UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Dec 5, 1979

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Tuition  fee guidelines approved by UBC's Board
UBC re
Volume 25, Number 22. Dec. 5, 1979. Published by Information Services,
University of B.C., 2075 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5, 228-3131.
Jim Banham and Judith Walker, editors. ISSN 0497-2929.
Board gets
A low-cost plan for erosion control
of the Point Grey cliffs, calling for
public co-operation and wide use of
faculty and student expertise from the
University of B.C., was presented today (Tuesday, Dec. 4) to the Board of
Governors of the University.
The plan, drawn up by soils expert
Stanley Weston at the request of the
Board, recommends four immediate
steps to be taken to prevent further
1. The removal of all root-damaged
trees from the edge of the cliff, leaving
only three-foot stumps. "This would
help prevent falling trees from stripping the protective soil mantle from the
cliffs and also by leaving the roots,
help stabilize them."
2. The erection of fences, barriers
and signs to prevent destructive access
to the cliff slopes, along with improvements to access trails to Wreck
Beach and Tower Beach.
3. A five-year program of revegetation on eroded areas of the cliffs, with
heavy use of fertilizer to promote
growth. The report says people should
be kept off the cliff slopes to give the
planting program a chance.
4. The storm drain outlet from the
University should be rebuilt. The
report identifies the outlet as a cause
of erosion below the Museum of Anthropology.
Weston estimates cost of this
"Priority No. 1" program at $352,000
over a five-year period, with a first-
year outlay of $133,000.
Weston, a UBC governor himself,
was appointed by the Board on Oct. 2
(without honorarium) as a task force
of one to look into the erosion problem
and prepare a written plan of operation, timetable and budget. He was
asked to carry out a critique of an
earlier "master plan" prepared by
Swan Wooster Engineering of Vancouver, and to consult with groups
concerned about the cliffs and the
beaches below.
The Weston report also includes a
number of "second priority" proposals, the cost of which is estimated
at $230,000. His report lists the total
costs for all of his recommendations at
$800,000. The Swan Wooster "master
plan" carried a price tag of $12
The original plan, however, called
for expenditure of close to $8 million
for construction of a 1.2-mile berm
against the base of the cliff, using
rocks with a diameter of up to two
feet, to protect the cliff against wave
action. Weston recommends only an
experimental beach berm, as one of
his "second priority" proposals, and
sets the cost at $230,000. He says the
effectiveness of the experimental berm
should be assessed before any further
work might be considered.
"It became increasingly apparent as
our investigations progressed through
the submissions and public hearings
that the development of beach
defenses was considered an extremely
sensitive matter to everyone concerned
Please turn to page 2
UBC's popular and youthful-looking registrar, Jack Parnall, retires at the end
of December after a 30-year teaching and administrative career. For a profile,
turn to page 3.
Co-operation urged
to convince government
UBC's president has called on the
academic community to co-operate in
an effort to convince government that
shoring up the financial system of
B.C. universities will benefit the province and the nation.
President Douglas Kenny said there
is a real lesson to be learned from the
way in which the Canadian university
community has co-operated to convince the federal government to increase substantially the funds available for research.
He made the latter comment during
a question period which followed his
release last week of a statement entitled "The Mission of the University of
British Columbia," prepared at the request of the Universities Council of
The president, who was addressing
a meeting of the Joint Faculties of the
University, said the research-funding
picture "has started to turn around
because the academic community got
together with common goals. I would
hope," he continued, "that the faculty, the students, the support staff, not
only at this University but at our two
sister universities as well, will get together and vigorously press our
claims" for increased operating
There is no short-term solution, the
president said in replying to a question, to the problem of paying adequate salaries that will attract outstanding people to teaching posts at
Canada is simply not producing
enough highly trained people, he said,
and the result is that the universities
are competing for a narrow pool of experts. "That's going to turn around in
the long run," he added, "if we can
achieve some of the objectives set out
in the University's mission statement."
He said it was incumbent on department heads and deans to press on
the University administration their
needs in terms of faculty members,
"which I, in turn, present to the Board
of Governors and which it, in turn,
presents to the Universities Council."
The universities, the president said,
Please turn to page 2
Tuition fees for UBC students will
be subject in future to a set of
guidelines approved yesterday (Tuesday, Dec. 4) by the University's Board
of Governors.
