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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Oct 3, 1996

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D. Thomson photo
Eye to Eye
Brock Turner, coach of the UBC Wrestling Club, watches two recruits tangle on new mats in the Student
Recreation Centre studio. Club members meet every Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 1:30-3:30 p.m.
For information on the more than 200 student clubs on campus call 822-3961 or 822-1961.
survey says
A majority of UBC undergraduates
expressed satisfaction with university life,
according to the 1996 Survey of Undergraduate Experience at Canadian Universities.
Eight-five per cent of the UBC undergraduates surveyed indicated that they
were either "very satisfied" or "satisfied"
with the overall quality of their education.
A further breakdown showed 79 per cent
of UBC students believed their university
learning experiences had been intellectually stimulating, 87 per cent were satisfied
with their decision to attend UBC and 76
per cent were happy with the quality of
teaching they had received.
Ten universities participated in the
second annual survey co-ordinated by
the University of Manitoba's Dept. of
Housing and Student Life.
Other institutions participating included
Concordia, Acadia, Dalhousie, Nipissingand
Simon Fraser universities, the universities of
Lethbridge, and Toronto, and Memorial University of Newfoundland.
In total, 3,357 students completed the
mail surveys. Nearly all the students (97 per
See SURVEY Page 2
Murder mystery in air
for Homecoming '96
Solve a murder on the high seas, lend
an ear to local literati, or sample enough
apples to keep a dozen doctors away.
UBC's annual Homecoming celebration
offers something for everv taste Oct. 15-
The events that make up Homecoming
are expected to bring thousands of guests
and UBC alumni to campus to participate in class reunions, the Botanical
Garden's annual Apple Festival, special
lectures and a murder mystery at the
Cecil Green mansion.
Several events, including the Apple
Festival and a lecture by Prof. Stanley
Coren, author of The Intelligence of Dogs
and more recently Sleep Thieves, are
open to the public.
• Prof. Stanley Coren will kick off Homecoming festivities with a talk on sleep
deprivation, a condition which he says
many of us suffer from. Coren's talk is
the first in the Favourite Professors
Speakers Series and part ofthe Bringing UBC Downtown program. It takes
place from noon to 1 p.m. on Oct. 15 at
the Robson Square Conference Centre
and is open to the public. To purchase
a ticket, which is $10, call 822-3313.
• Murder on the High Seas is the theme
of this year's murder mystery dessert
event at Cecil Green Park House, Oct.
18. Guests are invited to take part by
acting as a suspect or joining fellow
detectives in trying to solve the mystery. This is the third time the event has
been hosted by the Alumni Association, following two previous sell-outs.
Participants can register as individuals
or as a team of six. Tickets are $20 and
include a dessert buffet. For information and reservations call 822-8923.
• The Great Trek Remembered Luncheon takes place Oct. 18 at Cecil Green
Park House. The lunch, to honour alumni
for their contributions to U BC's development over the years, will pay special
tribute to Evelyn Lett on the occasion of
her 100th birthday. Lett was instrumental in the creation of both the Alma
Mater Society and the UBC Alumni Association.
• A Literary Event, featuring readings
by four alumni authors, will take place
Oct. 19 from 1-3 p.m. at Cecil Green
Park House. Authors Murray Logan,
Zsuzsi Gartner. Genni Gunn and Tim
Ward will read from their works at this
first-ever literary event, hosted by the
Alumni Association and dedicated to
the memory of Rosalind MacPhee, author of Picasso's Woman — an award-
winning story on her fight with breast
cancer. Call 822-3313.
• The Botanical Garden's annual Apple
Festival draws thousands of apple fanciers every year. Visitors to this year's
festival will have an opportunity to
sample some 50 varieties of apple, question experts regarding apple types,
blights and other general apple information, and take in pruning and grafting demonstrations. Apple trees and a
wide range of apple varieties will be
available for purchase as well. The festival takes place at the Botanical Garden on Southwest Marine Dr. on Oct.
19-20 from 11 a.m.- 4 p.m.
More Homecoming
see Page 2
Geneticist earns Science
and Technology gold
Dr. Judith Hall, head of Pediatrics at
UBC and B.C.'s Childrens Hospital, has
won a B.C. Science and
Technology gold medal
for her work in medical
Gold medals are presented annually by the
B.C. Science Council to
recognize outstanding
achievements by B.C.
scientists, engineers, industrial innovators and
science communicators.
Nominated by Nobel
Laureate Michael Smith,
Hall received the award
in the category New Hall
Frontiers in Research.
Hall is a leader in medical genetics,
especially in the field of congenital birth
defects. Her discoveries have led to a better
understanding of the genetic factors that
affect children's growth, or the lack of it.
In one of her early studies of hormone
behaviour. Hall identified a new cause of
dwarfism. She later developed new ways to
classify various causes
of dwarfism and other
congenital abnormalities.
More recently, she has
campaigned for adequate
amounts of folic acid in
the diet prior to pregnancy. Found in fruit and
green vegetables,  folic
acid reduces the incidence of neural tube defects as well as several
other congenital abnormalities.
Previous recognition of her work has
included the UBC Senior Killam Research
Prize, the March of Dimes Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Genetic Sciences
See GOLD Page 2
Building Bridges
UBC's endowment fund helps fill a gap in funding campus researchers
Internet Entrance 3
Campus works: Growing numbers of students apply to UBC by computer
Anxiety Away 11
A new study looks at methods for treating a debilitating disorder
Dynamic Duo 12
Profile: Prof. Alan Mackworth's Dynamites aim to prove robots can think 2 UBC Reports • October 3, 1996
Policy fails to
recognize rights
Re: Discrimination and
Harassment Policy. Professor
Kahn's response [UBC Reports,
Sept. 19)
I must apologize in my original
letter for not recognizing that the
policy is employing civil procedures rather than criminal.
However. I maintain that regardless of procedural choice, the
policy still 1) contradicts commonly held precepts of justice:
and 2) is internally contradictory.
Moreover, Prof. Kahn's response
did not address these issues.
She did not acknowledge
that the policy does state:
"Anyone who enters into a
sexual relationship where a
professional power differential
exists must realize that if a
charge of sexual harassment is
subsequently lodged, it will be
extremely difficult to defend
the conduct on grounds of
mutual consent." This statement contradicts the accepted
UBC Reports welcomes letters to the editor on topics relevant to the
university community. Letters must be signed and include an address
and phone number for verification. Please limit letters, which may be
edited for length, style and clarity, to 300 words. Deadline is 10 days
before publication date. Submit letters in person or by mail to the UBC
Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C.,
V6T 1Z1, by fax to 822-2684 or by e-mail to janet.ansell@ubc.ca.
standard of Canadian law and
instructs the three-person
panel to do so when weighting
the balance of probabilities to
reach their verdict. Given this
situation, one might ask what
would be an acceptable
defense (temporary insanity,
perhaps)? Implicitly, the policy
fails to recognize that members
ofthe university community
are adults and hence hav'e the
right to engage in consensual
sexual relationships regardless
of power differentials.
I agree that to protect all
parties concerned, it is wise to
reduce potential conflicts of
interest. However, informing
one's administrative head of such
a sexual relationship has no
bearing on the question posed to
the panel, namely did harassment/discrimination occur or
not? Given the policy instructs
the panel to determine if there
has been a violation of procedure,
one must wonder what
probabilistic weight a violation of
Continued from Page 1
cent) indicated plans to obtain at
least one degree. A bachelor's degree was the highest intended level
for about 26 per cent while nearly
60 per cent planned to obtain a
graduate or professional designation. Graduate students and those
in professional schools were not
The survey included 16 issues of potential relevance to
undergrads and asked students
to rate their importance. UBC
respondents placed high importance on keeping tuition increases at or below inflation rates
(82 per cent), increasing emphasis on teaching excellence (71
Oct. 16
• Great Trekker Award Reception: Party Room. SUB. 5:30
- 8:30 p.m. $12. $6 (students &
under-emploved). For tickets
call 822-2901.
Oct. 17
• 75 th Anniversary of the
Women Students' Office 8l
25 th Anniversary of Women's
Studies: Brock Hall. Call 822-
Oct. 17 - 20
• Intramural Sports: Events
include mountain bike challenge and more. Call 822-6000.
Oct. 18
• ThimderbirdWomen'sBasket-
ball: Alumni Game. War Memorial. 7:00 p.m. Call 822-2531.
October 18-19
• Thunderbird Hockey: vs.
Lethbridge Pronghoms.Winter
Sports Centre. 7:30 p.m. Call
Oct 19
'Thunderbird  Soccer: vs.
Calgary. Women's, noon. Men's.
2:00 p.m. O.J. Todd Field. Call
Oct. 20
• Thunderbird Soccer: vs.
Lethbridge. Men's, noon. Women's, 2:00 p.m. O.J. Todd Field.
Call 822-2531.
per cent) and protecting present
student services from cutbacks.
New to the survey were 12
items measuring student participation in campus life. The three
aspects of campus life with the
highest participation rates included use of campus fitness/
exercise facilities, visiting campus for extracurricular events and
participation in student clubs.
Three areas of greatest student
dissatisfaction concerned processes
for resolving student complaints,
parking facilities and concern
shown to them by the university.
When students were asked lo
grade Iheir university for contributing to personal growth, the highest grades were assigned for how
well universities contributed to
an ability to work independently,
think logically and analytically,
and identify and solve problems.
Universities were given the lowest marks for helping prepare
students for employment, and
giving them an appreciation for
the arts, mathematics skills, leadership skills and an ability to
address issues in person;il life.
Among the most used campus
services were campus book stores,
computer services for students and
academic advising. Other survey
highlights Included: the average
debt acquired by students to help
finance their university education
was $5,666: students reported
spending an average of 17.5 hours
studying during a typical week: an
average week has students attending class and laboratories for about
14 hours and in front ofthe television 8 hours: 40 per cent of surveyed students lived at home with
their parents, 14 percent in university housing and 47 per cent lived
this administrative procedure
Finally, one original ten -t of
'natural justice' is the right to
hear the testimony of I lie other
party and to cross examine
this testimony. In ihe policy,
the panel acts  ■•- arbitrator
and this right has been
removed. One must trust the
panel to represent their
interests. As the impact of the
verdict may be devastating to
either jaarty in terms of career,
family, etc., why has this right
been removed?
