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UBC Reports Oct 5, 1983

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 Volume 29, Number 17
October 5, 1983
Ceremony ushers in new era of cooperation
In what George Pedersen called a new
era of cooperation, British Columbia's
three universities joined together at the
Queen Elizabeth Theatre in downtown
Vancouver Sept. 26 for the installation of
Dr. Pedersen as president of UBC and Dr.
William Saywell as president of Simon
Fraser University.
Presiding over the colorful ceremony,
which attracted some 2,000 academics and
guests, was Dr. Howard Petch, president of
the University of Victoria.
The SFU pipe band and the UBC wind
symphony provided music for the
90-minute ceremony that was completed
without a hitch. The platform party of
100, which included delegates bringing
greetings from universities in other
provinces and other countries, was piped
on and off the stage.
The Hon. Robert G. Rogers, lieutenant-
governor of B.C., performed the formal
installation of Dr. Pedersen as eighth
president of UBC and of Dr. Saywell as
SFU's fifth president.
The three chancellors — John V. Clyne
of UBC, Paul Cote of SFU and Ian
McTaggart Cowan of UVic   -   assisted with
the robing of the new presidents.
All three university presidents
commented upon the provincial
government's restraint program in their
remarks to the receptive audience.
"Unfortunately, at times of economic
retrenchment such as this,'' said Dr.
Pedersen, "it is tempting for us to reduce
our spending on higher education and on
public education generally. It is tempting
for us to eliminate worthwhile educational
programs in the interest of restraint.
"It is also tempting for us to sacrifice
teaching programs and research programs
that do not appear to have direct
vocational relevance or applicability to the
problems of business and industry, or to
the larger world of work," he continued.
"While such cost-cutting measures may
have some short-term economic advantage
for us, ultimately they contain important
implications that change the nature of
what a university is and should be, and
that threaten their fundamental purpose —
namely the process of discovery.
"For example, if universities did not
perform such a valuable economic
function, or if they did not make the many
contributions to public service that they do
make, they would still be universities
because of their basic commitment to
teaching and research.
"However, if we at universities maintain
our economic and public service
responsibilities but reduce or otherwise
temper our commitment to teaching and
research, we invariably change the
character of higher education.
"By doing so," President Pedersen said,
"we may still have a certain kind of
institution — but it will not be a
university. And this, I feel, would be a loss
of unbelievable consequence."
Dr. Saywell said the continued
underfunding of B.C.'s universities will
make them second rate.
Dr. Petch said the universities could be
severely damaged by the restraint program.
(The complete texts of the remarks by
President Pedersen and President Saywell
appear on Pages 4 and 5 of this edition of
UBC Reports.)
The installation ceremony was a prelude
to National Universities Week, which
began Oct. 2 and which runs through
Saturday, Oct. 8.
A schedule of remaining Universities
Week events to be held on the UBC
campus is on Page 7.
Humorous highlight of Sept. 26 ceremony in the Queen Elizabeth Theatre involved UBC's new president, Dr. George
Pedersen, who had trouble finding the left sleeve of the presidential robes. Amused onlookers include Dr. Howard Petch,
seated right, who presided over the installation ceremony; University of Victoria chancellor and former dean of graduate
studies at UBC, Dr. Ian McTaggart-Cowan, who is holding the robe; and Hon. Robert Rogers, B.C. 's lieutenant-governor,
standing left, who administered the oath of office to Dr. Pedersen and to Dr.  William Saywell as president of Simon Fraser
University.
Three major research groups visit UBC
Three major groups that support
research at Canadian universities are
visiting UBC this fall.
The Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council of Canada (NSERC) will
be here Tuesday and Wednesday, Oct. 18
and 19.
More than one-third of the $47 million
UBC spent on research last year came from
NSERC in the form of 613 different
awards to faculty members. The council
was also the largest single source of outside
scholarship support for UBC graduate
students, a total of more than $2 million
for 180 students.
On Oct. 19 the council will visit some of
the areas on campus where research
sponsored by NSERC is being carried out
and in which UBC has an outstanding
reputation. They include the
computational vision and remote sensing
lab, the Imaging Research Centre in the
Health Sciences Centre Hospital, the spin
polarized hydrogen lab in Physics, the
nuclear magentic resonance "chemical
microscope" in Chemistry, gallium arsenide
research in micro-electronics in Electrical
Engineering, the satellite receiving
laboratory in Oceanography for studying
sea surface temperatures, and immunology
and genetic engineering research in
Microbiology.
At 5:30 p.m. Oct. 19 the council will
have an open meeting with UBC faculty
and students in Hebb Theatre.
Ottawa nurse gives
Woodward lecture
Ginette Rodger, executive director of the
Canadian Nurses Association, Ottawa, will
be the 1983 Marion Woodward Lecturer
for the annual public presentation
sponsored by the UBC School of Nursing.
The presentation will be on Thursday,
Oct. 13, at 8 p.m. in Lecture Hall 6 of the
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
Her topic will be "Charting the Next 20
Years: University Education for All
Nurses."
This free lecture, which is open to the
public, is made possible each year through
a grant to the School of Nursing from the
Mr. and Mrs. P.A. Woodward Foundation.
The Canadian Institute for Advanced
Research will visit the UBC campus when
it meets in Vancouver Nov. 24 and 25.
The institute was formed in 1981 and is
interested in research topics that fall
between the cracks of areas sponsored by
established research agencies such as
NSERC. The subjects it is interested in
funding are multi-disciplinaiy in the
broadest sense, and its wide base is
reflected in the membership of its council,
a number of whom are humanists.
The institute will announce details for its
first research program in Toronto Oct. 12.
The program focuses on Artificial
Intelligence, Robotics and Society, and will
involve McGill University, the University of
Toronto and UBC.
The Killam Trust held its annual
conference at UBC yesterday (Tuesday,
Oct. 4). After business meetings, the
trustees toured the Asian Centre and the
Imaging Research Centre.
Up to the end of March 30, 1983, about
$4.8 million had been spent from the Izaak
Walton Killam Memorial Fund for
Advanced Studies at UBC. More than 400
UBC scholars have benefited. UBC Reports October 5, 1983
A DAY IN A LIFE AT UBC
'Absolutely fascinating' job
Prof. Patricia Baird's "absolutely
fascinating job", as she describes it, might
never have been possible without an event
that occurred 30 years ago.
In 1953, two brash young scientists
named James Watson and Francis Crick at
Cambridge University discovered the
double helix structure for deoxyribose
nucleic acid (DNA), the proverbial
building blocks of life.
The second sentence in their article on
the discovery, sometimes referred to as the
most important event in biology since
Darwin's Origin of Species, wryly states
that "this structure has novel features
which are of considerable biological
interest."
The considerable interest of biologists in
three short decades since the discovery has
caused an explosion of new knowledge, and
opened up a completely new field of health
care.
Genetics is ubiquitous. Magazines carry
articles on the subject almost routinely.
Investors are anxious to invest in new
industries based on tricks of molecular
genetics. Biotechnology is a buzz word.
DNA, unknown a generation ago, is
colloquial. Family physicians are struggling
to keep up with mushrooming insights and
treatments that are growing weekly for
diseases with a genetic component. And
scientists in a variety of other
disciplines — Francis Crick was a
physicist   - are integrating genetics into
their work.
As head of UBC's Department of
. Medical Genetics and acting director of the
University's new Centre for Molecular
Genetics, Dr. Baird spends her time
juggling these different developments.
"No two days," she says, "are the same."
This particular day began at Grace
Hospital, the provincial maternity hospital
adjacent to the new Children's Hospital on
Oak Street in Vancouver, where much of
the clinical work of her department is
done. She and other members of the
department discussed recent discoveries
that appeared in the scientific
literature — keeping up is a major
undertaking in the discipline — and
patient case loads for the week were
arranged.
"It's impossible to be a clinical medical
geneticist and have a private, fee-for-
service practice that is common in other
areas of medicine," Dr. Baird said. "You
couldn't keep up with the advances. You
have to have an academic base to be able
to keep abreast of the amazing progress
that is continually being made, so you can
make up-to-date diagnosis and
management available to your patients."
The department consults on cases in any
hospital on the Lower Mainland and much
of their out patient load comes from all
over the province. A member of the
department flies to the Thompson-
Okanagan area once every three weeks to
see patients there. The department has also
experimented with interviewing patients in
the Interior from Vancouver using audiovisual technology and telephone and
Patricia Baird
satellite communications. In all, more than
2,000 families in B.C. use the department
each year.
After Grace Hospital, it was back to the
campus and a meeting concerning funding
of research projects in the department and
the department's graduate and residency
programs.
Residents — physicians who have taken
an M.D. degree and are training to
become specialists — in the department
work out of Grace Hospital. The most
recent resident accepted into the program
was chief resident at the Massachusetts
General Hospital in Boston, one of the
premier hospitals in the U.S. (Charles
Winchester III, the patrician surgeon in
MASH, came from the Mass General,
remember?). Because of its outstanding
reputation and rich clinical load the
department can pick and choose its
residents. Research forms an important
part of the residency program and is the
mainstay of the graduate training program
also carried out by the department.
One aspect ot the department's research
is in chromosomal causes for mental
retardation. Most discoveries took place
about one year ago, and involved the
development of a test for a relatively
common cause of mental retardation.
After Down's syndrome, the most
common cause of mental retardation is a
disease called x-linked mental retardation,
which principally affects males. Mothers
carrying the disease are usually of normal
intelligence, but every one of their boy
babies has a 50-percent chance of
inheriting the disease.
In many of these families the condition
is associated with a difference in shape of
one chromosome, the so called  "marker
X ". At the Department of Medical
Genetics a new test was developed from
examining cells in the amniotic fluid
surrounding the fetus, which is able to
determine whether the fetus has the
unusual chromosome. Mothers in B.C.
were among the first in the world to be
able to take advantage of the test, which is
becoming more readily available now.
Research occupied Dr. Baird a few
minutes before her late morning interview.
She was editing a scientific article for a
research journal. The paper dealt with
something she had noticed at Grace.
Babies born of Sikhs in B.C. have a much
greater chance of having "neural-tube"
defects than the remainder of the
population. These defects are due to
failure of the neural tube to close and if it
occurs at the head end of the embryo
anencephaly results and if further down, a
spina bifida results, often with multiple
handicaps.
