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UBC Reports May 23, 1974

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Array REPORTS
VOLUME TWENTY, NUMBER EIGHT
MAY 23, 1974, VANCOUVER, B.C.
Government Funds 16
Special UBC Programs
Expanded opportunities will be available at the
University of B.C. this fall for part-time students to
take evening courses leading to bachelor's degrees in
arts, science and commerce.
This is part of "the expansion of^ySCME$&?S
made possible by special" fiind«fg.'fi^||»^ip|Wie
provincial government to encourage B.C.'s public
universities to develop "bold, imaginative and
thoughtful programs" and to make their services
and facilities more widely available to the public.
MAJOR EXPANSION
Other new programs for which funding has recently been approved will permit a major expansion
in enrolment of student teachers to meet a looming
shortage in the classrooms of B.C., and provide new
educational pathways for student nurses and social
workers.
One of the new grants will make it possible for
senior citizens to,attend regular Summer Session
courses witridut payment of fees, as "guest students."
UBC President Walter H. Gage announced today
that the provincial government had provided a total
of $2,199,973 in special grants to the University to
implement 16 innovative programis this summer and
in the ensuing Winter Session.
The special grants are over and above provincial
government allocations of $71,881,415 for basic
operating purposes at UBC in the 1974-75 ffscal
year.
UBC's basic operating grant is made up of
$68,856,415, UBC's share of operating grants
announced by Premier David Barrett in his Feb. 11
budget speech, plus $3,025,000, UBC's share of a
$4.8 million increase in operating grants for B.C.'s
public universities, announced by the Hon. Mrs.
Eileen Dailly, B.C.'s Ministerof€duclti6rt;on April
4.
Premier Barrett, in his budget speech and subsequent elaborations, challenged B.C.'s public universities to develop innovative programs and to increase the utilization of university facilities.
He of fered extra funds to the universities "if they
wish to use their professional schools on evenings,
weekends and fully during the summer months."
The 16 special programs to be implemented at
UBC meet the criteria stated by Premier Barrett by
expanding existing programs for daytime students,
initiating evening credit programs for part-time students and supporting off-campus services for the
general public.
HIRE TEACHERS;
Nine of UBC's 12 Faculties and three other academic service units will provide the special programs. The grants will require the University to hire
more teaching and support staff and to purchase
equipment for some of the programs.
A full  listing of the UBC programs follows.
• THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION - A special
grant totalling $1,f 79,270 has been approved to
support three separate programs:
- $838,270 will be used to expand existing and
new alternative programs in the Faculty, which is
anticipating a 23-per-cent enrolment increase in
1974-75. The bulk of the funds will be used to hire
additional teaching and support staff. The new alter
native programs, which have received Faculty approval, wilt be based in schools throughout the province and are designed to provide more practical experience for student teachers.
- A special internship program requested by the
provincial government will prepare teachers in fields
in which acute shortages exist, such as commerce,
home economics ancl elementary-school teachers at
the Grades tV-VII level. $191,000 has been provided for this program.
- A program for training native Indian teachers,
which has been worked out in co-operation with the
native Indian community, will be initiated in off-
campus training centres in the north and in the interior of B.C. $150,000 has been provided for the
program.
.  (For more details on the Faculty of Education
grant, see story on Page Seven.)
• THE SCHOOL OF NURSING in the Faculty of
Applied Science will use a grant of $285,249 to support the School's new fpur-year program leading to-
the Bachelor of Science in Nursingdegree.
UBC's new Nursing program, introduced last
year, is designed to alleviate a growing shortage of
nurses in B.C. and tc prepare nurses for new roles in
community and preventive health care and hospital
care for acute and long-term illness.
ENROLMENT UP
Last year 143 students enrolled for the new program. The largest number ever to register under the
old five-year Nursing program was 60, The School
has also revised its master's degree program and expects increased enrolment in 1974-75.
The special funding wilt be used to engage teaching staff, many of them in specialized clinical-nursing areas. The School will use part of the grant to
hire new support staff and to purchase equipment.
• THE CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION will receive $221,000 to fund a total of five
programs:
- In co-operation with organized labor, the Centre will explore the development of a new certificate
program in labor studies. Funds for this project total
$46,000.
- A $25,000 grant will be used by the Centre to
continue development of community-oriented services and programs for women through its Women's
Resources Centre.
- A total of $150,000 will be used to expand the
existing program of correspondence courses leading
to degrees; for on- end off-campus education programs for adults conducted in a residential setting;
and for further development of an existing Criminology Certificate Program for policemen, probation officers, and others. The Centre plans to offer
this last program by correspondence.
• THE FACULTY OF ARTS and THE FACULTY OF SCIENCE will receive a grant of $100,000
for night-time degree programs primarily at the
third- and fourth-year levels for part-time students.
Dean Douglas Kenny, head of the Arts Faculty,
Please turn to Page Two
See SPECIAL GRANTS
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UBC's outstanding athletes for 1974 are Mrs.
Thelma Wright, above, and Mr. Ken Elmer, below, winner of the Bobby Gaul Trophy. Both
are currently completing teacher-certification
programs in the Faculty of Education. For a
summary of how UBC athletic teams fared in
19 73- 74, turn to Page Nine. Optimism Emanates from
By JIM BANHAM
Editor, UBC Reports
When UBC announced in March, 1971, that it was
founding a university press, there appeared to be little
cause for celebration or optimism. At that time the perennially-troubled Canadian book-publishing industry was in
a state of gloom as the result of the sale to American
interests of the W.J. Gage Co., Canada's largest textbook
house, and of the 140-year-old Ryerson Press, this country's oldest publishing firm.
Today, there is little pessimism to be detected in the
offices of the University of British Columbia Press, which
are presided over by Anthony Blicq, a former Oxford University Press employee, who joined the University four
years ago to direct the fortunes of the fledgling press.
In fact, one is struck by the sense of optimism that
emanates from Mr. Blicq as he discusses the first three
years of operation of the press and the future in his second-floor office in UBC's Old Auditorium.
"When the press was establ ished," he says, "a pattern of
development based on past experience was laid out. The
circumstances of the past three years have allowed us to
exceed our original estimate in terms of quality of books
and volume of sales. If this pattern continues, UBC should
have a most worthwhile university press."
DETAILS ADDED
With a little more probing, Mr. Blicq adds some details
to his description of the first three years of press operations. "Our sales are increasing steadily, we're being offered good manuscripts by authors and an increasing number of grants are being given to the press to subsidize the
cost of book production.
"Unfortunately," he adds, "we sometimes have to turn
down manuscripts because we don't have enough money
or staff to publish everything that's offered to us."
Mr. Blicq is quick to point out that when he joined the
University four years ago he didn't have to start a publications program from scratch. His task, he says, was made
easier by virtue of the fact that UBC had been in the
publishing business for a decade prior to 1971 and already
had a substantial backlist of books for sale and was the
home of four scholarly journals edited by UBC faculty
members.
UBC's Publications Centre, the forerunner of the UBC
Press, was established in 1961, soon after the arrival at
UBC of Prof. William Holland as head of the Department
of Asian Studies. Prof. Holland, the former director of the
Institute of Pacific Relations in New York, brought with
him a backlist of some 110 books on Asian affairs as well
as the respected journal Pacific Affairs, which he continues to edit.
In the ensuing decade the UBC Publications Centre added other books to its backlist and served as a distribution
centre for three new journals — Canadian Literature, edited by well-known author and teacher George Woodcock;
the Canadian Yearbook of International Law, edited by
Prof. Charles Bourne, of UBC's Faculty of Law; and B.C.
Studies, co-edited by Prof. Margaret Prang, of UBC's History department, and Prof. Walter Young, who was head
of UBC's Department of Political Science until he accepted a similar position at the Unversity of Victoria in 1973.
The publishing program adopted for the new UBC Press
was a natural outgrowth of the previous ten years of experience, Mr. Blicq says. "The areas decided on — Asia and
the Pacific, Canadian literature, Western Canadian history
laurence   VERTICAL MAN/
RICOU        HORIZONTAL WORLD
Man and l.andsc.ipe in Canadian Prairie Fiction
1
* *
'M'V..\
Book jacket for recent UBC Press publication, Vertical
Man/Horizontal World, was one of28 chosen from 228 entries for display at New York show sponsored by the
American Association of University Presses. Vancouver
artist Ian Staunton designed the jacket.
and publ c affairs, and international law — are all areas of
interest to Canadians, they cover regional, national and
international markets, and the journal editors constitute a
source of expertise on each of the publishing areas." __^
Specialization is one of the key elements in the successful start made by the UBC Press, Mr. Blicq says. '■
"There is no way that a new press can become expert on
everything," he says. "The only way in which we can compete with a large press, such as that at the University of
Toronto, is to become expert and widely known in a limited number of areas." ->
The publishing program of the UBC Press got off to an.-
auspicious start in 1971 when its first book, The Royal
Navy and the Northwest Coast of North America, 1810 to
1914, appeared. The volume, written by Dr. Barry M.
Gough, a UBC graduate who now teaches history at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ont., was among thg
top ten best sel lers in Vancouver for five weeks.
Dr. Cough's book was followed by Malcolm Lowry/"
The Man and His Work, a collection of essays on novelist
Lowry, who lived in the Vancouver area from 1939 to
1954, edited by George Woodcock. The collection is now
in its third printing.
SECOND PRINTING
Transport in Canada, by Dr. H.L. Purdy, who recently
retired from UBC's Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration, is now in its second printing and is being-
adopted in transportation courses in universities, Mr. Blicq
says. '
Recent books published by the Press, which have received good reviews and are just beginning to sell, include
Vertical Man/Horizontal World, a study of Canadian Prairie fiction by Laurence R. Ricou; Towardsa View of Canadian Letters, a collection of critical essays written by
Canadian poet A.J.M. Smith between 1928and 1971;and .
Japan's Foreign Policy, by Prof. F.C. Langdon, of UBC's
Asian Studies department, a study of Japanese foreign
policy over the past decade.
The next volume to reach booksellers will be Exploring
Vancouver, by Harold Kalman, an assistant professor in^,
UBC's Department of Fine Arts. The book is made up of
ten tours of Vancouver and its buildings and includes 350
photographs and text. Primarily designed as a guidebook,
Exploring Vancouver follows the broad historical development of the city from its earliest history to the present
day.
"Exploring Vancouver should have a somewhat wider
appeal than our previous books," Mr. Blicq says. "It
should increase local awareness of the Press and if it does
well the profits will enable us to support other books that-
we wouldn't normally be able to consider for publication."
SPECIAL GRANTS
Continued from Page One
and Dean George Volkoff, head of the Faculty of Science, said decisions concerning which degree programs
will be offered in 1974-75 will depend on the availability of new faculty members and facilities, including
laboratories.
• THE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK in the Faculty
of Arts has received a grant of $75,192 to support its
new Bachelor of Social Work degree program, which
will be instituted in September; to investigate the feasibility of offering its degree program in off-campus
centres; and to plan new programs in continuing education.
The new bachelor's degree program in Social Work
will incorporate new concepts in training and will emphasize off-campus field work. It will enable graduates
to work with individuals, families and small groups and
with community groups.
• THE  CRANE MEMORIAL  LIBRARY for the
blind, part of the UBC Library system, will get $89,762
to provide services to an estimated 3,000 to 5,000
users, including blind and partially-sighted students in
colleges and universities throughout the province, and
students and faculty members interested in the methodology of teaching the blind and social aspects of
blindness. The grant will be used to hire a new librarian
and several staff members and to purchase equipment
and commercially-published materials.
• THE FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES will receive $80,200 to provide Summer Session and evening credit and non-credit courses for fulI-
and part-time students and the general public. Courses
to be offered will be subject to the availability of new
faculty members.
• THE FACULTY OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES will use a grant of $74,000 to expand education programs in drug abuse through the Faculty of
Education, the Narcotic Addiction Foundation and
school boards in the Lower Mainland of B.C.
