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UBC Reports Mar 31, 1967

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UBC
RETURN   POSTAGE   GUARANTEED
VOLUME  13,  No. 3
VANCOUVER 8, B.C.
MARCH, 1967
MONEY LACK CURBS BUILDING
NRC  Grant  Establishes
New  Research  Centre
The University of B.C. has been
awarded a grant of $375,000 by the National Research Council to develop a
Centre for Materials Research over
the next three years.
The Centre will be among the first
three in Canada, though such centres
have been developing widely in the
United States over the last 10 years.
Similar NRC grants to the University
of Toronto and McMaster University
have been announced by NRC in
Ottawa.
The three grants, totalling $1.2 million, are the first made under NRC's
new program of Negotiated Development Grants, which NRC says is designed "to help all Canadian universi-
-j,-^ _
JOHN WALTERS, inventor of unique
tree-planting gun, has been named
director of UBC's 10,000-acre Haney
research forest. See story page eight.
ties to develop research centres of ex
cellence in specific areas of science
and technology regarded as of vital
importance to Canada."
PIONEERING   GRANT
The UBC Centre for Materials Research concept has been under study
and development for more than five
years by the department of metallurgy.
Establishment of the Centre was
strongly backed last year by an NRC
investigating committee, and formally
approved in January by the UBC
Board of Governors in anticipation of
the pioneering NRC grant.
"The Centre will be developed
around the metallurgy department acid
around the new ($2.6 million) metallurgy building now under construction and scheduled to go into use next
December," said Dr. Edward Teghtsoonian, head of the department of
metallurgy.
"However, other appropriate departments will be involved in the direction
and operation of the Centre and it
will have an outside advisory committee of industrial and government
agency representatives.
"The grant will enable us to establish a long-range program in materials research beyond what we are able
to undertake with our present resources. It will provide over three
years for the purchase of equipment
and for increases in our professional
and technical staff."
(The grant is payable at $150,000 in
1967-68, $150,000 in 1968-69 and $75,000
in 1969-70).
PRIMARY  PURPOSE
Dr. Teghtsoonian continued: "The
primary purpose of the Centre will be
to stimulate and expand research in
the preparation and properties of
materials, including metals, ceramics
and plastics. The overall orientation
will place emphasis on applications to
real problems, but research will be
undertaken over a broad spectrum,
ranging from applied to fundamental
research.
"The metallurgy department is a
suitable nucleus around which the
Centre can grow because of its continuing involvement in research in a
wide variety of materials. But other
departments of applied science will be
involved.
"We hope to encourage much more
participation by industry in research
projects to be carried out at the
Centre. Our increased facilities should
stimulate industry to look upon the
Centre as a place where research can
be done, particularly those industries
involved in the production and processing of materials.
ACTIVE   CO-OPERATION
"If the interests of industry are to
be served, and the university's function as a school of applied science
implemented, there should be much
more active co-operation between the
university and various industries. We
expect industries to participate in the
Centre through research programs
which they will sponsor and people
associated with the Centre will carry
out."
Dr. Teghtsoonian said that despite
limited facilities so far, the UBC department of metallurgy is the largest
and best supported at a Canadian university. Since 1962, support from grants
and research contracts from industry
and government agencies has climbed
from $110,000 to $260,000 a year.
"Though we have had such programs
underway,  we   haven't  had   the   man-
Please turn to back page
See NRC GRANT
PROF.  RICHARD   U.  RATCLIFF
UBC Gets
Top Land
Economist
One of North America's leading urban land economists has been appointed chairman of the division of
estate management in UBC's faculty
of commerce.
He is Professor Richard U. Ratcliff,
61, currently director of the Urban
Land Economics Centre and professor
in the School of Business Administration at the University of Wisconsin.
His appointment to the UBC faculty
is effective July 1.
FIRST   IN   FIELD
Dean Philip White, head of UBC's
commerce faculty, said the University
of Wisconsin was the first to introduce
work in urban land economics, and its
pre-eminent position in this field has
been due to the research and teaching
activities of Prof. Ratcliff.
Dean White said: "He is probably
the best known urban land economist
in North America at the present time
and has published several books on
this topic and on real estate investment analysis and valuation theory.
"In addition, Prof. Ratcliff has held
several research appointments in federal housing bureaus in Washington,
D.C, and has acted as consultant on
urban land economics to the federal
government and the states of Wisconsin, California and Hawaii."
Prof. Ratcliff was born in Madison,
Wisconsin, and is a graduate of the
Universities of Wisconsin and Michigan, where he received a bachelor of
arts degree in economics, a master of
business administration degree in real
estate management, and his Ph.D. in
urban land economics and real estate.
VISITING   PROFESSOR
The chairman of the Department of
Commerce at McMaster University,
Dr. Calvin C. Potter, FCA, has been
named a visiting professor in the finance division of the UBC commerce
faculty for the coming academic year.
Author of several books, including
the recently-published "Finance and
Business Administration in Canada,"
he is a fellow of the Ontario Institute
of Chartered Accountants, a  member
Please turn to back page
See COMMERCE
Working drawings for a major biological sciences building expansion
have been received by the University
of B.C. Board of Governors, but construction tenders cannot be called
until additional building money is
committed to UBC, says President
John B. Macdonald.
The biological building expansion is
to accommodate the departments of
botany and zoology, and the Institutes
of Oceanography and Fisheries.
"We cannot proceed either on three
engineering blocks, for which working
drawings are nearing completion, until
new money is available," the President
said. The blocks are for civil and
mechanical engineering, and an engineering  common   block.
The buildings constitute the major
projects in the final one-third of
UBC's five-year, $30 million capital
expansion program, undertaken in
1964, to be financed by provincial
grants of $18 million, and $12 million
from public contributions to the 3-
Universities Capital Fund Campaign.
"The University advised the provincial government late last year that an
additional $16.5 million is needed to
complete the program," Dr. Macdonald
said. "If the University receives assurance that this amount will be forthcoming by 1969, we can proceed with
the program by short-term borrowing.
DAMAGE  MOMENTUM
"Any substantial delay in getting
these projects underway, however, will
seriously damage the momentum of
our expanding graduate and professional training programs, particularly
in areas of obviously high importance
to  British Columbia.
"Graduate and professional enrolment will have to be restricted due to
lack of space for highly specialized
teaching  and  research.
"A limit on undergraduate enrolment at the University of B.C. would
be logical and is under consideration
when a number of other B.C. institutions provide this level of education.
But graduate and professional training is the responsibility of the University of B.C. The province will suffer if it must be curtailed due to lack
of facilities," Dr. Macdonald said.
"The urgency of pushing ahead with
our building program also is underlined by the fact that despite building
so far, there is less space than ever
at UBC. Enrolment has been rising
faster than the addition made by construction to total space — particularly
in graduate and professional areas
where the individual student requires
several times as much space as an
undergraduate.
