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 UBC
^jM,
a place of mind
THE  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
March 2012
Mount Everest:
High altitude research
Anniversary of
Japan earthquake
Sleepless children,
exhausted parents
Carbon storag
Measuring potential of eel grass 11
ALSO INSIDE
Righting
a 70-year
wrong 8
K*yXirK1X*V A new window on patients' personal struggles
By Brian Kladko
In the news
UBC REPORTS
volume fifty eight: number three
www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/ubc-reports
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lucie mcneill lucie.mcneill@ubc.ca
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Communications Coordinators
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V      a place of mind
THE  UNIVERSITVOF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Public Affairs
Highlights of UBC media coverage
in February 2012
Heather Amos
NEWS FROM THE ANNUAL MEETING
OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR
THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE (AAAS)
Marine mammal research
The BBC reported on UBC professor
Andrew Trites and his colleagues who
are using trained sea lions for research
on eating habits. The researchers strap
cameras and tracking equipment on to
the sea lions as they dive for food.
"We're simulating depths the animals
encounter in Alaska. Our ultimate goal is
to figure out whether the sea lions in
Alaska are getting enough to eat," said
Trites.
Agence France Presse and the
Vancouver Sun wrote about the work of
marine mammal experts including
UBC's Trites and Stephen Raverty who
told the annual meeting ofthe AAAS
that around the world seals, otters, and
other species are increasingly infected
by parasites and other diseases from the
land.
Device turns gestures into song
Besearchers have created a system that
converts hand gestures into speech, and
into song as well. Its name is Digital
Ventriloquized Actor, or DiVA, reported
MSNBC, the New Scientist, Discovery
News, CTV, CBC and many others.
With the gestures ofthe right hand,
DiVA's operator controls the pitch and
the character ofthe sounds. Closed-hand
gestures produce consonants. Open-hand
gestures produce vowels.
"We designed a gestural space that
mimics the vocal tract," said Sidney Fels,
director of UBC's Media and Graphics
Interdisciplinary Center, or MAGIC, who
presented at the annual meeting ofthe
AAAS.
Window into world's
future oceans
Professor Villy Christensen and other
UBC fisheries experts are coordinating
an international group of researchers
who are using a sophisticated oceanic
simulator to predict future ocean
conditions. The work, which was
presented at the annual meeting of the
AAAS, incorporates existing climate
change models and then accounts for
fishing pressure, ocean acidification and
decreasing dissolved oxygen, reported
National Public Radio and the Vancouver
Sun.
The initial simulations show that
globally we are seeing a decline in big fish
species, and an increase in smaller fish,
which are of no commercial interest.
In an article highlighting the
contributions Canadian researchers
made to the 2012 AAAS conference, the
Globe and Mail listed UBC's Christensen
and Julio Montaner, the director ofthe
B.C. Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS
and the Head of Division of AIDS in the
Faculty of Medicine, among the bright
stars of Canadian research.
Norovirus vaccine
showing promise
USA Today, MSNBC, Fox News and the
Vancouver Sun reported that scientists
are getting closer to producing a
vaccine against norovirus. There are
about 5.5 million cases of norovirus in
the United States each year, making
it the number one cause of foodborne
illness.
Currently, the best way to prevent
norovirus infection is to wash your
hands with soap and water before eating
or preparing food. Hand sanitizers can
also be used if soap and water are not
available, but these may not be as
affective, said UBC's Natalie Prystajecky,
one of four experts presenting at the
AAAS symposium 'Norovirus: The
Modern Scourge of Food and Family.
Rising sea levels
pose flood risk
Hundreds of millions of people who are
living in low-lying coastal areas around
the globe will have to protect themselves
from rising sea levels.
David Flanders, a research scientist at
UBC, presented his work with the Metro
Vancouver community of Delta, B.C., at
the annual meeting of the AAAS.
Flanders, professor Stephen Sheppard,
and their colleagues at UBC's
Collaborative for Advanced Landscape
Planning have developed visualization
of several strategies Delta residents can
implement to protect against rising sea
levels, reported Canadian Press, CTV,
CBC, the Vancouver Sun and others.
Health mentor Hilary Brown (left to right)      meets with students from his discussion group: Rosie Higgins (occupational therapy), Anita Rashidi (medical education) and Kevin Shen (Dentistry).
Patients are supposed to be the centre
of attention for students preparing to
work in one ofthe health professions.
But somehow, in the rush to learn all
there is to know about treating, curing
and healing, students rarely get a chance
to know patients in any meaningful
way—the choices they have to make, the
barriers they confront, the frustrations
they encounter.
A new program spanning several
UBC faculties is now injecting greater
humanity into the learning process.
The Interprofessional Health Mentors
Program has matched 90 students
with 23 people grappling with chronic
conditions, such as spinal cord injury,
multiple sclerosis, arthritis, epilepsy,
HIV/AIDS and mental health problems.
Four students are assigned to
each mentor, making for intimate,
full-participation discussions.
Their meetings take place during a
16-month period—a virtual epoch in
the frenzied, "if it's Tuesday it must
be anatomy" whirlwind of becoming
nurses, occupational therapists, dentists,
physicians and pharmacists.
"We want the students to develop
relationships with the patients over
time, in contrast to most of their one-off,
transitory encounters," says Associate
Professor of Medicine Angela Towle, who
is leading the project. "At the same time,
they are also building relationships with
students from other health fields, gaining
insights that could help them collaborate
as professionals."
Towle, who promotes interprofessional
education through the Division of Health
Care Communication in UBC's College
of Health Disciplines, borrowed the idea
from Thomas Jefferson University in
Philadelphia and Dalhousie University,
but reworked it to give students and
mentors more control.
"We obviously set some objectives, but
we didn't want to constrain the learning,"
Towle says. "We wanted to see what
would happen."
So students and mentors—all of whom
have volunteered to participate—meet
on their own, without an instructor,
every couple of months. They are given
themes to discuss, and students write
about their insights in online journals
that are read by Towle and an instructor
from their particular program.
"Usually, we don't have the opportunity
to spend more than 30 minutes with a
client," said Heather Lyons, a first-year
occupational therapy student, whose
mentor has multiple sclerosis. "Here,
we're delving into the human aspect.
Being able to learn so much about
someone—their family, the barriers in
their environment, how certain words
carry different meanings for them—is
allowing us to learn on a deeper level."
Mentors were selected in part based
on previous experience as educators
or facilitators. Hilary Brown, who
teaches laboratory science at Vancouver
Community College, thought the
program might help raise awareness
about his condition—he lost use of his
legs due to a motor vehicle accident
23 year ago—among a broader range of
health professionals.
