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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Dec 1, 1982

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 Researchers achieve four breakthroughs
A number of significant breakthroughs
— to use that often exaggerated cliche —
have recently occurred in UBC's Faculty of
Medicine.
Researchers in that faculty have received
widespread publicity for:
• Developing a test to diagnose a
common form of mental retardation;
• Coaxing blood cells that are the
precursors to leukemia to grow in a test
tube for the first time;
• Successfully implanting an artificial
inner ear in a deaf patient, the first
operation of its kind in Canada; and
• Overcoming most of the hurdles
involved in removing an egg from a
woman, fertilizing it with sperm from her
husband, and transferring the embryo into
the women's womb for normal
development.
British Columbians are the first in the
world to be offered a new test that
determines if a fetus is afflicted with a
disease called x-linked mental retardation
(XLMR), thanks to pioneering work
carried out in UBC's Department of
Medical Genetics.
XLMR affects boys only. Although
mothers may be carriers of the disease,
they have normal intelligence. Each of
their boy babies, however, runs a 50 per
cent change of being born with mental
retardation so severe that many spend their
lives in an institution.
Dr. Patricia Baird, head of the
department, said that mental retardation is
the most common handicap in Canada,
and the incidence of XLMR is about the
same as for Down's syndrome, until now
the most significant form of mental
retardation that can be diagnosed before
birth. ,,
Dr. Diana Herbst, research associate in
the department, estimates that one baby
boy in 500 in B.C. is born with XLMR.
The test was worked out by Dr.
Frederick J. Dill, associate professor in the
department, and graduate student Peter
Jacky. The work was carried out with
money from the Scottish Rights Foundation
and the B.C. Health Care Research
Foundation, which distributes some of the
proceeds from B.C. Lotteries for medical
research.
Dr. Josek Skala, associate professor in
UBC's Department of Pediatrics and
Centre for Developmental Medicine,
carried out fundamental work to improve
understanding of the mechanism behind
leukemia and perhaps other forms of
cancer.
Leukemia involves the abnormal
multiplication of white cells in the blood.
Although the cancer cells multiply without
.limit in the body, researchers have failed in
attempts to get them to grow in the test
tube, where they can be studied. Failed,
that is, until Dr. Skala coaxed them
through at least three cell divisions that
kept them alive for 15 days.
His work is supported by the Vancouver
Foundation and the B.C. Health Care
Research Foundation.
Twenty-four-year-old Lucy Philpott can
now hear for the first time since she
became profoundly deaf two years ago as a
result of illness.
Dr. Patrick Doyle, head of the division
of otolaryngology in UBC's Department of
Surgery, implanted an electrode in Ms.
Philpott's inner ear. Sound, picked up by a
dime-size microphone near the ear, is
passed through a simulator to produce
electrical impulses that are fed along the
electrode to the inner ear to stimulate the
J.-.,-;.
■g "erve.
Working in their spare time, a research
team in UBC's Department of Obstetrics
, and Gynecology has solved many problems
involved in in vitro fertilization and embryo
transfer.
Led by Dr. Betty Poland, team members
have successfully removed eggs from the
ovaries of four women and fertilized the
eggs with sperm from their husbands. This
is the process that has proved difficult for
many other teams working in this area,
said Dr. Victor Gomel, team member and
head of the department, at a recent news
conference.
However, the last step in the process,
transferring the embryo into the mother's
womb where it should attach itself to the
uterus for normal development, has so far
eluded the UBC team.
Dr. Poland said the team will only
consider itself successful when a healthy
baby is in a delivery room bassinet. If the
team succeeds, it will be the first such
conception in Canada. Last year, twins
were born to an Ontario couple after the
wife became pregnant in England using the
same technique.
The UBC program is limited to married
couples living in B.C. The reproductive
system of both husband and wife must be
Please turn to Page 2
See BREAKTHROUGHS
Holiday
closures
coming
Some facilities on campus will be closed
over the Christmas season and others will
be operating on reduced hours. UBC
Reports did a check to find out where you
can go for food, recreation and even to
study during the holidays.
The Buchanan, Education and
Ponderosa snack bars close Dec. 11, the
Auditorium Snack Bar closes Dec. 18, and
the Barn Coffee Shop and the IRC Snack
Bar close Dec. 23. All units reopen on Jan.
3.
The Bus Stop Coffee Shop closes Dec.
23, reopens Dec. 28 to 30, and will close
again until Jan. 3. The SUB Way Cafeteria
will remain open except for the following
days: Dec. 18, 19, 24-31, Jan. 1, 2. The
Faculty Club will be closed Dec. 24 to 27,
will reopen Dec. 28 to 30 and in the
evening on Friday, Dec. 31 for the annual
New Year's eve party, and will close again
until Jan. 3.
The UBC Aquatic Centre will be open
regular hours until Dec. 20. From Dec.
20-23 and Dec. 27-30, public swimming
will be from 12 to 5 p.m. and 6 to 10
p.m., on Dec. 24 and 31 the pool will be
open for public swimming from 12 to 4
p.m. The centre will be closed on Dec. 25,
26 and Jan. 1 and there will be only minor
changes in hours on Jan. 2. Regular hours
begin Jan. 3.
