UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Aug 13, 1992

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Fiscal restraint leads to budget cuts
"From an income point of view,
this is the most difficult year we
have faced in several years."
A clouded financial picture that is being compared to the restraint era of
the 1980s has led to campus-wide
cuts in the 1992/93 budget.
More than $4.1 million has been trimmed
from the recurring budgets of university departments, offices and faculties — an average of 1.6
per cent.
Some areas have
received deeper cuts, —————-^^—^^—
including areduction
of more than eight per
cent in the operating
budget ofthe Faculty
of Agricultural Sci- ^^^^——^^—^^—
The cuts were made to help balance the $320-
million general purpose operating budget approved by the university' s Board ofGovernors in
"From an income point of view, this is the
most difficult year we have faced in several
years," President David Strangway told board
members. "It bears a great deal of similarity to the
restraint years ofthe early 1980s."
The university's major source of income, the
provincial government's annual operating grant,
was up two per cent this year, for a total of $267
But this follows a year in which inflation
toppdW|(ff per cent, Strangway said. The university also faces many cost increases which are
fixed, imposed by regulation, or stem from approved agreements.
These increases are not recognized in the
provincial government's operating grant and must
be absorbed this fiscal year, he said.
As well, expectations of additional access
funding to boost enrolment at UBC — at both the
undergraduate and graduate level—were dashed
when the provincial government retracted its
commitment to increase the number of funded
student places, said Strangway.
The last increase in access funding came in
April, allowing an additional 200 undergraduate
and 84 graduate positions.
On top of the pro-
■——^—^^^^—     vincial   operating
grant, the university
had an income of $47
million from credit
course fees, $1 mil-
__^_^_^^     lion from miscellaneous fees, and $4.8
million from interest and other income.
More than 80 per cent of the university's
expenses are from salaries and benefits. A further
$6.3 million goes toward utilities, $6.4 million to
library acquisitions, $6.8 million to student aid,
and $35 million to other non-salary expenses.
The recently negotiated salary increases for
faculty added a one-time, retroactive $1.3 million to the fiscal year cost of 1991/92. The academic contingency fund was used to offset this
expense and balance the budget.
Salary settlements for most university employees in 1991/92 have now been reached, with
the exception of teaching assistants belonging to
the Canadian Union of Public Employees, Local
2278 and day care workers.
For 1992/93, salary adjustments are also outstanding for management and professional staff,
non-union technical staff and excluded staff.
The entire budget narrative will be published
and distributed this fall.
Task force poised to
tackle global gridlock
Feet first, pedal next, motor maybe.
"That would make a good bumper sticker,"
Setty Pendakur's guest blurts out. Not surprisingly, the suggestion draws no response.
As recently appointed chair of the Global
participating in the Barcelona games
followed in the footsteps of 35 former
UBC students in bringing home Olympic medals in rowing. Page 2.
HELPING HAND: More than 2,000 international students from close to 90
countries were enrolled at UBC last
year. Staff at International House,
along with 400 volunteers, are ready
to greet the newest batch of arrivals.
Around & About, page 3.
SAY WHAT?: Misleading metaphors,
inflated language, weasel words and
gobbledygook are some of the tools
used by public speakers who abuse
English with doublespeak. English
Professor Philip Allingham uncovers the worst. Forum, page 8.
Task Force on Non-Motorized Transport,
Pendakur isn't big on bumpers. Still, that doesn't
stop him from thinking up catchy phrases for the
two primary alternatives to cars — cycling and
"People have an emotional love affair with
their motor vehicles in this country and the divorce isn't going to come easy," he said.
Pendakur, who has taught transportation issues in UBC's School of Community and Regional Planning for 26 years, hopes the 29-mem-
ber task force helps hasten the divorce. The
world's cities, he says, are running out of room to
move and clean air to breath largely because of an
overabundance of moving metal on roads.
The task force will seek to change people's
attitudes towards daily travel by highlighting
how other countries have successfully tackled
their inner-city traffic problems.
Some examples:
- In January, Amsterdam citizens voted by
referendum to prohibit cars from coming into the
central business district without a special pass.
- Singapore drivers, who currently shell out
$ 100 a month for the privilege of driving downtown, may soon have to pay by the kilometre
under a new concept known as electronic road
- In Bangalore, India (twice the size of metropolitan Vancouver), 25 per cent of trips are by
bicycle, while an equal percentage of Finns in
See TODAY'S on Page 2
Photo by Charles Ker
Native carver Ken McNeildances under the watchfuleyes of a totem pole he helped create for
the First Nations Longhouse, a project funded by UBC's World of Opportunity campaign.
Native artists celebrated
as Longhouse posts unveiled
An enthusiastic audience of close to 100
Native students, elders, architects, administrators and faculty applauded the unveiling of four
carved house posts at UBC's First Nations
Longhouse last month.
Two, 19-metre red cedar roof beams,
carved in the shape of a sea lion and killer
whale by Haida artist Don Yeomans, were
also hoisted into place amidst ceremonial
chanting by First Nations graduate Ron
The two-hour ceremony, convened
on the construction site ofthe magnificent 1 06-metre-long structure, paid tribute to the artists who shaped the giant
cedar posts and beams which will frame
the Great Hall of the Longhouse.
See CEDAR on Page 2
Computer porn ordered
deleted from UBC computers
UBC President David Strangway has instructed University Computing Services (UCS)
to delete all pornographic material from the UCS
computer files.
"Several colleagues have written to me
regarding the availability of pornographic
material on UBCNet. I wish to assure you
that neither I nor the university condone
such vulgar and reprehensible "news"
items on computer network bulletin
boards," he said.
Strangway has asked all UBC units to ensure
that university property is not being used to gain
access to, create, or store such pornographic
material on university computing equipment,
noting that some ofthe material sent to his office
was not found in UCS computer files.
Bernard Sheehan, associate vice-president,
Information and Computing Systems, is in the
process of establishing a task force to examine
the appropriate uses of information technology at
UBC and make recommendations.
"Dr. Sheehan has been working on this issue with
the UCS staff for several weeks and has been collecting background information from other institutions
worldwide," Strangway said. 2   UBC REPORTS August 13.1992
Hi-tech brings life to limbs
Letters to the Editor
Picking up a telephone, flicking
on a light switch, and turning the
page of a book are daily acts that most
of us take for granted. But for people
who have lost the use of their arms,
they are impossible tasks.
UBC researchers Douglas Romilly
and Cecil Hershler are developing an
orthotic device to help replace the
power and movement in the arms of
these people.
Among those who could benefit
are those suffering from polio, spinal
cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, strokes, and
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or
Lou Gehrig's Disease).
"There is a whole class of people
who have lost mobility and muscle
function in their limbs but they can
still feel texture and temperature," said
Romilly, an assistant professor in the
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
"We're trying to build a device that
would give them back their mobility."
Romilly and Hershler, a clinical
associate professor in the School of
Rehabilitation Medicine, are in the
early stages of a three-year project to
develop prototypes for an improved
orthotic device.
Many of the existing orthotics are
very sophisticated, but suffer from a
number of problems: they are too
heavy, too complicated to use, and so
expensive that few can afford them
(unlike prostheses, orthotics are not
covered by the B.C. medical plan).
The root of these problems, said
Romilly, is that these orthotic designs
try to fully mimic human movement,
and this has proven to be too complex.
Romilly and Hershler are taking a
different approach. They surveyed
people who have lost muscle function
in their arms and asked them which
tasks they would like help in performing.
"It may not be as important to fully
mimic human movement as it is to
provide a certain function," said
Most of the research project to date
Graduate student Carolyn Anglin tests orthotic device.
Photo by Maitin Dee
has involved an evaluation of an existing state-of-the-art orthotic device,
made by the Hugh MacMillan Rehabilitation Centre in Toronto.
The device comprises a series of
aluminum braces that strap onto the
arm, mounted across the chest with a
pivot point under one arm to take the
It is powered by a pair of battery-
operated motors, which are operated
by two electrodes placed above the
eyebrows of the user. Movement of
the user's forehead muscles turns the
motors on and off. The orthotic allows
users to rotate their forearm, reach out,
and grasp objects with a thumb and
two fingers.
Although it has the advantage of
being less expensive and is easier to
put on and remove than many other
models, Romilly said its limitations
are fast becoming evident.
"It doesn't allow the user to make
two movements at once. It can't, for
example, allow you to reach for and
grab a cup at the same time — that's
two separate movements," he said.
"We're using it as a learning tool to
create the next generation of devices."
The researchers plan to build five
prototypes of their new design, sending one back to the MacMillan lab.
The other four will be clinically evaluated on patients.
Romilly and Hershler's work is
funded in part by a $190,000 grant
from the provincial Ministry of Health.
Today's focus on cars, not people
Continued from Page 1
Helsinki cycle downtown to work in
the dead of winter.
Meanwhile, Pendakur points out
that the City of Vancouver recently
balked at a suggestion it levy a parking
tax which amounted to about $2 a
"Governments have to take the lead
and ask questions ofthe engineers and
economists because right now environmental costs and benefits are being
left out ofthe whole spectrum of analysis and professional practice," said
'Transportation priorities today revolve around moving cars, not people."
Organized by the 70-year-old
Transportation Research Board and
the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the three-year task force will
seek to get environmental traffic considerations on the agendas of planners
and economists by holding yearly conferences and special seminars. The
task force won't be doing research of
its own, but rather getting experts from
around the world together to talk about
their innovations.
"In trying to retrofit North American cities for bicycles or walking we
Bangkok's traffic jams test the patience ofthe most stalwart motorist.
don't have to reinvent the wheel but
learn from the experience of others,"
said Pendakur, who added that Canada
is 20 years behind countries in Northern Europe in terms of accommodating cyclists in urban plans.
The task force membership will
consist of five people from interna
tional lending and aid agencies, five
from developing countries (India, Nigeria, Indonesia, Thailand, Hong
Kong), eight academics and professionals from the U.S. and 11 members
from Canada, Australia, Germany,
France, Japan, the U.K., Norway,
Sweden and the Netherlands.
Negotiations 'a disaster'
The Editor:
I object to the self-congratulatory tone ofthe statements by the Faculty
Association President in the July 16 UBC Reports concerning the recent
faculty salary settlement for 1991-1992. In fact the Faculty Association's
policy in negotiating that settlement was a disaster. The University made us
an acceptable offer in 1991, but the Association, as always, wanted more,
regardless ofthe circumstances. As a result ofthe subsequent delay we have
been denied our rightful salary increase for an entire year, have lost all the
interest that could have been earned from it, and have finally been awarded
it in a year when a new income tax surtax is being imposed. Furthermore,
when an agreement was finally reached, the time for a 1992-93 increase was
upon us, with the University facing new fiscal restraints. The impact of a
zero increase for 92-93 was muffled by its being coupled with the long-
delayed increase for the previous year. If the Association had negotiated in
a realistic and timely fashion in 1991 that decision would have been long
behind us, and we could have faced the new situation in its own terms. In
effect, the Association played into the administration's hands.
