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UBC Reports Oct 10, 2002

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 THE  UNIVERSITY   OF  BRITISH   COLUMBIA
VOLUME  48   I   NUMBER   12   I   OCTOBER   10,2002
UBC REPORTS
2 Royal Visit    3 UBC in the News       Mystery Killer Fungus     9 Robo Fin     io Eureka Moments More Royal Visit Coverage
On October 7, the Royal Couple
visited the UBC campus to celebrate the Queen's Golden Jubilee
of 50 years on the throne.
This is the fourth time the
Royal Couple has visited UBC.
(more Royal Coverage on pages 2 & 12) Dedicati
The Queen's
Queen dedicates bronze
book as a tribute to
literacy. BY KATE JOBLING
During her UBC visit, the Queen
unveiled a bronze book commemorating her visit  as part  of the
Royal  Jubilee   celebrations.   The
bronze depicts the Jubilee Emblem,
the B.C.  Coat of Arms and the
UBC   Crest  and it  dedicates  the
naming of a special room in the ^-
Queen's honour in the Irving K. z
Barber    Learning    Centre.    The □=
bronze book will be on permanent s
display in the room. jE
Ornamental Bronze Limited, a i
75-year-old, Vancouver-based
company that specializes in memorial and dedication plaques, created the bronze for the Queen's dedication. The Company has developed statues and projects for
Vancouver City Hall (the Captain
Vancouver statue), the Gastown
Clock, the Coat of Arms for the
B.C. Parliament Buildings in
Victoria and numerous plaques
around UBC campus. □
Ground Crews Worked to
Royal Deadline
Fresh paint and clean walls greet the Queen.
BY KATEJOBLING
Despite the flurry of activity on campus during the past few weeks, The
Queen's visit was treated like the visit of any other dignitary or, indeed,
similar to what is done for congregation.
"We have not been doing anything that we don't normally do except
perhaps moving up the schedule on the repainting of the lamp posts and
removing some of the more obvious campus graffiti," said UBC Facilities
Manager, Doug Napier. "We've also dedicated more bodies to working the
north end of the campus, which is where the Queen's visit to campus was
focused."
"Quite frankly, there's not much we had to do to the campus. The cleanliness of UBC grounds on any given day is still much better than any public plaza in London," said Napier.
For many of UBC's almost 40,000 students, the Queen's visit was business as usual. No buildings were shut and no classes were cancelled. □
Mounties in red serge greeting a smiling royal couple have become a common sight at UBC.
Royal Couple
Repeat Visits
to UBC
This was their fourth time.
This year's Royal Visit was not the first the Royal Couple has made to
the UBC campus during the past 50 years of The Queen's reign.
In October, 1951, the then Princess Elizabeth and HRH, The Duke of
Edinburgh arrived in time for Homecoming festivities and watched their
first Canadian-style football game in Thunderbird Stadium.
In July, 1959, The Queen opened the new Faculty Club on campus.
The University took advantage of that trip to announce the newly funded
HR MacMillan Scholarship for graduate students.
In March, 1983, The Queen again visited UBC. Her Royal Highness
and Prince Philip visited several of the university's significant sites including the Museum of Anthropology, the Asian Centre and the Health
Sciences Centre Hospital. □
Some UBC onlookers include: UBC Board Member Ben Pong; Ike and Jean Barber and Chancellor Allan McEachern; Eilis Courtney, UBC Ceremonies and RCMP Staff Sgt. Bar ry Hickman. IN THE NEWS
Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in September 2002. COMPILED BY MICHELLE COOK
Kids can jump their way
to strong bones
Something as simple as jumping off
and on to low platforms can make a
child's bones stronger. It can be
accomplished in as little as 10 minutes, three times a week, and
requires nothing more high-tech
than platforms 10-50 centimetres in
height, UBC Asst. Prof, of Human
Kinetics Heather McKay told the
National Post. However, bone that
is not stressed in exercise can lose
density, so the children will have to
make exercise a lifetime habit to
keep the benefit, McKay said.
More foreign students
choose UBC
Applications by foreign students
wanting to attend UBC are up 43
per cent this year, to 4,029 from
2,814 last year. Don Wehrung,
director of UBC's international student initiative, attributes part of the
increase to fallout from the Sept. 11
terrorist attacks in the U.S.
"The U.S. is sending a signal that
it's being more circumspect in
granting student authorizations.
For international students, the perception is that it will take longer
and they'll have a harder time."
Wehrung told the Vancouver Sun.
He added that Canadian schools
are also benefiting from years of
marketing themselves overseas,
from relatively inexpensive tuition
and living costs and from the good
reputations many Canadian schools
have abroad.
All fat is not bad
Canadians can look forward to
greater flexibility in tailoring a daily
diet that appeals to them but also
fits a healthy lifestyle, according to
a major North American nutrition
study released yesterday. UBC Food
and Nutrition Prof. Susan Barr,
who led a report subcommittee,
told the Toronto Star that the report
makes it clear that a healthy diet
does need some fat. The report by
Canadian and U.S. scientists recommends wide ranges for healthy levels of carbohydrates, fat and protein to provide the necessary daily
calories for normal eating.
Schools of higher earning
Years of putting off much-needed
maintenance work and rising enrolment levels have made universities
about as desperate for cash as freshmen at a year-end pub crawl.
Considering how poorly equities
are performing, pension funds and
insurance companies have voraciously gobbled up the university
debentures - rated as investment
grade by the various bond agencies
- as a safe way to invest in their
own futures. UBC's associate treasurer Peter Smailes told  Canadian
Martha Piper told the Vancouver
Sun 9/11 was a harsh wake-up call
Business magazine that having
bonds allows UBC to go ahead
with projects without donations.
"Donors see that, and they want to
come in."
The debenture issues range in
size from $125 million at UBC to
$225 million at Concordia in
Montreal. So far, only four
Canadian institutions have issued
bonds: UBC, Concordia, U of T
and York University.
UBC positioned to be a
global leader
UBC   President   Martha   Piper's
keynote address to 800 participants of the Sept. 4 Global
Citizenship conference was reprinted on the Vancouver Sun editorial
page. In it, Piper said 9/11 was a
harsh wake-up call, and if we are
to live in one world we must all
assume and fulfill our responsibilities as global citizens.
"This is a fight that a university,
every university, must join. And,
we believe that the University of
British Columbia, located in one of
the world's most culturally diverse
and tolerant cities and linked to the
world's most advanced research
and educational institutions is ideally positioned to assume a leadership role," Piper said.
Unfriendly fire in the
Far East
A year after 9/11, the search for
culprits and co-conspirators in
Southeast Asia has yielded meagre
results. UBC Director of Canada-
Asia Policy Studies Paul Evans told
the Far Eastern Economic Review
that the U.S. war on terrorism has
meant less to Southeast Asia than
the 1997 regional economic crisis.
With ruling political parties taking advantage of the U.S. anti-terrorism programme for their own
purposes, "the overall result is a
more conservative order" in eastern Asia, says Evans.
Wine Library opens
UBC's newest library doesn't have
any books in it, only thousands of
bottles of wine donated from B.C.
and around the world. The collection in the Wine Library, part of
the UBC Wine Research Centre,
will help researchers evaluate how
well B.C. wines age and how they
compare to other international
varieties.
"We only select those [B.C.
wines] that have the potential to
age and we approach the winery
and they donate 24 bottles of each
wine and we put it in here and age
it in the temperature- and humidity-controlled conditions. Every
year we taste one bottle and we
also analyze a bottle from that line
using sophisticated analytical
methods," explained UBC Prof.