The Museum of Anthropology will be
open regular hours throughout the
Christmas season except for closures on
Dec. 25 and 27.
If for some reason you get the urge to
Please turn to Page 2
See CLOSURES
Study space in UBC libraries is at a premium these days as Christmas exams toom.
This student found a quiet retreat between book stacks in the Sedgewick Library.
Exams begin Dec. 13 and continue until Dec. 22. Holiday hours for various
campus services are outlined in story beginning at left.
Few can
equal UBC
program
Few universities in North America can
equal the University of British Columbia in
terms of the range of programs it offers in
the field of continuing education and
credit enrolment, President Douglas Kenny
told a recent meeting of the UBC Senate.
The president was commenting on UBC's
annual report on continuing education
activities, which is compiled by Jindra
Kulich, director of UBC's Centre for
Continuing Education.
His report on 1981-82 activities shows
that just over 91,000 persons registered for
continuing education courses in all parts of
the province. Credit programs offered by
the University at its Point Grey campus
and in other parts of the province push
UBC's total academic-year enrolment to
more than 110,000.
The UBC Centre for Continuing
Education is one of seven UBC units which
offer on- and off-campus credit and non-
credit courses. These include the Division
of Continuing Education in the Health
Sciences as well as divisions in the Faculties
of Commerce, Agricultural Sciences,
Education, Forestry and the Schools of
Social Work and Physical Education and
Recreation.
Mr. Kulich, in his report to Senate, calls
attention to the growth of University
continuing education programs in non-
metropolitan areas through the Knowledge
Network or programs offered in various
B.C. centres.
The Division of Continuing Education in
the Health Sciences, for example, offered a
Please turn to Page 2
See CONTINUING EDUCATION UBC Reports December 1, 1982
Graduate student solves baffling problem
Andre Van Schyndel, a doctoral student
in Physics at UBC, has invented a device
which has been cited as a "major
breakthrough in the field of talking books
for the visually impaired."
The device, called a voice indexer,
allows page numbers and other pieces of
information to be recorded on talking
books so that they can only be heard in the
fast-forward or rewind modes. When the
tape is played at normal speed, only the
CONTINUING EDUCATION
Continued from Page 1
total of 314 courses, 140 on campus and
174 off campus for doctors, dentists,
nurses, pharmacists, rehabilitation
specialists and specialists in diet and
nutrition.
UBC's Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration staged 71
executive seminars for 1,245 businessmen
and women last year in Abbotsford,
Kelowna, Courtenay, Kamloops, Vernon
and Prince George, as well as Vancouver.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
offered three credit courses in Prince
George, Kamloops and Williams Lake in
1981-82 and sponsored a wide range of
non-credit conferences, short courses,
workshops and seminars in more than 40
B.C. locations for a total registration of
1,720.
Nearly 5,200 school teachers and
administrators in all parts of B.C.
registered for credit and non-credit
programs offered through the Faculty of
Education. The faculty's offerings include
a number of special projects such as a
program to train Native Indian teacher
aids, which enrolled 119 participants in
1981-82 and 280 students in the Yukon
who are enrolled for courses leading to a
Bachelor of Education degree.
Other important continuing education
programs listed in the annual report are:
• A total of 45,581 who visited the UBC
Museum of Anthropology for single
lectures and lecture series, seminars,
demonstrations and other public events (in
addition, nearly 129,000 people visited the
museum to see permanent and travelling
displays);
• The Department of Music staged 16
faculty concerts, 110 student recitals and
47 ensemble concerts on campus and the
UBC Chamber Singers conducted choral
workshops and gave concerts for 4,800
persons in the Okanagan and the
Kootenays in April and May;
• Some 22,000 persons attended nine
stage productions at the Frederic Wood
Theatre and the Dorothy Somerset Studio
on campus; and
• An estimated 10,000 people attended
free public lectures, courses and seminars
sponsored by the Cecil H. and Ida Green
visiting professor series and the Faculty of
Arts distinguished visitor program
(accurate attendance figures are not
available because most lectures are free).
The Centre for Continuing Education
continues to be the sponsor of the largest
UBC extension program, which enrolled
76,353 persons in 1981-82, or 83.8 per
cent of the total registration for such
programs.
UBC retrenchment and the deteriorating
economic situation in B.C. had an adverse
effect on programs offered by the centre in
1981-82, Mr. Kulich reports.
The most dramatic decrease in
participation was in the area of
professional education, where enrolments
declined by almost 38 per cent from 19,752
in 1980-81 to 12,247 in 1981-82.
This decline, Mr. Kulich says, is a direct
result of budget cutting by employers who
reduced allocations for employee training
and development.
This decline was offset to some extent by
increases in enrolment for correspondence
courses and the use of services provided by
the Women's Resources Centre, but total
participation figures for all centre activities
in 1981-82 decreased by 10.64 per cent or
5,643 registrations, the report says.
original text of the book can be heard.
"This may sound simple," says Paul
Thiele of UBC's Crane Library for visually
impaired students, where the device was
tested, "but researchers around the world
have been trying to develop a voice indexer
for some time now, and Andre is the first
to be successful.
"I happened to mention to Andre one
day some of the problems involved in
locating specific pages in talking books,
and five weeks later he came back to me
with a home-made device that solved the
problem."
