UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jan 24, 1991

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Two professors win Steacies
UBC professors have won
two of Canada's most prestigious awards for young
researchers in science and
engineering, the E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fellowships for 1991.
The UBC winners are Indira
Samarasekera, a professor in the Department of Metals and Materials Engineering, and Leslie Smith, a professor in the Department of Geological
Sciences. It is the second year in a row
that UBC professors have won two of
the four annual Steacie awards.
The announcement was made Jan.
15 in Ottawa by Peter Morand, president ofthe Natural Sciences and Engi
neering Research Council of Canada
UBC researchers have won 10
Steacies since the awards' inception in
1964, more than any other university
in Canada except the University of
Toronto, which has 13.
The award of salary, plus benefits,
gives winners the opportunity to focus
on research full time, free from undergraduate teaching and administrative
duties, for up to two years. A Steacie
also helps fellows secure additional
research funding.
Samarasekera was named for her
- research into the processes used to
manufacture steel. Her findings have
immediate application in the steel in-
Photo by Media Services
Geological Sciences Professor Leslie Smith
dustry, where she helps to solve complex problems in the processes of continuous casting, the hot rolling of steel
and gallium arsenide crystal growth.
Her services are in demand by companies in Canada, the United States and
around the world.
Holding a joint appointment with
the Centre for Metallurgical Process
Engineering, Samarasekera has been
at UBC since completing a PhD here
in 1980. Her thesis supervisor at the
time was Keith Brimacombe, director,
Centre for Metalurgical Process Engineering, who continues to be an important research collaborator.
"I've benefited enormously from
the opportunities I've had to collaborate with some outstanding people,"
said Samarasekera, who also won a
Killam prize in 1987.
"The steel industry is a very supportive one to work with. They are
frequently willing to try out your ideas
in plant, so I've been able to have quite
an impact. It's been very exciting for
Smith has achieved international
acclaim for his contributions to the
science of hydrogeology, in which he
has pioneered studies in the transport
of chemicals and energy through complex geologic media and contributed
to scientific understanding of the role
of groundwater in geodynamic processes.
His research is relevant to environmental problems involving the movement of contaminants in groundwater
systems. It also has applications in the site selection of facilities for
the geologic disposal of
radioactive waste produced by nuclear power
"I've been fortunate
to work in a research
field that has expanded
dramatically in the past
decade due to heightened awareness of the
need to better quantify
the role of sub-surface
fluids in geologic processes and because of its
societal relevance in
dealing with one of the
major problems involv- Engineering
ing environmental contaminants," said
Also a UBC PhD graduate, Smith
has taught at the university since 1981.
He won a Killam prize last November.
Other winners of 1991 Steacies are
physical cosmologist Nicholas Kaiser
ofthe University of Toronto and mathematician Maruti Ram Murty of McGill
Past Steacie winners from UBC are
chemist Michael Fryzuk and physicist
Tom Tiedje, 1990, chemist Grenfell
Patey, 1988, physicist William Unruh,
1985, Keith Brimacombe, 1981, psychologist Anthony Phillips, 1980, geneticist David Suzuki, 1969, and chemist Neil Bartlett, 1964. Another Steacie
recipient, UBC ophthalmologist Max
Photo by Media Services
Professor Indira Samarasekera
Cynader, won while at Dalhousie in
Winners are chosen from a list,
submitted by universities from across
Canada, of academics who have begun
to establish a national and international
reputation for original work in their
respective fields. Final selection is
made by NSERC in consultation with
the Canadian and international research
A federal agency, NSERC is one of
Canada's largest research granting
bodies, this year providing more than
$423 million to support advanced
research, train new scientists and
engineers and encourage collaboration between universities and industry.
Protein engineering advanced
New Centres of Excellence
network launched at UBC
Canada's capabilities in the newly
emerging field of protein engineering
are expected to expand and become
more competitive worldwide with the
official launching of a Centres of Excellence network headquartered at
BIG BANG: UBC physicists
measure cosmic background
radiation, created when the
universe began 20 billion
years ago. Page 2
Faculties of Commerce and
Artsoffer MBAoptioninArts
Administration. Page 7
Canadians are looking for
bargains by shopping in the
U.S. Page 8
Network researchers will investigate the human body's complex immune system — information which is
critical in the fight against cancer and
infectious diseases, as well as in the
design and development of new drugs
to enhance the immune system's ability to combat these diseases.
Other research projects included in
the network, called Protein Engineering: 3D Structure, Function and Design, include improvements to new
enzymes that can efficiently convert
agricultural and forest waste into high-
grade chemicals, with a direct impact
on Canadian industry and our health
Heralded as biotechnology's new
wave, protein engineering uses a variety of techniques to understand how
proteins function. They are then improved by making systematic changes
to their buiding block structure.
"Protein engineering is important
because it allows us to understand how
the proteins in nature function," explained network head Michael Smith,
director of UBC's Biotechnology
Laboratory and professor in the Department of Biochemistry.
"This, in turn, allows us to design
new treatments for diseases such as
viral infections and cancer. It also allows us to modify enzymes to make
them more useful as environmentally
friendly tools in the food and beverage
industry, and in the chemical industry."
Smith also said that proteins are
essential to all living things because as
enzymes, they catalyze the breakdown
of food and other nutrients, as well as
the synthesis of essential components.
He added that proteins are also
important as signalling factors, such as
hormones, or as structural elements,
such as muscle or cartilage.
With the assistance of industry partnership, the researchers will undertake
to develop products and processes that
can be exploited by the developing
Canadian biotechnology industry.
In addition to a program of fundamental studies on protein design, the
See NETWORK on Page 2
Disciplinary action
taken against Place
Vanier students
UBC President David Strangway has taken disciplinary action against 20
male students involved in the Place Vanier invitations incident.
The discipline ranges from reprimands to suspensions of up to 16 months
for the students, who were accused of sending obscene and threatening notes
on Oct. 10 to about 300 women living in the campus residence.
One student is suspended for 16 months, two others are suspended for
eight months and 15 more are suspended for four months. All suspensions
take effect May 1, 1991. Names of the students will not be released by the
Strangway acted after receiving recommendations made by an advisory
committee on student discipline and meeting individually with each of the
One student has yet to meet with the president.
"We want to send a clear message that this type of behavior will not be
tolerated at the University of British Columbia," Strangway said. "But at the
same time, we wanted to give these young men every opportunity to explain
their actions."
The disciplined students can appeal their penalties to UBC's Senate Committee on Appeals and Academic Standing.
The university will put a notation of the disciplinary action on the academic transcripts of the suspended students. The students can apply to have
the notation removed, generally in the year in which they expect to graduate.
Three other students, found to have minimal involvement in the incident,
will receive letters of reprimand. Another student, cleared of wrongdoing,
was not disciplined.
All of the disciplined students will be required to complete community
service work with agencies that deal with women and then write a report. 2    UBC REPORTS Jan. 24.1991
UBC physicists fhearf Big Bang
A team of UBC physicists has discovered compelling proof for the Big
Bang theory of the creation of the universe after analyzing data gathered by
a rocket-launched space probe.
The measurements are the most
accurate ever made of what is known
as cosmic background radiation, the
faint after-glow of the primeval explosion that created the universe about 20
billion years ago. The UBC experiment established the effective temperature of this radiation with very high
precision, surpassing even a costly
NASA probe.
"This is a big step forward in the
precision of our understanding of the
early universe," said Mark Halpern, a
professor of physics.
"If you have any new theory about
the early days of the universe, it will
now have to match our results," he
said. "We've made life very difficult
for any non-Big Bang theory."
