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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Sep 15, 1971

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A UBC committee has recommended that a ten
per cent faculty discount on books and a five per cent
student rebate on books and supplies purchased at
the campus Bookstore be discontinued as of Dec. 31.
The recommendation has been approved by the
President's Committee on University Services —
Bookstore and will be forwarded to UBC's Board of
Governors for approval in October.
The committee is a joint faculty-student group
chaired by Mr. Byron Hender, business consultant to
the Bookstore and UBC's Food Services Department.
The committee is made up of four students, four
faculty members, representatives from the Bookstore
and the Department of Finance and Mr. Hender.
Mr. Hender said the decision to recommend the
end of the faculty discount and student rebate was
the result of changes which had taken place at the
University since the student rebate was instituted in
"In the past six years," he said, "the Bookstore
has been under pressure to carry more and more
stock and, while sales have increased somewhat, the
costs associated with the operation of the Bookstore
have grown even more rapidly.
"While the student rebate is not large in
proportion to total sales, it does account for a large
proportion of losses experienced by the Bookstore in
the last two fiscal years," Mr. Hender said.
Rebates to students based on purchases in the last
fiscal year, which ended on March 31, 1971, totalled
approximately $50,000.
Mr. Hender said the committee feels that
consistent with the policy terminating faculty
discounts and students rebates, prices should be kept
as low as possible and service to the University
community improved.
"It is the committee's hope that elimination of the
discounts and rebate will help us to achieve these
Mr. Hender also pointed out that student and
faculty discounts have been eliminated at many other
universities in Canada. In July, 1969, the University
of Toronto abolished the faculty discount and earlier
this year Simon Fraser University discontinued the
student rebate.
The UBC Bookstore may also stay open until 9
p.m. Monday through Thursday in the first term of
the 1971-72 session. Mr. Hender said the object of
the extended hours is to make Bookstore services
available to students living in residence and those who
remain on the campus during the evening to work.
He said the extended Bookstore hours would
continue in the second term if sales justified it.
Extensive changes have been made in the layout of
the Bookstore by staff members working under the
Please turn to Page Four
PLASTIC-COVERED geodesic dome set up in a
downtown parking lot was the focal point for a
unique exploration of Vancouver's west end by fifty
first-year   architecture   students   recently.   Prior   to
studying downtown Vancouver the students lived in
the wild on Mayne Island in the Gulf of Georgia for a
week. For details, see story on Page Two. Photo by
David Margerison, UBC Photo Department.
Report Lists UBC
Building Priorities
A committee of the UBC Senate has reported
its proposed priorities for new academic buildings
to be constructed in the two years from April 1,
1972 to March 31, 1974.
The Committee on Academic Building Needs
recommends that the University give top priority
• A new building for the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration, which now shares
the crowded Henry Angus Building with the
Departments of Psychology, Anthropology and
Sociology, Economics and Political Science and
which has overflowed into a number of huts;
• A new building for the Department of Civil
Engineering, which shares its present building with
the growing Computing Centre and the
Department of Computer Science; and
• A new north wing for the Biological Sciences
Building to house undergraduate laboratories and
lecture rooms for the Departments of Botany and
Zoology, thus freeing more space in existing
buildings for the Institute of Oceanography and
the Institute of Animal Resource Ecology.
The committee expects to recommend a fourth
priority building project later this fall.
The committee's report, which has already been
circulated to members of the Senate, will be
debated tonight (Wednesday, Sept. 15) at Senate's
first meeting of the new academic year.
The report is the result of 18 months of work
by the 11-member committee, which includes two
students and which was chaired by Prof. Harry
Smith of the Faculty of Forestry.
The committee's task has not been a light one.
It has met 19 times since January, 1970, to assess
and weigh the claims for new space of 24 faculties,
schools, teaching and research institutes and
academic departments.
At an earlier stage, a new teaching and research
building for the Department of Anthropology and
Sociology was No. 4 on the committee's list. This
building had been given top priority among the
social sciences by a Faculty of Arts brief.