The voice indexer makes possible the
creation of talking dictionaries,
encylopedias and even cookbooks. "The
talking book has previously been limited to
material that is read from beginning to
end," says Mr. Thiele. "But with this new
device, people using the talking books will
be able to find a specific spot on the tape
by listening to key words being recited on
the fast-forward and rewind modes."
According to Andre Van Schyndel, the
principle on which the voice indexer is
based is quite simple. "A basic description
of how it works is that the voice reading
the page numbers or key words has to be
recorded at an extremely slow speed in
order to be understood in fast-forward or
rewind. At a normal speed, the frequency
of these sound waves is too low for the
voice to be heard.
"When readers are recording talking
books, all they have to do is push a button
on a small box and speak into the same
microphone they are using to add page
numbers or additional information. The
information is then coded onto the master
tape and any additional copies made off
the master tape will include the coded
material."
Mr. Van Schyndel is modest about his
invention, but when questioned, he admits
that inside the small box there is "quite a
complex computer program" guiding the
coding system.
The "Van Schyndel Voice Indexing
System" is now being commercially
manufactured by Ambrex International
CLOSURES
Continued from Page 1
study over the holidays, most UBC library
branches will be open (on reduced hours
after Dec. 21) except for Dec. 24-27 and
Dec. 31-Jan. 3. For a complete listing of
library hours, call 228-2077.
The War Memorial Gymnasium will be
open regular hours until Dec. 12, will be
open 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Dec. 13 to 23, and
will close Dec. 24 to 27. The gym reopens
Dec. 28-30 from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and
closes Dec. 31 until Jan. 3. The Osborne
Centre will close on Dec. 17 until the new
year.
The official closure dates for the
University over the Christmas season are
Friday, Dec. 24, Saturday, Dec. 25,
Sunday, Dec. 26, Monday Dec. 27, Friday,
Dec. 31 and Saturday, Jan. 1. The last day
of classes for most faculties is Friday, Dec.
10, with examinations beginning the
following Monday. Classes begin again on
Monday, Jan. 3.
The staff of UBC Reports would like to
wish readers an enjoyable Christmas
season. See you in January.
BREAKTHROUGHS
Continued from Page 1
normal in every way with one exception —
the fallopian tubes of the wife, which
would normally carry the fertilized egg to
the uterus, must be irreparably damaged.
The program is designed to by-pass the
damaged tubes, introducing eggs fertilized
outside of the body into the mother's
womb.
The UBC team attempts to transfer all
fertilized eggs. "By transferring two eggs
instead of one, we double our chances of a
successful pregnancy," said Dr. Gomel,
who has an international reputation for
microsurgery.
Incorporated Ltd. in Port Coquitlam and
more than 200 requests for information
about the system and orders have poured
in from different parts of the world,
including South Africa, Australia, Great
Britain, the Netherlands, West Germany
and the U.S. One order came from an
institution in the States that recently spent
$800,000 on research contracts with various
electronics firms on what turned out to be
unsuccessful attempts to develop such a
device.
The first commercially manufactured
voice indexer was donated to UBC's Crane
Library in appreciation for their help in
evaluating the system.
Birds end football year
with victory over SFU
UBC's football Thunderbirds ended their
1982 season Saturday (Nov. 27) with a
rain-soaked victory over Simon Fraser
University in the Shrum Bowl at Empire
Stadium.
The 'Birds 19-8 victory over their
crosstown rivals from Burnaby meant the
UBC team had completed a perfect 12-0
Canadian season, which included a 39-14
victory over the University of Western
Ontario Mustangs in Toronto on Nov. 20
to win the Vanier Cup, emblematic of the
Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union
football championship.
UBC running back Glenn Steele was
voted the most valuable player and the
outstanding offensive player in the Toronto
game. Linebacker Mike Emery, leader of
the defence which allowed the Mustangs
only 173 yards, was named the outstanding
defensive player.
The underdog Clansmen and the 'Birds
Summer program
may charge fee
UBC's Summer Program for Retired
People, now nine years old, will be offered
again in 1983, but those enrolling in it may
have to pay a fee.
The program, administered by the
Centre for Continuing Education, has been
a victim of retrenchment, CCE director
Jindra Kulich told UBC's Senate at its
November meeting.
Mr. Kulich said the centre is cooperating with an advisory committee of
retired people who are attempting to raise
|250,000 as an endowment fund to meet
the annual cost of the program.
To date, he said, more than $16,000 has
been raised for the endowment fund.
Funds are being sought from business
firms, foundations and individuals.
The summer program, which runs for a
month in June each year, offers a variety of
short courses taught by UBC faculty
members. Out-of-town participants in the
program live in the Walter Gage
Residence.
Individuals who wish to contribute to the
endowment fund should send cheques
made payable to the University of B.C. to
Mr. Kulich at the Centre for Continuing
Education with an indication that the gift
is for the endowment fund.
Top awards made
UBC recently announced the winners of
the top three scholarships awarded each
year for a combination of academic
achievement and public service.
The $3,000 Sherwood Lett Scholarship
was won by Cynthia Southard, a fourth-
year student in the Faculty of Education
who is serving this year as the Alma Mater
Society's external affairs co-ordinator.
