UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jul 18, 1991

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Array Pharmacy doctorate first in Canada
Photo by Charles Ker
UBC student Andrew Mason sifts through soil in search of artifacts from the site of what may be the earliest known dwelling in B. C.
Ancient site dates back 5,000 years
Unreal. That's how Andrew Mason
describes his summer so far.
Standing in an awning-covered
pit dug two metres into a farmer's field near
Mission, the 25-year-old UBC archeology student is unearthing a significant piece of B.C.
For two months. Mason, 10 undergraduates and five members of the nearby Storlo
Tribe have been digging out the remains of
what they believe is the oldest house in the
Charcoal from a hearth on the dwelling floor
was given a radiocarbon date of 5,140 years, a
millennium older than what was previously
thought to be the region's oldest house.
"If this thing really goes back 5,000 years,
people were obviously settling down a lot earlier than we ever anticipated," said UBC As
sistant Professor David Pokotylo, who supervised the Anthropology Department's
summer field school. "It may very well
change ideas we have about the development and origins of northwest culture as we
know it."
Mason calls it unreal, but the site's discovery last fall by a local archeologist had a more
surreal quality to it.
Gordon Mohs was on a Thanksgiving pic-
See FIND on Page 2
Canada's first Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)
program will be offered at UBC beginning in
September, 1991.
Six students will be accepted into each year of
the two-year program, which has been designed
to prepare advanced specialists in clinical pharmacy.
"The practice of pharmacy has changed significantly over the past 15 years," said Glenda
Meneilly, director of the Pharm.D. program and
an assistant professor in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
"There has been an increasing emphasis on
therapeutic decision making, with an associated
need for pharmacists who function as therapeutic
advisors," she explained. "These individuals require professional education and training at a
more advanced level than is presently achieved
in the undergraduate program. The Pharm.D.
degree is well recognized as the highest professional degree in pharmacy."
Meneilly added that while the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences maintains strong undergraduate, masters and PhD programs, the addition of
the Pharm.D. program will provide future leaders as the clinical role ofthe pharmacist expands.
A 1989 survey by the Faculty of Pharmacy at
the University of Toronto reported 62 positions
currently open in Canada requiring or preferring
a Pharm.D. degree, and forecasted the need for
over 300 individuals with a Doctor of Pharmacy
degree in the next five years.
At any given time, three to five B.C. residents
are enrolled in U.S. Pharm.D. programs. In 1990,
there were 19 pharmacists with a Pharm.D.
practicing in British Columbia.
"Access to a degree program in B.C. could
provide a stable supply of professionals with
advanced clinical training to meet ongoing requirements in B.C. hospitals, universities and
other organizations," Meneilly said.
The program is open to applicants who possess a B.Sc. degree in pharmacy, or equivalent,
and are eligible for registration with the College
of Pharmacists of British Columbia.
For further information, contact the Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences at 822-2390.
Commerce tops country
UBC received the most grants
among Canadian business schools in
the Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council's (NSERC) grant
competition for 1991.
Ince is Metening as speakers
torn U8C 9rve their time to
participate in the Speakers'
Around & About,
iimiilnyi iiamu trytotfciiah
the Job •tatted by pioneer
the medical
n athletes
The Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration picked up 16
grants totalling $304,749. The University of Waterloo finished with the
second highest number of grants, 12,
with a dollar figure of $365,750.
Former Dean of Commerce Peter
Lusztig said the number of NSERC
grants awarded to the faculty and the
amount received has increased over
the years. Last year, it received 14
grants totalling $276,049.
"In addition," said Lusztig,
"Waterloo's totals include units
which would be independent departments outside the business school at
Carleton, McGill, Queen's and
Simon Fraser universities, as well as
the universities of Toronto and Ottawa, were next with five NSERC
grants each. Among them, U of T
received the most funds, at $119,043.
NSERC grants are awarded to business schools across the country for
research in areas including operations
research, transportation, management
information systems and statistics.
Strong-Boag to head Women's Centre
Veronica Strong-Boag has been
appointed director of UBC's newly
created Centre for Women's Studies and Gender Relations.
The main goals ofthe centre are
interdisciplinary research in Women's Studies and Gender Relations,
graduate education and community
"We are fortunate in being able
to recruit Professor Strong-Boag as
the centre's founding director," said
Dan Birch, vice-president, academic
and provost. "Few, if any, Canadians could offer as much potential
for intellectual leadership in the
Strong-Boag currently holds a
joint appointment in the Department of History and the Women's
Studies Program at Simon Fraser
She received her PhD from the
University of Toronto in 1973 and
lectured at Trent University in Pe
terborough, Ont. and
Montreal' s Concordia
University before joining the faculty of SFU
in 1980.
Her current research interests include women in post-
confederation Canada
and women, the family and suburban development from post
World War II to 1960.
Strong-Boag is a
member of several distinguished organizations including Resources for.
Feminist Research, the Canadian
Women' s Studies Association and the
Canadian Research Institute for the
Study of Women.
In 1988, she received the Sir John
A. Macdonald Prize for the best book
in Canadian history awarded by the
Canadian Historical Society.
A year earlier, she was co-winner
ofthe Laura Jamieson Prize, presented
by the Canadian Research Institute for the
Advancement of
Women, for best
feminist book by a
Canadian author.
"UBC has many
outstanding scholars
working in Women's
Studies and Gender
Relations," Birch
«c£Jjfl said. "The coming
■*=■*-■• year will see them
take a much higher
profile with the approval of a Women's Studies major in the BA degree,
and the establishment of the Centre
for Research in Women's Studies
and Gender Relations."
Strong-Boag assumes her new position as director of the Centre for
Women's Studies and Gender Relations on Sept. 1.
The centre is a $2-million project
of UBC's A World of Opportunity
fundraising campaign. 2    UBC REPORTS July 18.1991
Service recognized
by Alumni awards
Recipients of the 1991 UBC
Alumni Association Awards were announced during the association's annual general meeting held June 13.
The winners are:
— Peter Lusztig, former dean of
the Faculty of
Commerce and
Business Administration.
He receives the
Alumni Award
of Distinction
which recognizes outstanding achievements of UBC
— Jim Richards, dean of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences. Dean
Richards is being honored with the
Faculty Citation which is awarded to
members of UBC faculty who have
rendered outstanding service to the
general community in capacities other
than teaching and research.
— Dr. John Diggens, past presi-
dent of the
Alumni Association and currently president
of the B.C. College of Dental
Surgeons. He is
the recipient of
the Blythe Eagles Volunteer
Service Award
which honors
individuals who have contributed extraordinary time and energy to the
Alumni Association.
— John Chapman, who is considered to be one ofthe architects of post-
secondary education in B.C., and
Buzz Moore, an outstanding athlete
and a member of the B.C. Hall of
Fame. They are co-winners of the
Honorary Alumni Award which recognizes contributions made to the
Alumni Association and/or UBC by
Each recipient ofthe Alumni Association Awards will be honored at
special events throughout the year.
ui%h Columbia
ut Health   i
*    1  \m* % *
Photo by Media Services
Health centre opens
Minister of Health Bruce Strachan was on campus to officiate at the opening of UBC's Centre for Health
Services and Policy Research and the B. C. Office of Health Technology Assessment (OHTA) on July 5.
The centre will be a focal point for research at UBC on health policy, population health, health human
resource planning, health services research and evaluation and health care technology assessment It will
complement the educational and research activities of a variety of UBC faculties and departments. The
centre is a project of UBC's fundraising campaign, A World of Opportunity.
Crane Library welcomes visitors
Job Link busier than
ever this summer
A tight summer job market is responsible for a huge increase in the
number of students using an employment service funded by the Alma Mater
"We've never had line-ups like this
before," said Peter Gorgenyi, one of
three coordinators at Job Link.
As an example of how demand has
surged, Gorgenyi said that 173 students registered during the first week
of operations last year, but this year,
178 registered on the very first day.
"The response has been pretty phenomenal," he said. Last year, Job Link
found employment for 580 students.
Many ofthe students now registering at Job Link usually have jobs lined
up in March or April, Gorgenyi said.
But this year, they are still unemployed due to the effects ofthe recession.
"With many companies tightening
their belts this year, students are often
the first to suffer," he said.
Job Link was established six years
ago to fill a gap left by the Canada
Employment Centre, which does not
provide summer employment services
on campus after April.
With the Canada Employment Centre shutting down in September, Job
Link is now offering permanent career
placement, as well. So far, there are
only a few permanent positions posted,
but Gorgenyi expects the numbers will
Job Link acts as a screening service
for employers, pre-interviewing students to make sure that they meet at
least basic qualifications for posted
jobs before they are allowed to apply.
"If an employer wants someone
who can type 50 words per minute or
has expertise with a particular type of
computer software, we make sure the
student has those skills," Gorgenyi
Job Link operates until August 9 in
This summer, the Crane Library
and Resource Centre for the blind,
visually impaired and print-disabled
is opening its doors to off-campus
groups and individuals.
Two senior students, who are
visually impaired, are employed at
Crane through the end of August
with assistance from the Challenge
'91 program. Theresa Andrews, a
graduate student in Counselling Psy-
Photo by Media Services
Students line up for summer work at the Job Link centre in the SUB.
the Speakeasy office in the con- number. Employers who are intercourse of the Student Union Build- ested in hiring students can contact
ing. To register, you must be a UBC Job Link at 822-5627 (UBC-JOBS)
student   with   an   active   student or fax 822-6093.
UBC to receive funding
from new B.C. initiative
UBC will receive funding for 371
full-time student spaces as part of a
$7.85-million provincewide initiative announced last month by Advanced Education Minister Peter
The university will receive $2.5-
million under the program, which will
fund a total of 1,076 spaces at post-
secondary institutions across the province.
The additional money will not create new spaces at UBC, which has
admitted about 750 more students than
it has funding for in 1991/92, said
President David Strangway.
"This will permit us to keep our
intake at the same level and gives us
partial funding for those spaces," he
Simon Fraser University will receive funding for 100 spaces and the
University of Victoria will receive
funding for 50 spaces.
The money is in addition to funds-
already allocated for 1991/92, Dueck
"This funding reinforces our commitment to giving British Columbians
every opportunity to participate in the
province's post-secondary education
system," he added.
chology, and Stephen Heaney, a recent Psychology graduate and returning Social Work student, will conduct library and recording centre
tours to demonstrate special electronic and computer equipment which
provides unique access to information for the blind.
"We would like to talk to interested groups about this university
service, which is the only one of its
kind in Canada," said Andrews.
"We are especially interested in
meeting other visually impaired col
lege and high school students as
well as teacher and counselling specialists and career or vocational
Andrews and Heaney are also working with new and continuing UBC
visually-impaired students, providing
library instruction, computer tutoring
and lessons in how to use Crane's
unique talking UBC Library On-Line
Public Catalogue.
For more information please call
Theresa Andrews or Stephen Heaney
at 822-6111. ,
Find challenges ideas about
region's earliest inhabitants
Continued from Page 1
nic with his wife when he noticed a
bulldozer parked in the field where the
site was later found. Mohs had long
suspected that the huge boulder beside
the machine had some archeological
When he learned that the odd
rock outcropping was to be blasted
and the field cleared to make way
for a 14-house subdivision, Mohs
quickly went to have construction
Upon his return two days later, all
but a small area in the southeast corner
of the property had been cleared of
It was in this uncleared area that
Mohs dug a one-square-metre hole
out of which came 300 stone artifacts
and the edge of what later turned out to
be the house.
"A few feet in either direction and
I wouldn't have found it," said Mohs.
"I think it was luck, but the Native
elders say otherwise."
Since late May, the field school
students have dug five, two-metre by
two-metre holes and uncovered close
to 5,000 artifacts. Among them are
spear points, fishing knives, an assortment of wood-working tools and lumps
of red and yellow earth pigment used
in early rituals. A small bench dug into
the floor was also discovered along
the back wall of the house.
Mohs guesses that the structure,
roughly eight metres wide and long,
was originally dug into the side of a
riverbank. Although its architectural
design is still sketchy, 40 dark stains
are discernible where large timber
posts were driven into the ground for
For Mason and his field school
companions, the weeknights were as
much of an experience as the dig itself.
It was the first time the field school
had collaborated with a Native group
on a project. After 12-hour days of
excavating, recording and mapping,
the students would head off to the
nearby Sumas Mountain Reserve
where they bunked in a longhouse and
shared a kitchen in the community
"It was a great way to get my
career off and running," said Mason,
who plans to do his master's thesis on
the Hatzic site.
Mason will keep digging until the
end of July when construction on the
subdivision is scheduled to begin.
The boulder, which Natives say
has an ancient song trapped inside it,
will remain.
"They're going to save the rock
and we're saving the information,"
said Mason. "It'sbetterthanlosingthe
site altogether."
Until then, people can still visit the
site by booking a tour through the
Sto:lo Tribal Council at 858-3366. To
get to the site, follow the Lougheed
Highway through Mission to Hatzic,
turn north on Dewdney Trunk Road to
Sunnyside Drive, park at the end and
and follow the path down to the field. UBC REPORTS July 18.1991       3
First Nations program seeks to build on successes
UBC is seeking funding from provincial and federal sources to continue
and expand the First Nations Health
Care Professions Program (FNHCPP)
on campus.
Originally launched in 1988 as a
three-year development project, the
overall objectives ofthe FNHCPP were
to recruit First Nations students into
health care programs at UBC and to
increase the number of Native people
working in the health care professions.
Co-ordinator of Health Sciences,
Dr. Paul Robertson, called the program a "major success," adding that it
has made "tremendous progress" towards achieving its objectives over
the past three years.
Approximately 200 First Nations
students are currently enrolled at UBC,
14 in the health sciences. At the initiation of the program, no First Nations
students were enrolled in the Faculty
of Medicine and few were registered
in other health sciences faculties and
In the 1992/93 academic year, a
medical student, currently entering
his third year ofthe four-year medical
program, will be the first Native to
graduate from UBC's Faculty of
Medicine. Four Native students will
be entering pre-med programs in the
fall of 1991. At least another 20 students will be entering health sciences
faculties and schools.
"Strong interactive relationships
have been developed between this
new program and the health sciences
at UBC, as well as with Native
organizations and communities,'
school districts, health care agencies
and a number of health care career
programs at other universities," said
Angie Todd-Dennis, co-ordinator of
She added that with continued
funding, the program proposes to increase the enrolment of First Nations
students in the health sciences disciplines by identifying prospective
candidates with high potential for
the health professions as early as pos
sible in their education.
"One ofthe ways students are identified for the FNHCPP is through the
very successful Summer Science for
Native Youth Program, now in its
fourth year," Todd-Dennis said.
"That's the pool from where we hope
to draw our students in the future."
The program offers students academic counselling in course selection and admissions procedures, personal and financial counselling and
tutorial services tailored to individual
student need.
Garden goes on
a health kick
Striving for leadership role
UBC sets goal for staff development
The Human Resources Department,
along with an advisory and steering
committee, is co-ordinating efforts to
make UBC a leader in staff training
and development among Canadian
"The opportunities and resources
for staff training and development already exist here," said Bonnie Milne,
Human Resources co-ordinator of
training and development. "What we
are try ing to do is put it all together and
give it some focus. Communication
will be the key."
In an effort to open the lines of
communication, Human Resources
training and development staff and
committee members met with about
50 staff groups to discuss their training and career development needs.
Milne said all ofthe staff appreciated
being consulted, were interested in the
project, and wanted to be kept informed of its progress. "In response to
these requests we began a training and
development newsletter to communicate information to all UBC staff,"
said Milne.
The results of the discussions revealed that many staff members are
interested in working in other locations on campus in order to gain new
skills and prevent plateauing.
"The idea of department profiles
which would list positions, type of
work performed, research conducted
and other items of interest, was enthusiastically received," added Milne.
Many people also identified training needs in computer skills, management training, career planning, interpersonal skills, UBC policies and
project management. The idea of a
campus orientation for new and long-
term employees was also well received,
said Milne.
The next step in the staff development project included a series of
meetings with companies and organizations in the Lower Mainland to
find out about their career develop
ment programs.
"We approached representatives of
the companies rated in the top 100 in
terms of employee satisfaction," said
Nancy Nowlan, assistant co-ordinator
of training and development. "We
want to find out what makes their
staff development programs so successful."
Nowlan said this initiative is important to both the staff and administration. "The president's advisory
committee on management and professional staff has made training and
development a top priority."
Milne said the ultimate goal is to
co-ordinate the facilities andexpertise
that already exist at UBC.
"This isn't going to be done overnight," said Milne. "We're looking at
all non-academic staff — a number
which approaches 7,000. What we
hope to do is take a series of steps that
will place UBC on the leading edge of
career training and development
among Canadian universities."
A stroll through Vancouver's
Van Dusen Gardens at 37th
and Oak could be good for
your health.
In among the rhododendrons and
roses, visitors will find a new array of
medicinal plants, still in use for their
healing properties, thanks to the Pharmacy Division of the UBC Alumni
"We thought the medicinal plant
collection was a fitting way to commemorate the centennial anniversary
of pharmacy in the province," said
Louanne Twaites, who graduated from
the.Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in 1953.
Twaites, who is past president of
the UBC Pharmacy Alumni Division,
explained that medicinal gardens have
historically served the purpose of cultivating plants known to be useful in
healing. They also have allowed fur
ther study of plants and their potential
healing properties.
She added that the knowledge acquired by ancient cultures about plants
native to their environment has expanded through the centuries, but remains largely untapped.
One plant in the garden, Taxol, an
alkaloid from the taxus brevifolia or
Pacific Yew, is currently being investigated by a team of UBC researchers
for its cancer-fighting potential.
Labrador Tea, Saskatoon Berry,
Goatsbeard and Devil's Club are just
a few of the other 40 medicinal plants
in the garden.
The collection, which contains
plants indigenous to North America
and which were used as medicinal
herbs by Native Indians, forms part of
Van Dusen's Canadian Heritage Garden. It was dedicated by UBC pharmacy alumni this spring.
Every year, from September through April, the
UBC Speakers Bureau,
and the university itself,
benefits from the volunteered
expertise of faculty, professors
emeriti and management and
professional staff.
Their mission? To carry
UBC "s teaching and research
to the community. Their reward? Lively audiences,
feedback to their presentations and an occasional hot
Interest in the bureau grew
markedly in 1990-91, when there
were 43% more requests for
speakers than during the previous year. Interest was particularly strong among school
groups and community ——
Many audiences were
looking for information on
politics and current affairs. DuringtheGulfWar ■""■"
there was great demand
for speakers to offer analysis of
the events in the Middle East.
One audience member wrote to
the bureau to say "Our partici
pants were thrilled to go home,
only to hear on the evening news
what they had heard first at
[the UBC speaker's] lecture."
Other groups welcomed
presentations on foreign
lands and cultures as a way
of opening a window on the
world. Art, history and literature from around the
globe are part of many talks
by members of the bureau.
