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UBC Reports Jan 18, 1973

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 REPORTS
VOLUME      NINETEEN,      NUMBER     TWO
JANUARY  18,  1973, VANCOUVER  8,  B.C.
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UBC UNVEILS
ITS PLANS FOR
THE NEW
MUSEUM OF MAN
- See  Story  on  Pages  Two and  Three
Massive Indian carvings in UBC collection of Northwest Coast art will be displayed In the Great Hall of the Museum of Man Architect Reaches into B.C.'s
By JOHN ARNETT
Assistant Information Officer, UBC
Vancouver architect Arthur Erickson has reached into
British Columbia's past to create a spectacular design for
the University of B.C.'s new anthropological museum.
The Museum, to be built on the most impressive site
on the campus, overlooking the Strait of Georgia and the
north shore mountains, recreates the setting of an
ancient West Coast Indian village in an attempt, says Mr.
Erickson, to give modern-day British Columbians some
idea of life in this province before the coming of the
white man.
"Our aim," he adds, "will be to try to convey the
idea to all of those who visit the Museum, and those who
study in it, that at one time, on this coast, there was a
noble and great response to this land that has never been
equalled since."
Preliminary design for the new Museum, to be known
as the Museum of Man, has been approved by the
University's Board of Governors and Mr. Erickson has
been authorized to proceed with final drawings.
FAMED COLLECTION
The Museum, to be located on the site of the former
Fort Camp Residence north of Northwest Marine Drive,
will house the University's famed 10,000-piece collection of Northwest Coast Indian Art, valued at close to
$10 million, and the Walter and Marianne Koerner
masterwork collection of tribal art, probably the most
important collection remaining in private hands in North
America.
Also on display will be an additional 10,000 artifacts,
which make up important named collections of the
Asian, classical and tribal worlds; and more than 90,000
items from the prehistoric period of B.C. Indian history,
accumulated over 25 years from sites excavated under
the direction of Dr. Charles Borden, Professor Emeritus
of Archaeology.
The Museum is to be partly funded with a $2.5
million grant received last May from the federal government as part of a $10 million federal fund established to
mark the 100th anniversary of B.C.'s entry into Confederation.
The Museum will have both an academic and a public
function, with the federal grant paying for the cost of
the public areas and additional University financing
being provided out of capital funds for the teaching and
research areas.
In its teaching function, the Museum will serve
students in Museology, who are planning careers in
museum work, and other students from the Department
of Anthropology and Sociology, including those who are
studying Archaeology. Students from many other
departments of the University are also expected to make
use of the Museum for everything from ethnographic
survey courses to graduate seminars.
Special attention will be given to working with B.C.
Indian communities and individuals in the province,
including technical assistance, and training of curators
for museums in Indian communities, training Indian
artists and giving assistance to Indian people in archaeological work.
Many of these projects have always been shared with
the Provincial Museum in Victoria and the City Museum
in Vancouver, with whom the University museum has
always had close relations. Some functions, such as
teaching, will be the main responsibility of UBC's
Museum of Man.
Under the terms of the agreement between UBC and
the federal government, construction of the Museum
must start before April 1 of this year and it must be
completed and open to the public before April 1, 1975.
The Museum is to be sited 250 feet back from the
cliffs above Tower Beach — well behind the recommended safety limit of 100 to 150 feet. Extensive
analysis of subsoil conditions was undertaken by a firm
of geotechnical consultants to ensure that competent
subsoil bearing conditions exist to permit construction
to proceed.
As a result of representations made to the provincial
government last fall by the UBC Alumni Association and
the Vancouver Parks Board, the government agreed to
spend $250,000 to check erosion at the base of the cliff.
NO DANGER
"We are completely satisfied," says Mr. Erickson,
"that there is absolutely no danger to the museum from
any future erosion. Indeed, the steps that will be taken
to control cliff erosion both above and below the cliffs
will be such that there will be much less chance of
erosion after the Museum is completed that there is
today."
A unique feature of the new Museum will be the
visible storage of artifacts. This means that the Museum
will have 100 per cent of its vast collection on display at
all times, instead of rotating collections from public
display to private storage. Records and documents
pertaining to the collection will also be easily accessible.
The Museum may also be one of the first Canadian
museums to be closely associated with the federal
Museum of Man in Ottawa as part of a scheme to
decentralize museum facilities in all parts of Canada.
Mrs. Audrey Hawthorn, curator of the University's
present Museum of Anthropology, housed in cramped
quarters in the basement of the Main Library, says Mr. UNIQUE MUSEUM PLANNED
1
:m
s
10
iT
12
The new Museum of Man to house the University of B.C.'s collections of anthropological artifacts will be built
on a spectacular site overlooking the Strait of Georgia and the North Shore mountains. The main features of
the site and the Museum are shown in numbered boxes in the picture at left and are keyed to the numbered
boxes and items in boldface type below.
From NORTHWEST MARINE DRIVE the new Museum will be virtually invisible to the visitor approaching it.
Architect Arthur Erickson has merged the Museum into the terrain between the road and the edge of the Point
Grey cliffs so that it will not block the view to the water and mountains beyond. Landscaping surrounding the
Museum and on its roof will utilize native trees and plants that grew around Indian villages.
A series of small ENTRANCE GALLERIES, descending slowly to conform with the sloping terrain of the
land, will lead the visitor toward the main galleries of the Museum. Construction is scheduled to start on April
1 of this year and must be completed-by April 1, 1975. When completed the Museum will be open 12 hours a
day, seven days a week.
The GREAT HALL will be the first and most imposing Museum gallery which the visitor will enter. UBC's
collection of massive Indian carvings and totem poles will be displayed in the controlled atmosphere of the
Great Hall in order to preserve them permanently. Glass windows, towering up to 40 feet in height, will permit
an unobstructed view and allow the carvings to be seen in virtually natural light.
Through the glass windows at the front of the Great Hall visitors will be able to look northwest across a
SHALLOW POND that will merge visually with the Strait of Georgia beyond to create the illusion of an inlet
of the sea. The view to the north will be of the mountains of the North Shore.
Ranged around the edges of the shallow pond in front of the Museum and visible from the Great Hall will be
three separate groupings of totem poles and buildings representing the three major cultures of the Northwest
coast - HAIDA, KWAKIUTL and SALISH. The Haida and Kwakiutl poles and buildings will be moved to the
new site from their present location in Totem Pole Park on the campus. The Salish collection is planned for
the future. The large Haida communal house, visible at extreme right in the photograph, will be adapted for
use as a centre for Indian dances, theatrical performances, carving exhibitions and other activities.
MASSIVE CARVING will sit in a specially-designed pool inside the Museum atop one of three Second World
War gun emplacements that will be integrated into the design. The carving, commissioned by Dr. Walter
Koerner, will be executed by Haida artist Bill Reid.
The WALTER AND MARIANNE KOERNER MASTERWORK COLLECTION will be displayed in a gallery
leading off the Great Hall. The generous offer by Dr. and Mrs. Koerner to present the collection to UBC was
instrumental in the federal government allocating $2.5 million to aid construction of the Museum.
Another series of galleries below a ROOFTOP REFLECTING POOL will systematically display 100 percent
of UBC's holdings of artifacts representing West Coast Indian culture, important named collections of the
Asian, classical and tribal worlds and items from the prehistoric period of B.C. Indian history. Closely
associated with the collections will be records, photographs and other descriptive material for the use of
students and the general public.
ASSOCIATED ACADEMIC FACILITIES, including laboratories, seminar rooms and offices for Museum
curators and staff will be located below a roof landscaped with native trees and plants.
Two Second World War GUM EMPLACEMENTS outside the Museum will be integrated into the landscape
plan for the site. The emplacement at the eastern end of the site, extreme left in the photograph,will be part
of an oriental garden while the one on the west will be used as a base for outdoor displays.
Past for Design
Erickson has come up with a unique and exciting design
for the new Museum of Man.
"He has achieved exactly what we wanted, a building
"that is low-key and which blends right into the landscape.  It is a perfect esthetic response to the environment."
Says Mr. Erickson: "This Museum should vividly
t demonstrate to the native Indian people of this province
^the enormous stature and vitality of their heritage. The
magnificence of the artifacts that it will contain, and the
setting in which they will be shown, will also command
new respect from the white population for a culture that
has largely disappeared."
"•     Mr.   Erickson  says the   Indian  village  concept was
^dictated mainly by the fact that many of the University's collection of massive totem poles, brought in from
remote north coast villages, have to be enclosed in a
controlled atmosphere if they are to be preserved.
"These poles are extremely valuable because they are
probably the last poles that will ever be brought from
Hne north coast and they are some of the finest poles
ever produced," he adds.
"In attempting to figure out ways to display these
poles we realized that the site, because of its magnificent
,vista, gave us unexpected opportunities to recreate the
kind of environment that these poles came from in the
first place.
"The old  records show that the totem poles stood
close to the forest, between the village houses and the
beach. The village stood between the two main sources
•of food, the sea in front and the forest behind."
The huge poles inside the building will be placed in
such a way that as a visitor walks toward them the pond
in front of the Museum will appear to merge with the sea
beyond, creating the illusion of an inlet.