The Big Bang theory holds that the
universe began with a sudden expansion from a very hot and dense starting
point. As the universe expanded, it
cooled, allowing the formation of nuclei, atoms, and eventually, galaxies,
stars and planets.
The ancient traces of radiation from
the Big Bang were discovered in 1965.
But the radiation is very difficult to
study because it is so faint and easily
absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere.
Measuring the properties of this
light is one of the most important ex-
• Measured   sky   brightness
Planck   function   at   T=2.736K.
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_0 21  '  '  '  '  ^  '  '  '  '  I  '  '  '  '  *  '  '  '  '  *  '
5. 10. cm-' 15. 20.
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25. 30.
A "snap shot" ofthe Big Bang. The graph shows a consistent pattern of radiation across a frequency range, as
measured by an instrument designed by members ofthe UBC Physics Department.
periments in cosmology, the science
of the origins of the universe. Like a
fossil, it could reveal the processes that
shaped the Big Bang.
The UBC experiment was the culmination of a program initiated by
Physics Professor Herbert Gush in
1970. It was developed in the past eight
years in collaboration with Halpern and
graduate student Ed Wishnow.
The instrument used to measure the
light consists of a telescope and a
Fourier Transform spectrometer, both
cooled to two degrees above absolute
zero with liquid helium. The detectors
are the most sensitive ever used for
this purpose. The entire instrument was
designed, built and tested in UBC's
Physics Department.
It was launched atop a two-stage
Black Brant rocket from the White
Sands Missile Range in New Mexico
on the night of Jan. 20,1990.
The rocket reached an altitude of
250 kilometres before returning to
earth. Measurements were taken for
just five and a half minutes while the
payload was above the atmosphere.
Halpern said the UBC results are as
accurate as those taken last year by the
multi-million-dollar U.S. Cosmic
Background   Explorer   (COBE),   a
Network marks new era
in genetic engineering
Michael Smith heads UBC's Protein
Continued from Page 1
network will offer its facilities for protein structure determination to scientists from other universities, research
institutes and industries.
Also, more than 25 per cent of the
ongoing budget will be designated for
the training of graduate students and
post doctoral fellows at UBC.
Network Manager Brian Rigby
lauded the network as representative of a new era in genetic engineering.
"It will be taking the concepts of
genetic engineering and moving them
into the next generation," he said.
Pholo by Media Services
Engineering Network which will explore new treatments for cancer.
Pat Carney, a member of Canada's
Senate and adjunct professor in UBC's
School of Community and Regional
Planning, said the network proposes a
research program that will help guarantee Canada's competitiveness in the
crucial area of science, technology and
Her remarks were made on behalf
of Science Minister William Winegard
during the official launch of the network at UBC on Jan. 17.
Bernard Bressler, associate vice
president of research, added that UBC
is proud of its participation in the Pro
tein Engineering Network.
"The opportunity to link the efforts
of our researchers with those in other
universities and the industrial sector is
a unique feature of this program which
should contribute significantly to the
advancement of scientific knowledge,"
he said.
The network is supported by $20
million in federal funds and comprises
a team of 21 researchers in five locations across Canada. It is part of the
$240 million Centres of Excellence
Program for scientific research,
launched by Ottawa in 1988.
NASA satellite.
The two experiments established
that the spectrum of the cosmic background radiation is thermal, what'
physicists call a Planck Spectrum, with
a temperature of 2.736 Kelvin. This
result is predicted by the simplest
models ofthe Big Bang put forward by
"The results ofthe two experiments
were completely consistent, more consistent than one can expect," Halpern
said. "COBE produced similar results
to us, but they were not as precise.
Their margin of error was greater."
One of the puzzles revealed in the
data is that there is no evidence of any
other violent event of cosmic proportions since the Big Bang.
"It is hard to imagine how the creation of huge objects, such as large clusters of galaxies, could have occurred
without violence. If there was, it didn't
leave any evidence," Halpern said.
This finding sets limits for future
theories about how large-scale structures, such as galaxy clusters, were
formed, he added. Any theory will have
to explain how they were formed with
only a certain amount of energy being
Next, the UBC researchers plan to
send their spectrometer aloft in a high-
altitude balloon in a related effort to
measure how uniform the cosmic background radiation is in different directions.
"*"       «-3J
Photo by Media Services
Graduate student Ed Wishnow, Professor Mark Halpern and
Professor Herbert Gush with space experiment instrument.
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of functions there is so much this copier can do. You will be surprised
at just how affordable it is to have your own custom made colour copies.
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UBC Media Services Photography 228-4775 UBCREPORTS Jan.24.1991       3
Calf takes first steps for cattle industries
The ancient Greeks were so amazed
by the rebirth ofthe natural world each
spring, they attributed it to the work of
a goddess.
Imagine what they would make of
her namesake, Persephone, a calf born
last month at the dairy unit of UBC's
Department of Animal Science. Her
birth mother is not her genetic mother
and her father is an anonymous donor
to artificial insemination.
Persephone is the first test-tube calf
born in the unit, where experiments
are being conducted that could have
significant impact on B .C.' s $369-mil-
lion cattle and dairy industries.
Animal Science Professor Rajadu-
rai Rajamahendran and his colleagues
are seeking improved and less expensive methods of embryo transfer, a
technology that has seen widespread,
but limited, use in Canadian agriculture in the past decade.
Rajamahendran's research could
have applications in other areas as
"Although our particular application is with cattle, the results could
help to optimize human in vitro fertilization," he said.
The research could also have applications in the breeding of transgenic
animals. These are animals which have
genes for various attributes, such as
growth and milk production, implanted
into them when they are still single-
cell embryos. In vitro fertilization could
produce embryos for increased production of transgenic animals.
Research partners involved in
Rajamahendran's work include the
Biotechnology Lab, the Andrology Lab
at University Hospital, UBC site, and
the Human In Vitro Fertilization program.
But the focus of his research, funded
for $125,000 by the Science Council
of B.C., is the agriculture industry,
where improved technology could result in increased milk and meat production.
B.C. dairy farmers are also in an
excellent position to take advantage of
advances in embryo transfer because
of the superior genetic stock of their
Holstein cattle, he said.
Rajamahendran sees great potential
in the export industry, particularly to
African and Asian countries that are
looking for improved genetic stock.
Canadian cattle have a worldwide reputation for excellence but exports of full-
grown cattle are difficult and expensive. Shipping a microscopically small
frozen embryo, however, is a far easier
Embryo transfer begins with a genetically superior cow which is given
hormone injections to stimulate the
release of as many as 20 eggs into the
reproductive tract, instead of just one.
After being fertilized by artificial
insemination, the embryos are flushed
out of the cow's uterus and inserted
singly into surrogate mothers. One cow
can be the genetic mother to dozens of
cattle each year.
"There's lots of variation using
current techniques. You might get 20
embryos from one cow, but none from
another," he said. "We don't know the
exact dose that should be used or how
early it should be given."
The UBC team is experimenting
with the hormone treatment that produces superovulation, administering it
at different times during the cow's
estrous cycle and in varying doses to
see which is most effective in producing the greatest number of eggs. Ultrasound is used to observe stages of the
cycle and monitor development day
by day.
Another source of large numbers of
calves, whether for export, research or
production of transgenic animals, is
slaughterhouse ovaries.
A problem in the current in vitro
fertilization technology is that delicate
surgery is required to place fertilized
eggs in the oviducts of surrogate mothers.
If the embryo could be allowed to
develop to a later stage, it could be
implanted directly into the uterus.
