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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 1, 1956

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Volume XXXIX
No. 17
Motion Asks
For Limitations
On Meet Power
UBC students will stand at a political crossroads today at
noon, as the specially-called AMS General Meeting gets under*
way in the Armoury at 12:30.
I Council will ask for a constitutional amendment allowing
constitutional or by-law amendment "by extraordinary resolution of the society or by a referendum passed by a two-thirds
majority provided that at least  15'Vc  of the active members
ultimatum to Israel arfd Egypt to cease
fighting. Israel accepted the ultimatum but
fierce battle are still raging on Egyptian
soil. President Eisenhower said Wednesday
that the United States does not intend to
—Photo courtesy Vancouver Sun
berths at Valletta on Malta in readiness to
load troops for duty at the Suez Canal zone
as Britain and France declared war on Egypt
to occupy the canal zone Wednesday. The
Anglo-French move came after Premier
Abdel Nasser of Egypt rejected a 24-hour
Grads  Return  To  Campus
Homecoming Ball Tickets
By Advance Sale Only
Tickets for the Homecoming Dance in the Armouries will NOT be sold-at the door
said Kathy Archibald, Homecoming chairman.
"Tickets must be picked up before the dance at either the AMS office or in the cafeteria/' she said.
Dancing will be in the Armour-; quired for grads wishing to en-, the gym with a half-time soccer
ies except for grad rtudents and   ter the Brock. Tickets are $3.50.   game between the council and
Alumni  who  can  circulate  be- j     Special entertainment will fea-j faculty.
tween   the   armouries   and the
Brock, Identification will be re-'
Acadia Camp
To Be Limited
Women's housing at Acadia
Camp will in future be limited
to first year students.
Dean Mawdsley. Dean o£ Women, stated that the Acadia residences are no exception to the
prevailing rules regarding women's housing.
The differences between men's
and women's accomodations can
lead to confusion. Wen are ad-'
mitted according to their seniori- j
ty. Therefore, there are many,
graduate students receiving housing, j
Policy concerning the women
is to admit, almost exclusively,
women in their first year. This ■
gives tne student a chance to
know Vancouver before they
must go house-hunting. [
About twelve girls elected by
tho residents are allowed to remain a second year. These girls
regulate the system and welcome
ture the Four Nights now appearing at the aCve Supper Club, j
Homecoming Queen will be chosen at 11:45 by ballott and judgment.
Friday night homecoming festivities will feature a Thunder-
bird-Alumni basketball game in
Males Sought
For Reading
The English Department is
seeking male thespians to try out
for parts in a dramatized reading of Richard II.
The play, to be presented in
January, will be directed by
Miss Dorothy Somerset and supplemented with noon hour lectures by Dr. Akrigg and Dr.
Sets and costumes will be of
a modern, symbolic type used
with great success in Europe in
recent years. Twenty-five men
are needed for the cast.
Auditions, open to all students
are being held Thursday and
Friday this week from 1 30 on
in the Frederic Wood Theatre.
MP. Fulton
To Speak
Conservative MP Davie Fulton, a contender for the vacancy
left by retiring Too' Leader
George Drew, will deliver his
initial campaign speech on the
UBC campus November 7.
Mr. Fulton, the Member for
Kamloops, will address students
in Arts 100.
Mr. Fulton, a late starter in the
Tory leadership race, is opposed
by Saskachewan MP John Dief-
enbaker, and the Member for
Toronto - Broadview, Donald
Dr. Sidney Smith, President
of the University of Toronto,
has also been mentioned by many
observers as a possible candidate
for the Conservative leadership.
Dr. Smith, however, has made
no public statement regarding
his intentions.
I vote."
1     If passed, the proposed motion
! will in effect, act as a potential
! limitation on,the power which'
| now lies with the General Meet-:
I ings. Council will be empower- \
! ed to place any proposed measure !
before a referendum, instead *4
a General Meeting.
Special committee formed by
the Students' Council after the
last meeting has been working
on  "council  reform"  plans  and;
ideas   for   altering   the   genera] j
meeting. '
Another  major  item  will  be j
the budget which caused Aggie
president Bill Davis to challenge
the quorum at the regular Fall
General Meeting two weeks ago.!
A quorum was not present and i
th* meeting fizzled after six min-:
utei and 18 seconds.
Council President Don Jabour
has stated he will have the Council pass the budget at their next
meeting if a quorum doesn't
show up.
Investigation of the constitution has shown that the general
meeting does not necesarily have
to pass the budget. Today's meeting will be the last chance for
students to have any say in how
their money is being spent, according to one council member.
Since the last meeting Agriculture Undergraduate Society budget has been raised from $140
to $175.
Special grants have been given
to Arts and Science Undergraduate Society and Varsity Revue
of $200 and $300 respectively.
Anti-noise by-law and a resolution concerning events in Europe and Middle East are expected.
Changes Now
In Directory
Anyone who has had a change
of address or telephone number
since signing up for registration,
and who wish to have such number correctly recorded in the
Student Directory must hasten
forthwith to the AMS office
and fill in one of the available
mimeographed forms before 2:00
The staff of the Directory will
not be responsible for out-of-date
numbers if not notified before
this  time.
Crisis in the Middle East
and Central Europe climaxed
yesterday with the bombing
and invasion of Egypt is covered on Pages four and Five,
of The Ubyssey.
Faculty and students have
contributed articles and comments on the rapidly developing world situation. Associated Presswirephotos appear in
this edition and will continue
to appear as long as the hostilities continue.
'tween dosses
Religion and
Medieval Art
Art by Professor Graig on Thursday noon in the Brock men's
committee room.
* *      *
will present Mr. John Pollack
from the central branch of the
YMCA, on Monday, November
5, at 12.30 p.m. in A-104.
* *      *
Saturday night at the cabin.
$1.25 each includes dinner. Siga
up at quad or in the clubroom
by 1.30 Friday.
* *      *
terers in P-200 at 12.30 on Friday, November 2.
* *      *
on Thursday, November 1 at 7
p.m. in Hut M-l. All must turn
* *       *
TRY-OUTS for dramatized reading of Richard II in Frederic
Wood Theatre. Open to all students.
* *       *
house has been made available
on Sunday evenings from 6 to 10
p.m. for play throughout the
Winter season.
* *       *
UN CLUB presenting Eric Yon,
Kuehmelp-Ledihm will speak on.
"America — Europe about the
Great Misunderstanding" in Arts
100, Friday noon.
* *       *
CAMERA CLUB presents
Bruce Polden, kodak color representative, speaking on "Kodak Color Films and Materials"
Friday noon in Art* 204. Novices welcome.