The $2,750 Amy Sauder Scholarship was
awarded to fourth-year Commerce student
Elaine Matheson, and the $2,000 Harry
Logan Scholarship was won by Jason Gray,
a third-year medical student at UBC.
played in an almost steady downpour on
Nov. 27. With just over 10 minutes of the
first half completed, the 'Birds led 14-0 on
touchdowns by Brant Bengen, who scored
on a pass from quarterback Jay Gard, and
Steele, who rambled 32 yards through the
SFU defence. UBC led 16-7 at the half.
AMS revives
phone directory
After a gap of almost a decade, the
Alma Mater Society has revived the student
telephone directory, which used to be
called "Bird Calls" but is now simply
known as the "AMS Student Directory
1982-83."
The name of every registered student is
listed in the directory unless he or she
asked that it be omitted on the University's
authorization-to-register form. The listings
also include the students' Vancouver and
home addresses and postal codes as well as
the Vancouver telephone number.
The front section of the directory lists
campus services and their locations and
telephone numbers, the addresses of all
AMS clubs and associations, a selection of
numbers for UBC faculties and
administrative offices, a full listing of
student undergraduate societies and
members of student council, as well as a
phone list for the Student Union Building
and campus residences.
AMS vice-president Cliff Stewart said it's
planned to make the directory even more
comprehensive in the future by including a
yellow-pages section and advertising.
The directory is on sale in the UBC
Bookstore for $1 a copy.
New discussion
group formed
A new discussion group on occupational
health issues has been formed at UBC.
The Occupational Health Discussion
Group will hold its December meeting
tomorrow (Dec. 2) in Lecture Hall 3 of the
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre
at 4 p.m., when the topic will be "Health
Hazards to Farm Workers."
Three researchers will each give
15-minute papers on various aspects of the
topic and a discussion period will follow.
The series is being co-ordinated by Dr.
Eric Jeffries, chairman of the division of
occupational and environmental health,
who said that any group with an interest in
occupational health is invited to participate
in the series. Speaker and topic suggestions
should be made to Dr. Jeffries at 228-3081.
May meeting set
UBC's Board of Governors will hold its
May meeting in the East Kootenay
community of Cranbrook in keeping with
its policy of holding one of its nine yearly
meetings in an off-campus centre.
The meeting will take place on Friday,
May 6. UBC's Alumni Association is
planning a mini-open house in conjunction
with the meeting and will also be involved
in the organization of a dinner for
graduates and community leaders during
the Board's visit. UBC Reports December 1, 1982
Liberal education needed in the 1980's
UBC's chancellor, Hon. J. V. Clyne, was
the speaker last week at one of five fall
forums sponsored by the Alumni
Association. Excerpts from his remarks,
entitled "A President for the '80's" are
reproduced below.
As you all know, we have found a new
president and he was appointed several
weeks ago. I.can, however, tell you
something about the details involved in the
search and I can talk very briefly about the
role that he may be required to play in
view of the problems he will face in the
coming years.
At the beginning of March of this year,
a search committee was appointed by the
Board of Governors of the University and,
as chancellor, I was asked to be its
chairman. The original committee,
including myself, consisted of 23 members,
four of whom were appointed by the Board
of Governors, three members were elected
by Senate, and four members of faculty
elected by the Joint Faculties.
Three deans were chosen by the
Committee of Deans, there were four
students and three members of the Alumni
Association and one member of the non-
academic administration appointed by the
chairman of the Board.
The size of the committee was the same
as that of a previous search committee and
for various reasons the Board did not want
to depart from that precedent. I was
concerned about the size as it seemed
obvious that a 23-member committee
would not likely result in a very efficient
operation. I must tell you, however, that
the committee did a lot of hard work and
operated smoothly and well.
Its terms of reference were: (a) To adopt
criteria to guide it in the selection of
presidential candidates; and (b) To
recommend a short list of presidential
candidates to the staff committee of the
Board of Governors.
It soon fixed its criteria to search for a
candidate who would have the following
qualifications: 1. Quality of leadership;
2. Academic achievement; 3. Fiscal
competence; 4. Administrative ability; and
5. Understanding of public relationship.
Advertisements to this effect were placed
in the press and academic journals. The
University community was immediately
advised of the committee's function and I
also wrote to the president of every
university in Canada and to their
chancellors, asking for suggestions. As a
result, 89 names from various parts of the
world were suggested as possible
candidates, a number of whom were well
qualified for the post. Curricula vitae were
furnished and references were also made
available.
Some individuals who had been
nominated or suggested withdrew their
names for various reasons but a large
number remained on the list. Careful
investigations were instituted, private
enquiries were addressed to persons
suggested by candidates, and a certain
number of candidates appeared personally
before the full committee.
Over the months the committee held a
number of meetings where very full and
frank discussions took place and as a result
a short list was submitted to the Board of
Governors.
At its meeting on Nov. 2nd, the Board
appointed-Dr. K. George Pedersen to
succeed Dr. Kenny as president of the
University.
I now must turn to the other aspect of
my given subject and that is the role that a
president must be expected to fulfill in the
coming decade. The task of the new
president will not be easy. We all know the
difficulties which must be expected in the
time of a devastated economy when
governments are unable to supply the
required funds to educational institutions.
