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UBC Reports Jul 31, 1965

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 UBC Reports
B RETURN   POSTAGE   GUARANTEED
VOLUME 11, NO. 4
VANCOUVER 8, B.C.
JULY-AUGUST, 1965
CAMPUS GROWS TO FULL SIZE
NEGOTIATIONS UNDERWAY
Advance Bank Rental Will
Finance New Admin. Bldg.
A unique 35-year financing agreement is under negotiation with the
Bank of Montreal to provide UBC
with a $1.8 million administration
building without involving public
funds, or the 3-Universities Capital
Fund Campaign, President John B.
Macdonald has announced.
In all, the bank would provide $2
million to UBC. The university in turn
would provide $202,000 towards a $3.9
million Student Union Building being
planned by the Alma Mater Society.
The arrangement has been authorized
by provincial order-in-council as required under Sections 35 (2) and
44 (1) of the Universities Act.
ADVANCE RENTAL
In essence, the Bank would advance
to UBC $1,130,000 as prepaid rental
for 35 years of two campus branches,
one in each new building.
The Bank would also lend $870,000
to UBC, repayable over 35 years at a
prime rate of interest for university
borrowings.
The loan repayments would come
out of rentals for a branch of the
University Bookstore in the new administration building, and from private gifts to the university from time
to time which are earmarked for
administration costs.
Dr. Macdonald said: "I want to emphasize that, though the relationship
between the university and the Bank
of Montreal is as old as the university,
negotiations on this plan were undertaken only after the five major chartered Canadian banks were asked to
submit financing proposals. Only two
of the banks  made proposals."
The Bank of Montreal opened its
branch on the campus in 1949.
50 YEARS ASSOCIATION
The university opened its account
with the Bank of Montreal in 1915,
the year the university started operating. The Alma Mater Society
opened its account with this same
bank early in  1940.
Dr. Macdonald said, "This plan offers the only likely prospect of obtaining a new administration building for
years to come. All capital funds which
the university has in sight for the next
five years have been earmarked for
specified academic buildings.
"Our administration offices have
become both congested and scattered
due to the rapid growth of the university. Some offices are in the oldest
buildings on the campus and others
are in huts or temporary buildings.
"The Board of Governors has authorized the architects, Thompson,
Berwick and Pratt, to commence
preliminary drawings for the new
administration building as soon as the
agreement is final in the hope that
the building can be completed within
two years."
BUILDING  SITE
The new building would be the first
to greet visitors arriving on the campus via University Boulevard. It is
sited on the north west corner of
University Boulevard and Wesbrook
Crescent, which is the eastern boundary of the campus.
The present administration building,
one of the stucco-and-frame buildings
erected in 1925 as "semi-permanent" is
expected to become UBC's computing
and tabulating centre, and provide
accommodation for the Student Services Office.
The largest campus expansion program in UBC's history is underway
amid the snarl of chain saws, the
crack of stump blasting and the growl
of  big  clearing  and  log-yarding  cats.
As a major part of a $2 million campus extension and improvement program (included in this year's $7 million capital works program), a series
of areas totalling 125 acres, separated
by 100 to 200 foot bands of trees, will
be carved out of 500 acres of second
growth timber at the south end of the
campus by next spring. The project
will put into use over the next several
years the entire 988.74-acre campus.
RESEARCH AREAS
All agriculture field facilities will
move southward to the cleared areas,
which will provide field and research
areas for forestry and the biological
sciences.
The active campus, screened by
trees, will then stretch southward to
the Simon Fraser Memorial on Marine
Drive.
UBC campus expansion coincides
with provincial highways department
plans to extend Sixteenth Avenue, this
summer, west from Blanca Street
across the endowment lands and the
campus to meet Marine Drive on the
west side of Point Grey, providing a
new traffic artery.
SPORTS STADIUM
UBC clearing includes a site for a
replacement sports stadium, expected
to be ready in the fall of 1966. (See
picture page four.)
The present stadium, built through
student money-raising in the 1930's,
has been designated as the site for a
UBC Academics Elected to
Top Posts in Royal Society
Several UBC scholars were honored by the Royal Society of Canada
at the annual meeting held at the university.
The society, Canada's most prestigious academic society, was one of
35 academic groups that took part in the three-week conference of the
Learned  Societies of Canada.
DR. F. H. SOWARD, dean emeritus and secretary to the UBC board of
governors, was elected president of the society's English language, humanities and social sciences section.