UBC's   Only   Home   Owned   General   Meeting THE UBYSSEY
Thursday, November 1,1956.
2 Conference Aftermath
Authorized ai second class mail, Post Office Department,
Student subscriptions $1.20 per year (included in AMS fees). Mail
subscriptions $2.00 per year. Single copies five cents. Published
In Vancouver throughout the University year by the Student
Publications Board of the Alma Mater Society, University of
British Columbia. Editorial opinions expressed herein are those
of the editorial staff of the Ubyssey, and not necessarily those of
the Alma Mater Society or the University. Letters to the Edltot
should not be more than 150 words. The Ubyssey reserves the right
to cut letters, and cannot guarantee publication of all letters
Managing Editor Pat Russell     City Editor Jerry Brown
Business Manager..Harry Yulll   Sports Editor, Dwayne Erickson
CUP Editor Carol Gregory     Feature Editor, R. Kent-Berber
Photo Editor Dave Wilder     File Editor Sue Ross
Reporters and Desk:    Art Jackson,    Rosemary Kent-Barber,
Barb Schwenk, Dave Robertson, Ted Nicholson.
Short Sighted
Students' Council has shown that it is one of the most
timid and mediocre group of students ever to run the affairs
of this campus.
At Monday night's council meeting an idea was tossed
around regarding the vastly significant events in the Middle
East and in Eastern Europe.
The tenor of the discussion was set when one council
member said, "Council should have no political ideas whatsoever."
UBC has long held its student autonomy before the
"underprivileged masses." The action of the Students' Council
renders our role to looking elsewhere for leadership.
We firmly believe that the representative body should
have had the "guts" to express what most of us feel—a sincere
appreciation of the efforts of the Hungarian students in their
fight for freedom—and to organize some tangible support in
terms of blood, money and clothing.
Instead they referred any action on these events to the
Charities Committee of the Undergraduates Societies Committee. If they hurry they can get a report ready by next
Congratulations Council. These momentous times will
have passed you by—when things needed doing, rapidly
and effectively.
The   New' NFCUS:
A Changed Spirit
The Turning Point
In a quiet way, today's AMS General Meeting may turn
out to be an event of signal importance. The outcome of
today's meeting might well be the turning point for UBC's
system of student government.
Students will be asked to approve a constitutional amendment that would allow the findings of a specially-appointed committee on student government reform to be implemented or rejected by a referendum, instead of at a general
meeting. If students accept this Council-proposed amendment, they will have taken the first step in limiting the freewheeling and somewhat capricious powers that now rest
with the General Meeting. This will be a decisive step, and
if students take it, we believe it will be a step in the right
The second step cannot be predicted at this time.
The Reform Committee's recommendations will not be
out for several weeks at least, and student reaction to these
findings can hardly be gauged  in advance.
The feelings of the members of the committee are well-
known, however, and we feel almost safe in predicting in
advance that whatever the committee recommends will be
in the best interests of the student body. Messrs. Beck,
Longstaffe et al are old hands at student affairs, and are
aware of the defects in the present system a.s any of us.
The matter of attendance will again raise its ugly head
at today's meeting, but we don't anticipate as much of a
problem a.s at the last one. For one thing, rather vital matters are at stake, and these are a General Meeting's best
publicity. In addition, Students' Council has finally conceded
that democracy sometimes has to be peddled like soap,
cheese, beer and Mussoc Musicals, and accordingly, has
given the soundtruck-baner-poster publicity treatment to the
In short, it should be a pretty good meeting: But when
we vote, we'd better all keep our heads about us. For whatever we decide today may reflect on us for years to come.
This is about NFCUS—a new
NFCUS. Perhaps you, like
many students across the country, -thought that there was
no change possible in the National Federation of Canadian
University Students. But there
is something new in the organization, something that puts it
on the brink of doing great
The 20th annual conference
of the Federation, held last
week, was perhaps the best in
its history. The reason was obvious. Nearly every member
university was represented by
the president of its student
council. Student government in
Canada seems at last to have
realized the fact that it forms
the National Federation; and
that without the active parici-
pation of local student councils
the Federation will continue to
be as weak and ineffective as it
has been in the past.
The Federation is not a separate  entity,  something   apart
from the student government
on each campus. It is a parliament and civil service combined, where views can be expressed and programs of action
carried out.
Once the students of Canada
realize this, and their leaders
appear to be aware of it now,
what its name says it is.
A spirit of intelligence and
good will prevaded at the conference. Council presidents
from Toronto, from UBC, from
Dalhousie and from most universities had their ideas on
what was wrong, but most important, they all realized what
was right, and how necessary
the Federation really is. There
was a new enthusiasm at the
end of the meetings.
This new attitude is due to
many factors, but if any one
person can be singled out for
the part.he played in building
it, he is Peter Martin.
No tribute to his work can
be better phrased than the
standing ovation he received
from   the  delegates  as  he  re-
Solidarity At Last In
Federation's   Ranks
Now at last it seems that the
National Federation of Canadian University Students has
found itself. At the twentieth
National Congress in Montreal
last week, participants from 22
universities redefined the federation's basic role.
They decided that its task is
to fulfill a national role which
can be filled by no other body,
not to return 50c to each and
every   student.    Its   goals   in-
By Tony Gambrill
elude representing the Canadian student on a national and
international level.
The most rewarding feature
of the congress was the new
feeling of unity and solidarity
which began to make itself felt
almost immediately. Rather
than squabbling over petty details as has happened so often
in the past, student representatives began working towards
the common goal of student
unity in Canada.
Those Elvis-Lovin'
Teenage Columns
Those who get past the funnies and the sports page in the
evening paper will have noticed recently the introduction
of teen opinions, advice to
teens, decas for teens, tips for
teens, tunes for teens and a
veritable wealth of topics specifically for teens.
These features should not,
of course, be confused with
those newsy items ahout the
terrorizing, grave-robbing, vandalizing activities of the black-
leather jacket and tight skirt
crowd. The one indicates that
teens are wonderfully warm
and enchanting, the other
proves they "are not.
As far as possible, each bilious item in the teen features
page is aimed at the "average"
teenager. This sinister method
is designed to tell the average
teenager what he or she should
be interested in. In the end,
each teenager reads the page
written for teenagers because
he or she is convinced that it
is what every "average" teenager is reading (and what is
more important to a teenager
thtan being the same es.every
other teenager?
• • •
The result is ghastly. Typical problems dealt with are:
"Was James Dean responsible
for the finishing of P.G.E.?",
"Petting on your motorcycle,"
"Should Elvis Presley join thc
Foreign Legion?," and "Entering sack races to win."