Using eggs harvested from a slaughterhouse, Rajamahendran is using an
incubator to try to mimic the conditions of the oviduct where eggs develop in the first fews days after release from follicles. The eggs are fertilized by artificial insemination and
returned to the incubator, where their
development is studied further.
The researchers are also working
on a process to separate male and female embryos, important because
female embryos are much more valuable to farmers.
Photo by Media Services
Graduate student Michele Calder takes a licking from Persephone.
Don't miss out on this
Wed. Feb. 6th, 1991*8:30 am - 8:30 pm
At UBC Bookstore
6200 University Boulevard«228^741
Across the Nation
Federal government reviews financial
needs of post-secondary students
The federal government has called for a review of the methods used to assess the financial
needs of post-secondary students under the current loans program.
Economist Gail Cook-Bennett, formerly with
the CD. Howe Institute, has been appointed to
conduct the study.
Student financial needs are currently assessed
by provincial governments according to criteria
agreed to nationally. The same structure has
been in place since 1984.
Cook-Bennett will consult provincial government officials, student leaders, financial aid
administrators and bankers across the country
during her review of the program. Her report is
expected early this year.
Quality of university
education studied
The Association of Universities and Colleges
of Canada (AUCC) has established a Commission of Inquiry on the quality of education in
Canadian universities.
Among the issues the commission will be
addressing are tuition fees and accessibility.
Other areas of focus include the development
and use of performance indicators for faculty
and librarians, and what barriers exist to improving the quality of education within Canadian
The AUCC commission is chaired by Stuart
Smith, former chair of the Science Council of
Post-secondary education
needs federal standards: Dye
A report by Auditor General Ken Dye
charges that Ottawa is not doing enough to develop federal standards for post-secondary education.
He said that the Department of the Secretary
of State has not yet been able to implement a
framework to promote and encourage the clear
definition of national objectives in support of a
post-secondary system based on excellence and
equality of opportunity.
Dye added that even though post-secondary
education in Canada falls under provincial jurisdiction, the Secretary of State must establish a
mechanism for overall coordination of federal
programs and policies.
He further stated that considering the challenges facing post-secondary education, there
was a clear need for the joint establishment of
educational and economic goals in order to enable Canada to adequately develop its human resources for the future.
Human sciences take back
seat to applied sciences
The president of the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council says that research
in the social sciences and humanities is treated
with less importance than research conducted in
the natural sciences and engineering.
Paule Leduc made her remarks in a recent
address to the Association of Universities and
Colleges of Canada.
She said that universities were responsible
for a growing imbalance between the place accorded to human sciences and that reserved for
the applied sciences in the university setting.
However, Leduc added that universities alone
were not responsible for the marginalisation of
the social sciences and humanities.
She said that researchers in these disciplines
must also assume a major portion of the blame
for the current lack of energy devoted to developing a dynamic research infrastructure in the
human sciences, and drawing positive attention
to the results of their research. 4    UBC REPORTS Jan. 24.1991
January 27 -
February 9
SUNDAY, JAN. 27    j
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble
Martin Berinbaum, Director. Free Admission. Ok)
Auditorium at 8pm. Call
MONDAY, JAN. 28    j
University Computer Services
MS Word 5.0-Level 1. Hands-on training
with Jim Stewart. UCS Annex Micro 2
from 9am-12noon. Call 228-3941.
Anthropology/Sociology Lecture
Indian Self-Government In Canada And
The Constitution. Russel Barsh, Research
Associate Professor, U of Washington,
Foreign Affairs Office, Mic-Mac Grand
Council. Anthropology Anso 207/9 from
9:30-10:20am. Call 228-6514.
Pediatrics Research Seminar
Advances In Neurostimu-
lation: Microstimulation Of
The Spinal Cord Of The
Rat. Norbert F. Kaula,
Biomedical Engineer,
Urology, U. of California.
University Hospital Shaughnessy Site
D308 at 12pm. Call Dr. Skala at 875-
Biomedical Research Centre
Hemopoietic Growth Factor Receptor Interactions In Primary Human Myeloid
Cells. Dr. Angel Lopez: I.M.V.S., Adelaide Australia. B.R.C. Seminar Room at
12:30pm. Call 228-7810.
Mechanical Engineering Seminars
Forced Convection Of A Cross-Corrugated
Channel With Assymmotric Heating. S.
Chowdhury. Natural Convection Of A
Vertical Cross-Corrugated Channel With
Asymmetric Heating. Y. Piao. Both speakers, M.A.Sc. students, Mechanical Engineering, UBC. Civil/Mechanical Engineering 1202 from 3:30-4:30pm. Call 228-
Biochemistry Seminar
Isolation And Characterization Of The Dendritic Cell.
Dr. Judy McKenzie, Research Scientist, Haematology, North Canterbury
Hosp. Board, Christchurch,
New Zealand.   IRC #4 at 3:45pm.   Call
Geophysics\Astronomy Seminar
Astronomical Opportunities With The
Synthesis Telescope At DRAO. Dr. Peter
Dewdney, Dominion Radio, Astrophysical
Observatory, Penticton. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Call H. Richer at
UBC Reports is the faculty and
staff newspaper of the University
of British Columbia. It is published every second Thursday by
tbe UBC Community Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1W5.
Telephone 228-3131.
Advertising inquiries: 228-4775.
Director: Margaret Nevin
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Contributors: Ron Burke, Connie
Fdletti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
Paula Martin and Gavin Wilson.
/%      Please
d«)     recycle
For events in the period Feb. 10 to Feb. 23, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms no later
than noon on Tuesday, Jan. 29 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Old Administration Building.
For more information call 228-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports wil be published Feb. 7. Notices exceeding 35 words may
be edited.
TUESDAY. JAN. 29   \
Medical Genetics Seminar
Molecular Genetics Of Lipoprotein Lipase.
Dr. Howard Henderson, Medical Genetics, UBC. Instructional Resources Centre
Lecture Hall #1 at 8:30am. Coffee from
8:15am. Call 228-5311.
Botany Seminar
^^h^h High Chlorophyll Fluores-
j0^/fl cent Mutants Of Arabidop-
JHbT sis. Randy Dinkins, Ph.D.
Mr Candidate, Botany, UBC.
^ Biological Sciences 2000 at
^■"™"■ 12:30pm. Call 228-2133.
University Computing Services
Introduction To S And S Plus. Hands-on
training with Harry Joe. UCS Annex Micro
2 from 9:30-11:30am. Call 228-3941.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Applications Of Carbohydrate Chemistry
To The Study Of Glycosyltransferases.
Dr. Ole Hindsgaul, Chemistry, U. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta. Chemistry B250
at 1pm. Call 228-3266.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Golf And Neurons That Say NO: Navel
Signal Transduction Systems In The Brain.
Dr. Steve Vincent, Associate Professor,
Psychiatry, UBC. University Hospital, UBC
Site G279 at 4pm. Call 228-2494.
Tuesday Evening Interfaith Symposium
Jewish Education In The
Middle Ages: The Relationship Between Teacher And
Student In Hebrew Illuminated Manuscript. Violet-
Belle   Mulholland.      St.
Mark's College, 5935 Iona Drive from 7:30-
9pm. Call 224-3311.
University Computer Services
MS Word 5.0-Level 1. Hands-on with Jim
Stewart. UCS Annex Micro 2 from 9am-
12noon. Call 228-3941.
Micro Lunch
Demographics Made Easy With P-Cen-
sus. Brian Kroeker. Computer Sciences
460from 12:30-1:30pm. Freeadmission.
Call 228-3941.
Microbiology Seminar
To Be Announced. Dr.
