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UBC Reports Mar 19, 1975

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UBC mechanical engineering students Flic Pow, left, Ed
"> Wong and David Forsyth used their imagination in the
field of problem solving and built a machine that won
first prize in the international Great Alarm Clock Race
in Detroit recently. UBC submitted the only Canadian
entry.
UBC Engineers win again
By PETER THOMPSON
UBC Reports Staff Writer
It isn't often that students have the opportunity to
use their course work to have a bit of fun and win fame
and fortune too.
Well, not quite fortune but some money, as three
studentsdid in UBC's Faculty of Applied Science.
The third-year students in UBC's Department of
Mechanical Engineering won the international Great
Alarm Clock Race, sponsored by the Society for Automotive Engineers, with a machine they put together as
part of the course work.
They had to build a vehicle that would travel
between 100 and 250 feet in a straight line. The exact
distance the vehicle would have to travel was revealed
only the night before the competition got underway at
the SAE's annual meeting in Detroit, and the vehicle
would have to stop itself at the prescribed distance.
Once it was put into motion, it couldn't be interfered
with.
Tough specifications. Even tougher because the
vehicle had to be built of a Big Ben alarm clock, three
wire coat hangers, five paper clips (no larger than size
number one, mind you), 20 feet of cotton kite string,
glue, and solder.
Oh yes. And one straight pin.
The problem was taken up in an engineering design
course taught by Dr. Robert McKechnie, assistant professor in mechanical engineering.
In a way, the problem dramatically underlined the
essence of engineering, Dr. McKechnie said.
"The role the students will play in society as professional engineers will be to transform what is available into something useful. They will be asked," he
said, "to use their imagination and knowledge of
applied science to turn limited resources into products
useful to society.
"The purpose of the course is to teach fhem an
Please turn to Page Eleven
SeeALARMCLOCK
CANADIAN University Service Overseas volunteers
Cathy Fraser, left, and Steve Haber, second from right,
find out what to expect when they take up teaching
posts in Africa later this year from Art Klassen, second
from left, CUSO information officer and selection
co-ordinator at UBC and Vivian Wylie, chairman of the
CUSO committee at UBC.
UBC grads serve abroad
By JOHN ARNETT
UBC Reports Staff Writer
In the tiny town of Wewak, on the rugged north
coast of Papua New Guinea, Michael Murdock of
Sardis, B.C., struggles with the intricacies of learning
pidgin English to enable him to communicate effectively in his mission as a business development
officer.
Halfway across the world, in sweltering Mbereshi,
Zambia, home economist Darlene Tench, of Vancouver, teaches laundering, basic cooking and nutrition to high-school girls.
In isolated Nsjante, Malawi, English teacher Alan
M. Cartwright, of Invermere, B.C., sits down and pens
a letter to Canada seeking funds for a water-driven
mill which, he says, will grind maize at half the cost
of a diesel-driven mill.
The common bond among these three, and 80
other persons living in remote corners of developing
countries in different parts of the world, is that they
are former UBC students who are serving abroad as
members of CUSO — Canadian University Service
Overseas.
CUSO concentrates on providing personal, practical help where it is needed: teachers to work in secondary schools and also to train new teachers;
doctors and nursing tutors not only to cure but also
to prevent disease; technicians, tradesmen and engineers to set up local training programs; agriculturists,
forestry and fishery experts to improve production;
accountants, economists, marketing and other specialists to help develop small businesses and co-operatives.
Over the years, says Vivian Wylie, chairman of the
President's CUSO Committee at UBC, this University
has been one of the most active supporters of CUSO
in Canada. In the past seven years alone, 471  UBC
Please turn to Page Eleven
See NEW INSIGHTS
UBC's International House is the focal point for
Contact Canada, a Canadian government project that
promotes summer exchange of students. Vancouver
billets are being sought by Colleen Lunde, centre.
Contact Canada's B.C. director, and assistants Nora
Sooner and Lloyd Barteski.
Getting to know Canada
By LOIS CRAWLEY
UBC Reports Staff Writer
Absolutely fantastic! The accommodation
was beautiful and certainly more grand than I
had anticipated. The food was always good
and more than plentiful. I had lots ofproof...
ten pounds extra!
The three people who hosted us in Vancouver are in my opinion three of the nicest
people I have ever had the privilege of knowing.
My homestay period was just fantastic!
I especially enjoyed the day we spent with
the Squamish Indians. *
The camping session was really marvelous!
These remarks came from young people who took
part in the Contact Canada program last summer.
Contact Canada is a Canadian government project
that allows young Canadians and their counterparts
from Mexico, Japan, Sweden, Brazil — 16 countries in
all — to enjoy three summer weeks getting to know
Canada and Canadians better.
In British Columbia, the organizational agency is
located at International House on the University of
British Columbia campus. Colleen Lunde, this year's
director of B.C.'s program, is calling for applications
from young people all over B.C. before the deadline of
April 1,1975.
Qualifications for the program are few: participants must be Canadian citizens; must be between 17
and 24 years old; must write a 300-word essay and
must have applied before April 1.
The program works something like this. Say you
live in B.C. and would like to see Newfoundland — or
Ontario or Quebec or any one of the nine CC centres.
Assuming your application has been accepted, you
proceed to the region where you are met by CC
people organizing your group.
After a brief familiarization period, you go to live
Please turn to Page Eleven
See CO NT A CTCANA DA Out of the
UBC's Faculty of Education is intensifying its
involvement with the schools of the province*
through a variety of hew programs for both \
students and faculty members.
The new head of the faculty. Dean John
Andrews, bet ieves that teacher educat ion "cannot
be conducted effectively-in an ivory tower," aref
in the current academic year a total of seven
alter native programs are in operation.
All are designed not only to provide student
teachers with more .practical experience in the
schools, but to get faculty members out into*
school classrooms, and to provide opportunities
for school teachers to spend some time on the
University of B.C. campus.
In the articles on Pages Two and Three below^
Photo by Jim Banham
-^
TEACHING,
RESEARCH
COMBINED
Dr. Tory Westermark figures that he is learning as
much as his students during his year as an elementary
school teacher in Tecumseh School Annex, a cosy prefabricated structure in the 1500-block East 37th in Vancouver.
A reading specialist on UBC's Faculty of Education
for the past 13 years, and an elementary school teacher
in Alberta prior to that. Dr. Westermark decided that he
would like to take a year off from the University to
return to an elementary school "just to see for myself
what changes have taken place in the classroom since I
last taught, so that my work at the University might be
more relevant to the student teachers with whom I
work."
Dr. Westermark credits Dean John Andrews, head of
the Faculty of Education, with sparking his interest in
the first place. "Dean Andrews suggested when he joined
the faculty a couple of years ago that he would like to
see more faculty members out working in the schools. I
thought that that was an excellent idea.
"Certainly faculty members do get out into the
schools during practice teaching sessions with student
teachers, but their interest is centred on the student
teacher rather than the classroom itself. I frequently
used to see new materials in the classrooms that I was
not familiar with, but I didn't have the time to investigate further. Things are changing so rapidly in education
that it is easy to get out of touch with things."
OPEN CLASSROOM
Bearing in mind the university professor's role as a
researcher as well as a teacher, Dr. Westermark decided
that his year in the classroom would take the form of a
research project as well as a teaching experience. He
teamed up with a regular classroom teacher, Bruce
Johnson, in setting up an open-area classroom in which
60 Grade 4,5 and 6 students are being taught all
subjects.
Their area of research is an individual study program
in reading, language arts, and mathematics. "The Vancouver School Board co-operated by giving us a grant to
purchase some special audio and reading equipment and
they found a school for us where they could  knock
2/UBC REPORTS/MARCH 19, 1975
down the wall between two adjoining rooms to give us
the kind of space that we needed to work in," Dr.
Westermark said.
"One of our areas of research is ascertaining the kinds
of children who make progress in an open-area setting
and what kinds of children do not. While I do not have
the time to analyze any of the data that we have collected to date, we can see that some children have made
considerable progress in reading."
Dr. Westermark said that one of the most noticeable
aspects of his study is the difference in the learning abilities of students. "We are finding, for example, that some
children are capable of learning and advancing very
quickly when they have the stimulation and challenge of
older children to work with.
"We have some Grade 4 students working at a Grade
6 level, and vice versa. The one great advantage of the
open-area, multi-grade class is that it gives every child
the opportunity to work along at his level of ability,
something that isn't possible in the regular classroom
situation."
The advantages to the student are obvious: the brighter students aren't bored because they are constantly
challenged, while the slower students do not become
discouraged when they can't keep up with everybody
else in their particular grade.
Dr. Westermark said the transition from university to
elementary school was relatively easy because he and Mr.
Johnson had about nine months to prepare their project.
"By the time the start of school came around in September we were well prepared,"' he said. "Actually, those
who had the biggest adjustment to make were the
youngsters who had not been involved in an open-area
classroom before.
"Most of them hadn't been used to working on an
individual basis, or in a classroom where they were divided into groups. We were often faced with lineups of kids
waiting to talk with us because they couldn't read directions. They just didn't seem to be able to take the initiative for their own learning."
Dr. Westermark said he detects marked differences
between the youngsters he used to teach 15 years ago
and the students of today. "A startling number of children have emotional problems of varying degrees. In fact,
I believe that I have seen more children with these kinds*
of problems here than I saw in my last five years as an
elementary teacher in Edmonton in the late 50s."
He said these emotional problems range all the way
from disruptive classroom behavior to almost total withdrawal. "I do not know the reasons for this but perhaps
it is symptomatic of a breakdown in parental authority^
broken homes or other manifestations of our changing
society.
i
MORE DIFFICULT
"I think that because of this, and other reasons too,*J
teaching is becoming more difficult. Perhaps because of 8
television, children seem to want to be entertained more
in the classroom. Rather than being actively interested in
projects they seem content to sit and watch the teacher
do it. They don't seem to have the desire to do things
for themselves any more."
On the other hand, he said the children he is teaching"
have a better general  knowledge of the world around ,,
them and can express themselves orally better than their
counterparts 15 years ago.
Dr. Westermark said that one of the major dividends
of his year as a classroom teacher will be a better understanding of the needs of the beginning teacher. .
"I had quite forgotten how awesome an experience it
is for a young teacher to walk into the classroom for the'
first  time,  particularly the preparations that must be
made ahead of time and the continued planning and
preparation throughout the school year.
"I was fortunate in that I had many months to prepare for my project, but most beginning teachers report*
to the school a week or two before classes start, giving
them very little time to really prepare."
