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The Ubyssey Feb 13, 1958

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 Famed
Violinist
Campoli
Tfoftfawy
VOL. XI
VANCOUVER. B.C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1958
No. 47
Connaghan
"Must Fight For
Rights": Winch
By HELEN ZUKOWSKI
Mr. Robert Bonner would have loved Mr. Harold Winch's
audience.
An orderly and attentive 430 students jammed Engineering 200 yesterday to hear Harold'Winch, CCF MP for Vancouver East speak on National Affairs. ,
Winch charged that parlia- *
menlary democracy was begin-
ing to become a farce and that
"more rights of Parliament were
destroyed in the 23rd Parliament
than any other since confederation."
''Power is being transferee!
from Parliament to the executive
cabinet," he said. "We must fight I
to retain the rights of private I
members and the rights of parliament."
Winch dynamically blasted thc
present two billion dollar expenditure on defense as a "stupid, assinine system" in view of
the great need, for UBC expansion:
"We cannot get one iota of
action from the government for
changing tiie production plan for
war to auniversily aid plan for
peace."
Bennett
To Speak
At UBC
Sharp-willed politicos on campus will be pleased to learn
that VV. A. C. Bennett, Premier
of B.C., will speak on campus i"
the near future.
Social  Credit  Club  president
Mel Smith announced today that
it will sponsor the Premier in a
noon-hour .speech   in  the  Auditorium on Monday, February 24.
Smith  said,   "We  have  assurance    from    the    Council    lhal
j Mock  Parliament elections  will
A   half-hour   question   period ; bl, hcld f)n Fcbruarv 2V>, so na-
followed Winch's address: j U|nilly we hopc t() Ciipitalizc. „„
Q.  What  is your  position  on ; the Premier's visit."
the abolishment of  the  closure!     Bennelt  will  spcak  on   Prov..
rule m tiie House of Commons? , i|icjal   Affuil.s    and    lhm,   will
A. I am not in favor of closure ' be   a   queslion   period  after   his
if it is used to permit anything I speech.
similar   to   Black   Friday  when j —_____—:	
an act was put through without
debate,
Q.  What are the  main differ-;
ences  between  CCF  and   Communism?
A. We believe in democracy,
they don't; vve believe in free
doin, they don't; Ihey are not
to be (rusted, we are.
r
59 President
Amor,  Ward,
Take  Council
Haskins
Seats
Blitz Still
Needs 600
Canvassers
By MARY WILKINS
Elections Reporter
Chuck Connaghan swept the polls last night to become
president of the AMS 1958-59 Council. He took a commanding
lead as thc first results came in from thc Vancouver General
Hospital, polling 18  of  the 34  votes.
Pete Haskins polled 03.3 per cent of thc vote to win over
Jack McLean in thc race for Undergraduate Societies Chairman. Rod Dobell, withdrawn candidate, gained 250 votes between 10 and 12 a.m. during which time his name had not
been crossed off the ballots.
Giles wa.s eliminated after the first count in which he
polled 1,062 votes to Meekison's 1,134 and Connaghan's 1,792.
On the second ballot, Meekison gained 377 more votes
but ho could not overcome Connaghan's lead of 823.
.Wendy Amor was elected secretary a.s she polled 2,519
votes to Sue Ross's 1,392.
First Member at Large went to Bob Ward who took an
easy win over competitors Larry Burr and Bruce McColl.
Ward polled 53.3 per cent of the vote on thc first ballot so
that a second ballot was not required.
"I'm practically speechless," wa.s all Connaghan could say
as Neil Merrick, elections chairman announced the result to
the 50 people who had gathered to watch the ballot counting.
The president-elect (hen added, "the first thing to do is
to got down to that work."
Connaghan again expressed his desire to do something
1792 430 132 153 23,') 471 152 IB 1 11 f* 75 sabout Student Government and to use NFCUS in aiding stu-
1062 227 80 95 129 22!) 97 Ti ^noiPiiT ' dents to get income tax concessions and unemployment insurance exemption. He would also like to see the abolition
of the five per cent sales tax on text books, and to "work with
the Alumni to make their university as it should be and to
continue  the   tradition   of  "Tuum  Est."
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Q,   What   is   the   relationship
between lhe LLP and Socialism'.'       ,.,.      , ,    , ,
.Six   hundred   student    volun-
A. They are not interested in ; lt>crs   ,„.,,   s[m   n(,tldf,d   fm.   l|u,
solving our  Canadian   problems   0m,   Nif,hl   DcvclopmelU   Fund
in a Canadian way — we do not   r>mz   Mondav
need   direction   from   any   oilier'      ,,,., ,    .'
Blitz chairman,   Charlie Con
country.                                                ' ■ ,     ur   ,       i up
nafthan said     Wcdnosdav thai
Q. Would you commenl <in;m)!y 14l»() studends had' volun-
Ihe trade slutt Irorn U.S. I" ■ ,C(.rpd to join in the: mammoth
]5nlain? canvass   Monday   night.  A   total
A.   It   is   good   in   theory   hut   of 2,000  is  needed,
not     practical.     Whal     Canada        B(1(/   ac.(ivi(u,s   wi([   |j(l   c(,n
should do is try to discover ways   (tTf| .imimd ,h(, Arm(m,.v   wiu,,.(.
and means of expanding ..ur ex-   volimU,eI,s will 1)(. scrv(,ri ., ful|.
ports.
Speaking on external relations Winch slated that, "we arc
now no more than an outpost
of lhe U.S. In event, of a war,
we would become another liel-,
gium. Canada has only one defense      to   make   friends   with
people  of  the  world   hy   feeding
course meal al 5:30 p.m.
Prom there they will proceed
lo their assigned areas in Vancouver, when.- they will make
personal requests of householders for donations to lhe UBC
Development Fund.
II    i.s   expected   lhal   this   per
Ihe unfed, clothing the unclothed   "",i''   ;h>P''oaeh   will   hriu:.;   cili
and   housing   the "unhoused." /('"'s   ln  ;i   ~r,';'U'''  '•'•al./alion  ol
"Let's    have    a     sensible    an     ,|u'    i»»versil.v\s    needs    and    ol
,   ..    i ■ i     ..    ,        ,■   11 Ihe    sludents    desire    lo    do    a:
pro.'icn,      he   said,      why    lollow
much   a.-s   possible  on   Iheir  own
Ihe      US
Dullm-V"
a 1111
NOTICE   '
'I hi'i i- \,..s II In' umci is i ■; ' I' si! I
fro h I'iiC'J'sli ['■ •• . v,\ f -■ i 'io fi i
dav   in   Ihe   club   a in 111 ■ mi um
All   canvassers   will   he  called
nil'   llis-   slreem   by   It)   p.m.,   am
I i :e    en I ire    v oh miner    :;roup    i
s ehedu led     lo    be    a  ,-seni bled     h
I In   A I'iTioury  by   11):!!() p.m .
i'^ori line'ml   on   Page   3)
Sou    BJL1TZ
NEWLY ELECTED president, Chuck Connaghan, takes
congratulations from his .smiling campaign manager, Jack
Coekrill (ri,«hl). —photo by Jim Mason
ELECTION SCOREBOARD
PRESIDENT
First Ballot
Connaghan
Giles
Meekison
Second Ballot
Connaghan
Meekison
SECRETARY
A in or
Ross
USC
CHAIRMAN
Haskins
McLean
1ST  MEMBER
Burr
McColl
Ward
SOLON LOW
2334 557 182 195 294 590 189 21 1 191 108
1511 22(i; 82 133 236 305 374 12 fi 82 55
2519 474 107 238 315 572 litis") 12 4 205 107
1392 321 100 102 202 347 190 22 3 73, 20
2339 470 I 80 209 332 5 I 7 249 14 4 220 138
1479 288 87 117 192 359 308 18 5 58 47
1048 207 85 85 120 233 170 5 4 00 (17
762 104 50 08 120 177 182 8 2 82 33
20&9 48.1 132 182 209 494 248 21 0 147 88
:xcoaoge
cholarships
Bonner:
<u a,r
Si
tl
lime p.. ilm m ml   !. ■ \ I ol   I \.C. A 11 ■ mi ie\ ■( biiHj!  [-.'obeli
lioeneim.  rniMt! 'rsilinii   In   lim   {'■{)('   Social   (Vedil   Club.