However, the announcement in July of a $2.5
million federal grant to UBC for the construction
of   a   Centennial   Museum   of   Man   caused   the
committee to revise its position. The committee
welcomed the announcement but now wants more
time to study the implications that this museum
holds for the department, and to weigh the
department's current space needs against several
Please turn to Page Four
See SENATE REPORT From A Cave To A Dome
Assistant Information Officer, UBC
First-year students in UBC's School of
Architecture went from tribal living to a 20th century
goedesic dome as part of an orientation program
meant to introduce them to the essentials of
The School of Architecture organizes an annual
orientation program for its first-year students during
the two weeks preceding the beginning of the winter
session. This year's 50 students spent a week living in
primitive conditions on Mayne Island in the Gulf of
Georgia and a second week coming face-to-face with
the city.
On Mayne Island the students split into groups and
lived in caves or on open bluffs. They abandoned
UBC PROFESSOR of ophthalmology Dr. Stephen
Drance has discovered some of the causes of
low-tension glaucoma, a common eye disease that
leads to blindness. Background equipment, used to
record electrical impulses from the brain, was
developed by Dr. Drance to examine the eyes of
patients suspected of having eye disease. Photo by
UBC Department of Medical Illustration.
Some Glaucoma Causes
Found by UBC Researcher
Some of the causes of low-tension glaucoma have
been discovered by Dr. S.M. Drance of the University
of B.C.'s Department of Ophthalmology.
Glaucoma is a common eye disease that can lead
to blindness. The optic nerve connecting the eye to
the brain is damaged because blood flow to the nerve
is reduced.
In chronic glaucoma the process is very slow and
many victims don't realize their eyesight is gradually
failing. The disease is associated with older people.
The most common cause of glaucoma is increased
fluid pressure within the eye. Fluid is constantly
being produced in the eye and drained away through
drainage canals. If the canals narrow, fluid builds up
in the eye and the resulting pressure brings on the
For more than 100 years medicine has known that
glaucoma can also occur without an increase in
pressure. But no one knew what caused this
low-tension glaucoma.
Dr. Drance has discovered that massive blood loss
— as a result, for example, of severe bleeding during
an operation or hemorrhaging from a stomach ulcer —
can lead to low-tension glaucoma.
2/UBC Reports/Sept. 15, 1971
He has also proved that chronic low blood
pressure, suspected for some time to be a factor, can
also bring on the disease.
He is setting up research projects to prove whether
or not another group of suspected factors are also
involved. They are severe short-sightedness (which
changes the shape of the back of the eye, making the
optic nerve more vulnerable to disease), diabetes
(often associated with weakening of small blood
vessels), arteriosclerosis (hardening and narrowing of
the arteries), abnormal clotting of the blood, and
About 50 people out of 10,000 over 40
years-of-age have glaucoma. Of the 50 about 35 have
glaucoma caused by increased pressure in the eye and
15 have low-tension glaucoma.
In recognition of his work. Dr. Drance has been
awarded the William MacKenzie Medal by the
University of Glasgow and the Glasgow Eye
Infirmary, the first Canadian to be so honored. Only
16 scientists have received the medal since it came
into existence in 1928.
He gave the William MacKenzie Lecture describing
his work in Glasgow on Sept. 10.
their watches and kept time by the sun and the tide.
Through the experience, they learned the importance
of having a suitable habitat — a good basis for
beginning to think like an architect. A secondary
objective of the week on the island was to give the
students a chance to begin to get to know one
"The island was meant to bring a group of
strangers together so they could get to know one
another before embarking on a city adventure," said
Mr. John Gaitanakis, assistant professor of
architecture and one of the organizers of the venture.
During the second week of the program the
students underwent a radical alteration in location.
They moved into a city setting and began a unique
exploration of Vancouver's West End and downtown
The pivotal meeting place during the city venture
was a plastic-covered geodesic dome which had also
served as a meeting place on Mayne Island. Its
location, first among trees and water and then
surrounded by asphalt and cars, was intended to
provide an environmental contrast that would give
students "something to think about," said Mr. Bud
Wood, another assistant professor of architecture who
helped organize the orientation program.
During the second week, students were instructed
to make their way along eight arbitrary lines that led
from the perimeter of the downtown peninsula to a
focal point in the area of Smithe, Robson, Howe and
Hornby Streets. Movement along the arbitrary lines
brought the students face-to-face with buildings and
other obstructions which they were told they could
not circumvent without good reason. As a result
students found themselves requesting permission to
pass through buildings and through private property
in an effort to keep to the straight and narrow lines.
