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The Ubyssey Jan 21, 1975

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Array Prof denied tenure
Commerce battle erupts
By JAKE van der KAMP
A commerce professor has been
denied tenure following what
appears to be a dispute with senior
faculty members over research
versus the importance of teaching.
John Evans, who has been on
faculty for five years, said in an
interview Monday he was told he
would be denied tenure because he
had not done enough research.
Evans said he has done a great
deal of research but most of it was
directed toward practical ends and
could not be incorporated into an
article for a scholarly journal.
He said he has published only
two articles but has spent some
time compiling a data base on
Canadian securities and last
summer compiled a report for the
Economic Council of Canada.
Evans charged that the commerce faculty spends too much
time on theoretical research and
very often professors do work of
little practical use.
"It's pure theory now. They're
making models of mathematical
methods for the fun of doing it," he
said.
"We should do more work that
has direct benefits to the Canadian
scene, policy-making papers for
government and work that has
applications to business
techniques."
Evans also said the faculty puts
an "above average" emphasis on
research   and   does   not   stress
teaching enough, although he said
he considers research essential to
good teaching.
Several of Evans' students have
complained that he was denied
tenure unjustly and should bei
reinstated because he is one of the
best teachers on campus.
"He's a good teacher, probably
one of the best I've had," said Gary
Moore, commerce 3. "You can
understand him. He's up on what
he teaches and he comes
prepared."
In a letter to the Cavalier, the
commerce undergraduate society
newsletter, Moore called on
commerce students to exercise
their influence in the faculty.
"It seems the majority of
(faculty) members feel the faculty
should be pursuing the objectives
of research for research's sake
rather than the dual objectives of
research and excellence in
teaching abilities," he wrote.
""Possibly one day they (the
students) will realize what is
happening and exercise the influence they have. Until that day
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LVI, No. 40       VANCOUVER, B.C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 21, 1975
48     228-2301
BIG MACHINE eats dirt median along Chancellor Blvd. Monday as
part of highways department p'roject to  lower road divider.  Harold
—marise savaria photo
Davies keeps eye on mechanical beast as it knaws away during partly
sunny  day.  The  median   is in  bad shape and can't be fixed .
Knight fired for using gov't policy
By MARK BUCKSHON
The man who was removed last
week from his job as the province's
chief education researcher said
Monday he was fired because he
tried to implement NDP education
reform policies.
Stanley Knight told The Ubyssey
in an interview from Victoria that
deputy minister Jack Fleming
kicked him out because Knight and
other research officers wanted to
fight an entrenched bureaucracy to
bring real education reform to the
province.
Knight said he and his 16
colleagues in the six-month-old
research and development branch
were trying to implement policy as
set out in education minister
Eileen Dailly's white paper for
education reform.
That paper, setting out a vague
set of research guidelines, was
released to the legislature last
spring more than a year after B.C.
education commissioner John
Bremer was fired in January, 1973.
Gary Onstad, who temporarily
took over Knight's coordinating job
after a staff vote last Friday, said
Monday that members of the office
will meet today with Fleming to
hear his explanation for the Knight
firing.
Fleming said in an interview
Monday he will discuss both policy
and routine changes in the
research branch in the wake of
Knight's dismissal.
Fleming said that as far as he
was concerned he was carrying out
NDP government policy in firing
Knight.
"I'd just like to point out that any
deputy minister exists at the wish
of the government," he said.
"These things (firings) are not
done lightly. I watch the progress
of the employee in the department
and weigh the pros and cons of his
performance objectively."
Knight said: "For doing my job
— for supporting the government
— the bureaucracy hates me.
"There is a basic philosophical
conflict between me and the
bureaucracy."
Knight alleged that "defenders
of the government are the first to
be fired" because of actions by the
entrenched bureaucracy.
He would not name other
government   officials    besides
Fleming who are supposed to have
worked to get him fired. However
he suggested members of the
education department's
management committee — of
which he was a member with other
branch chairmen — were working
See page  2:   KNIGHT
arrives, however, we will have to
sit and watch the faculty transformed before our eyes."
Cavalier editor Frank Shaw said
he rearranged his timetable this
year so he could take one of Evans'
courses.
"I really enjoy his teaching,"
Shaw said. "He's interesting and
he tries to motivate students.
"I could never relate to other
tenure disputes but this one is close
to home," he said.
"I'm looking for recognition of
good teaching and I want to get
changes made."
Shaw said he is not certain of
what he will do but said he wants to
organize other commerce students
to bring pressure on the faculty.
A student source, knowledgeable
in department affairs, told The
Ubyssey Evans was denied
reappointment by the faculty's
finance'division last year but the
division's recommendation was
later overturned by the tenure and
promotions committee.
The source said the committee's
decision in favor of Evans was
largely the work of Prof. Noel Hall,
now commerce dean.
Hall left the committee when he
became dean, the source said, and
as a result the committee, heavily
staffed by senior faculty, ruled
against Evans this year.
He said Hall solicited letters this
year from students on Evans'
performance as a teacher and
received several, all of them
recommending Evans.
Hall was not available for
comment.
Commerce prof Karl Rup-
penthal, a member of the tenure
and promotions committee, would
not divulge the committee's
reasons for denying Evans tenure.
Ruppenthal said the committee
judged Evans from the reports of
faculty, students and outside
sources with knowledge of Evans'
subject.
But when asked if research
played a part in the committee's
decision, Ruppenthal repeatedly
said: "The committee tries to look
at the entire record."
He admitted Evans is a good
teacher but said this was not
enough.
Ruppenthal denied that the
faculty places too much emphasis
on theoretical, research.
"We have people doing much
applied work," he said. "I think the
faculty wants both theoretical and
practical research. We've got a lot
of people working with
businessmen to sort out important
problems."
Evans said he deliberately
concentrated on the kind of
research he wanted to do while
knowing it would dissatisfy other
faculty members.
"I'm satisfied with the course of
action I've taken," he said. "I
chose to take the path I took and I
lost."
Evans said a personality conflict
may be part of the reason faculty
wanted to be rid of him, but said he
did not want to elaborate.
If Dailly goes, Bremer'll come
VICTORIA (Staff) — Former B.C. education
commissioner John Bremer says he is willing to go
back to work for the provincial education department
in light of the recent firing of research and
development director Stanley Knight.
Bremer, himself fired from a similar job in
January, 1973, said in an interview Monday he is
ready to "take up the control" of education policy
when Premier Barrett axes education minister
Eileen Dailly.
Bremer said Dailly's firing is "inevitable" because
the minister has pressed her luck too far by firing
Knight.
"You can get away with it once," he said referring
to his own dismissal as education commissioner by
Dailly. "But not twice."
Bremer suggested the government "set up a major
provincial commission to realign education in B.C."
"Someone needs to take up the control," he said.
"I'd certainly be willing to serve."
Meanwhile, he said he is "flattered" by reports that
students at Loyola College in Montreal want their
university to hire him as a "teaching laureate." He
said he will go to Montreal in early February to speak
with the university's learning and development
committee but so far has received no concrete job
offer from Loyola. Page 2
THE      UBYSSEY
Tuesday, January 21, 1975
Knight calls for end
to NDP bureaucracy
From  page   1
to get him.removed.
He said he is not interested in
"tearing down the government"
but was "interested in seeing the
delivering of the government out of
the bureaucracy."
Fleming declined to comment on
specific reasons for Knight's
dismissal because, he said, Knight
can still appeal through internal
civil service grievance rules and it
is unfair to make things public
before that appeal is completed.