In conclusion, my intention
was and is to highlight some
of the deficiencies in this
policy, with the hope that the
administration would respond
in an insightful and responsible manner.
Campbell M. Clark, PhD
Associate Professor
Dept. of Psychiatry
Continued from Page 1
and the YMCA Women of Distinction Award in Science andTechnol-
This spring. Hall, who has dual
U.S.-Canadian citizenship, was
named one of America's top 1.000
doctors by American Healtli magazine.
Other gold medal winners are:
• Otto Forgacs. Science Council of
B.C. Chairman's Award for Career
Achievement. Forgacs was head of
Research and Development at
MacMillan Bloedel for 20 years until
his retirement in 1994. He led the
drive for technological innovations
including engineered wood products such as Parallam and the
SpaeeKraft packaging system. As
well, Forgacs has worked closely
with the UBC faculties of Forestry
and Applied Science. He received
an honorary degree from the university in 1994.
• Tim Collings, SFU. Young Innovator Award. Collings is the
inventor of the V-chip, a device
that enables television viewers to
set their own threshold levels for
language, sex and violence.
• Jeff Dahn. SFU, now with
Dalhousie University. Solutions
Through Research Award. His
early work with Moli Energy led to
the company becoming the leading North American manufacturer
of small lightweight rechargeable
lithium-ion cells.
• Leonard Grenier and Marcel
Sutanto, ALI Technologies. Industrial Innovation Award. They
have developed a highly successful system for managing and
transmitting medical images.
• Patti Leigh, Science World, Eve
Savory Award for Science Communication. Leigh is credited with
the phenomenal growth and success of science fairs in B.C.
The gold medals will be presented at an awards dinner in
Vancouver Oct. 21.
Edwin Jackson
Life is what happens while we're
making other plans. lobnUnnoo
224 3540
4524 West 11th Avenue, phone & drop in,
or by appointment, your place.
Cashable lyr. GIC: 4.125%
3 Yr. GIC: 6.00%
5Yr. GIC: 6.50%
From a leading financial
As of Sep. 28, 1996
Rates are subject to
change without notice.
The UBC University-Industry Liaison Office
is pleased to announce the opening of a
2nd office in the Gerald McGavin Building.
Effective October 1, 1996, LIL0 staff can
be reached as follows:
IRC Office:
MTF Office:
RC Room 331 -2194
Gerald McGavin Bid
Health Sciences Mall
111 -2386 East Ma
New Fax: 822-5998
Bill Palm
Caroline Bruce
Angus Livingstone
Natalie Dakers
George Lai
Al Fowler
Peter Wells
David Jones
Hubert Lai
John Proffett
Mercedes Ratzinger
Maureen Beattie
Vlichelle Rhone
Mailing address and general telephone for both:
IRC Room 331
2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC
Canada V6T 1Z3
Telephone: 822-8580
Web Site: http://www.uilo.ubc.ca
All (tired telephone numbers and e-mail
addresses remain the same.
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design • data analysis
• sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Home: (604) 263-5394
Lit   ^AA^
* If
Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spun-     RT, RLAT(R)
Kevin Gibbon
(604) 856-7370
(604) 856-7370
E- Mail
On-screen now.
UBC Reports on the Web http://www.ubc.ca under "News"
UBC Reports is published fwice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
http://www.ubc.ca under News, Events and Attractions.
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie bagshaw@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • October 3, 1996 3
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Savin Wilson photo
Karen Jew, foreground, and Marietta Lao, staff members in the Institute of
Asian Research, pose in the Stone Garden at the C.K. Choi Building, which
officially opens Oct. 7. The five stones are engraved with Chinese characters,
each of which represents a Confucian virtue — humanity, righteousness,
propriety, wisdom and trustworthiness — chosen by C.K. Choi to reflect the
philosophy that has guided his life. The stones were shipped from Mt. Tai
in China's Shandong province, birthplace of Confucius.
,/^jJX Campus works
>•   Registrar's Office
Students admitted
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Applying to UBC has never been easier, or faster. More than 600 students
who applied for admission to UBC for the 1996/97 school year did so electronically using a World Wide Web application form.
Mike Lehmann. project manager in the Registrar's Office, said the capacity
to accept student applications electronically will benefit students primarily by
speeding up processing.
'The turn-around on an application that is mailed may be several weeks,
whereas one received by Internet can be turned around in days. In some
cases we are able to send out a letter of acknowledgment on the same day an
application is received." Lehmann said.
The application form, which can be accessed through the Post Secondary
Application Service of B.C.'s (PASBC) Web site (http://www.pas.be ca), allows
prospective students to submit an application form to UBC or other B.C.
universities from virtually anywhere in the world and to pay their application
fee by credit card.
Although the Internet application was aimed primarily at B.C. high school
students last year, electronic applications were received from as far away as
Australia and Sweden.
Previously all applications were received on paper, sorted, entered into a
computer, and then processed by admissions staff Receipt of applications
via the Internet means admissions staff are able to check the computer on a
regular basis for new applications and process them as they come in.
The number of applications received via the Internet this year represents
only six per cent of the total applications for first year, said Susan Peters,
assistant registrar for Admissions, but the Internet application was available
for less than two months before the 1996 deadline for B.C. secondary school
applicants. Peters expects far more Internet applications next year from all
different types of applicants, including international students.
During peak registration times the Registrar's Office receives up to 2.000   ■
applications per week for a total of approximately 20.000 each year. The
effect of technological change on the admissions process will be immense,
Peters said.
"Using the Internet for"admissions applications is just the tip of the
iceberg." she said. "Students can now also use our Student Services Web site
to change their address, inquire on an award or other financial aid or review
their courses and grades. In the near future, students will be able It) access
the Internet to register in their courses, order transcripts or change their
personal identity number. We want to improve our service to students by
making their student information as accessible as possible for them."
The address ofthe Student Services Web site is http://www.ubc.ca/
Choi building opens
to cultural celebration
A new cornerstone of UBC's international focus, the C.K. Choi Building for
the Institute of Asian Research, officially
opens on Oct. 7.
The Choi building provides a new home
for an expanded Institute of Asian Research, which was founded in 1978.
Headed by Director Terry McGee, the
institute houses five research centres
focusing on different regions of Asia:
China, Japan, Korea. Southeast Asia,
and India and South Asia.
The building and its institute contribute to UBC's already strong links with
academic institutions in other countries
and function as a gateway to the campus's international precinct, which includes the Asian Centre and Nitobe Garden.
Funding for the institute was provided
by a number of major donors from Canada
and Asia including a lead gift from the
C.K. Choi family and matching funds
from the B.C. government. More than
$20 million in grants and endowments
was raised for the institute's building,
two endowed faculty positions in each
centre, graduate fellowships, faculty exchanges and library collections.
The official opening ceremony begins
at 2:30 p.m., Oct. 7 with a ribbon cutting,
plaque unveilings and honouring of donors.
Principal guests of honour will be the
Choi family. C.K. Choi is a Vancouver
business leader and philanthropist and
five of his seven sons and daughters are
graduates of UBC.
"Although I have not had the benefit of
a higher education and do not consider
myself an intellectual, I have always had
a tremendous desire for the pursuit of
knowledge," Choi said in explaining his
support of UBC.
Other special events held to inaugurate the new building include Asia Week,
a celebration featuring daily noon hour
concerts and cultural events that high
light the different regions represented in
the building—Japan on Monday, India
and South Asia on Tuesday, Southeast
Asia on Wednesday, China on Thursday
and Korea on Friday.
Asia Week festivities run from 9 a.m. to
4:30 p.m. daily. Lunches featuring the
cuisines of Asian countries will be served
each day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., immediately followed by cultural performances.
Displays range from traditional arts
and crafts to the latest Internet web sites
from Asia, on view at the institute's multimedia centre. Graduate students will
demonstrate how new technology is applied to research.
Daily tours will be given of the award-
winning building, which is constructed of
recycled and recyclable materials and
features the latest advances in environmental design.
The tours, conducted by Campus Planning and Development, will take place at
10 a.m and 2:30 p.m. daily.
A book exhibition and sale will be held
by the three journals published out ofthe
Choi building— Pacific Affairs, B.C. Studies and Canadian Literature. Institute
and Centre publications will be on sale,
including copies of Design for the Nezxt
Millennium: The C.K. Choi Building for the
Institute of Asian Research, which gives a
detailed description of the building and
the institute's activities.
As well, the institute will host an academic conference, The Empowerment of
Asia, that runs Oct. 8-9.
The conference will bring together
prominent scholars from Asia and North
America for what organizers say promises to be a milestone in the reassessment
of Asia's role in the emerging global system.
The keynote speaker is Harvard University Prof. Tu Weiming, an international scholar on Confucian thought and
director of the Harvard-Yenching Institute.
Endowment helps fund
challenging research
Chris Gallagher looks upon his film
Mortal Remains as a creative arts project
rather than research. This distinction
placed Gallagher's documentary on North
American cemeteries squarely in the
"high-risk" category for traditional funding sources.
Fortunately, the associate professor's
innovative approach to work in the Dept.
of Theatre, Film and Creative Writing
landed him one of UBC's inaugural Social Sciences and Humanities Research
Fund grants.
"The idea behind the fund is to support scholarly works which challenge
perceived notions in a particular discipline or field," says Prof. Tony Dorcey,
chair of the committee overseeing applications. The fund encourages the originality, risk-taking and interdisciplinarity
that tend to disadvantage or rule out an
application to the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)."
Dorcey quickly points out that grants
from the fund are not intended to replace
those available from SSHRC or other
granting sources. Rather, applicants
must detail how one-year projects financed under the program will enhance
the chances of success for future applications to provincial, national and international funding agencies.
In the case of Mortal Remains,
Gallagher is confident that further funding will be found to complete the film.
