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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 7, 2002

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 VOLUME     48     I     NUMBER    3     |      FEBRUARY    7,     2002
„^C Mchives Sena
9 Finding funds
Who pays isn't the issue in
health care, says expert
12 Ideas in motion
Researcher's designs extend
from hearts to outer space
ubc reports
tie this A workshop on the ancient art of Chinese knot tying will be among the attractions featured at the Lunar
New Year Festival Feb. 13 in the C. K. Choi building. Knot artist Daisy Lee will display her work and offer a one-hour
workshop from 11 to noon and 1 - 2 p.m. Other highlights ofthe festival, which takes place from 11:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m,
include a crafts sale, lion, Indonesian and Korean mask dancing and exotic food. For more information, call
ubc earns lion's share
of innovation funding
Research excellence rewarded by national panel of peers
researchers at ubc and its affiliated teaching hospitals received
almost $76 million in infrastructure research funding for 16
projects — the largest amount
awarded — from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (cfi) in a recent competition.
"There is no substitute for excellence, that's what this is all about,"
says ubc President Martha Piper.
"This is not regional distribution.
This is pure research reviewed by
the experts in the field."
The total funding for b.c. will
generate significant new knowledge that will benefit students, the
economy and society, Piper adds.
cfi made a Canada-wide investment of $588 million to support infrastructure projects in Canadian
universities, colleges, hospitals
and not-for-profit research institutions.
"This is an extraordinary accomplishment and the researchers
deserve a great deal of credit for
their creativity and excellence,"
says Indira Samarasekera, ubc's
vice-president, Research.
With cfi funding of almost $13
million, the International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries
(icord) Centre — to be built at
Vancouver General Hospital —
will be the first Canadian research
centre and the second in the world
focused on interdisciplinary development of spinal cord injury (sci)
"This funding allows us to build
a leading-edge facility. We anticipate that this will become one of
see Innovation page 2
Centre to zero in
on human security
Annual report on global
violence among goals
by Michelle Cook staffwriter
mapping the incidence, severity
and consequences of global violence
will be the major focus of ubc's new
Centre for Human Security.
Part of the Liu Centre for the
Study of Global Issues, one of the
centre's major goals will be the production of an annual Human Security Report, modelled in part on
the United Nations' high profile
Human Development Report.
"The Liu Centre's strong stress on
interdisciplinary research and the
fact that its director, Lloyd Axworthy,
pioneered the concept of human security as Canada's foreign minister,
makes it an ideal place to focus on
human security issues," says the centre's director, Andrew Mack.
"The traditional goal of national
security has been to protect the
physical integrity of states, but secure states do not necessarily mean
secure citizens. Indeed, for most of
the 20th century far more people
were killed by their own governments than by foreign armies."
Protecting states from external
attack by other states is decreasing
in relevance in a world where more
than 90 per cent of armed conflicts
take place within countries, not
between them, he adds.
In addition to mapping global
violence — criminal as well as political — the report will chart policy responses to that violence —
from preventive diplomacy missions to strategies for addressing
the root causes of violence.
While the report will commission new research in a number of
areas, a major objective will be to
"translate" academic research to
make it more accessible to the policy
community — including non-governmental organizations (ngos) —
and to educators, the media and
the interested public.
After three years working at the
un as Kofi Annan's strategic planning director, Mack says he was
surprised at how little influence
academic research had on the policy community.
"This is mostly because officials
rarely see the findings that conflict
researchers produce, let alone the
data on which they are based," he
says. "Few un diplomats, for example, believed that there had been a
large upsurge of ethnic conflict
around the world in the 1990s. In
fact the number of armed conflicts
declined by more than 35 percent.
Finding out why this reduction
took place will help us understand
how to reduce global violence in
the future."
Too often, Mack says, governments and ngos design policies for
preventing violence without access
to the best research on prevention.
"It's a bit like a prescribing medicine without diagnosis," he says.
The first report is scheduled for
release in 2003. The centre will
work in partnership with institutions worldwide, including the developing world, to produce it.
Mack comes to ubc from Harvard University's Program on Humanitarian Policy. Prior to joining
the un in 1998 he held the chair in
International Relations at the Australian National University.
Short winter days mean higher returns, researchers say
Study shows seasonal moods affect markets worldwide
by Lisa Miguez Commerce;
Michelle Cook staffwriter
winter blues may be bad for us
but not for the return on our portfolios, according to research conducted recently in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration.
The study, called Winter Blues:
A sad Stock Market Cycle, shows
that seasonal affective disorder
(sad) brought on by short, dark
days is associated with higher
stock market returns.
The reason? People who are
suffering from even mild depression tend to take fewer risks, and
are less likely to buy highly priced
stock says one ofthe paper's co-authors Prof. Maurice Levi.
On the opposite end ofthe scale,
stock markets experience lower returns during the long, bright days
of summer.
The study surveyed annual data
from stock exchanges located at
various latitudes around the world.
The data produced an overwhelming amount of evidence linking
stock returns to the amount of daylight through the course ofthe year.
Levi and co-authors Lisa Kramer,
a former ubc post doctoral student
now teaching at the University of
Toronto, and Mark Kamstra, an
economist at the Federal Reserve
Bank of Atlanta, also found that
markets located farther away from
the equator experienced greater
fluctuations from the sad effect.
This was true for both markets
in the northern and southern hemispheres, although the southern
markets, where the seasons are reversed, react six months out of
"Basically, whether people are in
a good or bad mood it affects the
stock market and there are things,
like seasonal changes, that affect
people," Levi explains. "The market is affected by people's animal
Levi says that while the study
won't help those hoping to make
money off their blue moods, it
overturns the traditional view that
human behaviour doesn't play a
big role in stock market analysis.
Levi's search to find a systematic link between sad and the stock
market builds on earlier research
he and his colleagues did to link
the change to daylight savings
time to market performance. Levi's
paper on the topic, "Losing Sleep
see Higher returns page 2 I  UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY 7,  2002
Innovation funding
Continued from page i
the world's premier spinal cord injury centres," says John Steeves,
icord's principal investigator and
director of the cord research
group at ubc since 1995.
The concept for the centre was
initiated by the Vancouver-based
Rick Hansen Institute (rhi), an organization that aims to accelerate
the discovery of a cure for sci.The
rhi and Vancouver General Hospital, a part ofthe Vancouver Coast
al Health Authority, are partners in
the centre.
"This is the beginning of my new
dream," says Hansen. "Most of what
we know about spinal cord injury
has been discovered in the last 10
years. With today's knowledge and
technology, the time is right to get
to work on new cures and treatments. We believe it is possible to
walk away from a spinal injury."
The new building, comprising
approximately 7,000 square me-
The Madeleine Sophie Barat Award
The Use of Freedom
Essay Contest 2001/2002
Prize: $1000
Subject: "The Creative and
Responsible Use of Freedom"
Choose your own focus, e.g. Literature, Art, Capitalism,
Philosophy, the Environment, Interpersonal Pielations,
Economics. History, etc.
Eligibility: Open to third- and fourth-year undergraduate
and graduate students of ubc and affiliated theological
Entries must be submitted on or before Friday, May 31. 2002
Prize awarded: Friday, Sept. 27, 2002
Application forms may be picked up Monday to Friday,
10a.m.-4 p.m. at St. Mark's College, 5935 Iona Drive, at the
extreme northeast corner ofthe campus, m-f, ioam-4pm.
tres, will be located at the Vancouver General Hospital site so that
new knowledge can be rapidly
translated into new therapies.
More than 300 Vancouver-based
researchers as well as up to 12 visiting research teams will share
equipment and facilities to complete programs that could not be
achieved by a single discipline.
"The centre represents what can
be achieved through partnerships
that bring together world-class scientists, physicians, patients and
community leaders towards a
common goal of discovery through
research," says Philip Hassen, ceo
of the Vancouver Coastal Health
Authority. "Our collaboration with
ubc and the Rick Hansen Institute
offers immense capacity for us to
mobilize resources in developing
the best treatments."
ubc's Museum of Anthropology
(moa) Interdisciplinary Research Facility received funding of more than
$17 million. It will be the first such fa-
Higher returns
Continued from page 1
in the Market: the Daylight Saving
Anomaly," was recently published
by the American Economic Review.
Levi became interested in pursuing research in the area of behavioural finance five years ago after
reading the book Sleep Thieves by
ubc Psychology Prof. Stanley
Coren. In it, Coren links an increase
in automobile accidents and a variety of other costly events to changes in daylight savings time.
Reappointment of Ur. Martha Piper:
Your Input
The employment contract between the University of British Columbia and its President. Dr. Martha
Piper, sets June 30, 2003 as the end date ofthe initial term of appointment. The agreement provides for renewal of that appointment if both Dr. Piper and the Board of Governors jointly decide
to do this. That decision is required to be mutually settled by June 30, 2002.
The contract further provides for the manner in which the Board will arrive at a decision. It requires the Board to establish a Select Committee to review the performance of Dr. Piper and
provide a report to the Board standing committee on Management and Resources Compensation (mrcc). The mrcc and the Select Committee are charged with making recommendations to
the Board.
To assist in preparing its report for the mrcc, the Select Committee wishes to conduct a broadly-
based consultation that includes both on- and off-campus organizations. It also invites individuals to communicate their assessment of Dr. Piper with reference to the issue of reappointment.
The Select Committee consists ofthe following members ofthe Board of Governors: Bill Sauder
(Chancellor). Larry Bell (Chair). Greg Lawrence (faculty), Tieg Martin (student), Ben Pong (staff),
Linda Thorstad (alumna), and Guninder Mumick and Joe Wai (appointed by Provincial Government).
