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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jan 23, 1997

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Women In Print
Charles Ker photo
Danika West examines her fine arts installation hanging in the Frederic
Wood Theatre. Four five-metre silk screens juxtaposing ancient and
modern images of women are part of her master's thesis in theatre
design. February 6, 7, and 8 mark Arts Fest, an annual showcase of
student talent in theatre, film, music, visual arts and literary events.
Cohen biography puts
author in the spotlight
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
When English Prof.
Leonard Cohen, the poet,
novelist and songwriter's
first words were, "Let's
have lunch."
It wasn't surprising,
considering Nadel had arrived in Cohen's Los Angeles home with B.C.
smoked salmon, Montreal smoked meat and a
bottle of Chateau La Tour
Nadel knew Cohen
preferred the '82, but at
$300 a bottle, he could
be forgiven for economizing. The effort paid off,
anyway. Cohen said he
would co-operate with
Nadel in writing his biog:
"I was very fortunate.
I cess to unpublished materials, journals,
letters and song lyrics," says Nadel, who
interviewed Cohen 18 times and visited
Ira  Nadel  met  I old haunts in Montreal. New York, Nashville and the Greek island
of Hydra.
Writing Various Positions: A Life of Leonard
Cohen, was one thing;
Nadel wasn't fully prepared for what followed.
Although he has been a
book critic for CBC Radio
for many years. Nadel had
never himself been swept
up into the world of the
trade book.
"I   learned   a   great
deal." he says. "1 have a
lot of respect for trade
publishers, but they treat
Nadel books as  if they were
commodities like umbrellas or chairs."
;raphy. First there was the book tour — an
He gave me ac- See AUTHOR Page 2
Leaders come to
UBC for APEC '97
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
UBC will once again play host to world
leaders when the Asia Pacific Economic
Co-operation meeting. APEC '97. is held
here Nov. 25.
Prime Minister Jean Chretien announced that UBC would be the meeting
site prior to his departure for Asia with the
Team Canada economic trade mission.
The APEC Economic leaders' Meeting,
which brings together representatives of 18
Pacific ram economies, will be held in the
Great Hall of the Museum of Anthropology
and leaders will attend a lunch at Norman
MacKenzie House hosted by Chretien.
The meeting caps Canada's Year of
Asia Pacific (CYAP). an initiative to promote increased business relations, youth
involvement and cultural exchanges to
broaden understanding within the Asia
Pacific region.
The APEC leaders' summit and other
events associated with Canada's Year of
Asia Pacific will highlight UBC's extensive links with Asia and its position as
one of North America's premier academic
institutions in Asia-Pacific affairs," said
UBC President David Strangway. "The
resources and expertise UBC can provide
will strengthen and complement Vancouver's emerging position as a gateway
to the Asia-Pacific."
Canada is a founding member of APEC,
which was formed in 1989 as the principal intergovernmental vehicle  for eco
nomic co-operation in the Asia-Pacific
region, especially in areas such as human resources development, telecommunications, energy, the environment, transportation and tourism.
Hosting the APEC Economic Leaders'
Meeting illustrates UBC's central role in
Canada's Year of Asia Pacific.
Last month, the Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum was held in Vancouver,
bringing together legislators from more
than 20 Pacific Rim nations.
Strangway joined the prime minister
and the rest of Team Canada on a trade
mission to Thailand, South Korea and the
Philippines earlier this month.
In October, UBC and SFU students who
are members of AIESEC, a French acronym
for an international student organization,
will hold a youth APEC in Vancouver.
They plan to set up student job exchanges and hold seminars and workshops that bring together government,
business and student representatives to
discuss Asia-Pacific economic issues.
Other UBC-related events that will fall
under the rubric of Canada's Year of Asia
Pacific include art shows and exhibitions, conferences, meetings, scholarly
seminars, and other academic events related to the Asia Pacific.
Chris Brown, a senior official with the
Dept. of Foreign Affairs, is serving on an
executive interchange with UBC to provide
liaison and co-ordination on a range of
Asia-Pacific issues, including the univer-
See APEC Page 2
Future classes benefit
from students' giving
As students in most of UBC's faculties were kicking off their annual Class
Act Appeal Jan. 20, students in the
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences were
counting their donations.
The Class Act Appeal, part ofthe university's Annual Fund campaign,
is an opportunity for students
to contribute toward a goal they
establish for their faculty,
whether it's the purchase of
computer equipment, the establishment of a student endowment or
improvements to student lounge facilities.
Fourth-year pharmacy students Danielle
Nicholas and Greg Shepherd got a jump on
the annual campaign this year and brought
in donations from 69 per cent of their
classmates before they started internships
at the beginning of the term. Pharmacy
students contributed close to $11.000.
Agricultural Sciences students also got
a jump on the campaign with an eye to
having something they can ben -
eflt from before the end of the
term. With a matching donation from the faculty dean's of-
"™""""""       flee, the students plan to have a
computer and scanner in place
in time for final papers.
While participation rates vary among
faculties, the Faculty of Dentistry has
boasted 100 per cent participation for
three consecutive years.
Latin Lives
You can't keep a good language down, even when it's dead
Meal Makers
Food for thought: Food Services asks customers for feedback
Stage Change
The Dorothy Somerset Studio prepares to play to its last audience
Wings of Steel
Feature: They may be small, but when they fly, they really hum 2 UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997
Institute's tack
I wish to correct misinformation about the Institute for
Advanced Study at Princeton
contained in the article describing the Peter Wall Institute for
Advanced Studies in UBC Reports
(Dec. 12). Contrary to what is
stated, the Princeton Institute
does not "focus primarily on the
hard sciences with little presence
in the social sciences and
humanities." In fact, the Institute
for Advanced Study at Princeton
consists of four separate schools:
Historical Studies, Mathematics.
Natural Sciences and Social
Science. Each school has its own
permanent faculty of distinguished professors and emeritii
and each year selects by competition a number of visiting members who are usually appointed
for one year and supported by
fellowships. What results is a
stimulating international company of nearly 200 scholars
drawn from every continent,
ranging in age from 25 to 70, and
embracing the broadest imaginable spectrum of intellectual
interest. Having been privileged
UBC Reports welcomes letters to the editor on topics relevant to the
university community. Letters must be signed and include an address
and phone number for verification. Please limit letters, which may be
edited for length, style and clarity, to 300 words. Deadline is 10 days
before publication date. Submit letters in person or by mail to the UBC
Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C.,
V6T 1Z1, by fax to 822-2684 or by e-mail to janet.ansell@ubc.ca.
to experience the intellectual
excitement of membership in the
Princeton Institute, I can recommend it as the ideal target for the
aspirations of those engaged in
setting up the Peter Wall Institute
for Advanced Studies at UBC.
Unfortunately, if the first
major thematic research project
is typical of what we may expect
in the future. UBC's version of
an Institute for Advanced
Studies offers scant prospect of
winning the worldwide recognition "as the pre-eminent
institute focused on basic
research linking all fields of
enquiry" that its director seeks.
The narrowly utilitarian thrust
ofthe topics selected by the
crisis points group for their
endeavours promises no escape
from the confining limits of our
own time and place. What true
depth of understanding of
"crisis points" in human affairs
can be gained when there is no
historian to provide the perspective of past experience, no
philosopher to define the moral
and ethical conflicts that crises
invariably provoke, no student
of literature, art or music to
show how the human spirit
responds creatively to crisis
and nobody speaking another
language from another culture
to offer a different view on
"crisis points?"
Clearly we must look to the
other initiatives mentioned in
the article "to build a new type
of creative environment" for
UBC's Institute — "the three
world-class scholars" perhaps,
brought in to discuss ideas
amongst themselves and
generate a "global interactive
discussion" on the World Wide
Web. Their ruminations. I fear,
are no more likely to endow
distinction on the Institute than
the presence of three tenors
guarantees world-class status
for the city that entertains
Prof. James Russell
Classical, Near Eastern
and Religious Studies
Continued from Page 1
endless series of readings in mall
bookstores raising his voice over
the eruptions of steam from
nearby espresso machines. And
then there were the media appearances.
Something bothered Nadel
about the CNN interviewer. His
professional manner was belied
by his appearance. He looked as
if he had just come from the gym.
Nadel asked how much of the
20-minute interviewwould be aired.
The interviewer shrugged. "About
40 seconds," he said. Just enough
for a shot of the book cover and a
sound bite from the author.
Another leg of the tour took
Nadel to Beverly Hills High
School, where he was interviewed
in a state-of-the-art studio by
the former librarian of Beverly
Hills. His cable TV show reaches
1.3 million viewers.
Nadel was then whisked to
another interview shot in the
living room of the host's Beverly
Continued from Page 1
sity's extensive involvement in
both APEC and CYAP. UBC's
CYAP co-ordinator is Alison Speer,
manager of Government Relations. UBC's co-ordinator for
APEC is Ellis Courtney of the
Ceremonies Office.
"No other university in Canada
has the breadth and depth of
relations with Asia that UBC
has," Brown said.
"From anthropology to zoology, every department and faculty at this institution has an
active program or is actively
seeking to add one in the Asia
Pacific region. UBC also has extensive linkages with universities in every Asian country."
As well as its strengths in traditional academic disciplines, UBC
has links with Asian-related business and cultural associations and
offersstudyand exchange programs
and full-time study opportunities
for Asian students.
Hills home. In her living room
she had interviewed the likes of
Toni Morrison, Norman Mailer
and Gore Vidal. Neil Simon ambled in through her kitchen as
Nadel was preparing to leave.
"You meet all kinds of amazing
people walking through the kitch -
ens of Beverly Hills," Nadel says.
Other interviewers were so fanatical about Cohen that they'd not
only read Nadel's book from cover
to cover, but gave him lists of questions and errors they'd found.
This cult surrounding Cohen
could lead to problems, as it did
with some reviewers, Nadel says,
"because my view of Leonard
Cohen doesn't match their view
of Leonard Cohen."
Although generally pleased
with the book's reception and
the tremendous amount of publicity it's received both in Canada
and  the  United  States.   Nadel
feels that some do not understand the nature of biography.
As the author of Biography: Fiction, FactandForm, Nadel has given
the genre a great deal of thought.
"A biography is not a life; it is
a narrative. It has a narrator, a
constructed beginning, heroes,
anti-heroes and a strong sense
of audience. It is not literary
criticism and not the place to
discuss themes and metaphors
in Beautiful Losers," Nadel says.
"A biography should tell you
who a person is, rather than
what they've accomplished."
One ofthe reasons Nadel wrote
Various Positions was to clarify
the myths and reality surrounding the 62-year-old Cohen. A respected figure in Canadian literature — he declined the Governor
General's award for poetry in 1969
— Cohen later rose to international fame as a recording artist.
Looking for general information at UBC?
Don't know who to call?
Call the UBC Information Line.
M-F, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
"The University will remain open during snow storms but
may cancel or reschedule classes on a university-wide
basis and/or curtail non-essential services in response to
the conditions."—UBC Policy on Disruption of Classes/
Services by Snow, May 1994
In the event of extreme snow conditions, listen to
CBC Radio, CKNW and other local radio stations
for information.
Wax - U
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Providing Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spurr RT. RLAT(R) Kevin Gibbon   ART FIBMS
Phone (604)266-7359 Phone
E-mail spurrwax@univserve.com   K-mail
Berkowitz & Associates
Consulting Inc.
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research design •  data analysis - sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
Edwin Jackson
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That's any fun at all for humanity  Ogd
224 3540
4524 West 11th Avenue, phone & drop in,
or by appointment, your place.