"When I'm in an office or examining
room, there's an uneasiness that doesn't
have to be there," he says. "Maybe if
I can get in at the ground level ofthe
training of these health professionals, I
can break down some ofthe barriers that
I sense."
One of Brown's students, Anita Bashidi,
sees those barriers coming down already.
"It's an open environment, so you
feel comfortable asking questions that
might be awkward in the 'real world' of
a doctor's office, and that awkwardness
could end up affecting how you treat
your patients," says Bashidi, a first-year
medical student. "It's good to clear
up those uncertainties now, in a safe
environment."
The program, which receives financial
support from the College of Health
Disciplines and UBC's Teaching and
Learning Enhancement Fund, will
double in size with a second wave of
students in September, and perhaps
include even more health training
programs. •
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2012 Atop Everest for health research
UBC expedition seeks high altitude answers to chronic diseases
Paul Marck
"People who live their lives at high altitude seem more resistant
and less vulnerable to the respiratory and cardiovascular problems."
A view of the majestic Himalayas.
Talk about a steep learning curve.
A pioneering research project designed
to investigate the effects of chronic
oxygen deprivation and distribution of
blood flow at high altitudes through the
heart, lungs and brain will put a UBC
research expedition on top ofthe world
at Everest Base Camp next month.
The School of Health and Exercise
Sciences at UBC's Okanagan campus
is sending a 25-member team of
international scientists on a six-week
research expedition in April to Everest's
Pyramid laboratory. The fully equipped
scientific facility—at 5,050 metres—is
three miles above sea level and more
than half-way up the world's tallest
mountain, which tops out at 8,848
metres. Compare that to Vancouver at
sea level, or Kelowna's elevation of 344
metres.
Canada Research Chair Phil Ainslie is seen conducting experiments at the Pyramid Laboratory on a previous research mission to Everest Base Camp.
Principal investigator Philip
Ainslie, Canada Besearch Chair in
Cerebrovascular Function in Health
and Disease and associate professor
in the School of Health and Exercise
Sciences, leads the expedition.
"Besearch at high altitude provides an
excellent means to examine physiological adaptation to chronic reductions
in the pressure of oxygen," says
Ainslie. "Besults ofthe studies have the
potential to substantially improve our
understanding of biological adaption to
chronic hypoxia."
Hypoxia—which can severely
decrease oxygen delivery to the
brain—and reduced blood flow to
vital organs are characteristic of many
chronic conditions, including heart
attack, stroke and respiratory failure.
Besearchers hope to adapt experiment
results for further clinical studies with
the goal of devising new methods of
prevention and treatment.
The study, titled Integrative
physiological adaptation to
high-altitude: a scientific expedition
to explore mechanisms of human
adaptation, encompasses eight separate
experiments ranging from cerebrovascular, cardiopulmonary, and neurocog-
nitive health to measuring the effects
of acute mountain sickness and sleep
apnea.
The international contingent
includes members from UBC's
Okanagan and Vancouver campuses,
Duke University, University of Oregon,
University of Sydney, Mount Boyal
University (Calgary), University of
Cardiff, Okanagan College, University
of Otago (New Zealand) and University
ofthe Netherlands.
Members ofthe team include
researchers, sleep technicians,
physicians, a bioengineer, and a
hardware/software specialist.
Besearchers will be their own test
subjects as healthy human volunteers,
undergoing procedures in Kelowna to
collect extensive baseline data for their
mountain experiments, which will be
repeated at altitude on Everest.
Expedition members will undergo
extensive acclimatization for six weeks
prior to arriving at the Everest lab,
where conditions are harsh due to the
thin atmosphere, austere surroundings,
unpredictable weather and mountain
sickness that affects many newcomers
to high-altitude areas.
The scientific team assembled
in Kelowna for three weeks in late
February for lab and equipment
training and physical screening testing.
They leave for Vancouver and the
Himalayas in April for the six-week
expedition.
The Ev-K2-CNB Pyramid Laboratory
at Everest base camp in Khumbu Valley
in Nepal is one ofthe only facilities in
the world where all eight experiments
can be conducted on members of
the expedition, including invasive
procedures and the study of sleep apnea,
a common occurrence at high altitudes.
The expedition also plans to test a
number of permanent high-altitude
residents of mountainous Nepal,
recruited from the Periche region,
which is at 4,200 metres. Some of them
have already volunteered for earlier
experiments through collaborations
with local physicians and scientists.
"People who live their lives at high
altitude seem more resistant and
less vulnerable to the respiratory
and cardiovascular problems that we
experience living at sea level," says Ainslie.
"We want to explore this phenomenon
further to gain insight into those
differences."
Ainslie—an accomplished mountaineer
who has been to Everest seven times-
says the conditions in the Himalayas
offer the best and most cost-effective
opportunity to conduct research.
"The Himalayas present the best
opportunity for success for UBC's
expedition without a doubt," says Ainslie.
Preparations for the expedition
have been under way for two years.
Part ofthe funds to cover the estimated
$50,000 expenses of seven participating
students and post-doctoral fellows
will be raised by selling a limited-
edition expedition patch through
UBC's Okanagan campus bookstore.
Minimum donation: $10.
Organizers also hope to raise funds
for the Himalaya Trust, the foundation
set up by Sir Edmund Hillary, the New
Zealander who first summited Everest,
in order to aid the region's peoples
build schools, health-care and other
facilities. •
Contact the team at:
info@himalyantrust.com
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2012 UBC
W
a place of mind
THE  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Vice Provost and Associate Vice President
ENROLMENT AND ACADEMIC FACILITIES
The University of British Columbia, one of Canada's
eading research and educational institutions, is seeking a
Vice Provost and Associate Vice President Enrolment and
Academic Facilities,
The Vice Provost and Associate Vice President Enrolment
and Academic Facilities will be responsible for all aspects
of enrolment management, domestic and international;
space and facilities planning, and capital projects; and will
participate in the University budgeting process
This person will also play a key leadership role on a variety
of academic committees, both locally at UBC Vancouver
and inter-campus with UBC Okanagan and Great Northern
Way Campus, serving to further the academic mission
of the University, consistent with the Commitments,
Goals, and Actions of Place and Promise, the University's
strategic plan.
The ideal candidate will have outstanding academic
credentials; proven leadership ability and administrative
experience; a strong commitment to excellence in
earning, research, and service; the ability to support and
motivate research and learning activities; and excellent
interpersonal skills. The successful candidate will be
appointed to a five-year term, renewable once.