('"inmeiil in;1, on   he- appeai'.uiee  here   lasl   Tim r> ■( lay:
"Usm  Mr.   IVesulenl
('lev- 111 > 1 wil iml,malum;, il e,m an iiilei'ivd in;; meel in.'',
\>v-.\ '1'luii .dav I'm airpneil l!i;.l '.nine Iheie knew mi Iblm
iilioul   :.','iv an niueiil   m.w.lar.w   In   I be   uiiiver-ulv.   al   presold.
1 would lie pleased on snuie h.ilui'e oceai.Mon In ",o into
Provincial   l'i u\ ei si I y     relal lonslups     il      an      invilal'oii      is
C \ I e I ; ( 11 ■ i I
Me sure In unite Imeklois lo . I lei) a meet in;.', heenime
allernll,   lhe   university   is   a   place   ol   I(',11■ 1111\y,.
\'iairs   truly
HOl.-l UONNKK."
Early  Drive Quota
Filled  By  Redshirts
A virile ,L;roiip ol red-slurled, red-blooded, thick-headed
KnssiiH'i'r.s slsirled the spring blood Drive Monday by trundling
sen  nubile   n> inphs   alon;;   the   Main   Mall   |o   lhe   Armoury   in
heir   ink,mous   ehariol.
Thev j;;ive a total of 880 pinl.s   •
■ I   blooi I,   one m inl h   ol   I ii"   n um
! i\    ,'ji.ola   ol   8'.!l)l)   p.ssl -s.
Tola I     Sl I      pi'' ss I in ss     Wed iie.-s
a "    v. a ■    I '.'A)1)   pinl.s    sinuew bsi I
I     'a,'     lis;'    (|i I. ii si     for     I lie     I'lr.'Sl
! i s s ■ p'   u w ,s
bi'u s ,'a I e<|  Kny leei".- ■ and an v
iniv     e1   .   '     Who     i Hi -.     Use     Uii'l ilia
ins I   will    I II id   bland  col Ima ' -I'V.   Ul
Im   A >sooni v    I ro:ii   9 il"   swm   lo
m"'I   ev m v   da;,   but   Simdsi; .   11n
I    I'Ybrunry    I 9.
I i ire   I i'v     I y oc,     ml II       be      on
Hand   lo  adminisler' eokess   lo   the
li mora io|' bli md i.
Sine -eyed maideirs will w h is
i'.'i' milium.; in donors' ear::, hob
slerai;; i i e viduuleet's' cnur'W
(,i,r   Iheir   iVIomcnl   of  Truth
A ild lilt le blood pints sire d I :
1 ribii led fi is' donors lo pin on
Iheir     Isipcls,     oi'     lor    sellim.;     lo
spueamish     or     anemic   Iriends    h.    alteudiiiH   lhe    university    „
vi iii) liaveii I  ;;ol   Ihe calls  Iii c,ne    liieir   clioice,    Willi    lees   \vaive<
iilooil       ( \■ in    can    ol nai     mi
la i r pi mc  lor  I he.se c,i/inos i
So   (|ii ielcn   \ our   mav e.,,   I a
!  ;\|iltown, and bleed '  [fonrn    105   in    (IroiU   l'',\tension
rrerec
SC. Leader
To Speak
Solon Low, national Social
Credit leader will address Students on campus this Friday,
under the auspices of the UBC
Social Credit Club.
Low who is out west to take
port in a Social Credit Conference in Vancouver, will speak
on National Affairs at 12.30 on
Friday in thc Auditorium.
Mr. Solon Low who was provincial treasurer and also Min-
Defeated   candidate,   Pete   Meekison   told   The   Ubyssey   islor ()f Education in the Social
reporter  - "1 don't think I could have lost to a finer man." I Credit  government of William
Giles too offered congratulations to Connaghan and added   Aberhart,    has    been    national
"1 am confident that Charlie will do an excellent job in the
si rvice  of  this   university."
Connaghan has had much experience both to prepare him
for the presidency. Born in Ireland and schooled in Scotland,
he served two years in the British Army.
He worked for two years in the pulp and paper industry,
wa.s a company cashier and accountant and was director of
Ihe Ocean Falls Credit Union in 1U56.
At UBC, Connaj.'jKin has been treasurer of UCC in 1955-51!,
founder of the Student Executive Program, organizer of Clubs
Day for the past two years, president of UCC in 1957, and
chairman of the Student Blitz Campaign.
Connaghan, who is unmarried, is in Arts III honoring in
Psychology.
Forty-four point seven per cent of lhe campus voted in
the election which was "very orderly" according to the returning officers, Heavies vote was al the Library. Advance
poll  was  counted   in  the  Brock  Hall ballots.
leader since 1944,
Student.-, i.vlui plan lo allenil j
some ollmr ('sniadian university
Ilex! se.ssiiiu ; 111> I Iheii lo return
lo t! IK ' lhe I'ollow'iiii; year have
been uracil to consider tin
M'VbS Scholarship Isxchan;.;!
pi'osps.an
The   vl I'VtbS   program   awards i
.scholarships    to    desorv ins;    sin
den I s   which   pro\ (de   I he   mean.
Knrlhcr   inlorinal inn   may   hi
had    Irorn    lhe    NFCUS    office
KKAVE MOLLIM RAI'TliKY .submit, lo the needle and
donaies her pint of blood. A second-year Fd. studenl. she
is e,iving blood  for I lie iii'sl   lime. photo by Jim  Mason
Symposium
Proposes
New Exams
Academic Symposium delegates resolved that the Uni»M*
sity should consider establishing
its own entrance examinations
and that the Senate set up a
commiltee to define criteria for
acceptance and rejeciion of new
courses.
These resolutions, accidentally omitted from the report in
Monday's Ubyssey, were made
ai the Symposium weckand
after two days' discussion on
University  standards,
The first resolution was based
on the assumption that the Department of Education Matriculation examinations are designed to test general proficiency
and arc not specifically geared
lo assess prospective university
candidates. The University examinations should have a higher
standard,  tho  delegates stated.
The sac-olid resolution came
up aftor delegates discovered
that thc criteria for selecting
new courses did not meet entirely with thoir approval. 7'hc Senate committee, by tho resolution, would be composed of
Senate members and be charged
with defining the criteria which
should give the University in its
decisions regarding the acceptance and rejection of new courses.
These resolutions will be submitted in the Symposium report
to the Senate.
The Ubyssey apologizes for
the omission, particularly since
these two resolutions arc of utmost importance and gained
snore delegate discussion than
any otnerri ovai the weekend. Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday,  February  13,  1958
THE UBYSSEY
Authorized as second class mall. Post Office Department, Ottawa.
MEMBERS CANADIAN UNIVERSITY PRESS
Student subscriptions $1.20 per year (Included in AMS fees). Mail subscriptions $2,00 per
year. Single copies five cents. Published in Vancouver throughout the University year by
the Student Publications Board of the Alma Mater Society, University of British Columbia.
E-Htortal opinions expressed herein are those of the editorial staff of tho Ubyssey, and not
necessarily those of the Alma Mater Society or the University. Letters to the Editor should not
be more than 150 words. The Ubyssey reserves the right to cut letters, and cannot guarantee
publications of all letters received.
