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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Apr 25, 1951

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—Ubyssey Phjotos by Robert R. Steiner
PHOTOGRAPHY. DIRECTOR Tom Hatcher and Editor Hugh TOTEM EDITOR Hugh Cameron helps hurry yearbook through
Cameron look at First Totem '51 off the press. • binders. Book will arrive on the campus today.   •
Totem '51 will arrive on the campus this afternoon.
The yearbook, which was slated to appear last week,
was held up when Canadian Customs refused to release
American made covers.
Totems can be purchased at the AMS office starting
this afternoon* and continuing until stock is sold.
Students are asked to bring their receipts when they
pick up their book.
30 Pi
Of Silver
Student Council
Stand On Fee Hike
Last week, for the administration, Dr. MacKenzie made a
public announcement that the fees for all faculties except
Medicine would be increased a flat $30.00. The Student Council
then held an emergency meeting to investigate the administration's reasons and decide on what course of action to follow.
Professor  Andrew  attended   the***.-- •	
meeting  to  present  the  adininis-l    " ' * ' we "ni3t num lose siel,t
•.ration's   case.   He   said   that   the  of ",0 fa,;t l,,ttt • * • tho tirat task
University had asked thu Provincial Government for at least one-
half million dollars more than
they received. Also, he pointed out
that there would be a loss of $42,ui*0
this year lu income since the
Federal Government wa.s cut"inn
off all Veterans' Assistance in June
forego all plans for extension ot
University services and iustead
make all possible cuts.
Council's general opinion was
tlmt-tlicttdniiniHtraUoti had Investigated every possibility of avoiding
flic fee Increase, but that it was
In his very fair presentation of thc case for increased I
government aid to universities, Dr. MacKenzie has forgotten I or this year. In view of this total
one thing — he is not addressing an academic gathering but, docieuso the administration had to
a clutch of politicians.
With the restraint we expect in an intelligent man, the
president "regrets" long delay in "serious attention" being given
.by the.Federal government .to.the plight qf- universities. The
student has no more time to regret, barely lime to act.
The Dominion-Provincial ..conferences were illuminating
examples of bulldozers attacking molehills and finding them j necessary to protest the udvlsabii-
moimtai;* too high to move because they cover the burrows of! ,n.y..of sucU actlou at lhe prc8eut
Finance Minister Abbott and his confreres have estimated
their budgets in gloom and tucked away their fiscal surpluses
with' glee during the prosperous post war years.
Before the vote-getting tax cuts and concesssions, could
not Mr. Abbott have looked over his shoulder at the floundering
educational system? DVA grants were not a gift, but all too
meager payment of services rendered to fulfill a government
promise. "t
'"Can Ottawa look to Victoria for example? Dr: MacKenzie
notes the provincial grant has guadrupled since 1945.
This is not the true picture. In the 1920's, before the vast
development of B.C.'s immense natural wealth, the university
grant represented three percent of the provincial budget. In the
1940's it was cut to 1.5 percent.
What about the student? We cheered when the professors
gained their all too small salary increase. This was a recognition
of cost of living. Doesn't the student, working his way or relying
on hard-pressed family income, feel the same cost of living?
Where is he to get the extra $30 to subsidize his university?
Dr. MacKenzie is only reiterating a painfully learned truth
when he says that individual financial status should not be the
test of university entrance.
Without large scale federal and some provincial aid UBC
will not exist in the next ten years, and in those years thousands
of students will be deprived of an education. In the U.S. similar
conditions have resulted in a prediction that hundreds of colleges
and universities' will fail in the next three years.
Let Victoria and Ottawa wake from their long sleep in the
forest of political opportunity before the kiss of student anger
does the job. »
*. A student riot, Latin style, in the provincial and federal
capitals of this country would not be a happy thing. But students,
unlike university presidents, have a traditional right to act
directly when all else has failed.'
The students attending this university, and those who will wunt
to in the near future, are not tlio
sous and daughters of wealthy men.
Tlio majority of them are working
hard and will now have to work
harder to cover tho general increase of prices for tuition, books,
and  living  expense?  at  U.B.C.