Part of the grant will also be used for further devel-
NYO Returns
The National Youth Orchestra of Canada will return
to the University of B.C. campus this summer for its
1974 Summer Training Session.
The session, which runs from July 12 through Aug.
20, attracts 110 of Canada's most promising young orchestral musicians who study up to nine hours per day.
The musical director of the orchestra will be the
famed Australian conductor Georg Tintner, who was
also director of the 1971 training session in Toronto.
Mr. Tintner will conduct the orchestra in three public
performances in the Queen Elizabeth Theatre in
August.
The NYO also held its 1973 training session at UBC.
Manager John Brown said the orchestra management
and students were so impressed with the facilities offered through UBC's Department of Music that they
sought to return to the campus again this year.
The NYO is unique as a nationally-based orchestral
training program for music students in preparation for
professional careers as performers or music educators.
Performances given in Vancouver during last year's
training session drew rave reviews from the critics and
standing ovations from audiences.
opment of techniques and procedures for analysing
"street drugs." The techniques will enable personnel in
hospital laboratories to identify, by analysis of urine
and saliva samples, drugs taken by patients suffering
from overdoses.
• THE FACULTY OF COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION will initiate a night-time
credit program leading to the degree of Bachelor of
Commerce. Additional teaching staff will be hired with
a $50,000 grant to teach a section of each of the required first- and second-year courses in the Commerce
degree program.
• THE FACULTY OF FORESTRY will hire a new
faculty member specializing in the field of forest range
management with a grant of $18,000. The appointment will be made jointly with the Department of Plant
Science in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences.
• A grant of $15,000 has been made to UBC's SUMMER SESSION to initiate this year a program which
would allow senior citizens aged 65 or over to enrol free
as "guest students."
• THE FACULTY OF LAW will use a $12,300 grant
to support student legal aid clinics, which provide free
legal advice for members of the general public at locations in the Lower Mainland. The funds will be used to
rent accommodation for clinics, for the preparation of
a manual for Law students manning the legal aid centres, for the payment of a secretary and purchase of
equipment.
A total of 14 UBC Law students are currently manning seven legal aid centres in Vancouver and district
and taking part in a divorce program operated through
B.C. Legal Aid. The special grant will enable the students to staff a total of ten evening clinics in the period
September, 1974, to April, 1975.
2/UBC Reports/May 23,1974 UBC Press
Mr. Blicq is also pleased with the way in which the UBC
Press has been able to attract grants to subsidize the cost of
book production, which is one measure of the reputation
-». enjoyed by a university press.
The Canada Council and the Humanities and Social Sciences Research Councils have each made grants to aid the
publication of Press books. Earlier this year an anonymous
donor pledged $50,000 over the next ten years to support
the UBC publishing program. The gift was made in honor
of the late Dr. Harold Foley, a well-known figure in the
'~  B.C. pulp and paper industry in B.C. for more than 40
.   years and a UBC benefactor.
Books currently in the production stage are designed to
strengthen the UBC Press's offerings in the field of Western Canadian history.
The early exploitation of B.C.'s natural resources is ex-
v plored in Land, Man and the Law: Disposal of Crown
Lands in B.C., 1871-1913, by the late Robert E. Cail, a
'' former UBC student. Three chapters of the book are devoted to examining the way in which early B.C. governments dealt with lands occupied by Indians.
Prof. Margaret Ormsby, the head of UBC's History department, is editing and annotating the Allison Memoirs, a
*■• fascinating account of frontier life in the Hope area of B.C.
between 1860 and 1880. Allison Pass, on the Hope-Princeton highway, is named for the family.
The Press also plans to publish Companions of the
Peace: The Diaries of Monica Storrs. an account of life in
the Peace River area of B.C., written by an Anglican mis-
,»   sonary who lived there from 1888 to 1967.
Ail these prospective titles have been strongly support-
~* ed by experts who have read the manuscripts at the request of the UBC Press, and Mr. Blicq expects that they
will be well received by reviewers and enjoy a small but
steady sale.
NO FAILURES YET
Are there no failures, then, on the book list of the UBC
Press? No shelves full of unsold books that will eventually
wind up at sales, marked down in price by one-half or
more of their original cost?
Mr. Blicq grins and glances at a nearby bookshelf containing the output of the Press when the questions are put
to him.
"That's not a meaningful question, really, for a young
university press. Commercial publishers print huge quantities of books and look for instant success. Our press runs
are small because the market we're appealing to is relatively small and, as a result, we expect to sell our output over a
relatively long period of time.
"That's not to say we won't make mistakes. You'll have
to ask me about failures five years from now."
UMIVtWM Pi Of (Ull MM O.XUMIit.A PR£SS
Mr. Anthony Blicq, director of UBC's fledgling Press, is optimistic about the
future of scholarly publishing on the West Coast. Background display includes book
jacketsandart work for UBC Press publications. Picture by Jim Banham.
Fund Freeze Worries Researchers
Researchers at the University of B.C. are becoming
increasingly   concerned   about the  level  of research
.funding by federal agencies.
"For the past few years the amounts of money being
received by researchers in the medical and natural sciences have remained constant or in some cases even
declined," said Dr. Richard Spratley, research administrator in the UBC President's office.
SEVERE INFLATION
"Because of severe inflation during the same period,
research activities have been drastically cut back. While
ongoing projects can struggle along on reduced funds, it
is almost impossible to start any new projects, no matter how worthwhile."
Dr. Spratley said research funds from federal agencies have essentially been frozen while t^e government
waited for recommendations from the Ministry of
State for Science and Technology (MOSST) which was
set up two years ago.
Government officials, he said, expect Parliament to
look more favorably on increasing research funds once
the first stage of implementation of MOSST's new policies is completed. The first stage calls for reorganization and consolidation of the three major federal research agencies, the National Research Council, the
Canada Council and the Medical Researcn Council.
These agencies contribute most of the money for
research at Canadian universities. Researchers submit
applications for funding of projects they would like to
do and are either granted money or refused, based on
whether there is money available or whether the projects are considered worthwhile.
Dr. Spratley said there is a possibility that UBC researchers would not benefit from an increase in agency
funds available fc research. MOSST says that a substantial proportion of any increase in funds should go
towards relieving disparities in funding among regions
and among disciplines. This would mean more funds
for social science research and more for research in
Quebec.
"And the government's recent defeat means that
implementation of the first phase of MOSST policies
by the federal government isn't likely to be carried out
in the near future. If this is so, we may be facing a long
delay during which research funds will likely remain
frozen," he said.
"The government's defeat will probably also affect
the planned widening of Ottawa's 'make-or-buy' policy
to include universities," Dr. Spratley said. "Under
make-or-buy, Ottawa gives research contracts to industry but not to universities. MOSST has promised a modification of make-or-buy policies to include universities
but again the federal election now makes this policy
change highly uncertain."
Dr. Spratley said that funds from mission-oriented
federal departments, such as the Department of the
Environment and the Department of Energy, Mines
and Resources, have been cut back even more severely
than funds from the granting agencies. The federal
Treasury Board is discouraging outright grants to universities from these departments, he said.
Many researchers at UBC are angry at the cutbacks.
They are irritated that researchers in general in the past
have neglected to justify their work to the public, making it possible for Ottawa to cut back on research funds
with less political risk than might otherwise be the case.
Another complaint of UBC researchers is that Ottawa's policy is wasteful.
"Among the hardest hit are young researchers who
have just finished their Ph.D. degrees," said a biochemist whose own work continues to be funded by Ottawa.
"The federal government created a deliberate policy
a few years ago of encouraging brilliant young people
to enter medical research. For years the government
has subsidized the training of these students and now,
at the time when they are at last able to tackle the problems society trained them to do, they aren't allowed to
doit.
BAD ECONOMICS
"It seems bad economics for the government to
make an investment and then refuse to pick up the dividend.
"But apart from being unfair to society, it's unfair
to the young people involved. They have something
very valuable, good brains. They could have been a success in anything they pursued.
"But they pursued a long training for medical research, at the government's invitation. During all those
years of training, their support from Ottawa to keep
them going amounted to little more than they would
have made on unemployment insurance.
"And now at the end of all their preparation, Ottawa tells them there is nothing for them to do."
UBC Reports/May 23,1974/3 President of Faculty
Association Resigns
By JIM BANHAM
Editor, UBC Reports
Prof. A. Milton Moore, who took office as president of the UBC Faculty Association on April 4, has
resigned as the result of a disagreement with the
Association's executive.
The disagreement centres on steps currently
being taken by the executive prior to applying to the
B.C. Labor Relations Board for certification as a
professional association to negotiate binding collective agreements with the University Administration.
A motion calling for the Association to apply for
certification as a collective bargaining unit was
approved on Feb. 14 when the Association met to
discuss its annual salary brief to UBC's Board of
Governors.
Prof. Moore told UBC Reports that he had resigned "to be free to urge that a mail ballot be taken
in October to determine the preferences of the
members of the Faculty Association concerning the
scope and mode of collective bargaining.
"By scope I mean specifically whether University
governance should be excluded from collective bargaining. By mode I mean whether collective bargaining should be carried out under an amended
Universities Act or by certification under the Labor
Code of B.C. Act."
He said the vote he proposed "should enable
members to rank order their preferences and should
be conducted after full discussion of the issues by
the membership during September and before application is made for certification."
Prof. Moore's disagreement with the Faculty
Association executive relates to whether matters
other than salaries, including procedures in internal
University governance, should be subject to collective bargaining.
HAS MANDATE
The Association executive clearly feels that it has
a mandate to proceed with the process leading to the
application for certification as a bargaining unit and
believes that faculty members are aware that collective bargaining will go beyond the matter of salaries.
Dr. Meredith M. Kimball, who was elected vice-
president of the Association on April 4 and who has
now succeeded Prof. Moore as president, said the
executive's mandate was the result of the Feb. 14
resolution as well as the passage, at the Association's
annual general meeting on April 2, of a number of
constitutional amendments.
One of the amendments empowers the Association "to act as the bargaining agent of all faculty
members employed by the University and on behatf
of such members to regulate relations between
members and the University through collective bargaining."
Since the passage of the constitutional amendments on April 2 the Faculty Association has been
receiving from faculty members applications for active membership in the Association, together with a
$1.00 initiation fee.
CONCRETEEVIDENCE
Prof. Ian Ross, past president of the Association
and a member of the executive, said the applications
are designed to provide concrete evidence to the
Labor Relations Board that faculty members approve of the Association acting as their bargaining
agent.
He estimated that 1,700 faculty members are eligible to be active members of the Association. As of
mid-May some 720 faculty members had signed the
membership applications and paid the $1.00 initiation fee.
Prof. Ross is also chairman of an ad hoc Association committee on collective bargaining, which he
says is currently doing research on possible objectives to be achieved through collective bargaining.
He said the committee plans to prepare position
papers on various aspects of collective bargaining for
presentation to the Association's membership in the
fall.
"There are still a great many procedures to be
gone through before application can be made to the
Labor Relations Board for certification," he said,
"and full consultation is planned with the membership on any future moves. Within the procedures
leading to certification there are a great many
checks and balances, including the possibility of a
representational vote, which could be called for by
the Labor Relations Board."
Prof. Moore is circulating to the membership of
the Association a letter setting out his reasons for
resigning. The Faculty Association executive will
comment on the issues raised in Prof. Moore's letter
in an accompanying statement.
The articles which begin at right have been written by faculty members who take opposing views on
the collective-bargaining question. Prof. Stuart
Jamieson is in favor of the Association functioning
as a bargaining unit, while Prof. W.E. Fredeman and
Prof. Nathan Divinsky are opposed to the move.
Summer Session Officials
Expect Enrolment Increase
UBC's 1974 Summer Session is bracing for an expected influx of students as a result of the provincial
government's decision to subsidize the cost of teacher
training for qualified persons in an attempt to reduce
the pupil-teacher ratio in schools.