Hennie van Vuuren, the Centre's
director, to Global TV.
UBC economist one
of Canada's best
A Toronto Star business report
calls UBC Economics Prof. John
Helliwell "one of a handful of truly
able economists" that "Canada is
fortunate in having."
"Helliwell deserves attention not
j ust because he has outstanding
economic credentials but also
because he is an innovative thinker
whose research often ends up leading to conclusions quite different
from conventional wisdom," said
the Star's economics editor David
Crane.
UBC remembers 9/11
The Global TV Noon News Hour
broadcast live on Sept. 11 from
UBC's Robson Square campus,
where a memorial was held to
remember those lost on Sept. 11,
2001.
In acknowledging the tragic
anniversary, UBC President
Martha Piper told those assembled,
"As a university, I think we see the
only way that we can respond or
act is through increased knowledge
and understanding and developing
a sense of respect and trust as a
community. So our role is really to
educate the future citizens of the
world."
Can Lit's man ofthe
moment
In an article about the release of
the The Encyclopedia of Literature
in Canada, the book's editor, UBC
English Prof. Bill New, told the
Vancouver Sun he's ready for critics who point out omissions in the
book. "I'd be delighted to hear
from anyone who feels that an
entry ought to be added." □
UBC REPORTS
Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae   scott.macrae®ubc.ca
Editor
Paul Patterson  paul.patterson@ubc.ca
Designer
Chris Dahl  chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Assistant Designer
Sharmini Thiagarajah   s h arm in i@ exchange, ubc.ca
Contributors
Michelle Cook  mic he lie. cook ©ubc.ca
Brian Lin   brian.lin@ubc.ca
Katejobling kjobling@exchange.ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson   hi lary. thorn son ©ubc.ca
Advertising
Cristina Calboreanu   mcca 1 bor@exchange.ubc.ca
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(U4JB-15» FvcfrMJlU-.TDl Five Questions for
Colin Campbell
BYMICHELLE COOK
Think you can leam all you need to
know about the United States from
watching the West Wing} Think
again says the head of UBC's new
U.S. Studies program in the
Faculty of Arts.
How has the terrorist attack of
Sept. ii affected American Studies
research?
It's had a vast effect. Ifyou back
up, we had a period of uncertainty
about whether Bush was going to
be president. He took office amid
very serious questions about the
legitimacy of his mandate. Initially
the administration advanced very
quickly in its core agenda items,
but then it began to drift. Then
Sept. 11 happened and that galvanized support for the president.
Because of concerns for homeland security, the U.S. is placing
very serious challenges at the mat
of its allies with regard to individual rights and protections. For
Canada, where the Charter of
Human Rights has only existed for
20 years, we're under tremendous
pressure to reverse course by the
nation that provided us with the
example of a Charter of Rights to
begin with.
In addition, we're dealing with
an attitude toward trade which has
become considerably more protectionist than anybody would have
thought in such a small time frame.
With the momentous shift in
America's view of external reality,
we have to make myriad adjustments in our own perceptions of
trade relations, national security
and even human liberties.
It sounds like an ideal time to be
starting an American Studies program.
I think most people realize that
we can't be ostriches in regard to
the United States. Even before
9/11, people in the business community and anyone in a leadership
position in Canadian society had
to be aware of the U.S. UBC's program has a strong rationale independent of the events of last year,
but they have driven home more
clearly the need for a program like
this.
How is UBC's U.S. Studies program unique?
It will be the only program of its
size in Canada. We hope to provide a location for leading scholars
to do cutting-edge research. Our
objective is to fund seven research
chairs in U.S. studies. This will
provide the critical mass for more
focused undergraduate and graduate training in U.S. Studies. For
instance, we could offer undergraduates majoring in other fields
but who have a strong interest in
the U.S. the opportunity to do a
minor concentration in U.S.
Studies. I have begun consulting
with interested Arts faculty
departments about developing
such a curriculum.
Recently, the U.S. has opted out
of some high-profile international
initiatives like the International
Criminal Court and Kyoto Accord.
Will our knowing more about the
U.S. make a difference?
I think it has made a huge
amount of difference already. The
Canadian diplomatic core has
proven to be historically very
savvy about how to do business
with the U.S. and how to negotiate
and lobby on Capitol Hill. In
Washington, the Canadian
Embassy has an exceedingly good
reputation for its effectiveness. In
Colin Campbell will build a brain trust of U.S. specialists at new centre.
fact, senior British diplomats have
always used the Canadian
Embassy as a model. Now that
other embassies are figuring out
this type of diplomacy, Canada is
going to have to understand the
U.S. political system even better to
be taken seriously.
The U.S. has been Canada's
neighbour for a long time. Why is
this kind of program only appearing now at a Canadian university?
When I was teaching at York
University during the '70s, there
was strong anti-Americanism due
to the Vietnam War. Apart from
the war, there was strong
Canadian nationalism, and major
concerns about U.S. ownership of
Canadian industry and media, and
so the mood was quite different.
Now, we're formally integrated
with the United States with respect
to trade. However much you
might object to free trade, it's part
of our institutional framework
and that's unlikely to change. With
the current war on terrorism,
we're being asked to achieve a
higher degree of military integration with the U.S. If it's not managed properly by our leadership, it
could very substantially reduce the
sovereignty of our country. If people don't mobilize some sort of
interest, then they're going to wake
up one morning and see that if they
didn't like free trade, they certainly
won't like the new Northern
Command. □
A Calgary native, Colin Campbell
comes to UBC from Georgetown
University in Washington, D. C.
where he taught for i<) years. He
holds a Canada Research Chair in
American Studies with expertise on
the U.S. presidency.
Annual General Meeting
Monday, October 21   12:15-1 p.m.
The 2002 AGM will be held at the Robson Square campus, celebrating
UBC's accomplishments of the past year and our expanded downtown
presence. Dr. Stephen Jarislowsky, CEO of Jarislowsky Fraser & Co. Ltd.,
will be the guest speaker.
The entire proceedings will be Webcast - all staff, students
and faculty are invited to view and participate in the event.
There will be an opportunity to submit questions to the speakers and
university administration via the Webcast.
Link to the Webcast from 12 noon onward
on October 21 at www.ubc.ca
UBC Psychologists Forge
Links With China
BY STEVEN TAYLOR & KERRYJANG
Ed.'s Note: The following is a submission to UBC Reports by members
ofthe Dept. of Psychiatry following their recent trip to China.
The face of Chinese mental healthcare is changing rapidly with the
adoption of evidence-based
approaches to diagnosis and treatment in place of traditional Chinese
medicine and treatments imported
from the Soviet era.
The interest of Chinese clinicians
and researchers in psychological
work at UBC began in the early
1990s. Mental health professionals
from the Suzhou Psychiatric
Hospital and Hangzhou University
approached UBC psychologist and
psychiatrist Dr. W. John Livesley,
then head of the Dept. of
Psychiatry.
This past July, a group of UBC
psychologists were invited to the
1,000-bed Anhui Provincial
Hospital in Hefei to give a series of
workshops on the research and
treatment of mental disorders.
Lying west of Shanghai, Hefei is
about the size of Vancouver, and is
a major industrial centre and
research base in China.
Unlike psychiatric departments
in many Canadian hospitals,
Chinese hospital departments are
truly interdisciplinary. Although
Chinese mental health practitioners
are keen to adopt Western methods
of diagnosis and treatment,
Western practitioners   can  benefit
by learning about Chinese systems
for integrating mental health care.
