
administration with some illusions
about doing good in late 1969, it's
useful to recall that it isn't so
incredible to find people, who like
Toby Moffett, "still believed what I'd
been taught in school — that my
government was responsive, or could
be made responsive, to the needs of
the people." As Toby ruefully notes,
"The realization that it wasn't, and
might never be, was particularly
painful. . ." But, as we'll see, the
notion still hasn't gotten through to
Toby that his government is an arm of
a capitalist structure that by its nature
could never offer Toby the possibility
he hoped for.
What Toby does have, at this point,
is the distance to see something of
himself and others like him: "Most of
us white, middle-class young people
were raised in an unquestioning,
protected, often sterile atmosphere,
completely isolated from the problems
of the rest of the world ... Most of us
attended public schools that sapped us
of creativity, offered us course from
which nothing follows, made learning
boring if not painful, and emphasized
order above all else."
If his governmental memoir has
some value, perhaps it is as an answer
to those people who are insistant that
'one can work for change within the
system'. If you run into one of them,
slip'm a copy of Toby.
Toby's coming to knowledge is at
once deadly serious and somehow
slightly comic. I mean, he's so Toby.
Check this:
"I flicked on the set.
'Good    evening    my    fellow
Americans . . .' And  the President
went   on  to  announce  American
intervention in Cambodia.
About halfway through the
speech, I put my hand on Suzanne's
shoulder, and motioned that I'd
like to leave. She nodded, and
stood up. She's always calmer
about things than I am. As we
walked to the car, I kept repeating:
'I can't believe it; I can't believe it,'
and on the way home, I asked:
'How can I continue to face the
people I've met around the country
this year?' - later
'I'm quitting,' I said, jumping up
from my chair. 'I'm getting out.
Someone on the inside has to stand
' Exit Toby from government. Exit
Toby from the 'inside'. Or at least the
fringe of the inside. For Toby's Office
of Students and Youth was a little
invention of the U.S. Office of
Education which is an office of the
U.S. Department of Health, Welfare,
and Education, all of which is a long
way from the calculated madness
inside Tricky Dick's head.
One wants to be sympathetic to
Toby. But it's hard. As Toby
confesses, "In 1962, when the first
Washington Peace March was held to
protest the arms buildup, and the
Students for a Democratic Society
issued its 'Port Huron Statement' on
participatory democracy, I was
looking forward to four years of
college and 'getting ahead' in the
world. In 1964, when thousands of
students descended on the South to
work for civil rights in 'Mississippi
Summer', I was partying on the beach
in Connecticut. And in 1967, when
hundreds of thousands of my peers
were marching on the Pentagon in the
first massive antiwar demonstration in
Washington, I was at a Boston College
football game and postgame cocktail
party." I guess my sympathy lasts up
through 1964 and then runs thin.
"Even now, I sometimes have the
feeling that I'm playing it too safe, and
that I'm taking the comfortable road
while an increasing number of my
brothers and sisters take risks for my
beliefs." Yeah, Toby, 'fraid so.
About 250 pages later, we find
Toby saying, "I must admit that I am
not in full agreement with the tactics
of blocking traffic to dramatize a
point. And I am totally opposed to
'trashing' property" (that's from
Mayday 1971; Toby's working for
Senator Mondale, as if you couldn't
guess) and "What I am beginning to
realize is that intolerance is the worst
enemy" and "Maybe what is coming
through to me most loud and clear at
this point is that once we take our
stands against the brutality of them,
the neglect of social problems, and the
oppression of dissenters, it then
becomes a most difficult thing to chart
a sustained and effective course of
action from them" (ahem, ahem!) and
"We batted it around for a long time
and finally decided that maybe it was
a good thing to be confused . .."
Obviously, Toby's is not the book
to get if you're looking for some idea
of what to do. By the way, of you
would like some idea of what's been
done and what's to do, Michael
Rossman (one of the founding
participants of the Berkeley Free
Speech Movement) has conveniently
written The Wedding Within The War.
At least, with Rossman, you can be
sure the participation is not a put-on.
■■■■■■jbjbjbbjbbbi    - Stan Persky  |
Page Friday, 2
Friday, January 7,  1972 itcuqsatyL.
British Columbia:
God's in his heaven
Last Post News Service
The Wonderful World of W. A. C. Bennett, by Ron Worley, deputy travel minister of British
Columbia, published by McClelland and Stewart, 1971.
This is show business. —Ron Worley, explaining the title of his book,
June 25, 1971.
Most tourists come to B.C. from the U.S., mainly from California, the fastest growing
state that Worley has, in less than four years, turned into this province's back yard. There,
for about three months every year, he suns himself in the ever-brightening spotlight of
publicity that he turns on while promoting B.C. as Canada's fastest-growing province and the
greatest place on earth for Californians to visit ... he heads for California loaded down with
Indian carvings, Cowichan sweaters, Okanagan apples, B.C. salmon, and still tea and
As we arrived at Ottawa's Union Station (en route to a federal provincial conference),
the platform was bustling with newsmen and photographers. They all made a beeline for the
Premier as he lighted from the train. I was very impressed. It was good of the moccasin
telegraph to let them know we were on that train. I felt as though I was accompanying a
Hollywood film star. The Premier surprised me. He wasn't at all impressed!
-Ron Worley, The Wonderful World of W. A.
C.Bennett, page 159.
Everybody in B.C. should buy and read a copy of Ron Worley's The Wonderful World
of W. A. C. Bennett, the hero of the book recommended Wednesday.
"He (Worley) has a good style of writing" the Premier said.
-Vancouver Sun, November 18, 1971.
Somebody shouted "Duck Chief!" The Chief saw it coming and nimbly got out of the
way. I stopped it right on the forehead. A nasty youth had thrown a large, overripe plum.
It was then I learned that one is alone in this world if struck by a plum.
-Ron Worley, Wonderful World, p. 149,
describing a political meeting.
I have two reactions. My public reaction is that I've read worse. I also have a private
—Jack McClelland, publisher, on being asked his
opinion of Worley's book, November, 1971.
"It shows how I started out with $50 and bought a home and two hardware
businesses," the Premier said. "It shows how it can be done and I think it will be good for
the youth of the country."
-Vancouver Sun, November 18, 1971.
I was impressed and enthused and inspired by it, it's a great book for readers of all ages
— especially for aspiring, would-be politicians.
—Agnes Kripps, Socred MLA for Vancouver
South, in a letter to the Vancouver Sun,
November 19, 1971.
Bennett said he saw no conflict of interest in a high-ranking civil servant turning
author. 'There's no more conflict of interest than if he was playing golf in his spare time or
working in his garden."
—Vancouver Sun, November 18, 1971.
Aw. C'mon you guys.
-Paul Knox, Last Post News Service.
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Friday, January 7,  1972
Page Friday. 3 f
This is the second of Page Friday's
series on Art and Revolution. This week
PF presents the first part of the
introduction to Leon Trotsky's On
Literature and Art. The introduction was
written by Dr. Paul N. Siegel, chairman of
the English Literature Department of
Long Island University and author of
Shakespearean Tragedy" and the
Elizabethan Compromise and editor of
His Infinite Variety: Major Shakespearean
Criticism since Johnson.
A. V. Lunacharsky, the Soviet
Commissar of Education under Lenin,
writing in his Revolutionary Silhouettes
of Leon Trotsky as the leader of the Red
Army, spoke of "the titanic task which
Trotsky took upon his shoulders, those
lightning trips from place to place, those
magnificent speeches, fanfares of
instantaneous commands, that role of
continual electrifier now at one point and
now another of the weakening army.