Around the shores of the exterior pond will be more
totem poles from the UBC collection in separate
groupings representing the three major cultures of the
Northwest Coast - Haida, Kwakiutl and Salish. The
Haida and Kwakiutl collections, some originals from the
old villages and other magnificent newer works by Haida
master carver Mungo Martin, are now located at Totem
Pole Park on the campus. The Salish collection will come
later.
The large Haida communal house in the park will also
be moved to the new site and adapted for use as a centre
for Indian studies, dances, theatrical performances,
carving exhibitions and other activities.
The large poles inside the Museum will be arranged so
that the village of each culture forms a backdrop for the
poles of that culture. As the visitor walks through the
Museum towards the poles, the villages, the pond and
the sea beyond will gradually come into view.
FOCAL POINT
Focal point of the Museum will be the high-ceilinged
Great Hall housing massive totem poles which are now
kept in storage because they are too delicate to be
exposed to the elements. Huge glass windows, towering
up to 40 feet in height, will permit an unobstructed view
and enable the indoor poles to be viewed in virtually
natural light.
Leading off the Great Hall will be a long gallery that
will contain the Walter and Marianne Koerner master-
work collection. The generous offer on the part of Dr.
and Mrs. Koerner to present this collection to the
University   was   instrumental   in   the   decision   of  the
Please turn to Page Four
See ENTIRE UBC COLLECTION
Collections
Come From
Many Sources
"/ consider tltat the culture of the Northwest Indian
produced an art on a par with that of Greece or Egypt. "
— Noted French anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss
The University of B.C.'s collection of Northwest
Coast Indian art is one of the largest and most valuable
of its kind in the world.
The collection, which numbers more than 10,000
pieces and is valued at almost $10 million, has been built
up over the past 25 years by Dr. Harry Hawthorn,
Professor of Anthropology at UBC, and his wife,
Audrey, curator of UBC's Museum of Anthropology,
with the financial assistance of such benefactors as Dr.
H.R. MacMillan, Dr. Walter Koerner and the Leon and
Thea Koerner Foundation.
Part of the collection drew international acclaim in
the summer of 1969 when it was displayed at Man and
His World in Montreal. The exhibit proved to be so
popular that it was retained for a second year.
British Columbia residents have never had an opportunity to view the UBC collection properly because 90
per cent of the artifacts have to be stored in cramped
quarters in the basement of the Main Library, with the
remaining 10 per cent being shown in an exhibition
space of only about 1,500 square feet.
The museum was started in 1947 when Professor
Hawthorn became the first anthropologist appointed to
the UBC faculty. Before 1947, UBC had received several
gifts of tribal arts, notably the Frank Burnett collection
of Indian and Oceanic art in 1927. On Prof. Hawthorn's
appointment, the then UBC president. Dr. Norman
MacKenzie, suggested that he look over the carefully-
stored pieces to see if a teaching museum was feasible.
MUSEUM POSSIBLE
Dr. Hawthorn and Mrs. Hawthorn, also an anthropologist, who had specialized in the study of primitive art
at Columbia and Yale Universities, decided that a
museum was indeed possible and they were soon at work
organizing one.
With the aid of the benefactors mentioned above and
others, many purchases were made from the families of
pioneers who had spent-their lives amassing outstanding
collections.
The first major collection that was purchased had
been assembled by the late Rev. G.H. Raley, United
Church missionary and teacher.
Another had been put together by the late Rev.
William E. Collison, a missionary and Indian agent on
the North Coast for 40 years. Purchased with a $10,000
grant from Dr. MacMillan, the 185-pieces included a rare
dance shirt made from pieces of Chilkat blankets, which
were cut up and given away at potlatches.
Another extremely valuable collection was purchased
in London, England, from a man whose father and other
relatives were surveyors and timber dealers in B.C.
before the turn of the century and had returned to
Britain with Haida treasures, including canoe paddles
and a whalebone soul boat used by medicine men in
treating illness.
In 1959 the museum purchased one of its rarest
artifacts — an ornately-carved prehistoric spear thrower
Please turn to Page Four
See MUSEUM Entire UBC Collection Will Be on Display
Continued from Page Three
federal government to allocate the $2.5 million grant to
the Museum.
"Many of the pieces in this collection are like dainty
pieces of jewelry and the intention is purposely for the
visitor to go from the monumental totem poles of great
scale and strength to the much smaller and exquisite
pieces of the Koerner collection," Mr. Erickson says.
The visitor then passes into a Northwest Coast
gallery, designed to portray some of the color, excitement and drama of the ceremonial life of the Indian
people, with their emphasis on potlatch and inheritance.
"In contrast to the other two galleries, this room will
contain displays purposely designed to bring out the
aspects of ritual and theatre that were involved in the
Indian culture," said Mr. Erickson.
The majority of the artifacts in this gallery will come
from the UBC collection, valued at close to $10 million
and accumulated since the Second World War by
Professor of Anthropology Dr. Harry Hawthorn and Mrs.
Hawthorn, with the generous support of Dr. H.R.
MacMillan, Dr. Walter Koerner, the Leon and Theo
Koerner Foundation and others.
Other galleries will house more Northwest Indian art
plus the remainder of the Museum's collection of tribal
art covering Oceania, Africa, Southeast Asia, Central and
South America and the Mediterranean, as well as all of
the major Indian tribes of North America and the
Eskimo. These will be grouped systematically, according
to tribal or geographic regions. The high arts and history
of Asia — China, Japan and Korea — will be especially
and separately displayed.
The Museum will also have an experimental gallery
for travelling exhibits, student displays and for experimentation in the art of display.
"In my opinion, the most innovative and important
contribution that this Museum is making is that we are
going to have all of our exhibits on display at all times,"
said Mrs. Hawthorn.
The major part of the permanent collections not in
the main public exhibits will be housed in visible storage
— rows of locked glass cases, well-lighted and dustproof,
holding systematic and well-labelled displays of artifacts.
The objects will be visible for public display and for
research and teaching purposes.
"No longer will we be forced to deny people the
pleasure of seeing these objects because we have not had
the display space or the staff time to take people into
the storage areas," adds Mrs. Hawthorn.
STUDY TABLES
Adjacent to each region will be study tables where
bibliographies, catalogues, photographs and other
descriptive information will be readily available to both
students and general public.
The new Museum will be a centre for students,
faculty and other scholars doing research relating to art,
technology and material culture and it will continue to
co-operate, as it has always done, with the City Museum
and the Provincial Museum, each having separate functions.
Another feature of the Museum will be a massive
carving by well-known Haida artist Bill Reid. This will be
another gift from Dr. Koerner.
The carving will sit in a specially-designed pool inside
the Museum and on top of a Second World War gun
emplacement, one of three on the Museum site, which
have been integrated into the Museum design. The
sculpture will be the centrepiece of a lounge area which
will be used for discussion groups and teaching
sessions. Mr. Erickson says careful consideration was
given to the Museum's impact on its surrounding
environment throughout the planning stages.
"From the beginning it was felt by all those involved
that the site was one of the very precious sites on the
campus and that any building should become part of the
terrain, interfering as little as possible with the natural
surroundings and the fantastic panoramic view beyond.
"So, right from the start, our basic direction was to
submerge the building, to bury it, so that it would not
block the view."
The result is that the building will be barely visible
from Marine Drive. Planted areas and reflecting pools
will hide much of the roof to permit the building to
merge into the site. "I believe that this is particularly
appropriate for a museum containing mainly Indian art
and artifacts which in themselves are so concerned with
their response to the natural surroundings," said Mr.
Erickson.
The roof plantings themselves will be of unusual
interest because the intention is to use native Indian
plants of the types that grew around Indian villages and
were used for food and to make baskets and clothing.
Mr. Erickson says that one of the most difficult
problems involved in planning the Museum was deciding
what to do with three Second World War gun emplacements in the site. The emplacements have massive
concrete footings attached to concrete-lined
underground ammunition storage areas.
"Very early in the study we realized that it would be
impossible to remove these emplacements without doing
severe damage to the site, so we decided to incorporate
them into the building and by doing so we created
unexpected opportunities for exterior landscaping. "
"When we looked closer at the emplacements we
found that they were gradually being covered in wild
roses, broom and brambles — wild growth so typical of
many parts of British Columbia. This wild growth will
remain and be incorporated into the landscape."
The Museum has been designed so that is falls
between the two outside gun emplacements and encloses
the third. The gun emplacement at the eastern end of
the building will become part of an oriental garden while
the one on the west will be used as a base for outdoor
displays.
Mr. Erickson said designing the Museum of Man has
been one of the most challenging tasks during his career.•»
He has received international acclaim for such projects as^
the Canadian pavilion at Expo '70 in Japan, the
MacMillan Bloedel Building in Vancouver, Simon Fraser
University and the University of Lethbridge. His current
assignments include the new Massey Hall in Toronto and
the Bank of Canada headquarters building in Ottawa.       •«
UNIQUE DESIGN
"My involvement with the Museum of Man has been
quite different to anything that I have tackled before*
because our first concern was for the artifacts that were
to be exhibited rather than the building itself. The
design really evolved around placing these objects on the
site and then finding a way to enclose them," said Mr.
