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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 28, 1975

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Array From Kniaht's department
Dailly sacks five more
VICTORIA — Education
minister Eileen Dailly announced
Thursday the firing of five
education department research
officers, closing the research and
development office once headed by
Stanley Knight.
The closure climaxes a 2-1/2
month-long "war of attrition"
between Dailly and her deputy
minister Jack Fleming and the
research division after Knight was
fired in mid-January.
Dailly said she fired the five at
Fleming's request but would not
say why they were dismissed or
Stories by
why the research department is
being closed.
But, she said, the department's
closure does not mean research
funding will stop and said further
"developmental research" will
Knight said in an interview
Thursday: "Concepts of equity,
literacy, community involvement
and reform of educational affairs
are now forgotten.
"Dailly has come into the grip of
the bureaucrats," he said.
Knight said the research
department was closed because
officials, including Fleming, were
afraid of his implementation of
collective staff decision making
and his rejection of a line-order
hierarchy within the education
Secretaries and other division
support staff members were told
Thursday to pack their bags for
transfer today to other departments.
By closing time Thursday the
research and development offices
were almost completely deserted.
Jean Burgess, one of the fired
Vol. LVI, No. 56 VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY, 28, 1975
researchers, said Thursday the
five agreed not to comment on the
dismissals until after a meeting
with B.C. Government Employees'
Union representatives today.
"We are going to decide whether
we will speak out on this individually or whether we're going
to let the union speak for us," she
Knight said the five researchers
were not only axed in a manner
similar to his firing — with no
direct advance notice — but that
they also suffered "intolerable
pressure" while waiting for their
fates to be decided.
He said "one fired researcher was
sent to the Queen Charlotte Islands
late last week and suddenly called
back Thursday to receive her
dismissal notice.
Researchers fired were: Jack
Hutton, Marguerite Reed
Burgess, Ken Novakowski and
George Smith.
All were on the final day on a six-
month probation required under
the Public Service Act.
Thursday's announcement is the
end of a series of political tur-
under attack.
novers in the education department which started last year with
the hiring of education reformer
John Bremer.
After bringing forward working
Seepage 16: ACTION
Dailly snubs Ubyssey
VICTORIA (Staff) — Education minister Eileen Dailly refused to
speak to a Ubyssey reporter Thursday because of an article he
wrote last September.
She said the feature, by Mark Buckshon, in The Ubyssey's first
issue "was one of the most despicable pieces of journalism I've
ever seen" and asked for a retraction.
The article was based on an August, 1974 interview by Buckshon
and concluded with the statement: "Maybe Dailly's telling the
"But maybe not. She doesn't seem to be sure herself."
The feature also mentioned criticism of the minister by two NDP
provincial party meetings and the daily press.
Dailly said Thursday, in the presence of other reporters outside
the legislative chambers, "If you look at that article, you'll find in
one place, you came close to saying I was lying.
"I can't accept that. I don't want to talk to you if that is the sort of
thing you are going to do."
Buckshon, a second-year reporter, was in Victoria to cover the
1975-76 B.C. government budget due for release this afternoon.
Dailly had earlier met Buckshon outside the press gallery and
had refused an interview then — in a less angry tone.
Today's gov't budget
important for campuses
—marise savaria photo
THE GREAT DETROIT ALARM CLOCK RACE brought first and fourth prizes to these mechanical
engineering students. Using a windup alarm clock, three wire coat hangers, five paper clips, 20 feet of cotton
kite string, one straight pin and glue, the students constructed a clock racer that went exactly 206 feet from
point A to point B. Seventeen engineering schools arrived at the competition in Detroit Tuesday with their
versions of the model, but (left to right) Ric Pow, Dave Forsyth and Ed Wong took the first and $300.
Admin seeks housing act exemption
VICTORIA (Staff) — It appears
this year's provincial government
budget, to be made public today
and discussed next week, will be
one of restraint but not necessarily
The government is leaking clues
that "economic conditions" are
forcing expenditure restraints, but
at the same time it is suggesting
The UBC administration has
applied to the provincial cabinet
for an exemption for proposed
residence rent increase from
ceilings of the Landlord and
Tenant Act, provincial rentalsman
Barrie Clark said Thursday.
But administration housing head
Leslie Rohringer denied in an
interview that UBC has applied for
an exemption.
Clark said in an interview the
attorney general's office has
requested from him an opinion on
the university's application for an
Clark said he sent the attorney-
general's office an opinion on the
matter Wednesday but he declined
to disclose the contents of the
"There must be some sort of
misunderstanding," Rohringer
The provincial rentalsman is not
responsible for determining the
legality of the housing administration's policies, he added.
"We have maintained our
opinion that we are not under the
Landlord and Tenant Act."
Rohringer said the residence
administration has requested a
provincial rent review board
opinion on the legality of the
proposed rent increases.
"But this does not prejudice our
position, he said.
Rohringer said he thinks the
attorney-general's request for an
opinion from the rentalsman is in
connection with an inquiry by the
department on how the act applies
to specific types of housing such as
nursing homes and university
Clark said he will receive a
report early next week on the
status of the university residences
under the act.
A  spokesman in the attorney-
general's office said Thursday he
knows nothing of the matter.
The controversy follows the
housing administration proposal
that residence rents be increased
next year by more than 18 per cent.
The Landlord and Tenant Act
limits annual rent increases to 10.6
per cent.
At the same time, Rohringer
defended the proposed  increase.
"Even with these increases we
will have one of the cheapest
rates," he said.
UBC is the only university in
Canada which has opened the
books for its housing administration to the students,
Rohringer said.
He said students in resident
finance committees have
examined residence costs in a
series of meetings.
"Most students feel that they
prefer not being under the act,"
Rohringer claimed.
He said he thinks the ren-
talsman's jurisdiction only covers
individual cases and his recommendations will not bind the
housing administration except
under such cases.
A ruling affecting the UBC
residences would affect all the
university and community college
residences in the province,
Rohringer claimed.
Rohringer said a request for an
exemption from the rent increases
could not come from elsewhere in
the UBC administration.
Meanwhile, a petition to premier
Dave Barrett demanding government subsidies to lessen the impact
of the proposed rent hikes has
gathered more than 750 signatures
in Totem Park and Place Vanier.
The petition was started Feb. 12
by Michael Milko, marine biology
3, and Doug Oliver, education 2.
Both are resident students living in
Place Vanier.
money will be provided to existing
projects at a rate that will keep up
with inflation.
But government spokesmen are
also saying current projects are
being carefully studied for any
waste and redundancy.
Education minister Eileen Dailly
said Wednesday expenditures
won't be further reduced in most
areas this year and will only be
increased to meet inflation.
She made the comment after
meeting with about 150 teachers
who came to Victoria protesting
her earlier announcement that the
pupil-teacher ration reduction
program is being suspended due to
poor economic conditions.
Last year the NDP started a
three-year program to reduce the
student-teacher ratio from 21.5 to
17 students per teacher. Dailly
said, "It is simply not responsible"
to put more teachers into the
school system at this time.
"I think any reasonable person
will agree that in the short period
of time this government has been
in office we have done everything
we possibly could to improve
education in the province by way of
financial assistance to all levels of
education, by observing that other
segments of our society — the sick,
the aged and the poor — also have
legitimate claims upon our
financial resources," Dailly said.
Both human resources minister
Norm Levi and health minister
See page 16: GLOOM Page 2
Friday, February 28,  1975
In two recent assaults
RCMP seek attackers
Police are seeking information
on men believed responsible for
two recent attempted rapes on
RCMP Const. Gary McCormick
said Thursday the first incident
occurred late last Jan. 29 when a
woman was attacked by a man
while she was entering her car on
Southwest Marine Drive.
A bystander, hearing the
women's screams rushed to the
woman's aid, but her assailant
escaped after a brief struggle with
the second man.
The suspect is described as a
white male, 22-24 years old, 6'3"
with a clean complexion, a straight
brown moustache and dark brown
wavy hair. He was wearing gold
wire-rimmed glasses which he
dropped during the struggle and
could have facial injuries as a
result of the fight with the other
Another police spokesman said
the second attempted rape occurred 9:45 p.m. Wednesday at
Sedgewick library, when a woman
was forced into a nearby car by
two men.
The woman, who was threatened
with a knife, was later released on
Dalhousie Avenue. She described
the car as a small black or blue car
similar to a Toyota with a black
The university RCMP detachment is asking anyone with information regarding either incident to contact them immediately at 2137 Allison or by
phoning 224-1322.
Fed starts 'LG strike fund
for picket-bound workers
The B.C. Federation of Labor
has asked affiliated unions to
contribute to a defense fund to
support striking workers at radio
station CkLG.
B.C. Fed researcher Ron
Johnson said Thursday the Fed is
collecting the money in anticipation of a prolonged and
escalated struggle between CKLG
management and strikers.
"We are getting ready for an
intensified battle if CKLG strikers
are not able to receive satisfaction
from management."
Johnson said the defense fund
might be used to finance strike
benefits if the striking Canadian
Union of Public Employees Local
686 runs out of money to pay its
members interim salaries.
"We are ready to help the
strikers in whatever way we can."
The fund could also pay for court
costs or advertising costs Local 686
might incur during the strike,
Johnson said.
Local 686 business agent Richard
Hughes said strikers would
welcome support from the B.C.
Fed, adding he will meet with the
federation Friday to discuss further assistance to the strike.
last left Ad Man in this tiny blorg
region beating his chest about the
greatness of the Daily Blah.
Having just demounted his Pinto,
Ad Man raised his hand to his
forehead and searched for his
stable person.
Suddenly, around the corner
whirled Dizzy Lizzy,
International Women's Year-
What is being achieved?
Speakers from:
1) United Nations Association
2) Secretary of State's Department,
3) Vancouver Status of Women
at International House
Monday March 3-12:30 -1:30
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
[(Opp. Liquor Store and Super Valuj)J
Art Reproductions
Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs & Prints
Jokes-Gifts, etc.
"We need money," he said. "We
are all out of work and we need
money to live. It has been very,
very obvious that labor organizations are behind this strike."
Take notice that the Student Court is investigating
into the matter of the question of the ballot used in
the last election to fill the position of Ombudsperson.
Persons desiring to give evidence in this matter are
directed to the hearing to be held at 10:30 A.M. the
7th day of March, 1975 in S.U.B. 205.
Suspected attacker
A Conference on
Student Union Building, UBC, Party Room
Friday, Feb. 28th—7:30-10:30 p.m.
Saturday, March 1st—9:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m,
Panels and workshops on social democracy, economic policies,
trade unions, natural resources, education, health, law, and
Speakers from B.C., Manitoba, and Saskatchewan.
Call for Nominations:
Nominations Close at Graduate Student
Centre Office, 5 p.m. Friday 28th Feb.
(Nomination Forms Available at Graduate Student Centre Office)
Election will be held Friday, March 7.
Player's filter cigarettes.
A taste you can call your own.
-    ' m        >m\*^ *     -%_ I
Warning: Health and Welfare Canada advises that danger to health increases with amount smoked-avoid inhaling. Friday, February 28,  1975
Page 3
'Hunger alleviated by revolution'
If you examine the Chinese
model, it looks like a revolution,
and not technology, is what is
needed to feed the world's people, a
UBC prof said Wednesday.
Anthropology and sociology prof
Graham Johnson said the
revolution does not necessarily
have to be modelled on China, but
"when one sees China's experience, one sees a little germ of
hope for the world."
Johnson was speaking on land
use in China. He has travelled
extensively in China and has
recently conducted research on
agriculture in that country.
"In the past 25 years, China has
fed its people," he said. He said the
point is that while other countries
in south Asia have failed to feed
their populations, no one in China
goes to bed hungry.
Johnson said if one had guessed
in 1949 which country would do the
best, China or the rest of southeast
Asia, one would probably have
chosen the latter. But actually, the
situation has reversed, he said.