"The pressure for space has preserved in use nearly al! of the famous
army huts."
COSTS INCREASE
Dr. Macdonald said the anticipated
$30 million had been cut by an estimated $3,360,000 because public contributions to the 3»Universities Capital
Fund Campaign fell short of the $28
million objective.
He said preliminary building cost
estimates made in 1963-64 had increased by $4,291,927 in buildings and
projects completed or underway.
"These higher costs are due to sharp
rises in construction charges," the
President said. "I want to emphasize,
however, that every economy was observed consistent with the provision
of basically adequate long-term buildings."
Dr. Macdonald said that new campus projects which required priority
as the capital program proceeded, interest and campaign fund costs, plus
contingency reserves, had absorbed
another $2,815,573.
"Thus the final one-third of our capi-
Please turn to back page
See  BUILDING  COSTS LISTED Ten  UBC  Professors
Get Awards for Study
PROFESSOR of animal husbandry at UBC, Dr. J. C. Berry, standing, came back
from Montreal recently burdened with awards captured by UBC Ayrshires at eastern
meetings. Ubyssey Ivory Loreen, who doesn't seem too happy about having her
picture taken, owns one of the three shields held by Dr. Berry and dairy herd
manager Barney McGregor. The silver tray held by Dr. Berry is for the highest
herd milk and fat average in Canada. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
AT EASTERN MEETINGS
UBC  Ayrshires  Capture
Four  National  Awards
Ayrshire cows owned by the University of B.C. have captured the
major share of production awards for
1965-66 at meetings of the Canadian
Ayrshire  Breeders' Association.
The UBC Ayrshire herd won three
of eight high production shields and
a silver tray for the highest herd
average in Canada at the Montreal
Meetings in February.
Dr. J. C. Berry, professor of animal
husbandry at UBC, was at the Mont-
'Air-borne'
Physicist
Appointed
An "air-borne" physicist who uses
balloons and rockets to study the composition and properties of the upper
atmosphere of the earth has been appointed a full professor in the University of B.C.'s physics department.
He is Dr. Herbert P. Gush, who joins
the UBC faculty July 1 from the University of Toronto. For the past year
he has been a visiting assistant professor in the UBC department
In cooperation with the Canadian
Army Research and Development Establishment in Quebec, Dr. Gush has
carried out experiments by sending
aloft balloon-borne instruments to take
upper atmosphere  measurements.
He is currently designing an experiment involving instruments to be sent
aloft by rocket from the Canadian
Army station at Fort Churchill, Manitoba.
Dr. Gush is a graduate of the University of Saskatchewan, where he received the degrees of bachelor of engineering and bachelor and master of
arts, and the University of Toronto,
where he received his Ph.D.
real   meetings  to   receive   the  shields
and the silver tray.
HIGH  PRODUCTION  SHIELD
Fourteen-year-old Ubyssey Commodore Arlene won a high-production
shield in the ten years and over class,
and a newly-created award, the Diamond Seal Certificate, for her lifetime
production of 6,000 lbs. butterfat.
Arlene's daughter, Ubyssey Ivory
Loreen, received a shield for leading
the senior three year old class, and
the third shield was awarded to
Loreen's paternal sister, Ubyssey
Ivory Lassie for leading the junior
three year old class.
The Ayrshire herd average, for
which UBC received the Association's
silver tray, was 12,368 lbs. of milk, 581
lbs. fat with breed class average index
values for milk and fat of 158 and 181
respectively. (The BCA index values
for Canada are 111 and 109).
Other breeds of UBC cows continue
to make inroads into Canadian records, Dr. Berry said.
Ubyssey Magic Faith, a Holstein,
has just completed a four-year-old
record that is now being processed in
Ottawa. Unofficial figures indicate she
will become the new all-time champion 4-year-old milk producer in Canada, a record presently held by her
older sister, Agnes, for the Mature
Holstein class.
FOURTH   RECORD
Jill, a UBC Jersey, added further to
her production laurels recently when
the Record of Performance office of
the Canada agriculture department issued a special 305-day certificate for
her fourth successive record at twice
the average level for Jerseys in
Canada.
Jill's previous record, her third,
made as a four-year-old, established
her as the highest producing Jersey
in Canada with six new all-time marks.
Ten University of B.C. professors in
the humanities and the social sciences
have been awarded Canada Council
grants worth more than $63,000 for
study in Canada and abroad.
The grants, which range in value
between $5,000 and $7,500 will be used
for research and travel which the recipients will undertake while on leave
of absence from UBC in the coming
academic year.
Recipients and their projects are as
follows:
• Prof. Malcolm F. McGregor,
head of UBC's classics department,
will spend a year at the American
School of Classical Studies at Athens
as one of two visiting professors.
He will carry out research on
ancient inscriptions dealing with the
financial records of the Athenian
empire.
• William S. Hart, assistant professor of fine arts, will continue research on the Canadian school of
painters known as the Group of
Seven, preparatory to writing a book.
He plans to travel to all parts of
Canada, including the Arctic, where
the Group of Seven painted, and study
museum collections in Toronto and
Ottawa.
The Group of Seven was the first
national movement in Canadian art
and included such painters as Lawren
Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Arthur Lismer
and Frederick Varley. The group held
its first show in 1920 and disbanded in
1933.
• Dr. David J. Niederauer, assistant professor of French, will spend
next year in Paris preparing an edition of the literary correspondence of
Henry de Regnier (1864-1936), an important symbolist poet and novelist
and member of the French Academy.
• Dr. Daniel Dorotich, assistant
professor of Slavonic studies, will
study relations between Yugoslavia
and the USSR in the period 1918 to
1941 in libraries and government archives in Belgrade and Nov-Sad,
Yugoslavia, and in Budapest, Hungary.
He also hopes to visit Russia to
carry out a comparative study of education and culture in the USSR and
Yugoslavia.
• Dr. K. J. Holsti, associate professor of political science, will work
in Vancouver and in London on a
study of five international crises involving a major power and a weak
power.
The purpose of his research is to
determine how weak nations bargain
with more powerful opponents. Among
the crises he plans to study are the
German-Austrian crisis of 1938 and
the Soviet-Finnish crisis of 1939.
• Dr. Walter D. Young, assistant
professor of political science, plans to
visit Britain where he will work at
the London School of Economics before returning to Vancouver to continue preparing the manuscripts of
three projects.
He is currently working on books
dealing with social protest movements
in the Canadian west, a biography of
M. J. Coldwell, former leader of the
CCF party, and a history of socialism
in B.C.