"Why does it occur more in Sikhs? Is the
cause of the defects environmental or
hereditary?" she asked. "Now that we know
there is a problem, we want to find what's
causing it."
Later in the day she phoned the
provincial Ministry of Health to discuss
health programs the department is involved
with for the ministry.
Two examples:
The department has helped to develop
one of the most highly regarded registries
in the world of individuals with birth
defects, genetic and handicapping
disorders. The registry is invaluable in
providing continuing medical services, and
enabling collection of accurate information
about the natural history and incidence of
these disorders. Counselling is given to
many families in North America based on
knowledge derived from the Health
Surveillance Registry.
The registry is also invaluable for
research studies and can answer many
questions such   as   "is a particular birth
defect increasing in incidence in a certain
region of the province?"
The second example is a province-wide
early warning system to detect birth defects
caused by environmental factors. The
system is so sensitive it can pin-point an
outbreak in an area as small as a city
block. No other jurisdiction has such a
system.
In the late afternoon Dr. Baird did some
administrative work concerning the Centre
for Molecular Genetics.
"The centre is an excellent example of
the multi-disciplinary nature of genetics.
We have 28 scientists from a variety of
departments and three faculties associated
with the centre," she said. "This year they
are doing over $2 million worth of research
in recombinant DNA but they are
scattered across the campus.
"The centre will bring them together.
The federal government and other agencies
have made a major commitment to
funding biotechnology and we'd like to be
in position to take advantage of this at
UBC. For example we have approached
the Medical Research Council of Canada
with a proposal for a biotechnology
training centre here and things are moving
very quickly in the field.
"It's very exciting right now."
Commerce students
re-open snack bar
The Commerce Undergraduate Society is
once again displaying entrepreneurial
initiative in these difficult times.
To earn money for society projects, the
CUS has re-opened the evening snack bar
in the Colin Gourlay Lounge (Room 302)
of the Henry Angus Building.
The service offers coffee, tea, milk,
doughnuts, candy, fruit and selected
sandwiches and operates Monday through
Thursday from 4 to 10 p.m.
The Commerce students cleared more
than $2,000 on last year's operation.
GRANT'
Sheila Winston, a familiar face to patrons of the Bus Stop Coffee Shop on Main
Mall, retired this month after 16 years at UBC. She is pictured above with coworkers and customers who gathered last week for a tea in her honor.
Faculty members wishing more information
about the following research grants should
consult the Research Services Grant Deadlines
circular which is available in departmental and
faculty offices. If further information is
required, call 228-3652 (external grants) or
228-5583 (internal grants).
November (application deadlines in
brackets)
• American Lung Association — Research (1)
• Assoc, for Volunteer Sterilization, Inc.
— Research on Aspects of Permanent
Contraception (11)
• Canadian Liver Foundation
— Fellowship Program (15)
— Research (15)
— Scholarship (15)
• Canadian Ntl. Sportsmen's Fund
— Post-Doctoral Fellowship (1)
— Project Grants (30)
— Research Grants (30)
• Distilled Spirits Council of U.S.
— Grants-in-aid for research (1)
• Energy, Mines & Resources Canada
— Research Agreements Program (15)
• Hannah Institute
Fellowships (1)
— Grants-in-aid (1)
• Health & Welfare: Family Planning
Family Planning Research (15)
-    Family Planning: Awards/ Demonstrations
(1)
• Hereditary Disease Foundation
— Research (1)
• Kidney Foundation of Canada
— National Fellowship Program (1)
• Lady Davis Fellowship Trust
— Fellowships (30)
— Visiting Professorships (30)
• Lindbergh, Charles A. Fund
— Lindbergh Grant (16)
• MRC: Awards Program
— MRC Scholarship (1)
— MRC Scientist Award (1)
Research Professorship (1)
• MRC: Grants Program
Grants-in aid: RENEWALS (1)
Maintenance Grants (1)
• National Cancer Institute of Canada
— Equipment (15)
— Research (15)
— Training and Study Awards (1)
• National Research Council (Intl. Relations)
— France-Canada Exchange
(Natural/Applied Sc.) (15)
— France-Canada Exchange (Social Sc. &
Human.) (15)
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization
— International Collaborative Research (SO)
• NSERC: Fellowships Division
University Research Fellowship (1); UBC
deadline Oct. 11
• NSERC: Individual Grants
— Northern Supplements (1)
— Conference Grants (1)
— Equipment (1)
— Grants for Scientific Publications (1)
— Individual Research (1)
Infrastructure Grants (1)
— Intermediate and High Energy Physics (1)
— Team Research (1)
— Travel Grants (1)
• NSERC: Major Equipment
— Major Equipment (1)
• Science Council of B.C.
— Research (4)
• Spencer, Chris Foundation
~   Foundation Grants (30)
• SSHRC: Strategic Grants Division
— Travel to Int'l Scholarly Conferences (1)
• SSHRC: Strategic Grants Division
— Management Science: Doctoral
Completion (15)
— Management Science: Reorientation
Fellowship (15)
• U.S. Dept. of Health, Educ. & Welfare
— NIH Grants to Foreign Institutions (1)
• University of British Columbia
UBC: Killam Senior Fellowship (1)
• University of Southern California
—- The John & Alice Tyler Energy/Ecology
Award (15)
• Von Humboldt Fdn. (W. Germany)
— Research Fellowship (1)
• Weizmann Inst, of Science
— Charles H. Revson Career Development
Chairs (30)
• World University Services
— Awards to Foreign Nationals: Fellowships
(1)
Note: All external agency grant requests must
be signed by the Head, Dean, and Dr. R.D.
Spratley. Applicant is responsible for sending
application to agency. UBC Reports October 5, 198S
Remoteness of Island location is a
blessing for Bamfield Marine Station
A little bit of UBC is located at the tiny
fishing village of Bamfield on the west
coast of Vancouver Island on the south side
of Barkley Sound.
Eleven years after its founding in 1972,
the Bamfield Marine Station has
established itself as a premier centre for
research and teaching on marine biology in
North America.
Owned and operated by the Western
Canadian Universities Marine Biological
Society (WCUMBS), the station is the only
marine laboratory operated by universities
in Western Canada and the only facility-
operated by the government or universities
on the outer coast between Oregon and
Alaska.
Participating universities in WCUMBS
are the three public universities in B.C.
and the Universities of Calgary and
Alberta.
According to Bamfield director Dr. Ron
Foreman, a member of UBC's botany
department, the station has excellent
potential to become an internationally
recognized facility if the member
universities and the two provincial
governments want to go in that direction.
He said that many marine field stations
have failed because their sites were
encroached upon by urbanization or
spoiled by pollution. The remote location
of the Bamfield site and the
environmentally protected adjacent area
assure a long-term, relatively unpolluted
environment for scientific work.
"A recent study by the International
Seaweed Society listed about 150 marine
field stations where scientists could do
research," Dr. Foreman said. "Of that
number only two had a greater variety of
habitats for study than we. We have
tremendously rich flora and fauna, and
more than half the species known to occur
in B.C. and Washington are found near
the station."
The initial goals of the station have been
achieved: it has established a base for
undergraduate and graduate teaching and
it provides facilities for research. Eight
university courses are taught during the
summer and more than 100 researchers use
the station each year. In addition to credit
courses, the station runs a variety of
educational field trips in the fall and
spring for groups ranging in age from
elementary school children to adults.
The present value of land and facilities
is about $12 million and the annual
operating budget is about $850,000. Last
year, the Devonian Group of Charitable
Foundations of Alberta and the Alberta
government funded a new library and
visitors' lobby at the station and the
purchase of a new 13-metre research and
teaching vessel, the M/V Alta.
The station has no research programs of
it's own, operating as a service facility for
researchers from Canada, the United States
and other countries. Accommodation,
laboratory space and equipment, technical
support and boat and diving support are
organized for researchers requesting space.
"The station is now operating at or near
capacity," says Dr. Foreman, "and
WCUMBS is currently reviewing the
options for future development of the
facility.
"The steadily increasing demand for
existing laboratory space and
accommodation is creating pressure for
further expansion and we are carefully
considering the future role of the station in
terms of the five west coast universities, as
well as to Canada and internationally.
While in part a philosophical decision, any
future development must be based on
sound forecasts and planning."
One approach currently under review is
to establish a semi-autonomous centre for
research on marine toxicology and
environmental physiology. Encouragement
for this has come from several oil
companies who would like to see an
increase in basic research on petroleum-
related problems. Industry representatives
have recognized for some years that many
environmental problems are not going to
be solved without an improvement in our
basic knowledge of physiological
mechanisms.
The station is internationally known for
its research on primitive fish       animals
with incomplete or partial backbones.
Studying primitive fish provides a window
of understanding into how animals,
including humans, evolved.
The station's first international
symposium — planned for 1985 — will be
on recent advances in the biology of
primitive fish, the first such gathering since
a Nobel meeting in Sweden 16 years ago.
Other areas of research include fish
physiology — the study of how organs in
fish function — and marine plants. UBC
researchers are involved in such diverse
studies as intertidal fish populations, the
respiratory physiology of fish, squid
locomotion and the chemical ecology of
marine invertebrates.
Dr. Foreman and other colleagues have
made the station an international centre
for the study of marine botany.
"The diversity of marine plants that
grow in B.C. is fantastic," Dr. Foreman
said. "More than 30 species of kelp occur
in B.C. and in almost all other areas of the
world where kelp is abundant it is
harvested commercially. So far, efforts to
develop this resource in B.C. have been
unsuccessful."
Dr. Foreman developed a method of
estimating the amount of surface-kelp
canopy available in an area — in much the
same way that aerial photographs are used
in the forest industry to estimate total
wood volume in a forest stand.
He has completed an extensive study of
one of the two major kelp species in the
province and a colleague at Simon Fraser
University, Dr. Louis Druehl, investigated
the other.
The B.C. Marine Resources Branch
estimates that more than half a million
metric tonnes of these two species are
present in major harvestable beds in B.C.
The productivity, annual growth per unit
area, in good kelp beds is greater than that
in our provincial forest, Dr. Foreman said.
Recently, Dr. Foreman, UBC botany
colleague Dr. R.E. DeWreede and Dr.
J.N.C. Whyte of the federal Department of
Fisheries and Oceans undertook a detailed
analysis of the chemical substances found
in various species of red algae. Some of the
chemicals detected potentially have a high
commercial value.