"The nature of any film project is that
it has an element of risk involved and the
topic of death and cemeteries can be
problematic at the best of times," he
said. "The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Fund allowed me to shoot
a significant portion of the show which,
when cut together, will clearly demonstrate the nature and quality ofthe project
to other funding agencies."
Gallagher is one of four successful grant
applicants to give presentations on their
work at a briefing attended by SSHRC
President Lynn Penrod. Other presenters
and projects illustrating the diversity of
research funded by the program include:
Sociologist Dawn Currie, Gender -Specific
ImpactofDevdopmentStrategies on Women
from Poor Village and Rural Areas in Sri
Lanka; English Prof. Paul Stanwood, The
Variorum Edition of the Poetry of John
Donne; and Psychologist Peter Suedfeld,
Coping Behaviours and Psychosocial Adaptation of People Who Have Experienced
an Extreme, Traumatic Situation: The Holocaust
The briefing, held Oct. 3 from 1-4:45
p.m. in Green College's Great Hall, Is
designed to encourage and assist the development of proposals for the next competition, for which the deadline is Nov. 1.
Drawn from an endowment created with
funds received from the Hampton Place
residential development, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Fund has
grown from $300,000 in 1994/95 to its
current pool of $900,000. To date, the
fund has supported a total of 37 projects.
For further information about the
Social Sciences and Humanities Research
Fund call 822-5725. 4 UBC Reports ■ October 3, 1996
October 6 through October 19
Sunday, Oct. 6
Green College Performing
Arts Group
A Reading Of His Works. Mick
McAllister, Writer, Salt Lake City.
Green College, 8pm. Call 822-
Monday, Oct. 7
Soil Science
The Importance And Early History Of Soil Physics. J.R. Philip,
CSIRO. Australia. MacMillan
154, 12:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-2875.
Astronomy Seminar
Searching For Evidence Of Biological Activity On Mars.
Hajatollah Vali, McGill U. Hebb,
5pm. Call 822-2802.
Resident Speaker Series
Gertrude Stein: A Reading. Yael
Katz, English, and Rosalind
Moad, Library. Green College,
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Why Breast Cancer Is An Environmental Disease. Miranda
Holmes, Georgia Strait Alliance.
SUB212-A, 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Asia Week
Continues to Oct. 11. CK Choi,
9am-4:30pm. Call 822-2746.
Tuesday, Oct. 8
Atmospheric Sciences
Global Models And Small-Scale
Heterogeneity At The Earth's
Surface. J.R. Philip, CSIRO, Australia. Geography, 239, 12:30pm.
Call 822-2875.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Pharmacist-Client Communication: Can Client Satisfaction
Measure Quality Of Care? Elan
Paluck. grad student. IRC#3.
12:30-l:20pm. Call 822-4645.
Statistics Seminar
Fitting Categorical Regression
Models To Response-Based Samples. Alastair Scott, U of Auckland. CSCI 301, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-0570.
Biotechnology Laboratory
Protein Folding From The Perspective Of Simple Models. Prof.
Ken A. Dill, U of California (San
Francisco). Wesbrook 201,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2260.
Continuing Studies Reading
and Discussion Series
Booked For Lunch: Through
Feminine Eyes—A Canadian Perspective. Norma Hawkins, Alice
Boissoneau, Pamela Peck and
Frances Backhouse, authors.
Vancouver Public Library, 350
W. Georgia, 12-1:30pm. Bring
lunch. Call 822-1450.
Green College
Speaker Series
Police Culture: A Force Of Resistance? Janet Chan,U of Sydney. Green College, 5:30pm. Reception in Graham House 4:45-
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Centre for
Applied Ethics
Environmental Ethics: Restoration And Professionalization. Eric
Higgs. U of Alberta. Angus, 413,
4-6pm. Call 822-5139.
The Rise And Fall Of The Inca
Empire. Geoffrey W. Conrad, Indiana U. MOA. 7:30-9pm. Call
Art, Archaeology And The Analytical Laboratory. Ian Wain-
wright, Canadian Conservation
Institute. MOA, 7:30-9pm. Call
Lectures in Modern
Quantum Biomolecular Modelling
Using Density Functional Theory
And Other Tools: Aspects Of
Enzymaztic Mechanisms. Prof.
Dennis R. Salahub. U of Montreal. Chemistry 250 south wing,
lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Wednesday, Oct. 9
Microbiology & Immunology
Prevention Of Skin Allograft Rejection By Photodynamic Therapy
(PDT). Modestus Obochi, Microbiology and Immunology.
Wesbrook201, 12-lpm. Call 822-
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Clinical Practice Guidelines In
Respiratory Medicine. Dr. Peter
Dodek, Medicine. St. Paul's Hospital, Gourlay conference room,
5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Ecology & Biodiversity
Research Seminar
Serengeti Wildebeest Population
Dynamics: Regulation. Limitation
And Implications For Harvesting.
Simon Mduma, Zoology. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 60. 4:30pm.
Refreshments, Hut B-8. 4:10pm.
Call 822-3957.
Women's Studies Seminar
Ann Clark. Philosophy. St. Mary's
College. Centre for Women's Studies, 3:30-5pm. Call 822-9171.
Cultural and Media Studies
Interdisciplinary Group
To Centre Or Not To Centre: That
Is The Question. Mark Leiren-
Young, playwright, David Berner.
actor and John Juliani, director.
Green College, 8pm. Call 822-
Green College
Speaker Series
Austria Between 1945 And 1995:
Westernization, De-Austrification
Or Normalization? Prof. Anton
Pelinka, U Innsbruck. Green College, 5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Applied Mathematics
A Moving Mesh Method For Higher
Dimensional PDEs. Robert D.
Russell. Mathematical Sciences,
SFU. CSCI, 311,3:30pm. Call 822-
Continuing Studies
Lecture Series
French Impressionism And The
Spectacle Of Paris. Paul Belserene,
writer, director and producer. Hotel Georgia, 9:30-11am. Continues to Nov. 6. $45: seniors $35.
Call 822-1450.
Continuing Studies
Lecture Series
International Scene. Various academic experts giving up-to-date
perspectives on world events. Hotel Georgia, 12:05-12:55pm.
Question period 1-1:30pm. Continues to Oct. 23. $65: seniors
$50. Bring lunch. Call 822-1450.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Jane Austen's Heroines For The
Year 2000. Cecilia Danaher, doctoral candidate, English. Hotel
Georgia, 2-3:30pm. Continues to
Nov. 20. $65: seniors $50. Call
Poetry Reading
Robert Bringhurst. Curtis' 102.
12:30pm. Call 822-2344.
Opera Panel Discussion
Mozart's The Marriage Of Figaro.
Susan Bennett, Vancouver Opera: Simon Caper, Vancouver
Opera: Floyd St. Clair, French:
and Andrew Busza. English.
Buchanan penthouse. 12:30pm.
Call 822-4060.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Sero-Negative Arthritis In The
Hand. Dr. P.T. Gropper. Dr. R.
Orfaly. VancouverHospital/HSC,
Eye Care Centre auditorium, 7am.
Call 875-4646.
Noon Hour Concert
Timothy Walker, guitar. Music recital hall, 12:30pm. $3 at the door.
Call 822-5574.
Thursday, Oct. 10
MacMillan Lecture Series
Amphibian Conservation In
Canada. Christine Bishop, Canadian Wildlife Service. MacMillan
166,2:30-3:30pm. Call 822-0502.
Genetics Graduate Program
An Analysis OfThe Structure And
Function Of Protein-Tyrosine
Phosphatase a. Kenneth Harder,
PhD candidate. Wesbrook 201,
4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Earth & Ocean Science
Electromagnetic Imaging Of The
San Andreas Fault: Implications
For Fault Mechanics. Martin
Unsworth. U of Washington.
GeoSciences 135. 12:30pm. Call
Environmental Engineering
Slow Release Fertilization Ol
Streams. Megan Sterling, grad
student. CEME 1215, 3:30-
4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Physics & Astronomy
Air Pollutants. Ann McMillan. Atmospheric and Environmental
Services. Hebb, 4pm. Refreshments, 3:45pm. Call 822-3853.
Poetic Persuasions
Readings Of Original. Creative
Works Followed By An Open Forum. Green College, 7:30pm. Call
Law & Society Seminar
The Deployment Of Law In Projects
Of Moral Regulation. Alan Hunt,
Carleton U. Green College.
7:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Continuing Studies
Lecture Series
Pirates Of Three Seas. Various
speakers. Hotel Georgia, 9:30-
1 lam. Continues to Nov. 7. $45:
seniors $35. Call 822-1450.
Continuing Studies Seminar
Hong Kong: Past, Present And
Future. Diana Lary and Glen
Peterson. History. Hotel Georgia.
12-1:30pm. Continues to Nov. 7.
$45: seniors $35. Call 822-1450.
Continuing Studies Lecture
Assessing The Progress Of The
UN War Crimes Tribunals. Justice Richard J. Goldstone. Curtis
101,   12:30-l:30pm.   Call   822
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Home Is Where The Hurt Is:
Houses In North American Literature. Deborah Lendon. Hotel Georgia. 2-3:30pm. Continues to Nov.
21. $65: seniors $50. For required
reading list and to register, call
Continuing Studies
Lecture Series
Moveable Art. Judith Thomson.
Hotel Georgia, 7:30-9pm. Continues to Nov. 21. $65: seniors $50.
Call 822-1450.
UBC Board of Governors
The Open Session Begins At 8am.
Old Administration Building.
Board and Senate room, 6328
Memorial Road. To reserve one of
15 tickets available, call 822-2127
at least 24 hours in advance.
Opera in Concert
UBC Opera Workshop With UBC
Choral Union. Music recital hall,
12:30pm. Call 822-3113.
Friday, Oct. 11
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Insulin And Hypertension - The
Role Of Altered Vascular Biology.
Subodh Verma, grad student.
IRC#3, 12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-
Chemical Engineering
Wall Slip In The Capillary Flow AL
Molten Polymers Subject To Viscous Heating. Eugene
Rosenbaum, grad student. CEME
206, 3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Electromagnetic Field Assessment
Issues In Evaluating Cancer Risk.