Persons wishing to communicate with the Select Committee should do so in writing no later than
March 31, 2002, addressed to the Chair ofthe Committee (Mr. Larry Bell) care of:
Mrs. Nina Robinson,
Secretary to the Board of Governors
The University of British Columbia
6328 Memorial Road
Vancouver, B.C. Canada v6t iz2
Telephone: 604-822-2127
Fax: 604-822-1205
E-mail: sole(®oldadm.ubc.ca
Submissions will be kept confidential.
cility in the world to link scholars,
First Nations communities and research museums. It will be located in
renovated space at moa.
"This facility will accelerate the
pace of museum research," says
Ruth Phillips, moa director. "The
potential for technology to support
collaborative research is enormous
and critical where research partners
are geographically dispersed and
knowledge systems are culturally
The Reciprocal Research Network will link North American researchers and collections via an
electronic network that will provide access to artifacts, images and
Interdisciplinary investigations
will look at material and visual culture, language and oral history
museology and repatriation, and
new technology and intellectual
Four research suites are planned
in renovated areas ofthe museum.
They will focus on ethnology, archeology, community research and
research services.
Other cfi funded projects include a Centre for Blood Research,
an Integrated Biodiversity Laboratory and a Centre for Research on
Childhood Diabetes.
The cfi support represents 40
per cent of required funding, ubc
researchers will apply to the provincial government for a matching
40 per cent. The remaining support will come from private sources and industry.
An independent corporation established by the federal government in 1997, cfi is responsible for
a budget of $3.15 billion.
A complete listing of projects
can be found at the cfi Web site at
ubc reports
Published twice monthly
(monthly in December, May,
June, July and August) by:
ubc Public Affairs Office
310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver BC, v6t izi.
Tel: 604-UBC-info (604-822-4636)
Fax: 604-822-2684
Website: www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca
ubc Reports welcomes the submission of letters and opinion
pieces. Opinions and advertising
published in ubc Reports do not
necessarily reflect official university policy. Material may be
reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to ubc Reports.
letters policy
Letters must be signed and
include an address and phone
number for verification. Please
limit letters, which may be edited
for length, style, and clarity, to 300
words. Deadline is 10 days before
publication date. Submit letters to
the ubc Public Affairs Office (address above); by fax to 822-2684;
or by e-mail tojanet.ansell@ubcca
Scott Macrae
Janet Ansell
(janet.ansell@u bc.ca)
Michelle Cook
(michelle.cook@u bc.ca)
Hilary Thomson
(hilary.thomson@u bc.ca)
Don Wells
(don. wells@u bc.ca)
Carol Price
(pubaff@exchange. ubc.ca)
Berkowitz & Associates
Consulting Inc.
Statistical Consulting
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4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
Wax - it
Histology Services
Providing Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spurr RT, RLAT" Kevin Gibbon   ART FIBMS
Phone   (604) 822-1595 Phone   (604) 856-7370
E-mail   gspurr@interchange.ubc.ca E-mail  gibbowax@telus.net
2002 President's Service Award
for Excellence Nominations
The committee is seeking nominations of outstanding staff and
faculty who made distinguished contributions to the university.
Nomination forms can be found on-line at www.
external-affairs.ubc.ca/ceremonies/honours. Otherwise, call 604-
822-2484. Please mail nominations to: President's Service Award
for Excellence Committee, c/o Ceremonies Office, Second floor,
Ponderosa B, Campus Zone 2. UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY J,     2002
Centre investigates
lung, heart disease
Facility pools experts and
resources to find answers
by Hilary Thomson staffwriter
allison banting had no reason
to know about lung disease
research in Vancouver until last
That's when a near-fatal asthma
attack put her in St. Paul's Hospital's intensive care unit where she
was treated by members of the
icAPTURE Centre.
The $i7-million research centre —
one of only a handful of similar centres in North America — is based in
Providence Health Care and is a partnership of St. Paul's Hospital, the
Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre and ubc.
Co-directed by Dr. Bruce McManus and Dr. Peter Pare, the centre seeks to find cures for the heart,
blood vessel and lung diseases that
each year kill 55 per cent more Canadians than all cancers combined.
An asthma sufferer for the last 22
years, Banting was sitting in the hospital's emergency ward awaiting help
for a bad attack She left the hospital
after a life-threatening episode that
left her nearly unconscious and on a
respirator for three weeks.
"My understanding of this disease has changed," says the 47-
year-old. "I never thought that it
could kill me."
Physicians, nurses and respiratory therapists helped to educate
Banting about asthma and develop an action plan that includes
self-monitoring of lung function.
"I wouldn't be here without the
knowledge that those doctors and
nurses have," she says.
Banting was treated with an experimental helium therapy in addition to conventional treatment,
says Dr. Del Dorscheid, one of the
centre's researchers who is also an
intensive care physician. He and
Pare specialize in asthma research,
trying to better understand causes
of the chronic inflammation that
scars the airways and leads to airflow obstruction.
There are currently 23 principal
investigators at the centre and a total staff of 155 that comprises research associates, undergraduate,
graduate and co-op students, technicians and post-doctoral fellows. Disciplines range from virology to computational biology and pathology.
National and international collaborations include investigations into
viruses as a cause of asthma, emphysema and heart failure as well as
studies aimed at reducing the accelerated hardening ofthe arteries that
follows heart transplantation.
Former vice-president, Research, at St. Paul's, Dr. James
Hogg, whose vision helped create
icAPTURE, is part of a major
project that investigates why some
lifetime smokers develop lung disease and others remain healthy.
"I feel tremendously privileged
and excited to be engaged with
this unique combination of people
and resources," says McManus
who is also a Canadian Institutes
of Health Research director.
Recent funding from the Canada Foundation for Innovation
meant the existing infrastructure
of the 25-year-old McDonald Research Laboratories, a part of St.
Paul's Hospital, could be renewed
and expanded by 1,800 square metres to create icAPTURE.
Technology at the centre will include a digital electron microscope
to examine tissue and cells at enormous magnification and an atomic
force microscope to map the activities of living cells.
Rehabilitation Sciences researchers Kim Keays (left) and Asst. Prof. Janice Eng show study participant Tracy Barber
how the KinCom isokinetic dynamometer measures and displays data on muscle strength. The equipment, along with
a balance-testing machine, will be used in a study that examines how muscles recover from prolonged weightlessness.
Richard Lam photo
Study flexes muscles
Rehabilitation Sciences researchers will seek to discover
how muscles recover after weightlessness and lack of use
skiers, hikers and astronauts
may all benefit from an investigation launched recently by ubc Rehabilitation Sciences researchers.
The first study of its kind in
North America, it aims to discover
how wasted and weakened muscles recover from prolonged periods of weightlessness.
"Our study findings have significant implications for how we treat
astronauts returning to Earth
from the international space station," says principal investigator
Donna Maclntryre, an associate
professor of Physical Therapy. "Results will also influence therapies
for injuries from skiing, hiking or
motor vehicle accidents where
there are bone fractures."
More than 40 people will take
part in the three-year controlled
clinical study, a joint life science
project of the Canadian Space
Agency, Vancouver General Hospital (vgh) and ubc.
Maclntyre will be working with
co-investigators Asst. Prof. Janice
Eng and Asst. Prof. Darlene Reden-
bach, both experts in physical
therapy at the School of Rehabilitation Sciences.
Half of the study participants
are patients who have been nonweight bearing for at least six
weeks. Types of injury will vary,
Older women think age does wither you
Bodies change but image concerns don't, study suggests
by Michelle Cook staffwriter
If you think your worries about
weight and wrinkles will disappear
with the wisdom of age think
again, says ubc researcher Laura
Hurd Clarke.
In a recent study of women aged
60-92, Hurd Clarke found that all still
voiced concerns over appearance
and body image well into later life.
"I think that a lot of people assume that when we get older suddenly, magically we'll become wise
about body image," says Hurd
Clarke, a Canadian Institutes of
Health Research post-doctoral fellow in the School of Social Work
and Family Studies. "We think
we'll become less concerned about
our appearance. I don't think that's
Hurd Clarke interviewed 22
women with different ethnicities,
social classes, marital statuses,
and levels of health to determine
their feelings about their appearance, aging and what was most important about their bodies.
She found that older women,
like younger women, still express
displeasure with their bodies and
their weight but also with declining health and physical abilities.
As they experience health problems, they reprioritize what's important to them, Hurd Clarke says,
but they never completely shed
their body image concerns and that
creates a complex and interesting
tension between beauty and health.
Although many of the women
dismissed extremely thin older
women as "scrawny" and the thin
"Ally McBeal" beauty ideals being
promoted to younger women today, almost all still expressed a desire to lose weight themselves. All
but one admitted to dieting at
some point in their lives.
Hurd Clarke says that despite
women's continued concern with
their appearance in later life, her
findings offer some hope for
younger generations of women.
"Older women tend to prefer
more rounded female figures than
the current beauty standards allow. They tend to say that a beautiful woman is more soft and rounded than today's fashion models
and movie stars," Hurd says.
With baby boomers getting
ready to retire soon and greater
numbers of older adults in society,
she thinks concepts of female
beauty and negative assessments
about older women's appearance
are going to be increasingly challenged.
In future, Hurd Clarke hopes to
conduct a similar age and body
image study with men to explore
their body image-age tensions.