Most of us,*lt we are ever financially able to graduate, wish to
remain in British Columbia and
contribute to this province's cultural expansion and ecomtu'c
development. We are mentally
mature men and women who realize a debt to. society as u whole
to contribute with H th-v have
to Its general adv'iiii.cmeni.. We
are not just irresponsible} children
asking for government uandcuti,
we*have a legitimate, claim u, adequate assistance ami thu govern-;
ment must realize thi- wlu-iher or
not they admit it. Mr. Auscoitth
in his budget speech. t*)U tl'ii Legislature that British Ct<*'um'*» i intist
develop • its natural re.**>ji,rcei'' to
the fullest. The umver.*.i' / student*,
of this'province,' jutji p-eseni:'tad
future, are one of i.'i«. n.oat important natural resource^ this pn>viute.>
possesses- j
But the Provitieiei! Covermueiit
does not have tlm V'.iolejre'-.pti:-
sibllity in the iun;,U.. paly-la,».
October, Mr. St. Lna.'ent, in a
convocational adap.js ,o thc I'i 1
versity of Toronto, van io tho l>'.-
lowing   statement:      '
"The Uuivorsitl-.**-- 'arc, with at
question, among Uio post precious
of our national institutions. N"w 1
recognize, and I belklve moat Ca*ia-
diiins roeognizo tho.''wisdom of * lie
provision of ou, <'-institution winch
intido cducatlo.'i primps the* most
important of Uil-ip subject-*, entrusted to Hit1 pioyncial authorities ... No ono'j .vith any real
respect for our history nnd Mwli-
tion would i :mi tin disturb that
constitutional poiMiMi. At th" ; ame
true  University   is   to  keep
thc  tianie  of  civilization  It-
time, I think
be found to i
sltles tiie fir.
form' the mc
required   in
whole autio'i.
.i..u*y o,f us re >',nize
i*•!.', :,on*io moan.s .mist
iisii'f' tio our unlvcr-
ic.iil capacity t,> per-
>■ serviced whka aro
'lie   li.ttvcst   dl'   -the
of a
There is absolute proof that tho
federal Government at leaMt realizes and admits Us responsibilities
but whether or not it will carry
them out is unoliier question,
Tho Massey Commission on
"National Development in the Arts,
Letters and Sciences" is expected
to bring down its recommendations
shortly. There should be sufficient
proof ln that document to establish the necessity for federal aid
to all tlio universities lu Canu(fa'.
The remaining problem is to arouse
public opinion on the matter and,
to direct it towards the implement-
ntion of that report.
Kvpry UBC sutdent can contribute to tills end by tulking it up
everywhere thoy go in B.C. during
the summer and by wrirtflg letters
of protest, concerning tlie present
Hiactioii, to their MLA's and MP's.
Kvery person that you, ns individuals, inform and arouse in. this
matter, and whom you get to take
effective action, you will have a
VOTlill expressing bis opinion to
his elected representatives. The
governments cannot afford to overlook tho views of those people who
place, or replace thorn at each
"Tuum Est, UBC! It's up to you!"
AMS Financial
Picture Tight
AMS Treasurer John MacKinnon stated today that net expenditures of $50,850 had been inado by
the Alma "Mater Society up uutil
March 31,  1951. ,
Revenue from fees stands at
$62,500. MacKlnuon said, however,
that there are some $14,000 in
in requisitions outstanding lor
work in process which has as
yet not been completed. Largest
of these Items aro some $11,000 in
requisitions for work on the Totem
year-book. In addition, Undergraduate- Societies have been promised half of any balances remaining
in their accounts at the end of the
fiscal year (Juno 30, 1951), so that
this will mean a transfer of some
$*j(>u from rovenue. A number ot
other straight expenditures will be
incurred" during the three months,
between 31 March and 30 Juno,
which  will  further  reduce funds,
MacKinnon cautioned however:
"if students give only luke-warm
support to tho Totem, tho costs
of which are already considerably
subsidized by the Society, there
is a grave possibility that the
Society will have a deficit on.its
1950-51   operations."
Main item to ■ counterbalance
these large outlays of cash will ee
revenue (rom Totem sales.
Student Fees Jumped $30
To Meet Risinq UBC Costs
(Following Is the complete statement sbumitted to the Ubyssey by
President MacKenzie's 'office en
the question of fee raises.)