Summer Session director Dr. Norman Watt says that
because the cut-off date for applications is May 31 he
has no idea how many students will undertake training
under the government scheme, "but we have had far
more enquiries than ever before at this office and the
Faculty of Education itself has been deluged with
calls."
Under the provincial program, qualified former
teachers will be given $250to take a refresher course at
a B.C. university this summer in preparation for a job in
the fall. Partially-qualified teachers will also be given
$250 to complete their teaching training during the
summer.
Persons with acceptable university standing — a university degree with a 65 per cent pass mark — will be
given $500 to take four months of teacher training. At
UBC this training would cover two months this summer
and two months in the summer of 1975. These students
would teach part-time during the 1974-75 school year,
on an internship basis, under the supervision of UBC
faculty   members.
Dr. Watt says he expects a "substantial increase"
over last year's enrolment of 3,564 at this year's Summer Session. "We had expected that enrolment would
4/UBC Reports/May 23,1974
be up even before the government program was announced," he said.
Dr. Watt adds that he anticipates no difficulty in
accommodating any increase in enrolment. "It is just a
matter of adding extra sections to the classes already
scheduled. We will have to recruit more staff and that
might be difficult because by now most faculty members are committed for the summer. However, I am sure
that there are many who would help us out in an emergency."
This year's Summer Session runs from July 2 to
Aug. 10, six weeks instead of seven, as in the past.
However, each period of instruction has been increased
by 15 minutes, resulting in a total of 62 hours and 50
minutes of instruction — 90 minutes more than the
seven-week session.
Evening courses will again be offered this year as will
courses for secondary-school students who have graduated from Grade XII this year and want to get a head
start on their university education.
Dr. Watt says the Summer Session will also once
again offer an extensive program of cultural events —
ranging from rehearsals of the National Youth Orchestra, which is once again holding its summer training
session on the campus, to noon-hour instrumental and
choral concerts, film showings and summer theatre productions put on by members of the University's Department of Theatre.
Bargaining
By STUART M. JAMIESON
Within the next few months it seems more than likely
that a majority of the faculty members at UBC will vote in
favor of the Labor Relations Board certifying the Faculty
Association as a legally constituted collective bargaining
agency. UBC is by no means unique in this regard. Collective bargaining by faculties has already become established
in more than 200 colleges and universities in the United
States and Canada over the last three to four years, and the
trend is continuing at a rapid pace.
What accounts for this relatively new development in
"university affairs? Why do most faculty members at UBC ,
appear to support it, and what do they expect to gain from
it? As only one of several hundred professors at UBC who
support the move, I can merely offer my own, perhaps
overly subjective, interpretation.
At the broadest level many university teachers feel that,
unless they become strongly organized in a collective bargaining association having an officially recognized legal '~
status, they will be vulnerable to forces that threaten to
undermine their economic welfare and, even more important, their academic freedom, status and integrity as a
profession.
Without adequate Consultation with the presently- ■-
constituted Faculty Association beforehand, the Administration can, and not infrequently does, adopt policies
and make decisions that may affect many faculty members adversely. This is not to say that the Administration is
overly authoritarian or arrogant. On the contrary, over the
past decade or more the University has become a good deal
more democratic and decentralized in its structure and
procedures. But a relatively weak, permissive or divided
Administration can be every bit as damaging to the inter-
Pro f. Stuart M. Jamieson is a long-time member
of the Department of Economics at UBC. At a"
meeting of the Faculty Association on Feb. 14 he-
moved thai the Association apply to the B.C.
Labor Relations Board for certification as a professional association to negotiate binding collective agreements with the University Administration.
Unionism
By W.E. FREDEMAN
and
NATHAN J. DIVINSKY
The one clear danger posed by the movement
toward faculty collective bargaining is that it
may quickly come to shape and control the
labor-management relationship in higher education as completely as it does in industry.
The case for faculty bargaining must be developed and affirmed on an incremental basis
over a reasonable period of time. In the end, it
will almost certainly develop into an effective
model for use at many institutions. But the
academic profession can and should develop
other effective models, if autonomy and diversity are to remain prized and useful values.
(Robert K. Carr and Daniel K. Van Eyck
Collective Bargaining Comes to the
Campus. Washington D.C; ACE, 1973)
In their objective and dispassionate analysis of collective bargaining on university campuses, Carr and Van Eyck
strike a happy balance between those timid and idealistic
academics who decry as apocalyptic the idea of unionization and their vociferous and equally idealistic colleagues
who regard bargaining as the realization of their collective
utopian dreams. The truth, obviously, resides in neither
extreme: collective bargaining will not necessarily blight
the trees in the groves of academe; but it will also not
prove a universal panacea to cure all the ills of the profession. The fact is that at this point in time — when campus
collective bargaining is still in its pupaj,stages — the intelligent response to the idea on the part of faculties ought to
be one of patient and informed scepticism, one which
follows quite literally Pope's dictum: "Be not the first by
whom the new are try'd/Nor yet the last to lay the old
aside."
Unfortunately, the proponents of collective bargaining
Prof. W E. Fredeman and Prof. Nathan J.
Divinsky are opposed on principle to the decision
of the UBC Faculty Association to seek certification as a collective bargaining unit. Prof.
Fredeman teaches in the English department and
Prof. Divinsky in the Department of Mathematics. Unit Would Discourage Interference
ests of the faculty and to the University as a whole. For it
may open the way to growing intervention in and control
over University affairs by powerful outside pressure
groups or, increasingly, from governments, as the Univer-
•"*-' sity has become dependent primarily on provincial grants
_^  for its operations.
The University as a whole will be better able to resist
such outside pressures if the Faculty Association is reconstituted as a certified and independent collective bargaining association having a recognized legal status rather than,
as now, a distinctly junior and somewhat muted body that
at the  Administration and the provincial government can
PROF. STUART JAMIESON
safely ignore, or choose to deal with only where they find
it convenient to do so. In brief, a strong collective bargaining organization of the faculty would tend to discourage,
rather than (as it's sometimes alleged) encourage, greater
"political" interference in University affairs.
One widely held objection to collective bargaining is
that it may create a cleavage between faculty and Administration. Isn't the University a "community of scholars"?
Instead of bargaining collectively, shouldn't we seek rather to change the Universities Act to bring greater faculty
representation in the administrative structure and greater
faculty participation in decision-making?
There are, it seems to me, two main answers to this
objection. First, a strong and widely representative faculty
bargaining organization would facilitate greater rather
than less faculty participation in University governance
and decision-making. And second, regardless of the degree
of such participation, there is still the problem of size and
bureaucratization to contend with.
CLEAVAGE EXISTS
Cleavage between faculty and administration already
exists, and the growing support for a collective-bargaining
relationship is a belated recognition of that fact. The
"community of scholars" is a concept that is applicable, if
at all, only in a relatively small and homogeneous institution such as a liberal arts college. It's an impossibility in a
huge and complex "multiversity" like UBC, having more
than 20,000 regular and 40,000 - 50,000 part-time evening and non-credit course students, more than 1,600
professors and more than 3,500 full- and part-time employees, all these participating in dozens of widely-differing Faculties, departments, Schools, Institutes and whatnot. Administration of this huge complex, with its annual
budget of more than $100 million dollars, is necessarily a
specialized full-time role for most of the personnel responsible, and this tends to be separate and distinct from the
teaching, research and other duties and interests of most
faculty members.
Administrators are faced with a multitude of important
decisions regarding expenditures of funds, allocation of
personnel and resources, expansion or contraction of various Faculties and departments, construction and maintenance of buildings and other facilities, provision of various
services, and the like. They cannot also deal effectively at
all times, on a unilateral basis, with the numerous and
diverse "personnel problems" of the faculty. There is, or
should be, a mutual interest rather than an adversary relationship between faculty and Administration in dealing
with such issues. Settlements could be more effectively
achieved by discussions and negotiations with properly
representative collective bargaining committees.
The merits of collective bargaining so far have been
discussed in rather general terms. Let us turn to a few
specific types of issues by way of example:
Most tangible and obvious (though not necessarily most
important to the majority of faculty) is that of salary
increases. It is an unfortunate fact of life that unorganized
or poorly organized groups tend to lose out in the income
race during periods of severe inflation, and university professors are an outstanding example of this truism.
There was serious erosion in the economic status of
professors at UBC and many other universities during the
severe postwar inflation of 1945-49, and again during
1950-51 following the outbreak of the Korean War. It
took many years to repair the damage. The same process
has occurred again during the severe inflation of the past
three years, as salary increases at UBC since 1970 have
lagged considerably behind the rise in prices and in average
wages and salaries over the province as a whole.
Despite strong, or at least strongly worded, written and
vocal presentations from the Faculty Association, the
Administration, faced with inadequate grants from the
provincial government on the one hand and rapidly-rising
costs on the other, has unilaterally handed down admittedly inadequate salary increases which, purely on its own
judgment, it feels are all that the university can afford and
that, it is hoped, faculty members will accept without too
much protest. Only a strong and independent organization
of the faculty, certified for collective bargaining, can hope
to correct this process and induce the provincial government to adopt more informed and responsible decisions
regarding University finances.
It's not just the size of faculty salary increases that is at
issue. Fully as important is the matter of their distribu-
Please turn to Page Eleven
See BARGAINING
No Panacea for all Profession's Ills
on this campus have so far proved insensitive or indifferent
to informed debate — or even to information — concerning
'* the advantages and disadvantages which might accrue to
-•. the faculty should it elect to adopt the procedures of trade
unionism. In the three months since the proposal to investigate the possibility of accreditation was advanced by
Prof. Stuart Jamieson and adopted by the UBC Faculty
Association, there has been more action than discussion,
... and as a result of the April 2 annual general meeting, the
executive is now committed, and empowered by constitu-
"*" tional amendment, to the attempt to transform our professional association into a collective bargaining "local"—
to use the Canadian Association of University Teachers'
term.
Many members of the faculty rightly feel that in all the
*■   proceedings to date there has been an unseemly haste and
_, an unbecoming lack of concern to secure widespread faculty opinion on the part of the partisans of collective bargaining. The counter-arguments have not in fact been
made, or, if they have, they have been advanced only as
straw men for quick and easy dispatch. Whether collective
^ bargaining would in the long run improve or erode the
working conditions of the faculty of UBC is (or should be)
*** a debatable issue; certainly it should not be regarded as an
inevitable solution simply because a group of staunch adherents tout it as "an idea whose time has come."
CHANGING ATTITUDES
Every faculty member must inform himself of the pros
and cons of collective bargaining before committing himself and his colleagues to a course that may prove both
disastrous and irreversible. In the accompanying article,
Prof. Jamieson makes the case for the supporters of collective bargaining; our purpose here is not so much to
-" discredit the idea of collective bargaining (although we are
opposed to it on principle) as to offer some of the counter-
considerations which must weigh in any decision to unionize the campus.
In order to comprehend fully the underlying reasons
behind the current pressure to institute trade unionism in
the academies, it is necessary to bear in mind the changing
attitudes towards universities in particular and education
in general that have characterized the last two decades.
The principal legacy of the 1960s is the desire to "demo
cratize" all phases of university life. The traditional concept of the university as an elitist "ivory tower" inhabited
by "gentlemen and scholars" has been derided as effete
and ineffectual; and the education that such institutions
dispensed has been stigmatized as irrelevant and antisocial.
Carried to its logical extremes, the movement towards
egalitarianism must alter appreciably the nature of university education by introducing essentially popular standards into the halls of higher learning. For some years we
have witnessed an increasing refusal to discriminate — between deserving and undeserving students, between pro
ductive and unproductive faculty, and between quality
and insubstantiality in the classroom and in print.
Some — certainly not all — who are today urging the
headlong rush into unionism were instrumental a few
years ago in forcing the artificial breach between teachers
and publishers — a cynical dichotomy that is dramatized
by the pejorative phrase "publish or perish." Faculty
members should make no mistake that unionization will
have any effect other than to widen further that breach
Please turn to Page Eleven
See UNIONISM
PROF. W.E. FREDEMAN
PROF. NATHAN DIVINSKY
UBC Reports/May 23,1974/5 Pipe-smoking Prof. John Chapman, shown
at right, steps down in June as head of the
Department of Geography to return
to teaching and research. He says
that one of the important ideas which the
study of geography tries to convey to
students is. . .