Daniel L. Overmyer
Asian Studies
UBC athletes strike
gold at Olympics
Edmonton native Megan
Delehanty "rows" to the occasion at
the Summer Olympics in Barcelona.
Delehanty, a PhD candidate at
UBC in Microbiology, put in a gold-
medal performance
in Spain to add to
the university's rich
Olympic history in
She wasn't alone.
Joined by alumni
Kathleen Heddle of
Vancouver and
Jessica Monroe of
North Vancouver,
they teamed up with
Kirs tenBarnesof Victoria, Brenda Taylor
of Sidney, B.C.,
Lesley Thompson of
London, Ont., and
Shannon Crawford,
Mamie McBean and Kay Worthington
of Toronto, to finish first in the women's eights with coxswain.
They were coached by another
UBC alumnus, Al Morrow, a competitor at the 1976 Summer Olympics
in Montreal, who also guided the women's fours to a gold medal in Barcelona.
"We pushed really hard,"
Delehanty later reflected after returning from the rowing venue at
Lake Banyoles to the main athletes'
village in Barcelona.
"If you challenge for that gold
medal, you don't let anyone take it
away from you."
The Canadian crew finished a
whopping four seconds ahead of the
pack. However, Delehanty said the
thought of winning
didn't enter her mind
until the race was almost over.
"We were expecting a really tight race.
But being so far ahead
ofthe rest, I started to
think, yeah, we're going to do it."
Another UBC
alum, Mike Rascher
of Fernie, B.C.,
brought home the
gold as a member of
the winning men's
eights with coxswain.
Heddle, Monroe, Rascher and Morrow follow in the footsteps of 35
former UBC students who have
brought home Olympic hardware in
Past gold-medal performances in
Olympic rowing have also come from
Ned Pratt, Walter D'Hondt, Archie
McKinnon, Don Arnold, and Lome
Loomerin 1956; George Hungerford
and Roger Jackson in 1964; and Pat
Turner and Paul Steele in 1984.
More than 50 rowers from UBC
have represented Canada in Olympic
Cedar posts, beams
depict ancestral figures
Continued from Page 1
Artists Susan Point (Coast
Salish), Lyle Wilson (Haisla), Ken
McNeil (Tahltan/Tlingit/Nisga'a)
and Stan Bevan (Tahltan/Tlingit/
Tsimshian) and Chief Walter Harris
and his son Rodney (Gitksan) described their creations after each
was unveiled: a stylized owl for
Point's post; eagle and beaver figures for Wilson's; the raven for
McNeil and Bevan's carving; and a
wolf with three figures representing
students atop the Harris' contribution.
Among those in attendance
were philanthropists Jack Bell
and Bill Bellman, each of whom
contributed $1 million towards
the project and Douglas
McArthur, B.C.'s deputy minister of aboriginal affairs.
The $4.9-million longhouse will
be a centre for the university's First
Nations students, staff and faculty
when it opens at the end of the year. UBC REPORTS August 13.1992
University cuts ties to exclusive men's club
UBC will no longer cover expenses
incurred by university personnel at
clubs that bar women from membership, says President David Strangway.
Previously, it was possible for faculty and staff to be reimbursed for
work-related entertainment costs.
The policy accompanied the resignations, in July, of both Strangway
and Dan Birch, vice-president Academic and provost, from the prestigious Vancouver Club.
The club does not admit female
"This is not acceptable today, if it
ever was, as women take their full
and rightful place in all parts of our
society, whether business, law or accounting firms," Strangway said in
his letter of resignation to club president Gerald McGavin.
"It is with great regret that I take
this step," he added. "I had hoped that
the necessary changes in the Vancouver Club would be initiated, but I see
no sign that this is happening."
As a member, Strangway had been
actively lobbying the club's executive
to admit women. Recently, he attempted
to nominate two prominent women for
membership without success.
Birch, who became a club member through an amalgamation of the
Vancouver Club and the University
Club of Vancouver in 1972, has not
patronized the club since 1974.
"It became clear to me that all-male
clubs patronized by the men in business and community leadership positions were among the mechanisms in
our society which, without ill intent,
served to limit the advancement of
women," Birch's letter of resignation
He said he remained a member in
order to vote to admit women, thinking that such a decision was not only
"inevitable, but would be accomplished in short order."
Birch and Strangway resigned following a decision by the club's executive board to reject the nomination of
women, despite advice that their membership was not prevented by the
club's constitution or bylaws.
Currently, there are 24 UBC faculty, staff and emeriti who are members of the Vancouver Club. It will be
left up to individuals to decide if they
retain personal memberships in the
club, Strangway said.
Other prominent Vancouver Club
members to resign in recent months
include Bill Saywell, president of
Simon Fraser University, Haig Farris,
director of the Science Council of B.C.,
Erich Vogt, director of TRIUMF and
Peter Lusztig, former dean of UBC's
Faculty of Commerce.
High school
win bronze
Two high school students coached
by Christopher Waltham, an assistant
professor in the Dept. of Physics, won
bronze medals at the 23rd annual International Physics Olympiads held
recently in Helsinki, Finland.
PaulTupper, of Vancouver, placed
39th overall out of 177 students from
37 countries who were entered in the
competition. Patrick Premont, of
Valleyfield, Que., came in 54th place.
Both earned bronze medals.
Adrian Dunn of North Hatley, Que.,
earned an honorable mention for his
70th-place showing.
The Canadian team at the Chemistry Olympiad in Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C, also did well, but failed
to win any medals. They were coached
by Gordon Bates, an associate professor in the Dept. of Chemistry.
Ill health downs
giant redwood tree
Photo by Media Services
The giant redwood seen in healthier days sporting the Lights
of Learning, an annual Christmas event.
It's time to say goodbye to an old
The sequoiadendron giganteum,
the 17-metre California Redwood tree
that has stood tall outside the Main
Library since the first days of UBC, is
in failing health.
Efforts by university horti-
culturalists to revitalize it have been
unsuccessful and the tree is scheduled to come down during the last
week of August.
"A report prepared by a professional arborist suggests the tree's energy bank is nearly exhausted," said
Mike Hanson, grounds trades supervisor with the Dept. of Plant Operations.
Hanson said the tree is failing
rapidly with only small amounts of
viable leaf and a considerable amount
of disease within the crown. This
year's drought likely had an impact
as well, he added.
"The report indicates the tree's
rate of decline can only increase
and death is imminent," Hanson
"The tree will become a hazard
and must come down before it
comes down on its own, during a
windstorm this fall, for example."
The California Redwood, which
towered over the university's Lights
of Learning ceremony for the past
two years, could still remain part of
UBC's tradition. Hanson said the
university is investigating the possibility of incorporating its wood
in the new library building.
Hanson said the university is
exploring the possibility of planting a new sequoiadendron in the
same vicinity.
Kresco Pavlovic, head gardener
at UBC, said if that is the case, the
gardening crew will do its best to
ensure that the newly planted tree
has every opportunity to grow and
Around & About
Welcoming hand extended to international students
At the University of B.C.'s International House, five staff and
more than 400 volunteers from on-
and off-campus are quietly busy,
offering support and encouragement to UBC students from other
"Our main purpose is to assist
international students to achieve
their academic ambitions at UBC,"
says Shirin Theophilus, one of two
student advisors at International
House. "We also promote goodwill between these students and
During the 1991-92 academic
year, there were 2,077 international
students from more than 90 countries at UBC.
In Second to None, UBC's mission statement, President David
Strangway clearly outlines the university's commitment to internationalizing both UBC and the educational experience of its students,
stating: international students not
only benefit from what the university has to offer, but make a major
contribution to the educational en
terprise from their varied backgrounds
and different perspectives.
International House plays a role in
this commitment by welcoming and
supporting incoming international
From humble beginnings in 1953,
International House
opened its present
home in 1959, following a traditional UBC
tenure in an army hut.
Construction funds ^^^^^^^
were raised primarily
by the Rotary Club of Vancouver and
the Vancouver-South (then Marpole)
Rotary Club, along with other on-
and off-campus groups. Both Rotary
clubs are still active on the centre's
board of directors.
UBC is the only university in
Canada, as far as Theophilus knows,
that has a facility specifically devoted to international students.
"It's wonderful that we're able to
provide a safe environment where
international students can interact
with each other and with Canadians,
and grow," she says.
In addition to supporting interna
tional students at UBC, the centre
keeps a library of information about
educational, work and volunteer opportunities around the world, as a
resource for all UBC students.
Community volunteers — some
of whom have been associated with
"We're able to provide a safe environment
where international students can interact with
each other and with Canadians, and grow."
the centre for more than a decade —
are a key ingredient in International
House's array of programs. During
the spring, volunteers write personalized letters to all incoming international students. In the summer, volunteers greet students at the Vancouver airport and assist them with the
search for housing.
The centre also offers year-round
services to support and encourage
students. Canadian students are
matched with internationals in the
peer program, a buddy system designed to encourage cultural exchanges and appreciation, along with
friendship and support. Last year,
close to 100 Canadian students were
exposed to international cultures and
friendships through peers.
The language services program
offers English-as-a-Second-Lan-
guage classes to both students and
their spouses, who may feel
isolated due to lack of English skills. This also has a
social value, as the classes
bring together families of
^^^^  students.
A translation service is
offered by the language bank program. People drop off material to be
translated into various languages by
international students, who do so as a
volunteer service for the university
And there are social and recreational programs to help international
students have a well-rounded experience at UBC. Members are encouraged to participate in fitness classes,
hiking and biking expeditions, group
outings to local attractions and various social get-togethers.
All of these programs are staffed
by volunteers, whether faculty, staff,
students or members of the community.
Diane Larsson, a UBC social
work student and assistant coordinator of the 1992 summer reception program, says that when
she started, she was amazed at the
amount of time volunteers were
willing to put in.
"But now I understand how much
people get from volunteering here,
what a great learning experience it is
for them, " she says.
"Mostly," adds Theophilus,
"we're providing the skills, resources
and environment to enable international students to adapt to the UBC
environment. We're not trying to
change them, just help them make a
smooth transition to UBC, so as to
support their academic achievement."