In July a series of meetings and
seminars at Anhui hospital was
organized to discuss Western and
Chinese approaches to mental disorders. Dr. Kerry Jang from the
Division of Behavioural Science,
UBC Dept. of Psychiatry, Dr. Amy
Janeck, Clinic Director at the UBC
Dept. of Psychology, and Dr.
Steven Taylor, from the Division of
Behavioural Science in the UBC
Dept. of Psychiatry, all made presentations.
Academic exchanges are important to Chinese hospitals because
they help fulfill criteria Chinese
hospitals need to be upgraded by
the Chinese government. Anhui
mental health workers have asked
to visit UBC next year in order to
extend their training in psychiatric
diagnosis and treatment. These
exchanges provide unprecedented
opportunities for cross-cultural
research. This kind of research has
important implications for the
Canadian health-care system as
Canada's population becomes
increasingly multicultural. □
Steven Taylor is a professor and
Kerry Jang is an associate professor
both in the Dept. of Psychiatry. Ike Barber
Donates
$20 Million
for Learning
Centre
Major expansion planned
for Main Library
UBC's Main Library will be transformed into a revolutionary new
learning centre thanks to a $60-
million gift from UBC alumnus
and B.C. entrepreneur Irving K.
(Ike) Barber, Founding Chairman
of Slocan Forest Products.
The B.C. government will contribute $10 million to the $50 million Centre, and both donations
will be matched by UBC.
The Irving K. Barber Learning
Centre will be constructed around
the core of the Main Library, to
add more than 18,000 new square
metres of inside floor space and   ^
two square kilometres of outside   £
space   to   the   facility,   all   fully   ~
equipped to support wireless tech-   ■*
nology. £
Once complete, the Centre will ^
be the first facility in Canada to £
integrate   information   resources   S
UBC Research Unlocking the Key
to Mystery Killer Fungus
No one knows yet how it got here. BY HILARYTHOMSON
and services and interdisciplinary
learning support facilities under
one roof. It will be open and
staffed 24 hours a day, seven days
a week.
The Centre will house "smart"
classrooms, open computer labs,
seminar rooms, distance learning
support activities, and some of
UBC's interdisciplinary learning
programs such as Arts One and
Science One. The Centre will boast
a laptop loan program for UBC
and community users, Canada's
first automated storage and
retrieval system for the library's
print collection, and a fireproof
and climate controlled vault for the
library's rare books, archives and
special collections. □
Irving K. Barber graduated from
UBC in 1950. He says his career
has left him with "disposable
income" that he would like to
share with the people of B.C.
Uptown Meets
Downtown
in Free Concerts
How did a potentially lethal fungus
spread by koala bears end up on
Vancouver Island? That's the mystery that UBC researcher Karen
Bartlett is trying to unravel.
Bartlett, an assistant professor in
the School of Occupational and
Environmental Hygiene, has been
traveling since March to Vancouver
Island tracking down Cryptococcus
neoformans var. gattii. It is a microscopic yeast typically found in eucalyptus and other tropical and subtropical trees. It started showing up
on the Island in 1999 - the first time
ever the tropical fungus has been
found in a temperate climate.
When fungal spores are inhaled,
they can produce a rare infection
called cryptococcosis. Affecting the
lungs and nervous system, symptoms include prolonged cough and
weight loss and the infection can
sometimes lead to potentially fatal
meningitis or swelling of the brain.
About 59 cases, including two
fatalities, have been diagnosed on
the Island since 1999 - an incidence
higher than anywhere else in the
world. More than 35 cases in pets
and wildlife have been diagnosed
since 2000.
Although health risks associated
with the fungus are low, physicians
were educated about the disease
that is complicated by patients in
northern climates having no antibodies to fight the infection.
"This is a fascinating puzzle for a
researcher," says Bartlett, who is an
expert on fungi and building materials. "It's exciting to be so directly
involved in finding out how this disease is spread and to be working in
a natural lab out in the forest."
The mystery started in late 1999
when Island veterinarians identified
an unusual airborne infection in llamas, ferrets and other animals.
Samples were sent to the B.C.
Centre for Disease Control
(BCCDC) in Vancouver. UBC,
BCCDC and the Vancouver Island
Health Authority have been working together to deal with the problem.
Reports of illness originated on
the east side of the Island and
Bartlett    has    tested    trees    from
Karen Bartlett samples B.C. trees for deadly tropical fungus
Parksville and Rathtrevor Beach to
Victoria. She is examining samples
of tree pulp taken from holes created by birds and insects and also
testing bark and the air around the
trees.
Eucalyptus did not show evidence of the organism but some
Douglas Fir, arbutus, Garry Oak,
big-leaf maple, cedar, alder and bitter cherry have tested positive for
the fungus. While the yeast has
actually colonized in some of the
trees, nearby trees may also have
tested positive simply due to windblown spores landing there.
Bartlett has tested trees in North
Vancouver and the Sunshine Coast,
all of which have been negative.
She suspects birds may carry
fungal spores from tree to tree. She
has also found that the yeast survives well in salt water, which sug
gests other methods of transmission.
Future investigations will look at
the range of the fungal spores;
determine if the fungus is always
present or seasonal; and gauge
exposure risks for people working
with infected trees, lumber or wood
products.
"We're going to see more unusual infectious diseases because of climate change, increased mobility
and other factors," says Bartlett,
who is the recipient of a 2003
Scholar Award from the Michael
Smith Foundation for Health
Research. "We need to take the
environment seriously, allocate
resources and make changes to keep
the next generation safe."
For more information check the
B.C. Centre for Disease Control
Web Site at www.bccdc.org. □
Music of the streets mingles with UBC Music School
BY KATEJOBLING
The UBC Learning Exchange is presenting two free concerts featuring 20 performers from the community and UBC's School of
Music on Oct. 19 and 21.
This is the second year for I love the Downtown Eastside - an
uplifting coming together of musicians, actors and poets to explore
the theme of love in their community through poetry, music and
personal testimonials.
Performers celebrate the beauty, value and worth of friends and
neighbours who they feel have been marginalized by society simply
by living on the eastside of Vancouver. Despite this rather serious
theme, the show takes the opportunity to poke fun at locations
where 'the needle raptors' converge and celebrates the residents'
artistic expression in the form of homemade crack pipes and back-
alley graffiti art.
I Love the DTES was developed and produced by the Savage
God Theatre Company. Producer Donna Wong-Juliani says the
show started as a pilot project to bring arts and culture to the heart
of the city and it is back by popular demand. This year's performance has been re-worked to include more music, specifically performers from UBC's School of Music at the Point Grey campus.
"There is so much in the news about people who live in the
Downtown Eastside, but we never hear or see stories through their
eyes. That's why we decided to pursue this," says Wong-Juliani.
/ Love the DTES will be staged on Saturday, Oct. 19, 7 p.m. at
UBC's Robson Square Campus and on Monday, Oct.zi, 12 noon,
in the Dodson Room (adjacent to the Chapman Learning
Commons) at the Main Library ofthe Point Grey campus. □
United Way Launch
Students and faculty launched the
University's 2002 United Way
campaign with a lunch-time BBQ
at the Student Union Building's
South Plaza on Sept. 25.
Organizers say the event raised
$480.00 towards this year's overall campus campaign goal of
$400,000.
With its successful kick-off
behind, the campaign takes off in
full force throughout the month
of October.