The recent climax (and this
is for real, as the home ec
student said as she took her
boy friend into the model bedroom) was the appearance of
a "How Do You Rate As A
Date?" quiz. This little ques-
tionaire proved that you were
a keen date if you got all the
answers right. These questions
ranged from "Do you talk
about other dates you've had?"
(a top of 3 for a discrete "no")
to "Do you try to influence
your date to do things that
are forbidden?" (a lousy 1 for
thc obvious 'yes").
Topics include double-dating
(sometimes), showering (daily),
dress (a must), and "are you
relaxed and comfortable on
dates?" (no, not that comfortable, son). Running across a
room naked, throwing your
glass into the fireplace, and
referring to the hostesses mo-
tired from the presidency. We
echo it here.
For the first time, the conference passed statements of
policy. This is, perhaps, a
symbol of its adulthood. The
subjects are not unimportant
(they are higher education, colonialism, bilingualism, and racial discrimination in the educational community) but the
most significant fact is that the
student leaders of Canada took
time from their worries over
details to discuss matters Of
other than practical urgency.
The National Federation is
solid in its own house at last.
There are new members Joining. There is a new spirit of
co-operation, coupled with a
realization of the necessity for
such a national organization.
The new president, Gabriel
Gagnon, has taken over at a
moment of great promise. We
wish him success and pledge
him our support, in fulfilling
This new attitude marks a
new step in the maturity of
NFCUS. The next step will
come when it has been conveyed to every student on
every campus in the country.
Observers from non-member
universities were unanimous in
saying that they felt left out
of a good thing, and that they
were going to do their utmost
to convince students on their
home campus that NFCUS is
something which everyone
should support as a Canadian
It is up to those of us who
belong to encourage their efforts and to continue the good
work begun last week.
ther as the madame is frowned
upon under "do you embarras
your date by showing off in
public?" For getting upset and
angry you are limited to one
point while the good conversationalist gets three.
"Do you depend on petting
as the only way to hold a
date's interest?" This question
is aimed at you there with the
dumb blonde. Get her interest
some other way or you'll only
rate one point,
What is more you're not allowed to sulk, gossip, be over-
possessive, act jealously, talk
about yourself, or refuse to
play parly games. On the contrary, you must be a good
listener and a good conversationalist—not at the same time,
however. And if you've had a
crummy evening, don't tell your
date unless you want to miss
3 points. Furthermore. "Do you
ever have suggestions for new
and interesting things to do?"
(son, if you don't mind—this
is on the level).
Let's get this straight (as
early as question 10) —"Do you
have the proper understanding
and a wholesome point of view
regarding sex'.''' How about
you, dear.' You ,a,! Well now,
I bet you've never seen a collection of birds' eggs like I
have up in my apartment . . .
Editor's Note: This, has needed saying for a long time. MODERATOR JACK GILES listens intently to owner of
finger, Peter Irvine, Law 2, during Parliamentary Forum
on co-education held October 30. Deep in thought are
Art Sager, Alumni, and Corinne Robertshaw, Law 2.
Students Favour
Co-education at UBC has
been vindicated.
The faculty proposal that it
should be abolished was successfully refuted by students in
Tuesday's Parliamentary Forum debate.
Academic life was almost
ignored as the battle of the
sexes was subjected to searching discussion.
The faculty, represented by
Dr. Marion Smith of the English Department and Art Sager,
secretary of the Alumni Association proclaimed it to be
wasteful and dangerous to send
inexperienced youths and maidens forth into the sexual fray
of thc campus.
In place of this, Dr. Smith
insisted, men should concentrate on a vocation for the proper support of their future
mates. For girls she would innovate the Technical Institute
for Women. (TINW) which
would sponsor cnimsos in "the
domestic a"ts nn.a i.i tne study,
pursuit ami capture, of husbands."
"After ; 11." Da. Smith continued, "you don't throw raw
recruits into battle. You give
them basic training first. This
is what we propose."
Opposing students, Corinne
Robertshaw and Graham Mosely. were aghast at the idea.,
"Backward, reactionary and
unenlightened!" exclaimed Miss!
Robertshaw. "If we don't have
the experience where will we
get the wisdom?" asked the
beautiful co-ed. j
Man-wise, she compared thc
results o! such a system to the,
"—hesitant,   bemused  products
of ten  years at a boys'  boarding school."
While   conceding   the   neces
sity of acquiring a vocation,
her partner, Mr. Mosely, stressed the importance of masculine
integrity. "For men the skill
more important than any other
is knowing how to handle women."
There was a delightful contrast between Dr. Smith's quiet,
incisive wit and Mr. Mosely's
histrionic delivery. Among
other proposals Dr. Smith advised supervision for any field
work carried out at T.I.N.W.
since "—trial and error leads
to costly mistakes." Possibly
she had the liquor price increase in mind when she quipped "liquor is quicker, but how
much is enough?"
Opposing the separation, Mr.
Mosely pictured with fiery eloquence the terrible effect on
"fresh young high school graduates just ready to sip the cup,
they (the opposition) would
snatch it away and inflict the
sordid, stifling sin of sexual
Judges at the affair were
Mr. Eric Todd of the Law faculty, CKWX personality Bill
Davis and Wendy Farris representing the students.
The trophy, a bull's horn
(alleged to be non-symbolic)
was presented to the winning
team by M.C. Jack Giles.
Tears and smoke filled the
hushed den of the morose Totem
staff. Anguished cries filled the
erie, darkened cell, between periods of profound thought and
A broken, hysterical, high-pitched laugh cracked its way between blackened layers of smoke
and precipitation. There was a
dainty thug and the Editor crashed to the floor, a deadened heap
of finally rested rattled nerves.
A crescendo of pitiful wailing
pounded against the walls and
ceiling The rest of the noise
was absorbed by other still bodies littering the butt-strewn
"She finally cracked," was the
unspoken thought, sluggishly
oozing through dimly-lit brains
"NO! It can't be. We must
fight back!"
"Yes, Fight!" murmured the
other tobacco-stained, parched
lips in unison.
The corpse-like staffers suddenly electrified themselves into
one pulsing unit, filled with
glorious thoughts for revenge.
To revenge the inevitable crack-
up and fall down of their dearly
beloved Editor.
We will do it," they chorused
while grabbing small red booklets, pens, cash boxes and nourishment, before crashing headlong up the Brock basement
The bright yellow smog and
moisture hit their pale, creased
"Yes, we will sell 3500 Totem!
We must, in memory of dear old
Mergatroide who bit the dust
so that we might live to see the
1957 Totem published in April."
And with loud hoots, they
scattered themselves onto the
campus and unsufpecting innocent students fled down to the
Georgia for protection, yelling,
"Buy a 1957 Totem, and you
will be revenging the death of
our martyr."
