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The Ubyssey Mar 20, 1958

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 ^Uit
BIRDS,
WALLABIES
TODAY
NOON,
VARSITY
STADIUM
VOL. XL
VANCOUVER, B.C., THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1958
No. 64
ASUS Finally Gets Quorum
Brown, Stevens
Take Top Posts
By a slim majority of one vote Mike Brown won over
Lion Sharzer for the position of President of the Arts and
Science  Undergraduate  Society.
Thc  longed-for quorum  after;*
the failure of Tuesday's meeting i said  that   the  interest  of  WUS
was met by an attendance of 127; is not commensurate with that
people. •' j of Council, and WUS is not rep-
Position of vice-president was j rcsentative.     Further   he   said,
won by George Stevens with a i >*' WUS is on Council, there is
OVER 100 STAUNCH ARTSMEN turned out Wednesday
noon to elect next year's executive. The Ubyssey photographer dispatched to the scene wa.s an engineer. Fearing
that   the  blinding  flash   of   his   camera   might   seriously
weaken or even blind the quiv
to include as few of them as
should be appreciated by all.
reminder of the "never  say
NOON IN STADIUM
Famed  Wallabies   To
Take On Thunderbirds
Bv PETER IRVINE
stands  and  sidelines   in   Varsity
Council  Downs  USC
Delaying  Power
Just  10 years ago, 5,000  rabid  rugger  fans  packed   the
Stadium to watch the Third Australian Wallabies    defeat    the    UBC    Thunderbird    Rugby
• XV 20-9.
i     Today,   with   only   the   tabled |
Nick  Shchadie  back  again,   the ;
\ Aussies  again  face  our  Univer-
i sity team.
'Hl'X        I * __ PI ff I     In 1948, the Wallabies visited
| B. C. on the last leg of a highly
successful United Kingdom lour.'
Students'   Council   has   gone   on   record   as   disapproving; A   stan.y   young   centre   named:
of   article   9   (A)   of   the   Undergraduate   Societies   amended1 Max  Howell   thrilled  the   local;
fans as his team  went on  from
constitution, * | UBC   to   Wi,ilop   ||10   Vancouver
This  article stales  "Any   mo-' idenl. commenting on  Students's R(,ps     and     victoria     Crimson!
tion passed by Students' Council ' Council   vote,   pointed   out   that j Tide
which is rejected by a two-thirds the article would merely pro- . BC>s Conlotlnial Ycar holds
majority of the USC, by means   vide    a    "democratic    delaying \ a clinVren| sU)1.y
„f   .,   ,.,,!„   |.,L-(.n   ■Afonrrtin<>'   tn   action"  and   was not  a  veto  of, ,        ,,.,,-
oi   «>    vou.   uiken   according   io     ^ !      Tin*  time  the  Australians   re-
Article l\. section, 1), c, d, ciin-; Council. i U(rn   f),om  a   comt);iraUv(,iv   111V
noi   be   put   into  effect   by   Stu-   SHORTSIGHTED 'successful     British     Isles     lour
dents' Council unless ratified by ,;Il> silif|. ••Council is pursuing ; wiih a record of 14 wins, 13
means of a referendum or ma- ;| ^ii<>»-l sighted policy in refus losses and 2 draws. To add in-
jority vote at a general meeting." ing lo a|iow -, more represent:.!- suit lo the already injured citi-
WEIGHTED   VOTE live   group   the   right   lo   delay ; zens     from     the     greatest,   per-
The manner of voting refer- ' passage ol motions of major con- capita, sporting nation in the
red to in the article is a system , "™ when those motions are in , world, the- B.C. Ad-Stars stop-
of weighted vole, bv which Arts   ""'   »P*»»»»  »<   ^   USC  cxecu- ■ ped Ihem  11-8 last. Saturday.
ering artsmen he endeavored
possible.  His humane effort
The empty seats are a mute
die"  arts  faculty's  spirit.
—photo  by  Dave  Redekop
NEW PUB HIERARCHY
POSITION NOW OPEN
Applications for thc post
of Co-ordinator of Publications will be accepted in the
Students'. Council office
until  noon,  April   17.
This position, was created
on Iho recommendation of
the "Publications Investigation Committee" and ratified by Students' Council,
Monday evening.
It will entail the business
management of The Ubyssey, Totem, Pique, Raven,
Student Handbook, and Student Directory.
Tiie co-ordinator will be
a non-votiing addition to
Student Council and will
replace any existing member.
He will also be chairman
of tiie Publications Board,
and will co-ordinate advertising for all campus publications.
total of 71 votes.
Four positions were secured
by acclamation: Jim MacFarlan,
representative for Undergraduate Societies Committee; Dave !
Sproule, Public Relations Officer: Barry Boucher, secretary;
Ed Aho, fourth year representative.
ASUS motion for representative government has been tabled
for this year, due to the failure
to get a quorum at the last
meeting.
Jim MacFarlan was quoted as
saying, "The tabling of the motion   of   representative   government is a necessary move in order to give ASUS the time for
more   organization.   Representative government will never come
unless  ASUS  becomes a strong
and     representative     organization."
;     MacFarlan   also   stated   that
' general   meetings   are   reaching
a point where only a small percentage are taking part and are
i being   challenged   by  small  or-
1 ganizations   are   in   a   position
where  they  can   veto anything
j that displeases them, as long as
'< they gel a voting majority.
!     It was felt that the Buchanan
building   will   have   a   unifying
' influence   on   organization   next
year', for Artsmen, able to gather
under one root', will have better
publicity and  more  interest.
A   motion   was   put   forth
MIKE BROWN
no reason why ASUS and Fro*h
can not have a seat, because
their functions are much the
same as those of WUS.
Tween Classes
FilmSoc Presents
'Bitter Rice' Today
THURSDAY
FILMSOC   will  show   "Bitter
j Rice" today at 12.30 in the Aud.
to '. Admission is 35c,
set   aside   one   specific   day   for *       *       *
USC meetings only, so that turn- j PHILOSOPHY CLUB — Dr.
outs will not be affected by pop-' l. Bongie will speak on David
ular speakers on campus. , Hume,  Unwelcome  Ally  in  the
A great deal of discussion clur-. Camp    of    the    18th    Century
ing the meeting was held on the I French   Philosophers"   at   12.30
issue of WUS' representation on
Council.
Womens' Undergraduate Society repersentative, Joyce Hayward claimed that WUS should
stay on Council because of its
potential. She also stated that
Council was an administrative
government, not a representative one, and lhat women should
certainly have a seal on Council.
Council member Neil Merrick
in HM-2.