Another area in which he says he will be of assistance
to his students will be explaining to them the difficulties
that teachers face in teaching children from non-
English-speaking homes. ^.
"In our class we have children of Chinese, Japanese,   I
German, Portuguese, and Italian descent. Their ability to
communicate in English certainly has a bearing on how
you teach the other children and influences what you
can or cannot do in the classroom." ivory tower
UBC  Reports   staff   writer   JOHN   ARNETT
describes the experiences of Prof. Tory Wester-
t mark, who is this year teaching in an open-area
elementary school in Vancouver, and Mrs. Dayle
Hilton, an elementary school teacher who is
spending a year on the UBC campus as a substitute
for Prof. Wester mark.
Prof. Westermark, who is combining a research
' project with his teaching duties, is pictured at left
instructing his pupils in the art of origami, the
ancient Japanese art of folding colored paper to
make flower and animal forms.
Mrs. Hilton, pictured at right conferring with
one of her UBC pupils on a class project, finds that
she has little time for personal research because of
a heavy teaching schedule at UBC. )
WORKLOAD
FOOND
SURPRISING
Photo by Jim Banham
Mrs. Dayle Hilton has news for any of her fellow
teachers who try to tell her that University faculty
members, with their flexibility of schedules and much
shorter academic year, have an easier time of it than
teachers in the elementary and secondary schools.
"I don't think that I have ever worked so hard in all
my life, particularly at the beginning of the University
year," she told UBC Reports.
"Because of a shortage of space in the Faculty of
Education, I didn't have my own office so I did all of
my work at home, and my car became my second
office. I seemed to spend most of my time carrying
materials back and forth from the car either at home or
at the University."
In addition she had to prepare all of the course work
for the courses in developmental reading that she was
giving in place of Dr. Tory Westermark.
"I had taken my master's degree in reading at UBC
three years ago and this prepared me for much of my
course work, but I also had to do a lot of research into
areas where I hadn't taken courses if I was to teach
effectively, and this was tremendously time-consuming
— usually from 8 in the morning until late at night."
Mrs. Hilton, an elementary school teacher with a variety of experience, ranging from teaching in a country
school outside Winnipeg to counselling in California, to
teaching many different subjects in Vancouver schools,
was exchange-teaching in England last year when she
was invited to substitute for Dr. Westermark for one
year at UBC's Faculty of Education.
ADULT EDUCATION
"I was pleased at the opportunity to spend a year at
the University because a lot of my teaching experience
has been in the area of adult education, and I enjoy
relating to older students," she said.
One of the greatest differences she finds is in the
flexibility of teaching hours. "In the public school system you have your own room and everything that you
work with is right there. But at the University, when
you are not teaching, you can do your work either in
your office or at home. I found that I can get much
more done at home."
She teaches developmental reading in the elementary
grades to third-, fourth and fifth-year students; has an
evening class once a week, made up mainly of teachers
already in the school system, and supervises a student-
teacher seminar in Burnaby one afternoon a week.
She finds that in addition to her teaching duties and
course preparation work, marking assignments and so
on, she is also expected to attend meetings within the
Reading Education Department. These have been particularly heavy this year because of changes in course
content.
"Sometimes I wonder when faculty people find the
time to do the research work, writing and reading that
they are expected to do in order to keep abreast of their
discipline," said Mrs. Hilton. Her own research work this
year has been confined to the research necessary to plan
her courses.
Mrs. Hilton believes that everybody who teaches in
the Faculty of Education should have some experience
in classroom teaching at some time in their careers.
"It is very difficult to tell student teachers what to
expect in the public school system if you have had no
practical experience in the schools," she said.
In fact, she finds that some of her most effective
work with her student teachers is utilizing the "campus
kiddies" — students from different elementary schools
in Vancouver who spend up to a week on the campus to
participate in demonstration lessons, discussions with
students, and other activities designed to give student
teachers some idea of what learning is all about.
Mrs. Hilton uses the visiting children to set up actual
classroom situations in which the student teachers can
work. "I think that this campus kiddies project is one of
the best parts of the teacher-training program," she said.
"The only trouble islhat I don't have the space to do
the kinds of things that I would like to do in my classroom."
She says the Faculty of Education could take a leaf
from the public school system where the traditional
desks bolted to the floor have been mainly replaced by
chairs and tables which can easily be rearranged to
create small or large groups for different types of teaching situations.
"The room in which I teach at the University has
rows of desks bolted to the floor. It is impossible for me
to simulate any kind of public school classroom situation, or use teaching methods and groups that I have
found to be quite successful in my teaching career," she
said.
Mrs. Hilton said she would like to see one permanent
demonstration classroom which would recreate an elementary school setting somewhere in the Faculty of
Education. "It would give our students some idea of
what an actual classroom is like."
ONLY CENTRE
Mrs. Hilton is very impressed with the Reading
Centre in the Faculty of Education, headed by Miss
Dorothy Sharrock. The centre lists more than 10,000
instructional and reference materials for students taking
reading and language arts courses and is the only such
centre in any teacher-training institution in North
America that lists Canadian, British and U.S. materials.
"The Reading Centre is a fantastic place for both
students and faculty looking for reference material,"
said Mrs. Hilton. "Miss Sharrock has been of great help
to me."
While Mrs. Hilton is impressed generally with the calibre of students who will someday stand alongside her as
teachers in the public school system, she's sympathetic
with the concerns expressed by UBC faculty members
about the quality of students' written English.
Essays that she marks are filled with spelling mistakes
and errors in grammar. "Many students, for example,
don't seem to know where apostrophes should go in
words such as it's. I have compiled a list of 200 words
that were spelled wrongly in written assignments, which
I plan to distribute to my students."
Mrs. Hilton says she has a special interest in grammar
because she used to teach Grade 7 English. "Years ago
there used to be a book called Using Our Language in
our schools. It was an old-fashioned grammar text, and
was eventually removed from the schools, but nothing
was put in its place. Now there is no prescribed text that
teachers can use for the teaching of basics such as
nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and so on.
Certainly there must be a return to basics in our schools,
particularly in the teaching of English."
UBC REPORTS/MARCH 19, 1975/3 Group of senior citizens who have been taking courses at UBC in the past year have been meeting
regularly during the winter with Summer Session director Dr. Norman Watt and other UBC personnel
to plan the 1975 summer program. Committee members, pictured at right, are, back row from left,
Mrs. Victoria Smith, Dr. Vera McKay, Mr. Cyril Shoemaker, Mr. Gordon Barrett; centre row, from
left, Mr. Gus Shewan, Mrs. Lucille Parsons, Mrs. Dora Spence, Dr. Watt, Mrs. Elenor Whitehead, Mrs.
Katherine de Chazal, Mr. Bernard Kane; front row, from left, Mr. Dwlght Williams, Mr. John McNee,
and Miss Gail Reidell, a graduate student in adult education at UBC.
Summer Session planning repeat of
successful senior citizen program
UBC's Summer Session plans to repeat its highly
successful program of free credit and special-interest
courses for senior citizens this summer, with senior
citizens themselves having a direct say in what programs
will be presented.
A committee of 15 persons who have already
participated in the program has been working through
the winter months with Summer Session Director Dr.
Norman Watt, planning the special-interest courses that
will be part of this year's program, which will run from
June 30 through Aug. 8.
"I felt that it was essential that senior citizens
themselves have input into the program planning, and
this year's committee has come up with some excellent
ideas," says Dr. Watt.
For example, last year's successful indoor gardening
program will be expanded this year to include outdoor
gardening, with special emphasis on the growing of
vegetables in small plots of land to help beat the high
cost of living.
Senior citizens will also be able to take a course in
retirement management. "Many people, when they
retire, suddenly find that they must adopt an entirely
new lifestyle," says Mr. J.B. Kane, a retired insurance
executive who will give the course. Topics for discussion
will include: Psychology of Retirement, Income and
Budget, Where Are You Going to Live? and Mobility and
Independence.
There will also be a course on UBC's course offerings,
with representatives of different faculties and
departments within the University explaining the types
of programs and courses that they offer.
Other special-interest course offerings will include:
Writing for Pleasure; Nutrition; Eyesight and Foresight;
Choral and Instrumental Music; The Metric System;
Printmaking, Painting and Drawing, and others still being
developed.
Senior citizen enrolment at last year's Summer
Session exceeded all expectations at 500, with 50
continuing on into the current Winter Session in credit
courses.
Dr. Watt expects that the response this year will be
Senior citizen Bernard Kane  enjoys a  light-hearted moment before the start of Winter Session
sociology lecture by assistant professor Dr. Pat Marchak.
double that of last. "I would estimate that we will sign
up at least 1,000 senior citizens this summer," he says.
The Summer Session also hopes to sponsor a two-day
summer festival and a week-long leadership training
conference with funding provided under the federal
government's New Horizons program for senior citizens.
Applications have been made to the government for a
grant of $27,000 to stage the two events. The festival
would feature handicrafts, painting, cooking and other
skills of senior citizens from all parts of the province,
while the leadership conference would be designed to
give senior citizens advice in the organization and
administration of tenants' groups, housing co-operatives
and other organizations in which they might become
involved.
UBC's Summer Session program for Senior Citizens
has attracted attention from across the U.S. and Canada,
says Dr. Watt. "It is obvious that universities everywhere
are recognizing the obligations they have to senior
citizens by offering free courses. I am glad that UBC has
managed to lead the way."
Senior citizen
John Bernard Kane, 66, a retired Montreal insurance
company executive, came to live in Vancouver in March,
1974. He attended UBC's 1974 Summer Session, "taking
everything there was to take," and continued into the
1974-75 Winter Session studying Sociology, the Film as
a Medium, and Creative Writing. This summer he will be
giving a course on retirement management to senior
citizens attending the Summer Session. He has also been
a member of the committee that has planned the 1975
offerings and is on the executive committee of the New
Horizons project which is planning a festival and a
conference in conjunction with the Summer Session. In
the article beginning below he outlines his reactions to
the UBC program for senior citizens.
By JOHN B. KANE
I am the proud possessor of a diploma, signed by
President Walter Gage, presented to me as a result of the
Senior Citizen program which occurred on the University of British Columbia campus, commencing in July of
1974.
After the formalities of registration were completed,
we all arrived freshly pressed, starched and polished for a
9:00 o'clock lecture, feeling somewhat unusual and
strange. It wasn't too long before we found that we had
much in common with each other. Out of the 500-odd
people who attended the program, I quickly discovered
that grandparents have everything in common and can
easily relate to each other. What was significantly different was that the welcome, extended by Dr. Norman
Watt (director of UBC's Summer Session) in his opening
remarks, flowed through the entire faculty, reaching out
to us to help us cross the bridge. This applied not only
to the faculty but to the other staff of the University as
well.  It was from that point on that I felt comfortable.