In 1990-91, more than
180 UBC faculty, professors emeriti and management and professional staff volunteered for the bureau. Presentations covered topics ranging from
All About Spit (a favorite with
younger audiences, despite — or
The bureau is an "excellent way to
improve town/gown relationships."
maybe due to — its potentially off-
putting title), to How to Improve
Your Memory, which, as memory
serves, drew good reviews.   El
ementary school classes learned
about Sea Monsters of the B.C.
Coast; the Richmond Seniors' Literary Circle explored Lifewriting;
and groups across the Lower Mainland vigorously debated the pros
and cons of the Reform of the
Federal Sales Tax.
— Management and professional staff form an important segment of the bureau's roster of speakers.
Topics vary from Why
—~ Choose Forestry?, a discussion of forestry as a profession, particularly for women,
to Mid-Life and Mid-Career: A
Clash of Goals?
Speakers consistently cite au
dience interest as the most rewarding aspect of speaking to
community groups. Topical issues, such as the
Goods and Services Tax
and the Meech Lake Accord, frequently lead to
lively question-and-answer
Audiences enjoy having UBC speakers available to bring the university into the community.
One person wrote to
commend a speaker on
world affairs for "taking
the side we in Canada seldom
hear. He was able to explain
this opposing view without
causing offence to those who
thought differently about the issue." Another audience member wrote to say the bureau is
an "excellent way to improve
town/gown relationships."
Schools are encouraged to
make use of the bureau to complement their curricula. Some speakers are particularly skilled at
adapting their university presentations to the interest levels and
attention spans of younger students. Talks on the environment,
earthquakes and UBC academic
programs are popular with school
The services ofthe bureau are
offered free of charge to groups
in the Lower Mainland. The marketing area of UBC's Community
Relations Office operates the bureau as a referral service, putting
groups in touch with appropriate
speakers. Occasionally speakers will receive an honorarium for
speaking, but most of the user
groups are not-for-profit and the
vast majority of speakers donate
their time.
The bureau finds itself with the
pleasant problem of demand
exceeding supply. In 1990-91
there simply weren't enough volunteer speakers available to meet
the requests for presentations on
topics such as parenting skills,
the environment, politics and current affairs, and health and nutrition.
Plans are underway to attract
more speakers in these and other
areas for next year. All UBC
faculty members, professors
emeriti and management and professional staff are eligible to volunteer for the bureau. 4    UBC REPORTS July 18.1991
July 21 -
August 17
Evening Public Lecture
The Universe As Creation.
Dr. John Folkinghorne,
President of Queen's College, Cambridge. Regent
College main floor auditorium at 8pm. Call 224-
Vancouver School of Theology
Summer School Public Lecture: Earthen
Vessels And Ordinary People. Dr. Robert
Jewett, Prof, of New Testament Interpretation, Garrett-Evangelical Theological
Seminary. Chancellor Bldg., Epiphany
Chapel at 7:30pm. Call 228-9031.
Computer Workshop
Introduction to Microsoft Excel 3.0 (Mac).
Gary Bobroff. CSCI #121 from 9am-
12pm, July 23/25. Register CSCI 452.
$75, students $37.50. Call 822-3941.
Micro Lunch
Academic Computing Accounts from
UCS. Freddy Echeverri. CSCI #460 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-3941.
Evening Public Lecture
Evangelicals And Liberals:
The Mutual Value Of Dialogue. Dr. Clark Pinnock,
Prof, of Systematic Theology, McMaster Divinity
College.   Regent College
main floor auditorium at 8pm. Call 224-
Computer Workshop
EndNote: Bibliography Maker for the
Macintosh. Charles Tremewen. CSCI
#121 from 9am-12pm. Register CSCI
#452. $40, students $20. Call 822-3941.
Micro Lunch
Academic Computing Accounts From
UCS. Freddy Echeverri. CSCI #460 from
12:30pm-1:30. Call 822-3941.
Vancouver School of Theology
Summer School Public Lecture. The
Apocalypse: St. John's And Ours.
Dr.Hans-Ruedi Weber, Dir. of Biblical
Studies, WCC, Geneva. Chancellor Bldg.,
Epiphany Chapel at 7:30pm. Call 822-
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For events in the period August 18 to September 7, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms
no later than noon on Tuesday, August 6 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Old Administration
Building. For more information call 822-3131. The next edition oj'UBC Reports wil be published August 15. Notices exceeding
35 words may be edited.
Child Study Centre Special Lecture
A Project Approach To Ungraded And
Integrated Curriculum. Visiting professors
Dr. Lilian Katz, U. of Illinois and Dr. Sylvia
Chard, U. of Alberta. CSC #147, 2881
Acadia Rd. from 1:30-3:30pm. Call 822-
Evening Public Lecture
■■■■ Why Paul Wrote A Second
^^^_ Time To The Corinthians.
H^^%» Dr.Paul Bamett, Anglican
flh^p Bishop of North Sydney,
^^*^ Australia. Regent College
^^^^■™ main floor auditorium at
8pm. Call 224-3245
Micro Lunch
Accessing UBCLIB With Your Micro.
Cheryl Adam. CSCI #460 from 12:30pm-
1:30. Call 822-3941.
Bookstore Summer Sidewalk
Continues until July 27. 10am-4:30pm,
rain or shine. Hardcover and paperback
books, souvenirs, gifts, art supplies and
sportswear. Call 822-2665.
Campus Tours
Enjoy a free walking tour of UBC's gardens, galleries, recreational facilities and
more. Drop-in tours leave the Tours and
Information desk in the Student Union
Building at 10am and 1pm weekdays. To
book specialized tours including those for
seniors, children, ESL groups and the
physically challenged, call 822-3777.
Orientation 1991
Participate in Orientation
'91 and prepare yourself
for the challenges and excitement ofUBC. Firstyear
students, their parents and
college transfer students
are invited. Times vary. Call 822-3733.
Friday Morning Campus Tours
School and College Liaison tours provide
prospective UBC students with an overview of campus activities, facilities and
services. Every Friday 9:30am. Reservations required one week in advance.
Call 822-4319.
Health Sciences Bookshop
Open Saturday
The Bookshop is open
Mon. to Sat. from 9:30am-
5pm in the UBC Medical
Student/Alumni Centre at
2750 Heather Street, corner of 12th Ave. Call 879-
Call For Nominations
UBC Senate Tributes Committee seeks
nominations for outstanding candidates
to be awarded honorary degrees in 1992.
Nominees will be selected from persons
prominent in the University, the broader
community, nationally/internationally.
Nominations close Aug. 30. For forms/
further information, call Ceremonies at
UBC Summer Players/91
In repertory to Aug 3.
Cowardy Custard - a musical revue about Noel Coward. Admission $10.
Dorothy Somerset Studio
at 8pm. Fish Tales by
Simon Webb; Ten Little Indians by Agatha
Christie. Admission $8. Freddy Wood
Theatre at 8pm. Reservations recommended. Call 822-2678.
Museum of Anthropology
Open 7 days a week. Temporary exhibitions: African Indigo, Textile Gallery until
Aug. 11; Fragments, early 20th Century
West African Sculptures until Sept. 8.
Call 822-5087.
Fine Arts Gallery
Heroic/Romance Exhibition. Summer
HoursTue-Fri. from 10am-5pm. Call 822-
IH Reach Out
Local students correspond
with international students
accepted to UBC. Act as
contact and provide useful
information to incoming
students while making global friends. All students (Canadian or
International) welcome. Call 822-5021.
Artists Wanted
The University detachment of the RCMP
seeks volunteers to assist in designing
and creating artwork to be used for safety
awareness on campus. No experience
necessary. Call Carolyn at 224-1322.
Executive Programmes
July 25/26 business seminar: "Corporate
Policy Towards The Environment".
Fee:$495. Call 822-8400.
English Language Institute
English-speaking families needed to host
international students participating in ELI
programs, for periods from two-six weeks.
Remuneration, $21/night. Call 222-5208.
English Language/Composition
Guided practice in writing
for UBC students requiring furthertraining in grammar and writing skills. Call
Bereavement Study
Participants invited for a study investigating the long-term effects of adolescent
bereavement. Young adults 18-22 years,
having experienced a loss of either parent
at least 5 years ago. Call Ann Mclntuck in
Nursing at 224-3921/3999.
Occupational Health/Safety
Laboratory Chemical
Safety Course. Directed
to lab technicians, store
keepers and safety committee members. Graduate and post graduate students welcome. Fees: UBC employees
free, others $200. Aug. 19 and Aug. 20
from 8:30am-12:30pm. Call 822-2029/
5909.Statistical Consulting/Research
Operated by the Department of Statistics
to provide statistical advice to faculty and
graduate students working on research
problems. Forms for appointments available in Ponderosa Annex C-210. Call
Step-Families Study
Married couples with at least one child
from a previous union living with them,
invited to participate in a study of stress
and coping in step-families. Call Jennifer
Campbell in Psychology at 822-3805.
Retirement Study
Women concerned about
retirement planning
needed for an 8-week Retirement Preparation seminar. Call Sara Cornish in
Counselling Psychology at
Adult Child Separation/Divorce
Volunteers needed for research study
exploring how mothers cope with their
adult child's separation/divorce. Participants required to fill out a mailed questionnaire. Call Allison Krause in Counselling Psychology at 946-7803.
Depression Study
Participants needed for study researching a new anti-depressant medication.
Depression sufferers, 18-65 years. Call
Doug Keller in Psychiatry at 822-7318.
Mothers' Health Research Study
Mothers with children of 3-12years needed
to complete questionnaires ref. treatments
which help children cope with pain. Approximately 20 minutes required. Call
Susan Cross, Parenting Research Lab.,
Psychology at 822-9037.
Daily Rhythms Study
Volunteers needed to keep a daily journal
(average 5 min. daily) for 4 months, noting
patterns in physical/social experiences.
Call Jessica McFarlane at 822-5121.
PMS Research Study
Volunteers needed for a
study of an investigational
medication to treat Pre
Menstrual Syndrome. Call
Doug Keller, Psychiatry,
University Hospital,
Shaughnessy site at 822-7318.
Acne Study
Volunteers needed 14-35 years of age.
Moderate facial acne. Four visits over 3-
month period. Honorarium paid. Call
Sherry in Dermatology at 874-8138.
Stress and Blood Pressure
Learn how your body responds to stress.
Participate in UBC Psychology research.
Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden in Psychology
at 822-3800.
Exercise In Asthma Study
Volunteers with exercise-induced asthma
needed for 2-part study (30 min. each).
No medications or injections. Call Dr. Phil
Robinson, Pulmonary Research laboratory, St. Paul's Hospital at 682-2344, extension 2259.
Memory For Places
Study on memory for places (shopping
mall) requires volunteers age 65 years
and older for 1.5 hours. Please call Bob
Uttl, Psychology at 822-2140.
Herpes Research Study
Participants needed for
treatment studies of shingles (herpes zoster) and
First herpes simplex infections with new antiviral
agents. Also ongoing
study for males 18-45 years with recurrent herpes simplex. Dr. Stephen Sacks,
sponsoring physician. Call the Herpes
Clinic, Medicine at 822-7565 or leave a
message at 687-7711, pager 2887.
Hair Loss Research
Women aged 19-49 years experiencing
moderate hair loss, crown area only, are
needed for study. Must be able to attend
1 -2 times weekly for 9 months. Honorarium paid. Call Sherry in Dermatology
at 874-8138.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
All surplus items.   Every
Wednesday,    12-3pm.
ii cmm Task Force Bldg., 2352
U JDMm Health Sciences Mall. Call
Sexual Harassment Office
Two advisors are available to discuss
questions and concerns on the subject.
They are prepared to help any member of
the UBC community who is being sexually harassed to find a satisfactory resolution. Call Margaretha Hoek or Jon Shapiro
at 822-6353.
Student Volunteers
Find an interesting and challenging volunteer job with Volunteer Connections,
Student Counselling and Resources Centre, Brock 200. Call 822-3811.
Narcotics Anonymous Meetings
Every Tuesday (including holidays) from
12:30-2pm, University Hospital, UBC Site,
Room 311 (through Lab Medicine from
Main Entrance). Call 873-1018 (24-hour
Help Line).
Fitness Appraisal
Administered by Physical
Education and Recreation
through the ^ohn M.
Buchartan Frtri&fls atrwl
Research Centre. Students $25, others $30. Call
Adult Hockey Camps
Quality skill development instruction for
both men and women whether experienced players or newcomers to the game.
Call Community Sport Services at 822-
Adult Golf Lessons
Basic or intermediate programs. Quality
fundamentals of grip, posture, stance,
alignment and accuracy. Class size limited to 6. Call Community Sport Services
at 822-3688.
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
■■■■Mai Located west of the Edu-
JQ§ cation Building. Free ad-
^QHt mission. Open year round.
W^W* Families interested in plant-
^ ing, weeding or watering
the garden, call Jo-Anne
Naslund at 434-1081.
Botanical Garden
Open from 10am-6pm daily. Freeadmission on Wednesdays. Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Garden
Open from 10am-8pm daily. Free admission on Wednesdays. Call 822-6038.
Advertise in
UBC Reports
Deadline for paid
advertisements for
the August 15 issue
is  4 p.m. August 6.
For information,
phone 822-3131
To place an ad,
phone 822-6163 UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA
In the face of a rapidly changing and
evolving post-secondary education system, the Ministry of Advanced Education, Training and Technology initiated,
in September 1990, a request for UBC
(and other post-secondary institutions)
to develop a planning document outlining key themes and issues shaping our
directionoverthenextthreeyears. UBC
is pleased to provide this plan which
draws heavily on its already approved
strategic plan. At the outset it may be
useful, however, to review some of the
assumptions underlying the development of the attached planning document.
Planning is an on-going and continuous process reflecting changing constraints and opportunities. This is as
true for a university as it is for any other
business or institution. A university,
however, must not only ensure that current changes occur in an orderly manner, building on strengths, but it must
take a medium-to-long-term perspective. And it must do this in the context of
a very complex institution offering a
diverse array of programs and services.
Itfoltows naturally then that this planning
document is a current view snapshot of
the next few years and is meaningful in
the context of the following series of
assumptions regarding government
Assumptions about future government plans are based on the policies
and decisions made by the B.C. Government over the past four years. It is
assumed then that:
•The B.C. Government will continue
its Access for All program with the objective of creating at least 15,000 new
university degree places, thereby enabling B.C. provincial participation rates
in degree programs to reach the Canadian average. This goal is to be reached
by 1994/95.
• A substantial number of the new
places to be funded by the Access for All
program will be created at the graduate
level thereby facilitating an increase of
2,000 students in graduate programs at
UBC. This will lead to the gathering of a
critical mass of creative talent which is
essential to the growth of new ideas and
emergence of innovative solutions to
• At the same time, funding will be
made available for a targeted increase
of approximately 1,200 students in undergraduate programs which are either
unique to UBC or which are being impacted by higher retention and transfer
• The new places being created by
the Access for All program will be provided on a full cost per student basis,
thereby ensuring that the additional
places provided do not result in dilution
of the existing per student funding levels.
•The B.C. Government will continue,
at least in the short-term, to maintain
operating grants at levels above the
Dear Colleague:
The Three-year Plan of The University of British Columbia, including the
Academic Plan, as submitted to the Ministry of Advanced Education, Training
and Technology in late 1990, is published here for your information. The
Academic Plan is draft number 11.
It is based on input from the departments and faculties and we plan to update
and modify it each year. We are now preparing the next version for 1991/92
and would appreciate receiving any comments as we prepare the next draft.
Yours sincerely,
David W. Strangway
inflation rate and above the Canada-
wide average on a per student basis.
This will be essential forthe university to
maintain its competitive position in the
face of: a) low retirement rates for the
1990s; b) increasingly fierce competition for excellent faculty and support
personnel; and c) the increased need to
provide non-salary expenses for teaching, research and support services in
order to attract and keep the best and
• The B.C. Government Student Assistance Program, recently introduced,
will remain in place and will be reviewed
regularly to ensure that it continues to
meet the financial needs of students.
•The B.C. Government Capital Construction Program, reintroduced to the
universities four years ago, will remain
on an on-going basis. At UBC this will
require an annual capital investment of
approximately $25 million per year in
1989 dollars.
• The B.C. Government Matching
Donations Program will be continued.
This initiative has been highly successful in attracting substantial new resources
in support of B.C.'s post-secondary educational system. With support from
across Canada, the USA and increasingly from overseas, UBC, is being propelled towards world-class stature. To
meet projected donations in its current
campaign, UBC requires an additional
$30 million in government matching
funds. It may be anticipated that for
UBC to maintain internationally competitive endowment funding levels utilizing funding from outside the province,
that $18-20 million per year of B.C.
Government matching funds will be required as a stimulus on an ongoing
• The B.C. Government Equipment
Funds announced last year will be continued, reflecting the need to continue
re-tooling following B.C.'s long and difficult recession of theearly to mid-1980s,
coupled with the rapid technological
advances which are making older equipment obsolete.
•The B.C. Government Public Works
and Renovationsfunding, reinforced four
years ago, will be continued to ensure
that the universities do not incur further
deferred maintenance. It is important
that consideration be given to increasing the amount to 2 per cent of the capital
plant replacement cost, including the
operating costs of new buildings as they
are brought into service.
• The B.C. Government will make
provision to meet overhead costs associated with grants from research granting agencies. The need for this type of
support was most recently demonstrated
by the excellent provincial government
support which permitted UBC to be so
competitive in the National Networks of
Centres of Excellence program, which
has enhanced B.C.'s profile nationally
and internationally.
• The B.C. Government will provide
the resources necessary to implement
the Public Service Pay Equity Program
in the university environment.
• The B.C. Government will value
and recompense UBC for the considerable direct services it provides to the
clinical care mandate of the Ministry of
•The B.C. Ministry of Health will work
with the teaching hospitals to ensure,
based on the hospitals' priorities, that
they have the resources, especially
space, to fully participate in developing
the provincial system of health care,
teaching, and research to international
•The B.C. Government is committed
to a broadly accessible system, in par-
ticularfacilitating university/college partnerships. UBC is pleased to have the
opportunity to work with Okanagan and
Cariboo Colleges, as these institutions
evolve to independent degree-granting
status. We would welcome the opportunity to provide the same type of support
to other institutions.
• The B.C Government Science and
Technology Development Fund and the
Environment Fund will continue on a
fully competitive peer-reviewed basis.
• The B.C. Government will consider
adopting a formula system for university
funding which will establish a target
weighted full-time equivalent enrolment
for each provincial university at both the
graduate and the undergraduate levels,
plus a research infrastructure component. Building on the approach already
taken in the Access for All program,
departures from the target would need
consultation with and agreement from
the ministry. The research infrastructure component builds on the approach
taken to facilitate UBC's participation in
the National Network of Centres of Excellence.
What is remarkable about this formula is that it is sufficiently consistent
with the present distribution that its implementation would result in nearly the
same distribution of funds among the
three universities as currently exists. It
could, therefore, be implemented as a
system-wide planning tool which in and
of itself would ensure a high degree of
accountability. We will shortly submit a
revised version updated with 1990 data.
