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UBC Reports Apr 4, 1974

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Array APRIL   4,   1974, VANCOUVER,  B.C
Prof. Malcolm McGregor, left, head of the Department of Classics, and Prof. Ben N. Moyls, of
the Department of Mathematics, are . . .
UBC's 1974
Blaster Teachers
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Social Work
Page   Seven
New Fields
Page   Four
1974 Job
Page   Five Senate
Proposed priorities for construction of new academic
buildings in the five-year period from 1975 to 1980 have
been forwarded by UBC's Senate to President Walter H.
Gage and the Board of Governors for consideration and
Senate agreed to forward the report from the Senate
Committee on Academic Building Needs after a debate
lasting only one hour at its March 20 meeting.
The committee recommends that top priority be
given to the following urgent projects, which it estimates
would cost a total of $35 million at current construction
• A new wing for the Neville V. Scarfe Building for
the Faculty of Education;
• A new home for the School of Home Economics;
• A new building for the Psychology department;
• Two additions to the H.R. MacMillan Building to
provide new facilities for the Faculties^of Agricultural
Sciences and Forestry;
• A new Molecular Sciences Building for the Departments of Physics and Chemistry;
• An addition to the Frank A. Forward Building to
house the Department of Mineral Engineering; and
• A new building in the Norman MacKenzie Centre
for Fine Arts for the Departments of Music, Fine Arts,
Theatre and Creative Writing.
The committee also recommends that $10 million be
spent in 1975-80 renovating classrooms and older buildings and converting space vacated by Faculties and departments moving to new quarters. In its next approach
to the provincial government, the report says, the University should request $4 million of this $10 million to
bring all buildings up to present-day standards of comfort and safety.
The Academic Building Needs Committee, chaired by
Dr. James Kennedy, director of UBC's Computing Centre, held more than 30 meetings over the past 18 months
to discuss the requests of 36 Faculties, Schools, teaching
and research Institutes, departments and other academic
units for new facilities.
The top-priority items recommended by the 12-mem-
ber committee are chiefly intended to provide new offices, teaching and research laboratories and additional
library space.
The committee found that "there is enough space already dedicated to classrooms, and cannot give any
priority to increasing the quantity of such space on the
campus until there is a significant increase in enrolment."
Four additional projects assigned a low priority by the
committee are:
• A second addition to the Forward Building for first-
and second-year programs in Engineering;
• Ancillary facilities, including greenhouses and other
buildings, for the Agricultural Sciences Faculty;
• A storage library to accommodate little-used material from expanding campus book collections; and
• A new Fine Arts Gallery to replace the existing inadequate facility in the basement of the Main Library.
The report also urges planning and redevelopment of
the "decaying central core" of the campus, which is described as becoming "more and more of a tenement district occupied by persons awaiting their turn to move
The committee calls attention to the emerging pattern of campus development — the north-south "polarization of the campus", leading to "imminent depletion
of the equatorial regions".
The "polarization" has been accentuated by1 plans for
an Anthropology/Sociology Complex in the north, adjacent to the new Museum of Anthropology on the
former Fort Camp site, and completion of a new Geological Sciences Centre and proposed construction of a
new Mechanical/Civil Engineering Building in the south.
The committee's recommendations would complete
the concentration of Applied Science departments south
of University Boulevard, in a cluster of buildings centred
on the intersection of Main Mall and Stores Road.
This "flight to the suburbs" described by the committee will result in the vacating of nearly 100,000 square
feet of usable space by 1980 in the region centred on the
West Mall, from the entrance to the Fraser River parking
lot to University Boulevard.
Claimants for this vacated space are few, the report
adds, and little of it would be regarded as acceptable for
permanent quarters by other departments.
Proposed projects that failed to win priority ratings
from the committee include a new Science Library; a
new campus Bookstore; and a staff club for UBC's 2,300
employed staff.
The committee makes no recommendations for new
construction for the Faculties and Schools that make up
the Health Sciences Centre.
It notes, however, that the health professional schools
are under pressure to increase their student capacity and
that a number of units — the Departments of Anatomy,
Biochemistry, Pharmacoloy and Physiology in the Faculty of Medicine, and the Schools of Nursing and Rehabilitation Medicine — have asked President Gage to ask provincial Health Minister Dennis Cocke to provide funds
for construction of 247,000 net square feet of new
The committee says it is "puzzled by the complex relationship that is developing between particular parts of
the University and various ministries of the provincial
Until the fate of the Health Sciences submission is
settled, the report says, "it does not seem useful for us
to calculate the extent of the present shortages" in those
The proposed 1975-80 construction program resulted
from a request made by President Gage in April, 1973, to
the Academic Building Needs Committee for "a review of
the future needs for academic and associated academic
buildings and facilities."
Beginning in September, 1971, Senate debated a report
from the committee that set out construction priorities
for a two-year period ending March 31,1974.
UBC's Board of Governors recently approved a capital budget of just over $12 million for the 1974-75 fiscal
year which virtually completes the program outlined in
the committee's 1971 report.
UBC remains perennially short of funds for construction and much of its annual capital budget comes from
sources outside the provincial government, including
grants from federal agencies, private donations and borrowing for self-liquidating projects.
The basic source of funds for purely academic buildings remains the annual provincial capital grant, which
amounts to $8 million in the 1974-75 fiscal year, an increase of $2 million over the previous year.
Wing for
UBC's Senate Committee on Academic Building
Needs has proposed priorities for 16 projects to be
constructed in the period from 1975 to 1980.
The 16 proposals are arranged in six groups, and result
from a ranking system based on committee members'
views of the relative importance of the various aspects of
each proposal.
Here are the new-construction recommendations,
arranged by group.
Topping the priority list and the only project
recommended in Group I is the construction of 60,000
net assignable square feet (NASF) for the Faculty of
Education to overcome a shortage of 40,000 NASF in
existing facilities and to allow the elimination of 20,000
NASF in huts.
(All new-space recommendations are stated by the
committee in net assignable square feet, which is defined
as the size of a room measured inside the walls, and
excluding allowances for wall thickness, corridors,
washrooms, mechanical and electrical services, janitorial
space, etc.)
The Faculty of Education recommendation would
include space for expansion of the Education Library
and Curriculum Laboratory. The Faculty proposes a new
wing to the south or southwest of the existing Neville V.
Scarfe Building.
Priority 2. Provision of 12,000 additional NASF for
the School of Home Economics, which the committee
says is now housed in a building "both ill-suited and
ill-sited for the needs it tries to serve."
The School proposes to release its present space and
consolidate its activities in a building of about 22,000
NASF, possibly the present Ponderosa Cafeteria. The
committee says the present Home Economics Building
should be demolished and the space used for expansion
of the adjacent Chemistry and Physics departments (See
Priority 9).
Priority 3. Provision of an additional 22,000 NASF
for the Psychology department in a new integrated
Psychology facility of 47,000 NASF. The department
would release the space it now occupies in the Henry
Angus Building and four smaller buildings.
Priorities 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Provision of a total of 49,000
additional NASF for five departments in the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences — Soil Science, Plant Science,
Food Science, Animal Science and Poultry Science.
The additional space would provide teaching and
research laboratories and support facilities. Planning for
new construction would also entail substantial
rearrangement and reallocation of space within the H.R.
MacMillan Building, which the report says "has proved
to be ill-suited to the needs of its occupants," the
Faculties of Forestry and Agricultural Sciences.
Priority 9. Construction of a new Molecular Sciences
Building to alleviate a combined shortage of 56,000
NASF in the Chemistry and Physics departments.
The report says a logical location for the building
would be the site of the Home Economics Building,
which is adjacent to both the Chemistry Building and
the Physics department's Hebb and Hennings Buildings.
The committee concludes that the site on which the
Home Economics Building now stands is more valuable
than the 25-year-old building.
Priority 10. Provision of 22,000 NASF for the Faculty
of Forestry to allow graduate enrolment to rise to its
natural level after several years of restriction due to space
The committee says this recommendation should be
considered in conjunction with proposals for the
Agricultural Sciences Faculty.
Priority 11. Provision of an additional 5,000 NASF
for the Department of Mineral Engineering through
modification and expansion of the Frank A. Forward
Building, now occupied exclusively by the Department
of Metallurgy. The additional space would provide a
total of 17,000 NASF for Mineral Engineering, which
would release its present low-quality holdings of 12,000
NASF on the central campus.
Priority 12. Provision of 32,000 NASF, in a building
in the Norman MacKenzie Centre for Fine Arts, for the
Departments of Music, Theatre, Fine Arts and Creative
Writing. (The Centre now consists of the Lasserre and
Music Buildings and the Frederic Wood Theatre.)
2/UBC Reports/April 4, 1974 Education Tops Priority List
The new building, the report says, would alleviate
shortages in all four departments, and particularly Music
and Theatre, both of which require additional rehearsal
~" rooms, and would allow Creative Writing to vacate its
^^ present quarters in Brock Hall.
The first 12 priorities recommended by the committee are described as "urgent." Calculations of space entitlements, the report says, have been based on current
enrolments and adds that "all these projects should be
| done now to provide space for existing programs."
! Four additional projects, included in Groups V and
» VI, are assigned a low priority by the committee.
Priority 15. Provision of 10,000 NASF for a storage
library for little-used material from expanding book
Provided the storage library is built within the central
campus, the report says, retrieval of particular items
should be possible within half a day.
Priority 13. Provision of 12,000 NASF, possibly as
"^ part of the Forward Building, to provide teaching labora-
+-_, tories, reading and common rooms and staff offices for
first- and second-year programs in Engineering.
This would release about 6,000 NASF of reading and
drafting rooms in the existing Civil Engineering Building
on the central campus, which also houses the Computing
,. Centre.