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF PATRICIA MARCHAK
Managing  Editor       Dave Robertson        CUP Editor ._ __ Laurie Parker
News Editor Barbara Bourne Features  Editor  __ _ Sylvia Shorthouse
Assistant News Editor...        Bob   Johannes      Sports Editor Allan Springman
SENIOR EDITOR  -.-        ALAN GROVES
Reporters and  Deskmen:—Sue Ross, Kerry Feltham, Neva Bird,  Helen  Zukowski,  Mary
Wilkins, Lois Boulding, Murray Ritchie, Marilyn Smith, John Butterfield, John Armstrong.
TELEPHONES'
Kdltorlal and News Offices   - AL. 4404, Locals 12, 13, 14
Business and Advertising Offices _.  AL. 4404, Local 6
Academic Standards At UBC
Principles  And Labor Relations
BY JOHN S. BUTTERFIELD
The two most important resolutions at
the Academic Symposium were those on
ehtrance examinations and selection of
courses to be given.
That delegates were seriously concerned
over University Academic standards and
the role of the university, was shown
throughout the discussions as these two
questions recurred with a frequency too
intense to be ignored.
Students and faculty were genuinely
bothered by the low calibre mentality exhibited by. many freshmen, but even more
bothered by the lack of challenge offered
students with intelligence. They danmed the
high school system with only one reservation: that the fault did not lie with the individual teacher, but rather with the poor-
quality of course content, the stresses on
all-roundmanship rather than academic
understanding, and the lack of stimulation given students at all levels.
But while the high school system came
under continual criticism, the main concern
of the delegates was the standards of this
university. Students came to the inevitable
conclusion that general standards could not
be raised unless entrance examinations
were established. This conclusion runs contrary to the current ideology currently in
effect at UBC; it runs contrary to the ideal
of education for all. But it does not rj.in
contrary to the democratic ideal of equality
of opportunity, nor does it endanger the
educational level of Canada.
In place of a quantity of courses on
effective living, courses of high quality and
offering stimulation to *,he student, would
be instituted. If high school students were
aware of stiffer requirements for university
Entrance, a challenge would be introduced
into the university program in the high
schools. It seems highly probable that just
as many students would arrive from school
in search of higher education, and that they
would pass the entrance examinations. The
major difference would appear, then, not
in  the  quantity  of  students  taking  higher
education, but in a marked change of altitude toward  that  education.
The problem from this point on is how
to maintain a more academic approach to
education. Suppose the student does come
from high school with a desire to learn,
does write and pass entrance examinations
which strengthen his desire and further
impress on him the need for study; then
what?
From this point on, the onus for maintaining scholarship lies with those who plan
and accept the planning of courses. If that
student ends up in a course on real estate,
basketball, film production, or the techniques of journalism or primary teaching,
vague criteria now used for selecting
he is, under existing standards and by the
courses, started- in a direction tangential to
that of Academic learning.
He will learn to be a technician. He may
even learn, through his contact with the
university, to consider himself a "professional" or he may see how to outsmart the
public because of his extensive training.
But he will not learn to think, to question,
to be critical, to analyse. He will not he the
product of a true university, but that of
a trade school.
We don't know for sure what the present
criterion for selection of schools and courses
is, If money offered hy interested persons
or industries is a criterion, we object. If
social need for understanding as well a.s
application of understood principles is the
reason', we say the university is finally
filling its particular function. We are not
against trade schools; they are necessary.
But we object if the students who came to
learn what great minds have thought and
said, are subjected to a series of ''here's
how" courses.
Anil even more, we object when (he
trade schools influence is felt in courses
and [acuities where .sludents have managed
to retain their original desire to learn rather
to learn how.
Nineteen fifty-eight will undoubtedly be a banner year in
the annals of labor relations.
While the pressures of creeping inflation are driving our
price level ever upward, substantial cutbacks in production
and capital expansion will
make it difficult for many of
our major industries to meet
renewed wage demands.
TOUGH FIGHT
Labour, taking the view that
management will use thc current recession as a lever where
by to squelch the working man
at the conference table, is
steeling itself for a tough fight
in thc coming year.
To those of us who look on
as impartial observers it is
clear that strike action and
union pressure under present
conditions can only hurt the
economy. Many of those
workers who are successful in
seeking wage increases are
likely to find themselves laid
off by industries forced to face
higher costs and shrinking
markets.
This is clearly illustrated by
the case of our forest industry
where so many thousands are
how unemployed. On the
other hand by allowing long
strikes or shutdowns to take
place we will only face the
possibility of losing some of
our foreign markets to lower
cost producers in other parts
of the world.
UNREALISTIC
However, labour, having
been given considerable power
by society and still dissatisfied
with its almost dictatorial position in many industries, is
now making demands on industry which are both unrealistic and irresponsible.
We see this for example in
the entertainment industry
where a professional producer
with no scenery is forced by
the union to hire a full stage
crew for the duration of his
production.
The attitude exemplified
here is subscribed to over and
over again by unions which
find it convenient to tell employers whom they must hire
and fire, when a paid worker
must lie idle in order to protect somebdy else's job, and
even what work the employer
himself may and may not do in
oriler In speed lhe operation.
In this last connection I recall the case ol the florist who
could not deliver his own product in his own truck on
Christmas day because his
teamster    union     delivery-boy
would be done out of an overtime  commission  of which  he
had no intention of taking advantage.
PROFIT SHARING
Walter Reuther's recent demands for employee profit
sharing in the auto industry
arc only an amplification of
thc same philosophy. It is easy
for the average plant laborer
to reason that inasmuch as he
is able to take a few raw materials and create an automobile,
he is therefore entitled to a
portion of the profit realized
from the sale thereof.
As most workers think in
concrete terms they feel that
the physical effort of making
a car is the be-all and thc end-
all of the auto industry. The
average production worker is
unlikely to posses cither the
insight or background necessary to a realistic consideration of the diverse abstract implications of successful automobile production, and his labour leaders will make little or
no effort to enlighten him in
this regard. This attitude of
the union bosses is a major
contributing factor to modern
labour unrest.
RIGHT TO "SUCCESS"?
In .Our American society the
individual is taught from infancy that he has been born
equal to everybody else around
him. He is brought up with
the idea that he has as much
right to "success" as each of
his countrymen, and that only
social injustices may prevent
him from being president some
day.
Parallel to this, there is in
the same individual some perhaps unconscious realization of
personal inadequacies which
will prevent him from achieving the unrealistic goals with
which he has been brought up.
This situation, of course, can
lead to frustration and a certain amount of socially acceptable hostility in the individual.
There is evident all around us,
and especially in thc lower social-economic strata, an ingrown confusion of universal
equality with thc slightly more
realistic concept of equality of
opportunity.
When an individual has
been educated that he, like one
hundred million of his compatriots, has the birthright and
opportunity to he president
some day, and at the same
lime realizes thai by virtue of
thirty long years service as a
garage mechanic thai he isn't
likely   to   make   il,   he   is,   in
many cases, an excellent mark
for thc megalonianiaeal union
leader who wishes lo use the
mechanic's frustration as a
tool with which to deepen thc
inroads of our more aggressive
and unrealistic labour organizations.
WOULD  GAIN  INSIGHT
Perhaps if the trade unionists, and indeed all those under
the influence of our American
culture, were to consider the
case of M. Ronald Barr's hypothetical infants, they would
gain an insight into the quintessential problem of modern
labour relations. Barr's four
infants are all exactly three
hours old and being precocious
children, have seated themselves at breakfast. It is'not
long before Infant 'A' takes a
spoon and throws his porridge
clean across the room. Infant
'B' thinks this is a swell idea
and throws with all his might
only to see the mush fall far
short of  'A's'  mark.