The Board of Governors, with
extreme regret have approved ii
$30 Increase ln student fees. The
increase has become necessary because of a seris ot circumstances
which it ls only right and proper
that the Student Body should
know. %
Between 1948-49, and the year
for which we are now budgeting,
1951-52, student enrolment will
have dropped by approximately
4,000 students, all of them veterans. The non-veteran enrolment
hurs been gradually rising since the
end of the war, and has now stabilized at approximately 5,400. We
are budgeting next year for 6,500,
including about 100 veterans. The
loss in revenue represented by this
drop of 4,000 students is approximately $1,400,000, ($200 In fees and
$150 In DVA grants per student per
year). While we have been able, of
course, to make some economics as
a- result of tho dinilnshed enrol'
ment, we have not effected, savings
proportional to the loss in revenue
because the same courses of study
have to be offered whether tliere
are CO or 35 students in them. At
the same time as the .University
has suffered this loss in revenue
from the Federal Government on
behalf of tho veteran students, the
cost of« maintaining existing courses of study, and existing academic
and other services has Increased
rapidly with the current Inflation.
Rapidly Expanding
In addition to these two factors,
both prorating to impoverish the
University, we have during the
post-war years been undertaking a
programme of needed development
which was held up at this University, first by the depression and
then by the war. British Columbia,
as one of the most rapidly developing purls of Canada, has Increased
its demands for peoplo trained In
Knglnerlng, Geology, Mining, Forestry, Fisheries, Agriculture, Law,
Medicine, Commerce, Social Work,
Home Economics, Teaching and a
great many other specialized fields
This is natural and Inevitable. This
University cannot avoid Its responsibility for providing the skills
required, except at the risk of
jeopardizing! .provincial a-nd na^
tlonal development.
Increased Grant
Because of this, we have been
establishing Faculties, Depart
ments, Schools and Courses ot
Study to give effect to Provincial
and National requirements, and
have been building buildings to
house these Departments and
Faculties. The Provincial Government hais recognized our backlog of requirements and has very
generously supplied a series of
grants amounting to some $7,500,-
000 to finance capital development.
In addition, it has also increased
its annual grant to the University
from $498,000 in 1945 to $1,900,000
for thp academic year 1951-52. In
view al all the claims that have
been and are being made on the
Provincial Treasury, it would seem
that sympathetic consideration has
been given throughout to the University''! requirements.
look To Ottawa
The fact that even sympathetic
consideration has not enabled us
to meet the gap in revenue referred to ubove, nor yet to compensate
for'tho tueasuro of inflation from
which wo are now suffering, is 1
think a reflection of tlio present
burdens on the provincial budget.
1 hope and expect that the provincial grants will continue to grow
to meet in some measure our
reasonable demands. Wo cannot,
however, look to the Provincial
Treasury to supply all the funds
necessary \ to meet our requirements, if wo aro to continue to
play a vital, i important and responsible   part   in   both   provincial.
and national  development, and  it in order to call for the minimum
is to the Federal Government that
we must now turn to meet ln large
measure the gap between diminishing revenue and increasing
Budget Cut
In November..we submitted to
the Provincial Government an estimate of our needs for the forthcoming fiscal year, which showed
that some $2,471,000 would be required if we were to maintain existing services and plan for modest
development. The Government, no
matter how sympathetic, felt that
it could increase our grant only
from $1,750,000 to $1,900,000. This
left us with a gap of some $71,000
to be filled. Subsequent to these
representations,' and arising out of
the very rapid increase in thc cost
of living, it became apparent' that
further funds were going to he
needed for Faculty salaries.
Faculty Raises
This item, over and above the
amounts required in the original
budget was applied for as a special
appropriation, and neither added
to nor detracted from the funds
available for the maintenance of
exlstlug courses of study, academic service and' maintenance.
The Government recognized this
need as an exceptional one, and
underwrote a sum of $200,000 to
be earmarked for faculty salaries.
This sum it was understood was
to be repaid out of any Federal
grant which might be paid to the
University during the coming year.
Otherwise the provincial government would absorb it.