DR. C. E. DOLMAN, professor of bacteriology and immunology, was
elected  president of the science section.
Dr. W. S. HOAR, head of the department of zoology, was presented
with the society's Flavelle medal, for original research of special merit in
the biological sciences.
In presenting the medal, Dr. M- L. Barr, of the University of Western
Ontario, noted that Dr. Hoar was responsible for the development of studies
in animal behavior and fisheries at UBC. He said Dr. Hoar had demonstrated
service to the community in his active interest in the Vancouver Public
Aquarium Society.
$3.9 million Student Union Building,
to be financed over the next 15 years
by the student body through the UBC
Alma  Mater Society.
The. replacement stadium, like the
old stadium,, will seat 3,000 and include a track.
This year's budget includes $457,600
to clear the site, prepare the field and
complete rough concrete work for the
stands, dressing rooms and other
facilities.
The UBC Board of Governors has
approved a design and authorized
working drawings to be prepared with
Vladimir Plavsic, a graduate of UBC's
School of Architecture, as executive
architect.
Other athletic facilities included in
this year's $2 million campus improvement program are a practice track, a
field house for dressing rooms, and
completion of four athletic fields.
Clearing also includes a right of
way to carry Wesbrook Crescent south
to   the   Sixteenth   Avenue   extension.
The improvement program brings
into focus the final form mapped out
by   planners  for the   UBC  campus.
OTHER DEVELOPMENT
Large academic buildings will continue to rise in the developed half a
square mile at the north end of the
campus, stretching from Marine to
Agronomy Road. This is designed to
keep all academic buildings within
walking distance of one another, and
of such facilities as the new Student
Union   Building.
As agriculture facilities move out
of the area stretching south from
Agronomy to Sixteenth, it will be developed for athletics, student residences and major parking.
The third area south of Sixteenth
will remain a generously-wooded
series of clearings for research and
field work, and will also contain the
university's work yards and burning
area.
Royal Society Elects UBC
Graduate President
Dr. W. Kaye Lamb, who graduated
from UBC in 1927 and was chief
librarian from 1940 to 1948, was
elected president of the Royal Society
for 1965-1966, and was the winner of
the Tyrell medal for outstanding contributions to the study of Canadian
history.
Dr. Lamb is now the Dominion
archivist and national librarian in Ottawa. Dr. R. A. MacKay of Carleton
University presented the medal and
told members, "Kaye Lamb has
achieved a commanding position in
the realm of history in the country." EDUCATION OF SCIENTISTS:
'Quality of Teachers Is Inadequate'
(President John B. Macdonald spoke on "Prob-
>»» lems and Prospects in Science Education" before a
symposium on science education at a meeting of the
Royal Society of Canada at the University on June 8,
1965. In this extract from his paper Dr. Macdonald
reviewed the present state of science education, the
lack of science graduates, outlined the causes of the
shortage and suggested some reforms.)
"*■" How much can  we  say  about the shortage,  in
terms of quantity, of scientific personnel in Canada?
We know that in 1961 approximately 11,000 persons constituted the full-time faculty of Canadian
universities and colleges. The Canadian Universities
Foundation has estimated the need for 1971 at 32,000.
Recent experience indicates that each year about
5% of total faculty were lost by death, retirement
or withdrawal from the universities. Thus, for a
net gain of 21,000, Canadian universities and colleges will need to recruit about 32,000 persons in
the decade between 1961 and 1971. The number of
Ph.D.'s graduated yearly in all fields in the five
years  up to  1963 averaged  only  320.
The figure for university needs take no account
of government or industrial needs for scientists.
Currently American industry employs 50 percent
of the country's scientists. Government employs 20
percent. Most of the remaining 30 percent are in
the universities.
Approximately 55 percent of the graduates with
doctorates have accepted industrial or government
appointments in recent years. It is certain that
Canadian utilization of scientists by industry and
government has not reached such proportions, but
it may during the next few years. Lloyd Berkner,
of the Graduate Research Centre of the Southwest,
estimated that the U.S. needs 100 new doctorates
each year per million population. If the figure has
any meaning for Canada during this decade, we
should be graduating 2,000 Ph.D's a year versus our
current 400. Berkner estimimates that for every
Ph.D. it fails to educate, the U.S. will pay a penalty
of 100 unemployed.