Erickson.
"To a certain extent we were stage hands trying to*
come up with ideas for the most vivid presentation of
these most extraordinary works of art."
MUSEUM
Continued from Page Three
made of yew wood which had been dredged up in a
fisherman's net in the Skagit River in Washington State
in 1936.
In addition to the purchases, many fine gifts were
given by families and individuals.
A turning point in the museum's development came
in 1950 when Mungo Martin, a Kwakiutl chief and
master carver, came to the University to restore some of
the poles in the UBC collection and to carve new ones.
/'Mungo Martin was a man of immense dignity and
wisdom and he very quickly saw that a museum was a
very good way of saving, for future generations, not only
the materials of the tribal peoples but the documentation on these materials," recalls Mrs. Hawthorn.
"It was very fortunate for us that we met Mungo
Martin at that time. The Kwakiutl and the Salish people
and others were in the process of changing their way of
life. Many of them had decided to abandon their old
ways and they had no wish to retain the objects used in
their tribal existence."
Mr. Martin urged his people to sell their heirlooms to
the museum, realizing that the artifacts would soon be
lost if this was not done. "We paid very fair prices.
Although Northwest Indian art was not very popular in
those days we knew, as anthropologists, that it was very
valuable and important," adds Mrs. Hawthorn.
IDENTIFY OBJECTS
Over the years, materials flowed into the growing
museum, some of them brought in personally by Indian
families living in remote regions of the province. They
were also able to assist Mrs. Hawthorn and her students
in identifying various objects already in the growing
collection.
"We had tea and coffee in the workrooms and on
many afternoons an old couple would come in, watch
the work going on, see the things in the storeroom
shelves and reminisce, over tea, of days gone by," said
Mrs. Hawthorn. "I was the middleman between the
Indian and the University and it is the personal
relationships with these people that I have enjoyed and
valued most."
Gradually the museum's collection began to expand
beyond Northwest Indian art. "There were a number of
families who had lived in British Columbia for a long
time who had collected Asianart and because many had
ties with the University they gave us their collections,"
Mrs. Hawthorn recalls.
"Soon we started to get grants from foundations such
as the Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation so we had
money to make purchases to enable us to build up a
tribal collection representing people from all over the
world."
Mrs. Hawthorn said that for a number of years UBC
had the only museum training program in Canada and
was the only University giving primitive art courses.
In  1967 Mrs. Hawthorn published her book Art of
the Kwakiutl Indians and other Northwest Coast Tribes*
— a beautifully illustrated volume which she described a^
the time as "a museum without walls."
The book contained more than 1,000 pictures of the
artifacts in the B.C. collection, most of which, because
of the limitations of space, had to be hidden from view
on storage shelves. The book triggered a chain of events*
which ultimately led to the government grant permitting^
the construction of the new museum.
CALCULATED RISK
"Mayor Jean Drapeau of Montreal read the book and
wanted very much to have the collection taken to
Montreal to be exhibited at Man and His World," adds-
Mrs. Hawthorn. "So we took a calculated risk and
packed up about 2,500 of our best pieces and shipped
them to Montreal."
Man and His World spent $350,000 on a setting for
the exhibit, which was entitled "People of the Potlatch." x
The exhibit drew wide critical acclaim and was featured -
in major publications Time magazine and theA^ew York
Times. Most of the writers lamanted the fact
that when the exhibit was over the magnificent objects
on display would be hidden away in packing cases on
their return to Vancouver.
"The response of the visitors to the exhibit was so *
great that there was mounting pressure from people in
British Columbia to see these artifacts too," said Mrs.
Hawthorn.
In July, 1971, Prime Minister Trudeau announced in
Victoria that the University would receive $2.5 million *
to build the museum, out of a $10 million fund which^
Ottawa had established to mark the 100th anniversary of
B.C.'s entry into Confederation. A generous offer of Dr.
Walter Koerner, and his wife Marianne, to donate their
masterwork  collection   of  tribal  art,  one of the outstanding   private   collections  in   North   America,   was*
instrumental in the federal decision to make the grants
TOTEM POLE PARK
A long-time supporter of Museum of Anthropology*
activities. Dr. Koerner was a patron of Totem Pole Park,
and   arranged   for  the   massive   timbers  used   in   the
construction of the Haida dwelling and grave house and
for the totem poles in the park. He also supported a
1957 expedition to Anthony Island, off B.C.'s northern
coast, to salvage remaining Haida poles from a deserted1
village. ,.
Since the announcement of the grant Dr. and Mrs.
Hawthorn have worked in close consultation with
architect Arthur Erickson in the planning of the new
museum.
"Our aim," she said, "has been to produce what 25»
years of experience has shown  us we ought to do to
serve  the  public,  the  native   Indian   people,  who are
becoming increasingly interested in their own heritage,
and the students of this University."
J/MD^P +./!,..     1Q    1QT? Dr. Walter Koerner, whose collection of
masterworks of Northwest Indian art will
become one of the major attractions of UBC's
new Museum of Man, holds a particularly fine
example of a Haida shaman figure from his
collection. In the background is a large argillite
Haida house and entrance pole. The generous
offer by Dr. Koerner and Mrs. Koerner to
present their collection to UBC was instrumental
in the decision of the federal government to
allocate $2.5 million toward construction of the
UBC Museum of Man.
Indian
Art Treasures
Repatriated
By JOHN ARNETT
Assistant Information Officer, UBC
Dr. Walter Koerner, industrialist, philanthropist and
art connoisseur, lifted the delicately carved Dall's sheep
horn to the light, the better to display the graceful form
of the loon that had been shaped by the hand of a
Tsimsian master carver.
For an instant, the exquisite form seemed to pulse
with a faint throb of life as it was suffused with a warm
translucent glow.
"This could be the work of a Renaissance master. It is
a rare object of beauty, a masterpiece," Dr. Koerner
said. "It is an example of a culture that existed here long
before the coming of the white man, a culture that
created art forms that equalled anything else in the
world."
The graceful Tsimsian loon, along with hundreds of
other rare masterworks of Northwest Coast Indian art,
many of which had been taken from British Columbia
before the turn of the century and have been tracked
down by Dr. Koerner in different parts of the world,
form the basis of the Walter and Marierrne Koerner
collection, probably the most important collection
remaining in private hands in North America today.
GENEROUS OFFER
The generous offer of Dr. Koerner, a former chairman
and member of UBC's Board of Governors, and Mrs.
Koerner, to present the collection to UBC was; instrumental in the decision of the federal government to
allocate $2.5 million toward the construction of a
Museum of Man at UBC.
A special gallery in the new Museum will house the
Koerner collection; architect Arthur Erickson has
designed the Museum in such a way that visitors will be
able to contrast the magnificence of towering totem
poles with the delicacy of the works of art in the
Koerner collection.
Dr. Koerner emphasized that while those responsible
for the assembling of UBC's famed collection of Northwest Indian art, which will also be housed in the
Museum, had concentrated on gathering materials reflecting the way of life and culture of the Indian people,
he had collected objects of art.
His search took him to many parts of the world.
"Many of the greatest pieces of art had been taken from
Canada long before the turn of the century by surveyors
and missionaries and people connected with the timber
industry. I set out to repatriate as many pieces as I could
because I believed that they should be brought back to
British Columbia," he said.
Dr. Koerner said some of the greatest examples of
Northwest Indian art are in Russian museums, collected
by Russian aristocrats in military and administrative
service in what was later to become Alaska and who had
a greater appreciation than most of the early seamen and
fur traders of the value of tribal art.
"I have bought pieces from the United States,
England, Germany and other European countries, but
none from Russia," he said. "I am afraid that the
collections that the Russians have are lost to us forever.".
One of the prized pieces in his collection is a
magnificent argillite Haida communal house, similar in
form to the Haida House in Totem Pole Park on the
western edge of the campus. He purchased it from an
estate in Florida.
Another prized acquisition, a Haida chief's chair, was
spotted, in pieces, in the basement of a London antique
shop. "They didn't even know what it was," he said.
Dr. Koerner estimates that at least half of his
collection was purchased outside of Canada. "It is
probably safe to say that very few of these pieces would
otherwise have found their way back to British
Columbia," he said. "I am very proud to have been able
to bring them back for all of the people of our province
to enjoy."
Dr. Koerner developed an interest in Northwest
Indian art soon after he arrived in British Columbia from
Czechoslovakia in 1939, following the takeover of his
country by Nazi Germany. In Czechoslovakia he had
been associated with the family lumber business, then
one of the biggest in Europe. From 1930 to 1938 he had
been Economic Director of National Forests in Czechoslovakia.
In British Columbia he joined his brother Leon, who
died last September and who was also well-known as a
philanthropist, and another brother Otto, now deceased,
to found Alaska Pine Co. Ltd. Responsible for marketing, Dr. Koerner eventually became president of the
company. In 1954 Rayonier Inc., of New York, acquired
the company and Dr. Koerner became chairman of
Rayonier of Canada Ltd., retiring from that post in
February, 1972.