Do you know of an unsung hero
—faculty, staff, student or member
ofthe community — at UBC? If so.
drop a note to The Editor, UBC
Reports, Community Relations Office. Zone 2. 4    UBCREPORTS August 13.1992
August 16 -
September 5
Biotechnology Lab Seminar
Transferrin Receptor Mechanism Of
Receptor-Mediated Endocytosis And
Prospects For Immunotherapy. Dr. lan
Trowbridge, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, San Diego, CA. IRC #3 at
3.30pm. Call Dr. Wilf Jefferies at 822-
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Cancelled. Call 875-2118.
Honorary Degrees Nominations
The Tributes Committee is now accepting
nominations for honorary degrees for
1993. Nominations/requests for forms
may be mailed to the Ceremonies Office,
Room 214, Old Administration Building.
Deadline for nominations is Sun., Aug.
30,1992. Call 822-2484.
UBC Campus Tours
Enjoy a free, walking tour
of UBC's gardens, galleries, recreational facilities
and more. Drop-in tours
leave the Tour & Information desk in the SUB at
10am and 1pm, weekdays. Other times
plus specialized tours for seniors, children, ESL groups, persons with disabilities and other groups available by booking
ahead through Community Relations at
Campus Tours For Prospective Students
School And College Liaison Office provide tours of the campus every Friday
mornings. Brock Hall 204D at 9:30am.
Advance registration required. Call 822-
For events in the period September 6 to September 19, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar
forms no later than noon on Tuesday, August 25, to the Community Relations Office, Room 207, 6328 Memorial Rd, Old
Administration Building. For more information call 822-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports will be published September
3. Notices exceeding 35 words may be edited The number of items for each faculty or department will be limited to four per issue.
Orientation '92
Campus orientation for new students. All
first year students, their parents, and college transfer students are invited to attend, through Sept. 4. Call School and
College Liaison Office at 822-3733.
Frederic Wood Theatre
Season Ticket Sale
Translation, Sept. 23-Oct 3; Woyzeck,
Nov. 18-28; Sticks And Stones, Jan. 13-
23; Dombey And Son, Mar. 10-20. Subscription rates: adults $34, students/
seniors $23. Single tickets for Translation, $10 and $7, respectively. Preview
Wed Sept. 23, two for $10. Call 822-
Museum Of Anthropology
The Transforming Image. Recovery/restoration of Northwest Coast paintings
through the museum's infra-red photography process. Gallery 5. Savage Graces:
After Images By Gerald McMaster. Galleries 9/10. Daily, 11am-5pm;Tues., 11am-
9pm. Call 822-5087.
Fine Arts Gallery
Open Tues.-Fri. from 10am-5pm. Saturdays 12-5pm. Free admission. Main
Library. Call 822-2759.
Institute of Asian Research
Art Exhibit
■■■■■ Chinese Seals And Callig-
"">§§ raphy. Special art exhibit
^JJR- tohonoraformerResearch
"WivC Associate Dr. Johnson
^/f^_ Chow on his 70th birthday.
^■"■""^ Asian Centre Auditorium,
Aug. 22-31 from 11 am-6pm. Call Anthony
Chung at 266-4155.
Giant Deer Antlers Fossil
Survival of the fittest or
evolution gone wild?
View the M.Y. Williams
Geological Museum's
giant deer antlers fossil
exhibit. Weekdays,
9am-5pm. Sat., 10am-5pm. Collectable Earth specimen shop open weekday afternoons plus Saturday. Free
Executive Programmes
Business seminar, Aug. 17-18: Maintenance Management. Fee $895/person.
MacPhee Executive Conference Centre, Commerce. Call 822-8400.
Statistical Consulting/Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of
Statistics to provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. Forms for appointments available in Ponderosa Annex C-
210. Call 822-4037.
ESL Evening Classes
Ten courses include Conversation Skills,
Speaking Skills for Seminars/Meetings,
Basic Writing/Grammar, Advanced Composition, TOEFL Preparation. Start date:
Sept. 28/29; classes: twice a week. Call
Computer Applications For
ESL Speakers
Learn about microcomputers or
WordPerfect 5.0 and improve your English language skills at the same time. Call
Laboratory Chemical Safety
Covers safe chemical storage, handling/
disposal, laboratory inspections, emergency/spill response. Free to UBC staff,
students/graduate students; non-UBC
participants $200. Chemistry 250, Aug.
25-26 from 8:30am-12:30pm. Half-day
practical session required. Call 822-2029.
Sexual Harassment Office
Advisors are available to discuss questions and concerns on the subject. They
are prepared to help any member of the
UBC community who is being sexually
harassed to find a satisfactory resolution. Call Margaretha Hoek at 822-
Diet Composition/Muscle
Function Study
Healthy, non-smoking, sedentary males,
18-35 years needed for 2 testing periods,
10-12 days each. Metabolic rate, body
composition and muscle function tested.
All meals provided; must be consumed at
Famiy/Nutritional Sciences Building. Call
High Blood Pressure Clinic
Volunteers (over 18 years)
needed, treated or not, to
participate in clinical drug
trials. Call Dr. J. Wright in
Medicine at 822-7134.
Seniors Hypertension Study
Volunteers aged 60-80 years with mild to
moderate hypertension, treated or not,
needed to participate in a high blood pressure study. Call Dr. J. Wright in Medicine
at 822-7134.
Drug Research Study
Male and female volunteers required for
Genital Herpes Treatment Study. Sponsoring physician: Dr. Stephen Sacks,
Medicine/Infectious Diseases. Call 822-
Heart/Lung Response Study
At rest and during exercise. Volunteers
aged 35 years and up of all fitness levels
required. No maximal testing. Scheduled
at your convenience. Call Marijke
Dallimore, School of Rehab. Medicine,
Women, Work And Stress
Secretarial/clerical workers
needed to participate in a
study investigating problems/methods of coping
with work-related stress.
Call Karen Flood in Counselling Psychology at 822-9199.
Retirement Study
Women concerned about retirement
planning needed for an 8-week Retirement Preparation seminar. Call Sara
Cornish in Counselling Psychology at
Jock Itch Study
Volunteers 18-65 years of age are
needed to attend 5 visits over an 8-week
period. Honorarium: $100 to be paid
upon completion. Call Dermatology at
Teaching Spouses Memory
If your spouse has memory problems and
you want to learn some techniques to
help, call Karen or Monica at 822-2140.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items. Every
Wednesday, 12-5pm. Task Force Bldg.,
2352 Health Sciences Mall. Call 822-
Boiler efficiency key to pulp mill profitability
An international research effort
spearheaded by the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering could result in multimillion-dollar savings for the pulp and
UBC Reports is the faculty and
staff newspaper of the University
of British Columbia. It is published every second Thursday by
the UBC Community Relations
Offke, 6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver, B.C, V6T 1Z2.
Telephone 822-3131.
Advertistoginqniries: 822-3131.
Mauagtag Editor: Steve Crombie
Ass't Editor: Paula Martin
Production: Bfll Jamieson
OMttrihotors: Ron Burke, Connie
Fffietti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
and Gavin Wilson.
€■<}    recycle
paper industry, with significant benefits for British Columbia.
Investigators from Canada, the
United States, Finland, and Sweden
— led by department Head Martha
Salcudean and Professor Ian
Gartshore — are looking for ways to
improve the design and operation of
the recovery boiler, one of the vital
cogs in any kraft pulp and paper
"The recovery boiler is the key to a
pulp mill's productivity," said
Salcudean. "Any kraft mill that wants
to increase its paper-making capacity
must overcome the limitations of its
Salcudean said an increase in a
boiler's efficiency and productivity of
only a few percentage points would
result in huge savings for pulp and
paper mills.
"We have already developed the
computer technology to simulate a
boiler's air flow and calculate the
amount of air necessary for effective
operation," she said.
"We will now factor in other elements, like combustion, in order to
understand the complete process. Air
flow is one crucial piece of the puzzle."
The $2-million project, which runs
until 1996, is being funded by the
federal government, the U.S. Dept. of
Energy, the B.C. Science Council, the
Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council, and Weyerhaeuser
Canada and the U.S.
Weyerhaeuser's contribution includes two fully functional small scale
recovery boiler models, which are located at UBC.
"These models enable us to visualize the entire flow," said
Last month, senior representatives of Weyerhaeuser were on campus to meet with Salcudean and
Gartshore, along with UBC President David Strangway, other members of the university administration, and Applied Science Dean Axel
Meisen, to discuss the latest devel-
Photo by Kevin Miller
UBC Engineering Professor Martha Salcudean meets with senior
representatives of Weyerhaeuser Paper Company (from left) George
Weyerhaeuser Jr., David Mclnnes and James Ferris.
opments in the project.
"The visit is representative of
Weyerhaeuser's tremendous support," said Salcudean. "The support
has led to a level of success that has
drawn the interest of pulp and paper
mills and boiler makers from around
the world." V
Q.   Q.
The University of British Columbia
Development Office Telephone
6253 NW Marine Drive    604 822.8900
Vancouver, Canada Facsimile
V6T2A7 604 822.8151
The UBC Campaign News
Another campaign landmark
World of Opportunity Campaign Honorary Chairman Sir Cecil Green digs in at a sod turning for western Canada's
first residental graduate college. Green College, named for UBC's great benefactor and friend, will attract graduate
students from a variety of scholarly disciplines. Joining Sir Cecil in the sod turning are (I to r) President David
Strangway, Premier Mike Harcourt, and Philip Graham.
David Lam Centre opens
UBC has officially opened the
first building to be constructed with
funds from the World of Opportunity Campaign ~ the $8.2-million
David Lam Management Research
The new building, located at
Main Mall and Agricultural Road,
adjacent to the Henry Angus
building, will house facilities of the
Faculty of Commerce and Business
The Lam building is the first
of nine new buildings to be constructed over the next decade with
funds from the Campaign.
"This is a very special day for
the University of British Columbia,"
President David Strangway told
dignitaries at the building's opening
ceremony. "I'm sure we'll look
back on this day and say, 'this is
where it all began.'"
The building was made
possible by a $1-million donation
from the David and Dorothy Lam
Foundation and other contributions,
including matching funds from the
provincial government.
"We are very fortunate to
have such good friends as the
Honourable David Lam and
Dorothy Lam, whose generosity and
vision were the impetus for this
building. The good will they have
bestowed on this university has
been unsparing," said Strangway.
Other major donors are
Edgar F. Kaiser Jr., L.O.M.
Western Securities and Peter M.
Brown, the Real Estate Foundation of B.C., Royal Trust Ltd.,
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., Lily
and Robert H. Lee, Chevron
See First, page 4
World of Opportunity
Campaign Chairman Bob
Wyman announced that $220-
million has been raised to date, at
a major dinner to recognize
Campaign donors, Chancellor's
Circle patrons and Wesbrook
Society members, May 30.
