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UBC Reports Mar 7, 1991

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 *■: i, . t^^^pw^p1
New chair seeks pollution solutions
By GAVIN WILSON
Reducing pollution from
pulp and saw mills in the
forest industry is the goal
of a new industrial chair
based in the faculties of Applied Science and Science.
The research is expected to have
immediate applications in pollution
control in the forest products industry,
said William Oldham, head of the
Department of Civil Engineering.
The chair — the Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council
Industrial Chair in Forest Products
Waste Management — will receive
S2.6 million over five years.
The funding allows for a senior
chair, two junior faculty positions, research associates, technicians, graduate students, support staff and new
equipment. Oldham said he expected
the three academic positions to be filled
by September.
Specific research undertaken
through the chair could include ways
of improving pulp bleaching and reducing the use of chlorine, which could
lead to reduced dioxins in mill effluent.
Another research aim is to seek a
better understanding about how currently available end-of-pipe wastewater treatment processes can be used to
meet changing effluent requirements.
Other areas of research will include
in-house process changes to reduce the
production of known pollutants, treat
ment and cleanup procedures, the development of bacteria cultures that degrade specific impurities and the safe
disposal of liquid and solid wastes.
The senior chair will be based in
the Environmental Engineering Group
within Civil Engineering. The group
has become one ofthe largest and most
Photo bv Chartc Ker
Spring...(?)
Forgotten were record snowfalls that shut the campus down a few short weeks ago, as students and staff
basked in unseasonably mild February weather last week. Alas, it was but a brief respite!
complete research programs in waste
management in Canada since its founding 23 years ago.
One of the junior chairs will be
based in Chemical Engineering, a department that has a long-standing relationship with the pulp and paper industry.
The other junior chair will be in
Microbiology, where there is an established interest in applying bacteriology to waste treatment problems.
The microbiologist will use genetic
engineering to study enzyme systems
that can safely and cost-effectively
remove toxic wastes. The aim is to
develop micro-organisms that can
degrade toxic compounds generated
during the pulping process, and those
used lis wood preservatives, including
PCP and others, which risk contaminating the environment with heavy
metals and arsenic.
External funding for the chair
will be provided by NSERC, the
Council of Forest Industries, the provincial Ministry of Environment and
the Science Council of B.C. UBC will
fund renovations to lab facilities.
Other cooperating agencies are the
Wastewater Technology Centre, Environment Canada and PAPRICAN, the
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of
Canada.
Profession under
scrutiny in study
By CONNIE FILLETTI
A team of UBC researchers
vestigating the feasibility,
reliability and validity of a
quality assurance system
for practicing pharmacists
in B.C.
The three-year study is
a joint venture of UBC's
Faculty of Pharmaceutical
Sciences and the College
of Pharmacists of British
Columbia.
"Continuing competence is emerging as one of
the more important issues facing
Inside
PROGRAMGOES DOWN UNDER: A program developed
by Computing Services has
been sold to a large Australian company. Page 2
STUDY GOES UP NORTH: A
UBC professor studies hearing problems among northern Native children. Page 6
STUDENTS GO DOWN BELOW: Engineering students
compete in human powered
submarine contest. Page 8
professionals," said David Fielding,
principal investigator of the study.
He indicated that a
survey of the literature
suggests that there is. at
present, a declining confidence  in the  knowledge and competence of
professionals."The
medical mystique is fading as consumers  become more sophisticated
in their knowledge and
expectations of health
professionals. There are
health        growing numbers of malpractice suits
and increasing public concern about
the quality of services."
He added that estimates of the
number of licensed health professionals who may be unfit to practice are
Fielding
EUS holds forum on
affirmative action
By GAVIN WILSON
Native Indian culture and
traditions must be respected at UBC if First Nations students are to feel
welcome, a recent forum on affirmative action was told.
"University can be a foreign, hostile place for native students," said
Verna Kirkness, director of UBC's
First Nations House of Learning.
Kirkness was speaking at the second of four public debates organized
by the Engineering Undergraduate
Society on rights and freedoms at
the university.
The forum was organized as part of
disciplinary action taken by UBC after
an engineering student newsletter published last March was found to be derogatory to First Nations people,
women and gays.
About 70 people, mostly engineering students, attended the affirmative
action session, held Feb. 15 at the Student Union Building auditorium.
Kirkness said the university must
respect the cultural integrity of and
increase access for native students, and
seek to reduce cultural distances. As
part of that process, she said, the university should recognize oral traditions as well as literate knowledge.
"People who arrive on campus
are expected to socialize into the
culture of the university at the expense of the culture that they bring
with them." she said. "This is a real
problem for First Nations students."
Native people are significantly
under-represented in the student
population, despite the "urgent need"
for more native doctors, teachers,
lawyers and engineers, she said.
See RACISM on Page 3
Highest number in Canada
placed conservatively at five to 10 per
cent, and that incompetence is felt to
be a contributor to sub-standard per-
formance.
UBC researchers win fellowships
As a result, there is increasing pressure on licensing bodies to implement
a system of assuring that the individuals they license maintain a minimal
level of competence. Fielding said.
He explained that the overall objective of the project is to determine the
possibity of developing instruments
and procedures capable of measuring
the ongoing competence of all licensed
pharmacists in the province.
"We have had a tremendous amount
See OVER on Pace 2
By GAVIN WILSON
UBC has topped the nation in the
first-ever competition for a new international post-doctoral fellowship program.
The university was awarded 10
International Fellowships by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research
Council — more than any other university in Canada.
A total of 83 fellows from 25 countries were awarded from the 787 applications received by Canadian univer
sities. Fellows took up their awards
between Oct. 1, 1990 and Jan. 15.1991.
Candidates must be foreign nationals who hold a doctoral degree in science or engineering from a recognized
university abroad.
International Fellowships aim to
create and reinforce links between
Canadian and foreign research establishments, enhance Canada's international reputation in research, strengthen
the research environment in Canada
universities and give young scientists
and engineers from abroad opportunities to advance their research training.
The University of Toronto was
awarded eight fellowships. Alberta and
McGill won six. Guelph claimed five.
Queen's and Waterloo won four, and
Saskatchewan. McMaster, Montreal,
Dalhousie and Simon Fraser were each
awarded three.
Some of the fellowships were declined, including two at UBC. as several candidates took other positions at
institutions outside Canada. 2    UBCREPORTS Mar.7.1991
Graduate Studies high
priority for university
By ABE HEFTER
If John Grace had long sleeves
on his shirt, there's little doubt
they'd be rolled up.
On this mild spring-like day,
the new dean of Graduate
Studies sat in his office in
a short-sleeved shirt, discussing his future plans.
It wouldn't be difficult to
envision Grace rolling up
his shirt sleeves in anticipation ofthe task at hand.
"UBC sees itself as a
very research-intensive
university," said Grace.
"It sees its role as one that
will have the greatest
impact in terms of advanced training. Certainly
there are more and more
people in need of continuing education if we're
going to compete as a province and as
a country. We have to have people
with suitable education and training
who can contribute—and that's where
this faculty can play a role."
Grace said UBC has declared its
graduate programs a major priority in
the development of the university. He
believes there are real opportunities
for the faculty to be involved in new
programs and new activities.