During his early trips around the province to survey
timber resources, Dr. Koerner spent a lot of time in Fort
Rupert, Nootka and Quatsino Sounds and in the Queen
Charlotte Islands.
He  saw  the   richness of  the  forests,  but  like  the
Russian aristocrats who had preceded him farther north,
he perceived a greater treasure trove in the culture and
art of the native people.
"I have always been a compulsive collector, from the
days of my early youth," he said, "so I started to collect
what I recognized, right from the very start, as pieces of
fine art."
He also undertook a study of the native people,
particularly their ritual and supernatural approach to
life. "I set out to find out all that I could about these
people. Sometimes I felt that I really understood some
of their beliefs, for example their belief that they
descended from birds or fish and their great reverence
for these creatures."
TRIBAL  ART
The tribal art of the Northwest Coast Indians is, he
believes, a direct response to the environment. "The
mountains, the sea, the whales, the seals . . . these men
carved big things because they lived with such largeness."
The wilderness of British Columbia, the discovery of
the remains of an indigenous life and art and the
opportunity to play a part in preserving this culture was
an exciting challenge "because in European life I had
never encountered this," Dr. Koerner said.
"Canada was a new land of hope, and to me, the
endless forests, the gigantic size of the country, and the
unknown, were most exciting."
And he believes that the beauty of the forests and the
mountains and the fiords of British Columbia, acclaimed
as some of the most spectacular scenery on earth, is
mirrored in the work of the tribal artists who were
inspired to heights of artistic creation equalling the
beauty of their surroundings.
I  IPr*    Don,n~+o/ l-»—      10      10-70/C a very
human
library
Q: Could a northern red oak growing out of the roof
of a library be described as a tree of knowledge?
A: Only if it leafs through the books.
— Anon (mercifully)
The University of B.C.'s new Sedgewick Library fffr
undergraduates, which opened on Jan. 3, is:
• The world s biggest planter;
• An underground parking lot filled with books;
• A repository for 130,000 volumes, 20,000 records,
eight of the above-mentioned red oaks, 42
Shakespearean quotations lettered onto plate glass windows and sliding doors, and a vivid purple, orange,
yellow and green supergraphic that dodges around
corners, darts along the walls and occasionally explodes
in balloons of color;
• A place for people to be comfortable, to sit back
and relax, to stretch, to gossip, to drift off to sleep, fo
listen to Mozart, Moussorgsky or Miles Davis or, if the
spirit moves them, to study.
The library is a bit of a shocker for those accustomed
to libraries as funereal buildings with gothic arches, rows
of dusty tomes and female librarians in tailored suits and
horn-rimmed glasses.
Listen, if you will, to bearded University Librarian
Basil Stuart-Stubbs, whose quiet outward appearance
belies a quick sense of humor and a rich understanding
of what a library should be:
"People have a poor image of libraries and librarians.
Certainly a library is a place where serious work must be
done, but that is no reason why it should be dreary.       ,
"We have tried to make this place, frankly, a little
joyous. This is a very human library. Sure it's colorful,
but the colors are not jarring in any way. They actually
have been selected to have a tranquilizing effect.
"Just because people are studying literature that *
serious Or absorbing doesn't mean that they should bg.
placed in an environment that is fundamentally depressing."
But Mr. Stuart-Stubbs, in that birdhouse thing over
there, those students sitting around the table. That's
stud poker, not study! *
And that fellow at that corner study bench; he'$
turned it into his own private office, complete with
empty wine bottles, a poster of one Pierre Elliott
Trudeau on the wall and an "out to lunch" sign on his
briefcase.
Mr. Stuart-Stubbs: "I told you, it's a very humar?
library." -,
Six years of planning determined that this very
human library should be located in the one place on
campus where it was impossible to build it — smack in
the middle of the Main Mall.
"My, how we agonized over that one," recalls Mir
Stuart-Stubbs. "And then somebody came up with th»
.-.stf*-'   '*&■
-life"' "
fi/l \P.C. Rpnnrtt/.lan   1R   1Q73 ^bright idea that we should dig a hole cind put the Library
in the ground."
k The rest is history; the concept has been widely
praised as an ingenious solution to a seemingly insoluble
problem and even before construction started the library
won a design award from the Canadian Architect
Yearbook as a "superb example of architectural
ingenuity and humility."
More than 100,000 cubic yards of earth were scooped
,put to create a yawning hole big enough to house the
two-storey building.
The venerable red oaks, their roots suitably pruned
and encased in giant steel caissons, entered their second
^50 years of growth  as gigantic house plants from the
Land of the Giants.
Stringent requirements were laid down with regard to
function and cost.
The library had to be hospitable, had to be designed
so that students would want to use it.
„     It   had   to   have   lots  of  study  space,  formal   and
informal, private and public.
And it had to be an inexpensive building, giving ~ull
value for every dollar spent.
Librarian Stuart-Stubbs and his committees spent the
money stingily and the final $3.8 million cost is, he
'reckons, a tremendous bargain — away below the cost of
-similar libraries built elsewhere.
He admits that the place did end up looking
something like a carpeted underground parking lot with
concrete roofing, exposed ducts and utility wires. But
that's where the resemblance ends.
H     Rough cedar dividers, the green carpet and the pale
jgreen study carrels provide a pleasing contrast to the
four-color supergraphic on the walls and the deep gold
of the shelving and counter tops.
Study areas range from groups of tables and chairs,
especially designed for study comfort, through carpeted,
raised lounge areas to hexagonal cubicles, the occupants
peering out of the elliptical entrance holes like chicks
looking out of a nest.
Soft colored ceiling lighting, ingeniously created by
inserting colored plastic lenses over standard industrial
fluorescent lighting fixtures, gives the whole interior a
warm, dreamy effect. Cool blues and greens lighten up
the ceilings adjacent to the windows while warm oranges
and yellows predominate in the central areas.
The book stacks form a central core in the downstairs
area. "A lot of libraries have used book stacks to break
up the seating areas, but we find that this confused
people," Mr. Stuart-Stubbs said. "With a central core of
books nobody has got lost yet."
UBC undergraduates, Mr. Stuart-Stubbs adds, are
voracious readers. The Sedgewick Library ranks first
among all undergraduate libraries in North America in
the numbers of books circulated.
Now,"   he   says   with   a   smile,   "circulation   will
probably drop."
But Mr. Stuart-Stubbs, aren't librarians, like newspaper publishers, happiest when circulation goes up?
"Not in this library," he replies. "We don't want to
encourage people to take their books and run. We want
them to stick around and read."
Stick around they do. The place hadn't been open for
a week before it was running at 70 per cent capacity.
What will future weeks bring?
"Lots more happy people," says Mr. Stuart-Stubbs,
smiling.
story by
John arnett
assistant information officer, ubc
circulation 1
j^lda renewals reprints
pictures by
ray lum
I iDr> d	
* o     in-ro l—t NEW
DIRECTIONS
FOR UBC
GEOLOGISTS
By PETER THOMPSON
Assistant Information Officer, UBC
Geologists have long been associated with mining, so
much so that witticisms have been aimed by the mining
industry at the rock scientists:
"Geologists are a poor substitute for a drill hole;" and
"Geologists are the lunatic fringe of the mining
industry."
It's in the industry that geologists have made their
contribution to the material needs of man. This contribution has extended to the oil and gas industry. These
benefits have been a direct spin off from the classical
study of the origin and history of the formations of the
Earth.
Mining will continue to be a major interest of UBC's
Department of Geological Sciences. The mineral industry has always been a close concern. UBC geology
graduates have directly or indirectly contributed to the
discovery of $35 billion worth of mineral resources in
Canada and $13 billion worth in B.C.
Brenda, Craigmont, Cassiar, Dynasty, Elliot Lake,
Endake, Granduc, Lornex, Stiline Copper, Newmont,
Giant Copper, Highland Bell — most of the mines that
are household names in the industry are among these
resources. The department and the industry enjoy one of
the closest relationships of any town-gown unit in the
province.
The industry as well as alumni, students, faculty and
friends contributed about $2 million to UBC's new Geological Sciences Centre completed earlier this year. The
humorous barbs against geologists quoted at the beginning of this article were dropped by consulting geologist
Dr. Victor Dolmage at the launching of the fund-raising
campaign for the building three years ago.
WELL LOCATED
Recently geologists have moved into other areas of
research — the sea, environment and the geology of
other planetary bodies. UBC's Department of Geological
Sciences, the largest in Canada, is well located for work
in at least two of these new areas, says its new head Prof.
H.R. Wynne-Edwards.
"We are next to the sea and a few miles from the
continental margin off the west coast of the Queen
Charlottes and Vancouver Island," he said. "Investigation of geology offshore is one of the most exciting
developments in the science in the past 15 years.
"Continued investigation of the sea floor is one of the
four main research areas now planned for the department. This work has many implications for the mining
and petroleum industries. Deposits of minerals such as
manganese are continuously being developed on the sea
floor. Ultimately ways will be found of mining and
extracting them. The ore will be concentrated onboard
ship and the waste returned to the ocean floor, so the
process will be relatively clean. Off-shore geology will
also involve study of the continental margin off the west
coast of Vancouver Island and the Queen "Charlottes.