Competitive rates
with leading financial
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licenced through
Services Ltd.
Life and
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
http://www.ubc.ca under News, Events and Attractions.
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (jo-net.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.bagshaw@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997 3
Arts, Science careers
focus of talks, forums
Career opportunities and job search
methods for UBC Arts and Science graduates are being offered through two separate programs sponsored by the UBC
Alumni Association.
Beyond the BA, a forum held during
Arts Week, Jan. 27-31, aims to convey
the kind of information and life skills not
provided in the classroom.
On Jan. 27, executive search consultant
Casey Forrest of Pin ton, Forrest and Madden
Group Inc. will discuss who hires Arts graduates, what makes for an effective resume and
the most common interview questions.
Atthe Jan. 28 forum, Katie Brown, ofDale
Carnegie Training Systems, gives pointers
on how to make a good first impression. Geoff
Curzon of UBC Career Services offers advice
on how to target your job search on Jan. 30.
On Jan. 31, four UBC Arts graduates will
discuss how they used their degrees in Psychology. English and French as springboards
to successful careers.
Beyond the BA is sponsored by the UBC
Alumni Association, the Faculty of Arts and
the Arts Undergraduate Society. The event is
free of charge and, despite its focus on Arts
undergraduates, is open to anyone at UBC.
All Beyond the BA events will be held from
12:30 to 1:30 p.m. in the SUB Auditorium.
Your Career in Science is a program
co-sponsored by the Alumni Association,
the Dept. of Medical Genetics, the Genetics Graduate Program and the Dept. of
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Two
presentations are designed to give students in PhD programs an understanding of business practices and culture.
The career skills presentation on Jan.
28 features Haig Farris, past chair of the
BC Science Council, Elaine Weiss of Inex
Pharmaceutical Corp. and Blair Grabinsky,
manager of UBC Career Services. On Feb.
11, Julian Davies, head of UBC's Dept. of
Microbiology and Immunology, will lead a
panel discussing the business of science.
Both presentations will be held in
Wesbrook 201 from 4 to 5:30 p.m.
Food for thought
Food Services
Patrons influence
food outlet changes
A recent survey suggests that faculty and staff are generally satisfied with the
food and service provided by UBC Food Services, while concerns about variety
and value are more predominant among students on campus.
The two-part study, conducted by the Farrell Research Group Ltd., follows
changes recommended by consultants Ernst and Young to improve the financial
forecast for the university's food operations.
In August 1996. the Ernst and Young report suggested that the university close
Pacific Spirit Place, a 950-seat cafeteria-style outlet in the Student Union Building.
An advisory committee comprising UBC students, faculty, staff and administrators has been established to find alternative ways of operating the site.
Committee members are: Terry Sumner, chair, vice-president. Administration and
Finance: Lisa Castle. Human Resources: Tony Fogarassy, Office of the Associate
Vice-President, Academic and Legal Affairs; Dr. John Gilbert, Health Sciences; Tara
Ivanochko, Board ofGovernors; Paula Martin. Public Affairs; Bernie Peets, Alma
Mater Society; Jacquie Rice. Financial Services: Mary Risebrough, Housing and
Conferences; Judy Vaz, Food Services: Gordon Barefoot. Ernst and Young: and a
student to be nominated by the AMS.
The committee will establish a project charter, develop criteria for selection of
proposals, choose the best proposed use ofthe site, monitor project timelines
and provide guidance and advice on the scope of the changes. The committee
will also issue a request for proposals to include Pacific Spirit Place, the central
commissary and possibly other Food Services' units.
The Ernst and Young report also recommended discontinuation of table
service at Trekkers Restaurant in favour of expanding its take-out operation.
'The market research tells us that Trekkers is quite popular, particularly with
faculty and staff, and that there is a need for that type of service on campus,"
said Judy Vaz, acting director of Food Services. "The operation has been reviewed and will most likely continue to offer table service during the academic
year, and self-service in the summer months."
Vaz said that the study was undertaken in an effort to understand the needs of
present and future customers, and to examine ways of enhancing communications
with the campus community about food services and how they're delivered.
Results of the research firm's focus group interviews with faculty, staff and
students last October indicate that students perceive a lack of variety in
healthier food choices, want more value for their money, find food packaged in
plastic wrap and styrofoam unappealing as well as environmentally unfriendly
and associate Food Services with institutional images.
Food Services has since introduced new menu items that offer wholesome
alternatives at reasonable prices and packaging options are being assessed, Vaz said.
While the report determined that faculty and staff found the variety, quantity,
quality and price of food available at Food Services' 12 retail outlets satisfactory,
they agreed, with students, that crowding and confusion about hours of operation were significant problems facing the deparment.
Vaz said that communication through campus media, on-site advertising,
consistency of hours and tire establishment of a home page on the World Wide Web
will help minimize confusion about retail outlet hours.
"Addressing concerns about crowding, especially during the lunch period,
remains challenging." she said.
The report indicates that the loss of the Faculty Club is a contributing factor
and that a "quiet place" is clearly needed.
Vaz urged members of the campus community to share their ideas and
concerns by completing suggestion cards available at ail Food Services retail
outlets, or by calling the department at 822-3663.
Results of phase two ofthe study, surveying more in-depth demographics,
eating and spending habits and food preferences of customers are expected later
this month.
Food Services' web page can be found at www.foodserv.ubc.ca.
Gavin Wilson photo
Home, Not-So-Sweet Home
Calling attention to what the Alma Mater Society calls a lack of housing
options, fourth-year political science student Carolyn Granholm sits in
a "shanty town" of cardboard boxes. Students built the structure on SUB
plaza and slept in it overnight to draw attention to their campaign. The
AMS wants the provincial and local governments to address the issue of
affordable student housing and legalize secondary suites.
Demand for "dead
language still alive
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Latin, as everyone knows, is a dead
Or is it?
The language of Julius Caesar, Ovid
and Virgil spread far and wide during the
Roman Empire, and later thrived as a
lingua franca for international scholarship, diplomacy and commerce in medieval Europe.
But reports of its demise in the modern
world are greatly exaggerated, says
Anthony Barrett, head of the Dept. of
Classical, Near Eastern and Religious
Studies, who points out that Latin still
survives in pockets all over the world.
For example, a short-wave radio station in Finland broadcasts the news in
Latin, and the Internet has a Latin-speakers' group where any topic can be discussed, as long as it is in Latin.
Recently, protesting students in Belgrade sent a worldwide appeal in Latin
over the Internet, seeking moral support
for their cause.
In the central African country of Malawi, former president Hastings Banda
was so keen on the classics he started
special Latin classes in his nation's
And, of course, Latin is taught in universities around the world, includingUBC.
"It is a subject which encourages an
almost fanatical following." Barrett says.
First-year Latin is so popular that his
department, which also offers courses in
Greek, Hebrew and classical Arabic, had
to restrict enrolment to a quota of 100
Barrett notes that not all Latin students
are, as some might suspect, of European
background. In fact, the classes are very
diverse. Of the five students in Barrett's
senior class, three are of Asian heritage.
Another sign of the continued relevance of the language is the number of
calls the department receives from members of the public seeking translation,
both to and from Latin.
"We must get a call every other day on
average," says Barrett. Faculty members
provide the translation as a public service, although they will ask for a small
donation to a student scholarship fund if
it requires more time.
The requests range from translations
of old British legal documents to how to
say Happy Christmas in Latin. Others
want Latin inscriptions for tombstones.
The department does a brisk trade in
Latin mottoes. It seems that when a new
club or society is formed one of the first
orders of business is acquiring a Latin
motto. Barrett did one for a group of plane
crash survivors who founded a society.
"Usually, they want a snappy motto,
but request that it say a great deal. A
school in Fort Nelson told us they wanted
a motto that said: "We believe in education and have faith in the North.' But tney
wanted it said in three words!"
Of course, UBC has its own Latin
motto, 'Tuum Est." meaning "It is yours."
It is a quote from the poet Horace who was
thanking the Muse for his gift of verse.
Some Latin speakers foresee a day
when Latin is more widely spoken, much
as Hebrew, which was used only for religious purposes for 1.700 years, was revived as the official language of modern
Israel. But Barrett is sceptical.
"I don't see it myself. Hebrew has a
political, spiritual and religious motivation that doesn't exist in Latin. We see our
mission as more limited but still important. We're committed to ensuring that
future generations of students retain this
vital part of our intellectual heritage." 4 UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997
January 26 through February 8
Sunday, Jan. 26
Green College Performing
Arts Group
Wintertime Singing Around The
Fire. Green College. 8pm. Call
Monday, Jan. 21
Modern European Studies
Colloquium Series
Wagner's Music And The Question Of Antisemitism. Karl
Zaenker, Germanic Studies.
Buchanan penthouse. 3:30-5pm.
Call 822-5969.
Mechanical Engineering
Real World Emissions For Motor
Vehicles. Steve Rogak. CEME
1204, 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822 3904.
Applied Mathematics
The Two-Separate Paths Problem. Tali Eilam, post doctoral student. Commerce. CSCI 301,
3:30pm. Call 822-4584.
Biochemistry and Molecular
Biology Discussion Group
Site-Specific Substitution Studies Of Residues At The Active Site
Of B-Galactosidase {E.Coli) That
Bind The Transition State. Dr.
Gene Huber, U of Calgary. IRC#4,
3:45pm. Refreshments at
3:30pm. Call 822-3178.
World History Speaker
Series Lecture
Modes Of Imperialism In Latin
America In The 19th And 20th
Centuries. Prof. Alan Knight, St.
Antony's College, Oxford U.
BuchananA-202, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-2561.
Zoology Comparative
Physiology Seminar
Muscle Mechanics In Swimming
Fish. Bob Shadwick. UC-San Diego. BioSciences 2449. 4:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-4228.
Tuesday, Jan. 28
Animal Science Seminar
Effect Of Enzyme And Mild Hy-
drothermal Treatment On The
Nutritive Value Of Canola Meal
For Dairy Cattle. Suzanne Gill,
graduate student. Macmillan
158, 12:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-4593.
Humanists' Society Lecture
Free Speech On The Internet:
Principles And Controversy. Richard S. Rosenberg, Computer
Science. Buchanan D-205,
12:30pm. Call 739-9822.
Multimedia Seminar
WebCT (WWW Course Tools) For
On-Line Courses. Murray
Goldberg, Computer Science;
Bob Kubicek, Bonita Bray, History; David Sanderson, Human
Kinetics; Patrick O'Brien, UCFV.
Hebb, 2:30-4pm. Call 822-1851/
Statistics Seminar
But Is It Statistics? A Decade Of
Definitions. Jonathan Berkowitz,
Statistical Consultant. CSCI 301.
4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Graduate and Faculty
Christian Forum Seminar
Is Christianity True? Prof. Hugo
Meynell, Religious Studies, U
Calgary. Buchanan penthouse,
4:15pm. Refreshments at 4pm.
Call 822-3112.
World History Speaker Series
Cardenas In Historical Perspective. Buchanan Tower 1206/07.
4:30-6pm. Reception to follow in
Buchanan Penthouse. Call 822-
Green College Speaker Series
Right-Wing Politics And Feminism
In Canada And The United States.
Lisa Young, post doctoral student.
Political Science. Green College.
5:30pm. Reception in Graham
House 4:45-5:30pm. Call 822-
Green College/Theatre, Film
and Creative Writing
A Fireside Chat With Roy Surette,
theatre director. Green College,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Wednesday, Jan. 29
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Review Of Cases: Division Of
Trauma Morbidity And Mortality
Rounds. Dr. H.M. Broekhuyse.