There is no a man on earth who could
replace Trotsky there." The whole world
had indeed been amazed by the feats of
Trotsky, acting as an expression of the
revolution which had roused the Russian
Yet almost as remarkable in its way as
Trotsky's military accomplishments is the
fact that, as he was speeding from one
front to another in his famous armored
train, he was reading recently published
French novels. Literature was always an
absorbing interest of his. As he phrased it
in the diary which he kept in 1935:
"Politics and literature constitute in
essence the content of my personal life."
And just as his military feats won, as
Lenin noted, the respect of experts in
that field, so did the literary criticism of
this professional revolutionist win the
respect of professional men of letters. T.
S. Eliot and F. B. Leavis paid tribute to
his cultivation and insight while they
were taking issue with his Marxism, and
Edmund Wilson spoke of his Literature
and Revolution as "a brilliant and
valuable book" and as a "remarkable
little study".
Trotsky's ability as a literary critic
may be gauged by his having hailed
before they received general acclaim
Malraux, Silone and Celine, the first two
of whom wrote novels that affected so
strongly the decade of the thirties and
that are among the very few works which
have survived it, and the last who wrote
novels that have so strongly influenced
subsequent European and American
novelists. But a volume of Trotsky's
literary criticism is justified not only by
his taste and judgment as a literary critic.
It is justified by the abiding value of what
he has to say on the relationship between
literature and society, by the fact that it
is Marxist literary criticism written by
one of the great Marxist thinkers. For just
as Trotsky's Red Army, although it won
the respect of the military experts by its
achievements, was organized on
revolutionary principles of which they
had no understanding, so his literary
criticism proceeds from a theory of
literature concerning which most of the
professional critics of the Western world,
particularly those of the United States,
have little knowledge.
The limited extent of this knowledge
is indicated by the statement of Professor
Rene Wellek in the 195 2 brochure
"The Aims, Methods and Materials of
Research in the Modern Languages and
Literatures" published by the Modern
Language Association of America: "Marx
and the Marxists only admit the
determing influence of economic and
social conditions, attempting to establish
definite causal connections between
technological change and the
stratification of classes on the one hand,
and literary creation on the other. The
majority of literary historians in the
United States have, however, eschewed
such extreme determinism and have not,
on the whole, endorsed claims for
complete scientific explanation."
Trotsky, however, quoted the Italian
Marxist philosopher Antonio Labriola
against those who would simplify Marxist
theory into crude economic determinism:
"By this method fools could reduce the
whole of history to the level of
commercial arithmetic and, finally, a
new, original interpretation of Dante's
work could show us The Divine Comedy
in the light of calculations regarding
pieces of cloth which crafty Florentine
merchants sold for their maximum
Early in the same essay Labriola had
said of such vulgarizations of Marxism
that "they are a convenient assistance to
the adversaries of materialism, who use
them as a bugbear." Such an adversary of
historical materialism is Professor Wellek,
the eminent historian of literary criticism
and co-author of the highly influential
Theory of Literature, who, a half century
after Labriola wrote these words, still
advanced the bugbear that Marxists find
only economic and social conditions have
a determining influence on literature —
and this in a statement of principles
concerning the study of literature
prepared under the auspices of the
Modern Language Association and
carefully reviewed by other eminent
personages of that scholarly organization.
The truth is that Marxist theory finds
complex interactions to exist between
what Marx called the economic
foundation (the sum total of the
relations into which men enter to carry
on social production) and the ideological
superstructure     (the     legal,     political,
Art and I
religious, aesthetic and philosophical
systems of ideas and institutions) which
may develop on the basis of that
As Engels wrote: "Political, juridicial,
philosophical, religious, literary, artistic,
etc., development is based on economic
development. But all these react upon
one another and also upon the economic
base. It is not that the economic position
is the cause and alone active, while
everything else only has a passive effect.
There is, rather, interaction on the basis
of the economic necessity, which
ultimately always asserts itself."
The men engaged in the various
spheres of ideological activity acquire
their own special interests, their
traditions, their rationale. These
conditions of activity established by the
disciplines themselves are only relatively
independent, the course of their
movement being subject to the more
powerful movement of economic
development, which alters social relations
and thereby the social consciousness
determined by these relations. "The
ruling ideas of each age," as Marx said,
"have ever been the ideas of its ruling
class," but the web of thought is woven
by the ideologists of that class from the
materials bequeathed by the past and is a
result of a process of interaction between
the class and its ideologists.
Trotsky,     therefore,     far     from
minimizing   the   role   of   tradition
literature, insists upon it as much as dc
T. S. Eliot. He adds, however, that t
continuity     of    literary     history
dialectical,   proceeding   by   a  series
reactions, each of which is united to t
tradition  from  which  it  is seeking
break   ("artistic   creation   is   always
complicated  turning  inside out of c
forms"). Nor are these reactions mere
mechanical,   the   eternal   swing  of t
pendulum from "classic" to "romantic
They take place under the stimuli of m
artistic needs as the result of changes
The illustration at the top left, ti
Picasso. There were close ties betw~
avant-garde in France in the 1890 's.
The illustration at the bottom r,
Liberation News Service.
the psychology of social classes attendar
upon changes in the economic structun
Thus Trotsky says of futurism, whic
proclaimed the necessity for a complel
break with the past, "In the advanc
guard of literature, futurism is no less
product of the poetic past than any othe
literay school of the present day."
Nevertheless its revolt against "the ol
literary caste" which constituted itself <
"the priests of bourgeois literar
tradition" is significant and its course c
development illuminating.
Trotsky finds futurism to have bee
generated at the turn of the century in a
Page Friday, 4
Friday, January 7,  1972 atmosphere of foreboding. "The armed
peace, with its patches of diplomacy, the
hollow parliamentary systems, the
external and internal politics based on the
system of safety valves and brakes, all this
weighed heavily on poetry at a time when
the air, charged with accumulated
electricity, gave signs of impending great
explosions." Futurism emanated from
"bourgeois Bohemia," from the
middle-class intelligentsia in revolt against
middle-class hypocrisy and complacency.
As such it is only one of a series of such
rebellions which bourgeois society has
controlled, assimilated and rendered
innocuous, accepted by the very academy
whose cultural authority was originally
challenged by the rebellion. The futurists
painted their cheeks, wore yellow blouses
and broke up concerts just as the French
and German romanticisits delighted in
shocking the bourgeoisie, wore long hair
and flaunted red vests. This series of
rebellions, Trotsky adds in Art and
Politics in Our Epoch, in words that are
applicable to our own "beats" and
hippies, with their long hair, their beards,
their beads, their drugs and their
disruptions, take on in the decline of
bourgeois society "a more and more
violent character, alternating between
hope and despair".
If futurism, however, originated in
"bourgeois Bohemia", it was attracted by
the powerful current of the Russian
Revolution which occurred before it
could flow into and be lost in the
mainstream of bourgeois culture. The
Bolsheviks, far from seeking to set aside
the past, had their revolutionary
tradition, which was foreign to the
futurists, but the internal dynamics of the
futurists' rebellion against the old values
propelled them to the new social order.
In Italy, oil the other hand, the
futurists were attracted to the
pseudorevolution of fascism, which
mobilized petty bourgeois masses and
declaimed against the corruption of
Italian society.
Trotsky is not at all embarrassed by
the contrary directions taken by the
futurist movements of the two countries.
In fact, he made a point of it, calling
upon   the   Italian   Communist   leader,
and in proclaiming themselves to possess
the first scientific theory of literature,
but he adds: "The methods of formalism,
confined within legitimate peculiarities
of form (its economy, its movement, its
contrasts, its hyperbolism, etc.) . . . But
the formalists are not content to ascribe
to their methods a merely subsidiary,
serviceable and technical significance . ..