"Our Campaign has
registered another record year
thanks to men and women like
you who have invested in UBC,"
Wyman told the donors.
The 'Supporting Scholarship' tribute dinner, held in the
War Memorial Gym, celebrated
the academic endowments,
chairs, centres, professorships
and scholarships created with
funding from the Campaign.
The gym was converted
into a Great Hall, complete with
a stained glass window constructed by the UBC Theatre
Department, and life-sized
portraits of UBC's former
chancellors and presidents.
Broadcast journalist Joe
Schlesinger, former diplomat
Ivan Head and geneticist Patricia
Baird were the special guest
speakers who shared insights
gained through the benefit of
their many experiences.
Wyman and UBC President
David Strangway acknowledged
several donors among those in
attendance who made recent
contributions to UBC:
■ Tong Louie for funding the
Tong Louie Chair in
Pharmacy Administration;
• the St. Paul's Hospital
Foundation for establishing
Canada's first Chair in
• Brenda and David McLean
See Campaign, page 2
Cutting the ribbon at the David Lam Management Research Centre opening
are (I to r) Commerce Dean Michael Goldberg, Mrs. Dorothy Lam, Lieutenant
Governor David Lam and Advanced Education Minister Tom Perry.
• UBC pays tribute to
Hong Kong donors
• Graduating classes leave
legacy through Class Act
• Japanese Prince and
Princess turn sod for
Nitobe Garden Renovation Page 2
The UBC Campaign News
UBC welcomes Hong Kong '92
In October, Canada will play host to
Festival Hong Kong '92 — an exchange of
culture, education and business through a
series of events in Toronto, Montreal, Calgary,
Ottawa and Vancouver.
The theme of the event is 'Bridge across
the Pacific' and for UBC, the theme is particularly appropriate. For more than 50 years,
UBC has bridged the Pacific through study and
research. Today, the university is recognized
as one of the principal North American centres
for Asian Studies.
UBC will be taking part in the Festival,
through several exhibits which will be featured
at the Museum of Anthropology and the Asian
Centre, through symposia, and through recognition of friends and donors to the World of
Opportunity Campaign who have their roots in
Hong Kong.
Hong Kong alumni and donors have
given their support to UBC for several World
of Opportunity Campaign projects, including:
■ The David Lam Management Research Centre Named in honour of businessman, philanthropist and long-time friend of
UBC, The Honourable David Lam, Lieutenant-Governor of B.C. (see story page 1)
• Chan Centre for the Performing Arts
The Centre, funded through a gift of $10
million from the Chan family, will provide an
exciting setting for public lectures, university
performances and ceremonies, and international performances. Tom and Caleb Chan,
the sons of Dr. Chan Shun, have spearheaded
the project.
■ Scholarships and Endowments The
Campaign continues to offer many opportunities for endowing innovative projects that
contribute to the advancement of knowledge
and society. Hong Kong alumni and friends
have contributed to the following projects:
Hongkong Bank Chair in Asian Commerce
David Lam Management Research Library
David Lam Chair in Multicultural Education
Dorothy Lam Chair in Special Education
Dr. S. Wah Leung Endowment Fund
Hong Kong Support: (I to r) UBC Librarian Ruth Patrick, President David Strangway, Library donor
Sultan Vicwood Chong and Dr. Anthony Cheng, President of the Hong Kong Branch of the UBC Alumni
C.K. Choi Scholarships and Fellowships
Hong Kong - Canada Business Association
Graduate Scholarship in Commerce
Hong Kong - Canada Business Association
Graduate Scholarship
The President's Fund with donations from
Hong Kong alumni, Mr. George Tso and
Mr. Senta Wong
• Institute of Asian Research The
Institute will include regional centres to focus
on Chinese Studies, Japanese Studies, Korean
Studies, South Asian Studies and Southeast
Asian Studies.  Endowment funds for chairs
and fellowships and capital funds for construction are being sought for each centre.  A
benefactor in Hong Kong has donated a
generous gift which, with government matching funds, will provide half of the $4 million
needed for the funding of a Centre for Chinese
Campaign reaches
$220-million mark
Continued from page 1
for the establishment of the Bob
Hindmarch Scholarship, an Endowment
for the University Singers, a Chair in
Canadian Studies, the Brenda McLean
Endowment in the Creative and Performing Arts and the David McLean Leadership Award;
• Bill and June Bellman for making a
major donation to the First Nations
• the Man in Motion World Tour Society
for funding a Chair in Spinal Cord
• the Heart and Stroke Foundation of B.C.
--   and the Yukon for supporting a Heart and
Stroke Foundation Chair in Cardiology;
• the B.C. Lung Association for funding a
Professorship in Occupational Health;
• the Vancouver Japanese Businessmen's
Association (Konwakai) and members of
Keidanren in Japan for funding a Centre
for Japanese Research and the restoration
of Nitobe Garden;
• the Sammi Group, the Korea Foundation,
Timothy Seow, Yan Jung Shin and Jin H.
Kim for supporting a Centre for Korean
■ the Chinese Canadian Dental Society of
B.C. for supporting the S. Wah Leung
Chair in Dentistry.
When active fund raising for the World of
Opportunity Campaign winds down at the end
of the year, UBC's goal is to complete the
Campaign with $252-million raised.
"I'm sure that many of you are wondering
when this Campaign will end.  Why didn't it
end two years ago, when we reached our
original goal?," said Wyman.
He went on to explain that in planning the
Campaign, UBC analyzed two things: the
perceived needs of the university and community response to those needs.  When community
response overwhelmed the original expectation,
the university opened its file.
"Those needs, still pressing and still vital
to the growth and development of UBC, are still
on the table. We haven't closed the file. We
are still short of our goal to fund many
projects," Wyman said.
The projects include a New Library
Centre, an expanded Institute of Asian Research, and several additional endowments,
chairs and professorships.
Thanks to the Hongkong Bank's contribution toward a Chair for the Director for the
Institute of Asian Research, UBC has
appointed Dr. Mark Fruin.
• Education Abroad Program It is
UBC's goal to ensure that five per cent of our
graduating students will have had the opportunity to spend one of their years of study
outside Canada.  Likewise, UBC will welcome a similar number of international
students to study here.  The Education Abroad
Program enables outstanding graduate students and undergraduate students to integrate
into the academic and social life of a foreign
country, while fulfilling degree requirements
of their home universities.
UBC alumni in Hong Kong have been
instrumental in initiating the Education Abroad
Program. Hong Kong donors include Cathay
Pacific Airways, Mr. Simon K.Y. Lee, and the
Chan Tat Chee Memorial Fund.
• The Library Through the Campaign,
UBC is raising funds for a New Library Centre
which will address an urgent need for more
space to house the expanding collection.
Sultan Vicwood Chong, Chairman and
Managing Director of the Vicwood Group in
Hong Kong, has made a generous donation to
the Library.
• Campaign Leadership UBC's
Campaign Leadership Committee and Advisory Council is made up of many members in
Hong Kong, including T.C. Ho, Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Hang
Seng Bank Ltd.; Michael Y.L. Kan of Michael
Y.L. Kan Co. Ltd.; UBC alumnus William F.
Spence, Executive Vice President Asia,
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce; UBC
alumnus Joseph Yu, Executive Director of Po
Kay Securities and Shares Co. Ltd.; UBC
Alumnus Dr. Anthony Cheng, President of the
Hong Kong branch of the Alumni Association.
The university is also grateful for the support
of the B.C. Government Office in Hong Kong,
headed by Dickson Hall.
UBC is committed to its international
mission, linking cultures and economies
through research and education.  UBC alumni
and friends are forming a network around the
world — a bridge of learning for the 21st
Major Donors to the
World of Opportunity
As of May 30, 1992
The University of British Columbia is pleased to
recognize the following donors to the World of
Opportunity campaign.
Recognition is also gratefully extended to the
Government of British Columbia which has
expressed its commitment to higher education by
matching gifts to the Campaign, and to Ihe
Vancouver Foundation for matching gifts to the
President's Fund Opportunity Endowment
The lull value ot Ihe donor gifts, plus
matching contributions, are gratefully
acknowledged be fow.
$10,000,000 or more
including matching funds
Chan Foundation of Canada
Cecil H. Green
Students of The Universrty of British Columbia
Peter Wall
$2,000,000 to $9,999,999
including matching funds
Alcan Aluminium Limited
B.C. Lottery Fund
Jack Bell
The Morris and Helen Belkin Foundation
William E. and June Bellman
Estate of Hugh M. Brock
British Columbia Telephone Company
C.K. Choi & Family (Eason Enterprises Ltd.)
Fletcher Challenge Canada Limited
Hongkong Bank of Canada and the Hongkong and
Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited
IBM Canada Limited*
Japanese Businessmen's Association (Konwakai)
Walter C. Koerner*
L.O.M. Western Securities Ltd. S Peter M. Brown
Estate of Gladys E. Laird
The Honourable David C. & Dorothy Lam
MacMillan Bloedel Limited
The Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia
Department of the Secretary of State of Canada
The Sauder Family
Mrs. Gordon T. Southam
UBC Alumni Campaign (continuing)
Vancouver Foundation
Workers' Compensation Board
W. Maurice Young
$1,000,000 to $1,999,999
including matching funds
Alias Research Inc.
The Arthritis Society
B.C. Hydro & Power Authority
Canadian Pacific Limted
Cominco Ltd.
Curragh Resources Inc.
The Hamber Foundation
Rick Hansen Man in Motion Work) Tour Society
Estate of Elsie May Harvey
Imperial Oil Ltd.
Asa Johal
Edgar F. Kaiser. Jr
Eugene W. King
Tong Louie and London Drugs
Hewlett - Packard (Canada) Ltd.'
Maclean Hunter Limited
J.W. McConnell Family Foundation
Brenda & David McLean
Placer Dome Inc
RHW Foundation
Robert C. Rodgers
St. Paul's Hospital Foundation
C.N Woodward
$500,000 to $999,999
including matching funds
B.C. Friends of Schizophrenics
British Columbia Lung Association
B C. Society for the Advancement of Korean Studies
Bank of Montreal
Bank of Nova Scotia
Estate of Winnrfred E. Boyes
Canada Trust
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
Canfor Corporation
Joan Carlisle-Irving
Cathay Pacific Airways Limited
Chan Tat Chee Memorial Fund
Mrs. Arnold B. Cliff
Energy. Mines and Petroleum and the Ministry of the
Finning Ltd
Estate of Walter H Gage
The Heart and Stroke Foundation of British Columbia
International Development Resource Centre (IDRC)
The Commemorative Association for the Japan World
Exposition (1970)
Simon K. Y. Lee Foundation
The Law Foundation of British Columbia
Multiculturalism and Citizenship Canada
RBC Dominion Securities Pemberton
Ritsumeikan University
Royal Bank of Canada
Shell Canada Limited
Stelco Inc.