Priority 14. In addition to the 49,000 NASF recom-
" " mended for the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences in Priorities 4-8, the Faculty has requested an additional 51,000
NASF for ancillary units, including greenhouses, a new
field house and buildings for animals and poultry.
The committee says it had "some difficulty" in sorting
out the total needs of the Agricultural Sciences Faculty,
""and while recognizing the low quality of existing greenhouses it did not feel that the "case had been adequately
made for the extensive total construction proposed."
It appears, the report continues, "that something approaching an Agricultural Research Station is being contemplated, and we feel a coherent plan of development
••'should be presented and approved before construction
Priority 16. The last item on the committee's priority
list is a proposal for a new Fine Arts Gallery of 13,600
NASF to replace the present inadequate gallery in the
basement of the Main Library.
The committee says it "cannot afford this a high
priority compared to the other urgent items that have
been presented," and also expresses concern with the
possible effect on traffic and parking of yet another
building that would attract the public to the northwest
sector of the campus.
The report urges the development of a plan for the
northwest campus as a prelude to the construction of a
Fine Arts Gallery.
Finally, the committee draws attention to space
shortages totalling 22,000 IMASF for a wide range of academic units near the central part of the campus, including the Schools of Architecture and Community and
Regional Planning, Computer Science and the Computing Centre, the Department of Mathematics, the Institute of International Relations and the Westwater Research Centre.
The 58,000 NASF being vacated in the central campus by Civil and Mechnical Engineering and Anthropology and Sociology is more than adequate to fill these
shortages, the report says. The committee urges that the
Administration undertake a planning study of the area in
consultation with all the groups involved.
The committee found that there is already enough
space devoted to classrooms on the campus and no prior
ity is given to increasing classroom space until there is a
significant increase in enrolment.
The report says there are a number of causes for the
difficulty in scheduling the many thousands of lectures
and seminar sections offered annually. These include the
reluctance of many students and faculty members to
meet at certain times of the day or week, the desire of
some departments to reserve classrooms in their buildings until it is too late for them to be allotted to others,
and a lack of unity in the basic lecture patterns of some
of the professional schools vis-a-vis those of Arts and
Science, which offer courses taken by professional
"The University," the report says, "should face up to
these scheduling problems before turning to the expensive solution of building more and more classrooms."
The report rejects a request from the Departments of
Fine Arts, Music, Theatre and Creative Writing for a
300-seat lecture auditorium on the north campus.
The committee also rejects a request from the University Library for construction of a Science Library of about
60,000 NASF,
On the question of a new campus Bookstore, the
committee says it cannot agree with a proposal to use $2
million of capital funds for such a facility.
"The present store," the report says, "seems ideally
located, and with some improvements and renovations
could be made adequate for the University's needs, except during the annual textbook rush in September. We
are not convinced of the need for permanent space to
satisfy this seasonal need."
The committee made no recommendation on a proposal for provision of a staff club for UBC's 2,300 employed staff. The report suggests the Administration investigate how much support there would be for a staff
club financed largely through membership fees.
UBC's Senate Committee on Academic Building Needs has recommended that top
priority be given to construction of a new wing to the Neville V. Scarfe Building for the
Faculty of Education (above) in the period 1975-80. Wing would include space for
expansion of Education Library and Curriculum Laboratory. New home, possibly the
Ponderosa Cafeteria, is recommended for the School of Home Economics, now housed
in a low-profile building (above, right) in the shadow of one of the buildings occupied
by the Department of Physics. Committee's report says the site of the Home Economics
Building should be used for a new Molecular Sciences Building, to be shared by the
adjacent Chemistry and Physics departments. Committee also recommends planning
and redevelopment of the "decaying central core" of the UBC campus, where nearly
100,000 square feet of usable space will be available by 1980 in the area centred on the
West Mall, running from the entrance to the Fraser River parking lot to University
Boulevard. New wing for the Frank A. Forward Building for Metallurgy is recommended for the Department of Mineral Engineering, which occupies low-quality building seen in the background of picture at right. Pictures by Jim Banham.
UBC Reports/April 4, 1974/3 By Peter Thompson, UBC Reports Staff Writer
The Oldest Healing Art Moves into
The oldest of the healing arts is moving into new territory. Until now limited primarily to working in hospitals
and special clinics, rehabilitation therapists will have more
to do in the community. They want to expand from hospitals and clinics to intercept health problems before they
become so serious that they require hospitalization.
Rehabilitation medicine is as old as man's use of exercise and physical agents such as heat, light, water and massage to treat ailments. "Activity," said the great Roman
physician Galen, "is man's best medicine." As a branch of
medicine, it flourished in classical history, then went into
decline. The holocaust of two World Wars revived it.
Therapists were called upon to help the enormous number
maimed in the wars regain some of their functions.
Today, rehabilitation medicine has as its base a growing
body of scientific knowledge which allows therapists to
extend the benefits of exercise and the physical agents.
In the past 20 years rehabilitation medicine has had a
profound impact on the treatment of many forms of disability and on militating against potential disability.
"Disability as a result of rheumatoid arthritis, for
example, has been greatly reduced in B.C'," said Dr. Brock
Fahrni, director of UBC's School of Rehabilitation Medicine.
"Another area in which therapists have had great success is the rehabilitation of stroke victims," Dr. Fahrni
said. A stroke is caused by cutting off the supply of
oxygen-carrying blood to the brain. Blood flow is hampered either through a blood clot blocking an artery or by
rupture of an artery. Stroke victims, if they survive, often
have some form of paralysis.
"Not too long ago doctors told the families of stroke
patients that nothing could be done for them," Dr. Fahrni
said. "Today attitudes have changed. Therapists can in
most cases be of great assistance in the recovery of independent function in such cases."
Rehabilitation therapists are divided into two specialties - physiotherapists and occupational therapists.
Physiotherapists use specific exercise methods in treating
patients and also work closely with occupational therapists in assisting the recovery of the patient. Thousands of
disabled British Columbians have been returned to society
by occupational therapists and many people, whose future
only a few years ago would have been a life of immobility
in an institutional bed, now dress, groom and feed themselves, run their own households and have active lives in
the community.
UBC's School of Rehabilitation Medicine is the only
school in Canada where the two disciplines are taught together. Formed in 1961, the School is still housed in the
"temporary" Second World War shacks it was given 13
years ago.
In those years the School has helped staff the hospitals
and specialized clinics of the province with therapists.
When the School opened there were 20 therapists at the
Vancouver General Hospital. Today there are 50. Lions
Gate Hospital in North Vancouver had one and now has
15. Kamloops has added nine to the single therapist it had
in 1961.
This rate of growth is common to the increase in therapists in the province as a whole. Today there are about 400
physiotherapists and 150 occupational therapists in B.C.
UBC's School of Rehabilitation Medicine has produced a
total of about 275 therapists since graduating its first class
in 1964. Still, Dr. Fahrni said, the supply isn't nearly
enough. There are now at least 60 vacant positions for
therapists in B.C.
Health care in Canada is moving in the direction of
community care and away from medical treatment in hospitals. The School anticipates that a large number of the
new health professionals, who will be operating in the
community as a health team, will be rehabilitation therapists.
"The recently-released report on Health Security for
British Columbians (the Foulkes Report) gives an indication of the movement in health care," Dr. Fahrni said.
"Dr. Foulkes (Dr. Richard Foulkes, director of the health
security project and former medical director of the Royal
Columbian Hospital in New Westminster) says he wants
the province to move towards a more comprehensive
health model in which health professionals other than the
physician are involved to a greater extent than at present.
"Health costs are rising rapidly. The present medical
model is based on two expensive components — medical
office care and hospitals. Governments across Canada
want changes in our health-care system so that many
health problems are intercepted before they reach the
stage of morbidity or seriousness that requires a visit to the
conventional medical office.
"This new type of health care will involve community
workers, nurses, pharmacists, doctors, rehabilitation
therapists and other health professionals working as a
team. The therapist is well-qualified to work in the com-.
munity as a member of the health team since therapists are
trained to make assessments of just how well a patient can
function and whether his ability to function has improved
or not.
"Up until now most therapists have worked for
secondary-care institutions such as hospitals or rehabilitation clinics. We foresee increasing involvement of therapists in the primary-care area, in the community, homes,
offices and factories."
Dr. Fahrni said the curriculum of the School changes
each year to anticipate community requirements. The
combined physiotherapy and occupational therapy train-
Six to Receive Honorary Degrees
Canada's Governor-General, His Excellency the
Right Honorable Jules Leger, is one of six persons who
will receive honorary degrees at the University of B.C.'s
three-day Spring Congregation on May 29, 30 and 31.
Governor-General Leger and three others will receive the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.).
The others are:
The Hon. H. Carl Goldenberg, a member of the
Canadian Senate and a noted political scientist and
economist who has served on governmental commissions of inquiry and as arbitrator in major labor-
management disputes in Canada and the West Indies;
Miss Mary Pack, who organized the B.C. Division of
the Canadian Arthritis and Rheumatism Society in
1947 and served as that organization's executive secretary and executive director until her retirement in
Mr. Taffara Deguefe, a UBC graduate who is now
managing director of the Commercial Bank of
The honorary degree of Doctor of Literature
(D.Litt.) will be conferred on two UBC faculty members — Prof. Margaret Ormsby, one of Canada's best-
known historians and currently head of UBC's History
department, and Prof. B.C. "Bert" Binning, a noted
Canadian painter and former head of the Department
of Fine Arts.
Governor-General Leger was a career diplomat until
he took up his present duties in January. He joined the
Department of External Affairs in 1940 and was
Canada's ambassador to Italy and France in the 1960s.
He represented Canada at a number of international
conferences and also served as undersecretary for external affairs on two occasions.
At the time of his appointment as Canada's 21st
Governor-General, His Excellency was serving as Cana-
4/UBC Reports/April 4,1974
da's ambassador to Belgium and neighboring Luxembourg.
