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UBC Reports Jan 8, 1970

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Vol. 16, No. 1/Jan. 8, 1970/Vancouver 8, B.C.
A steering committee to guide implementation of the recommendations made by
the Commission on the Future of the Faculty
of Education will be formed by Jan. 15,
according to Dean Neville Eicarfe, head of the
UBC's education faculty.
Establishment of a steering committee and
approval in principle of the COFFE report
came during a day-and-a-half of discussion by
Faculty of Education staff members on Dec. 17
and 18.
Dean Scarfe said the faculty discussion was
primarily an exchange of views on the
wide-ranging recommendations made in the
COFFE report. He said the resolution
approving the report in principle and calling for
implementation of as much of the report as is
possible was approved by more than
three-quarters of the staff members present.
Dean Scarfe will chair the steering
committee which will be made up of five
elected faculty members and five persons to be
appointed by the dean.
He said the steering committee has been
empowered to form a number of subsidiary
committees to deal with specific matters
recommended in the report. When the steering
committee has dealt with each area of the
report the entire faculty will meet again to
approve their recommendations.
Dean Scarfe said most of the recommendations approved by the faculty would then
have to be forwarded to the UBC Senate and
Board of Governors for final approval.
He said the discussion on Dec. 17 and 18
showed there was general agreement with the
basic ideas set out in the report. "The chief task
of the steering committee," he said, "will be
advising on the practical problems of
Target date for full implementation of the
report is the fall of 1973.
The 125-page COFFE report calls for
top-to-bottom revision of the academic
program and administrative structure of the
Education Faculty.
Major recommendations call for:
— Adoption of a single, five-year Bachelor of
Education degree program;
— Introduction of a "teaching associate"
concept and abolition of the existing practice
teaching method;
— Major changes and additions to the
Faculty's graduate program, including a new
Master of Pedagogy degree without thesis;
— Implementation of a new administrative
structure involving creation of a Faculty
Council and a Senior Administrative Board,
which together would be the main
policy-making bodies of the Faculty, and
— Appointment of an associate dean of
development and planning to act as an "agent
of change".
UBC's Festival of the Contemporary Arts gets
underway this week with a Fine Arts Gallery display
in the main Library of creations by assistant professor
of fine arts Herbert Gilbert, shown above explaining
one of his works, entitled "Spaced Out," to gallery
assistant curator Ann   Pollock. Some fifty events will
make up the 1970 Festival, which will include poetry
readings, film showings and a number of ceremonial
"happenings." A display of works by fine arts
students embodying aspects of form, color and smell
is currently on display in the lobby of the Frederic
Lasserre building. Photo by Extension Graphic Arts.
The following new years's message was issued
Dec. 29, 1969, by Dr. Walter Koerner, chairman of
the Board of Governors of UBC.
The end of a year, and the beginning of a new
one, cause us to reflect upon the achievements of
UBC in the past 12 months. I am happy to say
that, again in spite of an increasing student
population with its unavoidable overcrowding in
some fields, the high standard of learning at our
institution has been maintained.
Awards made to faculty and students, for
research and graduate study, have been of a high
level, and very satisfactory. The President, Dr.
Walter Gage, has the help of a dedicated
administrative team, and the support of students,
faculty and alumni.
The concern of our students this year has been
directed to urgent problems in our society rather
than to issues, on campus. This generation of
students, I am happy to say, feels called upon to
solve problems of poverty, illness, war and rapid
urbanization, and they need to be well prepared
by our universities for this heavy responsibility.
We, as citizens should have an understanding of
their deep feeling and concern for the challenge
which confronts them.
Our society and our universities should not be
content to lapse into an aging condition and
philosophy. Instead, all our institutions including
our University, must constantly and actively renew
Speaking for the University of British
Columbia, I am determined that we shall do this.
Our faculty, students and alumni, working through
the University Senate, are already busy on this
large-scale renewal project. We, in common with
the other universities in B.C., have made
submissions to the provincial government
proposing educational reforms, and we hope soon
to see some of these proposals implemented.