Mary McBride, epidemiologist, BC
Cancer Agency. Vancouver Hospital/HSC. UBC Site. Koerner Pavilion G-279. 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Theoretical Chemistry
Exotic Quantum Effects In
Antiferromagnetic Chains. Ian
Affleck, physics. Chemistry D-
402, centre block, 4pm. Call 822-
Linguistics Department
The Compositionality Of Words
And Categories. Rose-Marie
Dechaine, Linguistics. Buchanan
penthouse. 3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-5594.
Mathematics Colloquium
In Search Of H (Via Non-Linear
Eigenvalues).   Joel   Friedman,
Mathematics. Mathematics, 104,
3:40pm. Refreshments at
3:15pm, Math Annex 1115. Call
Distinguished Medical
Research Lecture
The Use Of MRI In The Understanding Of Evolving In-Vivo Pathology In Multiple Sclerosis. Dr.
D.W. Paty. Vancouver Hospital/
HSC, Heather Pavilion, lecture
hall B, 12-lpm. Call 822-8633.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Youth Empowerment: Towards
Meaningful Participation In
Health Concerns. S. Whitehouse,
M. Cargo, A. Murphy. GF Strong
auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
UBC Contemporary Players.
Stephen Chatman, Eric Wilson,
directors. Music recital hall,
12:30pm. Call 822-3113.
Sunday, Oct. 13
Green College Performing
Arts Group
Thanksgivin' Hoedown: Square
Dancing, with Colleen Subasic.
Green College, 8pm. Call 822-
Monday, Oct. 14
Green College
Speaker Series
Will The German University Reform Society Support Or Undermine Interdisciplinarity? Michael
Daxner, U Oldenburg. Green
College, 7:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Tuesday, Oct. 15
Cecil & Ida Green Visiting
Professor Seminar
Lanzmann's Shoah: Here There
Is No Why. Dominick LaCapra,
Cornell U. Green College coach
house. 4:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Statistics Seminar
Quantifying Differences Between
Individuals When Data Are
Curves. Birgitte B. Ronn. Royal
Veterinary & Agricultural U,
Denmark. CSCI 301, 4-5:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-0570.
Centre for Applied Ethics
Moral Status Of Embryos. Walter
Glannon. Angus 413, 4-6pm.
Call 822-5139.
Favourite Professors
Speakers Series
Sleep Deprivation. Stanley
Coren. Robson Square Conference Centre, 12-lpm. $10, includes brown-bag lunch. To register call 822-3313.
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road. Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be
limited due to space.
Deadline for the October 17 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period October 20 to November 2 — is
noon, October 7. Calendar
UBC Reports • October 3, 1996 5
October 6 through October 19
The John F. McCreary
Multidisciplinary Perspectives
On Physician Assisted Suicide.
Prof. Virginia Tilden. Oregon
Health Sciences U. IRC#4.
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-1710/
Lectures in
Modern Chemistry
Theoretical Chemistry At NASA
Ames Research Center. Dr.
Steve Langhoff, NASA Ames
Research Center. Chemistry
250. south wing, lpm. Refreshments from 12:40pm. Call 822-
Wednesday, Oct. 16
Cecil & Ida Green Visiting
Professor Seminar
Can Camus/Clamence Plead De
Man's Case? RereadingThe Fall.
Dominick LaCapra, Cornell U.
Green College coach house,
12:30-2:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Ecology & Biodiversity
Research Seminar
The Ecological Basis Of Avian
Sensitivity To Habitat Fragmentation. Jeff Walters. Virginia
Tech U. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60. 4:30pm. Refreshments in Hut B-8. 4:10pm. Call
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Genetic Risk Factors ForCOPD.
Dr. Peter Pare. Medicine. St.
Paul's Hospital. Gourlay conference room. 5-6pm. Call 875-
Microbiology &
Immunology Seminar
Molecular And Functional
Analysis Of Gliding Motility In
Myxococcus Xanthus. Alfred
Spormann, Stanford U.
Wesbrook 201. 12-lpm. Call
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Writing   Mystery   Fiction.   I..R.
Wright, novelist". Carr Hall 114.
7:30-9:30pm. Continues to Nov.
27. $170. Call 822-1450.
Cecil & Ida Green Visiting
Professors Lecture
Memory, Law And Literature:
The Trials Of Flaubert And
Baudelaire. Dominick LaCapra.
Cornell U. Green College coach
house. 8pm. Call 822-5675.
Health Sciences Student
Research Forum
Insulin And Hypertension: Is It
Time To Restructure The Hypertension Paradigm? Subodh
Verma. Pharmaceutical Sciences: Toward Investigating
Cleft Palate: Signalling Mechanisms And Normal Palate Development. Dr. Alan Young.
Dentistry. IRC#4, 5-8:30pm.
Call 875-2430/822-3737.
Grand Rounds
Paediatric Orthopedics. VancouverHospital/HSC. Eye Care
Centre auditorium. 2550 Willow, 7am. Call 875-4646.
The Second Regular Meeting Of
Senate, UBC's Academic Parliament. Curtis 102. 8pm. Call
Noon Hour Concert
The Cathedral Chamber Players. Martin Foster, violin. Susan
Green, cello. Eugene Plawutsky.
piano.   Music   recital   hall.
12:30pm.  $3 at  the door.  Call
Thursday, Oct. 17
Earth & Ocean Sciences
Mineral Physics Interpretations
Of Mantle Seismic Tomography
Michael Brown, U ofWashington
GeoSciences, 135. 12:30pm. Call
Genetics Graduate
Program Seminar
Machinery For Processing And
Folding Ribosomal RNA: Who Car
riesThe Baggage? Patrick Dennis.
Biochemistry & Molecular Biol
ogy. Wesbrook 201, 4pm. Refresh
ments. Call 822-8764.
Environmental Engineering
Lisa Walls. Environment Canada.
CEME 1215. 3:30-4:30pm. Re
freshments. Call 822-2637.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Visions Of Human Possibility, ex
ploring for identity and self-realization. Leonard George, psycholo
gist, writer and lecturer. Carr Hall
conference room. 7:30-9:30pm.
$135: seniors Si 15. Call 822
Biostatistics Seminar
Statistical Process Control OfThe
Conception  Rate Of An  Invitro
Fertilisation   (1VF)   Programme.
Philip I. McCloud, Monash U. CSCI
301. 4-5:30pm. Call 822-0570.
MacMillan Lecture Series
The Biology And Conservation Of
Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers. Jeff
Walters. Virginia Tech U.
MacMillan 166. 2:30-3:30pm. Call
Medieval And
Renaissance Studies
Medieval Mothers: Female Fore
bears And Founding Fictions. Don
Maddox.   U   of  Massachusetts.
Green College. 4:30pm. Call 822
Critical Issues in
Global Development
Blood ThickerThan Water: ACul
tural Analysis Of Chinese Capitalist Development. You-tien
Hsing. Community and Regional
Planning. Green College, 8pm. Call
Physics and Astronomy
Fuel Cell Technology At Ballard
Past. Present And Future. Kevin
Colbow. Ballard Power Systems.
Hebb.     4pm.     Refreshments.
3:45pm. Call 822-3853.
What Davidson Said To The
Skeptic. Bjorn Ramberg. SFU.
Buchanan D-202. 1-2:30pm. Call
Cecil & Ida Green Visiting
Professors Fireside Chat
RevisitingThe Historians' Debate.
Dominick LaCapra. Cornell U.
Graham House. Green College,
7:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Science First
Lecture Series
Commercializing Scientific Innovation - A Dangerous But Exciting Endeavour. Lome Whitehead.
IRC#6. l-2pm. Call 822-5552.
CICSR Distinguished
Lecture Series
Chaos And Control. Liz Bradley.
U   of Colorado.   CICSR  208.   4
5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Health Care Team Clinical Competition. IRC#2. 12:30-2pm. Call
822-3413, 822-3737.
Distinguished Artists
Steven Dann. viola: Eric Wilson,
cello: Robert Silverman, piano.
Music recital hall. 8pm. $19adult,
$10 student/senior. Call 822-
Friday, Oct. 18
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Treating HIV Infection: Can We
Deal With All These New Drugs?
IRC#3, 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Theoretical Chemistry
On The Vlasov-Manev Equations.
R. Illner. U. Victoria. Chemistry
D-402. centre block. 4pm. Call
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Green Buildings, Productivity.
And Well-Being. Judith
Heerwagen, Batelle Seattle Research Centre. Vancouver Hospital/HSC. UBC Site. Koerner Pavilion G-279, 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Treatment Of A Pulp Mill Condensate Stream In A Feedback-Controlled Fixed-Film Bioreactor.
Gonzalo Milet. grad student.
CEME 206. 3:30pm. Call 822-
Geography Colloquium
Biogeography And Colonialism in
New Zealand. John Stenhouse. U
of Otago. Geography 239. 3:30pm.
Call 822-2985.
Fisheries Research
Seminar Series
Are Coral Reef Fishes Different
From Other Fishes? Rainer Froese.
ICLARM. Philippines. Fisheries
Centre,     Rail'    Yorque     room,
1 1:30am- 12:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-5674.
Continuing Studies
Keynote Address
The State Of The World's Children. Stephen Lewis, UNICEF.
Curtis 101. 7:30-9pm. Call 822-
Linguistics Colloquium
Who Put The 'P' In Chomsky?
Three Models Of Spatiotemporal
Diversity In Language. William
Turkel. Buchanan penthouse.
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Mathematics Colloquium
Primal Versus Dual Viewpoints In
Nonsmooth Optimization. Philip
D. Loewen. Mathematics 104,
3:40pm. Refreshments, Math Annex 1115. 3:15pm in . Call 822-
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Alchemy And Poison Pills:
Chelating Children For "Heavy
Metal Poisoning." Dr. G. Loekiteh.
Pathology. GF Strong auditorium.
9am. Call 875-2307.
Murder Mystery
Dessert Buffet
Murder On The High Seas. Cecil
Green Park House. 7:30pm. S20
per person. Call 822-8923.