Fleming and education minister
Eileen Dailly have said Knight was
fired because a performance
evaluation during his probationary
period showed he was deficient in
several areas.
A"-
Knight said Monday he got A's
and B's on 20 of 24 items on a civil
service performance "report
card" and the only item he failed
was getting along with other officials — who, he said, are the
senior bureaucrats who wanted
him dumped.
Knight said he and his colleagues
were working on the "development-inquiry" model of promoting
change in education through tying
schools and the community
together, in accordance with the
white paper recommendations.
. "We use the notion of development-inquiry to describe and to
inquire how all members of the
community     relate     to     the
DAILLY   .   .   .  pressure  mounts.
UofT decides French
students too smart
TORONTO (CUP) — French students at the University of Toronto will
be getting lower grades next year the French department has decided.
French departments across the campus over the next two years will
be lowering the average grade from 73 per cent to 70 per cent.
The move to lower French grades was prompted by a report of an
academic standards subcommittee of the arts and science faculty,
issued in November, which maintains that too many Bs and not enough
Cs are given in arts and science courses.
The arts and science report recommends a C should indicate
"average performance" and a B above average ability and
achievement.
"The French department is simply working toward what the faculty
wants," said French department secretary T. R. Wooldridge. ^
However, Wooldridge noted the French department did not lower
marks as much as the arts and science faculty had proposed.
The faculty, he said,, recommended mean grades of 62 to 67 per cent
for introductory courses, 67 to 70 per cent for 200 series courses with
university prerequisites, and higher mean grades for 300 to 400 series
courses.
French course union spokesperson Margaret MacDonald, who sits on
the department's executive committee, agreed with lowering averages
three per cent, but said she opposed lowering grades as much as the
faculty had proposed.
Wooldridge admitted the French department has not attempted to
find out why marks are higher and if the trend is justified. He noted
moves have been made at universities across North America recently to
stop the escalation of marks.
"One is concerned about standards," he said.
During the 1972-73 academic year, arts and science students on the St.
George campus of the U of T received an average grade of 70.59 while
French students received an average of 73.43 per cent.
educational system," he said.
"The problem of education is a
problem of society and you can't
isolate the two problems as they
have in some schools."
Knight noted 200,000 school
pupils in B.C. come from families
situated below the poverty line.
He said many come to school
hungry and others come from
broken homes with serious family
problems.
"But they (the schools) don't
care about the problems of the
kids. Kids come into school with
the problem of survival. They are
told by their teachers to 'shut up
and get to the books'," he said.
He said his researchers had
presented Fleming and Dailly last
December with three alternative
directions for research to solve the
socio-educational problems but
they had not answered with a
decision when he was fired last
week.
Bremer said in an interview the
government's behavior in firing
Knight was "shameful and
irresponsible."
Knight's office was similar to
Bremer's in that both men were
responsible for directing education
policy research. However
Bremer's contract terms gave him
due
back
Administration president Walter
Gage is recovering from the,
ailment that put him in hospital
Jan. 13, and should be back on the
job before the end of the week, his
personal physician said Monday.
Dr. Robert Kerr told The
Ubyssey Gage was progressing
satisfactorily and "doing very well
indeed."
"It's hard to say for sure, but he
should be back on the job within a
few days," he said.
Gage, 66, entered Vancouver
General Hospital for treatment of
diabetes. His duties as president
were assumed by Bernard Riedel,
dean of pharmaceutical sciences.
Though not a deputy president,
Riedel was appointed by Gage to
be acting president. The position of
deputy president has been vacant
since William Armstrong resigned
Sept. 30 to join the universities
council set up under the new
Universities Act.
Gage's term as president ends
July 1, when he will be succeeded
by former arts dean Doug Kenny.
Gage has been president since
1969.
History talk
Theodore Roszak, technology
critic and author of The Making' of
a Counter Culture and Where the
Wasteland Ends, will give an open
seminar today as part of his
Cecil and Ida Green visiting
professorship.
The seminar, sponsored by the
religious studies department, will
be held at noon in Buchanan 2238.
TftOCKIN' on DOWN
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much more latitude and independence to conduct research
and propose new ideas than
Knight's probationary civil service
appointment.
"I don't know how any
professional could come to this
province and work in education,"
Bremer said. "Knight's firing
could only be the result of politics.
Dailly is seeking someone else to
blame because nothing is being
done to reform education in B.C."
Knight said he will apply civil
service procedures to get his job
back in the weeks ahead and is
writing a letter today to Barrett
asking him to reconsider
Fleming's decision.
Other employees in the research
and development branch have sent'
Barrett and Dailly a telegram
asking them to reinstate Knight.
Onstad declined to comment
Monday about the position of
Knight's office colleagues toward
his firing except to say: "We
operate in the collective manner"
and that Knight was a part of the
collective before he was fired.
UBC Musical Theatre
presents
GEORGE AA!
Jan. 29-Feb. 8
8:30 p.m.
Old Auditorium
Tickets $2.50 and $3.50
($1 Student Discount)
Vancouver Ticket Centre
683-3255
Preview — Jan. 28
$1.00 at Door
Matinee - Feb. 6 - 12:30
$1.00 at AMS
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Make your own with our
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Ice Creams
12    flavors    to    choose
from . . . Tuesday, January 21, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 3
Viet neutralists: a vague force
By BEN DURRUTTI
Way back in 1972, at the Paris
"peace" talks, the big and little
powers agreed officially that there
was another side to the war in
South Vietnam.
Not just Thieu's American-
backed regime, not just the
Communist-led Provisional
Revolutionary Government
(PRG), but the Third Force — the
peace first and politics later line.
With the post-war war now
250,000 casualties old, the Third
Force people still cling to their
dream of peace and national
reconciliation.
They call themselves neutralists
and — in the face of savage
repression by Thieu at present and
the inevitable coming to power of
the PRG — they are unarmed,
unorganized and without any real
political strategy or platform.
Still, they claim to represent the
majority of South Vietnam's
people who simply want the Paris
accords to come into effect, finally.
That means a ceasefire,
restoration of all civil and political
liberties and free elections to
decide what sort of government
should take power.
It also means an end to all
foreign intervention, although
foreign doesn't mean North
Vietnamese.
Three South Vietnamese
neutralists who visited Vancouver
last week tried to explain
specifically what the Third Force
is after at a  news  conference
sponsored by the International
Committee to Free South Vietnamese Political Prisoners, a
group with strong church backing.
They were less than totally
successful, and the problem wasn't
just that they had to speak through
translators. Despite their firm
predictions that the Thieu regime
was about to crumble in their
favor, they were vague as to how
they were to act, and in what
direction.
The three were all former
political prisoners of Thieu's
Saigon regime who are now
seeking political asylum in France.
Nguyen Long, a 66-year-old
lawyer who came to Thieu's attention by defending neutralists
and PRG activists in the courtroom, said at least 200,000 people
—marise savaria photo
AUSTERE CHAP dances away another UBC noon hour to strains of music provided by campus dance club.
Rafael Sagar, science 2, is leading followed by Linda Bennett, education 3. Nobody has yet successfully
explained success of various dance clubs at UBC this year, all of which report record participation.
— most of them neutralists — are
languishing in Saigon's prisons.
He said Thieu tars the neutralists
as communists, the better to
persecute them and to prevent
them from organizing, when in fact
the Third Force opposes the PRG's
use of armed struggle.