Then Infant 'C who is
stronger than either 'A' or B'
attempts to throw but is prevented from doing so, as the
thin gruel which his impecunious parents provided for him
is unadaptable to competition.
Finally Infant 'D' who has
been watching all these goings
on, though very frail of constitution, rigs up a catapult and
achieves supremacy by shooting his entire breakfast of
lamb chops and curried rice
across the room and out the
window.
Thus it is, that only three
hours after birth, a gap has
opened between these children,
which, by virtue of their diversified backgrounds is destined
to widen in the years to come.
The thesis of equality emerges
as an unhealthy myth.
SNOWBALL
Today in North America our
labour leaders are appealing
to the individual's need for security by suggesting that this
need may be satisfied by attainment of a higher economic
status. Of course this kind of
economic snowball keeps labour organizations at a high
level of activity but il does not
make the individual any more
secure, primarily because its
underlying object has the effect -of keeping the workers insecure.
Perhaps if the average labouring person were able lo
lake a more realistic view of
his position in our economic
mechanism and if he were not
encouraged   in   his   feelings   of
inadequacy by the "nianage-
inent-is-fightin-ine, I - want -
more - money, I-can bc-prcsj-
clent" philosophy, then he
might achieve happiness in
knowing that his particular
talents were being used to the
best advantage of society. In
working toward an ultimate
goal in life he would then be
more inclined to compete with
himself rather than with others differently equipped to
meel life's challenges.
By this means the individual
would be more likely to .(ftin
an insight into himself and
knowing hi.s own limitations
would obtain satisfaction from
accomplishing some menial
task drawing on all his capabilities, rather than feeling inadequate upon being a good
truck driver when he could be
president.
SECURITY IN LIFE
It is the duty of our union
executives to sec that their
members achieve some degree
of security in life, rather than
substantial social or economic
status. They should teach
their members to live with
themselves and to derive some
creative satisfaction from their
work. They are not doing
this.
However, the observer must
not be carried away by idealism and the capitalist must be
realistic when encountering
some of the infuriating demands of union leaders.
If Capital and Labour are to
do their part in solving the
problem of an essentially anxiety-ridden society they must
not continue to .divorce humanitarian considerations from
economics. The owners of industry must realize that, cause
and effect being what they are,
there arc good reasons for
the unreasonable attitudes of
many labour groups.
EFFORT TO UNDERSTAND
It is not enough for management to shout labour down
and ulcerate upon contemplation of the next round of negotiations. Thc employer must
make every effort to understand
why these people do what they
do.' If Capital is able lo
equate economics with the
mental and physical welfare
of the workers and make a
genuine effort lo understand
why its opponents feel justified in making seemingly fib-
surd demands, then, and only
then, will employer and employee lay the foundation for a
mutually profitable relationship.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Edits Not Factual
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
Your editorial entitled —
"When Will You Go?" contained in the Friday, February
7, edition of The Ubyssey, has
been drawn to my attention.
Thc opinions you wish to express in your editorial arc your
own concern. There arc, however, two matters of fact in
the editorial to which I must
object on behalf of the University.
You say that "the Premier
and his Cabinet have not only
neglected, they have snubbed
the University. Mr. Bennett
sneaked on lo campus last. October to look things over." This
is a serious error in fact and a
serious misrepresentation, for
which I think you ought to
apologize.
The fact is that Mr. Bennett
came lo the University al lhe
President's invitation lo discuss with Ihe President and a
number of other members ol
the University the University's
development, and its relation
io Provincial development. The
Premier had lunch with lhe
U n i v e r s ity representatives
whom the President invited.
We had a most cordial conversation about the University
and after lunch the Premier
look a tour of lhe University
with the President. Il is in
fact entirely wrong lo use Ihe
word "sneaked". The occa
sion had been arranged a lung
lime in nr'vanco. II is cut irely
v\ ron>; tu talk about "leu minutes" as the visit was arranged
for the t inie requ irei'l lo do I he
things   plamie.i   fur   and   there
was  no  curtailment    of    that
time.
I should like to repeat that
your opinions are your own,
but you are not entitled to
play hob with the facts.
One oilier point. You also
state that he (the Premier) just
recently "curtly refused" "an
invitation lo Open House issued both through the President's Office and the Students
Council Office. The fact is
that the Premier replied to the
Open House Committee in the
terms prescribed by a formal
invitation. He stated that he
"regretted his inability" to be
present on the occasion. It
seems to me to be lacking in
courtesy to attribute curtness
to a formal expression of regret.. Incidentally, it is not surprising lhat anyone as busy as
the Premier should find it impossible to fit a particular item
into hi.s schedule, and I feel
confident, that if the circumstances permit it, or will permit it, lhe Premier would be
only too happy to be present.
Yours sincerely,
G. C. ANDREW,
Dean and Deputy
to the President
*
*
Open Letter
To Trevino
Kdiior, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
It was sad to see you, in attempting to justify the treatment meted out to Mr. P.onnm',
base your defense on falsehood. I'Vir you lied Ben, mi,i
lied. ('heel; Ihe record ami
you \iill I'iurl thai durum, I he
last academic Near and thus
far   in   this   one,   we   have   pre
sented five elected representatives of Social Credit on this
campus. In order of appearance they were:
The Hon. Eric Martin
Mr. Solon Low
Mr. Herbert Bruch
The Hon. Ray Williston
The Hon. Robert Bonner
Discount them as you will,
say Mr. Low was only an M.P.
and Mr. Bruch just an MLA.
That still leaves Mr. Bonner as
the third cabinet minister in
less than two years, and if you
play the races at all you will
know that there is a basic difference between coming first
and coming third.
You say Mr. Bonner avoided
his questions and you point to
the tape for proof. Unfortunately for your integrity the
tape ended before the meeting
did. Check with witnesses as
to the actual number of questions answered, compare it
with the number at other recent political meetings here
and we feel you must admit,
lhat Mr. Bonner faced hi.s audience and was admired for il.
In defense of Mel Smith,
bear in mind that Mr, Bonner
came through Mel's invitation
and mine on behalf of the
club. There is a sense of anguish and responsibility in
knowing lhat one has been the
instrument through whom a
friend lias tfeen submitted hi
unmerited indignities. Would
you, if in Mel's position, be
anxious to test again the fair
play of UV-M' students after so
deep  a   disappointment'.'
Mi'. Bonner's courage was
tested last Thursday. We call
upon   you   now     lo     lest   your
courage and retract, lhal which
is certainly false in your guest
editorial.
Yours   sincerely,
HOWARD JOHNSTON,
Educ. V,
(On  behalf of S. C. Club)
if.       if.       if*
Sober Up, Editor!
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
Al lhe awarding of the Brae-
ken Trophy and again at the
Academic Symposium the wine
of praise was poured upon you
and your editorials. 11 has
proved a heady mixture. II is
bitterly ironic that the sweet
smell of success should have
soured so soon as to produce
the aroma around your latest,
effort, for it bears the smell of
violence.
Your call for mob action,
which is jusl what il was, ignores the fact thai this society
is based on a theory of government we call democracy,
and that means the people
choose their representatives to
govern them.
Centuries have gone into the
slow, gradual development of
this system, and wiser people
than you have sacrificed their
lives in unlet to maintain this
idea of government. In British
Columbia lhe people chose
their representatives only a
year and a half ago, Ihey sit
now  in the Legislature.
If \ on feel lhal choice was
wrong you have a right, 'you
have a duty to call for action,
but lhal call should be for ;ic
tion  within  Ihis   framework  of
this democratic system to overthrow at the next general
election that government you
hate. (This election must come
within three years at. most).