The researchers are refining their work
and preparing an economic feasibility
report for the B.C. Science Council on
industrial production of certain high-value
chemical substances from red algae.
"What we are working towards is a
product with a high enough market value
to overcome the high costs of seaweed
culture in B.C.," Dr. Foreman said. "It's
our hope that other commercial seaweed
investments will follow."
CAMPUS
PG0PI&
Dr. Douglas Yeo, associate dean of the
Faculty of Dentistry, received the Canadian
Dental Association's Distinguished Service
Award at the CDA convention held in
Vancouver Sept. 25-28.
Dr. Yeo, head of the department of
Preventive and Community Dentistry,
joined the UBC faculty in 1964, after a
15-year involvement in community
dentistry. Before joining UBC, he was
dental director of the Cariboo Health Unit,
regional dental consultant for the Fraser
Valley, and then director of dental health
services for metro Vancouver.
Prof. J.V. Thirgood of UBC's Faculty
of Forestry has received the Noranda Mines
Land Reclamation Award "for outstanding
achievement in the field of land
reclamation."
The UBC Senate, at its meeting of Sept.
14, conferred emeritus status on the
following:
Dr. C.A. Brockley — Professor
Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering; Mr.
M.H. Bullock — Professor Emeritus of
Creative Writing; Dr. J.J.R. Campbell —
Professor Emeritus of Microbiology; Mr.
Jan de Bruyn — Associate Professor
Emeritus of English; Miss S.A. Egoff —
Professor Emerita of Librarianship; Dr.
M.M. Hoffman — Professor Emeritus of
Medicine; Mr. J.C. Lawrence — Assistant
Professor Emeritus of History; Dr. Jan
Leja — Professor Emeritus of Mining and
Mineral Process Engineering; Mr. N.L.
Paddock — Professor Emeritus of
Chemistry; Mr. George Piternick —
Professor Emeritus of Librarianship; Dr.
G.A. Smith — Professor Emeritus of
Education; Mr. F.A. Gornall — Associate
Professor Emeritus of Mathematics and
Science Education; Mrs. A.G. Savery —
Senior Instructor Emerita of English; Dr.
M.W. Steinberg —  Professor Emeritus of
English; Dr. Libuse Tyhurst — Associate
Professor Emerita of Psychiatry.
Advisory group
on Indians
established
President K. George Pedersen has
established a committee to advise him on
ways in which UBC might better serve
Native Indian people and communities in
B.C.
Co-chairing the committee are Verna J.
Kirkness, director of Indian education in
the Faculty of Education, and Thomas R.
Berger, a former justice of the B.C.
Supreme Court who holds an appointment
as a visiting adjunct professor in the
Faculty of Law.
Among those on the 13-member
committee are: artist Bill Reid, widely
known for his woodcarving and jewellery
work, much of it in UBC's Museum of
Anthropology; Bill Mussell of Chilliwack, a
graduate student working on his master's
degree in the Faculty of Education;
Nathan Matthew of Barriere, a UBC
graduate who chairs an advisory committee
to the Native Indian Teacher Education
Program, UBC's Indian teacher-training
program; and UBC faculty members Dr.
Sydney Segal, Medicine; Dr. Paul
Tennant, Political Science; Dr. Michael
Kew, Anthropology; Dr. William Stanbury,
Commerce; and Prof. Douglas Sanders,
Law._
The committee has circulated to heads
of UBC departments, schools and institutes
a questionnaire seeking information on
credit and non-credit programs, research
and consulting roles pertaining to native
people.
Ms. Kirkness said the committee would
welcome suggestions from any member of
the University community on how the
University might better serve native
peoples. She asked that written submissions
be sent to her office, Hut 0-26, adjacent to
the Scarfe Building (Faculty of Education).
She can also be contacted by calling
228-3071. UBC Reports October 5, 1983
New presidents speak out at installati
Pedersen
Before beginning on the more formal
part of my remarks this evening, I want to
make brief reference to the occasion.
Obviously, I am both honored and pleased
to be installed as the eighth president of
the University of British Columbia, a
feeling which is shared by my wife Joan
and other members of my family, all of
whom are here this evening. However, my
sense of real satisfaction goes well beyond
what one would regard as that normally
expected, and I want to tell you why this is
so.
First, I am honored to be able to share
this evening of celebration with Bill Saywell
and Simon Fraser University. Holding a
joint ceremony has not been without its
share of new problems to solve and extra
effort has been needed, and very ably
provided, in order to resolve those
difficulties. From my perspective, the
benefits gained have far exceeded the
additional work involved and it is my
expectation that tonight's initiative will
herald a new era of co-operation and
support between our two institutions.
Similarly, I am complimented that
Howard Petch and his Chancellor, Ian
McTaggart-Cowan, agreed to lead us
through this evening. It is a special
pleasure to be with such long-time friends
and again it is my hope that this evening
will serve as an extension of the close
association which has existed between the
University of Victoria and my new
institution.
My satisfaction about tonight is further
extended by having in attendance so many
representatives from sister universities
across Canada. My heartfelt thanks to each
of you for taking the time to celebrate
Bill's installation and mine, both of which
have been seen out here in B.C. as part of
the preliminary activities leading up to
National Universities Week.
Finally, I want to thank all of you in the
audience for joining us this evening. The
large turn-out suggests strong support for
our universities and a desire for closer
linkages between our institutions of higher
learning and the community that supports
them. I hope both of those expectations
can be achieved and enhanced.
Now, let me move on to the more formal
part of my comments for this evening.
I want to begin by thanking you for the
opportunity to talk to you briefly about
higher education and the important role
that universities play in serving society. I
daresay that I am not the first university
president to take advantage of an
installation address to remind his or her
audience of the great importance of higher
learning. Nor, for that matter, am I likely
to be the last. Nevertheless, it appears to
me that at this critical point in our history
it is again appropriate to remind ourselves
about the enduring purpose of higher
education, the great wealth and diversity of
human resources found in our institutions
of higher learning, and the instrumental
role in public service that universities can
perform.
This is a difficult time for us, not just as
British Columbians or Canadians. It is a
difficult time in human history. The
geometry of civilization has never appeared
to be more intricate than it is today. Like
Dickens' characterization of the French
Revolution, we seem to be living at the
best and at the worst of times. On almost
all fronts, we are confronted with immense
challenges in the realm of human affairs.
Many of the problems and issues that face
us are largely the result of dramatic
technological and social changes that have
occurred in our own lifetime.
Unprecedented advances in science and
technology have brought with them both
positive and negative consequences.
On one hand, we enjoy the many
benefits scientific research has yielded in
terms of improved health care, more
abundant food production and better
transportation. On the other, we have
become profoundly apprehensive about the
instruments of war, about chemical waste,
and about the possibilities for biological
tinkering that scientific and technical
progress has also produced. Indeed, we
cannot help but shudder at the prospects
for human survival when we see
knowledgeable scientists advance the
minute hands on a doomsday clock,
symbolizing how close we are to the
nuclear destruction of this small planet.
Our great scientific prowess, it appears, is
double-edged: within the fruits of our
success are the seeds of a failure almost too
overwhelming to contemplate. One cannot
help but speculate whether our social
wisdom has been able to keep pace with
our technical discoveries and inventions.
Of course, our ability to balance the
advantages and liabilities of our scientific
development is only one of many crucial
social questions confronting us. Like
previous generations, we are also haunted
by the great contradictions and inequities
we see in the condition of the world
around us. Tremendous wealth exists
alongside pernicious poverty, thriving
human industry beside deepseated pockets
of unemployment. At home and abroad,
there is scholarship and illiteracy, health
and sickness, hope and despair.
Our struggle to resolve the human
problems of civilization has been made
more difficult in recent decades by several
factors. For one thing, the accelerating
rate of social and technical change over the
last half-century, not to mention the press
of other historical events, has provided
little time to reflect on what these great
social changes mean, or on how we can
cope with them as individuals and as
members of organizations. Many of us have
become preoccupied at a more immediate
level in trying to deal with important
changes in the nature of family life, other
human relationships, and the shifting
demands of employment. Few of us have
enjoyed the time or perspective either to
reflect upon or to analyze how we are
affected by new technologies, how new
structures and. constituencies in economics
and politics alter our lives, or how beliefs
about the meaning of work and leisure
have transformed our social values,
attitudes, and behaviors. Indeed, it is not
only the average individual who appears
perplexed by the social changes that are
occurring. At times, even our experts in
science and social affairs seem puzzled by
the complexities of modern society and the
vast network of interdependencies that
characterize life today.
We have also been awakened from our
dreams of a better quality life for all by
the harsh economic exigencies of recent
years. The pendulum of economic
superiority, which so long swung in favor
of the Western World, is now on a
somewhat different path of travel. And,
because we have long been people of
plenty, it is difficult for us to adjust to less
and to accept the intensified competition
for public and private resources that now
has become very much a part of our lives.
More than this, our sense of confidence in
controlling our economic destiny is perhaps
at a lower ebb than at any time since the
Great Depression.
Our age is, thus, an uncertain one. It
has recently been described as an "Age of
Discontinuity," a time in which our breaks
with the past seem infinitely more
pronounced than the traditions or
continuities we maintain. We appear to be
in the midst of a period in which there is
limited optimism and little social consensus
about how we should proceed. Such a
mood of uncertainty clearly runs counter to
our historical experience. As North
Americans, we have long been noted for
our faith in a better future and for our
vision of progress and reform. In light of
this background, it seems doubly difficult
for us to weigh provisions for justice,
education, and freedom from want against
the realities of what we can afford. The
current economic retrenchment reminds us
once again of the deep divisions that lie
below the fragile tissue of democratic
society and how difficult it is for us to
realize our goals of social and economic
progress.
It is accurate to say, I believe, that we
are not as sure about the future as we once
were and that, perhaps, we are not as
united a people as we once were. Social
scientists tell us that our culture has
become more narcissistic, that our political
and social coalitions have become more
fragmented, and that the number and
power of the special interest groups in our
society make the governance of our public
institutions and agencies problematic at
best. In any event, such changes in our
attitudes and social structures have perhaps
made us more hesitant, less cohesive, and
perhaps, more self-serving.
