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UBC Reports May 6, 1971

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 MAY     6,     1971,    VANCOUVER     8,    B.C
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The Missing
Mall Mystery
SHERLOCK HOLMES: Great Scott,
Watson, come and have a look at this.
WATSON: I say. Holmes. Never seen
anything like it, what? Massive hole.
And those trees, encased in metal.
Look like giant flower pots, don't they.
What do you make of it?
HOLMES: I think I've solved the
Case of the Missing Mall, Watson. I've
just come from the office of the
Librarian of UBC, Mr. Basil
Stuart-Stubbs, where I've been having a
chat. He's in that building way over on
the other side, behind the clock tower.
Seems they did a number of studies a
year or so ago that showed UBC needed
a new undergraduate Library right in
the middle of the Main Mall. But that
would have destroyed that lovely line
of northern red oaks that line the Mall
and interfered with the view to the
north.
So the architects devised a fiendishly
clever scheme. They said: why not
build the new Library under the Main
Mall. While you're at it, they suggested,
why not sheath the roots of the trees,
surround them with concrete and make
them part of the interior of the
building.
WATSON: But Holmes, the Library's
going to look damn funny down in the
bottom of that hole.
HOLMES: Not a bit, Watson. What
they're going to do is this: after the
Library's built, they're going to
recreate the Main Mall over the top
again to re-establish the pedestrian
walkway linking the north and south
parts of the central campus.
WATSON: Jolly clever I'd say,
Holmes. How many books will there be
in it?
HOLMES: About 180,000, my dear
Watson. But even more important,
there'll be study space for 2,000
students. It will help to take the
pressure off the poor old Main Library
way over there on the other side.
WATSON: I say. Holmes, you've
done such a clever job of solving this
mystery, couldn't you persuade them
to name it after you?
HOLMES: Too late, I'm afraid,
Watson. They've already named it after
some chap named Sedgewick, who used
to teach English here. They tell me he
was a capital teacher. That
Stuart-Stubbs fellow did promise one
thing, though. Said he's put a few of
my books in the new building for the
students to read.
graduate  institutions  in   North America for       |      Winnipeg and serving as a resident at hospitals       |        committee.
r
UBC Reports/May 6, 1971/3 THE 1971
MASTER
IeAuHeK
AWARDS
have been made to Prof. Peter Larkin,
below, of the Department of Zoology,
and Mr. Floyd B. St. Clair, left, an
assistant professor of French. The fourth
and fifth recipients of the Award, who
will share a $5,000 prize that goes with
the honor, were chosen from 31 eligible^p^
UBC teachers nominated by student^^F
and a UBC department head. The
committee which screened nominations
for the award also awarded Certificates
of Merit to six other outstanding
teachers. For details, see story on page
opposite. Photo by the UBC Photo
Department.
2/UBC Reports/May 6, 1971 ~Dr. Peter Larkin, 46, professor of Zoology,
and Dr. Floyd B. St. Clair, 40, assistant
professor of French, have been named the
fourth and fifth recipients of the Master
Teacher Award at the University of B.C.
The two Master Teachers will share a
* $5,000 cash prize that goes with the honor.
In addition to naming two Master Teachers,
the eight-man selection committee responsible
for screening nominees has awarded
Certificates of Merit to six other UBC
teachers, all of whom will be eligible for the
award in future years. The average age of
those named by the selection committee is
%43.
Certificate of Merit winners are:
• Dr. Bryan R. Clarke, 49, associate
professor of Education;
• Dr.   Michael   S.   Davies,   31,   assistant
professor of Electrical Engineering;
* • Dr.   David   S.   Lirenman,   34,  assistant
professor of Pediatrics;
• Mr. Lothar J. Muenster, 47, assistant
professor of Chemistry;
• Dr. Moses W. Steinberg, 53, professor of
English;
' • Mr.   Stanley   A.   Weese,   47,   assistant
^ professor of Theatre.
There were a total of 31 eligible faculty
members nominated for this year's
competition.
AJ|^hose named by the committee as
Ma^^B Teachers or as recipients of
"*' Certificates of Merit were nominated by
students, with the exception of Dr. Lirenman.
He was nominated by the head of his
department, Dr. Sydney Israels, who
submitted Dr. Lirenman's name after
receiving a letter from medical students
praising Dr. Lirenman's teaching ability.
At least two members of the selection
committee visited the classrooms of every
person nominated to listen to lectures, and
"department heads and deans were asked to
provide an assessment of each nominee in
relation to the criteria for the awards.
The Master Teacher Awards were
established in 1969 by Dr. Walter Koerner, a
member of UBC's Board of Governors, as a
t, trit^feo his brother, Dr. Leon Koerner. The
awaras are designed to recognize and
encourage good teaching at UBC.
The first winner of the Master Teacher
Award was Prof. Walter Gage, now UBC's
President. Last year's winners were Prof. Sam
-,/Black, professor of art education in the
Faculty of Education, and Dr. John Hulcoop,
associate professor of English.
Prof. Larkin, in addition to being a master
teacher,   is   internationally   known   for   his
research in the field of fish populations and
fisheries management. In the past year he has
.taught two third-year courses in ecology.
He is a graduate of the University of
Saskatchewan where he received the degrees
of bachelor and master of arts. In 1946 he
was awarded the Governor-General's Gold
Medal and was named Rhodes Scholar for
Saskatchewan. He received his doctor of
philosophy degree from Oxford University in
England in 1948, the same year he was jointly
appointed as an assistant professor at UBC
and the first full-time fisheries biologist for
•the B.C. Game Commission.
In these capacities he developed a research
team which carried out imaginative research
and guided the management of the sports
fishery of the province.
*    In 1955 Dr. Larkin was appointed director
; of UBC's former Institute of Fisheries, which
came   to   be   regarded   as  one   of   the   top
graduate   institutions  in   North America for
training students in a wide variety of
problems associated with fisheries. From
1959 to 1963 Dr. Larkin was also a member
of the UBC Department of Zoology with the
rank of professor.
In 1963 Dr. Larkin resigned from the
faculty at UBC to become director of the
federal government's Fisheries Research
Board of Canada Biological Station at
Nanaimo. He rejoined the UBC faculty as
professor of zoology in 1966 and the
following year was again appointed director
of the Institute of Fisheries.
In 1969 Dr. Larkin relinquished his post as
director of the Institute, which broadened the
scope of its activities and was renamed the
Institute of Animal Resource Ecology under
the direction of Prof. Crawford S. Holling. In
1969-70 Dr. Larkin was the acting head of the
zoology department during the leave of
absence of Prof. William Hoar.
In recent years Prof. Larkin has expanded
his academic interests to include problems of
pollution and preservation of the
environment.
In 1969-70, Prof. Larkin was chairman of
the Science Council of Canada committee on
fisheries and wildlife research in Canada. He
has advocated the establishment of a federal
research and information agency to study
water pollution and is a member of a group of
scientists who are undertaking a long-range
research program on a number of ecological
reserves set aside by the B.C. government.
Dr. Floyd B. St. Clair, the other Master
Teacher named this year, is a native of Los
Angeles and a graduate of Stanford
University, where he received both his
bachelor of arts and doctor of philosophy
degrees.
He joined the UBC faculty in 1963 after
serving as a teaching assistant at Stanford
from 1956 to 1960 and as an instructor in
French at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey.
Dr. St. Clair has specialized in the teaching
of the 19th century French novel. He has also
written and broadcast exclusively on the
subject of opera for numerous magazines and
the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
Following are brief biographical notes on
Certificate of Merit winners:
• Dr. Bryan R. Clarke heads a program for
training teachers of deaf children in the
Department of Special Education in the
Faculty of Education. He joined the UBC
faculty in 1968 after a teaching career in
Australia, where he was at the Education
Centre for Deaf Children. He is a graduate of
the University of Melbourne in Australia and
Manchester University in England.
• Dr. Michael Davies is a native of Cardiff,
Wales, and a graduate of Cambridge
University in England, where he received his
bachelor of arts degree, and the University'of
Illinois, where he was awarded the degrees of
master of science and doctor of philosophy.
Dr. Davies has been teaching a basic electrical
engineering course in circuit analysis, as well
as courses in applied electronics and control
systems.
He joined the UBC faculty in 1966 after
teaching at the University of Illinois.
• Dr. David S. Lirenman, of the
Deparment of Pediatrics, is a native of
Winnipeg and a graduate of the University of
Manitoba, where he received his medical
degree and a bachelor of science degree in
1960.
He joined the UBC faculty in 1966 after
completing his training as an intern in
Winnipeg and serving as a resident at hospitals
in Boston. In 1965-66 he was a medical fellow
specialist in immunobiology in the pediatrics
department at the University of Minnesota.
In UBC's pediatrics department Dr.
Lirenman has specialized in kidney diseases in
children.
