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UBC Reports 1956

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Array u.BiV.  KlPOKTS
December, 1956
Vol. 3, No. 2
HOMECOMING CELEBRATIONS last month saw students lampooning or boosting university activities in gaily
decorated parade floats such as the one pictured above. E. W. H. (Ernie) Brown, past president of the Alumni
Association received the Great Trekker award and UBC Thunderbirds won a thrilling football game over Central
Washington College. - v
Campus development plan
to be completed by March
A University of B.C. committee headed by Mr. Thomas S.
Hughes, Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, is working on
a master plan for development of the campus to be completed by
March of next year.
All UBC graduates
to receive 'Reports'
This issue of UBC Reports is being
distributed to 22,000 friends and
graduates of the University of British
Columbia, an increase of 7000 over
the last issue.
Starting with this issue all graduates
of UBC for whom we have accurate
addresses will receive this publication.
This change in policy was brought
about by the large number of requests
to be put on the mailing list.
If you know anyone else who would
like to receive this publication, please
send name and address to the editor.
28,352 pints of blood
donated by students
Response to UBC's fall "Blood
Drive" brought praise from Red Cross
officials when students donated 1,714
pints of blood during fi week-long
Since the clinics began in 1947 UBC
Students have donated a grand total
of 28,352 pints of blood.
Planning will include types of building to be constructed in the future
and utilization of space on the campus. It will be tied in to the master
plan for development of the University Endowment Lands.
Mr. Hughes and Mr. Roy Jessiman
of Thompson, Berwick and Pratt,
University architects, visited universities in the eastern United States last
month to study building plans.
Particular attention was paid to
recently constructed medical buildings
and student residences, next two major
items on UBC's building program.
"We inspected as many new buildings as possible and are incorporating
the best ideas into our own planning
and design of buildings", Mr. Hughes
A similar visit to universities in the
western United States is planned for
after Christmas. „The committee already has detailed information on,
developments in Canadian universities.
First major building in UBC's current building program is the $2,000,-
000 Buchanan building for the Faculty
of Arts, now under construction. It is
expected to be completed by the summer of 1958.
UBC Alma Mater Society is sponsoring a drive for funds to bring three
Hungarian university students here
next year.
More than 1000 UBC students attended a rally in the Armoury honoring Hungarian students and launching
the campaign.
Half of the $2000 objective was
raised the first day.
The project will be carried out in
co-operation with the World University Service.
Enrolment total
climbs to 7650
Enrolment at the University this
year has reached 7650 making UBC
Canada's second largest English speaking University.
Registration by faculty is as follows
with last year's figures in brackets:
Arts and Science 3248 (3024); Home
Economics 170 (168); Physical Education 98 (124); Social Work 75 (78);
Agriculture 151 (161); Applied Science
1035 (903); Nursing 216 (178); Architecture 94 (91); Forestry 129 (110);
Law 231 (213); Pharmacy 144 (135);
Medicine 208 (222); Commerce .578
(527);" Education 925 (119); Graduate
Studies 348 (303).
aid UBC
The University of B.C. is
expected to get an additional
$600,000 annually for operating
costs and about $4,500,000 over
a ten year period for capital
expenditures if recent proposals
made by Prime Minister St.
Laurent are aproved by the next
session of Parliament.
This welcome news has been
termed by UBC's President Dr. Norman A. M. MacKenzie "as much
needed blood transfusion" and "a
dream come true."
"But it won't be enough", Dr. MacKenzie is quick to point out. In the
light of rising costs and rapidly increasing enrolment the additional
grant toward operating expenses "will
permit us to continue with our present
program but won't improve our position."
An estimated $25,000,000 will be
required by the university in the near
- future to provide adequate buildings
and facilities to keep up with the
rapidly increasing student population.
Proposals made by Mr. St. Laurent,
speaking to the National Conference
of Canadian Universities meeting in
Ottawa last month were:
(1) To double the present federal
grant to universities from the present
$8,000,000 to $16,000,000.
(2) To create a Canada Council
and endow it with a $50,000,000
grant, the interest from which (about
$2,500,000 per year) will be used to
promote "the arts, letters and humanities" in Canada
(3) To set aside $50,000,000 to be'
distributed   to   Canadian   universities
through Canada Council to assist with
building construction and expansion.