The social and psychological approach
which, to us, gives a meaning to the
microscopic and statistical work done in
connection with verbal material is, for the
formalists, only alchemy."
So the "new critics", it has been
observed by Professor Douglas Bush, have
given American literary scholars a course
in advanced remedial reading but have at
the same time promoted an attitude of
looking upon literary works as if they
were specimens on microscope slides. As
Trotsky long ago warned, "The effort to
set art free from life, to declare it a craft
self-sufficient unto itself, devitalizes and
kills art."
"A work of art," says Trotsky,
"should, in the first place, be judged by
its own law, that is, by the law of art."
But before we can judge we must
understand, and before we can really
understand, we must see the work in its
historical context. This the various kinds
of historical scholarship other than
Marxism likewise seek to do. Marxism,
however, claims to unite these kinds of
scholarship into a single all-embracing
The literary historian looks at a
literary work in relation to the
development of literary form. But, says
Trotsky, the development of literary
form, like the individual literary work, is
only relatively autonomous. Each literary
work is the product of a living man
handling the materials handed down to
him by his predecessors and possessing a
psychology that is the result of his social
environment. "Between the physiology of
sex and a poem about love there lies a
complex system of psychological
transmitting mechanisms in which there
are individual, racial and social elements.
The racial foundation, that is, the sexual
basis of man, changes slowly. The social
forms of love change more rapidly. They
Antonio Gramsci, to write a description
of the course taken by futurism in his
country that was printed as an appendix
to the Russian edition of Literature and
For the diverse directions taken by
futurism illustrates, as does, for instance,
the existence of the reactionary
romanticism of Scott and the radical
romanticism of Shelley, that a literary
school neither a mechanical contrivance
constructed by a social class nor an
independent entity immune to the
changes in the intellectual and emotional
t Anarchist Meeting, was drawn in 1897 by
» political and the literary and artistic
tied Flowers, was drawn by an artist for
environment created by changes in the
economic structure.
If however, the most eminent literary
scholars and critics in the United States
are ignorant of Marxism, Trotsky the
Marxist, writing more than forty years
ago, has much to say which is relevant for
the leading scholarly and critical schools
in the United States today. What are the
Russian formalists, of whom Trotsky
speaks in Literature and Revolution, if
not forerunners of our own "'new
critics"? Trotsky points out the empty
pretensions of the formalists in seeking to
make literature completely autonomous
affect the psychologic substructure of
love, they produce new shadings and
intonations, new spiritual demands, a
need of a new vocabulary, and so they
present new demands on poetry." To
understand the love poetry of Donne, we
have to understand how it grows out of
and reacts against Elizabethan love
poetry, as the orthodox literary historian
tells us; we have to understand the life of
the Jack Donne who became the
clergyman John Donne, as the orthodox
literary biographer tells us; we have to
understand Donne, the man living at a
time of social change and uncertainty
consequent upon the growth in power of
the middle class, and the way in which his
expression of attitude toward love
reflected his outlook on life and caused
him to make a "revolution" in poetry, as
the Marxist critic can tell us.
The other forms of literary scholarship
— the study of literature in relation to the
history of ideas, to the history of science,
to the history of religion, to myth and
ritual (Trotsky's discussion of the
existence of enduring themes in literature
is revelant to this latest scholarly vogue)
and so forth — constitute what Trotsky
called "a crossing or combining and
interacting of certain independent
principles [as it seems to those engaged in
this scholarship] — the religious, political,
juridical, aesthetic substances, which find
their     origin    and    explanation    in
themselves." For Trotsky, however, these
spheres of ideological activity are
"separate aspects of one and the same
process of social development" which
"evolves the necessary organs and
functions from within itself." They
interact among themselves and react upon
whose development the general course of
development is finally dependent.
Trotsky does not claim, as Wellek
states Marxists claim, that Marxism gives
a "complete scientific explanation" for a
literary work. Marx had drawn a
distinction between "the material
transformation of the economic
conditions of production which can be
determined with the precision of natural
science" and the transformation of the
cultural superstructure which follows this
So too Trotsky states: "To say that
man's environment, including the artist's,
that is, the conditions of his education
and life, find expression in his art also,
does not mean to say the such expression
has a precise geographic, ethnographic
and statistical character." If we cannot,
however, construct an elaborate formula
that gives "a complete scientific
explanation" why this work of art was
written just that day by just that man in
just that way, it remains true that, in the
words of Marx, "the mode of production
in material life determines the social,
political, and intellectual life processes in
general" and that a knowledge of how
literature is governed in a general way by
the function of the mode of production is
essential for its fullest understanding.
T. S. Eliot, discussing Trotsky's
statement that "Marxism alone can
explain why and how a given tendency in
art has originated in a given period of
history," comments, "If Marxism
explains why and how a given tendency
in history originated, such as the
tendency for Shakespeare's plays to be
written . . . then there seems to me to be
a good deal left to explain." He goes on
to ask how Marxism explains the fact that
great works of literature, while they are
an expression of their age, continue to
have artistic interest for future
generations: "While recognizing the
interest of the work of literature as a
document upon the ideas and the
sensibility of its epoch, and recognizing
even that the permanent work of
literature is one which not lack this
interest, yet [one] cannot help valuing
literary work, like philosophical work, in
the end by its transcendence of the limits
of its age . . ."
Trotsky, however, far from being
concerned only with the historical origins
of literature, speaks in Class and Art of
the need for understanding "art as art."
He attacks those who find the sole value
of The Divine Comedy to be that it gives
us "an understanding of the state of mind
of certain classes in a certain epoch" and
comments that such a view of it makes it
"merely a historical document," not a
work of art, which "must speak in some
way to my feelings and moods."
How, then, does he explain the fact
that Dante, "a Florentine petty bourgeois
of the thirteeth century," speaks to him
across the centuries? Before Eliot raised
the question, Trotsky answered it. "In
class society, in spite of all its
changeability, there are certain common
features." The expression of the feeling
of love or of the fear of death has
changed with changes in society, but the
feeling of love and fear of death remain.
Literature, by articulating such feelings
with intensity and precision, refines
feeling and generalizes experience. It thus
helps man to become aware of himself, to
understand his position in the universe.
The great literature of the past continues
to fulfill this function for us because its
expression of basic feelings and
experiences, however these feelings and
experiences have differed among different
social classes at different times, is so
powerful that it throws into relief
features in them common to men of all
times of class society. It thus still has the
capacity to enrich our internal life.
Friday, January 7,   1972
Page Friday, 5 Wild-life or      pf poetry plug
not so wild
A well-meaning relation
gave me a copy of Mr. and
Mrs. McCartney's new album,
Wild Life, (Apple SW 3386),
and listening to it took me
back a few years to my first
college days.
My room-mates and I used
to eat in the residence hall
cafeteria which, where I went
to school, was where the jello
always looked nice, and the
hot-dish was not so pretty.
"Mystery Meat" we used to
call it; it looks like beef,
tastes vaguely like ham, and
according to "Thelma-
Behind-The-Counter" (there's
always a 'Thelma") it's really
veal. Anyway, there was this
one time — the chefs surprise
was some sort of hash affair,
— when as we sat there over
our jello watching the girls,
this guy came out of the
servery, lost control around
the    silverware    table,    and
George & Berny's
2125  W.   10th  at Arbutus
Until Jan. 17th
Final rebates on all purchases
up to and including Dec. 31,
1971, will be given Jan.