Saturday, Oct. 19
A Literary Event
Four Authors: Murray Logan,
Zsuzsi Gartner. Genni Gunn and
Tim Ward. Cecil Green Park, 1-
3pm. Refreshments. Voluntary
ticket proceeds dedicated to the
memory of Rosalind MacPhee. Call
The Vancouver Institute
History And Memory: In The
Shadow Of The Holocaust.
Dominick LaCapra, Professor of
Intellectual History, Cornell U.
1RC#2, 8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Apple Festival
6th Annual Apple Festival. Botanical Garden, 6804 S.W. Marine Drive, 1 lam-4pm. Call 822-
Next calendar deadline:
Monday, Oct. 7, noon
Faculty. Staff and Grad Student
Volleyball Group. Every Monday
and Wednesday. Osborne Centre,
Gym A, 12:30-1:30pm. No fees.
Drop-ins and regular attendees
welcome for friendly competitive
games. Call 822-4479 or e-mail:
kdcs@unixg. ubc.ca.
Morris and Helen Belkin
Art Gallery Exhibition
Tuesday - Friday: 10am-5pm: Saturday, 12-5pm. 1825 Main Mall.
Call 822-2759.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Weekly sales of furniture, computers, scientific etc. held every
Wednesday. noon-5pm. SERF,
2352 Health Sciences Mall. Call
822-2582 for information.
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one. about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre for Faculty
Development and Instructional
Services at 822-0828 and ask for
the Teaching Support Group.
Studies in Hearing
and Communication
Senior (65 years or older) and
Junior (20-30 years) volunteers
needed. Participants will attend
up to three one-hour appointments at UBC. Experiments will
examine different aspects of hearing and communication abilities.
Honorarium for some studies. Call
The Hearing Lab. 822-9474.
Clinical Research
Support Group
The Clinical Research Support
Group which operates under the
auspices of the Dept. of Health
Care and Epidemiology provides
methodological, biostatistical.
computational and analytical support for health researchers. For
an appointment please call Laurel Slaney at 822-4530.
Garden Hours
Nitobe Memorial Garden. Botanical Garden and the Shop-in-the-
Garden are open 10am-6pm daily
(including weekends) until Oct.
13. Call 822-9666 (gardens). 822-
4529 (shop).
Guided Tours of
Botanical Garden
By Friends of the Garden. Every
Wednesday and Saturday, lpm.
until Oct. 13. Free with admission. Call 822-9666.
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies learn to talk? Help us find
out! We are looking for parents
with babies between one and 14
months of age to participate in
language development studies. If
you are interested in bringing your
baby for a one-hour visit, please
call Dr. Janet Werkcr's Infant
Studies Centre, Dept. of Psychology. 822-6408 (ask for Nancy).
UBC Zen Society
Meditation sessions will be held
each Monday (except holidays)
during term, in the Tea Gallery of
the Asian Centre from 1:30-
2:20pm. All welcome. Please be
punctual. Call 228-8955.
Herpes Zoster
(Shingles) Study
Participants required to take part
in clinical dermatology trial at
Division of Dermatology. 855 West
Tenth Avenue. Requirements. 50
years of age and older, within 72
hours of onset of first skin rash.
Maximum 13 visits over 24-week
period. Free medication and honorarium given. For further information call 875-5296.
Diabetes 1997 Conference
The Young Diabetic.
Interprofessional Continuing
Education Conference will take
place Friday, April 4 and Saturday. April 5. 1997, in Vancouver, for all health professionals
interested and involved in diabetic care. For further information call 822-2626.
Centering Pregnancy
The Centering Pregnancy Drop-
in, run by UBC Nursing Faculty
and students in collaboration
with West-Main Health Unit, offers support and information
about pregnancy and birth to
women who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy. Wednesdays, 10-11:30am. Acadia
Fairview Commons Block. For
information call 822-7470.
Boomerang Family
The Counselling Psychology Dept.
is looking for adults who have
returned home to live. They and
their parents are invited to participate in a study focusing on the
experience, inter-personal relations and responses to this change
in the family. Involves confidential interviews. Please call 432-
1915 for more information.
Science First
Seminar Series
This is for you! A new seminar
series focusing on science in research, in education, and in our
daily lives. Plan to join, bring
your lunch, your curiosity and
your open mind. Ask questions
and talk to the scientists in person after the seminars. Watch
the UBC Calendar and fliers for
Parent Care Project
who are caring for a parent in a
care facility are needed for a
counselling psychology study on
the challenges women face in
parent care. Involves individual
interviews/questionnaire. Call
Allison at 822-9199. 6 UBC Reports • October 3, 1996
walking through the forest after a spring rain
playing a round of golf on your local course
cantering along the trails on horseback
a game of racquetball or tennis on campus
picking blackberries for this evenings dessert
planting daffodils and crocus bulbs on your patio
upping your pulse rate on a mountain bike trail
on a Sunday afternoon
an afternoon matinee at the Varsity
meet friends at the beach for a sunset barbecue
lazy sunday shopping on 1 Oth avenue
curl up on the couch with a good book
collection of charming flats and courtyard
townhomes bordering Pacific Spirit Park on the UBC Reports • October 3, 1996 7
General Operations
The University ended the year with a net change in operating surplus of $529,000.
This reduces our accumulated operating deficit to $122,000. Revenues increased by
2.9% to $784.1 million (sec table 1). Revenue to the University is derived from five
sources: government grants and contracts: tuition and related fees: other grants,
contracts and donations: investment income: and sales and senices.
The provincial government grant was increased by $ 1.7 million in fiscal 1995/96. In
addition to the base grant the University received the following:
• The third of three equal installments totaling $1 million to restore funds removed
by the province when responsibility for maintenance of space in the teaching
hospitals was transferred from the University to the Ministry of Health. This year's
payment of $333,000 was awarded on a one-time basis and is not yet added to our
base operating grant.
• $.9 million to fund the costs of pay equity obligations to support staff:
• $1.6 million for enrollment growth: and
• $1.6 million for graduate student support.;
Total provincial operating support in 1995/96 was $273.1 million.
In addition to the operating funding above, we also received $1.8 million from the
provincial government to fund the costs of the BR Centre Ltd. a company incorporated
under the laws of British Columbia for the purpose of utilization of biology for the
discovery or development of potential medicinal agents.
Salaries and benefits of $323.0 million for operating purposes represents 77% of total
operating expenses.
Total spending for scholarships increased by $3.2 million to $18.9 million, a 21%
increase over last year, of which $3.0 million came from operating funds.
The University benefited from the strong investment markets of the past year. The
endowment earned $33.5 million, a rate of return equal to 16.0% for the fiscal year.
The University's endowment continued to grow both through donations and through
our policy of protecting the endowment from inflation through the reinvestment of
$11.1 million of investment income. The book value of our endowment grew by over
13% last year. The market value of all endowments held specifically for the benefit
of the university was $388.6 million at March 3 1, 1996.
Total Revenue by
for the year ended March 31
(millions ot dollars i
Operating 273  (34                    ^^^^M^^^^^^^^^^m*
I^^^^^l          Othei Govt. G ant
^K^K^K^^'"     Contracts
s *   148  (18 90„)
Other ln;«s
ment  12  (1 b°..j
33   (4 2%)
Turbon & Related
fws   96   (11 0°.;        ''^^Bl^^^^                         I
Other Giants    71  (9 1%)
Contracts. Donations
Sales & Services
161  (20 y.
Total Revenue $784
Total Expenses by Category
for the year ended March 31, 1996
SaUiws  39a (53 0X|
^^I^^^^^BV    -fntwttl Fees  44
B»r»ftti  53  [7 IV       ^a.                /
y&^P/               Cost Ol fioodl ^Olll    31    (4   1*„)
Dsptecmlion   43  (S                  ^^^ial^^^^MS^^fl^BB^^^
Supplwi A Sundrw*   70  (9 TV)
0t!ie' Jnttudrs   flenovalmns S Attention?        2*
Ti»i«i « F,em Trip*                      21
Burunirt                                         19
Grand le Oltw* Ag*nci*$          1«
Utltrlrrt                                                      18
Total Expenses $749
New Financial Statement Presentation
This year we have adopted a number of changes related to not-lor-profit entities that
are recommended by the Canadian Institute ol Chartered Accountants. The changes
are outlined in the notes to the financial statements and primarily tiffed the way the
university treats capital assets, recognition of deferred revenues and how we report
related entities.
Capital assets arc now reflected on our books at original acquisition cost less
accumulated depreciation. Funding received for specific purposes is now only
recognized as revenue during the period when it is expensed. We are now
consolidating the UBC Real Estate Company into our financial statements.
Last year's financial statements have been restated to make them consistent with the
new presentation. Included with the schedules, which are not audited, is Schedule
1 which reflects our analysis of the year's operations on a fund accounting basis.
Core Operations
The General Puqwse Operating (GPO) fund has been restructured and divided into
three sets of accounts that represent core, non-core and continuing studies functions, in order to isolate revenue and expenditures associated with each function.
Core activities include both academic and administrative functions and is most easily
defined as those tasks funded from core revenues of which provincial government
grants and tuition fees represent over 97%.
Non-core activities are those that are supported on a fee for service basis or by grants
that are received for designated purposes.
The Continuing Studies set of accounts includes both credit and non-credit activity.
Total Revenue, Core Operations
tor the year ended March 31, 1996
(millions nl dollars)
-Investment Income  6  (1 8%)
-Fee for Service 8 (2 3%)
Tuition   52  (15 3%)
Othet  1  (0 3%)
Total Revenue, Core Operations $340
Total Expenses, Core Operations
for the year ended March 31, 1996
(millions of dollars)
Academic   234  (68 6%)
-External Affairs  5 (1.5%)
Library   25  (7 3%)
General   7  (2.1%)
Plant  33 (9.7%)
Administration  23 (6.7%)
Total Expenses, Core Operations $341
Total Revenue, Non-Core Operations
for the year ended March 31. 199(5
Total Revenue, Non-Core Operations S55 8 UBC Reports ■ October 3, 1996
Total Expenses
, Non-Core Operations
for Ihe yea i
ended March 31, 1996
Academic 4S (636%)         ,
I^^^^^^^^X.      ^^^?*r-r--_     /}     PL,n| »
l^^^^^^^^^^k     \.                          ^^/M/                           Affairs  7
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*8"c«""'"1 ^«™n
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I^^^^^^^^^^^^H-HP^            Student Awards   3
&^»   llulfcM
it^^^^^^^^^^a^^^                Library   185
tnter-f aru*v Prograr
Total E
Non-Core Operations S54
Continuing Studies
Non credit courses, as well as some credit courses, are offered through UBC Continuing
Studies which is comprised ofthe departments ofthe Centre for Continuing Education
(CCE), UBC Access and the Office of Extra Sessional Studies (OESS).