Something dynamic has happened in China, while something
terrible has happened in India, he
"Revolution has allowed China
to deal with its food problem," he
said. "Chinese leaders are very
conscious that if it cannot solve its
—matt king photo
GAGE TORCH, symbol of Gage games is erected atop bell tower Thursday shortly before activities began.
Events include .climax match of intramural basketball, men's rugby game and women's awards banquet.
Grad court hearing bypassed
A tentative agreement that will
bypass a court hearing has been
worked out in the dispute between
the grad class council and council
members Ron Wall and Frank
Tichler, Wall said Thursday.
The "agreement, which must be
ratified by the council today, was
reached Thursday night with two
of the chief opponents of an earlier
similarproposal, council members
Nancy Carter and Dave Hall, he
The council members agreed in a
still-unfinalized agreement that if
the $5,000 scholarship grant passed
at the meeting in dispute is placed
on a mail ballot with all other
financial allocations, constitutional amendments and
allocation of money for composite
photos passed at the meeting, will
stand unchallenged, Walls said.
Wall and Tichler had originally
threatened to contest the constitutionality of all three decisions
in court on the grounds that the
meeting did not have a quorum.
Ten percent of the students in the
faculty must vote in order for there
to be a quorum, while less than this
number was present at the
food problem, it cannot solve
anything else.
"China is the world's largest
peasant society. 650 million
peasants derive their livelihood
from the land — a crucial segment
of the population," he said.
He said Chinese peasants have
gone through revolution, and
"they've experienced successes,
they've experienced pitfalls."
"But they've had a great deal of
success with an issue that seems to
be insoluble in other parts of the
Johnson said China has attempted to "become less poor and
less 'black.' "
"Industrial growth is only one
key to becoming better off," he
said. "The crucial key is providing
food for China's population."
He said there is a growing industrial population in China which
is not a wholly urban phenomenon
since most growth occurs in a rural
The population growth rate is
levelling off, if not falling, he said.
"China has seen that if she
cannot solve her food problem, she
will remain poor and black," said
"To go the technical route is one
solution — give a good dollar for
the right kind of technology," he
name today
SUB management committee
will decide the name of the
alternative lounge at a meeting
today, committee chairman Ron
Dumont said Thursday.
The name will be submitted to
Alma Mater Society council for
approval Monday. "I'm sure it will
get through council," said Dumont.
Council rejected four names
submitted by the committee at
Wednesday's meeting.
The committee will choose from
a list of 190 names. The person who
suggested the name will receive
100 pit tokens.
Dumont said that if a name
suggested by more than one person
is picked, all who suggested the
name will be called to a meeting to
decide how to dispose of the 100
The four names rejected by
council at Wednesday's meeting
were Sub Bacchus, Skookum
Room, Pendulum and Spit.
Dumont said the other 186 names
rejected by the committee may
also be considered again today.
The effort to stop construction of
the proposed library processing
centre adjacent to SUB has
received little student support, the
student member of the centre's
planning and siting committee said
Ron Walls said in an interview
only 140 responses have been
"If we don't have overwhelming
objections by a week Friday it will
be too late for students to affect the
decision," he said.
However, Walls said this would
not mean that the building would
necessarily be built on the sight,
since the committee is considering
seven other proposals.
The committee meets next
Friday to finalize its recommendations. The final site choice
by the board of governors should
be made by April, he said.
Johnson said the obvious
example is Japan, currently one of
the most efficient agricultures in
the world. But, he said, technology
is not the only element involved.
"Social structure is involved as
well, especially in the villages,
which made technology acceptable," he said. "The collective
nature of the Japanese village is
important. It is not appropriate for
China or the rest of the third
world," he said.
He said the green agricultural
revolution's effects have been
rather dubious. It is based on new
seeds which need artificial fertilizers with a petroleum base. As a
result, India's economy has
become more indebted to the U.S.
and Russia and more dependent on
petroleum products, he said.
"The people who can take advantage of the green revolution are
peasants and landlords who have
larger pieces of land," he said.
Johnson said the post-colonial
' phase in India saw the emergence
of a rich peasant segment. The
average Indian peasant cannot
afford to buy technology on his
own, making the collective farm
part of the key, he said.
"The major problem of most
third world economies is social,"
he said. "The issue is whether you
make social changes beforehand,
in order to use the technology to
proper advantage.
"What's emerged over the past
25 years in China is a practical
sociology of action," he said.
Education was absolutely fundamental, he said, and the idea did
not rise in 1949, but had its roots in
guerrilla warfare and in fighting
the Japanese.
He said guerrilla warfare relies
on ordinary people to become
involved. It gives them responsibility to make decisions, which is
fundamental to the success of
guerrilla action, he said.
He quoted Mao Tse-tung's
saying: "In war weapons are
important, but they're not the most
important thing; the most important thing is people."
Johnson said the same is true of
technology, because technology
itself is not as important as the
people who enable it to work.
Johnson said everyone in China
is involved. In the war of
liberation, Chinese peasants
became involved in a structure
where for the first time in Chinese
history they played a part in the
destiny of their country.
"In China, you find a very intimate involvement in the decisionmaking process — decisions are
often made by villages as to what
they will grow and how they will
grow it," he said.
"There is an intense form of
participative democracy," he said.
"That is not to say that China has
ignored technology," said Johnson.
"They consider it important."
But he said the Chinese realize a
social transformation is necessary
before the technical elements take
Johnson said there is incredibly
intensive use of the land in China
and that communes are typical in
most villages. He stressed that
technological development is
important and gave as an example
the building of a dike that allowed
reclamation of marshland.
"But the point is the project
involved the. whole village," he
said. "It's not being creamed off by
the landlords and only a very small
five per cent tax is taken."
He said that in traditional China,
a peasant's field was very small
while a collective field is huge by
comparison, even to the traditional
landlord's field.
He said when agriculture
achieves a stable output the rural
economy can take off into other
things such as diversification — a
thing not possible in other countries because they have to worry
about feeding themselves. Page 4
rrifc     ubtssct
rnaay,  rerjruary x.o,   it/j
Dear Mr. Premier: axe Dailly
Dave Barrett, Premier,
c/o Legislative Buildings,
Victoria, B.C.
Howdy Dave:
A certain matter has come to our
attention. To whit: The education
department, with attendent
education minister Eileen Dailly and
deputy minister Jack Fleming.
The first is poorly run; the
second, clearly incompetent; and the
third,      obviously      an      autocrat.
Therefore, as students of the
University of B.C., we suggest the'
education department itself be
revamped so actual definitive action
on educational matters in this
province be taken.
So    far,    the    department    has
diddled and daddled about a weak
white paper on post-secondary
education reform.
We need some innovation there,
to really change the out-moded
educational system in this province
to put educational control in the
hands of the community, the
students and the teachers and out of
the hands of bureaucrats and
Now we suspect here that you
don't do this because education isn't
among your cabinet priorities.
But we think it's time you
changed that attitude and instead got
things rolling in the education
To do that, Dave, (although we
don't  mean  to  sound impertinent)
you have to tackle problems two and
three: Dailly and her assistant
Both have shown clear
incompetence. The furor over, first,
the firing of education researcher
Stanley Knight and now over the
firing of the other five researchers, is
the most recent example.
This particular area is Fleming's
province. He has shown clear
unwillingness to allow Knight to deal
properly with even the feeble white
paper proposals.
And Dailly allowed him to do
this. She does not give proper
direction to her department and jam
tarts around about all sorts of other
matters, including John Bremer.
The Ubyssey has in the past
requested her resignation.
Now we say both she and
Fleming should be fired.
Instead, we could get a cabinet
veteran like Dave Stupich, a former
education critic when the NDP was
in opposition. He's about finished
with major agricultural change.
Or (and don't start) Burrard MLA
Rosemary Brown. Although she's
running for the national leadership,
anyone with any savvy knows she'll
lose. So put her in education and get
started with change.
It's about time Davie old boy.
The Ubyssey staff
per: the students at UBC
belongs to
I agree completely with Herr
Wilkinson's method of dealing with
the world food problem.
Yet why let nature solve the
problem when we have much
valuable experience and personnel
to deal with the crisis that
threatens the valuable body fluids
of the Aryan race?
Fellow Aryans: we need your
support to carry out a program to
ensure racial cleanliness. We urge
you to lobby your government and
your local CIA rep to take action
now against the riding menace.
Name Withheld
Shit! You really loved it, didn't
David Wilkinson's letter
(Tuesday's Ubyssey) offered you,
if minimally justified, an opportunity to seeth in righteous
indignation. How dare he take a
different standpoint (no matter
how well he could back it up)?
The staff of The Ubyssey totally
disregarded Wilkinson's main
points, opting for the second
"alternative" he suggested. You
have compromised his right to free
speech by your use of a) a
misleading and biteed headline
andb) a flippant aadawesponsible
remark at the end. (One really
couldn't call it a rebuttal.)
One does not have to agree with
Wilkinson's views to become incensed by The Ubyssey's unfair
and onesided treatment of fits
It is very disappointing indeed to
see a student newspaper taking
such sni inflexible and narrow
standpoint en free opinion.
Rob Macgregor
I have been saddened and
sickened by what I have seen of
starvation in the Bread for the
World program, but despite my
emotional feelings I have the
following comment:
In cases where mass starvation
is clearly due to Malthusian
limitation and the resultant
heightened intolerance of a
population to the natural perturbations of weather and crop
production (such as Bangladesh),
unconditional food shipments by
Canada become criminally insane
and genocidal.
If we do not demand in such
cases that every individual of
child-bearing age maintained by
such artificial support be
sterilized, then we are not increasing world security, but
exacerbating the over-all misery.
We may see population double
over the next 35 years and chase it
with technological and agricultural
innovations, but the instability of
such numbers will be fantastic,
and a catastrophic crash a near
A single world crop failure such
as that experienced in 1972 would
condemn literally billions; thus the
arguments about potential crop
yields are rather meaningless,
especially in view of the present
climatic changes.
It is from this perspective that I
feel that it is imperative, where
Malthus' law applies, that food aid
be conditional upon sterilization of
recipients, however "harsh" that
may sound.
Incidentally, we will hit four
billion in mid-April.
Rod McCallum
science 2
During the last week, the
students on this campus have
received more than their fair share
of pro third-world literature in an
attempt to educate, or perhaps
simply shame, us into feeling
I for one must take exception: a)
to the amount of this repetitive
literature ^tte wasted newsprint
could have been put to better use
making obituary columns in
Bangladesh), b) to the onesided-
nessof this topic — for as in every
other issue another side is present,
no matter how easy it may be to get
stampeded into accepting the
dominant perspective.
The cultural arrogance of the
"concerned Western world" is
Tieverending, In what appears to be
something little better than a 20th
century version of the earlier
"white man's burden" syndrome,
members of the Western world feel
determined to improve "their"
(the third world's) lot. May I
remind these persons that national
sovereignty is a sacred value. If we
are not to get involved in other
countries' civil wars, revolutions
or elections, then on what legal-
rational criteria can we suddenly
move in when pestilence, flood and
all threaten the lives of a segment
of a foreign population? Domestic
affairs are solely the concern of the
nation involved. Injecting foreign
aid with the inevitable servings of
foreign cultural values attached is
a direct — if to some, palatable and
morally defendable — interference
in an issue which is nothing more
than a domestic problem.
The technology for "improving"
the third world is available. If and
when their cultures wish to incorporate it into their cultural
mozaic the so-called "have"
nations can become more
legitimately involved. As for
changing our life style to make
feeding others possible, let us
examine some of our cultural
Penalizing Western society
because it stresses achievement,
production and applied technology
is not the way to compensate for
the inability of other nations to
regulate their own societies.
