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UBC Reports Feb 19, 1998

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Find UBC Reports on the Web at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca
Savin Wilson photo
Drum Song
Vietnamese folk musician Ngoc Bich plays a trong, a traditional
Vietnamese drum, during a recent performance at the Institute of
Asian Research. Ngoc and fellow musician Khac Chi teach a course
at UBC on the performance of Vietnamese music which is sponsored
by the School of Music and the Centre for Southeast Asia Research
(CSEAR). Both Khac and Ngoc are virtuosos on a variety of folk
instruments. They studied and taught in Vietnam and have performed
around the world. They were joined in this performance by CSEAR
staff member Julie Trang Nguyen and UBC student Tokunoh Yuko.
Demand for university
grads not being met
British Columbia is providing enough
vocational and technical training, but
not enough university education.
That's the conclusion of a recent study
by Economics Prof. Robert Allen on the
demand and supply of post-secondary
education and training in B.C.
'There's a strongly held view that we
should continue to emphasize vocational
and technical training," says Allen. "My
findings show this approach to be misguided."
The study reveals that between 1992
and 1996, the provincial economy required about 35,000 university gradu
ates annually, but B.C. 's universities only
produced 12,000. This means that two-
thirds of high quality, well-paying jobs
went begging and were filled by people
moving to B.C. from other provinces,
Allen says.
At the same time, the demand for
another 35,000 people with trade, technical, and vocational credentials was met
by provincial supply.
"We don't need to expand technical
and vocational training any further," says
Allen, "but the university system is far too
See DEMAND Page 2
Community input
sought for UBC vision
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
UBC is asking the community to assist
it in developing a new vision for the 21st
As part of visioning consultation, which
seeks to redefine the nature of the university's research and learning environment,
President Martha Piper has formed a 33-
member Community Advisory Council.
Representatives from business, labour,
community and cultural groups and provincial and municipal levels of government will provide input as UBC develops
a new vision.
Piper also recently visited Victoria,
Prince George, Kelowna and Kamloops to
consult with the community about the
direction the university should take in
the coming century.
During her visits Piper met with government representatives, the presidents
of post-secondary institutions, business
leaders, UBC alumni and high school
Students, faculty and staff at the university are already involved in the visioning
"We have a responsibility to plan for
the future — to be bold, to be visionary —
and in this planning process we must be
willing to reach out to the community we
serve to invite advice and guidance from
all quarters," Piper says. "UBC has much
to offer the communities it serves, and as
British Columbia's pre-eminent research
university, it is uniquely positioned to
meet the needs of our society."
UBC is redefining its mission in light of
societal changes such as increasing globalization, the rapid expansion of information technology and the growing integration of academic fields of study.
As well, the university is seeking to reexamine the purpose of undergraduate
education. It is especially looking for ways
to combine its research activities with
undergraduate education.
Other issues being examined include
new models of research partnerships.
See VISION Page 2
Mathematician wins
nat'l research award
Mathematics Prof. Michael Ward has
been awarded one of Canada's top research  awards,   a   1998
E.W.R.  Steacie Memorial
"Dr. Ward is leading an
international renaissance
in applied mathematics, a
field that is growing in importance because it provides hard numerical answers for difficult problems
in science, engineering and
industry," said Thomas
Brzustowski, president of
the Natural Sciences and
Engineering Research
Council of Canada
(NSERC), on announcing
the fellowship recently.
Applied mathematics in the context of
Ward's research involves using math
ematics to explore gradual changes in the
physical properties of materials such as
metal alloys.
Ward has explored his
field in depth, analysing
and developing new models that are being used in
areas such as materials
science, biology, combustion, fluid mechanics and
predicting the performance of semiconductor
"His ability to see the
mathematical structure of
real world problems, to
conceive solutions and to
inspire others by his ap-
Ward proach, is truly remark
able," Brzustowski said.
Ward made his mark internationally
See AWARD Page 2
Cinnamon Stars
Offbeat: Who's got the best sticky buns in town? The Province says UBC
Ape Equality 8
Forum: Prof. David Fraser argues for equal treatment for our closest cousins
Fin Form 12
Profile: PhD candidate Kathy Heise studies the dolphins' return
enquiries into
the Odd and      ..
the ordinary"
UBC Dept. of English; Royal Society of Canada
UBC RE SEARCH 2 UBC Reports ■ February 19, 1998
Continued from Page 1
new teaching methods, the expansion of continuing education
and the changing nature of the
student body.
The campus and external consultations will result in a short
"green paper," which should be
completed in March. This will
serve as the basis of further discussion of the issues the university must address in its long-
term pursuit of excellence in
teaching and research.
The campus and community
consultations will culminate in
the creation of a vision statement for UBC which will go to
the university Senate and Board
of Governors for approval in September and October.
Additional information about
UBC's vision process can be
found on the Web at
Continued from Page 1
According to the study, B.C.
Is last among Canadian provinces in the number of degrees
awarded per resident aged 20-
29, and has the smallest university system, relative to its population, of any province.
While running a small university system may save the B. C.
government money, Allen cautions it reduces earnings prospects for children.
The real losers, he says, are
children growing up outside of
the major urban areas where
most universities are located,
since travel discourages attendance. And the days of people in
smaller communites having access to good jobs in the resource
industries are over, he adds.
"The labour market now is
very uncertain. People move and
change jobs a lot, so they really
need general skills, and they need
to be lifelong learners. A university education is well-suited to
give people those skills."
Many of Canada's migratory birds
are disappearing*. To help save
them, call I-800-26-PANDA
and ask about adoptrng a kilometre
of migratory bird flyway.
f   A   N   A   O   *
■Jlteir future is our juliirc.
September 1998
Care & Preschool
Open House
Wednesday, March 4,1998
5:30-7:00 p.m.
Contact: 822-5343
UBC Child Care Services
2881 Acadia Road, Van.
Continued from Page 1
in classical applied mathematics and particularly asymptotic
analysis — which allows analysis of very complex models in
simpler terms by making rational
and systematic approximations
to the equations that model a
phenomenon. These models for
analysis may represent, for example, the high speed flow of air
past airplane wings, or the flow
of a very viscous fluid.
He has also made major theoretical advances in the theory of
metastability. Metastable processes influence outcomes in
many physical systems, but occur very slowly, taking so long to
develop that they are impossible
to track numerically. Ward cites
changes in the atomic composition of metal alloys over 20 to 40
years as an example.
Ward's methods for analysing these processes have evolved
into a new mathematical technique in wide use.
With his Steacie Fellowship,
he plans to investigate other
classes of very practical diffusion problems including changes
in chemical reactions that occur
around a defect on a reacting
surface, the formation of hot
spots in heated ceramics, and
the diffusion of oxygen through
small capillaries to muscle cells.
While different phenomena,
for Ward they all share a com
mon mathematical thread: they
are not in a true steady-state but
instead change very slowly in
"It is usually very difficult to
distinguish strictly stationary
solutions from those that are
only quasi-stationary," Ward
says. 'This distinction is, however, very important over very
long time intervals, as the ultimate state of the system may be
radically different."
The NSERC fellowship is one
of four awarded each year. The
honour is given to university researchers who are capable of
capturing international attention
for outstanding scientific or engineering achievement.
Under the terms of the fellowship, NSERC will provide UBC
with the full amount of Ward's
salary for up to two years. The
fellowship will allow him to pursue his research full-time, as
well as to obtain new research
funding from NSERC.
The E.W.R. Steacie Fellowships will be presented by Gov.
Gen. Romeo LeBlanc in Ottawa
April 27.
The three other 1998 Steacie
fellows are Sara Iverson, Biology, Dalhousie University;
Jonathan Schaeffer, Computing
Science, University of Alberta;
and Louis Taillefer, Physics,
McGill University.
for the campus
on a
Gathering Place
Thursday, Feb. 26,1998
12:30-2:30pm, former Faculty
Club Building
with shuttle experiments
Tim Salcudean, Electrical and Computer
Engineering; Forest Resources Management
Experiments on space shuttles help solve problems in areas from medicine to
material composition.Vibrations on board wreak havoc with experiments.Tim
Salcudean and astronaut (and UBC grad) BjarniTryggvason have developed the
Microgravity Isolation Mount which solves this problem. The MIM has been
used on a NASA shuttle flight as well as on the Russian space station, Mir.
About K
Colour Connected Against Racism
Cry Freedom: Allying Ourselves
Friday, March 6,1998
Student Union Building
Room 214/216 and Conversation Pit
9:00 am
Opening Remarks and Displays
9:30 am
Panel A: First Nations and Settlers
12:00 noon
Presentation and performance by Women of Colours
in Action and Colour Connected Against Racism
1:45 pm
Film presentation and discussion by Allan Dutton
4:00 pm
Panel B: Representation on Campus
5:45 pm
Closing remarks
For more information call: Rupinder or Mwalu
Publicity co-sponsored by the Culturally Inclusive Campus Committee
Histology Services
Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spurr RT, RLAT(R)                        Kevin
(604)822-1595                     Phone
spurrwax@univserve.com   E-mai
Web Page: www.uniserve
Berkowitz & Associates
Consulting Inc.
Statistical Consulting
' research design • data analysis • sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
Edwin Jackson
224 3540
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paulamartin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca).
Contributors: Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca),
Sean Kelly (sean.kelly@ubc.ca),
Hilary Thomson (hilary.thomson@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone), (604)
822-2684 (fax). UBC Information Une: (604) UBC-INFO (822-4636)
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • February 19, 1998 3
Trade, computer experts
take top research prizes
James Brander, a professor in the
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, and Computer Science
Assoc. Prof. Jack Snoeyink have been
awarded UBC's top research prizes for
Brander, whose recent research has
focused on the role of international trade
policy as it affects natural resources, has
won the  Prof.
Jacob    Biely
Faculty    Research Prize.
His re
search has also
explored entre-
business entry
and venture
capital. A past
recipient of the
UBC Killam
Prize and the
Faculty of
Commerce and
Business Administration
Research Prize, Brander and faculty colleague Prof. Barbara Spencer are regarded
as pioneers in the research area of strategic trade policy.
Brander is managing editor of the Canadian Journal of Economics and a research associate of the U.S.-based National Bureau of Economic Research.
Long regarded as UBC's premier award,
the Biely prize is given for a distinguished
record of recently accomplished published
The Charles A. McDowell Award for
Excellence in Research, won by Snoeyink,
is presented for demonstrated excellence
in pure or applied scientific research.
Snoeyink's primary research area is
computational geometry, which involves
the study of the design and analysis of
algorithms for geometric computation.
Computational geometry is a branch
of the theory of computer science that
seeks efficient algorithms (computer programs) for problems best stated in geometric form.
It finds application in problems from
solid modelling, computer graphics, data
structuring, and robotics as well as mathematical questions of combinatorial geometry and topology — the study of
geometrical properties and spatial relations unaffected by the continuous change
of shape or size of figures.
The most visible result of Snoeyink's
research — an aluminum sculpture made
from 30, two-metre-long aluminum tubes
— hangs above the lobby in UBC's Centre
for Integrated Computer Systems Research. It illustrates the difficulty of assembling simple geometric objects if you
only have two hands (or, in the case of a
robot, two manipulators) but work in a
normal, three-dimensional space.