Teck Corporation
Toronto-Dominion Bank
UBC Faculty & Staff Campaign (continuing)
Weldwood of Canada Ltd.
Westcoast Energy Inc.
Weyerhaeuser Canada Ltd.
$250,000 to $499,999
including matching funds
BC Gas Inc.
Clark Bentall
Canadian National
Chevron Canada Limited
Chris Spencer Foundation
Mr. & Mrs. Vicwood Chong Kee Ting
Mr. & Mrs. Ronald Laird Cliff
Dofascolnc. The UBC Campaign News
Page 3
Mrs. Violet E. Eagles
Robin Endres
The B.I. Ghert Family Foundation
Yoshihisa Imajo
Imasco Limited
Janet W. Ketcham & West Fraser Timber
Co. Ltd.
Cy & Emerald Keyes Charitable Foundation
Kinsmen Club of Vancouver"
Michael M. Koerner*
Labatt Breweries of British Columbia
Robert H. and Lily Lee
Merck Frosst Canada Inc.
The Noranda FourxJation & Noranda   Forest
Northern Telecom
Northwood Pulp & Timber Ltd.
Phillips Hager & North Ltd.
Royal Trust
Sammi Group
Scott Paper Limited
Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada
Wavefront Canada Ltd.
Western Pulp Limited Partnership
$100,000 to $249,999
including matching funds
Mr. & Mrs. K. Alston
Andersen Consulting
BC Sugar
Canadian Pacific Forest Products
Central Capital Corporation
Chinese Canadian Dental Society
Estate of J.V. Clyne
Diachem Industries Ltd.
Du Pont Canada Inc.
Ebco Industries Ltd.
Falconbridge Ltd.
Fisher Scientific Limited
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
General Motors of Canada
Glenayre Electronics Ltd.
Hong Kong - Canada Business Association
ICI Canada Inc.
Inco Limited
Korea Foundation
London Life Insurance Company
MacDonald Dettwiler & Associates
McLean Foundation
The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company
Molson Family Foundation
Monsanto Canada Inc.
Nesbitt Thomson Inc.
Pacific Press Limited
Packard Bell Electronics Inc.
Petro-Canada Inc.
Estate of Lyle Harvey Potts
Pratt & Whitney Canada Inc.
Rayrock Yellowknife Resources Inc.
Rio Algom Limited
J C Scott Construction
The Simons Foundation
Henry S. Skinner
John M. Sieburth and Louise Anderson
Eric Sonner
David and Alice Strangway
George Chia Chi Tso
UBC Employees Society 116
Valieydene Corporation Ltd.
James B. Wallace
Senta Wong
W. Robert Wyman
Xerox Canada Incorporated
$50,000 to $99,999
including matching funds
Air Canada
Apotex Inc.
British Columbia Buildings Corporation
Peter J. G. Bentley
Dan & Arlene Birch
Joanne V. Brown
W. Thomas Brown
Bull Housser & Tupper
Grant D. Burnyeat
Canada Life Assurance Company
Confederation Life Insurance Company
David R. Crombie
Crown Life Insurance Company
Estate of Elizabeth Dickey
Domtar Inc.
Arthur Fouks, Q.C.
Audrey S Bruce Gellatly
David F. Hardwick
John Helliwell
Taichi Kameyama
Lafarge Canada Inc.
P. Lawson Travel
Klaas de Leeuw
Anna S. McCann
Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks
North American Life Assurance Co.
Pacific Open Heart Society
Princeton Mining Corp.
Rogers Communications Inc.
Russell & DuMoulin
Scotia McLeod Inc.
K.D. Srivastava
William T. Stanbury
Peter & Teresa Ufford & Family
UMA Group
Western Forest Products Limited
Other Gifts
Generous support has also been
received from the community and alumni,
including the UBC Campaign Leadership
Committee and Advisory Council,
Campus Leadership, and The Wesbrook
'Gift-in-kind, or partial gift-in-kind
Japanese garden, centre funded
Their Imperial Highnesses, Prince and
Princess Takamado of Japan, paid a special
visit to UBC to turn the sod for the $1-million
renovation of the Nitobe Memorial Garden,
May 25.
The renovation has been made possible
through the fund raising efforts of the Vancouver Japanese Businessmen's Association
(Konwakai) and corporate members of
Keidanren in Japan. An additional gift has
been made by the Commemorative Association
for the Japan World Exposition (1970).
Japanese landscape architect Toshiaki
Masuno will start refurbishing the garden in
October and is expected to complete the job in
the spring of 1993.
Apart from replacing the existing hedge
surrounding the garden with a more secure and
soundproof wall, work will also entail enhancing the stonework around the perimeter of the
pond, replacing and pruning plants and renovations to the tea garden.
Opened in 1960, the Nitobe Garden has
been described as a textbook of traditional
garden art, the finest of its kind outside Japan.
The refurbishment of the garden is part of
a $2.5-million commitment by Konwakai and
Keidanren to the World of Opportunity Cam-
Prince and Princess Takamado of Japan inspect one of the many lanterns in the Nitobe Memorial Garden
during the ground breaking ceremony for the $1 -million garden renovation.
paign. To date, the organizations have raised
$2-million toward that commitment, which will
also lead to a new Centre for Japanese Re-
(Pictured I to r) Konwakai Dinner Chairman Nobuo Kitsuda, Konwakai President Seikichi Koike, UBC
President David Strangway, Premier Mike Harcourt, Lieutenant Governor David Lam, Ambassador Michio
Misoguchi, Canada-Japan Society President Jack McKeown, Consul General Yasuhide Hayashi, Konwakai
Fund Raising Chairman Hiroyoshi Tsuchiya.
search, the first of five centres specializing in
Asian affairs planned for UBC.
Konwakai's contributions to UBC were
recognized at a gala dinner held in Vancouver,
earlier this year. At the dinner, co-hosted by
Konwakai and the Canada-Japan Society, 461
seats were sold.
Konwakai President Seikichi Koike,
who is also Vice President and General
Manager of Japan Airlines, said donations,
including matching funds from the Government of British Columbia, will be allotted as
- $2 million endowment for two chairs in
the Institute of Asian Research;
- $ 1 million endowment for faculty exchanges, fellowships and library resources;
- $1 million to construct a facility for a
Centre for Japanese Research within the
Institute of Asian Research;
- $1 million for the renovation of Nitobe
"The Japanese Studies program has
always been an integral part of UBC's Asian
Studies program and continues to be one of
the fastest growing in our curriculum,"
President David Strangway told the dinner
Class Act assists students
Students graduating from the Faculties
of Dentistry, Medicine and Pharmaceutical
Sciences are showing their class spirit, by
donating more than $70,000 to UBC through
a student campaign called CLASS ACT.
The project, established this spring,
enables grads to make contributions which
strengthen their faculties and benefit future
Through CLASS ACT, students choose
projects which they feel best represent their
faculty's needs. Classmates organize the
campaigns and approach their fellow grads
for contributions.
The Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Class of '92 has given its overwhelming
support to the project, with a phenomenal 83
per cent participation rate.  In total, the class
is contributing more than $46,000, including
government matching funds, toward a bursary
for pharmacy students in need of financial
Grads from the Faculty of Medicine
raised $15,000 in donations to go to the
Medical Student's Alumni Centre, which will
provide a meeting place for UBC grads near
General Hospital;
and to the Medical
Outreach Elective
(MORE) program,
which will give
medical students
an opportunity to
study abroad.
The graduating class from the
Faculty of Dentistry is establishing a bursary for
needy students and
is contributing to
renovations to the
students' lounge.
With the
success of the pilot
project in these three faculties, the program
will be expanded next year to include graduating classes in other disciplines.
Pharmacy grad class campaign team. Page 4
The UBC Campaign News
Campaign news highlights
Canada's Communications Minister Perrin Beatty was in Vancouver recently to present UBC benefactor Walter Koerner with the
National Lescarbot Award trophy. Koerner was one of the first two
recipients of the award which recognizes "outstanding and sustained
contribution to the Canadian cultural sector."
Koerner has supported the Museum of Anthropology since its
inception 45 years ago.  Last year, he donated a 600-piece collection
of European ceramics, valued at $3-million, to the museum through
the World of Opportunity Campaign
UBC and St. Paul's Hospital have created a leading national and
international research program in AII)S.
The Chair in AIDS is the first of its kind in Canada.  It will
enable UBC to recruit a leading scientist who will pioneer research
into the disease, and contribute to the education of other professionals
working in the field. The Chair has been established through major
funding by the St. Paul's Hospital Foundation and Petro Canada Inc.
(I to r) Thomas Brown, Dorothy Farris, Agnes Peterson, Gerald McGavin
Canada's Minister of Multiculturalism and Citizenship, Gerry
Weiner, paid a recent visit to UBC to discuss the David Lam Chair in
Multicultural Education.
The Chair, funded in part by Weiner's ministry, will be established in the Faculty of Education and will focus on interracial
education in Canadian public schools.
A ribbon-cutting ceremony at the site ofthe new $18-million
Centre for Integrated Computer Systems Research (CICSRj/Computer
Sciences building celebrated UBC's collaboration with the province's
burgeoning high technology industry.
The new facility, fully funded by the Government of British
Columbia, will house interdisciplinary work in fields such as computer imaging and animation, robotics research for industrial application
and the development of artificial intelligence.
A room in the new building will be dedicated to World of
Opportunity Campaign donor the British Columbia Telephone Co. in
recognition of the company's long-term commitment to supporting
research and advancement in the fields of telecommunications and
high technology.
Students and faculty alike are benefiting from new equipment
purchased for the Dept. of Mining and Mineral Process Engineering
with a donation made by the Cy and Emerald Keyes Foundation.
The foundation contributed more than $185,000 for analytical
equipment and an advanced computing laboratory for the department.
Federal Communications Minister Perrin Beatty (left) and UBC benefactor
Walter Koerner
Donors to UBC were served a musical treat on April 1, when
they attended the UBC Symphony Orchestra and University Singers at
the Orpheum.
The performance of Carl Orff s Carmina Burana was the
School of Music's major performance of the year.