According to Long, the Third
Force is a loose coalition of peace-
oriented pressure groups which
are more united in what they are
against (use of force, the Thieu
regime, political prisons) than in
what they specifically want. To
match their vague platform, they
have names such as Committee for
Peace in Vietnam, Association of
Students for Justice, and Lawyers
to Free All Political Prisoners.
Asked what sort of government
the neutralists would like to see,
Long said:
"Whatever the people choose,
that's what will happen. My duty
as a member of the Third Force is
to bring together both sides."
Long said North and South
Vietnam will surely be reunited,
but not in the short run.
He said that Thieu has
repeatedly violated the terms of
the peace agreement in order to
keep himself in power despite the
overwhelming antagonism of the
peqple of South Vietnam. Among
these violations were acceptance
of 25,000 American military advisers disguised as civilians, and of
$6.2 billion in military aid in the
past two years, and mass terror
tactics against the population,
including murder, torture and
imprisonment, and suppression of
all unauthorized political activities.
The mounting violence since the
Peace agreement has left an
estimated 150,000 casualties (including 27,000 killed) in defense of
the Saigon regime, and more than
100,000 casualties for the PRG.
Long, who spent a total of six
years in Thieu's jails, was asked at
the news conference whether the
PRG was violating the
agreements, too. He said he
couldn't answer because he was a
lifelong resident of Saigon and was
not familiar with the PRG-
administered areas.
However, when he was released
from jail and forcibly repatriated
to a PRG zone by the Saigon
regime (so his neutralism would be
compromised), he noted that "the
peace agreement was distributed
and widely read. In Saigon, it was
illegal to distribute copies."
Although Long's imprisonment
was unpleasant, he managed —
probably because of his
distinguished career — to avoid
rough handling. But other
neutralists weren't so lucky.
Vu Nhu Lanh, a 26-year-old
Buddhist student activist, was
imprisoned for nine months after a
big roundup of university students
and school children. He was kept in
dank and humid cells, full of bugs,
with only two paces separating the
four walls. His prison garment was
stiff with the blood and sweat of
former prisoners.
During interrogations, Lanh was
called on to denounce his
associates as communists. As he
reports to Amnesty International
in a written statement distributed
at the press conference:
"I could not agree to these absurdities, and so had to undergo all
sorts of tortures:
• Beatings: a powerful
"professional" would hit me with a
truncheon all over, including my
head and the most sensitive parts
of my body. I was covered with
bruises, and next day they would
hit me in the same places again.
At the police stations in the
District and at the police
headquarters, I was beaten on the
head and suffered violent nervous
seizures.
• Water torture: I would be
stretched out on a bench, with my
hands and feet tied to it, while four
people stood round me. One would
gag my nose and mouth while
second would pour cold and often
soapy water down them.
The third would stick his fingers
into my ribs and stomach — they
called this "turning the chicken's
stomach" — while the fourth would
threaten me in a loud voice in order
to get me to "confess."
When my stomach was swollen
with water, my torturers would sit
on me, so that all the food I had
eaten streamed out through my
mouth and nostrils. Then I feel into
a coma.
This torture was called
"draining," "stomach-washing"
or the "submarine."
• The aeroplane: with my hands
tied behind my back, they would
hang me by my feet from the
ceiling. All my blood flowed down
into my head, and my nerves
became unbearably taut. This
form of torture was called "the
aeroplane."
Occasionally, while I was
suspended in this position, a large
elastic band would be placed round
my head in such a way that it went
over my eyes, and then was
squeezed at the back of my neck.
My temples swelled with blood and
my head felt as if it would explode."
The third visiting neutralist, Ton
That Lap, 32, a music teacher,
singer and composer of patriotic
songs, escaped jail in 1973 after
three years of imprisonment. He
had originally been arrested on the
charge of composing anti-
government songs at the instigation of the communists.
But he told his jailers: "If I write
songs, it's because I believe in
peace, and no one tells me to do it."
Answers like that brought him
many beatings.
Gas gamble 'goof,' grins Grit Gordon Gibson
By DENISE CHONG
Premier Dave Barrett played
politics and lost when he took his
recent proposal to raise the price of
natural gas to Ottawa, Liberal
MLA Gordon Gibson said here
Monday.
"It's typical of B.C. premiers,
when you get into trouble
provincially,. start a war with
Ottawa," he said.
"Except this time he's come
back with an empty bag, made a
lot of enemies and not got back one
cent in return for it."
Gibson, MLA for North Van-
couver-Capilano spoke to about 30
people at a meeting sponsored by
UBC Young Liberals.
He told them Barrett's proposal
to nearly double the price of
natural gas sold to the United
States from its present price of $1
per thousand cubic feet "stirred up
a hornet's nest" between B.C. and
the U.S. and "damaged our long-
term interests."
Barrett made the proposal
without the means to enforce it,
Gibson said, which succeeded only
in upsetting the Americans and
giving rise to "outraged reaction in
Washington state and Washington,
D.C."
He said that by taking a "what
can we do to get back" attitude, the
Americans could use their "ability
to mark B.C. lumber exports
coming into the U.S." — the
"handle" they have on the
province's largest industry — and
retaliate by cutting back on B.C.
lumber exports.
"Whatever happens depends on
how made the Americans get, but
any time you pick a  fight with
somebody bigger than you, you
have to make sure you know how
the war is going to unfold," Gibson
said.
"In this case Mr. Barrett has
made us some serious enemies,
just to get him into some kind of
political issue with Ottawa.
"I suspect he was told (by the
federal government) there's no
way the price of gas was going to
be raised right now."
Gibson said Barrett's statement
that he now has the right, to look
into the gas companies' 'books
shows the premier up as "a
complete phoney," since Barrett
has had the right all along.
To a question from the floor
about the proposed price increase
being in response to higher
domestic prices in the U.S., Gibson
said Barrett's figures were quoted
from a single sale in one city in
Louisiana, and were not the
correct prices for interstate gas.
Gibson also told the audience
that his basic stance on natural
resource policy was to warn
against "the myth of rich
resources in B.C. and the idea that
you can hold the rest of the world
up with high prices."
Provincial natural resources are
generally low grade and not high
grade resources, he said, citing an
example of B.C. copper as the
lowest-grade copper mined
anywhere in the world.
Gibson criticized the provincial
government as being to "hung up
on the dogmas" and said that while
the public return from natural
resources is important, maintaining jobs should have first
priority
GIBSON .. . and mentor Page 4
THE      UBYSSEY
Tuesday, January 21, 1975
Tenure tussle
The case is a simple one.
Commerce prof John Evans has been
denied tenure because his publishing record
doesn't meet with the approval of higher-ups
in his faculty, despite the fact students agree
he is a good teacher.
This means once more the higher-ups
have set their own priorities in hiring
procedures, and students come out the
losers.
What these great higher-ups have said is
not that Evans hasn't been doing research.
He argues that he has been doing a great deal
of active research and they don't dispute
this. They merely say he hasn't been
publishing.
Not publishing means he hasn't been
putting articles in recognized journals and
magazines, and signing them with his name
and university.
That means he hasn't been bringing
good publicity to the university through
well-recognized articles. And that means
other faculty members haven't been getting
the reputation of belonging to a
well-regarde*d faculty at a well-regarded
university.
Now that's not right. We don't need
people here who are working at building up
a layer of good reputation to sit in a cloud
over Point Grey. We have fog enough already
for that.
Instead we need people who are first of
all going to be teaching us, the students, new
ideas and helping us establish even newer
ones of our own.
And then we need people who are going
to do the sort of practical and applied
research Evans says he was doing. That's
what Premier Dave Barrett has called on the
university to do - relate to the community.