Orthopedic Trauma. Vancouver
Hospital/HSC Eye Care Centre
auditorium. 7am. Call 875-4646.
Faculty Financial Planning
Lecture Series
UBC Faculty Pension Operations
And Benefits. Stan Hamilton and
Marcelle Sprecher. Facultv Pension Plan. Angus 104, ~12:30-
1:20pm. Call 822-1433.
Your UBC Forum
Process For Handling Appeals And
Complaints. Maria Klawe, VP Student/Academic Services, moderator. SUB conversation pit, 12:30-
2pm. Call 822-6799.
Noon Hour Concert
Jeffrey Snedeker. natural horn;
Marilyn Wilbanks, fortepiano;
Martin Hackleman and Dawn
Haylett, horns. Music Recital Hall,
12:30pm. $3 at the door. Call 822-
Research Seminar
Ecological Hypotheses And Permutation Tests: Putting Things In
Order. Marie-Josee Fortin, U
Sherbrooke. Family/Nutritional
Sciences 60,4:30pm. Refreshments
Hut B-8. 4:10pm. Call 822-3957.
First Nations Discussion
Marilyn Dumont, Poet And Author
Of "A Really Good Brown Girl."
Green College, 5pm. Call 822-6067.
Respiratory Research
Control Of Breathing In
Hypometabolic States. Bill Milsom.
Zoology. VancouverHospital/HSC,
2 775 Heather St.. 3rd floor conference room, 5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Cultural and Media Studies
Interdisciplinary Group
Citizenship, Democracy And Globalization. Mark Poster, History,
U of California—Irvine. Green College, 8pm. Call 822-6067.
19th Century Studies
'In,' Not 'Of Post-colonial Studies
In Asia. Joshua Mostow, Asian
Studies. Green College. 8pm. Call
Thursday, Jan. 30
Anthropology and Sociology
Creating A Critical Health Technology Assessment: The Case Of
The "Triple Test." Patricia Lee and
Ken Bassett. ANSO 205, 12-lpm.
Call 822-2878.
Law and Society Lunchtime
Euro-Canadian Fishing Law And
Social Transformations In North
Coast First Nations Customary
Practice. Charles Menzies. Anthropology and Sociology. Green College. 12pm. Call 822-6067.
Arts Week '97
Arts Week '97 I losts Its Poetry And
Short Storv Competition. Bookstore. 12:30-2:30pm. Limited seating. Call 822-2665.
Science First! Lecture Series
Herpes Simplex Virus Entry Into
Host Cells: The Secret Handshake. Dr. Frank Tufaro, Microbiology and Immunology. IRC#6,
12:30-2:30pm. Discussion and
refreshments to follow. Call 822-
Human Kinetics Seminar
Rick Hansen And UBC: Past,
Present And Future. Rick Hansen,
director. Rick Hansen Institute.
IRC#1, 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Earth and Ocean Sciences
Seismic Imaging Of Massive Sulphide Deposits. Andy Calvert,
Ecole Polytechnique. GeoSciences
330A, 12:30pm. Call 822-3466/
Joan Carlisle-Irving Lecture
A Thousand Monster Opinions:
The Coffee House And Print Culture In Restoration London. Joseph
Monteyne. PhD candidate. Fine
Arts. Lasserre 102, 12:30pm. Call
UBC Chamber Orchestra. Tawnya
Popoff. viola soloist. Jesse Read,
conductor. Music Recital Hall,
12:30pm. Call 822-3113.
Philosophy Colloquium
The Difference Between Deleuze's
Difference And Derrida's Difference. Bruce Baugh, visiting professor. Buchanan D-202. 1-
2:30pm. Call 822-3292.
Environmental Engineering
Environmental Issues In B.C. Vicky
Husband, Sierra Club. CEME
1215, 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-2637.
Physics and Astronomy
Gravity, General Relativity. Don
Page. U of Alberta. Hebb, 4pm.
Refreshments at 3:45pm. Call
Leon and Thea Koerner
Biological And Relational Aspects
Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder In Children. Stephen P.
Hinshaw, Psychology, U of California, Berkeley. Kenny 1210, 4pm.
Call 822-6771.
BMB Discussion Group
RNA-Protein Interactions In The
Regulation Of Coronavirus RNA-
Dependent RNA. Dr. Michael M.C.
Lai. Molecular Microbiology and
Immunology, U of Southern California. IRC#6, 4:15pm. Refreshments at 4pm. Call 822-3178.
Green College/CPSE Seminar
Issues In First Nations Post-Secondary Education. Grace
Mirehouse. president, Assoc. Aboriginal Post-Secondary Institutes
(BC): Sharilyn Calliou, director,
T'skel Studies; Dawn Morrison,
Native Education Centre. Green
College. 4:30 6:30pm. Call 822-
Genetics Graduate Program
Characterization Of SaBR, A Novel
Cell Surface Protein Involved In
Lymphocyte Activation. Tracy Sexton, PhD candidate. Medical Ge
netics. Wesbrook 201. 4:30pm.
Refreshment s at 4:15pm. Call 822-
Law and Society
Racialized Legal History.
Constance Backhouse. Law. U of
Western Ontario: Louis A. Knafla.
History. U of Calgary, moderator.
Green'College. 7:30pm. Call 822-
Friday, Jan. 31
Grand Rounds
Mitochondrial Diseases — What
Are They And How Do We Diagnose Them? Dr. Derek Applegarth.
Dr. Lome Clarke, Pediatrics and
Medical Genetics. GF" Strong auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Health Care and
Epidemiology Rounds
Asleep In The Fast Lane: Public
Health Aspects Of Sleeplessness.
Stanley Coren. director. Human
Neuropsychology and Perception
Laboratory. Mather 253. 9-10am.
Call 822-2772.
Law and Society
Developmental Conference
Various speakers. Green College.
9am-6pm. $50 (waived for UBC
facultv and students). Call 822-
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Assessment Of Occupational Hearing Requirements. Stanley
Forshaw, P. Eng. Vancouver Hosp/
HSC. Koerner Pavilion G-279,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9595.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Cardiac Lipoprotein Lipase During
Diabetes And Hypertension. Dr.
Brian Rodrigues. Cunningham 160,
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Mathematics Colloquium
Renormalization And 3-Manifolds
That Fiber Over The Circle. Curt
McMullen. U of California—
Berkeley. Mathematics 104.
3:30pm. Refreshments in Math
Annex, room 1 115 at 3:15pm. Call
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Factors Limiting The Enzymatic
Hydrolysis Of Cellulose. PaulTho-
mas, graduate student. Chemical
Engineering. Chemical Engineering 206, 3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Linguistics Colloquium
On Ways Of Expressing Scope:
Distributivity In St'at'imcets
(Lillooet Salish). Hamida
Demirdache, Linguistics, and
Lisa Matthewson, SFU Linguistics. Buchanan penthouse,
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Theoretical Chemistry
Growth And Melting Simulations
Of The D'onard-Jones Crystal
Liquid Interface. R. Moss, Chemistry. Chemistry D-402 centre
block. 4pm. Call 822-3266.
UBC Chamber Orchestra.
Tawnya Popoff, viola soloist. Jesse
Read, conductor. Music Recital
Hall. 8pm. Call 822-3113.
Saturday, Feb. 1
Student Leadership
Various Speakers. Atrium Inn,
2889 E. Hastings, 9am-6pm. $30
includes lunch and reception.
Register at SUB 100D. Call 822-
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Democracy In Peril. Mike
Harcourt. IRC#2, 8:15pm. Call
Monday, Feb. 3
Mechanical Engineering
Challenges And Rewards In The
Development Of Contaminated
Water ReeyelingTechnology. Tom
Bower. Comprehensive Water
Management Ltd. CEME 1204,
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Modern European Studies
Regionalism And National Identity: The Case Of Spain. Arsenio
Pacheco. Hispanic and Italian
Studies. Buchanan Penthouse,
3:30-5:00pm. Call 822-5969.
BMB Discussion Group
Integrin Signalling Regulates Tissue-Specific Gene Expression In
Mammary Epithelial Cells. Dr.
Calvin Roskelley, Anatomy.
IRC#4, 3:45pm. Refreshments at
3:30pm. Call 822-3178.
Zoology Comparative
Physiology Seminar
Behavioural Biology Of
Leatherback Turtles. Frank
Paladino. Indiana-Purdue U.
Biosciences 2449. 4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-4228.
Tuesday, Feb. 4
Faculty Women's Club
China. Hong Kong, And The
Transfer. Sandra Wilking, Asia
Pacific Foundation. Cecil Green
Park House main floor, 10am.
Call 224-4419.
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310-6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form is available
on the UBC Reports Web page at http://www.ubc.ca under
'News.' Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the
Calendar's Notices section may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the February 6 issue of UBC Reports—
which covers the period Februaty 9 to February 22>« is
noon, January 28. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997 5
January 26 through February 8
Animal Science Seminar
Metabolism Adjustments To
Stress In Fish. M. Vijayan.
Macmillan 158, 12:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-4593.
Botany Department
Chemical Ecology And Photochemistry Of Thiarubrine Antibiotics. Jon Page, PhD candidate, Botany. BioSciences 2000,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Centre for Chinese
Research Seminar
Recent Developments In The
Chinese PLA. Jing-dong Yuan,
post doctoral student. Institute
of International Relations. CK
Choi 129, 12:30-2:30pm. Call
Lectures in Modern
Superlattice Reactants: A
Kinetically Controlled Approach
To New Solid State Compounds
With Designed Structure. Prof.
David Johnson. U of Oregon.
Chemistry 250, south wing, lpm.
Refreshments at 12:40pm. Call
Centre for Applied Ethics
Computer Simulations In Business Ethics. Chris MacDonald.
PhD candidate. Philosophy. Angus 415. 4-6pm. Call 822-5139.
Green College Speaker
The Carceral Vision: Literary
Theory And Cultural Studies.
Graham Good, English. Green
College. 5:30pm. Reception in
Graham House. 4:45-5:30pm.
Call 822-6067.
Wednesday, Feb. 5
Orthopedics and
Anaesthesia Grand Rounds
Hypotensive Epidural Anaesthesia For Lower Extremity Surgery. Dr. Ken Turnbull, Anaesthesia. Dr. Nigel Sharrock. Vancouver Hospital/HSC. Eye Care
Centre auditorium, 7am. Call
Staedtler Day '97
Up To 60% Savings On
Staedtler Writing Instruments.
Art, Drafting And Office Supplies. Bookstore, 9am-5pm.
Call 822-2665.
Faculty Financial Planning
UBC Faculty Pension Investments. Rob Heinkel and
Christine McLeod, Faculty Pension Plan. Angus 104, 12:30-
1:20pm. Call 822-1433.
Noon Hour Concert
Henri-Paul Sicsic. piano. Music
Recital Hall, 12:30pm. $3 at the
door. Call 822-5574.
Ecology and Biodiversity
Research Seminar
Sexual Selection And Speciation
In The Threespine Stickleback.
JeffMcKinnon, postdoctoral student, Zoology. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm. Refreshments in Hut B-8, 4:10pm.
Call 822-3957.
Respiratory Research
Asthma And Asthma-Like Disorders Associated With Machining Fluid Aerosol Exposures. Dr. Susan Kennedy,
Health Care and Epidemiology.
Vancouver Hospital/HSC.