In light of the problems I have just
outlined, you might well ask how an
institution as old as the university can help
us address many of these difficult current
issuesl It is true, of course, that universities
are among our oldest social institutions and
that their governance structures and
methods of operation have remained
virtually unchanged since the twelfth
century. It is true also that it is sometimes
difficult to appreciate, at least in an
immediate sense, how teaching and
research — the very core elements of the
academic enterprise — contribute to
solving the practical problems of the so-
called "real world." It is likewise true, in
many cases, that the geographic isolation
universities and their apparent separation
from the everyday affairs of the
communities they serve, suggest,
symbolically at least, that universities are
not part of this world and are therefore
ineffective organizations.
Such perceptions about the university,
although accurate in part, are somewhat
unfair in that they obscure the vital
functions that universities have played and
continue to play in the development of
society. It is not simply an accident of fate
that universities have endured for almost
one thousand years, or that they have been
able to withstand the ravages of war, fire,
pestilence, and flood — not to mention
budget cuts. They have survived and have
retained their traditional form because
they have generally been successful at what
they do and because society continues to
acluiQwledge their usefulness.
Universities perform a number of
important functions, some of which you
may be more familiar with than others.
From the historical perspective, they are
unique institutions in that they stand
astride the ages: they consolidate the
knowledge of the past, apply such
knowledge and skills to present problems,
and try to push the frontiers of human
knowledge forward to meet society's future
needs.
They are centres for teaching, research,
and student learning as well as forums for
free expression and for investigation and
debate of important social questions: they
are institutions where we first try out what
is new and where we challenge older and
conventional ways of thinking. They are
places where ideas are examined for their
worth, where the values we hold are
clarified, and where the nature of the
human condition is explored from many
vantage points. Universities are also the
instruments through which we give
succeeding generations many of our ethical
principles and systems of belief. In the
broadest sense, they provide us with
opportunities to learn about ourselves and
others, and to inquire into the clockwork
of the natural world around us.
But, they are more than this. They are
the social organizations where we inevitably
wrestle with the problems that beset us,
whether they be of a technical, human or
managerial nature. They are institutions
where our great discoveries in medicine
have taken place, where we have developed
new drugs to control disease, places where
we have learned to produce better crops,
places where our great accomplishments in
engineering were born, places where we
learn to communicate better and more
quickly with each other. You are all no
doubt aware of the many ways that
universities are connected to the world
around them and of the ways that
teaching, research and higher learning
address the important issues of the day.
However, I would like to remind you of
another important way in which
universities contribute to our lives. This has
Relaxing after colorful ceremony at Queen Elizabeth Theatre Sept. 26 are
newly-installed university presidents George Pedersen of UBC (left) and William
Saywell of SFU. UBC Reports October 5, 1983
ceremony; here are the complete texts
to do with the role of higher education in
the economic development of the province
and the nation. As centres for basic and
applied research, and as training grounds
for the professions and for leadership
positions in business, industry, and public
service, institutions for higher learning
have long proved their utility to society.
Few, if any, aspects of our lives at home or
at work have been untouched by the
research and invention that take place at
universities, or, for that matter, by the
other intellectual developments that enrich
our lives in so many ways.
Today, as we move closer to an economy
that is governed more by knowledge than
by physical labor or mechanization, it is
apparent that the university has an even
more strategic role to play in this regard.
In the new industrial order that is
emerging, economic wealth seems
increasingly determined by our ability to
create and sell new knowledge and
techniques, to export new ideas and
inventions, and to generate the intellectual
and scientific capital necessary for a
healthy commercial and industrial climate.
If we as British Columbians and as
Canadians are to remain competitive in a
competitive world, and if we are to meet
the technical and social demands of a
knowledge-based economy, we must
obviously develop our human resources and
improve our stock of expert knowledge.
Only by providing our young people with
the specialized skills necessary to function
effectively in the world of work, and by
advancing our levels of research and
development, professional training,
technical expertise, and general education,
can we truly achieve a productive
economy. It is very clear that the nature of
the economic challenge confronting us is so
complex that we must ensure that we in
higher education equip present and future
generations with the analytical, problem-
solving and leadership skills necessary for
us to succeed in our endeavors. Put simply,
we require just as much of a strong
intellectual base for our economic health as
we do for our cultural growth. And it is
precisely in this respect that universities
have a vital role to play.
Please permit me to make one more
general comment. And this has to do with
our current situation in this country.
Unfortunately, at times of economic
retrenchment such as this, it is tempting
for us to reduce our spending on higher
education and on public education
generally. It is tempting for us to eliminate
worthwhile educational programs in the
interest of restraint. It is also tempting for
us to sacrifice teaching programs and
research programs that do not appear to
have direct vocational relevance or
applicability to the problems of business
and industry, or to the larger world of
work. While such cost-cutting measures
may have some short-term economic
advantage for us, ultimately they contain
important implications that change the
nature of what a university is and should
be and that threaten their fundamental
purpose — namely the process of discovery.
For example, if universities did not
perform such a valuable economic
function, or if they did not make the many
contributions to public service that they do
make, they would still be universities
because of their basic commitment to
teaching and research. However, if we at
universities maintain our economic and
public service responsibilities but reduce or
otherwise temper our commitment to
teaching and research, we invariably
change the character of higher education.
By doing so we may still have a certain
kind of institution — but it will not be a
university. And this, I feel, would be a loss
of unbelievable consequence.
In closing, I hope that you share my
deeply-rooted belief in the great worth of
universities and their continuing
importance in giving us a sense of
confidence, both in ourselves as individuals
and as a society as a whole. More than any
other organization, the university helps
explain to us where we are at a given time,
what is possible for us to achieve, and how
we might achieve it. In supporting higher
education, we ultimately express an act of
faith in ourselves. Surely this is the most
important justification for the existence of
universities and for our support of them.
Saywell
I trust you will forgive me if I begin
these few remarks by being very personal.
The honor you have bestowed upon me
this evening is one I share with many —
far too many to mention individually. But
a few must be thanked. I have been
blessed with the best of parents. My only
regret is that they are not here this evening
to share this occasion with me. Both loved
this province and the teaching profession.
My deepest gratitude also to their friends,
and ours — none could be better. To my
wife Jane and our children Shelley, Jim
and Trish — the most independent of
spirits but the most supportive of family.
Only I know how great my debt is.
May I also thank the search committee
of Simon Fraser and its board of governors
without whom I would not be here. I hope
five years from now their choice will
appear as wise as I am determined to make
it. I wish also to thank the entire Simon
Fraser community of students, staff and
faculty for giving me such a warm welcome
these past few weeks.
For inheriting the leadership of an
excellent university I am immensely
indebted to all of them. But they will
agree, I am sure, that I must convey
particular thanks to my four predecessors.
I am honored that Dr. Patrick McTaggart -
Cowan has travelled from Ontario to be
with us this evening. I am sorry that Dr.
Pauline Jewett is not with us tonight. I am
delighted to have as a colleague on campus
Dr. Kenneth Strand whose wise counsel I
shall often seek. The honor you have
bestowed upon my immediate predecessor
is reminder enough to me of how
distinguished a president of Simon Fraser
George Pedersen was. I am well aware, sir,
both literally and figuratively, of just how
big the shoes are I am expected to fill!
Finally, my thanks to our dean of
education, George Ivany, whose service as
acting president the past difficult five
months has been outstanding. May I also
add how deeply honored I am to have the
University of Toronto's new president, Dr.
David Strangway, here. My former
university is fortunate to have him at the
helm as I was to have worked closely with
him the past few years.
Someone once said that there seemed to
be only four kinds of university presidents
left: "Those in transition, those in flight,
those in desperation, and those who are
newly appointed." Despite the magnitude
of the problems universities today face, I
intend neither to despair, nor to flee: but
rather to depart in the distant future,
honored to have been here, and hopeful
that my term in office was in the collective
good of this fine institution, and higher
education in this province.
To the Simon Fraser community I
commit myself to the preservation of
academic integrity: to the pursuit of the
highest possible standards of excellence in
everything we do: and to the continued
evolution of a distinctive and distinguished
sense of community. In these difficult times
we must have a well-defined sense of what
our purpose is and what our direction is
going to be — and we must evolve that
definition with as much collegiality and
participation as the demands for decisive
management allow. It is for that reason
that I have moved immediately to put in
place the first steps in setting up a major
planning exercise.
We must pursue our goals within an
institution that retains, as all great
universities do, a proper balance and
harmony between teaching, research and
service. I believe that the best teachers are
those who are themselves excited by the
search for new ideas in their laboratories
and libraries. A university not engaged
fully in the pursuit of new knowledge is a
university which cannot fulfil its
responsibility in teaching what is known. I
am certain that my two presidential
colleagues here tonight would share with
me the conviction that we collectively best
serve this province by having three
independent but cooperative universities, in
each of which research, and graduate
instruction, as well as undergraduate
teaching, take place.
I believe passionately in academic
freedom and the autonomy of the
universities. Like many of you I have lived
and travelled in societies that do not enjoy
the freedoms that we in this great land too
readily take for granted. Those freedoms
are best protected in a society where
universities are free and strong; where
those who teach in them question and
reinterpret what is known, or thought to be
known; where those who study in them
challenge the conventional; where those
who do research in them dare probe the
unpopular and pursue the seemingly
impossible, pushing back the frontiers of
knowledge for the benefit of all.
Universities must fulfil these
responsibilities with sensitivity to other
social priorities and public needs. But in
the longer run the public trust is best met
where universities themselves decide what is
to be taught and how it is to be taught;
what research is to be conducted and how
it is to be conducted. That trust is also best
met when universities retain strong
humanities programs even when student
preference and external pressure are
directed elsewhere; where there is a
balance between library and laboratory
resources; where the study of Plato is
recognized as being as relevant as that of
contemporary politics, computers and
genetic engineering. We must not as a
society forget from whence we came in our
mad rush to get to wherever it is we think
we ought to go. I believe profoundly that
free, strong and responsible universities are
essential to the preservation of our cultural
heritage, as well as to the development of
our social and economic strength as free
societies.
May I say to the government of this
province and the public, that I recognize,
as do my colleagues, that these are tough
times — that all of us must live within our
means — that each of us must be
responsive to the needs of others. May I say
to the university community, that we
cannot assume that our needs are
understood, our value universally accepted.
We in the universities have much to do to
convince the public that it is in the interest
of the community as a whole to give our
universities a higher priority than they now
enjoy.