"A number of university
departments have planned fund-
raising and awareness-raising
events to take place throughout
the month, " said Deborah
Austin, United Way's UBC campaign chair. "And we're hoping
that all students, faculty and staff
will participate in the many
events."
Events in October include a
Friday noontime speaker series in
the Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences, a custodial BBQ at the
Land and Building Services building, a Pancake Breakfast hosted by
the Health Sciences group and a
Bake Sale put on by the Faculty of
Education.
This year's United Way drive on
campus is expected to increase
employee participation by at least
six per cent over last year. Drive
organizers say that staff should
have received their pledge cards by
now. For pledge card inquiries contact UBC's United Way office at
822-8929 or go to:
www.unitedway.ubc.ca □ Victoria Ball
Your University
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Saving the Seahorse
by Saving the Seas
UBC prof starts first seahorse conservation program
BY HILARYTHOMSON
Males get pregnant. Couples dance
daily after dawn. A tail holds your
hand.
Welcome to the curious world of
the seahorse and the fascination of
Prof. Amanda Vincent.
The new Canada Research Chair
in Marine Conservation, Vincent
has recently arrived at UBC from
McGill University. She calls the seahorse a charismatic rallying point
for advocacy and action.
"These curly-tailed little beasts
act as a flagship for marine conservation issues," she says. "To save
the seahorse, we must save the
seas."
Vincent is the first biologist to
have studied seahorses underwater,
the first to document their trade
and the first to start a seahorse conservation program.
At UBC she will work at the
Aquatic Ecosystems Research
Laboratory. Now in the design
phase, the unit will be located on
Main Mall and will include the
Fisheries Centre that Vincent
describes as 'world-class' and a big
part of her decision to come to
UBC. She also looks forward to the
interdisciplinary possibilities
offered by the Faculty of Graduate
Studies.
The co-founder and director of
an international group called
Project Seahorse, Vincent leads a
team of 35 biologists, social workers and other professionals - as well
as Filipino villagers and scholars -
working in eight countries promoting marine conservation.
Eight team members moved with
her from McGill and three more
students will commute regularly to
UBC.
Their research has five maj or
themes: biological research; managing marine populations and fisheries; monitoring and adjusting
consumption of marine life; developing conservation policy; and educating and promoting awareness of
the need for conservation.
Thanks to Vincent's efforts, 160
countries will vote in November on
an international proposal to manage seahorse trade. Countries trading in seahorses include Canada
and the U.S. with the largest
exporters being India, Philippines,
Thailand and Vietnam. Vincent and
her team work with both fishers
and consumers to establish sustainable use of the seahorse.
Found in tropical and temperate
waters - as far north as Baja-
California on the west coast - sea
horse numbers are declining rapidly
due to habitat loss, accidental capture in non-selective fishing gear
and sales for traditional medicines,
aquariums and curios.
There are about 300 species in
the seahorse family, including sea
dragons, pipefishes and pipe horses.
Ranging in size from less than an
inch to a foot in length, they have
the ability to change colour to camouflage themselves. In addition, a
prehensile tail allows them to grip
and anchor themselves to seaweed
and underwater plants to hide from
predators. They feed on live food
such as brine shrimp, which they
suck through their snout.
And most intriguing from a
human perspective, only the male
becomes pregnant.
Pairs of most seahorse species are
monogamous and reinforce their
bond with elaborate early morning
greeting dances involving colour
changes, promenades and pirouettes. Eggs are fertilized in the
male's brood pouch. He provides
oxygen and nutrition throughout
the 10-40 day-pregnancy before
going into labour.
One of Vincent's favourite seahorses is James, a Caribbean seahorse that she studied while at
Cambridge. James took the record
for reproduction when he gave
birth to 1,572 babies from a pouch
about half a teaspoon in size.
This is the Year of the Water
Horse, according to the Chinese
lunar calendar, and Vincent hopes
to co-operate with Vancouver's
Chinese-Canadian community to
advance marine conservation.
Traditional Chinese medicine
accounts for the largest consumption of seahorses.
Canada could show more leadership in marine conservation,
Vincent says. In issues such as ecologically sensitive aquaculture, sustainable fisheries and the establishment of marine protected areas, this
country's track record is poor.
"Marine conservation is everyone's responsibility," she says.
"Oceans are in crisis and we need
to engage urgently on nearly every
issue."
Designed to build Canada's
research capacity, the federal government will invest $900 million to
support the establishment of 2,000
Canada Research Chair positions at
Canadian universities by 2005.
UBC now has 58 faculty members
designated as chairs from a total
allocation of 156 positions. □
University Women's Club of Vancouver
OPEN HOUSE
Wednesday, October 9 from 5:30 - 8:00pm
The University Women's Club of Vancouver is part of a national and international organization of women graduates. Its objectives are to stimulate intellectual activity, promote an interest in
public affairs and educational issues, and to enjoy fellowship
and social activities. We support education for women through
scholarships and bursaries and are involved in community outreach programs.
The club is located in Hycroft, a beautiful heritage house. We
welcome women graduates of any university or college who
enjoy friendship, intellectual stimulation and social activities.
Come and find out what the club has to offer potential members.
RSVP604-731-4661   Email: uwcvanc@telus.net
University Women's Club of Vancouver at Hycroft
1489 McRae Avenue (at 16th & Granville), Vancouver
Peter Hochachka
Peter Hochachka OC, PhD,
LLD, FRSC died at his home in
Vancouver on Sept.i6 cared for
by those he loved the most: his
wife Brenda and his children,
Claire, Gail and Gareth. With
his family's unfailing support,
Peter had waged agallant battle
against cancer with a fortitude
and good humour that was an
inspiration to his many friends
and colleagues.
Peter was born in Bordenave,
Alberta in 1937 and was introduced to the wonders of nature
by his father and grandfather.
He credited his grandfather
with teaching him "to see
nature" and his father with
teaching him "to understand
it." We are all the beneficiaries
of the fruit of these childhood
experiences.
Peter became Canada's foremost zoologist, and one of
those most fortunate of scientists able to weld a research
careerwith a national and international career in science, communication and service. For this
he received many awards, but
two were especially dear to his
heart: the Fry medal from the
Canadian Zoological Society
because ofthe influence F.E.J.
Fry had on his research
approaches and philosophy,
and the Order of Canada
because it represented the summation of his achievement. He
wore the 'snowflake' faithfully
and with great pride.
Peter was the father of the
field of adaptational biochemistry, which was described in a
Science review of his recent
book with George Somero
(Biochemical Adaptation) as
"how molecules make organisms work best within their own
specific environmental conditions." Adaptational biochemistry is Peter's legacy to science,
Canada and the world.
Peter recognized the implications of his research in areas far
beyond narrow disciplinary
boundaries. He provoked and
facilitated interactions between
pure and clinical research fields,
becoming one of the world's
leading theoreticians on
defense mechanisms against
low oxygen. This resulted in a
number of cross appointments
with departments at UBC,
including the Prostate Centre at
VGH. The latter association led
to a groundbreaking paper on
the hypoxia connection in
prostate cancer with his surgeons as co-authors.
Peter was the most peripatetic of scientists. The world was
both his laboratory and his lecture hall. He dealt in superlatives; the fastest swimmer, the
slowest walker, the fleetest flyer,
the highest climber, the deepest
diver and, with colleagues and
students, he put a girdle round
the globe in search of new subjects, spreading the scientific
word, igniting ideas with his
infectious enthusiasm, and
always fi nd i ng yet further
avenues to pursue.