REACHING OUT
As we went trotting off to our various rooms, to be
somewhat on time for our courses, I quickly had the
feeling that the faculty were reaching out to us, much
harder than we were reaching out to them. Boy, what a
change that was from any learning institution I had
attended before.
4/UBC REPORTS/MARCH 19, 1975 reflects on the past year
r
Kj>
fc»
I cannot put into words the excitement of several
special moments, such as the brass quintet, which played
such marvellous music outdoors at noon, when we could
eat our lunch and leisurely lift our spirits with the
beautiful sounds created for us. Nor can I forget those
moments of quietness, when we could sit listening to a
symphony played by the National Youth Orchestra, performing in the Queen Elizabeth theatre. These talented
young Canadians give great promise to future symphony
orchestras, and some of them will be featured stars in
their own right on the international circuit of performers.
As I walked along the pathways on campus, I felt
history walking beside me because so many others have
trod the same paths, although with steps quicker than
mine, in search of new knowledge and experiences. It
was during the summer I made the decision to sign up
for a Winter Session course, one of the reasons which
prompts me to write this article.
I have had the rare experience of not only the benefit
of the Senior Citizen program itself, but, equally, have
enjoyed the status of being a senior citizen taking a full-
time winter course.
I have not the faintest idea who will read this, but
there are some people who, I hope, will see it. First, of
course, are my fellow students in Sociology (Film as a
Media) and those who took Creative Writing with me.
The second group are equally important. They are my
professors*. I am proud to state, without equivocation,
that all of them have one thing in common — they are
concerned that their course content is living and learning, a today experience that is vital and alive, and that
their students learn and become better Canadians for
tomorrow. The last group, who are equally important,
are those young students I have met on campus this
year.
What is it like to have this special status of a senior
citizen associating with younger students? They explode
with new ideas and new concepts. They have enquiring
minds and are searching out answers in ways that are
incredible. They really are not asking for anything
special for themselves. They only ask that their ideas be
examined. They don't even demand that they be accepted — just listen to them. There are many exciting exchanges occurring daily in the classes, at the lunch tables
in the Student Union Building, and riding along in a bus.
I would not exchange this experience for everything in
the world.
Perhaps this whole new excitement strikes me with
greater force because for the first time in my life I have
had the opportunity to leairn and to study what I wanted, and was interested in, rather than what I had to learn
to survive in a job. There is quite a difference, which I
can name — pure joy. The joy of living.
VERY CONCERNED
The last group I would like to make reference to in
this column, and I hope you will read it, are the parents
of the younger people J have met. They talk to me,
perhaps because I am older, and they tell me about their
worries. They worry about your health, their grandparents, their own futures, and their relationship with
you. I can give you one general assurance — they are
very concerned about you, and they love you a great
deal.
They may not be able to find the right words at the
right time because communicating things like this is very
difficult. It is hard for them when the subject of long
hair, their language, their postures and their causes are
continually being ridiculed at home, in the newspapers,
in the media, and almost everywhere they turn. It certainly forces them to say a lot of things in a way that
may offend your ears, but actually they don't mean to
hurt you. They would really like you just to stop long
enough to listen to them, examine their ideas with them,
to find out whether or not they are worthwhile. They
are really looking for your background of knowledge to
test out their new ideas. I hope you take advantage of
the next opportunity you have to speak with them.
If this article achieves this one purpose, it has been
worth any effort I have made to write it.
I would like to urge anyone over the age of 50 who
has the opportunity not to make the mistake I did —
waiting until you are 65 to get back to university. Do it
now! Get involved in a new course content, in new,
young ideas emerging from universities all over the
world. It is the best way I know to fill up your gas tapk
of energy and recharge your battery of electric ideas and
energy input in our thrust towards a better world.
Math students win
UBC mathematics students continue to place
among the top winners in the William Putnam Mathematical Competition, the most prestigious competition open to undergraduate students of mathematics
' in North America.
A team of three students in UBC's Department of
Mathematics placed fifth in the 35th annual competition. They are fourth-year Faculty of Science students John L. Spouge, J. Bruce Neilson and D. Henry
King, all of Vancouver.
They placed better than teams from Harvard and
Princeton Universities. First place, incidentally, went
to a Canadian university, the University of Waterloo
in Ontario.
The competition is administered by the Mathematical Association of America and is designed to test
both competence and originality.
Students are expected to be familiar not only with
the mathematics taught at the undergraduate level
but with more sophisticated mathematical ideas.
About 1,000 students from 340 universities participated in this year's competition.
Mr. Neilson's home address is 5938 Elm Street.
Mr. Spouge, whose father is a professor in the Department of Oral Medicine in UBC's Faculty of Dentistry,
lives at 6211 Wiltshire Street, and Mr. King lives at
1691 Somerset Crescent.
The team will receive $100 — traditionally used by
the Department of Mathematics to buy books — and
each of the three students will be awarded $50.
Artifacts on display
From Norway, an immense, carved wooden loving
cup dating back to 1759. A gown straight out of the
Arabian Nights — black and silver, veiled and bangled —
comes from Baghdad. There is a gypsy girl's riding skirt.
Three Peking Opera costumes. Indonesian puppets.
These are but a few of the heirlooms and artifacts
that will be on display in the Richmond Arts Centre
from March 17 to April 25.
The display, arranged by women from many nations
through International House at the University of
British Columbia, is a colorful incident in the continuing university/community dialogue.
Overseas Women chose to put together the multicultural collection for their International Women's
Year celebration. They wished to display their native
costumes and personal treasures to bring the flavor of
their cultures to Canadians.
Thelma Reid Lower, co-ordinator of the Canadian
Studies program at International House, is helping
Overseas Women assemble the exhibition and she
thinks of its purpose as "a reminder that the family of
each of us has at one time or another been migrant."
Mrs. Reid Lower went on: "The coming together of
people from various countries allows us to enrich our
lives, gives us the opportunity for international expert
ence."
Balloons for IWY
Balloons. Kites. And social comment. That's what
the Royal Canadian Aerial Theatre is all about.
On the first sunny day in the week of March 24, at
noon, the Royal Canadian Aerial Theatre will send up
hundreds of balloons to celebrate International
Women's Year. Launching pad: the Main Mall on top of
the Sedgewick Library.
The Royal Canadian Aerial Theatre is an interesting
group of young people who have put together a form of
non-verbal street theatre to communicate simple, provocative ideas. They use masses of balloons and simple
kites to tell stories visually.
The balloon "scenario" to be staged on the UBC
campus is based on the abortion issue.
The Aerial Theatre celebration, final Women's Year
event in the Spring term, is sponsored by the Dean of
Women's Office.
New Hydro bus service
A new B.C. Hydro bus service from Burnaby to UBC
via 49th Avenue in Vancouver will begin operating
Friday (March 21).
The bus route, which will be served by eight
vehicles, will originate at Kingsway and Nelson Street
in Burnaby adjacent to the Sears department store. The
route's western terminus will be the bus loop at the
corner of the East Mall and University Boulevard.
From its eastern terminus the bus will travel to UBC
via Kingsway, Bennett, Nelson, Imperial, 49th, Tyne,
54th, Kerr, 49th, Southwest Marine, Dunbar, 41st,
Southwest Marine, 16th Avenue extension, Wesbrook
and University Boulevard.
The return trip will follow the route in reverse.
A schedule for a new route will be posted in bus
shelters at UBC and is also available from B.C. Hydro's
transit information centre, 261 -2261. INDICATE
GROWTH
BY JIM BANHAM
Editor, UBC Reports
University enrolments in Canada and the United
States have been showing signs of growth over the past
two years, reversing the enrolment dip that occurred
shortly after the opening of the current decade.
A preliminary report from the U.S. National Centre
for Educational Statistics shows that fall, 1974, enrolment in four-year, degree granting U.S. institutions is up
2.8 per cent over the previous year. In 1973, the same
institutions showed an increase of 2.1 per cent over
1972.
Canadian universities have been doing rather better in
terms of percentage increases in enrolment. The growth
rate between 1972 and 1973 was 4.3 per cent and the
percentage growth in the current year is estimated at 3.6
per cent.
And that's not all.
There are some very real indications that the character and composition of student bodies in North American universities is altering.
STUDENTS OLDER
To put it in a nutshell, the students are slightly older
and the number of women in universities and colleges is
increasing rapidly.
The U.S. Bureau of the Census reports that the proportion of students in the age range 25 to 34 years has
increased from 18 per cent in 1947 to 22 per cent in
1973.
And the report of the U.S. National Centre for
Educational Statistics, mentioned above, says that the
number of women enrolled in all types of two- and
four-year institutions in the U.S. in the fall on 1974 was
up 7.7 per cent over the previous year, while the number
of men was up 3.8 per cent.
Comparable figures for all of Canada on the ages of
students and the number of women enrolled in universi
ties and colleges aren't readily available, but if statistics
gathered in B.C. are indicative of national trends the
overall Canadian experience will prove to be similar*^
that in the States.
A recent report issued by the B.C. Post-Secondary
Education Enrolment Forecasting Committee says that
approximately 20-25 per cent of the university graduate
and undergraduate enrolment in B.C. is over 24 years of
age.
The report also says that the number of full-time st'
dents who fall outside the 18-24 age group — the groiri
from which universities have traditionally drawn most of
their students — is likely to increase in the future.
The reasons for this are complex and are related to
the declining Canadian birth rate, immigration projeol
tions for Canada, and population shifts within th^
country. *-
The report makes these points, based on an analysis
of its own and Statistics Canada figures:
• Between 1980 and 1990, the number of people ii
the 18-24 age group is expected to remain more or l,es^
constant, or perhaps decline slightly; and *
• After  1976, the 25-39 age group population willj
grow at a substantial rate. Of the four age-group populations considered in the report — 0-17, 18-24, 25-39, and
40-70 plus — the 25-39 age group will be the fastest-/
growing sector after 1976.
Dr. William Tetlow, associate director of UBC:
Office of Academic Planning and secretary of tfie
enrolment forecasting committee, says that an increase
at UBC in the number of students in their mid-twenties
would be consistent with the tendency of a substantial
number of students to lengthen the time taken to obtajn
their first degree.
The analysis of enrolment figures carried out by trie,
Office of Academic Planning reveals that many students
who did not come on to UBC immediately after completing high school or who had dropped out of University programs have decided to begin or return to higher
education.
