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UBC Reports Mar 5, 1970

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Vol. 16, No. 8/Mar. 5, 1970/Vancouver 8, B.C.
Editor, UBC Reports
UBC's Senate has reached an impasse in
discussions of proposals for enrolment restriction
contained in the report of its Committee on
Long-Range Objectives.
Having set overall limits on the numbers of
students who will be able to attend UBC in the
future, Senate has now balked at making firm
decisions on exactly how the enrolment limitation is
to be applied throughout the University.
Here is what the Senate, at its meeting on Feb. 7,
and the Board of Governors, at its meeting on
Tuesday, have approved:
— Limitation of the total undergraduate enrolment
on the present UBC campus to a maximum of 22,000,
— Limitation of the annual rate of increase of
enrolment in graduate studies to 15 per cent and a
maximum enrolment of 5,500 graduate students.
Earlier in the present session Senate passed a
proposal, also approved by the Board, to limit to
3,400 the number of students to be admitted to the
first year for the first time in September, 1970. This
will reduce by some 300 students the number
entering the first year, but UBC still expects a net
increase in enrolment as a result of increases in other
The Senate debate has broken down on the
question of how the rate of growth of enrolment
should be limited.
At its meeting on Feb. 25, Senate debated
Recommendations 2, 3 and 4 of the Committee on
Long-Range Objectives. The upshot of the debate was
the tabling of all three recommendations.
There had already been hints that Seriate might
scrap Recommendation 2 of the report, which calls
for raising UBC's entrance requirements to 65 per
cent, effective for the session 1970—71.
For one thing, Senate had already done much the
same thing by limiting first-year intake to 3,400,
which is estimated to be the number of entering
students with averages of 65 per cent or better.
Dean of Science Dr. W.D. Liam Finn had also told
Senate at its meeting on Feb. 7 that a 65 per cent
entrance standard would play havoc with the
enrolments in some Faculties and Schools by
eliminating large numbers of students.
Dean Finn asked formally that the
recommendation be tabled at the Feb. 25 meeting
and Senate agreed.
He pointed out that since 1965, 50 per cent of the
students   who   have   enrolled   at   UBC   have   not
completed    their   degrees,   a   situation   which    he
Please turn to Page Four
100,000 EXPECTED
UBC's Open House committee is expecting
more than 100,000 visitors to the campus
tomorrow and Saturday.
Faculty members and students are putting
finishing touches on hundreds of displays and
exhibits for the triennial event which officially
begins at 3 p.m. tomorrow.
B.C.'s Lieutenant-Governor, the Hon. John
Nicholson, will declare the campus officially open
to visitors at a short ceremony at 3 p.m. tomorrow
at the base of the flagpole at the north end of the
Main Mall.
The carillon in the Ladner Clock Tower will
serenade early visitors to the campus immediately
following the opening ceremony. Other carillon
concerts are planned during Open House.
The official hours of Open House are 3 to 10
p.m. tomorrow and 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. Saturday.
All lectures and laboratories are cancelled after
12:30 p.m. tomorrow to allow students to take
part in the event.
DRIVER IN HALF-TONE was judged one of
the top four black and white prints in the Ben
Hill-Tout Memorial Photographic Salon,
which   is on  display   in the Student Union
Building art gallery until March 15. The
picture was taken by Bill Allen, a second year
Arts student at UBC. The Salon also includes
color prints and slides.
Food Prices Boosted
An average increase of about 20 per cent in
prices in campus food outlets was approved by the
Board of Governors on Tuesday.
The increased prices, which will apply to almost
all items sold in campus cafeterias and snack bars,
will be effective May 1.
The cost of meals to resident students, included
in their room rates, remains unchanged.
The increased cost of food, a ten-per-cent
increase in labor costs and a jump in general
operating expenses are the reasons for the campus
food prices increase.
The increase was discussed and approved by the
Student-Faculty Advisory Committee on Food
Services and recommended to the Board by Mr.
J.F. McLean, director of UBC's Ancillary Services
and Miss Ruth M. Blair, Director of Food Services.
UBC's Ancillary Services are self-supporting
services operated by the University. Provincial
government policy requires the University to
generate sufficient net revenues from these services
to repay the costs of developing the services.
As a result, UBC's Food Services must meet the
costs of operation including purchase of food
supplies, staff salaries and heat and light bills as
well as the capital costs of providing food outlets,
out of the revenues generated through the sale of
food to students and faculty members.
There are currently seven food outlets of
varying sizes on the campus employing about 400
These outlets are the Ponderosa cafeteria on
West Mall, the Bus Stop snack bar, the cafeteria in
the Student Union Building, the lunchroom in the
old Auditorium, the snack bar in the War
Memorial Gymnasium, the Barn snack bar on the
Mall and the snack bar in the Buchanan Lounge.