Peter was one of a kind. Life
was an adventure and cancer
was a new challenge, ultimately
leading Peter to acknowledge
his future assignments in a
farewell to his colleagues: "to
check out the concept of parallel universes and the implications of entanglement." That
was Peter, and he will be sorely
missed.
- DR. DAVID R.JONES
Dr. David R. Jones is a professor
of Zoology at UBC and was a
long-time friend and colleague of
Dr. Hochachka's. Former UBC President
Kenneth Hare Remembered
Meteorologist guided university through stormy seas
It was the '6os, one of the most turbulent times in
UBC's history, when Dr. F. Kenneth Hare succeeded Dr. John B. Macdonald to become the university's fifth president.
It was a time when protesting students across
North America were demanding a greater say in
university affairs. It was a time made worse at UBC
by rising enrollment coupled with some facilities so
overcrowded and out of date that Hare would
eventually dub them "deplorable."
Those who were close to him remember him as a
gentle man who probably was quite surprised to
discover what was waiting for him at UBC. As soon as he arrived he was
presented with a document from students that outlined their dissatisfaction with many aspects of university life and called for substantial changes
in the way the university functioned.
The conflicting pressures of the job soon took their toll. On Jan. 31,
1969, just a year and a half after he accepted the presidency, he resigned.
In his letter of resignation he said that he had found the job impossible for
a man of his temperament.
A native of England, Hare came to UBC from London where he was
Master of Birkbeck College of the University of London. In addition to
UBC, his academic career included 19 years on the faculty of McGill
University where he was dean of arts and sciences. He was a professor
emeritus in Geography at U of T, a recipient of the Order of Ontario and
11 honorary degrees and was Chancellor of Trent University and Provost
of Trinity College.
An internationally respected environmental scientist, he was known for
his expertise in the disposal of nuclear waste and global warming. He was
well known for his work in the field of meteorology and was the author of
a widely used textbook on climatology The Restless Atmosphere. Helen,
his wife of 49 years, says her husband's most treasured skill was singing
bass in the church choir.
Born in Wylye, Wiltshire in 1919, he died peacefully at his home in
Oakville, Ontario on Sept. 3. □
Local High
School
Students
Offered
Mentors
UBC mentoring opportunities for local high school students will soon be made available via a web-based service
called UBC Mentor Centre.
The virtual centre is being
launched this month and is
designed to help teachers
secure mentoring experiences
for their students.
Opportunities include guided
group visits, supervised use of
lab equipment, and e-mail
consultations with faculty
members on school projects.
Originated by Asst. Prof.
Jane Roskams of the Dept. of
Zoology, the gateway Web
site will also be linked to
other community learning
resources.
UBC Mentor Centre is a
pilot project of the Vancouver
School Board and the faculties
of Medicine and Science.
For further information or
to volunteer as a mentor, contact Lucia Wilson at lwil-
son@cmmt.ubc.ca. □
OUR   READERS   WRITE
We stand corrected
In the interest of historical accuracy, I wanted to clarify the claim
made in the Sept. 5, 2002 issue of
UBC Reports in the article "UBC
Launches its First On-line Master's
Degree." UBC actually launched its
first two on-line master's degrees
this fall; which was "first" is
arguable. Both are innovative and
both were developed collaboratively with partner universities in other
countries. While the article focused
on   the   Masters   of Educational
Technology (MET) developed by
UBC and Tec de Monterrey in
Mexico, it failed to mention the
new MEd in Adult Learning and
Global Change (ALGC) that
received Senate approval at the
same time as the MET and also
enrolled its first students this fall.
The ALGC program was developed collaboratively with the
University of the Western Cape in
South Africa, Linkoping
University in Sweden and the
University of Technology, Sydney
in Australia. The cohort enrolled
this fall includes 40 students from
Australia, Austria, Canada,
Iceland, Mauritania, Netherlands,
South Africa, Spain, Sweden, and
Thailand.
More information about this
program can be found at
www.edst.educ.ubc.ca.
Thomas J. Sork, Professor and
Graduate Advisor
Department of Educational Studies
Faculty of Education
2125 Main Mall, UBC
(604) 822-5702 □
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West Coast Suites
itTtia UnlvwilLy of British Columbl*
Here is the perfect alternative for a stay in Vancouver. Surrounded by the
spectacular beauty ofthe UBC campus, our fully-equipped, quality suites
offer convenience and comfort for visiting lecturers, professors, family,
friends or anyone who wants to stay on Vancouver's west side. Close to
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Reservations   Tel 604 822 1000   Fax 604 822 1001
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Helping Traumatized
Soldiers cope with
Civilian Life
Three-year study looks for answers. BY HILARY THOMSON
Helping Canadian soldiers overcome the effects of post-traumatic
stress disorder (PTSD) and make
the transition to a civilian career is
the aim of a three-year study headed by UBC counselling psychologist Marv Westwood.
A $104,000 grant from the
Social Sciences and Humanities
Research Council (SSHRC) will
allow Westwood and colleague
Prof. Bill Borgen to evaluate the
Transition Program for Canadian
follow-up. The results will help
counselors better understand the
process of change and transition in
the aftermath of traumatizing
events, he says.
Peacekeeping soldiers are
exposed to events such as atrocities
and torture, and retrieving and disposing of human remains. They
experience stress-related reactions
such as PTSD at rates as high as 35
per cent, says Westwood. Left
untreated,   these   reactions   may
Left untreated, these reactions may result
in aggressive behaviour, troubled relationships,
withdrawal and depression.
Peacekeeping Soldiers, a group-
counselling program that he
launched in 2001.
"Little research has been done
on how exposure to traumatizing
events affects soldiers' ability to
make the transition to home and
work life," says Westwood, who
works in the Counselling
Psychology program in the Faculty
of Education.
He will work with three groups
of 6-8 soldiers that have served as
peacekeepers and as soldiers in
Vietnam. The original program has
been expanded to include a career
strategies component as well as
partner awareness sessions.
Westwood will evaluate the program's immediate and long-term
effects through personal interviews
and questionnaires conducted
before and after participation in
the program and at a six-month
Gnat AceummiMlBtiuii
rUDC
result in aggressive behaviour,
troubled relationships, withdrawal
and depression.
"Returning peacekeeping soldiers have not been well-served by
existing counselling programs,"
says Westwood. "We hope this
research will help develop therapies that recognize the significance
of their experiences." □
Apple fest
The UBC Botanical Garden's popular Apple Festival takes place Oct.
19-20 from 11 a.m. - 4 p.m. This
year there will be more than 35
varieties of apples for sale and 50
varieties of apples available to
taste. Other activities include apple
cider pressing and grafting demonstrations, face painting, and a harvest marketplace. Admission to the
garden is free. The Botanical
Garden is located at 6904 SW
Marine Dr. For more information
call 604-822-9666. □
kudos
New Garden Director
Quentin Cronk took the helm as
director of the UBC Botanical
Garden and Centre for Plant
Research on Sept. 1.
Cronk,who comes to UBC from
the Royal Botanic Garden,
University of Edinburgh, is internationally renowned for his research
on flower form,the conservation of
rare plants on oceanic islands, and
plants in the African Violet and
Ginger families. He has collaborated
with researchers in universities and
botanical gardens in Australia,New
Zealand, Sweden and the United
States.
Cronk was educated at
Cambridge University and his most
recent research work in Edinburgh
has been focused on understanding
the evolution and biodiversity of
vascular plants.