The guidelines provide a timetable
for consideration and implementation
of changes in tuition-fee structure,
and principles to guide the Board in
determining the level of fees and fee
The timetable guidelines provide
• An annual review of tuition fees
by the Board at its October meeting,
• A decision by the Board not later
than its November meeting on fee
levels to be implemented at the next
spring session, which commences on
April 30 in the following calendar
Guidelines on fee levels provide
• Tuition fees be "not less than 10
per cent of the net budgetted general
purpose operating costs for the current year (i.e., the fiscal year in which
the review is made)"; and
• The gap between the existing
level of fees and the 10 per cent yardstick be closed "at the discretion of the
Board," which will take into account
"the general level of fees in other provinces, particularly western Canada."
Another guideline approved by the
Board calls for an annual review of
"the adequacy of student aid opportunities" at the same time as the
tuition-fee review.
Tuition-fee differentials for various
UBC degree programs will continue,
with a number of factors, including
programs costs and the earning potential of participants, being taken into
account in setting fee differentials.
Another guideline calls for tuition
fees for new programs to be set at
levels that are not a burden on existing
The adoption of the guidelines is
the result of a study by the finance
committee of the Board.
The effect of the guidelines will be
that the Board will next consider fee
levels at its meeting in October, 1980.
A decision on fee levels to be implemented in the spring of 1981 will
be made not later than the Board
meeting in November, 1980.
Last June, the Board approved a
tuition-fee increase averaging 10 per
cent to take effect on April 30, 1980,
with the start of the next spring session.
The chairman of UBC's Board of
Governors, Dr. Leslie Peterson, in announcing adoption of the new
guidelines, said there is "no generally
accepted yardstick anywhere in the
world for determining the proportion
of university revenue that should be
derived from student fees."
In the U.S., he said, the proportion
varies from 15 per cent in public institutions to 37 per cent in private
universities. In the United Kingdom,
university heads have proposed that
fee income should not exceed 10 per
cent of university income, but this
view has not prevailed in the face of a
government directive to increase fee
income to 20 per cent.
Mr. Peterson said that at UBC student fees as a percentage of the total
operating grant had declined steadily
over the last nine years from 15.56 per
cent in 1970-71 to 8.47 per cent in
He said basic tuition fees at UBC
are as low or lower than those at any
western Canadian university and
substantially below the average basic
fees for arts, science and professional
programs at other Canadian universities. UBCreports
page 2
Continued from page 1
had to work as a team in pressing for
additional operating funds. "There
are certain areas where this province is
starting to cut off its options because it
is not paying competitive salaries," he
(For more on the recent announcement bv the federal government that
it will increase research funding, see
story on page 4.)
The UBC mission statement released last week says the University
must double its graduate-student enrolment and more than double its research effort if it is to serve the educational needs of B.C. adequately over
the next 10 years.
Dr. Kenny, addressing the Joint
Faculties, said UBC has the potential
to become a university of world stature
over, the next decade, provided it is
adequately funded.
Dr. Kenny described the University's mission in broad terms as serving
society by providing for the intellectual development of its students, providing intellectual leadership for society
and contributing to and encouraging
the development of Canadian culture.
He said that three major social
changes — an aging population, advances of technology and the accelerating impact of technology on society
— would affect public attitudes about
universities and university planning.
He said these trends would bring society to expect universities to meet demands for more sophistication in the
job market, would force Canadians into increased technological competition with other nations, and would require first-class continuing education
for the professions. There would be a
need for graduates who could evaluate
and explain the nature of the immense
social changes coming over the next
few decades.
The University of B.C., because of
all of these trends, must put increasing
emphasis on the development of its
graduate programs and on additional
research activity, Dr. Kenny said.
He called for a doubling of the
number of graduate students at UBC
to at least 6,000 by 1990 and for an increase in research funding to at least
$50 million (in 1978 dollars) from the
current level of under $25 million.
These were just two of 17 "1990 objectives" listed by Dr. Kenny, who
closed his statement by emphasizing
that UBC must co-operate with the
University of Victoria and Simon Fraser University to avoid costly and unnecessary duplication of facilities or
In noting that UBC already ranked
near the top nationally, he suggested
that no provincial government could
afford more than one primary university with a heavy emphasis on graduate studies, research and professional
schools. The choice, he said, was one
first-class university and some "other"
universities, or instead, several "other"
universities and no primary institution.