Some examples of price increases which will
come into effect May 1 are as follows:
Coffee — up from 10 cents to 15 cents; milk —
from 12 cents and 24 cents to 15 cents and 25
cents; soft drinks — from 10 cents to 15 cents;
entree — prices remain fixed at 65 cents but bread
and butter will not be included; soup — from 15
cents to 18 cents; bacon, eggs and toast - from 70
cents to 85 cents; hamburger — 35 cents to 45
cents; grilled cheese sandwich — 25 cents to 30
cents; French fries — 15 cents to 20 cents; lettuce
and tomato sandwich — 25 cents to 30 cents; egg
sandwich — 25 cents to 30 cents; ham sandwich —
35 cents to 45 cents; cinnamon bun — 13 cents to
15 cents; muffins, donuts and tarts — from 8 cents
to 10 cents; pies — 25 cents to 30 cents.
Next week UBC Reports begins a two-part
series on Food Services by Assistant Information
Officer Doris Hopper. DEAR
Are you bored with teaching the
fundamentals of your discipline to
freshman students? Do you share the
view of many students that large
classes can be frustrating for both
parties and offer a less-than-ideal
learning environment? Would you
welcome the opportunity for more
seminar time and closer contact with
Programmed instruction may be the
answer to these problems, according
to educational psychologist Dr.
Stanley Blank, pictured at right with
one of the teaching machines in his
education building laboratory.
Dr. Blank and his associates in
education have even put programmed
learning to work in one of the
faculty's courses —Educational
Psychology 301—and reduced lecture
time by two weeks.
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2/UBC Reports/March 5, 1970 '*&&"
IB ROBLEMS of overcrowding and a lack of
meaningful contact between students and
instructors are common to any large campus
and there is no obvious panacea at hand.
Conventional solutions range from
construction of more and varied kinds of
lecture space to noon-hour and evening class
scheduling and limitations on course
Dr. Stanley Blank, an educational
psychologist in the University of B.C. Faculty
of Education, believes there is yet another
solution —programmed instruction—which
would do much to alleviate some of the
problems described above.
"Proper use of programmed instruction
would eliminate the need for large lectures,
free professors for more seminar participation
and permit a closer learning relationship
between the student and the instructor," he
"I am convinced that programmed learning
will become one of the really formidable
teaching tools of the future. It will allow us to
teach just as well and much faster than by the
methods now in use."
What is programmed instruction?
According to one definition it is the
process of arranging the material to be learned
in a series of sequential steps; it usually means
that the student moves from a familiar
background into a complex and new set of
concepts, principles and understandings.
The basic concept of programmed
instruction seems simple and the technique of
organizing material in a logical and progressive
fashion sounds little different from the
process followed by any competent professor
in preparing lecture material.
UT there are a number of basic differences. Programmed instruction is a process
of self-tuition in which the student proceeds at
his own pace; he learns all the material
designed into the program and not selectively
and subjectively as from a textbook or lecture
notes; and the material contained in the
program is scientifically designed and tested
to suit his intellectual capacities.
"In designing a program you first of all
determine the end product. You assess the
prior knowledge which the student has and
the goal which you wish to attain. You
determine the conceptual steps the student
must advance through to attain this
knowledge and how big a conceptual step the
student can take on his own," Dr. Blank says.
"Once you have sequenced and designed a
program you try it out with a test group and
make any changes necessary on the basis of
results until you get the program the way you
want it."
Dr. Blank points out that programmers are
dealing   basically   with   three   student
"populations," slow learners, the average
student and exceptionally bright, creative
students. Programs must be designed to meet
the needs and intellectual capacities of each
For example, a program designed for slow
learners would use a rigid, step-by-step linear
approach and a program for bright students
would require a branched, open-ended design
providing the student with more opportunity
for independent choice.
"Any subject in which you can identify a
body of basic factual information is amenable
to programmed instruction," Dr. Blank says.
"Subjects where high-level conceptual
exercises or certain kinds of reasoning are
involved are not suited to this technique."
Some of the subjects to which programmed
instruction has been applied at universities
include physics and chemistry, geography and
American government.
An example of its use at UBC is a course
subtitled Educational Psychology 301, in
which descriptive statistics are programmed
and in which the lecture time required for the
course has been reduced by two weeks.
HE equipment or "hardware" in use at
the UBC programmed instruction centre in the
Faculty of Education ranges from a fairly
sophisticated auto-tutor machine worth
several thousand dollars to $5 teaching
machines which are composed simply of a
cardboard box with information on a
revolving cylinder viewed through a peephole.
