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UBC Reports Oct 2, 2008

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VOL   54   I   NO   10   I   OCTOBER   2,   2008
3      Health care concerns 4     Roman mystery
5     Top sustainability marks      6     Campus jewel
8      Lost labour co-ops
Climate of Concern: Where do the
political parties stand on the environment?
UBC political science professor Kathryn Harrison breaks down the federal parties' environmental policies.
Professor, Dept. of Political
This fall's federal election
marks the first time that
environmental issues have played
a prominent role in a national
election in Canada. How do
the Conservative, Liberal,
New Democratic, and Green
parties compare on the central
environmental issue of the
campaign, climate change?
The parties' positions are
similar in several respects. All
four party leaders acknowledge
that climate change is real, and
all four call for deep reductions
in Canada's emissions by
mid-century. However, a more
critical issue for voters is what
targets the parties are offering in
the near term, and whether their
proposed policies can credibly
achieve those goals.
On that point differences
begin to emerge. The Liberals,
NDP, and Green Party all have
proposed ambitious reductions
in Canada's greenhouse gas
emissions below 1990 emissions
by 2020, with the Liberals
calling for a 20 per cent
reduction, the NDP 25 per cent,
and the Greens 30 per cent. The
Conservative government's target
of a 20 per cent reduction by
2020 sounds similar, but that is
relative to a 2006 baseline. Since
Canada's emissions increased
significantly from 1990 to 2006,
this amounts to just three per
cent below 1990 emissions.
The parties also differ in the
mix of policy tools they propose
to achieve those targets. Public
spending is politically easiest.
Not surprisingly, all four parties
have proposed billions of dollars
in expenditures.
In a climate of public concern
for the environment, it is also
fairly easy to regulate - as
long as the regulations affect
someone else. All four parties
continued on page 3
Re-engaging non-voters key to election victory: UBC study
Economist Werner Antweiler analyzed the movement of voters.
The fight for the elusive
swing vote may not be the key
to a party's victory, says a UBC
researcher. Data shows that
victory rather lies in turning non-
voters into voters.
In the first study of its kind,
UBC economist Werner Antweiler
looks at the voter migration
patterns of the three most recent
federals elections in Canada and
the three most recent provincial
elections in B.C.
His findings suggest that the
real deal-breakers during a tight
electoral race reside within the
large pool of non-voters who are
"tethered" to a party, but decide
to abstain from voting.
"The swing vote alone doesn't
decide elections," observes
Antweiler, an associate professor
at UBC's Sauder School of
"In my view, it comes down to
giving the people who normally
vote for a party a reason why
they should come out and vote
again for that party," he says.
"What carries much more weight
is non-voters turning into voters,
and voters turning into non-
More than eight million
eligible voters stayed at home
in each of the last three federal
elections. In 2000, 2004, and
2006, only about 60 to 64 per
cent of eligible voters cast their
Using sophisticated statistical
techniques, Antweiler analyzed
continued on page 4 2     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     OCTOBER    2,    200!
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Highlights of UBC media coverage in September 2008.  compiled by basil waugh
UBC alumnus and Olympic gold medal rower Ben Rutledge helped make Canada proud in Beijing.
UBC Political Scientists
Comment on Canadian
UBC political science
professors have featured
prominently in federal election
media, including The New York
Times, The Globe and Mail,
CTV News and the CanWest
News chain.
In a New York Times
interview, Prof. Fred Cutler said
the U.S. election will have little
impact on Canadian voters.
"This talk of Obama energizing
American voters and the
contrast with 'boring Canada' is
simply off the mark."
Prof. Allen Tupper's
commentary ranged from Green
MP Blair Wilson's re-election
chances, to TV debate rules
to David Emerson. "He was
a minister who became well-
respected for his policy and
administrative capacities, of
which there is not a surplus in
the Harper government."
Profs. Kathryn Harrison and
Philip Resnick also joined in
the debate, both speaking on
B.C. politics and environment
issues. "It's promising to be the
first time the environment has
ever played a prominent role in
a national election," Harrison
UBC Election Stock Market
Opens for Trading
Media reported on the return
of UBC's Election Stock Market
(UBC-ESM), an online, real-time
market where investors purchase
and trade "shares" representing
the political parties they believe
will win the election.