2775 Heather St.. 3rd floor conference room, 5-6pm. Call 875-
The Interdisciplinary
Being Interdisciplinary. Ken
MacCrimmon, Commerce and
Business Administration. Green
College, 5pm. Call 822-6067.
Thursday, Feb. 6
Board of Governors Meeting
The open session begins at 8am.
Fifteen tickets are available on a first-
come, first-served basis on application to the Board Secretary at least 24
hours before each meeting. Old Administration Building, Board and
Senate room. Call 822-2127.
Anthropology and Sociology
Colloquium Series
Pictures Worth More Than AThou-
sand Words: Magazines And Discourses Of Feminity. Dawn Currie
and Becki Ross with Shawna
Murphy and Jessica Ulrich. ANSO
205, 12-lpm. Call 822-2878.
Earth and Ocean Sciences
Hydrothermal Fluid Flow And Mineral Zonation In Skarns Associated With Magmatic Systems.
Larry Meinert. Washington State
U. GeoSciences 330A. 12:30pm.
Call 822-3466/822-2267.
ArtsFest '97:
Artistry in Percussion
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble.
Martin Berinbaum. director. Old
Auditorium, 12:30pm. Call 822-
Physics and Astronomy
Physics Of Batteries. Sylvia Wessel.
Dynamotive Technologies Corp.
Hebb, 4pm. Refreshments in Hebb
lobby at 3:45pm. Call 822-3853.
Canadian Studies Workshop
A Lecture On Canadian Poet
bp Nichol. Dean Shirley Neuman.
Arts. Green College, 7:30pm. Call
Distinguished Artists. Anton
Kuerti. piano recital. Music Recital Hall 8pm. $19, adult. $10.
student/senior. Call 822-5574.
Friday, Feb. 7
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
New Advances In Pediatric HIV Disease. Dr. Jack Forbes. GF Strong
auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Health Care and
Epidemiology Rounds
Mortality Patterns In Persons With
Developmental Disabilities: Community Vs. Institutional Care. Dr.
David Strauss, U of California—
Riverside. Mather 253, 9-10am.
Call 822-2772.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Occupational And Environmental
Health Associated With Contaminated Site Remediation. Susan
Eyre, Dillon Consulting Ltd. Vancouver Hosp/HSC, Koerner Pavilion G-279, 12:30-1:30pm. Call
ArtsFest '97:
Artistry in Percussion
UBC Percussion Ensemble. John
Rudolph, Sal Ferreras, directors.
Music Recital Hall, 12:30pm. Call
Nursing Research
Yes, No, Maybe So — New Approaches To Assessing Clients'
Decisional Conflict And Providing
Decision Support. Assoc. Prof.
Annette O'Connor. U of Ottawa.
Vancouver Hospital/HSC Koerner
Pavilion G-279, 2:30-4pm. Call
Mathematics Colloquium
Dr. Andre Longtin, U of Ottawa.
Mathematics 104, 3:30pm. Refreshments in Math Annex 1115,
3:15:pm. Call 822-2666.
Theoretical Chemistry
Analysis Of Time Correlation
Functions For Mixed Quantum-
Classical Systems. Liam
McWhirter, Chemistry. Chemistry D-402 centre block, 4pm.
Call 822-3266.
UBC Environmental Law
Corporations And The Environment. Various speakers including: Paul Watson. Sea Shepherd
Society and Owens Wiwa, Nigerian Ogoni Activist. Continues Feb.
8. Curtis. Registration Friday, 6pm;
Saturday, 8am. $ 15 includes lunch
on Saturday. Call 822-2880.
ArtsFest '97:
Artistry in Percussion
Trichy Sankaran, mrdangam.
Music Recital Hall, 8pm. Adults
$15. Seniors/students $8. Call
Saturday, Feb. 8
ArtsFest '97:
Artistry in Percussion
John Rudolph, percussion, Salvador Ferreras, percussion. Music
Recital Hall, 2pm. Call 822-3113.
ArtsFest '97:
Artistry in Percussion
Workshop With Trichy Sankaran,
mrdangam. Music Recital Hall,
3:30pm. Call 822-3113.
^XPIease Recycle
ArtsFest '97:
Artistry in Percussion
UBC Jazz Ensemble. Jack
Duncan, Cuban/African
drums. Sal Ferreras, Latin
percussion. Fred Stride, director. Music Recital Hall. 8pm.
Call 822-3113.
Engineering and
Architecture Continuing
Education Course
How To Read Blueprints And
Increase Your Knowledge Of
Construction Drawings. Robert
Salikan. CEME, 9am-5pm.
$140. Call 822-1884.
Vancouver Institute
David Adams Richards, novelist. IRC#2, 8:15pm. Call 822-
Faculty, Staff and Grad Student
Volleyball Group. Every Monday
and Wednesday, Osborne Centre,
Gym A. 12:30-1:30pm. No fees.
Drop-ins and regular attendees
welcome for friendly competitive
games. Call 822-4479 or e-mail:
Fun and Fitness
UBC Community Sport Services
offers adult ballet, gymnastics and
ice hockey classes for beginners.
No experience is necessary. For
more information call 822-3688.
Morris and Helen Belkin Art
Gallery Exhibition
Exhibition by Vancouver artist
Mina Totino. Jan. 10-March 1.
1997. Gallery hours Tuesday -
Friday, 10am-5pm; Saturday, 12-
5pm. 1825 Main Mall. Call 822-
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Weekly sales of furniture, computers, scientific etc. held every
Wednesday, noon-5pm. SERF.
Task Force Building, 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 822-2582 for
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one, about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre for Faculty
Development and Instructional
Services at 822-0828 and ask for
the Teaching Support Group.
Psoriasis Laser Study
Volunteers needed. The UBC Division of Dermatology is seeking
volunteers with psoriasis. We are
testing a potential new laser
therapy for psoriasis. Volunteers
who complete the treatments and
follow-up visits will receive a stipend. Please call 875-5254.
Garden Hours
Botanical Garden and the Shop-
in-the-Garden. 10am-5pm daily.
Call 822-9666 (gardens). 822-4529
(shop). Nitobe Memorial Garden
open 10am-2:30pm weekdays
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies learn to talk? Help us find out!
We are looking for parents with
babies between one and 24 months
of age to participate in language
development studies. If you are
interested in bringing your baby
for a one-hour visit, please call Dr.
Janet Werker's Infant Studies Centre. Dept. of Psychology, 822-6408
(ask for Dawn).
Diabetes 1997 Conference
The Young Diabetic.
Interprofessional continuing education conference will take place
Friday, April 4 and Saturday, April
5, 1997 in Vancouver for all health
professionals interested and involved in diabetic care. For further information call 822-2626.
Parent Care Project
Daughters/daughters-in-law who
are caring for a parent in a care
facility are needed for a counselling psychology study on the challenges women face in parent care.
Involves individual interviews/
questionnaire. Call Allison at 822-
Volunteer Vancouver
Volunteer Recognition
Call for nominations
Nominations of one or more individuals, groups or companies are
requested in the following four categories
• The Volunteer Vancouver Award
• The Leaders of Tomorrow Award
• The Community Service Awards
• The Caring Companies Award
Information and nomination forms available from Volunteer Vancouver at
301-3102 Main St, 875-9144 or fax 875-0710
Nomination Deadline: Feb. 7
Volunteer Recognition Awards Dinner: April 22
at the Waterfront Centre Hotel
Feeling Stressed at Work?
Lower Mainland Clerical Workers: Explore your Coping Skills!
Psychologists at UBC are seeking female volunteers to participate in a research study on clerical workers' stress. The aim of
this project is to understand how
female clerical workers respond
to work-related stress, from day
to day over the course of three
months. The information from
the questionnaires will be kept
confidential and anonymous. A
summary of the group results
will be provided at the completion ofthe study. If vou would be
willing to participate in this study,
or if you have any questions,
please call Kamaljit Sidhu or
Marlene Barber at 822-9199.
UBC Food Services
Celebrate Chinese New Year at
Yum Yums and other Food Service Locations. Watch for
"Cookiegrams" for your Valentines in February. Last day to
place your order is Feb. 12. Call
Next calendar deadline
noon, Jan. 28
Call for nominations
Award categories for
significant contributions to the
university and the community
• Lifetime Achievement Award
• Alumni Award of Distinction
• Outstandins Young Alumnus
• Blythe Eagles Volunteer
Service Award
• Outstanding Student Award
• Honorary Alumnus Award
• Faculty Citation Award
Deadline: March 14
For more information, call
Leslie Konantz at 822-0616
UBC 6 UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997
Draft Revision of Policy #85
Scholarly Integrity
January 23, 1997
Dear Colleagues.
Published here are several new draft policies for your review.
The revision to our current policy on commercial enterprises on campus is
intended to ensure that the university retains the right to establish rules and
regulations for commercial enterprises that operate on campus through a lease
or license agreement.
The new policy on formal investigations is intended to provide guidance to
university officials who commission ad hoc investigations of situations or incidents at UBC.
The new policy on threatening behaviour has been drafted because of several
serious incidents of life-threatening behavior over the past few years. We believe
that we need to have appropriate mechanisms for response to threatening
behaviour established and available to all members of the campus community.
The revision to our scholarly integrity policy is the second you will have seen in
a short period. We originally consulted about the changes you will note in italics.
Further suggestions have been received from theTri-Council (SSHRC, NSERC and
MRC) about our policy, and these have been incorporated in this re-draft,
underlined. Grant-holders and those who supervise and/or collaborate with
others in research should note these changes in particular.
Please pass on any comments or suggestions to Vice Provost Libby Nason.
Sincerely yours,
David W. Strangway  x\ v
Approved: January 1995
Vice President Academic & Provost
Vice President Research
The University recognizes that teaching,
research, scholarship and creative activity are most likely to flourish in a climate
of academic freedom. Since the conditions for proper teaching, research, scholarship and creative activity are quite
different depending upon the discipline,
individual investigators are expected to
assume direct responsibility for the intellectual and ethical quality of their
The university community has always
recognized the necessity for maintaining
the highest ethical standards in the conduct of scholarly activities. The University of British Columbia has developed
this policy to communicate expectations,
increase awareness of integrity issues,
and encourage scholars (be they students or members of faculty and staff) to
assume personal responsibility.
• to promote scholarly integrity among
scholars, in order to maintain and
enhance the value of impartiality that
universities offer society;
• to proscribe activities which breach
generally acceptable standards of
scholarly conduct;
• to provide a process for dealing with
allegations of scholarly misconduct
UBC is responsible for developing awareness among all students and members of
faculty arid staff involved in teaching
and scholarly activities of the need for
the highest standards of integrity, ac
countability and responsibility.
UBC holds scholars responsible for scholarly and scientific rigour and integrity in
teaching and research, in obtaining, recording and analyzing data and in presenting, reporting and publishing results, through such means as:
• evaluating the work of students in a
fair manner;
• giving appropriate recognition, including authorship, to those who have
made an intellectual contribution to
the contents of the publication, and
only those people; using unpublished
work of other researchers and scholars only with permission and with due
acknowledgement; and using archival material in accordance with the
rules of the archives;
• obtaining the permission of the author before using new information,
concepts or data originally obtained
through access to confidential manuscripts or applications for funds for
research or training that may have
been seen as a result of processes
such as peer review;
• conforming to UBC standard requirements for working with humans, animals, biohazards, radioisotopes and
affecting the environment:
• using research funds in accordance
with the terms and conditions under
which those funds were received;
• revealing to the University, journals,
sponsors, funding agencies or those
requesting opinions, any conflict of
interest, financial or other, that might
influence their decisions on whether
the individual should be asked to
review manuscripts or applications,
test products or be permitted to undertake work sponsored from outside
sources. (See Policy #97, Conflict of
UBC investigates allegations of scholarly
misconduct in a timely, impartial and
accountable manner and takes appropriate action, including any necessary
steps to preserve evidence, when it finds
that scholarly misconduct has occurred.