"A Sense of Place'
By John Arnett
UBC Reports Staff Writer
Twenty-three years ago a geographer from UBC's
Department of Geography led a field party into
the Arctic on a study mission for the Geographical Branch of the Federal Department of Mines
and Technical Surveys.
It was a period when interest in the North was largely
limited to the military; the world was yet to be told that
natural resources in more easily accessible areas were rapidly disappearing and that the riches hidden beneath the
frozen arctic wastes would one day have to be uncovered
to feed an energy-hungry continent.
That initial foray by Prof. Ross Mackay so excited his
interest that he continued his studies and today he is one
of Canada's leading authorities on permafrost and its problems.
What started out as a purely scientific investigation, of
limited interest to other than the scientific community,
has become a matter of critical importance to the entire
development of the Arctic, because the type of permafrost
present and its distribution is critical to many geophysical
operations, construction projects and to an understanding
of surface disturbance.
Prof. Mackay's work on permafrost is a graphic example of what Dr. John Chapman, retiring head of UBC's
Department of Geography, refers to as geography's concern for man and his environment.
The trouble is, adds Prof. Chapman, most people don't
think of geography in these terms. "The average person
thinks of geography as places on maps, locations of mountains and rivers and so on. The discipline is suffering from
this simplistic view. Actually, geography is the only academic discipline which persistently has as its frame of reference the spatial aspects of man and his environment.
"Certainly many other disciplines have some aspect of
man or the environment as their focus and these include
fields ranging from anthropology to psychology, architecture to zoology, but none deal directly with that relationship at the spatial scale that geography does."
Research work within the department abounds with
examples of the work that UBC geographers are doing to
study man and his environment.
Dr. Ken Denike is undertaking extensive studies of
transportation and other public services in Greater Vancouver in preparation for the establishment of rapid transit.
Computer models of traffic patterns, urban development and passenger flow are being used to simulate what is
likely to happen in Greater Vancouver anywhere from 10
to 30 years hence.
His electronic crystal ball foresees massive traffic jams
in Vancouver if traffic continues to grow at the present
rate, despite the addition of rapid transit.
In sharp contrast to Dr. Denike's studies of sprawling
metropolitan Vancouver, and the transportation problems
that have occurred as a result of rapid population buildup,
6/UBC Reports/May 23,1974
Prof. John Stager is studying a remote Yukon village,
which has only two trucks and a few hundred yards of
roadway, to find out what is likely to happen if civilization
arrives.
The settlement of Old Crow is located on the Porcupine
River, about 400 miles north of Whitehorse and about 170
miles west of Inuvik. Prof. Stager's research, for the federal government, is aimed at finding out what effects a natural gas pipeline might have on Old Crow.
A proposed pipeline could pass within 10 miles of Old
Crow, a settlement of 250 Loucheux I ndians, the majority
of whom still depend upon the land to some extent for
their livelihood.
Because Old Crow is the orly settlement in a vast wilderness area, pipeline construction could cause radical
changes in the lifestyle of the inhabitants. One of Prof.
Stager's objectives is to find out if these changes would be
detrimental or beneficial to the community which at present is only accessible to the outside world by air and water.
From an isolated northern settlement back to the big
city with its frustrations of life in crowded neighborhoods
and the work of social geographer Dr. David Ley, an assistant professor in the department, whose concern is the
quality of life in the inner city, otherwise known as "the
liveable city."
His research ranges from the reasons for teenage gang
behavior, to the concerns of the elderly in making their
lives more meaningful, to the role of citizen groups in
improving thei r communities.
The old adage that you can't fight city hall no longer
applies as people seek an increasing say in the development
of their neighborhoods, he says.
From the streets to the atmosphere and the interesting
research being conducted by Dr. Timothy R. Oke, an associate professor in the department, in the area of urban
climatology.
He and his colleagues are examining how buildings and
blacktop and other man-made objects are actually affecting the climate of the city. Sophisticated measuring devices measure solar radiation, heatflow from buildings and
the warming of the atmosphere.
Such studies can have a profound effect on how buildings are located in developing cities and even to the geographic locations of new cities.
Prof. Chapman says these are but a few examples of a
wide variety of research projects being undertaken by
members of the department that illustrate not only the
concern of the discipline with man and his environment
but the relevance of such studies to the community at
large.
"When the University is criticized for lack of involvement in the community, the criticism is too often based on
a misunderstanding of the true function of the University,
which is to undertake research for the betterment of mankind as well as to teach students," he says.
i
Prof. Chapman says that not only is the research work
of faculty members having a profound impact on society
but many of the graduates of the department can be found
in positions of influence in government and private industry where the values that they have picked up through
exposure to the ideas of researchers prominent in their
fields could have a profound effect on the growth ancf
development of the province and the nation.
"In the B.C. government service, for example, three of
our graduates in geography are in the secretariat of the
B.C. Environment and Land Use Committee; three more^
are in the provincial-federal land use organization. Others
can be found at all levels of municipal, provincial and ~~
federal government.
"We had a man in for a Ph.D. oral the other day who is a
senior research officer in the Ministry of State for Urban
Affairs in Ottawa. He's working on the development of
aspects of urban policy for the whole country."
Prof. Chapman says approximately two-thirds of alf
UBC graduates in geography are working in British Columbia and most of the remainder are in Ottawa.
"The bulk of our teaching and research program is
focussed on Canada and in these days of concern for Cana-^
dian studies we believe that we have a lot to offer in that
respect." r    ,
Prof. Chapman says the teaching and structure of geography have changed dramatically over the past few years
as studies in geography respond to the growing concerns
that man has about his environment and the location of
production, transportation and service facilities.
'A
Unfortunately, he adds, these concerns are not
being reflected in the public school system in
the ways that he believes they should. About 60
per cent of all geography majors end up teaching in either elementary or secondary schools ir* ■*
the province. Members of his department have been holding discussions with members of the Faculty of Education
to see what they can do to retain a geographical perspective in B.C.'s education system.
The study of geography and history in B.C. schools is
lumped together as Social Studies which. Prof. Chapman
says,   'is an amorphous collection of everything from anthropology through sociology with economics, political
science and some geography thrown in.
"What concerns me and some of my colleagues is that
the school curriculum is becoming polarized into the
social sciences that don't pay much attention to the environment on the one hand, and the physical and biological sciences that don't pay much attention to man on the
other."
However, he said that generally the community colleges in the province have excellent geography programs Peaceful Air Deceptive
and students who transfer to the University from the colleges are well-prepared for the types of things that this
department has to offer. "Certainly there is: a demonstrated concern for man and his environment in the colleges and this is reflected in the interests of their graduates," he said.
Prof. Chapman believes that one of the outstanding
features of his department is that its teaching represents
several of the current interpretations of geography. "Our
faculty includes people whose interests range from the
scientific to the humanities and many shades in between,"
he says.
The result is that the student is exposed to many
points of view, which is what education is really
all about. "One of the problems in the academic
world today is that too many people are inclined
to associate themselves with a particular bias and
then look on anyone who questions their theories as incompetent to judge.
"I personally would like to think that students, after
exposure to a number of differing points of,view within
one discipline, will be in a position to understand that
there are different ways of looking at things, each of
which, when done well, has something to contribute to the
world around us."
Prof. Chapman says the department's Bachelor of Science degree program is one of the best of its ki nd in North
America, and unusual in that it is a science degree offered
by a department that is in the Faculty of Arts.
Prof. Chapman says that unlike some other departments on the campus, his department has always maintained a close working relationship with its students.
"We have had students on faculty committees for years
and their input has been of tremendous value," he says.
"In fact, one of the things that sticks in my mind after five
years as head of the department is the remarkably good
and satisfying relationship that we have had with students."
He attributes some of this to the fact that the establishment of a student lounge on the ground floor of the Geography Building has resulted in much closer contact between faculty and students, not only during the days,
when it is heavily used, but during regular social get-
togethers in the lounge.
"I suppose you could say that our little lounge exemplifies, in some ways, the ideas that we are trying to convey
to our students in their studies in geography — that people
should feel at home in their surroundings. It provides students with a 'sense of place' in otherwise fairly austere
institutional surroundings.
"In fact, establishing this'sense of place', whether it be
in a room in a building, a neighborhood in a city, a city in a
country, or a country in the world, is really what geography is all about."
By JOHN ARNETT
UBC Reports Staff Writer
There is a deceptive air of peace and tranquillity
these quiet May days within UBC's Neville V. Scarfe
Building, home of the Faculty of Education.
Faculty members and students are gone — scattered
around the province for the May practice-teaching
assignments.
Usually bustling corridors are empty, the coffee
shop is closed and somebody commented that, for
once, you didn't have to wait forever for the creaking
elevator in the office wing.
But the calm and the quiet are the lull before the
storm.
Indicative of the turbulence just over the horizon
are the lights burning late into the night in the office of
Dean John Andrews, head of the Faculty, and the constant bustle of people and paper between his office and
those of his top administrators.
The Faculty, which last year recorded the greatest
increase in student enrolment of any Faculty in the
University, is quietly bracing for another onslaught this
fall.
For the Faculty of Education has become the focal
point of a massive eftprt on the part of the University
to respond to the provincial government's challenge
not only to produce more teachers to reduce the size of
school classes, but also to come up with other bold,
imaginative and thoughtful .programs more closely related to community needs.
The provincial government has made a special grant
of $1,179,270 to the Faculty, made up of $838,270 to
beef up existing programs and to finance imaginative
new ones which offer an alternative to the regular offerings; $191,000 to underwrite internship programs to
produce teachers in specialized fields; and $150,000 to
pay for a new program to train more native Indian
teachers.
This special grant for Education — more than half of
the total of special grants received by the University —
means that the Faculty must hire new faculty members
in anticipation of an enrolment increase of up to 800
students next fall.
To add to the administrative headaches this all
Adult Educator
Changes Post
Mr. Gordon R. Selman, director of UBC's Centre for
Continuing Education for the past seven years, has resigned to become an associate professor, specializing in
adult education, in UBC's Faculty of Education.
His new appointment is effective July 1. However,
he will continue as director of the Centre until a successor is appointed.
Mr. Selman, one of Canada's best-known adult educators, said he has become increasingly interested in his
research into the growth and development of adult education in B.C. "and I welcome the idea of working more
closely with students as a teacher."
Born in Vancouver, Mr. Selman, 47, is a UBC graduate. He joined the UBC Extension Department, forerunner of the present Centre for Continuing Education,
in 1954 as a program director. Except for the two-year
period 1965-67, when he was executive assistant to
former UBC president John B. Macdonald, Mr. Selman
has worked exclusively in the field of extension and
continuing education.
He is a past president of the Canadian Association
for Adult Education and the Canadian Association of
Departments of Extension and Summer Schools. He is
currently president of the Association for Continuing
Education (B.C.).
Volunteers Sought
The University of B.C.'s International House is looking for volunteers to participate in "Reach-Out'74," a
program under which Vancouver residents establish
pen-pal relationships with overseas students who plan
to attend the University in the fall.
Program co-ordinator Lloyd Barteski said the aim is
to give these students some advance information on
what life in Canada is like and to provide them with an
off-campus contact person or family once they get
here.
Anyone interested in participating in the program
should call Mr. Barteski at International House,
228-5021.
comes at a time when the Faculty is so hard-pressed for
accommodation that, even before the grant was
announced, the University's Committee on Academic
Building Needs had decided that a new wing for Education was the top priority in the 1975-80campus building program.
Dean Andrews sees the challenge of developing new
programs as an opportunity for the Faculty to start
moving in a new direction in teacher training — more
extensive involvement in the schools of the province.
"Teacher education cannot be conducted effectively in an ivory tower," he said recently. "It is essentially
a co-operative process between the Faculty of Education and the schools, requiring working relationships in
both directions."