Western man is competitive and by
artificially "equalizing" protein
ingestion and oxygen-sucking «o
drat all humans get their fair share
is a concept which is quite out of
step with the mainstream Western
When the third world decides to
become goaksriented and seeks to
work toward their own improvement without draining
Western time, effort and resources
we "have" nations can become
mere  honestly   involved   with
FEBRUARY 28,1975
Published   Tuesdays,   Thursdays  and   Fridays  throughout  the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS'
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University;
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial  departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
When it was all over and the dust had settled, everyone woke up and
began to put this here paper together. They are: Lesley Krueger, Gary
Coull, Doug Rushton, Berton Woodward, Marise Savaria, Matt King, Mike
Sasges, Sheila Bannerman, Marcus Gee, Chris Gainor, Dan Miller, Barry
Jensen, Gary Lenney, Sucha Singh, Ralph Maurer, Mark Buckshon, Carl
Vesterback, Tom Barnes, Cedric Tetzel, Stu Lyster, Ken Dodd, Richard
Yates, Boyd McConnell, Bernie Bischoff, Dick Martin, Ron Binns, Alan
Doree, Ben Durrutti and Brock Dykeman. And Greg Strong.
creating a truly harmonious globe.
Until that day arrives, however,
we should:
o Restrict third world
emigration to the West so that only
achievers are admitted, thus
keeping our society blessed with a
wide aristocracy of talent.
Our bleeding-heart liberals
can be relocated in the third world
as this will be consistent with their
view of a global community — it
won't matter where they ingest
their protein and suck their
o Ignore squawks about "them"
rowing over and taking all our
resources if we don't aid them now.
o Eliminate aid, as it is being
mismanaged. It creates cultural
friction, feathers foreign government nests and is generally a study
in sentimental inefficiency.
o Clean up our own backyard so
that achievers and producers can
go on being reinforced and that the
rest can either create their own
viable alternative or else follow the
dodo bird and the fuzzy mammoth
into extinction.
Dave Kyle
arts 4
I would like to thank David
Wilkinson for his letter to The
Ubyssey. It is refreshing to find
someone who is rational speaking
on the world's population/-
food/resource issue.
There pure currently three
popular ways of establishing a
permanent stable world population
(which is inevitable).
Birth control: Give the Third
World birth control and this wiH
solve all the problems.
Economic aid: The Third World
won't use the birth control because
children are an economic necessity
(for working in the field, old age
security, etc.) So raise their
standard of living so they don't
need children and they'll voluntarily step having them, just like
what has happened in the Western
Forget '-em: Let nature take care
of the problem just like it has for
billions of years.
Unfortunately, only the last
system will work by itself. People
will continue to have children for
security unless their economic
condition radically improves.
There is no way the earth can
permanently support the Western
World's living standard, let alone
support the whole world at
anywhere near that standard.
If this planet is to attain a stable
population it will be because people
die at the same rate that they are
born. We have to deliberately
control birth rates by birth control
and sensible, economic use and
distribution of the world's
resources, or nature will take its
course and make people die by
pestilence, famine and war.
This means earnest co-operation
between the haves and the have
nots. We have to share our wealth
with them and they have to either
stop balling or use birth control. All
this goes against human nature to
be greedy, horny and religious. So I
guess we'll go the natural way. See
you there.
Bruce Woodburn
science 3
Most letters received by The
Ubyssey on the topic of Wilkinson's
letter, not excluding the one
written by Wilkinson, start from
one fundamentally wrong
All letter writers seem to think
the over-population problem will
take care of itself if we let nature
take its course.
Nature has been taking its
course ever since the first particle
of matter stopped being non-living
and magically became a living
organism. And that course has
become, over a couple of billion
years or so, to include one homo
Now population increases among
said homo        sapiens as
mathematicians will tell us, are
exponential. That means it doesn't
go up on a steady basis but rather
on a rapidly steepening curve, if
you look at the thing om-jn graph.
This is the natural tbiftg that
happens. An4 because K has been
happening quite naturally over the
years, our world population will hit
' four billion in a few weeks, as one
letter writer points out.
OK, so it will keep increasing and
people w#l keep starving and the
problem will not, repeat NOT, be
It will only be perpetuated.
So scratch out that particular
Instead, a modest proposal.
What is needed is a complete
change in government in famine-
ridden countries. Governments
should be brought in by the people
which wiH redistribute ffee land to
allow efficient use in production,
which will exorcise corruption
among officials, which will build
and maintain satisfactory transportation links between port cities
and inland starvation-ridden
areas, and which will bring in
guaranteed social security.
These must be supported by
massive foreign aid and
educational training.
And when there is this measure
of economic security then perhaps
birth control can be talked of.
That's world revolution friends,
but as it stands it's the only way a
comprehensive solution can be
found. Just look at China. Right?
Er, left? Anarchists: the dissident left
Left-wing politics covers a far broader, far more
diversified spectrum than most people realize. One can be
a liberal seeking specific reforms for specific problems in
our society, a social democrat pursuing an evolutionary
Marxism, a communist who is a revolutionary Marxist, or
an anarchist.
This week's Page Friday will explore one of the more
obscure areas within this political arena: anarchism. In
devoting an issue to this political philosophy we are giving
exposure to an idea many would rather ignore. Some,
such as Lenin, would try to seal its fate by defaming it
with to label "infantile leftism."
Anarchism is confused in most people's minds with
chaos and disorder. This is an especially unfortunate
misunderstanding, because all anarchists held a firm
belief in the need for social organization and social cooperation.
The confusion arises when people do not realize what it
means to decentralize society, to depend on voluntary
associations instead of compulsory ones, and to replace
institutional authority by individual responsibility.
This week's issue is presented with the hope that it will
enable UBC students to become acquainted with a social
philosophy that is severely under-represented. The
apologists for parliamentary democracy as well as those
for state socialism have well established organs of
propaganda at their disposal. The anarchists, as a
dissident left, has no such resources at their command.
It is in this spirit that the Anarchist Collective at UBC
has brought together this selection of articles. They cover
a variety of topics and attempt to cast some light on
anarchist's attitudes toward many different aspects of our
Some members of the Anarchist Collective have been
regular contributors to Page Friday. It is in co-operation
with the Page Friday staff that this issue has come out.
The views expressed in these articles, of course, do not
necessarily reflect the editorial view of Page Friday.
For those seeking the-basic of the subject, Richard
Yates has an article that defines the concept and one that
examines its application in the political arena.
For the more practical minded reader the articles by
Ben Durruti on anarchist activities in Vancouver and by
Brock Dykeman on anarchist collectives generally should
hold interest. It is here that the real nuts and bolts of
anarchism are explored.
The application of anarchist thoughts to educational
practice and to the urban environment is brought out by
two further articles by Yates. He also brings anarchism
down to the personal level with a review of a biography
about Bakunin, one of the pre-eminent anarchists of the
19th century. anarchismanarch ismanarch ismanarch ismanarch ismi
Don't conform, decentralize
The counter-culture movement
was an attempt by youth to gain
more control over their own lives
and a reaction to the increasing
control of society and the individuals who comprise it by
governments and big corporations.
The huge size of these institutions allows them to become
insensitive to the desires and needs
of individuals. In the '60s many
people acted out this alienation by
joining counter-culture
movements. The youth of the '60s
attempted to set up alternate
societies based on the drug culture,
the ecology movement or political
This attempt to set up alternate
societies when oppression becomes
revolutionary and aimed at a total
overthrow of the existing system.
Despite the reformist tendencies
of the counter-culture movement,
it did share many ideals and
practices with the anarchist
movement. Both movements
emphasized the need to give individuals more control over their
own lives. The present system of
nation states makes every individual conform to the rules laid
down by some anonymous mass of
millions of people: the majority.
The mere size of such artificial
states makes the possible impact
of each individual negligible. The
communal and collective
movements were an attempt to
give each   individual  a   role   in
unbearable for a large part of
society has been a recurring theme
in the last century. It was the
dream of a decentralized society,
free from the tyranny of government and the oppression of
capitalists that animated the social
revolution in Spain during the civil
war. The Spanish peasants and
workers organized communes and
collectives, based on the principles
of anarchism and anarcho-
syndicalism. Unlike the counterculture movement, the Spanish
anarchist movement was explicitly
society, by decentralizing the
decision making. In Spain each
collective was completely
autonomous, federations were set
up only as co-ordinating bodies.
While the counter-culture never
progressed as far, they were an
attempt to live outside of the
government's rules.
Another aspect which both
movements shared was a revulsion
of the inequities inherent in the
capitalist system. They both
wanted a more humanistic society
based on mutual and and sharing.
Enjoy Southern
Comfort, smooth,
sweet satisfaction
from the South.
Mixes with everything within reason
and it's great all on
its lonesome. Try
some. Y'all love it.
It's the
mw >.»..►,»*.
Sharing, whether just a joint on the
roadside, or your last dollar bill,
was a universally accepted
principle among the counterculture youth. The Spanish
peasants recognized the "sharing
principle" by collectivizing the
land and instituting a family wage,
based on family size. Each
collective also shared its surplux
products with the other collectives
on a voluntary basis.
Both of these movements
eventually lost the war, the
counter-culture petered out after
making modest gains and the
Spanish anarchist collectives were
crushed by fascist troops.
However, their memory lingers on,
telling the alienated youth of today
that there is an alternative to
mindlessly conforming to society.
The result of the present centralized system is apathy, as
shown by recent election turnouts.
As the anarchist and the counterculture movements showed, one
alternative to alienation is a
decentralized "society.
Try It
You'll Like It
- - "A
Black Flag ... anarchist symbol
Something io"cheers"aboui:
Now the glorious beer of Copenhagen is brewed right here in Canada.
It comes to you fresh from the brewery. So it tastes even better than ever.
And Carlsberg is sold at regular prices.
So let's hear it, Carlsberg lovers. "One, two, three ... Cheers!"
Page Friday, 2
Friday, February 28,  1975 archismanarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismanarct
Cities hit limits with long decline
Over the long history of
civilization cities have traditionally been the place where the individual truly had an opportunity
to realize himself. Only here did he
have the leisure to develop his
individual talents and experience
the wide range of social contacts
that allowed his social nature to
blossom. But today cities are failing us. As Murray Bookchin says:
"Paradoxically, we live in a
world   marked   by   rampant   ur-
The Limits of the City
by Murray Bookchin
Harper & Row
1974, $2.75.
banization — but one that lacks
real cities."
A new vision, a new ideal is
needed to revitalize our cities.
Murray Bookchin, a contemporary ararchist, has brought
together many provocative ideas
about cities and city life in his
book. He provides us with a wide-
ranging semi-historical, semi-
critical discussion that oMers us a
new vision.
Bookchin's vision is developed at
the end of his book. To appreciate
it, the ideas that he works through
earlier must be observed.
lost many of the values that keep
us humane.
The medieval communes had
many positive aspects that are now
lost. A short list would have to
include the intimacy between work
and home-life, the role of the
market place as a source of entertainment and ceremony as well
as trade, and the guild system
which recaptured much of the
solidarity that marked the clan
society. But this gives you feeling
for the sense of direct participation
which each individual experienced. In the commune, the
individual, on the whole, felt
himself to be a meaningful part of
a greater whole.
This all gave way to the
bourgeois city where free marketplace economics reign:
"But once the traditional
collective conditions of life, so
highly charged with mythic and
moral content, are dissolved by
trade into monadic ones, once the
clan, tribal, village, or guild nexus
is dissolved into a cash nexus, the
individual is denuded of any
responsibility to society and to
other individuals. All corporate
and social ties must defer to the
naked claims of egotism. Indeed,
'self-preservation' and the
dynamics of 'social progress' are
The first chapter examines the
Aztec city, Tenochtitlan, as well as
the Greek city states and Rome.