Because the market for brains is international
and because Canada's main source of competition
is the U.S., it is important to realize the extent of
the American shortage. Doctorates in all fields
graduating in 1963 numbered 12,822. Doctorates in
the sciences, including engineering, accounted for
half of them. The National Science Foundation
estimated a need for more than two million scientists
and engineers by 1970, but anticipates that the universities will produce only 700,000. The demand
has grown far faster than the labor force as a
whole, which increased by only about 50% since
1930, and the demand continues to grow faster than
the  production.
SEVERE SHORTAGE
It is clear that the shortage is severe and will
become worse.
How many scientists can we hope to produce in
Canada during the next few years? The number of
baccalaureates anticipated in the sciences is expected to exceed the capacities of the universities
and the supply of teachers.
The limiting factor is the number of teachers.
Thus we must plan to emphasize as much as possible
education at the graduate level. The U.S. hopes to
multiply productivity of doctorates in science (engineers, mathematicians, and physical scientists) by
two and a half times between 1964 and 1978. Can
we do proportionately as well or better?
We granted 3,921 graduate degrees (Masters and
Ph.D.'s or equivalent) in Canada in 1963. One estimate for 1970-71 is 10,450 degrees or, approximately
two and one-half times as many as at the present
time. Judging by current performance, less than
half of this number will be in science and engineering  (the social sciences excluded).
All of these fragmentary pieces of information
and extrapolations point to one fact The shortages
which are felt now in the fields of science will continue and probably will become worse in spite of our
efforts to meet the demand. That, I suspect, is a condition of our modern scientific society. The demand
for personnel trained in science to man our increasingly science-oriented and technology-oriented
society is probably insatiable. The limiting factor
determining the rate of technological change will
probably be the number of skilled people available.
Problem number two, the problem of quality. If
shortages of scientific personnel are going to be
universal, the race will go to those producing and
holding the  BEST scientists.
There is, unfortunately, some reason to believe
that the quality of science education is not what it
should be. Abelson, writing editorially in Science,
considered the matter and feared that our preoccupation with numbers will produce a generation
of technicians and may concurrently diminish the
number of gifted and creative individuals in science.
One Enrico Fermi is more valuable than a thousand ordinary Ph.D.'s. How much of the vast volume
of scientific literature is pedestrian or worse?
How few of our new scientists produce imaginative ideas with an impact on the forward movement of science? How often is the equipment superb
and the idea inconsequential?
How often is today's affluent graduate student
content to work 40 hours a week, whereas 70 to 90
hours a week was common a generation ago?
The availability of adequate funds in agencies
such as the National Institutes of Health has not
been accompanied by a consistently high level of
applications. Less than half the applications receive
support It is significant that by far the most frequent reasons for rejection have been associated
with inadequacies of the applicant personally, his
choice of problem or his approach. Anyone who has
served on a review committee knows that such committees tend to bend over backward in favor of the
applicant. The fact is that many applications are
shockingly bad.
TEACHERS INADEQUATE
Part of the reason for the problem of quality is
inadequacy of teachers at both the high school and
university level. Canadian documentation is hard to
find because we are too busy defending the indefensible idea that education is a provincial, not a
federal concern.
A study in the U.S. in 1962 showed that among
high school teachers with bachelor's degrees or
higher, 66 percent of those teaching physics had 17
college credits or less in the field of physics, and
23 percent had fewer than nine credits. Of those
teaching chemistry, 34 percent had 17 or less credits
in chemistry. Of those teaching mathematics, 23
percent had 17 or less mathematics credits.
University teachers, on the other hand, tend to
begin their careers with up-to-date subject matter
and no teaching experience. They are inclined to
develop into mature science teachers with extensive
DR. JOHN MACDONALD
teaching experience but little up-to-date information. It is doubtful today if the productive "half-life"
of the scientist or engineer is 10 years: the pace of
technological advance is so fast More organized
opportunity and encouragement for up-dating qualifications is needed.
Must we wily nily accept a deterioration in quality
of science education just because we are educating
large numbers, as suggested by "Science"? I think
not.   I  suggest the solutions lie in four directions.
First the recognition and recruitment of untapped
talent Second, the generation of interest and beginning competence in science at an early age.
Third, a renewed concern within our universities
with the quality of teaching. Fourth and most difficult, development of a more precise awareness of the
conditions of stimulation toward scientific creativity
and productivity in the student
The untapped talent must be very large. Recent
figures for Canada indicate that only one-half the
students matriculating from high school with 70
percent average or more go on to university. More
than half of those in the universities graduated from
high school with less than 70 percent Of 100
Canadians in grade two, nine will enter university.