The position is internal to the University,
The Vice Provost and Associate Vice President Enrolment
and Academic Facilities will report directly to the Provost
and Vice President Academic, and will work collaboratively
with a variety of people across the University. All qualified
persons are encouraged to apply,
UBC is an equal opportunity employer.
deadline Monday, March 12,2012
To learn more about this unique leadership
opportunity, please contact:
Mary Hayden, Director, Office ofthe Provost
and Vice President Academic, (604) 822-0078,
Or forward your CV, letter of introduction,
and the names of three references in confidence to:
Mary Hayden, Director, Office ofthe Provost
and VP Academic Walter C. Koerner Library, 6th Floor,
1958 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z2
Journalism Prof. Alfred Hermida is the winner of this year's President's Award for Public Education through media.
Shining stars
Spotlight on UBC research luminaries
Brian Lin
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Twenty-two UBC researchers in fields
as diverse as volcanology, health
policy, computer science, HIV/AIDS
and cognitive linguistics are being
honoured for their accomplishments
during this year's Celebrate Research
Week, March 2-9.
Among the winners ofthe 2011
Faculty Besearch Awards is Dr. Bandy
Gascoyne in the Department of
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine,
who also carries the distinction of being
the first clinical faculty member to
receive the Killam Besearch Prize.
Gascoyne is a hematopathologist
at the BC Cancer Agency and the sole
Canadian member ofthe International
Lymphoma Study Group. An expert
in the diagnosis and classification of
lymphoma, his research focuses on
the use of biomarkers as an outcome
predictor in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
Dr. Julio Montaner, chair ofthe
division of AIDS in the Faculty of
Medicine and director ofthe BC Centre
for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, has focused
his recent research on the effectiveness
of highly active anti-retroviral therapy
as a prevention tool for the spread
of HIV, especially in hard-to-reach
populations. A former president ofthe
International AIDS Society, Montaner
is recipient of this year's Jacob Biely
Besearch Prize, the University's
premier research honour.
The President's Award for Public
Education through Media goes to
Prof. Alfred Hermida ofthe School of
Journalism—the second year in the row
a journalism professor has received this
distinction.
Hermida, one ofthe founding
editors ofthe BBC News web site, is
recognized for his research in the digital
dissemination of journalism and for
his efforts in sharing research beyond
academic circles through a combination
of scholarly publications, applied
projects and media activities. He coined
the term "ambient journalism" to
describe the new breed of journalism
that exists through social media. He has
given more than 130 interviews to local,
national and international print and
broadcast media outlets since joining
UBC in 2006.
"I have tried to further our
understanding of how traditional
functions of journalism—informing
citizens, ensuring public accountability,
providing analysis and mobilizing
public opinion—are being transformed
by the disruption of established concepts
of communication, prevailing notions
of space and time and the distinction
between public and private spheres,"
says Hermida.
In addition to studying social media,
Hermida has been actively engaging with
the public through his award-winning
blog, Reportr.net, where he has shared
comments, interpretations and analyses
on trends in digital journalism.
A blog post Hermida wrote in
September 2009 based on his research
paper, Twittering the News: The
Emergence of Ambient Journalism, was
retweeted by more than 130 users,
resulting in more than 1,000 views of
the post. Hermida will share his insights
on March 7 as part ofthe Celebrate
Besearch lunchtime lecture series.
Winners ofthe 2011 Faculty Besearch
Awards will be recognized at the Celebrate
Besearch Awards Gala on March 8,6:30-9
p.m. at the Museum of Anthropology. •
For more information on this
and other CRW events, visit:
www.celebrateresearch.ubc.ca.
For events in the Okanagan, visit:
www.ubc.ca/okanagan/celebrateresearch.
Hermida, one of the
founding editors of
the BBC News web
site, is recognized
for his research in the
digital dissemination
of journalism and for
his efforts in sharing
research beyond
academic circles.
Only
3 minutes to
save the world
UBC grad students get
to the crux of the matter
Carolynne Ciceri
Can graduate students really distill years
of complex thesis research into three
short minutes of easily understood
presentation for a general audience?
Yes they can.
Proof positive can be witnessed as the
2nd annual Three Minute Thesis (3MT)
Competition returns to UBC's Vancouver
campus this year. More than 100 grad
students from across the academic
spectrum have registered to participate
in departmental heats, with top finishers
advancing to campus-wide semi-final and
final rounds.
Forestry's Carolina Chanis, a semi-finalist
in last year's competition, says the "3MT
is a way to teach graduate students how to
stop living in their heads and start talking
to people about why their research matters.
After all, we are all doing something to save
the world, right?"
The Three Minute Thesis Competition's
final event will be held on the first day of
Celebrate Besearch Week: Friday, March 2
at noon in the Graduate Student Centre's
Ballroom. •
For more information, visit:
http://3mt.grad.ubc.ca
Celebrate Research
Lunchtime Lecture Series
March 2
12:30 PM - 2 PM
Prof. Mark MacLachlan, Department of Chemistry
From Hydrogen Storage to Prosthetic Beetle Wings:
New Materials for a Better World
Victoria Theatre Room #182
Irving K. Barber Learning Centre Vancouver Campus
March 7
12:30 PM - 1:30 PM
Prof. Alfred Hermida, School of Journalism
News Beyond Journalism: Social Media and
the Recurring Rythms of Storytelling
Victoria Theatre Room #182
Irving K. Barber Learning Centre Vancouver Campus
March 8
12 PM - 2 PM
Panel led by Prof. Bob Sparkes, Centre for Sport & Sustainability
Advancing Social Development through Sport
Multipurpose Room
Liu Institute for Global Issues Vancouver Campus
March 9
12:30 PM - 1:30 PM
Prof. Barbara Dancygier, Department of English
Language, Creativity, and the Embodied Mind
Victoria Theatre Room #182
Irving K. Barber Learning Centre Vancouver Campus
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2012 Righting a 70-year wrong
UBC honours Japanese Canadian students sent to internment camps
Heather Amos
The treatment of Japanese Canadians
and Japanese nationals during the
Second World War is a dark period of
Canadian history—a period few
Canadians fully understand or want to
discuss. Now, 70 years later, the
University of British Columbia will
recognize its own involvement in this
lamentable story.
During May congregation, UBC will
grant honorary degrees to the estimated
58 students who were unable to complete
their university studies. An additional
16 students will have their original
degrees re-conferred; they missed their
graduation ceremony when they were
sent to internment camps in 1942.
"If these students had been allowed
to continue living in their communities,
then they would have finished their
initial plans for education," said Mary
Kitagawa, a retired B.C. high school
teacher who has led the campaign for
UBC honorary degrees. "These people's
lives haven't been completed in the way
they had planned and that is the great
injustice."
In 1942, when Prime Minister William
Lyon Mackenzie King invoked the War
Measures Act following the attack on
Pearl Harbor, 21,000 Japanese Canadians
were forced to leave their homes and
the west coast for internment camps,
prisoner of war camps, sugar beet farms
and work-prison camps. Most had their
property confiscated by the Canadian
government. Many lost everything except
what they could carry with them.