His current focus is on applications of
computational geometry in Geographic
Information Systems (CIS).
The university has also announced
recipients of the Killam Research Prizes
and another 13 faculty members who
have won 1998-99 Killam Fellowships.
The $10,000 UBC Killam Research
Prizes are awarded annually to top campus researchers. The prizes, established
in 1986, are
ji equally divided between
the arts and
are: Izak
and Business
Administration; Steve
Calvert, Earth
and     Ocean
_ ,   , Sciences; Ron
Snoeyink ck)wes Earth
and Ocean Sciences; Ken Lum, Fine Arts;
Lawrence Mcintosh, Biochemistry and
Molecular Biology; Peter Quartermain,
English; Arthur Ray, History; Cornells
VanBreemen, Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Rabab Ward, Electrical and
Computer Engineering; and MarkZacher,
Political Science.
Isaac Walton Killam Memorial Fellowships top up faculty salaries while they
are on sabbatical leave by up to $15,000.
Scholars also receive a $3,000 grant for
research and travel expenses.
Fellowship winners for 1998-99 are:
Jutta Brunnee, Law; Brian Copeland,
Economics; Sheldon Duff, Chemical and
Bio-Resource Engineering; Mike Jackson,
Electrical and Computer Engineering;
Fiona Kay, Anthropology and Sociology;
Anna Kindler, Curriculum Studies;
Joshua Mostow, Asian Studies; Wesley
Pue, Law; John Ries, Commerce and
Business Administration; Neil Reiner,
Medicine; and Bhagavatula S.R. Sastry,
Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Rose
Marie San Juan, Fine Arts, and J. Paul
Russell, Philosophy, will also receive fellowships if sufficient funding is available.
by staff writers
Province newspaper reviewer describes them like this:
'They leave the competition in the dust! Soft, sweet and
.smooth. Not too thick, not too thin. They've got soul."
'They" are UBC's legendary cinnamon buns.
The buns, a longtime favourite in UBC's cafeterias and
eateries, were recently ranked number one in Vancouver by
the daily newspaper out of a field of bakery, cafe and food
store buns.
"Light texture and a rich caramel/cinnamon flavour that's
literally soaked-in make these a hugely satisfying way to
combat morning sweet-tooth syndrome. No wonder these buns are legendary," Province reporter Anne Garber wrote.
Indeed, it's not the first time UBC's buns have emerged at the top of the
heap. They are often rated best in Vancouver and UBC Food Services fields
frequent calls for the recipe. UBC alumni are often heard to reminisce
about the sticky treats. One recent Commerce graduate and Alumni
Association award winner, who now lives in New York City, was lucky
enough to have the faculty courier a couple of the sticky buns to her after
she was heard saying how much she missed them.
In the latest ratings, UBC's buns, which scored a nine out of 10, beat
out competitors from Solly's Bagelry, the Lazy Gourmet, Spa at the Century, The Cafe in the Century Plaza, Buns Master Bakery, Cafe Zoom, and
The Real Canadian Superstore.
Stephen Forgacs photo
Resting Space
Space shuttle Discovery crew members (1-r) Curtis Brown, Bjarni
Tryggvason, Robert Curbeam, Jan Davis, Stephen Robinson, and Kent
Rominger relax outside Cecil Green Park House between appointments
on their recent Vancouver visit. UBC graduate Tryggvason introduced
the crew to members of the university community during a presentation
earlier in the day. During the crew's mission, which blasted off Aug.
7, 1997, Tryggvason used a device he helped develop with UBC
Electrical Engineering Assoc. Prof. Tim Salcudean. Called the
Microgravity Isolation Mount, the device allows shuttle experiments
to be conducted free from vibration.
Commuters asked to
leave cars March 4
On March 4th, march forth!
That's the message Gord Lovegrove,
UBC's director of Transportation Planning, is putting out to the campus community.
Lovegrove is asking everyone who normally comes to campus in a single-occupant vehicle (SOV) to consider for j ust one
day —- March 4, Trek to UBC Day — an
alternative means of getting to campus.
That could mean cycling, walking,
telecommuting, using public transportation, or car or van pooling.
The purpose of Trek to UBC Day is to
raise awareness on campus of the whole
transportation issue, and to try to meet
our overall goal of reducing single-occupant vehicle trips to campus by 20 per
cent for at least one day," said Lovegrove.
"We also want to show the Greater
Vancouver Regional District, the City of
Vancouver, BC Transit and other service
providers that we're serious about this,
but that we need their help.
"Ultimately it's about staff, students
and faculty at UBC showing themselves
that they can do it one day per week to hit
the 20 per cent mark."
Lovegrove and the Student Environment Centre are asking for volunteers to
help sign up participants. Volunteers will
be asked to use sign-up forms to collect
information on how individuals normally
get to campus and what SOV-altemative
transportation they will use on March 4.
"We will be offering coupons for cinnamon
buns and coffee at bicycle parking areas, the
bus loop, and to car and van pool participants. Parking lot users may face higher
than usual costs for that day only to cover the
cost of the coupons," he said.
The UBC Trek Program Centre, which
Lovegrove heads, has published a second
discussion paper tided Options and Priorities.
This paper deals with options for resolving issues raised in the first paper
published in January. It also identifies
issues as long- or short-term priorities.
Students, faculty and staff are urged
to get a copy and complete the brief
questionnaire regarding the options and
priorities. Both are available at various
locations including: AMS Student Environment Centre (SUB second floor); University Services Building (second floor,
2329 W. Mall); and the West Point Grey
and Dunbar public libraries.
The paper's executive summary and
questionnaire are also available on the
Trek Web site at www.trek.ubc.ca.
Comments and questionnaires received over the next month will be used as
the basis for developing the initial draft of
the UBC Strategic Transportation Plan.
For information call the Trek Program
Centre at 822-1304, or e-mail
trek@ubc.ca. 4 UBC Reports ■ February 19, 1998
Partners in Excellence
Outrituh Program
Hilary Thomson photo
Asst. Prof. Michele Williams, Oral Biological and Medical Sciences, gets set
to help take dental care to residents of long-term care facilities.
Dental clinic hits the
road to care for aged
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
With dental equipment worth thousands of dollars resting in the back seat,
Asst. Prof. Michele Williams doesn't bring
the big white van to any sudden stops.
The equipment is one of the units that
travels to long-term care facilities throughout B.C. as part of UBC's Dental Program
for Seniors, a new mobile dental service
for institutionalized elderly.
The program, which Williams directs,
is the only one of its kind in B.C. and
offers province-wide support for geriatric
dentistry through treatment, training for
dental students and continuing education for practicing dentists.
"Seniors in care are a truly under-
serviced population, many of whom are
challenging to treat because of multiple
health problems," says Williams, who
teaches in the Oral Biological and Medical Sciences Dept.
Self-contained portable units about
the size of a mini-bar each contain a
water supply, suction unit and generator
for running state-of-the-art operating
drills and other equipment. A high-powered gooseneck lamp can be connected to
the unit and a separate tool kit holds
sterile equipment and dental materials.
The mobile dental office plugs into any
wall socket and can be rolled to a patient's bedside.
One of Williams' goals is to prepare
every graduating dentist to provide some
geriatric services in his or her own community.
Patients at Lower Mainland care facilities are first screened by Williams, colleagues Mylene Boridy and Susan
Bermingham, dental students and residents. The team then returns to complete
the required dental work on a fee-for-
service basis, allowing students to learn
first hand the skills needed to care for the
Where the treatment required is too
complex to be done on-site, team members care for the patients in hospital
through a special agreement with Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre.
"Besides direct service we educate care
aides, facility administrators and family
members about oral hygiene for institutionalized seniors," says Williams. Four
of the program's six portable units have
been dispatched to regional health units
across B.C. A fifth is used for research.
The portable units are a vital step
towards building a network of B.C. dentists and dental hygienists working in
geriatric care. Together with other faculty
members, Williams offers province-wide
continuing dental education on caring
for B.C.'s approximately 23,000 institutionalized seniors.
Funding for the UBC Dental Program
for Seniors is provided by the Seniors'
Foundation of British Columbia.
Bringhurst to lecture
March 5
Author Robert Bringhurst joins the
ranks of distinguished scholars such
as Northrop Frye and Hugh MacLennan
when he delivers the 1998 Sedgewick
Memorial Lecture next month.
Named for Garnett Sedgewick, the
first head of UBC's Dept. of English, the
lecture has been a campus tradition for
more than 30 years.
Bringhurst will refer to Sedgewick's
1928 essay on unity in the humanities
while discussing his own interest in
First Nations cultures and literatures.
A former lecturer in UBC's departments of English and Creative Writing,
Bringhurst has written critical essays,
15 volumes of poetry, several works for
theatre and film and nine books including the forthcoming Sharp as a Knife: An
Introduction to Classical Haida Literature.
Bringhurst's lecture, in the Great Hall
of Green College at 4 p.m. on Thursday,
March 5, is held in conjunction with a
conference. Perspective on Native American Oral Literatures, that runs March 5-
Hosted by Green College and the
First Nations House of Learning, the
conference will bring together speakers, writers and storytellers such as
scholar Dennis Tedlock. playwright
Drew Hayden Taylor and storyteller Vi
Study finds:
Learning lacking from
too many Web courses
by Gavin Wilson
Staff wriier
Much of what Prof. Roger Boshier sees
being passed off as on-line education on
the World Wide Web is enough to make
him throw up his hands in despair.
With its vast amounts of information
and capacity for interaction, the Web
has enormous potential for education.
But most of what is now available is, in
Boshier's opinion, little short of a travesty.
"Some Web courses are an unmitigated bore and represent little more than
lecture notes posted on the Web," he
says in a recent journal article. "At the
other extreme are those laced with links,
animation and more than enough glitter
and glam to make
Liberace wince." ^^^^^^^^^
Boshier, of the Dept.
of Educational Studies,
and graduate students
in the Adult Education
Research Centre surveyed 127 Web courses
to see how they measured up.
Their study resulted
in an academic paper,
but also tongue-in-cheek presentations
of a Madonna Award for the best dressed
site and a Drab and Nameless Award for
the worst dressed.
Ideally, Boshier says, "The Web can
function less like a traditional classroom
and more like a library where a person
can browse, talk with people involved
with the program and others not in the
course but with similar interests."
Boshier and his colleagues took the
position of customers, looking for standalone Web courses that could be completed entirely without face-to-face interaction with an instructor.
Most of the courses were based at
universities and colleges, mainly in the
United States, but also in Canada. Australia and the United Kingdom. Topics
ran the gamut of science, business, computers, social sciences and education.
The researchers found (hat disappointingly few courses used much of the
Web's interactive capability, Boshier said.
Some Web courses
are an unmitigated
- Prof. Roger Boshier
Many merely try to replicate face-to-
face courses, filling their Web site with
lecture notes and other text. Some were
difficult to navigate or even read. Others
had muddled concepts and lacked links
to other sites or potential for students to
provide feedback.
These are not technological problems,
Boshier pointed out. Instead, too many
course designers view students as passive recipients of information and not
partners in collaborative learning, he
The best courses, on the other hand,
were easy to navigate, involved high levels of interaction, rewarded creativity
and made use of the enormous resources
of the Web.