In a CTV interview, Sauder
School of Business Prof. Werner
Antweiler said the non-profit
initiative is a better predictor of
an election outcome than polling.
"Investing their own real money
provides motivation to traders
to predict the political parties'
Past UBC-ESMs have provided
accurate predictions of final
vote and seat shares, including
predictions within a few seats of
the 2006, 2000 and 1997 federal
Training Young Brains to
The New York Times
reported on research by a UBC
developmental cognitive scientist
who says mental exercises can
teach children to become more
self-possessed at earlier ages,
reducing stress levels at home
and improving their experience
in school.
Prof. Adele Diamond is
researching three "executive
functions": the ability to resist
distractions or delay gratification
to finish a job, working memory
and cognitive flexibility, the
presence of mind to adapt when
demands change.
"Some people will ask, 'Why
are you trying to improve
prefrontal abilities when the
prefrontal cortex is not fully
developed until the 20s?'" said
Diamond. "I tell them that 2-year-
olds have legs, too, which will not
reach full length for 10 years or
more - but they can still walk and
run and benefit from exercise."
Housing Prices in Most
Canadian Markets are
Overpriced and Likely to
Decline: UBC Study
Homeowners in most Canadian
urban centres should be prepared
for the possibility of housing
market price declines, according
to a UBC Sauder School of
Business study.
Prof. Tsur Somerville found
that, with the exception of
Toronto and Edmonton, houses
in Canada's major cities are
overvalued, priced up to 25 per
cent higher than they should be to
balance with rents.
"The decade long boom in
Canadian markets is over," said
Somerville. His study was covered
by news media across Canada.
Victoria Bell
Your University
Area Specialist
My real estate goal is to build
integrity based relationships
backed with an extremely high
commitment to professionalism
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Please call me for any university
real estate market information,
current evaluation of your
property or any real estate
assistance that you may require.
cell 604.209.1382
Executive Director S<    tt Macrae scott.macrae@ubc.ca
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UBC Reports is printed by Teldon Print Media which is FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) Certified. FSC Certification is a code of practices developed by
the environmental movement as if they were the various government agencies that regulate logging, pulp and paper making practices. These environmentally
sound practices have been taken out to the industry adopted where possible and consequently there is FSC Certified paper available today.
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I     3
Study reveals B.C. patients' concerns
A UBC study has shed light
on patients' priorities for
primary health care. According
to the research, six issues
are top-of-mind for British
Columbians when interacting
with family physicians:
accessibility, continuity of care,
responsiveness, interpersonal
communication, technical
effectiveness and whole-person
"We want to understand
whether there are disparities
in healthcare delivery from the
patient's perspective, and if so,
what is of most concern to the
patient," says Sabrina Wong,
assistant professor and faculty
at UBC's School of Nursing and
Centre for Health Services and
Policy Research. "Information
about a patient's views and
experiences on what could be
improved could be used to
identify priorities for quality
The study, funded by the B.C.
Ministry of Health inquires
about patients' experiences in
the primary healthcare system
and which parts of the system
work or fail to meet their
needs. Seventy-five people were
recruited to participate in 11
focus groups held across British
Columbia. Each focus group was
asked about the features of care
that were important to them
when making an appointment
and visiting a healthcare
"Increasingly, healthcare
decision makers are actively
seeking public and patient
involvement in health policy
decisions," says Wong, who is
lead author of the study. "Public
reports on healthcare system
performance are more likely
to be useful when they include
patient priorities as indicators
for improvement."
The participants were asked
about the features of care
important to them when visiting
a healthcare provider.
Accessibility relates to
geographic location and
timeliness of appointments. "This
Assist. Prof. Sabrina Wong asked what features of health care are important.
came up as the most important
issue," says Wong. "Participants
agreed that waiting more than
one week to visit their provider
not otherwise feel comfortable
sharing. "Developing a
relationship will build trust and
respect," says Wong. "In doing
"We are finding that patients are open to
seeing other healthcare providers such as a
midwife or nurse practitioner and recognize
that some types of primary healthcare do not
necessarily need a family physician."
or waiting extended periods
of time in a waiting room is
unacceptable. Also, participants
living in smaller communities
found that their geographic
location often affected access to
necessary health care services."