]
HIGHEST
ENROLMENT
IN HISTORY
UBC has the highest enrolment in its history in the
1974-75 Winter Session.
This year UBC's daytime enrolment totals 22,035 students; there were 20,100 students registered in the
1973-74 Winter Session.
However, these figures are not strictly comparable.
This year, for the first time, UBC's official enrolment
total includes 292 medical residents — medical-school
graduates who are completing their specialty training in
Vancouver hospitals under UBC auspices. In previous
years residents weren't registered as UBC students and
therefore didn't count in the official Dec. 1 enrolment
head-counts.
Subtracting the 292 residents from the 1974-75 enrolment figure of 22,035 leaves a total of 21,743 students. This total, which is comparable with the 20,100
registered in 1973-74, shows an increase of 1,643 students or 8.2 per cent.
TREND REVERSES
The 21,743 figure also shows an increase of 807
students, or 3.8 per cent, over the previous peak total of
20,936 in 1970-71. In that year, at UBC and many other
universities, the enrolment increases of the 1960s
seemed to have ended, and registration dropped in each
of the next two years. But last year the enrolment dip
reversed itself, and this year's enrolment has surpassed
previous high levels.
The 1974-75 totals include both full-time and part-
time daytime students, but do not include 1,150 stu-
dents'taking night credit courses at UBC or 551 students
taking correspondence courses for credit through UBC's
Centre for Continuing Education.
The job of analysing UBC's enrolment figures falls to
the Office of Academic Planning which is under the direction of Dr. Robert M. Clark. This office works closely
with the staff of Registrar J.E.A. Parnall in the compilation and interpretation of registration figures, and also
prepares forecasts of future enrolment.
Dr. William Tetlow, associate director of the Academic Planning office, identified a number of highlights that
have resulted from an analysis of UBC's current registration figures.
1. Almost all of UBC's 1974-75 enrolment increase-^
accounted for at the undergraduate level. Undergraduate'
enrolment is up from 17,477 last year to 19,077 in the
current year. Enrolment in Graduate Studies has increased only slightly from 2,623 last year to 2,666 this
year.
:
2. There has been a dramatic increase this year in tfci
number of students enrolled for 11 or fewer units anc
who are classified as part-time students. At the under
graduate level, part-time student enrolment is up 54.5
per cent to 1,882 students. At the graduate level the
percentage increase in part-time students is 22.6.
3. There has been another dramatic increase in tfes
number of students identified as re-entrants, that is, stu
dents who were enrolled at UBC at some time in the
past, but were not registered last year.
The number of re-entrants is up 23 per cent this year
to 2,253 students. - ^
4. Most of UBC's additional undergraduate enr^l*
ment of 1,600 students is registered at the first- and
fifth-year levels.
An additional 600 students are registered in first-year
programs and more than 400 are enrolled for fifth-year|
programs, most of them in certificate programs offe*eJ
in the Faculty of Education.
5. There have been further increases in enrolmennf
degree programs which can be described as profession- or
job-oriented.
The three faculties with the greatest percentage in-l
creases in enrolment are Agricultural Sciences — up 17.9
per cent; Commerce and Business Administration — up*
17.6 per cent; and Education — up 17.3 per cent.
Only the Faculty of Forestry shows a slight enrolment decline, from 334 to 328 students. Dr. Tetlow
speculates that this may be the result of the current
economic downturn which has affected the B.C. forest
industry.
One rather puzzling aspect of this year's enrolment
increase, says Dr. Tetlow, is the fact that transfers in to
UBC from regional colleges increased only 1.6 percent.
"We had expected many more transfers from regional
colleges   because   their   university-transfer  enrolments
ear
earJ
«edl
4
6/UBC REPORTS/MARCH 1.9* 1975 The number of UBC re-entrants — students who were
registered at UBC at some time in the past but were not
here last year — showed another substantial increase for
the 1974-75 Winter Session. This year the number of
re-entrants is up 23 per cent over 1973-74 and the number registered in the latter year was a 50-per-cent jump
over the previous year.
Dr. Tetlow also points out that UBC's 1974-75
enrolment includes a record number of women — they
now make up 41.2 per cent of the total student body.
The number of women registered at UBC shows a
steady increase over the past decade, Dr. Tetlow says. In
1964-65 women made up 34 per cent of UBC's total
enrolment.
STEADY INCREASE
At the graduate level the percentage increase in
enrolment of women has been even greater. This year
33.5 per cent of the students registered for master's
degrees are women; ten years ago it was 20.2 per cent.
Ten years ago women made up 9.6 per cent of the
registration for doctoral degrees; this year they make up
20.6 per cent of the doctoral registrations.
Dr. Tetlow won't go so fair as to say that UBC can
look forward to rapidly increasing enrolments. He puts it
this way: "I don't see anything in the future that's going
to cause a decrease in the number of students enrolling."
He believes UBC will continue to make modest gains
in enrolment primarily because the pool of potential students is enlarging.
"Our own expanding internal base of students, the
trend to increasing numbers of women and re-entering
students, the increasing number of part-time students —
all of these factors should lead to enrolment increases."
He suspects, too, that an increasing number of students will be in the 25-39 age group and that many of
them will be part-time students.
For more details on UBC's current Winter Session
enrolment, see story below.
were up considerably last year and it was reasonable to
assume that many of them would come on to UBC," he
says. "There's no evidence that these regional college
students went on to other universities, nor did they stay
on at the regional colleges for further training," he adds.
The regional colleges have experienced another
enrolment explosion in the current year — in some cases
up to 60 per cent at the first-year, university-transfer
level — but this increase may be related to the current
job situation. Dr. Tetlow says.
He also speculates that an economic downturn may
mean increased university enrolments in the future.
"The evidence of the past is that in times of economic
downturn people go back to school, partly to get a competitive edge for a declining number of jobs, partly
because there are simply no jobs available."
NUMBERS UP
Another wrinkle in UBC's 1974-75 enrolment picture
is an increase in the number of students listed as unclassified, that is, people who already have a university
degree and have decided to enter or return to UBC —
many on a part-time basis — to take courses in areas that
interest them. Their numbers are up from 332 last year
to 409 this year.
Also included in this year's enrolment: total are 52
senior citizens, students over the age of 65 who are taking advantage of a UBC program which allows them to
register for credit courses without paying tuition fees.
Here are UBC's 1974-75 enrolment figures by Faculty, with last year's figures in brackets: Agricultural
Sciences - 336 (285); Applied Science - 1,488 (1,398);
Arts - 5,272 (5,172); Commerce- 1,471 (1,251); Dentistry - 194 (196); Education - 4,064 (3,465); Forestry
- 328 (334); Graduate Studies - 2,666 (2,623); Law -
690 (639); Medicine - 719 (404); Pharmaceutical Sciences - 347 (340); Science - 3,825 (3,499); Qualifying
year - 174 (162); Unclassified - 409 (332); Senior Citizens - 52 (-). Total daytime enrolment - 22,035
(20,100).
And finally, for the big picture on UBC's enrolment
in the last academic year — 1973-74.- see the table at
right.
Gross student enrolment at UBC
for the Academic Year 1973-74
The 20,100 daytime students who enrolled for UBC's 1973-74 Winter Session were only the tip of
the iceberg in terms of gross student enrolment in the last academic year. UBC
provided credit and non-credit programs to 72,260 students in all parts of the province in
1973-74. This was an increase of 5,752 over the previous academic year, when 66,508 students
enrolled. In addition to on-campus programs, courses of a short- and long-term nature are
offered in off-campus centres by UBC's Centre for Continuing Education, the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration, the Division of Continuing Education in the Health
Sciences, and the Indian Education and Resource Centre. Details of various programs are
shown below.
WINTER SESSION ENROLMENT 1973-74         20,100
SUMMER SESSION ENROLMENT 1974 3,723
CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION
CREDIT COURSES, including evening credit courses given during the 1973-74 Winter
Session, courses given during the 13-week 1974 Intersession, and courses given in the
field, either in B.C. or abroad         3,088
CREDIT COURSES given by correspondence                 640
CREDIT COURSES given for certificate or other purposes             229
NON-CREDIT COURSES given by correspondence         114
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION COURSES offered in association with
various UBC Faculties:
Adult Education — Courses for working professionals given in co-operation with
the Adult Education Research Centre of the Faculty of Education         930
Resource Industries — Includes courses and special lectures in fisheries, forestry
and agriculture          2,050
Community Planning and Architecture — Includes courses for community and
regional planners and a continuing education program for architects             718
Education    Extension — Conferences,    technical    courses   and    seminars   for
professional   educators.   Two  certificate  programs are also  offered  in  early
childhood education and vocational instruction          4,013
Continuing   Education   for   Engineers — Engineering   administration   diploma
courses and technical courses given in Vancouver and other B.C. locations            637
Continuing  Legal  Education — Courses of an interprofessional nature, held in
Vancouver and other B.C. centres         2,161
Social.Work,   Human   Relations  and  Aging — Courses  for professional  social
workers   and   continuation   of   a    project   on    housing   for   older   people        721
NON-CREDIT GENERAL COURSES
Creative Arts and Science — A wide variety of courses in such areas as photography,
literature and the arts         2,868
Daytime Programs — Courses and special lectures, most of them held in off-campus
locations, including programs of the Women's Resources Centre          2,952
Humanities and  Life Sciences - Courses and other activities in a variety of fields,
including current affairs and creative writing          4,269
Languages — intensive residential language programs in English and French            357
Public Affairs — Courses in international and national affairs, with emphasis on topics
of provincial and local concern                589
Social   Sciences — Courses  in  archaeology   involving  field  trips;  courses  linked   to
educational travel programs; and several programs designed for community groups   . . .        771
Urban   Affairs — Workshops  and   other events for  local  government officials  and
citizens     663
TOTAL, CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION PROGRAMS 27,710
INDIAN EDUCATION AND RESOURCE CENTRE
In 1973-74 the IERC organized teacher workshops designed to prepare teachers for
Indian education  5,000
FACULTY OF COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Diploma Division, Accounting Management — Division operates programs in
professional fields. Diplomas are awarded in the following areas after an average of
three to four years of study: Certified General Accountant, Chartered Accountant,
Registered Industrial Accountant, Junior Chamber of Commerce Diploma, Sales and
Marketing Diploma, Institute of Canadian Bankers Diploma. There is also a
management  studies  program  for insurance personnel. Courses consist of evening
lectures and one correspondence course for the Chartered Accountant program          4,960
Real Estate Program — Offered are a four-year diploma course involving four options,
pre-licensing programs for real estate salesmen and agents and a real estate short
course. To;tal registration in all programs         2,360
Executive Development — A series of seminars and workshops designed to enable
businessmen to keep abreast of new developments in the fields of financial
management, organizational behavior and systems analysis          2,064
TOTAL, FACULTY OF COMMERCE PROGRAMS     9,384
CONTINUING EDUCATION IN THE HEALTH SCIENCES
Courses were given on campus and at various centres throughout B.C.