Procedure Summary
In order to maintain integrity in teaching, research, scholarship and creative
activity and to avoid misconduct, members involved in teaching, research, scholarship and professional/creative activity shall in particular:
• evaluate the work of students fairly;
• recognize and acknowledge the intellectual contribution of others;
• not use new information obtained
through access to confidential manuscripts or applications seen as a result of peer review;
• use scholarly and scientific rigour in
obtaining, recording and analyzing
data and in reporting results;
• ensure that authors of published work
include all and only those who have
intellectually contributed;
• maintain integrity in using research
Acts of scholarly misconduct may be
committed with varying degrees of delib-
erateness. It is recognized that the borderline between scholarly
incompetence, carelessness and negligence, on the one hand, and intentional
dishonesty, on the other, may be very
narrow. The result is objectionable in
any case, even if different degrees of
discipline are appropriate.
Careful supervision of new members of
faculty and staff by their supervisors
and department heads is in the best
interest of the institution, the supervisor, the trainee and the scholarly/scientific community. The complexity of scholarly and scientific methods, the necessity for caution in interpreting possibly
ambiguous data, the need for advanced
analysis, and the variety of protocols for
reporting research data all require an
active role for the supervisor in the guidance of new investigators.
Principal and co-investigators who have
failed to exercise reasonable care in directing and supervising researchers who
have committed academic misconduct
share in the blame and should be disciplined accordingly.
A factor in many cases of alleged scholarly/scientific misconduct has been the
absence of a complete set of verifiable
data. The retention by the University of
accurately recorded and retrievable results is of utmost importance. Wherever
possible, all primary data should be recorded in clear, adequate, original and
chronological form. In scientific departments, a record ofthe primary data must
be maintained in the laboratory and
cannot be removed. Original data for a
given study should be retained in the
unit of origin for at least five years after
the work is published or otherwise presented (if the form of the data permits
this, and if assurances have not been
given that data would be destroyed to
assure anonymity). Supervisors and collaborators should have unrestricted access to all data and products of their
collaborative research. Entitlement to
ownership of primary data, software,
and other products of research can vary
according to the circumstances under
which research is conducted. A shared
understanding about ownership should
be reached among collaborators, especially between  supervisors  and  their
graduate students, before research is
All authors listed should have been involved in the research. Each is expected
to have made a significant intellectual or
practical contribution, understand the
significance of the conclusions, and be
able to share responsibility for the content and reliability of the reported data-
All authors listed should have seen and
approved a manuscript before submission. The concept of "honorary authorship" is unacceptable. There should be
guidelines developed and discussed
within each unit regarding conditions of
authorship for research trainees. These
guidelines should be discussed with the
trainees before the research is begun or
they become involved in it.
Research conditions for all involved in a
research team should be outlined in a
letter from the principal investigator before team members become engaged.
Sample letters to colleagues, post doctoral fellows and graduate students about
such issues as compensation, supervision, authorship, records of data, ownership and/or use of data, publication
rights, and commercialization, are available from Research Services. The Faculty of Graduate Studies sends notices
about this requirement to all accepted
for graduate studies and their supervisors at the time of admission. These
notices and a copy of the letter from the
supervisor to the graduate student detailing the terms above are filed in the
student file in Graduate Studies.
A gradual diffusion of responsibility for
multi-authored or collaborative studies
could lead to the publication of papers
for which no single author is prepared to
take full responsibility. Two safeguards
in the publication of accurate reports are
the active participation of each co-author in verifying that part of a manuscript that falls within his/her specialty
area and the designation of one author
who takes responsibility through reasonable care for the validity ofthe entire
Formal procedures for the investigation
of allegations of scholarly misconduct
are essential to assure the protection of
the rights of all those involved in the case
until the basis of the allegations can be
examined and a resolution of the problem can be determined.
Detailed Procedures
Source of Allegations)
The initial report of suspected misconduct
may come from various sources within or
without the University. For example, the
allegation may come from an individual
member of faculty or staff, a student, a
member of the general public, a media
report, a group of individuals, an anonymous source, a granting source or from a
University administrator.
Initial Disposition of Allegations
Allegations of scholarly misconduct received by members ofthe University community, including administrators, are forwarded to the Vice President Research.
The Vice President Research is the central
point of contact for receiving allegations,
as he/she is normally sufficiently atarm's
length so as to be viewed as impartial and
free of personal conflicts of interest. If the
Vice President Researchfeels it would be
inappropriate to receive a particular complaint for whatever reason, he/she may
refer the complaint to the Provost.
Authority of the Vice President Research and the Provost
The Vice President Research and the Prov- UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997 7
Draft Revision of Policy #85 — Scholarly Integrity (cont.)
ost both have the authority: to close
down and declare "off limits" facilities
used for research; to protect the administration of University and outside funds
involved in the research: to obtain and
retain relevant documentation (eg lab
notes, computer disks, hard drives, proof
of credentials) related to an investigation; to request that members of the
university community appear before an
investigative committee and answer its
questions or supply materials to it.
Allegations Referred to the Vice President Research or the Provost
The Vice President Research or the Provost may choose to refer the matter back
to the unit or to dismiss the allegation. If
in the judgement of the Vice President
Research or the Provost the allegations
have sufficient substance to warrant investigation, he/she informs the
student(s) and/or employee(s) named in
the allegation, in writing. The written
notice summarizes the allegation in sufficient detail to allow the individual(s)
concerned an opportunity to respond.
Responses received are forwarded to the
investigative committee if established.
Appointment of Investigating Committee
The Vice President Research or the Provost appoints an Investigative Committee
consisting of three experienced members, one external to UBC, and all at
arms length from both the person(s) alleging misconduct and the person(s) alleged to have misconducted themselves.
The terms of reference of the Investigative Committee are to determine if scholarly misconduct has occurred, and if so,
its extent and seriousness. The Committee elects one of its members as Chair.
As this is an internal investigative process, proceedings arc conducted in private—and—persons—alleged—to—have
misconducted themselves arc not entitled to representation by legal counsel
when they meet with the Investigative
In cases of collaborative research involving other institutions, it may be desirable to conduct either parallel investigations, or a joint investigation, with appropriate changes to the procedures
outlined below. Whichever method is
chosen, UBC will cooperate fully with
other institutions.
Investigation within Sixty Days
Due to the sensitive nature of allegations
of scholarly misconduct, the inquiry by
the Investigative Committee should be
completed and a draft report prepared
within sixty days of the initial written
notification to the respondent(s). In complex cases a full report may not be possible in this time frame, but some assessment must be prepared within three
Considerations for the Investigative
The Committee aims to review all scholarly activity with which the individual
has been involved during the period of
time considered pertinent in relation to
the allegation, including any abstracts,
papers or other methods of scholarly
communication. A special audit of accounts may also be performed on the
sponsored research accounts of the involved individual(s). Individuals may be
required to prove, credentials.
The Committee has the right to see any
University documents and question any
students or members of faculty and staff
during its investigation.
The Committee ensures that it is cognizant of all real or apparent conflicts of
interest on the part of those involved in
the inquiry, including both those accused and those making the allegations.
It may seek impartial expert opinions, as
necessary and appropriate, to ensure
the investigation is thorough and authoritative.
In the investigation process, the persons
alleged to have engaged in misconduct
have the right to know all allegations
against them and the right to respond
Review of Draft Report
The involved individual, any collaborators or supervisor related to the investigation are given reasonable opportunity
to review and comment on the draft
Findings and Recommendations of
the Investigative Committee
The Investigative Committee, upon reviewing all the elements in the case, will
report on its finding of whether or not
scholarly misconduct occurred, and, if
so, its extent and seriousness, If the
allegations are proven on a balance of
probabilities, the Investigative Committee shall also make recommendations in
its report on the need to:
• withdraw all pending relevant publications;
• notify editors of publications in which
the involved research was reported;
• redefine the status of the involved
• ensure that the units involved are
informed about appropriate practices
for promoting the proper conduct of
• inform any outside funding agency of
the results of the inquiry and of actions to be taken;
• recommend any disciplinary action to
be taken.
If the allegations are not substantiated,
the Committee may make recommendations in its report on the need for remedies.
The Report
The report is addressed to the Vice President Research or Provost, whichever commissioned the investigation, and details
the full allegation(s), the investigative
steps taken by the committee, including
the individuals with whom it communicated and what their evidence was, Us
findings and any disciplinary or remedial
action it is recommending. Recognizing
that the report is a public document under
British Columbia's Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy legislation,
individual identifiers are removed from
the final version of the report and are
maintained in a separate schedule that is
not publicly accessible.
Materials from the Investigation
The Chair of the Committee keeps copies
of all materials, records and notes of
interviews with individuals involved that
in a secure and confidential manner and
hands them over to the Vice President
Research or the Provost along with the
Committee's report. The report and related records are kept for a period of six
uears. All requests for access to records
will be handled in accordance with the
provisions of the B.C. Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
Report to the Appropriate Administrative Head of Unit within 75 days
The Vice President Research or the Provost forwards the investigative report to
the appropriate administrative head of
unit within 75 days of commissioning
the report. For students, the Administrative Head of Unit with authority to
receive and act on the Committee's report is the President; for members of
staff, it is the Director or Head of Department; for members of faculty, the authority may be either the President or the
Dean/Head, depending on the nature of
the discipline contemplated. (The Agreement on Conditions of Appointment
states that only the President may discipline a faculty member by dismissal or
suspension without pay.) The individual
receiving the Committee's report consults with the President, the Provost, the
Vice President Research, the Dean, and
if appropriate the Head of Department,
about its report. In cases where scholarly misconduct is judged to have occurred, the Provost, the Vice President
Research, the Dean, the Head and the
President will discuss appropriate action based on the nature and seriousness of the misconduct.
Decision about Discipline/Remedies
The appropriate head of administrative
unit communicates to the parties involved
in a timely manner regarding the decision
reached in the case in general, and to the
parties affected by decisions on discipline/remedies about the outcome particular to them.
Appeal of Discipline
Discipline imposed for scholarly misconduct may be appealed:
• By Faculty members in the Bargaining Unit: through the grievance procedure outlined in Section 21 ofthe
Agreement on the Framework for Collective Bargaining with the Faculty
Association or Section 10 of the Agreement on Conditions of Appointment.
• By Staff Members in Unions: through
the grievance procedure established
in the relevant collective agreements.
• By Management and Professional
Staff: through the grievance procedure established in the Framework
Agreement (yet to be negotiated).
• By Employees not covered above: directly to the President in writing.
• By Students: through the Senate Committee on Student Appeals on Student Discipline.
Protection of Reputation
When no scholarly misconduct is found,
every effort will be made by the Vice
President Research and the Provost to
protect the reputation of the individual
named from undue harm, as well as the
reputation of the University. The Vice
President Research, Provost, Dean and
Head may consult about any remedial
steps that need to be taken in the circumstances.
Report to Granting Councils
Where misconduct is found to have occurred, the investigative report and decision regarding discipline/remedies will
be forwarded within thirty days of the
decision of the administrative head of
unit to any granting council that has
funded the research.