Continuity and whole-person
care emerged as two other
important issues. Participants
identified building a long-term
relationship with the healthcare
professional as important as it
enables them to share personal
health habits that they would
so, participants feel this will help
them address the underlying
causes of their health problems
instead of treating symptoms."
"It's no good seeing somebody
different every time—you start
all over again, and they change
your medication. It is important
to have ongoing care," said one
participant. "That's why I don't
really like to go to walk-in clinics
because you get a different
doctor all the time," said another
participant. "They give you a
different treatment - sometimes
it works and sometimes it
Participants identified gaps in
communication and information
among providers, stating that
information technology that
permitted access to their health
information at any point of care
would make efficient use of time.
"Why doesn't the hospital have
access to the files at my doctor's
office, and how come the doctor's
office can't access the hospital
computer?" said a participant.
The study also reveals that
information continuity of
care is, in some cases, more
important than privacy. "Patients,
particularly those who are
chronically ill, would rather
have their medical documents
accessible to providers who were
assisting in managing their care,"
says Wong.
Research suggests that
patients are open to seeing
qualified alternative health care
professionals. "We are finding
that patients are open to seeing
other healthcare providers
such as a midwife or nurse
practitioner and recognize that
some types of primary healthcare
do not necessarily need a family
physician," saysWong.
"Measuring quality of
healthcare is complex because
it is a multifaceted concept
that requires many different
perspectives," says Wong. "The
results provided by studies such
as ours augment discussions on
measuring the performance of
Canada's healthcare system."
"They highlight the quality of
care from patients' perspectives
rather than only examining
the technical quality, both of
which are useful for improving
processes of care," says Wong.
"These priority domains should
be addressed in reports to the
public on the performance of the
primary healthcare sector."
Wong and her team have
received additional funding from
the Canadian Institutes of Health
Research to do a similar study
in English, French, Chinese and
Punjabi. 13
continued from page 1
have proposed to control large
industrial sources through a "cap
and trade" system. Cap and
trade builds on the traditional
approach of limiting individual
factories' emissions, but then
authorizes polluters to achieve
their emissions "caps" at lower
cost by trading permits among
The parties differ most
dramatically in their willingness
to employ taxation. The
lightening rod for environmental
debate during the campaign
clearly is the Liberal Party's
proposal for a revenue-neutral
carbon tax.
The Liberal plan has two
parts. The first, the carbon tax,
would start at $10 per tonne
of carbon dioxide produced,
increasing to $40 per tonne over
four years. Gasoline would be
exempt for all four years on
the grounds that the federal
excise tax on gasoline is already
equivalent to $40 per tonne.
The logic behind a carbon tax
is that if fuels are taxed based
on their relative contribution
and to vulnerable business
Two key strengths of the
Liberal proposal are that it
would provide incentives
for emissions reductions
The parties differ most
dramatically in their willingness to
employ taxation.
to climate change, consumers
and businesses will respond to
that price signal by finding ways
to conserve energy and shift to
cleaner fuels.
The second part of the "Green
Shift" is a commitment that a
Liberal government would give
back as much money through
tax deductions as they collect
from the new carbon tax, with
special attention to low income,
rural, and Northern Canadians,
immediately, and that it would
apply across virtually the entire
economy. In contrast, cap and
trade proposals apply only to
large industrial sources, which
account for just half of Canada's
greenhouse gas emissions.
The Conservative Party
has been highly critical of the
Liberal proposal, emphasizing
the costs of the tax to Canadian
families and questioning
whether the promised tax cuts
will ever materialize. While the
Conservatives have yet to release
a detailed election platform, their
government's Turning the Corner
plan proposes to substitute more
realistic and balanced targets in
place of the unattainable goal
of compliance with Canada's
targets under the Kyoto Protocol.
The centerpiece of the
Turning the Corner plan is
a cap and trade program
for large industrial sources,
though premised on potentially
misleading "emissions intensity"
targets rather than absolute
emissions caps. The plan relies
heavily on underground storage
of carbon dioxide, a technology
as yet unproven on such a large
The New Democratic Party's
"Green Agenda" proposes to
make "big polluters pay their
share." Their proposed cap and
trade program would entail
both absolute emissions caps
and significantly deeper cuts
than the Conservatives' plan.