The viability of these older cities
came from their incorporation of
various devices that enabled the
individuals to deal with the
problems that sheer greatness of
size created. One thing that impresses him most was the role that
the clan societies played within the
city structure. So  long as these
defined in terms of self-interest
precluding, by definition, the time
honored ties of solidarity so integral to traditional societies. The
primacy of the corporate 'we' is
replaced by the primacy of the self-
sufficient T . . . Neglect, other
than self-neglect, now acquires the
seemingly positive value of a self-
interest that, according to the
canons of traditional liberalism,
serves the general interest by
realizing its own egotistical goals."
The modern city is undergoing a
breakdown on several levels:
social alienation, ecological breakdown, workplace alienation,
aesthetic failure, political
alienation, and technological
disruption of social patterns at an
ever increasing frequency.
It is against this that Bookchin
draws up his alternatives. These
operated successfully, the individual was not submerged into a
faceless, indifferent crowd:
"Perhaps no institution following
the clan society has fostered as
deep a sense of solidarity, mutual
aid, and supportive comfort to the
The two central chapters of the
book trace the course of the
bourgeois city from its rise to its
present state of exhaustion: it has
reache.d its limits. In these
chapters he details the move made
from medieval communes to the
modern city. This is a sad story of
decline, for in the process we have
Friday, February 28,  1975
Second Class Starts Soon
Sign Up In
ROOM 238
Limited Numbers Only
-r«e line-
alternatives draw deeply from his
firm belief in anarchism as a sound
synthesis of ideals and needs that
link the personal and social sides of
One vision that he briefly
discusses is the "Blueprint for a
Communal Environment" drawn
up in Berkeley by people involved
in the People's Architecture, the
local Tenants Union, and the Food
Conspiracy. These are people who
have an immediate experience of
the problems of the city and their
suggestions are concrete answers
to many problems.
It is within the counterculture
that many of the new values that
will shape future urban life are
being tested:
"Certain demands raised by the
counter-culture movement are
imperishable . . . In calling for a
melding of the abstract ideals of
Russian Revolution:
an anarchist's view
Anarchists are anti-political in a fundamental sense:
They oppose governments, political power, and politics.
This sounds outrageous to most people, but this is because
these words have not been examined closely.
Voline, a Russian anarchist, gives an excellent discussion
of these concepts in his recently reissued history of the
Russian revolution, The Unknown Revolution:
"What is 'political power' fundamentally? What is
'political' activity? How many times have I posed these
questions to members of left political parties without ever
being able to obtain an intelligible definition or answer!. . . . One can describe and define, more or less
precisely other activity — social, economic, administrative, judicial, diplomatic, cultural. But 'political'
activity— whatis it? It is maintained that this term denotes
exactly a central administrative activity, indispensable for
a widely extended group: for a nation. But then does
'political power' mean 'administrative power'?
"It is easy to see that these two ideas are not at all
identical. Consciously or unconsciously, 'power' and 'administration'are thus confused [just as 'state' and 'society'
are confused]. . . .
"In each field the men possessing the ability to organize
should normally exercise the function of organizers, or
'administrators' — a function which is simply a part of the
whole activity of the field in question. These men, workers
like the others, could thus insure the 'administration of
things' [contact, cohesion, equilibrium, etc.] without
having to establish a rigid political power as such. And
'political power', like every other 'thing apart', remains
undefinable, because it does not correspond to any normal,
real, concrete human activity. ..."
A. A. Goldenweiser, a Russian jurist, recounts in his
memoirs that he lived during the Revolution in a city in the
Ukraine which was in a notably unstable zone. In the course
of events that city was left several times without 'power',
either White or Red. And with astonishment, M. Goldenweiser reports that during the whole period the people there
lived, worked and took care of their own needs as well as, or
even better than, when there was 'power'. M. Goldenweiser
was not the only one to mention that fact. What is surprising
is that he was astonished at it."
Voline's history is a valuable book to read, not simply
because it gives us insights into the mind of an anarchist,
but because it gives us a new perspective on the Russian
revolution. Western scholars give us a dispassionate account of the major forces in the revolution, and the communist writers give us an account that sees the issues from
within their ideology. Voline sees it from a perspective
much nearer the level of the spontaneous outbreaks of
revolutionary fervor.
social liberation with those of
personal liberation, in seeking to
rear a truly emancipated society,
in trying to subvert the influence of
the commodity nexus on the individual self and its relationship
with other selves, in emphasizing
the need for a spontaneous expression of sexuality, sensuality,
and a humanistic sensibility, in
challenging hierarchy and
domination in all its forms and
manifestations, and finally, in
trying to synthesize new, decentralized communities based on an
ecological outlook that unites the
most advanced features of urban
and rural life — in raising all these
demands as a single ensemble, the
counter-culture gave a modern
expression to a historic mainstream of human dreams and
Murray Bookchin has brought
together an excellent survey of
ideas that will be affecting us
deeply in the near future as the
battle for a habitable environment
becomes more desperate.
prof, david raskin
speaks on
lie detection
and the
judicial process
at 8:15 p.m.
Saturday, mar. 1
Vancouver institute
lectures take place on
Saturdays at 8:15 p.m.
on the ubc campus
in lecture hall no. 2
instructional resources
admission to the general
public is free
by William Shakespeare
MARCH  7-1 5(Previews — March 5 & 6)
8:00 p.m.
___ 2:00 p.m.   	
Student Tickets: $1.75
Support Your Campus Theatre
Page Friday, 3 anarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismanan
On being a patient rebel
You don't have to throw a bomb, run amok
in the streets or compose incendiary
polemics to do what anarchists do.
You don't have to conspire with a tiny
group of like-minded fanatics in a dirty
cellar either, nor be a total dropout and
recluse who shuns the workaday, liveaday
Anarchists in Vancouver practice their
revolutionary trade on the job, in their labor
unions and co-ops, in citizen-based pressure
groups, through social agencies and the
professions, via the media of information
and persuasion, in small political study
groups and (although this may seem a
Proudhon   . . credit union inventor
contradiction in terms), even through one or
another of the old-line, hierarchically-
structured mass political parties or leftist
It's true as well that anarchists have
claimed the streets of Vancouver. It's hard
to imagine the Invasion of Blaine, the
People's Park, the Gastown Smoke-In and
the Greenpeace expeditions without their
juice and imagination. But nowadays most
local anarchists are organizing rather then
Their activities, whether in the public eye
or at the grass roots, have one thing in
common: they are meant to undermine
authority, not only of the state, but of every
institution, convention and social more that
tries to dictate to people how they should
think or act.
While wrecking the old order, they are
also working to build a new one, based on
libertarian principles of democracy,
decentralization, voluntary co-operation, or
whatever you want to call it.
Anarchist activity within Vancouver's
large bureaucratic trade unions and
political parties, for instance, tends to
emphasize grass roots organizing for rank-
and-file control. Anarchists generally shun
both high-level negotiations with
management over porkchopper issues (such
as wages) and power struggles over personalities or particular policies.
One individual is representing herself and
other file clerks in a Vancouver welfare
agency office in approaches to one of the
white collar unions to get certification on
terms favorable to local autonomy. Another,
a shop steward, is encouraging the lowest
paid and worst-represented category in his
union to form a caucus within the local with
the intent of getting its own steward and
electing one of its own to the local's
Within The NDP, anarchist activity has
taken much the same tack, especially since
social democracy took office in Aug. 1972.
Anarchists have worked within local constituency associations to whittle down the
power of the MLA's and make them answerable to the folks back home; and they
have wormed their way into a number of
party committees, such as labor and
education, to press for control of party
policy by the membership rather than by the
power-brokers in Victoria.
Co-operatives are essentially service
organizations which merchandise a socially-
desired product (for example, cheap food
and housing and progressive radio
programs) rather than effective engines of
social change. But Vancouver anarchists
work in such non-institutions as Tillicum
Food Co-Op and Co-Operative Radio
because they provide practice in democratic
decision-making, they are models for the
sort of self-managed enterprises that may
develop after the demise of the state and
they are lightning rods for attracting
libertarian-minded people who may be
ready to go on to other forms of activism.
Speaking of cheap housing, more than one
anarchist is working through his or her own
local community group to bolster neighborhood initiative against the bulldozer
attacks of City Hall. In working class and
"transitional" areas, where the civic
bureaucrats dream of a tide of jerry-built,
three-story walkups, anarchists are working
to develop effective decision-making in the
local groups and are helping with briefs,
petitions, community newspapers,
resolutions, and other forms of propaganda
in favor of neighborhood integrity.
So far, they have been especially active in
a belt from Kitsilano through Fairview and
Mount Pleasant to Main Street. The results,
measured by how far City Hall has budged,
have not always been encouraging. But
there are signs that the "unpoliticized
masses" harbor the occasional libertarian
sentiment: one neighborhood council,
composed primarily of working people over
the age of 35, concluded a discussion on legal
needs in the community by passing a
resolution condemning the Criminal Code
and all three levels of government as impeding true justice in Canada.
Propaganda has traditionally been one of
the main activities of anarchists, and
Vancouver anarchists are traditionalists if
nothing else. They have propagandized in
the streets and via the written word. The
alternate presses, the Georgia Straight, the
old Grape (now the Marxist-oriented
Western Voice) and the now-defunct Terminal City Express were virtually organs of
libertarian thought in the good old days.
Even the Vancouver Sun had its worker-
produced underground newsroom rag to
foment anti-authoritarian discontent.
Nowadays, media-oriented anarchists are
working through community bi-weeklies
and are devoting energy to Co-Op Radio,
which will soon be broadcasting over 102.7
On the subject of captive audiences,
there's a woman, the parent of a couple of
small children, who worked last year as a
volunteer aide in a Vancouver public school.
Her up-front job was teaching reading to
Grade I and II kids, but her main work was
to create liberated zones — in the
washrooms, in the halls, in empty
classrooms — where the kids could get on
with their own business out of sight and
earshot of the teacher. As well, she provided
a different adult model for the kids, a non-
authoritarian one which contrasted sharply
with the oppressive know-it-allness that kids
usually encounter in compulsory education.
The teacher eventually twigged onto the
underground movement that threatened to
make her classroom unmanageable. After
some frank exchanges of views with her
libertarian "aide," she let it be known that
she would henceforth be recruiting her free
help from the tamer cannon fodder churned
out by the UBC and SFU education faculties.
The libertarian parent subsequently joined
a schmaltzy liberal citizens' education
pressure group ad the schmaltzy social
democratic NDP education committee and
is now working to beef up the campaign for
more parent participation in local school
Anarchists are firm believers in self-
education, though, and in Vancouver they
have begun studying and exchanging information and opinions on the history and
prospects of the libertarian movement. In
the surge of anarchist street activity that so
alarmed Vancouver authorities at the turn
of the decade, the accent was on Yippie-type
Without A *<.flD€>/ji5~iAMJ£ft r>i5fi
&oMrt«f>£ •-^JPt.Kiy is kw£ a
M\"—) /"~"^^^1K/U>* without|
spontaneity and action. But now small study
groups are forming to read and discuss
works ranging from the classics of anarchist
and Marxist thought to historical accounts
of the Spanish and Russian revolutions to
such contemporary obscurities as The
Primal Scream. Such a study group is
getting organized at UBC under the banner
of the Anarchist Collective (plug).
Vancouver anarchists sense a growing
interest among political activists and even
among non-political people in the principles
and practice of democratic self-
management, and they are at last making
serious efforts to arm themselves for battle
in the arena of ideas.
res, we \n the
Bakunin, Marx disa^
"Let us therefore trust the eternal Spirit
which destroys and annihilates only because
it is the unfathomable and eternal source of
all life. The passion for destruction is a
creative passion, too!"
Michael Bakunin, the author of the above
quotation, was a'towering figure among the
revolutionaries of the 19th century. That
century was kept in turmoil by three
revolutionary factions: a liberal-bourgeois
Bakunin: the Father of Anarchism
by Anthony Masters
Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd., 1974.
republicanism, Marxism, and anarchism. It
was as a leading proponent of the letter that
Bakunin established his influence.