Dr. Kenny said.UBC had developed
the infrastructure to achieve international stature but still had some way to
He said Canada cannot afford to be
without a strong university system,
"for society depends on the universities
to produce the innovation, the professionals, the thin stream of excellence
which adds to economic and cultural
Yet only 4.7 per cent of Canadians
are university graduates, he said, compared to 10.5 per cent in the U.S. And
in British Columbia, he said, only
15.6 per cent of those in the 18-to-24
age bracket attend post-secondary institutions, compared to 19.8 per cent
for Canada as a whole. Dr. Kenny listed an improved "participation rate" as
one of UBC's objectives for the dec^
"Surely, a stronger province and
economy requires more than a bal
anced budget. British Columbia can
ill afford its low educational base if it
is to maintain its place in an increasingly sophisticated and technologically oriented world. It is up to our academic community, and, in particular,
the provincial government, to determine the outcome of this challenge."
Among his objectives for UBC, the
University president also listed:
• Student accessibility. "So that
none are excluded solely because they
lack the necessary funds."
• New programs responsive to
social needs. "The University should
capitalize on its position as a Pacific
Rim university by encouraging
teaching and research which will
foster increased understanding and
associations with Asian countries and
their universities."
• "To foster co-operation between
University researchers and those in
business, industry and government.
The initiation of a Discovery Park on
campus is a first step in this direction."
• To strengthen UBC's academic
and career counselling services.
• To make sure that part-time students (now 21.1 per cent of the UBC
enrolment) have the opportunity to
complete their degree programs. "Students must be provided with the opportunity to combine worfrexperience
with higher education."
• To increase public access to UBC
services and facilities such as the library, computing centre, Museum of
Anthropology, botanical gardens and
the research forest at Haney. "The objective is to provide the general public
with opportunities to participate in
University projects and to develop active interfaces with the University."
In closing, Dr. Kenny described the
academic environment at UBC as "only moderately good, even though it is
probably the best in Canada."
A limited number of copies of the
mission statement are available. Interested members of the University community who want a copy can obtain it
from UBC Information Services, second floor, Old Administration Building, or by easing 228-3131.
Service from
parking lots
starts Jan. 7
Students returning in January will
have pleasant relief from those dark
and rainy morning treks in to the central campus from the B lots. Starting
Monday, Jan. 7, busses will be
available in the parking lots to take
students to two locations — University
Boulevard and Main Mall, and the
The new service will begin at 8:10
a.m. and continue every four minutes
until 9:30 a.m. Monday through Friday. It's an experiment, says Al Hutchinson, superintendent of Traffic
and Security, until March 28, to see
how many people use the bus service
and whether it serves their needs.
The four busses being used will be
chartered from B.C. Hydro, complete
with drivers. The busses would normally have finisht^ their morning
rush hour runs and would have been
"deadheaded" on the campus at that
time. They'll be clearly marked
"Special" and will be free of charge to
The morning service is in addition
to the free evening service organized
by Traffic and Security to take
students studying in the Main and
Sedgewick Libraries at night back to
the residences and B lots. A UBC-
owned mini-van makes regular runs
from 7:30 to 10:45 p.m. Sundays
through Thursdays from the
Bookstore down to Place Vanier and
Totem Park, then out to B lot. It
returns from B lot along the Main
Mall to the Bookstore again.
Dr. John McCreary
Dr. Walter Koerner
UBC names new centre
for late medical dean
The Health Sciences Centre of the
University of British Columbia has
been re-named the John F. McCreary
Health Sciences Centre as a tribute to
the man responsible for the centre
Dr. McCreary, former dean of
medicine at UBC and a champion of
the team approach to health care,
died of a heart attack at his home in
Gibsons, B.C., on Oct. 14.
The McCreary Centre includes the
300-bed Purdy Extended Care Unit,
the 60-bed Psychiatry Unit and the
Psychiatry    Day    House    Unit,    the
Continued from page 1
with the Point Grey cliffs," Weston
says in his report.
"Except for the storm drain area
there does not appear to be any need
for urgent action in regard to beach
Weston also says that before any
beach work is started, people interested in the area should be advised
of continuing developments.