Good Faith
In all proceedings and subsequent to a
final decision, the University will undertake to assure that those making an
allegation in good faith and without
demonstrably malicious intent are protected from reprisals or harassment.
False allegations made purposefully will
give lead to discipline for the individual
making the allegation by the University.
In order to disseminate information about
issues this policy is intended to address,
the Vice President Research and the Provost publish annually a report summarizing the facts of cases of scholarly misconduct and their disposition. A copy of
this report is forwarded to the granting
The Vice President Academic & Provost
arranges for training and development
about various aspects of scholarly integrity for faculty, staff and students, and
reports annually on this activity to the
University Community.
See also, Policy # 87 - Research, Policy
#88 - Patents and Licensing, Policy # 97
- Conflict of Interest, Statement on Academic Freedom in UBC Calendar.
Scholarly misconduct, interpreted in light
of practices that are appropriate within
scholarly communities, includes:
• plagiarism;
• fabrication or falsification of research
• conflict of scholarly interest, such as
suppressing the publication of the
work of another scholar:
• the unfair evaluation of a student's
• failure to obtain approvals for research
involving animal and human subjects,
biohazards, radioisotopes, environmental effects, or to conduct such research in accordance with the protocols
• other practices that deviate significantly from those which are acceptable as appropriate within scholarly
• specific definitions or clarifications
adopted by a Faculty of any matter in
the points above and any other matter
specifically defined by a Faculty as
misconduct in scholarly activity, in
order to ensure proper recognition of
the standards appropriate to the scholarly communities within that Faculty,
taking into account Codes of Professional Conduct where applicable; but
• "misconduct" does not include any
matter involving only an honest difference of opinion, mistake or an honest error of judgment.
Scholarly Activity includes all activity
that were it to be undertaken by a faculty
member would be appropriate for inclusion on a curriculum vitae or in an
Annual Report to the Head as teaching,
scholarship, research or other creative/
professional activity.
Falsification means alteration, selective
omission or misrepresentation of research data or citations.
Fabrication means inventing or forging
of research data or citations.
Plagiarism means representing the
thoughts, writings or inventions of another as one's own.
Principal Investigator means the person
who has ultimate responsibility for a
research project. In the case of a project
funded by an external or internal grant,
normally the holder of the grant. In the
case of a project that is not funded, the
initiator of the project. The principal
investigator is usually the supervisor of
the research team (which may include
other faculty members) and is usually a
faculty member. 8 UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997
RESPONSIBLE: All Vice Presidents
UBC strives to provide an environment
in which all individuals can work and
study without threat to personal safety.
This policy outlines UBC's response when
an emergency situation, caused by a
direct or indirect threat, to personal safety
or violence towards any member of the
University community, occurs. It also
deals with situations that are not emergencies, but in which personal safety is
a concern. It gives the Personal Security
Coordinator the authority to organize an
effective response to incidents and cases.
It ensures that senior administrators are
kept appropriately informed of developments in every case.
Members of the University Community
who are faced with an urgent situation
involving threatening or violent conduct,
where there is reasonable belief that the
safety of persons may be threatened,
should contact the police immediately.
This includes such situations as threats,
threatening letters and bomb threats.
The University will take steps to remove
immediately from campus a person who
exhibits violent or threatening behavior.
Individuals may be suspended from the
University and barred from the campus
on a continuing basis for violent or threatening behavior. The University will pursue appropriate legal and disciplinary
measures in such cases. In addition,
UBC coordinates responses to non-emergency situations involving personal security through the Personal Security Coordinator.
1. Emergency Situations
When anyone on campus believes a
personal security emergency exists,
the following procedure is used:
Individual(s) threatened
a) The first priority is your safety and
that ofthe people around you. Lives
take  precedence  over  property.
Whenever possible, get to a safe
location and alert those around
b) Dial 911 to contact the police. Provide your location and complete
details of the situation.
c) Dial 822-xxxx to contact the Personal Security Coordinator.
Personal Security Coordinator
The Personal Security Coordinator ensures that a trained delegate is always
available to respond to the emergency
phone number when she/he is not
a) Check whether the individual who
was exhibiting threatening/violent
behavior was removed by RCMP.
b) Acts as liaison between the RCMP
and UBC, and on behalf of the
President takes any steps that may
be lawfully taken to deal with the
emergency, including but not limited to:
(i)   order the exclusion of all or
specified persons from all or
any part of the campus;
(ii) order the closing of all or any
part of the campus or of all or
anypart of the building;
(iii) order the cessation or curtailment of any University
c) Once the emergency is defused,
convene the Case Team if necessary. If team action is not required,
refer the matter as appropriate.
d) Ensure follow-up on any steps decided by the Case Team, including
contacting outside authorities, consulting those affected and keeping
them informed of developments in
the case, and arranging for any
other special measures to protect
members of the University Community.
e) Maintain records ofthe case.
f) Convene de-briefing sessions and
ensure  that  lessons  learned  are
integrated into protocols and procedures, and conveyed to the President and Vice Presidents.
The Case Team
The Case Team is chaired by the Personal Security Coordinator and composed of individuals selected to be on-
call for this purpose who have been
oriented by the Personal Security Coordinator. Case Team membership is:
• Personal Security Coordinator delegates
• the Director of Campus Security
• a representative from Legal Affairs
• a psychologist trained in dealing
with violent/threatening   people
• a representative from Human Resources (for staff)
• a representative from the Registrar's Office (for students)
• a representative from the Provost's
Office (for faculty)
This group will be augmented as
needed by individuals selected for responsibility for faculty, staff and students in the area under threat or
other key functions where applicable,
such as:
• the Administrative Head of Unit
• the Dean
• Housing and Conferences
• a representative from University
• a representative from Student
Health/Counselling Services/
Women Students'Office
• a representative ofthe Union. AAPS
or Faculty Association
• a representative from the RCMP
University detachment
• an expert in critical stress debriefing
• and other units as needed.
Those who are requested to participate as members of the team accord
such requests the highest priority.
The Case Team formulates a recommendation for the President regarding a continuing exclusion from campus if required. If a traumatic incident
has occured, the Case Team ensures
that any members of the community
affected are referred for support, and
where appropriate, contacts internal
providers of counselling services or
the external supplier ofthe Employee
and Family Assistance Plan to arrange for criticial incident stress debriefing services.
2. Non-Emergency Situations
Students and members of faculty and
staff who come into contact with individuals on campus who are obviously
distressed or who exhibit aggressive
behavior that does not in itself constitute an emergency situation, may also
consult the Personal Security Coordinator. This includes receiving bomb
threats or threatening letters. Experience has shown that an individual in
such a state often interacts with more
than one department; it is therefore
important that the Personal Security
Coordinator be informed so that she/
he can share the information offer
appropriate assistance. This may assist in the prevention of emergency
situations in the future.
3. General
The Personal Security Coordinator
publishes an annual report describing the general nature of situations
dealt with under this policy, to help
the University Community gain general awareness of appropriate responses.
The Personal Security Coordinator initiates educational programs to raise
awareness about appropriate responses to emergencies.
A Personal Security Emergency exists
when a reasonable person believes that
there is an imminent risk to personal
safety and that there is a need for immediate intervention.
Draft Revision of Policy #98 —
Commercial Enterprises on Campus
RESPONSIBLE: All Vice Presidents
To ensure that commercial enterprises
on campus conduct their businesses in
ways that promote and reinforce the
objectives of the University.
Commercial undertakings on the University Campus are permitted only with the
prior written approval ofthe Vice President
responsible for the area/function in which
the commercial undertaking is to take
place and through a provision in the lease
agreement between UBC and an organization such as the Alma Mater Society or
Discovery Parks Inc.
Commercial activities of short duration,
including the making of films and the
staging of events such as rock concerts,
also require the prior written approval of
the Vice President responsible for the
The prime consideration for granting approval is the extent to which a commercial enterprise promotes and reinforces
the objectives of the University.
All leases, licenses or other agreements
that permit commercial enterprises to operate on campus incorporate the condition
that the products and services offered
meet the needs for products and services
of students, staff, faculty and residents at
optimum value, with minimal impact on
the environment, and with the application
of ethical and efficient procedures.
In addition, any party operating a commercial enterprise on the campus is required to comply with all rules and regulations that the University may establish
from time to time.
When a commercial enterprise is authorized to operate on the University
Campus, a lease, license or agreement
between the commercial enterprise and
the University is prepared, detailing all
arrangements, including time period covered, the insurance required and financial terms.
The Vice President of the area affected
ensures that use of the University Campus by any tenant, its agents, customers, employees, invitees, rnd/or licensees accords with the policies and procedures of the University, in an environment that promotes and reinforces the
objectives of the University.
Changes in University rules and regulations affecting commercial enterprises
are communicated in writing.
Rules and regulations established for
commercial enterprises may not be applicable to those with agreements effective prior to the approval date of this
policy; however, all renewals of such
agreements will incorporate terms as
described above.
University Campus means all locations
where the University conducts its teaching, research and service operations.
Commercial enterprise means any commercially oriented business or organization.
Ethical procedures refers to those conducted with the highest level of integrity,
in full compliance with the law, as well as
the relevant policies of the University.
Minimum impact on the environment describes activities that promote the reduction, reuse and recycling of materials
and equipment; reduce thte use of materials toxic to the environment; and standardize common supplies and equipment
where possible.
Optimum value means the delivery ofthe
right goods and/or services to the right
place, at the right time, and at the right
price, with a minimum impact on the
environment. UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997 9
RESPONSIBLE: All Vice Presidents
PURPOSE: To provide guidance to University officials who commission formal
investigations of situations or incidents
at UBC.
University officials who consider there to
be a need to investigate a situation or
incident for which there is no existing
policy at UBC seek advice on the terms of
reference for the investigation and the
appropriate level and nature of the investigation. For situations/incidents involving students and members of faculty. Legal Affairs in the President's Office is consulted. For situations/incidents involving members of staff, the
Department of Human Resources is consulted. In all cases, the administrative
head of unit keeps the appropriate dean
and vice president informed of investigative activity contemplated or undertaken.
Legal Affairs/Human Resources will provide advice and written guidelines as
required to heads seeking such advice.
Legal Affairs in the President's Office and
the Department of Human Resources
provide written guidelines that address
issues common to most investigations
as well as those identified as uniquely
appropriate to the situation. Considerations include:
• single investigator or more than one
• internal/external investigators
• to whom does the investigator report
• what is to be investigated - substance
checklist method
• clear and practically doable terms of reference, with advice on fair process, onus,
standard of proof and evidence issues
opportunity for mediation (can the
investigation be suspended partway
access to people - personal interviews
- confidentiality
access to information
timing - "report out" date; interim
progress reports
resources available to them - legal,
secretarial, administrative
format of report - sections, use of
individuals' names in body of report,
recommendation section, release of
report to affected persons
disposition of notes and other documents collected as part ofthe investigation
level of thoroughness needed - examination, re-examination, a person's
right to know all charges against him/
her, characterization ofthe facts within
the report as confirmed or not
• is the end result a recommendation,
finding, decision? to whom should it
be addressed?
• opportunity for response
• should the report be considered by a
committee or individual, nominated
by the President or person commissioning the report, to suggest an appropriate course of action before implementation?
• if there is a fee involved, or other
compensatory arrangement (such as
teaching release), this should be
worked out and included in the terms
of reference if possible.
Dorothy Somerset (centre) kicks up a storm with cast members ofthe 1953
Blue and Gold Revue. Among her many achievements, Somerset served as
the first head ofthe Theatre Dept. and is credited with helping to legitimize
the academic study of theatrical arts at UBC.