Dentistry — 21 courses for dentists and dental auxiliaries         493
Human Nutrition — 8 courses for dieticians and other health professionals             903
Medicine — 61 courses for physicians         2,478
Nursing — 14 courses for nurses and other health professionals         1,223
Pharmaceutical Sciences — 9 courses for pharmacists            219
Rehabilitation Medicine — 4 courses for occupational therapists and physiotherapists  . 180
Interprofessional  — 3 courses for a mixture of health professionals         175
Mobile Instructional Resources Centre — visited 17 communities giving a variety of
courses for mixture of health professionals         520
W.K. Kellogg Foundation Grant — Graduate programs in adult education and seven
courses to prepare specialists in continuing education in the health sciences      152
TOTAL, CONTINUING EDUCATION IN THE HEALTH SCIENCES      6,343
GRAND TOTAL. OF ENROLMENT IN ALL CREDIT AND NON-CREDIT PROGRAMS AT
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1973-74  72,260
UBC RPPflRTR/MARrW  TO    107K/1 Two from UBC on tax commission
Two members of the UBC faculty have been named
to a new B.C. Taxation Com"mission established by the
provincial government.
Sitting on the eight-member commission will
be Prof. Robert M. Clark, of the Department of Economics and director of the Office of Academic Planning, and Dr. Stanley W. Hamilton, associate professor
in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
Terms of reference for the commission, announced
in the B.C. Legislature early in March by the Hon.
James Lorimer, Minister of Municipal Affairs, include
an assessment of the philosophy of property taxation,
taxation in other jurisdictions, proposed tax legislation, actual-value assessments, rural-versus-urban tax
loads, property taxation for Crown corporations, and
machinery taxes.
• *     •
The Hon. Thomas Dohm, chairman of UBC's Board
of Governors, was the recipient recently of a humanitarian award for his service to handicapped children.
For the past two years Mr. Dohm has served as corporate appeals chairman for the annual Easter Seal campaign. The award was made by the B.C. Lions Society for
Crippled Children.
• •     •
Mr. Lome Koroluk, assistant professor in the
Faculty of Education, won the gold medal for the best
print entered in the 1975 exhibition of the National
Association of Photographic Art. The association is
based in Canada but has members in other countries.
The winning photograph is a view of English Bay at
sunset.
Mr. Gordon Selman, former director of UBC's
Centre for Continuing Education and now an associate
professor in the Faculty of Education, is the author of
"Adult Education in Vancouver Before 1914," one of
the series of occasional papers published by the Centre.
The paper, available from the Centre at $1.00 a copy,
provides insights into a frontier town's growth and
search for sophistication.
The provincial government will set up two advisory
boards to deal separately with the education of deaf
and blind children at Jericho Hill School in Vancouver
as the result of a report written by Mr. Ben Chud, an
assistant professor in UBC's School of Social Work. Mr.
Chud last year carried out a detailed study of the
operation of the Jericho Hill School at the request of
the provincial Department of Education. His report
called for "immediate and quite radical action to solve
the problems surrounding the school."
Mr. Chud will continue to advise the Department of
Education on organizational changes at Jericho and
will serve as a consultant to a special education advisory
council concerned with children with learning
disabilities.
Prof. William C. Gibson, head of the Department
of the History of Medicine and Science in the Faculty
of Medicine, gave the Fitzpatrick Lecture to the
Royal College of Physicians in London, England, in
mid-January. His lecture, entitled "A Trio of Canadian Internationalists — Banting, Bethune and Brock
Chisholm," was part of the 300th meeting of the
Osier Club of London.
• • •
Prof. John Young, of UBC's Department of Economics, is currently on leave of absence to serve as
assistant deputy finance minister in the federal
government, where he is responsible for natural
resource policy, industrial and regional development.
Prof. Young is a former dean of UBC's Faculty of
Arts and from 1969 to 1972 served as chairman of
the federal government's Prices and Incomes Commission.
* • •
Mr. John Arnett, an assistant information officer
in UBC's Department of Information Services for the
past 2Vi years, has been appointed Director of Information Services for the B.C. Department of Education. Mr. Arnett took up his new duties in Victoria on
March 17.
• • *
Mr. David Browne, director of language programs
for UBC's Centre for Continuing Education, returned
recently from a conference for directors of language
programs for Japanese teachers in English, held in
New York.
Prof. Gerard Tougas, of UBC's Department of
French, is the 1974 winner of the Prix Halphen, an
annual award made by the prestigious Academie
Francaise, the French organization which sets
standards for the French language and defends its
interests.
The award is made for a single work or group of
works which contribute to the better understanding of
DR. DOUGLAS T. KENNY
Dr. Kenny
named to
Canada Council
Dr. Douglas T. Kenny, UBC's President-
designate, has been appointed to the Canada
Council for a three-year term.
The Council, a board of 21 members
appointed for three-year terms by the federal
government, sets its own policies and makes its
own decisions within the terms of the Canada
Council Act.
Dr. Kenny, who was himself the recipient of
a Canada Council award. in 1959, is a
psychologist with special research interests in
the areas of personality and learning, developmental psychology and patterns of child development.
He joined the UBC faculty in 1950 and was
head of the UBC Psychology department from
1965 to 1969, when he resigned to become
associate dean of the Faculty of Arts. He was
appointed dean of Arts in 1970.
Dr. Kenny was a visiting professor at
Harvard University from 1963 to 1965 and also
lectured in Harvard's Graduate School of Education. At Harvard, he was a member of that
university's Laboratory of Human Development
and the Centre for Research in Personality.
Dr. Kenny will become President of UBC on
July 1, succeeding Dr. Walter H. Gage, who will
retire as President on June 30.
The Council, which has headquarters in
Ottawa, was created in 1957 as an independent
body responsible for promoting the arts,
humanities and social sciences. It carries out its
work mainly through a broad program of grants
and fellowships.
Among other things, the Council supports
research by faculty members in Canadian universities and provides awards for graduate students who are studying for advanced degrees.
The Council also shares responsibility for
Canada's cultural relations with other countries,
administers the Canadian Commission for
UNESCO, and has initiated special programs
with funds from private benefactors.
Decisions by the Council are based on the
advice of outside experts and it receives assistance in policy-making from advisory panels,
juries and individuals.
French language and culture. It is the first time that the
award has been made to a writer living outside France.
The Prix Halphen was awarded to Prof. Tougas for
his book, published in Paris in 1973, entitled
French-Speaking Writers in the World. The book
describes the contributions of French-speaking
writers in various parts of the world, including
Canada, North Africa, Lebanon, Mauritius and Viet
Nam.
Prof. Paris Constantinides, of UBC's Department
of Pathology, gave a special lecture to the Eliot
Corday Symposium of the American College of Cardiology in New York. The topic of the lecture was
"The Cellular Pathophysiology of Coronary Atherosclerosis." He was invited to speak in recognition of
his work on the mechanisms behind atherosclerosis,
or hardening of the arteries.
• • •
The head of UBC's Department of Physics, Prof.
Rudolph R. Haering, has been appointed a member of
the National Research Council for a three-year term.
Twenty-one members sit on the governing body of
the NRC, the largest agency funding scientific
research in Canada.
• • •
Prof. John Milsum, director of the Division of
Health Systems in the Department of Health Care and
Epidemiology, has been elected president of the
Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society,
which has some 250 members working in a variety of
fields, including engineering, medicine and
physiology. Members are involved in interface studies
between health care and its rapidly increasing
technological machines and methods.
Prof. Milsum was recently elected a fellow of the
Society for Advanced Medical Systems and was a
visiting professor on behalf of the Medical Research
Council of Canada at the University of Western
Ontario.
Prof.  Milsum also served on the Health Sciences
Committee of the Science Council of Canada, which
recently released a report entitled "Science and the
Health   Sciences."   The   report  was discussed at a .
one-day seminar at UBC on Dec. 5.
Dr. Charles A. Laszlo, associate director of the
Division of Health Systems and associate professor in
the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, .has been
elected treasurer of the Canadian Medical and
Biological Engineering Society. He was also recently
elected a senior member of both the Instrument
Society of America and the Institute of Electrical and
Electronic Engineers and a fellow of the Society for
Advanced Medical Systems.
Dr. Laszlo, who came to UBC recently from
McGill University, has visited Tunisia at the invitation
of that country's Ministry of Health to advise on the
organization of instrumentation services and the
training of specialist medical manpower.
Mr. Jindra Kulich, recently named acting director
of UBC's Centre for Continuing Education, has been
appointed "Book Review Editor — International Publishers" for Adult Leadership, the professional journal
published monthly by the Adult Education Association of the United States. Mr. Kulich also attended a
UNESCO-sponsored conference on structures of adult
education in developing countries, held in Nairobi,
Kenya, in mid-February.
Prof. Wilfred Auld, a long-time member of UBC's
Faculty of Education and director of Summer Session
from 1964 to 1971, died in February at the age of 62.
A 1941 graduate of UBC, Prof. Auld resigned as
director of UBC's Summer Session because of illness
but continued to hold his post as full professor in the
Education faculty.
PrOf. Auld was an instructor in the provincial
Normal School from 1952 to 1956.1 n the latter year he
joined the UBC faculty when the Normal School was
incorporated into UBC.
Born and educated in Vancouver, Prof. Auld served
with the Canadian army during the Second World War
and taught in Vancouver elementary and secondary
schools before joining the provincial Normal School. In
addition to his Bachelor of Arts degree from UBC, he
held a Master of Education degree from Oregon State
College.
Prof. Auld fs survived by his wife Anne, two daughters and a son. Expanding horizons
for part-time
degree study
Audrey Campbell
Impact of
Senate decision
being felt
Audrey Campbell, director of credit and
correspondence courses in UBC's Centre for
Continuing Education, sees herself as a facilitator
who co-ordinates and publicizes the work of the
various academic departments which offer evening
and off-campus credit courses. Ms. Campbell joined
the Centre in 1969 after completing her Master of
Education degree in adult education as a part-time
student. She first served as an assistant director in
Education Extension, where she was active in
developing non-credit programs for teachers, until she
was appointed to her present position in December,
1971. In the following article she describes the
expansion of UBC's degree-credit program.