Jack Saddler, Forest Sciences, UBC. Wesbrook
201 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 228-6648.
Forestry Seminar
The Northern Vancouver Island Regeneration Problem: Current Knowledge And
Research Initiatives. Mr. Christian Messier, Forest Sciences, Forestry, UBC.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-1:30pm. Free
admission. Call 228-2507.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Juxtacortical Osteogenic Sarcoma. Chairman: Dr. C.P. Beauchamp. Eye Care
Centre Auditorium at 7:30am. Call 875-
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Rennie Regehr, Viola and Jenny Regehr,
Piano. Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Admission: $2 at the door. Call 228-3113.
Health Promotion Research
Diffusion of Smoking Prevention Programs. Dr. Guy Parcel, Director, Center
for Health Promotion Research/Development, U. of Texas Health Science Center
at Houston. Faculty Club Salon B at
3:30pm. Call 228-2258.
Geography Colloquium
Runoff Production In Steep, Humid Areas. Dr. Jeff McDonnell, Forest Hydrology, Utah State U. Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Call 228-3268.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Numerical Simulations of
BGK Equilibria in Maxwel-
lian Plasmas. Dr. Lucio
Demeio, Postdoctoral Fellow, Chemistry, UBC.
Mathematics 229 at
3:45pm. Call 228-4584.
Resource Ecology Seminar
Evolution Of Plumage Pattern In Price's
Warblers. Trevor Price, U. of California,
San Diego. BioSciences 2449 at 4:30pm.
Call 228-4329.
AMS Forum On Tuition Hikes
UBC President David
J5trangwjay_ce*plaiQS jaro- ,
posed tuition increases and
answers concerns from
students. SUB Auditorium
at 12:30pm. Call 222-
Pharmacology Seminar
Pharmacological Control Of Airway Hyper-Responsiveness In An Asthma Model.
Dr. R. Robert Schellenberg, UBC Pulmonary Research Group, Medicine, UBC.
IRC #1 from 11:30-12:30pm. Call 228-
UBC Symphony Orchestra
Jesse Read, Director. Old
Auditorium at 12:30pm.
Free Admission. Call 228-
Essay Skills Workshop
A Workshop To Assist Students Increase
Their Skills In The Preparation Of Essays.
Nancy Horsman. Office For Women Students from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-2415.
of   Asian   Research
China And Korea. Bureaucratic Reform And Judicial
Review: Administrative
Litigation Act Of The
People's Republic of
China. Dr. Pitman B. Potter; Director, Chinese Legal Studies, Law,
UBC. Asian Centre 604 from 3:30-5pm.
Call 228-4688.
Physics Colloquium
Helium Wind Tunnels. Russell Donnelly,
Physics, U. of Oregon. Hennings 201 at
4pm. Call 228-3853.
University Computer Services
Quick Start with Jim Stewart. Fee $7.50. UCS
Annex Micro 2 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 228-3941.
J.V. Clyne Lecture
Commerce/Law Series. GATT At The
Crossroads: The Uruguay Round. Christopher Thomas, Ladner Downs Barristers/
Solicitors, Vancouver. Henry Angus
(Commerce) at 12:30pm. Call 228-5675.
Philosophy Winter Colloquium
Bringing Belief Down to
Earth. Howard Wettstein,
U. of California, Riverside.
Buchanan E-358. Call
FRIDAY, FEB. 1       |
Agricultural Economics Seminar
The Danger Of Externally Imposed Reforms When Policy Making Is Endogenous: Beef Export Taxes, Exchange
Rates, And Other Policy Induced Distortions In Uruguay, 1961-1986. Tu Jarvis,
U. of California, Davis. Ponderosa Annex
D203 at 3:30pm. Call Mary Bohman at
Philosophy Winter Colloquium
That Name Means Nothing To Me. Howard Wettsteirt, U. Of California, Riverside.
Buchanan Block E358 at 4pm. Call 228-
UBC Symphony Orchestra
Jesse Read, Director. Old Auditorium at
8pm. Free Admission. Call 228-3113.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Clinical Aspects Of Gastrointestinal Motility. Dr.
Steven Altschuler,
Children's Hospital, Philadelphia; U. of Pennsylvania.   G.F. Strong Rehab.
Centre Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Studies Of Particulate
Fouling In Compact Heat
Exchangers. Dr. G.
Zhang, Post-doctoral Fellow, Chemical Engineering, UBC. Chemical Engineering 306 at 3:30pm. Call 228-3238.
Fisheries/Aquatic Sciences
Effects Of Fish In River Food Webs. Mary
Power, U. of California at Davis. BioSciences 2361 at 3:30pm. Call 228-4329.
i    SATURDAY, FEB. 2   I
UBC/VGH Nursing Program
Open House
Hospital tours plus career counselling;
video, lab, and library displays; program
and financial information. School of Nursing, Vancouver General Hospital Site, 835
W. 10th Ave. from 10am-4pm. Call 875-
MONDAY, FEB. 4     |
Computer Services Workshop
Word Perfect 5.1-Level 1. Hands-on with
Charles Tremenwen. UCS Annex Micro 2
from9am-12noon. Call 228-3941.
UBC Chamber Wind Ensembles
Free Admission. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 228-3113.
Mechanical Engineering Seminars
Autopilot Design Incorporating Rudder Roll
Control. Chris Martin. Process Planning
For Milling Operations. K. Bhatia. Both
speakers, M.A.Sc. students, Mechanical
Engineering, UBC. Civil/Mechanical Engineering 1202 from 3:30-4:30pm. Call
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Steady Flow Past Bluff
Bodies At Large Reynolds
Number. Dr. Tao Tang,
Simon Fraser U. Mathematics 229 at 3:45pm. Call
Geophysics/Astronomy Seminar
The Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence: Recent Developments And A New
Strategy. Dr. Woody Sullivan, Astronomy, U. of Washington. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee from 3:30pm.
Call H. Richer at 228-4134/2267.
[    TUESDAY, FEB. 5    \
Medical Genetics Seminar
A New Eugenics? Dr. J.M.
Freidman, Acting Head,
Medical Genetics, UBC.
Instructional Resources
Centre #1 at 8:30am. Coffee from 8:15am. Call 228-
Faculty Women's Club General
Meeting .•-■*; '■■■•
Features two guest speakers. Research In Biological Control. Dr. Judith
Myers, newly appointed
Associate Dean For The
Promotion Of Women, Science Czech Theatre/Politics. Marketta
Goetz-Stankiewicz, prof. Germanic Studies, UBC. Cecil Green Park House at
9:30am. All welcome. Call 222-1983.
Botany Seminar
Studies Of Inland Halophyte Communities: From Description To Laboratory
Experiments. Dr. Norm Kenkel, Botany,
U. of Manitoba. BioSciences 2000 at
12:30pm. Call 228-2133.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Recent Developments In Computational
Polymer Science. Dr. Bruce Eichinger,
Biosym Technologies, Inc., San Diego.
Chemistry B250 at 1pm. Refreshments
served from 12:40pm. Call 223-3266.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Structure And Function Of
The cGMP-gated Channel
In Photoreceptors. Dr.
Bob Molday, Biochemistry,
UBC. University Hospital,
UBC Site G279 at 4pm.
Computer Services Workshop
Word Perfect 5.1-Level 1. Charles Tremenwen. UCS Annex Micro 2 from 9am-
12noon. Call 228-3941.