However, the federal NDP, like
their provincial counterparts in
B.C., have rejected the idea of a
carbon tax. The NDP proposals
to a large degree substitute
public spending, in the form of
subsidies for both individuals
and business, for carbon
taxation. The risk with subsidies,
however, is that taxpayers will
end up compensating many
individuals or firms for actions
they would have taken anyway.
The Green Party has offered a
climate change plan that is both
detailed and ambitious. Like the
Liberals, the Greens propose a
revenue-neutral carbon tax, but
set at $50 per tonne initially and
increasing to $100 per tonne
by 2020. The Green Party's
plan also proposes targets for
industry under a cap and trade
program comparable to those of
the NDP. G 4     I     UBC    REPORTS     |     OCTOBER    2,    200!
UBC dig uncovers Roman mystery
Archeologist Roger Wilson pulls out the day amphora from its 1,500 year hiding place.
UBC archaeologists have dug
up a mystery worthy of Indiana
Jones, one that includes a tomb,
skeletons and burial rites with
both Christian and pagan
This summer, Prof. Roger
Wilson led excavations at
Kaukana, an ancient Roman
village located near Punta Secca,
a small town in the south-eastern
province of Ragusa in Sicily.
Combing through the sand-
buried site, the 15-member
team made a series of startling
discoveries. Central to the
mystery was finding a tomb
inside a room in a house dating
from the sixth century AD.
Wilson explains that tombs
during this period are normally
found only in cemeteries outside
the built-up area of a town, or
around the apse of a church.
And since the building was
substantial with mortared walls
and internal plaster, this would
have been likely a tomb for the
"It's extremely unusual to find
an elite burial set inside a house
in the middle of a settlement,
Pension concerns?
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Join us for the next in a series of one hour informal discussions
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need to make.
We will present a visual perspective on the investment
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The next presentations will be held:
Thursday, October 9, 2008 at 10:30 AM and 12:30 PM
at the UBC Peter Wall Institute in the small conference room.
Please call or email either of the individuals below to attend.
The forums are complimentary, and carry no obligation.
Presented by
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even as late as the sixth century,"
says Wilson, who heads UBC's
Department of Classical, Near
Eastern and Religious Studies.
The UBC initiative
- in collaboration with Prof.
Giovanni Di Stefano of the
Superintendency for the Cultural
Heritage of Ragusa - is the first
major exploration of this historic
site since 1972.
Locals first stumbled upon
the late Roman village during
the 1960s when a bulldozer
preparing for new houses
uncovered the tops of some
24 ancient buildings. Only a
few, among them a church,
were explored at the time, by
renowned Italian archaeologist
Paola Pelagatti.
Wilson directed students
from UBC and Sicily in their
painstaking work, focusing
on what proved to be an
"exceptionally well-preserved"
structure on the south side of
Kaukana, only yards from the
beach. The walls uncovered
stand nearly six feet high.
Once the cover was lifted off
the tomb, one team member
spent 10 days sieving the
contents with great care. Two
skeletons were found. One was
of a woman between the ages
of 25 and 30, with teeth in
excellent condition and no signs
of arthritis.
"She was in pretty good
nick, so we know this wasn't a
peasant working in the field,"
says Wilson.
The other skeleton was a child
of indeterminate sex between
archaeologists was learning that
the tomb was opened one further
time, an intrusion that disturbed
the bones of the child and caused
its skull to be placed upside
down. Wilson says he wondered
whether it was grave robbers in
search of expensive jewelry or
other loot.
"But the tomb was tidied up
again afterwards."
Around the tomb was plentiful
evidence of periodic feasting
in honour of the dead. The
archaeologists found cooking
pots, glass and several large clay
containers (amphorae), of which
one is virtually intact. These
would have been used to carry
oil and wine to the site. The team
also found the remains of two
"It's extremely unusual to find an
elite burial set inside a house in the
middle of a settlement, even as late
as the sixth century.3
the ages of five and seven. The
position of their bones showed
that the woman had been laid
to rest first. The tomb was then
re-opened to bury the child and
the woman's spinal column was
pushed to one side. A hole in
the stone slab covering the tomb
allowed visitors to pour libations
for the dead.