In Britain he will also visit friends
of Mr. Coldwell, who was born in Eng-
Navaho Expert
Joins Faculty
A world authority on the Navaho
Indians of the southwestern United
States will join the University of B.C.
faculty July 1.
He is Dr. David F. Aberle, who has
been appointed a full professor in the
UBC department of anthropology and
sociology.
Dr. Aberle, currently teaching at the
University of Oregon, formerly taught
at Harvard and the University of
Michigan, and was chairman of the
anthropology department at Brandeis
University.
The head of UBC's anthropology department, Prof. Harry Hawthorn, said
Dr. Aberle was recognized as an outstanding researcher who has made
notable contributions to the study of
culture and personality, kinship and
comparative religion, with special emphasis on the Navaho.
land and educated at the University
of Exeter, and consult material on
the Fabian Society, which is related
to socialist movements in B.C.
• Dr. S. W. Stevenson, assistant
professor of English, will be on leave
in England carrying out a study of
myth in modern poetry. He will
consult books and manuscripts on
such noted British poets as William
Blake in the British Museum.
• Dr. C. W. Ingram, associate professor of English, will work in Oxford,
Stratford and Coventry in England
gathering material for a book on
medieval drama.
• Dr. Alfred Siemens, assistant
professor of geography, will study the
historical geography of the gulf lowlands district of east central Mexico,
a developing area with oil, sulphur
and cattle-raising potential.
He plans to spend half the year
in Europe, where he will consult historical material in Germany and in
the Archives of the Indies in Seville,
Spain.
The other half of his leave will be
spent in the Gulf lowlands area of
Mexico conferring with government
officials on agrarian reform and agricultural settlement
• Dr. Alistair R. MacKay, assistant professor of French, will spend
three months in London working at
the British Museum before travelling
to Paris for the balance of his year's
leave of absence. He will consult
books and manuscripts in both cities
for a book on early 16th century
French literature.
DR. ROBERT M. WILL
Economist
Wins $7,000
Fellowship
Dr. Robert M. Will, an associate
professor of economics at the University of B.C., has been awarded a
C. D. Howe Memorial Fellowship for
study in England.
The fellowship, named for a late
Liberal minister of trade and commerce, is valued at $7,000 plus travel
grants. Dr. Will's award is one of
three made annually to Canadians in
any discipline.
Dr. Will has been granted leave of
absence in the coming academic year
to undertake research ,in London on
the methodology of economics. He
will study the approaches and procedures which economists have used
in developing new knowledge in their
field.
Most of his work will be carried out
in the libraries of the London School
of Economics and the British Museum.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 13, No. 3
MARCH, 1967 STWEMira MULLEU IUIIWII1IL ILlIIIEIC-IPIEffilFIECT
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NWTIOMM STT/AJMICWWffilD' SOUJIGIHIT
Fitness Experts Test B..C. School Children
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o*: l/tsSi:ir,Eil l-dasd'Uri ts'ot 'Abdteia.. Arts I: A Bold New Program
(The article on these pages is the text
of a booklet, issued recently, on the new
Arts I program that will begin this September. The author is Dr. Ian Ross,
associate professor of English, and one
of two persons comprising the steering
committee currently planning details of
the program.)
By  DR.  IAN  ROSS
Associate   Professor of  English
Modern universities, at least in North
America, seem to fail most spectacularly
with their freshman students. The University of British Columbia is as concerned as any institution with the unsatisfactory nature of the experience of
students and faculty in first-year courses.
The cost to society of a large failure rate
is on the University's conscience, and
disappointment is rife that academic resources cannot be put to better use for
freshmen.
Over the past three years the Faculty
of Arts has thoroughly investigated and
exhaustively debated the problems of
educating freshmen. Last November the
Faculty accepted a proposal for a pilot
project which offers some answers to
these problems, and in December the
Senate agreed that the project could begin  in  September  1967.
RESULTS EVALUATED
Every effort is being made to launch
the project with suitable provisions for
staffing and financial support, and it is
anticipated that the results of the project
can be described and evaluated in such
a manner that those responsible for higher education in comparable situations
elsewhere will be moved to take the Arts
1  experience into account.
As conceived by the drafters of Arts I,
the chief problems of freshman education are as follows: the alienation of the
students; the flight from first-year courses
of experienced instructors; a course structure which, in its lack of integration, bewilders students and fragments their view
of the world; a curriculum that appears
to be remote from the pressing interests
of students and instructors; and a teaching programme consisting of a stultifying
round of lectures, perfunctory conferences, and statutory examinations which
unnerve students rather than prepare
them   for   intellectual   advancement.
This analysis is corroborated and supplemented by an independent observer
making a report on health and psychiatric services at Canadian universities. Dr.
Conrad J. Schwartz notes among the "increasing signs of student unrest" highly-
charged reactions to the growing impersonality of university experience; and a
widening gap between students and faculty, caused by lack of opportunities for
individual exchanges and the intense specialization  of the  faculty.
Freshmen are more vulnerable than
other students to the wounds caused by
an impersonal institution and its aloof but
demanding staff. Indeed, it seems that
Pascal's definition of the human condition
as "inconstancy, boredom, anxiety" is unhappily vindicated for the most eager,
and in some ways the most insecure,
minds  in the  University.
REMEDY PROBLEMS
Arts I proposes to remedy the freshman-year problems in specific ways. To
give the students a sense of greater freedom as individuals, it will, first of all,
enable them to choose between the standard programme and a new one. To combat alienation, it will place each student
who chooses the new programme into a
section of 120 students who will be taught
most of their subject matter by six members of faculty who will devote most of
their time to the project.
Because Arts ! will occupy so much of
the time of students and faculty, topics
can be studied in depth, and close student-faculty relationships can be formed.
Each student will thus be part of a community of learners. To insure that students will have experienced instructors,
Arts I will require that the faculty in
the programme have several years' teaching experience and some standing as
scholars.
The freedom the faculty will have in
devising a curriculum and effective teaching methods, however, is the greatest
guarantee that the teaching staff will be
well qualified. This fact has already been
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME  13, No. 3
MARCH, 1967
attested by the calibre of the faculty who
have volunteered for the programme.
To avoid the fragmentation of knowledge caused by the present course structure and the consequent destruction of
whatever integrated view of the world the
student may possess, Arts I will have as
content during each division of the session principally those works which are
related to themes of broad human concern, such as war, tyranny, love, or death.
Because the instructors will themselves
select the sequence of themes, and will
do so immediately before they are taught,
they should be of relevance to all the
participants   in   the   programme.
TEACHING METHODS
The materials for study will be classic
presentations of each theme in imaginative and analytic works, as well as contemporary manifestations in the mass
media. The faculty — philosophers, economists, historians, literary scholars, sociologists or whatever — will work together in helping the students to achieve
an understanding of the themes through
lectures, seminar discussions, and tutorials.