These working relationships are evident in every one
of the seven alternative programs that will be offered
by the Faculty next fall. All are designed not only to
provide student teachers with more practical experience in the schools, but to get faculty members out into
school classrooms, and to provide opportunities for
school teachers to spend some time on the campus.
• Up to 100 students training as secondary school
teachers will be able to participate in a "semestering"
program in which they will spend a seven-week period
in the schools, followed later by a three-week period,
instead of a series of shorter practicums as in the regular
program.
• Sixty fifth-year transfer students (students who
have a degree in another discipline and who are taking a
year of teacher training in order to qualify as teachers)
who wish to find out more about teaching in open-area
schools can opt for a program which would give them
17 to 18 weeks' experience in both open-area and regular classrooms.
• A school-campus interaction program will involve
80 fifth-year transfer students in the Elementary Education Division working with a group of teachers from
eight schools in North Vancouver and Vancouver, and
their faculty members, in a "team approach" to learning. Students, teachers and faculty members will move
back and forth between the schools and the campus.
• West Vancouver School Board is co-operating
with the Faculty to develop a school-based program in
which 18 elementary and 18 secondary student teachers will be based in schools all year, integrating course
work with teaching experience.
• Another school-based program, this time in Vancouver, is designed to draw upon the experience of the
school's teachers who will work closely with up to 25
elementary student teachers in an attempt to unify the
theory and practice of teaching.
• Up to 20 students who plan to teach social studies
can enrol in a competency-based program, which seeks
first to establish the various tasks that a teacher should
be able to perform and then focusses on the development of skills to perform these tasks. Students again
will spend a large amount of time in the schools.
• The growing interest in the community-school
concept is recognized through the offering of a program in community education, designed to give students who are interested in community schools some
experience in different teaching situations in these
schools.
The program to train more Indian teachers is the
first of this particular design in Canada and is based on a
successful program developed in Alaska. It has been
worked out in close co-operation with the B.C. Native
Indian Teachers Association and other members of the
native Indian community.
The program has received the approval of the Faculty of Education and was to be presented to the May 22
meeting of Senate for its approval.
It is anticipated that 45 Indian students would be
enrolled in the fall in off-campus centres. Students
would eventually move from these centres to the University to complete their teacher training.
At present there are 26 certificated native Indian
teachers working in B.C. schools. If their numbers were
proportionate to the Indians' population, there would
be 600.
The internship program is designed to provide
specialized training for persons who have university degrees in areas other than education.
Those accepted would take two months of teacher
training this summer, spend the next school year in
schools as "interns" under the watchful eyes of teachers and faculty members, and return to the University
next summer to complete the final two months of studies before getting a teaching certificate.
Internships are open in both Elementary and Secondary Education, with 30 students being accepted
this summer for teaching internships in Grades IV to
VII and up to 130 students being accepted at the secondary level for internships as teachers of mathematics,
commerce and home economics.
UBC Reports/May 23.1974/7 Named to Task Force
Prof. William Armstrong, UBC's Deputy President, has been named to a provincial government
task force which will investigate the possibility of
construction of a copper smelter in B.C.
Prof. Armstrong is also a member of the provincial government's steel committee, which has been
studying the question of establishing a steel mill in
the province. Prof. Armstrong is a metallurgist who
has had extensive experience in steel-mill design.
Prof. Armstrong is also a member of the provincial government's steel committee, which has been
studying the question of establishing a steel mill in
the province. He was a member of a provincial government delegation, led by Premier David Barrett,
which visited Japan for 12 days in April to hold talks
aimed at the establishment of a Japanese-financed
steel industry in B.C.
Prof. Armstrong has had extensive experience in
the design of steel mills and has served as a consultant to companies in B.C. and other parts of Canada
on plant development.
ir   ir   ir
Prof. Mark Boulby, of UBC's German Department, is one of six Canadian university professors
who have been awarded prestigious fellowships by
the Guggenheim Foundation. Prof. Boulby plans
study leave for research in Europe and England on
18th-century German literature.
*    ir    ir
Prof. J. Lewis Robinson, of the UBC Geography
department, was recently elected president of the
Western Institute for the Deaf. Dr. Roger D. Freeman, associate professor in the Department of
Psychiatry, is the Institute's vice-president.
ir   ir   ir
Dr. George Woodcock, founder and editor of the
UBC journal Canadian Literature and a noted
author, will receive an honorary degree from the
University of Ottawa at that university's'degree
granting ceremony on May 26.
ir    ir    ir
Dr. Jack Blaney has resigned his post as associate
director of UBC's Centre for Continuing Education
to accept the position of Dean of Continuing Education at Simon Fraser University.
ir   ir   ir
Dr. John F. McCreary, Coordinator of Health
Sciences at UBC, was invested as an Officer of the
Order of Canada at ceremonies in Ottawa recently.
Dr. McCreary was formerly Dean of Medicine at
UBC.
ir   ir   ir
Winner of a Killam Post-Doctoral Research
Scholarship is Dr. Michael E. Corcoran of the Division of Neurological Sciences in UBC's Department
of Psychiatry.
Dr. Corcoran is a member of a team in the division working on epilepsy, probably the second most
common neurological disorder, after strokes, affecting Canadians.
The award is to help him try to find what chemical changes associated with the disease occur in
brains.
ir   ir   ir
Prof. H. Peter Oberlander, of the University of
B.C.'s School of Community and Regional Planning,
has been elected vice-president of the American Society of Planningofficials.
As vice-president he will automatically succeed
to the presidency next year. This will be the first
time that a Canadian has headed this 12,000-
member organization of professional planners and
planning commissioners. More than 3,000 persons
attended the Society's 40th annual meeting in
Chicago where Prof. Oberlander was elected vice-
president.
His election is of particular significance since the
Society will hold its 41st annual meeting in Vancouver in May, 1975, when Prof. Oberlander will
assume the presidency.
ir   ir    ir
Dr. John Dennison, associate professor in UBC's
Faculty of Education, will be on leave of absence for
four months this fall to act as an adviser to a Commission on Poverty established by the federal government of Australia. Dr. Dennison, an authority on
community colleges, will propose alternative forms
of higher education as a way of alleviating poverty.
DEAN BERNARD RIEDEL, head of UBC's Faculty
of Pharmaceutical Sciences, will be a member of an
enlarged Pharmaceutical Council provided for under
a new Pharmacy Act, currently being debated in the
B.C. Legislature.
ir   ir   ir
Dr. David C. Thomas, an associate professor in
the Faculty of Education, is the leader of a team of
education specialists who are conducting training
sessions for teachers in the Queen Charlotte Islands
designed to aid them in spotting vision and hearing
defects among school children.
ir   ir   ir
Dr. William Gibson, head of the Department of
the History of Medicine and Science in UBC's Faculty of Medicine, has been appointed chairman of the
scientific advisory committee of the Muscular
Dystrophy Association of America.
ir   ir   ir
Prof. J.H. Quastel, of UBC's Division of Neurological Sciences, gave the Jubilee Lecture of the Biochemical Society of the United Kingdom last month
in London and Belfast.
Title of the lecture was "Amino Acids and the
Brain," a subject that highlights one of his major
contributions to man's still small understanding of
the human brain.
The Jubilee Lecture is given every two years. Dr.
Quastel is the first Canadian invited to give the Lecture. He became an honorary member of the Society
last year. Honorary membership is limited to 12
scientists at any time.
ir   ir   ir
Prof. Herbert Gush, of UBC's Department of
Physics, has been awarded a $30,000 I.W. Killam
Memorial Scholarship by the Canada Council.
Prof. Gush, whose work on the far infra-red spectrum of cosmic background radiation is designed to
test a current theory of the origin of the universe, is
one of four Canadian scientists to receive the award.
ir   ir   ir
Dr. Walter Hardwick, of UBC's Geography department, has been elected vice-chairman of the
Canadian Council on Urban and Regional Research.
The Council is the major funding agency for urban
research projects and awards about $350,000 a year.
ir    ir    ir
Dr. Moira Yeung, an assistant professor in the
Department of Medicine, is the leader of a UBC
medical team which is conducting a research study
at a cedar mill in Hammond, B.C., on the effects of
red cedar dust on millworkers.
New Heads
Named by
UBC Board
The University of B.C.'s Board of Governors has
approved the appointment of new heads for the
Department of History in the Faculty of Arts and the
School of Architecture in the Faculty of Applied
Science.
Canadian-history expert Prof. Margaret Prang will
succeed Prof. Margaret Ormsby as head of UBC's
History department on July 1.
On Jan. 1, 1975, Prof. Robert K. Macleod, a UBC
graduate who currently teaches at the University of
York, in England, will take up his duties as director of
the School of Architecture. He succeeds Prof. Henry
Elder, who retires on June 30.
Prof. Prang, a native of Stratford, Ont., has taught in
UBC's History department since 1958. She is a graduate of the University of Manitoba, where she obtained
her Bachelor of Arts degree, and the University of
Toronto, where she was awarded the degrees of Master
of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy.
Prof. Prang is well known as a commentator on
national and international affairs for the Canadian
Broadcasting Corporation and also serves as co-editor
of the UBC-published journal, B.C. Studies. She is a
former member of the editorial board of The Canadian
Forum, a public-affairs magazine.
WRITES BOOK
She is an expert in the field of post-Confederation
Canadian history and has recently completed a book,
to be published this fall by the University of Toronto
Press, on N.W. Rowell, a former Liberal leader in
Ontario who was Chief Justice of Ontario at the time of
his death in 1941. His name is perhaps best known to
Canadians in connection with the 1937 Rowell-Sirois
Commission, one of the major studies of Canadian
dominion-provincial relations.
Prof. Prang has also contributed numerous articles
to public-affairs journals in Canada and has been active
in administrative committees in the Faculty of Arts at
UBC.
Prof. Ormsby, who retires as head of the History
department on June 30, is one of Canada's best-known
historians. She has been a member of the UBC faculty
since 1943 and was named head of the History
department in 1965.
She is perhaps best known for her widely-acclaimed
book, British Columbia: A History, published to mark
the province's 1958 Centennial celebrations. Prof.
Ormsby will be honored on May 29 when she receives
the honorary degree of Doctor of Literature at UBC's
annual Spring Congregation.
Prof. Macleod is a native of Vancouver who currently holds the posts of director of the Institute of Advanced Architectural Studies and Professor of Architecture at the University of York.
He graduated from UBC with the degree of Bachelor
of Architecture in 1956 and became a member of the
Royal Architectural Institute of Canada in 1959.
Prof. Macleod carried out graduate work in
Architecture at the Courtauld Institute of Art in
London, England. His work there led to the publication
of a book entitled Style and Society: Architectural
Ideology in Britain, 1835-1914, which traces the
influence of various factors on British architecture in
this period.
He has also had extensive experience as a practicing
architect in Vancouver, Toronto and London. He has
lectured at Cambridge University, the London College
of Furniture and the Leeds School of Architecture. He
has been at the University of York since 1967.
Mr. Wolfgang Gerson will serve as acting director of
the School of Architecture from July 1 until Dec. 31,
when Prof. Macleod will join the UBC faculty.
■ ■■fcffc Vol. 20, No. 8- May 23, 1974.
I IBS I Published by the University of
^M^UJ^^ British Columbia and distri-
DEPORTS buted free. UBC Reports appears on Wednesdays during the
University's Winter Session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin and Jean Rands, Production
Supervisors. Letters to the Editor should be sent
to Information Services, Main Mall North
Administration Building, UBC, 2075 Wesbrook
Place, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
8/UBC Reports/May 23,1974 UBC   Initiates  Dental Program
Children and adolescents in the Vancouver area
selected by public dental health officials will be given
dental care free of charge at the University of B.C.'s
Faculty of Dentistry this summer.
Provincial Health Minister Dennis Cocke has agreed
to a proposal from Dean S. Wah Leung of UBC's Faculty of Dentistry and a grant of $104,608 to finance the
project will be made through Mr. Cocke's department.