Governor-General Leger was educated at the University of Montreal, where he received a law degree, and
the University of Paris, where he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Literature in 1938.
Senator Goldenberg, who practices law in Montreal,
has served on innumerable commissions of inquiry established by governments at all levels and as an arbitrator of labor-management disputes in almost every
province in Canada. He was special counsel to the Prime
Minister of Canada on the Constitution from 1968 to
A graduate of McGill University, Senator Goldenberg was gold medalist in economics and political
science when he was awarded the degree of Bachelor of
Arts in 1928 and gold medalist in law in 1932.
Miss Pack pioneered the organization in B.C. of
medical and paramedical services for victims of arthritis
and rheumatism. After attending the founding meeting
of the national Canadian Arthritis and Rheumatism
Society in October, 1947, she returned to Vancouver
and organized the first provincial branch of that organization, building it into the largest division in Canada in
the ensuing 22 years.
While Miss Pack was head of the B.C. division of
CARS, the organization developed a province-wide
medical and rehabilitation program for victims of arthritis and rheumatism and constructed the Arthritis
Centre adjacent to the Vancouver General Hospital.
CARS also played a leading role in the establishment
of UBC's School of Rehabilitation Medicine, which
trains physiotherapists and occupational therapists,
and of an arthritis research unit in the Faculty of
Mr. Deguefe was a student at the University of B.C.
from 1947 to 1952. He graduated with the degree of
Bachelor of Commerce in 1950 and studied law at UBC
until 1952, when he returned to his native Ethiopia. In
1955 he graduated from the University College of
Addis Ababa as head of the law class.
Mr. Deguefe was director-general of civil aviation for
the Ethiopian government from 1955 to 1957, when he
joined the State Bank of Ethiopia. He became chief
executive officer of the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia
in 1964.
Prof. Ormsby has been a member of the UBC faculty
since 1943 and was named head of UBC's History
department in 1965.
A tireless researcher into the history of B.C., Prof.
Ormsby is perhaps best known for her widely-
acclaimed book, British Columbia: A History, published to mark the province's 1958 Centennial celebrations.
Born in Vernon, Prof. Ormsby received her Bachelor
and Master of Arts degrees in history at UBC and her
Doctor of Philosophy degree from Bryn Mawr College.
She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a
former president of the Canadian Historical Association.
Prof. Binning joined the UBC faculty in 1949 as an
associate professor in UBC's School of Architecture
after teaching at the Vancouver School of Art for 14
years. He became the first head of UBC's Department
of Fine Arts in 1955, a post he held until 1968. He
continued to teach at UBC until last year.
Prof. Binning is regarded as one of the founders of
the contemporary school of West Coast painting;. His
paintings are included in the permanent collections of
Canada's leading public galleries and he has also executed a number of mosaics and murals for buildings in
Vancouver. Dr. Brock Fahrni, director of UBC's School of Rehabilitation Medicine, and a student in an occupy
tional therapy class discuss splints used to aid air*
thritis vfctirrts?
New Territory
ing of the UBC School seems very appropriate for training
community therapists.
Although therapists now tend to specialize in physiotherapy or occupational therapy once they graduate and
begin to work in hospitals or treatment centres, it appears
to be advantageous to have personnel trained in both disciplines for much of the community health work.
At present the therapist's role in the community is
restricted by financing. A patient can be treated as an
outpatient at hospitals and clinics at a charge of $1.00 per
visit. Or treatment can be offered under Medicare up to a
total of $50.00 in one year.
Provincial Health Minister Dennis Cocke has said he
wants an increase in the numbers of graduates in the health
professions. UBC's School of Rehabilitation Medicine, the
only school in the province, has been asked to double and
eventually triple its present output. The faculty of the
School hope that a new building will be built on campus to
house the School of Nursing and the School of Rehabilitation Medicine.
The School wants to begin a graduate program. Graduate training for teachers and clinical instructors is essential to create the faculty needed to expand the School's
enrolment. Teachers in these disciplines are in extremely
short supply in all provinces.
Students in the School have an 11-month academic
year, far longer than most other students, and are taught in
an atmosphere of team co-operation with other health
"The emphasis is on independent thinking and action
against a background of group decision-making," Dr.
Fahrni said. "We're educating our students to be able to
meet the challenges resulting from increased emphasis on
ambulant and/or community health-care services."
Job prospects for UBC's 1974 graduating class are
on the upswing, even in those areas where there has
been substantial unemployment in recent years.
A pattern of improving job prospects emerges from
a UBC Reports survey of campus department heads and
professors as well as from data supplied by UBC's
Office of Student Services.
The latter office, in addition to providing career and
other forms of counselling for students, also operates a
Placement Office which aids students in finding jobs
and provides on-campus facilities for representatives of
professions and industry to interview students.
Mr. J.C. "Cam" Craik, the University's Placement
Officer, said 223 business firms, government departments and school districts have so far sent representatives to the campus to interview this year's graduating
students. This compares to 201 representatives last
year and 194 the year before.
He said there is increased demand this year for Engineering and Commerce graduates. "There is tremendous demand for Commerce graduates with the accounting option and increased demand for students
with options in transportation and urban land economics," he said.
A check with heads of departments and professors
in Applied Science confirms that job opportunities are
more plentiful than in recent years and starting salaries
are higher.
Electrical Engineering reports that starting salaries
are 10 per cent higher than last year and Civil Engineers
can not only take their pick of jobs but starting salaries
are up to $100 a month higher than in 1973.
Mechanical Engineering graduates each have about
three jobs to choose from and department head Prof.
J.P. Duncan reports a "very buoyant" summer job
Jobs for Mineral Engineering graduates are plentiful,
but not in British Columbia, according to Prof. John B.
"Blue" Evans, the head of the department. The slump
in job opportunities in B .C. is a reflection of the uncertainty felt in the local mining industry from recent
provincial government legislation, he said.
Job opportunities for Faculty of Science graduates
appear to be a little brighter in 1974.
The Chemistry department reports good opportunities for graduate students and a trend to better
prospects for both honors and majors students on the
Bachelor of Science degree program.
Dr. Peter Larkin, head of the Zoology department,
says there aren't enough graduates with a specialization
in conservation and the environment to meet the de'-
mand. Both the federal and provincial governments and
private consulting firms are eager to hire graduates in
these areas, even if they have only a first degree.
The Faculty of Education reports better job opportunities for its 1974 graduates as a result of the provincial government's decision to decrease the number of
pupils per class. In fact, says Associate Dean of Education Dr. Roy Bentley, there will be a scarcity of teachers in B.C. in the coming year.
The long-term outlook for Education graduates is
even brighter. Dr. Bentley says that over the next three
years the provincial school system will require double
the present output of teachers from all three public
Several departments in the Faculty of Arts report
improved job opportunities.
Prof. Peter Suedfeld, head of the Psychology department, says there has been a decided improvement for
graduate students and he adds that he is surprised at the
number of positions open to students with a bachelor's
Prospects for English department graduates with
advanced degrees appear to be a little better in 1974,
according to Dr. Donald Stephens, associate professor
of English. Four B.C. colleges have sent representatives
to the campus to interview graduating students with
master's degrees. He adds, however, that many graduating students are reluctant to accept jobs in areas where
they are available, chiefly on the Prairies.
Prof. John Young, of UBC's Economics department, says job opportunities for graduate students in
his discipline are better than expected. The federal
government, in'particular, is hiring more heavily than in
the past.
Mr. Craik reports a continuing "defeatist attitude"
on the part of Bachelor of Arts graduates about finding
a job.
He says there are job opportunities available to students in the sales and merchandising fields, but graduating students show little enthusiasm for them. "Many
students blank out their minds about the future prospects inherent in jobs of this sort," he says.
To aid graduate students in finding jobs the Office
of Student Services has again compiled a booklet listing
the names of more than 150 students who will receive
advanced degrees in 1974.
The 53-page booklet is sent annually to industrial
organizations, universities, colleges and government
departments. Among other things, the booklet lists
each student's preferred area of job specialization,
education background and previous work experience.
.IIDrDonnrtc/Ar.,;!   A      1Q7jl/C 'University Should Be Import
Premier David Barrett's view of the proper
role and function of the university in today's
society is becoming clearer with the passing
weeks. In his budget speech in the Legislature
on Feb. 11, and in interviews with broadcaster
Jack Webster on Radio Station CJOR on Feb.
12 and March 6, Premier Barrett challenged the
province's public universities to develop "bold,
thoughtful and imaginative programs" for
which, he said, he was prepared to provide
special funding.
In a recent interview with Mr. Clive Cocking,
editor of the UBC Alumni Chronicle, the
premier elaborated on this challenge and
spelled out in greater detail the kinds of community service projects he would like to see the
universities undertake. An edited version of
that interview follows.
COCKING: Is your concern primarily financial or
social? Is it one of achieving more efficient use of funds
or achieving more open, accessible universities?
PREMIER BARRETT: Well, I think that question reflects the lack of depth of the understanding of the role
of the universities. My concern is neither essentially
financial or essentially social. My concern is essentially
educational. What is a university? What is a university
for? Who should the university be serving? These are
questions that I have asked.
Now there is no way that I want to have this government interfere with the autonomy of the university.
But we've asked some very serious questions about
what the university means to the community and what
the community thinks of the university.
Out there in the great big beyond from Academia
there are literally tens of thousands of people who need
the help of the university. The university, in my opin-.
ion, should project itself to the total community. The
university should not be essentially just a factory for
producing pieces of paper. The university should bean
alive, breathing, important factor in the guts of all of
British Columbia.
If the medical school were to come to this government to suggest that they were going to put together a
team of doctors or medical students, social-work students, and psychiatric students or public-health students and go out to the village of Lillooet and spend a
month teaching the native Indian people the rudimentary aspects of public health, about first aid, and demonstrating to these people what a university skill can mean
to them at a practical level, then we would be interested
in funding that kind of program.