♦ Mr. Lothar J. Muenster was born in
Germany and educated at UBC, where he
received the bachelor of science degree in
1958. He was appointed a lecturer in the UBC
chemistry department in 1959. Mr. Muenster
has specialized in laboratory teaching of
organic chemistry.
♦ Dr. Moses W. Steinberg, a native of
Ottawa, has been a member of the UBC
faculty since 1949 and is widely known for
his research and writing on contemporary
English and Canadian literature. He is a
graduate of Queen's University, where he
received his bachelor and master of arts
degree and the University of Toronto, where
he was awarded his Ph.D. in 1952.
♦ Mr. Stanley Weese, a native of
Minneapolis, Minnesota, has been a member
of the UBC faculty since 1965. He is a
graduate of the University of Minnesota,
where he received his bachelor of arts degree,
and the University of Illinois, where he was
awarded the master of arts degree. In his
teaching, Mr. Weese is primarily concerned
with Department of Theatre courses in acting
and directing.
Before joining the UBC faculty he was a
teaching assistant at Stanford University and
an actor, director, scenery and costume
designer and technical director for the Actors'
Workshop of San Francisco.
To be eligible for the Master Teacher
Award, candidates must have held a full-time
teaching post at UBC for at least three years
and currently be teaching on the campus.
Candidates are appraised on the basis of their
teaching in recent years.
Those nominating UBC faculty members
were asked to submit an evaluation of the
candidates, bearing in mind the following
criteria:
♦ Having a comprehensive knowledge of
the subject,
♦ Being habitually well-prepared for class,
♦ Having enthusiasm for the subject,
♦ Having the capacity to arouse interest in
it among students,
♦ Establishing good rapport with students
both in and out of class,
♦ Encouraging student participation in
class,
♦ Setting a high standard and successfully
motivating students to try to attain such a
standard,
♦ Communicating effectively at levels
appropriate to the preparedness of the
students,
♦ Utilizing methods of evaluation of
student performance which search for
understanding of the subject rather than just
ability to memorize and,
♦ Being accessible to students outside class
hours.
Members of the selection committee were:
Prof. Robert M. Clark, UBC's Academic
Planner, chairman; Prof. Roy Daniells,
University Professor of English Language and
Literature; Prof. W.A. Webber, of the
Department of Anatomy; Dean of Women
Mrs. Helen McCrae; Dr. Kenneth McTaggart,
Department of Geology; UBC's Chancellor,
Mr. Allan McGavin; Dr. Ross Stewart,
Department of Chemistry, and UBC graduate
Mrs. Beverley Field, who with Prof. Stewart
represented the Alumni Association on the
committee.
UBC Reports/May 6, 1971/3 IS CANADA
mm
TOO MANY
SCIENTISTS
A little-known study recently released by
Canada's Science Council suggests that we
probably are. The result is that half of the
14,000 or so students graduating from
science and engineering schools in Canada
this year will not be effectively utilized.
And for science students currently
attending universities and expecting to
graduate over the next few years,
employment prospects are described as
gloomy.
3r^^Rts
Half of the 14,000 or so students graduating from
Canadian universities in science and engineering this year
will not be "effectively utilized," according to a study
prepared for the Science Council of Canada.
This figure includes graduates at the bachelor's,
master's and PhD level.
About 400 of the 1,200 to 1,500 post-graduate
students who will receive PhDs this year could be in
surplus.
Prospects for PhDs next year are bleaker. The most
optimistic prediction is that 500 of the 1,800 science
and engineering PhDs will be in surplus.
The outlook for the next few years is just as <
This is the analysis of Dr. Frank Kelly in "Pr^^Cts
for Scientists and Engineers in Canada" issued in April
by the Science Council.
Throughout the study Dr. Kelly bemoans the lack of
statistics on which to make any reasonable prediction.
The calculations he uses to arrive at his projections are
agonizing.
"For the first time in its history, Canada faces the
prospect of an abundant supply of highly trained
people," he says in the first sentence of the report.
And for the first time Canada has reached the point
where it must re-examine "some of the cause-and-effect
relationships that were established during the long
period of graduate scarcity."
When Canada's natural resource and secondary
industries entered their boom period after the Second
World War, Canada was seriously short of highly
qualified manpower.
The ratio of scientists and engineers to the totajflttk
force is an indicator of national ability, an^l^me
proportion of scientists and engineers in industry is a
clue to the level of industrial innovation.
GROWTH RATE
As the economy expanded after the Second World
War, so did the total work force. Since 1955, Dr. Kelly
says, the annual rate of growth of Canada's labor force
has exceeded that of any other sizeable Western nation.
The annual increase between 1955 and 1970 was 2.7 per
cent, almost twice that of the United States and more
than six times the rate of the United Kingdom.
To fill the gap for highly qualified manpower,
emigrants from Europe and especially the U.K. entered
the work force and money was poured into new
graduate schools so that Canada would be able to
produce its own scientists and engineers.
By about 1961 about one-quarter of Canada's
scientific and engineering manpower consisted of
postwar immigrants.
And during the past decade alone, university
enrolment and the number of university degrees granted
have tripled  to  350,000 and  60,000  respectively.  A
4/UBC Reports/May 6, 1971 whole new system of community and technical colleges
has spread across the country with a total enrolment of
about 150,000, nearly half the total university
enrolment.
During   the   years   of   rapid   expansion   in   higher
„ education, the ratio of enrolment in science and
engineering to total enrolment more than held its own,
Dr. Kelly says.
"The proportion of scientists and engineers has grown
from 1.1 per cent of the labor force in 1961 to 1.9 per
cent in 1970, an achievement paralleled by few other
co^Hfcs," he says.
^^^nment, industry and universities themselves
have provided most of the jobs for scientific manpower
leaving our universities. But the statistical information
available on where our scientists and engineers are
employed is miserable.
The   total   number   of   scientists   and   engineers   in
' Canada may be 145,000 and not more than 159,000 -
Dr. Kelly can't be sure — and there are no figures at all
on the number of technical people, graduates of the new
technical and community colleges, who may be
beginning to compete with university graduates for some
jobs.
WORK FORCE
He can account for only 15 per cent of the
guesstimated total of the Canadian scientific and
engineering work force.
Uaj^rsities employ about 9,000 scientists and
■*• enHB°- Nearly 6,000 of these have PhDs. "During the
period of rapid university growth the number of faculty
employment opportunities each year amounted to about
80 per cent of that year's PhD output. This proportion
now stands at 35 per cent or less."
One of the largest group of scientists and engineers on
' our campuses are post-doctoral fellows. They number
about 2,000 and have been increasing up until now at an
annual rate of 20 per cent.
About 7,600 scientists and engineers are employed in
640   industrial  research  and development laboratories.
Fifty companies account for 57 per cent of the total
industrial R&D personnel and spend 70 per cent of the
• $424 million total budget. About 450 companies each
*-. employ five graduates or fewer.
The number of industrial R&D labs in Canada rose
from 19 in 1955 to 63 in 1965. After a few years of a
rapid increase in numbers, no new additions occurred in
1969 and the number decreased in 1970. Few additions
can be expected in the near future. Dr. Kelly says.
Only 300 jobs may be expected to open up in these
t   labs through attrition each year in the immediate future.
About 7,500 scientists and engineers work for the
federal government and about 4,700 of these do R&D.
The federal scientific work force has remained constant
for the past two years as a result of the freeze on hiring
imposed as an anti-inflation measure by the Trudeau
government.
No data are available on the number of scientists and
engineers in industry other than R & D, or in the service
industry which accounts for two-thirds of all jobs with
the exception of agriculture in the total work force, or
in primary or secondary schools or in community or
technical colleges.
Dr. Kelly notes ironically that it is easier to make
long-range projections of the demand for highly trained
manpower than a short-term prediction.
"Information on employment prospects in the
1971-75 period is far harder to obtain," he says. "In
fact, short-term employment projections seem almost an
unpopular field of study.
"For one thing, the effects of economic perturbations
cannot be averaged out as satisfactorily as in long-range
projections .... The main difficulty is that data about
short-term demand by various employment sectors are
almost non-existent.
"There is also, of course, the consideration that
long-range projections are safer. Errors are less likely to
be remembered than are miscalculations affecting the
immediate future."
Job projections from the employment sectors are
either unavailable or inadequate, he says.
Most universities have estimated their faculty
increases up until 1980. The assumptions taken into
account in these projections "were made for want of any
accurate information on the demand for graduates in
Canada and it is unlikely that better assumptions can be
substituted at present."
No level of government in Canada, incredibly, bothers
to publish estimates of future demand for scientists and
engineers.
And industry, instead of having become expert at
projecting its highly-trained-manpower requirements
during the period of scarcity, routinely forecasts
increases that tend to follow trends rather than
anticipate them.
NO PROJECTIONS
"Canadian companies are mostly unaware that their
manpower projections play an integral part in the
nation's educational and immigration policies. As the
demand for teachers proportionately lessens in this
decade, progressively more weight will be attached to
industrial forecasts.