As Chairman of the Board of Governors of this
University, and as a businessman in possession of
the full facts, I want to assure the families of our
students, and all taxpayers, that this University is
giving full value for the money expended on it. It
is not only one of the academic leaders in Canada,
but also one of the most economically managed
universities in this nation. a
Is the radical student movement in North America
falling apart?
The answer to that question is yes and no,
depending on what you read or whom you talk to.
Speculation about the future of the radical youth
movement became more widespread following the
June, 1969, annual convention in Chicago of the
organization known as Students for a Democratic
Society, or SDS, a loosely-organized and
decentralized international group which has served as
the rallying point for student activism. w, ■
UBC REPORTS: The SDS, initially at least, served
as a rallying point around which students who shared
ideas about social and university problems could cluster.
A great deal has happened to the movement in the 10
years in which it has existed and the impression one gets
from reading the non-left press is that the movemerrthas
begun to disintegrate. Is this a distorted impressio^^^
TOM WAYMAN: Yes, I think it's a dUPted
picture. The SDS always was a very loose but united,
front of individuals. The SDS chapters that I was in
included people who considered themselves
Marxist-Leninist and others who were openly
anti-Communist. The things we were united on were
opposition to the war in Vietnam, and the obvious faults
in the American system.
In the classroom the student has a gut response to
what is happening and that helped build the movement
too. Students are asked by many teachers to sit through?
long, boring lectures and then suddenly regurgitate
information back on exams. The student learns, in a
sense, to put up with boredom, to lie, to respect
authority figures that he really doesn't have much use
for. A
UBC REPORTS: There seems to have been,
particularly in California, a conservative backlash, which
has been reflected in the support for Governor Ronald
Reagan. Has the movement in California become more
muted in recent months?
WAYMAN: No, and I think that goes back to your
first question which I'm not sure I really answered.
What's happened since Chicago is that the united front
has really become more specific. Those in the movement
have a clearer idea of how far they want to go with .
social change and what they want to do. And in some
ways that's going to make the movement more effective.
Mike Klonsky, the leader of R YM 11 talks a great deal
about a united front — about uniting the broadest
number of people around an issue. I think an
organization like the Friends of the Black Panthers is a
good example of that. A lot of people say, don't back
everything that the Panthers do 100 per cent but
understand that they're a positive force in the black
community, a force offering protection for black people
from police harassment, offering free breakfasts for
school children, free medical clinics, and not just trying
to end the war in Vietnam.
UBC REPORTS: The Black Panthers are usually
pictured as an extremist, gun-carrying group bent on war
in the streets. This is a distorted view, in your opinion, is
WAYMAN: Yeah. To be a Canadian in the States
and see the way the black and brown people are treated
is really a frightening experience. Black people are
subject to constant harassment by the police. By
harassment I mean a policeman parking his car and
stopping every black, brown or hippie person, hassling
them, running checks on them, pushing them around,
insulting their women. This goes on endlessly in the
2/UBC Reports/January 8, 1970 Internal politics figured strongly in the SDS
convention. Basically what happened was this: The
' * Progressive Labor Party-Worker—Student Alliance, or
W-SA, a Communist party splinter group, was kicked
out of the SDS by the Revolutionary Youth
Movement, or RYM.
Immediately after the convention the RYM itself
split    into    two    factions,   RYM   1,   called   "The
Weatherman," headed by Mark Rudd, who claims to
be the leader of SDS, and RYM II, headed by Mike
,   ' Klonsky, a group which has its origins in the Bay area
of San Francisco. (RYM I takes its nickname — "The
Weatherman" — from a line by folk singer Bob Dylan,
"You don't need a weatherman to know which way
the wind blows.")
Was the SDS seriously weakened by this political
in-fighting? The radical press has been of the opinion
that rather than weaken the movement, the split will
strengthen it by allowing the various factions to
define their goals more clearly. The non-radical press
and other commentators have tended to be of the
opinion that the split has irrevocably damaged the
SDS as a viable movement.