We hope that the death of
such a kindly soul will be avenged and that you will buy your
1957 Totem before the price
is raised from $4.25 to $4.75
Thursday, November 1,1956.
J. J. Abramson
I. F. Hollenberg
Immediate Appointment
Vancouver Block
MA. 0928 MA. 2948
Tuxedo Rentals
EA    I CC623 Howe St.
• **•  LEC   MAr. 2457
Hours: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Saturday: 9 a.m. to Noon
Loose-leaf Note Books, Exercise Books and Scribblers,
Graphic Engineering Paper, Biology Paper, Loose-leaf
Refills, Fountain Pens and Ink and Drawing Instruments
Owned and Operated by
The University of B.C.
LEWIS PERINBAM, Executive Secretary for the World
University Services of Canada, spoke to a campus audience last week on Asian problems, under the sponsorship of the United Nations Club. Mr. Perinbam was introduced by UN Club president, Gordy Drushong, Law 2.
Malay-born, and Glasgow educated, Perinbam spent five-
days in Vancouver on his annual cross-Canada tour.
Where there's drama..,
'heiTver lovely women gather . . . whercrer (/citing
thing* happen . . . you'll find the fabulous
KITTEX—fashion-leading for fall in new full-fashioned
super 70's/('./ir Botany, new dressmaker creations,
new full-fashioned collars, new Pettal Orlons, new hi-bulk
heavy-knits, and ever popular lambswool.
Colours and range of now styles
utterly breathtaking! C/-^>llL
At good shops everywhere.
Look for thc name [({M&A/Lt HUNGARY-POLAND
Ubyssey Covers Trou
Kremlin Shifts To
National Communism
Assistant Professor of Slavonics
Recent events in Hungary
present us with a fantastic
spectacle: Russian armed forces defend a regime of National
Communism which declares itself independent of .'he Kremlin.
These events appear to prove
that the Soviet collective leadership has made up its mind to
set up national communism in
various satellite states of Eastern Europe.
The relatively smooth transition to this new pattern of
government in Poland beclouded this decision. There was no
occasion to reveal this strange
shift in Kremlin's policy as its
carrying out did not require
the support of the Soviet armed
forces. From this many observers have been inclined to conclude that the Kremlin is weak,
that its power is crumbling,
and that it was Mr. Gomulka
who forced his demands on his
former masters.
In Hungary, where a great
part of the country was freed
from any type of Communist
rule, Mr. Nagy and other national communists were in no
position to put forth demands
to the Kremlin. They would
have certainly been swept a-
side by free Hungarians if Russian armed forces had not come
to their rescue. Yet they too
allegedly opposed their Russian
masters and declared themselves in favor of National
Why would the Kremlin support a regime which is declaring its intention to oppose its
There can be only one answer to this question: National
Communism is the new Party
Line and an important part of
a Master Plan of the New
This plan is apparently aimed ai an alliance with a unified
Germany, and the "National
Communism" appears to have
been chosen by the Kremlin to
prepare the ground for negotiations with the Germans.
In fact, a note suggesting ne-
Internal or International
Students Split
On Revolt Issue
UBC students are split between complete apathy and
whole hearted sympathy concerning the current Hungarian
revolt, a Ubyssey spot-survey
indicated   Wednesday.
Opinions ranged from "What
Hungarian revolt," Andrew
Coote, Commerce 1 to "Canada
should send troops to aid the
anti-Communists there," Gail
Gosse, Arts 1.
Most students, however, feel
that this was a United Nations
not a Canadian affair. "It's a
matter of political principles
not any one country's vested interests," Ian Cross, Engineering
1. said. "It doesn't affect Canada directly."
"Russia will get the upper
hand it no one comes to Hungary's aid," Evelyn Kerr, Education 2, argued. 'But outside
intervention might start a third
world war," Craig Aspinall,
Art< 1, pointed out.
Norm Collingwood, Arts 2,
agreed. "This is strictly an internal problem involving two
Iron Curtain countries," he said.
'Even if the rebels win there
will still be an Hungarian Communist government," he felt.
Other students flatly contradicted this. "This is the concrete expression of all satelite
countries to break away from
the Iron Curtain and the Iron
Curtain and Iron Curtain rule,"
Earry Scott, Grad Studies said.
"On the contrary, it's just
an urge for nationalism," Len
Stephens, Engineering 3, said.
"It's not a question of democracy but of Hungarian autonomy,
the final form of government
set up won't matter," he declared.
"It's not anybody else's business," James Sanderson, Arts
1, added. "Hungary is a Russian
satelite and not a member of
the United Nations so other
countries should merely sit
tight and see what happens,"
he said.
The revolt's happened at a
very poor time," Mary Puke,
Arts 4, felt. 'All the Russian
satelite countries should have
got. together in a concentrated
effort, there hasn't been enough
planning and too many of the
good leaders are being killed
this way," she said.
Most students were confused
by the conflicting reports on
the Hungarian situation. "Wo
should have confirmation of
what's happening instead of
varying rebel and government
claims," Bill Elliott, Education
2 said. "Canada shouldn't send
help until she actually finds
out," he said,
"Help should be on a citizen
to citizen basis," John Isberg,
Engineering 1 said. "UBC
should set up a special Hungarian fund or start a blood drive
or do something concrete to
aid the revolting forces," he
gotiation of German unification and a trade pact with
Western Germany was handed
over to the West German Government when the Hungarian
events were still in their em-
brionic stage. The Kremlin
was apparently confident in its
ability to have its own way
in Eastern Europe.
The German desk of the Soviet Foreign Office seems to
believe that such an agreement
with the Germans is possible.
Soviet diplomats appear to assume thatio many Germans
such an agreement spells the
unification with Eastern Germany.
To others, it spells the return
to the policies of the old Bismarck who believed in friendly relations with the Russians
as a condition of Germany's
success both at home and also
To still others, an agreement
with the Russians spells a
stronger position vis-a-vis England and the United States.
These Kremlin diplomats
could not fail to observe, however, that West Germans are
nevertheless reluctant to enter
such an agreement with the
Soviet Union not only because
of the deterring influence of
Mr. Adenauer, but also because
of the fear of their eventual
domination by the Kremlin.
Apparently, they selected the
formula of the National Communism to dispell these German fears and to set the stage
for a full-scale negotiation with
the Germans.
In the course of the coming
negotiations, which now depend on West Germany's acceptance of the recent Soviet
note, the Kremlin may well be
expected lo offer: (1) to withdraw its armed forces from
East European countries and
from Eastern Germany and to
give its nod to the unification
of the two Germanies; (2) on
Ihe condition that ihe unified
Germany leaves the Atlantic
Pact and asks the Western
Powers to evacuate their military personnel from the German soil, and that the German
National Communist Party be
permitted to function in the
new unified Germany.