Researcher Laura Hurd Clarke
Currently, Hurd Clarke is looking for women aged 50-90 who
married for the second or third
time after age 50 (legally or common law) for a study on older
women and remarriage. To participate, call 604-822-2589 or e-mail
but most patients will have been
immobilized because of broken
legs or torn Achilles tendons at the
heel. The remaining participants
will form the control group.
Rate of muscle recovery will be
assessed for all 40 participants
while they engage in a standardized physiotherapy program that
can last from six weeks to three
months. Exercises include knee
and ankle movements, weight lifting, balancing moves and aerobic
Testing patients' muscle
strength, fatigue and balance will
take place at the Rehabilitation
Research Laboratory of the gf
Strong Rehabilitation Centre using
a machine that resembles an airplane cockpit and provides video
displays of muscle strength. Another machine tests patients' ability to maintain balance.
"The body's muscles are microscopically damaged when they are
not exposed to gravity and forced
to carry the body's weight. This
can happen when you are confined
to bed, use crutches to keep a broken leg off the ground or spend
lengthy periods in space," says
Scientists estimate that the
body's muscles are damaged after
30 days of bed rest with muscle
mass declining by eight per cent in
the thigh and four to five per cent
in the calf. There can be a 20 per
cent decrease in leg strength after
only two weeks of bed rest.
Muscle biopsies from astronauts
show some loss of muscle mass after five days of weightlessness with
significant damage after 11 days.
Patients will also be treated in
the physiotherapy department at
vgh. Researchers will conduct biochemical blood testing and analysis to determine extent of muscle
injury and inflammation at the
muscle injury lab at the School of
Rehabilitation Sciences. Analysis
of study results will also take place
at ubc. UBC  REPORTS
FEBRUARY J ,     2002
Beethoven Violin Sonata Cycle Part 2.
Andrew Dawes violin; Jane Coop, piano. Chan Centre at 3pm. Admission
$25/$i5. Call Ticketmaster at
604-280-3311 or Chan Centre at
Teaching And Learning With
Technology Lecture Series
The Future OfThe Web: Intelligent
Devices And Education. Howard
Strauss, Academic Applications, Princeton u. University Centre Conference Room from io-n:3oam. To
register visit www.cstudies.
ubc.ca/facdev. Call 602-822-9149.
Green College
Thematic Lecture Series
Peacemaking Circles For Dialogue
And Democracy. Barry Stuart, chief
justice, Territorial Court ofthe Yukon
Territory. Green College at 5pm. Call
Lunar New Year Festival
Mask Dancing, Workshops, Crafts,
Food, ck Choi from n:30-2:3opm. Call
Wednesday Concert Series
Clariphony: Mozart, Prinz And Forsyth. Wes Foster, Nicola Everton,
Chris Iguante, clarinets. Music Recital
Hall at 12 noon. Call 604-822-5574.
Chemical And
Biological Engineering Seminar
Computational Fluid Dynamics And
Its Applications In Chemical Engineering. Fariborz Taghipour.
ChemEng 206 at 12 noon. Call 604-
Wednesday Lecture Series
Feminism Sainthood Nation: The
Making Of Women Saints. Kathleen
Phillips, u of Western Sydney. Centre
for Women's Studies and Gender Relations from 12 noon-ipm. Coffee/tea.
Call 604-822-9171
from 12 noon-ipm. Call 604-822-4060
or 604-822-4091.
Friday Concert Series
Chinese New Year, ubc Chinese
Ensemble. Main Library 502 at 12
noon. Call 604-822-5574.
ubc Jazz Ensemble 1. Music Recital
Hall at 12 noon. Call 604-822-5574.
Occupational And
Environmental Hygiene Seminar
Mary Miller, Master Of Nursing, Dept.
of Labour and Industries Employment Standards, State of Washington.
ubc Hosp., Koerner Pavilion G-279
from i2:30-i:3opm. Call 604-822-9861.
Friday Afternoon Writing Clinic
Main Library, Dodson Room from 3-
4pm. Call 604-822-9565.
ubc Symphonic Wind Ensemble;
Kwantlen College Wind Ensemble.
Chan Centre at 8pm. Call 604-822-
IAM Colloquia Seminar
Flag Flapping, Rivulet Flow And
Partial Singular Integrodifferential
Equation. Alistair Fitt, u of
Southhampton, lsk 301 from 3-4pm.
Refreshments served 2:40pm in
lsk 306. To register visit www.iam.
ubc.ca; E-mail iam@iam.ubc.ca or
call 604-822-4584.
Ras Regulation Of Signalling
Pathways Involved In Cell Survival
And Proliferation. Julian Downward,
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, uk.
Wesbrook 100 from i2:30-l:30pm.
Call 604-822-3308.
Green College Speaker Series
When The Bottom Eine Is The Party
Line: Media And Elusive Democracy
In China. Yuezhi Zhao, School of
Communication, sfu. Green College
at 5pm. Reception, Coach House
from 6-6:3opm. Call 604-822-1878.
VST Lecture Series
Jesus' Parables As Interruptions Of
Violence. Rev. Harry Maier. vst
Epiphany Chapel from 5:30-7:30pm.
Call 604-822-9815.
Panel Discussion
Sex and Sade. Emily Carr Institute at
Granville Island from 7:30-9pm.
Refreshments. Call 604-822-4253.
Poetic Persuasions. Christy Ann
Conlin; Kevin Chong. Green College
at 8pm. Call 604-822-1878.
Young Alumni Seminar
For The Love Of Money. Neil
Anderson, investment adviser,
hsbc Robson Square c-680 from
7:30-9am. $10. Continental breakfast.
To register visit www.alumni.ubc.ca
or call 604-822-3313.
Seminar OBST506
Acute Effects Of Ovarian Steroids On
Insulin Lipids And Lipoproteins In
Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Dr. Anthony Cheung, bc's
Women's Hosp. 2N35 from 2-3pm.
Call 604-875-3108.
Applied Ethics Colloquium Series
Procreative Freedom And Enhancement. Nicholas Agar, Philosophy,
uvic. Angus 213 from 2-4pm. Call
Green College Special Lecture
The Culture Of Displacement And
The Questions Of Identity. Fernando
de Toro, Dean, Graduate Studies, u of
Manitoba. Green College at 5pm. Call
The Prince Of Wales And The First
Nations: Unsettled Arts In An Age Of
Settlement. Ruth Phillips, moa. Green
College at 7:30pm. Call 604-822-1878.
ubc Symphonic Wind Ensemble.
Chan Centre at 12 noon. Call 604-
Lecture in Science Studies
The Social History Of Time Machines.
Simon Schaffer, History and Philosophy of Science, Cambridge. Buchanan
A-102 from 12 noon-ipm. Call 604-
Social Support And Heart Disease. Dr.
Wolfgang Linden. Library Processing
Centre 424 at 12:30pm. Call
What's That Smell? Queer Subcultures In The 1990s. Judith Halber-
stam, Literature, uc San Diego. Green
College Coach House from 3-4:i5pm.
Reception to follow at Graham House.
Call 604-822-4253.
CRC Literature/Christianity
And Culture Lecture
The Medieval Magdalen. Katherine
Jansen, Catholic u of America, buto
599 from 4:30-6pm. E-mail
mvessey@interchange.ubc.ca or call
Science And Society Lecture
The Scope Of Experiment:
Microcosms Microhistories and
Models. Simon Schaffer, History and
Philosophy of Science, Cambridge u.
Green College at 7:30pm. Call 604-
Instrumental Collegium Musicum.
Music Recital Hall at 8pm. Call 604-
Active Living Adult Hockey
Fundamentals For Basic Or
Advanced Basic Level Players.
Winter Sports Centre 104. Continues
to Mar. 24. For times call
Friday Grand Rounds Lecture
Does Experiment Trump
Observation? Comparing The
Efficacy And Effectiveness Of
Therapy. Adrian Levy, Health Care
and Epidemiology. Mather 253 from
9-ioam.Call 604-822-2772.
Fisheries Centre Weekly Seminar
Climate-Induced Variation In
Survival Of Salmonids On The West
Coast Of North America During
Fresh Water And Marine Life Stages.
Bruce Ward, Donald McCubbing, In-
Stream Fisheries Consultants,
Vancouver; David Welch, Fisheries
and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo. Hut
B8, Ralf Yourque Room from 11am-
12:30pm. Call 604-822-2731.
Religion Literature And Art
Program Lecture
Metaphysics And Art. Professor Piotr
Jaroszynski, Lublin Catholic U; Ives R.
Simon, Simon Institute, buto 599
Pacific Spirit Concert
Fantastic Music For Winds. Music-
Recital Hall at 3pm. Admission $20/
$10. Call 604-822-5574.
Chalmers Institute Lecture
Centering Prayer Intensive. Cynthia
Bourgeault. vst level n 1 from 10am-
9pm. $220;$200 (team); $110 (senior)
To register visit www.vst.edu or call
Pharmacology And
Toxicology Seminar Series
Molecular Signalling Pathways For
Central Synaptic Plasticity, irc #3 at
2pm. Call 604-822-2343
IAM-PIMS Seminar
Signal Processing In Cellular Regulatory Networks. Adam Arkin, Bioengi-
neering, u of California, Berkeley, lsk
301 from 3-4pm. Refreshments at
2:40pm in lsk 306. To register visit
www.ian.ubc.ca. E-mail iam@
iam.ubc.ca or call 604-822-4584.
Structural And Functional Studies Of
The Photosynthetic Bacterium r.