UBC's Botanical Garden is the
oldest university garden in Canada
and contains a worldwide collection
of plants from temperate climates.
Help for Children
A UBC-based research partnership
has received $2.5 million from the
B.C. Ministry of Children and Family
Development to improve understanding of early childhood development.
The Human Early Learning
Partnership (HELP) is an interdisciplinary network of faculty,
researchers and graduate students
from B.C.'sfour major universities.
Directed by Dr. Clyde Hertzman, a
professor of Health Care and
Epidemiology, HELP will trace how
a child's environment affects learn-
ing,social,emotional and behavioural development.
By linking university, government
and community programs throughout the province, the project will
serve as the centre of B.C.'s early
childhood development research
efforts.
For more information on HELP,
visit the website at www.earlylearn-
ing. ubc.ca. □
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Is That a Fin in the Water?
Robo-ray points the way to better
underwater propulsion, by Michelle cook
Don't be alarmed if you spot
something fishy in the basement of
the Hennings Building. It's just
Robo-Ray, a robotic fin built by a
team of UBC Engineering Physics
undergraduates looking for a better method of underwater propulsion.
Renee Boileau, Lilian Fan and
Tim Moore created Robo-Ray last
year. The little electromechanical
fin won the Engineering Physics
Dept. prize for top senior project
but its potential to influence future
submersible designs is what has
really sparked interest.
"What we were trying to do
was find a way to move underwater that is more efficient than a
propeller," says Boileau. "The ray
fish is flat and skinny and doesn't
carry a lot of energy but it can
move fast. It's incredibly powerful
and graceful, and we were looking
for a way to mechanize a robot
that would swim through the water
with similar grace."
By mimicking the flapping and
rippling movements, called rajiform
motion, that rays use to swim, it
may be possible to design more
flexible, energy-efficient unmanned
submersibles for use in oil rig
inspections, ocean floor surveys and
even wildlife conservation activities,
Boileau explains.
The team's choice of fish
stemmed, in part, from a project
done by some Physics students and,
in larger part, from Boileau's longtime fascination with rays - something she acquired from watching
ocean researcher Jacques Cousteau
on television.
Using resources in the
Engineering Physics Project lab,
Boileau along with Moore, an
aspiring naval architect, and Fan,
the team's electrical whiz, began
experimenting with cables, motors,
gears and pulleys to re-create a fin.
UBC ALUMNI
j^'^Wta^        Illuminating Achievement
/^^sssranaas, V' \       UBC Alumni Association
lsfsnrSt:: \      ^k Annual Alumni Achievement Award Dinner
Ic^JaSj.    /     November 14, 2002
y^^^^jplvjr        Fairmont, Waterfront Hotel
^-^^         Call 604-822-3313 for details.
The Annual Alumni Dinner was a Fall tradition in Vancouver from the early 1920s until the changing times
of the '60s brought them to an end. The Commodore Ballroom on Granville Street was the venue of choice,
and grads can tell stories of meeting future wives and husbands at the dance.
The modern day series of annual dinners began in 1995 with the first Alumni Achievement Dinner at the
Vancouver Hotel. This year's dinner will be held at the Fairmont, Waterfront, and will honour UBC grads
and friends who have achieved great things at this university and in the community.
Join us in "illuminating achievement" at this year's dinner.
This year's award winners are:
Victor Ling, PhD'69, Alumni Award for Research
Roy MacLaren, BA'55, Alumni Award of Distinction
Haig Farris, BA'60, LLD'97, Blythe Eagles Volunteer Leadership Award
Susan R. Harris, Faculty Citation
Wallace Chung, DSc'94, Honorary Alumnus Award
Martha C. Piper, Honorary Alumnus Award
Garde B. Gardom, QC, BA'49, LLB'49, LLD'02, Lifetime Achievement Award
Miranda Lam, LLB'02, Outstanding Student Award
Janice J. Eng, BSR'85, Outstanding Young Alumnus
ALUMNI
SPOTLIGHT > Victor Ling, PhD'69
Dr. Ling is an international star in medical research.
He was part of the team, with Michael Smith and
Fred Sanger, that pioneered a method for rapidly
sequencing DNA, leading to the human genome
project and breakthroughs in genetic therapies. His
current research focusses on molecular mechanisms
that render chemotherapy ineffective. He is assistant  dean,   Cancer  Research,  in the  Faculty  of
Medicine, and a professor in the departments of
Biochemistry    and    Molecular    Biology,     and
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.
"It got very bulky very quickly
because rays have many bones,"
says Boileau, who took a zoological
physics course to help understand a
ray's physiological structure.
The team's breakthrough came
when Fan found an unusual type of
wire while surfing the Web. Called
Shape Memory Alloy, the wire's
properties allow it to contract
when heated - perfect for mimicking the muscles of a swimming ray.
The group   fitted   a   fin-shaped
piece of yellow sailcloth with a
series of shape memory wires, and
ran electricity through them in a
timed sequence to produce the
flapping motion of a ray on the
move.
Robo-Ray was born.
A big challenge was getting the
fin to "behave" by controlling the
wires' shape and their heat up/cool
down rate, says Fan. But the bigger
question was: could Robo-Ray
swim?
The team took it to the B.C.
Research Inc. 66-metre tow tank
on campus and released it.
It took to water, well, like a fish.
Although the members of Team
Robo-Ray all graduated in spring
2002, the trio plans to continue
working with current undergraduates to build a more complex
model with better propulsion. As
for Robo-Ray, it's still lurking
somewhere in the depths of the
Hennings Bldg. □
The third series of an annual lectureship in honour of William John Laing
£&}
Globalization, Religion & Culture
with Peter Berger
November 5-6, 2002
Free & Open to the Public
Join Regent College in welcoming world-renowned sociologist Peter Berger to the University of British
Columbia's campus for this three-part lecture series that will examine how the current phenomenon of
global pluralism impacts culture and religion. One ofthe most interesting writers on religion and society,
Berger has played a key role in issues of development, public policy and the role of religious belief in the
modern world. Regent College professors Loren Wilkinson, Craig Gay   and Paul Helm will provide
responses following each lecture.
Visit <www.regent-coIIege.edu> and dick on "conferences and events" for more informa -
Questions?
E-mail: conferences@regent-college.edu
Phone: 604-224-3245
Toll free: 1-800-663-8664
□3 Regent
CE College
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FREE SATURDAY NIGHT LECTURES AT UBC
FALL PROGRAM 2002
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When the light goes on. BY BRIAN LIN
Legend goes that when
Archimedes discovered how to
measure the volume of an irregular
solid and thereby determine the
purity of a gold object, he jumped
out of the bathtub, running into
the street, buck naked, yelling
"Eureka! I have found it."
While slightly less dramatic,
some UBC researchers' eureka
moments are no less inspiring.
"For me it happened at about 3
a.m. when I was feeding my niece,"
remembers Pharmaceutical
Sciences Assoc. Prof. Kishor
Wasan, who was doing research on
how hydrophobic drugs interact
with plasma lipoproteins. "I
noticed how the baby was sucking
on the nipple, in a sort of pursed
lip motion, and it hit me that the
drugs partition the lipoproteins in
a pursed movement. The next
morning, I woke up and read my
notes and was delighted that it
wasn't gibberish. It actually made
sense."
For VP Research Indira
Samarasekera, whose area of
research is continuous casting of
steel, a baffling moment quickly
turned into an unexpected discovery when she realized that not only
was the shape of the mould important but the dynamic interaction
with the newly solidifying shell
was a factor, too.