It was to counteract Bakunin's anarchism
that Marx moved the headquarters of the
International Working Man's Association
from London to New York. He did this
despite the fact that it doomed the
organization. The death blow came when the
sections sympathetic to Bakunin were expelled.
Why was Marx so frightened of Bakunin?
Marx desired to organize a revolutionary
party that would bring the proletariat to
power. To his mind this task demanded a
Bakunin ... father of anarchism.
well disciplined party structure. Bakunin
sought to fashion the organization on a non-
authoritarian basis. The conflict was deep,
and it still divides anarchists from most
Marxists to this day.
Here is a very clear presentation of the
issues that separated Marx and Bakunin:
"Marx was an authoritarian, Bakunin a
libertarian; Marx was a centralist, Bakunin
Page Friday, 4
Friday, February 28,  1975 $manarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismanarchismana
True education must
precede then guide
the pupil's desire
Education is an area which has a special
interest to most anarchists. A truly free
society is possible only if the human personality is nurtured so that it is capable of
living in a free environment. This demands
of the individual a strong sense of individual
responsibility and a sensitivity to social
Individuals raised in a society such as
ours are blunted from developing these
necessary skills that would enable a free
society to succeed. Consequently anarchists
have been deeply involved in establishing
educational environments that would
nourish these skills.
As far back as 1797 anarchists were
pushing for a radical education technique
which even today is viewed as innovative. In
the essay, Of The Communication Of
Knowledge, William Godwin gave the
following description of his educational
"Liberty is one of the most desirable of all
sublunary advantages. I would willingly
therefore communicate knowledge without
infringing, or with as little as possible
violence to, the volition and individual
judgment of the person to be instructed.
"The most desirable mode of education
therefore, in all instances where it shall be
found sufficiently practicable, is that which
is careful that all the acquisitions of the
pupil shall be preceded and accompanied by
desire. The best motive to learn is a perception of the value of the thing learned.
"According to the received modes of
education, the matter goes first and the
pupil follows. According to the method here
recommended, it is probable that the pupil
should go first, and the matter follow. If I
learn nothing but what I desire to learn,
what should hinder me from being my own
It should be noted that this is an
educational program remarkably similar to
the one that has gained such fame for A. S.
Neill and his Summerhill school in England.
William Godwin never founded a school,
but many anarchists toward the end of the
19th century did. These efforts attracted a
great deal of attention since they contrasted
so starkly with the stern authoritarianism of
educational practice of that time.
Paul Robin, the director of an orphanage
in France, founded a "League of Libertarian Education" and used his educational
ideas to demonstrate that children born in a
squalid and miserable environment need not
be condemned to a life of ignorance and
zed on post-revolution
a federalist; Marx advocated political
action for the workers and planned to
conquer the state; Bakunin opposed
political action and sought to destroy the
state. Marx stood for what we now call
nationalism of the means of production;
Bakunin stood for workers' control. The
conflict really centred, as it has done ever
since between anarchists and Marxists, on
the question of the transitional period
between existing and future social orders."
During his lifetime Bakunin had a taste of
almost every conceivable experiencej The
plush ease of a wealthy aristocrat was his
during his youth. The misery of long
hopeless years spent in the most disgusting
dungeons of Europe was his. The intellectual fury of philosophy and radical
politics in Germany during the heyday
Hegalianism was experienced during his
early years of maturity. Danger, adulation,
hatred, intrigue, and deep friendships were
woven into the fabric of his life's incredible
It was a passion for Hegelian philosophy
that drew the conservative young Bakunin
to Germany. Here he came into contact with
the left-wing radicalism of the Young
Hegelians. His involvement with radical
politics became serious just as the 1848
revolutions broke out.
After   participating   in   several   in
surrections in many different countries.,
Bakunin was arrested and imprisoned. For
the two years after 1849 he moved from
prison to prison in various central European
countries. In 1851 he was returned to Russia
and placed in the Peter and Paul fortress at
St. Petersburg— the most dreaded prison in
Russia. After six years there, years that
destroyed him physically, he was exiled in
After a daring escape from Siberia in 1861,
Bakunin made his way back to Europe and
back into revolutionary politics. For the
next 15 years he battled Marx and worked
vigorously to spread his ideas. A measure of
his success is to be found in the continued
presence of his ideas among radical left
groups today.
Bakunin is a difficult person to capture in
a biography. The drama of his life is too
varied and too extensive in scope to be
easily captured in a readable biography.
Anthony Masters has made an admirable
effort, but his work strikes this reader as
somewhat unfocused. The attempt to integrate the personality and ideas of Bakunin
has not succeeded.
Masters has succeeded in bringing
together an impressive wealth of detail
about Bakunin. This volume is essential
reading for anyone interested in 19th century revolutionary movements.
Francisco Ferrer founded the Modern
School in Spain in 1901. One of the great
passions that animated him was the desire
to free children's minds from the dark
superstitions that the Catholic church of
Spain foisted on the young:
"Rational education has, in the first place,
no regard to religious education, because
science has shown that the story of creation
is a myth and the gods legendary. ... On the
other hand, our teaching has nothing to do
with politics. It is our work to form individuals in the full possession of their
faculties, while politics would subject their
faculties to other men."
Ferrer's radical sentiments, especially
his anti-clericalism, created many bitter
enemies among the ruling elite of Spain. In
1909 he was framed by the authorities for
instigating an anti-draft riot that broke out
in Barcelona. Despite his manifest innocence he was shot.
During the brief eight years that he was
able to carry out his educational work, he
founded 109 schools and influenced liberal
elements to found another 308.
In 1904 Sebastian Faure founded La
Ruche, the French equivalent to Ferrer's
Modern School. Using his own funds to
support and educate orphans and offspring
of impoverished families, he was able to last
until 1917 when his money ran out:
"No one has yet fully realized the wealth
of sympathy, kindness and generosity
hidden in the soul of the child. The effort of
every true educator should be to unlock that
treasure — to stimulate the child's impulses, and call forth the best and noblest
tendencies. What greater reward can there
be for one whose life work is to watch over
Ferrer. .. free-school advocate
the growth of the human plant, then to see
its nature unfold its petals, and to observe it
develop into a true individuality. My
comrades at La Ruche look for no greater
reward, and it is due to them and their efforts, even more than to my own, that our
human garden promises to bear beautiful
The fight by anarchists to realize their
educational ideals continues. Today their-
efforts no longer stand out so starkly, for
there are many who have taken up the
cause. But instead of passing over them in
silence, I should perhaps direct the reader's
notice to Paul Goodman and his essays,
Compulsory Mis-education and The Community of Scholars. Here one finds an
anarchist's criticism of contemporary
a definition
There is no one set of beliefs that defines
an anarchist. Anarchists' views have
always formed a spectrum whose only real
element of common agreement is a
thoroughgoing anti-authoritarianism.
Within this spectrum you can move from a
strong individualism to a strong communi-
tarianism, from a political activism to a
rejection of all forms of political action, and
from a desire for a far-reaching revolution
to a desire to "Do my own thing."
Nicolas Walter, a contemporary English
anarchist, has given a characterization that
seems to capture the fundamental qualities
that are involved:
'Anarchism may be seen as a development from either liberalism or socialism, or
from both liberalism and socialism. Like
liberals, anarchists want freedom; like
-socialists, anarchists want equality. But we
are not satisfied by liberalism alone or by
socialism alone. Freedom without equality
means that the poor and weak are less free
than the rich and strong, and equality
without freedom means that we are all
slaves together.
"Liberalism and socialism came before
anarchism, and anarchism arose from the
contradiction between them; most anarchists still begin as either liberals or
socialists, or both. The spirit of revolt is
seldom born fully grown, and it generally
grows into rather than within anarchism. In
a sense, anarchists always remain liberals
and socialists, and whenever they reject
what is good in either they betray anarchism itself. On one hand we depend on
freedom of speech, assembly, movement,
behavior, and especially on the freedom to
differ; on the other hand we depend on
equality of possessions, on human
solidarity, and especially on the sharing of
power. We are liberals but more so, and
socialists but more so."
France, 1891 .. . troops fire on anarchist insurrection.
Friday, February 28,  1975
Page Friday, 5 potpourripotpourripotpourripotpourripotpourripotpourripotpour
Lenny a martyr in well-made film
Lenny is an extremely well-
made film, but it turns the
neurotic, junkie comedian into a
The film biography of Lenny
Bruce combines the oversimplifications of Julian Barry's
Broadway play with the in-depth
research of Albert Goldman and
Lawrence Schiller in their book,
Ladies and Gentlemen, Lenny
directed by Bob Fosse,
starring Dustin Hoffman,  Valerie
at Denman Place.
As a result, the smokey nightclub
and motel room hangouts and
episodes of Bruce's life are
reproduced with painful honesty.
But the film still arrives at the
guilty liberal conclusion that Bruce
was hounded into a drug overdose
by a hostile society.
Dustin Hoffman caught the
double-standard of Lenny, between
high moral standards for others
and lower standards for himself.
He also has the comic rhythm
down perfectly. But Julian Barry's
script turns Lenny into a Christian
martyr strung out on the cross of
The portrait of Honey Harlow,
Lenny's  wife,  is  far  truer,  and
surprisingly honest considering
she is still alive. Valerie Perrine's
Honey is one of the most gutsy,
most sensitive performances seen
in a long time. Honey deteriorates
from the woman with "the innocent kindergarten teacher's face
and the body of a $500 a night
hooker," to not far above white
Depitction of Lenny's nightclub
milieu of the 50s and 60s in black
and white photography, and
passages taken directly from his
work, are presented realistically
and with tremendous tightness.
But Bruce was not driven to drug
use and an O.D. because society
cruelly arrested him dozens of
times. No sociologist has ever
proved that society sticks "the
spike" into a man's arm, and not
The film never makes clear how
and when Bruce started on drugs.
The plot shows that Lenny increased drug usage as obscenity
busts prevented him from earning
But Goldman and Schiller's
biography makes it clear that no
man ever went into heavy drug use
Experienced pair
more consciously than Bruce.
When Lenny first turned on in the
50s, heroin was not considered a
sign of a sick society. It was
fashionable to be like the junkie
jazz musicians.
Lenny "hit up" strictly for the
experience. Shooting speed or
heroin six times a day, he
discovered his humor was quicker
and sharper under the influence.
He was looser and the stuff kept
him awake for days at a time. On
top of this, he popped mescaline
like potato chips.
Lenny's financial problems were
as much due to drug use as court
battles. He was not simply fighting
for freedom of speech. He was also
concerned that  once  in  jail,  he
couldn't take any more narcotics.
Fully aware of the consequences
of arrest for obscenity or narcotics
possession, Lenny went into court
with the attitude that uttering a
few, magical, Latin legal terms
would save him from lengthy jail
It was no wonder the tough court
battles left him profoundly
depressed. How could the courts
not understand he was not just foul-
mouthed, but a serious humorist.
The film shows Lenny fighting
valiantly till the end. But, in fact,
by the end of his days, Lenny had
lost his sense of humor and was so
depressed that he was almost
psychotic. Finally Bruce died from
a drug overdose.
make it together     I wC^/V\TfCTTY
Different kinds of people go to different sorts of concerts. Opera
lovers will flock to the Queen Elizabeth Theatre on March 13 for the
opening of Wagner's Die Walkure, and symphony orchestra listeners
attend the regular VSO series. But on Thursday night a different kind of
music enthusiast was found filling the theatre, including those ignorant
of the unwritten law forbidding applause between movements. The
attraction was the world-renowned flute and harpsichord duo, Jean-
Pierre Rampal and Robert Veyron-Lacroix, sponsored by David Y. H.
The program was balanced with works of the baroque and romantic
genre. In the first half, Veyron-Lacroix was at the harpsichord for three
sonatas by Vivaldi, Telemann and Bach.