"We also have a role to play in
encouraging new initiatives," he said.
"For example, there are a large number of new programs going through
this year, such as a PhD in nursing, a
new clinical doctorate in pharmaceutical sciences and a masters program in
landscape architecture."
Grace points out that Graduate Studies is unique in that it cuts across all
areas of the campus. And that spells
diversity.
"It certainly is a challenge,"" said
Grace. "One moment I'm dealing with
fine arts, the next moment with forestry or nursing. It's immensely challenging, dealing with a wide range of
people and subject areas."
One of the greatest challenges that
UBC thieves
foiled again!
Operation Wallet, a program aimed
at addressing the wallet theft problem
at UBC, has been a success.
"It was our goal to decrease the
number of wallets stolen on campus
by at least 10 per cent from the previous year," said RCMP Constable
Bernie Smandych of the university
detachment.
"We ended 1990 with a 17-per-cent
decrease, thanks to the cooperation and
support received from the campus
community."
Operation Wallet was a special
program of Campus Safety Awareness
Month organized by the RCMP last
September.
Smandych said a significant rise in
the number of wallet thefts on campus,
including purses and backpacks,
prompted the need for the awareness
campaign. In 1989, 270 wallets were
stolen compared to 178 wallet thefts in
1988. The final tally for 1990 was 224
wallets stolen.
The next Campus Safety Awareness Month is scheduled for September, 1991. It will focus on traffic safety.
Grace faces is finding room for all
those graduate students, especially
since the university several years ago
decided to increase the number of
graduate students to about 6,000. The
Photo by Media Services
John Grace, dean of Graduate Studies
current number stands at just over
4,800.
"One of my real concerns is the
question of space," said Grace. "Space
is a terrible problem for many departments and certainly for graduate students as a group. Then there's the
whole question of housing and the
financial needs of graduate students."
Grace is also concerned about the
need for the university to attract the
best graduate students.
"To do that, we have to have competitive scholarships. We also have to
have good amenities and an excellent
overall climate to keep UBC competitive."
One initiative that is currently un
der way at UBC is Green College,
which Grace said presents a significant opportunity to the university at a
time when it is striving to increase its
emphasis on graduate students and on
research.
"Green College will
help to attract the most
able graduate students
from around the world.
The selection procedures
will assure academic
quality and commitment
to a spirit of community
life."
Grace said the Green
College academic plan
has been finalized and
has now been submitted
for Senate approval.
Construction could begin
early next year.
Grace was a faculty
member at McGill University from
1968 to 1979. He was named head of
the UBC Chemical Engineering Department in 1979, a position he held
until 1987 when he took a break from
administrative duties to devote his full
attention to teaching.and research. He
took up his six-year appointment as
dean on July 1, 1990. Although his
teaching has been interrupted, he intends to continue his research as much
as possible.
"I think its essential, especially in
the graduate faculty, where you're
having to make decisions on PhD
theses and on other academic matters.
You have to have somebody with
credibility as a scholar making those
decisions."
Over 500 pharmacists
participate in study
Continued from Page 1
of volunteer participation by the phar-
macists of B.C. in this program. To
date, over 500 pharmacists have assisted in the development of various
aspects of it. We hope to develop a
system of assessment to help identify
potential or real weaknesses, and address them before they become a serious problem."
There are approximately 2,400
pharmacists licensed with the College
of Pharmacists of British Columbia.
Fielding said any
assessment of competence should reflect several widely accepted
principles such as clearly
stating the competence —
areas to be considered and measuring
of ability against defined standards.
He added that the assessment system should also reflect actual practice
and, prior to adoption, be studied for
relationships to other measures of quality care.
"The focus should be on the ability
to provide care," Fielding said. "Our
goal is to encourage individuals to
pursue educational activities which will
maintain competence. The evaluation
system and continuing education
should work in conjunction with one
another."
During the first two years of the
project, Fielding and his research associates have been developing and validating a blueprint for the test instni-
"The focus should
be on the ability to
provide care."
ments, preparing and pre-testing questions to be included in a test of applied
knowledge and developing and testing
a peer review procedure. The team is
exploring Ihe ability of these instruments and procedures to produce reliable and valid results.
The third year of the project will
include a random sample of 300 B.C.
pharmacists completing the test of
applied knowledge. A sub-set of 100
pharmacists from this sample will be
chosen to participate in
a peer review of their
practice skills.
The ability of the
knowledge test to pre-
■"""""■■■""" diet practice performance will also be assessed. In addition,
the ability of various demographic
and practice characteristics to predict
performance on the knowledge test
and the peer reviews will be investigated.
The interdisciplinary team of researchers guiding the project with
Fielding an; Gordon Page, Faculty of
Medicine; Dr. Michael Shulzer, Department of Statistics and the Faculty
of Medicine; Todd Rogers, formerly
of UBC's Faculty of Education and
now at the University of Alberta; and
Carol O'Byrne from the College of
Pharmacists of British Columbia.
Funding for the study is being provided by title B.C. Health Research
Foundation.
Courtesy Steve Cockcroft
Example of graphic image produced by UBC-developed software.
Computing Services
software sale a first
By GAVIN WILSON
One of Australia's largest mining
corporations has bought a computer
software package developed by University Computing Services.
The sale of the package is a first for
Computing Services, a campus unit that
assists faculty, staff and students with
their computing needs.
The software, called DataView, is
an interactive, three-dimensional visualization tool that allows researchers
to use computer graphics to interpret
the results of their work and get a better grasp of vast quantities of data.
"It's the old idea of a picture being
worth a thousand words," said Helen
Salter, a consultant hired to write an
instruction manual and make the program more user-friendly.
"DataView doesn't just produce
graphics for use as presentations, it
allows you to play with the data as you
go"
Using the program, researchers can
create and manipulate three dimensional images and animate them
through time. This makes it easier to
find trends and get a qualitative appreciation of massive amounts of data that
might otherwise take up tens of thousands of printed pages, Salter said.
The software was first developed
as a tool for researcher Steve Cockcroft, a doctoral student in the Centre
for Metallurgical Process Engineering.
Cockcroft's thesis dealt with problems faced by industry in casting ceramic bricks that are used to line glass
furnaces. He was modeling thermal
stresses that arise in the bricks as they
cool. Up to 50 per cent of the bricks
can form cracks due to differential
cooling.
The sheer volume of information
generated by the program — about 50
megabytes, or 50 million separate
pieces of information — created severe handling problems.
"It took 10 days to run it on the
computer," said Salter.
John Hogg, a senior technical specialist with Computing Services,
worked with Cockcroft to develop a
program that could display many variables at once. The software allowed
the display of four blocks of information side by side, showing temperature
plus stress in three directions.
Using the new software, Cockcroft
was able to give a physical explanation
of why the cracking occurred and recommend another method of manufacture.
Now you can have colour laser
photo-copies just like your
original.
Or,
Not like the original at all.
*""""'■             ■* - - •*
Our Canon Laser Copier makes%an accurate copy from your artwork,
reports, maps, drawings, photographs or slides in just a few short moments. It scans digitally. Print§ by Laser. The colours are rich and
vibrant, the image is crisp, sha/p and very true to the original. Be
prepared to be amazed	
Or, re-size it, crop it, lighten it, make the red just a little more orange,
improve the contrast or ask for a multi-page print-out. With its full range
of functions there is so much this copier can do. You will be surprised
at just how affordable it is to have your own custom made colour copies.