Initial plans are for UBC to provide preventive and
basic restorative dentistry to about 2,500children and
adolescents who will be selected by the dental division
of the City of Vancouver Health Department and by
the Health Branch of the B.C. government. The summer clinic began in mid-May and will continue for 14
weeks.
The patients will be treated by about 30 student
dentists entering the fourth and final year of the UBC
dentistry program. The fourth-year students will be as-
Government
Aids Nursing
Students
The provincial government will provde financial
assistance to students in the University of B.C.'s School
of Nursing.
Bursaries will be given to students in the bachelor
and master's degree programs, said Dr. Muriel
Uprichard, director of the UBC School. The bursaries
will be especially helpful to students in the first two
years of the School's new four-year bachelor program,
she said, because the students must be on campus 11
months of each of the first two years.
Many of the other students, including master's students, also enrol in additional courses during UBC's
I ntersession and Summer Session, she said.
The students simply cannot earn enough money
during their short vacation to finance their next year of
study.
Students in both the old and the new bachelor degree programs will receive $150 and students in the
master's program $200 for every month in attendance.
If they attend for 11 months, they will be paid for 12.
The bursaries will be retroactive to April 1, 1974,
and students receiving them must be Canadians or landed immigrants.
Dr. Uprichard said the funds will help the School in
its response to the challenge of expanding and improving nursing education in the province.
"There is a terrific shortage of nurses in B.C.," Dr.
Uprichard said. "The Registered Nurses Association of
B.C. has even had to advertise in eastern Canada for
nurses and the shortage continues.
"The problem isn't just to train more nurses," Dr.
Uprichard said. "The province doesn't have enough
teachers to train more nurses and so we will have to
train a new generation of leaders of the profession."
Dr. Uprichard said another challenge the School of
Nursing is facing is the change taking place in the way
health care is given to people. Nurses in future will have
much more responsibility for patient health, she said,
and will become key figures in new programs that will
emphasize preventive medicine.
"Nurses," she said, "will move into new roles in
whatever new method of providing health care is adopted in B.C."
The UBC School, the oldest university school of
nursing in the Commonwealth, overhauled its curriculum last year and cut one year off its old five-year
bachelor's degree program. The new program concentrates on both the social and behavioral sciences and
the physical sciences and is designed to prepare students for work in community and preventive health
care as well as hospital care for acute and long-term
illness.
The School also introduced a new master's program
last year which aims at preparing students for specialized work in acute-care hospitals and the community,
as well as for teaching, research, consultation, and
administration.
First-year enrolment in the School tripled during
the 1973-74 session. There were 143 students enrolled
in the new bachelor's program and 225 in the old program, which is being phased out.
There were 18 students in the first year of the master's program during 1973-74 and nine in the second
and final year. Dr. Uprichard wants to increase the enrolment next year to 50 students in the first year of this
program.
sisted by about 10 dental students entering their third
year, and about five students entering the second and
final year of the Faculty's dental hygiene program.
The dental students will be under the supervision of
Welcome Mat Out
For UBC Visitors
The welcome mat is out for visitors to the UBC
campus during the summer months.
Guided tours of campus beauty spots and some of
the more interesting academic buildings can be arranged by calling 228-6262. School groups are particularly welcome.
"Info UBC" information centres are conveniently
located in International House, at the corner of Northwest Marine Drive and West Mall, and in the Lutheran
Campus Centre, at the corner of University Boulevard
and Wesbrook Crescent.
The International House centre will also feature a
series of displays about the campus.
Visitors driving to the campus should follow the
"Info UBC" signs to the information centres where
student information counsellors will be on hand to answer their questions.
Brochures detailing a self-guided walking tour are
available for those who wish to explore the campus on
their own. During July and August there will be daily
bus tours.
We're looking forward to seeing you this summer!
two full-time graduate dentists and one graduate dental
hygienist.
Dean Leung said the project will benefit both the
dental students and the school children.
"The children will benefit from dental care and our
students will receive a richer clinical experience," Dr.
Leung said. "The students won't graduate any sooner,
but they will graduate with a broader experience."
Dr. Leung said another reason he suggested the project was because he wanted to make full use of the
clinical area of the Faculty of Dentistry during the summer.
He said he first proposed the idea of the project
about four years ago and had been turned down.
"I mentioned it again to Dr. Foulkes (Dr. Richard
Foulkes, director of the Health Security Project for
British Columbians) atadinner in the fall of 1972," Dr.
Leung said.
"Dr. Foulkes passed the proposal on to Mr. Cocke
but by the time the Faculty could get details worked
out, it was too late to put it on last summer, so it was
decided to go ahead thie year."
The parents of children selected for treatment will
be notified through the public schools. They will receive information on the program and will be asked to
sign a consent form.
Selecting children from the Vancouver area will be
the responsibility of the dental division of the Vancouver Health Department.
The B.C. Health Branch will have the responsibility
of selecting children outside of the City of Vancouver.
Dean Leung emphasized that the children would be
notified through their schools and not through UBC's
Faculty of Dentistry.
Track Vets Honored
UBC's oustanding male and female athletes for 1974
are both track stars and veterans of international competition. Both are currently completing teacher-certification programs in the Faculty of Education.
Diminutive Mrs. Thelma Wright, recipient of the outstanding athlete of the year award by the Women's
Athletic Association, is world-ranked in both the 800-
and 1,500-metre events and represented Canada at the
Olympic Games in 1973.
She has represented Canada on two occasions in the
World Student Games and earlier this year won a
bronze medal at the British Commonwealth Games,
where she achieved her best time of 4:12:3 in the 1,500
metres.
UBC's track and field coach, Mr. Lionel Pugh, believes the award to Mrs. Wright is richly deserved. "For
five years she has represented her country at the highest
level in two of the toughest events and has competed
for UBC in Canada West University Championships,
consistently achieving high honors."
Ken Elmer, winner of the athlete of the year award
for men, was awarded the Bobby Gaul Trophy at the
annual Big Block banquet on March 13.
Ken, who holds a master's degree in Physical Education, holds the Canadian mile record at 3:58:5 and also
holds national records in both the 1,000 and 2,000
metres. Like Mrs. Wright, he competed for Canada at
the 1973 Olympic Games, running in the 1,500-metre
event.
HOW UBC TEAMS FARED IN 1973-74
SPORT MEN'S TEAMS
Badminton Placed third in Canada West competition. Ben Moxon
and l.en Pepper excelled in local competition.
Basketball Thunderbirds gained second  place in Canada West
competition with 13-7 record. JV's ended up season
with 10-15 record in local competition.
Field Hockey Placed  third  in pre-Christmas and  second  in post-
Christmas City league play. Six team members named
to Canada's 1974 Commonwealth Games team.
Gymnastics Won National  University Team Championship and
Canada West competition.
Skiing UBC team won three Northwest College Ski Confer
ence meetings and captured team award.
Track and Placed   second   in   Canada   West   competition.   Bill
Field Pearson   won   the   shot-put  and  Gerry   Lister  the
1,500-met re run.
Volleyball Thunderbirds won Canada West championship. Placed
third in national championships.
Miscellaneous Bowling — Team competed in nine matches, losing
(No equivalent only two.
men's and Cricket — Topped second division of B.C. Mainland
women's teams).       League, earned promotion to first division.
Football — Inexperience resulted in 2-8 season.
Golf — Team took part in local and Washington tournaments, placing ninth out of 13 teams in northwest.        ^——^^
Ice Hockey — Third in Canada West competition. Team toured China in December, 1973, winning all seven of
their games. Braves team were second in local league.
Judo — UBC team defeated Alberta in dual meet, narrowly missed winning western championship.
Rugby — 'Birds were co-winners of the McKechnie Cup in local competition and brought back World Cup to
UBC from U.S.
Soccer — 'Birds finished third in B.C. Soccer League, considered best in Canada.
Squash — UBC won local C and O league championships.
Wrestling — UBC team won Canada West championship, did well in U.S. competitions.
UBC ReDorts/Mav 23 1974/9
WOMEN'S TEAMS
Placed third in Canada West competition. Also competed in six local events. Maureen Chen was outstanding player.
Thunderettes were Canadian Intercollegiate champions for third year in a row. Senior B team placed
third in City league, while JV's placed fourth in Senior
A league.
Varsity team tied for first place in Canada West competition and second in first division City league. JV's
were first in second division City league.
Placed second in Canada West competition, with Janet
Terry taking all-round title.
UBC women cleaned up in Northwest College Ski Conference, winning overall championship. Monica Sloan
was outstanding.
Women's team was Canada West champion in crosscountry and track and field meets. Thelma Wright excelled in these and other competitions.
Thunderettes were Canada West and National Intercollegiate champions. JV's were first in B.C. Senior B
open competition.
Curling — Canada West champions and runners-up in
Canadian Junior Championships.
Swimming — Second in Canada West competition and
runners-up in national championships. PRAI Grants Link UBC, Industry
Four research teams at the University of B.C. have
been awarded more than $171,000 for research on projects with immediate economic benefits.
The projects have been funded by the National Research Council through its recently-introduced Project
Research Applied to Industry (PRAI) grants. Purpose
of PRAI grants is to finance a direct bridge between
university research and industry.
The four UBC projects include:
• Producing a high-intensity and highly efficient
lamp that could be used for stadium, TV and emergency lighting. As an example of the power of the lamp
being developed, all 472 lamps at Empire Stadium in
Vancouver could be replaced by six of the new lamps;
• Working out a new method of attaching steel
beams to steel columns in buildings, bridges and other
types of structural steel construction;
• Trying to make the huge kilns used in aluminum
smelter operations more efficient;
• Perfecting a reforestation technique which involves dropping tree seeds encased in special plastic
bombs from aircraft.
MANY USES
"Plasma," or extremely hot, electrically-charged
gas, is the light source in the high-intensity lamps being
developed by Prof. Roy Nodwell of UBC's Department
of Physics. Plasma, sometimes called the fourth state of
matter, is the subject of a relatively new field of study.
"The lamp could be used in any situation where a
large amount of light is needed," Prof. Nodwell said.
"This could be a large parking lot, playing field or major highway intersection. It could be used for search
and rescue operations at night or for TV productions
where the color of illumination needs to be the same as
sunlight.
"If you watch a televised baseball game being played
during the day, for example, the players in the shadow
of the stands are hard to see. The stadium lights can't be
used because their color is too reddish. Our lights
would match the colorof the sunlight.
"One interesting possibility we are going to investigate involves work that has been done at B.C. Research.
They have come up with a method of removing ice
from pavement by melting the bond between the ice
and pavement so that the ice can be plowed away.
What's holding them up is a heat source powerful
enough todo it.
"We intend to develop a prototype lamp for them. If
it works, the technique could be used on highways,
streets and airport runways across Canada and elsewhere."
Prof. Nodwell's grant is $59,500 for one year. A
further $53,500 would be needed for a second year of
work.
The company he will be associated with is Anatek
Electronics of North Vancouver.
The head of UBC's Department of Civil Engineering,
Prof. S.L. Lipson, is in charge of research into a more
efficient method of connecting steel beams to columns.
"One of the most popular and reliable connections
now in use is awkward to install," Prof. Lipson said.
"Sometimes a beam can only be connected to a steel
column by taking out the bolts that are holding another
beam in place.
"We've done a lot of work on this problem at UBC
and the PRAI grant will allow us to recommend methods of design for the connections for industrial use."
Prof. Lipson will be working with Canron Ltd.,
Western Bridge Division, of Vancouver.
His grant is for $47,200 over two years. He has already received $7,000 from the Steel Industries Construction Council to work on the same problem.
HEAT TRANSFER
Two assistant professors are involved in the aluminum project. Dr. J.K. Brimacombe of UBC's Department of Metallurgy and Dr. A.P. Watkinson of UBC's
Department of Chemical Engineering are studying the
transfer of heat in the type of rotary kilns used by the
Aluminum Co. of Canada at its Arvida, Que., and
Kitimat operations.