Micro Lunch
UNIX-G And You. Tom Nicol. Free Admission. Computer Sciences 460 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-3941.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Medical Treatment Of
Rheumatoid Arthritis-Nothing New, Nothing Helps,
Why Bother? Chairman:
Dr. Robert W. McGraw,
Guest: Dr. Caroline Paterson. Eye Care Centre Auditorium at
7:30am. Call 875-4646. UBC REPORTS Jan. 24.1991       5
January 27 -
February 9
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Michael Strutt, Guitar.
Admission: $2 at the door.
Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 228-3113.
Forestry Seminar
The Future Role Of Wood Composites In
Canada's Forest Industries. Dr. Paul
Steiner, Harvesting/Wood Science, Forestry, UBC. MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Freeadmission. Call 228-2507.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Investigation Of Growth
Rate Regulation In Vitro:
The Final Nail? Steve Wellington, Microbiology, UBC.
Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 228-6648.
Geography Colloquium
Models And Observations Of A Cloudy
Planet. Dr. Phil Austin, Geography/Atmospheric Science, UBC. Geography 201
at 3:30pm. Call 228-3268.
Resource Ecology Seminar
■Mumng Population Dynamics Of
^Qn Red Squirrels: The Role
WJBp Of Food Availability And
■nr Territorial Behaviour. Wal-
r ter Klenner,  Forest Sci-
^^^■",* ences, UBC. BioSciences
2449 at 4:30pm. Call 228-4329.
Pharmacology Seminar
Biochemical Studies Of Cardiac Protein
Kinase C Isozymes. Mr. Bruce G. Allen,
Pharmacology/Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC. IRC #1 from 11:30am-
12:30pm. Call 228-2575.
UBC Stage Band
Fred Stride, director. Free admission.
Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Call 228-
School Of Nursing Open House
All university students interested in nursing as a
profession. Koerner Pavil-
lion, University Hospital,
UBC Site, T180, 3rd floor
from 12-2:30pm and 6:30-
9pm. Call 228-7417.
Office for Women Students'
Essay Skills. Nancy Horsman. Free
admission. First of three workshops,
Thursdays. Buchanan B212 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 228-2415.
CICSR Distinguished Lecture
The Limits Of Layering In
Network Protocols. Dr.
David Clark, Senior Research Scientist, MIT
Computer Science Lab.
Scarfe 100 from 1 -2:30pm.
Refreshments from 12:30pm.   Call 228-
Physics Colloquium
The Nematode C. Elegans Is Not A Black
Hole. Don Moerman, Zoology, UBC.
Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call 228-3853.
Pediatrics Resident Case Management
Hypertension. Dr. Ann
Antrim, Dr. Gail Annich.
G.F. Strong Rehab. Center Auditorium at 9am. Call
A.C. Ferguson at 875-
Computer Services Workshop
Quickstart: Introduction To Micros For
Students. Jon Nightingale. University
Computing Services Annex Micro 2 from
12:30-1:30pm. Fee: $7.50. Call 228-
I       FRIDAY, FEB. 8      |
Jazz At Noon
North Texas State U. Jazz Band. Admission $5 at the door. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 228-3113.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Degradation Products
Resulting From COS-DEA
Interactions In Gas Purification. Mr. O. Dawodu,
Graduate Student,
ChemEngineering, UBC.
ChemEngineering 306 at 3:30pm.   Call
Fisheries/Aquatic Sciences
Planktivory And Zooplankton Dynamics:
Contrasting A Baltic Bay With A Wisconsin Lake. Lars Rudstam, U. of Wisconsin.
BioSciences 2361 at 3:30pm. Call 228-
Regent College Conference
The Christian In The
Marketplace: The Theology Of Work. Don Flow,
Dr. Edwin Hui, Dr. R. Paul
Stevens, Dr. Ruth Elwood
Martin and Mr. W. Stanley
Martin. Regent College, 5800 University
Blvd. from 6:30-9pm. Fees: Each, $50,
Couple, $70 and student, $20. Registration deadline Feb. 6. Call 224-3245.
Graduation Application
All students who expect to
graduate this May (spring),
should complete Graduation Application cards, to
be returned to the
Registrar's Office by Feb.
15,1991. Students who do not apply will
not be considered for graduation.
Community/Regional Planning
Short Courses
Heritage Conservation: What Will We
Leave For the Year 2020? Judy Oberlander, Principal, Judy Oberlander Preservation Consultants Inc. and member, Vancouver City Planning Commission. Fee
$200. Feb 1, 9am-5pm and Feb.2, 9am-
12noon. Library Processing Centre, 4th
Renewal, Conservation, And Densifica-
tion In The Inner City: A Holistic Approach. David Guggenheim, Consulting
Architect, Jerusalem, Israel, and lecturer,
Architectural, Technion, Haifa, Israel. Fee:
$175. Feb. 4 and 6, 6-9pm in Lasserre
107; continuing Saturday, Feb. 9 from
9am-4pm in Lasserre 205.
Environmental Impact Assessment In BC
Today: Methods, Review And Process.
Patrick Duffy, Consultant In EIA And Resource Management. Fee $250. Library
Processing Center 4th floor, Fri., Feb. 8
from 9-5pm and Sat. Feb. 9 from 9am-
4pm. For information on any of these
short courses, call 228-3914.
Brave New Playwrites
Two programs premiering
15 one-act plays showcasing material by up and
coming playwrights. Presented by UBC Creative
Writing Dept. and playwright in residence, Bryan Wade. Program One: Jan. 30 and Feb. 1 at 7:30pm
and Feb. 2 at 2pm. Program Two: Jan.
31. and Feb. 2 at 7:30pm; Feb. 3 at 2pm.
All performances in the Dorothy Somerset
Studio. Call 731-0721.
Office For Women Students'
Creative Journal Writing For Women.
Caren Durante. Techniques to reduce
stress, resolve issues and develop potential. Five sessions, ongoing, free admission, pre-registration required. Feb. 1, 8
and 15 and Mar. 1 and 8th. Brock Hall
106A from 12:30-2:20pm. Call 228-2415.
Carpool Matching
Send both your home and
work addresses and both
telephone numbers; your
working hours; whether
you have a car and if you
smoke while driving, to
Karen Pope, Dean's Office, Applied Science. When a carpool match is found, the
information will be sent to you. Call 228-
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to know more about
topics ranging from Sea Monsters to Earthquakes in B.C. More than 500 topics to
choose from; most speakers are available
free of charge. Call 228-6167, Mon., Tue.,
Fri., 8:30am-12pm.
Museum of Anthropology
Exhibitions extended: Portraits of BC Native leaders,
chiefs, chief counsellors
and elders by Kwaguitl
photographer David Neel
and Ghosts In The Machine, sculptures created by Snake In The
Grass Moving Theatre. Now open in the
new West Wing: The Koerner Ceramics
Gallery. Closed Monday. Call 228-5087.
Executive Programmes
One/two day business seminars. Jan. 27-
Feb. 9 series includes: Employment Law,
$450; Do It Yourself Marketing Research,
$550; Financial Informations Systems,
$875. Call 224-8400.
English Language Institute
Professional Development Series For
Language Teachers. February workshops:
generating student talk in the language
class, cOmputer*assisted language learning, and teaching English in Japan. Tuesday evenings from 7-9pm. Call 222-5208.
Language Programs And Services
All programs start week of
Jan. 28. Non-credit conversational programs in
French, Spanish, Japanese, Cantonese and Chinese begin the week of
Jan. 28. Also offered are Business Japanese and Teaching Languages To Adults.
Call Language Programs/Services, Centre
for Continuing Education, 222-5227.