We strongly urge that this formula or
a variant of it be adopted as a framework
for planning by each of the B.C. universities. Examination of the formula reminds one that first and second year
university programs are far more cost
effective at universities than in colleges.
The high cost of the college-based university transfer programs is, however,
justifiable on the basis of regional accessibility.
These assumptions provide the context forthe attached UBC planning document.
Key Issues
In June 1989, following almost three
years of exhaustive cogitation, consultation and discussion, UBC published
its mission statement and broadly conceived strategic plan in a document
titled "UBC Second to None - Service
through Excellence." That document
reflects on some of the major changes
that have occurred over the past 25
years in the B.C. post-secondary system. In particular, it notes UBC's emergence as a key research and teaching
institution within the comprehensive and
evolving system of higher education in
British Columbia. Today, UBC's development of excellence is more and more
widely recognized, not only at provincial
levels, but at national and international
levels as well.
Significant advances have already
been made in terms of fulfilling the action
items laid out in the 1989 planning document. The following sections look at
how some of the strategic issues are
expected to shape UBC over the next
three years and consider how these
issues have been evolving.
We have come to realize that the
term "accessibility" means very different things to different people and hence
it is difficult to give a simple operational
definition. To the student who has trouble making ends meet, it may mean "can
I afford to go to university?" To the older
person living in a small community, It
may mean "can I attend classes on a
part-time basis or in the evenings in my
own community?" To the university
administrator it is more likely to mean
"can I responsibly accept more students
unless I can provide a quality education?"
Recent events in British Columbia
have done much to address each of
these perspectives. The development
of three university colleges and now a
fourth university means that more than
half a million residents of British Columbia who could not previously drive
to a degree-granting institution can
now do so. This makes part-time
study easier and certainly reduces the
fiscal barrier involved in living away
from home. The student assistance
program, with its forgivable loan provisions, sharply reduces the financial
difficulty of the individual student. The
development of a differentiated system (colleges, university/colleges and
various universities) has permitted
each institution to accept the number
of students to whom it can responsibly
provide a quality education. It has also
permitted the development of a system of institutions much like that in
many parts of the world in which some
focus almost exclusively on teaching
while others carry on a major research
mandate as well. Within Canada the
concept of an undergraduate liberal
arts institution with limited research is
emerging not only in British Columbia
but in Ontario, at institutions such as
Trent and Brock universities, and in
Quebec at Bishop's University.
UBC now serves students from all
parts of the province and will continue
to do so. It has alumni living and
serving the community all over British
There are a number of factors affecting enrolment at UBC: UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 6
• Applications for undergraduate
places are rising. This is leading to
rising grade point average cut-off levels.
Increasing retention rates are already
being felt, putting more pressure on
third- and fourth-year places. Post baccalaureate professional programs in
fields such as Law and Education are
also drawing more applicants, not only
from within British Columbia but from
across Canada.
• Applications for graduate school
places are rising even fasterthan at the
undergraduate level. Ourcommitment
is to raise the number of graduate student places by 2,000. It has already
risen substantially in the past two years.
• We plan to raise the enrolment of
international studentsatthe undergraduate level to 5 per cent of the total undergraduate population. It had been allowed to drop below 1 per cent.
•We have established the Education
Abroad Program. By linking with the
best universities around the world, we
will ensure that 5 per cent of our graduating students will have had the opportunity to spend one of their years of
study outside Canada. As the program
is reciprocal, we will welcome a similar
number of international students to UBC.
•We are also competing nationally to
ensure that some of Canada's best students come to UBC.
•Through the First Nations House of
Learning and the First Nations
Longhouse, we are welcoming increasing numbers of Native students to UBC
in a broad array of academic programs.
Our Faculty of Education has recently
signed an agreement with the University
of Alaska which will facilitate exchange
of Aboriginal students, particularly atthe
graduate level.
•With the recently created Disability
Resource Centre and other facilities
such as the Crane Library for the blind,
we are striving to make UBC a more
welcoming place for the disabled. We
are making new provisions for diagnosing learning disabilities and for assisting
students who are challenged by them.
•Women now constitute the majority
in most undergraduate programs. But
more must be done to involve them in
science and engineering. Women are
also seriously underrepresented in Ph.D.
programs. Thismustchangeinthenext
few years at UBC and across North
America, providing us with more opportunities to recruit outstanding women
faculty members.
• We have recently established tuition levels for the next three years. A
portion of each year's tuition revenue
increase is allocated to student aid. One
of the principal objectives is to ensure
that no student who is otherwise qualified is denied an opportunity to attend
UBC for financial reasons alone. Building on the provincial and federal student
aid policies, we are the first university in
Canada to adopt this as an objective,
although it is common practice at some
American universities. We will continue
to press for enhancement ofthe provincial and federal student aid programs.
• We will increase our complement of
student residences so that 25 percent of
our full-time students can live on campus.
Faculty and Staff
The University of British Columbia is
most fortunate to have an outstanding
and dedicated complement of faculty
and staff. It is they who have worked so
hard forthe province and forthe university and who have made it the great,
internationally recognized university it is
today. The speed with which our national and international reputation and
competitiveness is rising is a function of
their dedication.
UBC places a strong emphasis on
faculty members' teaching and research
responsibilities. Weare developing practices that will ensure more uniform evaluations across the university and that
recognize the importance of both teaching and research.
The retirement rate for faculty in the
next few years is quite low. This means
that the savings which become available when a senior professor retires and
a junior professor is appointed are not
available to provide the merit-driven promotional increases that outstanding faculty deserve. Forthis reason, we know
that the proper cost of running the university will rise at rates above inflation.
Without funding assistance, the consequence is either inadequate merit increases or a further decrease in the
faculty complements Our faculty salaries must continue to rise to levels that
are fully competitive on a national or
even international basis. We have made
much progress in the past few years,
largely through improved grants. During the academic year 1990/91, we have
had to continue to reduce the faculty
complement. Thenecessitytodothisis
obscured by increases from the provincial Funds for Excellence in Education
and Access for All programs. These
funds are for new and expanded activities and do not contribute to the core
budget. The downsizing of the core
faculty complement must not be allowed
to continue.
The recent decision on the mandatory retirement case in the Supreme
Court of Canada has been very important to orderly complement planning and
steady renewal of the faculty. As a
result of several factors, we have in the
past four years been able to appoint a
significant number of new faculty members. Specifically:
i) an aggressive early retirement
plan has resulted in over 200 faculty
taking early retirement;
ii) the Funds for Excellence in Education have permitted the appointment
of new faculty members for new activities;
iii) the Access for All funds at UBC
have been reserved exclusively for new
or increased program activities. These
have also provided some new faculty
iv) the endowed chairs created by
the campaign will soon increase the
faculty complement; and
v) one-third of the teacher expansion funds have been committed to the
continuing base budget. This also has
permitted some new appointments.
The result of all of this is that 420 of
our 1,800 faculty members joined UBC
in the past four years.
For the rest of the century, the university plans only very limited increases
in the faculty complement. Turnover
will, therefore, occurwithina nearly fixed
complement of faculty, and a student
population that will also reflect limited
growth. By 1993/94 we plan to effect an
increase of 2,000 graduate students
from the level we had before Access
funding started. We also plan to increase undergraduate enrolment by
approximately 1,200 based on our unique
programs and on enhanced retention.
(Note 700 of these are already
unfunded.) But we must have renewal,
merit-driven pay increases and a fully
supportive teaching and research environment. To facilitate the recruitment of
outstanding faculty, we plan to provide
housing assistance to young faculty
members by building an apartment complex (assisted by low interest provincial
loans) and by providing some down
payment and mortgage loan assistance.
The support staff at UBC is highly
dedicated and should be paid competitively with the local market. There are
still measures to be taken to ensure that
we are locally competitive. We have
embarked on a job reclassification
scheme which will lead to increased job
satisfaction. The university is committed to the concept of employment equity
and during this coming year will be establishing new hiring objectives. We are
initiating an Employee Assistance Plan.
We have recently created an elected
advisory committee to ensure that issues affecting the Management and
Professional Staff are dealt with in an
appropriate manner. Our newly built
daycare centres are an important help to
the campus community, but much more
is needed.
Our goal is to be one of the top 100
organizations to work for in Canada
within five years.
It is interesting to compare the salaries in the health care system with those
for comparable employees in the uni-
versitysystem. The open-ended nature
of bargaining in the health care system
consistently leads to much higher salaries. Universities must absorb the increased costs of salary settlements,
while government simply provides what
is needed in the hospitals.
The university is supportive of the
concept of pay equity, but it cannot
absorb the cost without further shrinkage in the workforce. Since faculty and
staff are already working at very high
levels, it is not fair to ask us to shrink the
staff to absorb this provincially imposed
policy. Hence we have assumed that
the province will provide any needed
support, as it has done within its own
civil service.
UBC has been developing an academic plan. In September 1990, draft
#11 of this document was submitted to
the ministry. Since then, we have developed a revised version based on detailed submissions from each faculty.
These submissions are used for the
purpose of linking the budgeting process to the approved plans, prepared in
the context of themission statement and
university-wide strategic plan. The university plan for academic programs is
attached (Appendix 1). It should be
recognized that this academic plan will
never be fixed since academic planning
is an ongoing and continuous process
reflecting changing disciplines and
changing opportunities. It is the current
view of the next few years and is meaningful only in the context of the assumptions made atthe start of this document.
Because Appendix 1 describes in some
detail the plans for academic program
development, only a few highlights will
be covered here. The interesting pattern seen in the submission is that discipline boundaries are breaking down.
The continued building of excellence is
increasingly more than ever dependent
on networks developing within the university. The Funds for Excellence in
Education (FEE) program has been an
important catalyst to these plans, as is
the Access for All program. These
academic plans are also strongly supported by the campaign priorities.
Humanities and
Social Sciences
UBC has about 60 faculty members
engaged in research in Women's Studies and we are tapping this base in
establishing a new Centre for Women's
Studies and Gender Relations. These
fields have challenged taken-for-g ranted
knowledge in many disciplines and have
stimulated interdisciplinary scholarship.
The centre will draw on expertise from
the various faculties including Arts, Education, Law, and Medicine. The Faculty
of Arts recently approved a major in
Women's Studies.
Many important developments are
being planned. In this age of global cooperation, we need renewed emphasis
on the study of languages. We have
major plans to expand the Institute of
Asian Research to include centres for
Korean, Chinese, Japanese, Southeast
Asian, South Asian and Arabic and Islamic Studies, for which we are seeking
international donations. Provincial
matching will give these centres a very
good start. The concept of an Institute
for European Research is being considered. A new Centre for Applied Ethics
has been developed to assist society
with a wide range of very complex issues. A number of departments in the
Faculty of Education are developing
Ph.D. programs that will strengthen research on the teaching and learning
process. Consideration will be given to
developing a Ph.D. program in Law.
A proposal to establish a Graduate
School of Journalism has been formally
The innovative Arts One first year
program, which provides an interdisciplinary view of our world, is being expanded. It now includes a stream that
incorporates a focus on South Asian
and European literature and culture in
comparative perspective.
The Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration is reaching out to
link with other faculties. The recently
implemented program in Arts Administration (a joint venture with Arts) is one
example. In 1991, Commerce will join
with Science and Applied Science to
offer master's degrees in Science and
Technology Management. A similar
effort is now underway in the field of
Agribusiness, linking Agriculture and
With the demand for more teachers,
the Teacher Education Expansion Program has permitted us to educate more
teachers on a short-term basis. We plan
to incorporate one-third ofthe new funds
into the continuing operating budget
base. The winning of the new CIDA
Centre of Excellence in Human Settlements represents an important new
thrust. The Faculty of Law has developed a leading role in Computers and
the Law. It has entered into a cooperative agreement with the Society for Reform of Criminal Law and SFU to jointly
establish an International Centre for
Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy.
Physical Sciences
There are many thrusts being developed in the physical sciences. The
renewed strength in Computer Science
is leading to a major new centre in
graphics and information (MAGIC). We
are considering extending the new option in Aerospace Engineering to the
graduate level. The Centre for Advanced Materials is being developed
with a multi-department and multi-faculty thrust. There is a plan to develop
much stronger links in the Earth Sciences between Geology, Geophysics
and Oceanography, which will increase
the integration of the study of earth,
ocean and atmosphere. The concept of
a Pacific Mathematical Research Institute is an interesting plan for a topic that
is increasingly important as the underpinning to much of today's science and
technological developments. A new
program in Biomedical Engineering is
being developed as well as a program in
Fire Protection Engineering. Engineering is examining the possibility of expanding its co-op program to otherf ields.
Engineering is also doing a joint study
with BCIT on the question of an integrated four-year degree program which
would introduce a new stream to the
engineering choices.
Our Centre for Integrated Computer
Systems Research involving the departments of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering is off to an excellent start, funded
initially by FEE.
Life Sciences
The Biotechnology Laboratory initiated by five faculties with FEE funds is
flourishing. There is an extensive plan
forfocusing and developing the Faculty
of Medicine in conjunction with the hospitals. This includes plans for focusing
on areas such as Brain Research (University Hospital, UBC site); Centre for
Predictive and Preventive Medicine (University Hospital and Children's Hospital); Centre for Transplantation Biology
(VGH); Institute for Child, Mother and
Youth Studies (Children's Hospital,
Grace Hospital, G.F. Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Sunny Hill Hospital); Centre
of Excellence in Cancer Biology (B.C.
Cancer Agency); Pulmonary Research Centre (St. Paul's Hospital); Clinical Trials Centre (St. Paul's Hospital);
and Centre for Health Care Evaluation.
A new Centre for Health Promotion Research was recently formed as well as a
Centre for Health Services and Policy
Research. A new program in Occupational Hygiene will be initiated in 1991,
with a major endowment from the Workers' Compensation Board and the province. The Faculty of Pharmaceutical
Sciences plans to introduce a Pharm.D.
program, the School of Nursing a Ph.D.
program and the Facultyof Dentistry
new Ph.D. programs. A dental hygiene
degree completion program has been
We have expanded our nursing
B.S.N, program in a linkage with the
Vancouver General Hospital which
shares resources. The program in Physical and Occupational Therapy was recently expanded with provincial support
to meet more of British Columbia's
needs. A new Ph.D. program will soon
be introduced.
The internship program in Medicine
has recently been extended to two years
by the College of Physicians and Surgeons. The Ministry of Health has agreed
to cover these costs because the bulk of
the extension from one year to two years
is in the form of direct provision of health
care services. Similarly, we expectthat
the cost of extending the family practice
internship residency will be covered by
the Ministry of Health. A new province-
wide outreach is proposed in which UBC
would place its family practice residents-
not only in the teaching hospitals, but in
a number of regional and rural centres. UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
The Pacific Forest Science Centre is
well underway with planning for a new
building and with links to Forintek, Feric
and PAPRICAN on campus. An Institute of Applied Conservation Biology will
strengthen our presence in forest-related studies. A new Centre for Fisheries Research (including aquaculture) is
in the final planning stage.
Some activities cannot be contained
in the above three categories. For example, environmental issues have a
basic link to many faculties and departments. A new Sustainable Development Research Institute is being created that will be funded by the provincial
Environment Fund and will draw on the
resources ofthe newly-formed Sustainable Development Foundation. This
multi-disciplinary thrust promises to provide university-wide involvement with a
sharp focus on the environment. Several faculties are working together to
develop undergraduate programs in
Environmental Sciences and Environmental Studies.
From its earliest days UBC has had
a strong international presence. Today,
this international presence is growing
even stronger as links and exchanges
around the world are increased. UBC
faculty members and students can be
found studying in many countries. There
is a steady flow of international visitors
collaborating with UBC faculty members or attending any one of a large
number of international congresses
hosted at UBC. Our faculty members
are involved with hundreds, perhaps
thousands, of national and international
UBC is the only Canadian member of
asmallgroupof elite Pacific Rim universities whose presidents meet on a regular basis under the sponsorship of the
Asia Foundation (U.S.A). Thisgroupof
25 universities represents the senior
university from each jurisdiction in the
Pacific Rim states. We meet annually to
consider matters of common concern.
Currently, we are examining the issues
concerning student exchanges, networking and research cooperation. We
are also the only Canadian member of a
second group of Asia Pacific universities that meets annually in Japan and
includes representation from the Soviet
We are determined to increase our
undergraduate enrolment of international
students from below 1 per cent to about
5 per cent. Of course at the graduate
level, we attract some of the best students from around the world. We are
committed to developing and expanding
our Education Abroad Program until 5
per cent of our graduating classes will
have had the opportunity to spend a
year studying at a peer institution abroad
with full transfer of credit back to a UBC
degree. Currently, exchanges are in
place with the U. S., Japan, Korea, Hong
Kong, China, Denmark, and Sweden.
Within the next eight months, we plan to
conclude agreements with institutions
in many other countries including Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and
Mexico. Opportunities to study at partner institutions in Africa and Latin
America are also being explored. The
Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration has been operating its
own study abroad and exchange program for several years.
a large number of international universities and regularathletic exchanges with
many universities, especially in Asia.
We are developing a unique program
with Ritsumeik an University in Japan.
We are building a joint residence on the
UBC campus for 100 students from
RitsumeikanandlOOfromUBC. Wewill
offer a coordinated joint academic program, which will include some courses
which may be taken by students from
either university.
We are examining the possibility of
working jointly with Ritsumeikan in a
major new research park which is being
developed in Shiga prefecture nearthe
city of Kyoto. This may be a key element
in the new Canada-Japan research protocol.
We have identified the need for
graduates of international universities to
have a transition year in which to improve their English skills and in some
cases their academic skills. A consultant is considering the question of whether
such a program could operate on a self-
financing basis. Some students would
be eligible to enter graduate school after
the transition year.
In today's society, students must
increasingly be exposed to the languages and cultures of other societies
and UBC is taking the lead to internationalize our programs. We will be considering the best way to develop a focus
on Europe and the east European countries as political developments in these
societies continue to evolve.
Teaching and
The Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Arts have both moved to develop
more broadly-based undergraduate curricula to meet the needs of students in an
increasingly complex society. An enhanced, broadly-based focus on the
liberal arts and sciences is premised on
the assumptions that i) most people will
change careers several times and ii)
increasingly, specialization will occurat
the graduate level.
The Faculty of Arts is planning to
increase its focus on Arts One - a very
successful program taken by a limited
number of first year students. Science
is planning to develop a similar program.
The recent change in the Faculty of
Education by which education degrees
follow a more broadly-based preparation (prior degree needed for secondary
education; at least three prior years
needed for elementary education) exemplifies this pattern.
