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UBC Reports Apr 1, 1999

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Volume 45, Number 7
April 1,1999
Find UBC Reports on the Web at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca
Megan Cross photo
Winning Wall
One ofthe more than 400 teams who signed up to Storm the Wall on the
20th anniversary of the competition struggles to conquer the crowd-
pleasing 12-foot wooden monster. The popular Intramural Sports and
Recreation five-person relay consists of swimming 11 widths of the
Aquatic Centre pool, a 450-metre sprint, a 2.8-kilometre cycle, a one-
kilometre run and finally a team-storming of the wall. Finishing first in
the student team entries were: men, Team EPO (12:31); women,
Women's Med (14:43); co-recreational, Les Rehabitants (12:55). Top
Ironpeople were Arts student Will Amos (15:23) and Forestry student
Farah Fraser (17:45). Winners in the community division were the
Guard Dogs, the men's campus patrol team, who turned in a time of
Arts dean resigns for
challenges, growth
Shirley Neuman. dean of UBC's Faculty of Arts since 1996, has announced
she is leaving the university to accept a
position as dean of the
College of Literature, Science and the Arts at the
University of Michigan.
Neuman says her decision to leave is in no way
the result of any disaffection with UBC. She says
she accepted the offer because the University of
Michigan is one of the two
best public universities in
North America.
"I did not seek this opportunity; it sought me,"
says Neuman. "I decided,
finally, to take it up because it offers challenges
and room for growth that I
believe will enable me to become much
better at this task of university leadership
and because it does so in a university —
like UBC—of great intellectual vitality and
Barry McBride, vice-president Academic and Provost, regrets Neuman's
departure and says she has shown out
standing leadership, working effectively
in support ofthe Faculty of Arts and UBC
in difficult financial times.
"I would like to thank
Shirley for her many contributions to UBC in the
three years she has been
here," says McBride. "I
congratulate her on this
significant appointment,
and I wish her every success as she takes on new
Neuman came to UBC
in 1996 from the University of Alberta where she
was chair of the English
Dept. She will leave UBC
to take up her new appointment in July.
Neuman An   advisory  search
committee to find a new
dean will be set up as soon as possible
McBride says. In the interim, McBride
will be appointing an acting dean to begin
July 1.
Page 3
Tuition fee freeze
to continue: Clark
Tuition fees will remain frozen for a
fourth year at B.C.'s post-secondary institutions.
In announcing the decision. Premier
Glen Clark said the provincial government's post-secondary education strategy for 1999-2000 also includes the creation of 2,900 new student spaces. An
additional $7.7 million will be spent on
student financial assistance.
"Our commitment to improving access to post-secondary education is part
of our goal to diversify and strengthen
B.C.'s economy," says Clark who is also
minister responsible for youth.
Ofthe new spaces, 700 will be in high-
tech programs, adding to 500 created
last year.
According to government figures, the
average undergraduate tuition in B.C. is
$2,280 compared to $3,490 in Ontario
and $3,260 in Alberta.
Increased provincial government support for student financial assistance brings
the total to $126.5 million — more than
double the figure in 1991, says Clark.
"Our commitment to maintaining the
tuition freeze, bolstering student financial assistance and creating new spaces
ensures the education people need is
available at a cost that doesn't force them
to mortgage their futures," says Andrew
Petter, minister of Advanced Education.
Training and Technology.
Clark and Petter say B.C.'s access
plan is working and that enrolment has
increased as a direct result of increased
funding and frozen fees.
Since 1991, the number of students at
B.C. post-secondary institutions has increased by 10 per cent, while in the rest
of Canada it has declined by 4.4 per cent.
In a report released last month by the
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
UBC Economics Prof. Robert Allen noted
spending on colleges and universities
has increased much more rapidly in the
1990s in B.C. than elsewhere in Canada
and enrolment has expanded.
However, in 'The Education Dividend"
Allen notes post-secondary enrolment
has not been much greater than population growth with the result that participation rates did not rise sharply.
Class sizes have also grown substantially at B.C. universities because enrolment has been increased without sig-
See FEES Page 2
In Memoriam
Evelyn Lett, 1896 -1999
A Truly Great Trekker
Evelyn Story Lett, one of UBC's first
graduates and a founding member ofthe
Alma Mater Society,
died March 26.
Together with her
future husband,
Sherwood Lett, she
created the first formal draft of the AMS
constitution which
gave women the right
to vote in student executive elections.
In 1917, her graduating year, the annual
said "as a rare specimen of a devotee to
both studies and student activities, Evelyn
should be put under
a glass case as an example for the rising
She received her Master of Arts from
UBC in 1926.
After World War II she served on a
federal government commission to study
employment problems
of women. In 1949 she
drew up a petition to
the government which
resulted in women's
residences on campus.
In 1958 the university awarded her
an honorary degree.
The UBC president
at the time, Norman
MacKenzie, said that
"her wide range of
public services reflects the humanity,
compassion and respect for learning
which have made
Evelyn Story Lett a
woman, a graduate
and a citizen whom we are proud and
happy to honour."
See LETT Page 2
Budding Brains
Researchers help high-school students get hands-on biotech experience
Wise Investment 9
Forum: More education spending is needed, says Economics Prof. Robert Allen
Love Of Learning 12
Profile: Asst. Prof. Inge Andreen helps communities educate themselves 2 UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999
Continued from Page I
nificant corollary increases in
the number of full-time faculty,
the report says.
In addition to freezing tuition
fees, Allen's report recommended
the government significantly increase educational spending in
order to achieve its stated objectives of economic development
and greater access.
See Forum Page 9
Continued from Page 1
Always active in community
organizations, she served on
the board of the YWCA and
Vancouver General Hospital,
and helped establish the Women's Auxiliary of the Salvation
Army. She was also a founding
member of the Vancouver Art
In 1996 the AMS created an
endowment to provide financial
aid for students needing child
care. The fund, the largest endowment of its kind at a Cana
dian university, was named in
honour of Lett.
She was also given a Lifetime
Achievement Award by the
Alumni Association, which she
helped found.
Last year, at age 101, she travelled to Ottawa to receive the
Order of Canada.
"My family is more excited
than me," she said. "I just want
to be presented as a good citizen of Vancouver and of
Alumnus, students, former
dean join Board of Governors
Four new members have recently joined UBC's 15-mem-
ber Board of Governors.
UBC alumnus and architect Joe Wai has been appointed to the board for a three-
year term.
Principal of Joe Y. Wai Architect, Inc., Wai designed the Dr.
Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese
Garden in Vancouver. His practice reflects his interests in social and seniors' housing as well
as community projects.
He has served on a variety of
boards, including the GVRD
Housing Advisory Committee
and the Canadian Museum of
Mark Beese, a fourth-year
Forestry  student,   has been
elected to the board for a one-
year term. Beese has served as
chair ofthe UBC Student Senate
An active member of the Alma
Mater Society (AMS) student
council, Beese has been involved
with the first-year orientation
program. Imagine UBC.
Third-year Science student
Jesse Guscott also joins the
board for a one-year term.
Guscott has served as a commissioner on the AMS Finance
Anthropology and Sociology
Prof. Patricia Marchak is appointed to the board for a three-
year term.
Marchak, a former UBC dean
of Arts, is also a faculty associate
with the Institute for Resources
and Environment at UBC.
UBC's Board of Governors
comprises the chancellor, the
president, eight persons appointed by the lieutenant-governor, two faculty members
elected by faculty, two full-time
students elected by students
and one person elected by full-
time university staff members.
Other board members are:
Chancellor William Sauder,
UBC President Martha Piper,
Chair Harold Kalke, Larry Bell,
Anatomy Prof. Joanne
Emerman, Kenneth Georgetti,
Roslyn Kunin, Guninder C.
Mumick, UBC Bookstore staff
member Ben Pong, Linda
Thorstad and Marion York.
Commercialize UBC Research Discoveries
Lead Technology Transfer Organization
Managing Director
UBC University Industry Liaison Office
Vancouver, BC
The University of British Columbia is among North American leaders
in the development and commercialization of technologies and ideas
arising from university and affiliated hospital research. In the past
year alone, the University Industry Liaison Office (UILO) received
over 100 invention disclosures, filed 95 patents, completed 19 licencing agreements, helped obtain industrial research funding of $33.8
million, and formed 7 spin-off companies.
As the new Managing Director of UILO, your mandate will include
the development and implementation of a new vision, strategy and
structure for technology transfer in order to capitalize even more
fully on the commercial potential of discoveries by UBC researchers.
Leading a highly qualified and committed team of 16, you will ensure
that the UILO continues to serve as an important link between industry and UBC's research resources and technology opportunities.
You have a successful track record in managing technology transfer
and intellectual property gained in either a business or university context, ideally both, Ybu bring outstanding leadership, interpersonal,
communication and management skills with the stature and ability to
develop productive relations with many different stakeholders. "Your
knowledge and appreciation ofthe unique culture of a university and
your understanding of the dynamics involved with the commercial
development of new advances will both be key to your success.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment
equity. UBC encourages all qualified persons to apply. In accordance
with Canadian immigration requirements, priority will be given to
Canadian citizens and permanent residents of Canada in the first
Explore this challenging opportunity by sending your resume in
confidence to Wendy Carter or Kyle Mitchell, Ray &C Berndtson/
Tanton Mitchell, Suite 710 - 1050 West Pender Street, Vancouver,
B.C., V6E 3S7, fax: (604) 6847988, e-mail: vancouver@raybern.ca
or by calling for further information (604) 685-0261.