The teaching methods adopted will seek
to instil in the students the habit of independent investigation which alone insures
learning. Thus, the most stimulating materials and the most effective teaching
methods will be used for the student who
has the greatest need of both — the freshman.
The hope of Arts I is that it will establish a viable alternative to the traditional
pattern of first-year education. If valid
empirical evidence is forthcoming about
such a programme, it can be argued that
many freshmen — far more than the 240
who will take Arts I in September 1967
— could choose to pursue their education
in groups small enough to achieve a
corporate identity and fruitful student-
faculty relationships.
Again, more than twelve faculty — the
number to be involved in the pilot project — could form teaching teams for
freshman groups and arrange meaningful
curricula for them. The two teams in
Arts I will represent various disciplines
in the Faculty of Arts. It is conceivable
that teams could be made up of members
of difference Faculties and thus set for
freshmen an example of a stimulating
dialogue between specialist intellectuals.
LIVELY INTEREST
As matters stand now, the best minds
in the universities often do not have the
impact they should because of a failure
to communicate. For these and similar
reasons, the proving or disproving in
action of the basic ideas of Arts I should
make the project of lively interest to all
concerned   with   first-year education.
Of necessity, the Arts I faculty will
spend most of the summer preparing for
the programme: reading on the chosen
themes so that new material can be taught
effectively; selecting topics for seminars
and essays; and discussing with their colleagues ideas for the programme. A commitment to spend the summer in this way
has been sought from the volunteer Arts
I faculty.
Such intensive work warrants additional income, since it will replace normal
opportunities for summer school teaching
and for research leading to professional
advancement. Advisedly, then, the Faculty
of Arts has sought the support of a
foundation so that each Arts I instructor
can be paid the normal summer session
stipend of $1,200.
The Arts I project will also need an
operating budget. Clerical help will have
to be enlisted and special library requirements met, for example, the duplication
of scarce source materials for study. In
the interest of expanding the intellectual
and imaginative horizons of the students,
special lecturers wilt be invited to speak
and will  have to  be paid their fees.
OUTSIDE ADVICE SOUGHT
Transport will be required on occasion
to take Arts I groups to plays, concerts,
museum displays, and art exhibitions.
Opportunities must be made for students
and faculty to study the offerings of the
mass media that relate to the curriculum.
This will entail expense for film and slide
showings, as well as for radio and television sets.
Funds will be required, finally, to enable the project to be studied in progress, and evaluated at the end of each
of the three years of its life. The claim'
for Arts I as a pilot project requires that
its evaluative procedures be sophisticated,
and that the study be conducted with
great care. Faculty involved in this work
will need financial and clerical resources.
enge First Year Students
Two-man steering committee planning the details of
UBC's new Arts I program take advantage of a sunny
day to hold discussions on the plaza roof terrace overlooking the quadrangle of the Buchanan building.   Dr.
Ian Ross, left, associate professor of English and the
author of the article onjhese tyages, is shown conversing
with Gerald F. McGuigan, assistant professor of economics.   When the Arts I program is under way an Arts
I council will be established to serve as a public information committee. A third committee, chaired by Professor
Robert M. Clark, UBC's academic planner, has been
struck to evaluate the program. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
Possibly the advice of consultants outside the University of British Columbia
will have to be sought and paid for.
Much will be put to the test by Arts I:
on the one hand, the capacity of freshmen to engage meaningfully in the activities of the programme; on the other hand,
the ingenuity and vision of the participating faculty in devising a suitable curriculum, as well as their ability to work with
each other and the students. It is to be
hoped that the Arts I project will be
given the fullest support by the Faculty
of Arts, the University, and those members of the community who interest themselves in university affairs.
HISTORY OF ARTS I
Shortly after his appointment in 1962
as President of the University of British
Columbia, Dr. John B. Macdonald appointed a Committee on Academic Goals,
which published its report as GUIDE-
POSTS TO INNOVATION (1964). The
Senate discussed this report and endorsed
thoroughly the Committee's statement of
the urgent need to reconsider the prirr-
ciples and practices of undergraduate
education.
In connection with the first-year programme, the Committee noted that "this_
is  the   most  sensitive  period  of  adjustment for the student; yet it is the year
in which he receives least help" (p. 18).
Independently, the late Dean Kaspar D.
Naegele established a Faculty of Arts
Committee concerned with education
which published its findings as DISCIPLINE  AND  DISCOVERY   (1965).
In brief, the Naegele Committee recommended that the student in his first year
of Arts should take a core-programme-of
general studies based on such broad concepts as Man and Society, Man and
Thought, and Man and Expression, to be
taught by experienced instructors through ^
a combination of lectures to large groups'
and seminar discussions for small groups.
The second year should consist of courses
organized and given by different depart-
', ments, their primary purpose being to
j introduce the student to several distinc-
[   tive disciplines.
! Finally, the third and fourth years
| should be regarded as the period in which
j the student develops his special interest
I 'while broadening himself through some
' study in areas other than those of his
I   concentration,
j NEW GROUP FORMED
i       The   ideas   concerning   the   third   and
fourth years in Arts met the most favourable   reception   and   have   already   been
-j   implemented in strengthened departmental   majors   programmes.  The  ideas  con-
!   cerning the first year have had a stormy
"j   life.
1 In the spring of 1965 a Committee of the
j Faculty of Arts was instructed to devise
I _a pilot project which would implement,
— wjjere feasible, the proposals of DISCIPLINE AND DISCOVERY concerning first-
year education. This Committee reported
to the Faculty in the autumn of 1965, but
its proposals were not accepted. Dean
Naegele's successor, Dean Dennis Healy,
thereupon passed the job of making recommendations to a new group established to advise him on curriculum reform.
The Curriculum Advisory Committee,
chaired by Dean Healy, consisted of one
representative from each Department and
School in the Faculty of Arts and a representative from the standing Faculty Committee on Curriculum, a total of 23 members. It met through the remainder of
the session of 1965-66 and sent its report
to the Faculty in May.
The chief recommendation of the report
concerned Arts I, a programme of interdisciplinary studies, to be taught to compact groups of first-year students by
teams of instructors representing different disciplines in the Faculty. It was
proposed that the curriculum for each
group of students should be devised by
the team of instructors assigned to it.
Communication among the groups, and
the staffing  of them, should be handled
by a Steering Committee elected by instructors who volunteered to participate
in Arts I. In the summer of 1966, two
sub-committees met to prepare sample
programmes for sections of Arts I. The
sample programmes and the original report were sent to Faculty members in
October 1966.
PILOT PROJECT ACCEPTED
In addition, Departments met at that
time to discuss Arts I with members of
the Curriculum Advisory Committee and
faculty who had helped devise the sample programmes. Over a three-day period
in November, the Faculty of Arts met to
debate Arts I and the other proposals of
the Advisory Curriculum Committee.