"Even so, few companies believe that their forecasts
should commit them to a specific course of action.
Government policies, international trade arrangements,
and in many cases parent company decisions, inevitably
overrule last year's projections."
Here are some factors that will influence the supply
of and demand for scientists and engineers in the next
few years:
The growth rate of the general labor force in Canada
is expected to increase 2.5 percent annually until 1980,
compared with 1.7 per cent for the U.S. and 0.3 per cent
for the U.K.
The proportion of 22-year-olds in the population
recently reached a new peak and won't fall back to 1968
levels until 1985. This is the age group that is most likely
to receive a bachelor's degree in any given year.
The influx of foreign scientists and engineers can be
expected to continue. Even in the worst years of the
brain drain to the U.S., Canada enjoyed a net gain of
highly qualified manpower entering the country over
those leaving.
GRADUATES LOST
"In the last decade Canada has probably lost 11,000
graduates but has gained about 24,000 for a net gain of
13,000," Dr. Kelly says.
And Canada has organized "Operation Retrieval" to
bring back Canadian scientists and engineers who have
taken jobs in the U.S.
The scientific and engineering work force seems to be
continuing to grow at 9 per cent per year, "almost four
times faster than the population."
Dr. Kelly said technology influences the policy of
modern governments more than ever before. Because it
is important to be able to respond to technological
innovations quickly, Ottawa should follow the example
of other countries and create a system of scientific
attaches.
At the moment Ottawa seems to hire scientists and
engineers for specific jobs. The result is that few
scientists and engineers are in departments without a
large technological component.
"Industry has been criticized for this failing but has
on the whole a better record than government. Scientists
are far more frequently found in plant administration,
marketing, corporate planning and in general
management than in analogous government
departments."
He also suggests that Ottawa contract out
mission-oriented research to industry and universities
rather than do it in-house.
Until now industry has felt that it should only do
research in areas that could provide a short-term profit,
he says. But many of the technological innovation
problems facing Canada today are longer-term. Their
economic and social returns are too imprecise to
industry. Contracting out research, a method used
successfully by the U.S. government in its space
program, should remove this difficulty.
UBC Reports/May 6, 1971/5 What does "Human Government" mean?
That is a commonly asked question, admits Steve
Garrod, the just-elected president of the Alma Mater
Society and leader of the human government slate which
swept the 1971 student elections.
"In a sense we just use it as a slogan, an identification
tool for people to see us all working together. In the
beginning we needed a name for the sleite," Garrod said
recently.
"Human government existed here previously with
Stan Persky when he ran the Arts Undergraduate Society
and when he ran for AMS president.* The name had for
us good connotations, and it essentially means that you
work toward the satisfaction of people's needs rather
than to ingratiate yourself into the structural forms of
society. "In other words, the eight of us who are the
executives and the rest of the human government
members on the council — about 19 out of 37 — didn't
run for career desires.
"I  didn't run  so   I  could  sit  in  this office and get
however, before Garrod was successful. He was narrowly
defeated in the first election by last year's AMS activities
coordinator Hanson Lau, even though Garrod had a
plurality of the votes on the first count of the
preferential ballot.
According to AMS rules, the president must be
elected by a simple majority. The ballot is preferential,
with voters marking as many choices as there are
candidates. If no candidate has a simple majority on the
first count of ballots, the candidate with the least
number of votes is eliminated and his second and third
choices are distributed among the remaining candidates.
This process continues until one candidate has more
than 50 per cent of the votes.
When this process was gone through on the first
election, Lau won by 227 votes. His victory was
short-lived, however. The election was challenged on the
grounds that there had been voting irregularities and the
Student Court and Students' Council voted to hold
another election.
In the second election, held five weeks after the first,
university has come to play in our society, as a holding
box where it holds people for another four or five years
until they get their degrees and go out. Then it turns out
they're in the same position they would have been in
five years before.
The human government council will try to get a study
off the ground this summer as to how many are
unemployed, what fields they are in and why they are
unemployed. Then, said Garrod, they will work to do
something about the problem.
On Canadianization of the University, Garrod said:
"The educational system we have is an important point
in retaining a Canadian identity.
"We've lost our economy, and there is a possibility
we can fight to get it back, but the only way is if we
have something left that is Canadian. And perhaps
Canadian culture, if we can find it, will be the thing that
will be the springboard to bring back a Canadian nation.
"We want to work toward making this University
Canadian. I don't want to give specifics, but there are
certain things we can do."
Next year. Students' Council will work toward
democratization of the University, Garrod said, as its
present structure is not democratic.
UBC  MICROCOSM
"We see democracy in terms that the people who live
n and work in a society should control that society.
"And our society here, the University society, is
controlled by a small, elite group of senior faculty,
administrators and businessmen and it has very little to
do with the students and faculty and staff, who are the
University."
Garrod said that, as in other things, the University is a
microcosm of society in its discrimination A^mm^
women. And fighting this will be one of S^BKts'
Council's major jobs next year.
"The   University   discriminates  against  women   in  a
ERNMENT-
WHAT DOES IT MEAN?
The 1971s/2 Stuc!ec^'^^w«^^|til|#^i ft^i^ically different from those that have governed student
affairs at IJrfeft;;J^^t*^-j^^rt%r^^C^^^i^?^^a^H^^^ap£;J= red Cawsey, a student in creative writing at DQAJA-f
\-yti0pity'~$$^ on the balcony outside his office in the SiMlm
•'~!^"-^--"-*"-*<-^i^|^^ plan tQ pUrsue jn t[ie comjng year. Photo by
important phone calls and letters from important
people; I ran because I thought the possibility existed
that the AMS could be responsive to the needs of the
students and could also play a role in the community of
Vancouver.
"And in the past, people have run on a human basis,
but for themselves. We ran essentially on a populist
program to try and help people."
Garrod says that the name human government wasn't
chosen in opposition to the slate's opponents, and it
wasn't meant to imply that the opponents are inhuman
or inhumane.
"We chose it because we thought it typified what we
are," he said.
In pragmatic political terms — getting elected, for
instance — the human government has already been
phenomenally successful.
The slate took all of the eight executive seats, the
most powerful seats on Students' Council, as well as
electing a majority on the overall Council.
The   presidential   election   had   to   3e   held   twice,
* Stan Persky, now a graduate student and teaching assistant
in the UBC Department of Philosophy, was president of the Arts
Undergraduate Society in 1967-68 and was a candidate for the
presidency of the AMS in the spring elections of 1968. After the
elections had been held, Persky's eligibility as a candidate was
challenged. The Student Court ruled that Persky was ineligible to
run for AMS president because he had not been a student at
UBC for two years, as required by the student constitution.
When the election ballots were counted it was found that Persky
had defeated his opponent, law student Brian Abraham 3,854 to
2,541 votes. In the second election for the AMS presidency,
David Zirnhelt was elected.
Garrod emerged the winner by a narrow margin of 81
votes. And in the meantime, the second slate of four
AMS executive posts has been won by human
government candidates.
On top of this, Garrod said, many of the non-human
government people elected to the rest of council are
sympathetic to human government proposals.
Basically, the human government slate ran on four
major platform points: to work on the problem of
student summer unemployment and long-term
unemployment of graduates; the Canadianization of the
University; the democratization of the University; and to
work toward an end to discrimination against women at
the University.
CHANGE  ECONOMY
Garrod said: "There might be 10,000 students from
this campus unemployed this summer, and to work with
that we obviously have to change the nature of our
economy. But we have to raise the political
consciousness of the students and other people in
society as to why they're unemployed.
"And on just basic terms, we have to find them jobs
because they aren't going to come back to school to go
more into debt."
Garrod said tiere is a large problem of graduates
unable to find jobs of any kind, let alone a job which
their degree had anything to do with getting.
"That has to do to some extent with the nature the
large number of ways. On the academic level it channels
women into certain faculties and schools like Arts,
Education, Home Economics, that sort of thing, and out
of Medicine, Engineering, Law and other professional
faculties and graduate schools.
It s because they see women as just becoming
mothers, and therefore don't want to educate them
because they are going to lose them from the job force.
"For instance, there are 24 women in the Faculty of
Law, out of 750 students. And it's not overt, it's just
hard to get in.
"And it is much harder for women in the University
to get money, research grants, scholarships, fellowships,
and particularly bursaries."
Garrod said there is also a need for vastly expanded
day care centres on campus.
"We want to work toward setting up a women's study
program — run by women — so women can start to
understand their history, their culture. Hopefully we'll
get it off the ground as an experimental program next
year, and the following year we hope to have it adopted
by the University.
Garrod said the AMS exists on two levels — on he
level of services and on a political level.
"On the level of services, the AMS is a service society
and the majority of its time and money is spent on
that," Garrod said.