Six will graduate.
In British Columbia, the province with the highest
UBC Reports
Volume 11, No. 4 — July-August, 1965. Authorized as
second class mail by the Post Office Department,
Ottawa, and for payment of postage in cash. Published by the University of British Columbia and distributed free of charge to friends and graduates of the
University. Material appearing herein may be produced freely. Lettters are welcome and should be
addressed to The Information Office, UBC, Vancouver 8, B.C.
school retention rate, about 40 percent of the students in grades 2 through 6 never reach grade 12.
In addition, in both Canada and the U.S., a large
and virutally untapped resource for science is the
woman student Few of them enter science in the
first place, and few of them return to their careers
after the early years of child rearing. This waste
stands in stark contrast to what is occurring in many
other countries.
To attract to the universities and a career in
science a larger part of the pool of talent requires
some hard decisions. The first is introduction of
substantially more science into early education than
we offer at present. Our students, especially in the
early years, have the energy and ability to assimilate
substantially more science than we offer them without in any way reducing or restricting the content in
humanities and social studies. Others have done it;
so can we.
The second requirement to interest elementary
and high school students in science is better science
teaching. Here progress is being made. The subject
content in teacher training is rising.
For the secondary teacher in this province, for
example, 15 units in each of two subjects taught in
high school is required. It is better than it used
to be; it is not good enough. The material being
taught has been undergoing drastic revision in recent years, as a result of various teaching institutes
offered under the guidance of outstanding scientists
in the various disciplines.
These have been highly successful in modernizing
curricula and they surely must become a permanent part of our techniques for up-dating teaching
programs in elementary and secondary schools. Their
success requires the energies and knowledge of the
best university teachers.
REVISE ADMISSION PROCEDURES
The third requirement for attracting more of our
untapped talent into science or any other field at the
university level is a revision of our admission
procedures. We need to recruit actively in the high
schools, looking for students with ability. We need
to be sure they know of the opportunities available
to them. We need to be able to offer them the
necessary financial support to ensure that they are
not frightened away from university for financial
reasons.
I doubt that federal loans are the answer, although they are highly useful. I suspect that many
good students are simply not prepared to begin their
careers with a significant debt hanging over their
heads.
Concurrently, we need to modify our admission
standards to exclude from the universities those who
are unlikely to profit from the experience. Such
students are better off in other educational avenues
where their abilities can meet with success.
The net effect should be not a dramatically enlarged enrolment, at least not immediately, but a
more selected enrolment of young people with the
potential for study at a university level.
There is a great need to renew and strengthen our
traditional concern for good teaching in the universities. Science has become highly competitive.
Recognition and prestige depend primarily on the
attitude of one's fellow scientists. And so it becomes important right from high school to obtain
good grades, to be accepted into a good undergraduate school from which the chances for acceptance
into a prestige graduate school are better.
Here, contact with distinguished scientists brings
the opportunity of a better job. Frequent publication keeps a scientist in view of his associates, and
universities tend to appoint on the basis of international reputation rather than local performance.
Thus, teaching tends to be down-graded.
To carry on his work a scientist needs money and
facilities. The availability of these is determined
by committees of his fellow scientists. Thus, research
productivity again is given a priority higher than
teaching.
A positive feedback also is involved. Successful
research brings prestige which increases the chances
of a prestigious appointment
A man with such an appointment is likely to attract more money for research and more outstanding
students and thereby further enhance his prestige.
The prestigious university too gains further prestige
by having such men on its faculty.
One more factor lures the scientist toward the
prestige status. Beyond the academic community a
high reputation in science brings lucrative consult-
antships. In view of all these pressures, it is little
wonder that teaching can be neglected.
It must be obvious to everyone that more emphasis on teaching will be needed as the shortages
of teachers for the universities becomes more severe.
Many approaches are available: the more effective
use of graduate students and emeriti, the part-time
use of Ph.D.'s employed by industry and government, better use of present faculty by application of
TV, programmed learning, taped lectures, and other
modern devices. Most important however, is to
restore the status of teaching. This does not mean
less concern for research. It does mean a renewed
recognition that teaching and research are synergistic
and that a balance is in the best interests of both. A PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENT
Daniells Named  First   University  Professor'
Dr. Roy Daniells, head of the department of English for 13 years, has
been named to the first of a limited
number of Distinguished Professorships planned at UBC.