That is how the Symposium
considered the graduate as the
moral conscience working in
the community.
There is a difficulty here of
course. Perhaps the people will
be happier in Iheir own representatives than with the students ot UBC. But lhat is the
chance you must lake in democracy.
You could indeed have raised your sights to lhe level of
pure idealism and called, not
for a day of high excitement
in Victoria, but for a quiet
shift in vocational emphasis al
UBC, called for a pledging of
lives devoted to a life lime of
service in the fields of Social
Work, for Micro is the basic
need, and that is the greatest
gift.
A mob is a mob. no matter
how idealistic or intellectual
its components may be, and
always the first things to be
trampled beneath the milling
feet of a mob are its own
ideals.
Sober up, Mpurlnni Edilor!
Yours truly,
HOWARD  E. JOHNSTON
Ed. V.
■A' -A' -A
Ben Replies
Editor, The  Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
Mr, Howard Johnston has
asked me lo retract "lhal
which is certainly false" in my
guest   editorial,
1  regret   1   was in error over
the number of speakers the
Social Credit Club has sponsored during the last two
years.
That is all that was false in
the editorial. The rest remains un-retracted.
Yours sincerely,
BEN TREVINO,
Law III
if,       if,      if,
Gladly If
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
In the Feb. 4 edition of The
Ubyssey under the heading of
"Vive les Artsmen", John
Dressier attacked the defence
mechanisms of lhe Engineers
by saying "The prospect of
Russ Eraser defending the aim
of Ihe university in an open
debate with Wacky Bonnet!
would not he unlike the sight
of Ben Trevino in the chorus
line of the Folies Bergeres".
The relative worth of the statement will not he discussed, but
1 will say this: 1 would gladly
enter into open debate witli
Wacky Bennett if 1 could see
Trevino in the Folies Bergere
chorus line.
Sincerely,
RUSS FRASER
if.       if.       if*
Protest
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
This is lo protest againsl lhe
Psychology 11)0 so'Called text
book. This conglomeration of
references lo oilier books is
written    on   about   tirade   VII
level, except for the English
which is about Grade IV level.
This "text" book serves no
purpose except as a money-
making scheme for the authors:
Dean Chant and Doctor Sig-
nori. II is required for the
twelve hundred or so students
taking the course to shell out
$4.50 a copy for this book --
money that might be better
spent on more worthwhile
literature —- 'Mad). 'Flash',
'Playboy' etc. The latter contain as much valuable information on psychology as the
aforementioned   text   book.
Yours   very   truly,
L.  FOURNIER,
Commerce   1
if.       if.       if.
Congratulations
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
1 have had Ihe privilege of
official ing in the Intercollegiate Ski Meel held al Banff last
weekend in which a very spirited UBC team placed second.
Alter lhe downhill, slalom and
cross-country. UBC was leading  in  the meet.
This small group certainly
carried Ihe name of the University to the front in (his
community. While I attended
the University I hardly realized the ski team wa.s as active
as il is and I am convinced
more credit should be given
these   performers.
(. 'oiigral libit ions I o I hose
compel iters and next year may
they   win   lhe meet
Sincerely,
IAN  KINdllAM,
Science  ',')? Thursday,  February  13,  1953
THE   UBYSSEY
P»gfc3
Tween Classes
Debating Union
Workshop Tonight
THURSDAY
UBC DEBATING  UNION  —
Second Debater's Workshop tonight at 7.15 in the Mien's Club
Room, Brock Hall. All welcome.
* *       *
NEWMAN CLUB — Election
speeches lo be given by candidates today in the club house
HL-fi al 12.H0. All Newinanites
are welcome.
* *       *
NFCUS Committee will meet
today al '.i.'MI p.m. in the Men's
Club Room.
* *       *
RAMBLERS ATHLETIC Club
— General rhceting of Ramblers
Athletic Club in Physics 301 today at noon. Any track men interested ip participating in the
Intramural Track Meet are welcome.
* *       *
MUSIC CIRCLE — Tonight
at 7.45 in Double Committee
Room, Stravinsky's "Petrouch-
ka" and Excerpts from "Boris
Goudonov."
* *       *
Sad lad, did you spend 12 bucks on Saturday night only       MATH.     CLUB   —   Regular
to find that your date spent more time with some gink she j meeting    tonight    cancelled   in
,   .     ,       n      i     1        ,i ti        ,.o I favor    of    lecture    series   with
met in her Psych class than with you.'
AS EVERYONE CAN SEE, rehersals lor "Call Me Madam"
are going along very smoothly. These two, Vicki Jean
Sampson and John Sparks were spotted rehearsing one
evening behind stage in the Auditorium. Don't take my
word that they are enjoying themselves, come and see for
yourself.
Mussoc Presents
"Call Me Madam"
Did you drive home, your
bottle still half full and gurgling
accusingly under the front seat
while your date combed her hair
in the rear-view mirror, chattered like a jilted monkey, and
damn near tore the door handle
off on every right turn? Time
for a change, fella?
Conference
Delegates
Chosen
guest   Dr.   Paul   Erduch,   beginning next week.
* *       *
CRITIC'S CIRCLE — Next
meeting will be held at 33HO W.
42nd Ave. at 8.00 p.m. Whyte's
"Organization Man" will be discussed.
* *       *
Eight students will attend the i     DANCE    CLUB — Members
B.C.   Natural   Resources  confer-   °f the Thursday evening group,
once   in   Victoria,   February   26,   don't   forget   this  evening's  ses-
Why not spend a frugal buck   27 and 28th. i s'on at ?'30 to 9-
and  take   her  to  Mussoc's  pro- j     The  eight   sludents   are   Bob j *       *       *
duction  of  "Call  Me   Madam"?   Cathro.   Darshan   Johal,   J.   M. j     UBC SPORTS CAR CLUB'—
There in the back row, with the   Hj,nd> • Ton-v Richmond. Everett ; General  meeting today  in  Eng.
lights dimmed, you  notice  that ]
Peterson,  Keith   Robertson, Jim ! 201.    Anyone  interested   in  en-
; McFarlan and Dave Helliwell.       tering -our rally, as well as all
her   coat    is   slipping   off   one j     Norma   Hansen,   press   agent   members please attend.    Anew
shoulder and in a burst of chiv-1 for the conference, called it "an   f''m will be shown.
alric emotion  vou  reach  across"' inventory of the province," and I *       *       *
Too  bad    vou  foraot' slatcd   tho   P'''™^   Purpose   as '     *°D AND GUN CLUB meet-
and   .
lhat  your girl  friend  is silling '
on   the   other   side  of  you.   No
i
matter,   if   you   take   off   fast
enough,   you   may   escape   inlo  X/l^l Ifll c|"
the   general   education   of   lhe   inS ln  Hut L-3  today at  noon.
people."
Everybody welcome.
*       *       *
PHRATERES  —  Tickets   for
the formal will go on sale today
and will be sold tomorrow also.
Price $3.25.
j *        *        *
j     UBC CAMERA CLUB - -I'or-
World-I'amous    violinist    Cam-! (rail   session   vvith   four   models
Campoli Here
the front row in lime lo see
the 24 luscious dancing girls
and Ihe 20 lovely costumes.
Yes,   next   Monday,   Feb.    17.   !)()|, vvi„ |)|;iv n.,(.h   IF.mdH .,„,, , f()t. mrmlK,rs |o||i;4ll( .,, {. () m   m
the   production   begins,  and   will   Beethoven   in   the   UBC   Audilo-   International     House.     General
meeting   tomorrow   at   noon   in
show Wednesday, Thursday.
Fridav, and Saturday as well.
The show begins al. 8:15 p.m.
sharp each night. Tickets are
on sale al the AMS office or
at the door for all performances.
riiun al   12.30 noon today.