Weston said he received 33 briefs
from groups and persons interested in
the cliffs and the beaches, which were
discussed at a series of public
meetings. There was also a guided
public tour of the area on Nov. 3.
He notes in his report that 50 years
ago most of the beaches of English Bay
were similar to the Wreck Beach and
Tower Beach of today, and says
"recognition of the genuine desire to
preserve this disappearing species of
environment is of primary concern."
Weston says that UBC students and
their teachers should be involved as
much as possible "in every operation
connected to the erosion control
He says that an experimental area
of erosion could be reclaimed by filling from the top, and says that
documentation, survey and
photographic work could be done by
students as part of an environmental
study and report. He notes that
monitoring of materials and placement of materials is a normal function
of a junior engineer and says this
could be a work-and-learn job for interested student engineers.
"Certainly, arrangements should be
made to encourage and use the input
of the experience and knowledge
available in the UBC community —
faculty, students, staff and general
public," Weston says in his report.
240-bed Acute Care Unit, the University Health Service Hospital, and the
two Community Health Centres.
UBC's Board of Governors, in naming the centre after Dr. McCreary,
also voted to honor Walter C.
Koemer, the man largely responsible
for turning the McCreary concept into
reality, by naming the newest structure in the centre the Walter Koerner
Acute Care Unit. The unit is expected
to admit its first patients early next
As president of the Association of
Canadian Medical Colleges from 1963
to 1966, Dr. McCreary persuaded the
federal government to set aside $500
million in a health resources fund to
build health education buildings
across Canada.
At UBC, where he was dean of
medicine for 13 years before becoming
co-ordinator of health sciences, Dr.
McCreary's objective was to have
students in the health sciences trained
in close association with each other so
that as working professionals, each
would know the competence and
limitations of the other professions.
The government of Canada
recognized Dr. McCreary's achievements by awarding him a Centennial
Medal in 1967 and by investing him as
an Officer of the Order of Canada in
1974 for "contributions to the advance
of medical research and the teaching
of medicine."
Walter Koerner has been closely
associated with the University for
many years, sponsoring numerous
scholarships and inaugurating
research projects. In 1958 he contributed $375,000 toward construction of the south wing of the UBC
Library, and a special gallery of the
Museum of Anthropology houses the
Walter and Marianne Koerner
masterwork collection of West Coast
Indian art.
Dr. Koerner served for 15 years —
the maximum permitted under the
Universities Act — as a member of the
UBC Board of Governors, and was
board chairman from 1968 to 1970.
He is chairman of the management
committee of the health sciences centre, and has held that position for all
but two years of the centre's 15-year
In 1964, while a member of the
Economic Council of Canada, Walter
Koerner received honorary degrees
from the University of New Brunswick
and from the University of Victoria.
He received an honorary Doctor of
Laws degree from UBC in 1973. QBCreports page $
Registrar sees himself as academic ombudsman
A lot of people at UBC were frankly
surprised when they heard Registrar
Jack Parnall was retiring at the end of
December, 1979.
"You must be retiring early," they
said to him.
"No. I'm 65."
"Well, you certainly don't look it,"
they'd say.
And they're right. He doesn't.
Even at close range hardly a single
white hair shows in the midst of a full
head of black hair and the lines on his
face are laugh lines, because Jack Par-
Prof. V.J. Modi, left, of UBC's mechanical engineering department, is a key
figure in development of a new artificial heart valve in collaboration with Dr.
Richard T. Brownlee, chief of cardiac surgery at Royal Jubilee Hospital in
Victoria. Graduate student Toshi Akutsu also worked on the project.
Heart valve development
aided by UBC engineers
An artificial heart valve vastly
superior to any now in use is being
developed in B.C.
So far the valve has performed
about 10 times better than any other
valve under laboratory conditions.
The inventors, a UBC mechanical
engineer, a heart surgeon and three
research assistants, are confident they
can further improve the performance
of the valve.
After design improvements, the
next step will be to test prototypes of
the valve in calves.
The valve marks 10 years of collaboration between Prof. Vinod J.
Modi of UBC's Department of
Mechanical Engineering, and Dr.
Richard T. Brownlee, chief of cardiac
surgery at the Royal Jubilee Hospital
in Victoria.