Psychology Step-Families Study
Married couples living with at least one
child from a previous union, invited to participate in this study of stress and coping
in step-families. Call Jennifer Campbell at
Sports Medicine Study
Volunteers, female, age 18-
35 needed to participate in
-j^^^-« study on Exercise and the
■SV     Menstrual   Cycle.      Fit,
«^ healthy,   having   normal
menstrual cycles and not
currently on oral contraceptives. Physiological testing provided. Allan McGavin
Sports Med. Centre, John Owen Pavilion,
UBC. Call Dr. Connie Lebrun 228-4045
or 980-6355.
School of Nursing Study
Volunteers needed for study of couples/
family adjustment to a breast cancer diagnosis. Women and partners. Involves
interviews/response to questionnaire. Call
Dr. Ann Hilton at 228-7498.
School of Nursing Study
Couples are needed who are both in paid
employment (over 20 hrs/wk.) and have
at least one child under eighteen months
of age. Involves filling out a questionnaire
twice (10 minutes each time). Call Wendy
Hall at 228-7447.
Psychiatry Depression Study
Participants needed for
research study using new
antidepressant medication.
Depression sufferers, 18-
65 years. Call Doug Keller
at 228-7318.
Psychiatry Personality Questionnaire Study
Volunteers needed to complete two 90-
minute sessions. Stipend, $20. Call Janice at 228-7895/7057.
School of Family/Nutritional Sciences Study
Energy Metabolism. Female volunteers needed,
age 27-38 with no history
of dieting. Must be able to
attend UBC clinic monthly
for a short follow-up visit,
for 1 year. Call Sara Pare at 228-2502.
Counselling Psychology Retirement Preparation
Volunteers interested in planning their retirement needed for research project.
Discussion on related issues included. Call
Sara Cornish at 228-5345.
Diabetic Clinical Study
Diabetics who have painful neuropathy affecting the
legs needed to volunteer
for 14-week trial of an investigational new drug.
Call Dr. Donald Studney,
Medicine, University Hospital, UBC Site at
Daily Rhythms Study
Volunteers needed to keep a daily journal
(average 5 min. daily) for 4 months, noting
patterns in physical/social experiences.
Call Jessica McFarlane at 228-5121.
Psychiatry PMS Study
University Hospital, Shaughnessy Site.
Volunteers needed for a study of an investigational medication to treat Pre Menstrual Syndrome. Call Dr. D. Carter at
Sleep Disorders Study
Volunteers 18-45 years
suffering from Chronic In-
' somnia needed for a study
on sleep-promoting medication (hypnotics). Must be
available to sleep overnight
at a lab for five nights.    Call Carmen
Ramirez at 228-7927.
Hypertension in Pregnancy
Pregnant women, concerned about their
blood pressure, are invited to participate.
The study compares relaxation training
with standard medical treatment (own
physician). Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden at
Post Polio Study
Persons with polio needed
for functional assessment
and possible training programs. Call Elizabeth
Dean, Ph.D., School of
Rehabilitation Medicine,
Multiple Sclerosis Study
Persons with mild to moderately severe
MS needed for study on exercise responses. Call Elizabeth Dean, Ph.D.,
School of Rehab. Medicine, 228-7392.
Statistical Consulting and Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of
Statistics to provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. Forms for appointments available in 210. Ponderosa Annex C-210. Call 228-4037.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
All surplus items.    Every
Wednesday,        12-3pm.
it cmm  Task Force Bldg., 2352
U Tomm  Health Sciences Mall. Call
Sexual Harassment Office
Two advisors are available to discuss
questions and concerns on the subject.
They are prepared to help any member of
the UBC community who is being sexually
harassed to find a satisfactory resolution.
Call Margaretha Hoek or Jon Shapiro at
To find an interesting and
challenging volunteer job,
get in touch with Volunteer
Connections, Student
Counselling and Resources Centre, Brock 200.
Call 228-3811.
Narcotics Anonymous Meetings
Every Tuesday (including holidays) from
12:30-2pm, University Hospital, UBC Site,
Room 311 (through Lab Medicine from
Main Entrance). Call 873-1018 (24-hour
Help Line).
Badminton Club For Faculty/
Thursdays from 8:30-10:30pm and Fridays from 6:30-8:30pm in Gym A of the
Robert Osborne Centre. Club dues, $15
plus library card. Call Bernard 228-6809
or 731-9966.
Duplicate Bridge
Informal game. All welcome. Admission
$2 per person (includes coffee/snacks).
Faculty Club every Wednesday at 7pm.
Call 228-4865.
Fitness Appraisal
Education  and
Recreation   through   the
"1MT1 ^0nn ^' Buchanan Fitness
^S9     and    Research   Centre,
^^ administers a physical fit
ness assessment program.
Students $25, others $30. Call 228-4356.
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
Located west of the Education Building.
Freeadmission. Open year round. Families interested in planting, weeding or
watering the garden, call Gary Pennington at 228-6386 or Jo-Anne Naslund at
Botanical Garden
every day from
10am-3pm until Mar. 15/91.
Free admission. Call 228-
Nitobe Garden
Open Monday to Friday, 10am-3pm until
Mar. 15/91. Freeadmission. Call 228-
Advertise in
UBC Reports
Deadline for paid
advertisements for
the Feb. 7 issue is
4 p.m. Jan. 29
For information,
phone 228-3131
To place an ad,
phone 228-4775 6    UBC REPORTS Jan. 24,1991
Family support clinic opens on campus
Support for families on campus has
been bolstered by the addition of a
graduate training program in UBC's
School of Social Work.
In conjunction with Student Family
Services, a church-sponsored counselling agency, the school has opened a
family support clinic to serve the needs
of more than 530 student families living on campus. The six-room clinic is
located in the north wing of the Social
Work Annex on Cecil Green Park
"It's an exciting way for the university to make a contribution because
it provides training and research opportunities for students as well as meeting a community need," said Social
Work Professor Kathryn McCannell.
Graduate work at the clinic focuses
on play therapy, family therapy, and a
therapy group for survivors of sexual
In the past, students and graduates
of the Social Work program have received training in close to 150 social
woik agencies throughout Vancouver.
However, people living in the University Endowment Lands don't have the
same access to these municipal agencies as Vancouver residents and must
often join waiting lists of up to three
Since her appointment two years
ago as agency director, Brenda
Stevens' caseload has grown from 17
Photo by Media Services
Brenda Stevens watches over toddler in family support clinic's play therapy room in Social Work annex.
to 125 clients. Clients consist of
single parent and low-income families, as well as many international
Stevens said that in addition to the
heightened stress of being a student,
these families experience a variety of
social problems such as loneliness,
family break down, alcohol and drug
abuse, and physical, emotional and
sexual abuse.
Services available at the clinic in
clude child and family counselling,
couples counselling, crisis intervention
and a family drop-in for preschoolers
and parents.
To foster a better sense of community on campus, the clinic works closely
with the Acadia Park Tenants' Association, the Family Practice Department and local schools.
"We're trying to provide a wide
range of services to strengthen family
life," said Stevens. "The aim is to network with other service providers to
make the agency a community effort."
Before linking with the school in
August, Student Family Services operated for two years from a small office in the Acadia Park high-rise off
Melfa Road. The service was initiated
by an Anglican minister who saw a
gap in family service for children and
spouses of university students. The
Acadia Park office remains open with
the space, furniture and telephone costs
being picked up by UBC Housing and
Conference Services.
Stevens now divides her time between Acadia Parte and the annex wing.
Joining Stevens in the clinic are two
faculty members who supervise the
clinical work of five graduate student
Student Family Services is funded
by the Anglican Church of Canada and
has received donations from the Vancouver Foundation and the Rotary
Club. Open Monday to Friday, service
is free to residents of UBC Family
Housing and children attending schools
on the UEL lands. Other residents of
the UEL pay according to their income.