One of the projects in the World of Opportunity Campaign is the
funding of musical instruments.  The School of Music has outlined a
number of needs, including pianos; wind, brass and percussion
instruments; historical and ethnic instruments; electronic instruments;
recording and playback devices; and performance equipment.
Merck Frosst Canada Inc., Canada's largest research-based
pharmaceutical company, has awarded UBC with a $125,000 Merck
Frosst Doctor of Pharmacy Fellowship (Pharm.D. Program) and a
$125,000 commitment toward the Merck Frosst National Entrance
Scholarship in the Faculties of Science and Applied Science.
The Merck Frosst National Entrance Scholarship will be established with a $25,000 contribution per year from Merck over the next
five years.  The end result will be the establishment of an endowment
awarding five annual $3,000 scholarships, in perpetuity, to undergraduate students in Sciences and Applied Sciences.
(I to r) Dr. Kogila Adam-Moodley, Multiculturalism and Citizenship Minister
Gerry Weiner, Faculty of Education Dean Nancy Sheehan, President David
Strangway, Vice President Daniel Birch
The UBC Campaign News
UBC Development Office
Debora Sweeney
Gavin Wilson
Rosemary Ogilvie
William Jamieson
First Campaign building opens
Continued from page 1
Canada Ltd., the Hongkong
Bank of Canada and the
Hongkong and Shanghai
Banking Corp. Ltd., and an
anonymous donor.
Lam said the new building is "a bridge between town
and gown" that will build links
with the business community
through lectures, seminars,
displays, receptions and continuing education program.
The 6,243-square-metre
structure will house offices of
several management research
bureaus, an executive conference centre, the university's
first specialized graduate
placement service centre,
where employers can recruit
students from the faculty,
Trekkers restaurant and the
Express snack bar.
A centrepiece of the
building is the David Lam
Management Research Li
brary.   Housed in a temporary
location since its founding in
1985, the library features a
comprehensive collection of
Asia Pacific business materials, as well as B.C.'s largest
collection of annual reports
and hundreds of management
journals. UBCREPORTS August 13.1992       5
Group seeks animal research alternatives
News item: Edmonton, June 3 — A group claiming to be from the
Animal Liberation Front wrecked a University of Alberta kennel
Monday and stole 29 cats.
Animal experimentation is an issue that can provoke extreme reactions.
But there is one Canadian animal
rights group devoted to working with
scientists, not against them, towards
the abolition of animal experiments
— and it deals exclusively with UBC
The Vancouver-based B.C. Foundation for Non-Animal Research
funds and promotes alternative methods of research, such as tissue and
cell culture and computer modelling.
Foundation trustee Rhodri Wind-
sor-Liscombe, who is also a professor in UBC's Fine Arts Dept., says
foundation members condemn the
tactics of vandalism and intimidation
employed by some in the animal rights
"We do realize this is a complicated issue, but closing labs and setting animals free is not a solution," he
said. 'The answer is to get more and
more scientists using various alternatives.
"We must find some serious solutions that
the needs
of scientists and
provide a  „.._..„„,_,„„. »..„,
real long-
term alternative to vivisection."
Founded in 1970 by the late Evelyn
Martin, a registered nurse, the foundation grew out of discussions she
had with Dr. Jack McCreary, then
UBC's dean of Medicine and Health
Sciences co-ordinator.
Most of its members are UBC
alumni — such as long-time trustee
Juliet Werts and treasurer Breck
Milton — or are otherwise connected
to the university.
In common with other animal
rights groups, foundation members
believe that many animal experiments involve needless repetition
and that animals are not effective
models for drug testing because their
physiology differs from humans.
Liscombe says his opposition is
based on "moral and intellectual
The foundation offers support to
researchers investigating substitutes
for animal testing, gives one-time
grants for the purchase of equipment,
and sponsors the $5,000 Evelyn Martin fellowship, presented to a student       culture is Douglas Kilburn, a pro-
"We do realize this
issue, but closing
animals free is not
exploring the use of cell and tissue
culture in preventative cancer research.
Cancer research is the focus ofthe
foundation's support. Its high profile
makes it "the best place to begin,"
Liscombe said.
"If these different methods are
accepted in cancer research, then it
will make it much easier to be accepted elsewhere."
Liscombe believes researchers will
drop animal experimentation once
the alternatives are proven to be economically and scientifically viable.
"I think most scientists would
agree that animal research is expensive, laborious, often poses ethical
problems, and doesn't always give
good results," he said. "It's like trying to use a Ford manual to do tests on
a Chevy."
Cell and tissue culture holds the
greatest promise as a substitute for
animal experiments, many researchers agree.
Using this process, living human
cells can be grown in the laboratory.
Fed a mix of nutrients and protected
from infection   with
is a complicated antibiotics,
labs and setting the ceils
a solution." win grow
~—„ .. i        anc* mum"
ply, often
One UBC researcher, whose work
in cell and tissue culture is supported
by the foundation, is Nellie Auersperg,
a professor in the Dept. of Anatomy.
Her lab was among the first to
produce human cancer cell lines with
special properties, one of which is
now used in a blood test to detect
ovarian cancer.
But she admits that there are still
limitations to cell and tissue culture,
limitations her laboratory is trying to
Part of the problem is getting
enough living cells from healthy human ovaries. Auersperg now collects
such tissue from Vancouver-area hospitals.
Once cultured, human cells grow
slowly. Derived from different individuals, they also lack the genetic uniformity of inbred laboratory rats, making it more difficult to get consistent
Also conducting foundation-
backed research on cell and tissue
A natomy ProfessorNellieA uersperg
cultures grown in laboratory.
fessor at the Biotechnology Laboratory and the Dept. of Microbiology.
He uses cell and tissue culture
instead of mice for the production of
monoclonal antibodies, used for the
detection and treatment of cancer.
"What we learn from culturing
cells allows us to design systems that
use cells, instead of animals, to test
drugs or produce pharmaceuticals,"
said Kilburn.
Dan Lee, a graduate student in
Kilburn's lab, has developed two new
matrixes on which cell cultures can
grow: a ceramic block matrix and a
porous polystyrene matrix with a
chemically-treated surface. The latter could be used for the large-scale
production of cells.
Using current technologies, cell and
tissue cultures produce two million
cells per millilitre of culture liquid.
But Lee has produced cultures with
200 million cells per millilitre, a hundred-fold increase.
"That is approaching the density
of real tissue, which makes it economical for production purposes and
a better model to replace animals,"
said Kilburn.
Another researcher who has
benefited from a long association with the foundation is Hans
Stich, former head of the Environmental Carcinogenesis of the
B.C.  Cancer Research Institute
Photo by Gavm Wilson
andgraduate studentHelenDyckperform experiments on human tissue
Human tissue cells growing in laboratories may provide alternatives to
animals for testing effects of substances.
and a professor emeritus in the
Dept. of Zoology.
Stich developed an extremely accurate cancer-screening system that
combines cell and tissue culture with
computer imaging.
He feels that computer modelling
is a very promising direction for diagnostic techniques that now use animals, especially for the detection of
oral cancer, but also for cancer of the
lung and cervix.
'There is great potential. I'm absolutely convinced that the future is
there," he said.
Liscombe believes that another
way of reducing animal experimentation may lie in the growing accept
ance of voluntary human testing.
Once a taboo subject, Liscombe
sees changing attitudes in the increasing willingness of many people to
donate their vital organs for research
and transplants.
As well, many terminally ill people are demanding access to experimental drugs — such as AZT, used to
treat HIV infection — despite the risk
of unknown side-effects.
Society's changing attitudes are also
reflected in research laboratories, where
the ethics of animal experimentation
were once unquestioned.
However, researchers agree that
the search for effective alternatives is
only just beginning.
Graduate program in rehab
medicine approved for 1993
A graduate program in Rehabilitation Medicine has been approved by the Board of Governors.
Beginning in September
1993, the program will lead to a
Master of Science degree and
offer advanced study in rehabilitation theory and practice.
It is designed to prepare students to conduct clinical research independently and in
collaboration with scientists
from other disciplines.
Rehabilitation Medicine includes the disciplines of occupa
tional therapy and physical therapy.
"The degree program is long overdue in British Columbia, since most
other provinces have had similar
programs for many years," said Dr.
Charles Christiansen, director of
UBC's School of Rehabilitation
"It is especially timely since
the need for researchers to identify new approaches to important
rehabilitation problems and determine the effectiveness of current services is urgent."
A prime goal of the program
will be to provide an educational
climate that promotes scientific
thinking and enables students to
further develop the skills of scientific inquiry through participation in rigorous research activities, he added.
Students seeking admission to
the program must have a bachelor's degree in occupational
therapy, physical therapy or a
related health discipline. At least
one year of clinical experience
in rehabilitation is also required.
Students may enrol on a part-
or full-time basis. For more information, call 822-7771.
Advertise in
ubc Reports
Deadline for paid advertisements for the
September 3 issue is noon, August 25.
For information
or to place an ad,
phone 822-3131 6    UBC REPORTS August 13.1992
UBCREC wins productivity award
UBC has captured third place in
the 1991 Canadian University Productivity Awards program for the
creation and use of the UBC Real
Estate Corporation.
The principal project to date has
been Hampton Place, situated at 16th
Avenue and Wesbrook Mall, which
offers condominium apartments and
townhouses as well as several hundred rental apartments.
The awards program is sponsored
by the Royal Bank of Canada, Xerox
Canada Ltd., Power Corporation of
Canada and the Canadian Association
of University Business Officers.
Fifteen Canadian universities entered a total of 32 submissions. They
are revenue-generating ideas and cost-
saving techniques for projects which
are often intended to improve the quality and effectiveness of university support services.
The University of Ottawa captured
first place, followed by York University.
"The UBC Real Estate Corporation, which was established in 1988,
has generated new capital of more
than $20 million to date on the Hampton Place project on the university
campus," said corporation President
Mark Betteridge.
"Once completed, the project will
see a steady revenue stream of more
than $3 million per year, plus inflation, being returned to UBC through
ownership of rental apartments."
As a separate project, the UBC
Real Estate Corporation recently constructed 115 units of rental apartments
on campus for incoming junior tenure
track faculty and staff— Acadia House
and Sopron House — and is planning
a second project of 147 units.
"This initial project required no
cash from the university and the revenues cover all operating and debt
servicing costs," said Betteridge.
'This was achieved by allowing
the corporation to utilize private market management practices to the benefit of the university."
The corporation is currendy under
contract to manage the research and development parks at UBC, Simon Fraser
University and adjacent to the British
Columbia Institute of Technology.
More than 100 universities and
colleges across North America operate similar ventures and co-ordinate
their efforts through the Association
of University Real Estate Officials.