"The results were exactly opposite to our predictions based on the i
shape of the mould alone," recalls \
Samarasekera. "But we tested the [
new theory and it paved the way ;
for a set of changes in the design !
and operation of continuous cast- ■
ing moulds that led to quality \
improvements." <■
Physics and Astronomy Assoc.
Prof. Jaymie Matthews' eureka
moment consisted of absolutely
nothing.
"My colleagues and I had completed an ambitious program to
monitor the subtle brightness variations of a rapidly pulsating mag
netic star in a remote observatory
in the Andes Mountains of northern Chile in 1989," says Matthews.
"We used two telescopes simultaneously to capture the star's radiation both in visible and infrared
light," Matthews explains. "In our
visible-light observations, we were
rewarded with the expected signal."
"In the infrared, we saw - to use
a technical term - diddly-squat."
"It's been almost 13 years since
those        observations," says
Matthews. "Last month, I
reviewed a South African PhD student's thesis, which was inspired
entirely by that null result. In this
case, finding nothing was one of
the most satisfying discoveries we
could have ever hoped to make." □
Kishor Wasan (top), Jaymie
Matthews and Indira Samarasekera
recall the moment when it all made
What makes
a good
researcher?
BY BRIAN LIN
Curiosity, persistence and an open
mind are some of the traits UBC
researchers tell us make a good
investigator.
"As a researcher, we're seeking
the truth about everything that's
around us," says Pharmaceutical
Sciences Assoc. Prof. Kishor
Wasan, who also heads the faculty's summer student research program. "Never try to prove your
hypothesis, just try to test your
hypothesis. Let your data show
you the way."
Agricultural Sciences Assoc.
Prof. Dan Weary says that the
secret in getting great ideas tested
and into action is having a strong
research team.
"Your productivity is only as
good as the people that you attract
into your research group," says
Weary. "Give them the resources
that they need to make the project
a success."
"Great ideas are good but one
needs to really painstakingly
develop and follow them," says
Civil Engineering Prof. Nemy
Banthia.
"Curiosity, drive, and especially
persistence," offers Pediatrics
Asst. Prof. Christine Chambers.
"You need to persist when you
believe in your ideas, and when
others - such as funding agencies
and journal editors - don't."
"Good imagination distinguishes great researchers," says VP
Research Indira Samarasekera.
"To wrestle with the unexpected
and arrive at new understanding
that challenges old ways of thinking is the crux of good research."
"Keep you mind open and keep
yourself up with the new information and techniques," says
Psychiatry Asst. Prof. Weihong
Song. "Be positive and do not be
afraid of failure." □
Research Funding
Highlights
UBC consistentlyperforms well in securing research funding. In
2001/02 alone there was more than $260 million in research activity at the university, including the following key peer-reviewed
awards:
CIHR:     $33,066,902
NSERC: $33,205,540
SSHRC: $6,237,585
CFI:        $15,156,255
As well, UBC was awarded $76 million in Canada Foundation
for Innovation funding in the January 2002 round of grants. These
funds will support a variety of research projects from across the
spectrum ofthe humanities and sciences. This grant from CFI was
significantly higher than funding received by any other university.
UBC Researchers Find a Way to
Shorten Waits at Airport Security
CFI Innovation Rind Routs
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Study suggests a better method, by hilarythomson
Frustrated with slow-moving airport security lineups?
A team of UBC student
researchers has a plan to make
those lines shorter and faster.
Consulting to the Vancouver
International Airport Authority
since January, the team designed a
system that could complete the pre-
board security screening for 90 per
cent of passengers in less than 10
minutes.
A group of five undergraduates,
grad students, a faculty member
and recent alumni from a variety of
disciplines conducted the project at
UBC's Centre for Operations
Excellence (COE) in the Faculty of
Commerce.
"It was a big step from class
projects to professional consultation," says Bailey Kluczny, who
graduated this spring with a
BComm and has been involved in
the project as a work-study assignment. "I don't know of too many
classmates who have had the same
experience."
Kluczny - who served as the
team's technical analyst - and other
team members spent a lot of time at
the airport, observing the screening
process and collecting data.
They created process maps and
built an animated computer simulation of the process. It generates animated passengers that move
through  the   simulated  pre-board
Bailey Kluczny helped design a
program to reduce YVR lineups.
screening. The tiny figures replicate the number and timing of passengers arriving for a flight, covering everything from the passenger
who arrives an hour early to the
person racing to board with only
five minutes to spare.
"It has been so satisfying to be
able to work on a project that
looks at a real and current problem," says Kluczny.
Work on applied projects like
this encourages students to go on
to graduate studies in operations
research, adds Prof. Martin
Puterman, COE director.
After adding a floor plan and
animation, the team can see exactly what is needed to keep the
screening process moving smooth
ly. The simulation has allowed
them to experiment with various
staffing and demand levels to find
the optimal number of people
required to do the job quickly and
efficiently. In addition, they
looked at the best way to configure the staff working at the X-ray,
luggage inspection and metal
detector stations.
Results from the simulation
were used to develop a staff scheduling system for the pre-board
screening process. For a given
flight schedule, the team can
determine staff requirements at
each of the airport's screening
points and what combination of
work schedules are effective at
minimum cost.
"This model is proving to be a
very powerful tool for improving
the overall process - it will definitely be used in future planning,"
says Paul Levy, director, Security
and Emergency Planning at
Vancouver International Airport
Authority.
The project has been presented
to the authority and may be presented to the Canadian Air Travel
Security Agency that was formed
after 9/11 to improve airport security.
The project was presented at
UBC's recent Undergraduate
Multidisciplinary Research
Conference. □ Opera Hits a High Note with Research
Singers study characters, storylines and history, by Michelle cook
Singing may not be considered a
science, but opera students can
hold their own - not to mention
some very high notes - when it
comes to research.
Preparing to perform an opera
role involves more than memorizing lyrics and costume fittings,
according to Stephen Bell, Paula
tour of the Czech Republic in June
2002. "But it's the performer's
responsibility to find out everything associated with their character and all the references that contributed to the composer's writing
of an opera."
It's a big task, even for those
with   smaller   roles,   and   opera
UBC opera singers Justin Welsh (centre) and Rhoslyn Jones (r) in character
MacNeil, Rhoslyn Jones and Justin
Welsh. The students, all from the
School of Music's opera performance program, presented operatic
excerpts at UBC's recent
Undergraduate Multidisciplinary
Research Conference to demonstrate the work that goes into
interpreting characters on stage.
"I think there's a perception that
opera singers don't do research,"
says Jones, who was the lead in
Massenet's Manon, performed by
UBC's Opera Ensemble during a
singers can spend anywhere from a
few months to more than a year
researching their character and the
opera they will be performing.
Work begins by reading the
libretto, the opera's text. Then,
since most operas are based on
myths or historical events, performers hunt for the novels, poetry,
plays, diaries and historical
accounts behind the opera's story
to help them get to know their
character and the time period.
Performers   also   look   at   how   a
character   has   been   interpreted
before. For this, previous recordings of an opera can be valuable
but,  Jones   says,   "it's   sometimes
dangerous because singers can try
to imitate what other singers are
doing and  we can't do that;  we
have to create our own role."
Most  operas   are  sung in languages    other    than
English,    and    per-   ^
formers   must   work   £
with a diction coach   ±
to get accents right.     ^
"Ifyou have a role   ^
in Manon, [a French   c
opera]     you     can't   c
sound    like    you're   °-
from Langley,"
Welsh laughs.