It was obvious from the start that the pair had had long experience in
playing together (next year will mark their 30th year of association).
They felt every nuance simultaneously and conveyed a sense of perfect
musical marriage.
Rampal gives the impression of never needing to take a breath. The
three baroque pieces needed a continual flow of air, and he gave it from
his apparently bottomless lungs, all the while controlling it as well.
The second half of the evening began with Carl Reinecke's Sonata,
Undine, for flute and piano. Undine was a Paracelsian water sprite, and
Veyron-Lacroix gave a masterful impression of undulating waves below
Rampal's lyrical solo lines.
Poulenc's Sonata (1958) was a perfect ending to the recital. It is one of
the favorites of flautists, and with it Rampal showed his perfect
management of 20th-century music.
The duo must have enjoyed the evening as much as the audience
because they played four encores after continued applause and standing
ovations: short excerpts from J. C. Bach and Mozart, and two pieces by
Ravel and Ibert.
is one of the most rewarding
films I've seen this year."
-Nora Sayre. New York Times
Directed by ALAIN RESNAIS Screenplay by JORGE SEMPRUN
Musical Score Composed by STEPHEN S0NDHEIM
Distributed  by Prima  Film Inc.
SHOWS AT 7:30, 9:30
4375 W. 10th
An extremely
R. McDonald    Shows at 12:15, 1:50, 3:45
B.C. Director
5:40, 7:35, 9:30
SHOWS at 12:15,
2:35, 5:00, 7:30,
SUNDAY at 2:35,
Warning — Occasional
suggestive scenes
of perverted sex
R. McDonald
B.C. Director
They forced her to commit
the ihimate sacrifice!
Scenes of
and Rape.
R. McDonald
B.C. Director
SHOWS AT: 12:20
2:10, 4:05, 6:00
8:00, 10:00
Evenings 7 & 9:15
Matinees Sat. & Sun.
2 P.M.
CAMBIE al  18th
Scenes From A Marriage
Liv Ullman
MATURE — Some sex scenes.
R. McDonald, B.C. Director
DUNBAR it 30th
Page Friday,
Friday, February 28,  1975 PF    INTERV/
Yes, it has finally happened. The man whose profile
graces the logo of this weekly feature is finally
conducting an interview. Trembling with adulation
and looking for tips, Alan Doree talks with Eric Nicol.
j®f&&i'! -'V;
Doree ... bug-eyed, admiration.
Eric Nicol is a Canadian humorist who
writes a column for the Vancouver
Province, has numerous books to his credit,
is a playwright and has contributed radio
and television scripts to the CBC and BBC.
His three Stephen Leacock Medals make
him the only multiple winner in the award's
29 year history. Nicol is a graduate of UBC
and. wrote humor columns for The Ubyssey.
Page Friday: Over 10 years ago, in the
introduction to your book A Herd of Yaks,
you said humor had the lowest status of all
the arts in Canada. Do you still feel that
Eric Nicol: Absolutely. If anything I think
the situation's worse now. Almost nobody
wants to write humor in this country, which
is understandable since almost nobody pays
any attention to you when you do. If you look
back on Canadian literature the first
humorist that anyone recognizes, I suppose,
is Stephen Leacock and then there's nobody,
and nobody, and nobody, and then there's
me. You're looking at a dying breed, I'm
currently the only full-time living humorist
in Canada. A lot of writers here turn out the
occasional volume of humor but it's usually
only a one-shot deal, not too many of them
turn their hand to it regularly.
PF: Is this more typical of Canada, than,
say, Britain or the U.S. which we usually
think of as much less conservative than
EN: Canadians approach most things
pretty conservatively and I don't think
humor is any exception, but I wouldn't say it
was typical of us. Our humor is conservative
in style, for example, but not in subject
humor. We have no sacred cows, perhaps
because we realize we're not a particularly
important or powerful country. But in the
U.S. I discovered having fun with American
history is a definite no-no when I did that in a
book of mine called Say, Uncle. It did all
right here but in the U.S. it was a disaster.
But my centennial year book, 100 Years Of
What?, which had some fun with Canada's
history went over o.k. up here.
PF: In fact, humorous treatments of
Canadian history have done well in a
number of cases, like Charlie Farquhar-
son's History of Canada, your own A Herd of
EN: Yeah, so I don't think we're more
conservative than others, at least in that
respect. But where I do agree Canadian
humorists become very dull is in the
presentation of their material. We just don't
seem to have anybody with the sense of
madness or nonsense to produce something
like Monty Python, the Goon Show or Laugh-
I'd like to see us produce a good berserk
show once in a while. But that type of show is
really expensive to stage because you're
. doing.so much in a short time. With a rapid-
fire technique, like Monty Python, you need
a lot of talented people and a lot of money for
things like the many different  sets  you
require. These restrictions are more severe
in countries with small populations like
It's easier on radio, of course, because you
let the listener's imagination do a lot of the
work. But here again we have problems in
Canada, because once you've said CBC
you've pretty well described all the opportunities available to a humor writer in
this country.
PF: Do you feel the lack of opporunity
confronts the Canadian humorist in the
publishing industry as well?
EN: Hell, yes. It's probably worse. Book
publishers, with exceptions, of course, seem
to shy away from funny manuscripts unless
it's fairly tame stuff. There's almost nothing
in the way of magazine outlets here. We've
got only one national magazine and they
stay     pretty      thin     on      humor. .
PF: Could a humor magazine like Punch
or The National Lampoon survive in this
EN: I don't think a Canadian humor
magazine would have any trouble attracting
readers, but in a country of 20 million I think
it would have trouble attracting the money
necessary to get it running at first.
One good thing about all this, however, is
that if you can make it as a comic writer
here, where there are so damn few
resources and opportunities, then you can
make it anywhere. In that sense Canada is a
good, if bloody frustrating, training ground.
PF: "Anywhere" would primarily be the
United States, wouldn't it?
EN: Yeah, right. The cultures are so
similar any material you could sell up here
by convincing producers or editors that it
was funny could be marketed down there,
with the exception of the sacred cows I
mentioned earlier.
PF: Does the Leacock Medal provide the
chance to build a reputation or gain a little
prestige? It seems odd, in light of what
you've said, that Canada of all countries
should have an award solely for humorists.
Humorists can win awards in other countries, perhaps the Pulitzer Prize, but there
aren't any awards set aside exclusively for
their type of writing.
EN: That's true, but I think very little
importance is attached to the medal in
Canada. Leacock's name is associated with
his works of humor and the medal is
remembered mostly because of his fame
rather than due to any it bestows on the
holders. I think it's significant, in light of my
earlier remarks, that I'm probably the only
full-time writer of humor to win a Leacock
Medal. Nearly everybody else won it for one
of the few books of humor they've written
amid a pile of other stuff. I think Farley
Mowat and Mordecai Richler have both won
one but nobody thinks of them as humorists
primarily. So I don't think the medal is a
goal for or an encouragement to the humor
writers of Canada. You feel honored to get
one but you don't dream about it like other
writers  dream  about  Pulitzer or  Nobel
Reich discovers
life force
Anyone interested in the new reality offered the other side of Theodore Roszak's Aquarian
frontier should find this book fascinating, and perhaps, essential reading.
Although it pays some attention to the radical sexual and psychological theories of the
younger Reich — discussed in PF two weeks ago — it is largely concerned with the broader
scientific implications of Reich's orgone energy concept.
Orgone, Reich & Eros,
W. Edward Mann,
Musson Books [Paperback],
It is unfortunate that so many disciples of the younger Reich's work have tended to
dismiss his orgone energy theory as the poetic fantasy of a brilliant man who became rather
cranky and paranoid" in later life.
This book redresses the balance admirably, offering a scrupulously researched and fully
documented chronological survey of Reich's discoveries, emphasizing the ever-increasing
scientific verification of Reich's experiments, including the efficacy of the much-maligned
orgone energy accumulator.
Crudely defined, orgone energy is the primordial cosmic energy which flows through all
things — the mysterious "life force" which many religions and philosophies (usually
Eastern and anti-materialist) have posited for centuries, the energy which clairvoyants
have always claimed to see in the form of the human aura.
Of course, it's a more complex concept than this, and the book opens with a useful 10-point
summary of the major characteristics of orgone energy.
Mann regards Reich as a major social thinker of Marx and Freud stature, which may
appear a breathtaking claim, and yet is persuasive in the context of Reich the visionary,
haunted by the dream of a unified theory of life which would integrate biology, psychology,
mathematics, medicine and physics.
As modern science increasingly retreats from Newtonian concepts of definite mass and
energy, so Reich comes to appear as one of the major prophets of the new world view. As
Mann points out, "The orgone theory, tying in with yoga and acupuncture perspectives as it
does, will assist in the coming blend of Oriental and Western religiosity and philosophy."
Reich was a visionary, yet he was no dreamy word-spinner, detached from the real world.
His importance lies in the empirical testing of his extraordinary scientific theory, and the
successes he obtained with orgone-energy accumulators — successes which lie chiefly in the
domain of the therapeutic, but which may also have implications for weather control.
What is pleasing about this book, apart from its encyclopedic range of documentation and
quotation, is its author's scepticism. While admiring Reich, he is no starry eyed disciple,
and Reich's writings are treated with intelligent reservations.
For the price of a pizza, then, you can have the best book on Reich yet written; synthesizing biography with a full survey of the orgone-energy concept from its early
development in terms of character-armoring psychology to its later full-blooded extension
as an empirically verifiable force open to scientific exploration and therapeutic use for a
wide range of modern emotionally-centred illnesses.
As Mann shows, orthodox scientific investigation of Reich's pioneering theories is only in
its infancy, but the ultimate implications for our traditional view of reality are startling
PF: It also seems to attract very little
news coverage.
EN: Right. No newspaperman in his right
mind would cover the Leacock Medal
award. They all think it's boring and they're
right, so you're not exactly overwhelmed
with public acclaim when you're named the
I also think it's significant that the
Leacock Medal has no money attached to it.
If something comparable existed in the U.S.
I'm sure the Americans would have a
cheque attached and probably more extensive publicity as well. Sure, they would
probably overdo it, but we underdo it.
PF: You said earlier the CBC is the major
vehicle for humor in Canada. Do you find the
material displayed by the network often
tends to dwell heavily on purely Canadian
jokes, involving        confederation,
bilingualiasm, hockey. . . .
EN: . . .Mounties, Newfoundland,
beavers, etc?
PF: Yeah.
EN: Sure. I don't see anything wrong with
that but I would like to see our writers
produce material with a more general
theme. I suspect we haven't really grown up
yet and it would be nice to see us derive
more humorous inspiration from the goings-
on in other countries.
It's better now than it used to be. A few
years ago the CBC had the attitude "We're
going to be funny about Canada if it kills
us," and they had rather a grim approach to
humor. And grimness isn't exactly the right
attitude to approach humor writing with.
I think this inward looking tendency is
perhaps one reason why attitudes in
Canadian society don't always change very
quickly. . . .
PF: Is this something the apparently
trivial humorist can help change?
EN: Definitely. I think that's the most
important function of an humorist. People
usually settled into almost fixed patterns of
thought, what I call contour thinking, as
they grow older and, as a humorist, I like to
shake them up, scramble their thinking and
get them to take a look outside of their
familiar patterns, even if only temporarily.
I think the humorist is the only person who
can really do this. He can slip his message in
with a few laughs that help it go down. I'm
really a frustrated teacher, you know.
PF: But a humorist has to be able to entertain.
EN: Right. The message shouldn't get in
the way of the gags and if you haven't got a
message or a point to make but you can
make people laugh, well that's an
achievement in itself. The humor should be
as strong as any other aspect of the piece
you're writing, if not stronger, because your
message could be wrong and so you should
have something else to offer. Also, if you
don't get someone right off the bat with your
gags, they're not going to read the rest of the
piece. But I still find most people, even
years later, usually remember the style and
content of your stuff rather than the jokes or
the actual wording of some of the funny
Of course, what this all boils down to is
that humor and humorists are basically
destructive, always knocking things down,
pricking people, letting the air out of various
balloons and so on.