If the school of engineering were to go to northern
British Columbia to a small native Indian community
and see where they have a need for a small bridge, and
come back as a class project, plan that bridge and then
go up and spend the summer building it with the local
people, we would fund that project.
If the School of Social Work would leave its comfortable non-social-prqblem atmosphere and go downtown and rent offices and have their students function
downtown where it's really at, we would fund that
If the facilities of the medical school were proposed
to be used 12 months of the year and more staff and
Challenge Comes at Appropr
UBC Reports Staff Writer
Premier David Barrett's budget-speech challenge to
B.C.'s universities to provide students with more opportunities for community involvement in the course of their
education comes at an appropriate time as far as Prof.
George Hougham, head of UBC's School of Social Work, is
Changes in the works are not as sweeping as the Premier,
this province's best-known social worker, advocates, Prof.
Hougham hastens to add, but they do involve getting students and faculty members off the campus and out into
the social agencies and other community settings where
they can experience at first-hand the real facts of social-
work life.
Starting this September, the School introduces a new
Bachelor of Social Work program which will see students
spending close to half of their time during their final two
years of study out in the field where, as Prof. Hougham
puts it, "the action is."
The new program, in addition to the field work, incorporates some new concepts in social-work training such as
integrating methods courses with field work.
"In the past we have separated the two, with the
methods classes being held on campus. The idea now is to
get the methods teaching out into the field, which also
means that faculty members will be spending more time
off the campus than they have in the past," says Prof.
The new four-year program will include the first two
years of the Bachelor of Arts program at UBC, or its-equivalent at another university or community college, followed by two years of professional training. It is expected
that about 40 students will be enrolled when the program
gets started in September.
Establishment of the new BSW degree means that the
existing Master of Social Work program will be phased out
over the next two years, to be replaced with a one-year
MSW program for selected BSW graduates.
Prof. Hougham says one of the main problems with the
present MSW degree program is that most of its graduates
move quickly into administrative and policy positions,
leaving a shortage of professionally qualified persons to
work directly in the field.
UBC's new BSW program has been more than three
years in the planning and follows a trend that developed
across Canada following a social work conference in 1966
which identified what was described as a "critical and unbridgeable gap between the need for qualified manpower
and the number of graduates from Canadian schools of
social work."
Currently, 13 Canadian universities offer BSW programs and some have so many applications that nonresidents of the provinces in which the universities are
located do not have much chance of being admitted.
Development of the new BSW program and the proposed new MSW program, the latter to be offered through
UBC's Faculty of Graduate Studies, is part of an overall
re-evaluation of the offerings of the School of Social Work
at both the graduate and undergraduate levels.
c/i ip/> o »-/^-;i a  ia^ ant Factor in Guts of All B.C.
more equipment were needed, we would fund that
-  program.
j If the university went to a quarter system to allow
an industrial worker or a deserted housewife or anyone
else access to the university on a regulated basis, on a
quarter system that would give them three months of
the year, and al low people to take courses from 8:00 to
. 12:00, from 1:00 to 5:00 and from 6:00 to 10:00, and
allow people to plan their education on a rational on-
*  going basis — these are the concerns that I have.
COCKING: Are you suggesting or recommending degree programs for shift workers and the like?
PREMIER BARRETT: Of course. These are the tax-
«-» payers of British Columbia, these are the productive
people who help pay the salaries, and the universities
would be better understood by the ordinary people and
it would counteract the basic redneck feeling that's out
there against the universities.
I see no reason why an industrial worker who works
on a regular shift doesn't have the opportunity of going
to university with all courses available to him all year
»-» round so that he can take his training at night or in the
day, depending on his shift.
COCKING: University administrators say that trimester and quarterly systems are more expensive. You say
you are willing to pay that added cost?
PREMIER BARRETT: Look, it is not a question of
money. It's a question of imagination. If the universities come to this government, demonstrating that
they want to take the universities to where the people
are at, we'll pay the shot. They want more staff? Okay,
justify it. You want better equipment? Okay, justify it.
" You tell us that you want to use the facilities 12
months a year? Fine. We'll make sure you get the
money to hire the staff.
But we'll be darned if we're going to build buildings
and pour in money without having the universities
being in the best public-relations position and the Best
educational position possible.
Most of us in the cabinet are university graduates;
perhaps that's a handicap — I'm not commenting any
further on that. But I am suggesting this, that we are
pro-university. But we are not pro-archaic universities.
We want to see something adventurous and exciting
Money is not the problem. We would like to see the
universities not interfered with by the government, but
demonstrating aggressive, common-sense leadership to
take the university out there and make it relevant to the
I ives of the people out there who are not being touched
by the university.
Now this is an open, frank challenge to those universities. I don't think it's happened ever before in the
history of British Columbia. We're saying we'll put up
the money. We'll fight publicly to defend your access
to the money. But give us the leadership, give us the
demonstration that you've got the ability to mobilize
energies and facilities and sources and come up with
programs that are exciting.
COCKING: Will the universities be required to come to
you with fairly detailed programs or just commitments
to basic concepts?
PREMIER BARRETT: They would have to come with
commitments to basic concepts and some projected —
we wouldn't necessarily go through the detail of their
budget because that interferes with their autonomy —
but some projections of how they would put the con
cept into practice and some kind of time-table attached
to that.
COCKING: I think some people might take the view
that you're asking for university activities to be fo-
cussed on practical things and there would be some
worry, in some academics' minds, I think, whether
your government is in favor of pure intellectual work
and research.
PREMIER BARRETT: Look. We believe in a combination of intellectual work and research and practical
application of the results of that research. Now you
can't have intellectual discussion and thoughtful research without some purpose and we're talking about
the kind of purposes in education for the application of
that particular work.
COCKING: What happens next year if the universities
fail to respond positively to your challenge?
PREMIER BARRETT: Well, we will give, I'm sure, the
annual increase in the existing budgets. But I don't
believe any university would turn this challenge down.
I don't think its faculty, its students, I don't think its
Board of Governors would turn this challenge down.
It's the most exciting thing in terms of progress and
imagination that one could possibly ask for, so I just
don't expect anyone to turn this challenge down.
COCKING: Universities traditionally are not accustomed to reacting quickly — are you confident that the
universities will respond promptly to your challenge?
PREMIER BARRETT: Well, I, I just can't accept your
analysis. You're discounting the ability of the most
highly-skilled intellectuals of the community to grasp
the situation. I don't buy that argument. Surely a group
of very educated and intelligent people would be able
to respond rapidly to a challenge such as we're making.
ate Time for Social Work
The bachelor's program is designed to produce social
workers who will work either at the "micro" level —with
„¥ individuals, families and small groups - or at the "macro"
level with community groups.
The proposed new one-year MSW program will demand
a more intensive level of knowledge and skill, aimed at
producing specialists in social work.
The overall plan for social work education at both the
undergraduate and graduate levels is therefore designed to
meet the increasing community need for both generalist
and specialist practitioners.
A major new feature of the BSW program is the integration of social work methodology with practice skills.
This will be achieved by combining, in third- and
fourth-year intervention courses, both the theory of practice and field training. Currently, these are taught separately — the field work in agencies under the direction of
experienced social workers and the methods on campus
■**■  with faculty members.
"By combining them it will be possible to have a much
closer association between faculty members and field instructors. . . thus the field can be utilized effectively not
only as a laboratory for learning practice skills but for
*• testing and refining intervention theory," says Prof.
That "field laboratory" could range anywhere from a
public school, with the students working with school
counsellors, teachers and parents in helping children who
are encountering difficulties with the school system, to a
mental health clinic or a welfare office.
The School also hopes to work in close co-operation
with the Community Resource Boards that are being
established by the Department of Human Resources in an
effort to integrate and decentralize the delivery of social
services in the province.
Prof. Hougham emphasizes that field work, under the
supervision of experienced social workers, has always been
an integral part of the School's training program.
Students studying for the MSW degree are doing their
field work in a variety of different agencies and can be
found working alongside social workers anywhere from
Abbotsford Community Services to the Squamish Indian
Band on the North Shore, from Vancouver General Hospital to the Woodlands School.
For the new BSW degree a student will take a total of 15
to 18 units in each of the third and fourth years of training, including required courses in the humanities and
social sciences.
A course in Canadian social policy, taken each year,
ranges from an analysis of the principal features of Canada's social welfare system to political, economic and other
factors influencing the development of social policies.
An introductory course in social-work intervention
theory and practice in the third year is followed by a
course in either micro systems or macro systems in the
fourth year.
"In summary," says a report covering proposals for the
new program, "the BSW program is designed to ensure a
broad liberal arts base, substantial foundation work in the
social sciences, and sufficient professional education to
meet the objective of responsible entry to beginning practice.
"It is also designed, through the dynamic interplay of
learning between the classroom and the field, to provide a
rich, stimulating and challenging program for students."
Mr. John MacDonald, an associate professor in the
School and one of the faculty members who has worked
on the development of the new program, says the BSW
program fills a gap in social work education in the province.
"At the moment we have welfare aides and child-care
workers trained through the community colleges on one
hand, and MSW graduates on the other, with nothing in
between." Also in the works, he adds, is a plan for a doctoral program which would round out a full graduate program.
As for taking up Premier Barrett's challenge to move the
whole School of Social Work downtown and closer to the
areas in which severe social problems exist. Prof. Hougham
says that isn't likely to happen because social-work studies
require interaction with other disciplines in the University.
But he says there is a possibility that the School could
have "one or more outposts, teaching centres, storefronts,
call them what you will, off the campus, where we will
have a visible entity. But that is still in the talking stage."
i ior> d_	
M     «■ f\-a M #-■ President to Receive Honorary LL.D
The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws will be
conferred on UBC's President, Dr. Walter H. Gage,
by the University of Victoria at its 11th annual
Convocation on May 25.