Improved equipment funding is already making a profound difference in
our ability to offer state of the art facilities in our language labs and computing facilities. The Access funds have
provided new teaching assistantships
so that we can more suitably provide
laboratory and tutorial support in the
various teaching settings. Under the
new tuition plan, a fund will be established to support innovative proposals
to enhance the teaching and learning
Workloads are very high for all
members of the faculty. The balance
of teaching and research duties varies
widely across the university. Workloads also vary widely within faculties
and departments as different people
share different portions of the responsibilities. Differentiated teaching loads
are commonplace but, at the level of
the university as a whole, it is much
more useful to look at such indicators
as the dollars available per weighted
FTE student, as is proposed in the
formula discussed earlier. Some attention can also be paid to the faculty/
student ratio, although this ratio is as
much determined by individual university strategies as it is by the funds
available. Differences result, for example, from i) the use of full-time versus part-time instructors; ii) the use of
teaching assistants; iii) the use of expansion money to pay higher salaries
(and hence increase workloads); iv)
the use of smaller or larger teaching
sections (often dictated by the availability of lecture halls); v) the amount
dedicated to administrative support;
and vi) the recognition of credits from
other institutions that provide the high
cost clinical components; and many
other inter-institutional differences.
At UBC we have consistently used
teaching evaluations as one of the key
elements in merit and promotion decisions. We have recently introduced
faculty-based teaching prizes to complement our research and service
prizes. The Faculty Association has
taken the initiative to develop a teaching improvement program for faculty
members. This cost-shared program
attracts a significant number of faculty
members each year.
It is commonly said that teaching
cannot be effective without research.
We know from the cases of many individuals and from the experience of universities in other jurisdictions that this is
not true atthe undergraduate level. What
is more true is that first-rate research
requires teaching. One has only to look
at the quality of research done in those
institutions in which the researchers are
continually being challenged by young
emerging scholars, to see that the quality of research is enhanced by teaching.
In these times of rapid change, individuals need to learn to adapt and, therefore, society needs increased access to
continuing education opportunities.
Many B.C. institutions now offer a wide
range of continuing education courses
and programs. School boards and colleges are locally based and hence more
able to respond to local needs. UBC is
in the process of redefining its continuing education role.
The three units - Guided Independent Study (credit courses by correspondence or other distance education means); Extra Sessional Studies
(credit courses designed for part-time
students in the evenings or summer)
and the Centre for Continuing Education (non-credit courses) will be put
directly under the management of the
Associate Vice-President, Continuing
Studies - this will be a newly created
position. The mandate will be to build
a broadly-based program of credit and
non-credit offerings that will draw on
the strengths of The University of British Columbia and match them to demand and opportunities. The Associate Vice-President will work with faculties to ensure that part-time study is
increasingly available. This role will
be challenging and will initially focus
on the faculties of Arts and Science.
For example, language programs are
in great demand — English, French
and foreign language programs.
The Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, the Faculty of
Education and the Health Science faculties offer active and well co-ordinated
programs. Each of these offers advanced level courses for those seeking
professional upgrading. There are limited activities in other faculties. These
will be enhanced in collaboration with
the Associate Vice-President, Continuing Studies.
Within three years, these programs
will operate on afull cost-recovery basis
and this will eventually include an overhead charge of 25 per cent on the costs
of delivering the programs. This principle is now in place in Commerce and in
the Health Sciences. Of course, as the
variouscontinuing education programs
are developed, there will be considerable benefit to those faculties which
Using this approach, Continuing
Studies i) will draw on university
strengths; ii) will relate those strengths
to the community and hence be responsive to community needs, and iii) will
complement and enrich teaching and
research, both prog ram matically and
Each course offered by a unit on
campus will be reported in appropriate
detail to a Senate committee to ensure
that the principle of excellence in programs is given full consideration by
Senate. We are examining the feasibility of using the 25 per cent overhead
chargeand Continuing Studies revenue
to develop an appropriate facility on
campus forthese programs. Thefacility
would have classrooms, language labs
and perhaps a residential complex for
short course programs offered year
The University of British Columbia is
the principal site of basic and applied
research in the province. Our faculty
members are highly active in research
in a very wide range of fields and
typically function at internationally
competitive levels. We have set as a
goal the doubling of our research income by the end of the decade. We
have already moved from $60 million to
$100 million a year since that declaration was made. The provincial government has helped us considerably to
achieve our objective through the creation of new space, the provision of research infrastructure, the establishment
of the Science and Technology Development Fund, and the Environment
Fund. One of the attractive features of
these funds is that they are distributed
on the criteria of excellence and relevance and are based on open competition using peer-adjudicated mechanisms.
By creating the position of Vice-President, Research, we have brought explicit focus to this dimension of the university's activities. We have recently
added two Associate Vice-Presidents in
Research, one in the Health Sciences
and one in the Social Sciences and
Our faculty members, whether in
Physical Sciences, Life Sciences or in
the Humanities and Social Sciences,
are highly competitive in receiving support from the granting agencies. Our
level of research dollar per faculty member is among the highest in Canada, far
higher than that in other British Columbia institutions. Our earlier proposal for
a formula forthe system in B.C. includes
a component that will explicitly create an
incentive to. compete for all available
external support and ensure that we can
successfully carry out the research.
UBC has the highest number of
NSERC Industrial Chairs of any university in Canada. The university is also a
member of or a leader in each of the
networks of the Canadian Institute for
Advanced Research. In fact, we have
Page 7
more funded fellows than any other university in Canada.
Evidence of our effectiveness can
be seen from our recent success in the
National Networks of Centres of Excellence competition, in the receipt of
major awards in Neurodegenerative
Diseases, and in Pharmacy, and from
the award by CIDA of a National Centre
of Excellence in Human Settlements.
Our faculty members in the social sciences and humanities receive awards
on a per eligible faculty basis far above
the Canadian average and considerably greaterthan other B.C. institutions.
Many of our planned new research
thrusts have already been described
under the academic section of this report. The thrust in Sustainable Development has been discussed. We are
continuing to review opportunities and
to develop additional thrusts such as a
program in Advanced Materials, one in
Alternate Fuels and a strengthening of
ourconsiderable activity in Geographic
Information Systems (GIS).
We have recently been asked by one
of our sister universities in Japan
(Ritsumeikan) to consider going in with
them as partners in a new research park
being developed near Kyoto. We will be
studying this option very carefully as it
has many attractive features. At the
same time, we are seeking the return of
our land which is presently under the
jurisdiction of the Discovery Foundation. This would facilitate plans for the
development of a multi-tenant facility in
the very near future.
We have documented the impact of
the research income on the Province of
British Columbia. The impact is quite
dramatic in terms of jobs created and
other effects. The expansion of the
graduate student portion of the Access
for All programs, the provision of research infrastructure support, and the
creation of research funds at the provincial level will sharply increase this effect.
The level of patenting and the marketing of intellectual property at UBC
has increased rapidly in recent years.
Workshops on these topics reinforce
UBC's policies - policies that have been
found to be successful in other universities. There is considerable activity in
linking with industry and in promoting
spin-off companies. Many of B.C.'s
technology companies are direct spinoffs from UBC.
In 1989/90, total expenditures at UBC
rose to $529 million, of which $300
million represents operating budget expenditures. The remaining $229 million
is derived from several sources: 1)
endowment fund income; ii) ancillaries
- i.e. units that operate on a break-even
basis (Student Housing, Food Services,
the Bookstore, Media Services, etc.); iii)
research income from grants and contracts; and iv) capital funds. Of the $300
million general purpose operating
budget, about 15 per cent derives from
tuition and almost all of the rest from
provincial grants.
This $300 million can be divided into
two major parts. One portion is directly
assigned to the deans for the salary
and operating costs of the faculties. In
departmentalized faculties this is, in
turn, distributed to individual departments. In the past few years, expenditures in the faculties as a percentage of
the total operating budget are as shown
below. This is influenced somewhat by
the devolution of functions and distribu- UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 8
tion of costs to faculties.
The remaining 33 per cent is spent
on the infrastructure required to support
the faculties. These items include the
Library, the Computing Centre, Physical Plant operation, student aid and general administrative costs. In the past few
years, many savings and efficiencies
have been introduced in these areas.
• sharply reducing the Library staff
• decentralizing most of the Computing Services budget to the users and
charging on a fee-for-service basis
• decentralizing the telephone budget
to the users who must now plan for the
services they wish to purchase from the
central "ijtility"
• purchasing our own telephone
switch which will lead to substantial
operating savings when the borrowed
funds have been repaid
• decentralizing the network service
to form a utility
• investing in steam lines and better
control of heating to substantially reduce energy costs
• entering an agreement with B.C,
Gas and B.C. Hydro for cogeneration of
electrical energy will produce energy
savings and income
•significantly reducing the costs of
plant operations by better work planning and by reductions in absenteeism.
Maintenance costs per square foot are
among the lowest in Canada and British
Columbia. (It is interesting to compare
these costs with those i n the health care
system which has been less successful in controlling operating costs. Operating costs for hospital space are typically three to fourtimes more per square
foot than those we have been able to
achieve at UBC.)
• automating financial management
We have made or are making a
number of our services more effective
and are introducing needed new services.
• In the library, we have made photocopying self-sufficient and more accessible and reduced the workload of handling books and journals.
• We are moving to establish inter-
library loans on a full cost-recovery basis. As British Columbia's leading research library, we lend out much more
than we borrow. By setting this up as an
ancillary operation, we will not be subsidizing the flow of books and journals to
other institutions.
• We have established a funding
policy for acquisitions that allows for
changes in foreign currency exchange
rates, general inflation and a modest
increase for new publications.
• We plan to develop a placement
office to ensure students have full access to temporary and permanent jobs.
• We are seeking assistance to
complete conversion to on-line catalogue for our full library collection so
that all institutions in B.C. can have
remote access to the catalogues of
our unique collections.
• Our library will be linked with the
new public library in Vancouver.
• UBC Press has been reorganized
and given a new mandate that will see it
self-sufficient within five years, perhaps
serving the needs of other academic
institutions in British Columbia as well
as UBC.
• Registration by students has been
moved to an automated touch-tone system.
• We are developing a full student
information system that will be fully automated within one more year.
• We are developing a human resource management system that will be
fully computerized within a year and a
•We have automated alumni records
and donation information.
• We continue on a regular basis to
search for more effective and efficient
ways to manage the university; for example, we have started a recycling system which will not only help to save the
environment but may save costs of disposal.
• To deal with a number of new
thrusts which are important to the university and its community, we have established and developed the following:
• Occupational Health and Safety
• Multicultural Liaison Office
• International Liaison Office
• Disability Resource Centre (funded
from campaign)
• First Nations House of Learning
• Employment Equity Office
• Adviser to the President on Women's Issues and Gender
• Sexual Harassment Office
• Vice-Presidency of Student and
Academic Services
• Associate Vice-Presidency for Information and Computing
• Associate Vice-Presidency, Continuing Studies
•Associate Vice-Presidency, Human
• the Office of External Affairs with a
vice-president to
manage the external units of
the university
• Community Relations Office
• Development Office
• an office to deal with the implementation of the Goods
and Services Tax
• a major project for automation of the
• Sharply improved purchasing practices, including more
effective travel purchase policy
using our bulk
purchasing power
• the Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility (SERF) to deal
with environmental issues
• a university-wide committee to advise on a wide range
of environmental issues at UBC.
It is remarkable in view of all this, that
UBC has been able to maintain its support expenditures at just over 30 per
cent of operating expenditures so that
there has been little impact on the academic budgets. The sayings implemented have offset the cost increases.
UBC has always taken pride in the
low proportion of its expenditures in the
administrative area. In fact, UBC is one
of only two universities in Canada that
has been able to keep costs in the five-
to six-per-cent range. We intend to
maintain this record as an element of the
33 per cent or so that supports the
academic mission of UBC. This is even
more remarkable when, in addition to
the functions supported by $300 million
in operating budget expenditures, $229
million of other expenditures in 1989/90
generated demands on the infrastructure provided by that 33 per cent.
Our record of controlling administrative costs is exemplary on a national
basis, and stands in stark contrast when
comparisons are made within the province.
UBC has a capital plan for development over the next 10 years. This plan
reflects the need to increase both the
quantity and quality of space, much of
which was built for temporary purposes
40 or 50 or more years ago. The plan
includes a cash-flow model. This level
dollars. In addition to the projects that
are planned using ongoing provincial
capital, there are four other categories.
The campaign and provincial matching
funds have provided (or soon will) the
support necessary for a second group
of buildings. There are other projects
planned based upon i) provincial hut
replacement funds, ii) self-funding, and
iii) projects of the UBC Real Estate
Corporation. Theuseoftemporarybuild-
ings at UBC has increased sharply as
we await these crucially needed new
A campus site plan is being developed to help define future campus development. The planning process is
broadly consultative and will culminate
in a presentation to the Board of Governors for approval in the fall of 1991. The
initial focus has been on the north campus, though more attention will be paid
to the middle and the south campus later
on. Now that the complete Endowment
Lands have been designated as a park
(2,200 acres) the campus precinct is
well-defined. The campus plan deals
with the most effective ways to use the
1,000 acres to which the university has
clear title.
A theme that has emerged is that the
UBC campus can be thought of as a
university in a garden in a forest within a
vibrant and dynamic city. This physical
setting has much to do with the nature
and character of the university and is a
strong element contributing to its uniqueness. In addition to the academic nature
of UBC, we have become an important
destination for people from Vancouver,
from British Columbia and indeed for
visitors from Canada and around the
A few of these public attractions are
listed and are being considered within
the planning framework.
1. Museum of Anthropology-150,000
visitors per year
2. Asian Centre - focus for many
gatherings of specialists and groups
from the community
3. Library
4. Concert Hall and Theatre - we now
have many theatre and musical performances on campus that attract many
visitors. The new Concert Hall will enhance this as well as provide a venue for
community performances.
5. Art Gallery - the new art gallery will
be an important destination for visitors.
6. David Lam Asian Garden Centre -
this new facility provides even better
access to our gardens and welcomes
large numbers of visitors each year.
7. Geology Museum - This museum
attracts many visitors. It would be very
desirable in the long-term to develop a
museum for natural history which could
house our unique and important collec
tions of geological, botanical, zoological
and other materials.
Ourtriennial university open houses
attract up to 200,000 people in three
days, reaffirming community interest in
Our 10-year plan for capital development with provincial capital funding is as
1. Chemistry-Physics Building -
2. University Services Building -
under construction
3. Student Services Building - Phase
I (with assistance from the lotteries fund
for the Disability Resource Centre) -
under construction
4. Hazardous Waste Disposal Facility - detailed design money released
5. Centre for Integrated Computer
Systems Research - detailed design
money released
6. Advanced Materials Building -
detailed design money expected April 1,
7. Forestry Sciences Building - detailed design money expected April 1,
8. Biotechnology - Phase II
9. Chemical Engineering
10. Earth Sciences - to incorporate
Geology, Geophysics and Oceanography (see below)
11. Student Services - Phase II
12. Health Sciences - Dentistry, Pharmacy, Allied Health Sciences, campus
research space
13. Law expansion
14. Research space
15. Teaching space
16. Jack Bell Research Centre ($3
million is required for completion of this
The need for more Health Science
space exists both at the hospitals and on
campus. Each of the teaching hospitals
working with the university in its central
teaching and research role will identify
and prioritize the needs it has to be a full
partner in the University-Teaching hospital complex and seek support forthese
needs from the Ministry of Health.
The two stand-alone research centres at the Shaughnessy and VGH sites
would then be the responsibility of the
university. The Shaughnessy site research building already is, and the Jack
Bell Research Centre at VGH would be
transferred to the university. This would
add a further capital priority to our list
(see item 16 - $3 million plus operating
expenses required).
Hut Replacement funds have been
set aside to help the university move out
of the World War II army huts which are
now unacceptable work places from the
point of view of occupational health and
1. Child Study Centre - now completed
2. Education Building - renovation,
detailed design money expected April 1,
3. G reenhouses to replace antiquated
facilities (more than 50 years old)
The following projects are being
funded by private sector donations together with provincial matching funds.
1. Museum extension (pre-campaign)
- now completed
2. David Lam Asian Garden Centre
(pre-campaign) - now completed
3. Medical Student/Alumni Centre -
VGH site (pre-campaign except for the
final phase)
4. David Lam Management Research
Centre - now under construction
5. First Nations Longhouse - detailed
design underway
6. Chan Shun Concert Hall and Auditorium - detailed design now underway
7. Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery - detailed design now underway
8. Creative Arts Centre - detailed
design now underway
9. Green College - detailed design
underway (planning to house the School
of Social Work displaced by this project
is also underway)
10. Library Centre
11. Institute for Asian Research —
expansion to include regional centres
12. Student Recreation Centre
13. St. John's College - a second
graduate college with links to China is
being considered
There are a number of projects on
campus that are self-funding due to user
1. North Parking Garage - Gage
2. Parking Garage - Health Sciences
Centre - this will revert to UBC when the
provincial loan is fully paid off in 2001
3. Parking Garage, West Mall - in
detailed design
4. Ritsumeikan/UBC House - a residence for 100 Japanese and 100 Canadian students - under construction
5. Biotechnology - Phase I - under
construction with leasing to the National
Networks of Centres of Excellence from
provincial infrastructure funds
6. Multi-Tenant Facility - This building would be leased to spin-off companies. (It is possible this will be assigned
to UBC Real Estate Corporation.)
7. Student Residences - The university 8 goat is to provide housing for 25
per cent of its full-time students. This
means providing accommodation for a
further 661 students. Because of demand, much of this will be for married
students. We will be seeking affordable
housing interest rates from government
to make this possible (present interest
rates make it impossible). We have just
completed a major expansion of student
housing space. We support the principle that student housing built on university land should be at no net cost to the
university or to the province.
8. International House Training and
Education Centre - This project is only at
the conceptual stage. What is envisioned is a residential and classroom
complex that could be operated on a full
cost-recovery basis to serve year round
needs for short courses in Continuing
9. Daycare Centre - The university
recently built a number of new daycare
centres to replace ones in use in old
army huts. These huts were unacceptable places for modern daycare. In
addition to the land, the capital funds
were provided by the university
($2,000,000), by the AMS ($544,000),
by the Vancouver Foundation ($75,000)
andbythefaculty($50,000). Theopera-
tion of these centres is funded by the
users. As ourcommunity matures, there
is an urgent need for more daycare
centres to serve faculty, staff and students. Some units can be incorporated
into the new residences to be constructed. We look forward to the development of a provincial policy on daycare.
Should a matching program be introduced, we have requested that our recent investment be eligibleforthis match.
We recently established the UBC
Real Estate Corporation (UBC REC) as
a wholly owned subsidiary with the mandate to carry out certain developments
that will bring a return to the university.
Projects underway or under consideration are: UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
1. Market housing (Hampton Place)
- 28 acres have been set aside for
commercial housing. Up to 10 lots will
be sold on a 99-year lease basis. The
first of these lots has now been sold and
others will be marketed when conditions
are right. Income generated from this
project will be used only for endowment
or capital purposes.
2. UBC REC has undertaken to develop a 114-unit university apartment
complex for junior faculty which will be
operated on a full cost-recovery basis. It
is now under construction and has been
assisted by the provincial government's
provision of loans with interest rates
comparable to those for affordable housing.
3. UBC REC has been asked by
UBC to carry out a feasibility study for a
hotel on campus.