Some of their features included graphics, animation, video,
^^^^^^^^_ audio, threaded discussions, studentchat
rooms, e-mail, space
to post student work
and links to other relevant sites.
"More creative
courses had learners
leave the home site to
do research on relevant sites, then post
their findings for all learners to use,"
Boshier said.
For example, a University of Texas
geology course has students use the
Web to locate an earthquake that has
occurred in the previous 24 hours. Working in groups, they answer a series of
questions about it and then post the
results for all to see.
Boshier and his colleagues gave the
Madonna Award to a history course at
the University of Wisconsin. The worst
site was judged to be an Illinois State
University education course.
Boshier and his colleagues have now
turned their attention to other issues
involving education on the Web, including American dominance of the medium.
"There is a sense thai America is the
centre, and the rest of the world the
periphery," Boshier said. "The reality of
people from smaller nations, indigenous
people and non-English-speaking people is not reflected on the Web."
Math goes to work for
B.C.'s major industries
The UBC-based Pacific Institute for
the Mathematical Sciences (PIMS) will
apply high-level mathematical methods
to help develop B.C.'s major industries,
thanks to recently announced funding
from the provincial Information, Science
and Technology Agency (ISTA).
In an intensive weeklong workshop
last year, PIMS gathered over 80 mathematical scientists, including 30 graduate students, to analyse problems presented by the B.C. Cancer Agency,
MacMillan Bloedel, Petro-Canada and
other companies. The workshop's success has led the institute to create an
annual industrial workshop with monthly
industrial problem-solving seminars in
"B.C.'s economy is diversifying at a
rapid rate, and technology-based industries are taking their place in the market
and playing an important role in job
creation," Dan Miller, minister responsible for the ISTA said when the funding
was announced. "The application of
mathematics to daily challenges found
in many sectors is leading to increased
PIMS. which opened in 1996, is Cana
da's newest and third institute for the
mathematical sciences. It will become
the central co-ordinating agency for activities of mathematical scientists at the
universities of Alberta, B.C., Calgary, Victoria and Simon Fraser University.
The institute is involved in a range of
projects including scientific workshops,
conferences and summer schools on topics ranging from mathematical finance to
high-performance computing and the
development of a National Network for
Mathematical Sciences.
"We are very optimistic about the scope
and depth of research that can be conducted now that PIMS is becoming part of
the intellectual fabric of B.C. and western
Canadian enterprises," said PIMS director Prof. Nassif Ghoussoub.
PIMS is in the process of developing a
new national network called Mathematics of Information Technology And Complex Systems (MITACS) in collaboration
with its sister institutes in Ontario and
Quebec as part of the federal Networks of
Centres of Excellence (NCE) program.
MITACS is one of only 10 groups that has
been invited to submit a full NCE proposal. UBC Reports • February 19, 1998 5
;i n 11 u \ \v
li 1 Li i l_Li._v_:L
Scott Urquhart photo
Use Your Noodle
A kayak noodle-jousting team readies for takeoff during UBC Rainfest,
one of the events in the month-long Rain Festival organized by UBC's
Intramural Sports and Recreation program. Eight teams battled at
the Aquatic Centre recently for the coveted Rainfest title with
Science One's Psi One Floyd team declared overall winner. Rain
Festival events continue to February 28.
Survivor makes crowd
think about assault
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
They were crammed into every corner.
Hundreds of students from Place Vanier
and Totem Park residences were perching on window ledges, crowding the aisles
and standing in the doorway.
But you could have heard a pin drop as
date rape survivor and sexual assault
prevention activist Katie Koestner told
her story.
In a presentation called No/Yes sponsored by the residence associations. Housing and Conferences, the Women Student's Office, and Health, Safety and the
Environment, Koestner told more than
650 students in residence how to help
prevent rape.
Weeks later her words are on still on
the minds of those who attended.
"It was an impressive turnout," says
Janet Cox. residence life manager. "Students are still talking about the ideas
presented and questioning each other's
actions and beliefs."
In 1990, Koestner was raped by a
fellow student she had been dating during her first year at college in Virginia.
It was several days before Koestner
decided to report the crime. A lawyer
advised against a criminal proceeding
because no evidence had been gathered
at the time of the assault. When she
persuaded the dean of the college to
conduct a hearing, the accused was found
guilty of rape.
The experience led Koestner to a career of activism aimed at preventing campus sexual violence.
"This is a crime of silence." says
Koestner. "Bringing it into the open is the
first step in prevention."
Second-year Science student Ross
Woo, a resident of Totem Park, agrees.
"Nothing's ever said about rape because
of shame." he says. "The presentation
was an eye-opener and a reminder that
it still happens."
Students are at greatest risk of sexual
assault in the first t hree months at school
Koestner says — a period she calls the
"red zone."
Starting relationships with strangers,
absence of parental supervision, availability of and peer pressure to use drugs
and alcohol and a motivation to fit in are
factors that make a first-year student
vulnerable to victimization.
'The media portray rape as some weird
guy grabbing you in a dark alley," says
Totem Park residence floor representative Katie Scozzafava. "I was surprised to
hear that 84 per cent of the time the
rapist is someone you know."
Koestner's recommendations for prevention include communication about
sexual issues, especially consent. She also
promotes responsibility in drinking and
the use of drugs; 90 per cent of college
sexual assaults involve alcohol.
Simple respect for oneself and others is
critical, Koestner says. She encourages
students to take a stand against victimization, which she says ranges from verbal
sexual abuse and jokes about assault to
rape itself.
The presentation was Koestner's first
appearance at a Canadian campus. She
has spent the past four years speaking at
colleges across the United States where
resources range from nothing to established protocols for responding to the crime.
At UBC, the Women Students' Office
provides counselling to students and offers workshops on acquaintance sexual
assault and personal safety in public
The UBC Sexual Assault Information
Line at 822-9090 offers recorded information about what to do in the event of an
Exhaustive data proves
global fisheries in crisis
by Sean Kelly
Staff writer
Fisheries Centre Prof.  Daniel Pauly
has hard evidence to back up what many
scientists have long suspected — marine fisheries are in a global crisis.
In an article which
appeared in the Feb. 6
issue of the journal Science, Pauly and four coauthors demonstrate a
shift in global fisheries
catches away from predators high in the food web,
like snapper, halibut and
tuna, towards plankton-
eating species lower in
the food web, like anchovies and shrimp.
Pouring over 50 years
of United Nations catch
data, the researchers
show conclusively that
as fishers decimate larger
predators, they move systematically down
the food web to smaller plankton eaters.
"When we remove big predators and go
after their smaller prey, we are ripping
the fabric of these webs, and endangering
their ability to produce harvestable fish
at any level," Pauly says.
He points to the east coast of Canada,
where the shrimp fishery has expanded
since the cod were fished out. Since cod
feed on shrimp, Pauly warns that the
increased fishing of shrimp may hinder
the recovery of cod stocks.
In case after case around the world,
targeting smaller and more abundant
plankton eaters at first leads to increasingly large catches, but the resulting
disruption of the ecosystem soon results
in stagnating or declining catches.
This pattern of destruction, which
Pauly calls " fishing down the food web," is
worst in the northern hemisphere, with
its highly efficient and technologically
advanced fishing fleets.
Pauly says if present
exploitation patterns
continue the only fish in
the seas in about 25
years will be lanternfish,
jellyfish and krill.
Creating large 'no-
take' marine protected
areas may be the only
way to avoid the widespread collapse of fisheries and rebuild healthy
food webs, he says.
The research is another nail in the coffin of
traditional fisheries
management, says
Pauly "Current   fisheries
management only worries about the health of
particular fisheries within the fishing industry," he says. "Instead, we should be
focusing on the health of ecosystems,
and the consequences of extracting single species stocks from the system."
Pauly conducted the research with
Fisheries Centre graduate student
Johanne Dalsgaard, and three researchers from the International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management in
the Philippines.
The researchers analysed catch data
for 1,300 different groups of marine species covered in the official statistics of the
United Nations' Food and Agricultural
Organization since 1950. These statistics
were then compared against 60 published food web models for all major
aquatic ecosystems.
AMS head set to tackle
threats to education
by Sean Kelly
Staff writer
Student debts, government funding
and campus events are
on the agenda of the    —    	
newly elected president
of the Alma Mater Society (AMS).
Second-year Arts student Vivian Hoffmann
will take over the top
spot Feb. 27 after her
recent election win.
Approximately 13
per cent of 33,000 eligible UBC students cast
votes in the election.
Hoffman intends to
lobby the provincial
government to make
sure universities are
adequately funded.
"We've seen funding levels erode, especially over the past five to eight years,
and the quality of education is threatened by that," she says.
She also plans to join forces with other
student groups to pressure the federal
government to initiate national grants to
mitigate rising student debts.
Hoffmann previously served as AMS
director of finance.
No stranger to student activism, she
helped organize opposition to the federal
government's proposal to cut funding for
post-secondary education in 1995.
One of her challenges, she says, will
be keeping the lines of communication
open between a politically diverse AMS
'The members all have different viewpoints," Hoffmann says. "But we all want
the best for UBC students, so I'm confident we'll work well to-
Joining Hoffmann on
the executive are: Neena
Sonik, third-year Commerce, vice-president;
Ryan Marshall, fourth-
year Theatre, coordinator of external affairs; Scott Morishita, second-year Science, director of administration; and
Sandra Matsuyama,
fourth-year Commerce,
director of finance.
Fourth-year  International Relations and Asian
Studies  student Jennie
Chen will serve a one-year
term as student representative to the
Board of Governors. Joining her is James
Pond, a PhD candidate in Physics.
Five student senators have also been
elected for 1998, as well as eight student
senators from individual faculties. There
were no Senate nominations for the faculties
of Agricultural Sciences, Dentistry, Forestry
and Pharmaceutical Sciences, but senators
may be appointed at a later date.
Lack of a quorum voided election week
referenda asking for student fee increases
for Pacific Spirit Family and Community
Services and the AMS Clubs Benefit Fund.
A referendum on whether to index the
AMS membership fee to the B.C. Consumer Price Index was also declared void. 6 UBC Reports • February 19, 1998
February 22 through March 7
Sunday, Feb. 22
Anjani's Kathak Dance Of
Dance. Drama And Song Highlighting India's Rich Cultural
Heritage. Chan Shun Concert Hall
at 8pm. Call 822-9197.
Green College Performing
Arts Group
John Doheny Jazz Quintet. Green
College at 8:15pm. Call 822-1878.
Monday, Feb. 23
Lectures In Modern
Bimetallic Reactions Of
Pyrazolato-Bridged Rhodium And
Iridium Complexes. Prof. Luis A.
Oro, U of Zaragoza. Chemistry D-
225 (centre block) at 11:30am.
Call 822-3266.
Institute Of Health
Promotion Research
Put Prevention Into Practice: Implementation And Impact Of An
Office System To Increase Clinical Preventive Services Delivery.
Prof. Nell Gottlieb, U of Texas.
Vancouver Hosp/HSC, Detwiller
Pavilion, 2 north (A and B) second floor, north wing from 12:30-
2pm. Call 822-2258.
International Student
Services Workshop
First Nations' Legends And Stories Discussion. International
House and First Nations House
of Learning from l-3pm. Pre-reg-
ister at International House.