"The Lower Mainland is also a place where man is
conspicuously involved in his environment. You can't
help but be conscious of erosion of hillsides after heavy
rainfalls, the effect of landslides, the engineering problems involved in building highways and railways.
"The Lower Mainland is a very restricted area. We are
bound by the sea to the west, the border to the south
and the mountains to the north and east. This puts
enormous pressure on the land available. Terrain evaluation and proper planning are probably more important
here than anywhere else in Canada.
"The topography of the soil, its drainage and the
nature of the soil itself fundamentally depend on the
bedrock beneath it. Geologists are becoming involved in
Prof. H.R. Wynne-Edwards is the new head of UBC's Department of Geological Sciences.
land-use problems, water supply, water quality, stability
of slopes, urban development and conservation."
Prof. Wynne-Edwards said geological and soil conditions have been ignored in urban development until
recently. The California building code, the world standard for building earthquake-resistant structures, deals
almost entirely with the structure of buildings rather
than the natural foundation on which the building rests,
he said.
The result is that buildings constructed on unstable
soil such as in San Francisco, where much land has been
reclaimed from the sea, may not fall apart during an
earthquake but may fall over on their sides.
Another famous example of the possible consequences of ignoring geology, he said, is the Vaiont Dam
in Italy, built where geology would never have recommended. As water built up behind the newly-completed
900-foot-high dam, it lubricated fractures in the slopes
of the hills that formed the sides of the reservoir
upstream. A small earthquake was eventually enough to
trigger a gigantic landslide.
The slopes of the hills slid into the reservoir,
displacing the water over the lip of the dam. The dam,
well-built, wasn't damaged by the water that plunged
over its side and devastated downstream areas. It is now
holding back a reservoir full of debris from the slide.
At the same time as research into the geology of the
environment and ocean floor are being expanded, Prof.
Wynne-Edwards wants to increase the department's
commitment to the mining industry and to classical
geological research. He would like to bring to the purely
scientific investigation of the origin and history of the
mountains of western Canada the kind of work he did
himself in eastern Canada. He plans to develop his own
research in B.C. into a mineral exploration research unit
that will interact directly with mining companies.
He is internationally-known for his study of the
"Grenville Province," an area about 250 miles wide*
north of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec. At the
International Geological Congress in Montreal last
summer, he was awarded the Spendiarov prize as
Canada's most outstanding geologist.
The prize is coveted by geologists. It originated at the*
seventh    International    Congress    held    in    1897    in*
Leningrad   and   is  awarded   every   four   years   at  the
International Congress by the Russian delegation.  It is
one of the few scientific prizes to have survived the
Russian Revolution.
Prof. Wynne-Edwards received it in honor of 15 years1
of study on the Grenville Province, which sets out the*
"entire geological history of that part of the Precambrian
Canadian Shield, one of the oldest geological areas of the
world.
"Most of the continental crust, the granitic crust that
underlies all continents, has been there for as far back as1"
can be seen in geological time," he said. "Most of it is1-
even more ancient than supposed. It is susceptible to
being remelted and made over into new rock again and
again without ever changing its composition very much.
"The continental crust is recycled under a number of
processes. The crust can be eroded away and carried as ^
sediment  by   rivers and deposited on the continental
shelf at the coast.
"Accumulated, buried sediment along the continental
rwi ir»/-»  r-» .... / l 1 Q    ICiTIt shelf forms new rock under tremendous heat and
pressure and has almost the same composition as the
original rock.
"Another process involves continental drift. The
continents of the earth are part of huge plates which
j. may be 60 miles or more thick. When the plates push
^ against each other the rocks at their edges become
heated and deformed. The deformed rocks are drawn
down into the crust and may be melted to reappear as
lava from volcanoes.
"The mountains of western Canada were probably
»formed   through   the   crumpling  and   folding   of   the
continent as a result of a huge plate, which takes up
much of the Pacific Ocean, pushing on the western edge
of North America.
"This is Where the basic research commitment of the
department will extend into off-shore geology."
UBC NEWS ROUNDUP
GOOD RECORD
UBC's geological sciences department has produced
about 20 per cent of all geologists in Canada and about
one out of every 60 trained in North America since
1916. Undergraduate enrolment for the 1972-73 session
is   1,899,  the highest of any geology  school  in  the
.. Western world.
Chairmen of at least five geology departments in
other universities in Canada are UBC graduates. Ironically, the head of UBC's geological sciences department
can't claim that honor himself. Prof. Wynne-Edwards
*• took a first-class honors B.Sc. degree in 1955 from the
, University of Aberdeen. His family had moved there
from Montreal where he was born. His father is still
professor of Zoology at the University of Aberdeen.
He took M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in 1957 and 1959
respectively from Queen's University at Kingston, Ont,
» the  only  other geology  school   in Canada that rivals
r UBC's in size.
The two departments have had a close association.
Two other geologists from Queen's have held important
positions at UBC. Prof. Wynne-Edwards, 38, became
head   of   geology   at   Queen's   in   1968   and   head  of
9 geological sciences at UBC on July 1, 1972.
„ He went into geology because he likes outdoor life,
though he says it wasn't a conscious decision. He sailed,
skied and rock climbed as a boy in eaistern Canada and
Scotland and chose geology as a career from a natural
bent for the sciences and a decision not to follow in his
■» father's footsteps as a biologist.
, As a researcher and teacher he found that he could
work 12 to 14 hours a day continuously by becoming
absorbed in a certain problem. "And I never used to
bother about a summer vacation. Doing research in the
field was all the vacation I needed.
>
MORE DEMANDING
"But with this kind of job, where you're dealing with
people all the time,  I've discovered that relaxation is
^ something I have to take consciously. The job isn't as
passive as research. It's people-intensive. A different kind
'' of energy  is  required  and   it's  more  demanding  and
exhausting."
In his leisure time he now renovates the house he has
just moved into, makes furniture or reads — "scientific
philosophy, which is still part of the job, novels and
biographies, or detective novels if I'm tired."
"I'm a keen skier and will do some sailing here once
I've settled in. I also hike. I don't rock climb any more.
I'm more of a scrambler than a climber."
NEW PROGRAM
The University Curriculum Committee is now
scrutinizing courses for a proposed four-year Bachelor
of Science in Nursing program.
The program received approval in principle at the
December meeting of Senate after prolonged and
heavy criticism. The next step is for the University
Curriculum Committee to report back to Senate so
that Senate can decide the fate of the proposed
program.
Prerequisites for the proposed program would be
Grade XI biology, chemistry, mathematics and
physics, as well as the usual Grade XII standing for
admission to the University.
The program would do away with the first year of
the present five-year program in the School of
Nursing. It would integrate basic biological concepts
into a new zoology course and would revise an
existing nursing course to integrate knowledge from
the behavioral sciences.
Much of the criticism in Senate of the program
revolved around its science content. Some Senators
said the science prerequisites were too weak and that
the program wouldn't provide enough basic science
knowledge.
Prof. Leon Kraintz, head of the Department of
Oral Biology in the Faculty of Dentistry, said the
proposed program had little basic medical science,
though nursing was associated with medicine. Instead,
there was an emphasis on applied sociology and
psychology.
Prof. Charles McDowell, head of the Department
of Chemistry, also said the program lacked an
adequate science background. The Grade XI science
prerequisite for the program wouldn't be sufficient
background on which to teach basic concepts in
biochemistry, biology, anatomy, chemistry and
microbiology, as the program proposed. Prof.
McDowell said.
He suggested that Senate should consider whether
it would be better for the program to be offered at
another institution.
Prof. Muriel Uprichard, director of UBC's School
of Nursing, said it had been made clear to her before
she became director that the Nursing curriculum
needed a tremendous overhaul. The proposed
program was supported by the Registered Nurses'
Association of B.C., community colleges offering
two-year programs in nursing, and by the provincial
Department of Education.
Prof. Uprichard said the emphasis in nursing in the
future would be on community nursing and not on
hospital nursing. "This doesn't mean that nursing will
not continue to support medicine in its efforts to
cure illness and disease, but that this will not be its
main function," she said.
Nurses should be trained for specialized work in
the community and in hospitals at the master's level,
she said, and Senate would receive a proposal for such
a master's program in January.
CENTRE OPENS
New facilities for research on a frontier of
medicine were opened early in December by the
University of B.C.
The Centre for Developmental Medicine at 811
West 10th Avenue will be devoted to research on the
medical problems of the human fetus and newborn
baby.
Until 10 to 15 years ago, the emphasis in
reproductive medicine was on reducing the death rate
of mothers during delivery. The fetus, during its
development, was literally untouched and largely
untreated. But with the reduction in maternal deaths,
attention has recently swung to reducing the death
rate of the fetus and newborn infant. For the first
time medicine has begun to regard the fetus as a
patient.
Fetal and newborn research is especially important
today. With contraception, pregnancy is more of a
conscious decision today than in the past. People
wanting children are anxious that everything proceeds
normally.
Now that mankind has a control over the quantity
of    pregnancies,    the    quality    of    pregnancy    and
treatment of the fetus are receiving greater attention.