"Since the first artificial heart valve
was implanted in a human patient 18
years ago, thousands have been used
to replace leaking, worn-out or otherwise defective natural valves," said Dr.
"A number of different models have
appeared on the market, each selling
for more than $1,000.
"Usually a cardiac surgeon has been
the primary inventor. Little advanced
engineering has been applied to their
development. There has been virtually
no co-operation between medicine
and engineering in designing the
One model is similar to a ping pong
ball which moves back and forth in a
mesh cage, opening and closing the
valve opening. Another is like a coin
that pivots on a hinge.
The valves do not have a long life.
Failure may occur after a few months
or a few years. The average life of an
artificial valve is about three years.
The valves form blood clots, destroy
red blood cells, clog, leak, stick or
cause infections, and their mechanical
parts can wear out. Ironically, the
original valve implanted 18 years ago
is still operating.
Prof. Modi said the new valve was
invented after the team had
systematically studied the five most
popular artificial mitral valves. The
mitral valve is the most likely to fail of
the four valves of the heart.
"There was little information of the
relative strengths and weaknesses of
valves now being implanted," said
Prof. Modi. "Although surgeons tend
to favor one or other model over
others, there wasn't objective information to support their choice.
"So we built a working mechanical
model of the heart and subjected the
five artificial mitral valves to a series of
"We measured how much energy
was needed for the heart to pump
blood through the valves, how large
the valves opened, and the drop in
pressure across the valves. We are now
measuring shear stresses and turbulence generated by the valves.
"Shear stress is important because if
it is too high, it can destroy red blood
"In all tests, the best was the
Ionescu-Shiley valve, and the worst
was the Hancock valve."
The valve testing work was supported by the Canadian Heart Foundation and the National Research
The new valve closely resembles the
natural mitral valve. It consists of two
cusps made from material from a
calf's pericardium or part of the heart,
attached to a rigid frame.
Here is how the new valve compared
with the Ionescu-Shiley valve, the best
of the valves now in use.
The new valve's maximum opening
is 55 per cent greater, allowing for
more blood to pass. The pressure drop
was only 15 per cent of
Ionescu-Shiley's and the energy loss
was almost zero compared with eight
per cent for Ionescu-Shiley.
A low pressure drop and energy loss
means a more efficient valve.
nail smiles a lot and is noted for his
evenness of temper.
And this despite that fact that for
the past 28 years he's had a UBC job
that one of his colleagues says "would
turn most people's hair grey overnight."
Jack Parnall admits that the idea of
becoming associate registrar when he
was offered the job in 1951 didn't exactly appeal to him. "From the outside," he says, "it looked like a dreadful job. . . chained to a desk... all that
paperwork. I decided to take it on
when the then president, Larry (Dr.
Norman) MacKenzie, agreed to let me
teach in the Department of Mathematics as well."
And being registrar has turned out
to be a whole lot more interesting than
Jack Parnall thought it would be.
"The Registrar's Office," he says, "is a
sort of campus crossroads. You're involved with everyone from students to
top University administrators and because the registrar is also the secretary
to all 12 faculties and to the Senate
(UBC's academic parliament) you see
the big picture of what's happening
academically at UBC."
Those functions, plus the fact that
UBC has a centralized admissions procedure, enables the registrar to act as
a sort of academic ombudsman and a
builder of bridges between faculties,
he says.
UBC is probably the only large university left in Canada that centralizes
its admissions procedures and its records, Mr. Parnall says. At most Canadian universities the faculties are responsible for admitting students and
looking after record keeping. At UBC,
a few faculties, e.g. Medicine and
Law, have their own admissions committees, with the UBC registrar as a
Centralization has some real advantages. "It enables us to alert people to
potential problems and be helpful to
both students and faculty," Mr. Parnall says, "and the ombudsman function arises when a student gets fed up
with a faculty decision and comes to us
for help. We can take up the student's
problem with the faculty and try to get
them to look at it from a different
point of view."
Centralizing record keeping also enables the Registrar's Office to be helpful to students who want transcripts of
their marks in a hurry or need a letter
written on their behalf. "We go to
endless trouble to certify students' credentials for use in foreign countries,"
Mr. Parnall says. "And because we
know all the routines because of years
of doing it, we're able to provide students with an efficient service."