Sphaeroids Reaction Centre h. Ali
Tehrani. Wesbrook 100 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 604-822-3306.
John G. Moffatt Lecture
Molecules That Do Things: Asymmetric Synthesis With Chiral Metal Complexes. David Evans, Chemistry,
Harvard u. Chemistry B-250 from
l2:45-i:45pm. Refreshments at
12:30pm. Call 604-822-3341.
Orthopedic Grand Rounds Lecture
tba. vgh, Eye Care Centre Aud. from
7-8am. Call 604-875-4192
Professors Emeritii
Sponsored Lecture
The Aging Brain. Dr. Max S. Cynader,
Brain Research Centre. Cecil Green at
2pm. Refreshments at 1:15pm. Call
Seminar OBST 506
Identification And Characteristics Of
Human Heart Epithelial Stem Cells.
Dr. Joanne Emerman, Anatomy, bc's
Women's Hosp. 2N35 from 2-3pm.
Call 604-875-3108.
Transculturalisms Canada: Cultural
Mingling: Between Among Within
Cultures. Green College. Continues to
Feb 24. To register e-mail Joanna
Clarke at joclarke@
Signal Transduction Pathways Affecting The Transcriptional Coactivator
Alpha nac. Dr. Rene St.-Arnaud,
Shriner's Hospital for Children, Montreal. Wesbrook 201 at 4pm. Call 604-
Vancouver Symphony Orchestra.
Vladimir Spivakov, conductor, violin.
Chan Centre at 8pm. Admission $42/
32; students $2g.5o/$22.50; seniors
$4o/$28.50. Call Ticketmaster at 604-
280-3311 or Chan Centre 604-822-
Vancouver Symphony Orchestra.
Vladimir Spivakov, conductor, violin.
Chan Centre at 8pm. Admission $42/
32; students $2g.5o/$22.50; seniors
$4o/$28.50. Call Ticketmaster at 604-
280-3311 or Chan Centre
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Art, Politics And The Free Expression
Of Opinion. ShirleyjJJ^SnfiS^pbirec-
tor, Caffa?k ff|^'fctMhe Arts, irc
#2 atltaspmfcall 604-822-8580.
Participants Needed
Stressed Clerical Workers — we know
you're out there. We need your input
for our study. Sharing your story can
help make a difference and can earn
you a small gift. Call 604-822-9199.
Laser Hair Removal
Require volunteers for two laser hair
removal trials. Ifyou are interested,
please contact Dr. Jerry Shapiro the
ubc Division of Dermatology. E-mail
etan@vanhosp.bcca. Call
Morris And Helen Belkin
Satellite Art Gallery
Andrea Fraser. 555 Hamilton St. Continues to March 3. Wednesday
through Sunday, 125pm. Call 604-
Positive Space
Resource People Wanted
Help make ubc a positive space for its
lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, transgen-
dered, and two-spirited community.
Workshops for volunteer resource
people will be offered in February. To
register or for more information,
e-mail positive.space@ubcca or visit
www.positivespace.ubc.ca. Call
Participants Needed
The Adult Development Lab at ubc is
looking for adults interested in volunteering for (a) a focus group study
looking at what it means to be your
age today and/or (b) studies on visual
memory and visual abilities. Call Pam
at 604-822-5250 for more information.
STAR Breast Cancer
Prevention Study
Volunteers are needed to participate
in a breast cancer prevention trial
being conducted at ubc Hospital.
Two drugs, Raloxifene (Evista) and
Tamoxifen, are being studied to see
which works better at preventing
The ubc Reports Calendar lists university-related or university-sponsored events
on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland. Calendar items must
be submitted on forms available from the ubc Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver BC, v6t izi. Phone: 604-uBC-info (604-822-
4636). Fax: 604-822-2684. An electronic form is available at www.
publicaffairs.ubc.ca. Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the Calendar's
Notices section may be limited due to space. Deadline for the Feb. 21 issue of
use Reports—which covers the period Feb. 24 to March 9 —is noon, Feb. 12. UBC  REPORTS
FEBRUARY 7, 2002
breast cancer. Women must be postmenopausal and have an increased
risk for developing breast cancer. Interested women should call Lynn or
Janet at 604-822-7997.
UBC Research
Boys between seven and nine (with
or without adhd) and their mothers
are needed for a study. Mothers
receive $20 and children get a ubc t-
shirt. If interested, please call 604-
UBC Zen Society
Zazen (sitting meditation) each
Tuesday at the Asian Centre Tea
Gallery from i-i:5opm while classes
are in session. Call 604-822-2573.
Participants Wanted
Would you like to share your story
about your experience with health
care professionals? We are conducting a study of patient perceptions
about helpful and unhelpful communications in fibromyalgia. In order to
learn more about what makes communication effective, we are asking
individuals who have had Type 2 Diabetes for at least five years to participate in our study. Participation will
involve one or two interviews in a
location convenient to you, and possibly a focus group interview at a later
time. The interviews usually take
about an hour. All information will be
kept confidential. Ifyou would like
more information about the study,
please e-mail andrea_con@
hotmail.com or call Andrea Con,
project co-ordinator 604-822-8070.
Legal Clinic Open
ubc Law Students' Legal Advice Program (lslap) runs clinics all over the
Lower Mainland, lslap has been
working in the community for over
thirty years and is currently British
Columbia's second largest legal aid
organization. For more information
about the program, visit
www.lslap.bc.ca or call 604-822-5723.
Volunteer Paid Participants Needed
CroMedica Prime is a Phase One research company located in Vancouver
General Hospital. Our research studies require that volunteers take one or
more doses of an investigational medication. We are currently looking for
healthy volunteers, male/female, nonsmoking aged 18 and older and not
taking any medications. Volunteers
are financially compensated upon
completion of a study. Ifyou are interested please call our Research Recruitment Coordinator, Monday to
Friday between 9am-5pm at 604-875-
5122 or e-mail volunteers©
Sexual Arousal Study
Researchers at the Psychology Dept.
are conducting a study examining
sexual functioning in women. The
aim of this study is to help women
who experience sexual difficulties.
Your confidentiality will be assured.
All participants will receive a detailed
sexual psychophysiological profile for
their participation. Ifyou are a
healthy, heterosexual, premenopausal
woman who is currently in a relationship, please call 604-822-2952.
Habitat For Humanity UBC
Is looking for volunteers. Come help
out on the construction site and build
homes for low-income families — no
skills required. For more information
and to register for an orientation, e-
mail habitat@vancouver.net or call
Parents With Toddlers
Did you know your child is a word-
learning expert? We are looking for
children (one to five years old) and
their parent(s) to participate in language studies in the Psychology Dept.
at ubc. You and your child, and a
trained researcher will play a word
game using puppets and toys or pictures. As you might imagine, children
find these word games a lot of fun.
During your visit, you will remain
with your child at all times. Ifyou (or
someone you know) might be interested in bringing your child for a 30-
minute visit to our research
playroom, please contact Dr. Hall's
Language Development Centre at
Participants Wanted
Are you a postmenopausal woman
with Type Two diabetes interested in
beginning an exercise program? St.
Paul's Hospital Healthy Heart Program and Diabetes Centre are recruiting participants, who do not smoke or
use insulin, for a research project on
the effect of exercise on diabetes for
women. Call Darcye Cuff
Sexual Assault Research
The Anxiety and Fear Laboratory in
the Dept. of Psychology requires female volunteers who have experienced unwanted sexual activity, to
participate in a research project. If
you have ever had sex with someone
when you didn't want to, because the
other person continued the event
when you said no, forced or threatened to force you, or because you
were given alcohol or drugs, and you
would be interested in helping us
with our research, please call 604-
822-9028. Confidentiality and privacy
Museum Of
Anthropology Exhibition
The Spirit Of Islam: Experiencing
Islam Through Calligraphy. Continues
to May 12. Dempsey Bob: The Art
Goes Back To The Stories.
moa at nam. Continues to Dec. 31. A
Connoisseur's Collection: Chinese
Ceramics From The Victor Shaw
Donation. Continues to Feb. 28.
Continuing Traditions. Continues to
April 30. Winter hours Wed.-Sun.
nam-spm, Tues. to 9pm (s-gpm free).
Call 604-822-5087.
AMS Rentsline
Helping students find housing since
1993, the ams Rentsline is ubc's off-
campus housing registry. This service
gives students access to hundreds of
rental listings, and landlords access to
thousands of students looking for
housing. You can call the Rentsline
from any touchtone phone 24 hours a
day, 365 days a year. Call
Twin Research
Are you, or do you know a female
adult twin? We are studying the relationship types of fraternal and identical female twins. Ifyou can help by
completing some questionnaires and
being interviewed about relationships, please e-mail: tmacbeth@
cortex.psych.ubc.ca or call Tannis
MacBeth, Psychology 604-822-4826.
Parents With Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies
learn to talk? Help us find out. We are
looking for parents with babies between four to 21 months of age, including babies raised in a bilingual
home, to participate in language development studies. Ifyou are interested in bringing your baby for a
one-hour visit, please call Prof. Janet
Werker's Infant Studies Centre, Psychology, 604-822-6408 (ask for Kate).
Faculty Women's Club
The Faculty Women's Club brings
together women connected to the
university either through their work
or that of their spouses, for social
activities and lectures. The main purpose ofthe Faculty Women's Club is
to raise funds for student scholarships. There are 19 different interest
groups within the club, ranging from
art appreciation and bridge to hiking.