If these proposals are approved by
Parliament UBC will get $1,200,000
per year from the federal government
instead of the present $600,000 for
operating costs and an estimated
$4,500,000 for capital costs over the
next ten years.
UBC  is also  expected to  benefit
directly   from   the   formation   of   a
(Please turn to page 4)
———— j	
Alumni plan ball
for Boxing Day
The annual Boxing Day Ball sponsored by the UBC Almuni Association
will be held at the Commodore Cabaret Wednesday, Dec. 26.
Dinner will be served at 8:30 p.m.
and dancing will continue through to
1 a.m.
CBC singing star Eleanor Collins
will be the featured entertainer.
Tickets may be obtained from the
Alumni Office or Room 102 - 635
Burrard St., 701 Sun Building, or at
the door. Tables may be reserved by
phoning the Commodore (PAci«c
7838). Page 2
December, 1956
Vol. 3, No. 2
u.b.c. reports     University crisis
*». 2 Vancouver 8, B.C.      ^^ " "   w  ^"*"  **" " X
nations problem
December, 1956
Ed Parker, editor Shirley Embra, assistant
University Information Office
Authorized as second class mail, Post Office Department, Ottawa.   Published
bi-monthly by the University of British Columbia and distributed free  of
charge to friends and graduates of the University.   Permission is granted for
the material appearing herein to be reprinted freely.
This university crisis
The "crisis in higher education" is attracting the attention of
Canadian business, industry, government, press and public at all
levels these days. On every side there is a cry about the shortage
of the trained personnel needed in our rapidly expanding economy.
Conferences have been sponsored by industrial leaders to discuss
the role of industry in helping the universities train the personnel
they need. Governments on all levels are becoming increasingly
aware that considerably more support will have to be given to the
universities if they are to meet the "crisis".
The problem facing all Canadian universities causing the present
"viewing with alarm" is basicly a two-fold one that comes with a
built-in solution if faced with sufficient imagination. Shortages of
engineers, scientists, teachers, executives and professional personnel
needed as leaders on all levels of Canadian development is one side
of the problem. The other side is the rapid growth of Canada's
population, the increase in Canada's birth rate during the war years
and the increase in the percentage of young people seeking higher
The only apparent solution to this problem is to provide the classrooms, laboratories, equipment and teachers to educate the ever-
increasing numbers of people demanded by the rapidly expanding
economy of the country. This can only be done by expansion to
cope with increased enrolment in existing centres of higher education and the addition of new ones.
The University of British Columbia is treating this "crisis" as a
pressing problem that is within the scope of Canada's economy to
solve. Indeed, the future of that very economy depends on its
ability to solve this problem. "Crisis is becoming the normal state
of affairs around here," says President MacKenzie. The problems
facing*" universities across Canada are somewhat magnified at UBC.
The rate of increase in the population of B.C. is higher than in the
rest of Canada and already a higher percentage of young people
in the 18-21 age group are attending university. And in the race
to provide adequate educational facilities by the time they are
needed, UBC has been given a severe handicap by the two wars and
the depression that made up its total history until the present postwar expansion.
The amount of money needed to provide the necessary facilities
is large, but not beyond the resources of the country to provide.
Immediate needs for building expansion at UBC amount to about
$25 millions. Considerable additional monies are also needed to
increase the annual operating budget of the university as the expansion continues. Assistance from all levels of government, federal,
provincial and municipal, and from corporations and individuals
will be required to finance expansion of this magnitude.
More institutions of higher learning, possibly junior colleges, will
be required later. For the moment it would be unwise to spread
too little too thinly. We must first find the resources to build one
first-rate university in British Columbia as the corner-stone of higher
education in the province.
Letters to the editor
Japanese at Carleton
Editors, UBC Reports:
UBC Reports for October states in
a headline that the lapanese language
is being taught in Canada for the first
time and that a far Eastern Language
is taking its place in a Canad'an University curriculum, also for vhe first
I thought you might like to know
that during the academic years 1942-
43 through 1944-45 lapanese (and
Chinese) was taught at the then infant
Carleton College in Ottawa. The original instructor in lapanese was Dr. E.
Herbert Norman, the present Cana
dian Ambassador to Egypt, author of
The Emergence of lapan as a Modern
State and other highly-regarded works
on the Far East.