Please call for more information.
UBC Media Services Photography 822-4775 UBC REPORTS Mar. 7.1991
Library forced to reduce
purchases as costs
By ABE HEFTER
The proliferation of research publications and staggering increases in the cost of academic journals are threatening the scholarly communication system.
"UBC Library, like all major research libraries today, is not able to
keep up with the unending avalanche
of publications," said Brenda Peterson, information and orientation librarian. "What has turned this situation
into a crisis is the escalating cost of
serials."
Peterson said the causes and implications of this crisis, as well as the
solutions, go far beyond the library
and its budget. The university plans to
tackle those concerns at a public symposium at 1 p.m., March 14, in the
Henry Angus Building. Sponsonsd
by Dan Birch, vice president, academic, and UBC Librarian Ruth Patrick, the symposium will bring together faculty, librarians and university administrators to discuss possible
solutions.
Members of the panel include Dr.
Martin Hollenberg, dean of medicine,
Peter Lusztig, dean of commerce and
business administration, Robert Kubicek, associate dean of arts, and David
Measday, associate dean of science.
The keynote address will be delivered by Ann Okerson, director of the
office of scientific and academic publishing, Association of Research Libraries, in Washington, D.C.
Peterson said not only are research
libraries unable to keep abreast of
scholarly publications, they're losing
ground.
"University library budgets, despite
increases, are able to purchase fewer
and fewer publications, resulting in less
comprehensive research collections."
Peterson said the main reason for
the decrease in buying power is the
tremendous rise in the cost of serials,
especially technical, medical and sci
entific journals published abroad.
"Over the last 15 years, average
serials prices have been going up at
twice the consumer price index. The
price of foreign publications has been
going up much faster."
Since 1976, the UBC library has
cut over 2,800 serial subscriptions.
Despite these cuts, the library now
spends between 60 to 65 per cent of
the $6 million collections budget on
serials, compared to 32 per cent, 20
years ago.
UBC library is not alone in cancelling subscriptions. Other major North
American research libraries are embarking on massive cancellation projects. The University of California,
Berkeley, recently cut $400,000 U.S
from its serials budget. And the University of Toronto cancelled more than
1,500 seriail subscriptions in the last
few years.
Here are some examples of price
increases over the last seven years: The
Journal of Comparative Neurology
now goes for more than $5,000, compared to just over $ 1,500 in 1984. And
Brain Research will set you back a
staggering $7,858. Seven years ago it
cost just under $3,500.
"With new computer technology,
there is some optimism for finding a
partial solution to this crisis," said Peterson. "However, as long as commercial publishers maintain copyright
control, the costs of using technology
for the dissemination of published research could be even higher for universities. The system of scholarly
communication must be reformed and
this will require the leadership of the
faculty and the university administration."
UBC Reports Advertising/Insert Policy
The following outlines the advertising and inserts policy for UBC Reports, effective April 1, 1991. For further information, please call the
UBC Community Relations Office at 822-3131.
Classified:
Faculty, Staff and Students — $12 for 7 lines/issue. $.75 for each additional word.
Off-Campus — $14 for 7 lines/issue. $.80 for each additional word.
The deadline for classified ads is 4 p.m. Monday, one week prior to any
edition of UBC Reports. All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by
cheque or by internal requisition.
Display Ads:
$14 per column inch (discount for more than one insertion, paid in advance). The deadline for display ads is 4 p.m. Tuesday, one week prior
to any edition of UBC Reports.
UBC Reports is published twice monthly. It has an on-campus circulation of 8,000 and is circulated to 25,000 homes on Vancouver's west
side through the Courier.
Inserts:
The Community Relations Office must be notified at least 14 days in
advance of publication date to reserve insert space in UBC Reports.
Edited and layout-ready copy must be submitted to the UBC Reports
editor, on Microsoft Word or Pagemaker disk, no later than nine days
prior to publishing date. Any graphics or photographic material must
accompany insert copy.
Insert Rate: $750 per page.
Racism stems from
ignorance, forum told
Continued from Page 1
More native Indian professors and
courses on native peoples would help
alleviate the problem, she said.
"We need a reciprocal relationship,"
said Kirkness. "Racism stems from
ignorance. When you get to know
people from other cultures, these problems diminish."
Other panel members were Dr.
William Webber, associate vice-president, academic, Registrar Richard
Spencer and Judith Myers, associate
dean for the promotion of women in
the Faculty of Science.
Panel members discussed hiring and
admission practices, methods of increasing the number of women in science and engineering, the fairness to
non-English speakers of language re
quirements for university admission,
and other issues.
On Jan. 31, about 100 people attended the first session in the forum
series, which focussed on discrimination. A third session, which looks at
freedom of expression, was slated for
Feb. 28. Scheduled to appear were
columnist Stephen Hume, education
reporter Frances Bula and art critic Ann
Rosenburg, all of the Vancouver Sun,
and Mark Keister of the Alma Mater
Society council.
The final session, on the topic of
discipline on campus, will be held
March 14 with EUS newsletter editor
Martin Sikes, Linda Shout ofthe AMS
Women's Committee and UBC President David Strangway.
UBC not just for the young
By RON BURKE
Comedian Groucho Marx said:
"Youth is such a wonderful thing
— too bad it's wasted on the
young," or words to that effect.
A similar opinion might be offered regarding education, but at
UBC nothing could be further from
the truth. As Groucho's agent
might have said, adult education
is doing boffo box office on campus.
About 85,000 people each year
— more than double the annual
academic enrolment — come to
UBC for non-credit, non-degree
programs (otherwise known as
adult or continuing education).
That's the equivalent of every
man, woman and child in the municipality of Delta taking a course.
Why are all these people coming to UBC?
Mary Holmes, director of marketing services for UBC's Centre
for Continuing Education (CCE),
says people typically take courses
to upgrade professional skills or
simply for the enjoyment of learning. Upgrading might involve
courses in computer skills, studio
arts (demand for courses in film
making has paralleled the film and
television boom in B.C.,) and communication skills (everything from
memo writing to — gulp! — public
speaking).
Popular general-interest courses
include languages and almost anything to do with the
environment,  from  forest
ecology to owl-calling.
"One of our real strengths
is that we draw on the many
different academic disciplines at UBC," said Holmes.
"A good example is a
popular new course called
The Compleat Naturalist,"
she explained. 'The instructors come from the areas of
forest sciences, geological
sciences, geophysics - and
astronomy, oceanography and zoology. That's what I'd call multi-
disciplinary."
"The public looks to
UBC for credible access to information"
The six-part course offers the
basics for a broad-based understanding of the environment.
"A course like this lets us break
through the artificial boundaries
between areas of knowledge,"
said David Vogt, CCE's science
program director. "For example,
I'm trained as an astronomer, but
ROUND
&
BOUT
if a participant asks me a question about a flower or a bird, I
want to be able to give an answer."
Courses on the environment are
a strong growth area for CCE.
"Everyone's concerned about
the environment, but a lot of people
don't know how to interact knowl-
edgeably," said Vogt. 'The public
looks to UBC for credible access to
this information."