"When you go on
stage, the audience
has to believe they're
seeing someone who
speaks French."
And, say the four
aspiring stars, all this
must be done in
addition to actually
learning to sing the
part.
Unlike other academics, who keep
written records of
their research, all an
opera singer may
have to show for
their hard work is a
recording and, hopefully, rave reviews. But Jones,
Welsh, Bell and MacNeil agree that
research and rehearsals are far
more important than the actual
performance. The academic and
artistic value is in the process.
Upcoming performances by the
UB C Opera Ensemble include
Rossini's Italian Girl in Algiers, in
November, The Merry Widow, in
December, and Smetana's The
Bartered Bride, in March 2003. For
more information, visit
www.music.ubc.ca □
Profs. William Borgen (I) and Norman Amundson help layoff survivors
Research reveals downsizing
survivors need support, too
Time to grieve and adjust essential for successful
restructuring, by Michelle cook
We often hear about the emotional trauma suffered by those who
lose their jobs in mass layoffs, but
downsizing can be just as stressful
for those left behind, and companies need to address this for successful restructuring, say
researchers in UBC's Education
faculty.
In a study being published this
month, Education and
Counselling Psychology professors
William Borgen and Norman
Amundson found that those
spared the axe during mass layoffs
often experience feelings of anger,
fear, confusion and loss of control
similar to colleagues who lose
their jobs.
"To hear the sad and moving
stories, the depth of that, and the
stress of continuing to work in a
downsized environment was a sur-
UBC research offers
med students injection
of virtual reality
New training tool is welcome news for patients.
BY HILARY THOMSON
Turning patients into pincushions when students are learning to
insert a needle may be a thing of the past once a UBC medical
training tool becomes available.
Currently in development, the computer-based virtual reality
simulator will help medical students master the art of needle
insertion in a safe and realistic environment.
"Medical students now have to learn the procedure through
trial and error," says Simon DiMaio, a PhD student in the Dept.
of Electrical and Computer Engineering who is building the simulator as his thesis project. "With an increasing number of
advanced therapies being delivered by needle, it's becoming critical to be precise."
The simulator has two components: an on-screen computer
model of tissue and a robotic arm no bigger than a shoebox. The
model allows the student to see where the needle is going.
Moving the robotic arm replicates the sensation of needle moving through tissue to help students learn the degree of pressure
and steering required to get the needle to its target site.
Biopsies, anesthesia and various cancer treatments require needle placement to be accurate within millimetres. Surgeons must
guide needles that may be long and flexible through complex
anatomy solely by feel and experience. Inaccurate placement can
lead to significant complications such as biopsy false negatives,
incorrect medication or radiation dose, longer procedure times,
patient discomfort and tissue damage.
DiMaio and supervisor Prof. Tim Salcudean are developing the
technology to include various types of needle and sites comprising complex layers of tissue. □
prise because, in many ways, in
our culture, we think they're the
lucky ones," says Amundson.
The pair interviewed 31 downsizing survivors working in government and private organizations in B.C., Alberta and
Ontario. Interviewees were asked
to describe workplace incidents
that either helped or hindered
their ability to cope in the six
months following layoffs.
While those interviewed often
expressed mixed feelings about
their situation, the number of negative incidents they reported was
more than double the number of
positive incidents. Many
expressed grief for those who had
been laid off, and felt resentment
and anger at employers for not
giving them adequate time to say
good-bye or acknowledge the
loss.
The survivors told researchers
that watching how those laid off
were treated had a profound
impact on those left behind, rattling their sense of worth and
trust in their employer, and leading them to question their hard
work, commitment and loyalty to
the company.
Borgen and Amundson found
that increased workload and lack
of adequate re-training and team-
building exercises are other major
sources of stress for workplace
survivors.
According to the study, what
survivors want most are good
internal communications and a
say in the re-shaping of their
organization.
Some positive comments
emerged from the interviews, too.
Survivors reported welcoming the
opportunity to try new tasks, and
appreciating the value of support
from family and friends during
the restructuring period.
Borgen and Amundson will use
their findings to help develop
employee assistance programs
and other counselling materials
and services. Their recommendations to companies undergoing
downsizing include focusing on
the survivors, making the transition process transparent, giving
employees the information they
need to make informed decisions,
and offering teambuilding and retraining workshops for those
remaining behind.
The study will be published in
the U.S. journal Career
Development Quarterly in
October. □ ^■■■:-
Infrastructure
Management
Imagine doing your research
in a modern facility.
«*
60 performers from the Strathcona
Chinese Dance Company (above)
perform fast-paced dance routines
to the delight ofthe crowd and
HRH The Queen.
Traditional step dancers from the
Peggy Peat School of Dance perform
on the Main Mall (left).
Performers from Many Nations
Entertain the Queen
Dancers, singers and Girl Guides part of the Royal
Pageant, by katejobling
More than 600 performers from
12 different arts groups celebrated
The Queen during HRH's recent
visit to campus. The performances
represented a number of nations
including Africa, Japan, Ireland,
China, Bali and Canada's First
Nations.
Vancouver-area Girl Guides and
UBC-based artists also performed.
But, it was the exotic acts that won
the hearts of the campus crowd.
From the Musqueam Warriors to
the Strathcona Chinese Dance
Company, fast-paced, high-energy
music and dance ruled the day.
The Masabo Culture Company,
a group of traditional West African
performers, filled the air with driv -
ing rhythms as they took centre
stage and performed the Senoufo
rite of passage and celebration of a
boy from youth to manhood
through a leopard mask dance
called Boloye'.
Taiko drummers beat out their
version of celebration as Japanese
youth from the Chibi Taiko group
honoured The Queen. The
University's Gamelan Ensemble
performed a ceremonial Balinese
fanfare composed in a traditional
welcoming style. (The music was
composed by UBC's Assoc. Prof, of
Music, Michael Tenzer.) Hundreds
of Girl Guides draped with flags
flanked the Queen as she made her
way through the crowd in a brief
walkabout.
The performance ended with
more than 250 chorale singers -
from the Magee Secondary
Chamber Choir, the Mountain
Secondary School Choir, the UBC
Choral Union and the University
Singers - singing a rousing rendition of Canada: This is My Home -
a patriotic piece that was composed
and written for Expo '86 by Bob
Bradley and Brian Gibson. □
HRH, The Duke of Edinburgh
Meets Faculty and Students
The Duke briefed on West Coast environment issues
BY KATEJOBLING
While the Queen and crowds
watched performers outside, HRH,
The Duke of Edinburgh spent some
time in the Walter C. Koerner
Library meeting with faculty and
students from UBC's Institute for
Resources, Environment and
Sustainability.
The Duke was told about the
human impact on Vancouver's rapidly growing and expanding region
through a presentation on the
effects of intensive agriculture,
construction of impervious surfaces and the subdivision of rural
properties throughout the Lower
Mainland.
HRH also was shown a model
presentation on the impact of technology and globalization on west
coast fisheries, which predicts the
effects of prolonged fishing on a
particular species and the consequences of other species groups
within the food web.
A third presentation focused on
the coastal zone being transformed
by the invasion of exotic plants
and animal species, which has
altered the natural ecosystem. The
Duke was told that some marine
mammals are among the most contaminated animals in the global
marine environment.
The presentation included information about B.C.'s coastal communities and how they are looking
at economic alternatives, including
ecotourism, to replace their current
resource-dependent economies. □

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