Dorothy Somerset set the
stage at UBC at the start
Dorothy Somerset was the leading
lady ofthe Vancouver Little Theatre in
the 1920s when she began her association with UBC, teaching French.
A Radcliffe College graduate, Somerset had performed with the Harvard
Dramatic Society, studied theatre in
England, directed the annual productions ofthe University Players' Club —
the first all-student drama society in
Canada — and made guest appearances with the British Guild Players.
By the time she became the first
permanent staff member of UBC's fledgling Dept. of Extension in 1937, where
she served as the supervisor of drama
for the next 20 years, Somerset was one
of Vancouver's most trained and experienced thespians.
It was at this time that she embarked on one of her greatest contributions to the theatre — making it an
accepted academic discipline at the
By the mid-1930s, universities
across North America had started to
subtly shift theatre and music from
the performance stage into the classroom through the back door as extracurricular studies—a method since
referred to as the bootlegging of the
Within   two  years   of joining   the
Dept. of Extension. Somerset had established an impressive list of theatre services which included a play-
lending library, short drama courses,
a correspondence course, an evening
class in playwriting and a radio series called the University Drama
She had also established the department's Summer School ofthe Theatre,
the first important step in the development of drama courses on campus. The
school, first held in 1938, continued
until its activities merged into the Theatre Dept.'s credit courses in 1964.
In 1951, Somerset was given the old
Totem Coffee Bar to convert into a theatre for academic work in dramatics. A
year later, it opened as the first Frederic
Wood Theatre — Vancouver's only legitimate theatrical venue at the time.
A few years later, when her request
to the English Department curriculum
committee for a poetry speaking course
was denied, Somerset applied to Senate for a separate theatre department.
It was approved in 1958, and Somerset
was appointed as head.
Grateful of so many years of achievement and contributions to the university, UBC conferred Somerset with an
honorary degree in 1965. She died on
Aug. 11, 1991.
Somerset's legacy lives
despite studio's close
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Of the hundreds of productions that
have been performed in the Dorothy
Somerset Studio over the past 30 years,
two stand out in Ian Pratt's mind.
One was the ambitious staging of
Shakespeare's Merry Wives
of Windsor as a musical;
the other was an experimental piece by a NewYork
based avant-garde troupe
whose performance featured male frontal nudity.
The audience included several elderly patrons in the
front row.
"Flexibility is the studio's great strength," said
Pratt, an associate professor of theatre who joined
UBC as a part-time staff
member in 1960.
As a technical assistant at the Frederic Wood Theatre in
1968, Pratt helped in the actual construction ofthe Dorothy Somerset Studio, named for the founding head of
UBC's Theatre Dept. established a decade earlier.
His memories, prompted by next
month's closing of the studio as a performance space, include how a bare storage basement built onto the back ofthe
Frederic Wood Theatre was transformed
into what would become the training
ground for so many of Canada's theatre
elite including Brent Carver, Nicola
Cavendish, Scott Hylands, Larry Lillo
and Goldie Semple.
"Some ofthe best shows I've ever seen
were presented in that studio," said Bob
Eberle, an assistant professor of Theatre
and production manager ofthe Frederic
Wood Theatre. "The intimacy ofthe space
provided a true apprenticeship setting
for the students working with guests,
faculty and staff, and created a closeness between the actors and the audience.
"So many people have fond memories
of their time spent at the studio. An
enormous amount of learning has taken
place there."
Eberle explained that because the studio was a venue for individual productions, students had the opportunity to
learn and understand every aspect of
staging a play, from preparing budgets
to lighting design.
A number of theatre companies were
founded by UBC graduates who gained
their experience at the Dorothy Somerset Studio, including Touchstone Theatre Company and the Tamahnous Theatre Workshop Society.
Although Somerset's name will not be
connected to a performance venue on
campus, it will be attached to rehearsal space
being proposed in phase
two of the new Creative
Arts Building, currently
being designed. Upon
closing, the studio will
be converted to a costume room which Eberle
described as being like a
"Student involvement in creating costumes is significant,"
Eberle said. "Currently
they use the trap room
under the Frederic
Wood Theatre, working around equipment, props and anything else that has
to come up through the stage floor for
a production on the main stage. It's
terrific that the theatre will also be able
to reclaim that space entirely for what
it is intended to be."
Eberle said that while department
members lament the closure of the
Dorothy Somerset Studio, they are excited about moving to the BC Tel Studio
Theatre located in the new Chan Centre
for the Performing Arts which officially
opens to the public in May.
Designed to accommodate a variety of
configurations tailored to each production or event, the facility has an audience
capacity ranging from 180 to 288. The
Dorothy Somerset Studio has 80 seats.
"It is a massive upgrade for us," Eberle
said. "Of course, as standards go up, so
does the pressure."
Treated with Tango is the final production playing at the Dorothy Somerset
Studio before closing its doors.
Written and directed by MFA directing student Valerie Methot, Treated with
Tango runs Jan. 22 to Feb. 1, with additional performances Feb. 6 to 8 during
UBC's annual Arts Fest.
Proceeds from the Jan. 23 and Feb. 8
performances of the play, inspired by
Methot's loss of a close friend to AIDS,
will be donated to A Loving Spoonful
which provides nutritious meals to people living with the disease. 10 UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997
News Digest
The Law Students' Legal Advice Program (LSLAP) is operating in
25 neighbourhood clinics throughout the Lower Mainland until
March 21, offering free legal advice to low-income residents.
Two hundred law student volunteers offer advice on a variety of
subjects including small claims actions, landlord-tenant disputes,
wills, employment issues and criminal matters. LSLAP also provides a low-cost service for people seeking uncontested divorces.
Two campus clinics are open — one is located in the Student
Union Building and one in Brock Hall.
For more information about other clinic locations and hours of
operation, call 822-5791.
The Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies has opened its
Major Thematic Grant Program.
A grant is for a period of three years and for up to $500,000.
The institute was established to support fundamental, interdisciplinary research and creative activities which have the potential to
result in significant advances to knowledge. The key criteria for the
Major Thematic Grant Program, as for all activities ofthe institute, are
that the work be exciting, innovative, and unlikely to occur without
institute funding. The thematic proposals should involve basic research and should cut across disciplinary boundaries.
The project is expected to bring together a multi-disciplinary team
of excellent researchers from UBC as well as distinguished international experts. The competition is conducted in two stages. The stage
one deadline is March 15, 1997 and the announcement of those
proposals invited to proceed to stage two will be made by April 30.
For more information, phone 822-4782, fax 822-4222, e-mail
info@pwias.ubc.ca or check the institute's web site at http://
Acadia Mini Mart, owned and operated by UBC Food Services
since 1986, will be leased through Housing and Conferences to
an independent contractor as of Feb. 1. Judy Vaz, acting director
of Food Services, cited a decrease in profitability for the move.
The operation will continue as a mini grocery store, located in
the Fairview complex. Some changes to the store's product line
are planned.
264 -9918
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the February 6, 1997 issue of UBC Reports is noon, January 28.
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Box 668 Quathiaski Cove.BC
Housing Wanted
affordable housing. Willing to
housesit (short- or long-term) or
to work for reduced rent. UEL
references available. Flexible
move-in date, Please phone 224-
from Newfoundland require a
furnished, two bedroom
apartment for the months of
March and April. Please contact
Lance Corey at 822-6980 or 224-
5243 to make arrangements.
need independent assistance in
selecting the most appropriate
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retirement options call Don
Proteau, RFP or Doug Hodgins,
RFP at 687-7526 for more
information. Independent
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members since 1982.
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The University of British Columbia
Vancouver, Canada
February 21-23,1997
THE Godfather of Body Building
THE Eminent Exercise Specialist
THE Commissioner for the 1998
World Master's Games
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THE Extreme Adventurer & Author
THE Authority on
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FAX (604) 822-6086 UBC Reports ■ January 23, 1997 11
F V Radvenis Inc . David Cooper Photography. Douglas Demofsky Graphics, computer illustration
Opening Act
Members of the media received a sneak preview on Jan. 16 of Vancouver's newest arts
facility, the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts. Located by the Rose Garden at the
northeast end of campus, the centre houses the 1,400-seat Chan Shun Concert Hall, the
BC Tel Studio Theatre with seating capacity ranging from 180 to 288, and the Royal Bank
Cinema, a 158-seat facility for film, video and slide screenings. A two-week spring
festival, slated for May 11-25, will mark the official public opening of the centre.
School builds downtown ties
The School of Architecture is
forging closer ties with the professional community with a little
help from its friends.
Friends of the School of Architecture (FOSA), a non-profit society, was founded in 1995 to support, promote and advise the school.
Contact Plant Operations by phone, fax or e-mail to
report any building or grounds maintenance item and
request service.
Building or Grounds
phone:   822-2173
fax: 822-6969
e-mail:     tc@plantops.ubc.ca
Exterior Lights Only
phone:  822-2173
fax:       822-6969
e-mail:   lightsout@plantops. ubc.ca
please note number of lamp standard
*please nive complete details including CONTACT NAME and NUMBER
Point Grey Electrical
from design to completion
master electrician
Brian Cook (license number 1221 I)
20 years experience
lighting consultation & design
home repairs and installations
indoor and outdoor lighting
new services
city requests
electrical heating
Call for a free estimate: 733-3171
Friends of the School of Architecture
Donors 1995 and 1996
Advanced Glazing Systems
Jay Cathcart
Alexander Holburn Beaudin & Lang Barristers
Al Waisman
Arnold Nemetz
Arnold Nemetz and Associates Ltd.
Artec Skylights
B&B Scale Models
Ballard Family Foundation
Pauline Mitchell
BC Hydro PowerSmart
Ben Christiansen
Benlen Engineering Ltd.
CY. Loh
CY. Loh and Associates
John Feigl
Christopher Foundation
Terry Hui
Concord Pacific
John Kay
Coopers and Lybrand
Ron   Davis
DW Thomson Consultants Ltd.
The ENCON Group
Gerry Epp
Fast and Epp Partners
John Gallagher
Gallagher Brothers Contractors Ltd.
Garibaldi Glass and Aluminum
Glastech Contracting
Andrew Harmsworth
Graham Harmsworth Lai and Associates Ltd.
Richard Henriquez
Henriquez and Partners
David Thom
IBI Group
Inland Glass and Aluminum Ltd.
Intertech Construction Ltd.
Lawrence Bicknell
Jardine Rolfe Ltd.
Christopher Downs
Ladner Downs Barristers
Charles Bentall
Larkspur Foundation
Locke MacKinnon Domingo Gibson
Grant MacDonald
Penreal Advisors Ltd.
Robert Freundlich
R. Freundlich Associates Ltd
Reid Crowther and Partners
Rheinzink Canada Ltd.
Salt Lick Projects Ltd.
Scott Construction
John Singleton
Singleton Urquart Scott Barristers
Sterling Cooper and Associates
Team Glass Co. Ltd.
Michael Barnes
Toby Russell Buckwell and Partners
T.R. Trades Reproduction Ltd.
Robert Weber
Weber and Associates Architectural Consultants Inc
Weiler Smith Bowers Consultants
Jim Mendelli
Yolles Consulting Engineers
Since FOSA's inception, about
$66,000 in donations has been
raised by the society. The money
will be used to support activities
such as memorial lectures, special courses and a new architecture students' publication.
The society may also assist the
Architectural Institute of B.C.
(AIBC) with the establishment of
a new AIBC headquarters downtown.