Eventually, Vogt hopes to ex
pand the courses with an environmental focus into a 16-part, certificate program.
Another CCE success story is
the Summer Program for Retired
People. Last year more than 500
people, from as far away
as Calgary, registered for
one or more of the various
week-long courses offered.
The program gives these
non-traditional students a
taste (or another taste) of
student life — right down to
living in residence, if desired. (Presumably water
fights are optional.)
Program director Marcie
Powell thinks many of the
55-and-older participants
enjoy the ambience of the program.
"Older adults are a
wonderful group with
lots of energy."
"It's an opportunity to learn with
friends and have the stimulation of
the university environment," she
said.
Continuing education instructors
typically find older students an
enthusiastic bunch.
'The participants are very appreciative of the courses, they've
had lots of experiences and they
like to offer opinions," said Powell. 'They're a wonderful group
with lots of energy."
UBC staff members make up
another group of loyal CCE participants. Computer courses in
particular are popular with staff
members, who can use their tuition benefits to waive course fees.
The Centre for Continuing
Education is not the only UBC
unit offering adult education
courses. Many faculties and professional schools, from Agricultural Sciences to the School of
Social Work, offer their own continuing education programs.
CCE, along with a number of
other campus units, is featured
in a colorful storefront display at
City Square Mall (12th and Cambie). The display is entitled UBC:
More Than Meets the Eye and
focuses on publicly accessible
programs and facilities at the
university. 4    UBC REPORTS Mar. 7.1991
March 10-
March 23
MONDAY, MAR. 11   j
Paediatrics Research Seminar
Research Project Presentations By Paediatric Fellows And Residents. Speaker
to be announced. University Hospital
Shaughnessy Site 0308. Call Dr. Josef
Skala at 875-2492.
UBC String Chamber Ensembles
Free admission. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Call 228-3113.
Mechanical Engineering Seminars
Experimental Investigation Of The Tolerant Wind Tunnel For Unsteady Airfoil
Motion Testing. Lingzhe Kong, M.A.Sc.
student, Mechanical Engineering, UBC;
C.A.D. Assisted Milling Process Monitoring And Control, Alan Sf>ence, Ph.D. candidate, Mechanical Engineering, UBC.
ChemEngineering 1202 from 3:30-
4:30pm. Call 228-6200.
Biochemistry Seminar
Chromatin Structure OF The Tanscrip-
tionally Active Histone H5 Gene. Dr.
James R. Davie, Biochemistry, U. of
Manitoba. IRC #4 at 3:45pm. Call 228-
6279.
Astronomy Seminar
Properties Of Supernova Remnants In
M33. Dr. Neb Duric, U. of New Mexico.
Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee from 3:30pm. Call H. Richer at 228-
4134/2267.
TUESDAY, MAR. 12  j
Medical Genetics Seminar
Detecting Oncongene Activation In Neoplasia: Cytogenetics, Southern Blotting
And PCR. Dr. Doug Horsman, Cytogen-
etics/DNA Diagnostics Laboratory, BC
Cancer Agency. IRC #1 at 8:30am. Coffee from 8:15am. Call 228-5311.
Financial Planning Noon-Hour
Series
The Importance Of Overall
Retirement Income Planning (RRSP'S, Annuities,
RRIF'S). Jim Rogers, The
James E. Rogers Group
Ltd. Henry Angus 104 from
12:30-1:20pm. Registration not required.
Call 222-5270.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Time Resolved Measurements Of CA2+
And Secretion In Single Rat Melanotro-
phs. Dr. Paul Thomas, Physiology/Biophysics, U. of Washington. University
Hospital, UBC Site at 4pm. Call 228-
2330.
UBC Reports is the faculty and
staff newspaper of the University
of British Columbia. It is pub-
tijshed every second Thursday by
the UBC Community Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver, B.C., V6T1W5.
Telephone 822-313L
Advertising inquiries: 822-4775.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Ass't Editor: Paula Martin
Contributors: Ron Burke, Connie
Filletti, AbeHefter, Charles Ker,
and Gavin Wilson.
^fc     Please
'Cbw    recycle
CALENDAR DEADLINES
For events in the period Mar. 24 to Apr. 6, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms no later
than noon on Tuesday, Mar. 12 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Old Administration Building.
For more information call 822-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports wil be published Mar. 21. Notices exceeding 35 words
may be edited.
Botany Seminar
L:D Cycles Vs. Continuous Light In Two
Species Coccolithophorids. L. Lynne
Price, M.Sc. Candidate, Botany, UBC.
BioSciences 2000 at 12:30pm. Call 228-
2133.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
New Dimensions In Chemical Measurement/Characterization. Dr. Gary Hieftje,
Chemistry, U. of Indiana, Bloomington,
IN. Chemistry B250 at 1pm. Call 228-
3266
Interfaith Symposium
Tradition And Modernity: Is
The Conflict Reconcilable?
Rabbi Mordecai Feuer-
stein. St. Mark's College
from 8:30-9pm. Call 224-
3311.
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 13j
Biomedical Research Seminar
Neutrophil Activation By NAP-1/IL-8 And
Other Chemotactic Cytokines. Dr. Marco
Baggiolini, Theodor-Kocher Institute, U.
of Bern, Switzerland, Biomedical Research Centre Seminar Room at 12:30pm.
Call 822-7810.
Microbiology Seminar Series
The Pro-Thr Box Of Endoglucanase A
(CenA) Of Cellulomonas Fimi: A Dispensable Linker Between Domains. Hua
Shen, Microbiology, UBC. Wesbrook 201
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-6648.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Peter Hannan, recorder; Jacqueline
Retzlaff, harpsichord/synthesizer. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Admission: $2
at-the-door. Call 228-3113.
Forestry Seminar
Wood Adhesives In The 1990's. The Glue
Holding The Forest Products Industry
Together? Dr. Simon Ellis, Harvesting/
Wood Science, Forestry, UBC. MacMillan 166 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-
2507.
Geography Colloquium
Doubling Salmon Production In The Fraser
River: Is this Sustainable Development?
Dr. Michael Healey, Director, Westwater
Research Centre, UBC. Geography 201
at 3:30pm. Call 228-3268.
Physiology/Zoology Seminar
Permissive And Restrictive Periods For
Spinal Cord Regeneration In The Embryonic Chick. Dr. John Steeves, Zoology,
UBC. IRC #3 at 3:30pm. Call 228-4224.
Biotechnology Seminar
Fluid-Mechanical Effects
On Animal Cells In Bioreac-
tors. Dr. E. Terry Pa-
poutsakis. Chemical Engineering, Northwestern U.,
Evanston, IL. IRC #5 at
4pm. Call Dr. J. Piret 228-5835.
Resource Ecology Seminar
Food, Competition, Predation And The
Distribution Of Sparrows. Dick Repasky,
UBC. BioSciences 2449 at 4:30pm. Call
228-4329.
Christianity/World Conflict Discussion
Religious Complexities Behind The Gulf
War. Dr. Hanna Kassis, Professor, Religious Studies. Buchanan D306 at 4:30pm.
Call 224-1410/3722.