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings,
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors:   Bruce Mason (bruce.mason@ubc.ca),
Susan Stern (susan.stern@ubc.ca),
Hilary Thomson (hilary,thomson@ubc.ca).
Calendar: Natalie Boucher (natalie.boucher@ubc.ca)
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) UBC-INFO (822-4636)
(phone), (604) 822-2684 (fax). UBC Information Une: (604) UBC-
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UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • April 1, 1999 3
Susan Stern photo
Designer Dumpsters
"We love to paint anything," say Agricultural Science students Selam
Alazar (front) and Yasmin Chir as they transform a garbage dumpster
into a work of art. The students were part of the team that won the
Spring Festival "Dumpsters in Bloom" painting contest held last week.
UBC staff and students turned out six colourful, eye-catching refuse
bins that will be placed around the campus.
Researchers, students
unite biotech forces
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
Some of the brightest young minds in
the Lower Mainland have teamed up with
UBC researchers to compete in the Con-
naught Student Biotechnology Exhibition being held April 19 at the Robson
Square Conference Centre.
"B.C. is Canada's fastest growing
biotech region," says Microbiology Prof.
Doug Kilburn, director of UBC's Biotechnology Laboratory. "We need to bring
biotech to the classroom to encourage
young people to pursue careers in this
Intended to raise awareness about biotechnology and its application in areas
such as health care, agriculture and the
environment, the exhibition has been
held annually at centres across Canada
since 1994. This is the first time there has
been an exhibition in Vancouver.
UBC faculty served as mentors for four
ofthe eight projects entered in the exhibition, representing disciplines such as
medical genetics, zoology and botany.
Francis Ouellette of the Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics (CMMT)
supervised three students from John Oliver
Secondary School in Vancouver in a
bioinformatics project comparing gene
patterns in yeast and humans.
Bioinformatics, also known as computational biology, combines biology, mathematics and computer science to understand biological data.
'These students are bright and enthusiastic," says Ouellette, who is the director of the Bioinformatics Core Facility at
CMMT. "Results from this project may
contain discoveries that would be useful
to some of our labs here."
Sir Winston Churchill Secondary
School students Helen Liu and Quinn
Peters, both in Grade 11, investigated the
mechanical properties of spider silk under the mentorship of Margo Lillie, a
research associate in the Zoology Dept.
"It was really fascinating," says Liu.
"Learning how to approach a problem is
one of the most valuable tools we discovered . Working with a researcher just opens
up your mind to what you can do."
Working at Prof. John Gosline's Biological Sciences lab, Liu and Peters tested
the silk's properties of elasticity, extensibility and strength and its reaction to
chemicals. Spider silk has potential in
industrial applications because of its ideal
balance of properties, says Liu.
"It was a thrill to be able to supervise
these students because of their youthful
enthusiasm and wealth of ideas," says
Lillie. "My challenge was slowing them
down and warning of possible pitfalls but
allowing them to make their own mistakes."
In addition to general project direction,
mentors had students carry out experiments under supervision in UBC labs and
provided critical analysis of the results.
"Researchers are key to any successful biotech community," says Theresa
McCurry, executive director of the B.C.
Biotechnology Alliance (BCBA) which is
hosting the event. "They've been very
supportive and made it easy for us to pull
these projects together."
Students will give a 10-minute presentation and respond to questions at the
event which is expected to draw 2,000
students and educators.
Winning teams will receive cash awards
of up to $2,000 — half the award goes to
the students, the other half to the school
for the purchase of scientific equipment.
Projects will be judged by Kilburn,
Assoc. Prof, of Medicine Steven Pelech,
Yves Geoffrion of the National Research
Council and Bruce Schmidt, CEO of UBC
spin-off company IGT Pharma Inc.
Faculty build teaching
skills in new program
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
Graduation comes early this year for
10 UBC faculty members who are the
first-ever class to complete the UBC Certificate Program on Teaching in Higher
"I congratulate the graduates of this
program," says UBC President Martha
Piper, who will be officiating at the graduation ceremony April 8. "They are demonstrating a commitment to enhanced student learning and to developing their
professional skills."
A pilot program ofthe Centre for Teaching and Academic Growth, which began
in 1987 to build the teaching skills of
UBC faculty and graduate students, the
certificate program is unique in Canada
because it relates strictly to faculty and
gives credit for prior learning.
"We want to build on the expertise that
we have here at UBC," says Gail Riddell,
the centre's director. "This program
invests in the peo- ■■■■■^^^^■■■b
pie who are here
now and who will
be part of this community over the
In addition to
supporting current faculty the
program will assist the hundreds
of new  faculty
members who will be hired over the next
five years, adds Riddell.
Breaking down teacher isolation was
one ofthe key benefits ofthe program for
Education AssL Prof. Tony Clarke.
"I was able to get first-hand feedback
on my practice as an educator," says
Clarke. "This was at times very humbling but more importantly extremely
The program integrates theory and
practice with 150 hours of interactive
modular workshops, discussion and
analysis, peer feedback on teaching sessions, and independent professional development activities.
Participants develop a teaching portfolio and present curriculum and teaching workshops to colleagues.
Topics are based on needs assessments done by the centre and include
adult learning theory, curriculum development, course design and assessing
student learning.
" They are demonstrating a
commitment to enhanced
student learning and to
developing their
professional skills."
— President Martha Piper
An independent learning plan takes
into account participants' prior learning.
Program participant Prof. Helen Burt
chairs the undergraduate curriculum
review committee in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
"I wanted to build my knowledge in
areas such as curricular design, strate-.
gies for assessment of learning outcomes
and methods for facilitating critical thinking and active learning," says Burt. "The
match between what I needed to learn
and the certificate program was almost
too good to be true."
Critical analysis, feedback and discussions with peers in the program were
particularly challenging and rewarding,
she adds.
Assessment is based on participation
in all elements of the program, self-reports and peer feedback and the teaching
The portfolio is reviewed with an advisory board comprising Riddell, the program's coordinator, and
t^^^^a^^^mmm^m two representatives from the
Faculty of Education. Two program graduates
will be added to
the board in May.
Participants are
given a pass or
fail grade.
"This program
ties in with a new
worldwide focus on scholarship in teaching and a Canadian project that aims to
develop national criteria for teaching accreditation," says Riddell.
New faculty in the U.K. and Australia
are required to take similar certification
in the first two years of teaching.
UBC's program has a waiting list of 75
people according to Education sessional
lecturer Harry Hubball, the program's coordinator as well as one of its new graduates.
Other graduates are: Simon Albon,
senior instructor. Pharmaceutical Sciences; Asst. Prof. Inge Andreen, Education; Alice Cassidy, lecturer. Zoology
and faculty associate, UBC Centre for
Teaching and Academic Growth; Asst.
Prof. Gary Hepburn, Education; Janice
Moshenko, lecturer. Pharmaceutical
Sciences; Marion Pearson, senior instructor. Pharmaceutical Sciences; and
Ellen Rosenberg, senior instructor,
Continued from Page 1
Government responds
to dean's resignation
From a media release distributed last
week by the Humanities and Social Sciences Federation of Canada.
In light of the recent resignation of
UBC Dean of Arts, Dr. Shirley Neuman,
the Hon. Ron Duhamel, the secretary of
state for Science, Research and Development, reaffirmed the government's
support for research in the humanities
and social sciences on Monday while
speaking in the House of Commons.
Dr. Neuman, one of Canada's leading literary scholars and the founder of
both NeWest Press and Longspoon
Press, announced her intention to resign as dean of Arts at UBC on Friday to
take up a similar position at the University of Michigan. Her resignation has
prompted wide-spread concern that federal cuts to transfers for post-secondary education and the historical
underfunding of research in the hu
manities and social sciences has left
Canadian universities unable to keep
leading Canadian scholars in Canada.
Describing Dr. Neuman's departure
as a "big loss for Canada," MP Ray
Pagtakhan asked "what is the government doing to restore funding to research
in the social sciences and humanities, a
true pillar of Canadian identity?"
Duhamel responded that "while I understand this situation has occurred, I
also recognize, as does my colleague, the
importance of social sciences and humanities research in Canada." He noted
that the government had increased the
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Budget by $7 million in
1998 and $5 million in 1999.
'This government recognizes the importance of research," he concluded.
"We have invested heavily and shall
continue to do so." 4 UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999
April 4 through April 17
Monday, April 5
Easter Monday Public Swim
UBC Aquatic Centre from l-5pm;
6-10pm. $3.50 adults; $2.75 students; $2 children/seniors. Call
Tuesday, April 6
Microbiology And
Immunology Seminar
The Gene Transfer Agent Of
Rhodobacter Capsulatus. Andrew
Lang. Wesbrook 100 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822 3308.
Botany Seminar
Summer Food-Plant Selection By
Snowshoe Hares. Pippa Secombe
Hett. BioSciences 2000 from
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Classical Archeology
Excavations At Morgantina, A
Greek City Of Ancient Sicily.
Barbara Tsakirgis, Classical
Studies, Vanderbilt U. Lasserre
104 at 12:30pm. Call 822-2889.
Australian Studies Seminar
Australian Identity Towards The
21 st Century. John Goldlust, Sociology, LaTrobe U. CK Choi 120
from 12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Nursing Lecture
A Community-Based Mental
Health Nursing Program For Rehabilitation Of Long-Term Psychiatric Patients. Susie Kim. UBC
HospT206 from 3-4pm. RSVP by
April 1. Call Janice 822 7453.