Though Carleton College did not at
that time have degree-granting powers,
a group of Canadian Universities,
UBC among them, agreed to give
equivalent credit for subjects at the
first and second year level in Arts.
The courses came to an end when the
instructors moved away from wartime Ottawa.
lames A. Gibson, (B.A. '31)
Dean, Factulty of Arts and
Carleton College.
President, University of British Columbia
(The following article is a condensation of an address given by Dr. MacKenzie to the National Conference of Canadian Universities meeting in
Ottawa last month. Dr. MacKenzie's detailed recommendations about how
governments on all levels should contribute to university financing are given
on page one.)
Since the beginning of civilization universities have been the
fountain of intellectual and cultural attainment. There are few
endeavours which have had a more universal influence. The contribution of the universities has been available to men everywhere
who have sought to learn and to understand. Consequently the
question of how the necessary support for the universities is to be
provided cannot be addressed only to some special group or to a
narrow community. It must be directed to our entire society.
At the present time the most serious     of adequate opportunities for higher
limitation upon our (Canada's) further development arises from the
shortage   of   skilled   personnel.   The
realization of this fact has aroused
national discussion and has created in
the minds of our industrial leaders
and others a sense of concern which
is appropriate to the circumstances of
a national emergency.
The first pre-requisite (for national
development) is to produce a larger
and growing number of suitably qualified men and women who are able to
create and maintain, here at home,
many of the things which we have
hitherto sought to obtain abroad. This
cannot be done without the provision
Humanities: poor relations
education and training. No mere administrative device, no matter how
ingenious, no amount of pointing with
alarm, no matter how vehement, will
be a substitute for this requirement
During this period of rapid scientific progress in a divided world the
rewards of scientific leadership are
great both in welfare and security.
The penalties of failure to keep
abreast are equally severe. Because
of the stage reached in Canadian'
development, and because of Canada's
international position, we cannot
evade this problem. It is a matter of
basic national interest.
It is clear that the speed of scientific progress has greatly increased the
complexity of all social relationships,
national and international. This circumstance has produced a growing
demand for competent leadership and
for executive and administrative abilities in every walk of life, including'
governments, business, labour and the
professions. The abilities which are
necessary to meet this requirement
should be based upon an adequate
knowledge and understanding of human society. The study and teaching
of the humanities and liberal arts are
an essential foundation to this knowledge and understanding. In spite of
the paramount importance of the
contribution which the universities
are able to make in this field of human
development, the humanities have become the "poor relations".
The very limited financial assistance
which is available to university students at the present time is being provided in the main by private bodies
and individuals. The aid provided by
governments in this regard is directed
largely to the scientific and technical
fields. The amount of assistance required to enable an increasing proportion of the qualified young men and
women in the growing university age
group, to obtain higher education
would have to be provided by governments — principally the federal government. Such is the scope and urgency of the problem, that continued
delay in this matter will entail an
increasing price in wasted talent and
lost opportunities.
The inadequacy of university facilities is, of course, the consequence of
the inadequacy of university finance..
In the past twenty years or more, the
real income of the university teacher
on the average has shown virtually no
increase. Indeed, if allowance were
made for higher levels of taxation it
is probable that the average real income of the university teacher has
actually   declined.
Essential facilities starved
The starvation of essential university facilities is the other noteworthy
consequence of inadequate university
revenues. For instance, in recent years
the ten larger English speaking universities have together not been able
to allocate more than about $500,000
a year to the purchase of books and
other materials for their libraries. In
view of this small sum it is not surprising that not one of what are regarded as the 35 leading university
libraries on this continent is located
in Canada.
It is clear that the universities cannot begin to cope with the steeply
rising enrolment of the next ten years,
on the basis of the existing trends in
universtiy revenues." The burden can
no longer be imposed upon the university teacher, nor carried at the expense of essential facilities. Indeed,
the economic position of the university teacher must be considerably improved if there is to be any hope of
obtaining the larger numbers required.
The rising prosperity and expansion
of the post-war period has, and is
creating, large capital gains. Those
gains in the hands of individuals and
corporations are arising in considerable part from the advancement in
knowledge and from the competence
and skill of the population. The universities are making a fundamental
contribution to this knowledge and
skill. It is, therefore an act of logic
and elementary foresight to use at
least a part of these substantial gains
to strengthen the facilities for higher
education which are a basic factor
in the process of economic growth.