The former Soviet satellites
would then be reduced to a
string of—perhaps— demilitarized buffer states which the
United Germany would have
no ground to fear.
On the contrary, thc Communist leaders of East European countries would themselves go in IVar of Germany
and would have to look to the
Kremlin for their support.
In ihe meantime ii is of ihe
utmost importance lo convince
the West German public opinion thai however attractive
the Soviet offers may—perhaps
—appear to them ai first
glance, the long term Soviet
aim of these offers is lo gain
control of ihe enlire Germany
by devious means.
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At ie.it I'OLaati ixt\lHJiM\L.iois utnainiy uToveuussial
occupation out of their country, Hungarians took up th]
cry and rebels seized three major strongholds, indicate*]
on the map by shaded areas. 1
Street riots and bloodshed marked the revolt as Premie]
Nagy took over the reins of government. , [
—Ubyssey Map by H. HAWTHOR]
Hungarians Need
Blood, Clothing
(Miklos Udvardy. Assistant
Professor of Zoology has been
elected chairman of the Vancouver Hungarian Liberation
Committee. Ai the request of
The Ubyssey, Dr. Udvardy has
slated in his own words the
needs of the Hungarians, derived from direct telegrams
from Hungary.—Ed.)
Aid is pouring in for the
Hungarian fighters of liberty
and democracy. All layers of
the Canadian society show
their sympathy either through
help organizations, or individually.
What could we students do,
to help thc Budapest students
who are now fighting for our
freedom as well?
The  spokesman  of  the  city
Hungarian Liberation Committee replied:
The most urgent needs are:
BLOOD, for the severely
wounded. Medical supplies,
for them and for their families.
CLOTHING — There w a s
chronic shortage of adequate
clothing in the red-occupied
Hungary, but now the situation i-; more acute than ever.
Winter i.s approaching, and
there are thousands of people
with their homes ruined, their
only wear torn in the day and
night battle against soviet tyranny. . . .
BLOOD can bo donated
through the Blood Clinic of
the Canadian Red Cross Society
— 1235 West Pender Street.
The blood bank i.s open Mondays and Thursdays, from 1.00
to 3.30 p.m. and 7 to 9 p.m.
MONEY — Even token amounts help the cause, and can
be sent to the same address,
earmarked: "For Hungary."
This will be used for medical
and other supplies.
CLOTHING _ (Hungarian
mothers and wives are very
skilled in mending used cloth
ing) and it is being collected!
the Hungarian Ladies' Aid:
1003 S.W. Marine Drive,
Phone FRaser 9021.
1305  Burnaby Street,
Phone MArine 9329.
604 West Queens St., Nc
Vancouver, YOrk 4705J
who will arrange for picl
of all donations.
Here on the Campus, Dr.
D. F. Udvardy, Dept. of
logy, is also ready to rece
the donations.
There is no deadline.   M\
arc in need, and winter in
gary is long.
When  talking  about the|
cent  events  in  Hungary,
a  Hungarian-Canadian  on
campus, we prefer to call
members of the anti-commul
uprising as "PATRIOTS"-
Rebels, I feci, denominate!
fraction forcibly opposinl
majority. Yes, the Hungaij
people are rebels within
Red Empire of the USSR,
for Hungary, all the "Palrid
rosc^ up spontaneously, to sh|
off the yoke of the Soviet
pire. They form the major
and that is the basis of tl|
Are You a Bore?
If you think you are, tr
you're not! If it never occ»]
to you that you might
there's a horrid chance tl
you are, (for the outstandil
characteristic of the bore]
that he's not aware of it).
November Reader's DigJ
tells you some of the ways j
unwittingly boro others, liJ
to recognize the symptons, al
how to b<> neither bored nor borif
Get your November Readel
Digest today: 41 articles
lasting interest, including
best from current magazir
and books, condensed to sa
your time. ISRAEL-EGYPT
n Days World
Compiled by University International
|NY INTELLIGENT assessment of the scope and  im-
:ations of the events in Central Europe and the Middle
ast over the last ten days must necessarily depend upon
consideration of the chronology of those events. Ac-
|>rdingly, the Ubyssey has complied a day-by-day ac-
of these events, which follows below.
direct defiance  of policies specified by  Russia's  Ni-
|ta Khrushchev, Polish Communists to oust Moscow-line
lembers  of   their  government   and   install   as   party
Wladyslav Gomulka.
Parliament meets to proclaim independence from
|oscow, to plan greater freedom for private enterprise,
Id reverse all charges resulting from Poznan riots of
ine. In Communist-held Hungary, university stu-
|nts, faculty workers, and off-duty Hungarian soldiers
ige a mass demonstration in Budapest, ostensibly as a
Impathy gesture for Pofish Insurgents. Tenor of dem-
[stration changes as Hungarians call for independence
>m Moscow, free elections and press, reinstatement of
>d Premier Nagy.
ingarian rebels unappeased  by  instalation  of  Nagy,
rebellion continues and spreads. As Krushchev backs
|wn in Poland, Nagy calls in Russian troops to stifle
jellion. Martial Law and State of Emergency declared
hundreds of unarmed rebels slain by Soviet  tanks
jet  fighters.
(second Nagy ultimatum is ignored as rebels, now sup-
Irted by defecting Hungarian troops, continue to battle
Ids. Soviets continue to slaughter unarmed civilians, as
ndapest torn by artillery, bombing, and tank-warfare.
fbels claim control of Western Hungary, as warfare
Budapest continues. Nagy orders no-quarter drive
Soviet troops to crush rebellion. Anti-communists
■rolutionary government established, as rebels call for
^dical aid from West, gain control of radio stations,
land release of Cardinal Mindszenty.
lough fighting continues, Rebels appear victorious as
}gy promises to meet all rebel demands, including the
|thdrawal of Soviet troops. As Russian troops retire
Budapest, rebels refuse to give up their arms.
tAELI ARMORED and infantry forces lanuch full-
|de attack on Egyptian commando bases in a m«ve
:essitated "... by continual Egyptian military attacks
on Israel . . , depriv(ing) the people of Israel of the
ssibility of an peaceful existence."
khting breaks out again in Budapest a.s Soviet troops
pear to be still entrenched in the capital. Soviet arm-
red and shock troops enter Hungary from Czecho-
/akia. Austria guards border to insure non-passage
Russian troops. Soviet tanks surround Berlin, as Reds
|r uprising there.