Lives changed forever
This disruption changed the course of
UBC students' lives. Few were able to
complete their studies after the war
because their family or financial
A three-year journey
From the time Kitagawa's letter was
received, UBC was eager to take
action. But as often happens, this
simple concept turned out to be a
complex undertaking. For members
ofthe Japanese Canadian community,
the months of inquiry, meetings and
deliberations felt like an eternity.
"One of UBC's mistakes was that we
didn't bring the wider community into
our planning and discussions right
away," said Henry Yu, a UBC history
professor.
Kitagawa's letter was discussed by
the Senate Tributes Committee, the
body responsible to decide how UBC
ought to respond. A task force was set
up to determine whether the university
would opt for individual recognition, or
for a larger initiative.
"To make an individual recognition
ceremony possible, the UBC Senate had
to create a new form of honorary degree
that would not duplicate the original
degrees that some ofthe students had
been granted, and that allowed for
some flexibility in our usual process,"
said Sally Thorne, chair ofthe Senate
Tributes Committee.
When the motion for this special
honorary degree was brought to
the University Senate, it received
unanimous approval.
And then, there was the list
To complicate matters, the university
did not have an official record of
the UBC students affected by the
internment.
Fortunately for UBC, Kitagawa, her
husband Tosh and other members of
the Japanese Canadian community took
on the task of finding and identifying
Fortunately for UBC, Kitagawa, her husband Tosh and
other members of the Japanese Canadian community took
on the task of finding and identifying those students.
circumstances no longer made this
possible; others ended up at universities
in eastern Canada
In the United States, where similar
events occurred, state governments
and universities in California, Oregon
and Washington have granted
honorary degrees to their former
students. Kitagawa followed closely
developments in the U.S., and seeing
the powerful impacts of these symbolic
gestures on students and families, she
first suggested in a 2008 letter that UBC
follow suit.
"My parents instilled in us that ifyou
see something wrong happening, we
should voice our discontent," said
Kitagawa, who has spent her adult life
in the Lower Mainland and is an active
member ofthe Japanese Canadian
community. "Someone had to speak out
for these students."
those students. Through news media
and word of mouth, the couple almost
single-handedly reached out to the
community, asking former students or
relatives to contact them.
"They produced this remarkable
list that identified the students who
had been forced to leave," said Alden
E. Habacon, director of Intercultural
Understanding Strategy Development
at UBC. "We were able to check that
list with our enrolment records but we
would never have been able to produce
that list without the community."
Recognizing the students
In November 2011, the UBC Senate
approved three measures to recognize
what happened to the UBC students:
the students will be awarded honorary
degrees in May, the university will
develop initiatives to educate future
'I'm very pleased with the outcome, especially for the students,"
said Kitagawa. "When I told them the news, they were so happy.
Some students said they never expected this to happen in their lifetime."
students about this shameful period in
history, and the Library will preserve and
bring to life the historical record of that
time.
"These students earned the right to
study at UBC and purely by virtue of their
ancestry, that right was taken away," said
Shirley Nakata, UBC's Ombudsperson
for Students and the Co-Chair along with
Habacon ofthe university committee
charged with implementing the Senate's
three measures.
"The convocation is about honouring
these students, acknowledging what was
lost and formally welcoming them to the
UBC Alumni family."
"I'm very pleased with the outcome,
especially for the students," said
Kitagawa. "When I told them the news,
they were so happy. Some students said
they never expected this to happen in
their lifetime."
For many ofthe 74 students who will
receive degrees in May, the good news
came too late; family members have been
invited to receive the degrees on their
behalf. The 21 living students range in
age between 89 and 96 and are scattered
from Nanaimo to Ontario and beyond.
One man lives as far away as Japan and
yet, he is planning to make the trip in
May with his two daughters.
Going beyond honourary degrees
Part of UBC's acknowledgement of what
happened in 1942 is the UBC Library
project to collect and archive stories
from individual students, to document
how their lives were forever altered
because of what happened. The Library
will also digitize a national Japanese
Canadian newspaper from the time.
In addition, UBC's Faculty of Arts will
soon be launching an Asian Canadian
Studies program. Courses will explore
the importance of Japanese Canadians
and other Asian Canadians in the
country's history, including the role
played by anti-Asian racism in producing
events such as the Japanese Canadian
internment.
"I am proud that UBC is making broader
commitments to rethink our curriculum
and academic programs, and to archive
a part of this history; we are going a step
further than simply awarding degrees,"
said UBC President Prof. Stephen Toope.
"As a university, we aim to create a
more compassionate and thoughtful
environment where students, faculty and
staff can act as global citizens and we do
this by recognizing injustice and taking
steps to learn from it," he said. •
PUBLISHED TWICE WEEKLY BY THE PUBLICATIONS BOARD OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
VOL, XXIV
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 9,1942
No. 21
• DISCHARGED - Typical of
the Japanese men who have
been comrades-in-arms to other
trainees in the C.O.T.C. is Mlchi-
yoshi Symiya, first year arts student, shown above taking his uniform into the orderly room.
He along with many otl-cr Japanese has worn the Canadian army
uniform for the last time. For a
year ond a half they have drilled
with their friends of the white
race. Now it has ended.
Licut.Col. Shrum said that a
"ticklish .situation* had been averted. The University could not
go on training the Japanese.
"It is for their own protection
na well as ours," added Dr. L. S,
Klink.   "Feeling has  run   high  in
—News-Herald Photo.
the downtown sections and the
sight of a Japanese in uniform
would be uniortunate and might
have serious consequences for
them."
From the Japanere come regrets
that action such as this hrs bem
taken. "We are loyal," they say,
"we want to take our place by
the side of our Canadian friends
in the defense of Canada."
Red Cross Dance
Set For Jan. 23
• r "SAY SADIE, have you heard that there's going to be
another Red Cross Ball this year?" That's the word that
will be going around the campus from now on.
^^~"^""^^^^■^^■^^^^^ The  date is January  23 at the
Commodore, The price is $2.25 per
person and it's Dutch treat. Lavish arrangements are being made
for the ball which will be a trans-
Canada affair.
Other universities that will have
a ball the same evening are McGill, Dalhousie, Saskatchewan,
Queens, New Brunswick, and Manitoba.
Anyone on the campus may sell
tickets and; so be eligible for the
prize of a free ticket going to the
boy and the girl selling the most
tickets.
Tickets to sell may be procured
from Shirley Wismer, Graham
McCall, or Bob Rose. Raffle
tickets are now out on the campus
and there are more than 35 prizes
with a grand prize of a |300 squirrel coat donated by R. J, Pop.
Last year the ball netted $2,000 for
tha Red Cross.