UBC graduate Tom Wayman, a former editor of
The Ubyssey, was at Chicago last summer for the
SDS convention. Wayman, who says he tends to
support the RYM II faction of the SDS, did graduate
work at the University of California at Irvine, where
he received the Master of Fine Arts degree, and
taught last year at Colorado State College, where he
was faculty adviser to the SDS chapter. UBC Reports
talked to him recently about the convention and the
radical student movement. An edited version of that
conversation begins below.
The Black Pathers have simply said 'enough of that.'
Their attitude is that if the police are going to carry arms
and hassle us we're going to carry arms to protect
ourselves. This led to escalation, I guess you'd call it, on
both sides and the police, finding their power
threatened, become insanely trigger-happy. It's a pretty
t^j^^happy society all together.
^ffc   REPORTS:      It's   been   said   that  there   is;  a
1 widening gulf between the white and the black activist
to   the   extent   that   the   black   protest   movement   is
rejecting offers of assistance and help from the white
WAYMAN: Well, the Panthers have consciously
and continuously fought against that. They say that the
enemy is not white people but those white people or
those black people who own the ghettos, who keep rents
high, who keep people all jammed together. They fight
'continually against racism in reverse in their own ranks.
But that attitude certainly does exist in the black
movement, as one would expect.
Most white activists are willing to put up with that
attitude to a certain extent because black people are the
|p^ta^ in the fight against what oppresses everyone,
bl^^Rnd white.
UBC REPORTS: You have been active in the
protest movement both here and in the United States.
You're probably aware that the movement in universities
* *n Canada has suffered because it has imported issues
from the United States. The activist movement in
Canada now seems to be swinging away from American
issues and focusing more on specifically Canadian issues.
Are there any differences between the Canadian and the
American activist?
WAYMAN: No, I really don't notice much
difference. I think the reason Canadians are attracted to
American issues is because a Canadian activist starts
from the premise that Canada has locked step with
America. The move in Canada to deal more with
Canadian problems is good, but you'll also see that same
development in the States. The movement can't afford
to become isolated from the bulk o': the American or
Canadian people.
In the States more and more activists are being
concerned with day-to-day problems. In Colorado for
example, the problem is the small farmer who's being
crushed out by large, corporate farms. The SDS has
begun to talk to small farmers about issues that affect
them every day. I think the same thing is happening in
^Canada. Not just Indian problems, but jobs for UBC
UBC REPORTS: One of the areas that the student
activist movement has been turning to in recent years is
an attempt to form some kind of an alliance with the
industrial worker in the United States. The industrial
worker these days often strikes one as being so fat and
sassy that he's almost part of the Establishment. He
aoesn't want the boat rocked. Is there any possibility of
an alliance with the industrial worker?
WAYMAN: I think it's a possibility with young
workers, who are not really living for a house and car,
who are the guys who had to fight the war in Vietnam
and deal with the consequences of that war, such as
inflation and higher taxes and so on without that
cushion of union seniority and high wages. He's more
approachable. At the same time, inflation and high taxes
have made it possible to talk to working people. Union
leaders keep saying their membership loves them, but
when you talk to the rank-and-file workers, they're not
so happy.
UBC REPORTS: To get back to what happened at
Chicago and the aftermath of that affair — the
impression one gets from reading the non-left press is
that the SDS has practically dissolved.
WAYMAN: Well, it's a mistake to think of the SDS
as a close-knit, monolithic organization. It began at a
certain point in time, it evolved, it changed. What it
stood for changed, who was in it changed and those
people, as they learn more, as they experience more in
society, continue to change and evolve. I never met a
person in SDS who thought that SDS was going to last as
long as General Motors.
Almost everyone would say that our loyalty is to the
ideas that we're talking about and not to any
organization. Just the name, Students for a Democratic
Society, obviously showed that its days were numbered.
It had to broaden out if it was going to be a real
movement for social change. It had to involve blue collar
workers, white collar workers, everyone. It had to be the
student wing of something very much larger.