The result was that Arts 1 was accepted
as a pilot project for a limited number
of volunteer students and faculty: at least
two sections of 120 students each, the
sections each to be taught by six members of faculty. Successful completion of
Arts I will give a student nine units of
credit towards his degree. An instructor
in Arts I must devote two-thirds of his
teaching time to the programme. At its
December meeting, the Senate unanimously endorsed the proposal for a pilot
project.
During the discussions concerning Arts
I, the drafters of the proposals consulted
members of different Faculties at the
University of British Columbia. In addition, they examined material from universities where new programmes are being
discussed or attempted, such as York
(Ontario), Essex and Sussex (England),
Harvard, Columbia, Chicago, and Berkeley.
Professor Joseph Tussman, who has
been instrumental in setting up an experimental college for first and second
year students at Berkeley, addressed the
Curriculum Advisory Committee and
genially submitted to a long evening of
incisive questioning. The views of students at this University and others have
been canvassed. In devising Arts I, the
two enemies of scholarly work — insufficient evidence and haste — have surely
been avoided.
STUDENTS VOLUNTEER
Students entering the Faculty of Arts
in September 167 will have an opportunity to volunteer for a new programme,
Arts I. Its chief aims are to introduce
the student effectively to the intellectual
life of the University, and to give him a
less fragmented view of education than
is normally offered to freshmen. The
studies undertaken will encourage a
broad, though disciplined, approach to
the world within and without the University.
Arts I will seek to teach the student
that the humanities and the social sciences must complement each other when
a thorough understanding is desired of
man and his works. The programme, in
consequence, will concern itself with
problems to which a flexible response
must come from the interaction of the
disciplines. The historian will demonstrate his need, at times, for the concepts and techniques of the economist;
the philosopher, his awareness of the
findings of social anthropology; and the
sociologist, his reliance on literary insights.
The Arts I faculty stand to gain immensely from doing these things in each
other's presence and in such a way as to
command the attention and respect of
beginning students. In this way, the basic
idea of a university as a community of
scholars will be revitalized for student
and professor alike.
Lectures, debates, seminars, tutorials,
and periods of individual study will all be
used to promote in the student the spirit
of critical inquiry which should inform
a true education.
HIGH STANDARD
A feature of the programme will be the
sequence of oral reports and essays assigned with the aim of inducing the student to become fully articulate. Throughout the session, he will be called on to
collect and assess information, develop
ideas and arguments, and foster the powers of his imagination. Since the student
will have a considerable amount of time
to give to his writing, and since he will
receive in ample measure the criticism
of his peers and instructors, he will be
expected to reach a high standard of composition.
It should also be possible for a student
in Arts I with artistic or musical gifts to
express his ideas in a medium other than
words, and thus play a part in increasing
the sensitivity and awareness of participants in the programme.
Jointly the instructors will devise a
lecture schedule for the section of Arts I
to which they are assigned. Individually,
they will arrange a sequence of seminars
and tutorials for the group of twenty students for which each is responsible. To
present to the student different points of
view arising from different academic
backgrounds, seminar leadership will be
exchanged from time to time among the
instructors.
These arrangements should encourage
vigorous and sustained student-faculty interaction. His share in planning the curriculum will give every instructor a stake
in the programme by allowing him to
make the best use of his special qualifications as well as his ideas about an
integrated approach to education.
Students will be asked to assume, in
their turn, responsibility for seminar
planning, and they will be encouraged to
criticize constructively the whole programme so that improvements can be
made for their successors  in Arts   I.
THEMES ILLUSTRATED
The two groups of faculty who worked
on illustrative programmes for Arts I
last summer chose the following themes:
I II
Communications
War
Tyranny
Love
War
Death
Imperialism
Work
Utopia
Education
Both groups suggested that six weeks
should be given to each theme, and that
relationships between the themes should
be stressed throughout the session. A
week of Arts I was envisaged as having
perhaps two lectures, one of them to be
given by a specialist invited to address
the Arts I students. The lectures would
be supplemented and complemented by
two seminar discussions on similar aspects   of   the   theme   being   studied.
In tutorials, students would read essays
to their seminar leaders and get advice
about presentations to the seminar
groups. Music, arts, films, and broadcasts with a bearing on the theme would
receive attention. The bulk of the student's time would be spent in independent reading, thinking, discussion, and
writing stimulated by the requirements
and, hopefully, by the very environment
of  Arts   I.
The sample reading listed by both
faculty groups ranged from the profound
(Plato/Shakespeare) to the provocative
(Goodman/McLuhan) with the deliberate
intention of challenging the student to
think independently and imaginatively.
It is likely that the actual programme
embarked on in September will have
similar features.
It is intended that Arts I should take
the place of the present compulsory
freshman English course and the two
electives open in the first year. In addition to the Arts I programme, the student will probably take an intensive language course, or a combination of two
sciences, or a science and a mathematics
course.
THREE YEAR TEST
A choice will be made by each individual in consultation with a faculty adviser. On the basis of his experience in
Arts I and his continued contact with
an adviser, the student should be in a
good position to make an educated choice
from the array of departmental offerings
at the second year level. Also, he will
be allowed to proceed to the second year
offering   in  English.
Arts I is a pilot project, to run for
three years, with students and faculty
volunteering for each session of the programme. The Dean, in consultation with
the Faculty of Arts, is charged with the
duty of arranging a valid procedure for
evaluating the achievements of the programme. The results of such an evaluation could be of the first importance for
students, parents, school teachers, professors, academic planners, architects,
civil servants, and members of governments, in fact, all who make choices relating to  education.
In the assertion by this kind of programme of the values of character
strength, mental resilience, and imaginative vision may lie an answer to the
explosions of knowledge and population
which strain to its limits the existing
order.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 13, No. 3
MARCH, 1967 IWXtmitZcX.m .Unmaei TV-ialda*, IbdH,:, rdmwbii sefflriibt :fR0(JOO( wodt*
ia*: nnfw saiaartdMb:: isspuipinnaflrri ini Hke omtimtbsfc! liEdocnsatairp iiiii
JL1E9::':; orlnsnrniedirry' UowilialiniK; Mr. Tnddna-t', 'wittd Hui .sdiMsatlfl i«(-
psa(irv9!)l;l HVwai tiqqt iibt-Sair,s*:barsd iemBiafe; 'tin' 11ri:e; naaasmd-1!, :8SfVi
Una! tnaw\ »3»iiia,o™is<uMr«rf1l ra-Gddili; Iriiiirm tonaatljDssiBfv.EiVyiiiaBil micrt*
rwdiiibdr wfii>3«' Ikid* inoartdlle; 'ki iei itsw 'wwdilj;. Akaa'idJiingi, liiibrri ii'm
Hiii! -mteiii: ii'm Wei HM'bt'ij*' o->«irv>MY«*Si'!''lx>c,ii,3qddifv.sirK IJnwi l:1r,il<.
saMjubbaritij, Wb*. Ki'itrnoari 'Wkviilxrw,', sHnavwni ;sD[.'Mdinw rUriBi oomdiSw
isoBi.iq:ranei(tJ, .snnol Iflbt;. JCiaicilrvii 'A/HI Hi;etdboni, wlrio( fe; sssifiotl ;Ed ;i
oaoraadis -wilribdn lanraqoame; puiinodr iisaibe; tVarr L03>Xi'a; 'jaanqouiliSa-.