Space limited to 35 persons. $2;
$1 ISS-ESL students. Call 822-
Institute Of Applied
Mathematics Distinguished
Colloquium Series
Nonlinear Conservat ion Laws And
Longwave Models Of Solidification: Self-Similar Blow-Up And
Its Regularization. Andrew J.
Bernoff, Applied Mathematics
Northwestern U. CSCI 301 at
3:30pm. Call 822-4584.
Mechanical Engineering
The Effective Use Of Patent Information. Ron Simmer, Patent Service Librarian. CEME 1204 from
3:30-4:30pm. Light refreshments. Call 822-3770.
Astronomy Seminar
Cloning, Lensing And Dropouts
In Deep Hubble Space Telescope
Images. Tom Broadhurst, U of
California. Hennings 318 at
3:30pm. Refreshments at
3:30pm. Call 822-2267.
Green College Resident
Speaker Series
Just Then The Stripper - Meaning And The Tragically Hip. Arnie
Guha, English. Green College at
5:30pm. Call 822-1878.	
Tuesday, Feb. 24
Third International
Mathematics And Science
Grade 12 Results. David F.
Robitaille, International Coordinator. Scarfe 310 at 10am. Call
Continuing Studies Lecture
International Scene- Chile And The
Politics Of Pragmatism. Alejandro
Palacios, Economic and Social Development Institute of Indigenous
Government. Downtown Vancouver Public Library Peter Kaye Room
from 12noon-1:30pm. Pro-rated
fees. Call 822-1450.
Microbiology And
Immunology Seminar Series
Burkholderia Cepacia, A Multi
Drug Resistant Opportunistic
Pathogen. Barbara McKav.
Wesbrook 100 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
Pacific West Coast Inorganic
Controlling The Molecular Architecture Of Low Nuclearity Poly-
Rhodium And Iridium Complexes.
Prof. Luis A. Oro, Chemistry, U of
Zaragoza. Chemistry B-250 (south
wing) at lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
John Davidson Memorial
The Role Of Hybridization In The
Evolution Of Packera: Speculations
Based On Molecular Data. John
Bain, UofLethbridge. BioSciences
2000 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Metals And Materials
Engineering Seminar
Effect Of Homogenization On
Aluminum Microstructure/Parti-
cle Evolution In AA3xxx Aluminum
Alloys. ChetakGandhi. FrankFor-
ward 317 at 3:30pm. Call 822-
Oceanography Seminar
Wave-Resolving Radar Observations Of The Sea Surface. Craig L.
Stevens, National Institute Of
Water And Atmospheric Research.
BioSciences 1465 at 3:30pm. Call
Political Science Seminar
After The Thaw: The Changing
Dutch Party System And The Parties Literature. Prof. Steven
Wolinetz. Buchanan B-323 from
3:30-5pm. Call 822-2717.
Statistics Seminar
Asymptotic Normality Of Good-
ness-Of-Fit Statistics For Sparce
Poisson Data. Ursula Mueller.
Mathematics and Statistics. U of
Bremen. CSCI 301 from4-5:30pm.
Refreshments. Bring your mug.
Call 822-0570.
Centre For Applied Ethics
Coercive Treatment Of Eating Dis
orders. Chris MacDonald. Philosophy. Angus 415 from 4-6pm. Call
Graduate And Faculty
Christian Forum
George Herbert's Poetry And The
Theology Of Praise. Prof. Paul
Stanwood, English. Buchanan low-
rise penthouse at 4:15pm. Light
refreshments at 4pm. Call 822-
Green College Speakers'
John Locke And Colonial Policy.
Barbara Arniel, Political Science.
Green College at 5:30pm. Reception Graham House from 4:45-
5:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Continuing Studies Lecture
Women In Film: Femmes Fatales
And Female Filmmakers. Katie
Weekley, Film Studies. Chan Centre Royal Bank Cinema from 7-
10pm. Continues to Mar 31. S75:
$54 seniors; $60 TAS members.
Call 822-1450.
Green College Special
Mami Wata: The Life And Times Of
An African Mermaid. Elizabeth
Isichei. Green College at 8pm. Call
Wednesday, Feb. 25
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Serology In Tibial Fracture Heal
ing. Dr. N. Kurdy, BC Children's
Hosp. Vancouver Hosp/HSC. Eye
Care Centre Aud. at 7am. Call
Surplus Equipment Sale
Task Force Warehouse from
12noon-5pm. Call 822-2582 or
Netherlandic Studies Visitor
Public Lecture
The Dutch Economy - From Dutch
Disease To Dutch Miracle: The
Political Foundations Of Dutch
Economic Success. Prof. Steven
Wolinetz. Political Science. Memorial U. Buchanan A-202 from
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-2717.
Wednesday Noon Hour
Mark Levine, jazz piano; Andre
Lachance, bass. Music Recital Hall
at 12:30pm. Admission $3 at the
door. Call 822-5574.
Immigration Information
Immigration Information For People Interested In Obtaining Permanent Residence In Canada.
Robert McLeman. vice-consul.
Immigration, Canadian Consulate
General. Graduate Student Centre Thea's Lounge from 12:30-
1:30pm. E-mail Michael Hughes
at hughes@physics.ubc.ca.
Obstetrics And Gynecology
Research Seminars
Inhibitory Effects Of Cholesterol
On Progesterone-Induced Aero-
some Reaction Of Human Sperm.
Dr. Gregory Lee. BC Women's Hosp
2N35 at 2pm. Call 875-3108.
BC Advanced Systems
Institute (ASI) Industry/
Academic Lecture Series
Halting The Brain Drain - BC High
Tech Entrepreneurship. Haig
Farris, Commerce. AMPEL 311
from3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-6601.
Centre for Research In
Women's Studies And Gender
Relations Lecture Series
Theorizing About Nurses' Work
Lives: The Personal And Professional Aftermath Of Living With
Health Care "Reform." Barbara
Keddy. Nursing, Dalhousie U.
Women's Studies Centre at
3:30pm. Call 822-9171.
President's Lecture In
Moral Motivation And The Authority Of Morality. Prof. David Brink.
U of California. Buchanan A-203
from 4-5:30pm. Call 822-3967.
Evolution, Ecology And
Biodiversity Seminars
The Evolution Of Human Trisomy:
A Case Study In Darwinian Medicine. Troy Day, Queen's U. Family
and Nutritional Sciences Centre
60 at 4:30pm. Refreshments, Hut
B-8 at 4pm. Call 822-3957.
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Diesel Exhaust And Lung Cancer.
Dr. Frank Speizer, Medicine,
Harvard Medical School. Vancouver Hosp/HSC, doctors' residence,
third floor, conference room from
5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Creative Writing Readings
Brave New Play Rites. Chan Centre BC Tel Studio Theatre at
7:30pm; 9:30pm. Continues to
Feb. 27. Call 822-9197.
19th Century Studies
Idylls Of The Farm Visual
(Mis)Representations Of Thomas
Hardy's Far From The Madding
Crowd. Pamela Dalziel, English.
Green College at 8pm. Call 822-
Thursday, Feb. 26
President's Speakers Series
Sacajawea And Her Sisters: Images And Indians. Gail Guthrie
Valaskakis. First Nations House
of Learning from 12noon-2pm. Call
Ethel Gardner 822-8942.
Science First Lecture Series
Degenerative Disease: UnravefingThe
UnraveUngBiain. Dr. LynnRaynlbA
Dr. Peter Reiner, Psychiatry.
Wesbrook 100 from 12:30- 1:30pm.
Website www.science.ubc.ca/seml-
nars/seminarseries.htmlor call 822-
Faculty Recital
Alan Rinehart. guitar. Music Recital
Hall at 12:30pm. Call 822-5574.
Philosophy Colloquium
Realism, Naturalism And Moral
Semantics. Prof. David Brink, U of
California. Buchanan D-121 from
1 -2:30pm. Call 822-3967.
Invited Speaker Seminar
Convergence Proofs For Numerical Software. Andrew Stuart,
Stanford U. CICSR/CS 208 from
4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Genetics Graduate Program
Seminar Series
Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase-Ep-
silon: An Enzyme In Search Of A
Function - Production And Studies Of Mutant Mice. Scott Pownall.
Wesbrook 201 at 4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-8764.
Biostatistics Seminar
Edge Effects In Understory Vegetation DueTo Clearcutting: A Statistician's Introduction To Ordination Methods Used In Forestry.
Mary Lesperance, Math and Statistics. UVic. CSCI 301 from 4-
5:30pm. Call 822-0570.
Medieval And Renaissance
Courtliness, Fetishism And Storytelling: Nouvelle 57 Of Marguerite
De Navarre's Heptameron. Nancy
Frelick, French. Green College at
4:30pm. Call 822-1878.
B.C. Food Technology
Student Night
Food Irradiation. Various speakers. Chan Centre from 6:30-
8:30pm. Registration at: 6:30pm.
Students. $15; Non-students, $20.
Call 822-3404.
Law And Society Seminar
Lawyers And Liberalism. Terry
Halliday. American Bar Foundation. Green College at 8pm. Call
Green College Performing
Arts Group
Interbastation - A Play. Colleen
Subasic. Green College Great Hall
at 8:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Friday, Feb. 27
Health Care And
Epidemiology Rounds
The Menstrual Cycle Effect On
Breast Cancer Diagnosis And
Treatment. Dr. Corneilia Baines,
Preventative Medicine and Biostatistics. U of Toronto. Mather
253from9-10am. Call 822-2772.
Interdisciplinary Studies/
Green College Symposium
Inside The Kaleidoscope: Interpreting Interdisciplinarity. Julie
Thompson Klein. Wayne State U.
Green College from 9am-6pm.
Registration 8:30am. $10. Continues to Feb. 28. Website
call 822-0954.
Pediatric Grand Rounds
Protecting Patients From Antimicrobial Resistant Infections
Now And InThe Future: The Case
For More Judicious Antimicrobial Use. Dr. Ben Schwartz,
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention. GF Strong Aud. at
9am. Call 875-2307.
Fish500 Seminars
Trout In Space. Mike Thorns, History. Management Approaches To
Lake Malawi. Edward Nsiku,
Fisheries Centre. Hut B-8, Ralf
Yorque Room. Refreshments at
11am. Call 822-2731.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Lipoprotein Metabolism And Lipoprotein Receptors. Wesley
Wong, Pharmacology and Toxicology. Cunningham 160 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-7795.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Work Place Psychosocial Stress
And Mortality Among Sawmill
Workers. Aleck Ostiy. Health
Care and Epidemiology. Vancouver Hosp/HSC. Koerner Pavilion
G-279 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Master Series Seminar
Screenwriting. Ian Weir. Dennis
Foon. Peggy Thompson, moderator. Chan Centre Royal Bank Cinema at 12:30pm. Call 822-0699.
English Lecture
Robert Burns And Music. David
Johnson, composer and musicologist. Buchanan D-244 at
12:30pm. Call 822-4225 or 822-
Special Service
Celebration OfThe Life Of Professor J. Keith Brimacombe, 1943-
1997. St. Mark's College Chapel
at 2pm.
The UBC Reports Cs$exidar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available
from the UBC Public AfJairs OfliceVS 10 - 6251 Cecil Green
Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone: 822-3131.
Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form is available on the UBC
Reports Web page at http://www.publicatTairs.ubc.ca.
Please limit to 35 words Submissions for the Calendar's
Notices section may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the March 5 issue of UBC Rei>orts —
which covers the period March 8 to March 21 — is noon,
February 24. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ February 19,1998 7
February 22 through March 7
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Quantification Of The Direct Rate
Played By Sulfate Reducing Bacteria In Precipitation Of Copper
Sulfides. K. Jalali, Bio-Resource
Engineering. ChemEng 206 at
3:30pm. Refreshments ChemEng
204 at 3:15pm. Call 822-3238.
Linguistics Colloquium
Some Issues In Applied Linguistics: The Perception Of Foreign-
Accented Speech. Murray Munro,
SFU. Buchanan penthouse at
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Mathematics Colloquium
Martingales And Duality In Contingent Claims Analysis: The Discrete Case. Alan J. King, Mathematical Sciences, IBM Research.
Math 100 at 3:30pm. Refreshments Math Annex 1115 at
3:15pm. Call 822-2666.
Physical Chemistry
Polymer Brushes Near Interfaces.
Roman Baranowski, Chemistry.
Chemistry D-225 (centre block)
at 4pm. Call 822-3266.
International Dance
Music From Around The World.
International House upper
lounge from 8:30pm-lam. Admission $3. Call 822-5021.
Saturday, Feb. 28
Creative Writing Readings
Brave New Play Rites. Chan Centre BC Tel Studio Theatre at
1:30pm, 3:30pm, 7:30pm,
9:30pm. Call 822-9197.
Operatic Excerpts Concert
UBC Opera Ensemble, UBC Choral Union, The Vancouver Philharmonic. Chan Centre at 8pm.
Tickets available through
Ticketmaster. Call 280-3311.
Vancouver Institute
A River In Time: The Natural
History Of The Fraser River. Prof.
Michael Church, Geography. IRC
#2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Sunday, Mar. 1
UBC Music Concert
Relyea Voices. Chan Centre at
3pm. Tickets available through
Ticketmaster. Call 280-3311.
Creative Writing Readings
Brave New Play Rites. Chan Centre, BCTel StudioTheatre at 1:30pm
and 3:30pm. Call 822-9197.
Green College Performing
Arts Group
Quintet: Five Women Poets Read
From Their Work. Green College
at 8pm. Call 822-1878.
Monday, Mar. 2
Motivational Lecture
Overcoming Challenges. Sylvia
VanKempen, Marily Toews,
Chairiots Communications. SUB
conversation pit from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 299-4123.
Mechanical Engineering
Laparoscopic Spinal Implants:
Research Development And Current Issues. Dr. Thomas Oxland,
Director, Orthopedic Engineering Research. CEME 1204 from
3:30-4:30pm. Light refreshments. Call 822-3770.
Astronomy Seminar
FG Sagittae - Update. Guilermo
Gonzales, U of Washington.
Hennings 318 at 4pm. Light refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-
Green College Resident
Speaker Series
When The Fat Lady Sings. James
McLennan, Music. Green College
at 5:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Science And Society
Mandated Science: Tasks For Science Studies. Ed Levy, QLT Pharmaceuticals. Green College at 8pm.
Call 822-1878.
Tuesday, Mar. 3
Continuing Studies Seminar
International Scene - Germany
Facing The 21st Century. Steven
Taubenek, Germanic Studies.
Downtown Vancouver Public Library Peter Kaye Room from
12noon-1:30pm. Pro-rated fees.
Call 822-1450.
Microbiology And
Immunology Seminar Series
Microbial Degradation Of The
Polysaccharides In Plant Cell
Walls. R.A.J. Warren. Wesbrook
100from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Botany Seminar
Linking Variation Among
Populations, Communities And
Landscapes In Subalpine Forests
OfWells Gray Park. Gary Bradfleld.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lectures In Modern
Recent Advances In Asymmetric
Catalysis, Method Development
And Applications To Total Synthesis. Prof. Amir Hoveyda, Boston
College. Chemistry B-250 (south
wing) at lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Irving K. Fox Lecture Series
Mighty River: A Portrait Of The
Fraser. Richard Booking. IRC #6
at 3:30pm. Call 822-1482 or 822-
Metals And Materials
Working With The Synthetic Elements. Phil Horwitz. Frank Forward 317 from 3:30-4:30pm. Call
Green College Speakers'
Performance By Heather E.
Pawsey, soprano; Christopher
Foley, piano. Green College at
5:30pm. Reception Green College
Coach House from 4:45-5:30pm.
Call 822-1878.
An Evening With Rilke - Readings
From The Duino Elegies And Other
Poetry And Prose In New Translations. Graham Good. Green College Coach House at 7:30pm. Call
Wednesday, Mar. 4
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Challenging And Intriguing Orthopedic Adventures From The Case
Files Of The Division Of Athletic
Injuries And Arthroscopic Surgery.
Dr. J.P. McConkey. Vancouver
Hosp/HSC, Eye Care Centre Aud.
at 7am. Call 875-4192.
Wednesday Noon Hour
MegSheppard, alcides lanza, music-theatre-electronics. Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Admission
$3 at the door. Call 822-5574.
Community And Regional
Planning Seminar
Ecology And Community Design:
Lessons From Northern European
Ecological Communities. Todd
Saunders, environmental planner.
Lasserre 107 from 12:30-l:30pm.
Call 822-3914.
Obstetrics And Gynecology
Research Seminars
Ovarian Cancer: A General Overview. Dr. Monique Bertrand,
Gynecology. BC Women's Hosp
2N35 at 2pm. Call 875-3108.
Institute Of Applied
Mathematics Colloquium
TBA. Prof. Alain Fournier, Computer Science. CSCI 300 at
3:30pm. Call 822-4584.
Evolution, Ecology And
Biodiversity Seminars
A Bayesian Analysis Of Gray Whale
Population Dynamics: Is Density-
Dependence Occurring? Paul
Wade. Family and Nutritional Sciences Centre 60 at 4:30pm. Refreshments Hut B-8 at 4pm. Call
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Lung Health - A Global Priority.
Dr. Donald Enarson, Medicine, U
of Alberta. Vancouver Hosp/HSC,
doctors' residence, third floor conference room from 5-6pm. Call
The Interdisciplinary
Risks And Disciplines. Richard
Ericson, Principal, Green College.
Green College at 5pm. Call 822-
Cultural And Media Studies
Interdisciplinary Group
Culture And/Or Show Business:
The Current Economics Of Presenting The Performing Arts.
Michael Noon, Director, Chan Centre. Green College at 7:30pm. Call
Graduate Student
Perspectives On Native North
America Oral Literature: Carved
In The Air Like Spoken Music.
Green College. $70; $50, students.
Website www.library.ubc/xwi7xwa/
or e-mail gudrund@unixg.ubc.ca;
Thursday, Mar. 5
Continuing Studies Lecture
Human Evolution. Braxton Alfred,
Anthropology. Downtown Vancouver Public Library from 10-
11:30am. Continues to Mar. 26.
$50; $40 seniors; $35 TAS members. Call 822-1450.
Biotechnology Lab Seminar
Bioprocess Strategies And Technologies To Reduce Biopharma-
ceutical Development Cycle Times.
Mike Glacken. Wesbrook 201 at
12noon. Refreshments. Call J.
Piret 822-5835.
Earth And Ocean Sciences
The Great Earthquake In South
Western B.C. John Clague.
GeoSciences 330-A at 12:30pm.
Call 822-3278.
Science First Lecture Series
Perception And Cognition: The
Seeing Brain, The Thinking Eye.
Dr. Deborah Giaschi, Ophthalmology; James Enns, Psychology.
Wesbrook 100 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Website www.science.ubc.ca/
seminars/seminarseries.html or
call 822-5552.
Genetics Graduate Program
Seminar Series
TBA. Dr. Leroy E. Hood, Molecular
Biology, U of Washington. IRC #6
at 4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
1998 Sedgewick Memorial
Native America Oral Literatures
AndThe Unity OfThe Humanities.
Robert Bringhurst, author, lecturer, scholar. Green College Great
Hall at 4pm. Call 822-9569.
Policy Issues In Post-
Secondary Education In B.C.
Who Goes? Who Pays? A Seminar
On Financial Barriers To Post-Secondary Access And Possible Remedies. Green College at 4:30pm.
Call 822-1878.
G. Peter Kaye Lectures
A Christian Address To Our Dangerously Religious World When The
Committed Turn Uncivil. Martin
E. Marty, U of Chicago. Vancouver
School of Theology Epiphany
Chapel at 7:30pm. Call 822-9815.
Friday, Mar. 6
Pediatric Grand Rounds
Neuroblastoma Screening In Children. Dr. Mark Bernstein, McGill
U. GF Strong Aud. at 8:30am. Call
Health Care And
Epidemiology Rounds
One World, One Hope: The Cost
Of Making Anti- Retroviral Therapy
To All Nations. Dr. Robert Hogg,
BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/
AIDS. Mather 253 from 9-10am.
Paid parking avail in Lot B. Call
Fish500 Seminars
Assessment Of Icelandic Flatfish
Stock. Hreidar Valtysson. Fisher
ies Centre. The Role Of Shoaling
Behaviour In The Spatial Dynamics Of Stock Collapse In Fisheries.
Nathaniel Newlands, Fisheries
Centre. Hut B-8 Ralf Yorque Room
at 11:30am. Refreshments at
11am. Call 822-2731.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Effectiveness Of Engineering Controls In Preventing The Spread Of
Tuberculosis. Shelly Miller, Mechanical Engineering, U of Colorado. Vancouver Hosp/HSC.
Koerner Pavilion G-279 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9302.
G. Peter Kaye Lectures
A Christian Address To Our Dangerously Religious World: When
The Civil Are Uncommitted. Martin E. Marty, U of Chicago. Vancouver School of Theology
Epiphany Chapel at 12:30pm. Call
Foreign Affairs And
International Trade Canada
(DFAIT) Lecture Series
Negotiating The Creation Of A Permanent International Criminal
Court. Prof. Roger S. Clark, Rutgers
U. Curtis 101/102 from 12:30-
2:30pm. Panel discussion to follow. Call 822-9875.
Germanic Studies Lecture
Lecture On Her Work. Nelleke
Noordervliet, Dutch novelist.
Buchanan penthouse at 12:30pm.
Call 822-5178.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Effects Of Insulin, Vanadium And
Diabetes On Glycogen Synthase-3
(GSK-3) Activity In Rat Skeletal
Muscle. Sabina Semiz, Pharmacology and Toxicology.
Cunningham 160 from 12:30
1:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Evolution, Ecology And
Biodiversity Seminars
j Theory Versus History: Learning
From Past Debates In Population
Biology. Sharon Kingsland. Philosophy, Johns Hopkins U. Family and Nutritional Sciences Centre 60 at 3:30pm. Call 822-3957.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Bone Marrow Culture Process Development. J. Audet. ChemEng
206 at 3:30pm. Light refresh1
ments ChemEng 204 at 3:15pm.
Call 822-3238.
Linguistics Colloquium
Towards A Kaska Voice. Pat
Moore. U of Indiana. Buchanan
penthouse at 3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-4256.