Do come and join us. Call Elizabeth
Towers, president 604-224-5877 or
Gwyneth Westwick, membership
Chronic Fatigue
Syndrome (CFS) Research
Infectious Diseases researchers from
vgh seek volunteers diagnosed medically with cfs to participate in a
study about managing symptoms.
Call Kenna Sleigh 604-875-5555 ext.
No Calendar.
UBC Reports will no longer publish the Calendar as of
March when it changes from a biweekly to a monthly
publication. The last UBC Reports Calendar will appear in
the Feb. 21 issue.
Members of the campus community are welcome to
submit events information to Athletics and Recreation's
LiveAtuBC on-line calendar at www.liveat.ubc.ca.
Public Affairs is currently working with other campus
groups to consider improvements in how the university's
events listings can be accessed on-line.
www.manningawards.ca: feb. 15
gov.bc.ca/obc/about_the.html: march 10
For assistance with applications, call the Office ofthe
Vice-President, Research, at 604-822-0234.
:r School of Theology on the UBC campus   Photo   Perry Danforth
Stay, work and play
In our forest by the sea. We offer the best range of affordable
accommodation, meeting space and conference services in the
Lower Mainland. Come find out why.
5961 Student Union Boulevard
Vancouver   BC  V6T 2C9
Tel 604 822 1000
Fax 604 822 1001
Croup Sales and
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Tel 604 822 1060
Fax 604 822 1069
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These essays make concrete the
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of official memory and underscoring the deep human and
social scars of war.
contemporary Chinese studies series       - Carol Gluck, Columbia University
Diana Lary, Professor of History and Director, Centre for Chinese Research, UBC
Stephen MacKinnon, Professor of History, Arizona State University
Available at UBC Bookstore or contact Raincoast Books
at T: 1-800-561-8583 or custserv@raincoast.com
> .^
Don Proteau
Senior Financial
Planning Advisor
ink Danielson
Senior Financial
Planning Advisor
♦ Complimentary consultations available for UBC Faculty and Staff ♦
♦ Retirement and Estate planning ♦
♦ UBC pension expertise ♦
♦ References available ♦
"/ am completely satisfied with the service I am receii'ing from Don."
M. Dale Kinkade, Professor Emeritus of Linguistics, UBC
"Frank and Don made me feel very comfortable with their advice and long range
planning. Their kmnuledge of the faculty pension plan is also a plus for UBC
Dr. j. H. McNeill, Professor, Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC
Call or e-mail to be put on our campus seminar invitation list!
The Assante symbol is a registered trademark of Assante Corporation, used under license.
© 2000 Assante Financial Management Ltd. All rights reserved. 6  |  UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY 7,  2002
ijrovitg your traispirtitiii
www.  trek,   ub
c   .   c  o
Win Great Prizes:
Take the Transportation Survey!
Help Solve UBC's Transportation Problems.
With partners like the gvrd, the ams, Translink and others, we have developed proposals for new programs to improve your transportation
Before we implement them, we need to know what you think. Help us
develop "made in ubc" solutions by taking the Transportation Survey. It
only takes 5 minutes.
Did we mention the 101 prizes? Think cash prizes of $250, Tune Ups,
Oil Changes, Mountain Bikes and a $200 Gift Certificates to the restaurant of your choice —just to mention a few!
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No Internet access? Pick up a copy ofthe survey weekdays in the sub
room 208 between 11:30am and 2:30pm, from the trek Program Office at
2210 West Mall between 8:30am and 4:30pm or have a survey faxed to
you by calling 827-TREK.
Survey deadline Feb. 14. Prize draw March 4.
Together we will make ubc a better place to live, work and learn.
Imagine UBC 2001
UBC's first year orientation program
has been brought to you by
r**' Student, Youth & Budget Travel Experts
vviviv bookstore nbc ca
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The First Nations House of Learning        The President's Office
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We are looking forward to
Imagine UBC 2002
School mourns loss
of music makers
Each created a legacy both    in   MEMORIAM
on campus and in wider *
by Laurie Townsend Music
the ubc school of music and
larger musical community are
mourning the passing of professors emeritii Elliot Weisgarber and
Cortland Hultberg and a promising young alumnus, Wallace Leung.
Weisgarber (Dec. 5, 1919 - Dec.
31,2001) and Hultberg (Sept. 5,1931
- Jan. 3, 2002) joined the Dept. of
Music in 1959-60 as ubc was just
beginning to grant degrees in
Elliot Weisgarber was a clarinetist, composer and ethnomusicolo-
gist. His study of Japanese music
and in particular of the shakuhachi, a traditional bamboo flute,
eventually led ubc to offer courses
in ethnomusicology, one ofthe areas for which the school is now
recognized internationally.
His students include Wes Foster,
now principal clarinet of the Vancouver Symphony and well-known
Canadian composers Michael
Conway Baker, Neil Currie and Frederick Schipizky.
Choosing a different path in an
era of sometimes dissonant experimentation, Weisgarber s compositions strove for beauty and clarity.
His cheerful personality and interest in world travels were also reflected in his music.
Weisgarber was a friend and
mentor to many colleagues and was
involved in music making at all levels. He wrote studies for clarinet,
spent a term conducting the Vancouver Youth Orchestra and befriended conductor Clyde Mitchell
and his West Coast Symphony. At
82, he still had an opera he wanted
to write when his congestive heart
failure condition worsened late in
Cortland Hultberg taught theory and composition, established
the Electronic Music Studio in
1965 and managed the audio recording facilities for many years.
He founded the ubc Chamber
Singers and the Phoenix Chamber
Choir. Both of these chamber
choirs won many national and international awards under his direction.
As an educator, Hultberg was
much loved by students. A quirky
and engaging style earned his
classes a "not to be missed" standing and a teaching award from the
university. To illustrate techniques
used by composers such as John
Cage, his lectures included elements of chance such as taking a
book from a stack, opening it at
random to read a passage aloud
while making sounds with classroom equipment.
Hultberg was a man with a gentle manner, an insatiable curiosity,
big bushy eyebrows and, more often than not, a twinkle in his eye.
Elliot Weisgarber, 1919-2001
Cortland Hultberg, 1931-2002
Those eyebrows rising or falling
could tell his choir members, theory and composition students
alike his approval or disappointment in their efforts.
Hundreds of his students now
teach in classrooms and sing in
choirs. Some have become prominent composers such as Alexina
Louie, Barry Truax, Lloyd Burritt
and Robert Pritchard. Others work
in the recording industry or, like
Morna Edmonson and Ramona
Luengen, have gone on to direct
award-winning choirs of their own.
None will forget the school spirit
and fun generated by Cortland
Hultberg and his Chamber Singers
annual Christmas concert complete with modulating carols and
disappearing tree.
Wallace Leung graduated with a
bmus in 1992.
With several other Music graduates he founded the Little Chamber Music Series That Could. They
have commissioned and given the
premieres of works by many ubc
He also founded the Helicon Ensemble and was music director at
the Delta Youth Orchestra, Fraser
Valley Symphony, Gateway Theatre and Vancouver Philharmonic
Orchestra. Recently he was appointed music director of the
Prince George Symphony.
On Dec. 21, at age 33, he was hospitalized for viral encephalitis and
died of heart failure on Jan. 18.
Laurie Townsend is the School of
Music's Communications and
Concert Manager. UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY 7,  2002  |  7
ubc Draft Policy: Research and Other
Studies Involving Human Subjects
To Members ofthe ubc Community
a draft policy entitled "Research and Other Studies Involving Human
Subjects" was presented to the Board of Governors for information and
review in January of 2002. The draft policy has been amended based on
feedback received to date as is set forth in its entirety below. Accompanying Procedures are proposed to be passed by the President and are also
set forth below. Feedback from the campus community is requested and
may be submitted by e-mail to Marcia Lang at mlang@exchange.ubc.ca.
Please provide your feedback by Feb. 21, 2002.
Subject to feedback from the campus community the proposed policy
will be submitted to the Board of Governors with a request for final approval in March of 2002.
Responsible Vice President
Vice President Research
the university recognizes that the use of human subjects is indispensable for progress in many areas of research and other studies.
However, all research involving human subjects should be conducted
ethically in ways that protect individual subjects and respect their dignity
and rights.
This policy is intended to create a research environment in which human subjects are protected, and to ensure responsibilities are discharged
according to the relevant ethical standards, by promoting awareness of
research ethics amongst faculty, staff and students, establishing an independent research ethics review process, and putting in place mechanisms
for the protection of human subjects in ongoing research including monitoring.
It is the intention ofthe University to ensure that, where a human subject is involved in research or other study:
respect is shown for the dignity of research subjects;
• the research has scientific value and the research methodology is
• selection of subjects is fair;
• vulnerable persons are protected against abuse, exploitation and discrimination;
standards for privacy and confidentiality are observed with respect to
access, control and dissemination of personal information;
• the ethics review process is fair and effectively independent of the University's other academic and administrative decision-making
foreseeable harms will not outweigh the anticipated benefits;
research subjects will not be subjected to unnecessary risks of harm,
and their participation in research must be essential to achieving scientifically and societally important aims that cannot be realized
without the participation of human subjects;
actual and potential conflict of interest has been made known and
dealt with appropriately according to the University's policies on Conflict of Interest and other relevant conflict of interest statements.
This policy applies to all research involving human subjects in any ofthe
following circumstances:
• conducted by members or associated members of the University_act-
ing in their University capacity. Members or associated members of
the University include faculty, emeritus faculty, staff, sessional instructors, clinical professors, administrators, students, visiting or adjunct
scholars, fellows, paid or unpaid associates and any other person associated with research at the University; or
conducted at the University; or
• administered by the University.