* *       *
UBC Badminton CJubs — All
members out for election of officers, tonight, in Memorial Gym.
* *       *
BEN HILL-TOUT SALON —
Competitors may pick up their
slides   and   prints   at   the   UBC
Fine Arts Gallery immediately.
(Continued on Page 3)
See   'TWEEN   CLASSES
DONALD  FLEMING:
Liberal Policy Blasted
and   Frosh    receive   four   votes,
Engineering     and      Fdueation,    lhe studenl  body."
live,  not  in  the  best  interest ol        Only  once   before   has  a   com
parable   feat   been   accomplished
three each.  Commerce  Ivvm  and        The motion will be brought up   ;l«i,m-st ,h<> Aussies.
ail     lhe     other     undcrgradusde a I.  Ihe  general   meeting and   put.      I!)2:'  WHS llu' clul(-   ;mrl  Brork
societies one apiece        ' lo   Ihe   sludenl   body   for   thel.-1""    V'nni    lh''    l,lacr    wlu'ri'   ;i
Jim   MacFarlan.   ASl'S   pres decision.
NFCUS INTERNATIONAL
TRAVEL CARDS AVAILABLE
Internal iond'l sludenl identity cards are now available
lo all Canadian sludenis intending lo travel to Furupe
this  summer.
The holder of .such a card will be assured, while
(ravelling, of police protection, dismount rules in railway
lares and spociaj rales in  Youth  lloslels.
Further information and the international sludenl
idenlily cards may be obtained from (he NFCUS office,
Romn   Ibo,   Brock   Fxlensioii
B.C. Cricked XI defeated a louring team from Down Under in
a one inning match. Don Brad-
man, Australia's greatest bats-'
man, was caught for Iwo runs - ■
something similar to Mirko\
Man lie going 0 for 17 in Ihe
World  Series. |
PICKED THEIR BEST
UBC will have ils hands full
loday. for Ihese Wallabies are
oul lor- si win and have picked
Iheir  strongest   learn   available.
However, I he Birds have a
fair chance to pull an upset. The
team ranks with Ihe greatest
lhal Varsity has produced .and
if il can ['each ils psychological
nadir, a winning pcrformsmce is
not   unlikely.
Kick-off I ime is I2.4;"i     •• place
is Varsity  Sladium.
By KERRY FELTHAM
Finance Minister D o n a I cl
Fleming Wednesday, quoted a
"noled ("anadian" as saying, ",I
think it would be a grave mis-
lake to blame unemployment
on the present government."
Thc Canadian was Lester B.
Pearson.
Fleming then went furlher to
slate lhat "the Liberals arc- being dragged, kicked a n d
screaming, before; the ballot
hex."
In his speech in the Audi-
lorium al noon he charged the
Liberals with causing record
taxes and spending, a "gigantic
wheal surplus," and a "dangerous" loreign trade policy of
''put(eing sill our eggs in the
U.S. basket."
lb' went sm lo outline the
Conserval ive accomplishments
in the last eighl tnonl lis, claiming "no help from (Iheir) predecessors." When questioned
furlher, he stated, "We are
mudi   liei icr   oil    without   I he
:vind  ot  help they are able to      provincial  fiscal relations," Ive
stated.
Instead of a "lake it or leave
give.
Dominion - provincial    relations   have   received   "new   at-
DONALD  FLEMING
mosphere" according lo Flem
ing. "Noi one province had a
good    word    about    Dominion-
it" attitude, Fleming said that
that Conservative government
heard the provinces' wants, and
improved   conditions   by   two
measures    -   an    increase   in
provincial revenue through income tax, and SSI00 million aid
to the Maritime provinces.
.Hospital insurance has improved since Ihe Conservatives
have taken control according
lo Fleming. He said that the
dominion government grant
had been raised, lhal the federal scheme would now work
even il onlv one province joined if, and that it can be started
six monlhs earlier, thanks to
Conservatism.
Commenting on Colombo
Flan aid, Fleming slated thai
Canada "has marketed more
wheal in Ihe last, six months
than lhe Liberals ,in any six
months period in the last five
(Continued  on  Page  3)
See DONALD FLEMING **!«• 2
THE    UBYSSEt
Thursday, March 20, 1958
THE UBYSSEY
Authorized as second class mall. Post Office Department, Ottawa.
MEMBERS CANADIAN UNIVERSITY PRESS
Student subscriptions $1.20 per year (included in AMS fees). Mall subscriptions $2.00 per
yiar. Single copies five cents. Published in Vancouver throughout the University yetif by
the Student Publications Board of the Alma Mater Society, University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions expressed herein are those of the editorial staff of the Ubyssey, and, not
necessarily those of the Alma Mater Society or the University. Letters to the Editor should not
to more than 150 words. The Ubyssey reserves the right to cut letters, and cannot guarantee
publications of all letters received.
Adult education:
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
ACTING EDITOR-
PATRICIA MARCHAK
.     DAVE ROBERTSON
New* Editor .....j Barbara fcfcurnfe Features  Editpr  -__ Sylvia Shbhhousfc
Assistant tfewi Editor..-.    fidb  Johannes Sports Editor Allan Spriniman
CUP Editor   Laurie Parker
SENIOR EDITOR  -  -        ALAN GROVES
Reporters! and Dedkmen:—Mary Wilkins, Kerry Feltham ,   Lois   Boulding,  P*ter  Irvhv
and Jose Fulford.
TELEPHONES: t        •       • *       .
Editorial and News Offices    AL. 4404, LocaW il. 13,,l|
Busines* and Advertising Offices  —AL. 4404, LbtM 6
Expensive  Nonsense
We have had just about enough of this
Civil Defense nonsense.
Not that it isn't in principle a good idea,
but it must be getting painfully obvious
to everybody that the present Civil Defense
program is totally impractical and unrealistic.
Had, there really been an atomic attack
Tuesday, a lot of people would bc grease
spots today. Like us, who slept through
both sirens, as well as the usual alarm
clock.
Or thousands of UBC students, who
apparently didn't hear the 9:30 CD "take-
cover" siren because of their location and
because lecture buzzers and bells were
sounding at the same time.
On the North Shore, and in Burnaby,
New Westminster and Richmond, people
couldn't hear the sirens. Too far away.
Downtown, traffic noises obscured the CD
warnings.
A poll taken by The Vancouver Sun revealed that bus drivers, housewives, pedestrians — nobody, in fact — knew what
to do.
What should they have done? Let's
take a "hypothetical situation.
Suppose you happen to be home When
the "prepare-to-evacuate' 'siren goes off,
and, suppose you happen to hear it.
Here's what CD authorities apparently
want you to do: (An atomic attack is probable within 12 hours).