Mathematics Colloquium
TBA. Prof. Nassif Ghoussoub.
Math 100 at 3:30pm. Refreshments Math Annex 1115 at
3:15pm. Call 822-2666.
Geography Colloquium
Racial Residential Segregation In
The Largest Metropolitan Areas
In The United States. Joe Darden.
Michigan State U/U of Toronto.
Geography 229 from 3:30-5pm.
Call 822-2663.
Physical Chemistry
Quantum Computing And NMR.
Shangwu Ding. Chemistry D-225
(centre block) at 4pm. Call 822-
G. Peter Kaye Lectures
A Christian Address To Our Dangerously Religious World: A Christian Address On Civil Commitment. Martin E. Marty, U of Chicago. Vancouver School Of Theology Epiphany Chapel at
7:30pm. Call 822-9815.
Ensemble Showcase
UBC ChamberStrings, Collegium
Musicum. Chan Centre at 8pm.
Call 822-5574.
Saturday, Mar. 7
Vancouver Institute Lecture
War In The 20th Century: Can
We Do Better In The 21 st? Prof.
Kal Holsti, Political Science. IRC
#2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
First Nations Career Fair
The First Nations House Of Learning is hosting a Career Fair on
March 19. It is a mini-conference
for First Nations high school students interested in attending UBC.
UBC faculty, staff, or students
who wish to provide information
about their department, program
or service can contact Verena
Cootes-Wilhelmson, First Nations
Student Services Coordinator. E-
mail wilhelms@unixg.ubc.ca or
call 822-8941.
Moved Back Home?
Research is being conducted to
find out what returning home in
adulthood is like. Men and women
(mid 20-40s) who have returned
home to live with their parents
and currently have been living
with them for at least six months
are needed. A confidential interview at UBC is involved. Also
three chances to win $100. Call
Michele Paseluikcho, UBC Counselling Psychology Dept. 822-
5259 or 269-9986.
UBC Birding
Join a one-hour birding walk
around UBC campus every Thursday at 12:30pm. Meet at the Rose
Garden flagpole. Bring binoculars if you have them. For details
call Jeremy Gordon 822-8966.
Next calendar deadline:
noon, Feb. 24 8 UBC Reports - February 19, iaaa
After land mines, a new challenge
for Canadian compassion
by David Fraser
David Fraser is a professor of
Animal Welfare in the Dept of
Animal Science and the Centre
for Applied Ethics. He holds the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Industrial
Research Chair in Animal
Welfare at UBC.
As Canadians, we can be
proud of Canada's leadership
in trying to reduce suffering
through the international
ban on land mines. For our
next assignment, let us be at
the forefront of a movement
to end another form of
suffering that countries
around the world seem
powerless to combat.
The chimpanzee is our
closest biological relative, but
only recently has science
shown how close the relationship really is. New genetic
techniques show that chimpanzees share 98.4 per cent
of our DNA. This makes the
chimpanzee and the human
as closely related as, for
example, the zebra and the
horse, or the fox and the dog.
Studies of behaviour also
reveal remarkable parallels
between the two species. Like
us, chimpanzees have a
childhood lasting many years,
and they form permanent
attachments to their mothers.
They empathize with others
who are injured; they teach
their young through demonstration; they plan and carry
out ingenious deceptions; they
have a rich system of gestural
communication which makes
them naturals at learning our
systems of sign language. As
primatologist Roger Fouts puts
it, the chimpanzee is a "highly
intelligent, co-operative, and
violent primate who nurtures
family bonds, adopts orphans,
mourns the death of mothers,
practises self-medication,
struggles for power, and wages
war." Sound familiar?
In terms of intellect, there is
an obvious gulf between
humans and chimpanzees.
However, this mainly appears
to involve the special human
capability to use spoken and
written language to string
together long sequences of
thoughts. This capacity allows
us to express abstract ideas
and to invent complex technologies. But apart from this
difference, humans and chimpanzees are now thought to be
very similar in their cognitive
processes. In a recent review of
scientific evidence of cognition
and self-awareness in animals,
two American psychologists
concluded that humans and
the great apes (chimpanzees,
gorillas and orangutans) stand
apart from all other species that
have been studied, whereas the
difference between ourselves
and the great apes is largely
The obvious conclusion from
this evidence is that chimpanzees
are capable of suffering very
much as humans would suffer
when they are captured, imprisoned, or when family members
are taken from them. Scientists
who study the welfare of animals
disagree on many issues, but no
one today seriously argues that
chimpanzee suffering and human
suffering are substantially
What are the implications of
our new understanding of
chimpanzees? First, we need to
focus international pressure
and assistance on the destruction of chimpanzees killed for
meat, body parts, or to capture
their infants for sale. We should
treat these deaths with the
seriousness we attach to
murder and genocide rather
than poaching. Next, in any
cases where it is proposed to
use chimpanzees in research or
entertainment, we should apply
the same degree of scruples as
we would if these actions were
done to human beings.
But to begin the process, we
need to take a small but
original step: we need to revise
our legal system so that
chimpanzees, and probably
other great apes, are accorded
appropriate status under the
law. The legal system recognizes living beings as either
persons or property. Chimpanzees need a category of their
own to recognize their funda
mental similarity to humans,
while still acknowledging that
they stand outside human
cultural institutions.
To bring the law into line
with our scientific understanding of chimpanzees will
require careful thought, legal
innovation, and political will.
But by resolving the issue in
Canada, where chimpanzees
are few in number and where
vested interests are unlikely
to derail the process, we
could develop a legal formula
that would serve as a model
for the rest of the world.
jLiL, Biomedical Communications
Phone 822-5769 for more information
UBC'S Individual Interdisciplinary Studies Graduate Program (IISGP) and Green College are pleased to host
9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Friday, February 27 &
Saturday, February 28, 1998
Green College
6201 Cecil Green Park Road
The University of British Columbia
Papers, Panels, Performances, and Public Debate examining the conceptualization and practice of
interdisciplinarity by graduate students
Registration Fee: $10
The symposium is open to everyone. Coffee and Lunch will be served.
• Registration
• Methods & Practices I
• Science, Technology, Society I
Lunch Buffet
• Methods & Practices II
• The Contrary Man - Dance
2:00-3:30      Keynote Address JULIE THOMPSON KLEIN This noted educator,
interdisciplinary scholar and author of Crossing Boundaries: Knowledge,
Disciplinarities, and Interdisciplinarities (1996) will give a talk entitled:
Discussion to Follow
5:30 Reception and Poetry Readings
8:30 Registration
9:00-11:00 • Cultures, Identities, Ideologies I
11:30-1:00 • Science, Technology, Society II
1:00 Lunch Buffet
2:00-3:30 • Health Issues II
3:30-4:30 Coffee and Informal Discussions
• Methods & Practices III
• Cultures, Identities, Ideologies II
All sessions take place at Cecil Green College. Rooms
will be noted in the final program and at entrances.
For more information contact:
IISGP Office, Green College, 6201 Cecil Green Park Road, UBC, Vancouver BC   V6T 1Z1
Teh 604/822-0954 Fax. 604/822-8742 E-maih iisgp@mercury.ubc.ca Website: www.interchange.ubc.ca/iisgp UBC Reports ■ February 19, 1998 9
Gavin Wilson photo
Hands Of
Welcoming visitors
to the Museum of
Anthropology, this
red cedar totem was
carved in 1984 by
Joe David of the
Tla-o-qui-aht First
Nation and raised in
front of the museum
in 1992. Welcome
figures were traditionally placed on
the beaches of
Northwest coastal
Safeway staff help clinic
buy needed equipment
Employees from a local
Canada Safeway store have made
a contribution to movement disorders research at UBC.
A group of five employees from
the Tenth Avenue and Sasamat
branch wanted to do some fund-
raising that would be relevant to
the Point Grey community served
by the store.
Luckily for patients at the UBC
Movement Disorders Clinic, the
group decided to make equipment for the newly renovated
clinical trials area of the facility
the target of their campaign.
A summer of hot dog sales,
car washes and barbecues in the
Safeway parking lot brought in a
total of $4,000 from Safeway
employees and customers.
The store also distributed information brochures about
movement disorders, the most
common of which, Parkinson's
disease, affects 80,000 Canadians.
"We've never tried anything like
this before," says Safeway administrative clerk Valerie Wong, coordinator of the campaign. "All the
employees realty got behind it."
With the donation the clinic
was able to purchase an adjustable height patient bed and weigh -
ing scales which will enable clinic
staff to carry out examinations
for clinical trials in one location.
"It makes a real difference for
patients with movement difficulties to have activities centralized,"
says Prof. Donald Calne, director
of UBC's Neurodegenerative Disorders Centre, of which the Movement Disorders Clinic is a part.
With finding support for clinical
research projects becoming more
difficult, donations such as this
are especially appreciated, he
The adjustable height bed is
particularly helpful for patients
who use a wheelchair, says clinical trials nurse Sharon Yardley.
Patients can now simply slide
from the chair across to the bed,
which is then raised pneumatically to a comfortable working
The new equipment is currently being used in two clinical
trials of Parkinson's disease
Department of Wood Science
The University of British Columbia
The Faculty of Forestry has established a new undergraduate Wood Products Processing degree
program to prepare graduates for careers in Canada's primary and secondary wood products
industries. The Faculty maintains a wood products laboratory to support education programs and
advanced research in various fields of wood products and advanced wood processing relevant to the
needs of Canada's primary and secondary wood industry.
A new tenure-track Faculty appointment is available in the field of Advanced Wood Adhesives and
Wood Composites. The candidate will be responsible for delivering undergraduate courses including:
Wood Adhesives and Coatings, Glued Wood Products and a graduate course in Wood Composites.
The candidate must develop a basic and applied research and extension program to address the
issues important to the primary and secondary wood products manufacturing industry.
The successful applicant will have an outstanding background in polymer or wood chemistry and the
experience to undertake leading edge fundamental physical-chemical research on wood - adhesive
interactions at the micro and macro scale. A Ph.D. is required. Experience in wood products research
is an asset. The research program should involve the development of fundamental knowledge of
wood-adhesive bonding mechanisms in both wood and fibre composite materials and application of
that knowledge to improve wood and fibre composite manufacturing operations and the performance
of wood and fibre composites under in-service environment conditions.
Salary will be commensurate with qualifications. UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to
employment equity. We encourage all qualified applicants to apply. In accordance with Canadian
immigration requirements, priority will be given to Canadian citizens and permanent residents of
Canada. Program information is available on our web sites: www.wood.ubc.ca and www.cawp.ubc.ca.
Applications must include a Curriculum Vitae and the names of at least three references. The closing
date for the competition is May 15,1998 or until the position is filled. Mail or fax applications to:
Dr. J. David Barrett
Head, Department of Wood Science
University of British Columbia
385 - 2357 Main Mall
Vancouver, BC
V6T 1Z4
Fax: (604) 822-9104
Council of
CCPE National Scholarships
1998 Call for Entries
The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers announces a
Call for Entries for 1998 CCPE National Scholarships. Six
cash prizes totalling $50,000 will reward excellence in the
Canadian engineering profession and support advanced
studies and research.
To be eligible, candidates must be registered as full members
with one of Canada's provincial or territorial professional
engineering associations/ordre.