Jack Parnall believes that top UBC
administrators should also be teachers. "That's a rather old-fashioned
idea now," he says, "but it does enable
you to keep in touch with faculty and
student concerns."
He adds, with a smile: "It also puts
you on the same footing with a colleague who's been tardy getting his
marks in. You can call him up and
say,   'I've   marked   my   120   papers,
Essay fund set up
A fund to provide an annual essay
prize for a student in English 100 has
been established by friends and colleagues of the late Betty Belshaw.
Members of the University community
who wish to make contributions may
do so by sending cheques, made
payable to the University of B.C., to
Prof. Jan de Bruyn, Department of
English, Campus. Donors should indicate the name of the fund on the
cheque or an accompanying letter.
what's holding you up.' I've had to do
that more than once."
Jack Parnall also feels that the
growth of UBC has been a good thing.
"UBC is a far better place than it was
in my days here as a student," he says.
"It's better academically, there are far
greater opportunities in terms of future careers, and the library collection
is very significant. It's all very well to
indulge in nostalgia for the old days,
but I think we'd be missing a lot if we
hadn't grown."
He's also solidly behind moves to
upgrade admission requirements to
the University and academic standards within the University. "High
quality attracts people," he says, "and
the appeal of the University will always be enhanced by maintaining admission standards and by insisting on
quality work throughout the student's
university career.
"We should continue to review the
attainment of potential students as
well as the work of those we admit, as
UBC has over the years. And where we
find they're not capable of doing
university-level work, they should be
counselled to enrol elsewhere in order
to build up their academic background."
It's obvious in talking to Jack Parnall that his most satisfying moments
have come in the classroom as a teacher of mathematics. He says he wanted
to be a teacher when he enrolled in the
early 1930s at Victoria College, then
affiliated with UBC, where he encountered the late Walter Gage, the
teacher par excellence.
Jack Parnall taught high school
math for 11 years, served as a meteorological officer for the RCAF during
the second World War, and then
joined the UBC teaching staff for two
years (1945-47) when the campus
swelled almost overnight from 2,500
students to 10,000 as the veterans returned from overseas.
He went back to high school teaching for four years until 1951, when he
was persuaded to return to UBC as associate registrar and mathematics lecturer. He became UBC's registrar in
1957 on the retirement of C.B. Wood
and continued to teach until 1975.
Colleagues claim that Jack Parnall's
math lectures — like those of Walter
Gage — were swollen by students who
had heard that he had a talent for
making the subject plain. He admits
that his teaching style was basically
modelled on that of Walter Gage.
In retirement, Jack Parnall has
"gone back to his roots," as he puts it.
With his popular wife, Edna, he's purchased a house on half an acre of land
on Saanich Peninsula just north
of his hometown. "I started out thinking I'd like five acres," he says, "but
recently I've decided that half an acre
will be quite enough."
He plans to grow roses "and some
other things like raspberries that I
didn't have room for in the city," read
a lot of ancient history ("I'm particularly interested in the Egyptians and
cultures of that period"), and take in
plays and concerts in nearby Victoria.
Along the way, Jack Parnall has
picked up his share of honors. The Pacific Association of Registrars and Admission Officers awarded him its
President's Plaque in 1971 and earlier
this year the same organization
presented its distinguished service
award to him. He also served as president of the Canadian Association of
University Registrars.
The citation for the Pacific Association's service award emphasizes Jack
Parnall's wit and his ability "to recognize the humorous aspects of his job."
Which may be the real reason why
Jack Parnall looks 15 years younger
than he is. UBCalendar
Events in the period
Dec. 16-Jan. 5 Deadline is 5 p.m. Dec. 6
Jan. 6 to Jan. 12        Deadline is 5 p.m. Dec. 27
UBC Calendar will not be published between Dec. 12 and
Jan.  1,  1980. Normal publication will resume Wednesday,
Jan. 2
Send notices to Information Services, 6S28 Memorial Road
(Old Administration Building), Campus. Further information is available at 228-3151.
N.F.B. Christmas films, Christmas Cracker, A
Christmas Fantasy and Christmas Lights, will be
shown. 6393 Northwest Marine Dr.
with Arthur Erickson, architect: Dr. Michael
Ames, museum director; and Julie Martell. Channel 10, Vancouver Cablevision.