Economics Departmental Semi-
y f nar
H|^^^    An Exact Unbiased Esti-
M&^Y    mator of  A   First-Order
^jj^V    Autoregressive Unit Root
^^mm^m    Model. Don Andrews, Yale
U./Cowles     Foundation.
Host:   Professor James Nason.   Brock
Hall 351 from 4-5:30pm. Call 228-2876.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Time-Dependent Nucleation; Application
Of WKB Methods. Dr. Bernard Shizgal,
Chemistry, UBC. Mathematics 229 at
3:45pm. Call 228-4584.
Physics Colloquium
High Accuracy Measurements On Cold
Neutrons. Geoffrey Green, National Institute Of Standards And Technology, Gaith-
ersburg, MD. Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call
228-3853.
Pharmacology Seminar
Diabetes-Induced Changes In Cholinergic And Adrenergic Nerve Terminals. Dr.
Neil Hartman, Pharmaceutical Sciences,
UBC. IRC #1 from 11:30am-12:30pm.
Call 228-2575.
Collegium Musicum
John Sawyer, director.
Admission free. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Call 228-3113.
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Research Seminar
Ovulation Failure. Dr. Basil Ho Yuen,
Professor, Obstetrics/Gynaecology, UBC.
Grace Hospital 2N35 from 1:30-2:30pm.
Call 875-2334.
Zoology Lecture
Semiochemicals: The Essence Of Integrated Management Of The Mountain Pine
Beetle. Professor John H. Borden, Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser U. BioSciences 2000 at 4:30pm. Call 228-3168.
Distinguished Artists Series
Douglas Finch, piano. Music Recital Hall
at 8pm. Prelude lecture 7:15pm. Admission: Students/Seniors $7. Others $12.
Call 228-3113.
First Annual Symposium On
Library Issues
Scholarly Communication Systems In
Jeopardy? Ann Okerson, Director, Office
of Scientific/Academic Publishing, Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Panel: Dr. M.J. Hollenberg,
Dean, Medicine; Dr. R.V. Kubicek, Associate Dean, Arts; Dr. P.A. Lusztig, Dean,
Commerce; Dr. D.F. Measday, Associate
Dean, Science; Dr. R.J. Patrick, U. Librarian; Dr. J.L. Wisenthal, English. Henry
Angus 110 from 1 -2:30pm. Call 228-2076.
FRIDAY, MAR. 15
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Basic Fibroblast Growth
Factor Induces Retinal
Regeneration In Vivo. Dr.
Martin J. Hollenberg, Dean,
Medicine, UBC. University
Hospital, Shaughnessy
Site D308 at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Economics Departmental Seminar
Manipulating Futures Markets By Corner
And Squeeze. R. Glenn Donaldson, Princeton U. Host: Professor W. Craig Riddell. Brock Hall 351 from 4-5:30pm. Call
228-2876.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
A Perspective On Solar Hydrogen And Its
Utilization In Saudi Arabia. Dr. A. Zahed,
Chemical Engineering, UBC. ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm. Call 228-3238.
Asian Centre Indonesia Day
i^mmh  Presentation On Bali (The
~7h£g        Last Paradise), Indonesian
V^JHj_       Film And Food, Gamelan
yfltvC     Music Performance And
1^^^    Exhibition    Of    Wayang
^mmmmmm  Puppets. Asian Centre Auditorium from 12:30-10pm. Call 228-3814.
Biochemistry Seminar
Biological Consequences Of Alteration Of
The Physical Properties Of Membranes.
Dr. Myer Bloom, Physics, UBC. IRC #4 at
2:30pm. Call 228-5925.
Fisheries/Aquatic Science Seminar
Distributions Of Water Properties, Fish/
Fishermen Off SW Vancouver Island.
Mike Healey, UBC. Biosciences 2361 at
3:30pm. Call 228-4329.
Collegium Musicum
John Sawyer, director. Admission free.
Music Recital Hall at 8pm. Call 228-3113.
Leon/Thea Koerner Lecture
The Spiritual Aspects Of
Islam. Professor Dr. An-
nemarie Schimmel, Harvard U./U. of Bonn, Near
East Languages/Civilization. Only female recipient
of the King Faisal Gold Medal in Islamic
Studies. Buchanan A202 at 12:30pm.
Call 228-6523.
Faculty Development Program
The Art Of Teaching Science Brown-Bag
Seminar. How to create an exciting and
positive learning climate in science. Walter Boldt, Education. Hebb 12 from 12:30-
1:20pm. Call 222-5243.
i SATURDAY, MAR. 16 |
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Sexual Assault: Issues
Which Won't go Away.
Christine Boyle, Visitor,
Law, UBC. IRC #2 at
8:15pm. Call 228-5675.
UBC Doctoral Recital
Brandon Konoval, piano. Admission free.
Music Recital Hall at 8pm. Call 228-3113.
Children's Story Hour at MOA
Ananse Stories. The Spider Man Stories
told by Mary Love May. Children under 6
must be accompanied by an adult. Free
with Museum admission. Gallery 9 at
11am. Call 228-5087.
MONDAY, MAR. 18   \
Economics Departmental Seminar
Stock Prices And Volume. George
Tauchen, Duke U. Host: Professor Harry
J. Paarsch. Brock Hall 351 from4-5:30pm.
Call 228-2876.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Positive Solutions Of A Nonlinear Elliptic
Equation. Dr. W.R. Derrick, Mathematics,
U. of Montana, Missoula, MT. Mathematics 229 at 3:34pm. Call 228-4584.
UBC Chamber Wind Ensembles
Admission free. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 228-3113.
Biotechnology Lab Seminar
^^^■■^ Signaling Systems For In-
^^V    ducible Proteinase Inhibitor
flftljk      Genes In Plants. Dr. Clar-
%j^£      ence Ryan, Institute of Bio-
^^^^^    logical Chemistry, Washington State U. IRC #1 at
2:30pm. Call Dr. J. Kronstad at 228-4732.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
The Nature And Effect Of Tensioning Band
Saw Blades. John Taylor, Ph.D. student,
Mechanical Engineering, UBC.
ChemEngineering 1202. Call 228-6200.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
Computer Aided Design Of Developable
Surfaces. Brian Konesky, M.A.Sc. student, Mechanical Engineering, UBC.
ChemEngineering 1202 from 3:30-
4:30pm. Call 228-6200.
Astronomy Seminar
Early Results With The Hubble Space
Telescope Wide-Field Camera. Dr. William Baum, U. of Washington. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee from
3:30pm. Call H. Richer at 228-4134/2267.
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting Professor Lecture
Biochemical Seminar. B-Lactam Biosynthesis: B-Lactams-63 and Still Going
Strong. Dr. Arnold L. Domain, Professor,
Industrial Microbiology, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. IRC #4 at 3:45pm.
Call 228-5675.
Faculty Development Program
Seminar
Team Learning Brown-Bag Lunch: Using
The Idea of Groups of Students Working
To Learn Parts of the Curriculum With the
Instructor as Facilitator. Jim Forbes,
Commerce/Business Administration. BioSciences 2449 from 12:30-1:20pm. Call
222-5243.
TUESDAY, MAR. 19  j
Medical Genetics Seminar
Gene Transfer To Primitive Hematopoietic Cells.