Raise Money       _
As a# consequence of all tbe factors I have mentioned, University
authorities next turned their attention to seeing by how much the
original estimates could be reduced
by applying the strictest economy
to Departmental budgets. ^An attempt was made to close the whole
gap by: first, deferring any development programme; second, curtailing maintenance to a minimum;
third, •examining .the courses of
study, and reducing them where
possible; and fourth, restricting
the use of facilities. By these means,
a reduction in all of $378,000 was
effected, approximately $242,000 of
tt by actual reductions in existing
academic and other services, the
rest ($136,000) from contemplated
development of services'. In addi-
would normally be paid by the
tion, the $43,000 of revenue which
Department of Veterans' Affairs,
for the 100 student veterans still
geted for. The Veterans' Affairs
enrolled next year, has been bud-
grants cease as of June of this
year, and unless some provision is
made by the Federal Government
to provide at least this sum, the
University will still remain $43,000
short ot balancing its books. After
all these economies hdd been made
and the maximum allowance made
for revenue, there still remained
approximately $150,000 necessary
in order to provide the existing
services on a minimum basis for
the forthcoming year.
Let me illustrate this in tabular
Amount required to close
gap: $571,000
Curtailmeut of  courses,
service and facilities:
Essential development
deferred:   $136,000
D.V.A. grants:  $43,000
Increase in students's fees
to meet deficiency:
$571,000   $571,000
This, in its simplest outline, is
the reason why the Board has had
to take the step of increasing fees
by the amount necessary to provide an additional $150,000 of revenue.
Review Raise It
It will be noted that the expected
enrolment is 5,500 students. Very
careful calculation has been made
increase from the number of full-
time students who will be paying*
the fee.
The Board of Governors has
promised to review the .situation,
should tho Federal Government,
during the forthcoming year, make
available to the Universities of
Canada grants of a sufficient
amount to enable us to consider
fee reduction. It Is only fair, however, to point out that such grants
would have to be very considerable
for In addition to% the $43,000 re-
quired on behalf of veterans' grants
and fees, provision would have to
be made for the $200,000 which the
Provincial Government underwrote
on behalf of the Faculty salary
increases. Also, as I have Indicated, existing services have been
cut to the bone, aud it is extremely
doubtful whether we can in effect
manage on tho narrow margin
which we have allowed ourselves'
Need $500,000
As a consequence, a sum in the
neighborhood ot $500,000 would
have to be forthcoming before
serious reductions in the increased
fee could be considered. I regret
more . than I can say that the
question of Federal aid to higher:
education should have - been delayed so long in receiving serious
attention and consideration. I have
been advocating it for several
years now, ns the only source of
new revenue of sufficient size to
do the job that the country ia
demanding of the Universities of
Canada. The costs of research and
good teaching, large as they may
appear to an individual Institution,
struggling with inflation, are small
compared, with the benefits to the
national economy of trained men
and women and new knowledge.
In addition, lt is not fair that so
large a portion- of the cost of their
own  higher  education   should  be
borne  by the  individual students,
particularly at  a  time  when  the
country urgently needs many more
skills   which   the   University  produces in various fields of national
service. Therefore,  in addition to:
contributing to the maintenance ot!
the Universities as such, it would]
seem   to   me   apparent   that   the!
Federal Government must undertake to sponsor a scheme of nat>|
ional scholarships which will help]
to, equate the cost of higher education between ^hc rural and urb-j
an  student,  between  the  varlai
regions  of Canada,  and  betweeil
different    social    and    economic!
groups within the population.
Action Wanted
It js only proper that people
should be prepared to pay some-
thllig to help educate themselves,
but it is neither good social theory
nor good economic practice that
a person's' individual financial
status should be so largely the
test of whether he is able to obtain a University education ox not.
Consequently, I feel it would be
very helpful if interested studenta
could present something of this
picture to the people In the communities in %hich they find themselves this summer, and particularly to the Federal Parliamentary
representatives of the various constituencies of British Columbia, ln
order that the Federal obligation
to thc Universities might he implemented at the earliest possible
moment, for the maintenance ot
standards and the relief of the Individual student.
$10,000 Bursaries
One last word. The. University
Is adding $lo,'iOii to the total of
some $100,000 which was last year
made available by the University,
the Dom. Prov. Bursary l^oan Fund
'and various benefactors as scholarships, bursaries, or loans to assist some 900 students to continue
their education. That, this is not
enough we know, but it is being
dnfio to help see that the increased
burden to the students is offset
in as many -wises as possible.
NORM AN MacKI*:.NZ 110


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