17th-Jan. 31, 1972.
dumped his tray all over the
place. It was a splendiferous
bell-ringing noise that got
everybody in the hall away
from whatever they were
thinking about.
And there this guy was,
standing in the middle of his
dinner; his hash was all'over
his right shoe — a fair sized
mound of it right on top of
his shoe. And I'll be damned
if he didn't proceed to walk,
ever so gingerly, balancing his
mound of dinner so as not to
spill a pea, off in the
direction of the kitchen.
At any rate, side one, cut
one of Wild Life is called
"Mumbo", or something like
that, and listening to it
reminded me of this incident.
The whole album, for that
matter, has something in
common  with  this incident.
Come to think of it, Paul's
entire post-Beatle career is
like a guy walking off with
his dinner on his foot.
Alden Nowlan, born in
Nova Scotia in 1933, formal
schooling ended after 37 days
in Grade 5, started working
for a living when he was 15 at
a variety of jobs mostly
menial, manual or both, was
pulpcutter, logger, sawmill
hand, roadworker etc. Later
became manager of a
country-western band that
toured in New England and
the Maritimes. Became a
newspaper reporter.
Eventually was night editor
of The Telegraph-Journal,
Saint John, N.B. Underwent
three major surgical
operations in 1966.
Has been writer-in-
residence at the University of
New B r u n swick in
Fredericton, N.B., since
1968. In England and Ireland
in 1967 on a Guggenheim
Fellowship. Has received two
Canada Council fellowships.
Awarded an honorary degree
of doctor of letters by UNB
in 1971. Winner of the
Governor—General's Award
for Poetry 1967 and the
President's Medal of the
University of Western Ontario
(for fiction) 1970. Author of
11 books of poetry and one
collection of short stories.
Books in print include Bread,
Wine and Salt, 1967; Miracle
at Indian River (stories),
1968; The Mysterious Naked
Man, 1969; and Between
Tears and Laughter, 1971, all
published by Clarke, Irwin.
A United States edition of
his selected poems appeared
in 1970 under the title
Playing the Jesus Game.
Writes a weekly column for
The Telegraph-Journal, Saint
John, N.B. and a monthly
column for The Atlantic
Advocate, Fredericton, N.B.
Married, with one son.
Reads Monday, January
10, 12:30, Art Gallery, SUB.
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Page Friday, 6
Friday, January 7,  1972 Sometimes A Great Notion, directed by Paul
Newman, from Ken Kesey's novel, featuring Michael
Sarrazin, Lee Remick, Henry Fonda and Paul
Explaining what's wrong with Newman's Great
Notion, (an interesting film about a dying hard-nosed
breed of independent capitalist loggers in Oregon who
are determined to get them trees down the river even
if they have to kill themselves and the economic life
of the nearby town to do it), is more than a simple
The agelessly handsome Newman, in The Hustler,
Hud, Harper, Cool Hand Luke and several other less
memorable flicks, has based a career on portrayals of
the existentialist loner who hopelessly pits himself
against the overwhelming forces of society and/or
nature. Newman's message has been that it is this
honorable, usually doomed struggle that constitutes
what there is of freedom in this world.
I think most viewers have taken Newman's
political message to be a warning against the
impending totahtarian forces in our society and a
defense of the individual. The more
politically-minded, however, have been suspicious of
where this stance leads, and in Great Notion their
suspicions are borne out, for Newman's loner-hero
turns out to be a capitalist pig and Newman's message
is finally reactionary. For he ends up saying that the
right of this one person to do what he wants is more
important than the efforts of people trying
collectively to improve their lives.
In Great Notion, the loner is Hank Stamper,
effective head of a band of rugged individualists and
their silent women. The Stampers are among the last
of the small family-run logging enterprises, a form of
economic    activity    known    as    entrepreneurial
capitalism. The family exhibits the most extreme
aspects of paternalism, belief in the work ethic, and
male chauvinism.
The Stampers, who have to fulfill a contract to
deliver so many logs down river, are caught between
two gigantic social forces: the big logging companies
(monopoly capitalists who control 99 per cent of the
industry) with whom the Stampers have to compete,
and the workers who are organizing into a union in
order to improve the conditions of their lives.
It's at this point that we have to remember that
Newman is the director of this film as well as a player
in it. He's the one who's responsible for shaping it.
We never see who and what the Stampers' capitalistic
competitors are like. We are only given the Stampers
as our model of the capitalist, and despite everything
else about them, they come off as alive, vitally and
attractively so.
Newman also shows us the workers (who, by the
way, are striking and want to Stampers not to ship
them trees, so that pressure on the bosses can be
maintained), and it is here that the loner Newman's
distrust of any collective action appears. For while
the Stampers are good-natured, brave, stoic,
irreverent and ingenious in the face of adversity,
Newman portrays the workers as sullen, incompetant
bumblers who really hold the Stampers in awe as
their betters.
But, of course, this is Newman editorializing
rather than portraying the real conflict. It's easy to
see what the political effect of Great Notion will be if
one gets sucked into believing Newman's romantic
myth which says it's strictly up to the individual to
create his or her own life. It falsely dissuades people
from organizing, from struggling against the ruling
class - all in the name of the loner, a creature who,
by the way, just doesn't exist. The truth is that the
logging industry (as is well-known in British
Columiba, a logging province,) is controlled by the
rhonopolist pigs and that the workers must organize
in unions to fight the exploitation of their labor and
must eventually overthrow the ruling class and
collectively take charge of running society.
The film begins with the returs of the wayward
and youngest son of the Stamper clan, long-haired,
dope smoking Leland (played by Michael Sarazm),
and most of the action is seen through his eyes. It's
here that we're faced with a bewilderinc array of
sub-themes that express Newman's confusion. Leland
sees that the whole Stamper ethos is bullshu. he sees
the destruction of the land by logging, he sees the
oppression of women in a Stamper-like society
Yet, step by step. Leland is drawn into the
Stamper world. His protest is restricted m a snotty
ecological comment or two, and encouraging Hank's
wife (played by Lee Remick) to take off. But bv the
bloody end of the tale Leland is a participant in the
Stampers' irreverent, futile last stand.
It's not the case that the intellectual failings of
Newman's vision are available to the viewer. Far from
it. The uniform brilliance of the acting gives the
characters more than one-dimensionality. The
technical competance of the film-making (the work
scenes, for instance, are consistantly interesting) take
our minds off what the Stampers do to other people
The swift-paced plot holds up to the very end. And
the personality that Newman defends continually
attracts us - we'd like to believe in that image of the
person - but the attraction is, finally, an illusion, and
a vicious one at that. - Stan Persky
to GRADUATES in any branch of
$4,500 - 9 months
PLUS Planned Summer Employment
For information contact
The Chairman,
Dept. of Mining Eng. & Applied Geophysics,
McGill University, Montreal 110, P.Q.
will be interviewing
the  beginning  and  experienced  teachers for positions for the
1972-73 school year as follows:
Vancouver — The Holiday Inn, January 11-15
Victoria — The Imperial Inn, February 2—4
Interested applicants may arrange for appointments by writing
the District Superintendent of Schools before January 5, or by
calling the Holiday Inn January 11-15
District Superintendent of Schools
School District No. 57 (Prince George)
1891 - 6th Ave.
Prince George, B.C.
Friday, January 7,   1972
Page Friday, 7 Inside Poco
Double Bubble
Hail the arrival of the new Chilliwack
album!! Chilliwack, it appears, are finally
on the skids towards success. Pretty soon
they'll be headlining shows in Europe,
and we'll have to go to Seattle and pay
$4.00 a head to see them, once a year.
For Chilliwack have released a DOUBLE
ALBUM, and that means something in
this day and age.