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Unnobi ienobl MM-tstfii, IHns l-bcnr. .Ssty'Afllliitratani.
IMIEW effilUHIIFlMIEMlT AUKS, IBMSMCIrll
Molecules Yield Secrets of
Structure to UBC Chemist
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ill IdfiE' IdGeasimaiiH .a<t = iJLI:»:r>< odnaamibdirr^
Co nti n u ingi Education
Attracts B.C. Doctors
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iingt 1*3! ,arisieiliiMi i:*: 'Iris* nrvs. ;ti
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'ax<jji«e: i:i, vbr. :e
vfw^n-i, :E-e£i MEMBER OF FIRST UBC FACULTY
52-Year Association With Campus Ends
Professor Emeritus Harry T. Logan, the only
member of the original faculty still lecturing
regularly at the University of B.C., has announced
his retirement from teaching.
When Prof. Logan, who was 80 years old
on March 5, meets his classics students for the
last time in mid-April, it will mark the end of a
52-year association with UBC as teacher, author,
editor, administrator and member of UBC's Board
of Governors and Senate.
During that time he has received just about
every honor that UBC can bestow, including an
honorary doctor of laws degree in 1965 and the
Alma Mater Society's Great Trekker Award in
1960.
He was honored yet again by his colleagues
and friends on March 6 at a dinner in UBC's
Faculty Club.   Appropriately, the affair was pre-
track and lacrosse. UBC recently honored his
interest in athletics by naming a new practice
track for him at the south section of the campus.
As Lieutenant Harry Logan, he helped organize
the Canadian Officer Training Corps at McGill
College in Vancouver in 1914.
MEMORIZED DRILL MANUAL
"We didn't even have a Canadian army drill
manual available when we first organized. Overnight, I memorized the British army manual to
drill the students," he said.
With UBC scheduled to open its doors in 1915,
Prof. Logan was asked by a committee of students
to assist them in drawing up a constitution for
the Alma  Mater Society.
During the summer of 1915 he worked with the
late Sherwood Lett, later UBC's chancellor; Eve-
A 52-year association with UBC will end this year
when Professor Emeritus of Classics Harry T.
Logan, shown above lecturing to his last class of
students, retires from teaching. Prof. Logan, the
only member of the original UBC faculty still lecturing, reached the age of 80 on Alarch 5.   He
sided over by Prof. Malcolm McGregor, one of
Prof. Logan's students in the 1920s, and the man
who succeeded Prof. Logan as head of the classics
department in 1953.
Looking back over his career, Prof. Logan believes that the biggest problem faced by UBC
today is that of numbers of students.
"You cannot put 17,000 students together on
one campus and expect that the intimate teacher-
student relationship is going to survive," he said.
Universities, he believes, have to find a way of
reestablishing this relationship.
CONTACT WITH STUDENTS
"I've always regarded contact with students
as one of the most important aspects of working
at a University. After all, you can only follow
life by being with the young people who are
living  it," he said.
Prof. Logan's contact with students began even
before UBC opened its doors in 1915 in makeshift
quarters in the shadow of the Vancouver General
Hospital.
He was appointed lecturer in classics at McGill
University College, UBC's forerunner, in 1913,
after a distinguished career as a student himself.
Born in Londonderry, Nova Scotia, in 1887, he
received his early education in B.C., and took his
bachelor's degree with honors in classics at McGill. A Rhodes scholarship took him to St. John's
College, Oxford, where he took another bachelor's
degree and added a master's degree.
At McGill he captained the track team
and    while   at   Oxford    participated   actively    in
formerly headed UBC's classics department and
helped a 1915 committee to draft the first constitution of the Alma Mater Society. He has also
received an honourary degree from UBC in 1965
and was named "Great Trekker" by the AMS in
I960.  Photo by B. C. Jennings.
lyn Story, who later became Mrs. Lett, and J. E.
Mulhern on drafting the constitution, which became a landmark of student autonomy when
adopted  later that year.
"The overriding concern of everyone who
worked on the document was to create an atmosphere in which students were free to run their
own affairs," Prof. Logan recalls.
"The students have amended that constitution
many times since it was adopted, but the important thing to remember is that its original spirit
has remained intact."
When UBC's classes started that fall, Prof.
Logan was on leave of absence for service overseas. He served first as a machine gun officer with
the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders and later transferred to the Canadian Machine Gun Corps. He .
was awarded the Military Cross for his war service
and  mentioned  in dispatches.
TAUGHT LATIN AND GREEK
While in England in 1916, Prof. Logan married
Gwyneth Murray, a graduate in mathematics of
Cambridge University and the daughter of Sir
James Murray, editor of the New Oxford Dictionary. The year 1919 he spent writing the official
history of the Canadian  Machine Gun Corps.
It was not until 1920 that Prof. Logan returned
to Vancouver to take up his career as a teacher
of Latin and Greek at UBC, which was still
housed  in temporary  quarters  in   Fairview.
"Nowadays," he said, "people refer to UBC's
early buildings as the 'Fairview shacks,' but that
term came into use somewhat later, during the
Trek.
"Certainly we were cramped because of the
postwar bulge, but we had one large new stone
building and no one in those earliest days referred to the buildings as shacks.
"Everyone expected, of course, that our stay
there would be a short one, and when these expectations weren't realized, the students undertook to organize the Great Trek.
"The faculty of that day had no reservations
about the Trek. Many of the students involved
in it were veterans of World War One who were
used to commanding men and organizing far bigger events."
PROTEST SUCCESSFUL
The Great Trek of October, 1922, was a public
protest by students to bring pressure on the government to complete new buildings for the University at Point Grey. Construction of the science
building (now the chemistry building), begun in
1914, was stopped because of the war.
Students circulated a petition, which was signed
by 56,000 persons, organized a parade through
downtown Vancouver and marched to Point Grey
where they threw rocks, gathered on the site, into
the shell of the Cairn which still stands on the
main mall in front of the chemistry building. A
few days later the petition was presented to the
Government by a four-man deputation from the
campaign  committee.