The object of the exercise, according to Mr. Wood,
was to destroy the students' preconceptions about
the nature of a city by forcing them to break out of
the mould through which they normally view the city
around them.
"if these people are going to become responsible
for the environment, they have to be self-reliant and
to find creative answers to what may seem to be
insoluble problems," he said.
"Many people thought we were crazy, but they
tolerated us," said Rick Balfour, one of the students,
as he described his passage through a part of
"People who owned property were very protective
of it," said Peter Chataway, another student. "Many
tenants were afraid to let us go through the
Many people, the students said, could not accept
their reasons for wanting to pass through the
buildings and suspected them of having other
The students said they discovered that people
living in older sections, where there was a possibility
that the buildings might be torn down, were least
prepared to make them welcome and were "afraid."
This attitude contrasted with that of people living in
more secure situations where "people were glad to
tell you the whole history of their building."
Mr. Wood said the students were brought into
contact with the city itself and not just with the
architecture of individual buildings.
"The city has now become the concern of
architects much more than individual buildings," he
said. "The city involves not only individual structures
but the relationship of people to them."
The students agreed that they discovered how
people relate not only to the building in which they
are living but to other people, to the street, and to
the buildings next door.
"When I was going through this experience, I
wished that everybody in the city could take part,"
commented one student, who admitted that in the
beginning he thought the whole exercise was "kid
stuff" and couldn't believe they were meant to take it
4 ABANDONED federal government cable station at
Bamfield on the west coast of Vancouver Island will
be converted to a marine biological station with a
$500,000   grant   from   Canada's  National   Research
Council. Development will be carried out by the
Western Canadian Universities Marine Biological
Society, a consortium o.f five universities, including
UBC. For details, see story below.
$500,000 Grant Aids
B.C. Marine Station
The Western Canadian Universities Marine
Biological Society (WCUMBS) has been awarded a
$500,000 grant by the National Research Council of
Canada to assist in the development of research
facilities for a marine biological station on the west
coast of Vancouver Island. The grant will be paid in
->       equal instalments over the next two years.
The centre will be the first of its kind on the
Canadian west coast. Canada operates three marine
biology teaching and research centres on the east
coast and one in Barbados. The grant provides for
close co-operation between WCUMBS and the new
federal Department of Environment.
The new centre will be at Bamfield, a fishing
village on Barkley Sound, and will make its
headquarters in an old federal cable station which was
closed 12 years ago. The cable station, now owned by
WCUMBS, was designed by the same architect who
designed the Parliament Buildings and Empress Hotel
•' in Victoria. It was designated a historic site and
monument in 1930. The building is admirably suited
for conversion to a marine research station.
The Western Canadian Universities Marine
Biological Society consists of a consortium of five
universities - Alberta, Calgary, British Columbia,
Simon Fraser and Victoria. Last year the consortium
bought 190 acres of land at Bamfield, including
almost two miles of shoreline.
(Each university involved in the consortium names
two persons to the WCUMBS board of directors.
Simon Fraser University representatives are Mr.
Richard Lester, president of WCUMBS and chairman
of SFU's Board of Governors, and Dr. Glen Geen,
head of SFU's Department of Biological Sciences.
UBC representatives are Deputy President William
Armstrong and Prof. Norman Wilimovsky, of the
UBC Institute of Animal Resource Ecology. Dr.
Wilimovsky is in charge of developing the technical
facilities at the Bamfield Station.)
The Bamfield station will function as a major
centre of marine biological research on the west
coast. Inevitably, it will promote contact between
resident and visiting scientists, essential for progress
in science and which at present, through the lack of
such a centre, is largely absent.
The station will complement existing inner coast
facilities of the Fisheries Research Board at Nanaimo
and West Vancouver and those of the University of
The NRC grant will be used to help finance a
system of pipes and holding tanks for both fresh and
sea water for fish and other marine life and research
equipment, including temperature control equipment
and associated emergency control equipment to
prevent interruption of sea water flow, which could
destroy months or years of research.
Program Set
Canadianization and Women in the University will
be the main themes of next week's Orientation Week
The activities, sponsored by the Alma Mater
Society's student government, will also include a
week of alternate food services and a Human
Government Medicine Show which will go about the
campus renaming certain streets and buildings.