"This shows that the long-
established, originally pagan,
rite of offering libations to the
dead clearly continued into
early Byzantine times," observes
Yet, the presence of a
Christian cross on a lamp found
in the room and on the underside
of a grave slab suggests that the
deceased were Christian. As well,
the skeletons were wrapped in
plaster, a practice believed to be
Christian for preserving the body
for resurrection.
"It is the first plaster burial
recorded in Sicily, although the
practice is known from Christian
communities in North Africa,"
says Wilson.
What also intrigued the
hearths where meals had been
As well, the room was
designed with niches along
one wall. Wilson says a knife,
seafood, and fragments of
stemmed goblets and other glass
vessels were left on these shelves,
"as though placed there after the
last party."
UBC's snapshot of late Roman
and early Byzantine life has
stirred considerable interest
among the Italian media and
historians worldwide. With
support for three years of study
from the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council of
Canada, Wilson says the team
is eager to further unravel the
skeins of history.
When they return to Kaukana
next summer, they will attempt
to solve the riddles encountered
this first year. "Along with
questions of when the house was
built and whether it was still
occupied when the tomb was
inserted, we want to find out
why the woman and child were
buried in the tomb at all." 13
Under the grave slab were the skeletons of a woman and child. UBC    REPORTS     |     OCTOBER    2,    200!
I    S
UBC earns top sustainability marks in Canada
Places third overal  in North America
UBC has brought home a
report card it can be proud of.
The Sustainable Endowments
Institute recently released its third
annual College Sustainability
Report Card, giving UBC top
marks for its sustainability
Based in Cambridge,
Massachusetts, the Sustainability
Endowments Institute is a nonprofit organization funded by
the Rockefeller Philanthropy
Advisors. It surveyed 300
universities and colleges in the
U.S. and Canada on 43 indicators.
UBC is the only Canadian
school - and one of 15 in
North America - to earn an
A-, the highest grade designated
this year, ranking ahead of
Columbia, Harvard, University
of Washington and Stanford
"The Report Card assessed
a broad set of indicators,
including green building
initiatives, recycling programs,
administrative leadership
and endowment investment
policies," says UBC President
Stephen Toope, who earlier
this year established the
President's Advisory Council
on Sustainability to coordinate
and advance the university's
operational and academic efforts.
"It is especially gratifying to
see efforts in all areas of our
community recognized."
The full report is available
at www.greenreportcard.org.
Some of UBC's key achievements
highlighted by the Report Card
• UBC is a signatory to the
Talloires Declaration. It has
integrated sustainability
into its vision statement and
strategic plan and formed a
President's Advisory Council
on Sustainability.
• UBC recently finished a
capital upgrade campaign
that rebuilt or retrofitted
nearly 300 buildings on
campus to increase energy
The report card highlights programs like the student ambassadors initiative.
and water efficiency and
reduce emissions.
Initiatives of the UBC
Sustainability Office - first
of its kind in a Canadian
university when it opened
in 1998 - reduce carbon
emissions by 14,000 tonnes
UBC has created an advisory
committee of faculty,
staff, students and alumni
on socially responsible
investing. The committee
advises the Board of
Governors on issues of
transparency, proxy votes,
and socially responsible
investment practices.
UBC's dining services
exclusively serves local eggs,
poultry and milk.
In addition to the numerous
green building on campus,
all new construction is
required to achieve LEED
Gold certification and all
new residential constructions
follows equivalent residential
construction guidelines set
forth in UBC's Residential
Environmental Assessment
Initiatives such as the Student
Ambassadors Initiative,
Sustainability Pledge Program
and Student Environment
Centre fully engage students
in sustainable living.
Other highlights of UBC's
sustainability efforts include:
• In 1997, UBC became
Canada's first university
to adopt a sustainable
development policy.