"Its time and money is spent running club functions,
building the Student Union Building, running SUB,
running The L'bvssev , handling special events and
generally making the existence of students on campus
more full.
"We,     the     AMS,     satisfy     certain     things     the
6/UBC Reports/May 6, 1971 administration doesn't do and doesn't try to do because
it is concerned with other things.
"Like, there are 150 clubs, which a lot of students
belong to, and we help undergraduate societies run their
programs too."
Garrod said the difference between what the human
government is going to do and what has been done in the
past becomes especially pointed on the other level the
AMS functions on — the political level.
"We feel that past AMS people have been for
themselves or making good careers for themselves, and if
you look at where they went when they left here, they
certainly did a good job at that.
"We feel that a lot of decisions are made in this
University which affect students as people and which are
political decisions.
"The AMS must act in a political manner, and we feel
^ the political manner that people in the past have acted in
has been to guarantee their careers again.
"For five years in a row we had five former Liberal
Club presidents become AMS president. Most of them
have since left and joined the Liberal hierarchy and they
didn't do anything when they were president of the
, AMS which would jeopardize their possibilities of career
desires."
Garrod said an instance of past AMS failures to work
effectively for students could be seen in the fee marches
to the Bayshore Inn and Victoria in 1966. He said
nothing was done by the incumbent AMS until an ad
hoc committee had been formed to force them to do
* something.
He said the AMS people didn't want to go out and
march in the streets because they thought it would break
the image they were trying to create for themselves.
"We can't do anything meaningful that the students
doj^want  us to  do, but we should  be leading the
-   ll
Because the election problems dragged out so long,
the human government took office six weeks late, and
the program they want is running behind schedule too.
"We've applied for almost $100,000 from the
Opportunities for Youth program, sponsored by the
. federal government, but because they are research-action
programs designed to deal directly with students, and
because students are off somewhere else during the
summer, they're not workable right now.
"One of the things we are working on is the women's
studies program. We sent in a proposal to have people
• working through the summer so we can start off with a
women's studies program in September. This involves
researching other women's studies programs, what
facilities exist here in terms of research done, what
books have been written, what courses could be altered
and how it could be brought into the University
strucnjre.
^^Hother thing is an expanded orientation thing, just
for August and September, called the Ideal University.
We want to present at various locations on campus
conceptions of what a Utopian university would be. The
real possiblities, something Utopian which could happen.
"There is also a continuation of the publication
. committee that was working on the McClelland and
Stewart thing, they're working on setting up a
student-run or student-faculty-run publishing
organization across Canada."
Human   government  has also started a  program  to
build a day care centre behind SUB and to get organizers
in the outside community to organize to set up day
.   centres around the city.
REVITALIZE UNION
Garrod said they would also like to revitalize
somehow, in some form, a provincial student union.
"Not  necessarily  the  old   B.C.   Union  of Students
again.  But when the Canadian Union of Students was
t        killed   it  was  said it   was a  national  organization  and
education is a provincial matter, so we should only have
provincial organizations.
"So BCUS was set up and it was just a nowhere, do
nothing organization and it was probably justifiably
killed. But there are at this time in this province three
major universities and nine or 10 regional colleges, and
we should know what each of us is doing and where we
are, because we have common struggles."
Next year's Students' Council has also decided to
investigate the turmoil over tenure and promotion in the
English department. Garrod announced April 20 that the
inquiry will be headed by five students, including
himself, who will spend this summer investigating the
operations of the department, and comparing its
administration to other academic departments within
"-->.   the University.
In September, Garrod said, it is hoped that faculty,
students and administrators will be asked to testify
before the group. He said one of the main reasons for
the students' investigation is to discover whether rumors
about the internal difficulties and dismissal of various
popular professors are true.
Essential to the human government view of things is
that students ought to have more control in University
affairs.
"Students should be full and equal members in the
decision-making process at the University," Garrod said.
"Having sat on the Senate, having worked on
departmental committees and just from having been a
student here for seven years, I've come to the conclusion
that the whole structure here should be scrapped and
begun again from the beginning.
"We have a completely illogical structure at this
University, and how and why decisions are made is kept
under covers."
Garrod said a complete restructuring, especially of
the Senate and Board of Governors, must come about.
He said he would make the Senate into two senates —
one academic and one community senate. The academic
senate would be made up of students and faculty only,
each with 50 per cent representation. They would have
control over all academic aspects of the University,such
as courses offered, content of courses and academic
requirements, as well as hiring and firing teachers.
NEW SENATE
The community senate, said Garrod, would have an
equal number of representatives from three groups:
students; faculty and staff and the community.
"And those community reps would be representative
of the true community rather than representatives of the
business community as we have now.
"And our Board of Governors is beautifully locked
into the political and economic power structure of this
province, with forest industry executives, lawyers,
industry presidents, and they don't know anything
about education and they don't care."
Garrod says that businessmen aren't necessary in the
running of the University, and disagrees with those who
say faculty and students would have neither the time nor
the scope of vision to run the University's affairs.
"It seems ironical to me when people who are
presidents of companies downtown, who one would
imagine would be working very hard at that, and also are
in many other activities such as clubs and political
parties and having two to three months holidays a year
— it seems to me they would have a harder time to finds
the time than we would, and if they can find the time,
I'm sure the rest of us can find the time."
Garrod said his Council doesn't see its scope limited
only to university affairs. Students should also
participate in political and social activities off-campus,
he said.
He sees students as having an important role in things
such as the Four Seasons Hotel conflict, the real estate
development at Jericho and the new anti-pollution
movement.
Those are the ideals, and Garrod says he'd be the first
to admit that society isn't likely to change in the present
human government's one-year term of office. But, as he
says, that doesn't mean you give up trying.
Students can't effect change alone in society, and
Garrod said they must build alliances with other groups,
with the working class, poor people on welfare, with
trade unions and with professionals, such as the B.C.
Teachers Federation, who see themselves as a new
working class.
And to make sure the human government is fulfilling
the students' expectations of it, they are going to
hold a referendum about the end of October, said
Garrod, to ask students to review their work and either
give them a mandate to go on or kick them out of office.
"It's going to be apparent at that time whether or not
we're going to get anything done during the year, and if
we're not doing anything for the students, then they
should pull us out. What we decided to do is show our
commitment to having the people making decisions on
this campus."
And that basically is what human government is.
Garrod stressed during an interview that he is only one
of eight on the executive of the Students' Council, and
that each individual has his or her own views. But in the
issues they consider important, they are a unified front,
he said.
Garrod himself is a graduate student in Anthropology
and is currently living in a communal house in
Vancouver as he has done for the past several years. At
the age of 23, he has been a student at UBC for seven
years, active in political affairs since his first year here.
Born   in  North   Vancouver,  Garrod  is the son  of a
transportation consultant (his father retired last year
after 36 years with CP Rail), and his mother is a former
Alberta school teacher.
After spending his first eight years of life in North
Vancouver, he moved to the United States with his
family and lived near Chicago for six-and-a-half years.
Then his family moved back to West Vancouver where
he did his last three years of high school in two years on
an accelerated program.
Then his parents bought a house in North Vancouver,
and Steve moved to Vancouver to live in a communal
house. He says living in a communal house is the only
reasonable way for him to live right now.
"I think living with other people and sharing your life
with their lives is a much fuller and more satisfying
experience than just living on your own either as a single
person or as a couple."
Garrod says he's been involved in all facets of the
youth culture. He says he became a hippie and grew his
hair long — which it still is — in 1965, before hippies
became known as hippies.
"I used drugs, I managed a rock and roll band which
folded shortly after I started managing them and I
worked in the underground press."
A Marxist, as he describes himself, Garrod got
involved with the Student Committee on Cuban Affairs
when he first came to campus, and has been involved in
some sort of political activity ever since.
Of his political philosophy, Garrod says: "I'd say I'm
a Marxist — not a Leninist. I'd also say I'm a Marxist
who also tries to be an anarchist.
"I'm a Marxist when I think about this society, and
I'm an anarchist when I think about our Utopian
possibilities. The possibility of total human liberation
exists, and if we were totally liberated we'd be free
from repressive and oppressive structures, sexual
structures, political, economic and cultural structures."
Also in his first year at UBC Garrod joined the
Nuclear Disarmament Club and was involved in planning
demonstrations that year at Comox. The following year
he became involved with the Anti-Vietnam Day
demonstrations. He helped plan the first be-in in
Vancouver and in the fall of 1965 worked on a
committee set up to get marijuana legalized.
He was one of the 114 arrested in October, 1968,
when Simon Fraser University students occupied the
administration building. In 1969 he also set up the
Anthropology and Sociology Union, which was a
departmental union at UBC of graduate and
undergraduate students to try to work for parity in the
department.
He was also involved in Students for a Democratic
University (SDU) and was editor for one year of the Arts
Undergraduate Society newspaper.
ASKED TO RUN
Last fall he became the graduate student
representative on the Senate by acclamation. And
something else happened last fall which led, finally, to
the human government victory in elections this spring.