A rotary kiln is a long pipe. Solid metal is fed into
one end, which is slightly higher than the other end,
where burning gases are introduced. The burning gases
flow up the rotating kiln and the metals melt as they
flowdown.
Purpose of the study is to be able to recommend
changes in the design and operation of the kilns so that
they can operate more efficiently.
Their grant is for $38,300 for one year and a further
year's work will be needed to complete the project.
10/UBC Reports/May 23,1974
They will be working with the Aluminum Co. of
Canada.
The seed-bombing grant goes to Mr. John Walters,
director of UBC's Research-Forest near Haney. Mr.
Walters was the person who invented, using his own
money when denied other sources, the method of
planting tree seedlings using a special spring gun. Using
that method of reforestation, one-year-old seedlings
grown in small plastic bullets are shot into the ground.
Aerial bombing of seeds is an extension of his
planting-gun technique. Mr. Walters is altering the design of the bio-degradable plastic bullets so that they
can be dropped from aircraft and, once embedded in
the ground, nurture a germinating seed.
"We have to give the seed optimum protection and a
good chance to grow," said Mr. Walters. "We can't drop
unprotected seeds alone because we can't afford to try
to duplicate the abundance of nature. The majority of
the unprotected seeds would be eaten by mice or birds
or die when they germinated."
The PRAI grant will also allow Mr. Walters to work
on optimum conditions to ensure survival of a high
percentage of the seeds. The grant is for $19,200 for
one year. A PRAI grant for $9,900 might be given for a
second year, depending on results obtained in the first.
Mr. Walters is working with Columbia Plastics,
Conair Aviation, Pacific Logging and Union Carbide.
UBC Centre Example of
Town-Gown Co-operation
From May through August of this year, UBC's
Totem Park Convention Centre is Canada's largest summer "hotel."
Some 200different groups, ranging in size from nine
Grade XII students from Lumby, B.C., on campus to
get an advance look at University life, to 3,000 delegates from all parts of the world to the mammoth International Congress of Mathematicians (another 3,000
delegates will be housed off campus) will use the University's superb residence and convention facilities.
If it were not for the enterprise of Mr. Leslie
Rohringer, UBC's Director of Residences, and the energetic staff that mans the Convention Centre these facilities could easily remain empty during the summer
months as is the case in many other universities.
In the tourist and convention business, UBC is rapidly gaining a reputation as Canada's No. 1 summer convention centre.
Convention Manager Gordon Craik, a 30-year veteran of the convention business, and co-manager Mrs.
Allison Watt, say that the University, with its tranquil
surroundings, away from the hustle and bustle of the
busy city centre where large convention hotels are
usually located, is becoming increasingly attractive to
organizations seeking locations for conventions.
But they stress that the University is not in competition with downtown hotels in the quest for convention
business.
PERFECT EXAMPLE
"You could say that our Convention Centre is a
perfect example of gown co-operating with town, because not only do we refer many groups seeking convention facilities to city hotels but they frequently refer business that they can't handle to us," says Mr.
Craik.
Another important consideration is the fact that
UBC's Convention Centre, with its facilities to handle
3,400 persons a day, makes it possible for Vancouver to
be the venue of such huge assemblies as the Mathematics Congress and the upcoming UN Conference/Exposition on Human Settlement in 1976, which is also expected to attract 6,000 delegates.
Without UBC's facilities, which include not only
residential space but lecture halls equipped with closed-
circuit television plus auditoriums and other meeting
places designed to handle large meeting groups, these
assemblies could not be held in Vancouver, Mr. Craik
says.
UBC provides another direct benefit to the overall
convention business in the province because, as its
reputation grows as a convention centre, more and
more enquiries are received for accommodation outside of the four summer months. "Of course our facilities are used by students for eight months of the year so
all these enquiries are referred to downtown hotels,"
Mr. Craik says.
While Mr. Craik is understandably proud of UBC's
growing reputation as a summer convention centre, he
emphasizes that the primary objective is to bring in
revenues to help reduce residence costs for students —
costs that are already among the lowest in North
America, in some of the finest student accommodation
on the continent.
UBC's Convention Centre is divided into three areas
— the high-rise rowers of the Walter H. Gage Residence,
which can accommodate 1,300 persons; the Totem
Park Residence for 1,200 persons; and Place Vanier
Residence, with space for 900. Accommodation comes
in single and twin rooms and one- and two-bedroom
suites. Meals are provided either in the Student Union
Building cafeteria, which seats 1,000, or the Totem
Park dining room, which seats 700.
LOTS OF SPACE
Meeting spaces on campus include the War Memorial
Gymnasium, with a capacity of 3,200, which was the
scene of the NDP national convention last year; three
large meeting rooms with a capacity of between 750
and 900 persons each; and four auditoriums holding
between 750 and 900 persons. Exhibit space of c'ose to
35,000 square feet is also available.
The Congress of Mathematicians is one of three international conferences on the campus this summer
which will attract delegates from all parts of the world,
including Russia and Mainland China. The other two
are the 6th I nternational Congress of the World Federation of Occupational Therapists, and the Second International Conference on Cyclic AMP (Pharmacology).
Other meetings this summer range from the annual
meeting of the B.C. Government Employees Union to
the American Society of Photobiology to the Northwest Scientific Association annual meeting.
In addition to conferences, seminars, training sessions and so on, the Convention Centre is home base,
for varying periods during the summer, for a variety of
different groups and organizations.
The National Youth Orchestra is returning to the
campus for two months, with students and faculty
living in residences. Once again hundreds of Japanese
visitors, ranging from groups of school children to
adults, will be staying on campus for up to three weeks.
In fact, says Mrs. Watt, Japanese groups have
booked 27,000 bed-nights in UBC residences this summer. Last year the Japanese equivalent of Life magazine did a big picture spread on Japanese children visiting North America, with the largest number of pictures
being devoted to a B.C. visit based at UBC .
One of the reasons why so many Japanese visit the
campus is the Centre's policy of developing packages
that will appeal to youth groups. One such package is a
"total immersion" course in English, arranged in conjunction with an educational organization known as
Teachers of English as a Second Language.
"If a group is interested in physical education we
can develop a program through the School of Physical
Education. Last year a group of newspaperboys from
Japan stayed on the campus and we arranged visits to
the local newspapers for them," Mrs. Watt says.
As the convention business continues to expand in
Vancouver as a result of construction of major new
hotels and a corresponding increase in accommodation
for large groups, both Mrs. Watt and Mr. Craik foresee
many busy summers ahead for the Totem Park Convention Centre as it works closely with downtown hotels
to attract more and bigger conventions.
BOOKED AHEAD
The Centre already has bookings as far ahead as
1979 and 1980, with some preliminary enquiries even
further ahead than that.
An added benefit to the students of the University
as a result of the success of the Convention Centre is
that it provides well-paying summer employment for
100 students, in jobs ranging from manning reception
desks to working as chambermaids and cooks. Pay rates
are the same as at downtown hotels, plus 10 per cent,
because there are no tips. L~~
6,000 Expected for Math Congress
The final phase of preparation has begun at the
University of B.C. to receive between 6,000 and
8,000 mathematicians and their families from all
over the world this summer.
The International Congress of Mathematicians
from Aug. 21 to 29 will be one of the largest conventions in the city's history. Chartered jets will bring
mathematicians here from Australia, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and cities in North America.
The logistics involved in handling the Congress
are enormous and are the responsibility of Prof.
Maurice Sion of UBC's Mathematics Department,
chairman of the local arrangements committee.
Just one of Prof. Sion's problems is language. He
is hiring multi-lingual guides and translators for the
nine days of the conference. Though the official
languages of the Congress are German, Russian,
French and English, mathematicians speaking many
other languages will be here.
Three thousand delegates will stay in residences
on campus. The remainder will book into downtown hotels. A special bus service will shuttle delegates between Vancouver and the UBC campus.
Congress activities have been planned around a day
beginning at 10:00 a.m. and ending at 6:00 p.m. so
that 30 B.C. Hydro buses can be used after the normal rush-hour.
Opening ceremonies will be at the Queen
Elizabeth Theatre, the largest in the city. Even then,
only a fraction of the delegates will be able to be
present during the ceremonies, which include
awarding four Fields Medals.
Fields Medals are regarded as the equivalent of
Nobel Prizes, since there is no Nobel Prize for math
ematics. The medals are named after the late Canadian mathematician, J.C. Fields of the University of
Toronto, and are awarded at each Congress, wh ich is
held every four years.
About 16 one-hour special addresses will be given
in one or other of the four official languages of the
Congress. The talks will be general so that most
mathematicians will be able to understand them.
Since only a limited number of delegates will be
able to be present while the addresses are given, the
talks will be televised live across the campus and
videotapes of the lectures-will be replayed at convenient times on a large screen or onto TV monitors
in smaller rooms.
Besides the 16 major papers, about 150 speakers
have been invited to talk for about 50 minutes each.
These will be more specialized and technical papers.
UNIONISM
> Continued from Page Five
I
and to alienate to an even greater extent the scholar-
teacher on whom ultimately the university depends for its
continuance.
One of the ironies of academic life in recent years has
been the ease with which the twin foundation stones of
the modern profession — tenure and academic freedom —
have been subverted and transformed into instruments designed to protect the weakest and/or the most junior members of the community. Faculties, and the association executives they elect to represent them, appear often to have
lost sight of the principal aim of the university in their
preoccupation with civil rights. Tenure, after all, has
meaning only if there is a recognized non-tenure status,
and the interests of the institution are not served by pressures or threats of reprisal which make it impossible to
refuse tenure to unqualified members of faculty. Quality
— and quality alone — must be the criterion by which
performance, whether teaching or research, is judged.
Surely, few on this campus can be deluded about the
Faculty Association's priorities in recent years. Lip-service
concessions to academic virtues in the Faculty Handbook
notwithstanding, the Association in its annual salary briefs
of the last decade has laid little stress on merit; and if
unionization comes, merit increases are likely to disappear
altogether in the attempt to negotiate a collective contract. As Justice Jackson of.the United States Supreme
Court pointed out long ago, "The practice and philosophy
of collective bargaining looks with suspicion on . . . individual advantages . . . because advantages to individuals may
prove as disruptive of industrial peace as disadvantages . . .
The majority rules."
That last phrase, THE MAJORITY RULES -a sine qua
non of trade unionism made more dramatic by full caps —
poses the most important threat to the University in the
proposal to introduce collective bargaining procedures at
UBC; for the inescapable concomitant must be the demise
of individual bargaining — a tested instrument based on
distinctions that are recognized across the profession. The
most immediate dangers are the loss of diversity and the
narrowing of perspective to a focus on local issues which
ignores the concerns of the wider academic community.
Were there no other considerations, these matters should
dictate restraint and caution to uncommitted members of
faculty.
But there are, of course, many other considerations.
Enumerated they do not suggest that collective bargaining
offers a particularly salutary alternative to the status quo.
Even if it be conceded that the faculty ought to take the
required steps, however extreme, to ensure its financial
welfare, no evidence has been adduced to support the view
that members will be any better off under the proposed
than under the present dispensation. On the contrary, in
response to questioning in the one brief information session* held on this campus, the executive suggested that
they would not. This being so, why unionize? One suspects that motives other than the general welfare of the
faculty may be operating beneath the public rhetoric.
In fact, there are inadequate data on which to base any
prognostications about the long-range effects of faculty
unionization. Faculty unions have existed only since
1968. Among the 40 institutions which by mid-1972 had
adopted collective bargaining procedures (now nearly 200
according to CAUT), with the exception of the multi-
campus universities such as the State University of New
York and the City University of New York, there were few
of the good and none of the great institutions included.