The provision of adequate and
expanding opportunities for higher
education and research has become
an urgent task in the building of our
nation. The task of nation-building has
been the primary purpose of the national government since its beginning.
The achievement of this purpose calls
for more than construction of a seaway, a pipeline, or a Trans-Canada
highway. It calls, as well, for a wise
investment in the future of our youth. December, 1956
Page 3
students see
Criminology students at UBC
are in a unique position to gain
first-hand knowledge of their
subject and "see the underworld
* from the underside".
With the guidance of Prof. E. K.
Nelson and Dr. D. C. Gibbons of the
University staff, students work closely
with nine agencies in the community
including adult and juvenile probation
- officers, Okalla Prison Farm, B.C.
J Penitentiary, the John Howard Society
and the RCMP.
"Nowhere else in Canada is such
"      a university program in criminology
'  offered", says Prof. Nelson who has
been with  the department  since  its
second year.
Criminology became part of the
curriculum at UBC in 1951 when a
faculty post was established after the
, Prison Commission of B.C. recommended collaboration between the
' University and the Department of the
Attorney General in developing a
training program to meet the urgent
problems of penal reform.
The co-operation between the Attorney General's department and the
University continues. Half of Dr. Gibbons teaching time is spent instructing
prison personnel, while Prof. Nelson
has participated in a study of B.C.
Indians and in the recent probe into
drug addicition.
" As a prison psychologist, before
^ coming to UBC, Prof. Nelson had
varied experience in dealing with
criminal offenders, first at San Quentin
where "the old school method" keeps
► prisoners under lock and key, then at
a model institution in Chino, Calif.,
where some 1500 men are in custody
without any real restraint.
Criminology as taught at UBC
covers the nature of crime, its causes
and treatment and institutional correction methods.
The   University   offers   an   under-
* graduate   and   a   graduate   program
„       leading to  a  diploma  and  M.A.   in
criminology. There are seven students
doing post graduate work at present.
Opportunities for a career in
criminology are good in Canada, for,
as Dr. Gibbons remarked, "There are
a large number of offenders on record
in Canada, and a large number of
people are needed to help them".
Liquid nitrogen
lowers temperature
in physics labs
With the installation of a liquid
nitrogen generator, temperatures in
the physics department at UBC are
going down, down, down.
The generator, which cost, $40,000,
will be used in low temperature experimental work.
The machine is the most modern
"   air liquefying equipment available. In
'  *    fact only two have been produced —
the   other   is   at  the   University   of
Liquid nitrogen is used in the first
stage of reducing temperatures toward absolute zero so that motion of
molecules is slowed down and mole-
•"''  cules can be more easily studied.
Purchase of the equipment was
made possible through grants from the
National Research Council and the
Defence Research Fund.
UBC development fund
breaks all but one record
Records in all but one department have been broken by the 1956
campaign of the UBC Development Fund, according to Chairman,
Dr. W. C. Gibson.
. . . greatly missed
Social work
passes away
Marjorie Smith, director of the
School of Socieay Work and a member of the University's staff since 1943,
died Oct. 26 following a long illness.
Before coming to Vancouver, Miss
Smith was director of the school of
social work at Washington State College.
She was a vice-president of the
International Conference of Social
Work, a member of the Canadian
Association of Socieay Workers, American Public Welfare Association, and
Council of Schools of Sociay Work
Miss Smith was also a member of
the board of directors of the Community Chest and Council of Greater
President N. A. M. MacKenzie said
Miss Smith "was the kind of person
who will be greatly missed by students
and factuly, as well as the community
for which she did so much."
Dr. Weaver named
Dean Emeritus
The President's Office has announced
that Dr. Myron M. Weaver has been
appointed Dean Emeritus of Medicine. Dr. Weaver left UBC last spring:
Dr. W. G. Dixon has been appointed Acting-Director of the School
of Social Work.
Other appointments are as follows:
Associate professors: Mr. Wilfred
H. Auld, Mrs. A. G. Birkett, Mr.
Enoch B. Brooke, Mr. Lome E.
Brown, Mr. Francis C. Hardwick,
Miss Alma J. Kilgour, Mr. J. Mc-
Geachaen, Mr. E. G. Ozard, Mr.