I do not believe that everyone should
attend university. I do not assume that a
university degree guarantees professional
success or promises personal happiness. I
know far too many people who have never
been inside a university classroom whose
talent, intelligence and wisdom are far
greater than mine. But I do believe that
this country, and particularly this province,
does not give the priority to university
education, research and development that
our own social and economic self-interest
demands.
We must assure through adequate
student aid, that financial need does not
prevent our most intellectually gifted young
people going to university. Beyond that,
the determination of how many should go
is of course a judgement call. But there are
at least well marked minimal standards. It
is generally accepted in the study of
international development, for instance,
that to be classified as a "modernized
nation," 10 per cent of the age group will
be in institutions of higher education. In
Canada we are only marginally above this
— 12.68 per cent; in British Columbia the
figure is 9.74 per cent. Compare this to the
participation rate in the United States of
about 20 per cent. We speak of the need to
diversify our economy and to become
leaders in high tech. We ponder and
marvel at Japan's "economic miracle" and
its technological leadership. I ask that you
reflect on the contrast between their
attitude toward universities and ours, in
Japan it is not 9 per cent of the young who
go to university, it is close to 40 per cent.
If the intrinsic value of our universities
does not in itself convince us that we
should not be content with these figures,
then surely the economic imperatives of
Canada, and particularly British Columbia
will.
Continued underfunding of our
universities will make them second rate.
Books not bought today cannot be
purchased later. Research suddenly
interrupted by lack of funds is difficult,
often impossible to resume. Overcrowded
classes, laboratories and libraries cheat our
students. If university funding is not given
a higher priority amongst all those
competing claimants on the limited public
purse we in the universities have only one
choice: teach as many students as we now
do and destroy the quality of the education
they receive; or teach less to fewer
students. At Simon Fraser I am determined
that we shall maintain quality.
But that choice which is being forced
upon us by inadequate resources is a
critical public issue. It means more and
more qualified students will be turned
away from our doors.
The percentage of students now in
universities in this province, already eighth
or ninth in this country, will of necessity
sink lower. I do not believe that the people
or government of this province wish that to
happen. The choice is not ours in the
university to make; it is ours within the
entire community of this province.
I believe the educational experience,
formal and informal, is one that should be
life long. I am convinced that continuing
education, for professional upgrading as
well as individual intellectual development,
will become increasingly important in our
aging and rapidly changing society. In an
urban setting, that educational opportunity
is best provided in the downtown core
where it is most accessible, and where
professional and business leaders can share
with us not only in the learning, but also
in the teaching experience.
It is for these reasons that I was
particularly pleased to learn that my
predecessor had clearly defined as part of
the Simon Fraser mandate, the creation of
a downtown university program. I hope
that before I leave this office, public,
private and alumni support will help us
develop that program into a small but
highly valued campus — a campus so well
defined in purpose and program that it
complements and does not contradict or
compete for resources with our primary
endeavor at the present campus.
Simon Fraser's downtown initiatives are
timely. The dramatic developments of the
Pacific Rim will inevitably put a sharp
national focus on Canada's gateway to the
Pacific — the city of Vancouver and this
province. As a so-called Asian "expert" I
have spent much time and energy
conveying to eastern Canadian audiences
my sense that the destiny of this country is
to be found in the Pacific. At last I am on
the shores of the Pacific where I assume
both the public and government accept
and indeed take this for granted.
Today many of the most critical and
exciting international developments are
taking place in the Pacific — witness for
example the economic growth and
dynamism of the ASEAN nations, Korea
and Taiwan; the emergence of a potential
superpower in China; the economic might
of Japan and its changing role in regional
security; the massive military power of the
Soviet Union throughout the Pacific; the
strengthening economic and strategic axis
between Washington, Tokyo and Beijing;
the potential Chinese as well as Japanese
investment in this province; the explosion
of tourism throughout the region.
How we understand and respond to the
challenges and opportunities our presence
on the Pacific Rim offer us will help shape
our destiny for decades to come. In the
area of higher education, in research and
development, we are, I think, found
wanting. I ask the alumni of our
universities, the public at large and the
government of British Columbia to help us
within the universities do our share in
meeting that challenge.
Your Honor, ladies and gentlemen, it's
good to be home. My family and I are
most grateful for the warmth of your
welcome. I hope that as colleagues on
campus and citizens of this exquisitely
beautiful province, we shall be worthy of
your confidence and support. UBC Report* October 5, 1983
TENURE: It was late arriving in Canada
The following piece is by Prof. Allan
Evans of the Department of Classics at
UBC. It appeared in the September edition
of the Bulletin, the newspaper of the
Canadian Association of University
Teachers, and is reprinted with the
permission of Dr. Evans and the CAUT.
On a winter afternoon when I was a
student, my professor felt moved to let
down the remnants of his hair, and tell me
a folktale about academic freedom and
tenure in Canada, which is worth recalling
in the discussion of Bill 3, now before the
B.C. legislature. The Legislative Buildings
of Ontario are decently separated from the
University of Toronto by four lines of
moving traffic, but once upon a time,
when my professor was an undergraduate
himself, he visited the Legislative Assembly
to hear a debate on what should be done
about two professors at his university whose
conduct had been improper. One of them
was alleged to have stated that Canada
should have her own flag, the other that
she should have her own foreign policy.
The premier of Ontario was Mitch
Hepburn, best remembered now for his
titanic battles with Ottawa, and facing him
across the floor was Lt.-Col. George Drew,
the incarnation of Tory Toronto. But on
this question, government and opposition
were united. The two professors had to be
dismissed.
Then an MLA arose to point out that
one of the professors belonged to Trinity
College, which had its own charter, though
it was affiliated with the university, and
the government had no power to dismiss
him.
"Well," said Hepburn, bounding from
his seat, "if there ain't a law" (my professor
vouched for 'ain't'), "we'll make a law!"
The professors made apologies and
promises to do better in the future, and
kept their jobs. However, one of them,
Frank Underhill, was soon in trouble
again. Underhill was one of the pioneers of
Canadian Studies, but for all his solid
academic background, he was an earlier
version of Allan Fotheringham: a man who
liked to compare Toronto unfavorably with
Winnipeg where he had begun his career,
and who once called the congregation of
St. Paul's (Bloor St.) Anglican church "the
Toronto Stock Exchange at prayer." In
1940, by coincidence the same year that in
the United States, the American
Association of University Professors (AAUP)
issued the basic statement of academic
freedom and tenure that it still maintains,
it was reported that Underhill said, during
a panel discussion, that Canada's ties with
the U.S. were bound to strengthen in the
future, and those with Britain would
weaken. Tory Toronto demanded that he
be fired, or even interned. Underhill got
off this time, partly because Hugh
Keenlyside of the Department of External
Affairs, who was brought up in „
Vancouver's West End, pointed out that
the Underhill affair was making Canada
look silly in the outside world.
Academic tenure in Canadian
universities a generation ago meant
appointment at the pleasure of the board
of governors. Standards were somewhat
casual; professors who were self-motivated
did research, but those who did not
publish were in no great danger of
perishing. So long as a professor trod
gingerly around controversial topics such as
the theory of evolution, sexual symbolism
in Melville's novel Moby Dick, or the
imperial connection, his performance in
the lecture hall could be merely adequate.
Politics was a dangerous area. In contrast
to Europe, one did not find professors
sitting in parliaments or legislative
assemblies before the concept of academic
tenure in Canada acquired some teeth.
One academic did make an attempt in
1935; Professor W.H. Alexander of the
University of Alberta won the nomination
for the federal riding of Edmonton West,
and the Board of Governors riposted with a
decree forbidding professors to run for
parliament. Alexander left Canada shortly
afterwards to teach at the University of
California in Berkeley.
South of the border, the first statement
on academic freedom and tenure dates
back to 1915, but Canada had to wait
until the late fifties. Two events helped it
along. The first was an incident in 1958 at
United College, now the University of
Winnipeg, where a professor on permanent
appointment, Harry Crowe, was fired when
a private letter he wrote to a colleague
criticizing the administration found its way
somehow into the college principal's hands.
The Canadian Association of University
Teachers assigned two outsiders the task of
writing a report on the "Crowe Case", one
of them Bora Laskin, now the Chief Justice
of the Supreme Court of Canada. Their
report set university heads thinking. The
second was that, in the eight years
following the "Crowe Case", Canadian
university enrolments doubled, and the
scramble was on for good academics.
Universities here could not afford to offer
significantly worse terms than their U.S.
counterparts, and they began to regularize
and publish their conditions of
employment. Letters of appointment to
faculty members acquired the force of
contracts. But at the same time, standards
became tighter. Vacancies were advertised,
the period of probation became longer and
tenure was harder to get. The result was
that, whereas in 1960, only 38 per cent of
full-time faculty had doctoral degrees, now
the figure is well over 60 per cent. In fact,
Canada surpassed the United States a full
decade ago; in 1972-73, 53.7 per cent of
Canadian faculty possessed earned PhD's
compared to 49.6 per cent in the U.S.
A faculty member at the University of
British Columbia is  "up for tenure" after
five year's probation. In the United States,
the average probation works out to 5.4
years in public institutions and 5.9 years in
private ones. In 1978-79, U.S. universities
considered 12,400 candidates for tenure,
granted it to 58 per cent of them and gave
22 per cent a second chance. I have no
comparable percentages for Canada, but I
suspect that when everything is taken into
consideration, they are not dissimilar.
Tenure, once granted, can be revoked if
the reasons are adequate. The Canadian
Association of University Teachers had
records of about twenty-five tenured
academics who had been dismissed over the
past Fifteen years, and estimates that three
times that number may have chosen
prudently to resign before their cases
reached the point of formal review.
Wherever three professors are gathered
together, one can hear stories of tenured
academics who have used their tenure as
license for terminal laziness, but very few
of them get away with it for long. The
machinery exists to fire them if necessary.
I have on my desk a reminder of the cost
of academic freedom,denied. It is a
change-of-address card from one of the
greatest economic historians of the ancient
world, Sir Moses Finley, who has just
retired as professor at Cambridge
University in Britain, and Master of
Darwin College. Finley was on the faculty
of Rutgers, the state university of New
Jersey, in the early fifties when Sen. Joseph
McCarthy, with an assist from Richard
Nixon, was carrying out a noisy crusade
against alleged communists in government
and the universities. Finley is, in fact, one
of the most effective critics of the Marxist
interpretation of economic history, but the
McCarthyites had no time for such
subtleties. Finley was hounded out of
Rutgers, emigrated to Britain where he put
together his career again, and five years
ago, he was knighted by the Queen. His
story is proof that top scholars can survive
loss of tenure. But the cost is very great,
and in Finley's case, it was greater for the
intellectual life of the United States than it
was for Finley himself.
fohn Lomax, UBC's accounting and insurance manager and chairman of the
campus United Way campaign, gets UBC's president, Dr. George Pedersen, to
sign his pledge card to get UBC campaign under way. Last year, faculty,
support staff and students contributed $110,681.72 and this year's target is
$120,000. Pledge cards should be returned to UBC's finance department by Dec. 1.