Research involving human subjects is defined as any systemic investigation (including pilot studies, exploratory studies, and course based
assignments) to establish facts, principles or generalizable knowledge
which involves:
•    living human subjects
human remains, cadavers, tissues, biological fluids, embryos or foetuses.
Notwithstanding the above, research involving human subjects does
not include:
research about a living individual involved in the public arena, or
about an artist, based exclusively on publicly available information,
documents, records, works, performances, archival materials or third-
party interviews. Such research only requires an ethics review if the
subject is approached directly for interviews or for access to private
quality assurance studies, performance reviews or testing within normal educational requirements.
The University will regulate the conduct of all research involving human subjects in accordance with the most current version ofthe
Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans and, where applicable to specific research, other relevant national
and international standards.
No research involving human subjects may be undertaken by anyone
associated with the University, nor may University facilities or services be
used, nor may funds for such purposes be accepted, nor accounts opened
by Financial Services unless the research has received formal ethical approval by one ofthe University Research Ethics Boards before the research
begins and the research has received a Certificate of Approval.
Academic units in which research involving human subjects is conducted are to ensure that those who conduct, and those who are being
trained to conduct, such research understand their responsibilities for the
ethical conduct of such research and receive appropriate training in the
skills necessary for the ethical conduct of such research. This includes
awareness of policies and other relevant standards (e.g., legal, professional, institutional) pertinent to the particular area of research.
Draft Procedures
Pursuant to Policy #1: Administration of Policies, "Procedures maybe
amended by the President, provided the new procedures conform to the
approved policy. Such amendments are reported at the next meeting of
the Board of Governors and are incorporated in the next publication of
the ubc Policy Handbook."
Research Ethics Boards
All research involving human subjects must be reviewed by one of
the University Research Ethic Boards (reb) before the research begins.
The rebs are:
the Behavioural Research Ethics Board;
the Clinical Research Ethics Board;
the UBc/Providence Research Ethics Board;
• any other ethical review board that has been mandated by the Vice
President Research.
The procedure for submitting a Protocol for consideration by an reb is
outlined in Policy #87 - Research. The correct reb will depend on the type
and location ofthe research being conducted.
rebs must determine whether research proposals are acceptable on
ethical grounds and whether the research complies with the Tri-Council
Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Human Subjects
and, where applicable to specific research, other relevant national and
international standards.
The appropriate reb must read and evaluate each complete proposal
and decide for the relevant proposed or ongoing research whether to:
• approve it;
• require modifications to it;
• reject it; or
• terminate it.
When an reb is considering a negative decision, it should provide the
researcher with its reasons for doing so and give the researcher an opportunity to reply before making a final decision.
Research that has been approved will receive a Certificate of Approval. 8     |      UBC     REPORTS      I      FEBRUARY     J ,     20O2
The rebs will meet regularly, face to face, to review proposed research
not delegated to Categorical Review (discussed below). Minutes of all reb
meetings will be prepared and maintained by the rebs and be available to
the University and to the researchers, funding agencies and other relevant
authorities involved in the research, rebs should make available to researchers their standard operating procedures, rebs must convey in
writing their decisions and the reasons for those decisions.
Categorical Review
at the discretion of the reb Chair a proposal may undergo a Categorical (expedited) Review. In this case the reb Chair will review the proposal
for ethical acceptability and a Certificate of Approval will be issued when
appropriate. Most research proposals will be reviewed by the full reb, but
Categorical Review maybe possible for the following situations:
• a new application with minimal risk to subjects;
• research involving patient records by hospital personnel;
• review of modifications to a research proposal, that has already been
renewal of time-limited approval where there is little or no change in
ongoing research;
affirmation that provisos laid down by the reb as a condition of approval have been met.
The Categorical Review decisions ofthe Chair will be reported to and
ratified by the full reb each month.
Term of Approval
provided there is no modification of procedures, a completed Certificate of Approval will be valid for one year at the end of which time
(or earlier if any modification is introduced) a new protocol must be submitted and the procedures re-examined by the reb.
Reconsideration and Appeal Procedures
a researcher may request reconsideration of a decision made by the
reb. Upon such request the reb has an obligation to reconsider its decisions regarding the research proposal again.
If the reb and the researcher cannot reach an agreement on a decision
reconsideration the researcher can request a review by the ubc Research
Ethics Appeal Board (reab). The decision ofthe reb cannot be overridden except by formal appeal to the reab. The reab is an independent
ethical review board appointed by the Vice President Research. The composition, terms of membership and quorum requirements must satisfy
the reb requirements outlined below. No individual person can be a
member of an reb and the reab at the same time.
Research Ethics Boards and their Membership
meetings of the reb will comprise at least five members, including
both men and women, of whom:
at least two members have broad expertise in the methods or in the
areas of research that are covered by the reb;
• at least one member is knowledgeable in ethics;
• for biomedical research, at least one member is knowledgeable in the
relevant law; this is advisable but not mandatory for other areas of research; and
• at least one member has no affiliation with the institution, but is recruited from the community served by the University.
Each reb will have sufficient members to ensure that the ethical review
process has input from a multi-disciplinary membership with relevant
expertise and experience. All members ofthe University community, including students, are eligible to serve. A quorum will comprise a
minimum of five members with knowledge ofthe stipulated responsibilities.
Appointments to the rebs will be made by the Vice President Research
with guidance ofthe Deans ofthe Faculties concerned. It will be normal
to make an initial appointment for three years, with the possibility of one
renewal for a further three-year term. Terms of individual members
should be staggered to ensure continuity ofthe reb expertise.
The Vice President Research will appoint the Chair of each reb, normally from amongst the membership ofthe reb, for a three-year term as
Chair renewable for a further three years. On an annual basis the Vice
President Research will appoint an Associate Chair ofthe reb, who can
chair the meetings and make decisions in the absence ofthe Chair.
All members ofthe reb will be expected to lodge with the Chair ofthe
reb an annual statement of any potential conflict of interest relevant to
reb matters.
The rebs report to the Vice President Research, rebs should provide
annual reports to the Vice President Research on their activities and
other matters requested by the Vice President Research.
academic units should be able to demonstrate how they have addressed
the ethical training of researchers in their units, in the curriculum for students, and in other forms appropriate for faculty and staff. UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY J ,     2002
Accounting for health-care policy
Debate over private or public finding is clouding the real
issues, suggests health-care economics expert
by Prof. Robert Evans Economics
two fundamental accounting
relationships — iron laws of
finance — must be clearly understood if one is to make sense of
health-care policy debates.
The first is that every dollar of
expenditure is simultaneously and
necessarily a dollar of income for
someone. The second is that while
the residents of a country must
collectively pay for their healthcare system, the share contributed
by each can vary widely depending
on the way revenues are raised.
Weaker cost controls imply
greater sales opportunities for providers and financiers of care. High
administration costs are the sales
of the private insurance industry.
The monumentally expensive and
inefficient American system is far
and away the most effective generator of incomes on the planet, and
the recipients of those incomes
stand four-square against any real
As citizens we may want effective health care, efficiently provided to those who need it. But the
hard accounting reality is that all
expenditure — essential, useful,
useless, or harmful — is equally
effective in generating income.
And that is why, no matter what
the problem, the solution that
emerges from the health-care sector always begins with "More money is needed to..."
Money contributed by whom?
Tax finance requires people to
contribute roughly in proportion
to their incomes, independent of
their use of care. Private financing
detaches contributions from income and attaches them to use.
The healthy and wealthy win
and the unhealthy and unwealthy
lose. Insofar as ability to pay becomes a condition of access to
higher quality or more timely care,
private financing also permits the
better-off to enjoy a higher standard without having to support, via
taxation, a similar standard for
The conflict of interest is real
and unavoidable. There is no mystery as to why the issue never dies.
The need to present private interests as public benefits gives rise
to "zombies" — ideas or claims
that are intellectually dead but will
not stay buried, no matter how
many times they are refuted.
They have just enough superficial plausibility to attract attention
from those unfamiliar with the
logic or the counter-evidence. Private payment will discourage unnecessary care-seeking, for example, or encourage healthy lifestyles,
or "supplement" rather than substitute for taxation.
Stuff and nonsense, but often an
effective distraction from the real
The real issues are not how best
to raise the money, but how much
and for what? And that's a much
tougher question.
Private capital markets demand
"compounding earnings," mathematically irreconcilable with global cost containment (see iron law
number one).
Managing for effective health
care is very difficult; firms have
found it more profitable to concentrate on patient selection, to offload
costs onto the public sector ("privatize the profits, socialize the
losses"), and to seek out opportunities to expand private charges.
Competitive pressures have also led
to some spectacular fraud cases.
In the United States, where prescription drugs are now advertised
directly to the public, the industry
spends twice as much on advertising as on research.
Everywhere, new, high cost
drugs replace older cheaper ones;
sometimes they are better but for
many patients they provide the
same therapeutic effect at higher
prices — and profits.
To the extent that "public expectations" are being created (at
considerable expense) within the
health-care sector itself, budgeting
to meet them is chasing a will o'
the wisp into a fiscal marsh.
Don't go there.
A professor of Economics and
faculty member at the ubc Centre
for Health Services and Policy
Research, Robert Evans is widely
regarded as the single most
influential academic in
Canadian health-care policy
Let's cfeartlie air
Instead of using your car, walk to the store.