By AUDREY CAMPBELL
I took over the administration of the extra-
sessional credit course program just prior to a time of
change and growth. What might have been a rather
undemanding position has turned out to be an exciting one, often exhausting, always highly challenging.
Changes began in 1972 when the University Senate
accepted a report calling upon the faculties to examine
their policies with a view to extending the availability
of degree programs for part-time students. Today the
impact of the Senate decision on both evening and off-
campus programs is clear and continuing to be felt.
Now the potential part-time student finds not only
a broad selection of evening courses but also the beginning of coherent degree programs in some fields.
For example, it is now possible for an evening student
to pursue a program leading to a Bachelor of Arts
degree with an English major, or to complete the first
two years of the Bachelor of Commerce degree.
This is a highly significant trend because without
the assurance that opportunities will be provided for
them to attain their educational goals many evening
students become utterly frustrated.
I am pleased to see the academic departments begin to specify the parameters of their evening programs and begin to offer the required courses on a
regular rotating basis.
If this trend continues, UBC's evening degree programs may well begin to serve effectively the needs of
a new constituency - the adult learner with clearly
defined educational objectives.
The growth of degree-credit programs for persons
who are unable to come to a university campus is also
underway. The current development of new courses
for independent study by the correspondence method
is a first step. Hopefully, further developments to
serve people throughout the province will include the
planning and implementation of specific, coherent
programs and the exploration of new avenues of delivery.
1975 Intersession offers record number of courses
The May — July Intersession is the fastest-growing
program of credit courses for part-time students at
the University of British Columbia. Courses are offered two evenings a week for 13 weeks beginning the
first week in May.
In the seven years since this program was launched
by the Centre for Continuing Education, the number
of courses and the number of students attending
these evening credit courses have increased dramatically. In 1974, 59 courses were offered and more
than 1,400 students registered for them.
The 1975 program of 75 courses is the largest to
date and it is anticipated that registration will increase accordingly.
Ongoing features of the program included a broad
range of courses for credit in the Faculty of Arts and
an increase in the number of Education courses available for practising teachers. Arts courses will include
Anthropology, Asian Studies, Economics, Fine Arts,
History, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology,
Religious Studies, and Sociology. Language courses
have also been well received over the years and this
year's program includes courses in French, German,
Italian, and Spanish. The Faculty of Science offers
courses in Computer Science and Mathematics.
Many evening courses are being offered for the
first time in the Intersession period in 1975. Some of
the titles that are new to the program are Modern
Japanese Novels in Translation, Economic Anthropology, Practical Writing, Nineteenth and Twentieth
Century Art, Literature of the French-Speaking
World, Geography of Urbanization, History of the
Soviet Union, International Politics, Icelandic Art and
Architecture, Sociology of Lifestyles, and Women's
Studies. The Women's Studies course is being made
available for the first time as part of the University's
contribution to International Women's Year. Classes
are being held at the Main Branch of the Vancouver
Public Library.
The Faculty of Education has added courses in
Developmental Reading and Educational Sociology.
This is the first time these courses have been offered
for part-time degree credit during the Intersession
period. Two additional courses being offered for the
first time are for credit towards a graduate degree in
Education.
Other new developments include a regular schedule of courses to be offered by the Department of
English for students wishing to complete an English
major through part-time study. The courses now being offered during the 1975 Intersession form part of
a program designed to provide all the required courses
on a rotating basis. Additional courses will be provided during the Summer Session and the 1975-76 evening program.
The UBC Department of Fine arts is offering a
new diploma in Art History and some of the required
courses will be available in the Intersession period.
The diploma will be awarded on the completion of 15
units of Art History courses at the 300 level or above.
Courses suitable for this program in the May—July
period are History of Western Art, Nineteenth and
Twentieth Century Art, and the two Directed-Study-
Abroad courses, Art of the Renaissance and The Modern Tradition in Western Art. To be eligible, students
must have already completed a first degree. Applications for entry to this program should be made to the
UBC Registrar's Office.
To obtain a UBC Intersession Calendar, write to
the Centre for Continuing Education, or the Office of
the Registrar, The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver V6T 1W5.
Independent study enables learning at a distance
For persons who live and work in isolated locations or institutions, and for those who are housebound or infirm, independent study programs have
been the only means of continuing part-time study at
the university level. For many people who live outside the Lower Mainland the University of British
Columbia's independent study programs have been
the only means of continuing their university education at the third- and fourth-year levels. Last year 640
part-time students registered for one of the 16 UBC
credit courses available by-independent study. Students may enrol in these correspondence courses at
any time during the year and have a year in which to
complete a course.
Although UBC has offered a small program of independent study degree-credit courses for 25 years, as
the number of colleges in the province has increased,
alternative opportunities have developed at the first-
and second-year levels. UBC has accordingly emphasized the development of third- and fourth-year
courses. The current program includes senior level
courses in Education, English, History, Philosophy
and Psychology.
With the increasing demand for opportunities to
study towards a degree on a part-time basis, efforts
are being made to expand this program. Last summer
the Centre for Continuing Education received a grant
for innovative programs from the B.C. Department of
Education and is using these funds to develop 15 new
courses for degree credit by independent study.
Among the new courses that will be available in
the fall of 1975 are third- and fourth-year level
courses in Anthropology, Economics, French, History, Political Science and Psychology. A Science
course for credit towards a B.A. degree, a Fine Arts
course, and a first-year Mathematics course are also
planned. New course titles will include Exploring the
Universe, French Literature in Translation, Public Administration, and Brain and Behavior.
Several independent study courses will be available
both for degree credit and for credit toward a Certificate of Criminology.
The course writers and instructors are members of
the faculty of the University of British Columbia, and
were selected with the assistance of an advisory committee appointed by the dean of Arts.
Consultants Dr. George Geis and Dr. Char! -ascal
from the Centre for Learning Developmer iVIcGill
University were appointed to assist the 2< JBC faculty members in the design and evaluation of independent study programs. A "try-out" phase — in
which students will assist in course revision and im
provement — is included in the development program
for independent studies.
Special attention will be paid to meeting the particular needs of students learning at a distance. Several
means will be employed to compensate for the absence of face-to-face contact. (Objectives will be
clearly stated for each unit of each course, and various forms of evaluation will be employed to stimulate
student interest.) Audio cassettes and slides will be
included in some courses. Periodic regional seminars
will be held in areas where students are sufficiently
numerous, and a system of telephone communication
is under study.
y .-i-rw calendar listing a total of 35 independent
.;d\ courses for dfv: y credit at UBC will be available in July. 7'-'■'• -•'■ . students interested in independent study may write to the University now for a list
of courses currently available and may register at any
time. Students who wish to take one of the new
courses will be able to register and begin study in
September of this year.
To have your name placed on the mailing list for
the new calendar, or to receive the existing one, write
to Credit Correspondence Courses, Centre for Continuing Education, The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver V6T 1W5. Calendars may also be obtained
by telephoning 228-2181, local 241.
UBC REPORTS/MARCH 19, 1975/9 Convocation elects four
Another round of elections is currently taking place
on the UBC campus to reconstitute UBC's Senate so
that it conforms with the new Universities Act.
The new Act, which was passed in the B.C.
Legislature and proclaimed, or brought into force, last
year, provides for a 79-member Senate. Under the old
Act, there were a total of 99 Senators.
UBC's Board of Governors, expanded from 11 to 15
members, has already been reconstituted and held its
first meeting early in February.
Under the new Act, student representation on
Senate has been increased from 12 to 17 members, but
alumni representation has been cut, in UBC's case,
from 18 to 4 members. At UBC, faculty representation,
as a percentage of total Senate membership, is virtually
unchanged.
UBC's Convocation — the entire body of graduates
and the faculty of the University — has elected four
Senators to sit on the new Senate.
They are: "the Hon. Mr. Justice John C. Bouck, a
member of the B.C. Supreme Court; Mrs. Beverly Field,
who has sat on Senate since 1972 as an appointee of the
UBC Alumni Association; Mrs. Betsy A. Lane, a
Senator since 1969 elected by Convocation; and Mr.
Gordon A. Thom, who was elected to Senate in 1972
by Convocation.
The four Convocation members who will sit on the
new Senate were elected from a field of nine persons.
Mr. Justice Bouck holds the degrees of Bachelor of
Arts and Bachelor of Laws from UBC and served as a
Bencher of the Law Society of B.C. for five years.
Mr. Justice Bouck practiced law in Vancouver
from 1956 until 1974, when he was named a justice
of the Supreme Court. He is the co-author of a report
which is being used as the basis for revision of B.C.
Supreme Court rules and is being considered as a basis
for change in other provinces.
Mrs. Beverly Field, who is a Bachelor of Arts
graduate of UBC, served as an assistant in UBC's
Chemistry department from 1946 to 1952 and was
president of the UBC Alumni Association in 1971-72.
She was appointed to Senate by the Alumni
Association in 1972 and the same year was elected by
Senate to the Board of Governors. She served on the
Board until it was reconstituted earlier this year.
Mrs. Field served on numerous Board and Senate
committees and has also been active in many
community organizations, including the Children's
Aid Society and the Family Service Agency.
Mrs. Betsy Lane graduated from UBC in 1949 with
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. She is a former
research chemist and served on the Canada Council
from   1970 to   1973.  She  has  also been active  in
community organizations and is a former president of
the Community Arts Council of Vancouver and the
Vancouver Museums and Planetarium Association.
Mr. Gordon Thom is currently principal of the
B.C. Institute of Technology and is a former assistant
director of the UBC Alumni Association. He holds
the degrees of Bachelor of Commerce and Master of
Education from UBC as well as the degree of Master
of Business Administration from the University of
Maryland.
The new 79-member Senate will be asked to
consider increasing by 11 the number of members
elected by Convocation under the terms of Section
35(1) of the new Act.
Convocation representation on Senate was the
subject of a long debate at the January, 1975,
meeting of Senate. The provision of four Convocation
representatives on the new Senate was described as
"tokenism," and it was claimed that the four could
not hope to make a significant contribution to the
work of Senate and its numerous committees.
The January meeting ended with the current
Senate approving a motion calling on the new Senate
to consider at an early meeting the adoption of a
resolution to increase by 11 the number of Senators
to be elected by Convocation.
Ten of UBC's 12 Faculties have each elected two
faculty members to sit on the new Senate. The
Faculties of Arts and Law will elect their two
representatives to Senate following the election of 10
persons by the Joint Faculties of the University on
March 21.
The election of five students-at-large by the entire
student body will take place on Thursday, March 27.