Peter Wall Institute
Complexity Seminar
Can The World Stand The Present
Interest Rates? Jose Luis Lopez-
Leautard, U of Mexico. University Centre Peter Wall Institute
small conference room at 3:30pm.
Call 822-3620.
Poetic Persuasions
Reads From Her Book Of Poems:
The Disorder Of Love. Karen
Connelly, poet. Green College at
7:30pm. Politics in Burma discussion to follow. Call 822-1878.
Wednesday, April 7
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Embolization Of Musculoskeletal
Tumours. Dr. P. Munk; Dr. T.
Marotta. VGH, Eye Care Centre
Aud. at 7am. Call 875-4192.
School Of Music Concert
UBC Asian Music Ensembles.
Alan Thrasher; Michael Tenzer,
director. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 822-5574.
Obstetrics And Gynecology
Research Seminar
Gene Therapy And Ovarian Cancer. Kyung-Chul Choi. B.C.'s
Women's Hosp. 2N35 at 2pm.
Call 875-3108.
Mechanical Engineering
Full Scale Tests Of A Wright
Brothers Replica Aircraft. Prof.
F.E.C. Culick, Applied Physics
and Jet Propulsion, CalTech.
CEME 1215 from 3:30-4:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-3770.
Geophysics Seminar
Did Outburst Drainage Of
Laurentide Proglacial Lakes
Cause The Cold Event 8200 Years
Ago? Donny Barber, U of Colorado. Geophysics/Astronomy
260 at 4pm. Call 822-4108.
Ecology, Evolution And
Biodiversity Seminar
Alternative Mating Tactics And
Reproductive Success In Male
Sockeye Salmon. DrewHoysack,
Zoology. FNSB 60 at 4:30pm. Call
Individual Interdisciplinary
Applied Research In The Modern
University. Martha Salcudean,
Mechanical Engineering. Green
College at 5pm. Call 822-1878.
Stress Workshop
Strategic Stress Management.
Brian Tucker, University Hill
United Church. VST Chancellor
Lounge at 7pm. Call 739-7279.
Cultural And Media Studies
Panel Discussion -The Arts Critic:
Role, Rights, Responsibilities?
Various speakers. Reception Green
College Coach House at 7:15pm.
Green College at 8pm. Call 822-
Thursday, April 8
Pathology Distinguished
Lecture Series
The Role Of IgE And Eosinophils
In The Pathogenesis Of Allergen-
Driven Airway Hyper-Responsiveness. Erwin Gelfand, chairman.
Pediatrics, National Jewish Medical and Research Center. VGH,
Eye Care Centre Aud. at 8am. Call
Bruce Verchere 875-2490.
School Of Music Concert
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Catherine Wong, violin soloist;
Jesse Read, director. Chan Centre
Chan Shun Concert Hall at
12:30pm. Call 822-5574.
Genetics Graduate Seminar
Invasion Of The Jumping Genes:
Can We Enslave The Migrant DNA.
Gerald Meister. Wesbrook 201 at
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Physics And Astronomy
Decoherence, Chaos And The Second Law. Wojciech Zurek, Los
Alamos. Hennings 201 at 4pm.
Refreshments Hennings 325 at
3:45pm. Call 822-2137; 822-3631.
Policy Issues In B.C. Post-
Secondary Education
Difference, Globalization And The
Internationalization Of Curriculum. Fazal Rizvi, director, Monash
Centre for Research in International Education. Green College at
4:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Friday, April 9
Pediatric Grand Rounds
From Genes To Gene Therapy:
Medicine In The Millennium. Prof.
Michael Hayden, Medical Genetics. GF Strong Aud. from 9- 10am.
Call Ruth Giesbrecht 875-2307.
Health Care And
Epidemiology Rounds
Historical Trends In Epidemiology
Of Injury And Industrial Disease
In B.C. 1950-1996. Aleck Ostry.
Mather 253 from 9-10am. Paid
parking available in Dot B. Call
Swim Meet
Canadian Dolphins Swim Club
Invitational Swim Meet And
Pentdolphinlon. UBC Aquatic Centre at 9am (preliminaries); 4pm (finals). Continues to April 11. Register with organizer. Call 822-9623.
Electrical And Computer
Engineering Seminar
Ultra-Wideband Impulse Radar
Technology. Prof. M. Hussain,
Kuwait U. MacLeod 214 from
12:30-1:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Ecology, Evolution And
Biodiversity Seminar
The 1999 Evolution Lecture: Dynamics Of Adaptation And Diver
gence During 20,000 Generations
Of Experimental Evolution Of E.
Coli. Prof. Richard Lenski, Michigan State U. FNSB 60 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-2069.
Occupational Hygiene
Does Economics Have A Place In
The Evaluation of Occupational
And Environmental Health? Robin
Hanvelt, Health Care and Epidemiology. UBC Hosp., Koerner Pavilion G-279 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-9302.
Earth And Ocean Sciences
Faults And Fluids: What Can We
Learn About Brittle Failure In The
Crust From Shallow Subsurface
Hydrology? Stu Rojstaczer, Duke
U. GeoSciences 330-A at 3pm. Call
Mathematics Colloquium
Surfaces Of Constant Mean Curvature In RJ. Prof. Daniel Pollack.
U of Washington. Math 100 at
3:30pm. Refreshments Math Annex 1115 at 3:15pm. Call 822-
Equality, Security And
Community Colloquium
Education And Social Capital.
John Helliwell, Economics. Green
College Coach House from 3:30-
5pm. Call 822-4870; 822-1878.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
A Comparative Study Of Titanium-
Containing Aluminophosphate
Molecular Sieves TAPO-5, -11, -
31, and -36. Serge Kaliaguine,
Laval U. ChemEng 206 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-3601.
Astronomy Colloquium
The Evolution OfThe ISM In Star-
Forming Galaxies. Eric Wilcots, U
of Wisconsin. Hennings 318 at
4pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm.
Call 822-2267.
School Of Music Concert
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Catherine Wong, violin soloist;
Jesse Read, director. Chan Centre
Chan Shun Concert Hall at 8pm.
Call 822-5574.
Saturday, April 10
Focus Meeting
The Aging Brain And
Neurodegeneration. M. Cynader;
J. Stoessl, D. Doudet. IRC #5 from
8am-3pm. Call 875-5470.
UBC Botanical Garden
What Plant Where. Judy Newton.
UBC Botanical Garden Reception
Centre from 9am- 12noon. $25; $22
members. To register call 822-
69th Annual Dinner
Vancouver Oxford And Cambridge
Society. Prof. John Helliwell. Green
College Great Hall at 6:30pm. Call
Spring Gala Concert
UBC Medical Students. Chan Centre Chan Shun Concert Hall at
7:30pm .$10- proceeds to Canuck
Place. Call Ticketmaster 280-3311
or for more info. 822-2697.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
How The Media Undermine Democracy. James Fallows, journalist, author, media critic. IRC #2 at
8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Sunday, April 11
Vancouver Philharmonic Orchestra, Fraser Valley Symphony. Chan
Centre Chan Shun Concert Hall at
2pm. Call Ticketmaster 280-3311
or for more info. 822-2697.
Octagon '99: A Showcase Of Eight
Celebrated Canadian Musicians.
Chan Centre Chan Shun Concert
Hall at 8pm. Call Ticketmaster
280-331 1 or for more info. 822-
Monday, April 12
Fine Arts Graduation Show
UBC Fourth Year BFA Graduation
Show. Asian Centre Aud. from
1 lam-4pm. Continues to April 26.
closed weekends. Web site: http:/
or call 822-3462.
Biochemistry And Molecular
Biology Seminar
Control Of Cell Fate Determination In Drosophila: The Roles Of
Notch And The Nemo Kinase.
Esther M. Verheyen, Biological
Sciences, SFU. IRC #4 at 3:45pm.
Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-
Astronomy Colloquium
The Next Generation Space Telescope. James Graham. U of California. Hennings 318 at 4pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-
Green College Lecture
Machines. Information And Knowledge. Prof. Alistair MacFarlane, U
of Cambridge. Green College at
7:30pm. Call 822-6291; 822-8660;
St. John's College Lecture
The Question Of Exile InThe Works
Of Nancy Huston. Valia
Spiliotopoulos. St. John's College
Fairmont Dounge at 8pm. Call 822-
Tuesday, April 13
MOA Public Program
Researching Freddie Alexi - A World
Of Discovery. Doreen Jensen.
Gitxsan artist, writer, and researcher. MOA at 7pm. Call 822-
Gil Shaham, violinist; Akira
Eguchi, piano. Chan Centre Chan
Shun Concert Hall at 8pm. Call
Ticketmaster 280-3311 or for more
info. 822-2697.
Wednesday, April 14
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Developments In Rheumatoid Fore
Foot Reconstruction. Dr. Alastair
Younger. VGH, Eye Care Centre
Aud. at 7am. Call 875-4192.
Ecology, Evolution And
Biodiversity Seminar
Antarctic Pinnipeds: Differing
Strategies For Prey Acquisition.
John Bengtson, National Marine
Mammal Laboratory. FNSB 60 at
4:30pm. Call 822-2069.
Respiratory Research
Functional Outcomes Following
LungTransplantation. Dr. Robert
Levy, Medicine. VGH, doctors'
residence, third floor conference
room from 5-6pm. Call 875-5663.
St. John's College Speaker
Forest Management In B.C. Antje
Wahl, Forestry. St. John's
Fairmont Dounge at 8pm. Call
Thursday, April 15
Health, Safety And
Environment Course
Occupational First Aid Level I.