"We are beginning by recognizing
one of our most distinguished scholars,
who is also a distinguished Canadian
poet and writer," said President John
B. Macdonald. "Dr. Daniells' position
will be unique among the faculty at
UBC, and quite possibly at any Canadian university.
"By presidential appointment, without term, he will be University Professor of English Language and
Literature, administratively responsible to the president."
Dr. Daniells relinquished his appointment, as head of the department
of English in order to devote himself
to his scholarly interests. He is free
to choose his own teaching assignments within the departments of the
university, subject to invitation by
department heads.
Dr. Macdonald said that the recent
UBC report on academic goals, Guide-
posts to Innovation (P. 25) had recommended — in the words of the report
— "that functional specialization as in
teaching and research be accepted
and rewarded. For example, it would
be of value to appoint a number of
outstanding scholars as University
Professors,   persons   who   would   add
Dr. Dolman
Resigns to
Write Book
Dr. Claude E. Dolman, head of the
University of B.C.'s department of
bacteriology and immunology, has resigned to devote full time to research
and scholarly writing, President John
B. Macdonald has announced.
Dr. Dolman, a member of the UBC
faculty since 1935, will continue to
hold the rank of full professor in the
department.
Dr. Dolman said relief from administrative duties would allow him to
concentrate on writing a history of
microbiology.
He said he would also continue to
supervise the work of a number of
graduate students and conduct research on botulism, a fatal form of
bacterial food poisoning. Dr. Dolman
is recognized as a world authority on
botulism.
Born and educated in England, Dr.
Dolman holds the degrees of bachelor
of medicine and science and doctor
of philosophy from the University of
London.
He holds fellowships in the Royal
College of Physicians and Surgeons
of London and Canada, the Royal
Society of Canada, and the American
Public Health Association.
He came to Canada in 1931 to join
the Connaught Medical Research
Laboratories at the University of
Toronto. A year after joining the UBC
faculty in 1935 he was named head
of the department of bacteriology and
preventive medicine, which later became the bacteriology and immunology department.
Dean Heads
Geography Body
Dean Neville V. Scarfe is the first
non-American to be elected president
of the 50-year-old National Council
for Geographic Education in America.
The dean of UBC's faculty of education was chosen to head the American organization at the annual meeting in Minneapolis.
The National Council is an association of geographers dedicated to the
promotion of better geography teaching in the schools. It publishes a
monthly magazine with a world-wide
circulation called the Journal of Geography.
UBC REPORTS
JULY-AUGUST, 1965
VOLUME 11, NO. 4
lustre to the department to which
they were attached, and who would
enhance the academic development of
junior members of the department
and its senior students."
The president commented: "I have
been impressed that this proposal can
be very helpful in focusing and illustrating the university's aspirations to
academic excellence, and it is appropriate to begin establishing such prestigious professorships by recognizing
one of UBC's most distinguished
scholars who is also one of Canada's
top scholars in his field.
"There is every indication, as Roy
Daniells at 63 approaches the age
traditionally regarded as the end of
one's active career, that his energetic
pursuit of his interests in literature
will   continue   to  add   richly  to  the
vitality and well-being of his discipline, and to his stature as one of
Canada's outstanding humanists.
"Since 1948 Dr. Daniells has guided
with distinction the largest department at UBC through a period of
unprecedented and prodigious growth.
Last year there were 125 teachers and
10,400 individual students registered
for the department's offerings.
"Roy Daniells virtually created the
graduate program in English. He has
brought it to a point where it attracts
students not only from all over Canada, but from the United States,
Britain and other parts of the Commonwealth.
"In spite of the arduous duties involved in managing so large a department, Dr. Daniells has continued to
teach  a wide variety of courses  in-
ALUMNI FUND RAISING
North  American  Award
Goes to UBC Association
The UBC Alumni Association has
won the 1965 top award among North
American public universities for improvement in fund raising by alumni.
Last year the award went to the
University of Michigan.
Alumni President Rod Macdonald
accepted the $1,000 award on behalf
of the association in Atlantic City at
the 50th Annual General Conference
of the American Alumni Council. The
award is derived from a grant by the
United States Steel  Foundation.