4. UBC REC has been asked by
UBC and the University Hospital to carry
out a feasibility study for an ambulatory
care centre that would be fully or partially self-funded.
5. UBC REC is developing plans for
theuseoffratemity row that would i) see
affordable housing developed; ii) require
developing a fraternity complex on campus and iii) require the province to transfer title to its portion of this site to UBC.
6. Shopping Mall/Community Centre
- UBC REC is examining the question of
redeveloping the shopping mall site into
a more comprehensive facility, perhaps
linked with a community centre, to serve
the overall UEL community.
On a longer term basis than ten
years, there will, of course, still be capital needs which will be evaluated in the
coming years. Included in such items
are several needs that can already be
1. A further new library as the library
complex develops further;
2. The heritage Chemistry Building
needs major refurbishment; and
3. Other buildings need either refurbishment or replacement e.g. i) the old
Physics building; ii) the Mathematics
Building; and iii) the Geography building.
Related Facilities
Over the years, the university has
permitted several independent organizations that share an interest in activities at UBC to occupy a number of
buildings on campus. We have recently
developed a set of principles, approved
by the Board of Governors, to guide
such decisions. Individual arrangements
have been worked out over the years,
but these principles will guide all future
agreements. UBC is seeking to develop
its research park and is presently negotiating for major changes in the Discovery Park leases to make a much more
effective development.
On the west side of the campus,
there is a research laboratory of Agriculture Canada. The former Fisheries
and Oceans Laboratory was recently
turned over to UBC, though we still
maintain some space in it forthe use of
the North Pacific Fishing Commission
on a contractually renewable basis.
We have recently made an agreement with Forintek, Feric and the province that is consistent with the new
principles guiding the lease of campus
land (prepaid 99-year lease). Forintek
will shortly abandon its old site. Unfortunately, under the terms of our earlier
agreement, the National Research
Council (NRC) will move one of its laboratories into this building rent free. We
hope that the NRC will make a commitment to bring in an institute that is truly
outstanding and can meet the standards of excellence appropriate to the
location and the setting. We will press
hard for this since, at present, the NRC's
primary motivation appears to be to
have access to free rent, rather than to
building excellence. We have asked the
NRC to consider other alternatives.
PAPRICAN has a facility on the research park site and one on campus.
We have the University Hospital (UBC
site) on the campus. This is an independent operation funded by the Minis-
tryofHealth. The Biomedical Research
Centre, funded largely by Terry Fox
funds, has a long-term lease which will
allow the building to be returned to the
university if its operations are terminated. B.C. Research has become a
private corporation and we will be developing with them a lease agreement consistent with our principles for use of
campus lands.
TRIUMF is a national meson facility
operated on behalf of the federal government by a consortium of universities.
We are working to develop a lease agreement with this national facility. When
and if KAON is approved as a joint
project of the federal and provincial governments we look forward to entering a
lease agreement that conforms to the
board's principles.
We have had informal discussions
with the Commonwealth of Learning
about developing suitable space on campus and we look forward to receiving a
formal request. The Vancouver School
Board has been considering the development of a unique school adjacent to
the campus which would serve much
like a teaching hospital, i.e. a focus for
teaching primary and secondary students in a setting in which university-
based teaching and research could also
take place. This could be near our new
Child Study Centre.
The Public Works and Renovation
money now being provided by government is an important factor in our ability
to maintain and renovate campus facilities. The deferred maintenance problem remains serious. We plan to make
the campus increasingly accessible to
the physically handicapped. We will
seek assistance from time to time for
this purpose. We also plan to improve
traffic patterns and lighting to enhance
the safety of the campus.
Campaign and
We have recently brought the External Affairs units of the university together underthe leadership ofthe newly
created Office of Vice-President, External Affairs. This office will manage and/
or co-ordinate the activities of:
i) Community Relations
ii) Development
iii) Ceremonies
iv) Alumni Association
Each of these units has its own separate mandate, but will be increasingly
working togetherto achieve the external
objectives of the university. Over time,
the Office of External Affairs will link with
all aspects and areas of UBC that deal
with external matters in order to maximize effectiveness through co-ordination. This will include a focus on government liaison at all three levels as well as
international relations. A full review of
the Alumni Association activities and
their support of university objectives is
now underway. The Development Office has been given the mandate to
operate and coordinate university-wide
fundraising based on a formal university
The campaign was initiated in 1988
after we developed the university mission statement and strategic plan. It
built upon the case statement which
itself resulted from an extensive university-wide process of goal and priority setting. The campaign has now
passed the $90 million mark in private
donations and will continue in an active phase until mid-to late 1992. By
this time we are very hopeful that we
will pass the $130 million mark in
pledges. Pledge payments are often
spread over five years which means
that we will still be collecting on pledges
into 1997.
The provincial government has provided matching funds for items in the
case statement on a dollar-for-dollar
basis. We have now achieved a total of
pledges and matching funds of about
$180 million. To fully reach our potential, we have asked the province to
expand and extend the matching program. We strongly urge that this expanded prog ram not only accommodate
UBC's need, but be broadened to include the colleges and institutes and in
due course the University of Northern
British Columbia. We hope that some
portion ofthe expanded program can be
accelerated so we can start our construction projects in the near future (at
today's prices and without having to
borrow money) and so that we can start
to fill the endowed chairs and show the
results of bringing in new faculty.
The matching support is available for
buildings, endowments and gifts-in-kind.
These categories have proven to be
very beneficial, since donors and potential donors understand that this provides
opportunities to contribute to activities
that are over and above those supported by operating grants and tuition.
The university is pleased that the
provincial government created foundations that permit us to receive donations as agents of the Crown. To date
in the campaign, we have raised substantial money for buildings (see earlier section "Capital"). It is anticipated
that our current campaign building
projects will create 1,200 person years
of work in the construction industry.
We have also raised substantial funds
for endowed chairs. More than 40 are
now expected. Each of these, in turn,
will lead to further activity, in many
cases competing effectively to bring
research and other dollars into the
province. We have also raised endowed scholarship funds to support a
number of thrusts - e.g. graduate student support; education abroad scholarships; national entrance scholarships; as well as those for Native students and others. Gifts-in-kind have
also been very useful, providing modern equipment as well as valuable
collections that might otherwise have
gone elsewhere.
The building of a sizable endowment has been a major objective of the
campaign. The endowment funds at
UBC were $70 million in 1985 and by
the time the campaign is complete, we
expect them to surpass $300 million.
Most of this, of course, is in designated
areas, but through the assistance of
the Vancouver Foundation there will
beafund of $15 million or more that will
be undesignated and very helpful in
responding to targets of opportunity.
We are establishing a recapitalization
policy to preserve the purchasing
power of endowment income. In the
near future, this will restrict annual
expenditures to 6 per cent of the market value of the capital.
This campaign is directly reinforcing the priority objectives of UBC. The
operation is funded in part by a core
budget component from the operating
budget and in part by a cost-recovery
component from the campaign. The
core budget will be firmly established
by the year 1993/94 and will support
the core functions of the Development
Office. The cost recovery portion is
obtained by holding donations for one
year and using the interest income for
that year. It supports direct campaign
We plan to complete the campaign
by late 1992. There are still many
corporations, foundations and key individuals to be approached. The
Alumni campaign and the faculty and
staff campaign are just getting started.
We have launched a major international phase ofthe campaign. Access
to further matching funds is very important to these groups and gives us a
real edge relative to universities in
other parts of Canada.
As the campaign moves to an end,
we will be changing the focus to ongoing annual fundraising. One measure
of success of this current campaign
will be the ability to conduct future
annual campaigns successfully.
In order to maximize the return to
UBC, we will be taking a number of
i) conducting a review with past
donors to determine their satisfaction
or dissatisfaction with the campaign;
ii) renewing the policy requiring
central coordination of campaign calls;
Hi) establishing a process to develop faculty-based and university-
wide priorities and to provide decentralized fundraising support from the
centralized External Affairs services.
In the past few years, UBC has
worked hard to re-establish its relations with the community. The campaign success to date is just one measure of this. We have reinforced alumni
branch and division activities across
Canada and internationally. Our open
houses and the distribution of newspaper inserts have helped. We now
distribute UBC Reports, the campus
newspaper, to homes on the West
Side. The use of advisory committees
and frequent news releases and media briefings have all contributed to
increasing awareness in the community.
The campaign leadership committee has played a most valuable role in
British Columbia, Canada and internationally.
The universities of Canada have been
given considerable autonomy by the
Provincial Acts. This is true in British
Columbia, and there is strong evidence
that this autonomy has served the
province well indeed. Sometimes this
has been paraphrased to say that universities determine who shall be
taught, what shall be taught and who
shall teach. The creation of the Tri-
University Presidents' Council (TUPC)
has been an important element in ensuring dialogue and co-ordination
among the universities.
Increasingly, publicly funded institutions are being expected to document their accountability. Of course
we have always had fiscal account-
Page 9
ability through the process of annual
financial statements and auditing by
the Auditor-General of British Columbia. The universities are probably the
most accountable institutions in society today, especially in British Columbia. Every financial transaction and all
personal reimbursements whether
salary or expenses, are fully documented in an annual report released
publicly each year.
UBC itself has taken many steps to
ensure accountability to the public:
i) A 150-page budget and planning document is released each year
and published for every community
member to see;
ii) We have (or are creating) a
number of external advisory committees that report to the Dean or Unit
Head and the President:
• Commerce and Business Administration
• Forestry
• Applied Science (being created)
• Agricultural Sciences (being created)
• Continuing Education
• Library (Friends of the Library);
iii) An International Advisory Committee to the President will be created
in 1991;
iv) Every academic department
and faculty is reviewed every five or
six years by international discipline
v) Many non-academic units are
subject to review and assessment as
issues arise and changes are required;
vi) External professional bodies
carry out accreditation on a continuing
systematic basis;
vii) All research grants are subject
to peer review and quality assessment;
viii) Every faculty member is reviewed annually for merit increases;
ix) All faculty members are thoroughly reviewed for promotion and
tenure by international experts, as well
as by the use of teaching evaluations;
x) Most publications by faculty
members are subject to international
level peer review; and
xi) The fundraising campaign itself has been an important accountability tool, since people and corporations will not donate funds unless they
believe the funds will be wisely used
and well-managed.
Thus, each individual and each program is subject to regular review both
internally and externally.
The academic life is one of constant review and assessment so that
there is always a testing of oneself
against the standards ofthe discipline.
It is a pleasure to record that we measure up well on these assessments.
Some of our activities have also
been the subject of recent President's
Reports. A report titled UBC - British
Columbia's Centre for Research and
Teaching in the Health Sciences is
now in preparation. This will be followed by a report on research in the
social sciences and humanities. I recently presented my acceptance
speech for a renewed term to the Board
of Governors. It documents many of
the recent changes and new initiatives
relevant to UBC as it approaches the
21st century. UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 10
Over the past 76 years, The University of British Columbia has provided
academic leadership in a growing and
dynamic province. For two-thirds of that
period, it was the sole institution granting degrees in fields other than theology.
In the past 25 years, British Columbia
has developed an impressively integrated system of universities, colleges
and institutes. UBC's challenge is to
maintain its pre-eminent position as an
internationally renowned, research intensive and comprehensive university,
and thus fulfil the role it is best equipped
to play among a score of post secondary
institutions. Insodoingitwillcontinueto
collaborate with other institutions in addressing provincial and national needs
and to work with those institutions in the
development of their roles, equally essential to a coherent system.
The university willmaintain its role as
the provider of the largest and most
comprehensive array of high quality
undergraduate baccalaureate and post
baccalaureate degree programs.
Our 1990/91 undergraduate enrolment is 1,230 above the 1988/89 base
year, more than 700 of which remains
unfunded. Maintaining this level and
continuing a targeted increase depends
on obtaining support through Access
funding. Even though we will raise
further the minimum entry GPA to limit
new admissions to current quotas, we
plan undergraduate enrolment increases
of about 500 FTE over the next three
years. This will be achieved by targeting
specific programs which play a strategic
role in Brrfeh Columbia's6ystem of higher
education. Having accomplished the
transfer of responsibility forthe diploma
program in dental hygiene to Vancouver
Community College, we now work in
collaboration with the college in clinical
placements. With appropriate support
we will implement a B.Sc. program in
dental hygiene for the most outstanding
applicants with diplomas and thereby
develop leaders in the field. We are
addressing the province's shortage of
nurses by collaborating with Vancouver
General Hospital and we are expanding
enrolment in that four-year B.S.N, program to take 160 students in each year,
this with no decrease in our post-R.N.
We expect to continue accepting
outstanding transfer students into the
upperyearsof programs in Arts and will
consciously protect capacity for transfer students in Science as college programs expand. We will accept additional students in certain programs which
are unique in the province such as Agriculture and some engineering
specialties. Development of the undergraduate program in applied conservation biology will enrich the preparation of
those who manage the integrated natural resources represented in ourforests.
It will also enable us to serve an additional 130 to 180 undergraduates, chiefly
those transferring after a strong first
year in Science at a college or university.
In recent years programs in Engineering, Forestry and Commerce have
been reduced from five to four years in
length, thereby creating some additional
capacity for undergraduates and, particularly, for graduate students. Also in
the recent past, the Faculty of Education
has discontinued the practice of admitting students directly from secondary
school to a concurrent program of Arts
and Science courses and teacher preparation. Most teacher preparation has
shifted to the post baccalaureate level.
As the university responsible fortraining
about 40 per cent of the province's elementary teachers and the great majority of secondary teachers, UBC has
accommodated a sharp increase in
teacher education enrolment in orderto
address the teacher shortage. We have
done so primarily on term funding in
order to avoid overbuilding capacity for
periods of lesser demand.
We have enhanced opportunities for
obtaining a general liberal education by
allowing undergraduate students to undertake "thematic" (interdisciplinary in
contrast to disciplinary) majors in the
B.A. degree program. For example,
Women's Studies has expanded with
the approval of a major. It is expected to
take advantage of strengths not only in
the Faculty of Arts but in other faculties
as well. The B.Sc. degree in general
science has been made more readily
available. The increased emphasis on
degree programs less specialized than
the usual major or honours degree is, in
part, a byproduct of our collaboration
with colleges where the number of faculty members in any given discipline will
necessarily be small. However, it is
certainly an attractive alternative for students on the Point Grey campus and is,
without doubt, preferable preparation
for elementary or junior secondary
school teaching. The Faculty of Science is committed to undergraduate
curriculum renewal and the Faculty of
Arts is expanding its highly acclaimed
Arts I program. The Faculty of Science
is considering a parallel Science I.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
is revitalizing the B.Sc. (Agr.) program,
reducing complexity, placing greater
emphasis on the development of thinking and communication skills, an understanding of the role of agriculture in
society, and the need for sustainable
development. The faculties of Agricultural Sciences, Applied Science and
Forestry are collaborating with the faculties of Arts and Science to ensure that
students in professional and scientific
disciplines receive a foundation in the
liberal arts and that students in the liberal arts can acquire an understanding
of the scientific, technical and professional issues which influence their lives
and careers. We are now considering
the identification of a common two-year
pre-professional program in the liberal
arts and sciences.
The appointment of the first professor to the Maurice Young Chair in Applied Ethics, thecommitment of endowment for at least one more chair (this one
in business ethics), and the forthcoming
development of the Centre for Applied
Ethics, grounded in the Department of
Philosophy and extending into several
faculties, will multiply the inclusion of
ethics as a subject for study within undergraduate programs, both in the Arts
and Sciences and in professional fields.
Business ethics, biomedical ethics, environmental ethics, and professional
ethics have all become fields of lively
discourse at UBC and among professionals in these fields.
One important development at the
undergraduate level will be the bachelor's degree in environmental sciences/environmental studies. The
faculties of Arts and Science are engaged in this development, which is
necessarily interdisciplinary in nature.
Other faculties, e.g. Forestry, Agricultural Sciences, and Applied Science,
are substantially involved and will mobilize their considerable strengths in
addressing issues important in our
society and of concern to today's and
tomorrow's graduates. A program in
environmental studies within the Faculty of Forestry will balance the current
professionally oriented programs of
the faculty.
The Department of Mechanical Engineering recently introduced an undergraduate option in Industrial Aerodynamics and Aircraft. It is offered in the
co-operative education mode with related employment and academic study
in alternating terms. Indeed, year-round
co-op education programs in Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering
and Computer Engineering will be
strengthened as the Faculty of Applied
Science places less emphasis on summer-only co-op programs.
Support from the Fund for Excellence in Education and, more recently,
from the Access program, has enabled
us to increase enrolment in the School of
Rehabilitation Medicine by 50 percent.
The result is a significant increase in the
number of occupational therapists and
physiotherapists taking up professional
practicein the province. The Facultyof
Dentistry has approved a program to
enable the strongest college graduates
in dental hygiene to obtain a B.Sc. in that
A further effort to enhance opportunities for the preparation of health care
professionals is a joint venture with the
Vancouver General Hospital School of
Nursing. This venture has the potential
to double, from 80 to 160, the number of
students admitted annually to the first
year of our four-year B.S.N, program.
We are discussing with some of the
colleges the desirability of creating closer
links between their R.N. programs and
our B.S.N, program as we approach the
time for implementation of the nursing
profession's goal of making the baccalaureate degree the standard for entry.
Our major strategy for enhancing
access (in terms of regional distribution,
if not numbers) at the undergraduate
level remains the facilitation of degree
program development at the colleges,
particularly Okanagan College and
Cariboo College. 1989/90 saw the negotiation of principles and guidelines
under which UBC's B.A. and B.Sc. degrees will be awarded this year for programs at these colleges in Kelowna and
Kamloops respectively. In addition,
UBC's B.Ed, degree will be offered fora
program at Cariboo. UBC's commitment is to participate fully at the outset,
to award degrees (the first in 1991) with
confidence in the academic standards
they reflect, and to work toward the goal
of the colleges receiving the authority to
grant theirown degrees atthe appropriate point within the next three to eight
years. Third-year enrolments at
Okanagan and Cariboo have been respectable in the first two years of the
joint ventures. (They have been stronger
in Arts than in Science.) The presence
of degree completion programs has had
a positive effect on first and second year
enrolments - so much so that the colleges are considering capping first-year
admissions in 1991/92.
In addition to the joint ventures in
Kamloops and Kelowna, we are active
in the Kootenays where the Faculty of
Education offers its 12-month elementary and secondary certification programs for holders of first degrees in
Castlegar through a rural teacher education consortium including Selkirk College and six school districts.
Applications for post baccalaureate
programs are increasingly national in
origin. As many British Columbians
study elsewhere it is gratifying that outstanding students from all provinces
make UBC their first choice. The entering class in Law, for example, includes
a nice balance from across the country.
Each year more students from other
provinces apply for teacher education.
Our campaign includes the raising of
endowment for national entrance scholarships so that it will become as common for the top students from Quebec
and Ontario to come to UBC as it is for
BC students to attend McGill or the
University of Toronto.