1. Turn on your radio and listen for
instructions. Okay, good enough.
2, Examine your household plan — have
you enough food, clothing and blanket:; for
Meanwhile . . .
Meanwhile, Communism is winning the
"uncommitted" countries of the world by
peaceful means.
No millions are spent on asinine civil
defense plans by the Russians, because they
are less and Ivs*. on the defensive.
Instead the Communi'l e umtries spend
their money on the "backward, uncommitted" nations — India, in the Middle Masts,
in Africa — giving these underprivileged
peoples support in terms they understand;
food, money, non-nuclear armaments for
defense.
A look at a contemporary map of lhe
world, showing those areas that are dominated by Communism, would be enough to
convince any North American that Russia
doesn't need to risk starting a nuclear war
an emergency evacuatioh? Mayte, ehough
for three or four clays, but what after that,
any anyway, how will you carry it? dh
well.
3. Review youi* evacuation foute. This
tops everything, Evfetybody in most of Vancouver, Burnaby, New Westminster, and
surrounding areas is supposed to hightail
it due east. All 200,006 carsful of them,
plus their food, clothing, blankets, etc., converge at Patullo Bridge. (Many competent
engineers have their doubts about the Patullo being able to stay up if heavy traffic
is used on all six lanes.) tiut anyway, can
you picture this frantic mass of heavy-laden
humanity all trying to get across a six-lane
bridge at the same time? Great God, it
takes only about 20 per cent of that numbed
to tie up the Lions Gate for hours on a
busy morning.
4. Read your Civil Defence Pamphlet.
Another great idea, but we'll bet that at
least half the citizenry havfe lost their
pamphlets, and that most of the others
never got them.
The whole business, in short, is inefficient as hell. You could go on all day
listing the flaws in our CD system, elaborate
though it may be.
The cheeriest point, however, is that the
good people of the Lower Mainland appear
not to have taken CD very seriously at all.
As CD officials complained in The Sun's
report: "A great percentage of the priblie
i.s either unaware or indifferent to the significance of the signals."
We, too, shall ignore all this CD lunacy,
in older to win the world, tf there ever
is a nuclear war on North American soil,
it will be fought at a time when North
Americans  will  have no  place  to flee  to.
Unless, of course, dunderhead American
elder statesmen precipitate it prematurely.
If (she West is going to win the cold war,
or lhe hot war cither, it is going to have
to stop wasting its resources on foolishness
like Canada's botched-up Civil Defence
machinery.
Millions of "uncommitted" people are
starving in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Can
we expect to win them over to democracy
without, making some material sacrifices?
Hardly.
And our inane CD program would be a
good, and harmless,  place  to start,
LETTERS to the EDITOR
Defense of EUS
Editor, Tiie Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
May I have a couple of
points regarding the current
controversy over the engineers' edition of The Ubyssey?
For convenience I shall address myself to J, ,1. Fulford,
a contributor in the lasl. edition, but 1 .should like lo Ihink
that, my remarks wil) receive;
consideration from .one or two
other members of thc: [.'.roup
he represenis.
I'm sorry if our paper offended your sensibilities
(which arc obviously morally
impeccable! along wild those
of 1ho.se various self righteous;
fe-col ies I ike ymi, In vvlmse oul ■
rag'-vl opinions we have been
Healed al length lately. Kill,
let rue point out that one's en
jo.yinenl of such levity as appeared in the EUS edition varies inversely a.s the square of
the seriousness with which one
lakes il and the time one
spends analysing it. ,Parts ol
Ihis batch were, indeed, regrettably crude (though little
more so than parts of your
letter), But. the greater part
.of it was found quite amusing
by most, of the people 1 discussed it with, (few of them
being engineers). They perused il, laughed at il, threw it
away and forgot, about il,
which is just what, should be
done.
As for engineers being immature1, go back and look a I
your own Idler, Mr. Fulforrl.
In lhc first, and third paragraphs, childish attempts at
sareasl ic suggesl ions; in Uu*
I'nnrlh, an allompl, lo connect
two completely irrelev.ini
idem, I'crhsips in Hie tabled
English "00 course next year
you will learn the1 proper use1
of lhe English language. (Incidentally, you will also study
literature   far   more   blatantly
and pennilessly vulgar than we
poor engineers could hope to
produce).
Yours truly,
R. N. STONE
"More Spleen"
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear  Madam:
Although my doctor tells
me my spleen is in good condition, I would like lo request
space in your newspaper to
vent it and lo answer some of
the implications of your Thursday editorial.
Firstly, the club's definitely
do not want, lo turn the into a
"bulletin board", I am sure
that, we1 completely concur
with you in your efforts lo
enlarge1 Hie scope of a univen'-
sily newspaper, bul we feel
that, since Ihis a a paper paid
for by students, read by .studenls, and directed at studenls
--- it should in some way reflect   the    students'     interests
Every Day Open House
.2
For Extension Department
(Editor'* Nolo — This
is the second in a series of
three articled by members
of the UBC Extension
Dept. on adult education.
The third and final article
will appear Friday.)
By ALAN k THOMAS
Extension Department
Everyday is open house for
the Department of Extension
and Adult Education. Whether
it is a eohference or short
course on the campus, a ten-
week course, evening classes
or workshop conducted almost
anywhere In the province, the
situation is the same. How best
can the university in all its
aspects; {is a research centre,
as a teaching institution, as a
place for trial and experiment,
be made available to adults
who cannot attend as ordinary
day students? "these represent
both those with degrees as well
as those without, and in number far exceed the official student body.
STIMULATION
To understand properly the
work of this department, it is
essential to recognize two his-
t o r i c a 1 and contemporary
sources of stimulation. The
most apparent is the extension
to the province of university
work and personnel within the
existing university frame of
reference. This may be occasional, in the form of speakers
for meetings and conferences,
consultation With specialized
departments, or short courses
utilizing various faculty members. Or, it may be continuous
in the form of night classes,
extra*sessional training courses
such as the Summer School
of the Arts.
The department's function
here can sometimes be mainly
administrative, lying in arranging space and co-ordinating
times, and travel if the event
is off campus. The amount of
co-ordination involved in clearing buildings and planning with
faculty members is often massive, particularly in the case of
initial events. All this represents the more customary interpretation of. an Extension
Department's task.