Dr. Keith Humphries, Associate Professor, Terry
Fox Laboratory, Medicine,
UBC. IRC #1 at 8:30am.
Coffee from 8:15am. Call 228-5311.
Economics Departmental Seminar
Hierarchy, Loss Of Control And The Theory of State Ownership In A Socialist Economy. Ying Yl Qlan, Stanford U. Host:
Professor W. Craig Riddell. Brock Hall
351 from 4-5:30pm. Call 228-2876.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Hippocampal Synaptic Plasticity: What's
Good Can Be Bad. Dr. Michel Baudry,
Biological Sciences, U. of Southern California. University Hospital, UBC Site G279
at 4pm. Call 228-2330.
Botany Seminar
Distribution Of Organelles In Would-Heal-
ing In Vaucheria Longicaulis Var. Ma-
counii. Laurie Tornbom, M.Sc. candidate,
Botany, UBC. BioSciences 2000 at
12:30pm. Call 228-2133.
Financial Planning Noon-Hour
Series
Will And Estate Planning For Those Of All
Ages (Note: Tax Planning Not Covered).
Keith Farquhar, Law, UBC. Henry Angus
104 from 12:30-1:20pm. Registration not
required. Call 222-5270. UBCREPORTS Mar.7.1991       S
March 10-
March 23
History Public Lecture
Memory And Culture In Early Modern
England. Professor Daniel Wolf, History,
Dalhousie U. Buchanan B324 from 12:30-
1:30. Call 228-2561.
3M Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Synthesis/Applications Of
Functionalized Polyacetylenes. Dr. Robert H.
Grubbs, Chemistry, California Institute of Technology,     Pasadena,    CA.
Chemistry B250 at 1pm.   Refreshments
from 12:40pm. Call 228-3266.
Interfaith Symposium
Healing Their Wounds: Psychotherapy
With Holocaust Survivors And Their Children. Robert Krell. St. Mark's College
from 7:30-9pm. Call 224-3311.
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting Professor Lecture
Secondary Metablolism In Microorganisms: Secondary Metabolites-Who Needs
Them? Dr. Arnold L. Demain, Professor,
Industrial Microbiology, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. Woodward IRC
#1. Call 228-5675.
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 20j]
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Kathleen Rudolph, flute: Eric Wilson, violoncello; Frederick Schipizky, contrabass;
John Rudolph, percussion. Music Recital
Hall at 12:30pm. Admission: $2 at-the-
door. Call 228-3113.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Plant Phenylpropainoid
Genes And Metabolites:
Stress And Developmental
Regulation. Dr. Carl
Douglas, Botany, UBC.
Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 228-6648.
Forestry Seminar
Environmental Ethics And New Forestry.
Mr. Richard L. Dalon, Deputy Minister, BC
Department of Environment. MacMillan
166 from 12:30-1:30pm. Admission free.
Call 228-2507.
Physiology/Zoology Seminar
Role Of Substance P In The Medication
Or Modulation Of Nociceptive Information
At the Spinal Level. Dr. Ruth Cridland,
Physiology, UBC. IRC #3 at 3:30pm. Call
228-4224.
Geography Colloquium
African Conservation And The Confused
Ideology Of Sustainable Development. Dr.
Bill Adams, Geography, Cambridge U.
Geography 201 at 3:30pm. Call 228-3268.
Christianity/World Conflict Discussion
The Gulf War And The Sustainability
Debate. Dr. Olav Slaymaker, Head, Geography, UBC. Buchanan D306 at
4:30pm. Call 224-1410/3722.
Health Sciences
The Medical Research Council Of
Canada's University-Industry Program. Dr.
Isabelle Schmid, Industrial Scientific Officer, University-Industry Program, MRC of
Canada. IRC #4: 12:30pm; Woodward
and BC Children's Hospital: 5pm. Call
822-2577.
THURSDAY, MAR. 21 |
Thursday   Botanical   Garden
^^^^ Tours
^^^S Introduction To The UBC
JHP Botanical Garden. Tour
m/Ky leaders are Friends of the
^^ Garden. Meet at entrance
mt^^^J to David C. Lam Asian
Garden at 10:30am. Free
with admission. Call 228-4208.
Physics Colloquium
Parity Violation In Nuclear Physics. Shelly
Page, Physics, U. of Manitoba. Hennings
201 at 4pm. Call 228-3853.
University Singers
Eric Hannan, director. Music Recital Hall
at 12:30pm. Freeadmission. Call 228-
3113.
Pharmacology Seminar
Allopurinol And Myocardial Infarction. Dr.
David V. Godin, PharmacologyfTherapeu-
tics, Medicine, UBC. IRC #1 from 11:30-
12:30pm. Call 228-2575.
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Seminar
Fluctuations In Bioactivities Of Gonadotropin Preparations. Dr. Bettina Zhar-
adka, Clinical Fellow, OB/GYN, UBC.
Grace Hospital 2N35 from 1:30-2:30pm.
Call 875-2334.
Institute Of Health Promotion
Research Seminar
Health Promotion Research And The Aging
Population. Dr. Gloria
Gutman, Director, Gerontology Research Center,
Simon Fraser U.   James
Mather Annex #1 at 3:30pm.   Call 228-
2258.
Biotechnology Laboratory Seminar
Separation Of Protein Mixtures By Extraction: Elucidation And Quantification Of
The Physico-Chemical Properties Governing Bioseparation Systems. Dr. Charles
A. Haynes, Chemical Engineering, U. of
California, Berkeley. IRC #3 at 4pm. Call
Dr. Michael Smith at 228-4838.
Faculty Development Program
Assembling Your Teaching
Portfolio For Tenure/Promotion Committees. Assemble all support materials for department heads
for the purpose of tenure/
promotion committees. Don Knowles,
Psychological Foundations in Education,
U. of Victoria. BioSciences 2449 from
3:30-5pm. Call 222-5243.
Psychology Colloquium
Depression In The Family Context: Social, Cognitive And Stress Predictors Of
Children's Risk. Dr. Constance Hammen,
UCLA. Kenny 2510 at 4pm. Call 228-
3005.
FRIDAY, MAR. 22
UBC Contemporary Players
Stephen Chatman/
Geoffrey Michaels, directors. Admission free.
Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 228-3113.
Germanic Studies Lecture
The King's Love: An Aristocratic Sensibility And Its Social Structure. Stephen
Jaeger, Professor, Germanics, U. of
Washington. Buchanan Penthouse at
12:30pm. Call 228-5119.
Chemical Engineering Weekly
Seminar
Computer Simulation Of Microvascular
Exchange In Humans. Ms. S.-L. Xue,
Chemical Engineering, UBC. ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm. Call 228-3238.
Fisheries/Aquatic Science Seminar
Dynamics And Stability Of Freshwater
Predator-Prey Systems. Ed McCauley,
U. of Calgary. BioSciences 2361 at
3:30pm. Call 228-4329.
University Singers
Eric Hannan, director. Admission free.
Music Recital Hall at 8pm. Call 228-3113.
Classics/Classics Club
■■■^■■^1 The Martyrdom Of Per-
ffi^^^    petua:  An Historical Per-
Hk/^^   speetive.  professor Brent
^^r    Shaw, U. of Lethbridge.