Krajina heads drive
to save tallest trees
More than $13,000 has been raised so
far to save from logging the tallest trees in
Canada, a stand of Douglas fir more than
90 metres high on Nimpkish River Island
at the north end of Vancouver Island.
The National Second Century Fund of
B.C. made a contribution of $10,000 this
year, and in the first days of fund raising
on the campus the Friends of Ecological
Reserves Society raised a further $3,145.
Prime mover in the campaign is Dr.
Vladimir Krajina, professor emeritus of
Botany, who wants the island declared an
ecological reserve. He was also the major
force in convincing the provincial
government to set aside ecological reserves
throughout B.C. So far, 111 reserves have
been established, unprecedented in any
other area of the world.
The island timber is under the
Deadline near
for 'Rhodes'
Students who feel they might qualify for
a Rhodes Scholarship and two years of
study at Oxford University are reminded
that the deadline for applying is Oct. 25,
1983, for the 1984 scholarship.
Application forms are available in the
Awards Office. Only one of the 11 Rhodes
Scholarships available in Canada is alloted
to B.C.
Candidates must be Canadian citizens or
persons domiciled in Canada and must
have been resident in Canada for the past
five years. They must be unmarried and
must have completed at least three years of
university training by Oct. 1, 1984.
The successful candidate will have
demonstrated literary and scholastic
attainment; fondness of and success in
outdoor sports; qualities of truth, courage
and devotion to duty; sympathy and
protection of the weak; kindliness,
unselfishness and fellowship; moral force of
character and instincts to lead and take an
interest in contemporaries.
Financial need is not a factor.
jurisdiction of Canadian Forest Products.
"The company has given me a verbal
agreement that they will not cut the trees if
they are compensated for 50 per cent of
their value," Prof. Krajina said.
"The company estimates that the money
it should receive is $1.4 million. However,
there is a serious disagreement between the
company and the provincial Ministry of
Forests over the estimated value of the
timber.
"We have the support of two provincial
ministers to establish the new ecological
reserve. Forests Minister Tom Waterland
and Lands, Parks and Housing Minister
Tony Brummet have asked us to raise
money to help buy the timber."
Dr. Krajina said about 50 Douglas firs
are taller than 90 metres (295 feet), at least
15 metres taller than the tallest tree in
Cathedral Grove between Parksville and
Port Alberni on Vancouver Island.
"These trees are about 300 to 400 years
old, and they could live for another 1,000
years," Dr. Krajina said. "They are still
growing. So is a Western red cedar that is
also in the 90 metre range. A red cedar
that tall is unknown in the U.S. or any
other country, so it is probably the tallest
of its species in the world."
The island also has two of the tallest
Western hemlock, about 76 metres and two
Sitka spruce almost 79 metres tall.
As part of a national campaign to raise
money to save the trees, donations are
being solicited on campus.
A petition is being circulated supported
by UBC President K. George Pedersen, the
Faculty Association, the deans of the
Faculties of Forestry, Graduate Studies and
Science, directors of the Botanical Garden
and Westwater Research Centre, and heads
of the Departments of Botany and Zoology,
among others.
Cheques should be made out to "Friends
of Ecological Reserves" and sent to the
Botany Department. UBC Reports October 5, 1983
National Universities Week: many attractions
UBC mvites you to take part in National
Universities Week celebrations happening
both on and off the campus this week.
Details of activities for the remainder of the
week are listed below.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 5
I  Recital. Das Marienleben, a cycle of
poems by Rilke set to music by Hindemith.
Performed by Karen Smith, soprano, and
Philip Tillotson, piano. Recital Hall, Music
Building, 12:30 p.m. Free admission.
■  Museum of Anthropology concert by the
Cassation Group. New music for percussion,
computer synthesizer and recorder. 8 p.m.
Rotunda, Museum of Anthropology. Free
admission. ■ Geology lecture by Joe Nagel,
curator, M.Y. Williams Geology Museum,
UBC, on Data Bases and Museum Cases:
Science and Museums. Admission $2.50; $4
per couple. 8 p.m. Geological Sciences
Building. ■ FESTIVAL OF THE ARTS.
A colorful evening of the performing arts
featuring faculty and students in a program
of music (40-voice choir), dance and poetry.
Frederic Wood Theatre, 8 p.m. Free
admission.
UDC
THURSDAY, OCT. 6
■ Third of four lectures on Advanced
Technology, Human Values and the
Universities at Robson Square Media Theatre
at 12 noon. Continues on Oct. 7. Today's
speaker: Dr. Erich Vogt, director of
TRIUMF meson facility, on The Cult of
Modem Science and its Impact on Society.
Free admission. ■ Arts '20 Relay Race,
opening ceremony at 12:30 p.m. on the
south plaza of the Student Union Building.
Relay starts at 12th and Willow and finishes
on carnpus at the Great Trek cairn on Main
Mall. ■ Last of three discussions on the
Search for Knowledge by UBC faculty members in Lecture Hall 6, Woodward Building,
7:30 p.m. Tonight's speakers: Dr. Hector
Williams, Classics, and Dr. Caroline
Williams, post-doctoral fellow in Classics, on
Bringing the Past Back to Life. Free
admission. ■ Sitar Recital. Classical Music
of India performed by Nikhil Banerjee, sitar,
and Zakir Husain, tabla, 7:30 p.m., Recital
Hall, Music Building. Ticket information:
228 3881. ■ FESTIVAL OF THE ARTS.
A program of short films, some of them
national award winners, produced in the
Department of Theatre. Frederic Wood
Theatre, 8 p.m. Free admission.
FRIDAY, OCT. 7
■ Surf n Turf Challenge. UBC, SFU and
UVic will compete in this two-day event
which begins at 10 a.m. on the SFU campus.
Relay teams will run from SFU through
Burnaby, New Westminster, Richmond and
Vancouver, to the UBC campus and Jericho
beach, where the three teams will begin
(approximately 1 p.m.) a sailboat
competition to Nanaimo. On Saturday, Oct.
8, the race will continue with a cycle relay
from Nanaimo to the finish line at the
University of Victoria. The winning team will
be determined by the lowest aggregate time.
For more details, call 228-2203 or 228-3996.
I  Last of four lectures on Advanced
Technology, Human Values and the
Universities at Robson Square Media Theatre
at 12 noon. Today's speaker: Prof. W.D.
Valgardson, chairman of the creative writing
department at the University of Victoria, on
Technology and Literacy. Free admission.
I  Soccer. UBC Thunderbirds vs. University
of Lethbridge Pronghorns, 2 p.m., UBC
Playing Fields. ■  FESTIVAL OF THE
ARTS. An evening of the performing arts
featuring faculty and students in a program
of music, dance and poetry. Frederic Wood
Theatre, 8 p.m. Free admission.
CalcndaR
SATURDAY, OCT. 8
■ Soccer. UBC Thunderbirds vs. University
of Calgary Dinosaurs, 2 p.m., UBC Playing
Fields. ■  Vancouver Institute Lecture.
President George Pedersen, UBC, on
Education Under Siege: Academic Freedom
and the Cult of Efficiency, 8:15 p.m.,
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Building. Free
admission.
SUNDAY, OCT. 9
■ Museum of Anthropology. Snake in the
Grass Moving Theatre presents a story entitled Scab at 2:30 p.m. Museum open noon
to 5 p.m.
DISPLAYS AND EXHIBITS
An exhibit of Contemporary Japanese
Ceramics will be on display at the Fine Arts
Gallery, located in the basement of the Main
Library. Gallery is open Oct. 4 through 8 until
9 p.m. (free admission). The Asian Centre is
featuring an exhibit entitled Kasuri: Folk
Fabric of Japan, Oct. 2 to 16. Exhibit hours
are noon to 9 p.m. daily during NUW. In the
Music Studio of the Asian Centre, a display of
landscape paintings of India by D.A.
Khamgaonkar is open to the public from noon
to 9 p.m. daily during NUW. Both exhibits
are free.
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the weeks of Oct. 23 and 30,
material must be submitted not later than
4 p.m. on Thursday, Oct. 13. Send notices
to Information Services, 6328 Memorial
Road (Old Administration Building). For
further information, call 228-3131.
The Vancouver Institute.
Saturday, Oct. 8
Education Under Siege:
Academic Freedom and
the Cult of Efficiency.
President George
Pedersen, University of
B.C.
Saturday, Oct. 15
W and Z: The New
Particles and the New
Physics. Dr. Alan
Astbury, Physics,
University of Victoria
and TRIUMF.
Both lectures in Lecture Hall 2, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre at 8:15 p.m.
MONDAY, OCT. 10
Thanksgiving. University closed.
TUESDAY, OCT. 11
Religious Studies Lecture.
Jesus' Social Teaching and John the Baptist. Dr.
David Flusser, Comparative Religion, Hebrew
University, Jerusalem. Room A100, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Cecil and Ida Green Lecture.
Can Education Change Society? Prof. Brian
Simon, University of Leicester. Room 100,
Scarfe Building. 12:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Stirring of Tracer Fields by Mesoscale Eddies.
Dr. Gregory Holloway, Institute of Ocean
Sciences, Sidney, B.C. Room 1465, Biological
Sciences Building. 3 p.m.
French Lecture.
Qu'est-ce qu'un Mythe Litteraire. Prof. Philippe
Sellier, Universite de Paris-V. Room A100,
Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Cecil and Ida Green Seminar.
The History of Contemporary Education:
Problems, Methodologies and Techniques. Prof.
Brian Simon, University of Leicester. Seminar
Room A/B, Ponderosa Annex G. 3:30 p.m.
Chemistry Lecture.
Dodecahedrane — The Chemical
Transliteration of Plato's Universe. Prof. Leo A.
Paquette, Chemistry, Ohio State University.
Room 250, Chemistry Building. 4 p.m.