Like almost every other multiple
album I can think of, the new Chilliwack
is a minor disappointment, but again like
almost every other multiple album I can
think of it is disappointing only because
there is enough good stuff in it to have
made a dynamite single album. As a
double, its energy is just a tad dissipated.
Side one is the killer. The notes say,
"Side Ono contains songs which we hope
are suitable for AM play." Suitable for
AM play indeed! You should only hear it
like this on AM some day (and maybe
that's the point.) Side one in turn is
made b\ the presence of one sonj; :i five
minute adventure called "Rosie." Having
done "Rosie" they could have done most
anything else, and the album would still
have punch. "Rosie" has got a chord line
that moves like Haystack Calhoun after
Happy-Hour, like a drunk sasquatch;
incredible inertia.' And after dragging
you along bodily, bashing your head into
big ol' B.C. trees along the way, and
lumbering off in a thoroughly unstopable
fashion (in between trees) for 3Vi
minutes, "Rosie" leaves you gently, like a
piece of driftwood on the beach, and slips
away . . . Nothing on side one touches the
dynamic range and intensity of "Rosie"
but much of the rest stands on its own in
other ways. Bill Henderson, if not the
fastest, most mind-blowing flamboyant,
guitarist around these days, is certainly
one of the most tasteful. The vocals are
interesting, by current standards
(somewhere between Robert Plant and
Neil Young, with a dash of Al Jardine.
The rest of the album is devoted to,
shall we say, Planetarium Music, and with
the lights out, and over the earphones,
and under the influence of certain
intoxicants... well . .. you know.
Everybody thinks of Poco as strictly a
good-time band. A Boston deejay once
wrote, " .. In one way or another, we're
forced to pick up on adult consciousness;
to acquire some degree of
political/economic/ecological awareness.
Just when the bummers seem intolerable,
along come Poco. Laughing-eyed,
high-bouncing Poco - creating images of
green hills, amber fields, rolling white
clouds, and a balanced planet..."
And so it is that Poco's newest, From
the Inside, is fairly widely received with
some dismay and disappointment.
From the Inside, unlike its three
predecessors, is not an album which
makes you smile and tap your toe (nor
stomp yer whole foot nuther). It's a real
sober dose, this; too many ballads and
tear-jerkers in it for much giggling to
happen. All of this js quite true, but why
the disappointment?
Let's put aside our list of
non-negotiables for a minute and listen to
this album on its own terms. It's damn
good. Poco, besides being perhaps the
best good-time rockabilly gang going, is a
good ballad band, and when Poco plays
on   the   sentimental,   the   only   little
aggravating flaw in their sound magically
disappears — in a blue funk. Ever wonder
what those funny little bursts of organish
licks were? Well, they come out of Rusty
Young's pedal steel, via a Leslie speaker, a
a wah-wah, and like that. Rusty's also
responsible for the odd banjo and piano
interlude here and there — all played on
the pedal steel, with various odd utensils.
We all knew Rusty was good, and fast,
and inventive — one wondered at times if
he had any taste. On From the Inside
(except for one little spot on side two
where he looses his grip on restraint)
Rusty plays straight and unremittingly
sweet steel guitar, and oh my goodness, is
it a treat!
As for the material, just fine. Timmy
Schmit has surfaced as a potent, if not
prolific, song-writer with the title tune,
and Paul Cotton, the newest addition to
the band, replacing Jim Messina, wrote
some too. He ain't no Richie Furay, but
he ain't no slouch either. His "Bad
Weather" is maybe the best cut on the
Like all the previous Poco albums, this
one has its ups and downs, but the ups on
this one, even if they're not exuberant
ones, are way up there all the same.
A very special offer!
Select from a series of 8 poses
taken in natural colour. We will
• One  8"  x   10"  portrait  in
natural color (one person)
• One  8"  x   10"  portrait  in
natural color (group) *24.95
Ask about our special reduced
orices on additional portraits
ordered at the same time.
a SUB FILM SOC presentation
Thursday 6 - 7:00
Friday 7 & Saturday 8
7:00 & 9:30
Sunday 9 - 7:00
Cannes Film Festival-
Special Jury Prize;
Critics' Prize;
Academy Award-
Best Foreign Film
"One of the year's ten best."
Judith Crist, New York Magazine
John Simon, New York Times
Director: Elio Petri
"Power tends to corrupt, absolute power corrupts absolutely."—Lord Actin (1887)
But, even more insidious in its development, the wielder of uncontrolled power
eventually discovers that his entire psyche has been unrecognizably subverted—
and what remains is nothing less than complete and irreversible schizophrenia.
Beyond the psychological and political merits of the film, "INVESTIGATION"
rates as a first class detective story complete with sufficient macabre details to
satisfy even the most demanding purist of the genre.
Page Friday, 8
Friday, January 7,  1972 Friday, January 7,   1972
Page 13
,\v ^
Rudy & Peters Motors Ltd.
Quality  Workmanship
Competitive  Prices
Genuine Volkswagen Parts Only
All Work Guaranteed
Complete Body Repairs and Painting
-garry gruenke photo
Ubyssey photog Gary Gruenke told the befuddled news editor he was putting his new class consciousness
into action with this picture of workman Irving Fetish jumping for joy at thought that his job is closer to
completion than it was two months ago.
Alternate services offer
books, booze and bellies
Familiarity breeds contempt, and that's
probably true of such services offered in SUB as the
(ahem) restaurant and Thunderbird Shop.
But there's a whole variety of alternate services
being offered in SUB this term that students can
take advantage of.
Located in the basement of SUB is the games
area, which contains bowling alleys and billiards
tables. The hours for its use are 8:30 a.m. to 11
p.m. weekdays, 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. on Saturdays,
and noon to 11 p.m. Sundays.
Next to the games area is the,co-op bookstore,
which offers a limited selection of new books and a
good selection of second hand books. The books are
sold on consignment.
It operates between the hours of 9:15 a.m. and
4:30 p.m.
Moving up to ground level, a lost body can find
the combination candy bar-information centre. Its
hours are 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. on weekdays and noon
to 11 p.m. on weekends.
Next door is the student typing service. It types
for 35 cents a page between 11 a.m. and 4:30 p.m.
Directly off the conversation pit is the reading
room. Beside it in rooms 106 and 108 are the
listening rooms which contain records and a 12
channel stereo setup. The hours for both the reading
and listening rooms are 9 a.m. to 11 p.m. weekdays
and noon to 10 p.m. on weekends.
For the crafts-minded, there is the Alma Mater
-Society   crafts   store   located   across   from   the
alternate food services. It sells crafts, magazines,
second  hand  goods  and curiosities between the
hours of 9 a.m. and 6 p.m.
If you need to rap with someone, Speakeasy is
located in rooms 100A and 100B. Besides
sympathetic and helpful listeners Speakeasy has
information on legal and medical aid.
The hours (subject to change) are 9:30 a.m. to
9:30 p.m. Mondays through Thursdays and 9:30 to
3 a.m. on Fridays and Saturdays.
An art gallery is located in room 120. The art is
supplied by everyone and the hours depend on what
is on display in the gallery.
. . . For Glassos
for that smart look in glaawt...
look to
Plesclibtion Optical
Student Discount Given
May 1 -Aug. 25
May 10 -Sept. 3
May 15 -Aug. 25
May 28-July 14
May 5 - Aug. 25
May 10-Sept. 3 240.00
May 15 145.00
Sept. 11 145.00
May 15 140.00
Sept. 30 140.00
AMS Travel Office Room 226 SUB
OPEN - 1:00 - 4 P.M. Mon. - Thurs. - 1:00 - 3 P.M. Fri.