^^^^^   Canada's highly regarded
Roman  Social  historian
and a former pupil of Professor M.I. Finley. Buchanan Block Penthouse at 8pm.
Admission free. Call 228-2889.
Classics Lecture
Robbery, Theft, And Rapine: Brigandage
In The Roman World. Professor Brent
Shaw, U. of Lethbridge. Buchanan Block
A202 at 12:30pm. Call 228-2889.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Advances In Hemophilia Care And Diagnosis. Dr. Louis Aledort, Associate Dean,
Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York,
director, New York Regional Hemophilia
Program. University Hospital, Shaughnessy Site D308 at 9am. Call 875-2118.
SATURDAY^ MAR. 23 \
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting
Professor. Biotechnology:
Blotting/Dotting; Bubbling/
Boiling. Arnold Demain,
Professor, Industrial Microbiology, Biology, Massa-
shusets Institute of Technology, Cam-
aridge. Call 228-5675.
UBC Child Study Centre Lectures/Workshops
Teachers/Children As Partners In Planning And Exploring Meaningful Projects.
Chava Rubenson, Margot Filipenko,
Nancy Duggan, Charlene Bergmann.
UBC Child Study Centre Activity Room,
2881 Acadia Rd., from 9:30am-12pm.
Registration $20. at-the-door. For reservations all Tara Fisher at 228-2013.
Ballroom Dancing
29th Annual Gala Ball hosting the BC open
amateur ballroom championships and
featuring the 1988 world exhibition champions. Vancouver Trade/Convention
Centre Exhib. Hall Alrom 10am-1am. Call
228-3248.
MOA Children's Story Hour
Village Of Round And
Square Houses. Ann Fri-
falconi story presented by
Roberta Kremer, Curator
Education, Museum of
Anthropology, UBC. Children under six must be accompanied by
an adult. Free with Museum admission.
Gallery 9 at 11 am. Call 228-5087.
NOTICES
Fulbright Scholarships Available
Fulbright Awards application packages for
Canadian scholars seeking visiting appointments to the U.S. for the 1991/92
academic year, are now available from
The UBC Research Services/Industrial
Liaison Office. Submissions must be received by the Foundation for Educational
Exchange in Ottawa by Feb. 28. Call 228-
8595.
Carpool Matching
Send both your home and work addresses
and both telephone numbers; your working hours; whether you have a car and if
you smoke while driving, to Karen Pope,
Dean's Office, Applied Science. When a
carpool match is found, the information
will be sent to you. Call 228-0870.
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to know more about
topics ranging Medieval and Moorish
S|3ain to Genetic Engineering? More than
5CK3 topics to choose from; most speakers
are available free of charge. Call 228-
6167, Mon., Tue., Fri., 8:30am-12noon.
Museum of Anthropology
Exhibition extended: Portraits of BC Native leaders, chiefs, chief counsellors and
elders by Kwaguitl photographer David
Neel. Now open in the new West Wing:
The Koerner Ceramics Gallery. Closed
Monday. Call 228-5087.
1991 Medical/Scientific Equipment Trade Show
Medical/scientific equipment suppliers of
UBC. Admission free. SUB ballroom
from 10-4pm. Call 228-3456.
37th Annual Meeting Of The
Society For French Historical
Studies
125 papers will be delivered in 48 sessions over a
two-day period. Hotel Vancouver Conference Floor
March 21-23 from 8am-
6pm. Registration: $50,
students: $12. Call 228-6480/2561.
Executive Programmes
One/two-day business seminars. March
10-23 series includes: Self-Managing
Work Teams, $775. Networking PCs,
$895. Executive Information Systems,
#395. Grievance Handling, $695. Marketing Management/Non-Marketing Managers, $550. Dealing with Troubled Employees, $495. Call 224-8400.
English Language Institute
Professional Development Series for Language Teacher. March/April workshops:
Culture in the Second Language Class;
Music in the Language Class; Current
Events and the Language Class. Tuesday evenings from 7-9pm. Call 222-5208.
Reading Writing/Study Skills
Centre
More courses starting early March: Writing Business Letters/Memos for Results;
Media Interview Techniques; Robert's
Rules of Order—Demystified; The Artful
Business of Freelance Writing; ECT Mini-
Workshops. Call 228-5245.
Programmes In Comparative Literature
Travel Discourse and the Pacific Rim.
Speakers from Depts. of: English, French,
Anthropology/Sociology, Asian Studies,
History, Fine Arts at UBC, SFU, UVIC, U.
of Alberta, U. of Calgary. March 22, SFU
Harbor Centre Labatt Hall at 7pm; March
23, Asian Centre Auditorium at UBC from
9am-6pm. Call 228-5157.
Psychology Step-Families Study
Married couples who have
at least one child from a
previous union living with
them, are invited to participate in a study of stress
and coping in step-families.
Call Jennifer Campbell at 228-3805.
Adult Child Separation/Divorce
Study
Volunteers needed. The study will explore how mothers cope with their adult
child's separation/divorce. Participants will
be required to anonymously complete a
mailed questionnaire. Call Allison Krause,
Counselling Psychology, at 946-7803.
Sports Medicine Study
Volunteers, female, age 18-
35 needed to participate in
^^^g==« study on Exercise and the
■I^^F     Menstrual   Cycle.       Fit,
^^ healthy,   having   normal
menstrual cycles and not
currently on oral contraceptives. Physiological testing provided. Allan McGavin
Sports Med. Centre, John Owen Pavilion,
UBC. Call Dr. Connie Lebrun 228-4045
or 980-6355.
School of Nursing Study
Volunteers needed for study of couples/
family adjustment to a breast cancer diagnosis. Women and partners. Involves
interviews/response to questionnaire. Call
Dr. Ann Hilton at 228-7498.
School of Nursing Study
Couples are needed who
are both in paid employment (over 20 hrs/wk.) and
have at least one child
under eighteen months of
age. Involves filling out a
questionnaire twice (10 minutes each
time). Call Wendy Hall at 228-7447.
Psychiatry Depression Study
Participants needed for research study
using new antidepressant medication.
Defxession sufferers, 18-65 years. Call
Doug Keller at 228-7318.
Psychiatry Personality Questionnaire Study
Volunteers needed to complete two 90-
minute sessions. Stipend, $20. Call Janice at 228-7895/7057.
Counselling Psychology Retirement Preparation
Women concerned about planning their
retirement needed for an 8-week retirement preparation seminar. Call Sara
Cornish at 228-5345.
Diabetic Clinical Study
Diabetics who have painful
neuropathy affecting the
legs needed to volunteer
for 14-week trial of an investigational new drug.
Call Dr. Donald Studney,
Medicine, University Hospital, UBC Site at
228-7142.
Daily Rhythms Study
Volunteers needed to keep a daily journal
(average 5 min. daily) for 4 months, noting
patterns in physical/social experiences.
Call Jessica McFarlane at 228-5121.
Psychiatry PMS Study
University Hospital, Shaughnessy site.
Volunteers needed for a study of an investigational medication to treat Pre Menstrual Syndrome. Call Dr. D. Carter at
228-7318.
Hypertension in Pregnancy
Study
Pregnant women, concerned about their
blood pressure, are invited to participate.
The study compares relaxation training
with standard medical treatment (own
physician). Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden at
228-4156.