The student protest was successful. At the 1923
spring session, the B.C. Legislature voted funds
to complete the University, and students and
faculty moved to the new campus in September,
1925.
Despite the passage of time, Prof. Logan
doesn't think students have changed much.
He said: "The same kind of spirit that organized the Great Trek is still  part of UBC.
"Students have always been interested in helping the University, and activities such as the
second Great Trek of 1958 and the 'Back Mac'
campaign of 1963 are part of that tradition."
From 1920 to 1936, Prof. Logan was successively
an assistant and associate professor and finally
full professor of classics. A highlight of this period
for him was his reorganization of the COTC on
the- UBC campus in 1928, despite strong opposition
from many students.
In 1936 he again took leave of absence to become principal of Fairbridge, a coeducational
school at Duncan on Vancouver Island for underprivileged British children. From 1946 to 1949 he
was secretary of the Fairbridge Society in London, England.
Prof. Logan was first elected to the UBC Senate in 1930, was a member until 1947, and later
from 1955 until 1961. He was elected by Senate to
the Board of Governors in 1941 and served on that
body until   1946.
Prof. Logan returned to UBC in 1949 to head
the department of classics until his retirement in
1953.
No sooner had he relinquished the headship
of the department than he became editor of the
UBC Alumni Chronicle, the graduate magazine.
He continued to edit this publication until 1959,
while at the same time writing an authoritative,
268-page history of the University, entitled Tuum
Est, which was published to mark UBC's fiftieth
anniversary in 1958.
CONTINUED TO TEACH
Even after giving up the headship of the department of classics, he continued to teach as a
special lecturer, giving courses in alternate years
on the Greek philosopher Plato and the Roman
poet Vergil.
Prof. Logan believes that B.C.'s schools should
have another look at the possibility of expanding
the teaching of Greek and Latin and including
more ancient history in the curriculum.
"Classical literature," he said, "is full of experiences which have meaning and application to
modern life. In a very real sense, all history is
contemporary  history.
"I don't make a point of giving advice to students, but when I am asked, I tell them one thing
only. And that is, to find the kind of work which
they will enjoy doing — always.
"There's nothing new in that idea, of course. I
learned it from the Greek phflosopher Aristotle
many years ago.
"I was fortunate to find work that I enjoyed
doing. Looking back, I can't remember ever experiencing unhappiness in anything I undertook."
New   Astronomy   Program   Gets   University  Approval
The University of B.C. Senate and
Board of Governors have approved
development of a program in astronomy to coincide with construction by
the federal government of a new
National Institute of Astronomy on
the   UBC  campus.
Approved is development of a na-
jors program within the geophysics
department which will allow undergraduate students to concentrate their
studies   in   astronomy   preparatory   to
graduate work. i
The two UBC bodies also approved
a change of name for the Institute of
Earth Sciences to the Institute of
Earth and Planetary Sciences in the
Faculty of Graduate Studies.
Students who wish to carry out advanced work in astronomy after completing their first degree will register
in   the   Faculty   of   Graduate   Studies
and work in the UBC Institute.
The UBC Institute will utilize the
facilities of the National Institute of
Astronomy and the new 154-inch Queen
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 13, No. 3
MARCH, 1967
Elizabeth Telescope to be installed by
the federal government on Mount
Kobau near Osoyoos to train students
and carry out research projects.
The initial federal government facility at the south end of the UBC
campus will comprise an optical shop
for grinding mirrors for the Mount
Kobau telescopes, and eventually the
national headquarters for Canadian
astronomical   activities. University
Reports To
The University of B.C. Board of
Governors has appointed its staff
committee to study a series of reports
on proposed changes in the system
of  University government.
The committee has been asked to
make recommendations to the Board
on  changes   it  considers   desirable   in
Metallurgy
Appoints
Professor
One of Canada's leading metallurgists, currently employed by the federal government, will join the UBC
faculty  of  applied science  July   1.
He is Dr. Fred Weinberg, head of
the metal physics section, mines
branch, of the federal dept. of energy,
mines and resources. He has been
appointed a full professor in the UBC
metallurgy  dept.
Dr. Edward Teghtsoonian, head of
the UBC metallurgy department, said
Dr. Weinberg was an expert in solidification of metals which deals with
fundamental problems in casting and
foundry  processes.
His other field of research is plastic
deformation, the study of metals
under stress, which is related to fabrication  processes.
Dr. Weinberg is a graduate of the
University of Toronto, where he obtained degrees in engineering physics,
physics and  metallurgy.
He has been employed by the federal government for the past 15 years.
FROM PAGE ONE
NRC Grant
power or facilities to carry out programs on the scale that the Centre for
Materials Research will make possible," Dr. Teghtsoonian said.
Though the Centre hopes to involve
B.C. industries, it is interested in industries anywhere, and particularly in
Canada, he said. Support from industries invited to be represented on the
External Advisory Committee has been
encouraging.
Among those accepting so far are
Imperial Oil Ltd., Clayburn-Harbison
Ltd., Sherritt-Gordon Mines Ltd. and
the Noranda Research Centre. Atomic
Energy of Canada Ltd. also has accepted. Representation on the committee
will be rotated among interested
companies and agencies.
Responsibility for day-to-day operations and long-range planning will be
exercised by a six-member executive
committee including Dean of Applied
Science William Armstrong, Dr. Teghtsoonian, Professors of Metallurgy J. A.
H. Lund and Ian H. Warren, Professor of Mineral Engineering Jan Leja
and Professor of Mechanical Engineering C. A. Brockley.
The NRC announcement said that
faculty participating in the Centre will
remain eligible for normal NRC grants
to individals for specific projects, and
that such grants will constitute continuing NRC support to the Centre
after the three-year establishment
period.
FROM PAGE ONE
Commerce
of the Quebec Institute, and the Financial Executives Institute of America.
In 1966, Dr. Potter was an official
guest of the Institute of Chartered
Accountants in England and Wales at
its summer institute at Oxford University.
In 1963 and 1964 he was Simon research fellow at the University of
Manchester, and was of two Canadians
invited in 1960 to a six-week seminar
financed by the Ford Foundation at
the University of California on new
developments in business education.
He received a bachelor of science
degree in commerce at Sir George
Williams College in Montreal in 1948,
and a master of commerce in 1950 and
a doctorate in 1954 at McGill University.
Government
Be Studied
the composition and terms of refer
ence of the Board and of the UBC
Senate.
(In general, the Board is responsible
under the Universities Act of 1963 for
the physical and financial operation
of the University, and the Senate is
responsible for the academic function.)