'ancer
Wood Won't
Talk; BAC's
Undisclosed
• Interrupted exam time-tables,
due to blackouts, cut down on
the number of B.A.C. degrees conferred at UB.C. this year.
As usual second and third year
Applied Science students received
the worst beating as they wera
the only ones to complete their
exams, One first year Science class
received generous war and Christmas bonuses to tide them over.
The Registrar's Office has refused to give any information on
whether any bouncing will be
done after the rest of the exams
are written off, and Interested students must worry it out for themselves.
Pubsters Surprised, Shaken
By Visits Of Apparition
By HAROLD BURKS
•   GOOKER came scampering around the corner and into
—Vancouver Sun Photo
DANCER— "Madame Bonneau"
(Princess Arfa) the well known
ballerina will be the guest of the
Cosmopolitan Club Sunday, 2:30
p.m. at the home of Gwen Telfer,
4593 W. 6th Ave.
Princess Arfa was in Afghanistan
at the time of the French Collapse
and will tell of her experiences.
Guest pianist will be Jennie Chu,
and a vocal soloist will give selections.
IVF Plans Camp
For Weekend
At "Plantation"
•   THE INTER-VARSITY Christian   fellowship,    which   has
members   In   the   universities  of
Mummers to Revive
1941's'Candida'Hit
•   G. B. SHAW'S "CANDIDA" produced by the Players*
Club last spring, will be revived on Monday, in a performance in aid of the university Red Cross war effort.
——————————m—————————_ Shirley    Macdonald,    president,
Sc-Aggie
Mixer Hits
At Stags
• STAGS BEWARE! The Science-
Aggie Mixer Saturday, January 10, at 8:30 p.m. Is calculated
to make the most accomplished
wolf think twice before appearing
unaccompanied, A hard times
dance, admission price wiTi be 50c
for stags and 50c per couple, This
dance will probably be the last
at which Sid Poulton will lead his
Poulcats slnoe he will De going
soon to Gordon Head to take a
training course for Active Service,
Artsmen who feel capable of
handling themselves with sufficient poise may gain admission and
should wear the clothes in which
they are usually seen on the Cam-
pus.Sclencemen will appear In
their survey clothes and Aggies
in  their  milking  ensembles.
stresses the fact that the play Is
a University function and should
be supported by the entire student body. It is being produced lm
conjunction with the newly-formed War Aid Council.
Members of tae club In the performance are: Mary MeLorg, wht
talies the leading role ot Candidal
John Glen, graduate of the Unlr-
ersity and now playing with %
Seattle company, as the young
poet, Eugene Marchbanks; John
Powell in the part of the younf
theological student; Arthur Hill w
the clergyman husband of Candida; Nancy Bruce as his secretary;
and Lister Sinclair as#Candlda'i
reprobate father.
As far as possible costumes and
set are the same as last year. Tie*
kets for the performance may be
procured from any member of the
Players' Club, by phoning AL.00H
or at tho door «n the night of th*
performance.
Japanese
Students
Evacuated
• AT LEAST two Japanese students, both unnaturalized, have
had to leave the university under
the Dominion Governments regulations providing for evacuation
of B.C. Nipponese.
These two, both males, are leaving through the natural course of
events and, contrary to the belief
felt in some quarters, have not
received any special consideration
as  university students.
Registrar C. B. Wood reveals
that any such Japanese undergraduates would be allowed on
their request to write their final
examinations at any other Canadian university centre. This is
a customary procedure for students unable to write their exams
during the regular U.B.C. schedule.
©
Mary Kitagawa has led the campaign for UBC to award
honorary degrees to the Japanese Canadian students affected
by internment.
© Reprint from the Jan. 9, 1942 issue of The Ubyssey: The article "Uniform Goes Back" is about the Japanese
Canadian students who were discharged from the Canadian Officers Training Corps (C.O.T.C)
© Reprint from the Mar. 6, 1942 issue of The Ubyssey: The article "Japanese Student Evacuated" tells of two
Japanese Canadian students who were forced to leave UBC and their education because of government regulations.
Reopening a
sensitive case
Although the Canadian government
implemented internment, the role and
responsibility of UBC regarding its
Japanese Canadian students remains
an uncomfortable question. Many U.S.
universities protested the inclusion
of Japanese American students in
the forced removal, tried to place
their students at other universities
or supported the completion of their
degrees during the internment.
This was not the case at UBC. Even
before internment, Japanese Canadian
students in the university's Canadian
Officers Training Corps (C.O.T.C) had
their commissions stripped by the
university's Senate Committee on
Military Education. Two UBC faculty
members, Henry Angus and E.H.
Morrow, were among the few who
spoke out against the injustice.
Learning from
our mistakes
On March 21, UBC will hold a
symposium that will seek to answer
questions about what happened 70
years ago and raise questions about
UBC's responsibility. Participants will
also examine related ethical issues that
still resonate today.
A committee chaired by Tom Patch,
Associate Vice President of Equity, is
organizing the symposium to connect
issues of justice and responsibility in
what happened 70 years ago to today.
8
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2012 Celebrate Research Week
WITH
UBC Library
UBC Library connects faculty and students
with local and global information resources
and enables new forms of knowledge creation,
dissemination and exchange.
We are proud to support this year's
Celebrate Research Week with the following
events at our Vancouver campus:
^      A
REGISTER    From a
systematic review literature
search workshop to understanding
copyright, attend our seminars this
to week to find out how we can
help with your research needs.
SHARE - Find out more about
how cIRcle, our digital repository,
can make your research materials
openly accessible.
VISIT-DropbyourUBC
Library Digitization Centre Open
House to find out more about the
Library's digital agenda.
CONGRATS-We salute
this year's 2012 UBC Library
Innovative Research Dissemination
Award recipient at the Celebrate
Research Week gala. Presented by
Ingrid Parent, University Librarian.
To register or for more information, visit
www.library.ubc.ca
SAGE
Bistro & Catering
Fresh / Local / Sustainable / Simple
SAG EI
atthG UnivGrsity Centre
sage.ubc.ca
Reservations: 604-822-c
6yy\ Crescent Road, Vancouver I
SUMMER SCHOOL AT VST
LEADERSHIP FOR A TIME LIKE THIS
Guest faculty from across North America including
DARRELL GUDER, Princeton Theological Seminary,
EUGENE LOWRY, St. Paul's School of Theology, and
THERESA LATINI, Luther Seminary, gather to address
this important theme. Week-long courses, special
lectures and round table discussions focus on pressing
issues and practices for leadership in
our time.
www.vst.edu for
more info & registration
beginning January, 2012
From green streets to smart energy, UBC is building a model sustainable community for campus residents.