HEAVY FIGHTING continues between Egypt and
jeli. Britain and France declare intent to ocupy
;z Canal area unless an immediate withdrawal from
\\a\ zone is affected, a move drawing censure from the
•iet Union. U.S. and Russia call for UN Security Coun-
to demand immediate withdrawal of Israeli troops
an Egypt. Canada holds up shipment of jets to Israel.
[hough  Cardinal  Mindzenty   is  now  free,  and   Nagy
/eminent promises  full withdrawal of Soviet  troops,
elections and  press, Hungarian  rebels,  now  fully
ported   both  by  Hungarian  air  force   and   army.
llTAIN AND FRANCE veto UN cease-fire proposal
began  landing armoured  units and  paratroops  on
/ptian soil.  The  proposal  was  co-sponsored  by  the
and Russia. Israeli forces claim to be nearing the
lal area, in spite of Egyptia nclaims of air victories.
East, Europe
BRITAIN AND FRANCE went to war against Egypt Tuesday night to safeguard their interests in Suez after Premier Nasser refused to heed an Anglo-French ultimatum of
cease fire to Israel and Egypt.
Israeli troops crossed the Egyptian border October 29 to
launch a full-scale attack on Egyptian commando bases in
retaliation of Egyptian border attacks.
—Ubyssey Map by II. HAWTHORNE
United States Will
Not Intervene-Ike
The United States will not
intervene in the Middle East
crisis. President Eisenhower announced in a special national
broadcast Wednesday night.
The President said he believed the British and French actions against Egypt had been
"taken in error." They could
not be reconciled with United
Nations principals and purposes
and would not best serve British-French long-term interests,
he said.
Commenting on the Polish
and Hungarian situations, the
President said the original
forceful ocupation by the Soviet
Union of these countries had
been in defiance of the United
Nations pledge for universal
sovereignity and self-government.
Poland was in the midst of a
"ptaceful transition," Eisenhower said, while Hungarians were
giving their lives for independence and the hope- for "full and
free nationhood."
Tho Soviet government has
announced their willingness to
consider withdrawing trocrps
from Poland, Hungary and Rou-
mania, he said. If this was acted upon "it would be tho greatest stride forward for trust and
understanding in our generation."
"We are in touch with the
new government of Poland,"
the President said "and have
offered economic aid without
any conditions whatever as to
thc type of society they set up."
"Our concern is that both they
and Hungary should be free,"
he declared.
Earlier Wednesday Sir Pear-
son-Dixon, British delegate to
the United Nations spoke to a
special Security Council meeting, explaining British and
French  policy   in  the  Middle
Objectives are to "stop all
war-like action on land and sea
and to effect immediate end of
all belligerence within the
area," Sir Pearson-Dixon said.
"The lives and shipping of
many nations are endangered
in the Suez Canal zone," he
said. "We have a right not only
to defend our own interests but
what we believe are those of
all nations whose economies
depend on that waterway."
"We are not supporting Israel," Sir Pcarson-Dixon said,
"and our intervention is not
carried out against Egyptians
sovereignity   rights,"
'It is merely a temporary
measure to prevent an armed
clash between Egypt and Israel."
"The people who criticize
British and French policies do
not really know how serious
the situation really is," thc British UN delegate said. "Our
intervention is to prevent a
disastrous conflagration which
might spread."
This is the first study of international crises which the
Ubyssey intends to bring to
campus readers from time to
Other articles on the Hungarian rebellion and the stand
of the USSR will be found on
pages six and eight.
Foreign Minister of the State of
Israel in Jerusalem, October 30.
3 a.m. Jerusalem time).
Israel this evening look necessary security measures lo
eliminate Egyptian Sedayeen
bases in Sinai Peninsula.
These units, which were organized some two years ago by the
Egyptian Government as a part
of the Egyptian Army to spread
terror in Israel by acts of indiscriminate murder, mining and
sabotage, were quiescent for a
few weeks on the Egyptian border during the period of Egypt's
deep involvement with the
maritime nations of the world
on the Suez Canal issue.
With the conclusion of the Security Council deliberation, Col.
Nasser felt immediately free to
authorize the Sedayeen Unit to
renew their incursions into Israel Territory. Within the last
week, 24 Israeli casualties, dead
and wounded, were caused by
mines planted by the Sedayeen
in   the   Southern   Negev.
Today following the earlier
capture of two other gangs in
Erez and Sde-Boker, a further
group was apprehended in Israeli
territory by Israel security forces.
Colonel Nasser has persistently declared that despite the explicit provisions of the Egyptian-
Israel Armistice Agreement, his
country remains in a state of
war with Israel.. He has carried
on a war of limited liability.
It is not Israel which has sent
murder gangs to Egypt. It is
Egypt which 'week after week
and month after month sent
gangs into Israel. It is not Israel which has sought to strangle
Egypt's economy fend life by
illegal blockade of the Suez
Canal and Aquaba. It is Egypt
which, in its one-sided state of
war, has done these things.
It is not Israel which has
sought to encompass Egypt with
a ring of steel, with the announced and flaunted purpose of annihilating her at the appropriate
moment. It is Egypt which has
gloried in this effort crowned
a few days ago by the setting up
of Syrian - Jordanian - Egyptian
military command under the
Egyptian Commander-in-Chief.
On top of all this Colonel Nasser has ignored his International
obligations under the Charter of
the United Nations, has flouted
his duty under the Constantinople Convention of 1888 and
the Security Council resolution
of September 1, 1031, to permit free passage through the
Sue/. Canal for the vessels ot all
nations at all times.
And, most recently, after the
resolution of the Security Council adopted nearly two weeks
ago, once again reaffirming the
duty to afford such free passage
to all vessels, Egyptian Government has again reiterated its
determination to block the pass-
(Continued on Page 6) 'Ways And Means" Will Be
Presented Friday Noon
(Continued from Page 5)
age of Israeli shipping through
thc Canal.
Israel has done all in its power to achieve peace with Egypt.
Its leaders have declared their
readiness at any lime to meet
with Egypt's representatives to
discuss a settlement of ihe mutual problems of the two countries. The proferred haiu; of
peace has always be.-n bruUilly
and evenly derisively rejected.
Egypt's response has been to
propagate hate and to direct hostile activities against the free
existence of Israel. All this has
been a central part of the comprehensive plan of subversion
and imperialistic expansion pursued by the Egyptian dictatorship throughout the countries of
the Middle East and on the African Continent.
Israel seeks a relationship
with the people of Egypt based
upon mutual respect of rights
free from threats of attack on its
citizens, of blockades and of interference with its communications, whether by land or sea.
j A witty tangle, involving a
large bed and a non-existent
I bankroll, will take place ih the
' auditorium Friday noon, when
I the UBC Players present Noel
Coward's "Ways and Means."