The union movement is growing, but faculty here ought to
consider, in the absence of evidence of positive benefit,
whether this is the time for UBC to follow precedents
established by such campuses as Fitchburg State College
(Mass.), Oakland University (Mich.), Ashland College
(Ohio), the University of Scranton (Pa.), St. Mary's Uni-
*The article by Prof. Fredeman and Prof. Divinsky was written
prior to a May 2 special meeting of the Faculty Association to
discuss three motions submitted by members.
versity (N.B.), and Notre Dame University (B.C.) — not,
even with the inclusion of the University of Manitoba, a
particularly prestigious company.
If the financial interests of the faculty will not be appreciably improved by collective bargaining — and, in fairness, it must be acknowledged that in terms of salaries and
fringe benefits, leave policies, and most of the other perquisites of university life, the UBC faculty is treated most
generously — there are other areas of the employee-
employer relationship which may well be damaged or
jeopardized by unionization.
It is not clear, for example, with whom the faculty's
bargaining agent will negotiate. Since the Board of Governors of the University is an intermediary body which
merely dispenses public monies rather than a principal, it
is not unlikely that they may prove impotent to negotiate
faculty demands and that the faculty agents may find
themselves confronting directly members of the provincial
government, who, after all, have little to fear from the
practical consequences of an organized response to faculty
dissatisfaction.
But the problem is not that the ultimate union weapon
would be blunted — a university strike would inconvenience few people in the society; of far greater import is the
possibility of interference by the provincial government in
university affairs. The Barrett socialists have already supplied unmistakable hints of their willingness to challenge
university autonomy; and in hand-to-hand (or pocket-
book-to-pocketbook) combat, the government would
probably show little reluctance to apply to the university
standards of productivity totally incompatible with its effective operation.
Beyond the danger of governmental intervention, there
is the further question of the role of the main professional
body in Canada, the CAUT. Fearful that faculties may be
seduced by other labor crganizations —as indeed has happened in the U.S., where the National Educational Association and the American Federation of Teachers are suc
cessfully competing with the American Association of
University Professors as bargaining agents — the CAUT, in
the second edition of itsHandbook, has adopted "Interim
Guidelines on Collective Bargaining"; and in a recent flyer
distributed to members of the UBC faculty, the CAUT
asserts that it is the only organization that "has worked
closely with local associations who are engaged in the process" [of becoming certified] . But it is not at all clear that
CAUT can function both as the sponsoring bargaining
agent and at the same time perform its first commitment
to protect and defend traditional faculty rights, involving
tenure and academic freedom.
The executive of the UBC Faculty Association has already issued (presumably by fiat) a statement to the effect
that while membership in the "local" will not be compulsory — though the payment of dues will be mandatory,
according to some variation of the "Rand formula," members who "resign from the Association may not retain
membership in CAUT" (FA Circular, April 10, 1974). If
this situation is indeed fact and not bluff, the implications
are clear: a tenured member of faculty who resigns from
the Association and who refuses, on principle, to pay his
dues, may find himself deprived not only of his job but
also unable to solicit support and defence from his professional organization, which is committed to protect him.
This state, we submit, is an intolerable violation of individual rights.
These are merely some of the counter-arguments raised
by the question of collective bargaining at UBC. Though
they could be expanded and amplified were there space
enough and time, those raised are sufficient to indicate the
gravity of the decision and to suggest that it is not one into
which the faculty should enter lightly. Given the paucity
of the debate — both pro and con — that has been given
over to the issue thus far, it is difficult to regard the current hectic attempt to enrol members who are inadequately apprised of the full implications of their commitment as
anything more or less than a piece of irresponsible, perhaps even malicious, folly.
BARGAINING
Continued from Page Five
tion. The Salary Committee of the Faculty Association
early this year presented to the Administration the most
carefully-prepared and exhaustively-researched brief that
had ever been undertaken in support of its salary demands.
The brief, among other points, documented the fact that
serious inequities had developed in UBC's salary structure
over the years, particularly between junior and senior
ranks. There were also some discrepancies between male
and female professors of equal or comparable ages and
academic qualifications. The disturbing fact was brought
out that more than one half of all UBC professors now
receive salaries below the average for school teachers of
the same age levels. The brief put the highest priority on
larger percentage increases for junior ranks in the faculty
to rectify such glaring discrepancies.
There were no serious negotiations, in the real sense of
the term, between the Faculty Association and the Administration following presentation of this brief. Representatives of the Board of Governors politely acknowledged having received it, but subsequently showed little
evidence of having read it, let alone taking it seriously. A
few weeks ago the Administration handed down its decision to grant a virtually uniform across-the-board percentage increase in salaries, with a very limited additional
amount for granting individual "merit" increases and for
(very slightly) narrowing certain other inequities.
A number of other issues cannot be sharply separated
from salaries as matters properly to be dealt with through
collective bargaining. Where governments make new demands on the University and/or impose new and severe
financial constrains upon it, the Administration in turn
may feel forced to apply other economies. Larger classes,
bigger teaching loads or more "community services" may
be imposed on the faculty, to the point of seriously undermining academic standards and reducing the quality of
teaching, scholarship and research. All these, as well as
deterioration in the economic status and welfare of the
faculty, occurred on an almost disastrous scale at UBC
during the inflation of the late 1940s and early 1950s.
They could happen again, all too easily, unless the faculty
is effectively organized to resist such pressures and to
make strong representations to the Administration and to
the provincial government.
Other more subtle and difficult problems have arisen in
recent years as the University faces stable or declining
enrolments and new financial constraints. There has been
a corresponding tendency for new restrictions or slowdowns to occur in promotions, grants of tenure and "merit" salary increases, and for cutbacks and layoffs to be
applied to redundant courses and personnel. These in turn
generate an increasing number of disputes between individual faculty members and department heads or committees. Lack of clear-cut rules or guidelines for dealingwith
such issues sometimes leads to serious injustices (actual or
apparent) to particular individuals. Occasionally such disputes have escalated to the point of sharply dividing a
whole department or, indeed, an entire university.
In an institution as complex in make-up and composition as UBC, of course, there is no easy hard-and-fast formula that can be applied uniformly to settle such issues.
The wide diversity in interests and standards of excellence
among the many Faculties, departments and disciplines
will always require the utmost flexibility in applying any
common sets of rules or guidelines governing faculty members as a whole. It seems more than likely, however, that
such issues could be examined and dealt with more effectively than now by the Faculty Association negotiating
with the Administration through a collective bargaining
committee that has representation from every major
Faculty, department and group of related disciplines in
the University.
UBC Reports/May 23,1974/11 A^a^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
Contact
PREPARED FOR UBC REPORTS BY THE UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
Alumni Fund chairman for 1974, Dr. Mickey McDowell, right, begins planning a new campaign
with Fund director Mr. Scotty Malcolm, centre, and Mr. Paul Hazell, chairman of successful 1973
campaign. Mahler photo.
Fund Chairman Named
With an expert in motivation and communication
as campaign chairman, the UBC Alumni Fund has
high hopes for success in 1974.
UBC graduate Dr. Mickey McDowell, an industrial
psychologist engaged in staff development at B.C.
Institute of Technology and a consultant with
Columbia Bitulithic, has taken over as Alumni Fund
chairman from outgoing chairman Paul Hazell,
B.Comm.'60.
Last year the Fund had its best year ever,
attracting alumni gifts totalling $340,950. The 1974
campaign is now underway under the guidance of Dr.
McDowell, a former athletics representative on the
alumni Board of Management, who played ice hockey
for   UBC   in   1962-63  and   1965-69,   and   with   the
Udall Speaks
The trouble with our times is that the future is not
what it used to be. That epigram served as a theme for
former United States Secretary of the Interior Stewart
Udall's address to the annual dinner of the UBC Alumni
Association on May 15 in the Hotel Vancouver.
Speaking on "Canada, The U.S. and The Environment" to 300 alumni, Mr. Udall said North America,
and particularly the U.S., had reached "the climax
point of the petroleum age" and it could no longer expect to consume energy and other resources at the rate
it has been. There are no longer any grounds for assuming that new energy supplies will be found or new technology developed to enable North America to continue
its wasteful consumption.
"We're (the U.S.) the champion wastrels of the
world," he said. "Waste is endemic in American life because we've had so much and so cheap — or so we
thought. I don't believe the U.S. 20 years from today
will be using as much energy per capita as it does
today."
But basically, he said, there will have to be "a value
revolution," with people changing their life styles to
consume less. There is, in fact, no other option, he
predicted.
"The automobile culture was a one-time thing which
went along with cheap, superabundant energy," Mr.
Udall said. "We'll never use energy as lavishly as we do
today. We'll live leaner and we'll live better."
12/UBC Reports/May 23,1974
Canadian National Team under coach Father David
Bauer in 1963-64.
"While we have recently enjoyed an upward trend
in giving, I would like to find some way this year of
persuading more people to give to the Fund," said Dr.
McDowell. "We can't all sit back and just let George
do it. I think more graduates who have benefited
from their education should give something back to
the University."
He pointed out that the University today, as in
earlier years, has not exactly been lavishly endowed
with government funds and that the Fund's concern
has always been with people rather than with things.
The consistent aim of the Fund is to provide financial
aid to enrich the Eicademic lives of students.
Dr. McDowell said he would also like to encourage
alumni to support the University in other than a
financial way — by getting involved in alumni work
and various committees supporting higher education.
But the main thing is the attitude.
"I'd like an alumnus' contribution to come from
his heart rather than his hide," said Dr. McDowell.
"That's the difference between giving and just
donating."
Recent "interim" grants of note by the Fund due to
the generosity of the alumni were $5,000 to the new
Museum of Anthropology, $4,500 to women's athletics and an additional $5,000 to the Alumni Bursary
Fund.
Contest Winners
The first winners of the UBC Alumni Chronicle
Creative Writing Contest received their cash prizes at a
special luncheon in their honor at the UBC Faculty
Club on April 23.
First prize of $175 went to second-year Arts student
David West for his short story, "Trench-Mist." Second
prize of $125 went to graduate student Ian Slater for
his radio play, "Tyson's Chair." Robert Bringhurst, a
graduate student, won $75 third prize for his submission of "Ten Poems."
A total of 58 entries were received in the contest,
the first such put on by the UBC Alumni Chronicle.
The money for the cash prizes was provided by the
UBC Alumni Fund. A committee of local writers and
critics selected the winners.
MR. CHARLES CAMPBELL
Graduates
Elect
Campbell
Charles Campbell, a Vancouver chartered accountant, has been elected president of the UBC Alumni
Association for 1974-75.
Mr. Campbell, an accountant with Deloitte Haskins
and Sells, was declared elected at the conclusion of the
Association's first mail ballot, in which UBC graduates
all over the world cast their votes in the annual elections to the alumni Board of Management which governs the Association. He defeated Peter Uitdenbosch, a
Vancouver real estate salesman, for the position.
Mr. Campbell will take office officially at the Association's annual meeting scheduled for 8:30 p.m. on
Monday, May 27, at Cecil Green Park, UBC. He will
take over from outgoing President George Morfitt.
Mr. Campbell will head a new executive of the UBC
Alumni Board of Management. These officers, all elected by acclamation, include: first vice-president — Ken
Brawner; second vice-president — James L. Denholme;
third vice-president — R.B. (Bernie) Treasurer; and
treasurer — Paul Hazell.
Elected to two-year terms as members-at-large on
the Board of Management were: Ms. Judith Atkinson,
John Hunt, Fraser Hodge, Michael Ferrie, Mrs. Joy
Fera, Robert Johnson, Mrs. Barbara Milroy, Oscar
Sziklai, Robert Tait and John Parks.
An additional eight members-at-large will be completing the second of their two-year terms in 1974-75.
They are: Donald Currie, David Dale-Johnson, Dr. Ed
Fukushima, David Grahame, Charles Hulton, Mrs.
Helen McCrae, Donald MacKay, and Mrs. Elizabeth
Wilmot.
Annual Meeting
The annual meeting of the UBC Alumni Association
will be held at 8:00 p.m. on Monday, May 27, at Cecil
Green Park, 6251 Northwest Marine Drive. The meeting will review the year's business and discuss a series of
constitutional revisions. For further information call
228-3313.

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