Five ways UTown@UBC is
innovating sustainability
Scott Steedman
How do theoretical concepts of
sustainability translate into real-world
changes? One way is to use UTown@
UBC, UBC's on-campus residential
community, as a "Living Lab" for testing
sustainable practices.
Throughout the planning and
construction of UTown@UBC, the
University has developed a number of
innovative sustainable practices. Here
are five examples of sustainability in
action.
Green Streets
"Green streets are similar to conventional
streets, but instead of cars, they are
designed for pedestrians or people
on bicycles or other non-motorized
vehicles," explains Joe Stott, director
of planning at Campus and Community
Planning (C+CP).
In Wesbrook Place, South Campus'
latest development, green streets
alternate with car streets to create
a network that encourages walking,
cycling and alternative modes of
transportation, as well as increasing
green space. The green streets are lined
with sidewalks, while bicycle paths run
along the central area. Treed boulevards
on either side separate the pathways.
"Residents who live in the buildings
along these green streets get to their
front doors by walking through the
streets, which helps animate the area,"
says Stott. "They will become centres
for all sorts of activities, including
relaxation."
Storm water - waste not, want not
"Wesbrook Place takes a very different
and more sustainable approach to
stormwater management," explains Siu
Tse, associate director, infrastructure
and services planning at C+CP. "The
green streets include a waterway and a
greenway through the village, which is
fed by storm water."
Streets are designed to harness storm
water as a resource instead of draining
it away. The water flows on the surface
through the green streets and creates
a small lake, which can then be used
for irrigation or for water features.
This cuts down the neighbourhood's
demand for high-quality, potable water
and minimizes the amount that gets
discharged into the Fraser River.
REAP: a sustainable building code
Good water management is
also a feature ofthe Residential
Environmental Assessment Program or
REAP, the university's homegrown green
building standard. All developers who
build residences at UTown@UBC must apply REAP standards
to their projects. Since Version 2.0 of REAP was launched in
2006,926 family housing units have been developed to REAP
Gold standards in eight buildings.
REAP was developed in consultation with academic and
operational staff because the LEED system, the benchmark
for environmental building design, was not appropriate for
four-storey wood frame residential construction.
"We're working to improve REAP all the time," says
Kyle Reese, community energy manager in UBC's campus
sustainability office. "We're working on Version 3.0 now. It
was time to raise the bar. That was our aim when we created
REAP- to be a leader."
REAP standards aim for reductions in total building water
usage, providing high efficiency fixture requirements inside
each home and high performance irrigation for each building.
Yu: Innovative design for saving energy
Yu, a residential development planned for Wesbrook Place, is
a partnership between Chinese property developer Modern
Green and UBC. "UBC is doing something rarely seen in
Vancouver," explains Reese. "The development has a courtyard
but no internal corridors—all the walkways to get to the
individual apartments are outdoor. This can lead to significant
energy savings. And all the apartments are day-lit, with natural
ventilation."
Yu is also adapting its heating system for the future use
of waste energy from another source—waste heat produced
by TRIUMF, Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and
Nuclear Physics. This concept is already at work for residents
living atop the Save- On-Foods in Wesbrook Place; the store's
refrigeration units' waste heat generates hot water for the
apartments above.
Compost: From kitchen scraps to garden beds
UTown@UBC is home to Greater Vancouver's first residential
compost program for multi-family homes.
"The program is a partnership between UBC and the
University Neighbourhoods Association (UNA)," explains
Ralph Wells, sustainability manager at the UNA. "It has
now been expanded to reach more than 1,200 homes in 19
multi-family buildings. In 2010, more than 60,000 kg of home
organics were diverted from the waste stream and turned into
compost."
Organic waste is then processed in UBC's "in-vessel"
composter, which only takes 14 days. The highly nutritive
soil created from the composting process is used for UBC
landscaping, as well as at the local community gardens. •
UBC will participate in the GLOBE 2012
conference on business and the environment.
To learn more about sustainability at UBC
visit sustain.ubc.ca and planning.ubc.ca.
Part of the carbon storage solution
Eel-grass project gives engineering students hands-on learning
Lorraine Chan
In late January, five students from
UBC's Vancouver campus worked
through the night to gather 600 eel
grass plants and more than 200
pounds of mud from the Comox Valley
estuary on Vancouver Island.
Now they're growing the eel grass
in four tanks located in the courtyard
ofthe Chemical and Biological
Engineering building on East Mall as
part of a community service learning
(CSL) partnership that Prof. Royann
Petrell established with the Comox
Valley Project Watershed Society.
"The aim is to measure the carbon
capture and storage of these plants
and sediment under different
environmental conditions," explains
Petrell, who formally introduced CSL
components into her second- and
fourth-year chemical and biological
engineering courses last year.
The UBC data will help the Comox
Valley Project Watershed Society
evaluate carbon storage by estuarine
vegetation systems and to assess the
effects of community based restoration
efforts on eel grass meadows and
how well these plants remove the
greenhouse gas from the atmosphere.
Petrell says field work makes all the
difference for students to understand
the real-life application of theory—in
this case how engineering know-how
will help to protect aquatic and other
biological systems. "The students had
met with the community groups and
were very inspired by their need, their
respect and their desire to protect the
estuary and take on the challenge of
mitigating climate change."
The student response to problem-
based learning has been phenomenal,
says Petrell, who has been invited to
speak on community service learning
and environmental issues at the UN
World Symposium on Sustainable
Development at Universities in Rio de
Janeiro in early June. "In my 20 years of
teaching, I've never seen anything like
it. Students are offering to stay on after
they've finished the course so they can
pass on their knowledge and mentor the
next group."
Heather Kempthorne was one of
the students who donned hip waders
and head lamps, working to the sound
of waves under a dark sky full of stars.
Heather Kempthorne (pictured on the cover with Prof. Royann Petrell) works on the artificial estuary tank.
Kempthorne who will be looking at jobs
in the sustainable energy sector when she
graduates with a degree in chemical and
biological engineering degree this May.
'We're getting to apply fundamental engineering
principles that mirror the complexities of an ecosystem.
"After seeing how the eel grass grows in
the ocean, we're all pretty invested in
this project and want to see it succeed."
Despite the increases to an already
heavy seven-course work load,
Kempthorne says she values the
hands-on learning.
"We're getting to apply fundamental
engineering principles that mirror the
complexities of an ecosystem," says
In the meantime, she is tackling the
"steep learning curve" of getting the right
heater and pump, and understanding
flow rate and storage volume for water
recirculation. The task is to create an
artificial estuary in each ofthe tanks,
which measure about six feet long and
two feet wide. The students must factor in
the variables of temperature, pH, salinity,
tidal action and nutrient concentration.
Paul Horgen, chair ofthe Comox Valley
Project Watershed Society, says the UBC
students' contributions are very welcome.