And in this, at least, he's right.
So it's about time the university
realigned its priorities to take these two
important subjects into account and not
dismissed people who are good teachers and
innovative researchers.
So students should get themselves onto
the departmental committees and work for
such a change.
As commerce students have found,
tenure disputes aren't things that happen to
everyone else.
Letters
Working
women agree
Two "events" have inspired us to
write to you — the first being the
article published in Wednesday's
Ubyssey, by Jane Lemke, "A
working woman answers 'feminist'
academics." The attitudes she
writes could not be expressed in a
better way. We totally endorse all
her remarks concerning the attitude of "academics" but would
carry it over to cover the
university administration as a
whole, academic or otherwise.
Secondly, yesterday we attended
the talk given by Sylvia Gelber, the
director of the women's bureau, on
the future of women in the work
force. Her talk was quite interesting and relevant. However,
this could not be said for the vote of
thanks given afterward by Joyce
Searcy, assistant to the dean of
women. We could hardly believe
our ears as Ms. Searcy made the
remark to the effect that the battle
for women's rights is particularly
valid for university women, as the
less intelligent women have their
unions to fight for them.
We think most people must agree
with us that this remark by an
"academic" woman perfectly
exemplifies Jane Lemke's article
to the nth degree!
Joanna Ebbutt
Judy Todhunter
members of AUCE
Thanks for the letter.- Now how
about some replies from the
academic staff women — Staff.
Congrats
Congratulations to you, Jane
Lemke, for having written a fine
article (Ubyssey, Thursday, Jan.
16). It is indeed a great lesson in
the study of equality to learn that
women have as equal a capacity as
men to discriminate against
others.
I maintain that most of the
"feminist" noise we hear is
generated by women with
primarily selfish motives, using
the equality argument as a vehicle
for their personal social advancements. I also maintain that
these women receive far more
attention than they deserve.
One of the standard complaints
is that women always do the
menial jobs, and men always get
the top positions. Well, women
have no exclusive monopoly on dull
and boring jobs. I wonder how
many female academics are aware
of many of the jobs men do — jobs
like pulling lumber off a green
chain, or wrapping rolls of
newsprint, day after day, for
several years (not just a week or
two as a yappy-mouthed feminist
freedom fighter). There are
thousands of jobs that are at least
as unsatisfying and mind-stunting
as these.
The fact is, far more men end up
doing these kinds of jobs than
women. And many men choose to
endure such employment because
they feel a sense of duty, a role you
might call it, to provide for a
woman and some kids.
Yet we don't have a Men's
Studies Program on this campus.
Nor should we. And we shouldn't
have a Women's Studies Program
because it is basically
discriminatory (even in its name).
Instead, I propose that we have a
People's Studies Program,
studying all kinds of disparities
among all people in our society.
Could it be that some
"academic" feminine minds
cannot comprehend such a concept
of equality?
Yaroslav Shumuk
engineering 3
AUCE
Unfortunately, due to the
pressure involved in preparing our
second submission to the Labour
Relations Board, I don't have time
to prepare this as well as I would
like.
Mr. Gerald Haase:
With reference to your letter to
the editor of The Ubyssey,
published Jan. 16, I would like to
clarify a few points with respect to
the "student assistant" issue.
First, I must conclude that you
work less than 10 hours a week.
This is what makes you a "student
assistant" the number of hours per
week that you work.
If you work more than 10 hours
per week, regardless of whether or
not you are a student, you would
automatically be within the certification and would receive, on a
pro rata basis: statutory holidays,
compassionate leave and vacation
entitlements; after a qualifying
period you would be eligible for the
medical and dental plan; depending on the length of time you work
you would be eligible for sick leave
and maternity leave, plus you
would receive at least two weeks'
notice of discharge.
Secondly, I'm afraid you were
misinformed if you believe that the
university must pay the minimum
wage to students. A letter from the
Department of Labour, dated Feb.
4,1974, exempts students from the
minimum wage Order No. 1
(Regulation 23 (1972) >.
Thirdly, the association of
university and college employees
subscribes to the philosophy of
employees receiving the same pay
for doing the same job (with salary
increases determined by
seniority). Anything else is
discrimination.
Fourthly,  I take exception  to
THE UBYSSEY
JANUARY 21,1975
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977.
Editor: Lesley Krueger
A mirror was held up to The Ubyssey staff Monday and eibbed norraB,
noterB drawdoow, inik dlanoDcM, lluoC yraG, reguerK yelseL, pmaK red
nav ekaJ, nohskcuB kram, reruaM hplaR, nothushR guoD, gnohC esineD,
itraS boB, wolraB ssoR, eugarpS nhoJ, mahtuoS ycaN, kcabertesV IraC,
lezteT cirdeC, senraB moT, notxaS kciD, retsyL utS, airavaS esiraM, eeG
sucraM were all very impressed with what they saw.
your statement that AUCE is
making a "token attempt." This
issue has involved a great deal of
time and effort from several
people all of which takes place on
lunches, after work and on
weekends.
In other words, we think enough
of this issue to devote many hours
of our own time to it. Hardly a
token effort! Further, if we can
bring this issue to arbitration
AUCE members are prepared to
support the cost of an arbitrator
out of the union's rather limited
funds. We certainly hope this is
more than a "nice try."
Fifthly, it is quite conceivable
that several full-time workers
could be replaced by student
assistants.
Finally, the union feels that a
collective agreement which has
been agreed to by both parties
must be honored.
I hope the above will help clarify
the issue for you.
Janey Ginther,
member AUCE, local one
Resnick
Shucks! I hadn't realized the
criticial respect in which my
motion on salaries was more
conservative than that of the
Faculty Association and that Norm
Epstein's opposition, for one,
rested on such lofty moral grounds.
Well, Norman, I also happen to
think that salaries of the upper
ranks should be levelled off
relative to lower. Moreover, the
figure of 20.5 per cent that I
proposed at the faculty meeting
was a compromise between the
exorbitant demands of the salary
committee and the figure of 13-14
per cent that a combination of
inflation and any productivity
increase   suggests.   My   own   in
clination would be to aim for this
latter over-all figure.
The point I would like to stress,
however, is that I would have been
perfectly open to an amendment to
my motion that would have moved
it further in these two directions.
When I proposed figures of $1,500
plus a percentage increase I was
thinking on my feet, and did not
realize that the main reduction
from the salary committee's
demands would come in the absolute sum each faculty member
would receive. Nor was there
anything sacrosanct about the 20.5
per cent overall figure I put forward.
The right course of action in such
a case, Norman, is not to sit on
one's hands and thus in practice
lend support to what the
association was proposing. Rather,
you should have seconded my
motion and then proceeded to
amend it, e.g. $3,000 to each faculty
member and no percentage increase. Alternatively, you might
have introduced a motion of your
own to the same effect.
You did neither, which, considerably weakens the argument
you are now making. Perhaps your
motivations are above suspicion,
but I have every reason to question
the motivations of most other
faculty members present at the
meeting. Some of our 'progressive'
colleagues, for example, came up
to me afterward and rationalized
their position on the most specious
grounds. . . . "We're in an adversary position and must ask for
the maximum. . . . "I'm going on
leave next year and 60 per cent of
existing salary is not all that
much."
Philip Resnick
assistant professor
political science
Apology
Certain comments quoted in the Nov. 28 and 29,1974 editions of The
Ubyssey and two letters from Robert Marris to the editor of The
Ubyssey contained comments which might tend to cast doubts upon arts
undergraduate society Alma Mater Society representative Nancy
Carter's character.