We have already suffered two substantial
reductions in our annual budgets and there
may be more to come, especially if the
Canadian and American governments
cannot reach an agreement in regard to
tariffs which may affect the Canadian
resource industries with resulting loss to
our governments in tax revenues. The
University is already suffering from a policy
of restraint and highly skilled judgment
will be required to prevent further
economies from interfering with the quality
of education.
Apart from financial difficulties, there
are other problems to be faced in the
coming years which will affect all
universities, and their solution will require
skilled guidance from university
administration.
One of the objectives of any university is,
of course, the accumulation and
transmission of information and knowledge
through the art of teaching. In order to
maintain this objective, universities have
found it necessary over the centuries to
alter their policies to meet the needs of a
changing society.
Today our society is changing rapidly in
many respects. What has been termed the
information explosion is bound to affect
the policies of all universities. In less than
four decades the ability to collect, sift,
refine and manipulate informational data
has increased a million-fold and promises
to grow at this rate for the remainder of
the century.
The so-called information explosion is *
part of the general technological revolution
Chancellor J. V. Clyne
which is taking place in all parts of the
civilized world. The changes will be as
fundamental, or perhaps more so, than
those caused by the Industrial Revolution
in the 19th century.
It takes some time for these events to
become generally realized but they do
represent an irreversible trend in the way
industrialized societies will live. One of the
results, which will affect the future of the
universities, is a decline in employment
and the amount of time required for work.
A cause of structural unemployment will
be the complete displacement of long-
cherished traditions by new ones which will
call for the employment of fewer people
and possible a different type of person....
Now, what effect will these changes have
upon the function of universities in
affording service to society? It would
appear that there will be a decided decline
in the demand for trained people in the
manufacturing industries and that a
greater number of people will seek
employment in the service industries,
including the professions.
Even then, it is forecast that on average
a much smaller proportion of an
individual's life will be spent in working
and much more time will be spent in
leisure. Emphasis must therefore be laid on
training students in appreciation of the
arts, including handicrafts, and in the
understanding of history and how society
works and will work in future.
In other words, the university must lay
greater emphasis on teaching a student
how to employ his time usefully in later life
when he or she is not working in order to
obtain personal satisfaction and to avoid
the danger of boredom.
It will, of course, be necessary to
continue to train young people in highly
scientific skills which will be required in an
increasingly technological society, but
fewer numbers will be needed. On the
whole, students must be prepared for a life
in which they will have to adapt readily to
changing circumstances.
The concept of a lifelong skill or craft
will no longer be valid and therefore
training at the university must be a
preparation for adaptability in later life.
This argues against early specialization and
calls for more concern in teaching the
fundamentals of subjects rather than
specific techniques.
An ever increasing proportion of the
working population will need to be taught
new skills and additional knowledge to
enable them to move into different jobs. In
place of early specialization, universities
will place much greater emphasis on postgraduate and adult education.
Professional experts on future
employment have estimated that as many
as half of all the occupations now practised
in Canada will become obsolete or will be
altered beyond recognition in the next 25
years. Retraining to keep up with changing
techniques and equipment will become a
way of life in some occupations and second
careers for middle-aged people are already
becoming increasingly common.
Leadership will be required from our
new president to give effect to the liberal
education which will be needed to enable
students to take their place as useful
members of society in the coming years	
It is obvious that a balanced education is
going to be required to enable our young
people to take their places in a society
which is likely to be very different from the
present. The new president will be faced
with many problems and, as alumni of this
University, we should start giving thought
to any help which we may be able to give
him and his administration in these times
of vital change.
Wisenthal replies to minister's remarks
B.C.'s minister of education Bill Vander
Zalm said last week that university teachers
may be asked to work longer hours to
accommodate an estimated 20-percent
enrolment increase next year resulting from
a lack of jobs for young people. He said
faculty members could be asked to work
more than the seven or eight months they
work annually and more than the average
15- or 20-hour week they now work. The
day following the minister's remarks, UBC
Faculty Association president Prof.
Jonathan Wisenthal was interviewed on the
CBC program Early Edition. What follows
is an edited version of his remarks.
Prof. Wisenthal: I think Mr. Vander
Zalm misunderstands the nature of the
work that goes on at UBC and the other
provincial universities . . . He
misunderstands the amount of work that's
done and the dedication that faculty
members apply to the work they do.
I'd like to invite Mr. Vander Zalm to
spend a day with us. I think he might find
this place is full of workaholics like himself
and that people work at an extreme pitch.
He's been quoted as saying, "I like to work
myself and I somehow expect other people
to like it as well." That very nicely
describes the atmosphere in a university.
It's a place where people enjoy their
work . . . and they extend themselves in
doing it.
Cj3C: But don't people think that you
only work eight months a year from
September to the end of April when exams
are finished?
Prof. Wisenthal: I hope not, because it
would be totally untrue. Most faculty
members work long days, most find
themselves working in the evenings,
working on weekends in the classroom, in
their offices, in the library and the
laboratory.
And they work at least an 11-month
year. I know many people who don't even
take the four weeks they are entitled to.
CBC: Where did Mr. Vander Zalm get
this 15- to 20-hour work week idea from?