PHONE: 228-2980 Page   14
Friday, January 7,  1972
Hot flashes
studies again
The second part of the
year-long women's studies
program begins Tuesday, at 7
p.m., in the SUB ballroom.
The 10-week course this term
will consist of lectures and of
seminars with less than 15 persons
to a group.
Registration     is    $1 at    the
women's   studies  office in  SUB,
the   SUB   lobby   or   at the   first
lecture Tuesday.
Those who registered for the
course during the fall do not have
to re-register.
The Hispanic and Italian
department will offer a course
entitled "Dutch literature in
translation" in September.
The course will be organized
inside the UBC extension
department by Dr. S. A. Vosters
who is currently a UBC Spanish
Netherlands literature courses
are already offered at the
University of Calgary and other
Canadian universities. In addition.
Meeting, noon. SUB 215.
Every    Friday,    4    p.m.,    IH    u
Meeting, noon, IH upper lounge.
Meeting.  1  p.m., Buch.   107.
there are many persons of Dutch
and Flemish origin in the
Vancouver area, says Vosters.
The courst needs at least 20
people to start. Interested persons
should see Vosters in Bu. 256A,
or write to him at that address.
Craft workshop
at art gallery
The Vancouver Art Gallery is
sponsoring a second series of
beginners craft workshops starting
Macrame will be the topic of
the Jan. 11 session, followed by
off-loom weaving Jan. 18 and
wool dye Jan. 25.
All sessions begin at 7:15 p.m.
and are limited to 15 persons
Cost for each session is $4.50.
Persons interested in the
workshops should register at the
gallery, 1145 West Georgia Street.
Grad stats
Information on American and
Canadian graduate programs at
178 academic areas is available
from Student Services, Hut M 7.
Statistical data, graphs showing
which   universities offer work   in
Organizational    meeting,    noon,    SUB
The Atlantic Slave trade, noon, Buch.
100; patterns of demand in Europe,
3:30 p.m., Buch. penthouse; New
Brunswick poet Alden Nowlan, noon,
SUB art gallery.
General meeting, noon, SUB 211.
Nietsche, noon, SUB 111.
Reports, 7:30 p.m., IH 402.
Orthodontics   with   Dr.   Hicks,   noon,
SUB  211.
the various major disciplines, and
write-ups by faculty officers are
contained in the seven-volume
1972 Guide to graduate study.
The UBC fine arts gallery will
present an exhibit called the
Chilkoot Experience Jan. 14 to
Feb. 5.
The exhibit is based on a
70-foot painting by Vancouver
artist Jack Shadbolt, and includes
photographs from the Klondike
Gold Rush, maps and documents.
OFY summer
The Alma Mater Society will
again sponsor projects under the
federal government summer
Opportunities For Youth
Students interested in OFY
summer employment are asked to
contact AMS external affairs
officer Adrian Belshaw in SUB
General Meeting
Thurs. Jan. 13, 12:30
NEW on 10th
A. H. FALSTAFF, books
Books in all subjects of
University interest
Bought and Sold
4529 W 10th—224-4121
Come and Browse-Fair Prices
Hamber Cup Series
FRI. JAN. 7 — SAT. JAN. 8
vs. Univ. of Alberta GOLDEN BEARS"
5th Annual
TICKETS at Athletic Office & Vane. Ticket Centre
Rates: Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; 3 days $2.50
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.25; additional
lines 30c; 4 days price of 3.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable
in advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Offce, Room 241 S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
Totem Park on Saturday, January
8 from 8:30-12:30. Admission: $1.00
res.; $1.25 non-res.; $1.75 res.
of Long- Time Comin', Place Vanier,  9-1.
Lost 8t Found
cat, UBC Campus between Christmas-New Year. Call 731-0301 or
of Village, Wednesday afternoon.
Phone 731-8929.
Buch. Loung-e. Contact Bill Brock,
351A  or  873-2228.
Rides & Car Pools
Special Notices
  3 FOR $1.00 ???? 	
Why pay this much for your prophylactics? —
We will mail you 24 assorted brand
name prophylactics for only $2.00 in
a plain sealed envelope by return
Clip and enclose this ad. for additional bonus of 3 prophylactics to:
Box  4002 Vancouver,  B.C.
imunity work with the Vancouver
Inner City project this coming
summer? A meeeting for those interested will be held Monday, Jan.
10th at 3:30—Room 39—Westminster House, Vancouver School of
Campus Churches on University
Boulevard. Sunday services at St.
Anselm's Anglican, 8 a.m. Communion, 11 a.m. Morning Prayer;
at University Hill United. 11 a.m.
Sacrament of Holy Communion.
We welcome you.
larities irt A.M.S.  by-election held
Nov.  24 please contact R.  Broom,
Faculty of Law,  Campus Mail.
Autos For Sale
Babysitting & Day Care
Duplicating & Copying
est releases in rock, folk and
blues only. Trade-ins accepted.
Drop in and listen to the music or
play a game of scrabble. Joy
Music Sanctum, 6610 Main (at
50th).  11 a.m.-7 p.m.
ota or Datsun? Does Henneken
Auto service it for you? If not —
you're going to the wrong place—
phone us for a free estimate at
263-8121 or drop into 8914 Oak St.
(at Marine Drive).
Vanier (Lower Mall) is the place
from 9-1.
legible drafts. Phone 738-6829 from
10:00 a.m. to 9 p.m. Quick service
on short essays.
theses. Reasonable rates for quality work. Telephone 682-4023.
typewriter — Would like to type
students' papers, etc., at home.
Phone 926-3478.
my' home. Essays, Thesis, etc.
Neat, Accurate Work, Reasonable
Rates.  Phone 263-5317.
vice. Theses, Manuscripts, Term
papers, etc. Mrs. Troche—437-1355.
essays and thesis. Reasonable
terms. Call Mrs. Akau, days 688-
5235 — evenings 263-4023.
Help Wanted
part-time in management and PR
of Anti-Air & Water Pollution
Control Products. Open for male
and female who qualify. Send resume to G. W. Oijen. 81 Howe St.,
Victoria, B.C. This is ground floor
of a $100,000,000.00 Ecology Co.
why not be an ad sales rep. for
The Ubyssey. The AMS Publications office needs a business
minded student preferably Commerce who will work hard about
6-8 hours a week. Transportation
is essential. This is an excellent
opportunity to gain worthwhile
sales experience and to earn commissions for part-time work. Apply Publications Office, SUB after
2:30 p.m.	
Aquatic and Summer Swim Club
are currently accepting applications
for swim instructors for the season May-September, 1972. Applicants are requested to submit
qualifications and two written references by January 31, 1972.
Salary is presently open to negotiation. Applications submittable
to: Chairman. Personnel Committee, Kamloops Aquatic Club, 249
Bestwick Court West, Kamloops,
Music Instruction
tion at The Guitar Centre. Semester plan; group; private lessons.
Phone Chris Jordan, 688-3816.
Place Vanier 9-1. Non-res. SI.25;
res-guys,  $1.00:  res-gals, 750.
Special Classes
Classes start Jan. 10th for all
levels of instruction from 7 years
and up. Call Dr. Bima Nelson, 731-
6320 for registration and information.
POT at Potter's Centre
another   12   week   session
to   start   JAN.   10
Register  early
wheel  work,   hand  building,   etc.
for   details   phone:    261-4764
22nd Ave., offering- following Fine
Arts courses: Sculpture, Oil Painting, Ceramics, Batic. Advanced
classes after live model. Open
house and registration, Jan. 8th
and Jan. 9th, 1972 from 2 to 6 p.m.