UBC REPORTS: What's the future of the
WAYMAN: Well, in Canada it's my feeling that it
will not develop on campuses, cut off from what's
happening in the working classes. I feel that students are
much closer to what's happening in the working class
movement in British Columbia, where you can still meet
and talk with militant trade union workers who have not
forgotten that struggle. I think that in Canada the
alliances among all working people — not just blue collar
and white collar workers — and students will continue to
grow and develop.
In the States, there will be many more things
happening on campuses and in ghettos as the economy
goes into a tail spin as a result of the collapse or the
stepping up of the war effort in Vietnam. In either case,
it creates a very unstable situation in the economy which
has real effects on people's lives. Broader and broader
areas of the community will be involved.
UBC REPORTS: Do you see the incidence of
campus disturbances decreasing as the movement turns
outward into the community?
WAYMAN: No, the incidence won't decrease, but
the direction may be different, that is, the fight more
and more will be against having the university as a
playground for the elite. In the States, that is not a
particularly radical demand. As unemployment rises
there's only two places for young people to go: into the
army or into the higher education system.
But at the same time it does change the nature of the
university. The university professor is no longer there to
provide culture to the elite or to train a small,
managerial class. He has to begin relating to a wide
variety of problems. In Canada we're not at that stage
yet. The university is still largely the preserve of a small
socio-economic range.
UBC REPORTS: One final question: has the SDS,
the social protest movement, lost or do you think that it
can still win? Do you think that the goals which the
movement has set for itself are realistic and attainable in
North America in 1970?
WAYMAN: I think they're not only attainable but
that they will be reached. We don't draw lines in the
protest movement the way the newspapers do by saying
on this side are the crazy kinds and over here are the
sane, sensible citizens. We draw the line to include
everyone. The movement does not exist to make trouble
for people who work hard all day long. It exists to join
with them to build a better world. People have told us
all these years in school that we're a fabulously rich
continent. I believe it. I believe there's enough wealth
for all and that includes everyone in the world too.
I think that the movement will broaden and deepen.
As it does so it's going to set new goals and it may have
to be redefined. It's no good yelling and screaming at the
guy with a mortgage and a wife and a family that he
ought to sacrifice everything for some fly-by-night
revolution. He's not going to relate to that. What he will
relate to is the idea of getting out of the dead structure,
of living and working for something other than money
and mortgage and debts.
UBC REPORTS: I take it that the goals that the
movement has in mind don't involve an ideological
emphasis. Do you think this will continue to be true?
WAYMAN: Let me put it this way: I think that the
ideology which has been rejected is the ideology of
capitalism, competition which says screw your buddy
for a dollar, forget about the old people because they're
worthless in terms of making a buck, forget about the
poor people, forget about colored people all around the
world. That's what's been rejected.
What has happened I think is that people are
beginning to discover that social change is based on an
economic way of looking at the world. The revolutions
that have gone on in this century have been led by
Marxists or people who have looked at the economy as
the basis for how people relate to each other. And
people relating to each other is what I mean by politics.
So I don't think that it's quite true that the movement
has rejected communism as an ideology. One poet calls it
commune-ism, not some hippy commune sort of thing
but in the sense of community.
How many  people now go home and relate to the
problems   of  their   block?   To  the   problems  of  their
neighbor? And yet those problems are their problems.
They'll have to deal with them sooner or later in terms
of taxes, in terms of urban renewal.
UBC Reports/January 8, 1970/3 BY HUGH  KEENLEYSIDE
UBC Reacts Sharply to Speech
Leading administrators at UBC have reacted
sharply to suggestions that some faculties and
departments should be moved elsewhere in B.C. and
to criticism of the University for accepting research
grants from the United States armed forces.
The rebuttals came following a speech to the
Vancouver Institute Dec. 6 by Dr. Hugh Keenleyside,
a UBC graduate who is now chancellor of Notre
Dame University in Nelson, B.C. Dr. Keenleyside is a
former top United Nations official and co-chairman
of the B.C. Hydro and Power Authority. He has also
served on UBC's Senate.
In his speech to the Institute at UBC Dr.