Programs on Canadianization and the University
will take place on Monday and Tuesday (Sept. 20 and
21) in the Student Union Building. Each day's
seminars will be held at 12:30 p.m. in the SUB
Ballroom and 7:30 p.m. in the Clubs Lounge.
Monday's program, titled Political Economy of the
University, is tentatively scheduled to include NDP
Waffler Mel Watkins, Simon Fraser University Ph.D.
graduate Jim Harding and UBC undergraduate Paul
Speakers for Tuesday's program. Content of the
University: American Influence and Ideology,
includes James Laxer of the NDP, Phillip Resnick,
who teaches political science at UBC, and student
Dick Betts.
The topic of Women in the University will be
explored Wednesday and Thursday (Sept. 22 and 23)
with several events planned in SUB.
The two-day program will include a fix-it course
for women, a domestic course for men and a
self-defence course for women. Sheila Day will speak
at 12:30 p.m. Wednesday in the SUB Ballroom and
Miriam Waddington will read poetry in the SUB Art
Gallery. An open forum will be held at 12:30 p.m.
Thursday in the ballroom.
Friday's program on The Critical University and
Democratic Structures will include speakers Prudence
Wheeldon of the SFU PSA Department, John Doheny
of the UBC English Department and Scott Fast of the
UBC Political Science Department.
And sometime during the week of Sept. 27 to Oct.
1, according to Mr. Evert Hoogers, Secretary of the
AMS, the Human Government will read its State of
the Union Message, which will be the structural
backbone of its planned program for the year.
Appointments Made to
Music, Commerce Posts
The University of B.C. has appointed a new head
for the Department of Music in the Faculty of Arts
and a new director of continuing education in the
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
The new head of the Department of Music is Prof.
D.M. McCorkle, 42, currently professor of music and
head of the musicology division at the University of
Maryland. He will take up his appointment at UBC on
Jan. 1, 1972.
The new director of continuing education in the
commerce faculty is Dr. Harold E. Gray, 57, associate
dean, director of management and professor of
business administration at Tulane University in New
Orleans. Dr. Gray is expected to take up his duties at
UBC by the end of this month.
Both appointments were approved by UBC's
Board of Governors at its Sept. 7 meeting.
Prof. McCorkle; who specializes in historical
musicology, succeeds Prof. G. Welton Marquis, the
first head of UBC's music department, who
announced in October, 1970, that he would resign as
head in June of this year. Dr. Marquis will remain on
the UBC faculty as a professor of music and acting
head of music until Prof. McCorkle arrives at UBC.
Prof. McCorkle is a graduate of Bradley University,
where he received the degree of bachelor of music,
and the University of Indiana, where he was awarded
the degrees of master of arts and doctor of
Before joining the staff of the University of
Maryland in 1964, Prof. McCorkle taught at the
University of California at Los Angeles and Salem
College in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
In his research, Prof. McCorkle has concentrated
primarily on the classical and romantic music
movements in 18th and 19th century Germany and
has also made an intensive study of Moravian music in
the United States. He is also the author of a history
of Canadian and American Music for an encyclopedia
published in Italy.
Dr. Gray, who will direct the commerce faculty's
expanding program of continuing education, is a
graduate of the University of Denver, where he
received the degrees of bachelor and master of
science, and Stanford University, where he was
awarded the degree of doctor of education in higher
From 1955 to 1968 Dr. Gray was associated with
Michigan State University, where he taught and
co-ordinated continuing education services in the
College of Business.
For ten years he was regional director for
southwestern Michigan at MSU and established a
centre at Benton Harbor, Michigan, giving courses in
business administration, engineering and teacher
He was later appointed professor of continuing
education, director of University Technical Services
and director of MSU's Evening College.
At Tulane he has been primarily responsible for
planning, promoting and conducting seminars for
management personnel in New Orleans and
surrounding areas.
Dr. Gray succeeds Mr. Cecil Roper, who retired as
director of continuing education in the Faculty of
Commerce on Aug. 31.
UBC Reports/Sept. 15, 1971/3 SENATE   REPORT
Continued from Page One
The Department of Mechanical Engineering lost
out in a race with its sister department, Civil
Engineering. The Faculty of Applied Science last fall
gave its highest priority to a new building for
Mechanical Engineering. However, the Office of
Academic Planning, after consulting the Faculty's
dean, gave its support to Civil Engineering. The
committee said it had considered the case carefully
and, in the light of further information, it confirmed
the high priority for Civil Engineering.