President Gage taught at Victoria College, the
forerunner of the University of Victoria, from 1927
until 1933, when he returned to UBC. In those days
he was the entire teaching staff of the College's
Mathematics department, lecturing 20 hours a week
in the magnificently panelled dining room of
Craigdarroch Castle, which then housed the College.
In addition to his teaching duties he organized
the College timetable, registered the students and
collected fees in the capacity of bursar and
treasurer. He was also responsible for organizing
musical and theatrical performances at the college.
ir   ir   ir
UBC's Deputy President, Prof. William M.
Armstrong, will be a member of the B.C. government delegation, led by Premier David Barrett,
which leaves Vancouver April 13 for a 12-day visit
to Japan.
Prof. Armstrong is a member of the Steel
Committee of the provincial Department of Industrial Development, Trade and Commerce, formed to
advise the government on the possibility of establishing a steel industry in B.C.
The Hon. Gary Lauk, B.C.'s trade minister and a
UBC graduate, will also be a member of the
delegation and will take part in talks aimed at the
establishment of a Japanese-financed steel industry
in the province.
Prof. Armstrong has had extensive experience in
the design of steel mills. He was consultant on all
process and plant design for Western Canada Steel
Ltd. from 1948 to 1958 and has also advised the
Aluminum Company of Canada and the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. on the design of
plants in Vancouver and an iron-ore smelting plant
in Kimberley, B.C.
Prof. Armstrong was head of UBC's Department
of Metallurgy and dean of the Faculty of Applied
Science before becoming deputy president.
For his "significant contributions to the advancement of metallurgy in the academic field," Prof.
Armstrong will be honored by the Canadian Institute of Metallurgists in August. He will be the recipient of the Alcan Award of the Metallurgical
Society of the CI M.
ir   ir   ir
The provincial government is continuing to call
on experts from the UBC faculty to undertake specialized studies and to sit on government boards.
Four full-time and three part-time members of
the UBC faculty have been named to the co-ordinating committee of the Children's Dental Health
Research Project, which is to design a publicly
financed dental care program for B.C. children.
The project is jointly sponsored by the provincial
government and the B.C. College of Dental Surgeons. The committee will report to the Hon.
Dennis Cocke, provincial Minister of Health.
Dr. Robert G. Evans, associate professor of
economics and a specialist in health-care systems, is
chairman of the project co-ordinating committee,
which is expected to report before the end of this
Other full-time faculty members on the co-ordinating committee are: Prof. Donald 0. Anderson,
director of the Division of Health Services Research
and Development in the Office of the Co-ordinator
of Health Sciences; Mrs. Joan Voris, supervisor of
the Dental Hygiene Program in the Faculty of
Dentistry; and Dr. Douglas Yeo, assistant dean and
head of the Department of Public and Community
Dental Health in the Dentistry Faculty.
Part-time members of the UBC Dentistry Faculty
on the co-ordinating committee are: Dr. Donald E.
MacFarlane, a part-time instructor in the Department of Oral Medicine; Dr. Robert N. Hicks, part-
time assistant professor in the Department of Orthodontics; and Dr. Robert E. Patton, a part-time instructor in the Department of Restorative Dentistry.
In addition to investigating the economics of the
children's dental plan, the co-ordinating committee
will inquire into ways of increasing the supply and
distribution of dental personnel.
Dr. Alan J. McCormack, assistant professor in
UBC's Faculty of Education, is the author of a paper
which has won first prize of $1,000 in an awards
program sponsored by the National Science Teachers Association of the United States and the Ohaus
Scale Corporation.
The paper, entitled "Training Creative Thinking
in General Science Education," describes a project
for training college students to generate novel ideas.
The project, carried out at the University of Colorado and UBC, is designed to overcome the constraints that stifle originality by presenting students
with problems susceptible to creative solutions.
Dr. McCormack is currently on leave from UBC
as associate research educator at the Lawrence Hall
of Science of Berkeley, California.
ir   ir   ir
Miss Sadie Boyles, Professor Emerita of Education, was the recipient of the G.A. Fergusson Award
at meetings of the B.C. Teachers' Federation in Vancouver in March. The award is the highest honor the
Federation can bestow.
A UBC graduate. Miss Boyles taught French and
Spanish in schools in Victoria and Vancouver before
joining the UBC faculty as a lecturer in the School of
Education, the forerunner of the Education Faculty, in 1940. She retired from UBC in 1971.
ir   ir   ir
Prof. Hugh Wynne-Edwards, head of the
Department of Geological Sciences, has been
named head of the Canadian Geoscience Council,
which represents 11 societies with a total
membership of more than 10,000 persons.
ir     ir     ir
Prof. Peter Oberlander, of UBC's School of
Community and Regional Planning, has been
appointed a member of the council of Vancouver
City College.
ir      ir      ir
Dr. Leonard C. Jenkins, head of the
Department of Anesthesiology in the Faculty of
Medicine, has been named to a nine-member group
of Canadian health experts who will visit the
People's Republic of China in April to investigate
acupuncture and anesthesia.
The tour, arranged by the federal health
department, is the first of a series of medical and
scientific exchanges between Canada and China
scheduled for 1974.
Prof. Robert Osborne, head of the School of
Physical Education and Recreation, was recently
inducted into the Canadian Amateur Sports Hall
of Fame at meetings in Ottawa.
ir      ir      ir
Mr. Brahm Wiesman, acting director of UBC's
School of Community and Regional Planning, has
been asked by the City of Vancouver to analyze
two proposals for future development of the West
He has been asked to determine the relative
merits of proposals put forward by a West End
planning team and the city's social planning
ir     ir     ir
Prof. Eric MacPherson, of UBC's Faculty of
Education, has been named dean of Education at
the University of Manitoba. He took up his new
duties on April 1.
Dr. MacPherson is a UBC graduate and was a
UBC faculty member from 1959 until he was
appointed to his new post. During the last three
years he served as associate dean of Education at
ir     ir     H
Mr. Fred Collins, a graduate student in UBC's
School of Architecture, is currently carrying out a
feasibility study on the location of an arts
complex for the City of Kamloops.
ir     ir     ir
Dr. Stanley VI. Hamilton, assistant professor in
the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration, has recently completed a study of
public land banking for the Urban Development
Institute of Ontario.
Dr. Peter Arcus, assistant professor of
Agricultural Economics at UBC, is one of three
persons recently appointed to the B.C. Food
Council, established in March, 1973, to advise the
Hon. David Stupich, B.C.'s Minister of Agriculture,
on the food industry.
ir      ir      ir
Mrs. Hilda L. Thomas, a senior instructor in the
Department of English and a member of the
teaching staff of the Arts 1 program, has been
reappointed for a one-year term to represent the
provincial government on the Board of Trustees of
the Vancouver General Hospital.
ir     ir     ir
Mr. Jack Walters, director of UBC's Research
Forest near Haney in the Fraser Valley, was the
recent recipient of the Distinguished Forester
Award of the Association of B.C. Professional
Mr. Walters was cited for his work as a scientist,
inventor and teacher, and particularly for his
"pioneering inventive efforts in container planting
and handling" which have benefited forestry
practice throughout the world.
ir     ir     ir
Two young members of UBC's Department of
Chemistry have won awards for thei r research.
Prof. L.D. Hall, 36, will receive the Carbohydrate
Award sponsored by Tate and Lyle Ltd., the British
pharmaceutical firm. He will give a lecture and receive the award at the University of Birmingham on
April 9. He will then go on to the University of Cape
Town, in South Africa, as a visiting professor.
Prof. W.R. Cullen, 40, will give a paper on his
work and receive the Noranda Award at the annual
meeting of the Chemical Institute of Canada in
Reginaon June 5.
Both are "synthetic" chemists who produce
compounds, most of which don't appear in nature,
using laboratory methods. Synthetic compounds
often have properties that make them valuable to
the pharmaceutical, plastics and other industries
using chemical processes.
ir   ir   ir
A report urging development of province-wide,
innovative recreational facilities, written by Dr. Eric
Broom, assistant professor of Physical Education at
UBC, has been tabled in the B.C. Legislature.
Dr. Broom recommends that a broader spectrum
of recreational facilities, including squash and handball courts and artificial climbing walls, be constructed and that better use be made of B.C.'s natural
features, such as lakes, mountains and rivers. He also
suggests the government consider development of
underwater parks for the study of "our marine heritage."
The report also calls for a reorganization of the
annual B.C. Festival of Sports to include mass participation at the community level. Dr. Broom says the
festival "needs a clarification of its objectives and a
new image," and suggests that the name of the event
be changed and that it be broadened to include cultural events.
ir   ir   ir
Thirty-eight UBC faculty members have been
awarded Canada Council leave and research
fellowships to enable them to undertake
independent research while on leave of absence in
the coming academic year.
The awards to UBC faculty members were
included in a list of 339 leave fellowships and 27
research fellowships made to Canadian scholars in
the humanities and social sciences. Their total
value is $3.2 million.
Leave fellowships enable faculty members to
undertake up to a year's research or study and are
intended to help make up the difference between
the holder's normal salary and partial salary
received while on leave.
Research fellowships go to scholars working
full-time on a specific project while on leave
without pay.
Both types of fellowship are worth up to $9,000,
plus travel and research expenses, if needed.
UBC faculty members received 37 of the 56 leave
fellowships awarded in B.C. A single research fellowship, one of two awarded in B.C., went to Dr. M.
Harriet Kirkley, an assistant professor in the English
a/IIRrRonn-tc/AnnU   1Q7A Graduate
to Board
Mr. Clive Lytle, a UBC graduate who is now assistant
secretary-treasurer of the B.C. Federation of Labor, has
been appointed to UBC's 11 -member Board of Governors for a three-year term.