Touchdown. NeXT's newest and most affordable machine is here. Stop in for a hands-on demonstration of the revolutionary NeXTstation™computer. And go where no computer has gone before.
University Boulevard'228^741
CO 19W NcXT Iiompurer. Ini   All rrrjhts reserved The NcXT logo is a tCRtstcred trademark, NeX land NeX Tstation arc trademarks of NeXT (Computer, Ine. UBCREPORTS Jan.24.1991       7
Arts administrators
face tough challenges
Arts organizations in Canada are going to find it exceedingly difficult to survive unless they do a better job marketing
"In countries like France, Britain       as well as artistic problems facing
and Germany, marketing is not a dirty       them," he said,
word," says Professor Robert Kelly, To help administrators address the
director of UBC's unique     problems
Arts Administra- | Ml" I'WPITllI* JMJfl'ffM I they face in perform-
tion Program. | H JtJHtQlls >j^w|^M m8 arts an^ visual
"These are coun-    VVMlPlliliHHHll^^^.,,,HiH    arts   organizations,
All student services will be consolidated in the new, enlarged Brock Hall. Shown here is the architect's model.
Work begins on Brock Hall addition
A $9.32 million contract has
been awarded for construction of a
5,500 square metre addition to Brock
UBC President David Strangway
announced that contractor James A.
Rice Limited will oversee the addition, which will consolidate all student
services under one roof and offer im
proved communication among departments.
Along with the Registrar's Office,
Student Housing, Financial Services,
Awards and Financial Aid, the building will be the new home of the Disability Resource Centre and will also
house the Rick Hansen National Fellow program.
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design
•data analysis
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D.
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office:"(604) 263-1508      Home: (604) 263-5394
Classified advertising can be purchased from Media Services. Phone
228-4775. Ads placed by faculty and staff cost $6 per insertion for 35
words. Others are charged $7. Monday, Jan. 28 at 4 p.m. is the deadline
for the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, Feb. 7.
Deadline for the following edition on Feb. 21 is 4 p.m. Monday, Feb. 11.
All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal requisition.
EDITING - Experienced academic
editor will proof-read, copy-edit or index your journal article, book manuscript or dissertation. Reasonable
rates. Fast service. Phone 272-2459.
VICTORIA REAL ESTATE: Experienced, knowledgeable realtor with
faculty references will answer all queries and send information on retirement or investment opportunities. No
cost or obligation. Call (604) 595-
3200. Lois Dutton, REMAX Ports
West, Victoria, B.C.
NOTARY PUBLIC: for all your No
tarial Services including Wills, Conveyancing and Mortgages, contact
Pauline Matt, 4467 Dunbar St., (at
28th & Dunbar), Vancouver, B.C.
Telephone (604) 222-9994.
Literature, art, music, philosophy, and
more. Looking for records or tapes?
We have blues, rock, collectible classical and jazz. We buy and sell. 523
Richards St., downtown Vancouver,
662-3113, every afternoon.
STUDENTS: You can get at least 10%
off everything in our stores. Network
apparel, 2568 Granville Street, Vancouver. Canspirit Apparel, 3185 West
Broadway, Vancouver.
FINDERS FEES: Significant sums to
be earned for acting as a business
intermediary. Absolutely no experience needed. Earn thousands for simply being the catalyst. Ideal for raising
funds for yourself or the needs of
charities. Write us for full information.
Box 46136 Station G, Vancouver,
B.C., V6R 4G5
B.C. Lotteries provided $2 million
toward the cost of this project.
The public areas of the building
were analyzed and designed to respect
the needs of the hearing, visual and
physically impaired. Construction is
scheduled to begin this month and is
slated for completion in the summer of
tries with distinguished arts programs that have
come to terms with
the need to serve
many publics."
Kelly said arts
organizations in
Canada are much
more reluctant to
try to make a case,
economically or
otherwise, in terms
ofthe value of their
"Arts organiza- KeU
tions in this country must begin to address the economic
Book by UBC
professor wins
French prize
"The French edition of "Fine" Arts
Professor Serge Guilbaut's book,
How New York Stole the Idea of
Modern Art, has been awarded
the annual Prix des Libraires
d'art de la Ville de Paris, for
Originally published by the University of Chicago Press in 1983, art
historian Guilbaut's acclaimed book
was published in French in 1989 by
Editions Jacqueline Chambon of
Nimes, France.
How New York Stole the Idea of
Modem Art, which documents the
rise of Abstract Expressionism in
post-war New York City, has also
been recognized as one of the most
important books published since
1945 in a special issue ofthe Parisian
magazine Actuel, devoted to the ideal
Your New International Newspaper
& Magazine Store with a
24 hours Automated Video Rental Outlet
4453 W.lOth Ave. Vancouver 222-8333
Video Cube offers:
• over 3000 Videos (VHS & Beta)
•over 800 titles of International
Newspapers & Magazines
^^ Faculty of Arts==
Teaching Prizes -1991
Five $5000 prizes to recognize excellent
teaching in the Faculty of Arts
Faculty, students or alumni may suggest candidates to the
Head of the Department or Director of the school in which
the nominee teaches.
DEADLINE for nominations reaching the Dean's office is
15 MARCH 1991.
Further details from Heads or Directors
or the Dean's Office (228-4627)
UBC offers the Arts
Administration Option, a special option
within the MBA program of the Faculty
of Commerce and
Business Administration. The program, currently in its
third year, is a joint
initiative with the
Faculty of Arts.
Kelly said those
who manage arts
organizations are traditionally promoted
from within the
ranks of creative, technical or professional individuals.
"Unlike senior managers in private-
sector organizations, they have neither
the technical training nor the administrative experience to fulfill their new
responsibilities," said Kelly. "Yet the
problems facing arts managers are vast.
They must operate complex organizations with less-than adequate resources,
answer to boards composed of individuals whose areas of expertise usually lie outside the arts while, at the
same time, fostering creativity and artistic standards.
"Clearly, arts administrators are
among the most challenged and least
prepared of all administrators in Canada."
Kelly said applicants to the program must have, in all but the most
unusual cases, professional experience
in an arts organization. Anywhere from
five to eight people a year who meet
the university's standards are accepted
into the program.
"There has been a reluctance on the
part of the arts community in Canada
to acknowledge the need to take control of its destiny," he said. "This country has been losing orchestras, theatre
companies and the like because of a
reluctance and inability to take on fiscal responsibility. There's a batde for
the entertainment dollar being waged
in this country and a battle for the
cultural dollar within that framework."
However, Kelly is quick to point
out that no amount of business savvy
will replace the deep-rooted commitment needed for arts organizations to
"The Arts Administration Option
helps people who are dedicated to the
arts compete by giving them the tools
that may enable them to realize artistic
goals in a businesslike manner."
However, this businesslike approach has left the arts world in somewhat of a dilemma, he said.
"There are questions that the arts
world has been struggling to answer,"
said Kelly. "Can you do anything
commercial without destroying the
arts? How do you find that middle
ground? The arts world needs people
who have the technical background to
be able to come up with strategies they
can sell and sustain by demonstrating a
sensitivity to the public. The world
does not owe the arts community a
living." 8    UBC REPORTS Jan. 24.1991
Photo courtesy of Bellis Fair Mall
American and Canadian cars at Bellis Fair Mall in Bellingham: 50% of mall's patrons are from Canada.
Local shoppers go south
Here's a word of advice for shoppers who travel that extra kilometre to
purchase goods in the U.S. in an effort
to save money: Try checking out your
own backyard first.