Dorothy Somerset Studio.
Opening night of John Murrell's MFA thesis
production Waiting for the Parade. Continues
until Oct. 15. For ticket information, call
228-2678. Dorothy Somerset Studio. 8 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 12
Obstetrics/Gynecology Research
Seminar.
Oxygen Consumption in the Fetal Lamb. Dr.
Dan Rurak, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, UBC.
Room 2J40, Grace Hospital. 12 noon.
Pharmacology Seminar.
Ca+ + and Transmitter Release. Dr. D.M.J.
Quastel, Medicine, UBC. Room 317, Block C,
Medical Sciences Building. 12 noon.
Noon-Hour Concert.
Music of the 20th Century. John Schneider,
guitar. Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
English Lecture.
Sexuality, Self and Death: Genre and Conflict in
Shakespeare. Prof. Richard Wheeler, English,
University of Illinois. Sponsored by the
Committee on Lectures. Room A102, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Mechanism and Modelling of the Fluid
Transport in the Pulmonary Microcirculation
System. Frank Heijmans, graduate student,
Chemical Engineering, UBC. Room 206,
Chemical Engineering Building. 2:30 p.m.
Statistics Workshop.
On the Use of Rank Tests for Assessing the
Specification of Regression. Dr. Brendan
McCabe, Economics, Leeds University. Room
223, Angus Building. 3:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium.
Settling Marginal Land. V. Konrad, Canadian-
American Centre, University of Maine. Room
201, Geography Building. 3:30 p.m.
Economic Theory Workshop.
Unions and Strikes with Asymmetric
Information. Beth Hayes, Graduate School of
Management, Northwestern University. Room
351, Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Geophysics Seminar.
Fire and Ice in Mt. Wrangell, Alaska. Prof.
Garry K.C. Clarke, Geophysics and Astronomy,
UBC. Room 260, Geophysics and Astronomy
Building. 4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology Seminar.
Ecology of Wild Giant Pandas in China. Dr.
George Schaller, New York Geological Society.
Room 2000, Biological Sciences Building.
4:30 p.m.
Faculty Club.
Pre-Senate dinner buffet. Cost is $9, reservations
required. Main Dining Room. 5:30 p.m.
Hillel House.
Dinner. For more information, call 224-4748.
Hillel House. 6 p.m.
Folk Dance Club.
Folk dances and steps from many countries
taught at beginning and intermediate level.
Open to students, faculty, staff and community.
Yearly fee is $10 (students $5). No partner
necessary. For further information, call Marcia
Snider at 738-1246. Upper Lounge,
International House. 7:30 p.m.
Lecture-Discussion.
The Crisis in Nicaragua. Margaret Randall,
poet, writer, activist. Admission is $3; $2 for
students and seniors. For more information, call
222-5237. Hebb Theatre. 8 p.m.
THURSDAY, OCT. 13
Psychiatry Lecture.
Psychiatry's Role with Cancer Patients. Dr.
Cheryl McCartney, University of North
Carolina. Room 2NA/B, Psychiatry Building,
Health Sciences Centre Hospital. 9 a.m.
Cecil and Ida Green Lecture.
The State and Education in England and North
America. Prof. Brian Simon, University of
Leicester. Room 100, Scarfe Building.
12:30 p.m.
Jewish Students' Network.
Seminar on Media Analysis. Hillel House.
12:30 p.m.
UBC Wind Symphony.
Music of Tchaikovsky, Bach, Ravel, Rodgers
and others, directed by Martin Berinbaum. Old
Auditorium. 12:30 p.m.
Dentistry Seminar.
Preparation of Isotopes at TRIUMF and their
Use in Health Science Research. Dr. Erich W.
Vogt, director, TRIUMF, UBC. Room 388,
Macdonald Building. 12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
Some Physiological Effects of Carbon Dioxide
Enrichment of Beans. David Ehret, Plant
Science, UBC. Room 342, MacMillan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Practical Writing Lecture.
First in a series of lectures on practical writing.
Today, Mr. P.G. Gilbert, manager,
Environment and Land Use, Council of Forest
Industries of British Columbia, will speak on
writing letters to government, industry and
private citizens, briefs, technical documents,
speeches and scripts. Room 100, Geography
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Effects of Isoproterenol and Forskolin on
Tension, Cyclic AMP Levels and Cyclic AMP-
Dependent Protein Kinase Activity in Bovine
Coronary Artery. Raju V.K. Vegesna,
Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC. Lecture Hall 3,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
12:30 p.m.
Condensed Matter Seminar.
Far Infra-Red Cyclotron Resonance and de
Haas-van Alphen Studies of Intercalation
Compounds. W. Ross Datars, McMaster
University. Room 318, Hennings Building.
2:30 p.m.
Cecil and Ida Green Lecture.
The Historical Study df Childhood and
Education. Joan Simon, social historian,
England. Penthouse, Buchanan Building.
3:30 p.m.
Mathematics Colloquium.
Some Recent Results on Mapping of Partial
Differential Equations. Prof. George Bluman,
UBC. Room 1100, Mathematics Building
Annex. 3:45 p.m.
Physics Colloquium.
Timbre, Tuning and Temperament: Physics of
the Guitar. Dr. John Schneider, Music, Pierce
College, Los Angeles. Room 201, Hennings
Building. 4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology Seminar.
R  k Sensitive Foraging and the Risk of
St irvation. Dr. Dave Stephens, Animal Resource
Ecology, UBC. Room 2449, Biological Sciences
Building. 4:30 p.m.
SUB Films.
Tootsie. Continues through Oct. 16 at 7 and
9:30 p.m. Auditorium, Student Union Building.
7 p.m.
Contemporary Players.
Recent European Chamber Music, directed by
Stephen Chatman and Eugene Wilson. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
Marion Woodward Lecture.
Charting the Next 20 Years: University
Education for All Nurses. Ginette Rodger,
executive director, Canadian Nurses Association,
Ottawa. Admission is free. Lecture Hall 6,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
8 p.m.
Botanical Garden Lecture.
Flowers in Art: The Print Process. Henry Evans,
printmaker, San Francisco. Tickets are $4. For
details, call 228-3928. Faculty Club. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, OCT. 14
Assertiveness in Social Situations.
A three-session workshop designed for women. It
will include some focus on learning how to make
requests, set limits, and take risks. Sponsored by
the Women Students' Office. Room 106A,
Brock Hall. 12:30 p.m.
Religious Studies Lecture.
John the Baptist and the Essenes. Dr. Dav'd
Flusser, Comparative Religion. Hebrew
University, Jerusalem. Room A100, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Geological Sciences Colloquium.
Recent Additions to Mineral Exploration
Techniques. Dr. H.V. Warren, Professor
emeritus, Geological Sciences, UBC. Room
330A, Geological Sciences Building. 3:30 p.m.
Contemporary Players.
Stephen Chatman and Eugene Wilson, co-
directors. Recital Hall, Music Building.
12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva. Dr. John
Rogers. Parentcraft Room, Grace Hospital.
' 1 p.m.
Women's Volleyball.
UBC High School Invitational. War Memorial
Gym. 4 to 11 p.m.
Faculty Club.
B.C. Cottage winetasting and gourmet dinner.
Cost is $5 for winetasting; $19 for dinner.
Reservations required. Faculty Club. 6:30 p.m.
Football.
UBC vs. the University of Manitoba.
Thunderbird Stadium. 7:30 p.m.
UBC Wind Symphony.
Music of Tchaikovsky, Bach, Ravel, Rodgers
and others, directed by Martin Berinbaum. Old
Auditorium. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, OCT. 15
Women's Volleyball.
UBC High School Invitational. War Memorial
Gym. 8 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Vancouver New Music Society.
Music for Solo Cello with Electronics by
Ferenyhough, Cardy, Cage, Andriessen, Uitti
and Davidovsky, with Frances-Marie Uitti, cello.
For ticket information, call 669-0909. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
Continued on Page 8 UBC Reports October 5, 1983
UK
CalcndaR
Continued from Page 7
SUNDAY, OCT. 16
Lutheran Campus Centre.
Where Luther Walked. Lutheran Campus
Centre, 5885 University Blvd. 8 p.m.
MONDAY, OCT. 17
Cancer Research Seminar.
The Efficacy of Tamoxifen in Endometrial
Cancer. Dr. K. Swenerton, Medical Oncology,
Cancer Control Agency of B.C. Lecture
Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research Centre, 601 W.
10th Ave. 12 noon.
History Lecture.
Working or Helping? Children's Economic
Contribution to the Working-Class Family in
Late 19th-century London. Prof. Anna Davin,
Adult Education, University of London, and
History, State University of New York. Room
A204, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Mahlzeit!
German conversation  -   bring your lunch.
International House. 12:30 p.m.
Test Anxiety Workshop for Women
Students.
The Office for Women Students begins a six
week workshop on Self-Management of Test
Anxiety. Group size limited. Registration
information at the Office for Women Students,
Room 203, Brock Hall. Room 223, Brock Hall.
12:30 p.m.
The Pedersen Exchange.
An opportunity for any member of the on-
campus University community to meet with
President George Pedersen, to discuss matters of
concern. Persons wishing to meet with the
president should identify themselves to the
receptionist in the Librarian's office, which is
immediately to the left of the main entrance to
the Main Library Building. The president will
be available every Monday when he is on
campus. 3:30 to 5 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
Plastic Bucking of Shells. Dr. Hilton Ramsey,
Mechanical Engineering, UBC. Room 1202,
Civil and Mechanical Engineering Building.
3:30 p.m.
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History Seminar.
Report of History Workshop Movement and
Women's History. Prof. Anna Davin, Adult
Education, University of London, and History,
State University of New York. Penthouse,
Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Management Science Seminar.
Approximation Methods for Stochastic
Programming Algorithms. Prof. John Berge.
University of Michigan. Room 413, Angus
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics/Mathematics
Seminar.
Stability of Delay Differential Equations with
Applications to Biology. Prof. Kenneth L.
Cooke, Mathematics, Pomona College,
California. Room 229, Mathematics Building.
3:45 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Croup
Seminar.
Human Fibrinolytic Enzymes — Urokinase and
Plasminogen Activator. Dr. Gordon Vehar,
Protein Chemistry, Genentech Inc., San
Francisco. Lecture Hall 4, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre. 4 p.m.
TUESDAY, OCT. 18
Hillel House.