• In 2003, 2005 and 2006,
UBC was Canada's first
and only university to
receive Green Campus
Recognition from the U.S.-
based National Wildlife
• Through programs such
as EcoTrek and U-Pass,
UBC's Vancouver campus
surpasses Canada's 2012
Kyoto Protocol targets,
having reduced over the
past 16 years greenhouse
gas emissions by 25 per cent
in 2006.
• In 2007, UBC added 21
targets to the initial 68 in
the sustainability strategy,
representing commitments
made by UBC's Okanagan
campus in Kelowna, B.C.
The first progress report
against the initial strategy
was also published (see
• UBC currently offers more
than 300 sustainability-
related courses.
• Toope and University of
Alberta President Indira
Samarasekera were
instrumental in committing
some of the most influential
universities in the world
to high sustainability
standards at the G8
University Summit in
Sapporo last June.
• Also in 2008, Toope
initiated the B.C. Climate
Action Statement, signed by
all B.C. research university
presidents, pledging
to significantly reduce
greenhouse gas emissions.
For more on sustainability
at UBC, visit: www.sustain.
ubc.ca 13
continued from page 1
aggregate riding-by-riding
election data to track the inflow
and outflow of voters from each
party and from the pool of non-
voters. His findings were recently
published in the journal Electoral
Antweiler says previous
research shows that Canadian
voters tend to exhibit a degree of
"tethered partisanship."
"People's political choices don't
change much over their lifetime.
They would rather abstain than
switch support to a less-favoured
party. Most voters don't float
and drift; they're tethered."   To
test his theory, Antweiler looked
at the 1996, 2001 and 2005
provincial elections in B.C. He
found that in 2001, disaffected
NDP voters did not massively
switch their preferences to other
parties, but merely abstained.
That year, 124,000 of the people
who voted NDP in 1996 stayed
home.   However, the NDP
regained much of its vote in the
following provincial election
in 2005. About 208,000 voters
who sat out on the previous
2001 election turned up to vote,
or voted for the first time. The
2001 non-voters who voted in
the 2005 provincial election split
their preferences roughly 30 per
elections yielded much more
complex findings, says Antweiler.
Voter migration patterns
varied widely from region to
region. In addition, the 2004
merger between the Progressive
Conservative Party and the
Canadian Alliance Party birthed
the Conservative Party of
This "severed" tether forced
Most voters don't float and drift;
they're tethered.
cent and 70 per cent between
the B.C. Liberals and the NDP,
respectively.   "The results
indicate that NDP sympathizers
who abstained in 2001 returned
to their original preference in
Compared to the B.C.
provincial scene, the federal
voters to find new homes, notes
In Ontario, most of the
Canadian Alliance voters shifted
loyalties to the new Conservative
Party, but about 30 per cent of
the Progressive Conservative
voters in 2000 drifted to the
Liberal Party in 2004. This gain
for the Liberal Party, however, was
offset by 13 per cent of its 2000
voters staying at home in 2004.
In Western Canada, the disruption
for the new Conservative Party
was even more significant, but
it mattered less for seats in the
House of Commons. About 13 per
cent of Canadian Alliance voters
simply abstained, "presumably
unhappy or uncertain about
the direction of the new merged
party," says Antweiler. More
dramatically, the base of the
Progressive Conservatives
collapsed in Western Canada.
Only about 36 per cent of
those who voted Progressive
Conservative in 2000 cast their
ballot for the new Conservative
Party in 2004; the rest went
elsewhere or abstained. Antweiler
says the high volatility of the
vote in Quebec means that many
federal elections are won and lost
in this province. His findings show
that in 2006, only about 60 per
cent of Liberal Party voters in
2004 cast their ballot again for
the Liberal Party in 2006, while
another 23 per cent withdrew
their support by not voting.
In comparison, the
Conservative Party gained new
support by attracting more than
500,000 votes from the pool of
2004 non-voters and new voters
in Quebec.
Antweiler cautions that the
relatively large simultaneous
gains and losses of voters for the
Conservative Party in Quebec
also signify the party's lack of
consolidation in this province.
"Given the unsettled state of
voter preferences in Quebec,
it is more likely than not that
Quebec will be the key political
battleground during the
forthcoming federal election."