SPECIALIZATION
But there is another source
of stimulus, which ln the long
run is probably more important. The North American universities, particularly those in
the Western half of the continent have long cherished the
the idea* of adult education
through the university, of taking the university to the people. This extends way beyond
merely responding to requests
from individuals and groups
who already know "what they
want, and includes searching
for opportunities to make learning possible, and to make the
university valuable to those
who would not ordinarily week
it out. At this point the university takes the initiative in
offering things that people
may or may not want to take
advantage of, and which in the
long run will improve their
standard of life. For this reason the Department of Extension and Adult Education appoints specialists in various
fields, forestry,, fisheries, agriculture, family life etc., whose
job it is to be in touch with
these things in the life of the
province and offer the services
of the university where ever
and when ever possible. At the
same time, the specialist must
examine the possibilities of re
defining information and other
university resources, so that
the material becomes more useful to the citizen in question
than it had appeared until that
time. Such programs as Liberal
Education for Adults, Family
Life Education, and Citizenship involve the invention of
new ways of organizing and
•presenting knowledge. At the
Same time problems of teaching became quite different
from those generally used in
the university, and staff members of the department tend
to become preoccupied with
methods of how adults $ill and
can learn. Thus the problem
of co-ordination of faculty
members and adult learners
takes on new aspects, and the
department does a certain
amount of extension into the
university as well as outside of
it. Frequently the department
acts as an experimental ground
for the university, and specialities developed there eventually find their way into the official curriculm.
i
These two functions of course
cannot, in day-to-day operation,
be separated, but for a proper
appreciation of the role of Extension and Adult Education,
they need to be understood.
One major problem is the
proper training of workers in
Extension, and the creation of
a professional corps of adult
educators. It would be prefer-
•able not to become too rigid
in specification, yet we can no
longer depend upon the casual
way in which people have been
recruited in the past. At any
rate, this kind of work presents an exciting professional
career still unknown to too
many people.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
and activities. The studenls
are interested in thc Quebec
students' strike, the 'Blitz',
etc., and rightly so, but they
are also interested in the Mussoc Operetta and the Players'
Club productions.
Wo foci lhat this latter interest, as well as the former,
should be reflected in the
Ubyssey. To thai end all we
ask for is two columns per
issue — two columns out of
twenty-four (less advertising)
per issue. Surely not a "Bulletin Board!"
Secondly, club news should
not and will not detract from
the mythical ideal of "majority news" which supposedly
interests everyone.
By your own admission at
the Monday, March 10, Studenl
Council meeting, Madam Editor, thc clubs will not gain in
actual space given. Where they
will gain is in that this space
will be dependable and a club
will not have to worry about
a large financial loss when its
publicity notice is left oul of
the Ubyssey. Club news has
not detracted from the Quebec
Students' Strike or the Mock
U.N. Assembly (incidentally, a
Club Project) this year and
will not detract next year.
It' news has to be omitted, it
will mote likely be the "WAD
God" contest than debates on
education.
Thirdly, it would be obvious
to anyone reading the UCC
Brief thoroughly, that the cultural and social life of this
campus refers to extra-curricular life and with the exception of the Special Events
Committee which often works
with clubs, the Fine Arts Committee and a few others, tho
clubs clo in a large measure
provide these activities. Criticism on such semantical points
is  irrelevant  and   misleading,
The only real argument you
have, Madam Edilor, appears
lo be the issue of "Editorial
Freedom", The clubs do not,
want, to dictate1; we believe in
Editorial freedom as strongly
as you, bul surely Ihis is a student newspaper and surely il
lias some responsibility toward
the studenls.
The clubs believe lhal. as
they are an important, segment
of student life, they should
have student newspaper cover
age, and we feel this proposal
is the surest and the fairest
way to obtain this coverage.
To quote the final paragraph of the brief itself, "It
must be understood however
that in no way are thc findings of this brief to lie considered as censure of the Ubyssey, Moreover, the recommendation, is not intended as an
infringement of existing editorial control, but as a practical
* means of providing club publicity in allocated newspaper
space through a direct UCC
sponsorship."
Respectfully  your:;,
LION J. SHARZER,
Arts III
Not Representative
Editor, Thc Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
I would like to use some
space in this paper to ask the
"gentleman" who passes under the nom-de-plume of "Red
Jacket" a question.
I wonder if you would have
volunteered to wear your red
jacket and pass out the Engineer Undergraduate edition of
the Ubyssey to the visitors at
Open House?
The   unadorned   filth  which
radiated    from    the    juvenile
minds of the "Red Jackets" is
NOT a   true  representative  of
the work of the University and
slightly   over   eleven   hundred
engineers   do   not   compensate
a  majority  whether  "the eggheads like it or not".
Yours truly,
ROBERT    WILSON,
(an 'egghead' and proud of il!)
Brazilian Pen Pal
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
I have obtained your address
from a friend of mine whoso
name is Helio, he wrote to you
loo and my unique interest is
the same as his: to make correspondence in English because I have a hard will to
learn this language1.
Thus, I ask you please, lo
publish my name and address
on the p.'ipor or maga/ine by
which you gel. us girls and
buys addresses.
Well now, I hope lhal I'll
merit your attention, and receive the recommendations
from you meanwhile,
Thank you, sincerely,
Severino Alves de Sousa,
Rua Joag .Luassuna 19,
Joag Pessoa,
Paraiba, Brazil.
Gone Too Far
Editor, The  Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
We of the compulsory P. E.
Classes feel that the dictatorship in some courses has gone
too far.
Our archery class was forced lo switch to golf, and vice-
versa? for Hie convenience of
inexperienced practice teachers. A vote was taken and a
majority of thc class did NOT
waul to chance. Our rights
and wishes were ignored.
It is our belief that once you
have signed up for a course
you should he allowed to take
it for the whole term. It is
bad enough having tc; lake P.E,
let alone having your choice
changed to suit the instructors.
If this trend is allowed to
continue there is a danger that
French students may find
themselves taking German.
After all — they are both
languages!
Yours truly,
ftOBIN HOOD,
MAID MARION
Ubyssey 'Educational'
Editor, The Ubyssey,
Dear Madam:
We support the editorial
policy of The Ubyssey as it
stands at present. The coverage and comments given to
events of wider interest rather
than those which have limited
student appeal has better served the function of an educational institution.
We sincerely hope that you
will continue vvith these excellent policies.
'Tween Classes and the numerous bulletin boards around
campus provide ample opportunity for the industrious to
publicize their little activities
without Inking up space in
The Ubyssoy that is now put
lo  better  use,
Perhaps, if UCC wants a
clubs papcM', llioy could mimeograph Iheir own bulletin. But
maybe IHoy ai'<- aware that no
one would read it.
Ymirs sincerely,
K.   I).  11 illioiir,  Educ.  V
P. (J. Loallierdale, Arts IV
M. 1'og.ueinillor, tseliic.   V
Janice Besursta, Educ. V
Robin IVlaunsc.'ti,  Educ. V
Ron Hansen. Grad. Sl.