Mr. Macdonald was chairman of
the UBC Alumni Annual Giving Campaign during 1963, the year upon
which the 1965 award is based. In
1963, alumni donors increased from
2,527 to 3,728 (by 48 percent), contributions rose from $36,749 to $89,370
(by 143 percent), and the average
contribution rose from $14.54 to $23.97.
WELL DESERVED
"This award was well deserved by
the Alumni Association," said UBC
President John B. Macdonald.
"Through the intensive and tireless
drive of Mr. Macdonald and Gordon
Thom, executive director of the campaign, alumni giving moved onto a
higher and much broader plateau.
"The slogan in 1963 was 'Participation, Not Amount1 but the drive
achieved both—much greater partici-
Educationalist
Will Work in
Africa, U.S.
G. H. Cannon, an associate professor
of education at UBC, has been named
a visiting professor to the new African
country of Tanzania for the coming
year.
Cannon will spend the next year in
Dar es Salaam lecturing in physics
and education in the faculty of science
of University College, a branch of the
University of East Africa.
In addition to lecturing, Cannon will
develop an option in education in the
faculty of science which will allow
science students to receive their teaching certificates on graduation.
We will also be associated with the
Institute of Education at University
College on problems of curriculum development for the Tanzanian education
system.
He has been granted a year's leave
of absence from UBC and will return
to the faculty of education in September, 1966.
MIT PROJECT
Cannon was also recently named to
an international conference which
begins work this summer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology to
design new programs of study in occupational, technical and vocational
education.
Cannon said the MIT program
would continue for a number of years
and he would continue to be associated
with it.
pation by alumni, and a much higher
rate of giving.
"The permanent results were indicated by the 1964 campaign, when the
drive raised more than $100,000 for the
university and the number of donors
increased to 4,500.
"The university needs all the financial support it can get from all
sources, including the extremely
valuable support of a large-number of
actively interested alumni throughout
the province and the nation."
Alumni President Rod Macdonald
said: "Much of our success came from
the strong support of the Board of
Management of the Alumni Association. The board gave wonderful backing to our 'Participation, Not Amount'
slogan when every member of the
board made a personal contribution
at the start of the campaign."
Gordon Thom, director of the
Alumni Annual Giving Campaign said:
"The award is really a tribute to the
many alumni who supported our effort."
NEW APPROACH
The 1963 campaign introduced a new
approach which Mr. Macdonald and
Mr. Thom developed after attending
the American Alumni Councils Conference in Banff in 1962.
Mr. Thom became fulltime executive
director, and a clerk was added.
Where alumni had been solicited with
a single brochure in 1962, 60,000 letters
were sent out during 1963, with particular types of letters directed at groups
with interests — such as profession,
class year or faculty. A system of
monthly and quarterly reports on
contributions by alumni was established.
First priority in disbursing alumni
contributions goes to the support of
traditional Alumni Association projects, including 42 Norman MacKenzie Scholarships of $350 each (one for
each provincial riding in B.C.), to the
President's Fund, the UBC library, to
athletics and recreation — a total
amount of around $40,000 a year.
volving   all   levels   of  students  from
freshmen to graduates.
"As teacher, administrator and writer, Dr. Daniells has earned and won
the respect of thousands of students
who have benefited from his teaching
and   of  his   academic  colleagues
DR. ROY DANIELLS
throughout the nation who have been
enlightened by his scholarship."
Born in London, England, on April
6, 1902, Roy Daniells first came to
UBC as a student in 1928. He obtained
his B.A. at UBC in 1930. He took his
M.A. in 1931 and his Ph.D. in 1936 at
the University of Toronto, where he
began teaching at University College
in 1930.
He was head of the English Department at the University of Manitoba
for nine years before coming to UBC
in 1947, to become head of the English
Department in 1948.
Second Major
Award for
UBC Chemist
Dr. James Trotter, associate professor of chemistry at the University of
B.C. has been awarded a much-coveted research grant from the Alfred
P. Sloan  Foundation of New York.
Dr.   Trotter   is   one   of   91   scientists
in the U.S. and Canada who have received 1965 grants totalling 1.4 million
dollars. The award to Dr. Trotter is
one of two made in Canada.
Dr. Trotter will receive a total of
$15,000 over the next two years from
the Sloan Foundation for continuation
of his work in the field of X-ray
crystallography, a field of chemistry
concerned with the structure of large
molecules.