For more information about
voter migration research, visit:
antweiler/votermigration/13 I     UBC    REPORTS     |     OCTOBER
New Campus Jewel: UBC Thunderbird Arena
This summer UBC and
the Vancouver Organizing
Committee for the 2010 Olympic
and Paralympic Winter Games
(VANOC), in partnership with
the Government of Canada
and the Province of British
Columbia, announced that
UBC Thunderbird Arena is the
first indoor competition venue
in the host region to complete
Construction on the UBC
Thunderbird Arena began
in April 2006, and involved
refurbishing the Father Bauer
Arena, built in 1963, and the
construction of two new rinks:
a practice rink and a 7,500-seat
competition arena.
The new facility is home to
the UBC Thunderbirds' varsity
Arena will host
UBC's 2008
Annual General
Meeting on
November 4.
hockey program, student and
staff programs, and community
programs. The venue will host
the men's and women's ice
hockey, as well as the men's
ice sledge hockey competitions
during the 2010 Winter Games.
The arena was designed
to be highly accessible for
athletes and spectators with a
disability, and constructed with
attention to sustainability and
energy conservation. Built to be
equivalent to LEED (Leadership
in Energy and Environmental
Design Green Building Rating
System) silver certification,
highlights of the venue's
environmentally friendly design
include the use of an Eco-Chill
system (which recycles waste
energy used to maintain the ice
to heat the building) and the use
of energy-efficient lighting. 13
The Church in Joyous Obedience:
Biblical Expositions
Walter Brueggemann
host: John G.Stackhouse, Jr.   October 8 & 9, 2008
604.224.3245 or 1.800.663.8664
You are invited to
'*   UBC's 2008 Annual General Meeting
^P?   ^   At the new UBC Thunderbird Arena, a 2010 Olympic and
K//e begN      Paralympic venue.
Featuring special guest: Prof. John Robinson, director of
UBC's Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability
(CIRS), and member of the Nobel prize-winning
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
And special recognition of UBC's returning Olympians.
Tuesday Nov. 4, 2008
12 noon -1 p.m.
UBC Thunderbird Arena, 2555 Wesbrook Mall
A free tour of the arena will follow the AGM. The AGM
will also be webcast live.
ww.ubc.ca/agm   604.822.463 UBC    REPORTS     |     OCTOBER    2,    2008     |     7
Monies Plus
Go Beyond is a youth-led program designed to engage students to make carbon smart lifestyles.
Going Above
and Beyond for the
Earlier this year, UBC and four
other B.C. universities signed
Canada's first Climate Change
Statement of Action, committing
to a leadership role in reducing
greenhouse gas emissions.
UBC, as part of this
commitment, is launching two
climate action initiatives this
month: the UBC Climate Action
Symposium on Oct. 2, a day of
for the Province."
The symposium will update
the campus community on
UBC's climate action planning
and provide opportunities
for dialogue around targets
and strategies for reducing
campus emissions. It will also
showcase UBC's leadership in
climate change research, climate
solutions, policy contributions
and campus sustainability.
The symposium will feature
Participants will be emailed
regular challenges related to
energy and water conservation
and food security.
dialogue and learning on UBC
research and activities around
climate change, and Go Beyond,
a youth-led program designed to
engage students to make carbon
smart lifestyle choices.
"It is important, as institutions
of higher learning and research,
that we lead by example in
addressing the challenges of
climate change," says UBC
President Stephen Toope, who
will kick off the symposium with
a keynote on sustainability and
leadership. "Our actions will also
help Premier Campbell achieve
the ambitious targets he has set
a number of leading climate
change and sustainability
experts at UBC, including:
geographer Simon Donner, who
is researching how coral reefs
can inform climate policy; soil
scientist Andrew Black, who
researches forest-based carbon
sequestering; engineer Naoko
Ellis, who is exploring biofuels,
and utilities director Dave
Woodson, who is exploring how
to heat UBC with clean energy.
The second initiative is
student engagement program Go
Beyond, which is being piloted
at UBC, University of Victoria
and Thomson Rivers University
before it expands to other B.C.
institutions in 2009. Funded
by the B.C. government and
B.C. Hydro, the program will
engage students through lectures,
workshops, presentations and
challenges to take climate action
- as individuals, on campus and
in their community.