Clarence M. Truax.
Assistant professors: Mr. Donald
Gibbard,   Miss  M.   E.   Maynard,
Meredith,   Miss   Stella
Miss   K.   L.
Instructor II: Mr. Alan M. Thomas.
Research Fellows: Dr. James B.
Farmer, Mr. David C. Frost, Mr. E.
W. C. Clarke, Dr. P. E. Potter.
Instructor II: Mr. Laurie C. Brown.
Hans George Brandstatter, Instructor
PUBLIC HEALTH: Dr.  Earl Shepherd, research and technical fellow.
John  W.  Neill,   supervisor  of  landscaping.
Total donations from alumni and
friends to November 15th amounted
to $123,193.45. This exceeded by
$43,000 the total fund receipts for
the whole of 1955.
Participation in the annual giving
programme also showed an increase,
3,400 alumni and 400 "friends" having contributed by mid-November.
Over 25 special projects are being
sponsored by degree and interest
groups under Fund auspices and all
have obtained support. Most successful have been the Olympic Rowing
and Panhellenic House appeals, the
former realizing over $26,000 in donations from many sources. Two new
special objectives — the Friends of
the Library Fund and the Cricket
Hockey Field Fund — are also attracting support.
The only objective which has fallen
behind expectations is that of "free
money." This is made up of non-earmarked donations, most of which are
allocated by the Trustees to the
President's Fund to meet emergency
needs. A minimum of $25,000 is required for this purpose; donations to
date total $13,000.
"We are concerned," states Dr.
Gibson, "because the President's Fund
is the only source of "emergency"
money. It helps many important projects — student loans, special lectures,
work in fine arts, community services,
etc. — projects not covered by the
university's normal budget.
All alumni and friends who have
not as yet made their 1956 contribution to the Fund are urged to give free
money by making out their cheques
simply: "UBC Development Fund"
and mailing them to 201 Brock Hall,
University of British Columbia, Vancouver 8, B.C.
What#s cooking?
Home Ec trains professionals
If you ask the School of Home
Economics "what's cooking?", the
answer is a lot more than food.
Miss Charlotte Black, director of
the School of Home Economics at
UBC hastens to explain that food
preparation is but a part of a broad
curriculum in the "arts and science
of home making".
"We are training professional
people", Miss Black says, "and many
of our graduates go into industry,
teaching or diatetics where they must
have a wide background of knowledge to call upon".
The home economist must keep up
to date with changes and advances in
design and the use of colour, clothing
and textiles, home management and
Miss Black, a native of B.C. came
to UBC in 1944. She received her
B.Sc. (H.Ec.) from the University of
Manitoba, and went on to Columbia
for her M.A. She has taught in the
United States and Great Britain.
At UBC Miss Black heads a staff
of ten instructing 170 students enrolled
at the school of home economics.
As well as the main home economics two storey building, the school
has an ultra modern "home manage-
. . . if s a science
ment house" where students gain
practical experience in model dwelling
The greatest need for home econ-
mists according to Miss Black, is in
the fields of teaching and diatetics
where there are never enough graduates to fill the vacancies.
There are also varied opportunities
with utliities companies, food manufacturers, magazines and newspapers.
International House
to start building
Plans for a new International House
at UBC will soon be off the drawing
board and into reality.
Board of Governors has given the
green light to construction of the
first unit which will provide a kiunge,
a dining area, recreation room and
The $150,000 unit is expected to
be under construction soon with September 1957 as a target date for
Vancouver Rotary Club has played
the major role in the fund raising.
About $110,000 has been contributed
to date. Page 4
December, 1956
JUNIOR ARTISTS finds means of expression in painting at pre-school play
centre. Extension Department Family Life and Group Development Service
provides advice and guidance to parents and leaders.
Studies help
"What can I give lohnny to do to
keep him from underfoot?"
Harassed parents from Vancouver
to Whitehorse turn to Marjorie Smith
in the Extension Department for the
Miss Smith, assisted by Mrs. Mary
Hicks, operates the family life and
group development service, helping
groups plan more interesting programs, training leaders and assisting
In the case of lohnny, Miss Smith
will send his mother pamphlets full
of ideas for things to make and things
to do. Busy parents may finally come
to a dead end when a youngster asks
"what shall I do now?", but Miss
Smith's well of ideas never runs dry.