Admission  charge  is  2.1c. ! Arts 204.
Born  the son of a  prominent i *       *       *
dramatic soprano    and    of    the j     gCM Presents Vince Goring
Professor   of  Violin   and   leader j speaking on  "Morals and  Medi-
of (he orchestra al  I'Accademia | cjnc,".   Wesbrook   100,   today  at
UBC Fund
Now Over
5% Million
di Santa Cecilia in Rome in
JOOlsi, Campoli was giving public
concerts in London by lhe time
he was eight,
At age 13 he had won so many
honours in music festivals that
he was asked not lo compete
further.
Since then Campoli has been
associated with many great orchestras and has played vvith Sir
Thomas Beecham, Sir Henry
Wood, Paul Sacher, Josef Krips
and many others.
Campoli will use his 2(i4-year-
old "Stradivarius," valued at
SI I).000.    in    iiis    UBC    concert
UBC Development Fund with
a total collected lo dale of $5,-
521),9 10.48, has reached 73.7 per
cent  of its  objective.
A  total  of  S 144,000   has  been   today
donated    lo    Ihe    fund    hy    five ....._.,..
major oil companies   --■ Imperial BLITZ
Oil Co., British-American Oil
Company, McColl-Fronlenac Oil
Company, Home Oil Distributors Ltd. and Shell Oil Corn-
pan,v.
(Continued  from  Page   1)
Present at festivities in the
Armoury following the Blitz
will be Paul K. Cooper, Develop-
geiieral chairman
Local   committees   I ht'oii,_,hotit.
lhc   province  continue   to  report
noon.
•k       *       *
FRIDAY
PSYCHOLOGY  CLUB       Mr
Belyea   of   the   Department   of
Psychology  will speak on  "Job
Opportunities    in    the Field o
Psychology."   HM-2,   12.30   p.m.
All welcome.
* *       *
UNIV.   BAPTIST   CLUB   will
meet at noon  in Physics 301  to
hear    Rev. L. G. Baker,    B.A., !
discuss  the  topic:  "Why  we  believe  in   lhe  authority    of    the
Work  of God."
-k        *        *k
BIOLOGY   CLUB   will   show
two     films     "The   Electric   Eel"
and    "Challenge"    al    12.30    in '
Biology   100.
* -A-        * j
EX-MAGEE  DANCE. Feb.   14;
in   Magee   Auditorium,   8.30   to |
I 1.30.    Ticket, $1.50 from Brad
Crawford. j
* *       * !
VOC   --   Important!     All   untagged   skis   al   the   cabin   have
ment Fund chairman; Orson
"The contributions by Can- Banfield. chairman of Ihe per-
ada s leading oil companies is soiml gifts division: A. Sheldon,
h.ngihle evidence that they are of | he Brakclcv organi/.at ion; and
inViu'1' "r llu> V'||U1' "!' I,i«l11''' Aubrev Roberts. ex-Gres,I Trek-
educalion," said  Paul K. Cooper.   k(,,,   ;md   as;slst;ui|   to   the   presi-i heen  taken over by the club.  If
lent  in charge ol   the drive. [ t Ii i.-s  applies to  your  skis   please
Refreshments   and   general   ciilim   Uu'm   lhis  weekend.
,'aiely   will   prevail   ill  the   Arm-
spontaneous contributions to Ihe   uury for some tune following the
Development Fund.
From Bralorne, !\lr. C. M.
Manning, chairman of Ihe Bridge
River   Valley  division,  imports a
Blitz.
Local radio stations are .giving
lull coverage lo the Blitz.
OK.\W   will have  a   mobile  unit
donation   ol   $500   by  employees    '•>  the Armoury and  UBC  Radio
Society     will     broadcast     Blitz,
news over C'.IOR and CKWX.
AMS SECOND SLATE
DEADLINE T0DA Y
Deadline for filing nominations for 'Treasurer, Second Member, WUS President, WAD President, President ofs Men's Athletics is
four p.m. today in the Students'   Council   offices.
Double-Breasted Suits
v 11IH rl i ftl    Hun     S \%\\
Single-breasted Models
oil) OK.VWII.Mp;
of Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C.
I Ie also announced si colli ribu ■
tion of X2.000 sis a memorial lo
Ihe late general manager of
Pioneer Gold '.Mines, Mr. Donald
N. 'Malhesnn. Mr. Matheson
graduated in mining engineering in I 03 I , and was vv ell-know n
as si liockei and basketball
player while sl UI'.C. lie \v.i--
named general nrmsi.ger ol Bra
11 ir ne Mines in I'l-IO, and held
thai [ins 11 un 1 I ill jus death in
\'X.>".
Custom Tailored Suits
for Ladies and Gentlemen
Gowns and Hoods
Uniforms
Double breasted suits
modernized in the new
single breasted styles,
Mafz and Wozny
SPECIAL   STUDENT   RATES
548  Howe  St.      MArine 4715
PHRATERS FORMAL i.s this Saturday, and here the
chorus line i.s busily practising ior their performance at
the big event. —photo by Jim Mason
Helliwell Bids
For Treasurer
By MARY WILKINS
Elections Reporter
Unless a further nomination is filed before 4 p.m. today,
John Helliwell shall remain uncontested in his bid for Treasurer of the 198-59 Students' Council.
Parliament
To Consider
Unemploymer
Campus political parties will
hold an emergency Mock Parliament at noon today in Brock
Lounge to consider a Liberal
bill dealing with unemployment.
Last session's Tory government resigned after being defeated and asked dissolution of
parliament, but were refused by
the  acting  Governor-General.
Liberal party members will
attempt (o form a government
at noon today, presenting their
emergency unemployment bill in
place  of a  Throne  Speech.
If the bill passes the party
will either continue in office,
presenting their Throne Speech,
or call an election.
The bill in part advocates
elimination of tariffs classified
as "British Preference," in order to expand Canada's foreign
trade.
NFCUS   PHOTOS
NFCUS Photo Competition-
Pictures have been returned belonging to the following: Denes
Devenyi, Steve Watson, Ray»
mond A. Goddard, M. S. Hicks.
These pictures are at the
NFCUS office Room 165 in the
Brock Extension, from I to 2
p.m. today. Remaining UBC
pictures are still on tour.
Helliwell, Commerce III, is „
Treasurer of the Commerce,
Undergraduate Society, and vice-'
chairman of USC. Id 1957, he j
was the chairman of the high ;
school conference. His noniina- i
tion has been seconded by Russ j
Fraser,   EUS   president. |
President of the Women's Un- j
clergraduate    Society     will    be
sought by Gail Carlson, Arts III
and  Wendy Bain Arts IV. Miss '
Carlson is secretary of WUS this:
year,   and   Miss   Bain   was   the
Third   Year   Representative   on
WUS   and   is   president   of   her
sorority and active on Totem.
Although, at press time Wednesday, Ross Craigie was the
only candidate to file papers for
Second Member, Dave Wilder
and George Fever are also expected to run.
Theo   Caroll,   Commerce   and
Law III,  will  file  papers  today;
for  president  of   Women's   Ath-1
letic Association.
President   of   Men's   Athletic1
Will   probably   be   a   three   way '
race with Ted Smith,  Fug.  Physics   III,   Don   Shore,   Phys.   Fd.
Ill  and  Ken   Doolan, Comm.  Ill
vying for the position.
All candidates and their cam
paign managers must meet at.
4 p.m. today in the Students'
Council office. Seconders statements for The Ubyssey, typed
and not exceeding 75 words,
must, be presented al, thai  time.
Balloting will take place Wed
nesday, Feb.  I!).