As the luckless couple stranded without a franc in one of the
Riviera's most bedroomy villas,
well known campus thespians,
Df.ris Chillcolt and Bob Wood-
Vw'ircl leap vociforously in and
out of bed in an attempt to unweave  their  financial  web.
A further array of Noel Cow-'
ardian complications in the form
of a babbling hostess, a Russian,
Princess, a milk-toast British j
lord, and a nanny, serve to twist I
the hillariously desperate knot
even tighter.
j     But  biting  Noel  Coward dia-
; loguc  makes  the  tangle  a  brilliantly amusing one, as can be
seen   for   a   mere   25   cents   on
Friday noon.
j     Also included in the cast are
; Dave   Hughes,   Marion   Heslop,
| Barbara Schwenk, Dick Mundell
and   co-director   Marion   Pogge-
Directed by Peter Brocking-
ton, "Ways and Means" is the
second of a series of noon hour
plays to be jointly sponsored by
the Players Club and the Special
Events Committee.
Pep Club
To Help
Pep clubmen have been given
the job of setting up the chairs
and tables for the Homecoming
Dance according to Pep Club
president, Mike Jefferies.
"Pepsters are urged to help
set up the armories from 9 to 12
Saturday morning," said Jefferies.
Pep Club-sponsored Pep Meet
Friday in the Brock Lounge at
noon will feature the Don
Strath dancers, Cuban Calypso
dancers now performing at the
Card tricks at Saturday's
Homecoming football game will
be explained to students. Blue
and yellow faced cards with instruction sheet will be on every
seat at the game.
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS      by Dick Bibler
^itbjfttift'ftitg (tompimg
'Wamkw to raths* apviss f*«vwisn—THgYra not
eo serin -their wavs/ 5
INCORPORATED   2"?   MAY   1670.
ilm wiM co-ad
ImfxA wahm
tylish too in one of
these smort cor coots)
Why not wear a smart coat
that lets you be your pert
and pretty self . , . and
keeps you comfortable at the
same time?
Forget the cold and damp,
the wind and snow, you can
be smiling happy, comfy and
warm when you're wearing
that stylish car-coat from
HBC. Open your own charge
or budget account too!
Hungarian Students
Initiate Liberation
Hungary: the country of nine million Magyars. Settled one
thousand years ago in a fertile valley, that has since proved
to be the key passage between East and West. Because of ethnic, language, and religion differences, Hungarian civilization
always reached for the Western sources, rather than for the
ones closer available.
Also, trouble, came mostly from the East. Thus, our Hungarian men fought eastern invasion attempts throughout most
of our history, our students returned from the western colleges with the new ideas to transplant at home, and thus to
preserve our natural culutre and civilization.
In spite of repeated Mongol, Turkish, Russian, etc. invasions, and German domination attempts, Hungary, through
ethnically and economically weakened, still remained a flourishing centrum of Western culture and ideas until 1945.
The Hungarian student is rais
ed on traditions that imprint into
him that he is more than an
age-class of preparations and studies. His ancestor-students, when
needed, could make history as
well. Many of our struggles for
freedom started with student
Others at
HBC s third floor
Double Breasted
Converted into New
New Silk Facing
549 Granville PA. 6449
# Specialists in frame
# Prescriptions  duplicated
# Safety lenses
# Contact lenses
# Repairs
Ground Floor
Vancouver Block
734 Granville St.
MA. 0928 MA. 2948
And so did the recent liberation campaign.
In 1945, the Yalta pact freed
Central Europe for the red invasion and influence. The Soviet
army held Hungary occupied
ever since, jailed or exiled the
patriot leaders, brought the
economy of the state to bankruptcy, introduced and maintained the Soviet system aided
only byimported pseudo-Hungarians, and by the slum recruited,
famed and feared state police.
In other words, for 11 years an
eastern power has ruled, and
tortured Hungary, and an iron
curtain has scaled her hermetically from the West.
The students of Budapest university followed in this situation
their instincts and traditions.
Whle the pressure was new and
of a hither-to unknown nature.
(1945-53) they were silent. In
that period, many westerners
claimed that the reds succeeded
with indoctrination of the youth
behind the Iron Curtain. In
1953-56. the Hungarian students
made one effort after another in
order   to   get   more   freedom   of
(Continued on Page 8)
Driving Lessons
• Qualified Instructors
• Dual Control
• Fully Insured
9 a.m. — 9 p.m.
Century Driving
Phones: ALma 3244-3554
4582 W. 10th Ave.   Van., B.C. Here's the Proposed AMS Budget You'll
Be Asked To Approve Today At Noon
The broad outline of AMS
Treasurer Al Thackray's 1956-57
budget is given on this page.
Students will be asked to
approve the budget at the
Special General Meeting
A complete budget breakdown
was printed in the
Ubyssey before the lost
General Meeting. Thus
students have had three chances to
study the proposed budget,
in order to vote
intelligently today.
Undergrad Societies
Undergrad. Society Reserve  $ 300.00
Undergrad. Society Admin.  250.00
Agriculture   175.00
Commerce   560.00
Engineering      1,000.00
Forestry   120.00
Frosh Class     _ 65.00
Home Economics      185.00
Law      335.00
Medicine      310.00
Nursing        200.00
Pharmacy       145.00
Physical Education   100.00
Social Work   65.00
Education     350.00
Architecture     90.00
Women's Undergrad.      250.00
TOTAL    $4,500.00
Here is a breakdown of the $18 every student pays to support the
to support the activities of the Alma Mater Society.
Administration: %]
This includes such things as salaries of AMS  office staff setting up
General meetings, postage, telephone, insurance and so on $   18,440.00
Gymnasium and Brock Extension payments:
This includes the $5.00 per capita levy which goes to repay the loans on
the student-financed War Memorial Gymnasium and the Brock Extension   37,800.00
Men's Athletics:
Costs $43,000. Much of this is paid through A-cards, and attendance revenues. This year, however, athletics are subsidized to the tune of    24,000.00
Ubyssey, Totem, and the various magazines      11,800.00
World University Service:
A flat rate for every student      7,360.06
Covers allocations given to UBC's numerous clubs       5,483.00
Undergraduate Societies:
Includes cost of Frosh orientation week, homecoming. Special Events and
so   on         3,300
A flat rate of 50 cents per student      3,700.00
Women's Athletics:
Such as Brock Hall Art Fund, Accident  Benefit  Fund,  and  Student
Facilities     10,225.00
This is the "cushion" that every budget ought to have      3,907.00
Campus Organizations
The following statement lists the proposed income and expenditure
figures for the coming AMS fiscal year.
Alma Mater Society Fees.