Ron V. Kirk by Thursday, March 20, 1958
THE   UBYSSEY
PageS
Eight To Get  Honorary
Degrees This Spring
GRADUATING CLASS
SLATE TO BE CHOSEN
The Graduation Class
Honorary President, Vice-
President, Valedictorian &
Class Poet, will be elected
at the Graduation Class
meeting, Friday, March 21,
in Physics 200, at 12.30.
The Graduation Cruise
Will be discussed and the
appointed class officers will
be ihtroduced. •
The American
Way Of Life
Jan. 4 — Bought a car today.
Very easy terms. Very fine car
with lighter on dash. Should
finish payments in  18 months.
Feb. 4 — Paid installment
due on car. Bought a radio set
on easy terms. Fine set. Payments will be small and monthly.
March 11 — A little late with
car payment this month. Will
have to let the radio payment
go over until April as I bought
a set of books and paid $11
down. Very fine books. Everybody  should have this set.
April 15 — Borrowed $50
from the boss to meet car pay
ments. The radio man came,to
take the radio, but we put out
the lights and we weren't home.
The chump hung around all evening so I couldn't read the
books.
June 1 — Borrowed $100
from Uncle George to pay the
$50 to the boss and to meet the
car payment. Got behind on the
book payment because I bought
a piece of land in a new real
estate development. The land
ought to jump in value. Paid
$50 down.
July 12 — Somehow I don't
miss the radio much, And you
can get plenty of books from
the Public Library. Thc thing
that hurts is that Uncle George
should be so mean, Of course
I told him I'd pay back lhe $100
impossible, can you? Trying Jo
on July 1 but you can't do the
arrange a character loan from
the bank. If I can borrow $250
I can get square again and everything will be fine,
August 15 — Bank says I
have no character, What a bunch
of crooks.
Sept. 15 — Garage man is
holding the car for labor bill.
What right has he lo hold the
car'.'' It doesn't belong to*me.
Oct. 1 — It isn't any use. I
had to let the car go. Anyway
I would rather have that piece of
land. They've; given me a month's
grace on it.
Nov. 15 — Well, they can have
their old land — if I knew
where to get $30 lo meel lhc
payments on the piano I'd be
alright.
Five distinguished graduates oi' the University of British
Columbia will receive honorary degrees at Spring Congregation ceremonies marking the fiftieth anniversary of the granting
of the UBC charter.
Three graduates of other Canadian Universities, who have
distinguished themselves in com
inunily service, will also receive
honorary degrees May 20 and
21, in the UBC Armoury.
The University also plans two
special congregations during
September to mark lhe B. C.
Centennial. Dates and recipients of honorary degrees will be
announced later.
DAL GRAUER
UBC graduates who. will receive degrees at the Spring Congregation are: Dr. A. E. Grauer,
chancellor of UBC; Mrs. Evelyn
Storey Lett, wife of the Hon.
Sherwood Lett, Chief Justice of
B. C.'s Supreme Court and a
, former UBC chancellor; Mr. Jus-
' tice A. E. Lord, of the B.C. Supreme Court; Mr. F, R. Joubin,
who directed the discovery and
development of ten uranium
mines in three Canadian provinces from 1953 to 1956, and Prof.
Walter Gage, Dean of Administrative and Inter-faculty affairs
at UBC.
PRESIDENT HONORED
Graduates of other Canadian
universities who will receive
honorary degrees are: Judge J.
13. Clcarihue, of Victoria; Ralph
Pybus, president o J'lhe Canadian Chamber of Commerce,
and Dr. J. E. Wallace Sterling,
president of Stanford University.
Bought    a
today  on   the
basis.
new    automobile
pay-oul-of-incomo
Dec. 16 —■ Income slopped
Got the sack at the plant. I'm
looking for a job and you have
to have a good suit of clothes
so I bought me a suit this afternoon. Five dollars down. Not bad
eh?    ,
POSITION OPEN F8M
CONFERENCE CHIEF
Applications are requested
lor the position of Chairman
of the K)fi8 Leadership Conference lo be held early in
the fall  term,
Anyone inleresled in chairing the Conference or in
working on the committee is
asked lo leave his name, telephone1 number, address, and a
'i:,t ol' his (|iialil'icalions in
■l?l1* b'l) in Ihe SI udenls'
Cniineil offices, or ;,;iVe In
Wendy  Amur.
Deadline for applications
b"'*5 Chairman is IVIondav,
March 24, 105R.
WALTER GAGE
The degree of Doctor of Laws
(LL.D.) will be conferred on
everyone except Mr. Joubin,
who will receive an honorary
Doctor of Science (D.Sc).
Dr. Grauer, who succeeded
Mr. Lett as chancellor of UBC
last yeuir, is president of the
B.C. Electric and the B.C. Power Corporation. While at UBC
Dr. Grauer was president of lhe
Alma Mater Society, and two
years afler graduation, in 1024,
he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship.
ON STUDENT COUNCIL
Mrs. Evelyn Storey Lett, received both her Bachelor and
Master of Arls degrees from
UBC, in 1017 and 192(3 respectively.
She served on Students' Council for throe years, twice as president of the Womens Undergraduate1 Society and vice-president of the- AMS. |
With   her  husband,   Mrs,   Lei I.
was   a   member   of   the   sludenl |
commiltee    named    in    1914    to :
draw up the const Million for the;
AMS.    Mrs. Lett  is a pasl  president,  of   Ihe   Vancouver   University Women's Club, anel has heen
active1   in   lhe  YWCA,   the   Coin
inunily  Chesl   and  Council,  and
Ihe   Georgian   Club   of   Vancouver.
for lhe pasl. six yesirs, Mrs
LcM has been a member of UBC
committee1   on   Women   Sludenl
Affairs. Her husband received
an honorary degree from UBC
in 1945.
PAST AMS PRESIDENT
Mr. Lord graduated from
UBC in 1922. He was president
of the AMS in 1921, and took a
leading part in the Players' Club
and the Athletic Society.
He was first elected to the
(JBC Senate in 1924, and lo the
Board of Governors in 1940. He
has been re-elecled to both these
bodies many times, and still
serves as honorary secretary to
the Board. He was named UBC
first Great Trekker in 1952.
Mr. F. R. Joubin, a consulting geologist now living in Toronto, is noted for his recognition and development of the
Blind River (Algoma) uranium
field,' regarded as one of the
most important uranium developments in the world.
Dean Walter age is best
known to generations of UBC
students as chairman of Joint
Fatuity Committee on Prizes,
.Scholarships and Bursaries, and
as.a witty mathematics lecturer.