CCE offers non credit courses in such diverse subjects as computer information
technology, environmental studies, and English and foreign language skills. Also,
educational travel is available through field studies and international travel to
students interested in widening their knowledge in a practical way.
Distance education credit courses are offered through UBC Access which designs,
produces and delivers programs throughout the province. The UBC Access office
works with faculties to provide credit courses. As part of B.C.'s Open University. UBC
Access courses are applicable towards an Open University degree, thus providing
more flexible study options for students.
Revenues from continuing studies activities in 1995/96 were $24.8 million.
The University's Endowment
The endowment funds have grown significantly over the last 10 years from a book value
of $92.6 million to $343.0 million, a 270% increase (see graph below), $80.5 million is
designated for scholarships and bursaries. This increase is attributable primarily to the
University's major fund raising campaign and the leasing of university property for the
construction of market housing. Six percent of the market value of the endowment is
available for annual spending. The remainder of income is capitalized to protect the
capital base from being eroded by inflation. Endowment funds include those at UBC
($306.4), and endowments held, for the benefit of UBC, at the UBC Foundation ($21.2
million) and at the Vancouver Foundation ($15.4 million).
Schedule of Endowment Funds
for the year ended March 31, 1996
(millions ot dollars)
SUBC ^Vancouver   CIUBC
Foundation      Foundation
86/87 87/98 88/89 89/90 90/91 91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95
Fiscal Year
Research revenue at UBC in 1995/96 was $ 136.6 million. (1994/95. $ 145.4 million).
New research awarded to UBC during the year was $ 139 million. (1994/95. $ 130.0
million), a 5.3% increase from last year. Funding from the provincial government has
been declining, in particular from the B.C. Health Research Foundation and the
Science Council of B.C. Funding from federal granting agencies has remained level
for the past three years, while funding from industry continues to climb. In 1995/
96 UBC received $32.5 million in research awards from industry. Table 8. Schedule
of Total Sponsored Research Revenue shows the increase in Research Reventie over
the last 10 years from $65.3 million to $136.6 million, a 109% increase.
Table 9, Research Awards by Faculty shows the distribution of research funding
awarded across the faculties. The Faculty of Medicine's total includes almost $6
million that is administered by affiliated teaching hospitals.
Multi year awards are recorded in the financial statements in the year they are expended
not the year awarded: this accounts for the differences between the two tables.
Schedule of Total Sponsoied
Research Revenue
■BResearohat UBC
PlNelwork research tunds
distributed to other institutions
Fiscal Year
Research Awards by Faculties
lur the year ended March 31. 1996
Mixlicme   St)  i40 1oD
Arts   5   (3 7"„)
iduale Sludres   5   (3 &'
PharmarauticaJ So*nr#^ 1
Total Research Awards by Faculty S139
Ancillary Enterprises
Ancillary Enterprises provide goods and services to the University community and are
expected to operate on a break even basis. They include; Bookstore, Food Group,
Housing and Conferences, Parking Services, Athletics and Sport Services, UBC Press,
Media Services, University Computing Services & Telecommunications, Applied
Research Evaluation Services and this year the housing and residence component of
Green College became an ancillary.
Total revenue for all of the ancillaries increased to $ 110.5 million from last year's total
of $98.6 million. Table 10, Total Revenue of Ancillary Operations demonstrates the
relative size of each operation based on annual revenue.
Total Revenue, Ancillary Operations
for the year ended March 31, 1996
(millions of dollar
Housing & Conferences 29 (26.1%)
Food Group   13  (11,7%)
Parking & Security 6 (5.4%)
Bookstore 30 (27 0%)
Athletic A Sport Sr vs   8 (7-2%)
UCS & Telecom   20 (t8.0%)
Crthei IndudH     Madia S«tyicm
ApfMiad ft*4#arth Evaluation
Total Revenue, Ancillary Operations $111
Capital Fund
Capital projects are funded by the provincial government, donations and Ancillary
Enterprises. At this time the University is in an active stage of construction. The
following projects are now under construction or recently completed: the C.K. Choi
Building for the Institute of Asian Research ($6.3 million), the Scarfe Building
renovation/expansion-Phase II ($7.4 million), the W.C. Koerner Library ($26.9
million), the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts ($29.8 million) and Forest Sciences
($47.5 million). UBC Reports • October 3, 1996 9
D Thomson photo
Captain Canuck
Trevor Linden is one ofthe Vancouver Canucks who visits the Buchanan
Exercise Laboratory each year during training camp for an evaluation of
his fitness levels. Linden pedals a stationary bike while connected to the
state-of-the-art V-MAX metabolic measurement unit, which measures
the efficiency of heart and lungs and the body's ability to deliver oxygen
to its muscles. Edward Rhodes, an assistant professor in the School of
Human Kinetics, oversees the lab. Members of the Grizzlies basketball
team will also be tested on the equipment, but most of the year the lab
is used for faculty and graduate student research into areas such as bio-
energetics, blood flow and fitness levels among elderly women.
Ms    «  S tVs; «■>! |!¥  i\&   iilli'iMi   <:im. i   Mi-i.x
Iii r rial Affill1
j UBC News
LlliC Reports
Point and
External Affairs and UBC Reports are now available
on the Web.
Look for External Affairs at
Look for the latest issue of UBC Reports under News at
Doctor-assisted suicide
McCreary lecture topic
by Gavin Wilson
Stciff writer
An ethics professor from the first U.S.
state to legalize physician-assisted suicide will deliver the John F. McCreary
Lecture during this year's Health Sciences Week. Oct. 13-19.
Virginia Tilden is a nursing professor
and associate director of the Center for
Ethics in Health Care at Oregon Health
Sciences University. She and her colleagues have been at the centre of an
intense debate since Oregon approved
the controversial measure twoyears ago.
Although its implementation has been
blocked by legal challenges, physician-
assisted suicide remains a divisive issue
among health care professionals. Tilden
said. The disciplines of medicine, pharmacy, nursing and social work each has
a unique perspective on the issue, she
Tilden will discuss these differences
when she delivers the McCreary lecture
Tuesday. Oct. 15, at 12:30p.m. in IRC#4.
Other Health Sciences Week activities
include the Health Sciences Student Research Forum, an interdisciplinary event
that features more than  100 oral and
poster presentations on Wednesday, Oct.
The forum begins at 5 p.m. with two
graduate students delivering the keynote address. Subodh Verma, ofthe Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, will discuss insulin and hypertension, while
Alan Young, Faculty of Dentistry, will
relate new developments in cleft palate
Another highlight of the week is the
Health Care Team Clinical Competition,
held Thursday, Oct. 17, from 12:30 to 2
p.m. in IRC#2.
In front of a live audience, three interdisciplinary teams of health sciences
students will demonstrate their skills in
assessing and managing a mock medical
As well, the annual McCreary Prize for
Interprofessional Teamwork in the Health
Professions will be awarded for the best
example of a B.C. health care initiative
that demonstrates innovative co-operation between three or more health care
disciplines. This year's winner is the Brain
Injury Community Education Program at
the B.C. Rehabilitation Foundation.
Call Maureen Dunn at 822-3737 for
more information.
Splane to address changes
in international nursing
Internationally recognized health edu
cat or Verna Huffman Splane will speak on
changes in international nursing, the political, economic and
social  developments
affecting the field, as
well as opportunities
for Canadian nurses
in international nursing, at the School of
Nursing's    annual
Marion   Woodward
Lecture Oct. 24.
Splane, who was
recently appointed to
the Order of Canada
and received an honorary degree from
UBC last May, was
president ofthe International Council of
Nurses (ICN) from
1973-1981. During
this period she was involved in mobilizing
the nursing profession to support major
changes in the role of nurses in the global  I to the public
health field through collaborative planning with national nursing organizations
and the international community.
As a nurse educator
she has lectured at universities across Canada
while serving as a faculty member with UBC's
School of Nursing (1975-
1984). Since 1985 she
has acted as a nursing
consultant on health and
social policy. In partnership with her husband.
Richard Splane, she
played a key role in a 50-
country study ofthe role
ofthe senior nursing position in national ministries of health. The study
and the book outlining
their findings generated
international interest.
The lecture, which takes place at 8
p.m. in IRC#6. is free of charge and open
Chances are, many of your friends are already
Local Heroes, giving their time and money to
causes that will interest you too. If you're looking
for ways to help your community, they can be a
great source of inspiration.
Pick up the phone.
Be a Local Hero.
A New Spirit of Giving
A national program to encourage
giving and volunteering. 10 UBC Reports • October 3, 1996
News Digest
UBC's total enrolment for the 1996/97 academic year increased
by more than 1,000 students over the previous academic year.
An enrolment summary released last month by the Registrar's
Office reports 31,812 students enrolled in UBC this year, compared
to 30,695 a year earlier.
The number of graduate students registering dropped by 144 to
6,106, while undergraduates rose by 1,354 to 22,332. The number
of international students decreased by two to 2,204.
Five outstanding performances are scheduled for this year's
Distinguished Artists series sponsored by UBC's School of Music.
The season begins Oct. 17 with a performance by guest artist
Steven Dann who has been described as "the Pavarotti ofthe viola."
Dann will be joined by UBC School of Music faculty, cellist Eric
Wilson and pianist Robert Silverman. The program will include
works by Schumann, Clarke. Britten and Brahms.