Mr. Lytle's appointment by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council (provincial cabinet) was announced in
mid-March. He succeeds Mr. Leslie Bewley, a provincial
court judge, whose Board appointment expired on Oct.
In 1964, following his graduation from UBC in 1958
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, Mr. Lytle was one
of two Canadian trade unionists who were awarded
travelling scholarships by the Nuffield Foundation for
a year of study in the United Kingdom. He was research
director for the B.C. Federation of Labor at the time.
In 1965, Mr. Lytle was appointed provincial organizer and, two years later, provincial secretary for the
New Democratic Party, a position he held until 1968
when he resigned to run, unsuccessfully, in the New
Westminster federal riding.
He returned to special organizational work for the
NDP until he was appointed, in 1968, to the post of
director of public relations and education for the
Federation, a post he held until January, 1973, when
he was named assistant secretary-treasurer.
Two appointments and one reappointment by the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council to UBC's Senate have
also been announced.
The new appointments are Mr. R.J. Carter, a UBC
graduate who is principal of Sentinel Secondary School
in West Vancouver, and Mrs. Lydia Sayle, secretary of
the Vancouver branch of the United Nations Association.
Mr. Charles J. Connaghan, a former president of
UBC's Alma Mater Society, was reappointed by the
government to the Senate for a second three-year term.
Mr. Connaghan was first appointed to Senate in 1970,
and in 1972 was one of three members of Senate elected by that body to serve on the Board of Governors. He
is president of the Construction Labor Relations Association.
Mr. Carter, who received his Bachelor of Arts degree
from UBC in 1954, has been active in professional and
community organizations. He was a member of the
B.C. Teacher's.Federation's Commission on Education,
which produced a report entitled "Involvement — the
Key to Better Schools," after three years of study.
Mr. Carter was director of the B.C. Educational Research Institute in 1969 and is the former national
president and president of the Lower Mainland chapter
of the Canadian College of Teachers.
He was a charter member of The Electors' Action
Movement (TEAM) and served as campaign chairman
for that organization in Vancouver's civic elections in
1970 and 1972.
Mr. Carter also holds the degree of Master of Education from Western Washington State College and has
been instrumental in creating two programs in alternative education in West Vancouver. One of these is a
satellite school attached to Sentinel Secondary, where
Grades VIII and IX are taught in a flexible, community-
oriented situation.
The second program, called SWAP — the Sentinel
Work Activity Program — provides training for school
dropouts aged 16 to 18 and is run in conjunction with
the courts, probation officers and social workers.
Mrs. Sayle has been active in promoting international co-operation through her activities in the Voice
of Women, an organization formed in 1963. She has
served as secretary of the Vancouver Branch of the UN
Association since 1966. She has also been active in the
South African Action Committee.
She has helped to organize several international conferences and believes school curricula should be revised
to give students a greater knowledge of international
Contact Canada
Contact Canada, a travel program for young Canadians operated under the sponsorship of the Department of the Secretary of State, has its Western headquarters on the UBC campus.
The program is open to young adults between the
ages of 18 and 23 who are interested in a month-long
educational tour of another part of Canada during
either June, July or August. Cost to each participant is
Details are available from the Contact Canada office
in UBC's International House.
Dental Study Startles
UBC Reports Staff Writer
Cleaning your teeth and avoiding sugary foods
might not result in less tooth decay after all.
That startling conclusion has come out of a
study done by two members of the Faculty of
Dentistry at the University of British Columbia.
Dr. Alan S. Richardson, associate professor in
the Department of Restorative Dentistry, and
special lecturer Dr. Marcia A. Boyd arrived at this
result after a study involving 453 children in the
Vancouver area in Grades I and VII.
The study was set up to establish specific
figures on just how clean teeth should be and how
little sugar should be eaten to produce fewer
The amount of food eaten by the children at
home over five days was recorded by the children
and their parents. Information gathered included
how often the children ate and what they ate
during and between meals.
Cleanliness of the children's teeth was measured
through a staining technique. Decay, fillings and
missing teeth were also recorded.
Though various methods were used to measure
cleanliness and tooth decay, no significant correlation  was established between the type and fre
quency of foods eaten, dental decay and tooth
cleanliness when the data were analysed by a computer.
"The children with the most tooth decay did
not have the dirtiest teeth nor did they eat the
most sugar," said Dr. Richardson.
"And the children with the healthiest teeth did
not eat the least amount of sugar nor did they
have the cleanest teeth."
He said the findings are unusual and unexpected,
but "perhaps we have over-emphasized the importance of brushing teeth to prevent tooth decay, because the teeth we considered clean appear not to be
clean enough to prevent decay."
Dr. Richardson, who like Dr. Boyd received his
dental degree at the University of Alberta, said that
because measuring sugar intake is open to error, diet
surveys of this kind could very well not accurately
predict decay rate in children who consume a large
amount of sugar.
"However," he said, "there is the possibility that
what we consider a low-sugar diet still contains too
much sugar as far as tooth decay is concerned."
He said that the results of the study support the
importance of fluoridation of drinking water.
"Fluoridation has proven beneficial results and
doesn't require a change in habits, as a low-sugar diet
might," he said.
Sign Committee Set Up
A standing committee has been established by
President Walter H. Gage to develop a new system of
signs to guide motorists on the periphery of the UBC
The committee, chaired by Prof. R.W. Collier of
the School of Community and Regional Planning, intends to devise an efficient system for guiding campus
visitors to the campus entrance and parking lot nearest to their on-campus destination.
The objective. Prof. Collier said, is a system that
will be distinctive, attractive, economical and environmentally sensitive, one that will diminish rather than
add to visual "clutter".
The system is expected to incorporate a well-
signed loop road around the campus, with clearly
identified entry ways at intersections now marked
only by "gateposts" (tall wooden columns bearing
the initials "UBC" and a number).
The committee will draw on the best available data
on signage and graphic design, on information collected last year on the routes and destinations of campus
visitors, and on experience gained in the past year
through a systematic evaluation of the effectiveness
of the present campus graphics sytem.
Prof. Collier explained that the present system was
designed for use principally by pedestrians on the
campus. The new system will be aimed at the motorist approaching and entering the campus.
The committee includes representation from the
Departments of Physical Plant, Academic Planning,
Student Parking
UBC's Traffic and Security Department has begun
to accept applications from UBC graduate and senior
undergraduate students for parking in preferred lots in
the central campus for the 1974-75 academic year.
The system is designed to give senior undergraduate
and graduate students, living or working outside the
Vancouver area during the summer, an equal chance to
obtain preferred parking spaces with those living in the
Vancouver area.
Eligible undergraduate students are those who by
Aug. 31, 1974, will have completed three years of
study on campus or are enrolled in fourth-year or more
senior courses for 1974-75.
Application may be made in person at the Traffic
Office on Wesbrook Crescent or by mail. Students who
write to reserve space must enclose $1.00, a charge
made to all students who are allotted space in preferred
Swim Club
The Empire Pool Summer Swim Club will again
operate an intensive workout program for swimmers
aged 7 to 16 this summer under the direction of UBC
Swimmers and divers enrolled in the program will
have the opportunity of participating in a variety of
competitions and inter-dub meets. Full information is
available from Mr. and Mrs. Jack Kyle, 261-7758.
Traffic and Security, and Information Services, and
the Alma Mater Society.
Further representation will be sought from other
interested bodies such as the University Endowment
Lands Administration, the Department of Highways,
and the UBC Alumni Association.
Preliminary proposals for the new sign system were
discussed by the committee at meetings on March 22
and 28.
Prof. Collier said the committee will be meeting
frequently in the coming weeks and is anxious to obtain input from students, faculty and staff members.
He invited anyone interested to submit suggestions
or comments to him at Room 424, Lasserre Building.
UBC Farm
Manager Dies
Mr. J.C. "Barney" MacGregor, farm manager at
the University of B.C. for 22 years, died suddenly on
March 12.
He died late in the evening attending UBC's prize
dairy herd in the old Dairy Barn near the H.R.
MacMillan Building. Much of his activity during the
past year had been preparing for the move into the
new Dairy Cattle Teaching and Research Unit nearing
completion on UBC's South Campus, a modern
facility he now will never work in.
As farm manager, Mr. MacGregor was responsible
on a 24-hour basis for the 1,200 or so animals used
by UBC's Department of Animal Science in the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences. The animals include
dairy and beef cattle, sheep, swine and mink.
He had to ensure that the animals were fit for
breeding, nutritional and other research projects. He
also co-ordinated student work with the animals.
"Barney was totally dedicated to students, even
though teaching wasn't his direct responsibility," said
Dr. Warren Kitts, head of UBC's Department of Animal Science.
"He showed cattle from the University's herd at
the Pacific National Exhibition for more than 20
years and brought a lot of credit to the University
through the countless prizes he won.
"I always thought of Barney as a true Leo. His sign
is Leo and he was one of the most honest and generous men I've met."
Mr. MacGregor was born on Sea Island in 1917,
and joined UBC in 1952, when the University farm
was much more expansive than it now is and covered
much of the area to the north and east of the present
Dairy Barn.
Last November Mr. MacGregor placed second in
the world-championship hand-milking competition in
the Cow Palace in San Francisco, missing first place
by half a pound of milk.
"Hand-milking," said Mr. MacGregor at the time,
"is like riding a bicycle. Once you learn, you never
He is survived by his wife, Wilma, and four sons,
John, William, Brian and Rob.
UBC Reports/April 4,1974/9 DR. ALISTAIR MacKAY
The 1974 recipients of the University of B.C.'s Master
Teacher Award are Prof. Malcolm McGregor, head of the
Department of Classics, and Prof. Ben N. Moyls, of the
Mathematics department and assistant dean of the Faculty
of Graduate Studies.