This is the second major award
which Dr. Trotter has received in the
past two years. In 1963 he was the recipient of the Meldola Medal of the
Royal Institute of Chemistry in Great
Britain.
FIRST 16 ARMY HUTS put up on the UBC campus have been turned over to a
contractor to be torn down. Several have been demolished. Most of the teaching
and other work being done in the huts will transfer to the new commerce and
social sciences building, to be known as the Henry Angus building, which will open
in late summer. The new building is a 3-Universities fund project. Hundreds of
army huts were rushed to the campus 20 years ago to accommodate the homecoming
tide of student-veterans. UBC bursar William White says the Board of Governors
has authorized a long-range program to dispose of the old huts as new buildings
come into use.   (Extension Dept Photo). WORLD'S FIRST cable suspension stadium roof design has been created by UBC School of Architecture graduate Vladimir
Plavsic for Thunderbird Stadium at UBC (See story P. 1). The design eliminates support posts but will be cheaper than cantilever. The roof will hang by IVii inch cables from a dozen 80-foot prestressed concrete pillars, visible all over the campus,
and each topped by a thunderbird cast in concrete from a design by Indian art expert, Bill Read. Grandstand faces west for sun
warmth and seats 3,000, like the old stadium. It can be expanded   to seat 15,000 if required. (Vladimir Plavsic photo).
MacMILLAN  FAMILY   FUND   DONATES:
Fellowships  Honor   Former  Presidents
The H. R. MacMillan Family Fund
has honored the three former presidents of UBC by establishing in their
names a fellowship program totalling
$1,332,000 — a 40 percent expansion of
the fellowship program established by
the fund  in February.
The overall program will now provide over 20 years $4,662,000 for 63 annual Ph.D. fellowships at $3,200 each
(plus $500 to UBC for overhead and
essential travel), President John B.
Macdonald said in announcing the
new gift recently.
The additional 18 fellowships are
divided into three groups, each named
to honor a former president, and to
provide six fellowships in his field of
special  interest,  the  president  said.
The general conditions are the same
as for 45 annual fellowships donated
by the H. R. MacMillan Family Fund
last February.
Applicants must be Canadian citizens who are undertaking Ph.D. programs at UBC. They must agree to
remain in Canada for a reasonable
time after obtaining their doctorates,
provided they are offered suitable
positions.
The fellowships will be renewed
each year on a basis of performance
for a maximum of three years to any
individual or until a degree is obtained. The total of 18 fellowships includes renewals.
The three new fellowship groups
are:
• The Frank F. Wesbrook Fellowship, in microbiology or bacteriology,
named for the first UBC president,
who died in 1919.
• The Leonard S. Klinck Fellowship, in agricultural research, named
for UBC's second president, now 88,
and living at 2627 Marine Drive, West
Vancouver.
• The Norman MacKenzie Fellowship, named for the third president,
now living at 4509 West Fourth
Avenue,   Vancouver,   to   be   available
in the fields of international relations,
or Canadian history, political science
or economics, or international  law.
Six of the new fellowships (two in
each group) will be available in September, 1966; a total of 12 will be
available in September, 1967, and a
full 18 in September, 1968.
There will be 18 fellowships available for 20 years in all, tapering off in
the two following years to 12 and then
to 6.
Dr.   Macdonald   commented   today:
"When the MacMillan Family Fund
donated the original 45 fellowships in
February, 1965, and Dr. MacMillan
personally contributed nearly $4 million for our library, I called these the
most generous gifts ever made to
graduate education   in  Canada.
"Now this generosity has been greatly extended. This new evidence of
support for graduate education will be
welcomed enthusiastically by the academic community. The additional fellowships will add important momentum to the development of graduate
studies in the areas selected.
"Beyond that they will underscore
the urgency of producing a great
many more Ph.D.' s in this country, to
provide   teachers   of   high   quality   at
our expanding universities, and to
maintain and improve the whole
calibre of Canadian life, economically
and culturally.
"The H. R. MacMillan Family Fellowships appear to me to be the most
rewarding way of investing dollars
in a great Canadian future, and in
keeping with the character of the
founder of this fund.
"We hope that Dr. MacMillan's
unique example will be actively emulated right across Canada."
Australian Named Head of
Mechanical Engineering
Advanced methods of stress analysis
will become one of the specialties of
the UBC's department of mechanical
engineering, says Dr. James Playford
Duncan, new head of the department
Dr. Duncan, 46, will assume the
headship in the summer of 1966, after
completing a year as visiting professor
at Pennsylvania State University, and
returning for a final year as head of
mechanical engineering at Britain's
University of Sheffield.