Free lunch sponsored by Hillel mothers. For
more information, call 224-4748. Hillel House.
12:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar.
Use of Isozymes in Forest Genetics and Tree
Breeding. Y. El-Kassaby, Forestry, UBC. Room
3219, Biological Sciences Building. 12:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
The Soft Touch   -  Another View of Coral. Dr.
John Collis, James Cook University, Queensland,
Australia. Room 1465, Biological Sciences
Building. 3 p.m.
Cecil and Ida Green Seminar.
The History of Education as Social History. Joan
Simon, social historian, England. Seminar Room
A/B, Ponderosa Annex G. 3:30 p.m.
Chemistry Lecture.
Optoacoustic Spectroscopy and Studies of Weak
Absorptions in Gases, Liquids, and Solids. Dr.
C.K.N. Patel, Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill,
New Jersey. Room 250, Chemistry Building.
4 p.m.
Gerontology Lecture.
Physiology of Normal Aging and Its
Relationship to Disease. Dr. William Dalziel,
consultant, Geriatric Medicine, Shaughnessy
Hospital. Lecture Hall 3, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre. 7 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 19
Pharmacology Seminar.
Studies of the Neurochemical Basis of Dialysis
Encephalopathy. Dr. Thomas L. Perry,
Medicine, UBC. Room 317, Block C, Medical
Sciences Building. 12 noon.
Noon-Hour Concert.
Vancouver Wind Trio, with Anthony Averay,
bassoon; Michael Borschel, clarinet: and Tony
Nickels, oboe. Recital Hall. Music Building.
12:30 p.m.
Anatomy Seminar.
Upper Limb Function: The Influence of
Postural Abnormalities of the Shoulder Girdle.
B. Lundgren, B.P.T., Rehabilitation Services.
Acute Care Unit, UBC. Room 37, Block B,
Medical Sciences Building. 12:30 p.m.
Hillel House.
Faculty lunch and discussion on the topic
University Cutbacks. Hillel House. 12:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Temperature Effects on the Hydrodynamics of
Spouted Beds. Stanley Wu, Chemical
Engineering, UBC. Room 206, Chemical
Engineering Building. 2:30 p.m.
NSERC Council Open Meeting.
Faculty and students are invited to meet with
and ask questions of the NSERC Council. Hebb
Theatre. 3:30 p.m.
Statistics Workshop.
Matrix Majorization: An Ordering of
Dependence for Contingency Tables. Dr. Harry
Joe, Statistics, UBC. Room 223, Angus
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium. '
Establishment Response to Community Planning
in Jerusalem. S. Hasson, Geography, Hebrew
University, Jerusalem. Room 201, Geography
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Economic Theory Workshop.
Aspects of an Economic Theory of Conformity.
Stephen Jones, Economics, UBC. Room 351,
Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Geophysics/Geological Sciences
Seminar.
The CESAR Experiment — Geological Aspects.
Ruth Jackson, Atlantic Geoscience Centre,
Geological Survey of Canada, Dartmouth, N.S.
Room 260, Geophysics and Astronomy Building.
4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology Seminar.
Factors Determining Fruit Selection by
European Blackbirds. Dr. Anne Sorensen,
Animal Resource Ecology, UBC. Room 2449,
Biological Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
Hillel House.
Dinner. For more information, call 224-4748.
Hillel House. 6 p.m.
Cinemawest.
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Also
shown on Thursday, Oct. 20 at 12:30 p.m.
Auditorium, Student Union Building. 7 p.m.
Folk Dance Club.
Folk dances and steps from many countries
taught at beginning and intermediate level.
Open to students, faculty, staff and community.
Yearly fee is $10 (students $5). No partner
necessary. For further information, call Marcia
Snider at 738-1246. Upper Lounge,
International House. 7:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, OCT. 20
Psychiatry Lecture.
Current Trends in Neuropsychiatry. Dr. T.
Hurwitz, Psychiatry, UBC. Room 2NA/B,
Psychiatry Unit, Health Sciences Centre
Hospital. 9 a.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Pulmonary Vascular Responses to Inflammatory
Mediators. Dr. Bob Schellenberg, Hospital
Immunology Laboratory, St. Paul's Hospital.
Lecture Hall 3. Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre. 12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
Legume Use in Reforestation. Heather Kibbey,
Plant Science. UBC. Room 342, MacMillan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Cecil and Ida Green Lecture.
The Modern Primary School in Action: New
Research in Methodologies. Prof. Brian Simon,
University of Leicester. Room 100, Scarfe
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Educators for Nuclear Disarmament.
Co-operative Peace Initiatives Between Europe
and North America. Kathleen Wallace-Deering,
Project Ploughshares. Hebb Theatre. 12:30 p.m.
Jewish Students' Network.
Zionism and Messianism. Prof. M. Amon,
Religious Studies, UBC. Hillel House.
12:30 p.m.
Student Honors Assembly.
Music department student honors assembly.
Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Essay Anxiety — Composition Skills.
Nancy Horsman of the Office of Women
Students will give three one-hour workshops to
assist students increase their skills in preparation
of essays. They will be held Thursdays: Oct. 20.
27 and Nov. 3. For information, call' 228-2415.
Room 302, Brock Hall. 12:30 p.m.
Condensed Matter Seminar.
Ultra Low Power Cryocoolers and SQUID
Devices. James E. Zimmerman, National Bureau
of Standards, Boulder. Room 318, Hennings
Building. 2:30 p.m.
Mathematics Colloquium.
Knots in Dynamical Systems. Prof. Robert
Williams, Northwestern University. Room 1100,
Mathematics Annex Building. 3:45 p.m.
Computer Science Seminar.
Thesis Seminar: A Model of the UNIX Time
Sharing System Under Disk Saturation. Barry
Brachman, graduate student, Computer
Science, UBC. Room 301. Computer Sciences
Building. 4 p.m.
Lecture Series.
Prof. Ronald Jones, Educational Foundations,
UBC, presents a three-lecture series on Thursday
evenings on Spanish philosopher Jose Ortega y
Gasset. For registration information, call the
Centre for Continuing Education, 222-5261.
Lecture Hall 1, Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, OCT. 21
Poetry Reading.
Reading by Canadian poet Sharon Thesen.
Sponsored by the Canada Council. Room B312,
Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Assertiveness and the Professional
Woman.
A three-session workshop designed for women
who will be entering the work place and would
like to learn effective assertiveness skills in their
professional lives. Penthouse, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Music of Prokofieff, Tchaikovsky and
Beethoven, with Gerald Stanick, director, and
James Parker, piano soloist. Old Auditorium.
12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Molecular Basis of Cancer. Dr. T. Pawson.
Parentcraft Room, Grace Hospital. 1 p.m.
Soccer.
UBC Thunderbirds vs. Alberta Golden Bears.
UBC Playing Fields. 2 p.m.
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Music of Prokofieff, Tchaikovsky and
Beethoven, with Gerald Stanick, director, and
James Parker, piano soloist. Old Auditorium
8 p.m.
SATURDAY, OCT. 22
Soccer.
UBC  Thunderbirds vs. Saskatchewan Huskies.
UBC Playing Fields. 2 p.m.
Notices
Calendar Event Forms
New calendar forms have been printed and are
available by calling 228-3131 or dropping by
Information Services, Room 207. Old
Administration Building.
Communications Programs
The Centre for Continuing Education is offering
a wide range of courses in the field of
communications in October and November. For
details on programs, call 222-5221.
Fitness Testing
The Buchanan Fitness and Research Centre in
the UBC Aquatic Centre is open for testing the
following hours, iMondavs at 5. 6 and 7 p.m.;
Tuesdays at 1:30, 2:30 and 3:30 p.m.; and
Thursdays at 9.  10 and  11 a.m. and 12,  1 and 2
p.m. Cost for a testing session is $25; $20 for
students. For more information, call 228-3996.
Pipe Band
Pipers and drummers wanted lor campus pipe
band. For more information, call Dr. .Mornin at
228-5140.
Lost and Found
The Lost and Found is located in Room 208 of
Brock Hall and is open [he following hours:
Mondavs        12:30 to 1:30 p.m.;   Tuesdays
9:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.; Wednesdays        10:30
a.m. to 1:30 p.m. and 3:30 to 4:30 p.m.;
Thursdays        11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.; and
Fridays        10:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.  Telephone:
228-5751.
Food Service Hours
AU UBC food service outlets will be closed on
Monday, Oct.  10 for the  Thanksgiving holiday.
Blood Donor Clinics
The following blood donor clinics will take place
this fall on the UBC campus: Oct. 3 to 7
Rooms 207, 209, 211, 213 and 215. Student
Union Building,  10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Oct. 26
Rooms 207 and 209, Student Union Building,
10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Nov. 7        Place Vanier
Residence, 3 to 9 p.m.; Nov. 28        Totem Park
Residence,  3 to 9 p.m.
Faculty/Staff Badminton Club
The club meets in Gym B of the Osborne Centre
on Tuesday evenings from 8:30 to 11:30 p.m.
and Friday evenings from 7:30 to 10 p.m. New
members welcome.
TELIDON Page Creation Grants
The Interprovincial Association for Telematics
and Telidon (IPATT) has applied on behalf of
the educational community in Canada to the
Federal Department of Communications for a
major grant to support the development and
interchange of Telidon pages by Universities.
Colleges, and Libraries. Members of the
University who are interested in participating in
this project are invited to attend an information
meeting at 9:30 a.m. on Friday, Oct.  14 in
Computer Sciences, Room 301.
Exercise to Music
The Fitness Group will conduct exercise to
music classes at different levels throughout the
year. Sponsored by Recreation UBC. For
information, call 738-4169.
Agricurl
Agricurl begins Tuesday, Oct.  11 from 5 to 7
p.m. Beginners and experienced curlers
welcome. For more information, call J. Shelford
at 228-6578, P. Welling at 228-3280 or A.
Finlayson at 228-3480.
Faculty Club Display
Sidney Harris explores the Lighter Side of
Science, an exhibit of cartoons from the New
York Hall of Science. Display continues until
Oct. 7 in the lower hall of the Faculty Club.
Sponsored by the UBC Sigma Xi Club.
Landscape Exhibit
An exhibit of landscape paintings by D.A.
Khamgaonkar of Bombay, India. Admission is
free. Open Oct. 3 to 9 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
in the Music Studio of the Asian Centre.

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