We, the undersigned, therefore apologize for any embarrassment
caused to Nancy Carter by the publication of the letters and certain
comments contained in the news coverage and emphasize that no
malice toward her was intended by the undersigned.
Michael Sasges
Berton Woodward
Lesley Krueger
editor, The Ubyssey
Gordon Blankstein
president, AMS Tuesday, January 21, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Pag* 5
Press freedom is
freedom for elite
Anyone is free to start a paper;
all you need is millions of dollars
and innocuous opinions
By PAUL HOCH
In the past few years newspapers
have been full of story after story
of revolutionary students infringing the so-called rights of free
speech of establishment politicians
and generals.
Ironically the publishers and
commentators screaming loudest
about these heinous crimes are
precisely the people who ensure
these abused politicians have
roughly a thousand time as much
access to the official organs of
public opinion as the people
abusing them!
This article was sent to The
Ubyssey by Hoch, a philosopher
professor at Dawson College in
Montreal.
In practice, freedom of speech
and the press would seem to be
somewhat stacked. Of course,
anyone is 'free' to start a
newspaper — just as anyone is
'free' to start a chain of luxury
hotels. All you need is a few
millions and the sort of opinions
that won't antagonize any large
block of distributors or advertisers.
Similarly, anyone is 'free' to
write a book, but how much impact
does one book or one student rally
have compared to the daily dose of
millions of copies of the establishment press, radio and TV?
The call for freedom of the press
originated as part of the apparatus"
by which the developing industrial
bourgeoisie of the 18th and 19th
centuries (which controlled the
press) wrested control of society
from the landed aristocracy.
This freedom never was intended
very much for the use — or 'abuse'
reached the point where press
monopoly may be automatically
achieved by the sheer costliness of-
running a competitive paper.
Even more important, since so
much of the wealth there is being
shipped off to the metropolitan
capitalist countries, it is not
possible to use imperial-derived
profits to buy off workers'
organizations. So these proletarian
organizations — and the radical
elements of the press that would
support their interests against the
international corporate plunderers
— have often to be physically
smashed by fascist repression.
Fascism in the neo-colonial
countries is the prop which permits
monopoly capitalism to wear the
cloak of welfare liberalism at
home. Our so-called freedom of the
press is intimately dependent on
their un-freedom of the press.
For better or worse, though, as
the neo-colonial peoples in places
like Cuba, Vietnam and Chile begin
to claim the wealth of their
countries for themselves and begin
to interrupt the flow of wealth to
the monopoly capitalist
metropolises, the guise of
liberalism here will get thinner and
thinner and authoritarian
repression will begin to rain down
heavier and heavier at home.
As in Vietnam, only on a far
larger scale, we shall then have the
choice of fighting against the
people of the world for the interests
of our bosses, or fighting together
with the peoples of the world to
smash bosses everywhere. In the
last analysis, it will be socialism or
fascism.
Much the same is true in the
newspaper industry. In the days of
the 1968 Democratic Convention in
Chicago, during which reporters
"Our own editors told us that we
didn't see what we really saw
under those blue helmets."
—of common men. In fact, in most
cases where radical publications
appeared, they were quite quickly
dealt with by bribery and intimidation of editors, stamp taxes,
or even smashings of presses and
jailings.
It is only comparatively recently
that the centralization and
costliness of the press, and of
corporate activity generally, has
reached the point where radicals
could be more or less excluded
from the mainstream publicity
organs by the high costs of
operating them alone. So now there
is much less need for direct suppression.
Nevertheless in our own time, we
have seen the publisher of the
American National Guardian
deported, the editors of the British
magazine Oz jailed, the International Times fined, the
Canadian newspapers Georgia
Straight and Prairie Fire stripped
of funds, as well as a whole series
of raids on the underground press
generally.
Most of these facts remain more
or less unknown to readers of the
establishment press, most of whom
have been taught to believe that
freedom of the press gives them
the power to start a big city
newspaper.
Of course, in most countries of
the neo-colonial world, the
development and centralization of
a native media system has  not
and photographers were
repeatedly clubbed by police along
with demonstrators, serious
friction boiled up between working
journalists and their publishers.
As one reporter put it: "Our own
editors told us that we didn't see
what we really saw under those
blue helmets." He added that the
publishers had made them take it
"like slaves".
But even slaves can rebel.
Shortly thereafter, an Association
of Working Press was formed in
Chicago, without any connections
to that old CIA favourite the
American Newspaper Guild, and
the monthly Chicago Journalism
Review began appearing
regularly. Month in and month out,
the review carried stories (under
some of the best-known bylines in
the city) about the sexist and racist
treatment of news, suppression of
stories, censorship and
authoritarian treatment of
working journalists, kid-gloves
treatment of big business and the
cosy relationships between the
newspapers and Mayor Daley's
city machine. Similar reviews
have sprung up in many other
American cities.
"It is time," wrote newsman
Nathan Blumberg in the Montana
Journalism Review in 1969, "for
recognition of the stark, naked but
almost never spoken truth that
hundreds — perhaps thousands —
of reporters and even copy editors
who draw their pay from the orthodox press are disgusted with the
policies of their employers."
Meanwhile, associations of black
journalists have been started in
Chicago, New York, San Francisco, Washington and a score of
other American cities in order to
sensitize newspaper publishers to
the role of their papers in fostering
racism and excluding black
journalists from jobs.
In 1970, when black New York
Times reporter Earl Caldwell was
ordered to bring all his tapes and
interviews with Black Panther
leaders before a federal grand
jury, 70 of America's leading black
journalists ran a full page advertisement throughout the black
press declaring that:
The role of every black news
man and woman has been put into
question — Are we government
agents? Will we reveal confidential
sources if supoenaed? Can our
employers turn over our files,
notes, or tapes if we object? We do
not intend to be used as spies, informers, or undercover agents by
anybody — period! We will protect
our confidential sources, using
every means at our disposal . . .
We are black journalists attempting to interpret, with as great
understanding and truth as is
possible, the nation's social
revolutions.
The October 15, 1969 Vietnam
Moratorium initiated a new thrust
of American journalists toward
taking anti-establishment positions
on vital political issues and seeking
to have those positions implemented in their papers.
More than 300 New York Times
employees demanded (and were
refused) the use of an auditorium
for an anti-war meeting. Outside
the Times building another 150
Times staff held a silent vigil and
marched to a rally of writers and
reporters nearby.
Petitions demanding observance
of Moratorium Day were also
turned in by staff members at
Time, Newsweek and the Wall
Street Journal. At Newsweek,
more than two hundred employees
boycotted work that day. An article
in the Wall Street Journal coyly
noted that journalists at various
publications had insisted on
discussions with management on
"the role of employees in editorial
policy."
The same process was going
forward in Europe, with journalists and printworkers participating in a series of strikes and
collective action to win greater
control of editorial policy-making.
Major disputes flared up at Der
Stern (often called West Germany's version of Life) and at
France's Le Figaro, L'Express
and Le Monde. On paper at least,
Le Monde's staff has achieved a
substantial degree of control over
editorial and policy-making
decisions — including a veto over
the future sale of the paper — as
well as a 40% share in the profits.
There has also been a tremendous amount of organizing activity
by women writers and researchers
bent on opening up more editorial
and managerial positions to
women. There was a women's
liberationist inspired sit-in at
McCall's magazine, confrontations
at the New York Post and
Newsweek, and even at many of
the glossier organs of the underground press (with The Rat, for
example, being taken over entirely
by women).