He explains that past forestry and mining
along with industrial and residential
activities have eroded eel grass habitat
which are vital for salmon, herring, water
fowl, shell fish and other animals.
"This project represents a long-term
effort and has a win-win outcome for
both carbon sequestration and habitat
improvement," says Horgen a former
University ofToronto biology professor.
"Recent reports show that eel grass can
be as much as 90 times as effective as
identical areas of coniferous forest in
removal of C02 from the atmosphere." •
10
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2012
11 Anniversary of Japan disaster
UBC Library exhibit supports
reflection, healing
By Glenn Drexhage
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Print illustrating the tsunami that followed the 7.2 magnitude Meiji Sanriku earthquake of 1896.
Print depicting a 19th-century tsunami hitting the coastal town of Kamaishi, in Iwate Prefecture.
One year after a devastating triple
disaster rocked Japan and shocked the
world, UBC Library is commemorating
the event with a multifaceted
exhibition, providing context, reflection
and healing.
Retell, Rethink, Recover, which began
on February 20 and runs through
April, consists of three phases on
display in different parts ofthe Library
system. Each offers a unique take on
the earthquake, tsunami and ensuing
nuclear crisis that struck Japan last
March.
One goal is to move beyond the
headlines and provide a deeper
consideration ofthe disaster and the
people whose lives it affected.
"In North America, UBC Library is one
ofthe best-equipped places to tell this
story," says Shirin Eshghi, Japanese-
language librarian and exhibition
organizer. "Because we have such a rich
Japanese collection, we can provide
context for this tragedy, and I think we
have a responsibility to bring this to
light. What is the history of this place
and its residents? How has Japan dealt
with and overcome previous disasters?
We have the opportunity in the Library
to fill these gaps."
The Retell section highlights disaster
prints and historical maps produced
during the Edo (1600-1867) and Meiji
(1868-1912) periods. All materials
are from the Library's exceptional
Tokugawa maps collection, housed at
Rare Books and Special Collections
(RBSC).
Rethink includes materials gathered
from members ofthe UBC community
who were in Japan during the disasters,
or otherwise impacted. The Fukushima
Daiichi nuclear plant incident is
discussed, and photos and social media
archives figure prominently.
Recover, meanwhile, features items
from UBC's Asian Library collection,
as well as contributions from
community members and alumni. This
section highlights Japan's history of
recovering from adversity, and includes
information on the support between
Canada and Japan during times of crisis.
"I hope to raise awareness about this
incredible disaster and the damage it
inflicted on Japan," says Asato Ikeda,
who is curating the exhibition along
with Eshghi and Katherine Kalsbeek,
an RBSC librarian. "Also, I think the
nuclear issue is relevant to everybody
who consumes nuclear energy."
Ikeda, a PhD student in UBC's
Department of Art History, Visual
Art and Theory, came to Canada from
Japan seven years ago. Her family
was in her homeland during the 2011
earthquake and tsunami. Her father-in-
law was rescued by a helicopter, and her
mother-in-law escaped a mudslide that
claimed several lives. Ikeda's brother-
in-law, a firefighter, joined the rescue
forces.
On March 10, a free one-day
conference co-sponsored by UBC's
Department of Asian Studies will feature
talks from scholars on Japan, and
personal accounts from UBC students,
faculty and alumni.
Kozue Matsumoto, a Vancouver-based
UBC alum who completed her MA in the
Department of Educational Studies, had
family in Japan during the disaster
(she wasn't able to contact them for a
week), and her Twitter feed archives
from that time will be featured in the
exhibition.
Matsumoto hopes the show will help
people reflect on nature and the way
natural disasters are viewed by different
cultures.
While the 2011 emergency is now past,
many pressing concerns remain, such as
the mental health of survivors.
"How can we as a global community
support and cooperate to take care of
these long-term issues?" she asks.
Matsumoto is involved with the BC
Japan Earthquake Relief Fund
http://bc-jerf.ca, and is helping plan an
anniversary benefit concert to be held at
Burnaby's Nikkei Centre on March 11.
Retell is at Rare Books and Special
Collections, located on level one of
the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre;
While the disaster is in the past,
many pressing concerns remain,
such as the mental health of
survivors.
Rethink is located in the main lobby of
the Learning Centre; and Recover is
at UBC's Asian Library. Ike's Cafe in
the Learning Centre will also feature
portraits of earthquake survivors,
a project sponsored by the Japan
Foundation and Shiseido, the cosmetics
company. •
The one-day conference will be at the
Dodson Room, located on level three of
the Learning Centre.
To register, and for more information
on the exhibition, please visit
http://asian.library.ubc.ca/2012/02/14/
retell-rethink-recover.
UBC Geography Prof. David Edgington is investigating the lessons of Japan's 2011 earthquake.
One year after
Lessons from Japan's earthquake
Nick Lewis
Japan's citizens are still reeling from what UBC Geography
Prof. David Edgington calls "the triple disaster" of March 11,
2011 - the earthquake, tsunami and meltdown at the
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
UBC Reports asked the Japan expert about clean-up efforts
and the likelihood of a similar event in B.C., topics Edgington
and colleagues will explore at a public anniversary event.
Clearing the debris
I went to some ofthe hard-hit coastal areas this past December,
and I was astounded how clean many ofthe beachfront
waterside suburbs are. We saw terrible photos in the days after
the tsunami, with debris everywhere. About six months on, the
local governments and local construction crews have done a
wonderful job in clearing those areas.
In fact, the debris is now sitting in very compact mountains.
Timber, car parts and plastics are all sorted, waiting for somewhere
to go. Only the large cities —Tokyo, Osaka and maybe Nagoya, have
the capacity to absorb that. The puzzle is whether these items can
be recycled. The citizens of Tokyo are saying, 'Well hang on, we've
heard about radiation.' The government has to do a PR job about
massaging people's concerns.
Fukushima radiation concerns
The radiation problem is one of low-level radiation over a large
area. This is a new challenge for the Japanese government.
My belief is there were many systems in place that helped the
government respond to the earthquake and tsunami disaster,
but the Fukushima problem is a new one.
The government is engaged in many testing systems for
the food supply and for materials, including the debris in the
tsunami zone. We'll just have to see how successful those
systems are in the months to come.
Similarities to the 1995 Kobe earthquake
Kobe happened 17 years ago, now. There have been stronger
building codes, better warning systems taking into account
information and media systems—that's quite new in Japan.
I believe all these helped lessen the suffering and the number
of deaths in the March tsunami and earthquake.