Vancouver Fire Hall #10, 2992
Wesbrook Mall from 8:30am-
4:30pm. $90. To register call
Pamela Rydings 822-2029.
Earth And Ocean Sciences
Phanerozoic Continental Drainage And Nd Isotopes In Sedimentary Rocks Of North America.
Gerry Ross, Geology and Geophysics, U of Calgary.
GeoSciences 330-A at 12:30pm.
Call 822-3278.
Medieval And Renaissance
Medieval And Renaissance
Apocalyptic Panel Discussion.
Various speakers. Green College
at 4:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Agricultural Sciences
Threats To Marine Ecosystems
Worldwide (And Solutions To The
Problem). Tundi Agardy, senior
director, Coastal Marine Conservation Program, Conservation International. Chan Centre Royal
Bank Cinema at 8pm. Call 822-
Friday, April 16
Health Care And
Epidemiology Rounds
Tale Of Three Cities: Contrasting
Patterns Of Respiratory-Related
Diseases In Mexico City, Vancouver And Prague. Robert Hogg;
various speakers. Mather 253
from 9-10am. Paid parking available in Lot B. Call 822-2772.
Pediatric Grand Rounds
Hello Dolly: The Implications Of
Cloning. Dr. Patricia Baird, Canadian Institute For Advanced
Research. GF Strong Aud. from
9-10am. Call Ruth Giesbrecht
The UBC Beports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available
fiximtheUBCPubJicAffairsC^aee, 310-6251 CecttGreen
Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T IZl. Rhone: UBC-INFO
(822-4636). Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form ts available at http://www.pubHcaflfelrs.ubc.ca. Please limit to
35 words. Submissions lor the Calendar's Nonces section
may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the April 15 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period April 18 to May 1 — is noon.
April 6. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999 5
April 4 through April 17
Brandenburg Concert] 1-6. Vancouver Symphony Orchestra In
Concert. Chan Centre Chan
Shun Concert Hall 8pm. Call
Ticketmaster 280-3311 or for
more info 822-2697.
Saturday, April 17
Art Exhibit
Genevieve Cadicux. Morris and
Helen Belkin Art Gallery from
10am-5pm. Continues to June
13, Tues.-Fri. 10am-5pm: Sat.-
Sun. 12noon-5pm. $2 adults; $1
seniors; free for students. UBC
faculty, staff. Web site: http://
www.belkin-gallery.ubc.ca or call
MOA Exhibit Opening
Nunavutmiutanik Elisasiniq - A
Tribute to the People of Nunavut.
MOA at 7pm. Exhibit continues
to Sept. 9. Free to UBC students.
staff, faculty. Web site: Http://
www.moa.ubc.ea or 822-5910*
Brandenburg Concerti 1-6. Vancouver Symphony Orchestra.
Chan Centre Chan Shun Concert Hall 8pm. Call Ticketmaster
280-3311 or for more info 822-
noon, April 6
UBC Food Services Exam
Effective April 12-30. Pacific Spirit
Place from 7:30am-2pm; Subway
from 7:30am-7:30pm; Barn from
7:30am-4pm; Trekkers from 9am-
2pm; Express at Trekkers from
7:30am-7pm; Yum Yum's from
8am-2:45pm; Bread Garden from
7:30am-4:30pm; IRC from 8am-
3:30pm; Arts200 and Edibles
closed. See ad in this paper. Web
site: www.foodserv.ubc.ca or call
University Women's Club
The University Women's Club Of
Vancouver invites women graduates from universities worldwide
to attend the Spring Prospective
Members Reception on April 8 at
Hycroft, 1489 McRae Avenue, Vancouver from 6-8pm to meet members, hear about current and
upcoming events and tour the
Heritage clubhouse. For information and reservations call 731-
Museum Of Anthropology
Nunavutmiutanik Elisasiniq.
The official opening ceremony
for this exhibit of Inuit sculpture
will be on Saturday, April 17, to
coincide with and honor the first
official day of existence of
Nunavut. Continues to August
31. Free to UBC students, staff,
faculty. Web site: http://
www.moa.ubc.ca or call 822-
5087 or 822-5950.
Gardens Open
The Nitobe Memorial Garden, UBC
Botanical Garden and Shop in the
Garden will be open until October
11 (inclusive) from 10am-6pm daily
(including weekends). For the gardens call 822-9666 and the Shop
Vancouver (European)
Handball Team
Is looking for players at all levels.
We meet Fridays from 8-10pm at
the Osborne Gym. For more information, visit our Web site:
or call 822-4576.
Female Volunteers
Daughters who have returned
home to live with their parents are
needed for a PhD psychology study.
An interview at your convenience
is required. Please call Michele
Twin Research
Are you, or do you know a female
adult twin? We are studying the
relationship types of fraternal and
identical female twins. If you can
help by completing some questionnaires and being interviewed
about relationships, please e-mail:
tmacbeth@cortex.psych.ubc.ca or
call Tannis MacBeth, Psychology
822 4826.
UBC Utilities Advisory Notice
UBC Utilities regularly performs
maintenance work on underground piping and electrical systems. Work sites are always
blocked off with appropriate signs
Searching for a slightly more inspired convention facility? Our scenic setting and first-rate facilities
encourage the participation and personal growth that make your event a success. Call today and
discover why the UBC Conference Centre is the natural choice for your next meeting.
The University of British Columbia 5961 Student Union Boulevard. Vancouver, B.C.. V6T 2C9
Tel: (604) 822-1000   Fax: (604) 822-1069  Web site: www conferences.ubc.ca
and barriers, however sometimes
these signs and barriers are removed by unauthorized individuals. Please approach work sites
cautiously and respect signs and /
or work crew instructions to avoid
potential harm. If you have any
questions concerning a UBC Utilities work site, please call 822-
Research Study
I am a grad student looking for
families with an autistic child(ren)
to answer a questionnaire regarding the effects of raising autistic
children. The child must be seven
years old or younger. Please call
Keri Smalley 738-8025.
TRIUMF Public Tours
An 80 min. tour takes place every
Wednesday and Friday at lpm.
Free parking. Continues to April
30. To arrange for a group tour call
222-7355 or Web site: http://
Faculty, Staff and Grad Students
Volleyball Group. Every Monday
and Wednesday. Osborne Centre
Gym A from 12:30- 1:30pm. No
fees. Drop-ins and regular
attendees welcome for friendly
competitive games. Call 822-4479
or e-mail kdcs@unixg.ubc.ca.
UBC Zen Society
Each Monday during term (except
holidays) meditation session. Asian
Centre Tea Gallery from 1:30-
2:20pm. All welcome. Call 822-
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies learn to talk? Help us find out!
We are looking for parents with
babies between four to 21 months
of age to participate in language
development studies. If you are
interested in bringing your baby
for a one-hour visit, please call Dr.
Janet Werker's Infant Studies Centre, Psychology, 822-6408 (ask for
Studies in Hearing and
Senior (65 years or older) volunteers needed. If your first language
is English and your hearing is
relatively good, we need your participation in studies examining
hearing and communication abilities. All studies take place at UBC.
Hearing screened. Honorarium
paid. Please call The Hearing Lab,
Parents With Toddlers
Did you know your child is a word-
learning expert? Help us learn how
children come to be so skilled at
learning new words! We are looking for children (two-four years
old) and their parent(s) to participate in language studies. If you
are interested in bringing your
child for a 45-minute visit, please
call Asst. Prof. Geoffrey Hall's Language Development Centre, Psychology at UBC, 822-9294 (ask for
Relationship Research Study
Heterosexual men (25 years of age
and older), in relationships of
greater than six months needed
for a UBC study of relationships.
Complete questionnaire at home,
receive $10.  Call 822-2151.
UBC Campus Tours
The Student Recruitment Office
offers guided walking tours ofthe
UBC campus. The tour begins at
9:30am every Friday morning at
Brock Hall. To book a tour please
call 822-4319.
The British Columbia Seniors
Medication Information Line (BC
SMILE), answered by licensed
pharmacists, is a free telephone
hotline established to assist seniors, their families and caregivers
with any medication-related
questions including side effects,
drug interactions, and the misuses of prescription and nonprescription drugs when it is not
possible to direct such questions to
their regular pharmacist or
physician. M-F. 10am-4pm.
Call 822-1330 or e-mail
Statistical Consulting And
Research Lab (SCARL)
SCARL offers long- or short-term
statistical and analytical assistance to UBC researchers. Resources include expertise in many
areas of statistical methodology
and a variety of statistical software. Web site: www.stat.ubc.ca/
-scarl, e-mail scarl@stat.ubc.ca
or call 822-4037.
Parent-Child Relationship
Are you a parent of a child who is
still in school? Would you like to
help me understand how parents know that they are important? Complete a survey in your
own home and return your responses by pre-paid mail. Call
Sheila Marshall 822-5672.
UBC Fencing Club
UBC Fencing Club meets every
Wednesday 8:30-10:30pm, Friday 6- 10pm and Sunday 3-7pm
in Osborne Gym A. Learn decision making, poise and control.
Newcomers welcome. Drop-in fee.
Leave message at 878-7060.
UBC Birding
Join a one-hour birding walk around
UBC Campus, every Thursday at
12:30pm. Meet at the Rose Garden
flagpole. Bring binoculars if you
have them. For details, call Jeremy
Gordon 822-8966.