This is only possible through a greater understanding
of the science of reproduction. The Centre, the first
of its kind in Canada, will work to provide some of
the necessary knowledge.
The 2,000-square-foot Centre will be shared by a
group of researchers, including Dr. Molly Towell; Dr.
Peter Hahn, who escaped from Czechoslovakia during
the Russian invasion of 1968, and his associate Dr.
Josef Skala.
Dr. Hahn was director of the Laboratory for
Developmental Nutrition of the Czechoslovakia
Academy of Sciences. He is a world figure in fetal and
newborn nutrition.
Dr. Towell is internationally-known for her work on
oxygen supply to the fetus. A large proportion of all
fetal deaths are caused by abnormal oxygen supply to
the fetus from the mother's blood stream. Some
babies who don't die are born with brain damage
because oxygen supply to their brains has been
insufficient.
Both Dr. Hahn and Dr. Towell have joint
appointments in the Department of Pediatrics and the
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in UBC's
Faculty of Medicine.
FUTURE OF LANDS
A committee established by President Walter H.
Gage to consider the future of the University
Endowment Lands has received between 20 and 30
submissions from faculty members and students.
The submissions are a response to an appeal for
statements of views on the educational, recreational
and financial potential of the Lands and possible
development and use of them in the future. The
appeal was issued in December by Dean Phillip White,
head of the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration, and chairman of the presidential
committee.
The Jan. 15 deadline for submission of statements
has now passed, but additional statements will be
welcomed by the committee. Dean White said. The
committee is also prepared to meet with individuals
who submit statements for additional discussions, if
necessary.
The committee's report will be forwarded to the
provincial Minister of Lands, Forests and Water
Resources for consideration.
CONTRACT AWARDED
UBC's Board of Governors has awarded a contract
for $699,768 to Mainland Construction Co. for
construction of a Dairy Cattle Research and Teaching
Unit on UBC's south campus. Total project cost will
be $773,151.
The unit will be used to teach courses in dairy
cattle nutrition, physiology, breeding and management to undergraduate and graduate students in the
Department of Animal Science in UBC's Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences. It will also be used for research
by undergraduate and graduate students and faculty
members and to provide a service to dairy cattle
producers of the province.
It has been specially designed to accommodate
large numbers of visiting school children and the
general public who will be able to watch modern
dairy methods in action.
Up to 144 animals will be housed in the unit,
including 48 milk cows, 24 heifers, 50 calves, seven
cows close to giving birth, 14 research cows and one
bull. They will be of three dairy breeds: Ayrshire,
Holstein and Jersey.
A closed-circuit television system will be installed
for classroom and visitor use and as a management
aid, since the unit, apart from the teaching and
research areas, is designed to be run by one man.
The 38,400-square-foot unit will have areas for
feed preparation and storage; as well as a milking
parlor, milk room, a visitor and display area and an
open-air corral.
The architect is Ronald B. Howard. Basic to the
design   is a  building that has maximum efficiency;
Please turn to Page Ten
See ROUNDUP
IJRP   Rnnnrtc/hn     1C     1Q79/0 ROUNDUP
Continued from Page Nine
anticipates many of the problems the dairy industry
will likely face in the future — such as producing milk
using a limited amount of land; and provides a close
relationship between dairy cattle producers, the
public and students and faculty members.
Part of the financing of the dairy unit will come
from donations by firms and individuals associated
with the agricultural industry as a result of a
campaign to raise $500,000. The campaign will help
finance a number of new facilities for UBC's Faculty
of Agricultural Sciences, including the new dairy unit.
The University has earmarked $510,000 towards the
new facilities.
PART-TIME STUDENTS
For the second time in a year UBC's Senate has been
urged to take steps to expand continuing education
programs to enable students to earn academic degrees on
a part-time basis.
The most recent statement on the subject has come
from Mr. Gordon Selman, director of UBC's Centre for
Continuing Education, whose report on the Centre's
1971-72 activities was received by Senate on Nov. 15.
Mr. Selman concludes a 51/2-page foreword to his
report by warning that if UBC does not respond with
some "vigorous new initiatives" in this area it will:
• Suffer unwanted criticism from other sections of
the educational community and from many interested
members of the general public; and
• Be in danger of losing its hard-earned and much-
cherished position of leadership in providing educationa
opportunities for the adult citizens of B.C.
Much of Mr. Selman's bluntly-worded foreword
echoes the report of a 10-member Senate Committee on
Degree Programs for Part-time Students, chaired by Prof.
Peter Pearse, of the UBC Economics Department, which
reported to Senate in March.
One of the conclusions reached by the Senate
committee was that the question of accommodating
part-time students is "important and urgent."
It is apparent that "a serious shortcoming" exists in
UBC's present arrangements for part-time students, the
report says, and that "action on the part of the
University is needed, action which involves careful
preparation and planning."
Four recommendations made by the committee were
approved by Senate and the report was referred to
UBC's 12 Faculties, which were asked to review their
existing policies regarding opportunities for part-time
study and report back to Senate by March, 1973.
Both the Senate report and Mr. Selman's foreword
point to a number of current trends in education which
create a sense of urgency on the question of part-time
studies.
Cited are rapid social and technological changes and
the need for retraining of people of all ages, the
changing attitudes of young people towards education
and employment, the desire of married women to
return to education after the demands of children are
reduced, and the increasing amount of leisure time
available to individuals.
Mr. Selman, in his foreword, writes: "The general
observation which should be made about the program at
UBC is that in this area . . . UBC has fallen badly behind
both community need and the general educational
developments in North America."
Both documents point to the "assumption or intention" on the part of the Unviersity that a student would
not earn a degree entirely by taking correspondence
courses or by enrolling in the May-July Intersession for
evening credit courses.
The report of the Senate committee says the UBC
Calendar "does not invite" part-time candiates and adds:
"Probably more important ... are the administrative
obstacles that are encountered by students who apply
for part-time programs."
IIHH Vol.   19,   No.   2   -  Jan.   18,
IIHI 1973-     Published    by    the
llllll University of British Columbia
m^mm^ ^m and    distributed    free.     UBC
REPORTS   D        . tu,i
Reports appears on Thursdays
during   the   University's   winter  session.   J.A.
Banham,   Editor.   Louise   Hoskin  and  Wendy
Kalnin, Production Supervisors. Letters to the
Editor should be sent to Information Services,
Main Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Mr. Hugh J. McLean, associate professor in UBC's Department of Music, has resigned to accept an
appointment as Dean of the Faculty of Music at the University of Western Ontario in London,
Ont.
RETURN CARDS
Students who expect to receive their
academic degrees in the spring are reminded
that completed "Application for Graduation"
cards must be returned to the Registrar's Office
not later than Feb. 15.
Cards have been mailed to students in
fourth-year Arts, Fine Arts, Music, Commerce,
Science, Elementary Education and fifth-year
Secondary Education.
Students in all other Faculties can obtain
cards from Faculty offices or the Registrar's
Office in the General Services Administration
Building.
An official in the Registrar's Office said that
it is the responsibility of the student to make
application for his or her degree. The list of
candidates for graduation that is presented to
each Faculty and to Senate is compiled from
the Application for Graduation Cards.
SPORTS PROGRAM
More than 1,000 UBC students and members of
the faculty and staff have joined Recreation UBC, a
new organization designed to provide an expanded
program of campus athletic activity.
For the payment of an annual fee, members of
Recreation UBC are able to book space for informal
athletic activities from periods varying from a single
occasion up to an entire Winter Session.
The organization also provides equipment and
supervisory and instructional services to those groups
which request them.
Sports included in Recreation UBC are volleyball,
basketball, badminton, squash, handball, tennis,
skating, weight lifting, circuit training, gymnastics,
yoga and men's and women's keep fit classes.
Almost every sports facility on the campus is used
in the new program, including the recently-completed
gymnasium complex adjacent to the Thunderbird
Winter Sports Centre.
The Recreation UBC fee for the remainder of the
current Winter Session is $3. Fee for the next full
Winter Session will be $5.
Information regarding Recreation UBC is available
from Mrs. Jane Rogers, assistant co-ordinator of the
program, in Room 203 of the War Memorial
Gymnasium. The organization's telephone local is
3996.
GRAND MOOT
An action by an investor, who has lost money
because of announcements by the government that it
intends to take over certain companies, is the basis of
this year's Grant Moot in the Faculty of Law.
The moot, to be held Saturday, Jan. 27, at 2 p.m.
in the Faculty of Law Building will be presided over
by three distinguished judges of the British Columbia
Courts - Chief Ji tice J.O Wilson, Mr. Justice W.
Kirke Smith and Mr. Justice H.C. McKay.
The two second-year Law students who will argue
the case are Hamar R.K. Foster and Allan D.
McDonell. They will share the Allan S. Gregory
Memorial Prize of $200.
The facts in the case are hypothetical and raise
interesting and topical legal issues.
A provincial premier, Felix Foxam, announces
that the government intends to take over certain
companies. An investor, who has suffered losses
through fluctuations in stock market issues caused by
the Premier's announcement, brings an action against
the premier for damages to make good those losses.