"The left caucus was having meetings on Wednesday
afternoons, but I had a class then, so I didn't know what
they were doing and it didn't seem like they were doing
much anyway.
"There's a comic statement that's made about the left
on campus — and it's true — that we couldn't organize
our way out of a paper bag if we wanted to.
"Yet after one council meeting, some members of the
left went to the Pit and got quite drunk and started
writing 10-point principles about what government
should be based on here.
"And they called me up and asked me if I would
consider running for an office, and I said I'd meet with
them and talk, because I wasn't planning to return to
campus next year. I was going to write my thesis this
summer and take off somewhere.
"Then I said I'd run for president when they asked
me. I would have preferred a woman to run, it's just that
none of the women on our slate was eligible for the
presidential office.
"Our campaign was short. We had one leaflet in the
residences on the weekend before the election and got
our posters out Sunday night and Monday morning.
"So essentially we only campaigned for two days, and
everyone won but me, and I had a plurality of the votes
and lost on the preferential balloting."
Hanson Lau won that first election by a count of
2,795 to 2,568, with 5,363 students voting. In the
re-election, Garrod won by 81 votes, with 4,921
students voting.
Garrod said he was surprised at the human
government slate's success, and couldn't offer any
reasons for it. It is time now to try to implement the
programs the students voted for, he said.
UBC Reports/May 6, 1971/7 Education Is Better
The Second Time Around
More than 1,000 mature women are currently enrolled at UBC. To help them adjust to life on a contemporary university campus, the Dean
of Women's office has formed an organization called CUE, an acronym for Continuing University Education. In the article on these pages,
free-lance writer Rosemary Neering describes the problems faced by mature women when they decide to return to University and the efforts
being made to assist them.
By Rosemary Neering
According to an old song, love is better the
second time around. Now a growing
number of mature women are beginning to say the same thing about
education.
Mature women — defined as those over 25 — make
up a significant portion of the adults who refuse to
confine their campus visits to the graduation of their
offspring. Instead, they have joined the student body,
and a majority report the experience is most
worthwhile.
Enrolment figures for mature women attending
UBC speak for themselves. Three years ago, 700 were
enlisted in the daytime student ranks. In the last
winter session, their numbers had swelled to 1,100.
Their return to campus is not an isolated
development. It's a direct result of the increasing
emancipation of women that sees them freer to make
a choice about how to spend their time. And it's
connected with an increasing concern in the
University with continuing and community education
that has engendered a climate of acceptance of the
mature student and positive help and counselling for
her.
The number of women who are returning to
campus after years away working or raising a family
also reflects the decision of many women that they
require additional intellectual stimulation, and their
realization that the University can provide that
stimulation.
Their motives for returning to campus are
many and complex. Some, recently widowed
or divorced, need the professional skills the
university can impart. Others, less impelled
by financial considerations, have decided
they need to supplement the roles of wife
and mother. Still others, their children now in school
or grown-up, want to return to the intellectual or
working world in a challenging position.
Whatever their reasons, their path is not
particularly easy; they have some formidable hurdles
to clear both before and after they reach the campus.
They must be sure of their families' moral support.
They must make some arrangement for financing
tuition, books and, if necessary, housekeeping
assistance. And if there are still young children at
home, they must arrange for reliable day care.
Once they arrive on campus, mature women must
adjust to long-neglected study habits, and
occasionally they run into negative public or
professorial attitudes. There's the pressing problem of
time for both student and home life, and that of
adjusting to an environment altogether different from
the one in which they spent the preceding years.
Yet they do return. And the one thing that strikes
the listener is their intense enthusiasm for the
academic experience.
Linda Williams is 32, the mother of three children.
She entered her third year in the Faculty of
Education last fall. Her last educational experience
was a year's teacher training in Ontario, immediately
after high school. She talks about her decision to
return to university:
"I   went   through  all   the  PTA  groups and  the
8/UBC Reports/May 6, 1971
#
MRS. RENIA PEREL
church groups. I was a stereotyped mother for years.
Suddenly, I just wanted to be among people who
were thinking and talking and discussing things."
Audrey Down is single, a reporter for a daily
newspaper, in fourth-year arts. She won't make more
money at her job if she has a degree; there were other
more compelling reasons for her decision to attempt
university courses: "I was undereducated, especially
in things like polttics. When the conversation started
getting detailed, I would stop thinking about it. I
couldn't talk about things."
At first, she said, she thought about taking a year
out to read. "But then I thought that no one would
know if I didn't do anything. I didn't want to take
night courses; I knew I'd just slough them off, treat
them as a hobby. So I took first year. Then I found I
was getting something out of it, more than I had
expected to. So I came back for a second year, and
I'm still coming back. And I'm getting more out of it
now that I would have had I come straight from high
school. Coming out of high school, I would have gone
to university for the degree, not for the education.
Now I've done a lot of travelling; maybe I did it
backwards, but my courses (political science and
international relations) are relevant to me now."
The enthusiasm is there, but the path is difficult.
Mature students returning to campus face problems
younger students do not encounter. The most crucial
is time — time for studies, time for family, time for
housekeeping, time for social life. There is the
problem of adjustment to an environment where your
peers may be up to 30 years younger than you. There
is adjustment to the type of thought and stud
necessary at university. And there are numerous oth
financial, philosophical and psychological problems
that face the mature woman student returning to
university.
It was problems like these that led the Dean of
Women's office to create an opportunity for mature
women to meet one another. Dean of Women Helen
McCrae and her assistants began to work out a
program called CUE — Continuing University
Education.
"I've always been interested in women returning
to university, probably because I did it myself," says
Dean McCrae. "I realized many of them felt as unsure
of themselves as any freshette straight from high
school. After years at home, they're not so sure of
what they can or can't do. We didn't want to
segregate them, but these women have so many other
life roles that they don't have time to search out
friends. And they can help others; they can act ajfl^k
interpreters for those who want to come back, buf^^
aren't sure how."
<Pl UE began in the fall of 1967 with three
informal luncheons at Cecil Green Park. From
these luncheons came a core group whose first
task was the writing of a brief to be presented
tad to the Royal Commission on the Status of
^^ Women. Doris Morris, 42, who received her
master of science degree last spring, was a member of
that first group.
"I really did feel the need for CUE," she recalls. "I
was petrified. I had taken one course in summer
school, but with one course, you don't really get
involved. I was quite doubtful about coming back. I
was interested, yes, but I didn't feel it was quite the
right thing to do. I sort of forced myself to come
back, and then this came up right away. I'd never run
into any older women students before — I was the
only one in Agriculture — and it was quite a relief."
The major recommendations of the CUE brief
serve as a check list of the problems mature women
encounter. Noteworthy were the concern for day
care, for more and better-paying part-time jobs, for
educational and employment counselling for women,
for tax-deductible housekeeper expenses, for financial
aid    for     part-time    students    and    for    active
encouragement for women to return to university.
As the brief noted, day care is one of the major
issues   for   mothers  of  young  children  when   they
return to university. Emily Campbell, 50, with three
grown-up children, graduated with a master of social
work  degree  a year ago,  and  immediately became
involved with helping to establish a day care center
on  campus,   a  joint project of the Department of
Health   Care  and   Epidemiology   in   the   Faculty of
Medicine and the Faculty of Education.
She outlines the problem of the student-mother:
"The two greatest needs are for day care for very
young  children  and   for  emergency  care.   Children
-~A ggps*"*"*'"'**"'
MRS. PEG WEAVER
MRS. LINDA WILLIAMS
DEAN HELEN McCRAE
MRS. FLORENCE NICHOLSON
peoi
under the age of three aren't allowed to be in group
care, yet some women must return to university when
their children are still very young. They usually make
do with a relative or a neighbour, but it's not the best
situation. And there's really no provision for
emergencies, no matter what the age; what do you do
jf^your child gets sick and should stay at home but
have to go to classes? It's not so bad for the
eople who live on campus; they have a co-operative
arrangement. But for people off-campus, it's very
difficult."
For children older than three, the problem is not
finding a day care center, but finding a good center at
a reasonable cost. "Day care is one of the major
problems a mother returning to university faces,"
says Mrs. Campbell. "If she's happy about the care
her child is receiving, she is able to do much better in
her studies."
It's for this reason that many women postpone
their return to university until their children
reach school age. But whenever they take the
step, the return is rarely easy. Time is the
difficulty — time that won't expand to
encompass classes, studies, travelling to and
from campus, preparing food, keeping house, playing
with the children, social life. A typical day for a
married women student begins early and ends late.
"Sometimes I'd stay up all night to do a paper,
and go out in the morning with it," says Renia Perel,
39, the mother of a 12-year-old daughter. "By 2:30
the next afternoon, I'd be ready to collapse. I'd beg a
ride home with someone who was leaving early. Once
home, I'd go to sleep until my husband and daughter
arrived home and it was time to make supper." Mrs.