Dr. W. O. Richmond will continue
as acting head of mechanical engineering at UBC, and after 1966, will
remain as professor and devote him-
UBC to Offer Ph.D.
in Mechanical Eng.
A proposal to offer the doctor of
philosophy degree in mechanical engineering at UBC has been approved
by the Senate.
The degree will be offered in the
1965-66 session with special concentration in the areas of applied mechanics, aerodynamics, aeroelasticity, space
dynamics, thermodynamics, and heat
transfer.
The UBC department now offers a
program leading to the degree of
master of applied science in mechanical engineering. A total of 21 masters
degrees were awarded in the period
1959-64.
self to academic work. Dr. Richmond
resigned as head late in 1963.
At Pennsylvania State University,
Dr. Duncan was studying the geometry
of curved surfaces in the field of deep-
sea torpedoes, fins and propellers.
His assistant in this work, Charles
Roland Hazell, 27, has joined UBC's
mechanical engineering department as
assistant professor. Born in Halifax,
Mr. Hazell obtained his B.Sc. at Nova
Scotia Technical College, his M.Sc.
at the Pennsylvania State University,
and will receive his Ph.D. from that
university this summer.
Australian-born, Dr. Duncan received his B.E. in 1941 and an M.E. in
1954 from the University of Adelaide,
and a D.Sc. from the University of
Manchester (Britain) in 1964. He is a
specialist in steam - turbine power
plant design and in teaching design
and engineering economy.
He spent 6Vi years in automobile
body design in Australia with Chrysler Export Corporation of Detroit,
and  was  acting   head  of  mechanical
DR. JAMES  P. DUNCAN
engineering    at    the    University    of
Adelaide.
In Britain, he was at the University
of Manchester, before becoming head
of mechanical engineering at the University of Sheffield in 1957.
Senate
Clarifies
Policy
The UBC Senate has clarified its
standing policy of permitting public
donations to provide athletic awards
for outstanding athletes who maintain general proficiency in their
studies.
Here is the full text of the Senate
statement:
AWARDS FOR ATHLETES
Athletes at the University of B.C.
who have met academic and other
qualifications have always received
their share of scholarships and bursaries open to the student body at
large.
The continuing Senate policy, however, does not permit the establishment under University auspices of
"athletic scholarships," designed for
the primary purpose of recruiting
selected players for teams.
On the other hand, present Senate
regulations do make it possible for
donors to establish awards, similar to
bursaries, which are open in competition to students who combine merit
and participation in athletics with
sound academic standing. These
awards, when established under terms
acceptable to Senate, are administered
by the Joint Faculty Committee on
Prizes, Scholarships and  Bursaries.
In determining the athletic qualifications of candidates, this committee
is assisted by members of faculty who
serve on the Men's Athletic Committee, the Women's Athletic Committee,
and in the School of Physical Education.
To be eligible a candidate must
have the same academic standing required to hold a bursary.
The first responsibility of the winner of any award established by Senate is to his academic studies. If, at
any   time,   the    holder   of   an    award
fails to maintain satisfactory academic standards he may forfeit the
balance of his award.
If he finds it necessary, however, to
curtail his extra curricular or athletic
activities in order to maintain these
standards, he is not required during
the remainder of the session to relinquish  any part of it
These awards are intended for students whose secondary schooling was
taken in British Columbia, and others
who have chosen to attend the University of B.C. because of its academic
programs.
Political Science
Head Appointed
Professor R. Stephen Milne, head
of the department of political science
at the University of Singapore, has
been named head of a new political
science department at  UBC.
The department of economics and
political science was split into separate units July 1, the date when Prof.
Milne's appointment became effective.
Prof. John Young will continue to
head the department of economics at
UBC.
Prof. Milne, 45, who has been organizing the department of political
science and teaching at the University
of Singapore since 1961, is a graduate
of Queens College, Oxford University,
where he received his bachelor of
arts degree with first class honors in
1940, and his master of arts degree in
1947.
Prof. Milne's research interests are
in the areas of elections and political
parties, comparative government, and
public administration.
UBC
Reports
VOLUME 11, No. 4
JULY-AUGUST,   1965
RETURN   POSTAGE  GUARANTEED
ANNA R LEITH
LIBRARY

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