Artist: Rozika Vitarius. Phone
Tutoring Service
Vanier  tonight  from  9-1.
Salomon competion bindings $90.00
Camera: Ricoh underwater case
$80.00. Call Phil, 874-2537.
privileges $60/month, co-ed. phone
224-9549. 5745 Agronomy Road, be-
hind village.	
to serve as writer's studio. Please
phone 266-4028 or 266-5577.	
quiet, private entr. near gate,
ready now. Non-cooking. 224-6753.
Room 8c Board
ant surroundings. Also meal
passes. Call 224-9841.
sauna, colour T.V., exceUent food.
5785 Agronomy Rd. 224-9684.
pus residence;  St. Andrew's Hall;
live? Wa offer large rooms, comfortable lounges, colour T.V., and
excellent food. Sigma Chi Fraternity, 5725 Agronomy Rd. Phone
Furnished Apts.
comm? Cosy s.c. suite, well-
equipped kitchen, sep. thermostat.
Suit 1 student. 263-4019.
basement suite, suit one or two
students, south Granville, avail-
able now. $80/mo. Phone 266-6568.
partly furn., fridge, hot plate, 4000
block  11th.   Feb.   1.   $130.   731-8744. Friday, January  7,   1972
Page  15
Rowing team
has enviable
win record
The sport with the best track
record at UBC is one that any
sports enthusiast, no matter how
enthusiastic he may be, has
probably never seen.
The sport? Rowing.
UBC's success in rowing started
back in the early 1950's when
Frank Read took over the
coaching of the Thunderbird Crew
and took them to their first
International competition.
That was in 1954 when the
UBC crew shocked everyone
present at the Vedder Canal as
they beat the famous Thames
Rowing Club of England to win
the gold medal in the British
Empire Games.
This was UBC's first Games
medal in rowing.
Nicknamed the Cinderella
Crew, the UBC oarsmen finished
second in the 1955 Grand Henley
Regatta, one of the world's most
prestigous rowing events. This
showing firmly entrenched UBC
in the top circuit of rowing.
A succession of coaches and
oarsmen has maintained what
amounts to a tradition of
winning, garnering five Gold,
seven Silver and one Bronze medal
in International competition, in
addition to placing crews in the
finals of nearly every world
rowing event.
That brings us to the present
and the present coach, Peter
Klavora is a former world class
rower and former coach of the
Yugoslav National Crew. He has
produced several ranked crews in
both world and Olympic ratings,
with his last crew finishing third
in the 1968 Olympics.
He knows and has been
involved in international
competition and says that his
rowing programme at UBC is
aimed directly at that level.
In line with this, Klavora says
that this year's crew may contain
up to eight members of the 1972
national crew.
Klavora doesn't allow his crew
any time for complacency. His
training programme has the
oarsmen circuit training, weight
lifting and running in addition to
their regular rowing sessions.
Klavora acknowledges that it's
hard work, but he is quick to add
that international competition
requires hard work.
And international competition
is the name of the game for the
UBC rowers.
ICE HOCKEY on Empire Pool? Perhaps a good idea since the ice covered surface makes swimming very
difficult, or at the very least, cold. UBC desperately needs an indoor pool which could be used all year
round instead of only two or three months when students are at the university. At present the UBC swim
team, one of Canada's best, has to rent a pool in which to practice, finding it inconvenient not to be able
to hold a swim meet 'at home'.
'Birds face Bears
UBC track
UBC athletes tried, but couldn't
come up with their best efforts in
the Saskatchewan Indoor Games
held in Saskatoon last week.
UBC's Canadian high jump
record holders failed to win their
events, their best jumps being far
short of their records.
Debbie Brill could manage only
5'6" for a second place finish
behind Brenda Staffanson of UBC
whose best jump was also 5'6".
Staffanson won the event due to
fewer misses. Patti Wilson of
Winnipeg placed third with the
identical height. Brill's Canadian
record is 6'1".
In men's high jump
competition Canadian record
holder (TI") John Hawkins of
UBC failed to make the top three
finishers, his best jump being
6'8". Rich Cuttell of UBC was
only able to make 6'8" also. John
Radetich of Oregon was first and
The UBC Thunderbird hockey team is
continuing to work out at the Winter Sports Centre,
preparing for their weekend series with the powerful
University of Alberta Golden Bears,
The Bears, currently two point favourites over
the 'Birds in the Western Canadian Intercollegiate
Athletic Association, were  defeated  5-2 by the
. . . coach with winning team
'Birds just nine days ago in the Hockey Canada
tournament finals.
However, that win did not count in league
standings. The 'Birds will have to win both weekend
games to move ahead of the Bears into first place.
"We'll really have to go to beat them," said
coach Bob Hindmarch Wednesday night. He put his
team through an hour long scrimmage, then skated
around with them, marshalling skating, shooting and
face-off drills.
Weekend Action Box
"This is a warning," Hindmarch said as his
players gathered around him during the scrimmage.
"Play positional hockey and start checking. There's
more to this game than scoring goals."
This is exactly what UBC must do to win. Once
up, they must stay up while the other team
continues to play hockey. Against Sir George
Williams in the opening round of the Hockey
Canada tournament, the 'Birds were up three goals
before the Montrealers warmed up..Just as quickly,
they were down 4-3.-
"We started playing fancy-dan," said
Hindmarch. "But when we were behind, we played
the best hockey that we've played this year."
Doug Buhr scored the tieing goal. Richard
Longpre notched the winner and most valuable
player award. -
"Doug Buhr is not our pqliceman," Hindmarch
said of his big left winger. "He's just a good hockey
player... he keeps people honest."
After defeating the Georgians 5-4 in overtime,
the 'Birds shelved the Golden Bears 5-2 the next
night to win the tourney.
In winning the tournament, UBC by-passed No.
1 ranked University of Toronto Blues, No. 3 ranked
University of Alberta, and No. 7 ranked Sir George
UBC, rated No. 5 at the time, could jump to
No. 1 in Canada, although Hindmarch expects a
second or third place rating behind St. Maries, who
were ranked No. 2.
But foremost in that rating is the weekend
series with the U. of A. The players are looking
forward to it.
"The best teams are the most fun to play," said
"They're not chippy," said defenceman Steve
The games are tonight and Saturday night at
the Winter Sports Centre.
The netting surrounding the ice will remain up
for both weekend games. Management has been held
responsible by the Safety Committee and is not
taking any chances until glass can be put up,
hopefully by Jan. 28, when the 'Birds meet the
University of Manitoba Bisons at home.
Date       Sport
Jan. 7-8 Hockey
U of Alberta
8:00 p.m.
Jan. 7-8 Basketball
U of Alberta
Jan. 7    Basketball (JV)
Trinity Jr. College
8:00 p.m.
Jan. 8    Volleyball
Men's Tourn.
Mem. Gym
8 a.m.-l 1 p.m.
Jan. 8    Wrestling
P.E. Gym A
12:30 p.m.-6 p.m.
Jan. 8     Hockey (JV)
Richmond Hornets
3:30 p.m.
. . . suffers two defeats
Tim Heikkla of Minnesota was
second each jumping 7'. Claude
Ferrange of the University of
Montreal placed third with a leap
In the mile race, Bill Smart of
UBC finished third behind Grant
McLaren of the University of
Western Ontario and Peter Kaal of
California. Smart's time for the
distance was 4 min. 8.5 seconds.
Smart ran an excellent race,
staying well back in the field until
the last lap when a strong
finishing kick put him past three
runners to cross the finish line in a
tie with Kaal.