Reports to be studied include the
Duff-Berdahl Report on University
Government in Canada of 1966, commissioned by the Canadian Association of University Teachers and the
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, and reports of the
UBC Faculty Association, Alma Mater
Society (the student body), and when
available, the UBC Alumni Association (graduates) and a special 12-mem-
ber committee appointed by the
Senate to examine the organization
and operation of the Senate.
The Board of Governors staff committee includes Board members Donovan F. Miller, chairman; Richard M.
Bibbs and J. Stuart Keate. Ex-officio
committee members are Board Chairman Nathan T. Nemetz, Chancellor
John M. Buchanan, UBC President
John B. Macdonald, Bursar William
White and Secretary Gordon S.
Selman.
Housing
Official
Appointed
UBC housing administrator Leslie
Rohringer has been appointed acting
director of residences, President John
B. Macdonald announced today. The
appointment is effective July 1.
Mr. Rohringer will act for Prof.
Malcolm McGregor, the present director, who will be on leave of absence
in the coming academic year doing
research at the American School of
Classical  Studies   at  Athens,   Greece.
Mr. Rohringer, 49, was born in
Hungary and received the degree of
bachelor of architecture in 1941 from
the Joseph Palatin Technical University in Budapest
In 1945 he went to Venezuela where
he designed school buildings for the
Venezuelan ministry of public works.
Subsequently, he worked for the
Texas Oil Co. and Shell Oil of Venezuela, designing and constructing exploration  camps  and  residences.
With Shell Oil he was also responsible for food services and maintenance
of 2,300 buildings housing more than
6,000 persons.
He joined the UBC staff as housing
administrator in 1962.
Graduate Dean
To Lecture
UBC's Dean of Graduate Studies,
Dr. Ian McTaggart-Cowan, will be
among a group of top Canadian scientists who will lecture at Expo 67, the
Montreal world's fair.
Dean Cowan is the former head of
UBC's zoology department and is nationally known for his wildlife research.
The free Saturday lectures for high
school students are being arranged by
the Chemical Institute of Canada on a
$25,000 grant from the National Research   Council.
The grants cover transportation and
translation and demonstration expenses for the lecturers, who will
speak in the 375-seat DuPont auditorium on the Expo grounds.
The talks will cover the fields of
chemistry, biology, geology, physics,
engineering, medicine and mathematics.
DR. CHARLOTTE DAVID, associate
professor of education at UBC, has
been named president of the B.C.
Psychological Association.
Prof. W. Dixon
On Sick Leave
The director of UBC's School of
Social Work, Prof. William G. Dixon,
has been granted sick leave, Dean of
Arts Dennis M. Healy has announced.
Dr. George M. Hougham, 44, has
been named acting director of the
School by the  Board of Governors.
Prof. Dixon has been a member of
the UBC faculty since 1948. He was
named director of the School of Social Work  in   1957.
Born in Vancouver, George Millard
Hougham received a bachelor of arts
degree at the University of Toronto
in 1945, and a master of arts degree
there in 1948. He received his doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania
in   1954.
Dr. Hougham taught at the Univer-
■ sity of Toronto, the University of
Pennsylvania and Carleton University.
He was director of research and special projects for the Canadian Welfare Council from 1958 to 1963.
He served with the Bureau of Social Affairs at the United Nations in
New York from 1963 to 1965, and was
professor at the School of Social Work,
Western Reserve University, Cleveland, until he joined the UBC School
of Social Work last July as associate
professor.
Walters
Heads
Forest
John Walters, inventor of a unique
tree-planting gun and bullet to aid
reforestation, has been named director
of the University of B.C.'s 10,000-acre
research forest near Haney, B.C.
Mr. Walters, 46, has been a research
forester in UBC's faculty of forestry
since 1956 and acting director of the
forest since October of last year.
The tree-planting gun and bullet
which Mr. Walters began developing
about 1950 is gradually coming into
wider use as a reforestation aid.
The federal government plans to
use the technique this year to plant
120,000 seedlings on Vancouver Island.
The Tahsis Company will use the gun
to plant 10,000 seedlings and 40,000
will be planted the same way at the
UBC forest
The gun, which resembles a compressed air jack hammer, is loaded
with plastic bullets in which seedlings
are grown from seed. The bullets are
loaded into the gun and literally fired
into the ground when the operator
places the gun on the ground and
exerts pressure.
The bullets, weakened by a groove,
shatter as the roots of the seedling
develop and expand. Walters has estimated that the gun could plant up to
1,500 seedlings per hour.
The first models of the gun were
produced in 1962. Since then it has
undergone modification and is manufactured on a limited basis at a machine shop in Haney.
Canada's federal government and
the Tennessee Valley Authority in the
United States have purchased several
and ten will be shipped to Mexico
this year.
Mr. Walters was born and received
his early education in England. After
service in World War II with the
British Army and the Royal Air Force
he came to Canada and enrolled at
UBC.
He received his bachelor of science
in forestry in 1951 and his master of
forestry degree in 1955. He was employed by the Canada department of
agriculture forest biology division in
Vernon from 1951 to 1956 before joining the UBC faculty.
FROM PAGE ONE
Building  Costs  Listed
tal program either has not materialized biological sciences building and the
or has had to be otherwise committed," engineering complex,
the President said. "On this basis, we have informed
"In addition, increases in construe- the provincial government of our need
tion charges since 1963, and further for an additional $16.5 million to corn-
such increases which must be antici- plete our plan by 1969 as scheduled."
pated by 19S9, plus unavoidable in- Dr. Macdonald listed 1963 estimates
creases emerging during detailed plan- and actual final cost estimates for
ning, have raised to $16 376,000 a realis- building projects completed or under-
tic estimate of the ultimate cost of the way as follows:
1963 Estimates Final Cost
Commerce  and  Social   Sciences   (Henry Angus   Building) $ 2,538,000 $ 2,296,785
Education   addition                900,000 900,000
Dentistry, including expansion of basic medical
science buildings                   4,229,000 6,350,622*
Library addition           972,000 977,694
Forestry-Agriculture   Complex   ..__      3,427,000 4,998,946
Music   Building                                                         1,585,000 2,575,842
Metallurgy                                                            1,580,000 2,631,965
Totals                        $15,231,000       $20,731,554
15,231,000
$ 5,500,554*
'"Facilities for the new Faculty of Dentistry were undertaken under the five-year
plan before establishment of the federal Health Resources Fund to provide building
funds for health education, and of complementary provincial health education
grants. These funds, however, are contributing more than $1 million to the final
stage of the dentistry facilities, enabling the University to cancel postponement
of the last stage, which would materially have prevented the acceptance of students
in dental hygiene, and reduced the rate at which dental students could be enrolled. Health education funds will provide the Health Sciences Centre, but are not
available  for  other than   health  education   buildings.
UBC
Reports
VOLUME 13, No. 3
MARCH, 1967

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