38 NOMINATED
A record 38 members of the UBC faculty have
been nominated for the 1973 Master Teacher Awards.
The 12-member committee which is responsible
for screening nominees for the awards is currently
visiting the classrooms of those nominated and hopes
to name the 1973 recipients of the Awards by the
end of February. The two winners will share a $5,000
prize that goes with the honor.
The Awards were established in 1969 by Dr.
Walter Koerner, a former member and chairman of
UBC's Board of Governors, in honor of his brother,
the late Dr. Leon Koerner.
SPEAKERS SET
World-famous French anthropologist Prof. Claude
Levi-Strauss will be one of 11 speakers at spring
meetings of the Vancouver Institute.
Prof. Levi-Strauss, a member of the prestigious
French Academy and famed for his studies in social
anthropology, religion and mythology, will speak at
the Feb. 17 meeting of the Institute in Room 106 of
the Buchanan Building at UBC at 8:15 p.m. Prof.
Levi-Strauss will speak on "The Contribution of the
Pacific Northwest in the Mythologies of the
Americas."
A brochure listing all lectures is available from
UBC's Department of Information Services,
228-3131. change
your
mind
There are many ways to change your mind this
spring with 176 courses being offered by the UBC
Centre for Continuing Education. Explore the
possibilities. Spur your mind with new ideas ...
new concepts about science; .. . recent archaeological discoveries . . . insights into human relationships . .. alternatives m public issues. . . and much
more.
Courses on this page are a partial listing of the
Centre's Spring 1973 Program. For a brochure
listing all courses call 228-2181, or mail coupon
on this page.
* Starting date for the program
** Number of sessions
*** Second fee is special husband and wife rate
MONDAYS
Relativity and Cosmology
8-10 p.m., H.R. MacMillan Planetarium Museum Complex
Jan. 29* (4)** $10, $16***
With Dr. Michael Ovenden, Dept. of Geophysics and
Astronomy, UBC, and Dr. William J. Kaufmann, Astrophysicist and Director, Griffith Observatory, Los Angeles
Aquatic Mammals
8—9:30 p.m., Vancouver Public Aquarium
Jan. 22 (6) $12, S20
Perspectives on Gangs in Vancouver
8—9:30 p.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 12 (6) $15, $25
Introduction to Contemporary China
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Jan. 29 (10) $25, $37.50
Indo-China: The Past and the Future
7:30—9 p.m., Kitsilano Library
Feb. 5 (6) $12, $18
East of Eden: Antiquities in Iran and Afghanistan
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 5 (8) $18, $30
Introduction to East Africa
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Apr. 2 (5) $12, $18
The Mandala and the Zodiac
8-9:30 p.m., Burnaby Art Gallery
Feb. 12 (10) $22, $35
An illustrated art/lecture series.
Plants in Northwest Coast Indian Cultures
8—9:30 p.m.. Maritime Museum
Feb. 12 (6) $14, $23
Existential Issues and Moral Dilemmas
in Modern Literature
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 5 (10) $18, $29
Introduction to Psychology II
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 5 (8) $18, $30
Identity and Self Realization
7:30—9:30 p.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 26 (5) $10
A program for the woman who works.
Participate. Basic Approaches to
Effective Community Action
10—11:30 a.m.. Downtown Library
Feb. 5 (10) $5
What Does It Mean to be "Hard of Hearing"?
I\loon-1:30 p.m.. Family Service Centre
Feb. 19 (5) $10
Understanding Probability and Statistics
8-10 p.m., UBC
Jan. 29 (12) $40
m*mmaaaaammmmmamMmmmamM^^^mmmmmi^mw^mm^m^^maaaMmMmmmmmim^maM^am^aa^m^
TUESDAYS
Insights Into Human Sexuality
1:30—3 p.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 6 (7) $20
Guest   lecturer   Phillip   E.   Frandson,   Associate   Dean,
University Extension, UCLA
Anthropology Film Series II
7:30-9:30 p.m., NFB Theatre
Feb. 6(5) $13, $21
Teachings of the Dunne-Za Indian:!
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 13 (8) $17, $28
Archaeology of B.C.: Progress Reports
7:30 p.m., Kitsilano Library
Feb. 6 (8) $18, $30
People's Health: The New China Model
Noon—1 p.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 6 (3) $6
Introduction to Classical Greece
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Apr. 3(4) $10, $15
What's An UPS?
7:30-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 8 (7) $5
Introduction   to   the experimental computer simulation
model (UPS) of the Vancouver Urban Region.
Explorations in Visual Communication:
Still Photography and Perception of Social Life
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 13(6) $14, $24
The Photographer's Eye:
Introductory Creative Photography Workshop
8-10 p.m., UBC
Jan. 30 (10) $40, $64
Film Making I: Lecture Series
8—10 p.m.. Studio of One Productions
Feb. 6 (10) $50
Why Does Food Cost So Much?
8—9:30 p.m.. Downtown Library
Jan. 30 (5) $10, $15
Drawing: A New Way of Seeing
8-10 p.m., UBC
Feb. 6(10) $35
Introduction to Drawing and Graphics
9:30-11:30 a.m.
Feb. 13(8) $25
Classical Guitar for Beginners
Section I, 8 p.m., UBC
Section II, 9:15 p.m., UBC
Jan. 30 (10) $30 each section
Introductory Creative Writing Workshop
8-10 p.m., UBC
Feb. 6(10) $30
Fiction and non-fiction prose.
Books for Children: Possibilities and Delights
1:30—3 p.m., Kitsilano Library
Mar. 13 (3) $6
Also offered evenings Wednesdays beginning Mar.  14 at
the Downtown Library.
The Feminine Experience: Novelists and Sensibilities
10-11:30 a.m., Kitsilano Library
Feb. 20 (7) $13
Experiencing Gardens.
Landscape Architecture in Vancouver
10 a.m.—noon, various locations
Mar. 13 (6) $20
Human Diversity and Social "Aberration"
10—11:30 a.m., Downtown Library
Mar. 13 (6) $10
Virginia Woolf — Her Life and Writings
1:30-3 p.m., Hycroft
Feb. 13 (8) $15
WEDNESDAYS
Contemporary Thought in Science II:
The Mind/Brain of Man
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 14 (13) $27, $41
A series of reports about current interdisciplinary research
on the brain and human behavior.
The International Scene
1:30—3 p.m., Downtown Library
Jan. 31 (8) $16, $24
8—9:30 p.m., Delbrook Secondary School
Jan. 31 (8) $17, $25
The Sociology of Art and Literature
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 7 (8) $17, $28
Designing and Creating Fabric Prints
1—3 p.m.. University Hill United Church
Feb. 21 (8) $25
Explorations and Adventures in Watercolors
8-10 p.m., UBC
Jan. 31 (10) $40
The Psychoanalysis of the Labyrinth:
An Introduction to Modern Poetry
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Jan. 31 (9) $16, $26
Introductory Creative Writing Workshop —
Poetry and Prose
8-10 p.m., UBC
Feb. 7 (10) $30
Centering: Learning How to Think
9:30-11:30 a.m. University Hill United Church
Feb. 14 (10) $30
The Parent's Role in Education
10-11:30 a.m., Kitsilano Library
Feb. 21 (6) $10
Self Change and Behavior Modification
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 7 (8) $20, $35
Ancient Egypt and Palestine
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 7 (4) $8, $12
A film-lecture series.
Ancient and Islamic India
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Mar. 7 (4) $8, $12
A film-lecture series.
Canadian Literature
10—11:30 a.m., Vancouver
Feb. 2 (8) $15
A Seminar on Stockholm and Beyond:
Defining a Population Policy for Canada
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 7 (4) $10, $15
Adult Acting II
7:30-10 p.m., UBC
Jan. 31 (8) $35
The Implications of "No Growth" Policies
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 7 (8) $17, $28
Gardening Through the Seasons Series II
10-11:30 a.m., UBC
Apr. 4 (6) $15
Also offered evenings Thursdays beginning Apr. 5 at UBC
THURSDAYS
Evolution or Revolution.
Issues in the Liberation of Women
1:30—3 p.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 1 (6) $10
The Facts of Life:
New Developments in Basic Human Biology
8—9:30 p.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 8 (7) $12, $19
The Great Composers
8—9:30 p.m.. Maritime Museum
Jan. 25 (4) $10, $14
Music Vancouver
10—11:30 a.m.. Downtown Library
Feb. 15 (8) $18
The Fruits of Silence
Noon — 1 p.m.. Downtown Library
Feb. 1 (5) $9
A  slide/movie  series of  personal   perspectives of  UBC
zoologists toward the environment. 	