Perel went through six years of qualifying and
University work; she graduated with her BA in
Russian, with first-class honors, in the spring of 1969.
It's this press of time that convinces Dean McCrae
that a married woman must have support at home if
she is to return to university successfully. "If the
home isn't looked after, if the children aren't well
cared for, it's an impossible situation," she says. "If
the family — particularly the husband — aren't behind
a woman's return to university, it could put added
stress on the marriage. If the husband doesn't see any
point  in  his wife's return to university, it is very
difficult for all concerned."
The time problem forces some sacrifices and,
say most married students, social life is the
first to go. "I'm fortunate — my husband
doesn't like too much social life," says Peg
Weaver, 45, a student in special education.
"If he did, life would be very difficult. A
friend of mine tried it out here for a year, but her
husband loved his social life; he's an executive and
they have to give a lot of parties. She had to give up
university."
For the single girl, the time element is not so
crucial. Usually she is on a leave of absence from
work or taking a few years out to get an education.
For her, and for the others, though, there is the
problem of adjusting to the University. For Audrey
Down, the major problem was the switch from
practice to theory.
"I'd take an economics course," she says, "and the
balance in an example would be several thousand
dollars out. I'd point it out, but the professor would
say it was the theory that counted. Now I've worked
in a bank, and I know that if the balance is out by
one cent, there's a panic.
"For the first year, things were very difficult that
way. I overcame it to some extent by working one
night a week. I'd think, 'Here I am, back in reality.'
But I no longer feel the University is so unreal;
courses are beginning to seem relevant."
For some, the seminars are difficult, the speaking
out in a room full of strangers. And the age difference
between the mature woman student and her
classmates sometimes presents problems." For the
first few weeks on campus," recalls Linda Williams, "I
was afraid to go into the cafeteria. I'd be starving at
lunch hour, but there'd be a big lineup, and I'd be too
scared to join it. I thought I was so much older than
they were. It took me three or four months to feel at
home."
"I remember the very first day out here," says
Florence Nicholson, 42, now in third-year Education.
"We had to fill out forms explaining why we chose
education for our field, and at the top were spaces for
your name and age. I glanced over at the girl next to
me, and she put down 17. I was just completely
demoralised. Here you are, I thought, old enough to
be her mother and just starting University."
To make them feel more at home on campus and
to help them realize they weren't alone, the Mildred
Brock Room in Brock Hall was set aside for mature
women students. It quickly became a haven to them.
"I like young people," says Mrs. Nicholson, "But
sometimes it's a relief to be among people my own
age."
It was here that CUE held its Open House last
spring. "They manned a reception center on a
volunteer basis," says Dean McCrae, "acted as
counsellors, and gave reassurance to potential
students. CUE is really an informal organization of
women to give support and encouragement to
students who are re-entering the educational stream.
It provides for a channel of information and
interpretation of the opportunities that are
available."
| UE is not intended to set mature students
roff from the rest of the campus. "We would be
the last to suggest that students be forced into
kany particular pattern," says Margaret
J Frederickson, assistant to the Dean of
Women, "and most students would not
allow this to happen in any case. CUE and the
Mildred Brock Room are simply two of the resources
available to students who want or need them, and
there are clear signs that many women have found
them helpful."
The Dean of Women's office is also concerned
with other problems that the mature woman student
faces. "Some students do encounter resistance from
faculty members and others on their return to
University," says Miss Frederickson. "The usual
question is, 'What are you doing here? Why aren't
you at home?' For someone who has planned and
worked hard for the opportunity to come to
University and often for someone who wonders
herself whether she is depriving a younger person of a
chance to come, the moment can be a difficult one.
"Maybe the question is a fair one, but I wish it
could wait until the student had had a chance to
settle in and get over that initial anxiety."
Please turn to Page Eleven
See CUE
UBC Reports/May 6, 1971/9 UBC NEWS
BRIEF
A COLUMN FOR UBC GRADUATES
ROUNDING UP THE TOP NEWS ITEMS OF
RECENT WEEKS. THE MATERIAL BELOW
APPEARED IN MORE EXTENDED FORM IN
CAMPUS EDITIONS OF 'UBC REPORTS.'
READERS WHO WISH COPIES OF CAMPUS
EDITIONS CAN OBTAIN THEM BY WRITING TO
THE INFORMATION OFFICE, UBC, VANCOUVER
8, B.C.
RESIDENCE   NAMED
UBC's new co-educational residence development,
now under construction adjacent to the Student
Union Building, has been named for President Walter
H. Gage to mark the president's 50 years of
association with UBC as a student and faculty
member.
The first stage of the development, to cost
$5,516,000, will house 778 senior men and women
students in two 16-storey towers. Each floor of the
towers will be divided into four self-contained
quadrants. Each will be occupied by a group of six
men or six women students.
Stage two of the project — a third residence tower,
two low-rise structures containing housekeeping units
and completion of the interior of the common block
included in the first stage — will begin when funds are
allocated by Central Mortgage and Housing
Corporation, which has provided the bulk of the
funds to build the development.
The loans from CMHC and the Bank of Montreal
will be repaid out of rents and other services charged
to students living in the complex, in keeping with the
Board of Governors' policy of providing housing on a
non-profit, self-liquidating basis.
DEAN  RESIGNS
Dean George F. Curtis, head of the Faculty of Law
since it was established at UBC in 1945, will resign as
dean on June 30.
He will be succeeded as dean on July 1 by Prof.
Albert McClean, 35, who was first appointed to the
UBC faculty in 1960.
Dean Curtis, who will remain a member of the
Faculty of Law with the rank of professor, will be on
leave of absence in the coming academic year at the
Institute for Advanced Legal Studies at the University
of London, where he will be a visiting research
professor of law.
Prof. McClean, who succeeds Dean Curtis, is an
expert on trust law, real property and comparative
law. He has done a number of major studies in the
field of trusts and in 1970 was given a $10,000 grant
to undertake a study of the law of family property.
He  has also  prepared a  major study of the law of
property for the Alberta Law Commission.
Another of UBC's top academic administrators,
Dean Vladimir Okulitch, a UBC faculty member since
1944 and dean of the Faculty of Science for the past
seven years, reaches his retirement age on June 30.
Dean Okulitch, wno took his bachelor and master
of arts degrees at UBC in the early 1930s, is widely
known for his work in the fields of geology and
paleontology, the study of fossil plants and animals.
His geological work was concentrated on the earliest
life of the Cambrian period and the structure and
stratigraphy of the Rockies and the Selkirk
Mountains.
UBC's Board of Governors has also approved the
appointment of new directors for the Institutes of
Asian and Slavonic Research and International
Relations.
Dr. Barrie M. Morrison, 40, associate professor of
Asian studies, is the new director of the Institute of
Asian and Slavonic Research and Dr. Mark W. Zacher,
33, associate professor of economics, has been named
director of the Institute of International Relations.
(Edition of April 8, 1971).
* * #
HIGH HONOR
Prof. J. Lewis Robinson, of UBC's Department of
Geography, has been awarded the 1971 Massey
Medal, the highest honor of the Royal Canadian
Geographical Society.
The medal was presented to Prof. Robinson by
Canada's Governor-General, the Hon. Roland
Michener, at a March 29 ceremony at Government
House in Ottawa.
Prof. Robinson's career as a professional
geographer, prolific author and teacher spans 28 years
and began in 1943 when he became the first
professional geographer to be employed by the
federal government He joined the UBC faculty in
1946 and in 1959 he resigned as head of the
department to devote more time to teaching and
research.
In the past 28 years Prof. Robinson has written a
total of 108 items, including seven books, 32
professional articles for geographical periodicals and
33 authoritative articles on Canada for various
encyclopedias. (Edition of April 8, 1971).
GIFT TO   UBC
More than 170 tons of steel girders which once
formed the framework of one of Expo 70's most
popular pavilions in Osaka, Japan, are now in storage
on the UBC campus, awaiting possible re-erection as a
campus Asian Studies centre.
The girders are a gift from the people of Japan to
the people of B.C. and originally framed the Sanyo
Electric Co.'s pavilion at Expo 70.
Mr. Alan Campney, president of the Canada-Japan
Society, has agreed to chair a fund-raising committee
which hopes to raise an estimated $1.6 million to
re-create the building at UBC.
The unique construction and nature of some of
the other components of the building made it
impossible to dismantle and reconstruct it entirely
from its original components.
The   building,   if   reconstructed,   would   provide
space for UBC's 180,000-volume Asian studies library
and accommodate other academic, cultural and social
activities. (Edition of April 8, 1971).
PROF. JOYCE HALLAMORE DIES
Professor Emerita Joyce Hallamore, whose
career as a UBC student and teacher spanned 43
years, including 20 years as head of the
Department of German, died April 3 at the age of
68.