Education Abroad Programs (EAP)
are among the university'sfastest growing ventures. Our goal is to have five per
cent of UBC's undergraduates undertake a term or a year of study overseas
for credit toward their baccalaureate
degree. At the same time, overseas
students attending UBC for a year will
enrich the mix and contribute to the
education of our students. Current EAP
agreements extend from California to
Copenhagen and from London to Korea. Our largest scale experiment includes 100 students each year from
Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto studying at UBC for a full session to improve
their English, enhance their intercultural
understanding and learn about the Pacific Rim. These students will live with
100 UBC students in a special residence jointly funded by the two universities. Recent gifts and bequests will
provide scholarshipsupportfor students
going in both directions between UBC
and major universities in other countries. In addition to EAP, we have a goal
of encouraging faculties to ensure that
four to six per cent of their undergraduate students come from othercountries.
This year we have managed to increase
the proportion of international students
in undergraduate programsfrom .8%to
1.6%, still the lowest in Canada.
Although the university plans to
award a fairly constant number of baccalaureate degrees, undergraduate programs are anything but static. The
constant revision of course and program content, the emergence of new
majors, minors and options, the extension of interdisciplinary activity, the increase in education abroad opportunities, the stimulating presence of students from other provinces and other
countries, and the development of joint
ventures with other institutions all ensure the continued vibrancy of undergraduate education at UBC.
Our Mission Statement and Strategic Plan reflect the university's distinctive contribution in research and graduate programs. These are the areas in
which we are uniquely positioned to
continue our record of outstanding
achievements on behalf of the province.
In endorsing this particular mission,
Senate and the Board of Governors
committed the university to continuing
its development as an internationally
recognized leader in advanced education and research while continuing to
offer first-rate education to undergraduate students. Many of our programs are
already considered among the best in
the world; many are unique in the province, and in Canada.
UBC is the province's major research
centre. In 1990/91 we successfully
competed for and won more than $100
million in research grants and contracts,
mainly from outside the province. This
maintains the rate of increase above 10
per cent annually though space has
become a critically limiting factor. This
is not an achievement of one or two
fields but of every faculty in the university. Research funding provides more
than 3.000 jobs to the people of British
Columbia.   Including facilities on and
associated with the UBC campus (B.C.
Research, PAPRICAN, Forintek,
FERIC, TRIUMF, Agriculture Canada,
Biomedical Research Centre and NRC),
we constitute the nucleus of a complex
responsible for 60 per cent of all research in B.C. in all sectors. UBC alone
carries out more than 80 per cent of the
research done in the universities of the
province. The scope, quality, and
number of our faculty scholars and researchers make it important for us to
build on these strengths and to educate
students at the graduate level for research and for increasingly complex
professional practice.
In the national program of Networks
of Centres of Excellence, no other university matched UBC's achievement.
The university is a participant in 12 of the
14 NCE's, and UBC is the national centre forthree. Science, Applied Science,
Medicine and Agricultural Sciences are
all involved and the program will bring
$34 million in direct research support to
the campus. The province's provision of
overhead support currently committed
at $19.5 million makes it possible to
house and operate this quantum increase in research activity.
In planning for an increase in accessibility at the postgraduate level, we
expect our graduates to participate fully
in developing and leading, rather than
merely experiencing intellectual, technological and social developments. The
provision of access is important not only
to the students, thus provided an opportunity for advanced study, but to the
society which will need highly educated
and competent leaders and citizens in
the coming decades. We will expand
current graduate programs and develop
new and innovative programs to address these needs. Our postgraduate
enrolment in 1990/91 is approximately
4,800 exclusive of medical residents.
Our Strategic Plan calls for an increase
in accessibility to provide an additional
2,000 places over five years for a total of
about 6,500 by 1995/96. At that point the
university'stotal enrolment will be about
27,500 - a target we expect to re-assess
as it is achieved.
Many graduate and research programs within our departments and faculties are leaders in Canada, in North
America and in the world, and have
been documented as such through the
external reviews we undertake regularly. Plans for change and innovation
must be built upon a solid foundation of
excellence in the basic fields of the
humanities, social sciences and natural
sciences. One cannot prepare for the
future if one does not understand the
past and the present; and progress toward reaching both social and individual
potentials requires more than technical
and economic development.
More than 40 endowed chairs will be
taken to Senate and established as they
arefunded through the campaign. Some
are now fully funded and the rest will be
during the five-year campaign pledge
period. These chairs are strategically
distributed in the faculties in keeping
with academic priorities and private sector support, reinforced by provincial
matching funds. They complement operating budget support in enabling UBC
to extend its reputation as a world renowned centre of research and education.
The visibility and reputation of our
graduate student activities will be enhanced by the addition of Green College, a residential college generously
endowed by Cecil Green (with matching
provincial funds). The new college is
expected to provide about 80 residential
places for students enrolled in graduate UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 11
programs across the university. The will
share the college's accommodation with
a small number of faculty members and
post-doctoral fellows. Green College
will enrich the intellectual quality of campus life with an interdisciplinary program
of seminars and academic events.
We are beginning to explore the potential for fundraising to establish a second residential college with potential
links to the soon-to-be expanded Institute for Asian Research.
This section highlights some of the
planned increases in our existing programs and outlines new programs where
student interest, scholarly significance,
and societal importance support such
an expansion. Faculties are planning
for increases or changes in their graduate programs consistent with the university plan. The examples discussed in
this section are representative of these
plans. Many programs initiated by a
faculty are interdisciplinary in nature
and, in outlining the initiatives of a faculty, it is sometimes simplest to carry on
with a description of interfaculty programs in which it is involved. Hence the
distinction between this section and the
next is blurred if not eliminated. Entries
are not proportionate to the scope of
existing graduate programs ortheir academic importance. For example, the
innovative approach to planning adopted
by the Faculty of Medicine has resulted
in that faculty getting more play than
others in this draft.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
is developing a master's program in
Landscape Architecture and a Ph.D.
program in Bio-Resource Engineering.
The initial emphasis in the latter will be
bio-waste management. This will complement otherdevelopments emphasiz-
ing environmental management and protection. Food and agribusiness management provide the focus for a graduate program being developed by Agricultural Economics with the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration.
The Faculty of Applied Science is
engaged with the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration in launching an M.Eng. program in Advanced
Technology Management which will
accept its first students in September,
1991. Two departments, Chemical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering,
will join with the faculties of Medicine
and Science in offering an M.Sc. program in Occupational Hygiene, which
will be supported by an endowment from
the Workers' Compensation Board
(WCB) and a matching gift from the
Government of British Columbia. The
Senate has approved an M.Eng. program in Biomedical Engineering to be
offered jointly with the Faculty of Medicine. Collaboration with hospital-based
biomedical engineering departments and
the potential fortechnologytransferand
industrial development make thisaprom-
ising program although significant expansion awaits future funding.
Fire Protection Engineering (M.Eng.)
has the support of professional organizations and the Union of B.C. Municipalities, but requires provincial support
if it is to get underway in the near future.
Loss of life and of property to fire makes
this a socially and economically important field.
Consideration is being given to redefining the baccalaureate degree in Architecture as a master's program in
recognition of the fact that most students enter with a baccalaureate degree and to bring it in line with similar
programs throughout North America.
The Master of Advanced Studies in Architecture will be enlarged and strengthened with an emphasis on interdisciplinary design and project work undertaken in collaboration with Engineering
departments, and such units as the
Centre for Human Settlements, the
School of Nursing, and the Media and
Graphics Interdisciplinary Centre
The Ph.D. program in the School of
Nursing follows naturally from the increase in scholarly activity. It will enable
the school to take its place among the
select schools in Canada preparing researchers and professional leaders at
the doctoral level.
The Faculty of Arts includes the humanities, the social sciences, the creative and performing arts, and several
professional schools. As global society
becomes more interdependent, we must
know and understand the languages
and the cultures of other societies as
well as our own. We need to have a
better sense of policy issues as they are
reflected in the social sciences. The
creative and performing arts are important to our society in their own right, as
well as being key elements of our cultural activities and hospitality industry.
Significant expansion is planned in these
areas. Aco-operative Ph.D. program in
philosophy will be established in collaboration with Simon Fraser University.
The faculty plans to participate in
inter-faculty and inter-disciplinary
courses in environmental studies; science, technology, and society; and women's studies, and to continue developing
innovative graduate programs such as
the program in Arts Administration.
The Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration will offer, in addition
to its evening section, four day-time
sections in the M.B.A. program, rather
than the present three. The increase of
35-40 students is made possible by
shifting resources from the undergraduate program, now that the four-year
B.Comm. has been fully implemented.
The faculty is engaging energetically
in the development of innovative joint
ventures - both graduate programs and
research initiatives. The MBA option in
Arts Administration (joint with the Faculty of Arts) has graduated its first students. The M.Eng./MBA in advanced
technology management (with Applied
Science) and the MBA/LL.B. (with Law)
are examples of collaboration and the
faculty is prepared to consider others.
The Faculty of Dentistry is expanding its highly successful M.Sc. in Dental
Science and Ph.D. in Oral Biology and
adding new graduate programs in Oral
Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - interdependent fields.
In the Faculty of Education, a plan is
being developed to change and substantially reduce the number of separate M.Ed, programs and the M.Ed, enrolment. The new format will be a faculty-wide master's program, with some
core and some specialty courses. The
faculty will also establish Ph.D. programs in Curriculum and Instruction and
in Exercise Science (based in the School
of Physical Education and Recreation).
It is planning to enhance access by
offering components of a master's program in the Interior. In general, the
faculty will strengthen the research-oriented M.A. and Ph.D. degrees, while
continuing to improve, but to reduce
emphasis on, the professional M.Ed,
and Ed.D. degrees, transferring resources to accomplish these goals. Endowments will stimulate research and
graduate studies in multiculturalism,
special education and literacy.
The Facultyof Forestry is committed
to broadening the intellectual and geographic scope of its activities and to
increasing the interdisciplinary activities within the faculty and with other
faculties. One strategy is to develop a
centre or institute of applied conservation biology. In addition to a B.Sc. program, the unit will provide the focus for
master's and Ph.D. level studies. The
emphasis will be on the application of
the principles of conservation biology
and landscape ecology to problems arising in the management of forests. Programs will incorporate courses in Forestry, Zoology, Landscape Architecture,
Community and Regional Planning, and
the social sciences. Departmental
graduate programs will be strengthened
and scholarly activity will be furtherstimu-
lated by involvement in international forestry.
The Faculty of Law has entered into
an agreement with the Society for the
Reform of the Criminal Law which will
provide a stimulus to research and
graduate study. In so doing it will give
impetus to planning forthe introduction
of a doctoral program to complement the
current LL.M. program.
Medicine 2000, a concept paper,
identifies research foci for development
by the Faculty of Medicine with the affiliated teaching hospitals. Seven centres
are proposed to build on existing
strengths, consolidate current support
and generate additional external support. The Centre for Predictive and
Preventive Medicine, to be developed
with University Hospital and Children's
Hospital, will aim at screening appropriate segments of our population for genetic susceptibility to disease and then
acting with the individual to prevent or
delay disease onset. Since about 60 per
cent of the population will experience a
disease with a significant genetic component (atherosclerosis, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, some common cancers), further development of
appropriate technology for screening
and clinical intervention has far-reaching implications.
The Centre for Transplantation Biology will be focused at Vancouver General Hospital. Better understanding of
the immune system leads to better success rates and fewer complications in
organ and tissue transplantation. Vancouver will become one of the world's
leading centres for research and clinical
care as this thrust takes full advantage
of works in immunology at the Biomedical Research Centre, and related research strengths at the B.C. Cancer
Agency's Terry Fox Lab, the
Biotechnology Lab and in the Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences and the departments of Chemistry and Physiology. Clinical trials are linked with a
Canadian Clinical Trials Network. Links
will be strengthened with international
pharmaceutical companies as immunology/transplantation offers rapid transfer of results in the molecular laboratory
to the clinical situation.
The Institute for Child, Mother and
Youth Studies involves the Faculty of
Medicine, other units such as the Department of Microbiology, and the hospitals at the Oak Street (Shaughnessy)
site in the alleviation of potential life-long
problems. This includes pregnancy
outcomes analysis, study of neurological development, developing better noninvasive technology for monitoring ba
bies during pregnancy and in the newborn period, and research in childhood
infectious illnesses. Newly endowed
chairs in Paediatrics and in Microbiology will stimulate this latter field.
The Centre of Excellence in Cancer
Biology at the Vancouver General Hos-
pital/BC Cancer Agency Site will develop new therapeutic manoeuvres
based on gene transfer and cell targeting and aimed at diagnosing and treating
cancer. This approach is made possible
by the existence of relevant expertise at
UBC not only in clinical departments but
in Chemistry and Microbiology.
The Brain Research Centre will aim
at a better understanding of key brain
diseases leading to more effective and
cost efficient diagnosis and treatment.
This centre, focused on the campus and
at the University Hospital (UBC site),
builds on strengths in that hospital and in
the faculties of Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Science, Arts and Dentistry. Four endowed chairs will enhance research capacity. Newly developed techniques in molecular and cell
biology and new methods of imaging the
brain enable investigators to delve into
the intricacies of such disorders as
Alzheimer's disease, Schizophrenia,
Multiple Sclerosis and Huntington's disease, which togetheraffectasignificant
proportion of the population. The university will build on an established international reputation in the neurosciences
with this centre providing the capstone.
The Pulmonary Research Centre is
a joint venture of the university and St.
Paul's Hospital built on existing research
and clinical strengths in pulmonary and
cardiopulmonary diseases. These
strengths are already recognized
through participation in the national Network of Centres of Excellence, which
also serves to reinforce the links with
industry. Not only will it further develop
its reputation as a national centre forthe
study and treatment of pulmonary disease but the potential for spin-off technology is substantial.
The Clinical Trials Centre, focused
at St. Paul's Hospital, will provide "one-
stop" access forthe pharmaceutical industry with assured access to the teaching hospitals and the community. UBC-
led, the centre will hasten access to new
drugs and vaccines, provide the expertise to guide rational decisions regarding choice of cost-effective drug therapy
and serve as a venue for the training of
clinical pharmacists and physicians who
must provide leadership in the evaluation and dissemination of new drug therapies. Further, the centre should serve
as a magnet for the location and development of the pharmaceutical industry
The Faculty of Medicine is engaged
in amajor expansion of M.Sc. and Ph.D.
programs. Among proposals approved
in the past year are a re-orientation of
the master's and a new Ph.D. program
in Health Care and Epidemiology, concentrating on clinical epidemiology and
on occupational and environmental
health; the only program in Canada to
train genetic counsellors; expansion of
the research Ph.D. in Experimental
Medicine to a number of clinical areas
(e.g., respiratory medicine, gastrointestinal medicine, paediatrics); a new
Ph.D. program in Audiology and Speech
Science and a new graduate program in
Rehabilitation Medicine.
The Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences will place more emphasis on preparing students for clinical/administrative activities, because of perceived need
in the community as well as student
interest. A new program in Pharmacy
Administration will be implemented and
possibly a combined M.Sc./M.B.A., that
will bring in about 12 students in addition
to the current complement of about 30.
Senate will be asked to consider approval of a professionally oriented Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree program. This will complement the strong
research-oriented Ph.D. program enhanced by the recent receipt of a $2.7-
million program grant and a development grant of $500,000 overfive years.
The Faculty of Science carries out
research in the life, physical, earth and
mathematical sciences. In these areas
there is a continual upgrading of research facilities to maintain our position
at the forefront of research. A number of
new interdisciplinary programs have
been developed and more are in the
planning stages. Plans are underway to
reorganize the Earth Sciences, bringing
together our considerable expertise in
Geophysics, Geology, Oceanography
and the Atmospheric Sciences. Outstanding new faculty have been added
to the Computer Science Department
which has been identified as a growth
area within the faculty.
As in the discussion of disciplinary
programs, we will only discuss a selected list of novel and important interdisciplinary thrusts in which UBC is now
or will soon be engaged at the level of
graduate education and research.
Progress in these areas is based on our
wide-ranging strength in the relevant
disciplines, coupled with the breadth of
training and vision to recombine these
as needed to address various opportunities and problems. Private sector
support and provincial matching are giving a tremendous stimulus to work in
each of these areas. Endowed chairs,
NSERC Industrial Chairs and capital
construction are all extremely helpful.
For convenience, they have been arranged in five major categories.
Advanced Technology
The University of British Columbia is
a leading institution of research and
graduate studies in a wide variety of
fields that have emerged from, and continue to advance, sophisticated scientific and technological innovations.
There are three general areas:
Biotechnology: The Biotechnology
Laboratory, established with FEE support, is already internationally recognized. It brings together scientists and
advanced students from Applied Science, Medicine, Science, Forestry, Agriculture, and other areas in
multidisciplinary collaborative work. In
view of the increasing importance of
biotechnology in environmental protection, food production, medicine, and other
vital pursuits, the significance and impact of this lab on the various faculties
promises to be substantial. We also
have expanding programs in
aquaculture, food science and nutritional
science built on activities in several departments and faculties.
Physical Sciences and Engineering:
The Department of Computer Science
(Faculty of Science) is a major component in the Centre for Integrated Computer Systems Research (CICSR), along
with the departments of Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering (Faculty of
Applied Science). A new Media and
Graphics Interdisciplinary Centre
(MAGIC) leads UBC's involvement in
the fascinating field of computer graph- UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 12
ics, linking with industry as well as with
other departments and programs (for
example, film studies in the Department
of Theatre and Film, Faculty of Arts).
Chemistry and Physics provide key
connections with TRIUMF and the proposed KAON factory.
The Faculty of Applied Science is
also active in these areas, and has
developed strong links with industry and
with other academic units. Together
with the Faculty of Forestry, Applied
Science and Science will benefit from
provincial funding of the CICSR/Com-
puter Science Building, the Advanced
Materials Building, and the Forestry
Sciences Building. These faculties contribute to and benefit from UBC having
the largest number of NSERC Industrial
Chairs in the nation. Many other advanced technology areas, including
Space Dynamics and Zero Gravity Flow,
Control and Robotics, Industrial Automation, and Computer-Aided Design,
are also under active study in the faculty. In Metals and Materials Engineering, the new Centre for Metallurgical
Process Engineering has already
achieved international stature, and will
be encouraged to grow. In the facilities
provided by the new Advanced Materials Building, other planned expansions
will be focused on Ceramics/Composites and Polymers.
Technology Management: The Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, the premier Canadian institution in its field, and one of the best in the
world, is addressing the unique aspects
of management in the rapidly changing
and highly competitive world of high-
technology business. It has responded
to the faculties of Applied Science and
Science and is offering jointly with them
master's programs in Science and Technology Management to start In 1991/92.
The Faculty of Commerce also has a
program of Management Information
Systems that applies the latest technological advances to management, in the
same way as the Computers and the
Law program does to legal studies.
Equally fundamental (although perhaps somewhat less obvious) is the
matter of the many moral and ethical
problems raised by technological advances. The Maurice Young and the
Patricia Rogers chairs in Applied Ethics
(Dejpartment of Philosophy) and the Centre for Applied Ethics, whose faculty
members may be cross-appointed in a
relevant faculty such as Commerce,
Law or Medicine, will be devoted to
exploring these fundamental issues.