The cultural-political revolution
in the news media has even spread
to the American Newspaper Guild,
which for the first time in many
years had begun to deal with
questions that go beyond salaries
and fringe benefits for its members, such as the contents of
newspapers, control over editorial
policy-making and the rights of
journalists in their off-the-job
activities.
The struggle for staff control
over editorial policy-making
reached its most intense points
during the spring 1968 upheaval in
France and the Autumn 1970 crisis
in Quebec.
In April, 1970, the London branch
of the British National Union of
Journalists, representing the 15,000
people who actually write Britain's
national papers, voted not to report
the South Africa v. Britain cricket
matches. Immediately, the Top
Brass of the London Times, Daily
Mirror and other official organs
started screaming about this intolerable infringement of freedom
of the press. They meant of course
THEIR freedom of the press, the
freedom of a handful of publishers
and senior editors to dictate the
contents of our newspapers. An
NUJ offical had to point out to
them that the people who write and
produce the papers are the press,
and that to talk of these people
violating press freedom is simply
nonsense.
Two months later the whole
issue was once again back in the
headlines — certain London
printworkers had refused to print
newspaper stories attacking them
and their union and giving lopsided
accounts of the developments that
ultimately led to a national
newspaper strike.
Once again the handful of men
who think of freedom of the press
as their personal property claimed
that the thousands of people who
put out the papers were violating
press freedom.
In fact, the printworkers,
journalists and the public
generally are only beginning to
take press freedom back into their
own hands and out of the hands of
that small oligarchy of
millionaires who have treated the
newspapers as more or less their
private baronial estates. It will be
a difficult struggle, but the road
ahead is clear.
TEACHERS
School District No. 57 Prince George, serving the residents of
British Columbia's largest and fastest growing interior community
has openings as of September 1975 for teachers and
administrators covering a broad range of the educational
curriculum.
These positions, both in the city of Prince George and in the
surrounding communities of MacKenzie, McBride and Valemount
offer the new graduate the challenge and the opportunity of
becoming involved immediately within the educational
framework of this growing interior region.
Situated in the heart of British Columbia's forest industry these
openings offer not only rewarding professional careers but also
provide an environment conducive to diverse outdoor recreation.
Prince George is the centre of some of the world's finest big game
hunting and trout fishing areas. Housing has expanded to meet
the new demands and property taxes in the City of Prince George
and surrounding areas are amongst the lowest in the province.
If you have a desire to take part in the growth and development
of North Central British Columbia and would like to learn more
about these positions you are invited to call Mrs. J. Chose of the
Teacher Employment Service, B.C. School Trustees Association,
1095 Howe Street, Vancouver, telephone 682-2881.
Appointments will be arranged with the recruiting staff of School
District No. 57 Prince George, who will be in Vancouver on
January 29, 30, and 31 and February 1st.
CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION OFFICE
SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 57
1891 - 6th Avenue
PRINCE GEORGE, BRITISH COLUMBIA
V2M 1L7    563-3694 Page 6
THE      UBYSSEY
Tuesday, January 21, 1975
Hot flashes
Aggie week
rolls on
Watch out for cows on the
road in the next few days.
That's right, it's Aggie week,
complete with goldfish eating, egg
throwing and keg rolling.
Things begin harmlessly
enough Wednesday when the
farmers will sell apples on campus
to raise money for the Crippled
Children's Hospital in Vancouver.
Apples are sold for donation.
Things start to pick up
Thursday at noon when the
undergraduate society will
sponsor "cultural activities"
including a bale throw, goldfish
eating, boat races and an attempt
Tween
classes
TODAY
SHITO-RYU  KARATE*
Practice, 7 p.m., SUB 207.
CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
G. A. Robatov on Soviet foreign
policy        and Soviet-Canadian
relations, 8:15 p.m., Grosvenor
Hotel.
GERMAN CLUB
Meet for conversational practice.
First and second year students are
encouraged to attend, 7 p.m.,
International House.
HILLEL HOUSE
Free lunch for Hillel members, and
CUJS elections, noon.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MINISTRIES
Dr. Bill Hordern speaks on "The
Church — A Caring Community or
Guardian of Public Morality?",
noon, SUB 207 and 7:30 p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
PRE-MED SOCIETY
Dr. Nancy Schwartz on Nutrition
and Disease, noon IRC 1.
NEWMAN CLUB
Meeting, noon, SUB 105B.
UBC WOMEN'S OFFICE
Talk by Dr. Pepper Schwartz
"Bisexuality — a study of Social
Identity" at 7:30 p.m., blue room
of Arts One Building. Required
donation of 50 cents.
CHARISMATIC CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Weekly fellowship, noon,
Conference Room of Lutheran
Campus Centre.
IMMRAM DANCE GROUP
Free performance of
Contemporary Dance, noon and
8-10 p.m., SUB Art Gallery.
CONTEMPORARY DANCE
CLUB OF UBC
Free class in Modern Dance
Technique taught by Linda Rabin,
teacher and coreographer, 2 p.m.,
SUB party room.
KAYAK & CANOE CLUB
General meeting about Ski
Organization, noon SUB 212.
WEDNESDAY
C.U.E.
Dorothy Smith and students from
the    women's     studies     program,
noon,     Mildred    Brock    Lounge,
Brock Hall.
UBC TELETHON DRIVE
Meeting, noon, education 1006.
S.I.M.S.
Group meditation, announcements,
noon, seminar room g-41, IRC.
MUSIC DEPARTMENT
Concert of music by UBC faculty
composers Liang, Wilson,
Weisgarber, Douglas, Wison and
Shearer, noon, recital hall, music
building.
THURSDAY
MUSIC DEPARTMENT
University wind chamber
ensembles and university concert
band concert, Sheila Hardy, piano
soloist, noon and 8 p.m., recital
hall, music building.
HISTORY STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Historical   beverage night,  8  p.m.,
SUB 212.
UBC KARAT!; CLUB
Practice, 7:30 p.m., gym E, winter
sports complex.
PRE-SOCIAL WORK CLUB
Tuesday meeting rescheduled for
today. Speakers on New Haven
Correctional Centre, persons
interested in a tour of Riverview
please attend, noon, SUB 119.
CHINESE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Fruitful living on campus, noon,
SUB 205.
DE MOLAY CLUB OF UBC
Floating meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Airport   Hyatt   Hotel,   Richmond.
ED 5
Free showing of the , film
"Conrack" starring Jon Voight,
10:30 a.m., SUB theatre.
MUSIC DEPARTMENT
Concert by UBC concert band and
wind ensembles, noon and 8:00
p.m.,   recital   hall,  music building.
to   break  the world's record for
the egg throw.
Friday, things literally get
rolling. The keg roll is a
no-holds-barred race across the
SUB plaza with, as the aggies put,
it, "a keg of empty beer." Also
featured is the Great Race,
starting at noon from the
MacMillan building and ending at
SUB with six pit stops between.
Help wanted
A conference will be held
Thursday at SFU for those
interested in helping a group of
handicapped people get involved
in the media.
The conference will be held
at 7:30 p.m. in the East
Concourse Cafeteria at SFU.
If you can provide
transportation for the
handicapped, call 684-8494 and
ask for Charles Bies.
Publi€ TV
Herschel Hardin, president of
the Association for Public
Broadcasting in B.C. will speak
Wednesday on New Channels —
The Fight For Public Broadcasting
at noon at International House.