Ballot boxes for the various faculties of the
University will be set up in the following locations:
Agricultural Sciences — H.R. MacMillan Building;
Applied Science — Civil Engineering Building; Arts —
Buchanan Building; Commerce and Business
Administration — Henry Angus Building; Dentistry —
Dentistry Building; Education — Neville V. Scarfe
Building; Forestry — H.R. MacMillan Building;
Graduate Studies — Graduate Student Centre; Law —
Mary Bollert Building; Medicine — Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre; Pharmaceutical
Sciences — Woodward Instructional Resources Centre;
Science — Chemistry Building; Qualifying and
Unclassified students — Main Library.
When all elections are complete, the only remaining
Senators to be named will be four appointees of the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council (the provincial
cabinet).
Open house at UBC forest
UBC's Research Forest north of Haney in the
Fraser Valley will hold an open house on Saturday,
May 10, rain or shine.
Visitors will be able to see a variety of forestry
operations, including a number of new techniques,
and will receive first-hand information on forest
ecology and on research projects underway in the
12,000-acre forest at the foot of the Golden Ears.
On hand will be faculty members from UBC's
Faculty of Forestry, students in the Faculty who will
be at the Research Forest as part of their training,
and members of the Canadian Institute of Forestry.
Visitors will be able to explore three trails
illustrating forest ecology, management, and research.
Some of the demonstrations tentatively planned
include:
• Extinguishing a forest fire by dropping
fire-retardant liquid from a helicopter or water
bomber;
• Study of deer, using a current research project at
the Research Forest involving about 30 deer enclosed
in a three-acre run;
• Plant and tree identification;
• Information on forest ecology and how various
groups of trees and plants tend to grow in distinct
communities or groups;
• Logging operations, complete with a faller and
yarding system to haul the logs out of the bush;
• Cutting down trees by means of a tracked
vehicle equipped with a huge pair of snips;
• Information on how nutrients in the forest are
recycled through the soil into trees, small plants and
animals and back to the soil again;
• How the land under powerlines can be used for
raising deer, game birds, Christmas trees or for other
purposes, rather than being neglected;
• Information   pn   blister   rust   disease   that
10/UBC REPORTS/MARCH 19, 1975
devastates the beautiful white pine tree that grows on
the coast, and how the disease is spread through wild
currant plants; and
• Seedling planting using a gun which fires the
seedling, enclosed in a plastic bullet, into the ground.
Visitors will be able to buy lunch at the Research
Forest and are advised to come early if they want to
see everything. The Research Forest will open at 9:30
a.m. and close at 6:30 p.m. Admission is free.
Visitors should bring rainwear if the forecast calls
for wet weather. Although organizers plan for dry
trails through the forest, waterproof boots should be
worn if there has been a lot of rain prior to May 10.
To reach the Research Forest, travel into Haney
on the Lougheed Highway or Dewdney Trunk Road,
the two main arteries into Haney, and turn north on
232nd Street. Turn right off of 232nd onto Silver
Valley Road, which leads to the entrance to the
Research Forest.
Sigma Tau Chi meets
UBC's retiring President, Dr. Walter H. Gage, will be
honored April 2 at a dinner sponsored by Sigma Tau
Chi, the men's honorary society at UBC, which is in the
process of being reactivated.
The dinner will take the form of a traditional Sigma
Tau Chi "beer-and-beef" evening in the Thea Koerner
Graduate Student Centre, beginning at 6:00 p.m.
Only 75 tickets are available for the dinner, at which
several new members will be inducted. Tickets, at
$10.00 each, are available by writing to Sigma Tau Chi,
Box 71, Student Union Building, University of B.C.,
2075 Wesbrook Place, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
Cheques should be made payable to the Alma Mater
Society.
DR. ALVIN M. WEINBERG
Nuclear energy
expert speaks at
UBC March 27
Dr. Alvin M. Weinberg, an energy expert from the
U.S., will speak on the acceptability of nuclear energy
on Thursday, March 27, at 4:00 p.m. in UBC's Hebb
Theatre.
In his talk Dr. Weinberg will say that opponents of
the use of nuclear energy overestimate its hazards,
ignore the impressive record of nuclear energy,
especially as it is used to power naval vessels, and
overestimate the possibilities of using alternative
energy sources.
He was a member of the wartime team of
theoretical physicists at the Chicago Metallurgical
Laboratory who helped design the first nuclear
reactor in 1942.
He left the Chicago lab to help found the Oakridge
National Laboratory in Tennessee, one of the world's
great scientific and technological institutions, in
1945. Dr. Weinberg served as director of the physics
division at Oakridge. He then became research
director and then director of the entire laboratory.
He spent a total of 25 years at Oakridge. During
that time he helped administer major U.S. nuclear
energy programs, and is co-holder of a number of
nuclear reactor patents.
For his role in the development of nuclear
reactors, he shared the Atoms for Peace Award in
1960. A number of other prestigious awards
followed.
In nuclear energy Dr. Weinberg sees a magic
talisman that might help resolve population, pollution
and energy problems facing mankind. He coined the
term "Big Science" and has written widely on how to
decide which competing scientific projects should
receive funding.
Last year he was a director of the U.S. Federal
Energy Administration's Office of Energy Research
and Development, responsible for formulating U.S.
policy for short-, mid- and long-term energy
requirements.
Immediately prior to the Washington appointment
he served briefly as director of the Institute for
Energy Analysis which he conceived during the fall of
1973 and established at Oakridge.
He has returned to that position at Oakridge.
||||A Vol. 21, No. 5 - March 19,
I ■■CI 1975.    Published    by   the
^A^U^J University of British Columbia
^^^^^^ and distributed free. UBC
REPORTS Reports appears on
Wednesdays during the University's Winter
Session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin and
Anne Shorter, Production Supervisors. Letters to
the Editor should be sent to Information
Services, Main Mall North Administration
Building, UBC, 2075 Wesbrook Place,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5. New insights from CUSO experience
Continued from Page One
graduates have taken CUSO postings overseas.
This year, UBC graduates are serving in 16 differ^
ent developing countries — some of them well known,
such as Ghana, Jamaica and Peru, and others, such as
Botswana and Sabua, which are not so familiar.
CUSO is currently undertaking a campaign on and
off the University campus to raise funds to enable the
organization to continue its work. "CUSO obtains the
majority of its financial support from government
sources in Canada," says Mr. Wylie, "but it is able to
remain an independent organization, outside of
government control, because of funds, facilities and
services donated by non-governmental organizations
and interested individuals."
EXPERTISE NEEDED
Mr. Wylie said the word "University" in Canadian
University Service Overseas is somewhat misleading
because CUSO is also recruiting technicians and
skilled craftsmen who have not attended University
but whose expertise is urgently needed in developing
countries.
In addition to raising funds to support CUSO —
the target across Canada this year is $500,000 -
CUSO is also trying to increase the number of volunteers.  "Last year there were requests for 80 more
positions than we could fill," Mr. Wylie said.
The typical CUSO volunteer is someone with what
Mr. Wylie terms "cultural adaptability" — someone
who can go to live in another country and adapt to
his surroundings with a minimum of effort. "We hope
that CUSO people will get to know the people in the
countries to which they are assigned and establish
friendships and contacts that will last for years to
come," he said.
TAUGHT LAW
One couple who have established just such contacts are Rod and Beverley McCloy, back in Vancouver after two years in Kaduna in north-central
Nigeria. Rod, a UBC law graduate, taught law at a
polytechnic, and Beverley, a teacher, taught at a
women's teacher college. They went overseas after
Rod graduated in 1972, and returned fast year.
"We decided to go because we felt that we were
getting involved in a rat race here and we thought
that we would like to see how other people live," said
Rod. "We were also interested in Third World countries and we wanted to find out a little more about
what conditions were like in these countries and what
people think about us."
The McCloys travelled under the usual CUSO con-
>     CONTACT CANADA
Continued from Page One
with a local family for four or five days. Then you
rejoin your group on the local university campus;
each group comprises 10 young Canadians and 10
people from abroad.
From your campus base, your group travels
around the city and countryside, having a good look
at the land, the people, the local color and customs.
You talk to people — on campus, off campus, in discussion groups, etcetera. You go to interesting restaurants, take trips to different parts of the province,
visit cultural centres, have a good time while you are
absorbing the flavor of the region.
After about five days on campus, your group
embarks upon a wilderness camping trip for 10 days.
You hike in the wilds, swim, fish, cook and relax.
Finally, you and your group set off for the
national capital area where you join other groups
from all over Canada (there may be as many as 200
young people) for a great sharing of experiences. A
final farewell evening in Ottawa rounds out the
three-week program.
Of vital importance to the program are the host
families — interested people who will open their
homes to a young person from Canada or from one of
the 16 nations that participate in Contact Canada.
If you are, or know, a young person who would
like to participate in this imaginative adventure, or if
you would like to be host to a participant for four or
five days, you may contact Colleen Lunde at
228-5021 for application forms and complete
information — or write her at International House,
UBC.
ALARM CLOCK
Continued from Page One
approach to problem solving. The process they followed in designing the vehicle is the same as the process
they'll use in solving any other problem."
Dr. McKechnie and Dr. Terry Adams, another assistant professor in the department, made the trip to
Detroit with students Ed Wong, David Forsyth and Ric
Pow. They took with them two of the vehicles designed
and tested in the course.
They expected rough competition from the 39
engineering schools that had entered. But perhaps because of the exacting specifications, only 17 engineering schools showed up - UBC was the only Canadian
entry -- and only 11 managed to get their vehicles to run
the course.
One UBC vehicle came within six inches of the 206
feet set as the competition distance and won first place,
a plaque and $300. The other UBC entry was 38 inches
off the mark, good enough for fourth place.
It was the second time UBC engineering students
had come away from an international competition in
the automobile centre of the world with a first prize,.
Three years ago another group of students beat out
64 entries from across North America with the "Wally
Wagon" in a competition to design a low-pollution
urban car.
Women in
engineering
discussion
A special seminar to explore the opportunities for
women in the engineering profession will be held on the
UBC campus this Thursday, March 20, at 12:30 p.m. in
the Ballroom of the Student Union Building.
Dean Liam Finn, head of the Faculty of Applied
Science, has invited Highways Minister Graham Lea to
open the seminar and has asked a distinguished panel of
engineers to lead the discussion.
Dr. Irene Peden, associate dean of Engineering at the
University of Washington, will deliver the main address.
Other members of the panel will be George Taylor,
director of personnel for H.A. Simons, consulting engineering firm; Dan Lambert, managing director, Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.; and Mary Little, a
fourth-year student in chemical engineering at UBC.