Environmental Studies
The physical environment and the
related issue of natural resources have
become topics of global importance and
controversy. The issues include pollution and the degradation of the environment; the provision of sufficient food to
sustain a growing world population; and
the preservation of air, water, forests,
farmlands, and wildlife habitats, in the
face of competing demands and needs.
Both the problems and their solutions
are international in scope, and both involve scientific/technological as well as
social and policy issues. UBC's planning takes into account the complexity
and interdisciplinary nature of the analysis of current situations and the development and evaluation of novel approaches.
Remote sensing technology is crucial in identifying the nature and scope of
environmental conditions and problems.
The Department of Geography, recently
identified by an external review as one of
the best in the English-speaking world,
is planning jointly with the departments
of Forest Resources Management and
Computer Science to develop a Geographic Information Centre that would
exploit new approaches to remote sensing to ensure that our research and
training in this area remains atthe leading edge of the field. With support from
FEE, the departments of Geography
and Oceanography have already collaborated to increase our strength in
Atmospheric Science and graduate programs have been implemented. Both of
these activities involve an increase in
graduate studies.
The Faculty of Forestry currently has
the highest graduate enrolment of any in
Canada. The provincial commitmentto
the new Forestry Sciences Building will
provide very badly needed space for
expanding activity, and will permit us to
bring togetherforestry-related activities
from a number of disciplines. Together
with Paprican, Forintek and Feric (the
latter two of which will be moving into
new facilities), the faculty will be able to
continue its major transition toward producing leaders in a major interdisciplinary area of crucial importance to British
Columbia as well as the world. Support
from FEE made it possible to expand the
faculty's cross-appointments with Science and Engineering, and thus to establish closer links with the new
Biotechnology Laboratory, and with the
departments of Botany, Civil, Chemical
and Mechanical Engineering.
The Department of Civil Engineering
is planning new programs in Pulp and
Paper Wastewater Management and
Construction Management. In the same
context, the Department of Mining and
Mineral Process Engineering is in the
process of developing a program in Acid
Mine Drainage, a topic of extreme importance in British Columbia as mine
tailings have for many decades been
allowed to contaminate soils and rivers.
Provincial and industrial support have
enabled us to establish two endowed
Chairs in Minerals, Mining and the Environment.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
is planning a new Ph.D. program in Bio-
Resource Engineering, specializing in
bloprocessing technology in packaging,
storage and waste disposal as these
relate to the food chain. New graduate
programs in Food Process Science and
in Food Biotechnology are also at an
advanced planning stage.
At the present time, a number of
interdisciplinary units and programs
within the Faculty of Graduate Studies
are focused on various aspects of natural resource studies. Among them are
the Westwater Research Centre, which
conducts research at the interface of
natural sciences and policy development dealing with the water resource, a
crucial aspect of natural resources both
world-wide and provincially, the Forest
Economic Policy Analysis project, and
the Centre for Human Settlements, which
deals with the planning of human habitats and the evaluation of their impact on
the environment. The latter has recently
obtained a multi-million dollarCIDA grant
for establishing a Centre of Excellence
in the field.
A proposal has been developed to
establish a Research Centre in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. With collaboration among Oceanography, Animal
Science, Zoology and Agriculture, the
fisheries and aquaculture programs are
leaders in Canada. The new centre is
seen as an opportunity to bring together
and integrate work in this area. The
provincial Ministry of Environment's Fisheries Research Group and the regional
research staff of the federal Department
of Fisheries and Oceans will be important participants. New strengths will be
added in fisheries ecology, population
dynamics, and limnology. On the policy
side, connections with Anthropology and
Economics will be established. The
Facultyof Law's specialization in Natural Resource and Environmental Law
will also contribute to this effort.
The Sustainable Development Research Institute is being jointly planned
by the faculties of Graduate Studies,
Science, Arts, Forestry, Agriculture, Law,
Medicine, Applied Science and Commerce. The proposal to establish an
institute will be before Senate for approval in March 1991. A director will be
appointed imminently and funding is already committed for several important
research thrusts. Other units whose
graduate enrolments are expected to
grow in response to increasing needs in
the area of natural resources are the
departments of Agricultural Economics
and Soil Science, both in the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences. The first of these
is concerned with a key aspect of policy
development, and has an extensive
collaborative program with Commerce
and Economics; the second collaborates with Civil Engineering, Forestry,
Geology, Geography and other units in
studying soil, a fundamental resource.
The new Chair in Automated Fish
Processing will bring aspects of Mechanical Engineering into the field.
Health Care
Changes in expectations, population dynamics, and lifestyles — as well
as continuing advances in relevant scientific and clinical fields—go far beyond
the technical problems of curing illness.
They interact with philosophy, law, economics, sociology, and many other areas of concern. Below, we mention
some of the current plans of UBC to
meet these needs.
Chronic Medical and Social Problems: Chronic conditions and disabilities have attracted increasing attention
as the population ages, and also as
medicine has made dramatic improvements in its ability to treat acute diseases. The university plans to increase
its activity in these important areas. For
example, our School of Rehabilitation
Medicine (Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy) has been substantially
strengthened and expanded through
FEE and Access funding, to the point
where the establishment of a Ph.D. program is now being planned.
Proper attention to these problems
also demands a concern for the growing
proportion of elderly people in the population. The Faculty of Dentistry will use
an endowment from the fundraising campaign to establish a Centre for Geriatric
Dentistry;. However, our activities in
Gerontology and in Geriatric Medicine
require considerable strengthening.
Support services related to physical,
as well as mental, hearth require both a
systematic search for knowledge and
the application of this knowledge by
caring professionals. The School of
Social Work and the School of Family
and Nutritional Sciences (Faculty of Arts)
both have growing multidisciplinary
graduate programs in these fields, studying such problems as refugee and immigrant acculturation, family development
and problems and living conditions for
the elderly. The Department of Social
and Educational Studies (Faculty of
Education) prepares teachers to help
their pupils cope with the complexities of
a quickly changing multicultural community.
The Department of Educational Psychology and Special Education deals
with the problems of those with learning
or physical disabilities and the means
for our educational system to most effectively prepare such people to reach
theirpotential. The Crane Library for the
blind and the new National Disability
Centre (funded from federal, provincial
and private sources) are important assets in this area. In 1991 the Education
Clinic will be redesigned as a
Psychoeducational Research and Training Centre which will facilitate interactions with the health sciences and clinical psychology. Consideration will be
given to new interdisciplinary programs
with Rehabilitation Medicine and the
planned Biomedical Engineering program, which will emphasize the optimal
use of new technology in overcoming
Health Promotion and Maintenance:
Another change of major importance is
society's increasing orientation toward
health promotion and fitness—preventive health based on individual behaviour and lifestyle change. The Institute
for Health Promotion Research will seek
a director and sources of financial support as it stimulates research and graduate studies in this important field. The
Centre for Health Services and Policy
Research maintains the Health Manpower Research Unit (which collects
and compiles province-wide data on
health manpower, supported by the Ministry of Health). The Centre includes
experts from Economics and from Health
Care and Epidemiology and has an extraordinary record of research and publication in the field of Health Policy. Its
most recent activity is the development
of the capacity for evaluating health care
Aided by a generous endowment of
$3 million from the Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, and by
matching funds from the provincial government the university has approved a
new interdisciplinary program in Occupational Hygiene and is currently recruiting faculty to hold the endowed
chairs.. There is strong demand for
qualified hygienists and there are no
programswestofOntario. Representatives of the faculties of Applied Science,
Graduate Studies, Medicine and Science, have drawn up a curriculum and
structure for a master's program which
has now been approved. The plans call
for all four faculties to be involved and
most students to complete the program
by taking courses (which will include
laboratory and practical exercises as
well as seminars by practising hygienists) and undertaking a major project.
We expect the first students to enrol in
September 1991.
Neuroscience: Over the past 20
years there has been enormous growth
and spectacular advances in the field of
neuroscience. Neuroscience is an area
of strength at UBC with research efforts
ranging from molecular neurobiology to
clinical trials of experimental treatments
for neuropsychiatric disorders. UBC
neuroscientists bring in more than $7
million peryear in research grants. The
graduate program in Neuroscience at
the master's and doctoral levels has
been in place since 1984. More than 60
faculty members are affiliated with the
program. Sixteen students have graduated with Ph.D. degrees and 26 are now
enrolled. Graduates have consistently
secured postdoctoral positions in leading neuroscience laboratories around
the world, and many of the program's
graduates now hold faculty positions at
other universities. The program has
been very successful in recruiting highly
qualified students, most of whom hold
independent scholarship support either
from MRC or NSERC. The establishment of four or five endowed chairs in
the current campaign will greatly enhance research capacity.
Health-Related Studies: Basic sciences, the foundation of medicine and
allied fields, have strong and growing
graduate programs. Increased graduate enrolment is planned in several of
these areas. Speaking to a dispute of
serious concern to biological scientists,
as well as to students of ethics, the
Department of Animal Science (Faculty
of Agricultural Sciences) is developing a
plan for a Chair in Animal Welfare, to be
supported by NSERC and the SPCA.
This activity will address the increasingly active and sometimes bitter controversy over the use of animals and
alternate approaches in research. The
new Maurice Young Chair in Applied
Ethics is also relevant to the moral
problems growing out of medical advances.
Canadian Society
Obviously, the university must devote attention to Canada's own culture
and environment. Many courses are
offered in humanities and social sciences departments. As well, UBC publishes BC Studies, Canadian Literature,
and Pacific Affairs, all highly regarded
journals. Our units in Anthropology and
Fine Arts plan to extend the study of
Northwest Indian cultures, languages,
and arts. The School of Community and
Regional Planning (Facultyof Graduate
Studies) is actively involved in the study
and teaching of Native Band Planning.
There are new thrusts in Canadian studies — including Canadian politics, politics and media, and public administration (Department of Political Science)
and Canadian and Commonwealth literature (Department of English). The
Faculty of Law has a major program in
Canadian constitutional law, and a new
Nathan Nemetz Chair in Legal History.
It is also looking at novel quasi-legal
alternatives in setting up a Centre of
Alternate Dispute Resolution, which will
draw on expertise in the area of conflict
resolution in Arts, Commerce, and other
Communications is a crucial aspect
of modern society. The new Maclean
HunterChair in Creative Nonfiction Writing, and the recently endowed Writer-in-
Residence program, are only a beginning in approaching ourgoals. Weplan
to implement existing plans for a School
of Journalism, entirely at the graduate
level, which had been approved by the
UBC Senate and the Universities Council of British Columbia, but never funded.
The School of Library, Archival and Information Studies will be strengthened,
with particular attention to the unique
program in Archival Studies. The graduates of these programs are in high demand in government, corporate, and
academic positions.
On the artistic side of the communications area, our program in creative
and performing arts draws on the departments of Creative Writing, Fine Arts,
Music and Theatre. The current campaign will develop a Creative and Performing Arts Complex that will provide
first-rate facilities (an art gallery, concert
hall, and creative arts building) forthese
endeavours, and will make possible an
increase in artistic activity and graduate
education that will more closely match
public interest and student demand. The
Department of Theatre has recently instituted Master of Fine Arts degrees in
design, directing, and film production,
and plans a further one in acting. The
Artist-in-Residence and the Writer-in-
Residence programs, both newly en- UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
dowed, will bring distinguished artists,
musicians and writers to campus for
limited periods. The growing importance and unique characteristics of
musical, theatrical, and other cultural
enterprises has also led to the recent
establishment of a Master of Business
Administration program in Arts Administration (jointly by the faculties of Arts and
Commerce and Business Administration).
A Centre for Literacy in the Faculty of Education will coordinate
the activity of researchers from
several faculties as well as focusing on the most effective ways to
improve literacy rates among
adults, immigrants of all ages, and
children. Sophisticated teaching
and learning systems and evaluative techniques need to be developed to enhance literacy, numeracy, oracy, and computer literacy and the many sub-areas of
literacy such as legal literacy.
The recently established Centre for
Applied Studies in Evaluation (CASE)
has been invited by the International
Association forthe Evaluation of Educational Achievement to serve as the international coordinating centre for major
international studies on the teaching
and learning of mathematics and science. This places the university in the
forefront of the assessment of educational achievement, a subject of vital
national importance.
International Studies
It should be clear that many of
the fields discussed above have
international implications and concerns. Beyond those, however,
the university must directly address
issues of international relations on
many levels, as required by the
growing interdependence of countries and areas. We expect to build
on the already stellar reputation of
the International Relations program, which provides a focal point
for research and for a popular undergraduate major.
Europe and the United States: Although, as will become obvious, UBC
has a major investment in Asian studies, it cannot replace the understanding of Canada's founding areas and our
current prime partners and allies, Europe and the United States. Even at the
most pragmatic level, we might note
that — excluding Japan — the "economic miracle" countries of Asia (the
Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan,
and Hong Kong) have a gross industrial
output which in total is hardly larger
than that of the Netherlands alone.
European languages and literatures are
the focus of Germanic Studies, which in
the near future will integrate the study
of Swedish and Dutch into its programs;
Italian and Hispanic Studies, which intends soon to initiate a Ph.D. program
reflecting the importance of this linguistic group; and Slavonic Studies, which
must be strengthened over time, especially in recognition of the significance
of events unfolding in the Soviet Union
and Eastern Europe and of the potential increase in interactions between
Canada and those countries. The Department of Language Education (Faculty of Education) prepares teachers
who in turn will educate the children of
British Columbia in the languages increasingly needed to prosper in the
emerging international climate.
UBC's Institute of International Relations, an interdisciplinary unit with
participants from several departments
and faculties, pursues research ques
tions dealing with strategic and economic policy. In this, it adds its
strengths to the very active work of
the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, which has established a Centre for International
Business. This Centre, along with
the federally supported Chair in International Trade Policy and Centre for
International Business Studies, will
draw upon the newly funded David
Lam Management Research Centre
and Library, funded by private and
matching contributions in the current
campaign. The Faculty of Law is also
active in international trade law.
Asia and the Pacific Region: Our
emphasis on the Asia Pacific region
will continue to be developed. For
example, the museology program in
the Department of Anthropology and
Sociology will concentrate on this region. The departments of Economics, Geography, and Political Science,
each ranked among the best in
Canada, have used FEE support to
strengthen the study of Asian (especially Japanese) society and
economy. Law has a special interest
in Japanese and Chinese legal studies and has recently increased its
involvement with issues and institutions in Southeast Asia. Pacific Rim
international relations is a specialty
of our Department of Political Science.
The Department of Asian Studies,
specializing in language and literature,
and the Institute of Asian Research,
focusing on politics, demography, and
other social sciences, work together for
a well-rounded approach to the area.
The former has recently added a Chair
in Korean Studies (with plans forfurther
development), a Chair in Punjabi and
Sikh Studies, and a position in Indonesian language (with FEEfunding). Japanese studies have also been strengthened, and studies of South and Southeast Asia (including Buddhism and
Hindu studies) are in line for increases.
The institute has a recently-established
documentation centre concentrating on
Indonesia, and is due for strengthening
and reorganization along area lines
with the establishment of five component centres (Japanese, Chinese, Korean , Southeast Asian, and South Asian
Studies). We are anticipating a major
expansion of activity supported by endowment funds generated in our campaign. These steps will maintain UBC
as the principal Canadian university in
studying this region.
International Education. One other
aspect of our world-wide involvement
is the education of graduate students
from other countries. Approximately
20 per cent of our graduate enrolment comes from abroad. This is not
only evidence of UBC's outstanding
international reputation, it is also an
opportunity to enrich our programs by
incorporating the novel perspectives
of such students. Problems, techniques, solutions, theoretical ideas
— the intellectual effort of doing important research at a high level requires the widest range of inputs
possible, and cannot be restricted
to viewpoints developed in one country alone. We now have agreements
with more than 100 universities and
this network will be used to
strengthen our graduate student programs and research ensuring that
the latest ideas flow in both directions. Our alumni constitute a far-
flung and loyal group of supporters
for future interactions among their
own institutions, corporations and
nations, and those of Canada in
general and British Columbia in particular.
As the only university in B.C. offering a wide array of professional programs around a strong academic core, UBC
is constantly enhancing the range and quality of its undergraduate and post baccalaureate offerings. A vibrant
context of research and graduate studies enhances the undergraduate experience.
It is clear that new programs, both in existing units and cutting across disciplinary boundaries, present novel
challenges as well as opportunities. To keep our leading place in the exciting and rapid evolution of society and
intellectual endeavour, British Columbia and its premier research-intensive university must ensure that graduate-
level education and research experience are accessible to qualified students. In addition, many existing graduate
programs must expand to meet both current needs and those that will develop as part of innovative activities.
At the present time, the Faculty of Graduate Studies rejects large numbers of excellent applicants across the
many fields of graduate study. We would expect the outstanding applicants always to exceed available places.
However, the university's ability to offer admission is limited too greatly by competing calls on faculty time; shortages
of physical space, equipment, supplies, and other aspects of infrastructure; and insufficient financial support for
students. There is no plan to eliminate all such restrictions, nor to increase graduate enrolment in areas where the
need, the supply of outstanding applicants, or our ability to deliver first-class programs dictate otherwise; but many
of our units and programs could handle more graduate students with modest increases in resources. The planned
growth in graduate studies will enable us to build upon these strengths for the benefit of society, the university, and
UBC /United Way
Campaign '91
We are looking for volunteers to campaign
on campus for Autumn 1991.
If you are interested in volunteering for
1. Department Representative
2. Faculty/Aresa Co-ordinator
3. CommitteeAAember
4. or want further information
please call
Nestor Korchinsky
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Become a ppffpf United Way's
UmbrelkAf Volunteers 14    UBC REPORTS July 18,1991
Engineers compete internationally
Pboto by Media Services
Mechanical Engineering professor Robert Evans and his crew of
students recently took part in the Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge. The
UBC entry, shown here, was one of three Canadian entries.
UBC's entry in the Natural Gas
Vehicle Challenge, held last month
in Norman, Oklahoma, finished 16th
overall, but took top score in the
category of vehicle design and for the
written paper.
The team of engineering students
led by Mechanical Engineering Professor Robert Evans was one of 24
university teams that took part in
what was billed as the most comprehensive test ever conducted using
natural gas to power production vehicles.
The teams converted GMC Sierra pick-up trucks to run on natural
gas. They faced extensive design,
performance, fuel economy and
endurance tests.
But the test that stymied most
teams, including UBC's, was the rigorous emission guideline. It was a
qualification that all but three of the
teams failed.
First place went to the University
of Tennessee. The top-ranked Canadian team was Concordia University
of Montreal, which placed fourth
Meanwhile, UBC's entry in the
Second International Human Powered Submarine Race in Riviera, Fla.,
was disqualified after a chain used to
power their sub came off, said team
leader Ronan Oger.