Erotic Realism and Society: Human Sexual Love in a
One-Dimensional Society
8-10 p.m., UBC
Feb. 15 (6) $25, $40
The World of the Eskimos
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 8 (8) $18, $30
Archaeological Discoveries in the Far East
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 8 (8) $18, $30
The Economic Cost of Being a Woman
8—9:30 p.m.. Downtown Library
Feb. 15 (5) $10
Dada and Surrealism
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 1 (10) $18, $29
Experiences. Recording Personal History as it Happens
1:30-3:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 8 (8) $20
Helen. The Face that Launched a Thousand Ships
1:30—3 p.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 1 (12) $24
Orientation to Southeast Asia:
Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia
8-10 p.m., UBC
Feb. 22 (8) $20, $35
Personality and Behavior
10—11:30 a.m., Downtown Library
Feb. 22 (6) $10
The Population Explosion: Causes and Consequences
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 15 (5) $12, $20
Social Learning and Self Control:
Reward and Punishment in Home and School
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 1 (8) $20, $35
Silkscreen Printing Workshop:
Instruction in Silkscreen Printing on Paper and Fabric
10 a.m.—3 p.m., Rockwoods, West Van.
Feb. 8 (8) $35
Studio Workshop:
Drawing and Painting for Expressive Awareness
7-9:30 p.m., Gastown Studio
Feb. 1 (10) $40
The Photographer's Eye:
Advanced Creative Photography Workshop
8-10 p.m., UBC
Feb. 1 (10) $40
The International Scene
8-9:30 p.m., UBC
Feb. 1 (8) $16, $24
WEEKENDS
Life and Landscape in Southern B.C.
A field trip and seminar.
Mar. 23-25
The Organ in the Twentieth Century
3—5 p.m., first class. Holy Family German Parish
Sun. Feb. 11 (4) $12, $18
Dr. A. Reza Arasteh on Education for Self Liberation
8:30-10 p.m., UBC
Fri. Mar. 23 (1) $2, students $1
The  12th Quest for Liberation program offered by the
Centre.   Dr.   Arasteh   is  a   professor   in   the   Dept.   of
Psychiatry,    School   of   Medicine,   George   Washington
University.
Child Book Fair and Workshop
10 a.m.—3 p.m.. Downtown Library    '
Sat. Mar. 31 (1)$7
Exploring New Ways to Communicate in Marriage
8-10 p.m., University Hill United Church
Fri., Mar. 2 (6) $50 per couple
The Birds in Winter
10 a.m.-noon, UBC
Feb. 3 (6) $18, $28
Six Saturday field trips in the Greater Vancouver area.
Winter Survival
Feb. 23-25, Strathcona Park
$55
The Writer as Performer
Jan. 26-28, UBC $30
Personal Growth Weekend:
Gestalt-Encounter-Sensory Awareness
Feb. 17-18, UBC
$26
A Workshop in Yoga, Biokinetics and Body Awareness:
Toward More Integral Human Function
9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m., UBC
Sun., Feb. 4 (10) $35, $60
I AMness Workshop
Session I
Sat. Mar. 3 and 6 Suns., Mar. 4
Session II
Sat. Apr. 28 and 6 Suns. Apr. 29
9 a.m. — noon, UBC
$30 either session
Learning to Work with Groups
Feb. 3, 10 & 11
$30
Shakespearean Festivals
Two   study   tours  are  planned:   Ashland,   Oregon;   and
Stratford, Ontario.
Film Making II Workshop
10 a.m.-2 p.m.. Studio of One Productions
Sat. Jan. 27 (12) $175
Design/Color Workshop
10:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m., UBC
Sat. Mar. 24 (4) $18
Please  send
Continuing
Name
me  the  Spring   1973
Education brochure.
Centre
for
Address
Citv     .   .
Zone       	 ^^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
Contact
PREPARED FOR UBC REPORTS BY THE UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
Mike Rohan, chairman of the Alumni Fund's annual
Phonathon, dials another graduate in a bid to get
contributions  to  the  University support campaign.
More than 50 volunteers raised $10,000 in donations
in the two-night canvass recently. Kini McDonald
Photo.
Erosion Control Project
Completion Set For May
The Vancouver Parks Board plans to complete its
erosion control project along the base of the Point
Grey cliffs by the end of May so that the beach may
be used by the public this summer.
A Parks Board official said recently that Swan
Wooster Engineering Co. Ltd. has prepared working
drawings for the project for approval by the provincial government. It is expected that the contract for
construction will be let by the end of March and that
it will take about six weeks to complete the $250,000
project.
The project calls for construction of a sand-gravel
protective fill along 3,700 feet of the most seriously
threatened section of the cliffs, primarily the Tower
Beach section. The scheme is designed to stop the
erosion and to preserve, and even expand, the usable
beach area.
A Vancouver Parks Board-UBC Alumni Association campaign was climaxed in December when a
joint delegation met with provincial Resources
Minister Bob Williams atid received provincial government approval for the project and agreement to
finance it.
The official noted that the Parks Board has
accepted the conditions Mr. Williams attached to the
government's commitment to provide the $250,000.
These conditions are: that the area must remain in its
natural state and that no road or walkway is to be
built around the base of the cliffs; that the Parks
Board will undertake planting of vegetation on the
slopes to curtail erosion due to surface runoff and
ground water seepage; and that the project must be
subject to review by resources department staff with
a view to reducing costs and avoiding construction
between mid-spring and mid-fall.
• The Parks Board had earlier committed itself to an
erosion control project that would not include a road
and which would preserve the natural quality of the
beach.
Some recent letters to the editors of Vancouver
newspapers have expressed concern over whether the
erosion control project will be successful in stopping
erosion and whether it will preserve the natural state
of the beach.
A spokesman for Swan Wooster pointed out that
the protective fill will be constructed to reach above
high water elevation so as to stop wave action from
undercutting the sand cliffs and to enable slide
materials to accumulate and stabilize the cliffs.
On the seaward side the protective works would
consist of sand covered with a three-foot layer of
coarse pit-run gravel sloping gradually to seaward. On
the flat top there will be a six-inch covering of gravel
that will gradually mix with the sand, making a
pleasant beach for walking on.
The gradual slope would have the effect of
dissipating the force of the waves, ensuring that the
protective fill is not carried away. The Tsawwassen
ferry causeway, constructed on the same design, has
withstood wave action for 12 years.
The Swan Wooster spokesman also said that the
construction phase will involve little disruption as the
materials will be brought in from the sea. Sand will be
dredged offshore and pumped onto the beach and the
necessary gravel will be off-loaded from barges onto a
temporary causeway.
On completion there will be a bonus for the
recreation-minded in the form of a more usable
beach. At present high tide sweeps up to the base of
the cliffs, preventing people from walking on the
beach. The new development will raise the-beach
above high tide, enabling people to use the beach at
both high and low tides.
A Postie's Lot  Is
Not A Happy One...
It's particularly no fun
being a postie when you
have to lug about a lot of
mis-addressed mail ... So
if you're planning on
changing your name or
address, please let us know
— and bring a little lightness to a postie's walk.
(Enclosure of your UBC
Reports mailing label is
helpful).
Alumni Records
Cecil Green Park
University of B.C.
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Name
(Maiden Name)      	
(Married women please note your husband's full name
and indicate title, i.e., Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr.)
Address
Class year
Nominations
Called For
Not to be outdone by recent electoral activity in
other jurisdictions the UBC Alumni Association will
hold its own election in the early spring.
The election is for positions on the Board of
Management, the body which governs the affairs of
the Association.
Nominations are now open for submission by
alumni for election to the following positions: president, first vice-president, second vice-president, third
vice-president,   treasurer,   and 20 members-at-large.
Ten are to be elected for a one-year term and 10
for a two-year term. The other officers are elected
for a one-year term.
Nominations must be signed by five alumni and
have the written consent of the person nominated,
who must be a UBC graduate. Such nominations,
together with a photograph and 75-word biographical
resume of the candidate, are to be received by the
Returning Officer no later than midnight, Feb. 10,
1973.
An Association nominating committee chaired by
immediate past-president Frank C. Walden is currently at work developing a slate of nominees for
these Board of Management offices. This slate will be
reported to the Board of Management in January.
The election process calls for all candidates to be
announced in the spring Chronicle and for all alumni
to vote, where positions are contested, by mail ballot,
which is also to be included in the spring Chronicle.
The results will be published by May 1.
Mail nominations to: Returning Officer, UBC
Alumni Association, 6251 N.W. Marine Drive,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Nominees
Sought
The Alumni awards and scholarships committee
would like to receive by the end of February
nominations for two major awards: the Alumni
Award of Distinction and the Alumni Honorary Life
Membership.
The Alumni Award of Distinction is granted
annually to a UBC graduate who has distinguished
himself/herself in his/her chosen career and has made
a contribution of such significance that it will reflect
well on UBC. The Honorary Life Membership is
granted to a Canadian with long and nationally-
known service in his field of endeavor.
Nominations should be sent to: UBC Alumni
Association, 6251 N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver 8,
B.C.
BonnerAddresses
Commerce Dinner
Robert Bonner, chairman of the board of MacMillan Bloedel, will address the Commerce alumni
annual dinner on Thursday, March 8, in the UBC
Faculty Club.
The dinner is an annual event designed to bring
together downtown businessmen, Commerce faculty
members and students. The affair begins with a
reception at 6 p.m., followed by dinner at 7 p.m. and
the address by Mr. Bonner.
Tickets at $6.75 each may be obtained by contacting the UBC Alumni Association, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C. (228-3313).

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