PF: But you hope the things you knock
over need knocking over, right?
EN: Yeah, you try to clear a space and
hope somebody will fill it with something
better, but don't forget that's just the
humorist's opinion and he could be wrong. A
lot of people might feel you're knocking over
the wrong things and they're entitled to that
opinion. But even when humor's right on
target somebody else usually has to do the
rebuilding, the correct, by its very nature,
comic writing seems to be destructive
rather than constructive.
Friday, February 28, 1975
Page Friday, 7 dramadramadramadratnadramadramadramadramadramadramadr
50s plot captured in 70s spirit
A play produced in a workshop
and first performed 17
years ago last Tuesday can be a
difficult piece of theatre to
resurrect with a student cast in a
place and time far removed from
the original. This can be especially
true when the play itself, while
good, is by no means a classic.
But luckily, it is exactly that kind
of challenge that the Dorothy
Somerset Studio is perfectly set up
to meet. And within the given
limitations, the current production
of The Sport of My Mad Mother,
running until Saturday, is probably
the best that could be arranged at
The play's nominal scenario
concerns a group of East London
gang members on Guy Fawkes
Day and their intensely frustrated
existence. They live a life of
paranoia toward other gangs,
rivalry and ever-shifting loyalties
among themselves and contempt
or ignorance of just about anything
The foregoing is, in fact, a
translation, because there is really
no important concrete basis to the
play. Its essence and importance
lies simply in the free-form, jazzlike style of the words that are
Similar rhythmic potential is i
exploited from the Guy Fawkes
catchphrase "Please to remember
the Fifth of November," and from
the fashion ambitions of Fak, a big,
dumb, bearlike gang member who
I'm gonna get me a great red ruby!
Rich  and   bulging  and   bold   like
Sweet thick pleasure is guttering
through me.
Red! Red! Red! 'II make me feel
And the chorus of gang members
yells: "Killer! Killer!
Killer! ..."
That speech and the resulting
rhythmic euphoria could be seen as
a summation of the play, both in
style and content. For, as
playwright Ann Jellicoe writes in
her preface to the Delta edition of
the script, "the play is based upon
myth and uses ritual. Myth is the
bodying forth in images and stories
of our deepest fears and conflicts.
Where ?
'Sport' is concerned with fear and
rage at being rejected from the
womb or tribe . . . This play
proceeds by rituals because the
insecure and inarticulate group of
people who figure in the play
depend upon them so much."
Director Jane Heyman understands the play extremely well.
She milks all the alliterative and
rhythmic potential of the lines and
creates, particularly through the
statuesque positions she often has
her actors take when they aren't
speaking, a festering, moody
With one unfortunate exception,
Heyman has chosen her cast well.
Hilmi Mohamed as Fak and
Camille Mitchell as Greta, the sex-
mother leader of the gang, are the
standouts. Mohamed manages to
convey a complete and believable
characterization between the
stylized lines, a difficult task in a
play like this. Mitchell exudes a
perfect street sexiness that's hard
and manipulative and provides
exactly the sharp-tongued emptiness the part calls for.
Edgar Dobie also is extremely
effective, furnishing a portrayal of
the uptight paranoic Cone that
resembles Malcolm Macdowell's
in A Clockwork Orange, without
the Macdowell character's intelligence.
Margaret Kyle as Patty and
Helena Symonds as a moronic,
frightened enigma known as Dodo
also give pleasing, expert performances.
The one grating exception to this
good cast is John Taylor's wooden
portrayal of Dean, the American
liberal quasi-intellectual who is
essential in providing a rational, if
pompously over-serious, counterpart to the animal chaos
represented by the gang. Taylor is
simply not ready to play a part
that, despite the essay-like
straightforwardness of the lines,
probably is the most difficult one to
carryoff well of the whole play. It's
too bad, because Dean plays a
large role in the play and Taylor's
acting is difficult to ignore.
But overall, the production
provides many, many pleasures.
Not the least of them is Bruce
Ruddell's original music. The
natural outgrowth of such
rhythm-obsessed play is occasional outbursts of music and Rud-
dell, who also plays the narator-
stagehand Steve, has produced
some fine quick times and
background sounds. David Fischer's simple backdrop design — a
wall of miscellaneous metal and
sheet metal objects connected by
springs — conceives the play's
mood exactly.
This is a play for lovers of pure
theatre, and none should miss it.
For, as the Hindu hymn which
provided the title says: "All
creation is the sport of my mad
mother Kali."
Canada's most popular
Warning: The Department of National Health and Welfare advises that danger to health increases with amount smoked.
Page Friday, 8
Friday, February 28,  1975 flakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflakpflai
Fame, fortune, and foolishness
can all come your way soon enough
through the upcoming Ubyssey
student writing theme issue. Here
is your, and your friends, chance to
be published in a big way with-your
short   stories,   fragments   and
poems. Not a contest but a campus
writing anthology in the creative
vein and a yearly Ubyssey Culture
Gultch tradition. So do send in your
little literary gems (the shorter the
better due to our column-inch
space squeeze) right now to "Page
Friday, Campus Writing Issue,
The Ubyssey." Better yet, quickly
drop them off at the PF desk in the
Ubyssey Office (second floor SUB,
Room 241K) because our deadline
is soon. Hurry people cuz we here
at Culture Gulch are bravely
holding the fort open for you and
your writing. So quick-like fire'em
off. Nuff said.
More great stuff
from us to you
This week's Page Friday
features something a little different as PF staffers Richard
Yates and Bernard Bischoff,
members of the Anarchist
Collective on campus have
collaborated with their fellow
collective members to try to explain   a   much   misunderstood
philosophy and way of living to the
rest of us.
Coming either Tuesday or next
Friday will be a mini-theme issue
featuring reports and analysis on
the socialist studies conference
entitled Social Democracy in
Power, to be held today and
tomorrow in SUB.
Next Friday PF will be
publishing the glut of record and
book reviews which have been
building up in our copy basket,
because of lack of space due to
theme issues.
As can be seen by the note next
door we're planning a creative
writing theme issue Mar. 14,
featuring campus writers.
On Mar. 21 the schedule tentatively calls for PF staffers to
recall past trips during years off
school and generally offer sage
advice to those tired of the
academic grind who want to pound
the road for a while.
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ubyssey page Friday, 9 Page 14
Friday, February 28,  1975
Hot flashes
bares all
Premier Dave Barrett, fresh
from the opening of the
legislature, will approach the
periphery of the campus
Wednesday to address the annual
commerce dinner.
The dinner will be held in the
Ed   Heisler   on   socialism   and   the'
economic    crisis,     8    p.m.,     1208
Guest  choreographer  Linda  Rabin,
2 p.m., SUB party room.
Jim Wolfe and Brian Little on
where does the world go now,
noon, SUB 207. Film on people's
communes in China, noon, SUB
Don Swaby speaks on the convert,
noon, Angus 412.
General   meeting,  noon,  SUB  215.
Fourth lecture in series on Siberia:
Leslie Dienes on Siberia: last
resource frontier of the world,
noon, Bu. 203.
Practice,  10:30 a.m., winter sports
centre gym E.
Graduation    exercise    by    soprano
Joan Forst, 8 p.m., music building
recital hall.
Good     times     for     all,     7     p.m.,
Lutheran campus centre.
Free concert with  big band  music,
noon, old auditorium.
General  meeting,  noon,  SUB  215.
Oiav Slaymaker on Teithard de
Chardin, 7 p.m., Bu. 1221.
Dr.   Sydney   Israels on  paediatrics,
noon, IRC 1.
Introductory    lecture,   noon,   SUB
Executive   elections,   noon,   Angus
Annual general executive elections,
noon. SUB 213.
Canadian poet Lionel Kearns reads
from his own work, noon, Bu. 217.
Executive   elections,   noon,   Angus
General   meeting,  noon,  SUB  213.
faculty club and only commerce
students will be on hand to hear
the pearls big Dave will cast
before the gathered swine.
In case you're interested in
crashing the party, the faculty
club is located on the northern
edge of the campus overlooking
Howe Sound.
The food's usually good.
The fine arts gallery is
currently featuring the works of
three Lower Mainland artists.
Entitled Three Directions in
Painting, the gallery is attempting
to explore some of the diverse
possibilities of contemporary
The exhibition, featuring
Michael Brodie, Victor Miles and
Ken Wallace, continues until
March 19 in the gallery's main
library basement location.
Canadian and U.S.
tax returns.
Highest quality,
lowest prices.
1941 W. 4th AVE.
Time - 8:30 p.m. to 1 a.m.
Adm. $1.75
are awarded in portrait, scene,
color and general categories..
Phone T. K. Chu at 228-4405 for
more information.
Women's day
Can you think of a great way
to celebrate International
Women's Day, March 9?
Something that will symbolize
what this event stands for, what it
signifies to the women of the
world and especially at UBC?
Will it tell the world in a brief,
poignant fashion what women's
liberation means in such a way
that women can relate it to their
everyday lives?
How about a baking exhibition?
That's right folks; and you can
take in the action March 9 at the
Queen Elizabeth Playhouse. Right
Deadline is March 11 for
photofreaks to enter the annual
Photosoc contest for an
exhibition March 17 to 22.
Entries from the university
community are accepted free,
while a $1 fee is charged for
off-campus entrants.
Prizes  of money and ribbons
2 Passport, Visa, or
Application Photos
Regular $2.95
Show Your AMS Card   ,
(Negative yours to keep free)
3343 West Broadway
1975 GRADS
Call today for an appointment
for your FREE 4x5 color portrait.
Your Official U.B.C. graduation
portrait photographers since  J 969.
3343 West Broadway, Vancouver 732-7446
Vancouver Museums
and Planetarium
1100 Chestnut Street
(And Beat The Housing Squeeze)
EARL CARTER, historical consultant on early B.C.
hand-hewn structures, has made log buildings for private
homes and public museums. His Log Cabin course
includes: selection of tools and materials; structural
design; construction of cross logs, rafters and shakes; use
of broad-axe, froe, spud and slick. Participants will work
under Earl Carter's direction to build a scale model log
TIMES:    Mondays March 10-April 14
Tuesdays March 11 - April 15
Wednesdays March 12 - April 16
Thursdays March 13 - April 17
7:30 - 9:30 p.m.
March 15 - April 19, 10 a.m. - 12 noon
Cost: $20.00 ($15.00 to Museum members)
REGISTER NOW!       Call 736-4431 for details
Whoosh'n Schuss
with skis and boots
from Dokka & Westrheim.
Our well stocked shop has the
right selection Just For You I
SKIS: Rossignol, Dynamic, Fischer, Hexcel, Kneissl,
Dynastar, Blizzard, Atomic.
BOOTS:    Trappeur,    Nordica,    Hanson,    Kastinger,
Dolomite, Tyrol.
336 W. Pender St.  681-2004 or 681-8423
RATES:   Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 (toy $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30a.m., the day before publication,
Publications Offke, doom 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
be held on Wednesday. March 5.
Everybody out,  PLEASE.
SAT., MARCH 1 — II Caffe's annual
dance at the Graduate Centre Ballroom. Band: The New Rebels. Time
8:30 p.m. to 1:00 a.m. Adm. $1.75 p.p.
UBC SKI CLUB Executive elections are
to be held on Tuesday, March 4,
Angus 104. noon. Everybody out,
The second West Coast Kung-Fu Karate
Championship Tournament, sponsored
by the University of British ColumDia
Kung-Fu Club, will be held Saturday,
March 8, 1975 at the U.B.C. War
Memorial Gymnasium, Vancouver, Canada.