Chan Centre Tours
Free tours of the Chan Centre
for the Performing Arts are held
every Tuesday. Participants are
asked to meet in the Chan Centre main lobby at noon. Special
group tours can be booked
through www.chancentre.com or
at 822-1815.
Got A Stepfather?
17-23 years old? Love him, hate
him or indifferent, you qualify.
$10 for 30 min.. anonymous
questionnaire, student or non-
student, mailed survey. Contact
gamache@interchange.ubc.ca or
Susan at 822-4919.
Faculty Women's Club
The Faculty Women's Club is composed of academic faculty, professional staff and post-doctoral
fellows at UBC and its affiliates. It
brings together women connected
to the university either through
their work or that ofthe spouses,
for social activities and lectures.
Its main purpose is to raise funds
for student scholarships. There
are 18 different interest groups
within the club. Come and join
us! Call Louise Klaassen. president 222-1983; Marya McDonald,
membership 738-7401.
Research Study
5-12 year old children are needed
to participate in UBC Psychology
research to learn more about the
ways children respond to questions about cartoons and stories.
Please call Assoc. Prof.
Johnston's lab at 822-9037. 6 UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999
Right now
information technology
is the furthest thing
from his mind*
Here at ITServices, though, we think about information technology (IT)
all the time. That's because it's our job. We're in the business of providing
UBC and the community with services, support and leadership in the field
of IT, now and for the future.
E-mail, Web site development and hosting, Internet services, Y2K
consulting, e-commerce, databases, computer repairs, data networks,
technical support, telephone services, printing, CD-ROM development
and video production, videoconferencing—we do it all.
But we're not stopping there. We know IT will play an even bigger role in
the education of future students, like this little guy. Building a high-speed
campus-wide network to provide online access anytime, anywhere, is just
one of our initiatives that will impact upcoming generations.
In our line of work we touch a lot of lives. What can we do for you}
Planning now for the future
www.itservices.ubc.ca • 604 822 66! I UBC Reports - April 1, 1999 7
Academic Accommodation for Students with Disabilities*
"policy received by the Board of Governors for information on March 18th
The University of British Columbia recognizes its moral and
legal duty to provide academic accommodation. The University
must remove barriers and provide opportunities to students
with a disability, enabling them to access University services,
programs and facilities and to be welcomed as participating
members of the University community. The University's goal is
to ensure fair and consistent treatment of all students,
including students with a disability, in accordance with their distinct
needs and in a manner consistent with academic principles.
The University will provide academic accommodation to
students with disabilities in accordance with the Human Rights
Code (BC) and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Provision of academic accommodation shall not lower the
academic standards of the University. Academic accommodation shall not remove the need for evaluation and the need to
meet essential learning outcomes.
A student is a person who:
a) is registered in full-time or part-time credit or non-credit
courses offered by the University; or
b) has tbrmoly applied to Ihe University as a prospective student.
Persons with disabilities are persons who:
a) have a significant and persistent mobility, sensory,
learning, or other physical or mental health impairment
which may be permanent or temporary; AND
b) experience functional restrictions or limitations of their
ability to perform the range of life's activities; AND
c) may experience ottitudinal and/or environmental barriers
that hamper their full and self-directed participation in life.
To be eligible to receive academic accommodation, students
must serf-identify and provide appropriate documentation of
Academic Accommodation
An academic accommodation is a change in the allocation of
University resources, or in teaching or evaluation procedures,
which is designed to meet the particular needs of a student
with a disability.
"University" includes all individuals involved in the provision of
University-related services including teaching, advising,
administrating or other support services (e.g., faculty,
administrators, counsellors, or other support staff).
Responsibilities of the University
Towards Students with Disabilities
The University has a responsibility to:
(a) ensure that persons are not denied admission on the
basis of their disability;
(b) accommodate students with disabilities, where appropriate, with respect to admission criteria;
(c) make its courses or programs accessible to students with
disabilities in accordance with the Human Rights Code
(BC) and the Canadian Charter or Rights and Freedoms;
d) review documentation to ensure that recommendations
and decisions regarding accommodation are based on
appropriate medical information as well as educational
(e) provide reasonable accommodation to students with
(f) appoint at least one Disability liaison Person in each
Faculty and in appropriate non-academic units;
(g) ensure that faculty and staff are knowledgeable about
relevant University policies and procedures and familiar with
broader issues regarding persons with disabilities;
(h) treat the information obtained as confidential according to
the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (BC).
Responsibilities of Students with
Every student with a disability at The University of British
Columbia who seeks academic accommodation due to his or her
disability has a responsibility to:
(a) provide the necessary documentation to the Disability
Resource Centre. The University of British Columbia does not
provide or assume the cost of diagnostic services.
(b) bring the request for accommodations or for changes in the
accommodation needs to the attention of appropriate
personnel in a timely manner in order to allow for arrangement of accommodations.
• New students are encouraged to self-identify at
the time of acceptance.
• All new and returning students who will be
requesting an accommodation are required to
contact the DRC at the beginning of each term.
• Students who become disabled, either
permanently or temporarily, and students with
disabilities whose health status changes
significantly during their time at the University,
should contact DRC as soon as possible.
• At the beginning of each term, all students
should discuss their situations with each
instructor from whom they are seeking
accommodation. DRC will contact instructors
prior to this meeting if requested to do so by
the student.
• All requests for exam and other test accommodations (e.g., extended time, alternative
location, etc.) should be received by the DRC at
least one week prior to the scheduled date for
mid-term examinations/tests and one week
prior to the start of formal examination periods.
Documentation acceptable to the University must be obtained
from medical doctors, psychologists and/or special education/
rehabilitation personnel or other health professionals who hove
specific training, expertise, and experience in the diagnosis of
conditions for which accommodation is being requested. All
persons submitting documentation must be appropriately certified
and/or licensed to practice their professions.
Documentation should outline the nature of the disability, along
with a detailed explanation of the functional impact of the
disability. A diagnosis alone is not sufficient to support a request
for an accommodation.
All information obtained by the staff ot the Disability Resource
Centre will be treated as confidential. Personal documentation
held by the DRC will be destroyed five years after a student's
lost registration.
When releasing information about the nature of the disability, its
likely impact in an academic setting ond recommended accommodations to the Disability Liaison Person and/or instructors
concerned, the DRC's actions will be governed by the Freedom of
Information and Protection of Privacy Act (BC).
Documentation must be current:
(a) For new students who have a stable condition, usually no
more than three years must have elapsed between the time
of the assessment and the date of the initial request
for accommodation.
(b) For returning students whose condition has remained stable
since the time of submission of the original supporting
documents, no further documentation will be required.
(c) When a new or returning student's functional abilities hove
shown significant change (i.e., either an improvement or
deterioration of status has taken place or is expected to take
place) or when the accommodation requests have changed
significantly over the course of studies (e.g., from 1st to
2nd year), new or updated information may be requested
by the DRC. The University of British Columbia does not
provide or assume the cost of diagnostic services.
(d) In exceptional circumstances, a student will be provided
accommodation on a limited basis without documentation.
Process for Reaching Accommodation
DRC staff will review the documentation provided. In consultation
with the student, DRC staff will determine the range of accommodations that would be appropriate in a post-secondary setting
based on the functional impact of the disability and the student's
field of study.
Appropriate instructor(s) and the Disability Liaison Person in the
student's faculty will be notified of the DRC's determination of
the range of appropriate accommodation by the DRC or the
student. With consideration of essential learning outcomes for the
course or program at issue, the instructor will discuss the range of
recommended accommodations with the student to determine
which of these accommodations are appropriate for the course or
program. The meeting between student and instructor must take
place within 10 days of notification to the instructor by the DRC.
If an agreement is reached between the student and instructor,
the accommodation (s) will be implemented promptly.
If an agreement cannot be reached, or if the dialogue has not
token place, the student or instructor may request the assistance
of the Disability Liaison Person or a DRC staff member to
determine appropriate accommodation.
If the student does not agree with the recommendations of the
DRC, he or she may appeal to the Disability Accommodation
Appeal Committee.
If the instructor does not agree with the recommendations of the
DRC or if the student and the instructor are unable to agree on
the accommodation (s) and they have consulted with the
Disability Liaison Person and/or a DRC staff member, the issue
wH be brought before the Disability Accommodation Appeal Committee.
The Disability Accommodation Appeal Committee consists of nine
members: three faculty members appointed by the Faculty
Association, three students appointed by the Alma Mater Society
ond three members appointed by the President. The members of
this committee will be appointed for up to 3 years. Appeals will
be heard by three members: a member of Faculty, a student and
a chair appointed by the President.
The Disability Accommodation Appeal Committee will meet with
the student, instructor, DRC representatives or others as soon as
possible to consider information about the student's disability,
accommodation requirements, ond learning outcomes.
The Disability Accommodation Appeal Committee will determine
the appropriate accommodation on the basis of the student's
disability and the expected learning outcomes of the course or
program. The Committee will provide written reasons for its
decision. Pending further appeals, the decision of the Disability
Accommodation Appeal Committee will be implemented.
The decision of the Disability Accommodation Appeal Committee
may be appealed to the Vice President Academic ond Provost.
Please direct any inquiries or comments to Dennis Pavlich, University Counsel 8 UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999
Susan Stern photo
Music faculty show student composers from Lower Mainland high schools the creative
possibilities in the School of Music's computer music studio. Pictured (1-r) are Shane Leech-
Porter, St. George's School, Music Prof. Stephen Chatman, Olga Routkovskaia, Burnaby
South Secondary School, Mark Whit more. North Delta Secondary School, Music Prof. Keith
Hamel, Amy Shackleton, Burnaby South Secondary School, and Music Asst. Prof. Michael
Tenzer. Thirty students participated in the free day-long workshop offered by the school.