He received his master of arts
degree from UBC in 1926, the
year after receiving his bachelor
of arts degree in mathematics.
He  joined  the  UBC  faculty  in
1926. and after teaching at Victoria College from 1927 to 1933,
returned to this campus.
He was appointed dean of administrative and inter-faculty
affairs in 1948.
FORMER GOVERNOR
Judge Joseph B. Clearihuc
retired from the UBC Board of
Governors last year after serving for a total of 22 years.
Born in Victoria, he was a
member of the first graduating
class of Victoria College, and
after graduating from McGill in
1911 he was named Rhodes
Scholar for B.C. the same year.
He was appointed judge of
Ihe County Court of Victoria in
1952, and since 1047 he has served as chairman of Victoria College Council,
MANITOBA GRADUATE
Mr. Ralph Pybus, president
and general manager of the
Commonweal Hi Construction
Co. since 195(1, is a graduate of
lhc Universily of Manitoba,
where he received a bachelor
of science degree in 1922, and
a bachelor of architecture degree
in  1924.
He; came to Vancouver in
1928, and served a.s president of
Jic Board of Trade in 1953,
Dr. J. E. Sterling was born in
Linwoocl, Ontario, and received
his bachelor of arls degree from
the  University    of    Ontario   in
1927, and his master of arts degree from the University of Alberta in  1930.
He received his PhD, from
Stanford in 1938, and became
president of that University in
1949. He is a distinguished social scientist and  historian.
TRAVEL
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THE RUMOR HAS SPREAD that this is thp old castle of Robin Hood and his merry men.
It isn't. For the benefit of student leaders st aunc'h clubroom inhabitants and education
students, The Ubyssey wishes to inform, yo u that this structure is the library which some
(there are notable exceptions), call the cultural centre of the campus. Since the exam
schedules are posted some "students" might want to know where to find it. This is what
it looks like. Consult the calendar map for further information. —photo Mike Sone
Donald Fleming
(Continued from Page 1)
years." He reviewed the trade
agreement with India, who is
buying wheat and flour from
Canada because Canada lent her
the money.
Power and "Canadians first
with Conservatism" concerned
Mr. Fleming for the next ten
minutes. He noted the development made in Saskatchewan and
the North, the first woman in the
cabinet, the first Scandinavian,
North American Indian and Italian in various government posts,
and other points.
"Ae better balance of trade" i
throughout the Commonwealth
was stressed by Fleming, "The
Liberals have completely falsified the facts hv their propaganda,'' he stated, referring to
trade with England.
"Thc have no interest in the
expansion of a Commonwealth
trade," he said. He pointed out
that through Conservative effort,
Canada will hold a Commonwealth Economic Conference.
„ Mr, Fleming spoke on uuem-
ploymenl for five minutes in his
speech, lie slated that about
22;i.0()0 more people are unemployed than lasl year at this
lime, and said lhal the Conservatives are not responsible for lhat
condition.
"The Liberals look, in 22
years, not a step ... to meet
the problem,' he remarked. In
referring to the "employment
shelf" set up by the Liberals,
he said, "il was a figment of the
Liberal fiction. When wc; got into
office, we looked in the drawers
and cabinets and underneath the
desks, bul we couldn't find any
employment shelf."
During the question period, an
unidentified student asked him
a lengthy question concerning
the sale of stock on the oil pipeline, terming the sellers of stock
"bucaneers" and inquiring as to
their fate at the hands of the
Conservatives.
In answering his questioner,
Fleming said, "Your friends in
the House are the same way.
Things aren't normal unless the
CCF is talking;."
Asked if the financial report
Fleming was using to "damn the
Liberals" was a minority report,
he answered, "No. This was prepared by a senior official of the
governnuml."
TWEEN   CLASSES
(Continued from Page 1).
FINE ARTS COMMITTEE —
"Form in Sculpture", a talk by
Elmore Ozard (College of Education). Last in the Visual Arts
Lecture Series, 12.30 noon in
Physics 202.
* *       *
UCC Annual Luncheon at
12.30, Brock Lounge. Tickets,on
sale in AMS office or any UCC
executive.  Everybody  welcome.
* *       *
PRE-MED SOCIETY — Pre-
Med Microscope meeting for all
interested in purchasing microscopes at reduced rates. Microscopes will be on display, at
noon in Physics 101,
* *       *
VOC — Important Constitution meeting al noon in Brock
Extension Auditorium, Room
354. This is important. Everyone turn out please.
* *       *
DEBATING UNION -Final
Debaters'   Workshop   tonight   at
7.30,  Mildred Brock   Room.
-/*.*        -k        -A-
DANCE  CLUB  general   meet
ing in lhe Dance Club room today.      All   members   please   attend.
* * *
ISLAMIC CENTRE — The
Islamic Cenire presents Dr. A.
Nubia talking about "Islam in
Nigeria". Slides will be shown.
Also at 12.30 Thursday in F&ti
102.    All  welcome.
CARIBBEAN Students Association—Agenda: General Elections; Presidential and Treasurer's Reports. Meeting in 100
Buchanan at noon.
* *      *
UBC SPORTS CAR CLUB —
Election meeting, Engineering
200. This is the most important
meeting of the year and everybody is urged to turn out.
* fr      *
FRIDAY
NEWMAN CLUB—"Resolved
lhal there should be a federal
union between U.S. and Canada" is the topic of the annual
debate between Newman and
Newman Alumni Friday night
at 8, in Brock Double Committee Room.
* *       *
INTERNATIONAL  HOUSE—
A Variety Concert lo be held in
lhe Brock Stage Room at 8.30'
p.m. on Friday. See performances   by   club   members   with
Barry Thorne, M.C.
■A-       -A-       *
WRITERS'     WORKSHOP   —
, Lasl meeting of term, Friday at
,'i.ls')  p.m.,   Boom  2fill  Buchanan,,
j Building,
i -A-       -A-       *
STANLEY   PICKETT,   Urban
Reiii'wal Officer, Community
Planning Association of Canada
will speak on Community Planning on Friday, 1.30 p.m. in Hut
0-12.
TUXEDO
E.
A.
LEE
HM   Howe   Mt.
MAr.     3481
RENTALS
mini:   COATS  —  TAILS
MORMNtt   COATS
nuirscTORs coats
HURTS  AND ACC^SSORIM
CompleU  Stonl<  of   Latest.   Modal*
$1 discount to all UBC
students
UBC BADMINTON CLUB TO
HOLD ANNUAL ELECTIONS
The UBC Badminton Club elections vviil be held
tonight in the Memorial Gym. All members are requested
lo  attend,  and  vote  for   next   year's  executive.