Academic Planning gave its third priority (after
Commerce and Civil Engineering) to a new building
for the Faculty of Education. But the committee
raised several questions which it felt needed to be
answered before it could confirm a priority for
Among proposed projects that failed to win top
.priority ratings were a Fine Arts Library; a new
building for one of the three occupants of the
Lasserre Building (the Department of Fine Arts, the
School of Architecture and the School of Community
and Regional Planning); and new accommodation for
either the Faculty of Forestry or the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, which now share the H.R.
MacMillan Building.
All told, the committee was confronted with
documented needs for approximately $40 million
worth of new buildings, and said a good case could be
made for immediate satisfaction of most of these
needs. But not enough money is in prospect.
Since the University is funded by the provincial
government on a year-to-year basis, with annual
capital grants not announced until early spring of
each year, the committee had no way of knowing
exactly how much money will be available for new
construction. Therefore it operated on the
assumption that UBC's capital grants will remain at
the level of the current year — $6 million — making a
total of $12 million for the fiscal years 1972-73 and
The committee's hardest job was to identify the
most urgent needs among a host of pressing claims,
with the objective of preserving and elevating
academic standards.
In understated prose the committee reports that:
"During our review of proposals for academic
buildings we became very much aware of situations in
which the academic standards of the University of
British Columbia could be eroded because of
inadequate physical and financial resources.
Substantial appropriations of capital funds are
essential to help maintain the academic excellence of
this University. Much more support is needed."
The shortage of capital for academic buildings at
UBC is a chronic one, despite the deceptive
appearance of the current building boom on campus.
Major building projects worth more than $30 million
are under construction or newly completed. However,
most of this money — about $21.5 million — has had
to be found from sources other than the provincial
government — grants from federal agencies, donations
from private donors and borrowings from
self-liquidating projects. The basic source of funds for
, purely academic buildings remains the annual
provincial capital grant, which is always inadequate to
meet demonstrated needs.
In addition to recommending priorities for the
three new buildings, the committee's report sets out a
number of other proposals. It includes
recommendations that:
• Ten per cent of the University's available capital
funds be set aside in future years for major
renovations and modifications to existing buildings.
The committee considered that major renovations
often rate a higher priority than new construction,
but found that at present there is no provision for
them in departmental budgets.
• Better methods of determining academic
building priorities be sought. The committee felt
there was a need for space planning guides to assist
departments in framing their requests for new space,
and for more refined criteria by which to test the
4/UBC Reports/Sept. 15, 1971
validity of competing claims.
• A special inter-Faculty committee be
established to review requests by a number of
departments for museum and display space. Several
departments have valuable collections of materials
which are generally tucked away into odd corners of
crowded buildings, making them of little use for
display or teaching purposes. Plans for departmental
museums usually rate low priority, but the committee
thought that consideration should be given to housing
these collections in a more useful way.
• An analysis be made of the benefits of scattered
reading rooms versus a central library. The committee
recognized that provision of departmental reading
rooms and study areas is the most convenient way of
meeting the needs of undergraduates and graduate
students for current literature and research materials.
But it said that the potential savings from
centralization and further computerization of library
services should be considered further.
• Co-ordinated proposals be developed for the
provision of audio-visual and other instructional
technologies to complement facilities soon to be
available in the P.A. Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre.
In recommending a new building for the Faculty
of Commerce and Business Administration, the
committee report says the Faculty "has large and
growing needs," which "could not be accommodated
adequately even if it were assigned all of the Angus
"All 125 offices in the (Angus) building would not
accommodate the Commerce Faculty given the
1971-72 size of their teaching staff, existing graduate
program and effort in continuing education," the
report says.
Commerce now occupies 30,000 square feet of
offices, laboratories and reading rooms in the Angus
Building, the Ponderosa Office Annex and a number
of huts. It also uses 12,000 square feet of classrooms
in the Angus, Buchanan, Chemistry, Hennings,
Mathematics, Biological Sciences, Education, Civil
Engineering and Wesbrook Buildings, the Math
Annex, the East Mall Annex, the Frederic Wood
Theatre and the Armory.
"Because Commerce has presented a
well-documented case for 85,000 square feet, which
is larger than the total available in theAngus Building
(68,279 square feet), there is a strong argument for
building at a new location," the report says.