Prof. Wisenthal: I can only assume he
invented it. One has to consider the variety
of work that's involved in being a university
professor. One would start a list with
classroom teaching . . . but that's only the
visible surface. Lying behind that ... is
preparation and at a university one is
teaching at an advanced level so a good
deal of preparation is required. University
teaching is based on the latest development
in one's field.
CBC: The other aspect is the time
teachers put in on research and publishing
in scholarly journals.
Prof. Wisenthal: But apart from that,
there are many other aspects of teaching
itself ... we spend a good deal of time
talking to students in our offices,
interviewing students, giving them
academic advice, going over essays with
them . . . Then we have marking which, in
the English department, is a major part of
our activities. One goes home at the end of
the day or week with 30 essays, each of
which might take an hour to mark and
requires careful judgment and
concentration.
The supervision of graduate students can
be a major part of a university professor's
work. We supervise laboratories at the
graduate and undergraduate levels. There
is service to the university itself, on
committees, for example, that deal with
curriculum or teaching evaluation and
improvement.
Then there is service to the community
through lectures and other activities, and
there is work with national and
international bodies in our professional
field. All of that is in addition to our
academic research, which is a crucial part
of what we do. Everything else we do is
based on that original academic research.
CBC: If the deans of the faculties told
professors they would have to work harder
because of increased enrolment . . . would
the response be a flat "no"?
Prof. Wisenthal: No, I don't think they
would respond that way, because we have a
sense of responsibility and would want to
do the best job we could for the students
admitted to UBC.
i
What has to be remembered is that if
you increase classroom time you are
modifying the nature of the university. You
are reducing the academic effectiveness of
the university because activity is based on
academic research based on intellectual
enquiry. And if the number of teaching
hours is increased to the point where you
reduce the time devoted to research and
intellectual enquiry, you undermine the
very function of the university. UBC Reports December 1, 1982
Cai^JdiaR
mtmmmt
Calendar Deadlines
The next issue of UBC Reports will be published
Jan. 5. The Calendar section of that issue will
cover events in the weeks of Jan. 9 and Jan. 16.
Material must be submitted not later than
4 p.m. on Thursday, Dec. 30. Send notices to
Information Services, 6328 Memorial Rd. (Old
Administration Building). For further
information, call 228-3131.
University Holidays
The University will be closed for the Christmas
and New Year's holidays on the following
days: Friday, Dec. 24; Saturday, Dec. 25;
Sunday, Dec. 26; Monday, Dec. 27; Friday,
Dec. 31 and Saturday, Jan. 1.
SUNDAY, DEC. 5
SUB Films.
Ragtime will be shown at 7 p.m.; Atlantic City
at 9:30 p.m. Admission is f 1. Auditorium,
Student Union Building.
MONDAY, DEC. 6
Cancer Seminar.
Prostaglandin in the Ovary and Uterus. Dr.
Young Moon, Gynecology, Grace Hospital.
Lecture Theatre. B.C. Cancer Research Centre,
601 W. 10th Ave. 12 noon.
UBC Percussion Ensemble.
UBC Percussion Ensemble directed by John
Rudolph. Recital Hall. Music Building.
12:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
An Experimental Investigation of the
Performance of a 'Smart' Wind tunnel. A.
Malek. Room 1215, Civil and Mechanical
Engineering Building. 3:15 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
Two Dimensional Convection Patterns in Large
Aspect Ratio Systems. Prof. Alan C. Newell,
chairman, Applied Mathematics, University of
Arizona. Room 229, Mathematics Building.
3:45 p.m.
Pharmacology Seminar.
Sir William Lawrence — Surgeon-General to
Queen Victoria. Dr. Dennis H. Chitty, professor
emeritus, Zoology, UBC. Room 114, Block C,
Medical Sciences Building. 4 p.m.
Zoology "Physiology Group"
Seminar.
The Role of Urea Synthesis in Regulation of
Blood pH. Dr. Dan Atkinson, Chemistry,
UCLA. Room 2449, Biological Sciences
Building. 4:30 p.m.
TUESDAY, DEC. 7
Faculty Women's Club.
Christmas luncheon meeting. Items will be on
sale at the Christmas boutique and presentations
will be made to life members. Cost of luncheon
for active members is $3. For reservations, call
Marion Townsley at 224-3991. Cecil Green
Park. 10 a.m.
Purcell String Quartet.
Music of Kodaly, played by John Loban, violin;
Eric Wilson, cello; and Robert Rogers, piano.
Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar.
The Hybrid Origin Aster ascendens and Aster
bernardmus. Dr. G. Allen, Biology, UVic.
Room 3219, Biological Sciences Building.
12:30 p.m.
Forestry Seminar.
Multiple Use Research in Finnish Lapland; A
Film and Seminar. Dr. Olli Saastamoinen,
Forestry. UBC. Room 166, MacMillan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Overview of the Hydrography and Associated
Biological Phenomena in the Arabian Sea. Prof.
K. Bansc, Oceanography, University of
Washington, Seattle. Room 1465, Biological
Sciences Building. 3 p.m.
Leon and Thea Koerner Lecture.
Duo for Violin and Cello. Mrs. Sarolta Peczely-
Kodaly, musician, Budapest, Hungary. Room
113, Music Building. 3:30 p.m.