Keenleyside asked: "But will someone tell me why
the University of British Columbia in 1969 has been
carrying on at least three research projects financed
by the Pentagon? Is it for this that we provide facilities
at Point Grey?"
Following the meeting Dr. Keenleyside said the
U.S.   Air   Force  was  supporting  two   projects,  one
UBC's Board of Governors has approved new
procedures for payment of tuition fees designed to
cut down on red tape during registration week.
In 1970 students will be billed in advance for their
fees and requested to pay them, preferably by mail,
on or before the first day of lectures in the 1970-71
winter session.
As in the past, students will have the option of
paying their fees in two installments. The second
installment will be due on or before the first day of
lectures in the second term.
Fee invoices will be mailed to returning students at
the time their marks and eligibility notices are sent
out in early June. Students enrolling for the first time
will receive an invoice when their eligibility is
The UBC Board also approved a revised scale of
incidental fees for such things as late registration,
supplemental examinations and review of standings
assigned by professors.
A flat fee of $25 will be charged in future for
students who wish to enrol after the normal period of
registration. In previous years late registering students
paid $25 plus $5 per day beyond the last day of
Students who fail to pay their first or second fee
installment by the end of the second week of lectures
in either term will be assessed a late fee of $25. In
previous years there was no late payment fee in the
first term, but a late payment fee of $20 was charged
after Jan. 15 and $30 after Jan. 30 in the second
Any student who fails to pay his first or second
fee installment by the end of the fourth week of
lectures in either term will be required to pay a
reinstatement of registration fee of $25 in addition to
the late payment fee. In previous years a
reinstatement fee of $10 was charged in the second
term only.
The Board has also approved increased fees for
supplemental examinations to offset increased
administrative costs.
Here is the new scale of fees for supplemental
exams with the old fees in brackets: supplemental
exams at UBC — $10 ($7.50); supplemental exams at
regular outside centers — $15 ($10); supplemental
exams at special outside centers — $30 ($20); special
examination where permitted — $25 ($20).
Students who wish to have their course standings
as assigned by professors reviewed will also pay more
in 1970. The fee per course for review has been
upped from $5 to $10. Where changes in standing are
made the full fee is refunded to the student.
UBC's Board also approved an increase in the
Summer Session Association fee from $2 to $3. The
additional dollar will be paid to the Alma Mater
Society and in return the Summer Session
Association will receive free use of the Student Union
4/UBC Reports/January 8, 1970
called "Chemical Reactions in Frozen Substances,"
the other "Spectral Problems for Elliptical
Operators." A third study on ocean turbulence,
financed by the U.S. Navy, was also identified.
(UBC actually has five projects supported by the
U.S. armed forces and one supported by the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration. See the box
on this page for details.)
Earlier in the same speech Dr. Keenleyside said
UBC's situation   could   be  vastly   improved  by the
Listed below are the United States armed
service departments which are supporting
individual research projects at UBC. The names
of the recipients of the grants and a brief
description of the research is included.
Four of the projects listed below have been
the subject of news releases by UBC to
newspapers and other media in recent years and
have also been reported in editions of UBC
Reports. In all cases the source of funds for the
project was included in the news release.
U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research
— Dr. R.E. Pincock, Chemistry Department —
Details of reactions—frozen mixtures of ice and
alcohol: study the possibility of extending
applicable theory to higher temperature
U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research
— Dr. C.A. Swanson, Mathematics Department
— Application of functional-analytic techniques
to extend the classical theory of eigenvalues of
singular linear elliptic operators.
National Aeronautics and Space
Administration - Dr. F. Bowers, Electrical
Engineering Department — Construct model of
portable tape recorder for testing under Arctic
winter conditions.
U.S. Army Medical Service — Dr. D.M.
McLean, Medical Microbiology Department —
Collecting forest fauna, ticks and mosquitoes in
area of Cranbrook, B.C. to ascertain the
presence of viruses and attempt to devise a
U.S. Navy - Dr. R.W. Stewart, Institute of
Oceanography — Theoretical and observational
considerations of the turbulent air flow with
wave-induced motion in the air at the surface of
the ocean.