9:30 a.m. B.F.A. CRITIQUES, an opportunity to see work
by B.F.A. students and to hear discussions and
critiques on their fall term work. Art Gallery, Student Union Building. Continues until 3:30 p.m.
Josephy, Medical Biophysics Unit, B.C. Cancer
Research Centre, on Toxicity of Misonidazole:
Chemistry and Biochemistry of a Radiosen-
sitizer. Lecture Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research
Centre, 601 W. 10th Ave., Vancouver.
McLeod, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology,
Cambridge, England, on Characterization of the
mRNA and Protein Products of the unc-54
Myosin Heavy Chain Gene of C. elegans. Lecture Hall S, Woodward Instructional Resources
4:30 p.m. BIOMEMBRANE SEMINAR. Dr. Lance Liot
ta, National Institute of Health, Bethesda,
Maryland, on Basement Membrane Collagen
and Tumor Cells. Lecture Hall 3, Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
don, Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, on
Mechanisms of Anti-Tumor Immunity. Room
201, Wesbrook Building.
Dr. Phil Long on Computerized Psychiatric
Diagnosis. Lecture Hall B, Vancouver General
4:00 p.m. BIOCHEMICAL SEMINAR. Dr. Savio L.C.
Woo, Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine,
Houston, Texas, on The Expression of the
Ovalbumin Gene and Its Pseudogene in
Chicken Oviduct and in Mouse L-Cells. Lecture
Hall 3, Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
Steeves, Zoology, UBC, on The Mesencephalic
Locomotor Region in the Decerebrate Cat: Projections and the Role of Noradrenaline. Room
114, Block C, Medical Sciences Building.
fet Lunch. Salons A, B and C, Faculty Club.
12:30 p.m.SIGMA XI RESEARCH CLUB presents Dr.
George Hatem, People's Republic of China, on A
Program in Social Engineering: The Control of
Venereal Disease in the People's Republic of
China. Lecture Hall 3, Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre.
12:30 p.m. NOON-HOUR TRAVELS with Zoologists. Drs.
W.S. Hoar, C.C. Lindsey and G.G.E. Scudder,
Zoology, UBC, on Khabarovsk — Far Eastern
Siberia. Room 2000, Biological Sciences
6:30 p.m. YOUNG ALUMNI
with tree decorating,
goodies. Full facilities,
at Cecil Green Park,
students may join. For information, call 228-3313.
9:00 a.m. PEDIATRIC    GRAND    ROUNDS.    Dr.    R.
Tonkin, Population Paediatrics, UBC, on Violent
and Self-Destructive Behavior in Childhood.
Lecture Hall B, Heather Pavilion, Vancouver
General Hospital.
10:00 a.m. CHRISTMAS TREE SALE. Sixty large Abies
trees will be sold at $2 per foot by Forestry
students to finance their field tour expenses. South
Campus Research Area.
CLUB   Christmas   Party
carolling, and Christmas
Continues until midnight
Final year and graduate
8:00 p.m. VANCOUVER PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA, directed by Jerry Domer, performs
Music of Dvorak, Hoist, Castelnuovo-Tedesco
and Prokofieff. Old Auditorium.
A collection of 40 European drawings, ranging in date from
the 16th to 18th centuries are on view at the Fine Arts Gallery,
basement, Main Library, until Friday, Dec. 21; Tuesday to
Saturday; 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. The works constitute a portion of
the permanent collection of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
Work done by B.F.A. visual arts students will be exhibited for
critical assessment by B.F.A. instructors and fellow B.F.A.
students from Monday, Dec. 10 until Saturday, Dec. 15;
10:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Interested observers welcome. Art
Gallery, Student Union Building.
Listed below are scheduled final examinations for the degree
of Doctor of Philosophy at the University. Unless otherwise
noted, all examinations are held in the Faculty of Graduate
Studies Examination Room, General Services Administration
Friday, Dec. 14, 9:30 a.m.: YVES FORTIN, Forestry;
Moisture Content-Matric Potential Relationship and
Water Flow Properties of Wood at High Moisture Contents.