School of Architecture Director
Sandy Hirshen said benefits to the
school from the new AIBC locauon
include an urban design studio, a
venue for lectures and exhibition
space for student work and travelling shows downtown.
"Gaining a downtown presence
would be a major asset to the school,
and greatly increase our opportunities to work with and learn from
industry," Hirshen said.
Ball, puck
teams play
The Thunderbird men's and
women's basketball teams take
on the University of Calgary
Jan. 24-25 in War Memorial
Gym. The women's games start
at 6:15 p.m. and the men's
games start at 8 p.m. both
days. The teams then travel to
Victoria for two games against
UVic Jan. 31 and Feb. 1, before returning to War Memorial for games against the University of Saskatchewan Feb.
7-8, also at 6:15 p.m. (women)
and 8 p.m.
The Thunderbird hockey team
faces off against the Saskatchewan Huskies Jan. 31-Feb. 1
and against the Regina Cougars
Feb. 7-8. All games take place in
the Thunderbird Winter Sports
Centre at 7:30 p.m.
The men's and women's volleyball teams meet teams from
Regina in War Memorial Gym.
The women's games start at 6:15
on Jan. 31 and 8 p.m. on Feb. 1,
while the men start at 8 p.m.
Jan. 31 and 6:15 p.m. Feb. 1.
For further information call
by staff writers
Members of the Psychology Dept. have won two of the
three top awards presented by the Canadian Psychological Association.
Prof. Peter Suedfeld received the 1996 Donald O. Hebb
Award for distinguished contributions to psychology as science.
Suedfeld's wide-ranging research contributions have been
influential in environmental, personality, social, health, political and forensic psychology.
Prof. Kenneth Craig received the 1996 Education and Training award.
One of Craig's most significant contributions in this field was
his leadership in establishing an accreditation program for
education and training in professional psychology in Canada.
The awards were presented at the association's annual
general meeting held in Montreal.
Associate Professor of Language Education Ronald Jobe
has been honoured with the 1996 Claude Aubry Award.
presented by the International Board of Books for Young
People, in recognition of his significant contributions to Canadian children's literature.
A former teacher and school librarian with the Edmonton
Public School Board, Jobe pioneered the children's literature
round-table movement in the late 1970s.
Formed in Edmonton 20 years ago. round tables have since
been established in about 30 communities across Canada to
provide opportunities for the celebration and discussion of
children's books.
A member ofthe UBC faculty since 1978, Jobe received his
BEd from the University of Alberta and both his MA and PhD from
the University of Minnesota.
From 1990 to 1994, he served as the first non-European
president ofthe International Board on Books for Young People,
an organization drawing members from 62 nations.
In addition to Canadian children's literature, Jobe's research
interests include multicultural children's literature, international children's literature in translation and the use of children's literature in the classroom.
John Vanderstoep has been appointed head ofthe Dept. of
Food Science for a three-year term.
Vanderstoep received his undergraduate and graduate degrees at UBC
before joining the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences in 1972.
An active member of the Canadian
Institute of Food Science and Technology for many years, he served as chair of
numerous committees including the
planning, nominations and public policy
committees, and served as the association's president in 1983-84. He is currently a board member ofthe Agri-Food
Research Council and a member of the
UBC Senate.
Vanderstoep's research interests include food toxicology and the nutritive quality of food.
Vanderstoep 12 UBC Reports • January 23, 1997
Humming to extremes
Lab explores the extraordinary lives of tiny birds
by Charles Ker
StaJ]' writer
A cartoon taped to Lee Gass'
laboratory door carries the
caption, "Hummingbirds on
The drawing depicts five birds flying
over a house equipped with a feeder.
The appending dialogue reads: "Dad.
dad... There's a feeder!... Can we stop?"
Cartoonist Gary Larson, famous for
taking commonly held views about
animals and putting them in human
context, is half right. In the case of
hummingbirds, people don't know
much beyond the fact that they're
small, fast and have their own feeders.
As for vacations, biologists know that
West Coast hummingbirds migrate to
Mexico each winter but do not. as
Larson suggests, fly in groups. Gass
says they are distinctly anti-social.
Two years ago the associate professor
and his zoology students gained notoriety
after a member of Parliament labeled their
research a waste of taxpayer money. The
MP took exception to a $32,220 grant for a
study on the behavioural energetics of
When a reporter asked Gass to
explain the relevance of his 30 years of
research into hummingbird behaviour,
he put Larson's visual world into words.
"Whatever mechanisms animals use to
detect patterns in the environment and
respond to them is likely to be very, very
general because it is likely to be very, very
old," he explained. "So these processes
we're beginning to see in animals might be
processes that we humans also use."
But comparisons with Larson art
end there as efforts in the hummingbird laboratory are geared toward
serious science.
The lab is located in an old, wooden
building dwarfed on either side by the
Centre for Integrated Computer Systems
Research (CICSR) and the Advanced
Materials and Process Engineering
Laboratory (AMPEL). The location is
appropriate because work done in the
lab relates to that of its neighbours.
Computer experts at CICSR are
trying to determine what their artificially intelligent robots need in terms of
information processing and perception
to perform certain tasks. Similarly,
Gass and colleagues seek to understand what principles of memory and
sight apply when hummingbirds are
faced with new situations.
Hummingbirds are clearly engineering
marvels. They routinely accelerate and
decelerate at 2 Gs — three times the force
that throws a car into a skid. Herein lies
the human fascination with these phenomenal fliers — they're extreme.
Gass' preoccupation with hummingbirds began in the late 1960s while he
was studying at the University of
Oregon. While resting during a mountain hike, he noticed two Rufous
hummingbirds squabbling.
'They both recognized a territorial
boundary and both of them defended
and violated it." he says. "Often they'd
go up against a wall that obviously they
could see but I couldn't."
Those same birds would be the focus
of Gass' PhD thesis on feeding territoriality and the basis for work currently
carried out by students in the UBC lab.
Gass said the mountain meadows
offered an ideal setting for his initial
experiments into how hummingbirds
determined how much space to defend.
In short mountain summers, meadows
Ulli Steltzer photo
UBC's hummingbird lab has produced the first measurements of bird
transform from snow to a mass of flowers
and back to no flowers within eight weeks.
During this time frame, hummingbirds
arrive, set up their territories, gain fat for
migration and move on.
What Gass observed was that as
flowers blossomed and died, territory
size was constantly renegotiated as the
birds' fuel supply grew and dwindled.
He also noted the tremendous
amount of fuel and energy
required to run the average three-
and-a-half gram hummingbird. Wings
beating 40-80 times per second provide
power for continuous acceleration and
braking. No wonder energy conservation
was uppermost in their tiny minds.
Gass would later discover, in a collaboration with UBC colleague Peter
Hochachka, that when the hot-blooded
birds first arise in the morning they bum
stores of fat and within 10 minutes switch
over to burning sugar for the remainder of
the day. Deprive a hummingbird of food
for 90 minutes and it can lose up to 15 per
cent of its body weight.
In the meadows, Gass saw that there
was little margin for error: the birds
used up almost exactly what the
flowers in their territory produced.
'To break even energetically they
had to be smart," he says. 'They had to
spend a lot of energy but they couldn't
afford to waste any."
To understand how they distributed
time and energy in foraging, Gass and
a graduate student boosted nectar in
patches of flowers at nightfall and
watched the birds discover the feeding
bonanza the next day. Amazingly, the
birds immediately returned to the same
enhanced patch on consecutive days.
Says Gass: 'That experiment told us
that when they go to bed at night, they
do so with knowledge about the distri-
bution of energy in a territory and they
awake with that knowledge. Our
understanding at the time was that
little organisms with little brains
weren't supposed to be able to do that."
Gass has subsequently learned that
hummingbird memory extends well
beyond the meadow. He has been
capturing and releasing hummingbirds
for observation at UBC since 1980.
Even after a year in captivity, birds
released on Vancouver Island were
later spotted back on the island after
their Mexico migration.
le attributes that make hummingbirds great subjects for
observation in the wild hold true
in captivity. Hummingbirds have three
primary states — sitting, hovering and
flying — which makes it easier to
estimate the energy costs needed for
them to survive.
Perhaps their most important
attribute, however, is their capacity to
learn and be trained.
Lara Chatters has spent the last six
years completing bachelor's and
master's degrees measuring velocity
and acceleration of hummingbirds. She
says acceleration studies have been
carried out on lions, cheetahs and
locusts, but never on birds.
Over the course of her research,
Chatters taught a number of hummingbirds to fly through a Plexiglas tunnel
with a perch at one end and a feeder at
the other. Pieces of tape were spaced
10 centimetres apart along the transparent tunnel and a mirror placed at a
45-degree angle underneath her homemade apparatus. A video camera
recorded the exact position of the bird
every 30th of a second during its flight.
Chatters' results were startling. In a
five-metre tunnel, birds accelerated to
cruising speed and immediately decelerated. However, in a tunnel twice as long,
they accelerated, cruised a bit and then
decelerated. This was a key finding
considering that hummingbirds in the
wild usually travel less than a metre
from flower to flower. Gass had previously assumed that any flight less than
one metre was done at cruising speed.
"Lara's discovery meant we couldn't
sweep acceleration under the table."
says Gass.
Chatters also discovered that female
hummingbirds, with their longer,
broader wings, accelerate considerably
faster than males — the opposite of
what was previously assumed.
For her master's degree. Chatters
again used complicated mathematics —
as well as a modified tunnel with one
end raised to simulate a load — to
come up with a theory of just how
much energy hummingbirds expended
during acceleration.
Chatters isn't the only one shaking
up the hummingbird literature.
In two concurrent studies, master's
student Janet Moore was able to dispel
previously held beliefs that the wing
and body structure of males makes them
more manoeu\Table than females. Moore's
evidence is in meticulously documented
film footage of birds negotiating barriers in
a four-metre-long tunnel and performing
low-velocity turns between two feeders
spaced a half-metre apart in a V forma-
Uon. By transposing Lhe film onto a
computer, Moore was able to measure
changes in the angle of a bird's body and
wings frame by frame and demonstrate
that, in fact, females turned faster.
Gass says findings by Moore and
Chatters are sure to cause a splash
when published later this year.
Back in the lab, Christianne
Wilhelmson is the only graduate student
currently conducting research. Her
computer is hooked up to a series of
cubicles which resemble miniature squash
courts; at one end is the ever-present
perch and at the other, a panel of six
feeder holes above which are tiny lights
which the birds use as a cue for food.
The drill appears simple but the
technological ingenuity behind the
scenes is not.
Wilhelmson's computer program
simultaneously monitors and controls six
feeder lights, a video camera and six
pumps providing an exact amount of food
to the appropriate feeder hole. The
program also processes all information
about the hummingbird actions from the
time it leaves the perch, arrives at a
particular feeder and returns to the perch.
By altering the spacing between
feeders and lights, Wilhelmson hopes to
learn more about how birds use visual
cues to find profitable feeding sites.
Gass ushers a visitor past the squash
courts towards a separate holding area.
Humming starts immediately as the two
intruders enter the enclosure. Moments
later, all is quiet as 14 Rufous hummingbirds return to their perches.
Males, Gass says, are distinguished
by their trademark red throats as well
as the combined whistle and hum from
wings whirling in figure eights. Females
just hum.
Scientists still don't know how long the
birds live and know next to nothing about
their breeding biology in British Columbia.
Gass admits there's a lot left to learn.
They surprise me by doing things
and I can't imagine how they do them."
Gass' career and those of his students
are sure to remain full of surprises.


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