Workshop hosts
young composers
Thirty budding student composers from Lower Mainland high
schools and community colleges
caught the beat of UBC's School
of Music recently.
The school's first-ever music
composition workshop offered
the students an opportunity to
experience a university student
composer's typical day.
'These are music students,
some of whom are taking theory
or composition classes," says
Music Prof. Stephen Chatman.
"Some are studying composition
privately and others are instrumental performers. We are trying to reach out to the community and this is a natural means
of doing that."
The school offers a wide variety of courses including classical music composition, orchestration, jazz arranging, theory,
film music, computer music and
Chatman, and colleagues Prof.
Keith Hamel and Assoc. Prof.
Eugene Wilson led the visitors
through a composition seminar
and a tour ofthe computer music
studio. Assoc. Prof. Michael
Tenzer directed a special demonstration by the Gamelan Ensemble comprised of students in the
School of Music.
"We gave the students relevant career information, encouragement and a first-hand
opportunity to experience an environment in which to pursue a
career in music composition,"
says Chatman.
The school has a strong national reputation and many of
its composition students have
won national and international
awards. This year there are 20
composition majors studying for
bachelor's, master's and doctoral
music degrees.
The visiting students came
from high schools in Vancouver. Burnaby and Delta as well
as Vancouver Community College, Langara College and
Capilano College.
"It cost us only $35 for refreshments and we were able to
provide a meaningful experience
for these high school and college
students." says Chatman.
and many
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Emmett Russell is also a patrol person and communications officer with
UBC Campus Security
The Early Years:
Supporting Families and Young Children
January 27-29, 2000
Location: Coast Plaza at Stanley Park, 1733 Comox Street,
Van., BC
Sponsored by: Interprofessional Continuing Education, UBC
Deadline For Abstract Submission - June 1,1999
For Further Information:
Call (604) 822-4965 or Fax (604) 822-4835
or E-mail elaine@cehs.ubc.ca	
ATTENTION Aboriginal Women of All Nations!
The 4th BC Conference on Aboriginal Women &Wellness
January 8-T1, 2000 Vancouver, British Columbia
TYPES OF PRESENTATIONS: the legacies we leave our children
from past, present and future perspectives; the presentation should be in the following areas: ways of birthing,
health promotion, language, storytelling, governance,
cultural and political movements, oral traditions, and
My spirituality.
Deadline: June M/99
More info.. Call (604) 822-4965 or
Fax (604) 822-4835 or E-mail elaine@cehs.ubc.ca
Non-credit conversational classes start
April 17
Saturday morning classes
Daytime classes during the week
French or Spanish Immersion Weekend at UBC
May 15-16
Italian Immersion in Florence, Italy
May 1-18
Language Programs and Services
UBC Continuing Studies
www.cstudies.ubc.ca/languages UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999 9
stars UBC's
top athletes
The spotlight shone on two of Canada's best volleyball players and three of
its top varsity teams at UBC's 78th annual Big Block Club Reunion and Awards
Banquet held last week.
Chosen as the university's female and
male athlete of
the year were
Joanne Ross
and Mike
Dalziel. Three
UBC teams —
women's field
hockey and
women's and
men's swimming, which all
won Canadian
Athletic Union
(CIAU) national
championships — share
the du Vivier
Team of the
Year award.
Highlights of
the banquet included the induction of 121
Block members
coaches and
trainers) a sea-
video as well as the presentation of UBC's
major athletic awards.
"It was a banner year - in fact a three-
banner year," says Kim Gordon, UBC's
intercollegiate co-ordinator.
"UBC earned three conference championships in addition to three national titles," adds Athletics and Recreation director Bob Philip. There were many outstanding individual performances. UBC
athletes are also competing internationally — keep an eye on our swimmers and
others at the Sydney Olympics."
Joanne Ross competed with the Canadian National Team and joined the T-Birds
halfway through the season. She earned
Ail-Star and Outstanding Player honours
on the way to helping UBC win a second
consecutive Canada West championship.
One of the nation's best-ever players,
Ross is graduating in Science this year.
She won the Marilyn Pomfret Trophy for
top female athlete.
Mike Dalziel, who will graduate with
honours in Mechanical Engineering this
year, has been an Academic All-Canadian with an average of at least 80 per
cent in each of his four years at UBC.
He led the CIAU in service aces and
earned UBC's Bobby Gaul Memorial Trophy, awarded each year to the graduating
male athlete who displays outstanding
leadership and sportsmanship.
The Thunderbird women's field hockey
team kicked off the 1998/99 season with
UBC's 41st national championship.
UBC's Hash Kanjee was named CIAU
Coach of the Year after leading his team
to victory over the UVIC Vikes in the
championship final.
UBC's swim teams successfully defended their CIAU national titles and
coach Tom Johnson was named CIAU
Women's and Men's Coach ofthe Year for
the second straight season.
The low point of the season was the
recent resignation of football coach Dave
Johnson after a physical confrontation.
Last year, the football team and university community lost head coach Casey
Smith to cancer. Smith was posthumously
given the Arthur W. Delamont award for
freshman spirit. It was accepted by his
widow Karen Smith at the banquet.
Why education spending is a
good investment for B.C.
by Robert Allen
Economics Prof. Robert Allen's research focuses on economic growth
and technological change in North
America and Europe. The following is
an excerpt from "The Education Dividend. " a report he wrote for the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (B. C.
Office). The entire report can be found
on the centre's Web site at
The economy of the 21st century will require a highly educated work force, and, indeed,
the Canadian economy has been shifting in this direction since the 1960s.
The expansion of colleges and universities has increased the supply of
educated workers, while demand for
their skills has grown at least as rapidly.
Data from the 1990s indicate that
further expansion of the educational
system is warranted. The test is
whether the social rate of return exceeds the cost of borrowed funds.
Education involves the cost of building and operating schools, the student's cost of books and supplies, and
the wages students forego by studying instead of working.
The principal economic gain from
this investment is the higher wages
that graduates and program
completers earn as a result of their
studies. Juxtaposing these figures
gives the social rate of return, which
shows the combined profitability of
education to the student and the
Treasury (and thus all citizens.)
Social rates of return are extremely
high for finishing high school or completing high school or acquiring a trade
certificate, for college career programs,
and for university degrees. The profitability of completing high school with
either a diploma or trade certification is
in excess of 25 per cent in most cases,
while the profitability of a college career
diploma or undergraduate degree is generally a further 10 to 15 per cent.
Undergraduate degrees in all fields
of study are highly profitable for
women, and most fields are also profitable for men. Since these rates of
return exceed the cost of government
borrowing (5 per cent), it is profitable
for the province to borrow money to
make these investments.
Interprovincial comparisons throw
more light on the matter.
In the 1990s, B.C. has increased
its spending on education by a greater
percentage than has any other province. Much of this increase, however,
has simply met the needs of population growth, which has been higher
here than anywhere else in Canada.
Pupil-teacher ratios in elementary
and secondary schools are higher here
than in many provinces, so there is a
case for more spending to reduce class
sizes and drop-out rates.
Post-secondary participation rates
(at both the vocational/career and
university levels) are near the Canadian average when participation is
measured with enrolment. When program completions are the measure,
B.C. does badly at the university level,
since this province awards fewer bachelor degrees relative to its population
than does any other province.
The number of degrees awarded is
far below the growth in demand for
university graduates, so there is a strong
case for expanding the universities and
university colleges at the third and fourth
year levels.
Class sizes have grown substantially
at the province's universities because
enrolment has been increased without
significant corollary increases in the
number of full-time faculty. An increase
in the number of full-time faculty would
cut class sizes, providing better education for all undergraduates, and improving completion rates.
B.C. has frozen tuition fees for post-
secondary programs at low levels. This is
a desirable policy in many respects, since
it promotes economic development and
greater access, while reducing inequality. However, the provincial government
B.C. should increase
spending on education
even if greater spending
leads to a deficit or
postpones tax
Prof. Robert Allen
must significantly increase educational
spending in order for these objectives to
be realized.
B.C. should increase spending on education even if greater spending leads to a deficit
or postpones tax reductions. Education is
too good an investment to pass up. It is only
sound business to borrow money at 5 per
cent in order to realize a profit of 10 per cent,
15 per cent, or even 25 per cent.
The demand for educated workers is
rising in British Columbia, and the increase is expected to continue into the
next millennium. Knowledge-based industries provide the opportunity to diversify the B.C. economy away from the
extraction and export of primary resource
The profitability of investing in education at all levels is very high, and so there
is both economic need and popular demand for more spending in this area.
Social rates of return and comparisons with other jurisdictions suggest the
following areas require attention:
1. The B.C. pupil-teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools exceeds
the national average. An additional 1,550
teachers would be required to bring
the ratio down to the Canadian average (based on 1996/7 figures).
2. A significant proportion of students in British Columbia fail to complete high school. Programs to increase graduate rates warrant further
3. B.C.'s universities and university colleges should be expanded to
increase the number of bachelor degrees by about 70 per cent, or 8,000
per year. This would bring the rate of
university completion up to the Ontario level, which is appropriate since
B.C. (like Ontario) is a growth centre of
the knowledge-based economy. Most
ofthe expansion should be at the third
and fourth year undergraduate level.