CCF. BRINGS FOLK ■ SINGER
CROWE MONDAY NOON
Folk singer Keith Crowe will appear Monday noon
in Physics 200 to give an hour-long performance of Cana
dian ballads.
Crowe has an extensive repertoire of Canadian folk
songs which he learned in logging camps, mining camps,
and construction crews. He also has a knowledge of many
European ballads.
The performance Monday is sponsored by the campus
CCF Club, and is free of admission charge.
Another $60 For The
AMS Hierarchy Chart
Students' Council voted  an  extra  $60  lo  the  Hierarchy
Chart project Monday night.
COUNCIL OFFER $100
FOR VANDALS ARREST
Rumors of a $100 reward
for apprehension of vandals responsible for defacing paintings in Brock Hall
collection have been confirmed.
Reward will be made by
Students' Council for "information leading id the
arrest and conviction" of
those responsible.
The original chart was to have
eosl $11)0. However, new estimates bring it to $1fi0. It, will
be hung in Brock Hall on the
wall between the AMS office
and Students' Council offices.
Ken Brawner, in charge of the
project, stated: ''We want to get
it up in time for Open House:
that's the important tiling,"
HOME
TRIMBLE  SERVICE  GARAGE
4194 W. 10th Ave., Vancouver, B. C.
ALma 15.11
LOST and FOUND
PEOPLE WHO HAVE ARTICLES IN
THE LOST AND FOUND
Larry   Dohson
Ken  Winslade
Maureen   Coleman
Valerie   Abram
Also Found
WATCH   WITH   WIUTSNC;   ON   BACK
' "Pal   l.ove   Mom,   V.)   ('.rail   oh"
COLLEGE   SHOP
P.KOCK FXTUNSION
34 - Foot
Barometer At
Open House
There may be a 34-foot barometer outside the Library during Open House,
: UBC Physics Department is
investigating the possibility of
reconstructing a Seventeenth
Century water barometer tor
public display.
They will re-enact the experi-
| merit   done    by   Pascal   in   the j
172()'.s,  wearing costumes of the |
lime as well as real beards, j
Barometer will be filled with I
colored water and the air pres- j
sure will keep il at a heigh! of1
about H4   feet. j
CLASSIFIEDS     !
WANTED     Male   student   needs
I      room   and   board   in  exchange
for  duties.   Urgent.   Any  tips.
Phone Richmond 8■ BiiB5, John
FOR SALE - 48-bass Ilohner Ac-
coi'dian. Excellent condition,
Ideal for beginner, elc. Cheap.
Phone Civ (>21 1.
FOR SALE Conn C-Melocly Sax
Call    Wayne    Jan/.en    at.   CE.
V2W1 after (i.3() p.m.
LOST   Black Sheaffer's Ever-
sharp Pencil vvith P. A. Baxter on gold band. Finder
please phone Ann, KDI 5(>4I-L.
LOST Howard offered lo the
finder nt blue-green Parker
Pen. (Ircil sentimental value
attached. Finder kindly call
Sadak.i sit CM 7f>!),". or nulil'v
AlVIS  Lost  and  Found,
M/ldt
It will be o dull day when
one doesn't find som^tbinj
new and exciting in Eaton'jf
Tint's what mokes shopping
r.""h an interesting adventurt
•ny day in the week
Riding Th* Raid
To Popularity
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■^->>..,. J-W
THE   UBYSSEY
Thursday,  February  13.   1958
Mass   Education:  The   Shifting
By ALAN  THOMAS
Extension Department
The most fruitful way of regarding at least one avenue of
contemporary studies in "communications" is to apply a number of assumptions to the analysis of present problems.
Some of the assumptions, stemming largely from the work of
such men as the late Harold
Innis, Carl Deutsch (MIT),
Paul Lazarsfeld (Columbia) and
the editors of and contributors
to "Explorations" (Toronto)
are:
• That societies are determined to a considerable extent
by the facilities and methods
of communication accessible to
them and can be analysed by
means of isolating characteristics peculiar to these various
methods.
• That dependence on differing means of communication tends to distinguish not
only societies but groups within single societies, and that
each medium tends to develop
a monopoly of knowledge
•which is competed for by other
media.
• That one feature of industrialized societies is that of the
increase in the mobilization of
the population with the result
that every individual is a recipient of a constant flow of
information coming through
diverse forms of communication from diverse sources.
• That the meaning of any
communication, evaluated
eventually by the analysis of
resulting behaviour is largely
determined by the medium
through which it comes; form
and content cannot be separated.
The impact of television on
our society, a culmination of
the effects of radio, film, telegraphy, etc., each with its own
peculiar language, has provided a means of contrast with
the power and influence of
older media, and necessitated
a re-analysis of such fundamental patterns of behaviour
as ownership, entertainment.
knowing (both things and people), control, and more particularly education. Though we
have tended to take these recent media more seriously than
the Americans, creating unique
forms of administration and
control for them, we still lend
to relegate them to a mixture
of economic use and mass education. By mass education we
usually mean, the communica-
Choir "Popular"
By KING ARTHUR
Thc second annual spring
concert ot the UBC Choral
Society under Theo Repel was
well received by a large audience in the Auditorium on
Saturday night.
The program was evidently
chosen with "popular appeal"
in mind but it seems unfortunate that with so much good
choral music available to
choose from, it wa.s thought
necessary lo include such items
as "Louisiana Hayride," "Old
Mother Hubbard" (in the style
of Handel! as if genuine Handel
were not somehow enough) and
selections from "The Wizard
of Oz."
By and large the singing was
competent if somewhat lacking in fullness of lone and
frequently deficient in diction.
and wins at its besl in two unaccompanied folk songs but
why, oh, why, have a piano
accompaniment to the madrigal, "Madonna, lovely maiden"'"
Other items well done were
Ihe spiritual, "bet My People
Go" and lhe concluding ilem.
select ions I' r o m "Carmen.'
which  was encored.
Thc choir was pleasingly
supported by soloists. Helen
Hill. Thora Hawkey, Glen Atkinson  and  '.VIervin   Watson.
The Choral Society Quartette
struggled manfully with "lie"
and fought with, .loshua al the
Baltic of Jericho, losing both
contests. Accompanists were
Lorna Mullrilland. Gueneth
MVAi'i'siuv  and   William   New .
lion of an earlier culture to
greater numbers of people, an
attempt that rarely succeeds.
At the same time we are apt
to resent and fear the powerful results of the inevitable exploitation of these media, and
refuse to understand what valu-,
able concepts of society they
can contribute. In this respect
it is interesting to contrast our
handling of these forms with
that of the "iron curtain countries" who see them as a means
of recreating a nineteenth century culture on an even grander scale, and with that of
Egypt, which is creating a
whole new civilization by
means of radio.
Despite the attempt to dismiss it as entertainment and
advertising, television has begun to exhibit its own peculiar
power, and literally to alter
the character of Canadian society.
Tiie struggle makes itself felt
more impressively in the area
of education than anywhere
else. Here an embattled middle class, which has lost its
direct control over thc elementary and secondary schools, but
still maintains control of the
universities is facing competition from all sides. Representing a monopoly of knowledge
in the form of the control of
print" and the worship of thc
book, they are threatened by
the businessman who is less interested for the most part in
skills in the command of print
than in managerial and other
kinds of technological skills,
and by the children coming into
high school who have grown
up in a .society in which the
necessity of learning to read
and write has rapidly declined.
In previous times, particularly
in England, when universities
fell into the hands of monop
olies and were unwilling to reexamine their position, they
were by-passed by independent
schools and colleges which
were willing and able to offer
what the other powers wanted.