The club tournament, to be held Sunday afternoon,
March 21), will be the final gel-together of the year. There
is no entry fee, and refreshments will be served. Members
may sign up at the general meeting or by phoning CE. 5956.
Custom Tailored Suits
for Ladies and Gentlemen
Gowns and Hoods
Uniforms
Double breasted suits
modernized in the new
tangle  breasted  styles,
Motzand Wozny
SPECIAL   STUDENT  RATES
548 Howe St.      MArine 4715
■n
t ELECTORS OF QUADRA!
YOU  AKIO  INVITED
TO MEET AND HEAR!
YOUR LIBERAL CANDIDATE
Prof F. C. "Tat" Boyes
AND
Mr. John Farris
at ihe
David Livingstone School Auditorium
.'515 East 2.'5rd (Near Main Street)
THURSDA Y, MARCH 28th
8:00 p.m.
VOTE       i«
TAT "St MIKE P«g«4
THE   UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 20, 1958
20th Century Analytic Philosophy
By D. JOHNS
After more than twenty centuries philosophers have finally freed themselves from the
spell of Platonism. In the last
five decades they have, with
the sharpened vision of modern Socratics, sedh through
the cloudy mirage of a "real,
permanent, unchanging world"
to the emptiness - which lies
behind    such    enquiry.    With
this arousal, metaphysics has
become the haven of only those
who will not see beyond the
shade they have drawn for
themselves. In an accurate
and  interesting    little    book,
Philosophical Analysis, J, O.
Urmson has drawn clearly, for
all who will to see, the picture
of the revolution in philosophy. The transition is traced
from Frege, Bertrand Russell,
REVIEWS ID
EDITOR, BARRIE HALE
\\
Earnest"  Close To  Perfection
By MIKE MATTHEWS
It seems to me that the
nicest compliment a  reviewer
can pay the Players Club production of the Importance of
Being Earnest is to point out
how close it came to being
truly first class.
One feels certain that, had
the actors had that security in
their roles which this play demands, they could also have
achieved a less desperate cas-
ualness, a more certain elegance.
As Jack and Algy, Ken Kramer and John Madill spoke
clearly and well, and lost creditably few lines in the uproar
from an appreciative audience.
They played nicely together,
particularly ln the 'third act,
which was further distinguished by well-plotted ensemble
groupings. They lacked, however, the air of seedy maturity
which is fairly indispensable
as a means of establishing the
character of the two men. IVJa-
dill managed a certain bulky
rapaciousness   in   the   second
act, but Kramer here contrived to appear as a crow, and
spoiled everything.
Margery Gilbart, as Gwendolyn, was nice, perhaps too
nice, She was properly coy,
but needed more sophistication and more certainty in her
gestures and movements. The
contrast between the two
young ladies was not aided by
Pam Rutledge's playing Cecily
a few years older than necessary.
Valerie Dowling's Lady
Bracknell   was   a   fine   battle
ship of a woman, with booming ten-inch voice to match.
Natalie Veiner and Martin
Bartlett did full justice to Uvo
very obvious characters, and
Bill Gordon made an amusing
aged retainer from a character
usually as functional as a
stagehand.
The quiet artificiality of the
costumes and sets was a superb complement to the action
of the play, though the set for
the third act was the grossest
example of artistic chicanery
I've ever encountered.
Paperback Canadiana       FAY PEARCE SHOW OPENS
By AL SPRINGMAN
McClelland and Stewart have
issued a series of books which
should be dear to the hearts
of all those interested in Canadian literature.
. Their New Canadian Library
consists of notable Canadian
works whicn were not available in paperback editions.
One, in fact, was not available
in any edition.
The series has started with
four books, "As For Me and
My House," by Sinclair Ross;
"Such Is My Beloved," by
Morely Callaghan; "Over Prairie Trails," by Fredrick Philip
Grove; and "Literary Lapses,"
by Stephen Leacock.
The books and authors are
familiar to students of Canadiana but will be recognized
by fe wothers. The one exception might be Mr. Leacock, The
four books cover the 20th Century; the original copyright
dates are 1910, 1922, 1934 and
1941. While perhaps not representative of Canadian literature in general they are representative of the best in Canadian literature.
Two more books are planned
for the 1958 season. They are
"The Tin Flute," by Gabrielle
Roy, and "Sam Slick the Clock-
maker," by Thomas Chandler
Haliburton.
The books will be sold for
one dollar, which is rather expensive for a paperback. However, the publishers are probably justiifed insofar as a book
by a Canadian is never in great
demand unless he is an expatriate.
The; material quality of the
book is better than that of the
usual paperback; the print Ls
black and the paper is white.
The binding is not sewen and
this will not allow the books
to be as permanent as might
be desired.
The books have a standard
format. There is the introduction by a well-known literary
personality on the author and
book, the book proper, and a
short note  on the author.
The first book in the series,
"Over Prairie Trails," is introduced by the general edilor
of the series, Malcolm Ross.
"Such is My Beloved," is also
introduced by this Queen's
Univcsrity  Faculty  member.
Robertson Davies, an author
in his own right, writes on
"Literary Lapses," and "As For
My House" is introduced by
Roy Daniells, head of UBC's
English department.
By J. V.  COOK
An exhibition of 25 paintings and drawings by artist
Fay Pearce opened Tuesday in
the UBC Fine Arts Gallery.
Recently Arrived in  Canada
COMING EVENTS
Today at noon UBC's Film
Society is showing the Italian
film, "Bitter Rice," which features Silvana Mangano. It is
one of THOSE films. Also at
noon, Mr. Elmore Ozard of the
College of Education will speak
on "Form in Sculpture," in
Physics 202.
Tomorrow at 3:30, Mr. Harry
Adaskin will speak on music
in Physics 201, and next Wednesday, Dr. Mortimer Adler,
educationalist, will speak al
noon in the Auditorium.
Fay Pearce's one-man, or
rather, one-woman show in the
Fine Arts gallery is commented
on elsewhere on this page. It.
will continue until April third.
Also on view in thc gallery are
some excellent photographs by
Rolol'f Beny and the B.C. Potter's Tenth Annual exhibition
of pottery and handicrafts.
Beginning tomorrow evening
and continuing until the 29th is
the Frederic Wood Theatre production of Christopher Fry's
"A Sleep of Prisoners." This is
the play that Fry was commis-*
sioned to write for the Festival
of Britain in 1951. This production will be directed by
Miss Dorothly Somerset. Tickets for it may be obtained
from Theatre Reservations, Extension Department.