The music of Mozart, Butilleux, Hetu, Copland and Borne will be
featured by guest flutist Timothy Hutchins and pianist Janet
Creaser Hutchins on Nov. 21.
The series continues on Jan. 23. 1997, with a recital by violinist
Andrew Dawes and pianist Rena Sharon, faculty members at the
School of Music, performing works by Stravinsky, Franck, Adaskin
and Kreisler.
Canadian pianist Anton Kuerti performs on Feb. 6. Kuerti will
precede his concert with master classes, which are open to the
public, on Feb. 4 and 5.
These concerts and the two master classes take place in the UBC
Recital Hall.
Lauded by jazz legends Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis and Charlie
Barnet, trumpeter Clark Terry appears at the new Chan Centre for
the Performing Arts on Mar. 22, with bassist Marcus McLaurine,
Dave Glasser, alto sax, Sylvia Cuenca on drums and Don Friedman,
Concerts begin at 8 p.m.: master classes start at 7 p.m. For
tickets or more information, please call 822-5574.
Following up on its 50th anniversary celebrations this summer,
the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences will confer 30 honorary
degrees and 80 Dean's Certificates of Merit at a special Congregation ceremony Oct. 15.
Held in the Great Hall of the First Nations Longhouse, the
occasion will be presided over by incoming Chancellor Bill Sauder.
Sauder will be installed as UBC's 15th chancellor on Nov. 28 during
the Fall Congregation ceremony.
Former deans Bernard Riedel and John McNeill will join current
Dean Frank Abbott in presenting the certificates of merit. The
certificates honour members of the community who have contributed to the faculty since its founding.
Honorary degrees will be conferred by Chancellor Sauder to
members of the pharmacy profession who qualified to practise in
B.C. prior to the faculty's establishment.
Prdmise in the Land: Sustaining Our Agriculture, a video produced by the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and UBC Access
Guided Independent Study, has garnered two national awards for
its excellence in raising awareness and understanding about
issues concerning sustainable agriculture.
The project received two Program of Excellence Awards, one
each from The Canadian Association of University Continuing
Education and the Association for Media and Technology in
Themes explored in the one-hour video include urban pressures, free trade, wildlife conflicts, competition for scarce natural
resources and ecologically sound practices.
More than 750 copies ofthe video, adapted into three, 20-minute
segments, and supporting materials, including a teacher handbook, have been distributed to learning resource centres and
teachers throughout the province to be used as a module for
integration in Grade 11 social studies and Grade 12 geography
Additional funding for the project was provided by the Canada-
British Columbia Green Plan for Agriculture. VanCity Savings
Credit Union and UBC Telecentre.
Repeat broadcasts ofthe one-hour tape are scheduled to appear
on the Knowledge Network over the next two years, with an
estimated audience of 100.000 British Columbians.
A total of 817 calls were handled by the British Columbia Seniors
Medication Information Line (BC SMILE) in its first year of operation.
Elaine Kam, SMILE coordinator, said pharmacists monitoring
the line dealt with roughly 1,400 enquiries relating to prescription
drugs, adverse drug reactions and various drug interaclions.
Housed in UBC's Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, the free
telephone hotline was established in April 1995 to assist seniors.
their families and care-givers with information about medication.
The initiative is ajoint effort ofthe university. Ministry of Health,
the B.C. Drug and Poison Information Centre, the pharmaceutical
industry and the Science Council of B.C.
Kam said over the next year SMILE pharmacists will start
providing medication-related workshops to seniors' groups. Plans
are also underway to have drug information incorporated into the
curriculum of health care disciplines such as medicine, nursing and
rehabilitation sciences.
SMILE operates weekdays from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. In Greater
Vancouver the number to call is 822-1330. The provincial toll-free
number is 1-800-668-6233.
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the October 17, 1996 issue of UBC Reports is noon, October 7.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.
accommodation in Pt. Grey area.
Minutes to UBC. On main busroutes.
Close to shops and restaurants. Inc.
TV, tea and coffee making, private
phone/fridge. Weekly rates avail.
Tel: 222-346T. Fax222-9279._
BREAKFAST. Close to UBC. Close
to ocean, shops and restaurants.
Smoke-free environment, en suite
bathroom. Weekly rates
available. Call 734-2921.
and breakfast. Warm hospitality
and full breakfast welcome you
to this central view home. Close
to UBC, downtown and bus
service. Large ensuite rooms with
TV and phone. 3466 West 15th
Avenue. 737-2526.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $ 13/day for meals Sun .-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
house in Kerrisdale to sublet
November 1 until March 31 (dates
flexible). Gas fireplace, very cosy
and comfortable, lots of storage,
Ideal for visiting professor. $ 1500/
month. 261-3649.
Electronics Research
and Development
Prototypes - Medical Devices - Data Acquisition
Analog Circuit Design - Embedded |iC
Let us help you with your prototype development.
Ray Dahlby, Raytech Instruments Inc.
Tel: (604) 264-7008 Fax: (604) 681-2421
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
BROWN'S      BY      UBC      B&B.
Comfortable and relaxing
accommodation close to UBC in
quiet area. Qualify breakfasts,
queen-sized beds, private bath
available. Satisfaction is assured
for your friends or professional
guests. Reasonable rates. 222-
KITSILANO SUITE with panoramic
ocean view. Close to ocean,
brand new, total, well designed
renovation. 1 BR and den (2BR?)
plus 2 bathrooms and deck. Top
floor and attic of a quiet
character house. Avail, now.
N/S. $1580 incl. utilities. 736-4598
L_ i
KITS with male staff member. Very
comfortable, quiet, spacious,
furnished 2 BR apartment in ideal
location one block from Kits pool.
N/S, no pets. $545/month incl.
utilities/parking. Available
immediately. Tel. 737-8094.
preferred). Jan. and Feb. maybe
March. Point Grey, Kitsilano
preferred. Mature professional N/
S couple, N/P, no children. Refs.
need independent assistance in
selecting the most appropriate
UBC Faculty pension or
retirement options call Don
Proteau, RFP or Doug Hodgins,
RFP at 687-7526 for more
information. Independent
financial advice for faculty
members since 1982.
offers in Vancouver a 1 wk (Nov.
13-17) eve/wkend intensive
course to certify you as a Teacher
of English (TESOL). 1000's of
overseas jobs avail. NOW! Free
info pac. (403) 438-5704.
Point Grey specialising in home
repairs and installations. Can fix
anything (almost). Reasonable.
References. Call Brian 733-3171.
Ages: 2.5 to 5 yrs. University
Kindercare Daycare. Pleasant,
spacious surroundings, small
group. Snacks and tender loving
care provided by ECE-qualified
staff. 1 blk. from UBC gates. 4595
West 8th Ave. Call 228-5885.
people interested in science or
nature are meeting through a
nationwide network, Contact us
for info: Science Connection, P.O.
Box 389, Port Dover, ON
NOA 1N0; e-mail
Next ad deadline:
Monday, Oct. 7, noon UBC Reports • October 3, 1996 11
UBC Archives photo
Homecoming Happening
To publicize Homecoming in 1956, The Ubyssey and the UBC Pep Club sponsored a mock
channel swim by 'Canada's Honey-bun,' 14-year-old marathon swimmer Carol Gregory.
The swim, which took place in the lily pond in front of Main Library, attracted some 1500
students. A rowboat paced the swimmer for her three minute, 37 seconds swim. This
year's Homecoming offers no swim but apples, mystery and sleep deprivation, among
other attractions. See story page 1.
Study to compare treatments
for obsessions, compulsions
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder sometimes
wash their hands tint il their skin
is raw and bleeding, re-do ihe
same load of laundry 10 times
in a day. or spend three hours
leaving the house because of
the overpowering need to check
and re-check whether the door
is locked.
The Anxiety Disorders Unit
— affiliated with UBC's Dept. of
Psychiatry and based at Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre. UBC Pavilion —is
seeking volunteers for a new
study that will compare different treatment methods for this
debilitating mental disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is believed to affect
about two per cent ofthe population, or about 36,000 people
in the Lower Mainland, making
it one ofthe most common mental disorders.
OCD is characterized by recurring, unwanted thoughts and
impulses that cause suffering
and much distress. This compels sufferers to perform ritualistic behaviours to reduce their
"OCD is a chronic illness that
may wax and wane with the
amount of stress in a person's
life, but seldom does it go away
without treatment. In fact, the
longer you go without treatment
the harder it is to correct," said
Dr. Ingrid Sochting. a post-doctoral fellow who is part of a
clinical investigation team help
ing lo conduct the study.
The major classes of OCD include: fear of contamination, resulting in compulsive washing
and cleaning: excessive doubting, which leads to constant
checking; the need for order, symmetry and exactness; and the
need to hoard and collect.
Some also suffer from a subclass of OCD and have unwanted
and intrusive thoughts that are
violent, sexual or blasphemous,
resulting in feelings of intense
One such patient success-
fnlly treated by Sochting was so
distressed by his violent
thoughts that he hid all his
knives and scissors and bound
his hands for fear of harming
others, despite the fact he had
never hurt anyone in his life.
Once suicidal and unable to
work, the patient, a Lower Mainland man in his mid-30s. now
holds a full-time job and is beginning to socialize in a normal
OCD strikes males and females in equal numbers, although it tends to begin earlier
among boys, usually in the mid-
teeens. as compared with ages
20 lo 29 for women.
For several reasons, it takes
sufferers an average of seven
years before they seek treatment, added Dr. Kent Anderson,
another post-doctoral fellow at
the Anxiety Disorders Unit.
OCD strikes otherwise capable, bright people who feel intense shame about their obsessions and compulsions. They
often  become  very  secretive.
making it difficult to detect their
condition. As well. 10 percent of
all sufferers are pure
obsessionals, who only have
unwanted thoughts and may not
exhibit much in the way of compulsive behaviours.
Family members, too, often
get caught up in rituals because
it is easier than trying to change
the behaviours.