"Students are integral to
shaping a sustainable future,
and UBC is extremely pleased
to support campus leaders
through Go Beyond," said
Charlene Easton, Director of
Sustainability at UBC. "This
project will provide students
with the knowledge, the
resources, and most importantly,
the ways to meaningfully engage
and take action on the climate
Students can sign up
for the program at www.
wiki, which offers students
training and tools to reduce
their emissions and to encourage
their peers and schools to do the
same. It also provides a forum
to share best climate action
practices across institutions.
Participants will be emailed
regular challenges related to
energy and water conservation
and food security.
For more information on
UBC's integrated climate action
plan, visit www. sustain.ubc.
ca/climate.html. 13
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rroup	 I     UBC    REPORTS     |     OCTOBER    2,    200!
People dig the way these guys teach
Community learns about long lost
labour camps
Maury Williams, UBC Okanagan associate professor of history, overlooks an area of Myra Canyon that was
devastated by forest fire in 2003.
Crouched in small, segmented
squares of land, lost in a world
of dirt and artifacts, history
unfolds before their eyes. Slowly,
they unearth clues about the
lives of the people who stood in
that same spot nearly a century
ago. For many here, this is their
first — and likely their last —
archaeological dig.
Welcome to the UBC Okanagan
field school in the rugged hills
overlooking Kelowna, set up
by Richard Garvin, associate
professor of archaeology, and
Maury Williams, associate
professor of history. Grab a
shovel and pull up a stump.
Everyone's invited.
"As UBC professors, we feel
it's part of our job to educate
and engage the community
and involve our students," says
Garvin. "We wanted to see UBC
Okanagan actively involved
with history and anthropology
work in the Okanagan Valley."
That's why Garvin and
Williams included university
students and community
members in their summer
school. It's part of a four-year
archaeological research project
that explores the long-lost
camps of the labourers who
built the legendary Kettle
Valley Railway. The camps
were discovered in 2003, after
a devastating forest fire burned
through the difficult terrain
of Myra Canyon, destroying
magnificent wooden trestles but
also the dense underbrush that
had been hiding historically
significant labour camp
foundations, trails, bread ovens
and more.
Through a partnership with
the Kelowna Museums and
the Penticton Museum and
Archives, Garvin and Williams
hosted a series of community
digs this summer that brought
more than 100 people to their
active research site. Participants
were given a guided historic
tour of Myra Canyon's soaring
trestles and a brief archeology
orientation before getting the
chance to uncover history
Not only did the digs capture
the public's imagination, they
also gave the 12 students a
chance to act as tour guides and
share the knowledge they gained
during the dig.
"Students love the hands-on
aspect - the sense of discovery is
really something that stays with
them for a long time," Williams
Students who completed
the field school received nine
credits - six in anthropology
and three in history. Most of the
students are neither history nor
anthropology majors.
"It is a very eclectic program,"
Garvin says. "Students do
a little of everything: they
use chainsaws, they work
on mapping and surveying,
field school. She became involved
again this year through her
work at the Penticton Museum
and Archives, where she helped
coordinate the museum's
participation in the community
"As a student I got a lot out
of the experience," says Black. "I
gained a whole new appreciation
for history. Working with your
professors is a great advantage.
The paper I wrote for my final
project is being published in The
Okanagan Historical Society's
annual report."
The camps were discovered
in 2003, after a devastating
forest fire burned through the
difficult terrain of Myra Canyon,
destroying magnificent wooden
trestles but also the dense
underbrush that had been hiding
historically significant labour
camp foundations.
they have to write papers and
communicate orally with the
public, they are taught the more
refined skills of digging, and they
learn conservation of items and
cultural resource management,
UBC Okanagan alumnus
Ashley Black, who graduated
with a Bachelor of Arts in
international relations in 2008,
was one of six students who
completed last year's summer
To ensure archeological and
historical work will continue in
the Okanagan Valley, Williams is
donating the proceeds from his
new book Myra's Men - which
chronicles the development of
the Kettle Valley Railway and
explores the lives of the people
who built it - to a fund that can
be accessed by students, faculty,
and the public to help support
local archeological or historical
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