Labor Economics Seminar.
Tenure and Non-Tenure Employment
Contracts. Peter Coyte, SFU. Room 351, Brock
Hall. 4 p.m.
Chemistry Lecture.
On the Mechanism of the NBS Bromination of
Alkanei —     and      Radicals?" Prof. D.
Tanner, University of Alberta, Edmonton.
Room 250, Chemistry Building. 4 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 8
Noon-Hour Concert.
Early twentieth-century classics for flute and
piano. Music of Bloch, Bournonville, Roussel,
Gaubert, Caplet and Milhaud, played by Paul
Douglas, flute and Harold Brown, piano.
12:30 p.m.
Wednesday, Dec. 8 (Continued)
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Pulp Mills of the 80s: Design Considerations
and Start-Up of a Bleached TMP Mill. Wayne
Nystrom, Nystrom, Lee, Kobayashi and
Associates, Consulting Engineers. Room 206,
Chemical Engineering Building. 2:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium.
The Geography of Energy Consumption. Dr.
John Chapman. Room 201, Geography
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Statistics Workshop.
Estimating the Generalized Double Poisson
within a Wide Class of Bivariate Distributions.
Dr. Mohammed Shoukri, Medical Genetics,
UBC. Room 308, Angus Building. 3:30 p.m.
Geophysics Seminar.
On Computation of Synthetic Seismograms in
Laterally Heterogeneous and Layered Earth
Models. Dr. Ray Haddon, Seismology and
Geomagnetism, Earth Physics Branch, EMR,
Ottawa. Room 260, Geophysics and Astronomy
Building. 4 p.m.
Economic Theory Seminar.
Decision Planning and Risk Aversion. Craig
Riddell. Room 351   Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology Seminar.
Celestial and Magnetic Compass Orientation in
Sockeye Salmon: Hierarchy and Development.
Dr. Thomas Quinn, Fisheries and Oceans
Canada, Nanaimo, B.C. Room 2449, Biological
Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, DEC. 9
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Music of Ravel and Beethoven, played by Julie
Lowe, piano soloist, directed by Douglas Talney.
Old Auditorium. 12:30 p.m.
Geological Sciences Lecture.
Structural Geology of Crooked Lake, B.C. J.1
Carye, UBC. Room 3S0A, Geological Sciences
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Hormonal Modulation of Rat Hepatic
Monooxygenase Activity. Malcolm Finlayson,
Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC. Lecture Hall 3,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
12:30 p.m.
Merry Christmas? A workshop designed to
reduce anxiety, stress and loneliness that often
accompanies the holiday season. Room 301,
Brock Hall, 12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
Calcium, Magnesium and Potassium Movement
in Apple Tissue During Storage. Dr. Mack
Drake, University of Massachusetts. Room 342,
MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Gerontology Research Colloquium.
Periods of Attitude Stability and Change: A Life
Stage Analysis. Dr. P. Braun and Dr. R. Sweet,
Education. Adult Education Research Centre,
5760 Toronto Rd. 1 p.m.
Condensed Matter Seminar.
Surface Exafs. Joachim Stohr, Exxon Research
Engineering Co. Room 318, Hennings Building.
2:30 p.m.
Women of Letters.
The Women's Network is sponsoring an evening
featuring women in various writing careers. The
fee includes dinner at the UBC Faculty Club.
Cost is $23 for members; $26 for non-members.
Registration through the Vancouver Ticket
Centre. Faculty Club. 6 p.m*
Appreciating Computer Graphics.
UBC's Centre for Continuing Education presents
a lecture on international achievements in the
field of computer graphics and various computer
techniques currently being used for both
animation and single image creation. Cost is
$12. For more information, call 228-2181, local
276. Lecture Hall 4, Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre. 7:30 p.m.
Faculty Recital.
Music of Michael Baker, performed by faculty
members in UBC's music department. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, DEC. 10
Last Day of classes for most faculties.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Ultrastructural Changes in Ischemic Heart
Disease in the Human. Dr. Jutta, Max Planck
Institute of Physiological and Clinical Research,
Bad Nauheim, W. Germany. Lecture Hall 5,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
3:30 p.m.
Economics Seminar.
The Distributional Impact of a Resource Boom.
James Cassing, University of Pittsburgh. Room
351, Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Music of Ravel and Beethoven, played by Julie
Lowe, piano soloist, directed by Douglas Talney.
Old Auditorium. 8 p.m.
SUNDAY, DEC. 12
International House.
Children's Christmas Party. For reservations, call
228-5021. Advance tickets are available at the
International House office. Upper Lounge,
International House. 1:30 p.m.
MONDAY, DEC. 13
Economics Seminar.
Information Aggregation in Laboratory Asset
Markets. Charles Plow, Cal. Tech. Rom 351,
Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Perinatal Health Lecture.
Preparing for Conception: Why and How. Dr.
Arthur and Margaret Wynn. Co-sponsored by
UBC's School of Home Economics. Cost is $3.
Robson Square Media Centre Cinema, 800
Robson St. 7:30 p.m.
TUESDAY, DEC. 14
Oceanography Seminar.
Acoustic Tomography. Dr. Walter H. Munk,
Geophysics and Planetary Physics, California.