The study at the Anxiety Disorders Unit will compare the
results of two ofthe most effective psychological treatments
that are used as alternatives to
medications, which have proven
beneficial to only a minority of
Researchers are looking for
volunteers who suffer from OCD
for the study. They will receive
12 group sessions with two
therapists free of charge, as well
as individual pre-treatment and
follow-up assessment to track
their progress over time.
During the treatments, patients receive a thorough understanding of what OCD is and
how they came to suffer from it.
Therapists will gradually expose
patients to situations they fear
and teach them ways of reducing both their obsessions and
any ritualistic behaviours they
may have.
The study begins immediately
and will run for two years with
funding from the B.C. Health
Research Foundation.
If you are interested in participating in this study or wish
further information call the
Anxiety Disorders Unit at 822-
Giving is an
Educated Choice
by staff writers
Mechanical Engineering Prof. Clarence de Silva has
won the 1996 Meritorious Achievement Award presented by the Association of Professional Engineers
and Geoscientists.
De Silva has held the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council - BC
Packers Research Chair in
Industrial Automation at UBC
since 1988. His research
activities are primarily in the
areas of process automation,
robotics, intelligent control and
instrumentation. Prior to
coining to UBC he taught at
Carnegie Mellon University,
where he was a founding
member of the Robotics
Institute, and was a Visiting
Professor at Cambridge University as a Senior Fulbright
Fellow. He is currently a Killam Faculty Research Fellow and
a Fellow ofthe American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
de Silva
The B.C. Cancer Agency has appointed Dr. Bill Nelems
as vice-president and executive director of the new
Southern Interior Cancer Centre.
Nelems is a professor in the Dept. of Surgery and on staff
at Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre.
Construction ofthe new centre, to be located in Kelowna,
is underway and it is expected to open in 1998.
His responsibilities include the development of a coordinated and consistent cancer program between the cancer
centre and the host institution. Kelowna General Hospital.
hawn Chen, a student in his final year of the Master
of Business Adminis
tration program at UBC,
has received a $2,000 bursary
in the Bank of Montreal's
Brain Money Challenge.
Chen, who was a student
intern in the Real Estate
Dept. at the bank's B.C.
division office in Vancouver,
won the bursary for submitting a marketing program
making use ofthe bank's
automated banking machines. The competition
required interns lo submit a
paper identifying a specific
business opportunity the
bank could undertake to enhance customer service.
Staff retirement
incentive offered
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
UBC full- and part-time
monthly paid stall aged 50 or
more may be eligible for a new
Early Retirement Incentive Program announced recently by the
Dept. of Human Resources.
Under the program, an eligible
employee who is five or more years
from retirement—excluding faculty
members who have a separate program—could receive one month's
salary for each year of continuous
employment at UBC to a maximum of 12 months, paid as a
salary continuance with full benefit coverage. The salary would be
pro-rated for employees with less
than 20 years service. Those 60 to
65 and less than five years from
retirement may also be eligible and
would receive a salary continuance
based on a sliding scale dependent
on time to retirement.
Marcelle Sprecher, director of
Compensation in Human Resources, said 1,097 UBC employees are potentially eligible.
In 1993.30 staff members from
all employee groups took advantage of a similar program. The
lat est program has a greater eligi
bility range but still requires
mutual consent from employees
and their department heads.
The program was created in
response to indications from both
employees and department heads
that there is sufficient interest
and need to make it beneficial to
both groups. The program can
make it easier for departments to
meet budget requirements, plan
for future needs and restructure,
Sprecher said.
"On the other hand, departments
may not approve an application if it
entails costs because they have to
replace the individual at exactly the
same salary," Sprecher said. "Or
they may wish very much that an
individual stay."
Employees who do qualify for
the program may also be able to
start receiving their pensions as
early as age 55.
Although department managers or heads must receive requests
in writing by no later than Dec. 31.
1996, the program start can be
scheduled for any time between
Oct. 1. 1996 and March 31. 1998.
For further information, please
call Linda Gauthier at 822-8119,
fax 822-9471 or e-mail
linda.gauthier@ubc.ca. 12 UBC Reports • October 3, 1996
Robo prof
Alan Mackworth builds machines that see, reason and act
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
The Dynamites have finished their
first two-on-two scrimmage and,
like any conscientious soccer
coach, Alan Mackworth is reviewing
game tapes.
'They're trying to be reasonably
intelligent, but for the most pari they
look a bit stupid right now." says
Mackworth. 'They keep getting in each
other's way."
The team is gearing up for its
inaugural tournament in Japan next
summer. Mackworth's goal is to
sharpen his players' perceptive powers,
their ability to co-operate, reason and
take advantage of opportunities: a tall
order for humans, even more so for
The Dynamites are remote-controlled
toy cars—modified, six-inch racing
Porsches to be exact. Their soccer pitch,
resembling an enlarged pool table with
raised edges, dominates one wing of UBC's
Laboratory for Computational Intelligence
(LCI). Above the pitch hangs a colour video
camera hooked up to a modest-looking
piece of computer hardware. This, however, is no video game.
Computers attached to the overhead
camera analyse what's happening on
the pitch 60 times a second and convey
this visual information to separate off-
board computers for each car. Players
are continually assessing speed,
direction, where they are in relation to
partners, competitors, the ball and the
goal. And then, of course, there's
"Can I get to the ball before the other
guy? Should I back off and play more
defensively? They're thinking all the
time," says Mackworth.
As founding director of the LCI,
Mackworth has watched it develop into
what many consider to be one of the
best laboratories for integrated intelligent systems anywhere. Under
Mackworth's guidance, the lab has
grown from a three-professor operation
in 1981 focused on computational
vision into a team of eight professors
building hybrid systems in mobile
robotics, telerobotics, remote sensing,
object recognition, decision making and
computer reasoning.
Mackworth became interested in
artificial intelligence while at Harvard
in the late 1960s. He was pursuing a
master's degree in applied math with
the intention of going into mathematical psychology. Then he came across a
collection of papers called Computers
and Thought which laid out some
philosophical arguments about
whether only humans can think.
Mackworth saw the readings as a
personal challenge to him to build a
thinking computer.
Charles Ker photo
No ordinary toy store model now, the Porsche Alan Mackworth holds can
reason and work with others of its kind to achieve a team goal. As director
of the Laboratory for Computational Intelligence, Mackworth focuses on
exploring answers to the question 'Can computers think?'
Says Mackworth: "Some philosophical questions you can just argue
forever and never get anywhere. But a
question like 'Can computers think?'
can be settled by building one. It was
something I thought I could see in my
lifetime and I wanted to contribute."
The professor built his first thinking
machine for his PhD in Artificial
Intelligence at the University of Sussex.
In the early 1970s, computers' sense
of the outside world was limited to
reading the pulses off a paper tape
or punch card. By hooking a TV
camera up to a computer, Mackworth
wanted to know if a machine could
perceive through sight. He was specifically interested in finding out what
knowledge a computer needed about
the world in order to differentiate
between things in its view.
Mackworth based his thesis on the
argument that people use generic
stored knowledge to interpret images.
Using this theory, he proceeded to
develop basic algorithms—sequential
sets of instructions that computers use
to solve problems—which allowed his
computer to identify blocks in a simple
sketch drawing.
This initial exploration into the so-
called "blocks world" of artificial
intelligence became the basis for
Mackworth's present-day research into
computational constraint-based
intelligence—the notion of using
constraints as the basis for looking at
the world, understanding pictures of it
and arriving at solutions to problems
along the way.
"hen Mackworth joined UBC's
Dept. of Computer Science in
1974, one of his first projects
was the development of a computer
program which could label features on
maps. By the early 1980s, the ability of
remote sensing programs to read maps,
identify clearcut areas and various
stands of trees proved a godsend to
photo-interpreters in the forest sector
who were being bombarded with huge
amounts of image data from satellites.
At the more local level, Mackworth
points to the yearly campus nightmare
of scheduling classes into rooms as a
classic constraint-based problem which
his algorithms have helped solve.
However, his true passion lies with
developing dynamic, hybrid systems
which combine elements of computer
science and electrical and mechanical
In 1984, the Canadian Institute for
Advanced Research (CIAR) chose
artificial intelligence and robotics as
the first area it would fund. Since then
Mackworth has played a lead role in
establishing both the CIAR's program
in the field as well as the Institute for
Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).
a Network of Centres of Excellence
In the LCI, Mackworth co-ordinates
a team of colleagues, staff and graduate
students in an IRIS computational
perception project called Dynamo,
short for Dynamics and Mobile Robots.
Joining the Dynamites in this initiative
are: Spinoza, a robot with stereo vision
which enables it to navigate unaided
around objects and sense their distance: and the Platonic Beast, a robot
which can move on different terrains
without getting stuck.
But Mackworth says these gadgets
are just platforms for testing constraint-based theories—theories which
he believes hold the key lo a safer
As microprocessors proliferate
at a dizzying pace, he claims
the controls under which many
systems operate are becoming more
ad hoc. He says his systems and
those of his colleagues—coded to deal
with specific constraints or problems
—are the best way to ensure safety
whether on an airport runway or in
an elevator.
"An artifical intelligence program is a
working theory, one that does something as opposed to just sitting there
on a piece of paper." he says.
'The claim we make is that constraint-based systems give you powerful engineering tools for designing and
building safe systems where you can
guarantee their components because
they are specifically built to engineering
The Dynamo collection also holds
great practical promise.
Watching the Dynamites buzz
around the pitch, Mackworth foresees a
time when households will be cleaned
by tiny robotic vacuum cleaners
thinking and working together. Last
summer, a Carnegie-Mellon University
team successfully built a computerized
car which drove itself across the
country under its own vision—a feat
that has direct links with UBC's
A billion dollars of research money is
also being spent in California developing intelligent highways which feature
platoons of computer-guided cars able
to change lanes, exit and monitor
erratic drivers nearby—all elements of
the Dynamites' game plan.
As for the Japanese soccer tournament next year, Mackworth says the
competition should be fast and furious,
unlike the recent chess match pitting
the computer Deep Blue against the
Russian world champion.
Says Mackworth: "In casual chess
you can take as long as you want to
make the next move. In our game, if
you think too long, you're going to


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