Prof. Hallamore's career as a student began in
1921 in the "Fairview shacks," UBC's first campus
in the shadow of the Vancouver General Hospital.
She was awarded the degree of bachelor of arts
in 1925 and the following year earned her master
of arts degree. She was appointed an instructor in
German at UBC in 1928.
From 1931 to 1933 she carried out additional
graduate work at the University of Munich, where
she was awarded the degree of doctor of
philosophy. She then returned to UBC to resume
her teaching career, which ended in 1968 when she
retired as head of the German department.
In the 20 years during which Prof. Hallamore
headed the German department, its student
enrolment more than doubled to 1,100, a doctor
of philosophy degree program was introduced and
emphasis was placed on strengthening the senior
undergraduate and graduate programs.
Prof. Hallamore's special interest was German
literature, particularly that of the 19th century.
She held executive posts in a number of
professional organizations and was a former
president of the Pacific Northwest branch of the
American Association of Teachers of German. She
was on the executive of the Canadian Association
of University Teachers of German for two years.
Prof. Hallamore was a highly regarded teacher
who was honored on her retirement by the
publication of separate books of essays on German
literature by faculty members and graduate
students in the German department.
Even after her retirement Prof. Hallamore
remained active. Sne pursued studies in theatre
and music, recorded German literature on tapes
for the Crane Memorial Library for blind students
at UBC and did volunteer work for the
handicapped.
OPEN HOUSE
AT FOREST
As part of its fiftieth anniversary this year,
the University of B.C.'s Faculty of Forestry is
holding an open house at its 20-square-mtle
research forest near Haney on Saturday, May
15.
Rain or shine the forest will open at 9 a.m.
and close at dusk.
Two marquees will be set up at the entrance
to the forest with models of the forest and
activity displays so that visitors can orientate
themselves.
Three trails dealing with forest management,
ecology and research have been blazed through
the forest. A post at the beginning of each trail
will tell visitors the time required to travel
them. Professors and third-year forestry
students, spending the month of May at the
research forest as part of their training, will
explain demonstrations and answer questions.
The management trail will show visitors a
sequence of logging operations in a stand of
virgin, mature timber, including timber falling,
log yarding, log loading and slash clearing.
Visitors on the trail will pass through virgin
timber and plantations planted by man to see
the tremendous difference between the two.
Visitors on the ecology trail will be shown
the inter-relation between weather, soil
conditions, vegetation and animal life in the
forest; Projects on the research trait will include
tree genetics, plantation thinning, tree
mechanics and the cycling of nutrients.
Each visitor leaving the research forest will
be given a seedling grown from the Tree of
Hippocrates on the Greek island of Kos.
Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, is
believed to have taught under the tree - a plane
or sycamore tree - more than 2,000 years ago.
To get to the research forest turn north onto
224th Street from the Lougheed Highway in
Haney, turn east onto 120th Avenue (Dewdney
Trunk Road), north again onto 232nd Street
and then east onto Silver Valley Road which
will take you right into the forest.
Travel time from Vancouver is about one
hour. Old clothes would be advisable.
#
Princess Anne
Visits Campus
Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne will visit
the University of B.C. campus briefly May 7 as part
of the Centennial '71 royal tour of B.C. by Her
Majesty Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip and the
Princess.
The Princess will arrive at the UBC Faculty Club at
12:10 p.m. After lunch in the Social Suite of the
Faculty Club, the Princess will leave for the John
Owen Pavilion at 1:25 p.m. to board a Canadian
Forces helicopter, which is scheduled to lift off at
1:35 p.m. for New Westminster, where the Princess
will rejoin her parents.
A total of 48 guests, including 23 students, faculty
and administrative personnel and special guests, will
attend the luncheon. An additional 12 persons,
including five students, will attend an informal
reception in the Faculty Club's Social Suite prior to
the luncheon.
Upon arrival at the Faculty Club, The Princess
Anne will be officially received by UBC's Chancellor,
Mr. Allan McGavin, and Mrs. McGavin and President
Walter H. Gage.
Princess Anne is not the first member of the Royal
family to be entertained at the Faculty Club. The
first guests to occupy the Royal Suite of the Club
shortly after it was completed in 1959 were her
parents.
Arrangements for the visit of the Princess to the
campus have been handled by UBC's director of
ceremonies, Prof. Malcolm F. McGregor.
10/UBC Reports/May 6, 1971 ARTS DEAN ISSUES STATEMENT
The following statement was issued Monday,
May 3, by Dean Douglas Kenny of the Faculty of
Arts:
"Having completed my initial investigation of
the present situation in the Department of English,
I am establishing a University-wide Review
Committee to carry out an extensive study of the
Department and of the problems which have
developed in it over the last five or six years, and
to make recommendations to me of possible
improvements in its academic and administrative
structure. As an important part of its study, the
Committee will invite submissions of information
and views from both faculty and students of the
Department. It is my hope that such a review in
depth can produce lasting solutions to some of the
difficulties which have troubled the Department in
recent years.
STEPS  TAKEN
"Since this study will naturally take some
months to carry out, I have taken steps to assist
the Department in continuing to operate
effectively during the interim period. For this
purpose I have appointed an Executive Committee
of Department members to advise and assist the
Head in administering the affairs of the
Department. -
n order that the Department should
ntribute more fully to the solution of the
problems which have faced it for so long, I have
asked them to set up a group to re-examine the
various academic functions of the Department and
to gather the views of both faculty and students
about what these functions are and should be.
"Finally, I have invited the Department to hold,
a meeting of all its members to discuss the report
of the committee set up several years ago to study
the   question   of   an   elective   Headship   in   the
%
Department. At the same time I have made it clear
that any change in the procedures for appointing
Heads at this University must of course be made
by the University as a whole and not by individual
departments. Nonetheless, I have asked for the
results of this meeting to be sent to me for my
information, since the University administration
has always been willing to consider suggestions
from students and faculty of possible
improvements in how the University is governed.
"In view of the public interest which has been
aroused by some of the recent disputes in the
English Department, I would also like to take this
opportunity to clear up a few misconceptions
which have been circulated in the press and
elsewhere. It is especially important at this
juncture that ignorance or mistaken assumptions
should not cloud the atmosphere while we are
seeking long-term solutions to these difficult
problems.
"The English Department is one of the largest
university departments in North America, with
103 faculty members and several thousand
students enrolled in its classes. With such size, it is
inevitable that its operation is extremely complex
and that there is a great variety of viewpoints
among its teaching members. Playing the
important role it does in providing students with a
good university education, the Department must
be especially concerned to maintain the highest
possible standards in both teaching and
scholarship.
"In 1969, Dr. Robert Jordan was appointed
Head of the Department. Dr. Jordan had
previously taught in the Department from 1958 to
1963 and was well-known to many Department
members. Before the final decision on his
appointment was made, the President's Selection
Committee canvassed the members of the
Department, who indicated virtually unanimous
approval of Dr. Jordan's appointment as Head.
When  he accepted  the position,  Dr. Jordan was
given the responsibility of maintaining and
improving the standards of both teaching and
scholarship in the Department, a responsibility he
has worked with energy and dedication to carry
out.
STRESS EXCELLENCE
"That there have been disagreements on
academic matters is not surprising in a university
department of more than 100 members. Some of
these differences have centred on decisions about
promotion or tenure. For the sake of accuracy, it
should be made clear that, contrary to some
information previously given to the press, Dr.
Jordan as Head of a Department does not have the
power to make unilateral or final decisions on
promotion or tenure. The Head of a Department,
always acting with the advice of senior colleagues,
can only make recommendations. These
recommendations must then be reviewed and
approved by higher committees outside the
Department.
"In last year's contentious tenure cases, for
example, Dr. Jordan's recommendations were
consistent with the advice of the appropriate
departmental committee. Moreover, during the
period of Dr. Jordan's Headship, the Department
has continued to apply standards normal to
Canadian universities and to lay stress upon
excellence in teaching as well as scholarship.
"Finally, the present difficulties should not be
allowed to obscure the fact that the Department
of English remains an excellent department with
an outstanding record in both teaching and
research. The primary purpose of the steps now
being undertaken is to improve still further the
ways in which the Department's many-faceted
excellence can be of benefit to the students of this
University."
CENTRE PLANS VISIT TO CHINA
UBC's Center for Continuing Education has
received permission from the Chinese authorities to
conduct an educational-travel program to the People's
Republic of China this summer.
^^The first group of 20 is expected to visit mainland
^^B~ia in August. UBC has applied for permission to
send a second group of 20 to the People's Republic
and approval is expected soon.
More than 350 persons applied to be members of
the tour group after UBC announced in April that it
had received permission to organize the tour. An
official in the Center for Continuing Education said
80 persons had signed up for the tour and a total of
40 would be selected to make the journey.
Participants will be selected with the aim of
making the group representative of a variety of
occupations and interests.