McLaren's winning time of 4
min. 5.5 sec. broke the existing
track record.
In latest track action, Brill
again failed to live up to
Wednesday night in Winnipeg,
she could only manage 5'6" for a
fifth place finish. Debbie Van
Kiekebelt won the competion
with a leap of 5'10".
Bowling, Jan. 10; Snooker, Jan.
10; Wrestling, Jan. 10. Page  16
Friday, January 7,   1972
Money and education:
you're being screwed
_H.here are plenty of reasons for the B.C. education
system getting a bad deal from the provincial
And education minister Donald Brothers is loaded
with excuses explaining how he is powerless to do
anything about it.
The excuses all stem from Brothers' reasoning that
there is just not enough money to go around.
But because he is "not the finance minister" he has
no say in the provincial allocations to education. So he
The B.C. education budget for the fiscal year ending
March 31, 1972 is $403.9 million, 31 per cent of the
$1.3 billion total provincial budget.
For the fiscal year ending March 31, 1970, a $320
million education budget constituted 31.8 per cent of
the total B.C. budget, but Brothers said he was proud so
many more dollars could be added to the education
budget in so short a time.
The fact the education budget has decreased almost
one per cent in two years in proportion to the total
budget Brothers said is understandable, as new programs
like medicare have been introduced since the 1970
budget and have resulted in certain departmental
allocations becoming proportionally smaller.
Brothers said he was sorry education had to be one
of the departments cut proportionally.
"Our aim is to get as much money as possible for
education and to make sure it's spent as wisely as
possible," Brothers said.
He said average wages have gone up 70 per cent
during the last five years, and that salary increases are
getting "out of control".
"For this reason, we are trying to keep teachers'
salaries to a 40 per cent increase, in keeping with the
federal wage controls," Brothers said.
Brothers admitted to cutting several school districts'
budgets, apart from reducing the general district
spending guideline from 110 per cent of the previous
year's budget to 108 per cent.
"These district budgets were reduced because they
allowed spending for frivolities such as public relations
campaigns," he said.
"I do not believe the quality of education has been
reduced anywhere in B.C. as a result of cut-backs in
school district budgets."
So he says.
"eputy education minister Joe Phillipson, also
present during the interview, said the new finance
formula, designed to equalize the quality of education in
rich and poor school districts, may result in the "cutting
back on the odd field trip here and there, but will
generally increase efficiency without decreasing
Brothers said he forced Surrey and Coquitlam
school districts to cut their recent school tax
referendums by 20 per cent, because "the amounts the
district boards were asking for were out of proportion,
For the last five months of 1971, the
education students' association tried unsuccessfuUy
to get B.C. education minister Donald Brothers to
come to UBC and explain his department's
policies. On Dec. 13, the EdSA received a
telephone call from Brothers, asking
representatives to meet with him in his Victoria
office later that week. On Dec. 17, five reps from
the UBC EdSA, two from the University of
Victoria and one from the industrial education
faculty at the B.C. Institute of Technology met
with Brothers in Victoria.
The following is a report by education Alma
Mater Society rep Sandy Kass on what took place
at that meeting.
BARRETT .. . industry gets off easy
and the B.C. government could not meet its share of the
increased monies."
By law, the provincial government is responsible for
paying a given percentage of any school district's total
"We just could not afford to pay the required
percentage of what Surrey and Coquitlam were asking
for," Brothers said.
As a result, the two districts did not get provincial
approval for the referendums until just before they took
place, and both subsequently failed.
Surrey's $8.8 million referendum and the $1.6
million asked for in Coquitlam were both 20 per cent
lower than the original requests.
Of the 18 school referendums held Dec. 11, these
were the only ones which failed, alloting district school
boards throughout the province more than $30 million
in additional revenues.
Brothers said the B.C. government "should be able
to meet the required percentages of these district
B.C. pays an average of 45 per cent of school
district budgets throughout the province.
(EdSA president Kerry Bysouth said following the
interview he thought Phillipson knew a lot more about
education in B.C. than Brothers.
"Brothers doesn't appear to know much about
education, he just knows how to administer," Bysouth
When asked about the teacher unemployment
problem, Brothers said he did not know what to believe,
"with so many conflicting statistics about the number of
unemployed teachers in the province."
"But I do know there are enough teaching positions
available for all B.C. graduates, if they would be willing
to leave the Lower Mainland to take a job," Brothers
"B.C. teachers just refuse to go north of Prince
George," Phillipson said.
hen BCIT rep Paul Smith suggested local teachers
did not want to travel north to find work because their
salaries increase with every year of experience, making it
even harder to find work in Lower Mainland districts,
Brothers refused to comment.
C. B. Conway, director of the B.C. education
department's research and standards branch said in a
statement to district school superintendants in October,
that "in 1970/71, 23 per cent of all elementary
beginning teachers and 36 per cent of all secondary
beginners were obtained from outside B.C."
Further, "B.C. teacher-training institutions provided
only 68 per cent of those who began teaching in B.C.
public schools in September, 1970," the statement
"We have asked the B.C. School Trustees
Association to give local graduates priority in hiring',"
Brothers said.
"But I cannot order districts not to hire people
from outside the province without being called a
So he says.
When asked how he would propose to change the
tenure structure in B.C. schools, Brothers refused to
comment, but said: "I will admit that something may
come up about tenure in the spring sitting of
When BCIT rep Paul Smith suggested a five-year
renewable teaching contract as an alternative to
permanent tenure, Phillipson leaned across the table to
Brothers and said: "Interesting idea, isn't it?"
When asked to clarify the published provincial
teacher-pupil ratios (set at 1 to 26.3 in elementary and 1
to 20.6 in secondary classes), Brothers admitted the B.C.
estimates may be "a bit out of proportion" because they
include non-teaching staff in the count of teachers.
The B.C. Teachers Federation has set a maximum
class size guideline at 30 pupils per class in secondary
and intermediate grades, 25 in primary, and 20 in
Brothers admitted that most classes exceed these
guidelines, "but this is due to fluctuating birth rates."
hen EdSA rep Vickie Meakes suggested the recent
provincial ruling removing compulsory B.C.T.F.
membership for B.C. teachers was "frustrating" to the
federation, Brothers explained his reasoning in removing
the ruling.
"I have travelled extensively throughout the
province and it has come to my attention that many
teachers were dissatisfied with B.C.T.F. policies.
"Now the B.C.T.F. will have to justify its
"I get the feeling the B.C. government thinks its
doing all it can in education," Bysouth said following
the meeting.
"But I think it can do more."
"They (provincial officials) do not seem to be half
as interested in improving education as they are in
pleasing the voting parents," he said.
"Brothers is frustrated with his job. He says he sees
it as a challenge, but the most challenging part of all
seems his survival as minister of education."
New Democratic Party opposition leader Dave
Barrett, contacted on a B.C. ferry en route to
Vancouver, said the provincial philosophy on education
is to equate everything to money.
"Its impossible to turn out good quality products
from school districts which allow more than 40 kids in a
class and do not have kindergartens," Barrett said.
"The B.C. Equalization Assessments Act, designed
to equalize homeowners' school taxes, allows major
industries to get away with paying hardly any school
taxes at all," he said.
At the start of the Victoria interview, Brothers
described his philosophy on education to be a
"dedication to the principle of education for all."
When asked if he could visit UBC this term,
Brothers replied that he was "really very busy", but
invited students to send their comments on the
education system to him at the Parliament Buildings,
"I like to talk to students and hear their views.
"They are refreshing and dynamic," Brothers said.
"We have an excellent education system in B.C., and
we can hold our heads high and be proud of it."
So he says.


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