They are the tenth and eleventh members of the UBC
faculty to receive the award and will share a $5,000 cash
prize which goes with the honor.
Four other members of the UBC faculty have been
awarded Certificates of Merit in the annual competition.
They are:
• Mrs. Betty Belshaw, an instructor in the Department
of English;
• Dr. David F. Hardwick, professor of Pathology in the
Faculty of Medicine;
• Dr. Alistair R. MacKay, associate professor in the
French department; and
• Prof. Janet R. Stein, of the Department of Botany.
This year, for the first time, Certificate of Merit winners will each receive a cash award of $500.
The Master Teacher Awards were established in 1969
by Dr. Walter Koerner, a former chairman and member of
UBC's Board of Governors, in honor of his brother, the
late Dr. Leon Koerner, and are intended to give recognition to outstanding teachers of UBC undergraduates.
A total of 27 nominated teachers were declared eligible
for the 1974 awards by a nine-member screening committee chaired by Dr. Ruth L. White, of the French department.
Members of the selection committee visited the classrooms of eligible nominees to listen to lectures, and department heads or deans were asked to provide an assessment of each nominee in relation to a set of stringent
criteria for the award.
Prof. McGregor, 63, won a Certificate of Merit in the
1972 Master Teacher Award competition.
He has been a member of the UBC faculty since 1954
and in addition to his teaching and administrative duties in
the Department of Classics acts as UBC's Director of Ceremonies.
I n the current academic year Prof. McGregor has taught
undergraduate courses in the Greek language, Greek and
Roman history, and an introductory course in classical
studies. He also gives a graduate seminar in Greek epigraphy, the decipherment of ancient inscriptions, a discipline which provides much of the raw material for study
and speculation by classical scholars.
Prof. McGregor received the degrees of Bachelor and
Master of Arts from UBC in 1930 and 1931, and the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the University of
Cincinnati in 1937.
While he was a graduate student and teacher at the
University of Cincinnati from 1933 to 1954, Prof.
McGregor collaborated with three other classicists in the
compilation, editing and publication of a four-volume
work entitled The Athenian Tribute Lists. Publication of
the documents has enabled scholars to reconstruct the
financial, economic and administrative history of the
Athenian empire in the fifth century B.C., the period regarded as the zenith of ancient Greek culture.
Prof. McGregor has taken an active part in the administrative life of UBC in addition to his teaching and research
duties. He is a former assistant to the dean of Arts and
10/UBC Reports/April 4, 1974
served as UBC's Director of Residences from 1966 to
1968. He is a member of UBC's Senate..
Prof. Moyls, 54, began his teaching career at UBC in
1947 after receiving the degrees of Master of Arts and
Doctor of Philosophy from Harvard University. He also
holds the degrees of Bachelor and Master of Arts from
In 1973-74 Prof. Moyls has taught first-year courses in
calculus and linear algebra and a course in statistics for
engineering students. His research interests lie in the area
of linear and multilinear algebra.
Prof. Moyls was appointed assistant dean in the Faculty
of Graduate Studies in 1967 and also served as acting director of the Institute of Applied Mathematics and Statistics from 1970 to 1972.
Mrs. Betty Belshaw, 53, has been a member of the UBC
faculty since 1966. In the current year she has taught
courses in English language, literature and composition to
first-year students and a course in composition to students
in the Faculty of Education.
Mrs. Belshaw was educated at the University of New
Zealand, where she was awarded the degrees of Bachelor
and Master of Arts. She did additional graduate work in
linguistics and phonetics at the London School of Oriental
and African Studies. Her husband. Prof. Cyril Belshaw, is
the head of UBC's Department of Anthropology and
Dr. David Hardwick, 39, joined the teaching staff of
UBC's Faculty of Medicine in 1963. In addition to his
teaching and research duties in the UBC Pathology department he is chief of the medical staff and head of the Department of Pathology at the Children's Hospital in
In the current academic year he has taught pathology
to students in the Faculties of Medicine and Dentistry and
the Schools of Nursing and Rehabilitation Medicine. He is
also in charge of the academic program at the Vancouver
General Hospital for residents, medical-school graduates
who are completing their specialty training under UBC
Dr. Hardwick, who received his medical degree from
UBC in 1957, is also actively engaged in a number of re-
Grants and awards for conservation programs are available from Imperial Tobacco.
Under the company's "White Owl Conservation
Awards," $10,000 is awarded each year to the group considered to have made the outstanding contribution to
environmental improvement in Canada, and a $2,000
award is given to the person who has achieved the most in
this field.
Grants of up to $2,500 will also be distributed during
1974 on a near-monthly basis. The grants are intended to
help groups carry out projects directly related to environmental improvement, which can range from writing a
book to forming an action group.
Among members of the awards committee is Mr.
Robert Franson, associate professor in UBC's Faculty of
Applications should be made to: White Owl Conservation Awards, Imperial Tobacco, 3810 St. Antoine St.
West, Montreal, H4C1B5.
search projects and operates, through the Children's Hospital, a province-wide screening program to detect children's diseases resulting from faulty metabolism.
Dr. Alistair MacKay, 42, of the French department, has
this year taught courses in French language and literature,
French literature in translation and 16th-century French
He received his Bachelor of Arts degree from UBC in
1953 and the degrees of Master of Arts and Doctor of
Philosophy from the University of California. His research
interests lie in the area of 16th-century French literature,
particular'y poetry. He joined the UBC faculty in 1961.
Prof. Janet Stein, 43, joined UBC's Botany department
in 1959 after receiving her Doctor of Philosophy degree
from the University of California. She also holds the degrees of Bachelor of Arts from the University of Colorado
and Master of Arts from Wellesley College in Massachusetts.
Prof. Stein is an expert on algae, the minute plants
which form part of the food chain in fresh and saltwater.
She has this year taught courses on algae at both the undergraduate and graduate level.
Currently, Prof. Stein is carrying out research on algae
found in fresh water and in Lower Mainland estuaries,
where fresh and salt water mix.
To be eligible for the Master Teacher Award candidates
must have held a full-time teaching post at UBC for at least
three years and currently be teaching on the campus.
Those nominating faculty members were asked to submit an evaluation of candidates, bearing in mind the following criteria:
• Having a comprehensive knowledge of the subject,
• Being habitually well-prepared for class,
• Having enthusiasm for the subject,
• Having the capacity to arouse interest in it among
• Establishing a good rapport with students both in and
out of class,
• Setting a high standard and successfully motivating
students to attain such a standard,
• Communicating effectively at levels appropriate to
the preparedness of students,
• Utilizing methods of evaluation of student performance which search for understanding of the subject rather
than just ability to memorize, and
• Being accessible to students outside class hours.
The first wi nner of the Master Teacher Award was Prof.
Walter H. Gage, now UBC's President. Other Master
Teachers are Prof. Dennis Chitty, Zoology; Prof. Geoffrey
Durrant, English; Prof. Moses Steinberg, English; Prof.
Bryan Clarke, Education; Prof. Peter Larkin, Zoology;
Prof. Sam Black, Education; Dr. Floyd St. Clair, French;
and Dr. John Hulcoop, English.
In addition to Dr. White, members of the selection
committee were: Prof. Roy Daniells, University Professor
of English Language and Literature; Dr. Robert M. Clark,
director of the Office of Academic Planning; Dr. Ross
Stewart, Chemistry; Prof. Dennis Chitty, Zoology; Mrs.
Beverley Field, representing the Board of Governors; Mrs.
Mary Wellwood and Dr. E.K. Fukushima, representing the
UBC Alumni Association; and Miss Margaret Robertson, a
third-year Science student. Study of Pioneer Canadian
Nurse First of its Kind
Margaret M. Street. Watch-Fires on the Mountains:
The Life and Writings of Ethel Johnsnoronto:
University of Toronto Press, 1973. Pp. 336.
There are few books on the history of nursing
in Canada. There are even fewer biographies of
Canadian nurses. In Watch-Fires on the Mountains
Margaret Street has attempted to fill both needs.
The book is a biography of a remarkable Canadian
nurse whose career began when nurses were little
more than servants in hospitals and ended when
they were beginning to be accepted as medical professionals in their own right. Ethel Johns was one
of those women whose efforts brought about that
development, whose task was "to blaze the trail
... to light watch-fires on the mountains" so that
others could follow.
Ethel Johns was born in England in 1879. When
she was 13 she joined her parents on a remote
Indian reserve in northern Ontario where her
father was a missionary-teacher. In these isolated
and primitive conditions she continued her education, helped with the teaching, and became fluent
in Ojibway. She left her family in 1899, a move
which  must  have  required considerable courage
and determination, and travelled to Winnipeg to
enter the Winnipeg General Hospital Training
School for Nurses. After her graduation in 1902
she held a number of positions in the United
States and Canada and also spent a year of study
at Teachers College, Columbia University.
During these early years Miss Johns became increasingly concerned about the education of
nurses. She recognized the fact that too often hospitals were more interested in student nurses as a
source of cheap labor than in providing them with
adequate training and education. More and more
she became convinced that university training was
essential if nurses were to be recognized as professionals. She took an active part in nurses' organizations and began to publish articles urging change,
so  that she became an  influential figure in the
growing movement to improve the status of nurses
in Canada.
Ethel Johns came to Vancouver in 1919. During
her first three years here she was responsible for
nurses enrolled in the three-year program at the
Vancouver General Hospital as well as those in a
five-year combined course leading to a B.Sc. degree
from UBC. In 1922 the joint appointment became
too difficult and she resigned from VGH to become, in effect, the first director of the School of
Nursing at UBC.
Miss Johns must have encountered many difficulties during these years: the degree program was
the first in the British Commonwealth and there
were almost no precedents, to follow; the University was in financial difficulties and the School
could have been dropped at any time; finally, she
faced considerable opposition from the College of
Physicians and Surgeons, many of whom seem to
have thought that educating nurses was a waste of
time. In spite of these obstacles. Miss Johns succeeded in establishing the School of Nursing as an
integral part of UBC.