Often mothers pool their resources
and form co-operative play groups for
their pre-school age children.
Mrs. Mary Hicks acts as consultant for these groups helping them get
organized. She will provide them with
patterns for play equipment, suggest
materials that will aid them in planning the children's program and the
parents meeting.
The department offers a correspondence course and evening classes
for those wanting to become supervisors of pre-school centres. These
courses are recognized by the Welfare
licensing board.
(continued from page 1)
Canada Council, particularly through
an increase in fellowships, scholarships and research funds for work in
the arts, humanities and social
These federal government proposals
met in part the recommendations made
by Dr. MacKenzie in his speech on
university financing to the National
Conference of Canadian Universities.
He proposed:
(1) Increase in the federal grant
for university operating costs from
the 50 cents per capita ($8,000,000)
to $1.50 per capita $24,000,000).
(2) Federal aid for capital costs
of essential buildings and equipment.
(3) Revision of Canadian taxation
laws to encourage contributions to
universities by individuals and corporations.
(4) Amended Central Mortgage and
Housing Corporation legislation to
facilitate loans to universities for construction of student residences. .
(5) Increased provincial government
aid to universities for both capital
and operating expenses.
(6) Municipal government aid to
universities, particularly in the form
of providing services such as fire
protection, water mains, sewers, garbage disposal and street paving.
Alumni ask education
to end emergency course
Discontinuation of the present one-year emergency program to train
public school teachers and a generous scholarship program to
encourage prospective teachers to enter the two-year program was
urged last week by the higher education committee of the UBC
Alumni Association.
Following is the text of the reso- :—
lution approved unanimously by the
committee under the chairmanship
of Dr. J. E. Kania:
"Whereas the major purposes of the
College of Education are to improve
the quality of teaching in B.C. and to
raise the status of the teaching profession in order to attract more capable students, and
Whereas the present one-year emergency program is inadequate for these
purposes, and
Whereas this program is acknowledged
to be educationally inadequate by both
the Department and the University,
Whereas the program has not increased to any large extent the number of teachers who will be available
for the school system in 1957, there
being only 85 students registered in
the course, and
Whereas there is no evidence to show
that these eighty-five students would
not have registered for the two-year
program had this been compulsory,
Be it therefore resolved that the
Department of Education, the loint
Board of the College of Education and
the University Senate be urged in the
strongest possible terms to discontinue
the present one-year emergency pro-
grame at the end of the current University session, and
Be it further resolved that the Department of Education be urged to establish a generous program of two-
year scholarships to encourage students to enrol in, and to assist them
through, the two-year program for
elementary teachers."
Rural young people
offered UBC course
The 1957 Youth Training School
short courses for rural out-of-school
young people will be offered at UBC
Jan. 7 to March 1 under the direction
of the Extension Department.
The school is open to single or married persons between the ages of 16
and 30. Cost is $35, including board,
room and transportation.
Applications may be obtained from
Mr. G. A. Drew, Department of University Extension, University of B.C.,
DR. F. H. SOWARD, associate dean
of graduate studies is representing
Canada at the United Nations General
Assembly. One of five appointed alternate representatives on the 10-man
Canadian delegation headed by Lester- B. Pearson, he will serve on
several UN committees, returning to
UBC in mid-February.
UBCgrad publishes
new college paper
A University of B.C. graduate, A.
David Levy, has entered the publisihng
field with Canada's first national university newspaper, The Canadian University Post, which appeared on Canadian university campuses this fall.
The 16-page paper which is mailed
every two weeks to every university
student in Canada featured a major
picture story on the University of
B.C. in the first issue.
Subscriptions for non-students are
available at $1 per year from The
Canadian University Post, P.O. Box
367, Montreal, Quebec.
This space for information office use
Please Cut On This Line
Mr. Roland J. Lanning,
4593 Langara Ave.,
Vancouver 8, B. C.
BA 22
Authorized as Second Class Mail,
Post Office Department, Ottawa.
Return Postage Guaranteed
Please clip along dotted line and return to:
University of B.C., Vancouver 8
Yes No
Are we using your correct address? Q r~j
(// not, please correct the address at left)
Are you receiving more than one copy
of UBC Reports? >V D D
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