Preparing for disaster
If any country can be prepared for an event of this magnitude,
it's Japan. There are four pillar applications in the Japanese
system for emergency preparedness, some of which have
come out of the learning and mistakes of Kobe. One is the very
high-tech early warning systems; second are the strongest
building codes in the world; third would be the disaster drills
that every community takes part in; and fourth, there is
infrastructure spending—maybe five per cent ofthe country's
budget every year goes to flood disaster prevention and putting
storm water defenses along the coast.
Those systems are in place because Japan has a history of
disasters, not only earthquakes and tsunamis, but landslides from
too much rain, flooding, and volcanic explosions from time to time.
Disaster prevention in British Columbia
Many people say that in Vancouver
and the Lower Mainland, we're quite
vulnerable to the Cascadia fault line,
which lies just off the west coast of
Vancouver Island. It's not clear how
exactly that would affect our area in
terms of damage and in terms of a likely
tsunami to the west coast of Vancouver.
We have a very strong emergency
preparedness program in British
Columbia.
One learning point from Japan was
that 100,000 personnel from their
army and other services came to the
disaster area in the first 48 hours. I'd
like to think that British Columbia
could gain that amount of support
from the Canadian armed forces. But
the programs here tend to suggest that
people might be on their own for the
first 72 hours. That means we have to
prepare ourselves in terms of where we
live, for house insurance, for looking out
for our neighbours and our friends, and
preparing packs of food, sanitary items
and battery operated radios to get us
though the first 72 hours, until help can
arrive from outside. •
Watch Edginton's full interview and
RSVP for a March 14-16 workshop on
the disaster and local lessons at
www.iar.ubc.ca.
12
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Sleepless children,
exhausted parents
Researcher examines links between
home and daycare patterns
Lorraine Chan
UBC researcher Wendy Hall has advice
for wrung out parents whose toddlers
won't go to sleep.
Give your child an opportunity to
soothe and settle themselves, offers
Hall, a professor at the School of
Nursing who has been studying
children's sleep patterns and behaviour
problems for the past 10 years.
Unless they're sick or suffer from
allergies, children from as early as six to
seven months old benefit from learning
how to deal with fear, frustration and
other emotions.
"If the parent always steps in, a child
never gets to develop abilities that are
important building blocks for cognition
and developing social relationships,"
says Hall, one of a handful of Canadian
researchers specializing in this field.
Given that 25 per cent of families
are kept awake by toddlers who
won't go down and stay down, she
says it's important for parents and
daycare providers to look at the entire
24-hour cycle of a child who is having
behavioural sleep problems.
In a recent study with 58 children
aged one to three-years who attended
daycare, Hall looked at the correlations
between their sleep patterns and
behaviour at home and at daycare.
Findings showed that children who
were happier following naps had less
reported night settling difficulties. But
children with difficulty settling for naps
at daycare had more home reports of
behavioural problems.
"There were clear cross-over effects,"
notes Hall, whose findings will appear
in a forthcoming issue ofthe Journal of
Childcare and Development.
"There haven't been any previous
studies on toddlers and sleep in both
the home and daycare setting. Our
results suggest that parents and
daycare providers would benefit from
opportunities to discuss sleep and
settling requirements for children in
this age group."
She adds that educational policies
covering pre-school settings should also
pay attention to toddlers' sleep.
Daytime sleep is vital for young
children's health, explains Hall. "Most
children until the ages of three to four
still benefit from an afternoon nap."
For those children accustomed to
being cuddled and rocked until they
fall asleep at home, daycare presents
challenges. "Ifyou have three workers
and 15 children, it's simply not possible
to provide that individual attention."
What often happens in the home, says
Hall, is that a child's sleep patterns—
however disruptive—dictate the family's
norms. Some parents tell her, for
example, that they haven't gone out in
two years since they're the only ones
who can settle their child.
"When I get a call from a frantic
mother and she's tired and depressed,
that's when I can say, this is totally
solvable." •
7 tips for getting
children to sleep
UBC School of Nursing Prof. Wendy Hall
provides these helpful guidelines:
1. Have a regular bedtime.
2. Have a regular and familiar routine for
settling the child before bedtime and naps.
3. Make stories a part of bedtime.
4. Have children fall asleep in their own
beds rather than on the sofa or in their
parents' bed. Hall explains, "When
children fall asleep outside of their beds
and then partially wake up during the
night, they can get startled and wake up
fully because they find themselves in a
different place."
5. Don't give up naps too early.
Although it varies from child to child, most
two- to four-year-olds need an estimated
12-13 hours of sleep each day.
6. Avoid caffeine (chocolate bars,
chocolate milk, soft drinks) before
bedtime.
7. Avoid screen time since videos and
computers tend to stimulate rather than
calm.
outtakes
Tennis madness sweeps UBC
Kavie Toor
Canadian tennis star Milos Raonic plays at UBC's Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports
Centre during the Davis Cup.
France and Canada's top tennis stars battled it out at the Doug Mitchell
Thunderbird Sports Centre in February as UBC hosted the Davis Cup.
This was the first time in 20 years that the Davis Cup was held in Vancouver.
Before the tennis stars took Point Grey by storm, Kavie Toor—UBC's point man for
hosting this international sporting event—shared his excitement with UBC Reports
As our preparation ofthe Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre reaches fever
pitch, I realize that regardless ofthe outcome, this event is going to make history.
The tickets sold out in record time, and at over 16,000 spectators, this Davis Cup is
the biggest to date in Canada.
I've been a tennis fan my whole life. I remember watching the last Davis Cup in
Vancouver 20 years ago and being beside myself when Canadian Daniel Nestor upset
No. 1 ranked Stefan Edberg of Sweden. Now we have a new generation of tennis stars
emerging from Canada to bring back the Davis Cup excitement. I was lucky enough
to take Milos Raonic and Vasik Pospisil, Canada's top two players, on a tour;
our campus and athletic facilities blew them away.
In early October, we began discussions with Tennis Canada to bring the Davis Cup
to UBC. We were not only competing with other cities but also with other venues in
Vancouver.
If
This is really an exciting part of the
Olympic legacy and it reminds me
of the 2010 Winter Games."
The secret? We think our location, the intimate mid-size venue, our mix of
students and local residents, the brand new tennis facility, and a strong working
relationship with Tennis Canada were all part of it.
This is really an exciting part ofthe Olympic legacy and it reminds me ofthe
2010 Winter Games. Both have a big international profile, both can make an impact
on sports at the grassroots level, and both require a massive effort to organize.
It will take more than 500 people to pull off a great Davis Cup: event staff, local
and international media, security, coaches, trainers, and many others.
As for the facility, we've had to construct two bleacher units to fit in 500
additional seats, remove the ice, install a tennis court, large video boards and
hawk -eye cameras and build a broadcast compound and a media press room.
That's what it takes to create the optimal environment for world-class tennis. •
14
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2012
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