Residence Food Services
Gage "Deli"
Closed after Dec. 14, 1979 -
- open Jan
Gage Coffee House
Closing and opening times posted in Gage
Place Vanier and
Closed after dinner Dec. 21,
Totem Park Dining Rooms
Open breakfast Jan. 7, 1980
Campus Food Service
Auditorium Snack Bar
Closed after Dec. 14, 1979 -
open Jan
Buchanan Snack Bar
Closed after Dec. 12, 1979 -
open Jan
Barn Coffee Shop
Closed after Dec. 21, 1979 -
open Jan
Bus Stop Coffee Shop
Closed after Dec. 21, 1979 -
open Jan
Education Building Snack Bar
Closed after Dec. 14, 1979 -
open Jan
Gym Snack Bar
Closed after Dec. 7, 1979 -
open Jan.
I.R.C. Snack Bar
Closed after Dec. 21, 1979 -
open Jan
International House Snack Bar
Closed after Dec. 7, 1979
Ponderosa Snack Bar
Closed after Dec. 7, 1979 -
open Jan.
Dec. 13
Last day for Cafeteria service
Dec. 14
Snack Bar only, 7:45 a.m.  —
6:00 p.m
Dec. 15, 16
Regular hours
(Sat., 9:30 a.m.  - 3:30 p.m
; Sun., 11
Dec. 17, 18, 19, 20
7:45 a.m. - 7:00 p.m.
Dec. 21
7:45 a.m. — 4:00 p.m.
Dec. 22, 23, 24, 25, 26
Dec. 27, 28
7:45 a.m. — 4:00 p.m.
Dec. 29, 30
Dec. 31
8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Jan. 1, 1980
Jan. 2, 3, 4
7:45 a.m. — 4:00 p.m.
Jan. 5, 6
From Jan. 7, 1980
- 6:00 p.m.)
Canada's university research establishment has a spring in its step this
week as the result of the announcement by the federal government that
it will increase by 32 per cent the
funds available to the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research
Council (NSERC).
The federal announcement represents a major triumph for the Canadian research community, which has
been lobbying for more than half a
decade in an effort to convince the
government to stop the decline in the
real value of research support.
The increase will add $39 million to
the funds available to NSERC, which
will have $159.8 million available for
the support of university research in
1980-81. It's estimated that UBC researchers will benefit by at least $3
million in the coming year.
The increase in research funds applies only to NSERC, which makes
grants for basic and applied scientific
research and for research in "national
problem areas," including energy, environmental toxicology, food production and oceanography.
The federal government said it
would announce later plans for providing support for the Social Sciences
Canadian scientists
get massive increase
in research funding
and Humanities Research Council
and the Medical Research Council.
The federal decision to increase research funding marks the first step
toward financing a five-year plan prepared by NSERC. The plan calls for
beefing up the training of highly qualified manpower, improving links between university and industrial research, improving support for basic
research and "targeted" research in
areas of national concern, and the replacement of scientific equipment
which has become obsolete over the
last decade.
In making the announcement, federal minister of state for science and
technology Heward Grafftey admitted
that university research, particularly
in the natural sciences and engineering, "had been eroded in the 1970s
due to a decline in the real value of
federal support, declining enrolments
and a low turn-over of university
Dr. Richard Spratley, UBC's research administrator, said that research funding at UBC was "very close'
to a crisis in the early 1970s. We were
looking at increases of only 5 to 6 per
cent a year as against an inflation rate
of 15 to 20 per cent a year in the scientific cost of living, which is considerably greater than the ordinary cost ot
He said UBC's problems were com
pounded by the declining value of the
Canadian dollar, which resulted in
above-average increases in costs for
supplies and equipment, much of
which has to be purchased abroad.
Dr. Spratley added that over the
past two years there has been "a heartening increase" in funding from provincial agencies, from the B.C. Science Council and from the private sector through such agencies as the Canadian Cancer Society and the B.C.
Heart Foundation. "The B.C. Health
Care Research Foundation created by
the provincial government is making
an important contribution," he said,
"by investing some $2.5 to $3 million
annually in health research."
He said the increases in funding
from provincial, federal and private
sources will mean that universities will
substantially increase real-dollar support for scientific research and overcome the decline resulting from inflation.
In the last (1978-79) fiscal year,
UBC received nearly $26 million for
all types of research, an increase of 23
per cent over the previous year. The
federal government's contribution to
the total was 64 per cent, down from a
peak 78 per cent in 1972-73.


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