Do an errand on your bicycle.Take the bus
to work, or carpool it.
ubc reports
Revised rate card and publication schedule 2002
Tues. Feb. 12*
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Tues. July 23
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Tues. Sept. 24
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Dec. 5
* This issue will contain a calendar of events and classified ads. Issues
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frequency: Monthly (first
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advertising: 604-822-4636 or
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Vancouver's #7 Westside Realtor in 2000
Over 100 Homes Sold in the Past Year
Your UBC and
Hampton Place
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*Based on # of homes sold through MLS (exclud
a volunteer
Do you know someone who
volunteers on campus? Or a
volunteer program on campus?
Every year the university recognizes the enormous work performed by volunteers at ubc and
ubc people who volunteer. A vol-
unteer recognition event is
planned for April 16 at Cecil
Green Park House.
If you know of volunteers working on campus, please e-mail
Eilis Courtney, Ceremonies Office at eiIis.courtney@ubc.ca by
Feb. 28
lajsal    UNIVERSITY
FEBRUARY  7,  2002
Women of distinction
The ywca of Vancouver is seeking
nominations for the 19th Annual
Women of Distinction Awards.
The awards celebrate women
whose outstanding activities and
achievements contribute to the
health and future ofthe community.
Categories include: Arts and Culture; Communications and Information Technology; Entrepreneur/
Innovator; Science, Research and
Medicine; Social Action; Young
Woman of Distinction; Health and
Wellness; Management, the Profession and Trades; and Education,
Training and Development.
Previous award recipients from
ubc include Women's Resources
Centre director Ruth Sigal and qlt
founder Microbiology Prof. Emeritus Julia Levy.
This year ubc is sponsoring the
Entrepreneur/Innovator Award.
To nominate an individual call
(604) 895-5800 or visit the Web
site at www.ywcavan.org.
Deadline for nominations is
March 1. The awards will be presented at a gala dinner on May 16.
Belkin s star satellite
The Morris and Helen Belkin Art
Gallery officially opened its downtown location at 555 Hamilton St.
Housed in the former home of
the Contemporary Art Gallery, the
Belkin Satellite has been renovated
with a generous grant from the
Vancouver Foundation.
The gallery launches withSuz'te,
a multi-media exhibit of photography, painting and sculpture by
ubc Master of Fine Arts students
Sean Alward, Gavin Hipkins. Tim
Lee, Natasha McHardy and Ann
Belkin Satellite hours are
Wednesday through Sunday, 12
noon - 5 p.m. For more information visit belkin-gallery.ubc.ca
No classifieds.
UBC Reports will no longer publish classified ads as of
March when it changes from a biweekly to a monthly
publication. The last UBC Reports classifieds will appear in
the Feb. 21 issue.
for publication-quality images,
vibrant full colour brochures,
proposals, flyers, and posters.
Room B32, Woodward IRC
2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, B.C., V6T-1Z3
Tel: (604) 822-5561
Fax: (604) 822-2004
e-mail: fflfiediagrp@interchange.ubc.ca
Basement of
the Woodward
IRC Building
A perfect spot to reserve accommodation for guest lecturers or other
university members who visit
throughout the year. Close to ubc
and other Vancouver attractions, a
tasteful representation of our city
and of ubc. 4103 W. 10th Ave., Vancouver, bc, V6R 2H2. Call or fax
Elegant accommodation in Point
Grey area. Minutes to ubc. On
main bus routes. Close to shops
and restaurants. Includes tv, tea
and coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates avail. Call 604-
222-3461. Fax 604-222-9279.
HOUSE Five suites avail, for academic visitors to ubc only. Guests
dine with residents and enjoy college life. Daily rate $60 plus $i4/day
for meals Sun-Thurs. Call 604-822-
8660 for more information and
ROOMS Private rooms on campus forvisitors to ubc on academic
business. Private bath, double bed,
telephone, tv, fridge, in-room
coffee. Dinner five days per week.
Breakfast seven days per week.
Competitive rates. Call for information and availability 604-822-8788.
University Centre. Residence offering superior hotel or kitchenette
style rooms and suites. All rooms
have private bath, queen bed, voice
mail, cablerv and Internet-linked
pc. Beautiful view of sea and mountains. For rates and reservations
www.pwias.ubc.ca. Call 604-822-
CAMILLA HOUSE in Kitsilano
area, furnished suites or rooms
avail. Kitchen facilities, cable TV,
telephone. Close to main bus
routes, shopping and dining.
Weekly and monthly rates avail.
www.vancouver-bb.com. Call 604-
three br home. Five min. walk from
Galleon Beach. Overlooking beautiful pond, natural setting. All amen.
Bicycles. Cozy up to a brand new
airtight wood stove. Reasonable
rates. Visitwww.hornbyisland.net/
purplefee/ or call 604-327-5735.
TRIUMF HOUSE Guest house
with homey, comfortable environment forvisitors to ubc and hospital. Located near the hospital.
Rates $40-$8o/night and weekly
rates. E-mail housing@triumf.ca or
call 604-222-1062.
HOME Near ubc and bus routes,
two br, two bath, large garden with
tabby. $2,ioo/mo. plus util. Avail.
April 1 to autumn, n/s, n/p. E-mail
bitney@telus.net or call 604-263-1189.
Fully furnished bedroom, 5 min. walk
to class. Shared kitchen, bath, laundry. Quiet, mature grad student or
employed professional. Inc. hydro,
cable, phone. $65o/mo. Avail immediately. Call 604-680-8336.
STUDIO Separate kitchen, lots of
closet space. Bright southern exposure, steps from transportation and
shopping. Phone, tv, VCR. stereo.
Sept. 2002 -June 2003. Six month
minimum. $90o/mo (all incl.). E-
mail cpfb2@yah00.ca or call 604-
two-level Cityhome at West Mall and
Thunderbird available to full time,
permanent faculty/staff, fp, five appliances, 1,000 sq. ft., $i,42o/mo.
Email ubc Properties Trust at
oberhoff@interchange. ubc.ca.
BR AND OFFICE Commercial
Drive area. Fully furnished, washer/
dryer, microwave, tv/vcr. Quiet
house, Broadway Express bus to ubc.
No pets. $i,350/mo. incl. utilities.
chalet on idyllic Mayne Island (Gulf
Islands). Furnished, all appliances,
w/w carpets, three br, two bathrooms, Jacuzzi, fp, tv, rumpus room,
lease, references $65o/month. Walk
to ferry. See portfolio or view by
appt. Call 604-261-4171.
VACATION Central Paris, 1 br apt.
Fully furn. Close to Paris. Close to
Avignon, Provence, 2 br house.
Accommodates 6. Call 704-738-1876.
E-mail iroland@axion.net.
KITS Furn. house. 3 br, 2 bath.
August, September, October,
November. Garden. Close to school,
shopping, beach. $i,40o/mo. Call
704-738-1876. E-mail
KITSILANO Furnished one br,
two-level apt. with fp and balcony.
Close to Fourth Avenue shops, bus,
beach, Granville Island, Fifth Avenue
Cinemas. May to September. $1,100/
mo. including util. Call 604-734-9737.
office. Call 604-255-7735 ore-mail
n.haggan@fisheries. ubc.ca.
Deadline: for the Feb. 21 issue: 12 noon, Feb. 12.
Enquiries: 604-UBC-INF0 (604-822-4636) ■ Rate: $16.50 for35 words or less.
Additional words: 50 cents each. Rate includes GST.
Submission guidelines: Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to: ubc Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park
Road, Vancouver BC, v6t izi. Ads must be accompanied by payment
in cash, cheque (made out to ubc Reports) or journal voucher.
Bed And Breakfast
Walk to ubc along the ocean. Quiet
exclusive neighbourhood. Near buses
and restaurants. Comfortable rooms
with tv and private bath. Full breakfast. Reasonable rates, n/s only
please. Web site www.bbcanada.
com/locarnobeach. Call
For Sale
Order of magnitude faster than zip
drives. Two Syquest 270MB
scsiDrives plus several dozen 270MB
discs for sale. Excellent condition.
Any reasonable offer accepted. Call
Peter Nemetz at 604-822-8443.
COUPLE returning from out of
country travel desire to house-sit or
sublet apartment or home for six
months from June through December. E-mail hughesir@hotmail.com
FACULTY AND STAFF VOLLEYBALL Play a friendly game of
volleyball on Wednesdays and Fridays from 12 noon-ipm in the
Osborne Gym (next to hockey rink)
this term.  Please feel free to drop in
or e-mail Jack at jchow@chem.
ubc.ca or call 602-822-3200.
Retirement income and financial
planning. Edwin Jackson, Certified
Financial Planner. Ascot Financial
Services Limited. Investments, life
insurance, annuities, know-how. Call
guarantee. 5 day/40 hr. tesol
teacher certification course (or by
correspondence). Web
www.canadianglobal.net. free information package, (888) 270-2941.
Located in the University Village,
#228 - 2155 Allison Rd. Dr. Chris
Hodgson (physician), for appointment call 604-222-2273 (222-CARE).
Dr. Charles Borton (dentist), please
call 604-838-6684 (604-83-T00TH).
CERTIFIED ARBORIST available for quality tree service. Three
years experience in all aspects of tree
care. For more information, visit
www.treeworks.ca or call 604-662-
3678 for a free estimate.
Volunteers Needed
Women aged 50 to 95 who married a
second or third time after age 50.
Call Laura Hurd Clarke, ubc Family
Services 604-822-2589. Honour Roll
UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY J ,     2002  |  II
Award-winner Michelle McCaughran
ubc United Way chair Michelle
McCaughran was recently recognized for organizing the most exceptional employee campaign by
the United Way.