The film "Witness For the*
Prosecution," which has been
reviewed on this page, Ls now
showing at a downtown theatre, as is "A Farewell to Arms,"
the David Selznick - Ben Hecht
treatment of the Hemmingway
novel. And the Rank film of
the Bolshoi Ballet is still running, now in its seventh week.
You could certainly do worse
than lo see it again.
Or you could drop down to
that German place on Howe
Street and listen to folk songs.
B.H.
from Cyprus, Fay has also
painted in England, Europe
Africa and Cyprus, possibly in
that order. Her work can be
found in both the National
and private collections of six
countries.
Presently she is an Instructor of Painting at the University.
Doing it the short way, a
female voice shaking hands at
the Private View for the current exhibition said, "A lovely,
lively and exciting show" and
that was good enough and true
enough and probably as much
as should be dared, damn the
analysers; and another voice
said, "Colour, colour, lots of
it and bold too", and there was
nothing terribly wrong with
lhal either: but then someone
said, "the technique is good"
and a tear of exposure grew
inside, but when it was pointed
out that Woman, Fish and Cat
stood up perfectly when viewed
at twenty feet, eight feet, and
then two feet, this worked
when it was tried and it was
as they said.
Fay Pearce's show will be
reviewed at greater length
next week.
Sharing the gallery with
Fay is an exhibition of ceramics and a one-man show of
photography; both are of more
than  routine  interest.
ATTENTION  STUDENTS
for good reliable transportation   you   can   afford   .   .   .
Contact
HARRY PRYKE
at
ZEPHYR  MOTORS
130 W. Broadway — EM 2191
Exclusive British Ford
Dealers
Phone me now about how you
can earn spare cash.
EYES
EXAMINED
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I. F. Hollenberg
Optometrists
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Vancouver Block
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VJ\           1  HMO*/      J
PETER VAN DYKE
CAMPUS
BARBER SHOP
• Brock Hall Extension
• S734 University Boulevard
Open Wednesdays
for your convenience
1
Where All Students
Gather For
W Fine Foods
W Fine Service
'A' Mellow Whip Ice Cream
•ft
DEAN'S CAFE
4544 West 10th Avenue
LOST
B.A., Sc. THESIS
"Mineralogical Comparison of the Kitsilano and
Burrard Formations," by
Rolf Thompson.
Return to Room J,
Forestry and Geology
Building.
REWARD
Improve
Your Marks
Well - developed reading
skills and better .study techniques can improve your
marks. Mastery of your subjects can be achieved with
less time and effort.
A Free Reading Skill
Survey will enable you to
see how I his can be accomplished. Phone: for an appointment today.
WESTERN
2ZM W. Wlh
CH. 75KS
READING  LAB
and Ludwig Wittgenstein
through the Logical Positivists
to the contemporary school of
ordinary language philosophers.
When, around the turn of
the century, Kussell and
Whitehead developed the per-
*fect language of their Princi-
pia Mathematica they thought
they had at last the tool which
would deal with the perplexing problerns of traditional
philosophy. The exactly specified structure of this new
language, symbolic, prevented
the construction in it of many
puzzling paradoxes. This language bore many resemblances
to ordinary English and Rus-
• sell supposed that it reflected
the true structure of the
world and that ordinary spoken languages were only poor
imitations of the perfect one.
There were in the perfect language simple 'atomic' sentences which mirrored 'atomic
facts' in the world, and these
sentences could be combined
in various ways to form molecular sentences even though
there were no "molecular
facts". In Russell's view, philosophers are heading toward
perplexity when their sentences clo not represent exactly
sentences in the perfect language; or in other words when
the grammatical structure of
»the sentence does not match
its logical form.
Philosophy then, for Frege,
Russell and Wittgenstein was
a sort of analysis,, an activity
consisting of translating ordinary spoken or written discourse into the atomic sentences of symbolic logic, which
mirror the world as it really
is. It was because of the metaphysical element in it that
this philosophy of Logical Atomism became objectionable
to later thinkers. Like traditional metaphysicians these
people were trying to get information about the world, to
discover how the "basic materials'' of the world are arranged, or how the statements we
make about it are related to
the "real" structure.
Leading the movement
which displaced Logical Atomism was the group called Log-
" ieal Positivists, including Rudolph Carnap, Moritz, Shick,
and O. J. Ayer, who retained
the emphasis on logic as a tool
of analysis but rejected thc
metaphysics of Logical Atomism. They chose to think of
philosophy, not as a discipline
which results in knowledge
about the world, but as an activity which only clarifies the
meanings of terms. All we can
learn from philosophy then, is
whether or not a sentence is
meaningful. Their criterion of
meaningfulness was apparently quite simple, "A sentence is
meaningful if and only it it is
in principle verifiable or is a
sentence of formal logic." All
metaphysical statements like,
"God is merciful" are not true
or false, but simply meaningless
Although this movemerit Is
still popular, especially in the
United States, Logical Positivists are faced with a difficulty which they have so lar
been unable to overcome.
Their philosophy is built
around their so called "Verifi-
ability Criterion" which, if it
is useful in practice, has never
been stated in an acceptable
form. Any attempt to do so
has always ended in either a
generalization which is false
or an analytic statement which
by. the Positivists' own admission, tells us nothing about the
world. '
During the last two decades
a new movement, ordinary
language philosophy, has
grown up whose adherents
claim to have discovered the
fundamental weakness which
has prevented the Logical Positivists from stating, their position clearly. The Positivists,
arch-enemies of metaphysics,
have been guilty of unwittingly indulging in metaphysical
speculation themselves.
In England, and much of the
United States and Canada, ordinary language philosophy
has spread quickly. In its
view, philosophy is, as the Positivists also believed, an activity of clarifying language,
but it is with the use, not (he
meaning of the expressions
that it is language into the
sentences of a "perfect language", which they mean. As
Wittgenstein was turning toward this type of philosophy
he is supposed to have said,'
"Don't ask for the meaning,
ask for the use." This is tJT>-
ical of the outlook of ordinary
language philosophers, who
believe that they have a definite and constructive role to
play, in clarifying language
without committing themselves
to any sort of metaphysics.
As Urmson has described the
development of analytic philosophy it is an interesting but
unspiring story. When all the
wild and irresponsible speculation is removed from philosophy it loses much of its attractiveness for many people,
but what remains must surely
be more rewarding for those
who will interest themselves
in it; if only for the opportunity then availed them of taking up again, at last, the torch
of that great analyst of the
ancient world — Socrates. ,-•
We are well rid of the chains
binding us to Plato and his
band of metaphysicians, but
we must beware lest our new
found insights cause us to
sneer at their mistakes, for
they have left us a legacy of
much that is wise and worthy
of our study.
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