The UBC Center is co-operating with the Center
for Asian Studies at McGill, the Department of Asian
Studies at Toronto and China experts at several other
universities to reach people in other parts of Canada
who may be interested in the tours.
The itinerary will include visits to Peking, with
trips out of the city to the Ming tombs; the Great
Wall and other sites, Shanghai and its industrial
environs, Wusih, Hangchow, Canton, Nanking and
agricultural communes in the vicinity of some of
these cities.
The tours will fly CP Air via Tokyo to Hong Kong
and on to Canton by train.
Participants   will   attend   orientation   sessions  at
UBC on Chinese culture and people, geography,
politics, industrialization and foreign trade,
governmental and legal institutions and international
and social relations.
The Center applied for permission in the autumn
of 1970 for group travel to China.
Formation of the tours was encouraged by a team
of UBC specialists on China brought together by the
Center in January, 1970, to promote a China Studies
Program.
CUE
■ ■■^4fc Volume 17, No. 9 - May 6,
11111" 1971 Published by the
M MM M M M University of British Columbia
MFmW^Mw anrj distributed free. UBC
REPORTS Reports appears on Thursdays
during the University's winter session. J.A.
Banham, Editor. Linda Adams, Production
Supervisor. Letters to the Editor should be sent
to Information Services, Main Mall North
Administration Building, UBC, Vancouver 8,
B.C.
Continued fro111 Page Nhie
Miss Frederickson suggests a case can definitely be
made for the admission of mature students even in
the face of increasing numbers of young students
asking for admission to the University.
"Most adult students have a real desire to learn
and a fund of experience which makes their learning
mean much more to them. Their academic records are
often very good. Even when they have come to enrich
themselves, most mature women are anxious to get
first-class marks, partly to satisfy themselves but
usually to show their families they have what it takes.
Some of the women have waited a long time for their
chance to continue their education. Many gave up
their plans to study immediately after the Second
World War in order to earn money while their
husbands entered the universities."
But, she warns, the mature woman should take a
careful look at the University and her own future in
it. "An older woman who plans to enter professional
work should be realistic about her chances of
acceptance into a professional faculty and afterward
into the profession itself. Chances are, she may be
discouraged from going ahead, particularly if she is in
her 40's or beyond.
"Chances are, too, that she will choose to ignore
the advice, hoping she will be good enough to make
the grade, both in the course and in the profession.
But she should at least be aware of the risk and know
what she is taking on. Maybe the very qualities that
make her persevere ancl persist are the qualities that
will make her a valuable addition to the profession
which she has chosen."
Miss Frederickson suggests that it would be
interesting   to   find   out  what   has   become  of   the
mature women who have completed their studies and
left the University, and to talk to those who had to
leave before completing their planned studies. This
year, she is on a year's leave of absence from her job,
returning to university work to seek answers to
several questions she has about mature students.
Most mature students who are able to stay with
their University studies report the experience is
worthwhile. They point to a renewed intellectual
sense, a deeper understanding of people and of
themselves, and a new feeling of personal worth as
the most positive aspects of their continuing
education.
"If a mature woman is really committed to
education, she usually finds it a very worthwhile
experience," says Dean McCrae. "It takes a great deal
of stamina, both physical and emotional, and a lot of
organization. Most of the mature students who stay,
do well; they work hard and they have a tremendous
emotional investment in their course."
She suggests the trend toward increasing numbers
of mature students should not be evaluated in strictly
monetary terms.
"if a woman in her 60's comes back, perhaps it is
not practical in dollars-and-cents terms as far as her
earning power is concerned. However, it is true
education and as such has tremendous potential for
the individual and for society.
"One could also say it's good for the mental health
of both. It's certainly cheaper - and better — than
providing more and more nursing and boarding homes
for those people who have no interest left in life.
"I can see nothing but good arising from
continuing education. In addition to the obvious
enrichment it provides the individual and society, we
need an educated consumer public. If women become
more knowledgeable, especially in economic and
political matters, then it's all to the good."
UBC Reports/May 6, 1971/11 a^^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
contact
Big Crowd Likely for Nader
MR. RALPH NADER
Alumni Fund 71
Campaign Launched
Last year, annual donations to UBC by alumni and
other friends helped the University community to the
tune of $278,531.
The UBC Alumni Fund, now well into its 1971
campaign, hopes current donations will enable it to
do an even better job in helping the University in the
coming year. The extent of giving so far indicates that
this may well be possible.
The 1971 campaign is endeavoring to combine
information about UBC with an appeal for donations.
For example, in a brochure being distributed this
spring titled "The Age of Gage," the Alumni Fund
pays tribute to President Walter Gage and his
half-century of commitment to UBC.
CHARTER FLIGHTS OPEN
The UBC Alumni Association has made
arrangements to enable alumni to participate in
charter flights to many places in the world.
All alumni, faculty and members of their families
are eligible to participate. Persons interested in
joining a charter flight are advised to contact Colin
Yorath, Kerrisdale Travel Service, 2292 West 41st
Ave., Vancouver (261-8188).
The announcement that Ralph Nader will
be the guest speaker at the UBC Alumni
Association's annual dinner has drawn
tremendous response from alumni.
More than 500 alumni have made
reservations for the dinner, which will be held
on Wednesday, May 19, in the Hotel
Vancouver. There is still, however, room for
more alumni to attend the affair, but they are
advised to reserve as soon as possible.
Nader, the noted American consumer
affairs crusader, will speak on "Environmental
Hazards: Man-Made and Man-Remedied." He
will be introduced by the Hon. Ron Basford,
federal Minister of Consumer and Corporate
Affairs and a UBC graduate.
The author of Unsafe At Any Speed, Nader
is best known for his drive to have cars made
safer. He particularly stands out in the public
mind for his much-publicized clashes with
General   Motors.   But Nader and his lawyer
Swinging Summer
For Young Alumni
The UBC Alumni Association's most popular
program — the Young Alumni Club — swung into its
summer schedule on May 6.
The club will swing all summer long on most
Thursdays from 8 p.m. to midnight in Cecil Green
Park. The program will be informal, involving
conversation, bubbly beakers of beer, music and,
occasionally, dancing.
The dates to mark on your calendar are May 13,
June 10, 17 and 24, July 8, 15, 22, and 29, and
August 5, 12, 19, and 26. On May 26 and 27 the
1971 Grad Class will hold a chicken barbecue in Cecil
Green Park starting at 5 p.m. Reservations at $2 per
person may be obtained by phoning 228—3313.
The Young Alumni Club membership is open to
recent graduates and students in their graduating
class.
colleagues, commonly known as "Nader's
Raiders," have also campaigned on many
other consumer issues, ranging from
demanding an end to the watering of orange
juice to the development of safer toys.
The annual dinner will begin with a
reception at 6 p.m. Nader will speak following
dinner and the completion of annual business,
including the election of the 1971-72 alumni
board of management.
Reservations,  at $6  per  person,   may be
obtained    by    writing    the    UBC    Alumni I
Association,    6251     N.W.     Marine    Drive,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Talks Explain
Changing UBC
#
The message of change at UBC will be carried into
B.C.'s central interior next month by two senior
academic officials.
In a series of public meetings organized and
sponsored by the UBC Alumni Association, Miss E.K.
McCann, acting director of the School of Nursing,
will speak on "Answers to the Crisis in Health Care"
and Dr. J.A.F. Gardner, dean of Forestry, will speak
on "Forestry and the Environment."
On Tuesday, May 4, they will be in Williams Lake
to address an 8 p.m. public meeting in the Travelodge
Hotel. On the following evening, Wednesday, May 5,
they will be in Quesnel to speak to a public meeting
at 8 p.m. in the Billy Barker Inn. From there, they
journey on to Prince George where at 8 p.m. on
Thursday, May 6, they will address a meeting in thj
Simon Fraser Hotel.
Earlier this spring, similar tours have seen senior
academics speak to public meetings in Castlegar,
Trail, Cranbrook, Campbell River, Alberni and
Nanaimo. It is all part of a UBC Alumni Association
program of helping to convey information about UBC
developments to the public throughout B.C.
Graduation^ Chicken -^C
Ceremonies   Barbecues
Wednesday, May 26; Thursday, May 27,
and Friday, May 28. The ceremonies
begin at 2:15 p.m. at the War
Memorial Gymnasium ... for
further information call the Ceremonies
Office, 228-2484.
Wednesday and Thursday, after the
graduation ceremonies, graduates,
relatives and friends are invited to
Cecil Green Park (6251 N.W. Marine
Drive) for a delicious chicken feast
(refreshments available) ....
reservations and tickets from the
Alumni Office, 228-3313 ($2 a person).
Graduation
Ball   ^
In the B.C. Ballroom at the Hotel
Vancouver
Friday, May 28,
from 8 p.m. . . .   Tickets, $5 a
couple, are available now at the AMS
business office in SUB.
GRADOmOH 71
12/UBC Reports/May 6, 1971

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