The following scholarships will be awarded:
> Three CCPE—MANULIFE FINANCIAL Scholarships valued at $10,000 each provide financial
assistance to engineers returning to university for
further study or research in an engineering field.
Candidates must be accepted or registered in a
Faculty of Engineering.
> Two CCPE—MELOCHEMONNEX Scholarships of
$7,500 each support engineers returning to university
for further study or research in a field other than
engineering. Candidates must be accepted or
registered in a Faculty other than Engineering. The
field of study should favour the acquisition of
knowledge which enhances performance in the
engineering profession.
> A CCPE—ENCON Endowment of $5,000 will be
awarded to a professional engineer pursuing studies in
the area of engineering failure investigation, risk
management, and/or materials testing. This area of
engineering is concerned with analyzing the causes of
materials failure and preventing accidents in the
industrial, manufacturing, or construction sectors.
Deadline for applications in all categories is May 1st, 1998.
Scholarship application forms are available from your
provincial or territorial professional engineering association/
ordre or from:
CCPE National Scholarship Program
Canadian Council of Professional Engineers
401 -116 Albert Street
Ottawa, Ontario, KIP 5G3.
Tel - (613) 232-2474, Ext. 227
Fax - (613) 230-5759
E-mail - chantal.lalonde@ccpe.ca
Website - http://www.ccpe.ca
CCPE thanks ENCON Insurance Managers Inc., Manulife
Financial, and MELOCHE MONNEX Inc., and its
subsidiaries, Monnex Insurance Brokers Limited and J.
Meloche Inc., for their support of the CCPE National
Scholarship Program.
In-Class Writing
Are your students struggling with the written
components of your course?
Are you finding it difficult to grade and evaluate
reports, projects, labs, and essays because they are
poorly written?
Let the Writing Centre's new service help you and your students by
offering the following:
• a consultation session with you to assess the specific needs of your class
• a 50 minute in-class writing workshop
• free follow-up consultations for your students
• consultation reports to help you address your students' needs
This service will be provided for free to the first 20 faculty members who
request it this term. Instructors will need their department head's approval
to take advantage of this offer.
Information: 822-9564
writing. centre @cstud ies.ubc. ca/wc 10 UBC Reports • February 19, 1998
News Digest
A special service will be held in celebration of the life of Prof. J.
Keith Brimacombe at 2 p.m. on Friday, Feb. 27, at St. Mark's College
Chapel, 5935 Iona Dr. (at the corner of Wesbrook Mall and Chancellor Blvd.).
Brimacombe was serving as president and chief executive officer
of the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) when he died
suddenly Dec. 16. He was 54.
A professor of Metals and Materials Engineering, Brimacombe
was the former director of the Centre for Metallurgical Process
Engineering. He joined UBC in 1970.
The Dr. J. Keith Brimacombe Scholarship Fund has been established in his memory. Donations can be made to the fund care of the
Toronto Dominion Bank, 2105 W. 41st Ave., Vancouver, B.C. V6M
UBC's School of Nursing is hosting the fourth international,
multidisciplinary Qualitative Health Research Conference Feb. 19-
Conference organizers aim to provide a forum for the discussion
and dissemination of qualitative health research methods among
new and emerging leaders in the field in order to enhance current
understandings of health, health care and health-related research.
Keynote speakers from Canada, the U.S. and Australia will touch on
topics ranging from feminist research to women and HIV.
Information on the conference can be found on the Internet at
A new lab designed specifically for occupational therapy research
has opened in the School of Rehabilitation Sciences.
The Margaret Hood Occupational Therapy Research Lab, named
for the first head of the Division of Occupational Therapy, is the first
designated research space available since the division was established in 1961.
The facility will be shared by occupational therapy researchers.
Health-care needs of immigrants and refugees, adaptation at home
following stroke, and arthritis management, including pain medication choice, are some of the issues being studied at the lab.
The lab was created by re-allocating space within the School of
Rehabilitation Sciences. Renovations were made possible through
funding from the Arthritis Society (B.C./Yukon Division).
You're Invited...
To UBC Purchasing's 1^ Annual Trade Show
iy matoruriiversity suppliers.
Memorial Gym
Mfcm»«o 6:00 pjn.
To Register: www.purchasing.ubc.ca/tradeshow/contents.ht
Russ Wigle
Investment Advisor
Tel: 669-1143
I /^~ ""*      l*»,„***»„„* a A^ic^w     Fax: 669-0310
t Pacific
MANAGEMENT ^° y°ufind mutual funds confusing?
oo. no. «si 1965)     Would you like to reduce the amount of taxes you pay?
Interested in knowing when you can afford to retire?
4-1125 Howe St.,
Vancouver B.C.
V6Z 2K8
Member of CIPE
If you answered yes to any of these questions call for a
FREE evaluation
RRSPs, RRIFs, Mutual Funds, & Retirement Planning
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the March 5 issue of UBC Reports is noon, February 24.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver, BC, V6R 2H2. Call or
fax 222-4104.	
accommodation in Pt. Grey
area. Minutes to UBC. On main
bus routes. Close to shops and
restaurants. Includes TV, tea and
coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available.
Call 222-3461. Fax: 222-9279.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $52
plus $ 14/day for meals Sun-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BROWN'S BY UBC B&B Rooms for
rent short or long term in a
comfortable house very close to
UBC. Prefer graduate, mature
students. Call 222-8073.	
BAMBURY   LANE      Bed   and
breakfast. View of beautiful BC
mountains, Burrard inlet and city.
Clean, comfortable. Use of living
rm, dining rm, and kitchen. Min.
to UBC, shops and city. Daily,
weekly and winter rates. Call or
fax (604) 224-6914.	
BR guest suites with equipped
kitchen, TV and telephone.
Centrally located near SUB,
aquatic centre and transit. Ideal
for visiting lecturers, colleagues
and families. 1998 rates $81-$110
per night. Call 822-1010.
Jf^L   Please
CiW Recycle
6th. Heritage house, antiques,
wood floors, original stained glass.
Ten minutes to UBC and
downtown. Two blocks from
restaurants, buses. Scrumptious full
breakfasts. Entertaining cats. Views.
Phones in rooms. Call 739-9002. E-
mail: farthing@uniserve.com.
Walk to UBC along the ocean.
Quiet exclusive neighbourhood.
Near buses and restaurants.
Comfortable rooms with TV and
private bath. Full breakfast.
Reasonable rates. Non-smokers
only, please. Call 341-4975.
JASMINE'S Peaceful location for
this private, comfortable double
with ensuite bath and separate
entrance. 10 min. from UBC.
Nightly and weekly rates. Short
walk to buses, cafes, shopping,
cinema, and forest trails. Call
CAMILLA   HOUSE   Bed   and
Breakfast. Best accommodation
on main bus routes. Includes
television, private phone and
bathroom. Weekly reduced
rates. Call 737-2687. Fax 737-2586.
ROOM TO LET Weekdays only.
Writer's attractive Pt. Grey house.
Suitfacultymemberin Vancouver
part week or grad student who
returns home weekends.
Comfortable room, reasonable
rent. Ref. req. Fax personal details
and reasons room might suit to C.
Park 228-1446.
with patio and an affectionate
cat. Fully furnished and
equipped. Close to UBC and on
bus route. Avail, between April
and August. Reasonable rent.
Call 228-8825.
LARGE ROOM kitchenette, TV,
fireplace, free laundry. Walk to
bus. Kerrisdale. Separate
entrance. N/S. N/Pets. $649/mo.
Call 263-3342.
President's Service
Award for Excellence
All university employees and students are invited to
nominate individuals for the President's Service Award
for Excellence.
The award recognizes excellence in personal achievements and outstanding contributions to the University
of British Columbia.
All university employees, including staff, faculty, senior
academic and administrative personnel are eligible.
Deadline for nominations: Feb. 28, 1998
For a nomination form, call 822-2484.
Please note names will not be considered by the
committee without a completed nomination form.
TRIUMF HOUSE Comfortable
guest house with homey quiet
environment for visitors to UBC
and hospital. Located near
hospital. Rates $35-$55/night and
weekly rates. Call 222-1062.
WEST SIDE (Dunbar) home avail,
fully or partly furnished from May
1 to Sept. or later (dates flexible).
2 BR, den, office, enclosed
garage. $1750 incl. util. and
cable. Call 224-1736.	
Family-oriented quiet. N/S. Main
and 25th area. One bus to UBC.
Call 873-5092.	
equipped suites in Pt. Grey home
near UBC. N/S, N/Pets. Util. incl.
Top level loft with 3 balconies
and view. $1400. Garden suite
$975. Call 228-8079.	
garden level unfurnished suite in
house. W/D, N/S, N/Pets. $1250/
mo. Avail Mar. 1. Call 222-9243!
House Exchange
house for exchange with well-
appointed South Oak Bay
Victoria executive home for 2-3
mo. Mar. through May. Flex,
responsible. Call Bob or Sue 224-
House Sitters
during your sabbatical? I'm a
responsible mature student with
excellent ref. I'm avail May 1 to
mid-Dec. Pets OK. For more info
call my mother Lucia 267-9600 or
myself, Michelle (403) 678-2067.
looking to optimize their RRSP,
Faculty pension and retirement
options call Don Proteau, RFP or
Doug Hodgins, RFP of the HLP
Financial Group for a
complimentary consultation.
Investments available on a no-
load basis. Call for our free
newsletter.Servingfacutty members
since 1982. Call 687-7526. E-mail:
PRESCHOOL available for 3 and
4 year olds. Mornings or
afternoons. UBC Child Care
Services. Call 822-5343.	
DIAL-A-MENU No more thinking
of what to cook for dinner! Add
inspiration to your daily cooking.
Cook simple, great, healthy
foods. Save time, money and
stress. To hear this week's menu
call 990-4593.	
40 hr (Mar 11-15; Jun 24-28; Sept
16-20; Nov 25-29) TESOL teacher
certification course (or by
correspondence). 1,000'sofjobs
available NOW. FREE information
package, toll free (888) 270-2941.
Next ad deadline:
noon, Feb. 24 UBC Reports ■ February 19, 1998 11
Silverman embarks on
Beethoven sonata cycle
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Robert Silverman is a musician with a mission.
The acclaimed pianist and
School of Music professor plans
a rare feat. He is playing all 32 of
Beethoven's piano sonatas in
eight recitals spread over 12
months at the Chan Centre for
the Performing Arts.
It marks the first time the
complete sonatas have been
played in Vancouver by one person in more than 35 years.
Silverman has spent years
planning and preparing his performance of these complex works
he calls "one of the great oeuvres
in Western art."
"As a pianist and as a teacher,
nothing else that I have done
comes close to the experience
that I have had while studying
and performing these
masterworks," says Silverman.
One of Canada's most distinguished pianists, Silverman gave
his first recital at age five and
made his debut with the Montreal Symphony at 14. He has
performed with symphonies on
four continents — from Sydney
to St. Petersburg — and with
every major orchestra in Canada.
The  Chan Centre perform
ances are one of several sonata
cycles Silverman will play this
year. He is in the midst of similar
cycles in Kitchener-Waterloo,
Courtenay/Campbell River and
Madeira Park on the Sunshine
This summer he begins another at the Glenn Gould Studio
in Toronto. Other performances
are being negotiated.