The auto-tutor carries information on
microfilm and students can select a variety of
program options by punching different keys
on the machine.
Another machine, the MTA scholar, is also
electronic but provides more basic programs
than the auto-tutor. It has the advantage of
portability and can also be connected to slide
and movie projectors for co-ordinated
Dr. Blank hopes a remote teletype terminal
linked to the main UBC computer will be
installed in the instruction center next fall
and will be used to experiment in the use of
computers for programmed instruction.
''Programmed instruction offers
tremendous potential and there will be almost
no limit to the possibilities in the future when
we can use computers," he says.
"At the moment, there is a lack of
appreciation by instructional staff of the
potential value of this teaching tool and
private industry is far ahead of universities in
the use of programmed instruction."
Dr. Blank first became interested in
programmed instruction while studying for
his master's degree at UBC in 1959-60. He
continued research in the field while taking
his doctorate in human learning at the
University of California.
UBC Reports/March 5, 1970/3 Board Lets Contract
The University of B.C.'s Board of Governors
awarded a $794,305 contract to Narod
Construction Ltd. Tuesday to build an extension
to the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences' George
Cunningham Building.
The addition will cover about 24,000 square
feet gross and will be four stories high, the same as
the existing building. It will abut the east end of
the existing building so that existing floors will
join the centre of corresponding floors of the
addition to form a "T."
Narod was lowest of seven companies which bid
on the project. The highest bid was $843,000.
Half the building costs will come from the
federal Health Resources Fund. The other half will
come from the University's capital budget.
The extension has been integrated into plans
for UBC's Health Sciences Center, a complex of
buildings including three basic science buildings,
the   Woodward   Biomedical   Library,   a   new
psychiatric unit, the John Barfoot Macdonald
Dentistry Building and the Wesbrook Building at
the corner of University Boulevard and East Mall.
A 360-bed teaching hospital and Instructional
Resources Center for integrated teaching of
students in the various health professions will also
be built.
Construction of the Pharmacy addition is
scheduled to begin this month with completion by
the end of the year. It will be mostly used for
graduate research work. Increased enrolment in
the Faculty has meant greater use of the existing
building for undergraduate teaching and
laboratory work.
The existing building, named after a former
chairman of UBC's Board of Governors, was built
in 1959 and covers 26,500 square feet gross.
Architects for the two buildings and the Health
Sciences Centre are Thompson, Berwick, Pratt &
Continued from Page One
characterized   as  a   waste  of   resources  and  human
Raising admission standards, he said, even though
there was a correlation between entrance marks and
failure rates, was a facile solution and more attention
should be paid to guiding and counselling students
and improving instruction.
In its report, the Long-Range Objectives
Committee said raising standards to 65 per cent
would not be enough to restrict enrolment to the
proposed limits. For long-term effectiveness the
committee recommended restricting enrolment for a
five-year period in the first two years of Arts,
Science, Education, Agricultural Sciences and
Physical Education and Recreation, and in the first
year of Commerce, commencing in the fall of 1971.
In placing this recommendation before Senate on
Feb. 25, Dean Finn omitted Agricultural Sciences
from the motion. He said that Faculty had been
included in the original recommendation to keep
before Senate the fact that certain programs, offered
exclusively at UBC, could be used as an entry route
to other programs such as Science, where enrolment
is restricted.
This led to Dean of Commerce Philip White
proposing an amendment to delete any reference to
his Faculty from the motion, to Dean of Science
Vladimir Okulitch pointing out that only UBC's
Science Faculty offers work in geology and
geophysics and to Prof. Robert Osborne, head of the
School of Physical Education and Recreation,
pointing out that his discipline is also exclusive to
Point Grey.
Dr. Robert Clark, UBC's academic planner, said
that Dean Finn had proposed a major change from
the recommendation brought forward by the
committee, and moved an amendment to restore
Commerce to the motion.
The obvious confusion and uncertainty that
seemed to exist in the minds of most Senators was
resolved with the tabling motion.
That done, there was no alternative but for Senate
to table Recommendation 4 which proposed that, to
implement the quota system embodied in the
previous motion, enrolment be limited on the basis of
academic ability and not on the basis of geographic
origin or previous educational institution.
The question lurking in the background of the
debate was stated by Registrar J.E.A. Parnall, who is
also secretary of Senate.
Senate, he said, should give serious consideration
to the question of whether or not UBC wishes to
retain its uniqueness at the first- and second-year level
in the light of the fact that some other
post-secondary institutions are now offering some of
the same programs.