For some hundreds of years,
education has been the means
by which this middle class,
denied the power of inherited
wealth and position, and the
power of organized labor, has
maintained a precarious position. To succeed in the system
and its net work of formal
schools, .it has been necessary
to develop a skill in the command of printed information
at the expense of all other
skills in learning and knowing. From the bastion of the
university, once the crown of
the educational system, and
now tending to become a fortress, control of the society was
at least partially assured, and
until competition from other
media became pressing relatively undisturbed. Is is perhaps   even    more   evident    in
Canada  than  in Britain, sin"
our   early   "culture"   at   leas,
was   completely   contained   ir
print.
With developing technology
and industrialism, the public
schools and now the secondary
schools were invaded by children whose interest in print,
dominated by the "liberal education" was low, and who were
anxious to learn other skills,
and were aware that necessary information could be obtained in other ways. Movies,
radio, picture magazines, newspapers, and finally television
all became methods "for learning about and getting along
in the society, and thc school,
once the major source yf information lost its control and its
REVIEWS ID IIM
EDITOR, BARRIE HALE
_____s_s
NOTE:—The following letters,
reproduced with syntax and
spelling intact, are printed below with the hope that those
who read them will make an
objective comparison of the
arguments and assertions contained in them and those contained in the articles they attack. But perhaps we're just
being naive.—B.H.
Editor, The Critic's Page,
Dear Sir:
Dear Mr. Purves:
I observed your very childish criticism of the Master-
sounds. For years students
have been putting up with such
garbage from the critics page
and I think it is time that some
one did something about it. In
the first place Mr. "Squrves"
a jazz composition is never re-
fered to as efficient, To someone who is very ignorant about
the subject of Jazz this term
may be used. Probably the
grunt that you heard was your
own and therefore I can only
suggest one place for you.
Maybe you could suggest some
more "efficient" chords used
in the compoition of The King
and I.
The goups compotions were
extremely well organized as
most musicians would have
agreed. The technique of Benny
Earth on his drum solo was
also very outstanding. On the
whole the group was very well
controlled and put on a very
fine concert; which was expected of them because of the
very fine reviews written
about them. My only suggestion lo you Mr. "Squrves" is to
go back to the den of pseudo-
intellectuals and perhaps in
lime come and join the jazz
soc. and learn a little about
the subject which you so ignor-
antiy cluscussed.
TERRY   QUELCH,
Arts I
*       *       *
Editor, The Critic's Page,
Dear Sir;
Mr. Roger Purves 'described
part of the Monday jazz concert performed by the Master
Sound:; as a "meaningless racket." In all fairness I can do
nothing better than describe
Ihe entirety of his erit.icsm as
a display of words signifying
si   vacant   mind.
Before attacking Mr. Purves
himself for the personal qualities he displayed through his
writing. I submit that lhe Master Sounds Quartet performed
a concert in jazz which Car
surpsLSsed any jazz presented
on tiie campus so far Ihis year
and wa.s on a par with the concert presented here two years
.'Us > by the M,/Q.
Each selection played served
to shew the authentic approach
to jazz taken by lhe Master
Sounds emphasis    on    (lie
heat, a cohesive and unified
approach with lots of room for
improvisal ion.
The bit; C|liesliou is ■ why
does Mr. Curves insist on condemning this particular jazz
preseiital ion which was reeeiv
ed so very enthusiastically hy
an   siliMnsl   lull   house'.'     I'm    Ihe
The   Readers  Writhe
nature of his article I can arrive at only one answer. Mr.
Purves knows nothing about
jazz. He makes meaningless
remarks in regard to the speaking voices of the musicians and
condemns any sign of enthusiasm by the musicians in regard to their music. He speaks
of flabby chords which are not
present, long drum solos, the
longest of which was 32 bars,
and "The two routine entry-
solos-repctition of entry pieces
 " the meaning of which
I canno,y discern.
He concludes his unfounded
criticsrn with the remark that,
"If jazz musicians wish to be
recognized as distinct from the
funny hat variety of entertainers, a first step would be to restrict the length and volume
of drum solos."
I submit that if jazz is to become understood and respected, there are two steps for
quasi-critics such as Mr. Purves. They should spend time
not only studying the medium
about which they wish to wrile
but also attempt to arrive at
some  understanding    of    this
medium.
Yours truly,
WALLEY   LIGHTBODY
*       *       *
N6TE:—Somewhere in his
second paragraph, Mr. Light-
body mentions his intention of
"attacking Mr. Purves himself," but he never gets around
to it. If he would still like to,
or if anyone else would, we
here impart the information
that Mr. Purves lives on West
40   YEARS OF SERVICE
TO THE  UNIVERSITY OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA,
ITS FRATERNITIES
AND SORORITIES.
THERE'S A REASON
42nd just off Collingwood;
perhaps you could all be waiting behind the bushes when
he comes home from school.
—B.H.
Pot your MC't to speedier use with
THI PHONHIC SHORTCUT TO SHORTHAND
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ittmp (»r • PA£E trill Ittton,
COMMfHf NMVt COUMI- UARN4V.D0IN0 MITHOft
THE CANADIAN SCHOOL OF SPEEOHAND
P 0 BOX 224. EpitlONTON. ALBERTA.
character. The system began
to develop a whole new group
of professionals outside of the
university, who became preoccupied with new forms of
knowledge, and in constant
conflict with the universities
who held to the previous forms
as the only true content. At the
same time, the printed education, expressed in new hooks
each with its own specialization had begun to fragment,
until the high schools and lhe
university found themselves
teaching a multiplicity of subjects which they hoped the student might be able to synthesize. Though the high schools
were and still are staffed by
university graduates, who tried
to hold thc line, the situation in
which the information must be
taught became, with few exceptions of middle class high
schools, totally different from
that in which it was learned,
and the oral character of high
school teaching with its text
book cross became an impossible compromise. It is this
compromise which causes all
the trouble. The exact role and
function "of the high school
teacher in relation both to Ids
students and the university is
still not clearly understood.
The teaching p.-oblem of the
high school necessitates the
translation of information from
one form to another, inevitably
brings howls from the university about the lowering of
standards and interest only in
method.
The fact that the students
can and do learn through many
other forms than print remains
basically ignored by both his;h
school and university intent on
maintaining a rigid notion ol
what knowledge is. Other
senses which might be exploited and matured are rejected,
and in many cases sludenis can
be crippled in their ability to
learn from oilier media than
print. The conflict, makes itself
felt most violently in the area
of liberal arts, and in the teaching  of   English.   Tl   lends   both
lo become a .specialized (ech-
uicil : iiKi;-, ul its own instead
of the core of the currieulm.
anil al ihe same time a sort of
service depertment for other
faculties, leaching basic skills
in a hurry. The recognition
thai the liberal arts program
is a very j.;ood technical education, reflecting the central
position of the monopoly of
priiii is slow in coming.
Much of the argument between liberal and technical
.studies which confuses both
the university and the high
schools is largely a conflict between media. The professional
schools are influenced to handle
informal ion in the form in
which it i.s most likely to be
utilized by its graduates, because they must be able to
learn, and trust the learning
derived from their major
methods of communication.
Businessmen increasingly communicate 'by other means than
print, scientists have their own
languages, and so on.
Yet the influence of the university tends to make them
academic and thus creates dependence on lectures and written examinations, symbols of
the  same   compromise.
If the present difficulties are
to he overcome, these problems have to be taken into
account, and education can no
longer be conceived, as the command of certain limited types
ol information communicated
largely by print. We must examine the scope and character
of all media, experiment with
them, letting them shape information in Iheir own form, and
in the long run be concerned
with learning itself. Once a
predominantly eral institution,
th.e university now print bouud
i.s beginning lo show signs of
the awareness of the need of
increasing oral communication.
Toe old subject mailer divisions, largely created by print
are withering away, and we
can no longer t^aeh any kind
of school on the basis of the
old assumptions.
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