Leprosy drug may lessen
effects of Alzheimer's
A drug commonly used to treat
leprosy may reduce the incidence of
dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease, says a UBC neuroscientist.
Dr. Patrick McGeer has found that
elderly leprosy patients being treated
with dapsone — an antibacterial drug
widely used against all forms of leprosy — have less chance of developing dementia than leprosy patients who
have been off the drug for at least five
"One way to explore whether existing drugs might be of therapeutic
benefit in dementia would be to survey people on long-term drug treatment for other diseases to determine
whether any reduction occurs," he said.
McGeer and colleagues Dr. Nabuo
Harada and Dr. Hiro Kimura surveyed
3,792 leprosy patients, 65 years of age
and older, in Japan's 13 national and
three private leprosy hospitals.
"Japanese leprosy patients live in
isolated communities, under close
medical supervision, and therefore it
is possible to compare drug-free and
drug-treated patients under highly
comparable conditions," said McGeer.
Patients were categorized according to age range and whether their
treatment with dapsone, or one of its
had been con-
tinuous, intermittent or
over the past
five years.
The prevalence of dementia in patients over 65
who had received anti-leprosy drugs continuously was 2.9 per cent. The figure
rose to more than four per cent in the
intermittently treated group, and to
6.25 per cent among the patients who
were untreated for at least five years.
"We do not know why this difference occurred," McGeer said. "But it
is a good bet that Alzheimer's disease
was the overwhelming cause of the
dementia, and that dapsone was responsible for the reduction. It will be
interesting to see if it can slow the
progression of Alzheimer's disease."
McGeer's study recently appeared
in the international medical journal,
Dementia. Co-authors, in addition to
Harada and Kimura, were
neuroscientist Dr. Edith McGeer and
statistician Michael Schulzer, both of
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To place an ad phone 822-3131
The Hampton Place housing project was developed by the UBC Real Estate Corporation, recently applauded
in the Canadian University Productivity Awards program.
Student housing project expanded
Plans for two new campus housing projects have moved a little
closer to reality.
The S31 -million Thunderbird student housing project has been expanded and will now include 366
units housing 600 students, said
Mary Ri sebrough, director of Housing and Conferences.
Risebrough told a recent meeting of the Board of Governors that
the project includes shared
townhouses, shared two-bedroom
apartments and private one-bedroom and studio apartments.
Located on an L-shaped site along
Thunderbird Blvd. between East and
West malls, completion is slated for
August, 1994.
Plans for the project were
based on a demographic forecast
which predicted the age groups
and family status of the student
body of the year 2000. It will
house senior or graduate students,
some with spouses.
Along with planned residences at
Green College, the Thunderbird
project will bring UBC to its stated
goal of providing housing for 25 per
cent of the student population,
Risebrough said.
Housing for an additional 1,400
students has been added at UBC since
1985, but waiting lists have continued
to grow due to the high cost of housing
in the city and the popularity of living
on campus.
The board gave approval to go to
the detailed design phase of the
The board also received an update on plans for the second phase
of faculty housing from Mark
Betteridge, president of the UBC
Real Estate Corp.
This project will consist of two
four-storey buildings located between Wesbrook Mall and Osoyoos
The $9.7-million project will have
about 140 units. They could be ready
for occupancy by August, 1993. The
first phase of faculty housing, on
Acadia Rd., is already occupied.
The second phase has yet to receive financing approval from the
Ministry of Advanced Education,
Training and Technology.
Interrelated sciences combined
under earth and ocean program
An increasing trend of seeing the
earth's natural systems as interrelated
has led to a new program in the Faculty of Science — Earth and Ocean
The program will bring together the
resources of departments already involved in the study of earth sciences:
Geological Sciences, Oceanography,
and Geophysics and Astronomy.
It will foster interdisciplinary
teaching and research to deal with
the interrelated problems in all aspects of earth sciences, including
global environmental change, said
Paul LeBlond, the director of the
new program and former head ofthe
Dept. of Oceanography.
The program will complement undergraduate and graduate programs
in existing departments and stimulate interest in joint programs and
research, he said.
The creation ofthe Earth and Ocean
Sciences program is part of an academic trend evident at universities
around the world as the interconnected model gains acceptance as the
new way of seeing the earth.
This belief is found not only in
the scientific literature but in also in
concepts such as the Gaia hypothesis, which views the earth as virtually a single living organism, said
"The time is right to do this," he
said. "My responsibility as director is
to draw on people from the three departments, with consultation and advice from the Dept. of Geography,
especially with those in the Atmospheric Sciences Program."
LeBlond pointed out that research
that fits into the new program is
already underway at the university.
For example, the Joint Global Ocean
Flux study, headed by Oceanogra
phy Professor Stephen Calvert, looks
at the role of oceans in transferring
carbon dioxide to und from the atmosphere, a topic which involves
the study of climate, biology and
LeBlond said he plans to bring new
courses and programs for consideration to curriculum committees this
fall, for inclusion in the calendar in
Also planned are a seminar series
and a symposium in the fall of 1992.
The program may also lead to more
cross-appointments between participating departments.
"There already exists extraordinary strength in earth sciences at
UBC," said Leblond. "With the enthusiastic participation of my colleagues, this program will bridge
the various specialties and link global and regional studies in earth
sciences." UBCREPORTS August 13,1992       7
Wada named Officer of Order of Canada
UBC neurologist Dr. Juhn Wada has been
named an Officer of the Order of Canada.
Wada, who joined UBC in 1956, was
honored for his pioneering research and surgical treatment of epilepsy.
He received his medical training at
Hokkaido University in Japan before continuing with specialty studies in neurology at the
University of Minnesota and the Montreal
Neurological Institute.
Wada is the founding president of the Canadian League Against Epilepsy and has served as
president ofthe World Epilepsy Congress. He is
past president ofthe American Epilepsy Society
and the American Electroencephalographic Society.
Currently, he is convenor ofthe 1993 International Congress of Electroencephalography
and Clinical Neurophysiology to be held in
Taanta Gupta has
been appointed executive director ofthe Rick
Hansen National Fellow Programme.
Gupta joins the program with extensive
project development
experience in the communications industry,
including positions
with Rogers Broadcasting, the Hong Kong Bank of Canada and
Satellite Radio Network.
In her new positon at UBC, Gupta will oversee
all projects and initiatives of the program, which is
based in the Disability Resource Centre.
The program, endowed by the federal and
provincial governments, promotes better understanding of and solutions to the long-standing problems that affect people with disabilities
in Canada and abroad.
Beverly Trifonidis, associate dean, professional programs in the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration, has been appointed
to the board of directors of the Banff School of
Advanced Management.
Trifonidis joins Commerce Dean Michael
Goldberg as a UBC representative on the board.
Trifonidis' appointment is effective through
Dec. 31, 1993.
The goal of the Banff School of Advanced
Management is to prepare executives for leadership in organizations anticipating society's
future needs and expectations.
The school's program is collectively designed and supported by leading western Canadian universities and offers a unique six-week
learning experience in Banff, Alberta.
UBC President David Strangway has been
appointed to Royal Trust's Vancouver advisory
The board, which meets about eight times a
year, consists of community and business leaders who are called upon to provide advice on
business issues that affect the Lower Mainland.
Royal Trustco Limited, founded in 1899, is
Canada's largest trust company and the only
Canadian trust company with a network of
international operations.
Royal Trust operates 144 branches across
Canada, providing a wide range of financial
products, services and advice.
Susan Harris, acting head of the Division of
Physical Therapy in the School of Rehabilitation Medicine, has been honored by the American Physical Therapy Association.
Harris received the Marian Williams Award
for Research in Physical Therapy at the association's 68th annual conference held recently in
Denver, Colo. The award, established in 1965,
honors physical therapists who present sustained
and outstanding scientific studies pertaining to
physical therapy.
A graduate ofthe University ofWashington,
Harris joined UBC in August, 1990. She specializes in early diagnosis of cerebral palsy in
high-risk infants.
Two members of UBC's Faculty of Medicine are among the country's first group of
medical geneticists to be certified by the Royal
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
(RCPSC) as specialists in their field.
Dr. Judith Hall, head of the Dept. of
Paediatrics, and Dr. Margot Van Allen, a
clinical associate professor of Medical
Genetics, passed examinations recently
conducted by the RCPSC to qualify for
admission to fellowship in the college. In
total, 12 physicians from across Canada
received this distinction.
A leading researcher in cross-cultural
health care is the new director of UBC's
Multicultural Liaison
Joan Anderson, a
National Health Research Scholar and
professor in the
School of Nursing,
begins her one-year
term Sept. 1.
Anderson is a specialist in the field of
cross-cultural health
care and chronic illness management. Her
research helps health care workers better
understand and assess individuals from other
She is the co-editor of Cross-Cultural Caring: A Handbook for Health Professionals in
Western Canada.
Kenneth Bagshaw has been reappointed
to a one-year term as chair ofthe university's
Board of Governors.
Bagshaw was appointed as a member of
the board for a three-year term by a provincial
order-in-council in 1987. He was reappointed
to a second three-year term as a member of
the board in 1990, and has served as chair
since April of that year. His latest term as
chair runs until Aug. 31, 1993.
Bagshaw, a partner with the Vancouver
law firm Ladner Downs, graduated from
UBC's Faculty of Law in 1964.
Job prospects good
for forestry graduates,
faculty survey suggests
Employment prospects for
graduates of the UBC Faculty of
Forestry are on the rise, according
to the results ofthe faculty's annual
survey of graduating students.
"Recent reports suggest that college and university graduates are
having difficulty finding jobs. These
reports do not seem to hold true for
graduates of the UBC Faculty of
Forestry," said Dean Clark Binkley.
This year, 95 per cent of the 22
graduating students who responded
to the survey found employment by
the time they had graduated. The
jobs were almost split down the
middle between permanent positions and seasonal or contract employment.
A total of 43 students graduated
this spring.
"Each fall we also survey the
graduates from the previous spring
and winter," said Binkley.
"Our most recent survey indicates that all of the 1991 graduates
were either employed or pursuing
advanced degrees. Of those employed, more than 82 per cent held
professional forestry positions and
the rest held technical positions in
Binkley said the faculty's surveys show a steady increase in employment for foresters since 1986.
Rising from a low of 80 per cent that
year, more than 90 per cent of UBC
Forestry graduates were employed
or studying for advanced degrees in
the past four years.
The faculty offers a four-year degree program in the areas of forest
resource management, forest harvesting, natural resources conservation,
forest science and wood science and
industry. Undergraduate registration
for the 1991-92 session totalled 285
Binkley said graduates obtain positions in a wide variety of resource
management organizations, including the provincial and federal ministries of forests and environment,
private companies, educational institutions and consulting firms.