McCaughran, an administrator
in the School of Audiology and
Speech Sciences, was one of two
campaign co-ordinators to receive
the award.
ubc's 2001 United Way campaign raised more than $455,800
to support agencies that provide
health care and rehabilitation
services, crisis and emergency
services, care for seniors, community services, and assistance to
families and individuals throughout the Lower Mainland.
A total of 195 volunteers contributed their time to the campaign, including 42 ubc faculty,
staff and students who served on
the organizing committee.
Allan Tupper has been appointed
associate vice-president, Government Relations.
The first person to hold the
newly created position, Tupper's
responsibilities include communicating ubc's strategic vision to
governments; providing the ubc
community with timely information about major policy issues,
intergovernmental relations and
longer term political trends and
assisting faculties in their dealings
with governments. He will also
work to shape ubc's longer term
relations with governments and
other public bodies and develop
effective strategies for communi
cating ubc positions to governments.
Tupper comes to ubc from the
University of Alberta where he was
a professor of Political Science and
served as the chair of the Political
Science Dept., associate dean of
Arts, and associate vice-president,
Government Relations.
Tupper's teaching and research
interests include Canadian politics,
western Canadian politics, public
policy and public administration.
Susan Calne
Tupper is editor-in-chief of Canadian Public Administration and
chairs the Centre for Constitutional Studies, an established research
institute for the interdisciplinary
study of constitutional and human
rights issues in Canada and
Susan Calne, co-ordinator of the
Pacific Parkinson's Research Centre, a research and treatment facility within the university, has been
appointed a member of the Order
of Canada.
A ubc staff member since 1982,
Calne is a registered nurse who
was instrumental in establishing
the Movement Disorders Clinic at
ubc and developing teaching and
counselling programs for patients
with movement disorders.
In 1987 she was the first nurse appointed to the board of the Parkinson Society Canada. She developed a
national network of nurses trained
to provide specialized care for patients with Parkinson's disease.
Calne and network members developed and published the Parkin
son's Impact Scale, a tool to measure patients' quality of life.
The author of more than 60 papers, book chapters, patient
handbooks and pamphlets, she
served as co-ordinator ofthe xm
International Congress on Parkinson's Disease held in Vancouver in 1999 and co-edited the proceedings.
Geography Prof. Timothy Oke is
this year's recipient of the American Meteorological Society's
(ams) award for outstanding
achievement in Biometeorology.
Oke teaches meteorology and
climatology, agricultural and forest
climates, urban climates and urban
biophysical environments.
He is being honoured by the ams
for his contributions to the teaching, theory and applications of
knowledge on the interaction between atmosphere and biological
The ams is the leading professional society for scientists in the
atmospheric and related sciences
in the United States.
Dunbar Eyecare
Dr. Caroline Kriekenbeek
Peak performance demands
excellent vision.
For a complete vision and eye health exam,
please call (604) 263-8874
Suite #2 - 3554 West 41st Ave. Vancouver, B. C.
(just minutes away from campus)
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
604-264-9918 DONALD@PORTAL.CA
154,000,000 reasons
to change our logo
The World Wide Web provides UBC with the fastest,
most convenient and most cost-effective way of
communicating with the 154 million Internet users
spread across 242 Internet national domain locations.
Between November 2000 and October 2001 there
were 8.23 million visits to our website www.ubc.ca.
Getting your company or product recognized worldwide
on the Web is a challenge, and that's why we have
developed a simpler, more universally recognizable logo.
Our new logo is for use on the web, in advertisements,
brochures, stationery, garments, and signs -
all working together to present a strong,
consistent image to the world.
To obtain the new logo please visit
"Beating diabetes and treating
diabetes both depend on research.
CDA funding makes it possible."
Dr. Daniel Drucker, research scientist
Give Someone
a Second Chance.
March is Kidney Month. Please give generously.
TOe Kidney Foundation of Canada
Your gateway to
infinite connections &
March 12, 2002
9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Enterprise Hall @ Plaza of Nations
Vancouver, BC
exchange research ideas • seek research partnerships
listen to innovative speakers • expand your professional network
showcase your research interests * connect with other academic researchers
discover employment opportunities * see what's new in BC's high-tech industry
www.asiexchange.co 12 |  UBC REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY 7, 200 2
Prof. Emeritus Vinod Modi's curiosity
makes him anything but retired
Rocket man
by Michelle Cook staffwriter
here on Earth, planes rumble overhead leaving behind their wispy
trails of vapour. Higher still, satellites beep out their graceful orbits
around the planet. Closer to home,
transport trucks thunder down
highways, buildings sway to the
earth's regular rumblings while, in
each of us, blood pumps quietly
through a beating heart.
Like a conductor, Vinod Modi
has had a hand in ensuring that all
these movements — big and small
— run smoothly.
Modi isn't a maestro, but the
musical analogy is an apt one for
the professor emeritus of Mechanical Engineering. In both his professional and personal endeavours,
Modi has treated life much like an
orchestra and this philosophy is
reflected in his diverse research interests. From satellites and airplanes to buildings, trucks and human hearts, Modi has done landmark work.
In an award-filled career spanning more than four decades, Modi's most recent accolade is an honorary membership in the Japanese
Rocket Society. He is the first Canadian to be inducted into the 45-
year-old learned society. With the
honour, Modi joins the ranks of 22
international pioneers who've explored the frontiers of aerodynamics, satellite and rocket science.
Modi's fascination with space
began when he was a boy. Born
near an airport in Bombay, India,
he spent many childhood hours
his master's degree from the University of Washington and his PhD
from Purdue University where he
met his wife, Mira.
After graduating, Modi worked
for the Cessna Aircraft Co. in Wichita, Kan., where he also earned
his private pilot's license. After a
couple of years, he accepted an
offer to work at ubc, although he
admits that he wasn't even sure
where Vancouver was at the time.
Modi arrived on campus in 1961.
Since then, he has graduated 38
PhD students and 37 master's degree students. Although now officially retired, he still works with a
small group of senior students.
"I enjoy being with students,
with young creative minds," Modi
says. "It's satisfying to show them
engineering at work — it's something different than just publishing papers. They're so excited, they
don't want to go home at night. I
don't want to lose that contact."
Modi's research projects reflect
his love of diversity, but all are
linked to his interest in how things
travel through their environment.
His theory that the same laws govern all objects in movement —from
rockets in outer space to blood in
arteries — has been the key to his
many research successes.
Among his many accomplishments, Modi put his theory to
work in the early 1960s to collaborate with u.s. doctors to design
better artificial hearts for transplant patients.
Looking to the ocean waves for
inspiration, Modi designed liquid-
filled dampers that, when fitted to
the tops of tall buildings, help to
reduce vibrations caused by high
winds and seismic tremors. His
dampers are now used on build-
Among Prof. Emeritus Vinod Modi's design innovations
is a better airplane wing aimed at allowing aircraft to
carry larger loads and land at lower speeds. Martin Dee photo
watching planes in motion. His
curiosity prompted him to enter
and win a magazine story contest.
As part of his award, he got to take
a short plane flight.
"That's when I decided how
great it is to fly," Modi recalls. "It
was exhilarating and I decided I'd
like to be an aeronautical engineer,
even though I actually had no idea
what that meant."
He went on to study mechanical, electrical and aeronautical engineering in India before moving
to the United States. He received
ings in several earthquake-prone
countries including Japan.
He and fellow ubc researchers
are credited worldwide with solving a 200-year-old mechanics riddle called the "many body problem." Modi considers it a crowning
career achievement.
Remaining true to his first love,
Modi has devoted much of his research time and imagination to air
and space flight, including explorations into how to keep space
shuttles and the new international
space station stable.
He is currently developing a
snake-like manipulator arm for
the space station that will be able
to extend and change shape to
avoid obstacles. The invention is
completely unique to ubc.
Modi has also given longer life
to spy satellites by finding a way to
control them with natural solar
pressure rather than fuel. These
$6o-million handy cams can now
snap photos for up to three years
instead of just 45 days, saving users like the u.s. and Russian governments hundreds of millions of
dollars in replacement costs.
For 10 years, Modi has been
working on designing better airplane wings by fitting them with
horizontal rotating cylinders to
generate more lift.
The technique, called moving
surface boundary-layer control, allows aircraft to carry larger loads,
manoeuvre more easily and land at
lower speeds, nasa has built a successful prototype using Modi's design and the u.s. Air Force is planning to incorporate it into its next
generation of fighter planes.
He adapted the same kind of
cylinder to a transport truck, reducing its aerodynamic drag by 24
per cent. With the promise of enormous savings in fuel costs, General Motors, Nissan and Mazda all
have plans to introduce Modi's
concept into new truck models.
While people around the world
are using his inventions to save
time and money, he has never patented any of his designs.
"I grew up with a different kind
of philosophy," Modi explains. "I
came to the conclusion that
knowledge should be free and
available to everyone. Like the sun,
you don't pay for it although it's a
source of life."
At 72, he has no plans to slow
down. An avid photographer, he
has won several prestigious awards
and shown his work in 64 countries including India where, in
1998, an exhibition of his pictures
raised $34,000 for India's national
association for the blind.
And his curiosity remains insatiable. He recently set his sights on
the open sea, where he hopes to
experiment with his rotating cylinder technology on large ocean-going barges.
Even with so many accomplishments, Modi can't pinpoint one research project that holds special
significance for him.
"Asking that is like asking a father which child is his favourite,"
he laughs.


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