Both Applied Science and Commerce should
consider admitting students after two years in a
regional college, he said, and this may be the kind of
future UBC should be planning for, instead of
admitting at the first-year level.
UBC, he added, "won't live long" if students have
to have 85 per cent to get into Arts and 60 per cent
to get into Agriculture.
It  may be a year before Senate returns to the
question of how the rate of growth in enrolment is to
be limited.
4/UBC Reports/March 5, 1970
Some guidance may come from a report to be
prepared by a new Senate committee established as a
result of a motion by Prof. Gideon Rosenbluth of the
Economics Department.
The new committee, which is to report in Feb.,
1970, will propose "minimum standards for the
physical, financial and academic resources per student
required to maintain the quality of education at
UBC" and will "propose a schedule of maximum and
optimal class sizes for the various courses at the
Each Faculty of the University will be required to
report to the committee on the physical, financial
and academic resources per student and the
maximum size of classes required to maintain the
quality of education in the faculty.
The minimum standards to be prepared by the
committee will be those prevailing at "good
universities" in such matters as student-staff ratio,
library space per student, books per student,
laboratory space and equipment per student and class
When standards have been developed. Dr.
Rosenbluth told Senate, they can be compared to a
survey of actual facilities and with information about
operating and capital grants available.
The establishment of standards was a prerequisite,
he said, to persuading the provincial government to
agree to a system of formula financing.
Prof. Clark pointed out the results of Senate's
inability to come to grips with the question of
limiting the enrolment growth rate:
— It raised doubts in the minds of other
institutions about UBC's entrance standards, and
— It made difficult the question of deciding on
building priorities since no faculty could be certain
about the number of students it would enrol in future
Physicist Speaks
Professor Robert S. Cohen of Boston University's
Physics Department will speak on the "Sociological
Roots of Science" today at 12:30 p.m. in the Hebb
Prof. Cohen is visiting UBC as a Koerner Lecturer
under the auspices of the Leon and Thea Koerner
His academic background bridges science and
philosophy. He graduated from Wesleyan University
in Middletown, Conn., with a Bachelor of Arts degree
in 1943. He took his Master of Science degree in
1943 and Ph.D. degree in 1948 from Yale University.
He has written several papers on general education
in science and the social order and concept and
theory formation in the physical sciences.
He is currently serving on the Emergency Civil
Liberties Committee of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People.
Volume 16, No. 8-Mar. 5,
1970. Published by the University of British Columbia and
distributed free. J.A. Banham,
Editor; Barbara Claghorn, Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor
should be addressed to the Information Office,
UBC, Vancouver 8, B.C.
Karl Burau
Denies He's <
Leaving UBC
Karl Burau is not leaving UBC, despite an editorial
in The Ubyssey which says he is.
"I told them I was frustrated with the way things
were going," he said, "and that I might leave the
University, but I have no definite plans to do so at
present," Mr. Burau told UBC Reports.
The editorial announcing that Burau was leaving
the campus was signed "P.K." and appeared in the
edition of Feb. 24.
Mr. Burau has struggled in recent years to establish
a viable "Experimental College" or "Free University"
designed "to complement the courses offered by thA\
Another general aim of the College, Mr. Burau
said, was to promote intellectual confrontation. "I
had hoped to involve some 100 students who would
function as a pressure group to promote a bill of
rights based on natural law, which would include a
guaranteed annual income," he said.
The Experimental College operated as a
quasi-independent organization sponsoring noon hour
lectures until this year when it was reconstituted as a
student club by the Alma Mater Society. Mr. Burau is
honorary president of the club.
In the current year it has been faced with
dwindling audiences, but despite this Mr. Burau plans
to stage two more sessions of the College.
On Wednesday, March 11, the College will meet in
room 125 of the Student Union Building at 12:30
p.m. to hear Mr. Burau and several UBC professors
discuss the question of a guaranteed annual income.
Participating in the session, in addition to Mr.
Burau, will be Dr. Robert M. Clark, Dr. Russell
Robinson and Dr. David Bond, all of the Department
of Economics.
On March 18 Mr. Burau plans another session of
the College to discuss university reform. The meeting
will again be held in SUB 125 at 12:30 p.m.
Mr. Burau said he had applied to Students' Council
and the Alumni Association for funds which would
enable him to publish a book which advocates a bill
of rights for Canadians based on "natural law."
He claims the existing Canadian bill of rights is
"not worth the paper it's written on" because it can
be withdrawn at any time, it does not supersede
provincial legislation and the courts don't have to
take it into account if they have guidance from case
A real bill of rights, he said, would be postulated
as natural law and would be part of the Canadian
constitution. It would include the right to work and
the  right to a guaranteed annual income.


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