It's not unusual for Vancouver-area
residents to pile into their cars on the
weekend and travel to cities like Bellingham, Wash, to purchase anything
from shoes to cheese. But Tim Hazle-
dine, professor of Agricultural Economics and an eagle-eyed comparative shopper in his own right, said when
you consider the time and costs involved in making that trip, it may not
be worth it.
"There's litde doubt that Canadian
consumers can save up to 25 per cent
by shopping in the U.S. But much of
that saving can be wiped out by the
costs associated with making that trip,"
he said.
Hazledine said a study done last
year by one of his students compared
the prices of 20 items purchased at a
Vancouver supermarket to the prices
of 20 similar items bought at a Bellingham supermarket. The study found
that the goods were 25 per cent cheaper
in Bellingham.
"There are several reasons for this,"
said Hazledine. "One is the value of
the Canadian dollar. Another, at least
in the case of dairy products, eggs,
beer and wine, is because distribution
of these goods is tightly regulated in
Canada. As a result, their prices are
kept high."
Hazledine said he can sympathize
with people who go the U.S. to buy
dairy and alcohol products in an effort
to save money.
"However, speaking as a Canadian,
I generally feel you should consume
where you produce. Failure to do so
hurts the fabric ofthe community. All
the shops in and around the Vancouver
area depend on people using them."
Wendy Ripley, marketing director
for Bellis Fair Mall in Bellingham, said
licence plate counts have revealed that
up to 50 per cent of the mall's patrons
are from Canada. The Vancouver area
is a prime direct-mailing target when it
comes to the mall's major marketing
"Canadian shoppers are big on
shoes, leather goods, linen and clothing," she said. "Although there are no
grocery stores at the Bellis Fair Mall, I
understand many Canadians like to
shop for food in the Bellingham area,
especially for cheese, while taking the
opportunity to shop at the mall as well."
Hazledine said low-income wage
earners stand to benefit the most
from savings that can be had by travel
ling to the U.S. However, they usually can't afford the transportation
necessary to capitalize on those savings, he added.
"This is very much a middle-class
consumer battle where a source of
transportation is crucial to realizing any
savings," he said.
However, Hazledine feels this is
where comparative shopping can play
a major role in reducing food bills.
"Consumers can save real money
by shopping for no-name generic
brands, or house brands. Generic products can be of lower quality, but
certainly house brands tend to offer
a first-rate product that is often indistinguishable from the national
brands. It's really a case of perception."
Hazledine pointed to a study done
by one of his students which compared
the prices of national, regional, house
and generic brands at a Vancouver
"Ketchup, I believe, is a fairly standardized product," said Hazledine.
"Yet in this study, the national brand
of ketchup was 72 per cent more expensive than the generic brand in this
particular supermarket. Price differences like this are enormous. Inside
the stores themselves — that's where
the biggest price variations exist."
Students form alternate
Canada conference
It's not yet known when the Citizens' Forum on Canada's Future will
convene in Vancouver. However, a
UBC student forum of the same name
has planned a Canada conference of its
own next month.
Alternative Visions: Canada in the
1990s, a conference sponsored by The
Other Citizens' Forum, opens Feb. 15
with a panel discussion at the Frederic
Wood Theatre. Scheduled for 7 p.m.,
panelists include Maude Barlow, chair
of the Council of Canadians, playwright John Gray, Tom Berger, former judge, lawyer and author, and
Jenny Jack, UBC law student and native rights advocate.
"We came up with our name before
the federal government did," said student Mark Cameron, who helped create The Other Citizens' Forum in early
The federally appointed Citizens'
Forum, announced in late October, is
to report back to Parliament by July 1
with recommendations from its crosscountry talks with Canadians.
Cameron and Steve Chase, both
fourth-year Political Science students,
and Political Science Professor Philip
Resnick, appealed to students in an
open letter published in the Ubyssey,
Oct. 2.
The letter called upon the university community to speak out and express their national concerns after the
failure of Meech Lake.
"We had problems with the way
Meech Lake was carried out behind
closed doors at the last minute," said
Cameron. "The idea behind our forum
is to have a democratic process that is
not being dictated by elected politicians, but by the people."
On Feb. 16, from 9 a.m. to 4:30
p.m., discussion workshops and a plenary session will be held in the Student
Union Building. Topics will include
regionalism and Senate reform, bilin-
gualism and minority language rights,
aboriginal issues, free trade and Canadian culture in the 1990s.
Parts of the conference will also be
filmed by the National Film Board of
Canada and used in a feature-length
documentary about Canada's future.
Registration is $20 for working
adults and $10 for students, seniors
and the unemployed.
UBC phone numbers to
change on March 4
Effective March 4,1991, UBC is adopting a new prefix for most of its on
campus telephone numbers. It will be "822" (or "UBC" if you use the
letters on your telephone's dialer.)
If your current number is in one of the following blocks:
222    -8600 to 8699
-8900 to 8999
224   -8100to8599 .-.^ ^^mmmmmm
228    -2000 to 7999
your new number for off campus callers will be 822-xxxx (or UBC-xxxx)
or for on campus callers 2-xxxx.
■ If your current number is not in one of the above blocks, your telephone
number will remain as it is.
: If you currently use a PBX local, your four digit local number will be from
| one of the following blocks:
| 0000 to 1099
] 1200 to 1999
| 8700 to 8899
{and it will be reached from on campus by dialing 3-xxxx.
Study draws links between family mental
illness history and post-birth depression
Women with a history of family mental illness may be at increased risk for
depression following childbirth.
A study by UBC psychiatrist Dr. Shaila Misri
concludes that women, with at least one blood
relative with a history of psychiatric illness, are
more likely to become depressed after giving
Postpartum depression may appear as early as
two weeks and as late as nine months after giving
birth. Symptoms include tearfulness, fatigue, insomnia, feelings of inadequacy and hopelessness,
irritability and the inability to cope with infant
care. In extreme cases, women may also become
delusional and suicidal.
Between 10 to 12 per cent of Canadian women
suffer from postpartum depression, but only one
to two per cent seek psychiatric help, Dr. Misri
She added that the baby is also affected cogni-
tively and emotionally by the mother's depression and the longer the woman goes untreated, the
more significant the effects on the child.
"It is possible that these babies may develop
ongoing problems such as learning disabilities
and depression," Dr. Misri said.
Women aged 25 to 40 with no prior history of
depression related to childbirth participated in the
Of the 250 participants interviewed by Dr.
Misri and a colleague, 50 women were randomly
chosen for appraisal.
In total, 54 per cent of the women selected
had family histories of psychiatric disorder.
Of these, 34 per cent had reported depression
in first- or second-degree blood relatives such
as a parent, grandparent, cousin, aunt or
The study also indicated that almost 50 per
cent of the patients had experienced a previous
episode of psychiatric illness. Of this group, 30
per cent specifically suffered from a depressive
Other reasons for postpartum depression include chronic marital problems, lack of support
from family and friends and unresolved conflicts
from childhood.
Dr. Misri explained that women suffering from
postpartum depression, no matter what the cause,
are treated with supportive psychotherapy, group
therapy and antidepressants.
"What we do hope for the future, however, is
that women at high risk for postpartum depression will be identified and treated earlier," she
Dr. Misri advised women to talk to their family practitioners about their emotional well-being
when a child is born.
"Motherhood is traditionally seen as a time of
joy and fulfillment for a woman," she said.
"Women become afraid when they feel the
contrary and there is danger in that. Although
postpartum depression is a serious illness, it
is a treatable one. Our main concern is that
women recognize their right to talk about it to
ensure they receive proper referral and treatment."


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