Room 1465, Biological Sciences Building.
3 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 15
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Quest for a Reactor. Colin Oloman, Chemical
Engineering. UBC. Room 206, Chemical
Engineering Building. 2:30 p.m.
Economic Theory Seminar.
The Effect of Strategic Investment on Market
Structure and Performance. Hugh Neary. Room
351, Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
FRIDAY, DEC. 17
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Fragile Sites on Human Chromosomes. Dr.
Grant Sutherland, Chief Cytogeneticist,
Adelaide Children's Hospital, Australia.
Parencraft Room, Grace Hospital. 1 p.m.
Indonesian Student Association
(PERMAPI)
Indonesian cultural dance and fashion show.
Free admission and free Indonesian snacks.
Auditorium, Asian Centre. 7 p.m.
SATURDAY, DEC. 18
Graduate Student Society.
Family Christmas Gathering. For more
information, call 228-3202. Graduate Student
Centre. 5 p.m.
TUESDAY, JAN. 4
Chemistry Lecture.
Electron Spectroscopy Measurements and
Planetary Atmospheres. Dr. S. Trajmar, Jet
Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of
Technology, Pasadena, California. Room 250,
Chemistry Building. 4 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 5
Noon-Hour Concert.
Music of Finney, Persichetti and Leslie Mann,
played by Hans-Karl Piltz, viola, and Robert
Rogers, piano. Recital Hall, Music Building.
12:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, JAN. 6
Faculty Recital.
Eighteenth-century works newly discovered and
edited by Paul M. Douglas. Music of Blavet,
Ivanschiz, Kleinknecht, Molter and Hoffmeister.
Played by Paul Douglas, flute; Hans-Karl Piltz,
viola; and Brian G'Froerer, horn; with members
of the Vancouver Baroque Ensemble. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, JAN. 7
Purcell String Quartet.
Music of Haydn, Mozart and Weisgarber,
played by Sydney Humphreys, violin; Bryan
King, violin; Philippe Etter, viola; and Ian
Hampton, cello; with Ronald de Kant, guest
clarinetist. Tickets are $7 each or $18 for a
series of three. Discount prices fdr students and
seniors. For information, call 921-8464 or
228-3113. Recital Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
The Purcell String Quartet will also perform at
8 p.m. on Saturday, Jan. 8, and at 2:30 p.m. on
Sunday, Jan. 9, in the Recital Hall of the Music
Building. Call numbers above for more
information.
Notices  .   .   .
Fine Arts Gallery
On display until Dec. 18 in the UBC Fine Arts
Gallery are 46 drawings from the permanent
collection of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
The gallery, located in the basement of the
Main Library, is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Tuesday through Saturday.
Museum of Anthropology
Exhibits: Spirits in the Rock, by Ojibwa artist
John Laford — until Jan. 2;
Sensibilities: Unsuspected Harmonies in
Multicultural Aesthetics — until April 17.
Sunday Programs: The Post Literate Band on
Dec. 5 at 2:30 p.m.
Guided Gallery Walks: Tuesdays and
Thursdays at 2:30 p.m.
Native Youth Workers: Slide-illustrated, hands
on program on traditional aspects of Northwest
Coast Indian life. Call the museum for times
and locations.
The museum is open from noon to 9 p.m.
Tuesdays, noon to 5 p.m. Wednesday through
Sunday and is closed Mondays. For more
information, call 228-5087.
Faculty Club Book Display
An exhibit of award-winning books from
university presses will be held at the Faculty
Club Dec. 6 through 10. The display, circulated
by the American Association of University
Presses, included 44 books which according to
the jurors, "represented the best in quality
design and production." Recent books published
by UBC Press will also be shown. The display is
sponsored by UBC Press.
UBC Geological Museum
If you are looking for a gift for the person who
has everything, consider giving a piece of the
earth in the form of a beautiful mineral or fossil
specimen. An excellent assortment is available at
the museum, so solve your gift-giving problem
and support museum acquisitions at the same
time. For further information, contact Joe Nagel
at 228-5586.
Continuing Nursing Education
A five-part program on  "Towards Improvement
of Instructional Skills" is being offered by UBC's
School of Nursing Dec. 6-9. For more
information, call 228-2181.
SUBWay Christmas Bakeshop
The SUBWay Christmas bakeshop counter is
open from noon to 5 p.m. until Dec. 17.
Advance orders will be taken until Dec. 15, to
be picked up no later than Dec. 17. For more
information, call the catering office at 228-3951.
'Name the Eatery' Contest
Food Services is holding a contest to find new
names for the Buchanan, Auditorium,
Education and IRC Snack Bars. Place entries in
boxes located at the snack bars Dec. 6 to 10.
There are daily prizes, plus a grand prize of a
$100 certificate.
UBC Reports is published every second
Wednesday by Information Services,
UBC. 6328 Memorial Road.
Vancouver. B.C., V6T 1W5.
Telephone 228 3131. Al Hunter,
editor. Lorie Chortyk, calendar ediior.
Jim Banham. contributing editor.
1+
Cam*
Pact Canada
Postage paid   Pert pay*
Third   Troteieme
class   classe
2027
Vancouver, B.C
■iH.

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