4. The colleges and universities
need more full-time faculty to reverse
the increases in university class sizes
that have occurred in the last decade,
as well as to teach the additional undergraduates that the provincial
economy requires. To erase the damage of funding restraint and return
the student-to-full-time-teacher ration
to its 1980 value would require another 1,800 full-time teachers in the
university and university colleges.
In addition, the following conclusions regarding educational funding
were implied by the analysis.
5. The long-run success ofthe B.C.
economy means that the province's
population has been growing — and
will continue to grow — faster than
that of the rest of Canada.
B.C. not only must provide the resources for its existing population —
which all jurisdictions must do — but
in addition must build and operate
schools to accommodate the new immigrants. The latter expenditure implies that B.C. must invest at a higher
rate than most other provinces.
B.C. now spends a smaller fraction
of its GDP on education than all provinces except Ontario and Alberta. B.C.
should increase its investment rate in
education to be the highest in Canada
if it expects to continue to be a growth
centre in the knowledge-based
economy ofthe 21st century.
6. Most funding for B.C. colleges
and universities has come from the
provincial government (including federal transfers to the province for post-
secondary education).
Government funding has one great
advantage over tuition fees as a source
of revenue; namely, that the provincial government can borrow at lower
cost than private individuals. Hence,
if the province finances education, it
will be profitable to expand the system
beyond the point where private individuals would find it profitable.
A larger system would be good for
growth and good for equality in the
province. To secure these favourable
outcomes, however, the provincial government must expand funding for post-
secondary education.
College and university graduates,
in fact, pay for more than the cost of
their education through the higher
taxes they pay over their lifetimes.
These taxes, in effect, are compulsory
contributions to their alma maters.
The federal and provincial treasuries should pass these contributions on
to the colleges and universities and not
use them to retire debt or reduce taxes. 10 UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999
News Digest
The university is seeking nominations for the 1999 3M Teaching
Fellowship Awards.
The awards, begun in 1986, recognize individuals who excel in
teaching and demonstrate an exceptionally high degree of leadership and commitment to the improvement of university teaching
across disciplines. Up to 10 awards will be given in 1999.
Among last year's recipients were associate professors Carol-Ann
Courneya of the Faculty of Medicine and Barbara Paterson of the
School of Nursing.
The award is sponsored by 3M Canada Inc. and the Society for
Teaching and Learning in Higher Education.
Nomination forms are available from the Office of the Vice-
President, Academic and Provost by calling 822-2124 or e-mail to
gsmith@oldadm.ubc.ca. They are also available on the Web at
http://www.science.mcmaster.ca/idc. Nominations should be received by the Office ofthe Vice-President, Academic and Provost, no
later than May 7.
UBC's International Health Elective Program has received honourable mention for excellence in internationalization from the
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) and
Launched in 1997, the awards recognize Canadian universities'
achievements in bringing an international perspective into teaching, research and campus services.
The UBC program, which is in its first year of operation, supports
students who participate in health-care assignments in developing
countries. It is offered through UBC's Centre for International
The MS Society of Canada Professorship in Multiple Sclerosis
Research, the first in Canada, has been established in UBC's
Faculty of Medicine.
The professorship is part of an overall multiple sclerosis research
strategy involving UBC's MS Clinic, which is the largest in Canada,
and the Brain Research Centre, the new collaborative research
venture of UBC and the Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences
Multiple sclerosis attacks the protective covering of the central
nervous system, causing inflammation and interfering with messages sent from the brain and spinal cord to the body.
More than 50,000 Canadians have the disease, one ofthe highest
incidence rates in the world.
Biomedical Communications
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or journal voucher. Advertising enquiries: UBC-INFO (822-4636).
The deadline for the April 15 issue of UBC Reports is noon, April 6.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W, 10th Ave.,
Vancouver, BC, V6R 2H2. Call or
accommodation in Point Grey
area. Min. to UBC. On main bus
routes. Close to shops and
restaurants. Includes TV, tea and
coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available.
Call 222-3461. Fax: 222-9279.
Phone 822-5769 for more information.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only,
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $54
plus $ 14/day for meals Sun-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BAMBURY   LANE      Bed   and
breakfast. View of beautiful B.C.
mountains, Burrard inlet and city.
Clean, comfortable. Use of living
room, dining room, and kitchen.
Min. to UBC, shops and city. Daily,
weekly and winter rates. Call or
fax 224-6914.	
one BR guest suites with
equipped kitchen, TV and
telephone. Centrally located
near SUB, aquatic centre and
transit. Ideal for visiting lecturers,
colleagues and families. 1999
rates $85-$ 121 per night. Call 822-
6th. Heritage house, antiques,
wood floors, original stained
glass. 10 min. to UBC and
downtown. Two blocks from
restaurants, buses. Scrumptious
full breakfasts. Entertaining cats.
Views. Phones in rooms. E-mail:
farthing@uniserve.com or call
Walk to UBC along the ocean.
Quiet exclusive neighborhood.
Near buses and restaurants.
Comfortable rooms with TV and
private bath. Full breakfast.
Reasonable rates. Non-smokers
only please. Call 341-4975.
CAMILLA   HOUSE   Bed   and
Breakfast. Best accommodation
on main bus routes. Includes
television, private phone and
bathroom. Weekly reduced
rates. Call 737-2687. Fax 737-2586.
ROOMS Private rooms, located
on campus, available for visitors
attending UBC on academic
business. Private bathroom,
double beds, telephone,
television, fridge, and meals five
days per week. Competitive
rates. Call for information and
availability 822-8788.
Next deadline:
noon, April 6
ALMA BEACH B&B Beautiful,
immaculate, bright rooms with
ensuite in elegant, spacious
home. Two blocks to Jericho
Beach/Vancouver Yacht Club.
Gourmet breakfast. Central
location to downtown/UBC. N/S.
Call 221-0551.	
18th Ave. Visitors and students of
UBC are most welcome. 15 min.
to UBC or downtown by bus.
Close to restaurants and shops.
Daily rates form $50 to $100.
Please call and check it out at
TRIUMF HOUSE Guest house with
homey, comfortable environment for visitors to UBC and
hospital. Located near the
hospital. Rates $40-$65/night
and weekly rates. E-mail:
housing@triumf.ca or call 222-
SUBLET Main floor of house in
Kitsilano neighborhood on tree-
lined street. Nicely furnished 1 BR
with study and backyard with
picnic table. Great location for
the university. Also close to
beaches, bus routes, shopping,
and entertainment. Available
May 1st to end of August
(flexible). Rent $1200 inc. util.
Prefer N/S with N/P. Ref. req. E-mail:
ecairns@interchange.ubc.ca or
call 736-9405.	
SUNNY FURNISHED ground level
basement suite for single N/S
person in quiet west side home
two blocks from Marine Drive.
Avail, anytime. $550/mo. Call
eighth share, 42 acres, south-
facing half-mile waterfront. Four
miles plus 30 min. walk from False
Bay Ferry. Mature second growth
forest. Ground water supply. For
information call part-owner
Carter at 731-7755.
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from McGill University in
downtown Montreal. New
appliances, H/W floors, and 12
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mail rshama@po-box.mcgill.ca
UK ACADEMICS seek furnished
accommodation Kitsilano area
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possible house swap with
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mail: sjsl6@hermes.cam.ac.uk.
MARRIED COUPLE available for
housesitting. Sessional lecturer
and general contractor
available for three weeks to one
year. Yard, pet care and minor
renovations possible. Exc. ref. E-
or call 931 -8705.	
parties, seeking housesitting
arrangement for the second
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264 -9918 donald@portal.ca UBC Reports ■ April 1, 1999 11
Bearing Up
Sculpted by renowned
Haida artist Bill Reid, this
bear was once a magnet for
grandchildren's play in
philanthropist Walter
Koerner's garden. Son
Michael Koerner chose it
to be featured in Objects
and Expressions, a
commemorative book
published in honour of
the museum's 50th anniversary. The book highlights favourite items from
the museum's collection
selected by fifty people
associated with the
museum over the years.
The book is available in the
museum's gift shop.
Bill McLennan photo
Quarterly takes first serious
look at Nisga'a agreement
by Bruce Mason
Staff writer
In the midst of widespread
interest, controversy and confusion concerning the historic
Nisga'a Treaty. UBC's BC Studies: The British Columbian Quarterly has published the first serious look at the agreement.
"How we improve relations between Native peoples and others
should receive the type of consideration this issue offers," says Geography Prof. Cole Harris, co-editor
ofthe quarterly. "The treaty itself is
an exceedingly importantdocument
which requires a broader view and
deeper reflection than the popular
media can provide."
Engineer earns
Killam Fellowship
UBC Chemical Engineering
Prof. John Grace is one of 12
outstanding Canadian researchers to receive a Canada
Council Killam Research Fellowship.
Killam Research Fellowships
are among Canada's most distinguished research awards
and enable Canada's best scientists and scholars
to devote up to two
years to full-time
Grace leads a
team of faculty,
graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and
visiting scholars
investigating the
and applications
of fluidized beds.
The UBC team
is one ofthe leading groups in the
world studying
and applying flu-
"This fellowship will allow me
to spend additional time to
work on aspects
of fluidization
that have not
been studied very
much because of
their complexity," says Grace.
Fluidized beds are formed
when a gas or liquid is passed
upward through a bed of solid
particles at a sufficient flow
rate to support the weight of
the particles.
Fluidization causes the particles to behave as if they are
themselves elements of a fluid.
Fluidized beds
are widely applied in industrial processes
such as catalytic
cracking of hydrocarbons used
in making gasoline and other
Among the 14
across Canada
who have had
their fellowships
renewed for a second year is Prof.