Hardin's talk will cover the
current fight for Channel 10, the
last channel in the Lower
Mainland, who will get new TV
licences in B.C. and for what
purpose, and how non-commercial
TV can be made to happen.
Gun talk
The secret defences
Vancouver employed during the
Second World War will be
discussed today by Professor
Peter Moogk of the history
department in a talk entitled "The
Guns of Vancouver."
The illustrated lecture will be
given at noon in Buchanan 104.
Rip off
Tape deck ripper-offer, have a
heart.
Vancouver Tape Books for
the Blind and Handicapped, a
little known but hardworking
organization in Brock Hall 116,
had its prize tape deck stolen at
the weekend.
The organization, which tapes
books read aloud for the blind,
can't afford to replace the set
which is its most sophisticated
piece of equipment.
No questions asked.
HELP YOURSELF!
FREE SELF-HELP
WORKSHOPS TO
INCREASE YOUR SKILLS
WORKSHOP 1 - EFFECTIVE STUDY HABITS
Four one hour sessions on developing
more efficient methods of study.
WORKSHOP 2 - EFFECTIVE ESSAY WRITING
Eight one  hour sessions to improve
your essay writing skills.
WORKSHOP 3 - "GETTING ALONG"
A workshop to explore attitudes and
feelings toward ourselves and others.
These free programs are designed to help students
develop skills. All workshops commence the week of
January 27th. Sign up NOW since limited enrollment.
The Office of Student Services
Ponderosa Annex F
SPONSORED BY THE OFFICE OF STUDENT SERVICES IN
CO-OPERATION WITH THE DEAN OF WOMEN'S OFFICE.
IT'S HERE AT LAST!
a subfilmsoc presentation
A Rim by
T A KJ Luis Bunuel
"THE
23-26      DISCREET
CHARM
OF THE
BOURGEOISIE"
Please show A.M.S. card
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UBYSSEY
CLASSIFIED luesaay, January ~z\,  iy/0
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 7
Hoopers 'predictably' win four
By CARL VESTERBACK
Predictable. That was the
common quality to the four games
played by UBC's basketball teams
Friday and Saturday against the
University of Saskatchewan.
Friday's games were both
laughers for UBC.
The Thunderettes walked over
the Huskiettes 73-39. UBC held a
clear edge in every department,
dominating Saskatchewan under
the boards and penetrating to the
basket almost at will.
Carol Turney, as usual, led UBC,
in scoring with 21 points. Kathy
Burdett, despite a shot more
erratic than usual, finished with 16
points.
The Thunderettes rode a streak
of incredible shooting Friday to
rout the mismatched Huskies 100-
64. Steve Pettifer scored 31 for
UBC, and at one point scored so
many baskets in a row from the
same spot that it seemed the fans
were viewing a series of television
replays.
The 'Birds dominated the
rebounding statistics as well. Bob_
Dunlop, Mike McKay, and Pettifer'
almost completely blocked the
Saskatchewan players away from
the boards. This control led to a
number of baskets on fast breaks.
Ralph Turner, with 15 points, and
Bob Dunlop and Mike McKay, each
with 12, were other scorers for
UBC.
The Saturday game was similar
to Friday's for the Thunderettes.
Saskatchewan didn't have the
talent to stay close. They had no
good outside shooters, and couldn't
penetrate well enough to get points _
STEVE PETTIFER lays in easy two points in front of Craig Anderson (22) of Saskatchewan as Mike McKay
(24) of UBC looks on. UBC won Saturday game 89-77 to move into third place in Canada W^est standings.
Hockey 'Birds drop three
A weary Thunderbird hockey team arrived back in
Vancouver at 1:30 a.m. Monday following three
disappointing weekend losses.
"We lost three games," said assistant coach Bert
Halliwell, "but we're sure not losers."
"We weren't physically strong enough to make use
of our opportunities," he said referring to the bout of
flu that sidelined most of the team for the previous
week's practices.
"We just did everything a half second too slow."
The 'Birds came into Edmonton Saturday night,
after dropping two games to the lowly, but improving, University of Saskatchewan, 3-1 and 5-1.
Bill Ennos and Sean Boyd gave UBC a 2-0 lead only
to have Jim Ofrim score for Alberta to close out the
first period.
Clark Jantzie then evened the score at 7:40 of the
second period. Brian DeBiasio took a Brian Penrose
pass four minutes later to give UBC their last lead.
With the 'Birds outplaying and outhustling the
Alberta side in the third period Rod Hare and Bruce
Brill took two questionable penalties 12 seconds apart
to give Alberta the two-man advantage.
Jim Lawrence led the UBC penalty killers in
stopping the Golden Bear attack until Clark Jantzie
got his second of the afternoon to tie the score at 3-3.
That was the turning point of an otherwise UBC
dominated game as Alberta took control. Golden
Bear Howard Crosley got the winner at 9:40 on what
appeared to be an offside pass.
"We should have won," said coach Bob Hindmarch.
"We hustled like hell. I was proud of the team despite
the loss."
Friday and Saturday's games saw the 'Birds face
an almost unbeatable Huskie goalie, Kevin
Migneault. He faced a total of 90 shots in the two
games allowing only two goals.
Brian Penrose and Bob Sperling were the only
marksmen for the 'Birds. Sperling and Gerry Band
missed Friday's game while recovering from the flu.
The three losses left the 'Birds two points behind
the University of Calgary in the race for the second
and final playoff spot.
in close.
UBC, on the other hand, had the
height to shoot in close and the
accuracy to shoot from the outside
when they had to. It was enough to
allow them to post a 68-36 win, and
established them in first place with
a 9-1 record, followed closely by
UVic. Saskatchewan, now 6-4,
appears to be out of the playoff
race.
The Thunderbirds had a harder
time of it in Saturday's game, and
were trailing 64-58 with about eight
minutes left in the second half.
UBC wasn't shooting as well as on
Friday, and Roger Ganes of
Saskatchewan was scoring in close
over McKay and Dunlop, and
challenging UBC's control of the
boards.
The 'Birds snapped out of their _
lethargic mood, however, and
outscored Saskatchewan 17-8 over
the next few minutes to establish a
permanent lead. Four key free
throws by Ken Bowman and a
breakaway basket by Chris
Trumpy sent UBC ahead for good..
The UBC scoring was well
balanced. Ralph Turner led with 23
points, followed by Pettifer with 20
and Mike McKay with 19.
The 'Birds are now alone in third
place with a 6-4 record. Calgary
and Alberta split their two games
on the weekend, with the result
that the 'Birds left Calgary behind
in fourth place with a 5-5 record,
and gained on Alberta (7-3). UVic
(10-2) leads the league.
Jock shorts
The UBC men's swimming team was defeated by the University of
Puget Sound by a score of 63-48 in their dual meet last Saturday.
Dean Christie finished second in both the one and three meters diving
competitions.
*      *      *
Claudia Croner, competing with the UBC women's swimming team
at the Wilson's High School Seniors meet, came in second in the 50 yards
freestyle. *      »      *
The wrestlers, after beating Green River College last Thursday,
travelled south over the weekend and came back with two more victories against American colleges.
They beat Pacific Lutheran College 26J16 and Seattle Pacific College
27-16. *       *       *
The women women gymnasts were beaten 99-62 by the strong Seattle
Pacific College.
The four newcomers, Masha Bruce, Gloria Wright, Cheryle
Eshleman and Sigrid Regehr together with the two veterans, Cara Le
Neal and Kari Micheliysch, will return to Seattle for a dual meet against
University of Seattle this weekend.