Silverman began the Chan
Centre performances of the cycle Jan. 11. More concerts in the
series are scheduled for Feb. 15,
April 26 and May 10 before a
summer hiatus. The series
resumes in September and continues with a performance each
month until December.
Silverman is not playing the
sonatas in chronological order.
Instead, each concert program
will highlight various aspects of
Beethoven's evolution as a composer.
Tickets for Silverman's performances are available through
Ticketmaster or at the Chan Centre box office.
BCFT presents
Ground Beef Irradiation Petition
Speakers: Marjorie Mann MSc
Graduate Students (Food Scienc s)
* • *
Location: Chan Center UBC
Date: Thursday, February 26
Registration: 6:00 p.m.
Cost: $20.00 or $15.00 students
For registration and information:
David Kirts UBC 822-5560
UBC leads way once
more in charity giving
UBC is once again among the
top Lower Mainland organizations
in the United Way category of Leaders of the Way with 60 donors who
contributed $1,000 or more.
Althoughat$292.511 total campaign contributions fell just shy of
the goal of $310,000, 1997 Campaign Chair Peter Nault praised
UBC's United Way volunteers.
'This group of people should
be proud to have achieved so
much so quickly."
UBC also was among the top
organizations in the Discoverer
category—those with donors who
contribute $500 or more.
Asian Studies Prof. Emeritus
John Howes was the winner of
the campaign's grand prize — a
trip for two to any Canadian Airlines destination.
Vlte liedt CwAtamxm few^A, m^oum!
822-57 I 7
"They...leave the competition in the dust!..."
"Am I in heaven? Rich, sweet and delicious."
The Province.
with Reading Break Hours to Serve You. (Feb. 16 -20)
(Exceptions: Arts 200, Roots & Yum Yum's are closed,
The Barn is open 7:30am - 3:30 pm )
Please check for postings at your favourite locations or turn to the
Calendar Section for more detail.
Visit our Well Site @ www.foodsen.ubc.co
by staff writers
ean Barman, a professor in the Dept. of Educational
Studies, has been re-appointed to the B.C. Heritage
Trust, a government agency that promotes and
supports community-based
heritage conservation.
Barman will now serve as
chair of the trust. Culture
Minister Jan Pullinger said in a
recent announcement.
The trust was established in
1978 to support conservation,
increase public awareness,
understanding and appreciation of heritage, and provide
financial assistance to community heritage projects.
Barman is author of The
West Beyond the West, a social
Barman history of British Columbia.
Bruce Macdonald. director of UBC's Botanical
Garden, has been awarded the 1998 Gold Veitch
Memorial Medal by the Royal Horticultural Society
of the United Kingdom for "outstanding contribution to
advancement and improvement of the science and practice
of horticulture."
This is the first time the society's most prestigious
international award has been given to a Canadian.
Macdonald is acknowledged for his work in the development of the UBC Botanical Garden and the innovative and
internationally acclaimed Plant Introduction Scheme, as
well as for his work with the B.C., Canadian and U.K.
nursery industry and with the International Plant Propagators' Society and Canadian Ornamental Plant Foundation. His book, Practice of Woody Plant Propagation for
Nursery Growers, is a standard text for universities,
colleges and nursery growers.
rof. Linda Peterat of the Dept. of Curriculum Studies
has won the Federation Award from the Canadian
Home Economics
Association for her outstanding service to the education
profession in B.C.
Peterat was also presented
with the Outstanding Professional Award from the B.C.
Home Economics Association
in recognition of her professional leadership and research
in curriculum history and
philosophies in Canada.
She was also recognized by
the Teachers of Home Economics Specialist Association of the
B.C. Teachers' Federation for
professional and scholarly
contributions to the teaching
Richard Kerekes, director of the UBC Pulp and
Paper Centre, recently received the 1997 Beloit
.Award and a $5,000 honorarium from the Engineering Division of the Technical Association of the Pulp
and Paper Industry (TAPPI).
The award, made at the TAPPI conference in Nashville,
Tennessee, recognizes significant contributions to the
engineering science of fibre processing and paper making.
A TAPPI member since 1976, Kerekes is also a fellow of
the Canadian Academy of Engineers and the Chemical
Institute of Canada.
Oral Biology Prof. Don Brunette's book. Critical
Thinking: Understanding and Evaluating Dental
Research, has been awarded a first place in the
American Medical Writers Association (AMWA) 1997
Medical Book Awards Competition.
This is the first book for Brunette, who is associate dean
in the Faculty of Dentistry. The text offers a systematic
approach for analysing dental research and is intended to
assist students and practitioners.
The competition focuses on North American health
sciences writers and winners are chosen by a committee of
the AMWA.
A second edition of the book, which was published in
1996, is planned. 12 UBC Reports ■ February 19, 1998
Schooling with dolphins
Kathy Heise searches for what's bringing the dolphins back
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Last summer, Kathy Heise came a
little too close to becoming part of
a food chain she wouldn't normally associate herself with.
Heise, a Zoology doctoral student,
was studying seabirds from a blind set
up on a small rocky island about 10
kilometres from shore near Hudson
Bay when a couple of polar bears
waded ashore.
The bears, although primarily
interested in dining on the ground-
nesting birds and their eggs, stalked
Heise and her two colleagues for two
days, hardly deterred even by shotgun
blasts. After using a radio-telephone to
call for help, Heise assembled a small
Zodiac and returned to the mainland to
pick up two Inuit and an RCMP officer
who had travelled eight hours in a four-
wheel drive vehicle to meet her. Back
on the island they too were unsuccessful in persuading the bears to leave.
"After six days of bear occupation we
finally loaded our gear into the Zodiac
and left. And, at the rate the bears were
going through eggs, we could tell that
very soon there wouldn't be any nests
left to study.
"I learned a few valuable lessons
about how to behave when confronted
by polar bears through that experience," Heise says, from the relative
safety of her office in a UBC hut.
While last summer's experience may
have given Heise a new interest in polar
bears, or in avoiding them, her real
research interest remains a much
friendlier creature — the Pacific white-
sided dolphin.
Thousands of British Columbians
and visitors have had at least a brief
encounter with Pacific white-sided
dolphins, thanks to the presence of
White Wings in the killer whale pool at
the Vancouver Aquarium. Now even
more are becoming acquainted with the
species thanks to its reappearance in
the past decade along the B.C. coastline, particularly north of Campbell
River on Vancouver Island and up the
central coast. Since 1992, the dolphins
have also been regularly sighted in the
inshore waters of southeastern Alaska,
and sightings in the inshore waters of
Georgia Strait are becoming more
Heise's interest in the dolphins was
sparked in 1986. While working as a
lighthouse keeper, she detected the
Kathy Heise photo
After decades of staying away from B.C. waters, Pacific white-sided dolphins
have returned. Schools numbering several hundred have been spotted
moving through Johnstone Strait.
dolphins' distinctive vocalizations on a
hydrophone set up to monitor killer
whale activity, and saw a school of
several hundred dolphins moving
through Johnstone Strait.
"Hearing the dolphins came as a
surprise after five years of seeing and
hearing only killer whales." Heise says.
The question of why the dolphins —
usually considered inhabitants of
offshore waters — have appeared along
the coast led Heise to UBC and became
the subject of her master's thesis.
The recovery of dolphin teeth from
aboriginal midden sites near Queen
Charlotte Strait and on several Gulf
Islands suggests dolphins have travelled the coast for at least 2,000 years.
Sightings in B.C. waters though have
been relatively rare since the first was
officially recorded in 1900.
A survey conducted by Heise of
hundreds of mariners revealed that
while a number of people recalled
seeing dolphins along the B.C. coast in
the 1940s, '50s and '60s, sightings of
the Pacific white-sided dolphin dropped
off dramatically between the late 1970s
and mid-1980s.
Now the acrobatic dolphins,
which can live to be as old as 46
years, are seen frequently along
the coast, travelling in schools as small
as two and as large as 1,000. The fact
that white-sides are attracted to boats
— they often bow ride, surfing the
water swell in front of a boat — contributes to making an accurate population
count difficult, says Heise. The same
group could easily be counted again
and again. With no firm results,
estimates of the Pacific white-sided
dolphin population in the North Pacific
run from 50,000 to 4.5 million.
In seeking to find reasons for the
white-side's reappearance, Heise set
out to record the life history parameters of the dolphin — such as lifespan,
breeding cycles, and size — while also
examining its diet and collecting
information on its range.
Heise considered three possible
explanations for the dolphin's
reappearance in the mid- to
late 1980s. An obvious explanation
could simply be that population growth
accounted for the dolphin sightings off
B.C. However, after evaluating factors
including lifespan, age at sexual
maturity and annual pregnancy rate.
Heise determined that the population
appears stationary, and that population growth was therefore an unlikely
explanation for the dolphins' sudden
She also considered the impact of
the high seas fishery, notably the
Japanese flying squid driftnet fishery
which is estimated to have caused the
death of 49,000 to 89,000 white-sided
dolphins between 1978 and 1990
before being closed in 1992.
Since the dolphins' reappearance on
the B.C. coast occurred while the
fishery was taking a toll on dolphin
populations, a possible explanation
was that the white-sides, faced with
driftnets in the open ocean, had sought
the relative safety of coastal waters.
However, since thousands of dolphins
remain along B.C.'s coast more than
five years after the squid fishery ended,
it too seemed an unlikely reason for
their appearance.
Finally, Heise turned to a "regime
shift" explanation which considers
factors such as climate and water
temperature changes and related
changes in various fish stocks, such as
salmon, herring and anchovy.
Heise points to evidence that certain
fish populations, such as sardine and
anchovy — both of which are prey of
Pacific white-sided dolphins off California — appear to fluctuate at intervals of
60 to 100 years. Sardines, abundant off
the B.C. coast until the mid-1940s, are
making a comeback in California and
since 1996 have reappeared in B.C.
Fluctuations of marine species
such as zooplankton, sea birds,
herring, salmon and other forage fish
species also suggest a link to a
regime shift in the North Pacific that
began in 1976-77, says Heise. An
earlier regime shift from warm to cool
temperatures took place during the
winter of 1946-47.
Examining the stomach contents
of dolphin carcasses combined
with hours observing them feed
and then identifying the remnants, has
helped Heise determine the species'
sources of food. Pacific white-sided
dolphins from B.C. to Japan have a
diet ranging from salmon, squid,
herring and anchovy to the odd
jellyfish. The dolphins Heise studied
off B.C. seemed to show a preference
for salmon and herring.
But Heise stops short of a definite
link between past and recent changes
in climate, the effect those changes
have on fish stocks, and the reappearance of the dolphins.
"Unfortunately we don't have enough
historical evidence of dolphin abundance to link the earlier regime shift
with changes in dolphin distribution,"
she says.
While Heise acknowledges the many
unanswered questions remaining about
the Pacific white-sided dolphins'
reappearance, her compilation of
information and research into the
dolphins' diet represents a step toward
understanding the animal and its
Heise remains deeply interested in
the dolphins, but has broadened the
scope of research for her PhD to look at
food-chain-related interactions between
forage fish, marine mammals and
And, in the months of research that
lie ahead. Heise hopes to build on her
knowledge of the marine mammal food
chain, without becoming part of it.


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