"Although job prospects for foresters have brightened, we see some
significant challenges ahead," said
"We need to ensure that this
year's good performance in job
placement continues next year. We
need to diversify the employment
base for UBC Forestry graduates.
And we need to place more first
and second year students in meaningful, forestry-related summer
Binkley said to help accomplish
these objectives, the faculty is organizing a career fair for this fall.
Aging boomers likely to
fight for legal interests
Early in the next century, close to
a quarter of Canada's population will
be 65 or older.
Far from frai 1 and complacent, these
aging baby-boomers will also be a
vocal group which will expect the law
to protect their interests.
"When boomers were kids,
there was an explosive growth in
juvenile delinquency that was the
result of demographic change,"
said UBC Law professor Donald
"Twenty years from now, their
impact on society will be more permanent and they will seek to change the
law to make it less of a barrier."
In anticipation of this demographic
shift, MacDougall plans to introduce a
seminar on law and aging at the Faculty of Law in September. While there
are some law schools in the U.S. which
offer courses in this area, MacDougall
says there are presently no such offerings in Canada.
Geared to second- and third-year
law students, the seminar will cover
topics such as access to legal services,
age discrimination, powers of attorney and how to protect the physical
security and financial interests of elderly people.
While he doubts that it will ever be
a high-volume area of legal practice,
MacDougall's goal is to create a small
group of practitioners who are sensitive to and aware of problems faced by
seniors when they invoke the aid of
the legal system.
According to MacDougall, there
is a growing realization that the law
provides inadequate protection to
the interests ofthe elderly. He added
that elder abuse, including physical
and financial abuse and neglect, has
long been hidden or denied by society.
MacDougall believes older people need better access to legal services rather than specialized legislation which would only serve to stigmatize them.
"When you get labelled as needing protection, people automatically
assume you are incompetent," he said.
'The truth is, most people over 65 are
perfectly capable of looking after
MacDougall predicts that among
the many changes brought about by
an increasingly aging population will
be the abolition of mandatory retirement. He says this development is
inevitable as seniors become more
socially and politically active while
public and private pension schemes
become increasingly more burdened.
Two years ago, MacDougall and
Professor James Thornton ofthe Faculty of Education co-wrote a six-part
report called Law and Legal Services
for an Aging Population.
The project focused on current
law and legal practices, legal education curricula, legal obligations of
advisors to the elderly and public
legal education for and about the
MacDougall, who has been teaching child and family law at UBC
since 1965, expects his law and aging
seminar to attract about a dozen students in its first year.
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Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D.
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508       Home: (604) 263-5394 8    UBC REPORTS August 13,1992
Doublespeak: A Tranquillizing Oratory
As the headline suggests,
doublespeak is not merely linguistic
ineptitude, but a deliberate and devious deployment of words intended to
camouflage, confuse, or obscure.
While doublespeak, taken from the
Orwellian term "doublethink" in 1984,
stops short of out-and-out lying, it is
intended to tranquillize the hearer or
reader. It is nothing less than verbal
South of the border, the phenomenon is so widespread that the National Council of Teachers of English
(NCTE) puts out a journal devoted
entirely to print and electronic media
pronouncements by the American establishment.
Writing for the July 1991 issue of
Quarterly Review of Doublespeak,
William Lutz was able to cite examples of Pentagon doublespeak which
refers to the Korean conflict as a 'police action' rather than a full-blown
Canadians had to hunt for themselves through the verbal bombardment on television and in the press.
But when a high-ranking spokesman
for the Canadian Armed Forces can
speak of Saddam Hussein's stockpiles
of nerve and mustard gas as "military
assets," we as a nation can feel that we
need not take a media backseat to our
southern neighbors' talk of "surgical
strikes" and "smart bombs."
But why should public abuse of
language be a concern of teachers of
phors, inflated language, weasel
words, gobbledygook, jargon out of
context, devious euphemism, deceptive titles, and so forth... As teachers
of critical reading, we should help our
students learn how to see through
propaganda and doublespeak."
"As teachers of critical reading, we should
help our students learn how to see through
propaganda and doublespeak."
English in the United States and
Canada, anyway? Between drugs and
drop-outs, lesson-planning and essay-
marking, don't they have enough to
worry about?
Writing in the English Quarterly in
1986, when the Canadian Council of
Teachers of English (CCTE) instituted
its Public Doublespeak Task Force,
Professor Rick Coe of Simon Fraser
University, its first chair, gave this
"We who study language and literature have a special expertise. The
devices abused by doublespeakers are
rhetorical figures: misleading meta-
The CCTE instituted awards for
Plain English and Public Doublespeak
not so much to bring itself to the attention of the Canadian media as to encourage the honest use of spoken and
written English and to reveal official
attempts — whether by business or
government — to seduce Canadians
into believing that bad is good, that
cruelty is justice, that parsimony is
sound fiscal management, and that the
vested interest is the common good.
Through the exposure of
doublespeak, teachers of English in
Canada have attempted to radicalize
their students, making them more critical and reflective readers who will
help transform Canada into a more
self-aware, more open, and more
democratic society.
Since my appointment as chair of
the Doublespeak Task Force, nominations for the doublespeak award have
included Colonels Engstad and Pepin
of the Canadian Armed Forces for
their camouflaging 'language of war';
former Socred Provincial Secretary
Bill Reid ("If it is outside the guidelines, then it was irregular, but that's
not unusual"); and a B.C. Ministry of
Education official who eschewed the
word teachers in favor of "on-site
facilitators of pupil learning."
The 1990-91 winner was Jackie
Minogue of Revenue Canada, who
attempted to explain the GST by using
peanuts as an example.
"It (GST) will tax items like peanuts as snack foods at a seven-per-cent
rate, except unsalted peanuts which
would be taxed at zero-per-cent as a
basic grocery because they could be
used in cooking."
This year's winner, nominated by
national newspaper columnist Don
McGillivray, was the Fraser Institute
for its coercing the CBC to eliminate
bias in its coverage of 'labor disruptions' (strikes?) by employing the term
"replacement workers" instead of
"This is the authentic voice of political correctness," observed
McGillivray. "People who use our
preferred words are fair and balanced.
People who use the other side's words
are unfair and unbalanced."
Although the CCTE's Task Force
on National Public Doublespeak is
gone, the phenomenon it sought to
combat will undoubtedly continue to
flourish under government and corporate sponsorship.
Philip Allingham is a UBC professor
of English and former chair of the
Canadian Council of Teachers of English Doublespeak Task Force.
Illustrations by Diana Cooper.
Study unmasks rhetoric of election campaign
There are generally two types of
polls that emerge during a federal election campaign: commercial polls for
profit and those crafted for political
Richard Johnston's survey doesn't
fit either category and promises the
"truest account" of the coming election proceedings.
"Political campaigns are about
manipulation," said the UBC political
science professor. "We're trying to
fine-tune an instrument which will
allow us to get behind this manipulation."
As principal investigator for a
$540,000 federal election study,
Johnston will use a computer-assisted
telephone survey to determine how
voters are influenced duri ng the course
of a campaign.
The wide-ranging survey will include questions on Canada's social
structure, attitudes towards the U.S..
the union movement, the size of government and specific party policy.
By analysing the response of participants, Johnston hopes to get a sense
of what issues affect the vote, the
effect of media use during the campaign, an evaluation of the leaders,
expectations of a party's chances of
success, and voter intentions.
By varying the order and wording
oiquestions, the survey will also try to
capture the impact of campaign rhetoric.
For this, Johnston and his five-
member research team will carefully
monitor the media to pick out words
and phrases party strategists use in
trying to frame the campaign in voter's minds. Part of this process will
involve a daily content analysis of
prime-time television news coverage
as well as an analysis of party advertising during the campaign.
In the case of special campaign
events such as debates, the team's
computer program will automatically
add questions concerning the event to
the questionnaire after it takes place.
The research project will be the
eighth such study funded by the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research
Council since 1965.
Johnston, who headed up the 1988
survey, said the primary purpose of
these studies is to record an important
part of Canadian political history the
data from which is made available to
election researchers worldwide.
Once the campaign starts, the Institute
for Social Research at York University
will conduct between 70 and 80 telephone
conversations each day for the duration of
the seven-week campaign. Using a carefully crafted questionnaire, Johnston
hopes to draw responses from 3,600 Canadians who will each be interviewed for
40 minutes.
While pollsters may talk to more
Canadians during the campaign, none
will talk to respondents for as long or
be as consistent in their questioning.
Once the election starts, the election
study questionnaire will not be
Said Johnston: "If we see a change
in the structure of response, we want
to be able to say that the change was
produced by the campaign and not by
Johnston said people who participate in the study get a sense that their
opinions are taken seriously and not
$1-billion program
being exploited for some other purpose.
"We provide them with an occasion they would not otherwise have,"
he said. "For most of these people, this
will be the most engaging political
conversation of their life."
Participants will be called again
immediately after the campaign ends
for a follow-up interview lasting 20
minutes. They will also be asked to
complete a written questionnaire of
issues not covered by telephone and
mail it back to the research team.
Together, analysis of data drawn
from the interviews and questionnaires
should give a good idea of how things
such as media and poll results influence voters' perceptions of leaders
and parties.
Johnston added that information
gathered from the coming election
will eventually filter down to the taxpayers and make them more aware of
vote-getting tactics usedincampaigns.
Johnston has co-authored a book.
Letting the People Decide: Dynamics
of a Canadian Election, which isbased
on the 1988 election study and due out
in September.
Dorcey to head Fraser cleanup
Anthony Dorcey, assistant director
of the Westwater Research Centre, has
been chosen by the federal, provincial
and local governments to head a $1-
billion program under a new agreement
to clean up the Fraser River.
On behalf of the governments,
Tom Siddon, federal minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, named Dorcey chair of the
Fraser Basin Management Board
while announcing the program's startup at a signing ceremony in May.
The Fraser Basin Management
Program is a long-term, comprehensive sustainable development program supported by Ottawa, Victoria
and local governments. Dorcey will
head the 19-member board that will
oversee the program.
Its initial focus will be cleaning up
and preventing pollution, restoring
productivity of the natural environment, boosting salmon stocks and
monitoring and reporting on the state
of the river.
The program is, however, unique
in that it will consider air, land and
water resources; pursue environmental, economic and social objectives;
and involve non-governmental
stakeholders in decision-making
through the board and new institutional arrangements in the basin's
Dorcey recently headed a major
Westwater project which resulted in a
report, book and video on the sustainable development of the Fraser Basin.


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