The UBC Ski Club
is offering
SKI LESSONS
CHEAP
COME TO THE GENERAL MEETING TODAY
ANGUS 110, NOON
ATTENTION CHEMISTS!
Have you ever heard of Trent University?
If you haven't; well, Trent is a small but good university
on a beautiful campus in a small city about 80 miles
northeast of Toronto.
If you have, you've probably heard nice things about
the rather personal attention Trent gives its undergraduates.
But have you ever considered doing graduate work at
Trent? Perhaps you should. Why not drop a line to the
Chemistry Chairman, Trent University, Peterborough,
Ontario? Or phone him at (705) 748-1505. You'll probably be glad you did.
FOR THE ABSOLUTE LATEST
IN EYEWEAR
LOOK TO . . .
Prescription Optical
Because — when you look good
So do we . . .
EYEWEAR WITH A FLAIR
STUDENT DISCOUNTS
•—aaa—aaaaaaaaiaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaajaaaagaaaaaaaajal Page 8
THE      UBYSSEY
Tuesday, January 21, 1975
For U.S. Air Force
Nazi war doctor works
NEW YORK (LNS-CUP) — Last
September, the U.S. immigration
and naturalization service (INS)
quietly removed the name of Dr.
Hubertus Strughold from its list of
"Reported Nazi War Criminals
Living in the U.S."
Although Strughold is one of the
most notorious Nazi war criminals
still living, the INS also forwarded
apologies to Strughold for the
"embarrassment" he had suffered
by being characterized as a "war
criminal."
Since 1947, Strughold had been
employed by the U.S. Air Force
and had been the head of NASA's
aerospace medical division until
his retirement in 1968. He is fondly
known in the aerospace program
as the "Father of U.S. Space
Medicine" and is the only person
ever to be employed by the Air
Force academy as a "Professor of
Space Medicine."
Strughold held similar sounding
positions and titles in Nazi Germany. From 1934-1945 he was the
head of Germany's Institute for
Aviation Medicine.
As institute director, Strughold
was responsible for medical experiments conducted on thousands
of prisoners held in the Dachau
concentration camp from 1942-
1944. Some of these experiments
are told in grisly detail in William
Shirer's "Rise and Fall of the
Third Reich" and in Alexander
Mitscherlich's "Doctors of Infamy." The victims were mainly
Jewish and gypsy concentration
camp prisoners and Russian
prisoners of war.
Hundreds of these experiments,
conducted by the aviation institute,
ended in the agonizing deaths of
"research subjects" and they
resembled sadistic executions
rather than the "scientific experiments" Strughold and others
later said they were.
According to the Nuremburg
War Crimes Tribunal, more than
200 Dachau prisoners died as a
result of testing in the "sky ride
machine" which simulated atmospheric conditions of high
altitude flights. Prisoners were
subjected to low pressure and
limited oxygen conditions, while
the Nazi scientists recorded the
victim's   reactions   as   well   as
"medical data."
Another project carried out by
the institute was the freezing of
prisoners who were either left
outdoors during winter or emersed
in tanks of ice cold water. About 90
Dachau prisoners froze to death in
these experiments, and over 200
others who had survived the
freezing were executed immediately afterward so that
"autopsies" could be performed.
Strughold's pet project,
however, was experimenting with
the "potability of sea water."
Scores of Dachau victim who died
in these 1944 tests were forced to
drink sea water under various
conditions. Documents from the
Nuremburg trials indicate that
Strughold was directly responsible
for these particular tests.
Ostensibly, the experiments
were done in the interests of
German pilots who were shot down
over the icy water of the North Sea.
Strughold had stressed on many
occasions the importance of
"medical experimentation" to
save the lives of these pilots.
Besides the Dachau experiments
conducted under Strughold's
supervision, Strughold was also
well aware of other experiments
conducted on concentration camp
prisoners. Although he later said
he was not aware of these experiments Until after 1945, German
medical society proceedings show
that he regularly discussed the
results of tests done on prisoners
who were injected with malaria,
typhus and other virulent serums.
Hundreds of thousands of these
prisoners died as a result of
epidemics caused by these injections.
Although Strughold was initially
slated to stand trial at Nuremburg
in 1946, his name was mysteriously
removed from the list of defendents of the 1946-47 "Doctor
Trials." It was later revealed that
Strughold had been secretly employed at the time of the trials by
the U.S. Air Force's Aero Medical
Centre as a "scientific
collaborator."
Other doctors who were under
Strughold's supervision did stand
trial   at   Nuremburg:    Siegfried
Ruff, Hans Romberg and George
Weltz. The military tribunals found
the three "gravely implicated . . .
in dastardly crimes against
humanity," but for unexplained
reasons the doctors were acquitted
in 1947. Immediately afterward,
Ruff, Romberg and Weltz also
found jobs in the U.S. Air Force as
medical advisers.
Ruff stated that like Strughold,
he had been employed as a
"medical collaborator of the Aero
Medical Centre of the U.S. Air
Force" since 1945, that is, shortly
before the Nuremburg trialff
started. Ruff later became a
medical officer in the West German Air Force and now holds a top
level position in the NATO command.
Strughold was brought to the
U.S. by the U.S. Air Force in 1947
after testifying on behalf of
suspected war criminals at
Nuremburg. In the U.S. he set up
the department of space medicine
at Randolph Air Force Base and
perfected low pressure chambers
and other space capsule simulators
which were developed versions of
the experimental machines used at
Dachau. He became a naturalized
citizen in 1956.
Currently, Strughold is a consultant at the Brooks Air Force
Base in Texas, where he now lives.
All attempts to contact him are
frustrated by NASA officials who
themselves refuse to comment on
the matter. A number of congress
people are said to have been
quietly working on his behalf to get
his name clear as the war
criminal, the most instrumental of
these being Henry Gonzalez (D-
Texas).
Powerful conservative senators
James Eastland and John Stennis
were also supporters of Strughold's
efforts to exonerate himself as a
war criminal.
Other top Nazi war criminals
have been harbored for many
years by the U.S. Air Force and the
NASA program, including Dr.
Werner von Braun, who for many
years headed the NASA test flight
program. It is estimated by some
sources that 137 Nazi war
criminals currently reside in the
U.S.
LEFT COAST REVIEW
wants
U.B.C. Student Submissions
The Arts Undergrad is publishing the 3rd annual edition
of the Left Coast Review. Interested people should
bring their poetry, prose, essays, drawings, brass
rubbings, photographs and/or picture puzzles to
Buchanan 107 as soon as possible. People who want to
help put the magazine together should get here even
sooner. Do not be left out in the cold Canadian winter
of anonymity. Start writing, scribbling and rhyming
today.
Attention
All Students
NOTICE OF
ELECTIONS
The election date of the
Executive of the Students'
Council for 1975-76 will be
Wednesday, February 5, 1975
with advance polls being on
Tuesday,  February 4, 1975.
The positions open will be:
President
Vice-President
Internal Affairs Officer
External Affairs Officer
Secretary
Treasurer
Co-ordinator of Activities
Ombudsperson
NOMINATIONS for these positions will be received from 9:00 A.M.
Wednesday, January 22, 1975 to close of nominations which will be 12:00
P.M. Thursday, January 30, 1975.
Nomination and eligibility forms can be obtained and shall be returned to
the office of the A.M.S. Executive Secretary, room 246, S.U.B. Election
rules will be available at the above location also.
Gordon Blankstein,
President.
The Shinny Canadian,
Ifeatf
MolSoH
'CANADIAN
Molson Canadian.
Brewed right here in B.C.

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