Rental  Income   	
Interest Income 	
Miscellaneous Income	
Registration  Photos        2,300.00
Alpha Omega Society $
Amateur Radio Society	
Archaeology Club	
Am. Inst, of E. E. — Inst, of R. E	
Badminton  Club  	
Camera Club  	
Chess and Bridge Club	
Civil Liberties Union	
Critics Circle  	
Economics Club	
Eng. Inst, of Canada	
Eng. Physics Soc.	
U.C.C. Admin.	
German Club  	
Indian Students' Assoc.	
Jazz Society   	
L. P. P.     	
Liberal   Club    -.     	
Lutheran Students' Assoc. 	
Medical  Christian  Fellowship  	
Mamooks . _       - -   	
Music  Appreciation   .. ■--
Musical Society, Operetta  .    	
Choral Society ..     —
National Reform  Party  — . _.     	
Parliamentary  Forum       	
Pep   Club   . ."-   	
Pre-Dental  Soc.     .._..-- 	
Pre Law 	
Prc-Social  Work    	
Players' Club          .    	
Progressive Conservative  . _.. 	
RAD  Soc.   . . . _     	
Social   Credit   .     -_       	
St. Mary's Ukrain. Cath. Stud.      	
United Nations .. -.     ~  —
Varsity Christian Fellowship  	
Visual   Arts     	
Income from Subsidiary Organizations:
Advertising   $21,050.00
Undergraduate Society   18,100.00
College  Shop     7,000.00
Totem, Handbook  15,000.00
Men's Athletics   22,000.00
Women's Athletics         500.00
University Clubs Committees  19,000.00
Campus Activities   10,000.00
- 112,650.00
TOTAL - -  $5,483.00
College Shop Inventory  $ 5.500.00
Publication Board   47,850.00
Men's Athletics   46,000.00
Undergraduate Society  22,565.00
Women's Athletics       3,300.00
University Clubs Committee   24,483.00
Campus Activities   13,300.00
Administration    18,440.00
World   University  Service     7,300.00
Nat. Fed. Can. University Students     3,700.00
Mem. Gym. and Brock Payments  37,800.00
Registration  Photos        2,250.00
Funds     10,255.00
Margin        3,907.00
\ ii
2130 Western Parkway
Behind the Canadian Bank
of Commerce
University Boulevard
Phone  ALma  3980
1035 Seymour St.
(Continued from* Page 8)
studying, and of discussing ideology and culture of the west.
These attempts all failed, and
were suppressed by the reds.
One weapon only remained.
October 22-23 the students
started traditional-type-demonstrations,   and,   when   the   red j
, police ;ind the Soviet occupational troops started to slaughter
their    unarmed    crowds,    they;
; fought back.
From there the events are'»
known everywhere in the world.
The whole of Hungary, workers
as well as farmers, the army, the
air force, everybody is partaking
in the liberation efforts.
Starting with student initiative
a small nation has shown to the
world that it either wants to live
free,  or else it is ready to die,
for freedom.
This   nation,   these   students,.
'don't they deserve a little more
from the  free world  than just
a few sighs of sympathy?
Brutality, Terror, Dictator
Fails To Crush Desire
For Freedom In Poland
A second-year Czechoslo-
vakian-born UBC student,
who wishes his name withheld for fear of reprisals on
his relatives at home, has contributed this commentary on
the Polish rebellion.—Ed.
What happened in Poland
during the last ten days or so
lias historical implications
whose scope can only be guessed at the present time. For,
the importance of this Titoist
revolution can not be overestimated: it will be felt in
world relations in the years
to come.
The reasons why a handful
of leaders of a nation of 26
million  people can  have such
an impact on the whole world
are many folded,
First, there is the strategic
position of Poland. It is the
main link of the Red Army
to Central Europe. If this link
is not under the complete control of the Kremlin, the most
Western position of Russia,
namely Eastern Germany, automatically becomes shaky.
Thus, any further aspirations
of the Russians to move further West, become absolute.
It is an old historical fact
that who controls Poland
checks Russia.
However, what makes the action of the national "Polish
Communists so outstanding is
/      Studying still N.
'   isn't fun, Dad-but it's    \
I     sure a lot easier with      t
these new lamps.
In five hours, a hundred-watt bull)
uses about a penny's worth of electricity.
Not very much to pay to see better, is it?
Look around your house and see
where bigger bulbs and more lamps
can put a new light on better living.
Sight is precious — light is cheap.
the fact that a small group
of rebels was able to defy
the heaviest armed power on
earth which also happens to
share some 400 miles of Poland's borders. This has no
precedent in recent history.
In a way, the act of Gomulka
and his followers required
more courage than Tito's break
with the Kremlin in 1948. At
the time, Tito was the unquestioned hero number one of
his country. Almost any action
he would have taken would
have been backed by the majority of Yugoslavs.
In contrast to that the rebellious Polish Comunists of
October 1956 took quite a
gamble when denouncing their
allegiance to Moscow. Feeling3
were strong against the Commies in Poland. Their new anti-
Russian stand might very well
have been the signal for the
anti-Communist forces to take
some action. Instead however,
the majority of Poles sw-itched
behind the men in charge of
the Polish Communist Party,
recognizing probably that this
was the more realistic thing
to do. It is also probable that
the courage of Gomulka impressed the majority of Poles
whose main trouble was dependence on Russia.
Of course, it would be fatal
if we in the West would make
the mistake not to realize that
the new Polish regime still is
Communistic. But it certainly
is different from Stalin's communism. Judging from the way
Tito behaved after his break
with Moscow, one can expect
that the new Polish Communists at least will be people
who are able to improve considerably the relations of their
country to the West. But probably the greatest triumph for
the West is the fact that a
Communist, dictatorial regime
has to make remarkable concessions to democratic institutions. That this could happen
shows very clearly which way
of life eventually prevaiU
when the chips are down.
We should also make no mistake about the fact that the
"liberal" Polish Communists
are nationalists. First of all
they are Poles. But undoubtedly will they be ready to co-
perate with other nations more
willingly than Chauvinists usually do.
Adlai Stevenson's first reaction to the changed situation
in Poland was that the US
should support the new regime
economically. This is only logical point of view: it is to be
hoped that this will be the official US attitude in the
months to come. For this
would undoubtedly speedup
the process of making an independent country out of Poland. Perhaps this simple truth
will make up those somewhat
insane politicians who regard
every neutral nation automatically as a Muscovite satellite, If the West does no', support Poland now, it might we'.:
help to drive it back to Moscow's arms a^ain; and tha'.
would be the worm tnhm tha'.
tould happen to Westl'.••, or-'-
stigv  in  oppressed  eountnem


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