The mishap occurred at the start of
the 100-metre time trials. The chain
jumped off its sprocket just as the 4.5-
metre-long fibreglass sub was taking
off under eight metres of water.
One of the two crew members
swam out to replace the chain. Thinking that the sub's occupants were in
trouble, volunteer U.S. Navy divers
moved in to rescue the crew, automatically disqualifying them.
Eleven of the 34 teams entered in
the race were disqualified. It was the
first time that UBC had entered the
event, which is sponsored by Florida
Atlantic University.
The team members came home
with the Challenge Prize as a reward
for their perseverance and effort.
Damaged in transport, their sub required major repairs at the race site.
Students aim for the sky
Star high schoolers
challenged at Shad
A team of UBC engineering students is trying to succeed where one
of the world's great
aviation pioneers
failed — in getting
the Stringfellow
monoplane off the
ground in sustained
The students are
entered in an
Airshow Canada
contest called Seeking Wings That
Work, a flight competition based on designs of heavier-
than-air, powered
airplanes that predate the Wright
Although Orville
and Wilbur were the
first to successfully
achieve human-operated, powered
flight in 1906, many
attempts had been made before
early as the 18th century.
The UBC team, joined by students from BCIT and UVic, will
build and fly a balsa wood and carbon fibre model of British aviation
pioneer John Stringfellow's 1848
monoplane design.
"People tried the weirdest things
and a lot of them crashed," said team
Stringfellow's monoplane
member Carrie Bogisch of the early
aircraft designs. "This one almost
worked. But it needs lots of modifications to fly controllably."
Bogisch, who graduated from UBC
this year in Mechanical Engineering,
and other team members such as Ivan
Tung and Scott Montague, have spent
long hours writing a detailed design
report and constructing the model,
based on blueprints from
the London
Museum of
A total of
10 teams
from universities in five
countries, including Japan, Australia, France
and England,
have entered
the competition. It culminates with
flight testing
of the radio-
models at
Jericho Beach
Park West on
Aug. 4. The
winner will be announced Aug. 7.
Fifty-two teenagers arrived on
campus earlier this month for the
start of Shad Valley, a month-long
brainstorming session for some of
Canada's brightest high schoolers.
Now in its 10th year, the Shad
Valley program stretches the intellects and imaginations of the country's top Grade 11 and 12 students.
This year, 400 "shadlings" will gather
at eight Canadian universities for a
summer of lectures, seminars and
workshops on various aspects of science, computer technology, business
and mathematics.
In addition to the daily lecture circuit, Shad participants will also be
asked to invent, design, build and
market a product.
Last year's UBC inventions included a compost mixer, a kitchen
can-crusher, a children's math toy and
a floating spinal board designed to
help rescue people who suffer back
injuries while in the water.
The jam-packed schedule at UBC
consists of 16-hour days, seven days a
"It's basically a study in sleep deprivation," said Ron Foreman, UBC's
program director. "The question we
try to answer is: How do you motivate somebody who has always been
the best in his or her class?"
Foreman said lectures and seminars given by faculty and local entrepreneurs range from biotechnology
and engineering to real estate and the
film industry.
After completing four weeks on
campus, the Shad graduates will finish the summer gaining practical work
experience at various government and
private-sector job postings.
Sponsored by Canadian corporations and advanced technology companies, Shad Valley was created in
1981 by the Canadian Centre for Creative Technology at the University of
Waterloo. Since then, the rigorous
program has tested the talents of more
than 2,000 young Canadians.
This year's B.C. participants include: Aurora Chan, VaUCWUfgiT
Cathy Greenhalgh, Taylor; Cheryl
McDonald, North Vancouver; Roberta
Robson, Powell River; Christine
Wong, Vancouver; Ryan Cownden,
Victoria; Trevor Hindson, Richmond;
Michael Mustard, West Vancouver;
Paul Miyagawa, North Vancouver;
Daniel Ressl, Vancouver; Steve
Graham, Fort St. John; Eric Ruljancich,
Castlegar; Andrew Lau, Richmond;
Daljit Dhadwal, Golden; Shahid Gul,
Vancouver; Jason Krause, Terrace; and
Robert Schonfeld from Vancouver.
Exchanges to grow to 1,200 by 1995
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Preparing home-cooked
meals for 16 wasn't in the
job description, but as
UBC's first student exchange coordinator, Martha Kertesz
wanted to give the position a bit of a
"I thought it would be a good idea
to have the students over while the
numbers were still manageable," said
Kertesz, who took up the post in January.
Kertesz will need a caterer and a
bigger apartment if the dinner tradition is to continue. By 1995, UBC's
goal is for five per cent of students
receiving their first degree to participate in its Exchange Abroad Program
(EAP). This works out to about 1,200
The program allows selected third-
year students to live and study abroad
for one year while earning credits
toward a UBC degree. A reciprocal
number of international students from
affiliated universities would attend
UBC under similar arrangements with
their home institution.
"The opportunity to spend a semester or a year abroad is attractive
to a lot of students," said Kertesz.
"It's part of an overall strategy to
internationalize the campus and provide greater student mobility at the
same time."
In the past, students who chose to
study elsewhere often had difficulty
getting credit towards a UBC degree
for work done at another institution.
With the new university-sponsored
exchange program, participating students will not only receive transfer
credit for their work, but will remain
registered at UBC, pay UBC fees and
remain eligible for UBC awards,
scholarships and financial aid.
Kertesz said while she will assume
responsibility for the day-to-day management of the EAP program, the
International Liaison Office will continue to work with the various faculties to develop new EAP agreements
with other universities. Working out
ofthe Registrar's Office, Kertesz will
implement these Senate-approved
agreements, help faculties select students, co-ordinate orientation, as well
as organize registration, housing and
the transfer of credits.
"Visiting international EAP students are only here for eight months,"
said Kertesz. "They therefore have a
very special set of needs which this
program will now take care of."
UBC currently has about 25 student openings in seven exchange
agreements with all nine campuses of
the University of California, Hastings
College of Law in California,
Ritsumeikan University in Japan, the
University of Copenhagen, Yonsei
University in Korea, the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the University of Hong Kong.
This year's participants will include
19 students from California, four from
Denmark and two students each from
Hong Kong, Japan and Korea. Ten of
these positions will be with the Faculty of Law. UBC REPORTS July 18.1991       15
UBC five named to 1991 Order of B.C.
Three UBC professors and two members of
the Board of Governors
are among the 17 people
named to the 1991 Order
of B.C., the highest form
of recognition given by the
B.C. Government.
Board members Asa
Johal and Tong Louie and
professors Dr. Vivien
Basco, Ian McTaggart
Cowan and Harry Warren were chosen from
about 300 nominations by an independent advisory council headed by Chief Justice Allan
McEachern. UBC President David Strangway
was a member of the advisory council.
The recipients were officially invested by Lt.-
Gov. David Lam at a ceremony in Victoria June
13. This is the second year the Order of B.C. has
been awarded to citizens who have given outstanding service to the province.
Basco, clinical professor of surgery, is a tireless fighter for the prevention of breast cancer.
Johal, founder of Terminal Sawmills Ltd.,
UBC benefactor and member of the Board of
Governors, is also president ofthe B.C. chapter
ofthe International Punjabi Society and a director ofthe B.C. Children's Hospital.
Louie, a business entrepreneur and community leader, is chairman and CEO of H.Y. Louie
and London Drugs and honorary campaign chairman of St. Paul's Hospital Foundation.
McTaggart Cowan, dean emeritus of Graduate Studies, is a zoologist, naturalist and educator
who has dedicated a lifetime to expanding knowledge of the living natural resources of Canada
and B.C. and to working for their conservation.
Warren, honorary geological sciences professor, is renowned as a sportsman, scientist and
Also among those named to the Order of B.C.
are: Jack Bell, a Vancouver businessman and
philanthropist who donated $ 1 million to UBC's
First Nations Longhouse and B.C. Tel Chairman
Gordon MacFarlane, a former member of the
Board of Governors.
Dr. George Beagrie, dean emeritus of UBC s
Faculty of Dentistry, has
been awarded an honorary
degree from the University of Montreal.
During his early career
at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, Beagrie
developed new methods of
pre-clinical teaching related to periodontology
and restorative dentistry.
At UBC, Beagrie introduced a new approach using simulated clinical
techniques and performance logic — a method
now used worldwide.
His research interests include cell kinetics,
the reaction of oral tissues to clinical procedures
and clinical research in management of periodontal diseases. He has been involved with the
World Health Organization as a consultant in
oral health and dental education since 1976.
Beagrie served as UBC's dean of the Dentistry Faculty between 1978 and 1988. He was
presented with his honorary doctorate at convocation ceremonies held in Montreal on May 31.
Law Professor Dennis Pavlich has been
appointed volunteer chair of the World of Opportunity campus campaign.
During the next year, the university is seeking $30 million in contributions from a wide
range of prospective donors including the campus community, alumni, international donors
and private and corporate donors.
The campaign has raised $200 million to
date — $110 million from donors and $90
million in matching funds from the provincial
Pavlich has been a member of UBC's Board
of Governors since February, 1990 and was a
member of Senate, UBC's academic parliament, between 1986 and 1988. A former president of the Faculty Association, Pavlich also
served as president of the Vancouver Institute
from 1989 to 1990.
Catherine Vertesi, director of the UBC
Study Abroad and Exchange Program, has been
honored by the Danish International Study (DIS)
program at the University of Copenhagen.
Vertesi, assistant dean in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, was given
an award of appreciation recognizing her "unselfish contribution to Denmark's International
Study Program and to its goals of academic
excellence and international understanding."
Vertesi was honored last month in Copenhagen during the 12th biennial DIS program conference. She is only the third North American
to receive the award.
The award was also given to recognize the
outstanding work being done by Vertesi to
establish study abroad programs for Canadian
students. Under her guidance, the program
developed between UBC and the University of
Copenhagen has grown from three students in
1985 to 130 students in 1991.
UBC Professor Paul Tennant and Scott
Watson, curator ofthe university's art gallery,
have each been awarded a 1991 B.C. Book
Aboriginal Peoples
and Politics, Tennant's
book about the Native
people of B.C., won the
Roderick Haig-Brown
Regional Prize for the
book that contributed
most to an appreciation
of B.C. in 1990.
Watson's book, Jack
Shadbolt, a comprehensive analysis ofthe acclaimed B.C. artist's 60-
year career, won the Hubert Evans Non-Fiction Prize.
Established in 1985, The B.C. Book
Prizes award $ 1,500 to the best book in each
of six categories.
Tennant was also awarded the Lieutenant-Governor's Medal by the B.C. Historical Federation for his publication.
Geological Sciences Professor Kenneth
Fletcher has been named the 1991 -92 president of the Association of Exploration
Geochemists at its 15th annual International
Exploration Geochemical Symposium held
in Reno, Nevada.
The association is the premier international body for the application of
geochemical methods to mineral exploration.
Fletcher previously served two terms as
the association's distinguished lecturer with
tours in North and South America, Australia
and Europe. His principal research interest
is in the behavior and transport of heavy
minerals, such as gold, by streams.
Gordon McBean, chair of UBC's Atmospheric Science Program, has been
awarded the Patterson Medal for distinguished service to meteorology by a Canadian resident.
McBean was cited for his research and
leadership in scientific programs, particularly his involvement in Canada's talks
with the U.S. on acid rain and the long-
range transport of air pollutants.
A UBC graduate, McBean is also chair
of the scientific committee for the World
Climate Research Program. He has headed
the Atmospheric Science Program at UBC
for three years.
The Patterson Medal has been awarded
annually since 1961 in honor of John
Patterson, controller ofthe Meteorological
Service of Canada from 1929 to 1946.
Classified advertising can be purchased from Community Relations.
Phone 822-6163. Ads placed by faculty, staff and students cost $12.84
for 7 lines/issue ($.81 for each additional word). Off-campus advertisers
are charged$14.98 for 7lines/issue ($.86 for each additional word). (All
prices include G. S. T.) Tuesday, August 6 at noon is the deadline for the
next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, August 15.
Deadline for the following edition on September 5 is 4 p.m Tuesday,
August26. All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal
WOMEN: New season starts September. Openings on recreational
and competitive teams available for
all ages. Enjoy a fast, safe team
sport and meet new friends. No
experience needed. Call 263-5570
SINGLES NETWORK: Are you single and interested in science or natural history? Meet others with similar
interests in a North America-wide
network for science professionals,
naturalists, and science buffs (all
ages). For information write: Science Connection Inc., P.O. Box 389,
Port Dover, Ontario N0A 1N0. Or
phone (519) 583-2858
Newly renovated 2 bedroom, 2 bath
condo apt; stove, fridge, living, dinette, family, in-suite storage & laundry areas. New paint-carpets-vinyl-
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month ($800) or season (till Dec. 15).
Could be used for conferences, seminars etc. Enquire re ski season (Dec.
15 - Apr. 17) Call collect 416-828-
Milton scholars meet at UBC
The largest-everinternational
gathering of Milton scholars will meet at UBC next
month to discuss the poetry
and politics of the 17th century author.
Arguably the greatest writer in
the English language since
Shakespeare, John Milton is best
known for his epic, Paradise Lost,
a poem viewed by many as one of
the most influential works of English literature.
2 & 22 MONTHS?
Join our research
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infant play-room.
Please contact
Dr. Baldwin for
more information:
Close to 300 scholars are expected
to attend the Fourth International
Milton Symposium, including participants from the Soviet Union, The
Peoples' Republic of China, India,
Australia, Japan, New Zealand and
South Africa.
"It will definitely be the most significant congregation of Milton
scholars to date," said UBC English
Professor Paul Stanwood.
Previous international Milton
conferences have been restricted
to Europe with the most recent
being held in Florence, Italy, three
years ago.
The UBC symposium takes place
Aug. 4-10 in the Faculty of Law's
Curtis Building, except for Aug. 7
events which will be held at the Empress Hotel in Victoria. It is sponsored by UBC, SFU, the University
of Victoria and the Milton Society of
For more information call 822-
UBC Reports
Classified Ads
Deadline for next issue: August 6 (noon)
To place an ad: phone 822-6163 16    UBC REPORTS July 18.1991
Taunton accompanies Canadian athletes
UBC sports doctor heads PanAm medical team
Don't drink the water.
That's just one piece of advice that Dr. Jack
Taunton has to offer to Canadian athletes who
will head to Cuba next month for the Pan American Games.
Taunton, co-director of the Allan McGavin
Sports Medicine Centre, will head up the Canadian medical team in Cuba as chief medical
officer. From Aug. 2-18, Taunton and his crew
of 19 medical personnel will be responsible for
maintaining the health of 670 Canadian athletes, coaches and officials. The medical team
will also include Dr. Connie Lebrun and physiotherapist Ron Mattison, from the Sports Medicine Centre.
"The biggest challenge we will face as a
medical staff will be Cuba's heat and humidity,"
said Taunton, a veteran of more than a half-dozen
majorinternational multi-sport competitions. "On
top of that, Cuba's water just isn't safe for our
athletes to drink."
As a result, the Canadian team will arrive
with 44 tonnes of water in tow. The water will
be trucked to Toronto from Nova Scotia and
then flown to Havana. Taunton said this is the
first time he's aware a
Canadian team bringing all its own water.
In addition, the competitors are being told
not to eat anything once
outside the athlete's
"At the 1983 Pan
Am Games in Caracas,
we were informed that
the water was safe to
drink," said Taunton.
"And the pre-games
analysis seemed to
back up that statement.
However, the first few
Canadian athletes who
arrived there immediately fell victim to the
food and water. So we
put the rest of the team
members on antibiotics before they even
Dr. Jack Taunton faces the challenge of
keeping Canadian athletes healthy in the
upcoming PanAm games in Cuba.
What are some of
Taunton's other concerns as he begins to
pack his bags, which
will include 3,500
pounds of medical
"A lack of fresh
fruits and vegetables,
shortage of light bulbs,
sun exposure, dehydration and...stray dogs. I
was almost bitten by
one during an earlier
trip to Cuba. However,
officials are trying to
keep the problem in
Despite the checks
and balances that he
must keep in mind as
the team's chief medical officer, Taunton said
he has received strong
arrived, in order to ward off similar gastric
support from the Cuban organizing committee
"They are determined to put on a good games,"
said Taunton. "Well over 90 per cent of the
facilities for the games are brand new and the
hospitals are excellent. It's not unusual for us to
go into a competition like this in a self-sufficient
manner. We did the same thing at the 1988
Summer Olympics in Seoul."
Taunton said it's as a result of this organized
state of preparedness that Canada is recognized
as the leader in sports medicine around the world.
"Americans may win more medals, but Canadians are number one in sports medicine. It's a
tribute to the work done by the Sports Medicine
Council of Canada. We' ve got a system here, and
it works."
It's a system that Taunton plans to have fully
in place when he arrives in Havana July 28th for
what he calls his biggest personal challenge ever.
"I look back at the other competitions I've
been associated with — like the 1981 World
Student Games in Bucharest — when you pretty
well had to fly by the seat of your pants. Teams
are now so much bigger, and so much more is
expected of you. As a member of the medical
staff, you just want to make sure you're ready for
Gas gun useful tool for research
Physics Professor Andrew Ng calls
it "the fastest gun in the West."
It's a claim that's hard to dispute, at
least in Canada. Ng's gas gun, a research tool unique in this country, can
fire a projectile at speeds of up to
28,000 kilometres an hour.
The two-stage, light-gas gun is the
centrepiece ofthe new Dynamic High
Pressure Facility which officially
opened on campus in May.
The six-metre-long gun is a
hypervelocity projectile launcher
which produces shock waves that cause
high compression and temperature in
solids. It is one of the most effective
tools for studying the properties of
materials under extreme conditions.
"Researchers are always searching
for new ways to produce novel materials and to understand their behavior,"
said Ng. "We are creating conditions
not easily achieved by any other laboratory means."
The gas gun works in two stages. A
chemical propellant drives a heavy
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piston down a
tube filled with
helium or hydrogen. The compressed gas
bursts open a
diaphragm and
pushes a small
projectile down
the barrel into a
vacuum chamber where it
strikes a
mounted target.
The only
other two-stage,
light-gas gun in
Canada is located in the Defence Research
Establishment at
and is not used
for academic research.
Among the
industrial users
of the gas gun is
Vortek, a UBC
spin-off company in Vancouver which manufactures the world's
brightest light source. It is interested
in developing materials that will withstand extreme temperatures for electrode applications.
Another potential user of the
facility is the aerospace industry. It
needs to develop structural and protective coating materials for
spacecrafts and space stations that can
survive the impact of micrometeoroids
Photo by Media Services
Physics ProfessorAndrewNg and his six-metre-long
gas gun. Capable of shooting a projectile at 28,000
kilometres an hour, it is one ofthe most effective tools
for studying the properties of materials under extreme conditions.
and space debris.
Funding of $700,000 for the development and initial operation of
the gas gun facility was provided by
the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
The university provided another
$300,000 for construction of the
building that houses the facility,
located at the corner of Main Mall
and Stadium Road.
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4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508      Home: (604) 263-5394


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