The Department of Psychology, the report
continues, has already spent considerable money in
renovations of existing buildings for laboratories and
it recommends that the department retain these and,
as other occupants withdraw, consolidate and expand
its activities within the Angus Building.
The case for a new building for Civil Engineering,
the report says, "rests partly on the expanding needs
of Civil Engineering and partly on other requirements
for new space by the Computing Centre and the
Department of Computer Science."
The report says the Computing Centre will soon
rank with the Library as an institution with deep
roots and strong advocates in all sectors of the
University community. It says the most efficient way
to provide growing space for the Computing Centre
and the Department of Computer Science seems to be
by removing the original occupant of the building.
Civil Engineering, to a new building better suited to
its teaching and research.
It points out that Civil Engineering's expanding
research interests "are being developed to work
effectively toward solution of some pressing
environmental problems in water resources
management, pollution control and development of
improved methods of structural engineering."
The recommendation for construction of a new
wing to the Biological Sciences Building is part of a
plan of five years ago, under which three wings were
to be built. The first of those wings is already in use.
The second would help the Departments of
Botany and Zoology to cope with their increasing
enrolments, particularly at the third- and fourth-year
levels. Labs are desirable for some of these courses
but can't be shoehorned into existing
accommodation, the committee reported. In
addition, it said, heavy enrolment in first- and
second-year courses is forcing overscheduling of some
laboratories and night scheduling of others.
The Institutes of Oceanography and of Animal
Resource Ecology, now housed in the same complex
of huts and buildings as the biological sciences, both
need more space, the committee found. The new
wing for Botany and Zoology would allow the two
institutes to expand into vacated space in the existing
The Faculty of Education, the report says, has an
urgent need for study space for graduate students.
The report also describes as "inadequate" the space
now used by the Faculty for its Library and
Curriculum Resource Centre.
The Faculty of Education has also requested space
to house an audio-visual facility, a reading education
clinic, a programmed instruction facility and a
curriculum research laboratory.
An expanded audio-visual facility in Education is
especially difficult to support, the report says, in the
light of new facilities such as the forthcoming
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre, the
newly-established Instructional Media Centre and a
proposed building for the Fine Arts, where space has
been requested for the study of film and television as
significant contemporary art forms and a fine arts
In the section of its report on space standards, the
Committee on Academic Building Needs points to the
need for the committee to issue "standards for
various kinds of space to facilitate preparation and
analysis of proposals" for buildings.
The report says that in addition to the need to
define and apply standards in planning, "the
committee feels it is important to draw attention to
the view that all space is University space and
therefore subject to reallocation by the President as
"It is essential to remind some departments and
faculties of the need to reassign building space
annually," the report says, and points to "an alarming
tendency to spread staff and equipment in order to
define extreme boundaries of departmental
The committee also spent considerable time
discussing criteria by which proposals for meeting
space needs can be evaluated consistently and
Proposals submitted to the committee were made
with reference to 10 criteria issued by the committee
and subsequently refined by UBC's Office of
Academic Planning.
The committee received the evaluations of the
Office of Academic Planning "with appreciation for
the work done" but did not feel bound to accept the
ratings as fully definitive at this time.
"A somewhat revised statement of criteria and
weights used could be issued to improve the next
group of submissions to our committee," the report
Continued from Page One
direction of Mr. Bob Smith, a UBC Commerce
graduate who was named assistant to Bookstore
manager Jack Hunter last spring. Additional
alterations to the Bookstore interior are planned in
the first term, Mr. Hender said.
Until Sept. 24, textbooks, stationery and supplies
for most faculties will be sold in the UBC Armory.
Textbooks for the following faculties, schools and
departments will be available at the main Bookstore:
Architecture, Dental Hygiene, Dentistry, Law,
Librarianship, Medicine, Planning, Pharmacy,
Rehabilitation Medicine, Restorative Dentistry and
Social Work.
■■■fcjfc Volume 17, No. 12-Sept. 15,
lllin 1971.     Published    by    the
■ BBJBB University of British Columbia
^^ ^^ ^^ and    distributed    free.    UBC
REPORTS Rep0rts     appears     on
Wednesdays during the University's winter
session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin,
Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor
should be sent to Information Services, Main
Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.


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