In 1925, at the age of 46, when most career
women or her stature would be willing to rest on
their laurels, Ethel Johns left UBC to join the
Rockefeller Foundation as a special advisor on
nursing education. She spent most of the next four
years in Hungary and Romania helping to set up
and reorganize schools of nursing. We are told
little about this fascinating period in Miss Johns'
life, but apparently the relevant archival material
has not yet been made available by the Rockefeller
The last 11 years of Ethel Johns' career were
spent as editor and business manager of the Canadian Nurse, a position which allowed her, through
her writings and frequent speeches, to exercise a
considerable influence on the development of the
Canadian nursing profession. She retired in 1944,
but continued to produce books and articles until
her death in Vancouver in 1968.
Margaret Street has done a prodigious amount of
research in order to write this book. She has combed
through Ethel Johns' publications, speeches, letters,
and her uncompleted autobiography and has quoted
these extensively throughout the book. The chapter
notes (grouped at the end I and the lengthy bibliography indicate that the author must have consulted
almost every published and archival source available
to her, in addition to interviewing numerous people
connected with Miss Johns' career. The book has a
carefully compiled index.
The result of Miss Street's research is a comprehensive, thoroughly documented work on the
career of an influential figure in the history of
Canadian nursing, certainly the first of its kind. It
is to be hoped that her book will serve as a starting
point for studies yet to come.
Jodn Sandilands,
Humanities Division,
UBC Library.
Miss Margaret Street, the author of the book re-
v'ewed above, i$ professor emerita of Nursing at
UPC. Her book on the life of Ethel Johns has been
awarded the 1973 Walter Stewart Baird gold medal
for outstanding work in the history of the health
Students Second in Competition
A team of three students in UBC's Department of
Mathematics has placed second in a North American
mathematical competition.
Mr. Mark Latham, a fourth-year student in UBC's
Faculty of Science, and Mr. J. Bruce Neilson and Mr.
John L. Spouge, both third-year Science students
from Vancouver, placed second in the 34th annual
William' Lowell  Putnam Mathematical  Competition.
The competition, administered by the Mathematical Association of America, is the most prestigious
open to undergraduate students of mathematics in
North America.
The examinations are designed to test both competence and originality. Students are expected to be
familiar not orjly with the mathematics taught at the
undergraduate level but with more sophisticated
mathematical ideas.
Each team member will receive $75. UBC's Department of Mathematics will receive $400. Traditionally, the department uses prize money to buy
library books.
Competing individually, Mr. Spouge was among
the second group of five highest-ranking competitors
and will receive an additional $100. Mr. Latham also
received an honorable mention, as he did in the competition the previous year
Both Mr. Spouge and Mr. Latham received additional prize money from the Northwest Region of the
Mathematical Association of America for their performance in the previous year's competition.
The acceptance rate for women applying for entry
into UBC's Faculty of Graduate Studies is significantly higher than the acceptance rate for men applicants.
This is the main finding in the first report of a
committee established by UBC's President, Dr. Walter
H. Gage, to study the academic implications of a
"Report on the Status of Women at UBC," prepared
by the Women's Action Group, an informal grouping
of women students and employees.
The Statu? of Women report, issued in January,
1973, alleged, among other things, that educational'
opportunities for women at UBC were not equal to
those for men.
The Presidential committee, chaired by Prof.
Robert M. Clark, director of the Office of Academic
Planning, examined admissions to Graduate Studies in
18 UBC departments which admitted eight or more
new graduate students in 1973-74. These 18 departments had a total of 2,322 applicants - 1,916 men
and 406 women.
The study revealed that 52 per cent of the women
applicants and 41 per cent of the men applicants were
admitted. The committee's report concludes that "An
HPiflji ini' sex was not a significant factor," in the
accepT^reject decision for admission to Graduate
Prof. Clark said that male-female admission rates to
five UBC professional programs, including Medicine
and Law, are being examined in a separate study.
The Presidential committee says that the higher acceptance rate for women can be explained in large
part by two factors:
1. Female applicants for entry into Graduate
Studies tend to have higher undergraduate marks than
males. The committee found that 48 per cent of the
women applicants had averages exceeding 80 per cent
compared to 37 per cent for male applicants.
2. A larger percentage of female applicants than
male apply for admission to master's degree programs
rather than doctor's degree programs, where the overall
percentage of acceptance is much lower. In terms of the
total number of applicants for admission to Graduate
Studies, 82 per cent of the women applied for admission to master's programs.
The committee also identified eight factors which
contributed significantly to the accept-reject decision.
These were, in decreasing order of importance: undergraduate average mark; graduate average mark (where
available); citizenship (Canadians were favored); the
level of degree sought; the number of master's degrees
held; the number of children (applicants with children
had a higher success rate); the number of post-secondary institutions previously attended (applicants for
whom this number was 1 had the highest success rate);
and the number of bachelor's degrees held.
The committee also identified five factors which
were significantly related to the sex of the applicants.
Of equal, and highest, importance, were the "undergraduate average mark" and the "level of degree
sought." Three other factors, in decreasing order of
importance, were: year of birth; marital status; and
citizenship (female applicants tended to be Canadian).
The study also revealed that female applicants for
entry into graduate studies tend to be older than male
applicants, but this factor "did not contribute to the
observed difference in the success rates of female and
male applicants," the report says.
Film on Water
A one-hour film, entitled "Canada's Water: For
Sale?", will be shown in Lecture Hall No. 5 of the
Instructional Resources Centre today (Thursday, April
4) at 3:00 p.m.
The film was made for the Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation by Mr. Dick Bocking. The showing on the
UBC campus is sponsored by the School of Community
and Regional Planning. Admission is free.
■ ■^^f^  Vol. 20, No. 6-April 4, 1974.
I IBS I       Published by the University of
^M^U^M  British   Columbia   and   distri-
•.~~.nr.Ye buted free. UBC Reports ap-
pears on Wednesdays during the
University's Winter Session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin and Jean Rands, Production
Supervisors. Letters to the Editor should be sent
to Information Services, Main Mall North
Administration Building, UBC, 2075 Wesbrook
Place, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
UBC Reports/April 4,1974/11 ^m_\_^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
9:30 p.m., Thursdays,
Cable 10, in Vancouver
A push from the federal government to broaden the economic base of Western Canada, said John
Turner, federal finance minister and UBC graduate, would help solve the old problem of Western
alienation. John Mahler photo.
A New Deal for the West
Federal Finance Minister John Turner has a deal to
propose to Western Canada — a deal he says would go a
long way toward solving the old problem of Western
"I think the essential bargain that has to be made
is to recognize that Western Canada has to broaden its
economic base from a primary resource-oriented community into a secondary manufacturing and processing community. And to do that you need some of the
thrust and economic impulsion of your federal
"In return for that the rest of the country can expect, if the deal is consummated, a reasonable flow of
Western resources to other parts of Canada."
Mr. Turner made the suggestion in a speech to 400
Commerce alumni, faculty and students at the UBC
Faculty Club on March 7. The event was sponsored
by the UBC Alumni Association.
He said Western Canadians would have greater participation in making the decisions which affect Canada's economic and political life if more industry were
located in the West.
Two years ago the federal government lowered the
tax on manufacturing and processing of raw materials, a move which Mr. Turner said was designed to
make it easier for Westerners to establish more secondary industry — particularly petrochemical installations and smelting plants in B.C. and Alberta.
Discussing the economic health of the country as a
whole, the finance minister said Canada is enjoying
exceptionally fine economic growth.
"Recently, Statistics Canada reported that real
national output — that's real national output, discounting inflation — rose last year by 7.1 per cent.
Those figures won't mean much to some people but
they happen to represent the largest growth in the
total of goods and services we produce in this country
since 1956. And those figures represent 430,000 new
jobs," he said.
"Our problem is not growth, our problem last year
12/UBC Reports/April 4,1974
was not new jobs. Our problem in Canada, one that
we share with the other countries of the world, is inflation. I don't think inflation is easy to live with anywhere, unless you happen to be an oil-rich sheik.
"But notwithstanding inflation, and I'm not minimizing its social or economic consequences, the real
standard of living of the majority of Canadians has improved substantially over the past three years. Despite
the erosion of inflation, after discounting tax, adding
back transfer payments and taking into account tax
reductions, last year the average Canadian had a disposable income 21 per cent higher than he did three
years ago."
Alumni Elections
The UBC Alumni Association's first-ever
mail-ballot election for president and members-
at-large-of the Board of Management is now
underway. All graduates of the University of
British Columbia are eligible to vote.
Ballots and complete election material are
included in the spring issue of the Chronicle. If
you're a grad and have not yet received your
Chronicle (with ballot), contact the Alumni
Association office, 228-3313, and we'll send
you one post-haste. Don't delay . . . Ballots received after 5:00 p.m. on April 15, 1974, will
not be counted.
Stewart Udall, Secretary of
the Interior under U.S.
Presidents Kennedy and
Johnson, has been one
of the leaders of the
environmental movement
for the past decade.
Reserve your tickets now to
hear Stewart Udall on this
important topic at the
Alumni Annual Dinner
Wednesday, May 15,
Hotel Vancouver, 6:00 p.m.
Finance Minister John Turner and Mike Ferrie
(right), Commerce Alumni Division president,
examine the cartoon portrait presented to Mr.
Turner at the March 7 Commerce dinner.
John Mahler photo.
Please send me   tickets at $7.75
each.     Enclosed     is    a    cheque    for
$  (payable to the UBC Alumni
Mail to:   Alumni Association,
6251 N.W. Marine Dr.,
Vancouver   V6T 1A6 (228-3313)


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