This, the largest Martial Arts Tournament in B.C., will feature contestants
representing many styles of Kung-Fu
. and Karate from the entire West Coast
of the U.S. and Canada.
Competition will be held in) seventeen
divisions of free fighting, forms, and
ancient weapons, for men, women, and
children. Impressive trophies will be
awarded to first, second and third
place winners in each division. Eliminations begin at 10:00 a.m.
The evening show, beginning at 8 p.m.,
will present the finals of each division,
and will be highlighted by demonstrations of various styles of Kung-Fu by
Masters from Hong Kong, China, U.S.A.,
and  Canada.
The   public   is   invited   to   attend   this
exciting event!
For further information  phone:
Peter Labrie, President
U.B.C. Kung Fu Club
10— For Sale — Commercial
35 — Lost
BLACK SKI MITTS left in car 8:00
Feb. 25, 41st and MacDonald. Phone
Diana   266-8679.
C   &  C   SPORTS
20%  Off Everything
Big Savings On Ice  Skates,
Hockey Equipment, Racquets.
Gym  Strip,  Etc.
Open 4 p.m.-6 p.m. Mon.-Wed.
4 p.m.-9 p.m.  Thurs.  & Fri.
9 a.m.-6 p.m.   Saturday
3616 W.  4th  Ave.
Best prices paid for furniture and all
miscellaneous items. 224-7313-
WE PRINT ANYTHING- 350 novelty
designs. We specialize in clubs and
team shirts. T-Shirt Tree. 27 W.
Cordova  St.   683-2933.
HP-21 now available. Only $151.95.
Phone Rick 266-8169. Limited quantity.
11 — For Sale — Private
$1.00.  Outside SUB Cafeteria today.
25 — Instruction
30 — Jobs
40 — Messages
65 — Scandals
70 — Services
Thousands of  Research Papers.
Custom   Research
Student Resume Services
1969  W.  Broadway,  Vancouver, B.C.
Phone:  738-3714
Office hours: 1:00-5:00 p.m. Mon.-Sat.
IF you have normal vision and don't
wear glasses or contact lenses
IF you would normally use your left
eye to look through a telescope
or peep through a
THEN you may be able to earn $2.50
an hour for participation in
an experiment in
visual perception.
Drop by room 11, Henry Angus Bldg.
for further information
and a quick 5 minute
screening test to
see if you qualify, or call 228-6458
and leave your name and number
Former tax assessor. Prompt service.
Low  rates.   Pick   up.   266-4651.
SOUTH AMERICA & Galapagos Islands.
1-4 month experiences, low-cost. Free
brochure, please write: New World
Educational Trips, P.O. Box 2131,
Salinas,   Calif.   93901,  U.S.A.
80 — Tutoring
MATH, CHEMISTRY and Physics taught
by sympathetic, understanding professional. All levels. Reasonable rates.
Typist. Experienced Technical and
Thesis Typing. Reasonable Rates
Mrs.   Ellis 321-3838.
and Marine Drive).  266-5053.
TYPING DONE in North Vancouver
home. Reliable service, reasonable
rates on your essays, etc. 988-7228.
HAST EFICIENT electric typing (near
(41st and Marine Drive). 261-9428.
90 - Wanted
grad-students looking for new place
to  live.  May or  Sept.   321-6482. Friday, February 28,  1975
Page 15
'Birds active three ways
as season nears end
-"blue" photo
ANXIOUS MOMENT in front of the UBC goal as Vancouver Sporting Club forwards put the heat on 'Birds
stand-in goalie Ron Hurley. UBC lost the game 3-0, but hopes for better things this weekend against the
Olympic Columbians.
Samson, Weber, Budd return;
soccer 'Birds back in force
The UBC Thunderbird soccer
team will try again this weekend
for their first win this year.
After a layoff of over a month,
the 'Birds got off to a rotten start
last weekend when they handed
Vancouver Sporting Club a 3-0
They were playing without three
of their stars: Darryl Samson,
Brian Budd and Greg Weber. The
three were in San Francisco
playing for the Vancouver
Whitecaps in an indoor soccer
With the three back in UBC
uniforms the 'Birds may be successful this time round.
They will be playing the Olympic
Columbians at Capilano Stadium
Saturday at 2:00 p.m.
The ^Birds still have games in
hand over the other teams in front
of them in the league, but unless
they get a winning streak going
this means absolutely nothing.
One thing for sure, they should
be happy to have their three big
guns back. Samson has been
perhaps the most consistent player
in the team so far this year.
Playing for the Whitecaps lias
helped him develop the confidence
he lacked last year.
Budd will be putting his speed
and  ball  control  into  use  this
weekend. His main problem right
now, according to UBC coach Joe
Johnson, is his obsession to put the
ball through the legs of his opponents. It works, but only
sometimes. Johnson says if Budd
can learn to utilize his speed he
would be an even more destructive
forward than he is now.
Weber is someone the 'Birds
really appreciate having on their
team. There is no one on the team
that can adequately fill in the
space between the posts if Weber
leaves. This is one problem
Johnson is concerned about and he
says he would be relieved if any
budding goalkeeper on campus
would contact him.
As the days grow longer and the
season winds down, the pressure
on UBC teams remaining in action
The basketball 'Birds are in
Victoria Friday and Saturday and
possibly Sunday in a best-of-three
series with UVic to determine the
Canada West champion. UBC lost
three out of four games with UVic
during the season, finishing behind
them in the standings.
Three players have been
bothered with a flu bug, missing
the last week's practices. Steve
Pettifer, Blake Iverson and Mike
McKay have all been suffering on
the sidelines.
"Not having a full team has
meant we haven't been able to
practice everything we want to,"
coach Peter Mullins. "Everyone
except possibly Iverson should be
back for the Victoria games."
UBC's chance for a second
national championship comes
today and Saturday at the
Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic
• Union wrestling championships in
Bob Laycoe's Thunderbirds will
have seven representatives on the
Canada West team. Jon Davison
(118 lb.), Gus Romanelli (150 lb.),
Mike Richey (158 lb.), Craig
Delehunt (167 lb.), Phillippe
Markon (177 lb.), George Richey
(190 lb.), and Kyle Raymond
(heavyweight) all took their
respective division titles at the
Canada West tournament in
Saskatoon last week.
George Richey and Raymond
are both defending national
collegiate champions and are good
bets to repeat. Mike Richey has
had a strong year and could give
the 'Birds another title. Markon
was the Quebec provincial
champion a few years back but had
a hot and cold season. In any case
he has to be regarded as more than
a long shot. Delahunt could very
well come up with a big performance as he has beaten some
fine wrestlers.
Davison and Romanelli both
suffer from a lack of experience at
the collegiate level. However,
Davison did come away from the
Canada Games with a sivler
medal. The pair could both finish
high in their divisions.
Although a couple other
universities will be sending more
than seven competitors this is by
far the largest contingent UBC has
ever had at the nationals.
The only sport action of the
weekend on campus will be
provided by the rugby team. They
will be playing the Vancouver Rep
team in second round McKechnie
cup action.
The 'Birds defeated the Island
representatives last term so this
game will likely decide possession
of the Cup for this season.
UBC will be coming into the
game in a healthy state and off a
victory over the James Bay side
last Saturday. It "will be only their
third home game since the
Christmas break.
The game, originally slated for
2:30 p.m., has been moved up to
3:00 p.m. in order to allow members of other teams engaged in
earlier games to watch.
will be holding
on Tuesday, March 4
at Noon, Angus 104
The Siding Canadian.
Molson Canadian.
Brewed right here in B.C Page 16
Friday, February 28, 1975
Action deliberate
says ed minister
From page 1
papers for education change,
Bremer was sacked following
Premier Dave Barrett's public
comment about the commissioner
being "a bit of a failure."
During the last spring session of
the legislature, Dailly introduced
the long awaited government white
paper on education priorities, a
five-point document isolating
areas the NDP wished to reform.
Critics said the white paper was
vague and lacked any definitive
statement, but the government
stuck with it and established a(
research and development
department to discuss implementation methods.
Knight was hired to head this
Dailly said she wants "to assure
everyone that this action has not
been taken without much thought
and deliberation."
"As minister I take and must
take full responsibility for the
judgment of the effectiveness of
the work done by all personnel who
work for me in the department,"
she said.
But opposition leader Bill
Bennett questioned the abruptness
of the dismissals, saying they
prove Dailly is "incompetent to
handle the affairs of the department" and demanded she
publicly release specific reasons
for the researchers' firings.
Liberal leader David Anderson
said he is "appalled" at Dailly's
decisions and is especially angry at
the treatment given to Knight.
Knight hasn't been able to appeal
Gloom fears false
says optimist Barrett
From page 1
Dennis Cocke — the ministers
responsible for most spending on
the aged and the poor — have
called for spending restraints
within their departments but
emphasize they don't want to see
existing programs curtailed.
Opposition critics have
repeatedly said they think the
government itself created the
provinces' economic situation by
discouraging private investment in
the mining industry through Bill 31
and increasing forestry royalties
enough to further damage the
already depressed B.C. lumber
But Premier Dave Barrett and
his cabinet colleagues say
otherwise. In the throne speech
debate this week, Barrett answered an opposition non-
confidence motion that the
government hasn't solved the
unemployment problem by saying
"just wait until the budget comes
Barrett says the "gloom and
doom" forecasts about declining
investment in B.C. are false and
will be disproved in today's speech.
No one is saying how much of the
province's budget will go to the
universities and it is likely details
about exactly how much the three
institutions will receive until Dailly
presents detailed budget estimates
for her department in March.
She has reiterated her decision
not to expand the pupil-teacher
reduction program which also
could mean projected expansions
of university education faculties
would be unnecessary.
One thing is certain. B.C.
universities receive most of their
operating and capital funds last
year through approximately $110
million in provincial government
grants. Decisions about the
provinces multi-billion dollar
budget can drastically affect the
operation of the universities.
his dismissal because the government refuses to proclaim a section
of the Public Service Act allowing
dismissals appeals of senior
government employees, Anderson
A pamphlet prepared by
Fleming in late January for
education department employees
excludes the research and
development section from a
detailed flow chart listing
department divisions.
The pamphlet says: "We are
currently working on the establishment of the new division of
research and development.
"In the very near future, the
minister will announce the
primary functions and work
relationships of this division of the
department to the field.
"Details as to the nature and
process of research and
development will be described and
a clear indication as to how the
department's research and
development capability can be
invited to assist in the solution of
local problems will be given," it
Nominations for executive positions will
be received between March 3 and March
?7 — Forms may be picked up and submitted to Room 208 War Memorial Gym.
Letters of application for appointment to managerial
positions will be received between March 3 and March
26. Submit applications to Room 208, War Memorial
Public Relations Officer Gymnastics
Equipment Manager Golf
Badminton Skiing
Basketball Swimming
Curling Tennis
Fencing Track & Field
Field Hockey Volleyball
Figure Skating
free-form furniture and waterbeds
162 water street, gastown, Vancouver
open daily 10 - 10 - sat. 10 - 6 - sun. 12 - 6 - 687-2891
and we've got so much more
If you are an engineer this
chair could be yours.
This is where you could find yourself if you become a
Maritime Engineering Officer in today's Canadian Armed
Forces. The Master Engineering Control centre of one of our
new DDH 280 Destroyers.
No boilers. No stokers. No sweat!
The power within these beautiful ships comes from jet
turbine engines. The machinery that heats, cools, ventilates
and provides water throughout these ships is the latest.
Maritime Engineering Officers on these ships work
with some of the most sophisticated equipment in the
world...with expertly trained men who are as proud of
their work as they are of their ships.
If you're studying engineering, think about
this Officer's job. It's a very special one. It could
take you anywhere in the world!
National Defence Headquarters
Directorate of Recruiting & Selection,
Box 8989, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K2
Please send me more information about opportunities
in the Canadian Forces of Maritime Engineers.


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