Richard Ericson,
principal of
Green College.
Ericson, a
leading international socio-legal
researcher is
conducting a
major research
project on how
governance is
through both
public and private insurance
There is widespread interest
in the special issue. Among those
who immediately ordered copies
are Chief Joe Gosnell, president
ofthe Nisga'a Tribal Council, the
Ministry of Justice in Quebec
and academics in Australia.
The edition begins, appropriately, with Gosnell's speech to
the legislature on Dec. 2, 1998
— a compact and powerful statement of the treaty's meaning for
his people.
Some contributors support
the agreement. Hamar Foster,
legal historian at the University
of Victoria, provides a rich survey of the background. Charles
Taylor, distinguished professor
emeritus of Philosophy at McGill
University, considers the propositions that it is racist and creates an unwarranted level of government. UBC Political Science
Assoc. Prof. Sam LaSelva discusses the treaty in relation to
Confederation and reflects on
some ofthe fundamentals of this
country, liberalism and the U.S.
Other contributors are critical. Gordon Gibson, senior fellow ofthe Fraser Institute, says
the agreement stresses the collective at the expense ofthe individual, ignoring human nature
and the lessons of history. Neil
Sterritt, a Gitksan lawyer and a
central figure in the long
Delgamuukw land claims trial
rejects it for very different reasons. He considers it a land grab.
The final word is given to the
trickster Raven, as far as he can
be caught and reported by John
Borrows, an associate professor
of Law at the University of Toronto.
"Because ofthe importance of
treaty and the debate that surrounds it, planning for this edition began immediately after the
signing on Aug. 4," says UBC
Educational Studies Prof. Jean
Barman, co-editor of B.C. Studies. "In short order, these seven
authors have created an important collection of remarkable
To order a copy of the special
issue ($10, plus $2.50 postage),
call (604) 822-3727. For more
information check the Web site
by staff writers
Prof. Derek Atkins has been appointed associate vice-
president. Planning. He will be involved with all
aspects of academic planning within UBC, with
particular reference to the new Academic Plan and Trek
2000. Atkins will report to Vice-President. Academic and
Provost. Barry McBride as well as Vice-President. Research.
Bernie Bressler.
Atkins has served as dean pro tem in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration for the past two
years. He was also the associate dean and division chair in
the faculty, as well as chair of the Senate Budget Committee. His expertise in research, teaching and consultancy
has been in the area of operations, management and
planning for a variety of organizations.
Atkins will begin the job later this month.
Curriculum Studies Asst. Prof. Kit Grauer recently
received the Pacific Region's Art Educator of the Year
award from the National Art Education Association
(NAEA) in Washington, D.C.
Grauer was recognized
for her university teaching
and for her extensive
participation in art education locally, nationally and
Association president
Michael Day said Grauer
exemplifies the high quality
of individuals involved in
the field of art education
Grauer, winner of a UBC
Killam Teaching Prize in
1994, is president ofthe
International Society for
Education through Art
(InSEA), an organization that represents 88 countries.
Applied Science Dean Michael Isaacson and Civil
Engineering Prof. Liam Finn have been named
fellows of the Engineering Institute of Canada
(EIC). They are among four engineers from Vancouver to
earn the recognition for exceptional contributions to
engineering in Canada.
Isaacson, a professor of Civil Engineering, joined UBC
in 1976. His primary research interests are coastal and
offshore hydrodynamics.
Finn, who joined the university in 1961. retired from
teaching in December. His particular expertise is earthquake engineering design and offshore engineering, for
which he is internationally renowned.
rof. Douglas Pulleyblank, acting head of Linguistics, has been named a faculty adviser to the 52nd
annual summer seminar
of the World University
Service of Canada (WUSC)
in Zimbabwe.
A specialist in African
languages. Pulleyblank and
another adviser will accompany 20 Canadian students
on a six-week study and
research seminar in May.
The annual seminar
counts many distinguished
alumni, including former
prime minister Pierre
Trudeau, as well as many
current UBC faculty and
Pulleyblank staff. More than 60 UBC
students have participated
in the seminar since its inception.
The American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics (ALAA) has presented Mechanical
Engineering Prof. Emeritus Vinod Modi with its
highest award of achievement.
Modi earned the 1999 AIAA Pendray Aerospace Literature Award "for his extraordinarily significant contributions to the literature of aerospace vehicle dynamics,
controls and robotics, and for his pervasive academic
impact upon several generations of dynamics and control
Modi is the first Canadian to receive the Pendray
award which was created in 1951. 12 UBC Reports • April 1, 1999
Love of learning
Asst. Prof. Inge Andreen teaches poor communities
to learn for life
by Susan Stern
Staff writer
It's no wonder that Inge Andreen is
only the second person to receive
the Canadian Association of Community Educators (CACE) Research
Award in 14 years.
This cheerful, high-energy professional has criss-crossed Canada and
the globe on a serious education
mission to communicate the concept of
community-based education.
In the process, Andreen, an assistant professor in UBC's Dept. of Curriculum Studies, has made a big
difference in poor communities in
Canada, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam,
China, India, Africa, Costa Rica and the
In community-based education, the
school is the centre of a community
and it is responsible for the learning
and teaching of everyone who lives
there, no matter what age. Inclusion is
the heart of Andreen's education
"This means that all learners should
be at the table," she says. "Everyone in
the school and the community,  should
be involved in making decisions about
their school and learning and working
together to make their community a
better place."
Andreen became interested in
community-based education in 1976
after seeing community schools in
action in Vancouver.
"I realized these schools embraced
my philosophy of teaching and learning
in living colour," she says.
A year later she became involved as
a professor in the Community Education Teacher Education Program in the
Faculty of Education.
Before she sets off to a new location,
Andreen does what she calls 'front-end
"I learn about the place, the interests of the people and who will be
involved so I won't be walking in blind,"
she says.
Sitting in her small cluttered office
in the Scarfe building, Andreen rifles
through a mountain of books, papers
and photographs to illustrate her
Susan Stern photo
Curriculum Studies Asst. Prof. Inge Andreen surrounds herself with some
ofthe mementos she has collected on her global travels to teach community-
based education in poor areas. From Myanmar to Newfoundland, she has
devoted herself to the challenges of teaching others how to provide a vision
for their community.
In a tiny remote community of 300
people on Newfoundland's south coast
in which Andreen worked there was no
village centre and no shops. The only
local businesses included some farmers, a few contractors, a potter and a
The Belange Memorial School was
the centre for residents who were
scattered throughout the area.
The school was near a wetlands area
and that became the focus of Andreen's
approach. Taking eco-tourism as the
starting point, Andreen used the school
to address the community's number
one problem — 70 per cent unemployment.
'The idea is to show the community
how they can stay in their community
and earn a living with what they have
around them," she says.
She introduced the school's teachers
to on-going field studies. Students drew
birds in the wetlands and studied their
habits. It was their job to design
walkways to protect the flora and fauna
while taking advantage of the best
views to attract visitors.
The students began to organize
pioneer games to further enhance the
attraction for tourists. Teachers had to
learn the skills needed to work with
volunteers of all ages.
"It's a concept where science and
social issues get together," she says.
"You take traditional subjects, such as
math and social studies and weave
them into a common theme that solves
common issues."
From the outports of Newfoundland
to the jungles of Costa Rica, Andreen
thoroughly enjoys seeing communities
develop, grow and thrive.
"It's a real challenge because each
community is so different", she says.
In a remote Costa Ricanjungle
community, the challenge was safe
drinking water.
"Waste water was boiled for drinking. They had no idea it was dangerous," she says. "In the school we told
teachers and the students that diseases are caused by dirty water.
Everyone — young children and adults
— helped to build the water pumps."
And wherever she goes, Andreen
tries to emphasize the role of women.
"As I get older I get more impatient
when women are not recognized for the
role they play in the community," she
says. "I make a point of talking on birth
control and parenting. It all has to be a
community vision."
That's not always welcome with male
officials in developing countries, but
Andreen talks about it anyway. And
sometimes a respected foreign visitor
can get the attention of the powers-
that-be to help pave the way for local
Such was the case in Vietnam
during a 3-week session on community-based schools. One of the few
women in the Vietnamese government
was so grateful she insisted Andreen
accept a beautiful string of carved ivory
beads that had been in her family four
Andreen has also found appreciative women in the Caribbean
islands of Nevis, Dominica,
Barbados, Grenada and Guyana on the
South American mainland.
That's the good part. Andreen has
also experienced frustration.
"Usually the most disappointing
thing is the tendency of governments to
send totally unsuitable people to the
training sessions or conferences," she
And there's been some risk.
During a trip to Myanmar, Andreen
posed as a tourist with her two children
in order to spend five days in clandestine meetings with 20 teachers explaining the concept of community-based
"People were receptive to the idea
that women and elders should play a
role. But if the military regime had
found out, I would have been in big
trouble," she says.
After teaching at UBC for 34 years
and winning UBC's Killam Teaching
Prize, Andreen will formally retire from
UBC on the last day of the century,
Dec. 31, along with her sister, Dr.
Peggy Ross, who is an associate dean of
Medicine at UBC. Andreen says she is
ready. But journeys to the far corners
of the earth to impart the usefulness of
community-based education will
"It's my volunteer work," she says. "I
see myself as a teacher. And community-based education offers all of the
challenges of being a good teacher — of
knowing who your audience is and
selling them on their ability to provide
a vision for their community," she says.


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