Dean Finn will also participate as a panel member and
Dr. Margaret Fulton, UBC's Dean of Women, will be
moderator.
The two-hour seminar is designed to provide information that will be helpful to women interested in an engineering career. Panel members will delineate factors for
consideration: prerequisites for admission to UBC's engineering programs; the history of women in engineering
at UBC; the receptivity of the engineering profession to
women members and many other aspects of women's
participation in this important field.'
The seminar is jointly sponsored by the Department
of Highways for B.C., UBC's Faculty of Applied Science,
the Association of Professional Engineers of B.C., the
Dean of Women's Office and the Vancouver Status of
Women.
Further information may be obtained from Prof.
Ernest Peters at 228-3676, or from Dr. Fulton,
228-3448.
Coffee and doughnuts will be served between noon
and 12:30 p.m.
Opera premiere
The Vancouver premiere of Giuseppe Verdi's
comic masterpiece, Falstaff, will be presented by the
UBC opera theatre in the campus Old Auditorium on
April 1, 2, 4, and 5.
The opera, based on the Shakespearean character
who appears in King Henry IV and The Merry Wives
of Windsor, will be sung in English by UBC faculty
members and Department of Music students. All
performances will start at 8:00 p.m.
The production will be staged, directed and
conducted by Mr. French Tickner, associate professor
in the Music department.
Tickets for the production may be reserved by
calling 228-3113 and may be picked up at the
reception desk in the UBC Music Building or at the
door. Ticket prices are $3.50 and $2.50, and $1.50
for senior citizens and students.
ditions — return air fare is paid by CUSO and salaries
are paid according to local rates, which in their case
was $2,400 each.
Each came back with new insights into life in a
country where many of the amenities that we take
for granted are non-existent and actually unnecessary.
"It was a shock to me at first when I found that I
couldn't buy frozen foods, but I soon found that I
could prepare fresh food that was tastier and almost
as quick to cook," said Beverley.
But the thing that impressed them most was the
genuine friendliness of people everywhere they travelled. "People give you the impression that they care
about you; they smile at you as you walk along the
street, they are friendly and talkative," said Beverley.
She said the thing that struck them both quite
forcibly on their return to Canada was the coldness
and unfriendliness of people here compared with the
people in Nigeria.
DEVELOP INTEREST
Both are continuing to correspond with friends
they made in Nigeria and both have developed an
interest in Third World countries that will probably
continue for many years. "It was an experience that
we will never forget," said Rod.
Two UBC students who have applied to CUSO and
are hopeful of postings in African countries are Cathy
Fraser, who is graduating this year in microbiology,
and Steve Haber, a graduate in microbiology.
Cathy, who hopes to teach general science in a
secondary school, said her main motivation was to
help other people help themselves. "I think that it
will be very interesting to live in and learn about
another culture. I am looking forward to new experiences," she said.
Steve believes that helping people in developing
countries today is a "life insurance policy" for the
Western world. "Thirty or 40 years from now people
in the developed countries might be grateful for the
fact that CUSO volunteers and representatives of
other agencies assisted these countries at a time when
they needed it most," he said.
Steve hopes that the experience that he gets working in developing countries will be of value to him
when he returns to Canada to work with native
Indians and others who might be considered underprivileged in this country.
UBC faculty members are also participating in the
work of CUSO through a project known as CUJAE
(Ciudad Universitaria Jose Antonio Echeverria) at the
University of Havana, Cuba.
A number of faculty members from UBC's Faculty
of Applied Science are spending varied periods of
time in Cuba helping develop a post-graduate engineering program at the University of Havana.
Dr. Michael Quick, an associate professor in civil
engineering, whose special area of teaching and research is hydraulics and hydrology, was in Cuba in
late January and early February teaching for three
hours daily over a three-week period.
"It is a very good teaching situation because what
they are seeking from us is the application of basic
sciences to very real problems. We were discussing
problems in the area of water supply and irrigation
that they were actually working on right now." He
said his students were mainly younger faculty members and technicians from government agencies.
OTHERS PARTICIPATE
In addition to UBC, the University of Toronto and
University of Waterloo are also participating in the
Cuban project. During the current year, ,14 faculty
members from UBC will take part - 11 from Civil
Engineering and three from Chemical Engineering.
Art Klassen, CUSO's information officer on the
campus, who spent three years in Tanzania as a CUSO
volunteer in forestry and civil engineering, says
members of the UBC community, and persons
off-campus who want to assist CUSO in its work don't
have to volunteer for service overseas.
"We would like financial help from persons who are
interested in helping fund overseas volunteers and we
would also like to hear from people who have lived
overseas and who would be interested in helping us
interview candidates for CUSO postings," he said.
Anyone interested in either volunteering for CUSO
or assisting financially or otherwise can contact
CUSO through International House on the UBC campus. CUSO's phone number is 228-4886.
UBC REPORTS/MARCH 19, 1975/11 Contact
PREPARED FOR UBC REPORTS BY THE UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
Mr. Pat Parker, left, chairman of the annual Commerce dinner, and Dr. Noel Hall, standing, dean of the UBC
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, greet B. C. 's Premier, the Hon. David Barrett, in UBC's Faculty
Qub. Premier spoke to capacity audience at the dinner, attended by UBC's President, Dr. Walter H. Gage, at right.
Dean Hall received the Commerce Alumni Division's distinguished alumni award.
Premier visits campus
By MURRAY McMILLAN
University students and graduates must examine
exactly what they are putting back into the
community that subsidizes higher education, and be
prepared to justify the large expenditure of public
funds to the taxpayers.
That was the message Premier Dave Barrett gave
Commerce alumni, faculty and students March 5 in
an address to the Commerce Alumni Dinner at the
UBC Faculty Club.
"There are some people in the community who
feel that the university is entirely out of their reach
and there is populist opposition to money spent on
'airy-fairy' university education. I would suggest that
when you are in the university community you are in
the comfort of people who are sharing the same
experiences. But many are not allowed the privilege
of going to university.
"Hard-nosed businessmen*who will never vote for
this government, have justifiable and serious
questions about whether they are getting their tax
dollar's worth out of the students they are
subsidizing. They're not against the university, but
they're not going to unquestioningly give, unless
there is a rationale and an explanation," the premier
told his audience.
He said the universities have had some success in
extending themselves into B.C. communities, but
warned that the institutions must not get the idea
that the population is pro-university.
In a wide-ranging address, the premier examined
some of the programs and the concepts behind them,
which have made his government controversial.
HOTLY DEBATED
He said many of his government's policies, such as;
the land control act, were hotly debated at the time
of introduction, but have now come to be considered
as just common sense.
British Columbia is a province in the adolescence
of its life, experiencing growing pains and the
occasional bit of schizophrenia, the premier said. It is
a province of emotionally charged economic and
social development, and he said the purpose of his
government is to bring long-term economic and social
stability to the province.
He cited the Land Commission Act and Mincome
as examples.
"It is two years since the land bill came in, and
mark my words, no one will ever go into a political
campaign in this province saying that if .he is elected
io/iip/*  pcnnoToiuADru -m    tone.
he will destroy the land commission. The idea has
gone past emotional rhetoric, political rhetoric, to
become one of common sense."
Turning to Mincome, Premier Barrett said:
"Some of you have to begin to understand that
Mincome is a major economic support for many small
businesses in the province. The fact that we guarantee
the purchasing power for 128,000 people every
month, of a minimum of $234, puts a lot of money
into the economy."
Asked later in a question period whether Mincome
didn't in fact discourage people from investing for
future savings. Premier Barrett said the program was
necessary because some people had worked for 30 or
40 years, investing money in pension schemes, only
to find that the schemes turned out to be inadequate
due to inflation.
SOCIAL IMPACT
Discussing his government's entry into the private
economic sector, the premier examined the social
impact of such policies. He said that in purchasing
Columbia Cellulose, the government took advantage
of an opportunity to have a presence in a major
industry.
"It has been a success. What we set out to do,
partly, was to eliminate the myth that governments
don't know how to run anything.
"We've done well. But we also bought a pulp mill
that was losing money — we bought Ocean Falls. And
we bought strictly, as I said at the time, for the social
purpose. If we are to be asked to evaluate the impact
of spending X number of dollars on welfare, or X
number of dollars to keep an industry alive, we will
take the gamble on keeping the industry alive."
In reference to control of industry from outside
B.C., he said: ,
"I do not believe that any jurisdiction, whether it
is this or any other, should ever place itself in the
vulnerable position of being exposed to the whims of
people who do not make economic decisions based
on the interests exclusively of the jurisdiction itself."
Premier Barrett concluded by putting a request to
his audience:
"All I ask anyone to do, in looking at economic
and social moves we have made, is to do a little
reading, a little bit of thinking, and to be cautious in
coming to judgment. Think about the kind of
economy we live in, the kind of province we live in,
and understand that what we're doing is the natural
extension of our own reaching for maturity in this
province."
Lively 'question-and-answer session, above, followed
Premier Barrett's March 5 speech. Below, Premier
Barrett exchanges ideas before dinner with UBC's
President-designate, Dr. Douglas T. Kenny, left, and
Chancellor Natlian T. Nemetz,
Election underway
The UBC Alumni Association's 1975-77
mail-ballot election for the Board of Management
, members-at-large is now underway. All UBC
graduates are eligible to vote.
Ballots and complete election material are
included in the spring issue of the Chronicle. If you
are a graduate and have not received your Chronicle,
or have not received a ballot in your Chronicle,
contact the Alumni Association office immediately,
228-3313, and one j/vill be rushed to you.
Vote promptly. The deadline for ballots to be
received is 5:00 p.m., April 15, 1975.
The following officers of the 1975-76 Board of
Management were elected by acclamation: Kenneth
L. Brawner, president; James L. Denholme, first
vice-president; Charlotte L.V. Warren, second
vice-president; Robert W. Johnson, third
vice-president; and Paul L. Hazell, treasurer.
You have
a place in history
UBC's history, that is, and UBC
has 60 years to be proud of.
Plan to be there Friday, May 30, 1975
for a Dinner-Dance* at the
Bayshore Inn and help us
celebrate UBC's first 60 years.
Dave Brock will be along as tour
guide down UBC's own Memory Lane —
with Superstars and a cast of
thousands...
* this event is replacing, for this year,
the Alumni Annual Dinner. (We wanted to
do something special, you see.)
Re'servations and tickets ($12/person)
from the UBC Alumni Association,
6251 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver BC, V6T 1A6,
(telephone 228-3313)

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