U.S. Air Force - Dr. L. Young, Electrical
Engineering Department — A study of the
kinetics and mechanism of formation of thin
films, especially high purity insulator thin films
for printed circuits.
transfer away from the present campus of academic
units which make little demand on specialized and
expensive equipment.
Here is how he put it: "Commerce would be just
as close to the business community of Vancouver if it
were at Simon Fraser as it is at UBC. Surely the best
residential area of the City of Vancouver is not the
most appropriate spot to study agriculture and
"There might also be some advantage in having
geology, mineralogy, mining and related activities
closer to the mineralized areas of the province rather
than to the Vancouver Stock Exchange. Training in
educational techniques and home economics could be
distributed in eight or ten provincial centres without
adverse effects."
At a news conference following Dr. Keenleyside's
speech, Prof. William Armstrong, UBC's deputy
president, replied to the criticism that UBC is
involved in Pentagon research.
He said the impression that UBC is somehow
engaged in "war projects" for the United States
armed forces is false.
His statement continued: "The University, as an
institution, does not engage in research on behalf of
the   Pentagon   or   of   any   other   agency.   Research
generally is supported by grants obtained by
individual scientists on the University's faculty from a
wide variety of sources."
"It is true that the work of a small number of
researchers at UBC is currently being supported by
various branches of the U.S. military. However, their
work is basic research or 'pure science' with no direct
military application, and none of it is secret."
His statement included details of the six projects
being supported by the U.S. armed forces and NASA.
"This support," he said, "amounts to $129,759 out
of a total of more than $12 million being received
from all sources for research."
He concluded his statement by saying: "The
University's general policy is that research support
from any fund-granting agency will be accepted only
if the agency agrees to allow the researcher to discuss
his work with his colleagues or in public, and to
publish his findings in the appropriate journals.
'Classified' or secret research is thus ruled out."
Dean Michael Shaw, the head of UBC's Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, who also attended the news
conference, replied to Dr. Keenleyside's suggestion
that training in agriculture and forestry might be
moved off the UBC campus.
He said Dr. Keenleyside's remarks "did not reveal
an up-to-date understanding of the nature of the
modern multiversity, particularly with relation to the
roles of faculties of agricultural sciences and
Such faculties, he said, are not merely concerned
with teaching students the techniques of the past but
with training and research which are closely tied in^^^.
with the basic science departments of the University^B*
One of the basic strengths of UBC, he said, is the ,
close relationships which exist between the faculties
of forestry and agricultural sciences and the basic
science departments.
This theme of interdependence of most graduate
and professional training programs at UBC with other
departments was echoed by the deans and heads of
other departments mentioned by Dr. Keenleyside.
They also pointed out that if his proposals were
carried out the cost of education in B.C. would
escalate because the professional programs in their
new locations would still require the services of basic
sciences departments.
Dean Philip White, head of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration, said the^^.
suggestion fails to take into account developments in^^J
management education over the past decade, in
particular the interdisciplinary programs developed
with other professional schools such as engineering,
law, the health sciences, agriculture and forestry.
"Courses are given by members of the commerce
faculty in all these areas," he said, "and many
students from these areas come to us for training.
There are also an increasing number of joint
appointments and research projects as well as joint
degree programs."
Dean Joseph Gardner, head of the Faculty of
Forestry, said moving his faculty elsewhere would
mean that some basic science departments would
have to be duplicated. He said forestry students need
a good grounding in mathematics, chemistry and
physics and are also required to take courses in
economics and commerce.
Dr. J.B. Evans, the recently-appointed head of
UBC's mineral engineering department, pointed out
that undergraduate students in his department receive
only 25 to 30 percent of their instruction in mineral
"The removal of mineral engineering to a location
other than Point Grey," he said, "would necessitate
having the remaining 70 to 75 per cent of the course
content at the other location."
Volume 16, No. 1-Jan. 8,
1970. Published by the University of British Columbia and
distributed free. J.A. Banham,
Editor; Barbara Claghorn, Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor
should be addressed to the Information Office,
UBC, Vancouver 8, B.C.


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