Post Polio Study
Persons with polio needed
for functional assessment
and possible training programs. Call Elizabeth
Dean, Ph.D., School of
Rehabilitation Medicine,
228-7392.
Multiple Sclerosis Study
Persons with mild to moderately severe
MS needed for study on exercise responses. Call Elizabeth Dean, Ph.D.,
School of Rehab. Medicine, 228-7392.
Exercise In Asthma Study
Volunteers with exercise-induced asthma
needed for 2-part study (30 min. each).
No medications or injections. Call Dr. Phil
Robinson at Pulmonary Research laboratory. St. Paul's Hospital at 682-2344, extension 2259.
Asthma Research Study
Volunteers 12-70 years with mild to moderate asthma needed to participate in 16
week research project involving "pulmi-
corf a commonly used inhaled steroid
taken once daily. Call Brian Anderson at
University Hospital, UBC Site at 228-7719
between 9am-1pm.
Memory For Places
Study on memory for places (shopping
mall) requires volunteers age 65 years
and older for 1.5 hour. Please call Bob
Uttl, Psychology, UBC at 228-2140.
Continued on page 6 6    UBC REPORTS Mar. 7,1991
Tough challenges
ahead for education
By ABE HEFTER
The Corporate-Higher Education Forum (C-HEF) has
called for increased co-operation at the elementary and
secondary school levels to meet
Canada's education challenges for the
future.
C-HEF, a private organization made
up of leaders of Canada's business and
university communities, recently released an advisory report which features three principal recommendations. The report, entitled 'To Be Our
Best: Learning For The Future," calls
for the creation of common educational
goals across the country and ways to
monitor progress. It also recommends
that teachers be fully prepared to meet
their teaching responsibilities in a climate of rapid technological and social
change. And it advocates the creation
of public awareness of the importance
of learning in an information society,
while building support for educators.
UBC President David Strangway, a
member of C-HEF's board of directors, said the forum is dedicated to
promoting understanding and cooperation between Canada's academic and
business communities.
"In recent years, technology has had
an accelerating impact on society and
the   workplace,"   said   Strangway.
"Every aspect of human endeavor has
been affected. The forum is dedicated
to examining the challenges facing
education, research and development
brought on by this unremitting pace of
change."
C-HEF President John Dinsmore
said the aim ofthe advisory report is to
inform, to encourage and to promote a
catalyst for change.
The report suggests ways in which
the business sector and the academic
community can each supply their practical experience and expertise to support those who best know the learning
process—professional educators, said
Dinsmore.
A major initiative that is forthcoming is the Third International Mathematics and Science Study. The international coordinating centre for the
study will be located at UBC and directed by Professor David Robitaille,
head of the Mathematics and Science
Education Department.
"Forty countries are expected to take
part in this study to compare what is
happening in elementary and secondary school mathematics and science
around the world," said Robitaille. "C-
HEF is interested in Canada's competitive stance in the world economy
and education is viewed as an important component in that stance."
Calendar
continued from
page 5
Study on Memory
Old wine; old memories. To study
whether some memories improve with
age (like some wine) we need volunteers 60 years of age and older for 1.5
hours. Please call Paul Schmidt/Gloria
Lam at 228-2140.
Herpes Research Studies
Participants needed for treatment studies of shingles (herpes zoster) and first
herpes simplex infections with new antiviral agents. Also ongoing study for
males 18-45 years with recurrent herpes simplex. Dr. Stephen Sacks, Sponsoring Physician. Call the Herpes clinic
at 228-7565 or leave your name/number at 687-7711, pager 2887.
High Blood Pressure Study
Volunteers, 18-70 years with mild to
moderate hypertension (treated or untreated), needed before March 31. Call
Nancy Ruedy/Dr. J. Wright at 228-7134.
Gastrointestinal Study
Volunteers required for pre-clinical trials
of a new gastrointestinal ultrasound contrast agent. Volunteers (18-30 years) in
good health with no history of ulcers or
other gastrointestinal ailments. Call Dr.
Colin Tilcock, Radiology, University Hospital, UBC Site at 228-3717.
Statistical Consulting and Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department
of Statistics to provide statistical advice
to faculty and graduate students working on research problems. Forms for
appointments available in 210. Ponderosa Annex C-210. Call 228-4037.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility
All surplus items. Every Wednesday,
12-3pm. Task Force Bldg., 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 228-2813.
Sexual Harassment Office
Two advisors are available to discuss
questions and concerns on the subject. They are prepared to help any
member of the UBC community who
March 10
March 23
Is being sexually harassed to find a
satisfactory resolution. Call Marga-
retha Hoek or Jon Shapiro at 228-
6353.
Hamlet by William Shakespeare
Directed by Gordon McCall from
March 6-16, holdover March 21-23.
Tickets: Students/Seniors $7; Adults
$10. Reservations recommended.
Call 228-2678.
Volunteering
To find an interesting and challenging
volunteer job, get in touch with Volunteer Connections, Student Counseling
and Resources Centre, Brock 200. Call
228-3811.
Narcotics Anonymous Meetings
Every Tuesday (including holidays) from
12:30-2pm, University Hospital, UBC
Site, Room 311 (through Lab Medicine
from Main Entrance). Call 873-1018
(24-hour Help Line).
Duplicate Bridge
Informal game. All welcome. Admission $2 per person (includes coffee/
snacks). Faculty Club every Wednesday at 7pm. Call 228-4865.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education and Recreation
through the John M. Buchanan Fitness
and Research Centre, administers a
physical fitness assessment program.
Students $25, others $30. Call 228-
4356.
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
Located west of the Education Building.
Free admission. Open year round.
Families interested in planting, weeding
or watering the garden, call Gary Pennington at 228-6386 or Jo-Anne Naslund
at 434-1081.
Botanical Garden/Nitobe Garden
March 17-31, 10am-5pm daily. Free
admission. Call 228-3928.
Photo by Media Services
Perry Leslie and research assistants take ski-plane to remote areas for their study on Native children.
Hearing loss problem evident
among Native children: study
By CHARLES KER
Studies of Native children in
Canada's north show an alarming number suffer from hearing loss.
But its the effects of the problem
and how they might be remedied which
is the focus of a UBC study currently
under way.
"Many non-Native researchers have
studied Indian populations before," said
UBC Professor Perry Leslie. "However, they just arrived, started their
project and left without —^^
giving the local group a
whole lot of information.
We'd like to provide
some answers."
In July, Leslie and """"™""~™
Doug Willms, both professors in
UBC's Faculty of Education, started a
two-year study of children in the Car-
rier-Sekani Tribal Council in northern
B.C. Funded by a $ 138,000-grant from
the Social Sciences and Humanities
Research Council, the project will
examine the effects of hearing loss on
student education.
The professors suspect that as much
as 30 per cent of the council's student
population in Kindergarten to Grade
12 may suffer from some form of hearing impairment. This percentage would
be close to double that of non-Native
students suffering from hearing impairment in other parts of Canada.
"Just knowing about the problem
isn't enough," said Leslie. "We've got
to find out how big a deterrent the
impairment is in a student's ability to
perform, and then provide appropriate
service."
Leslie said most cases will involve
middle-ear infections often brought on
by colds caused by extreme temperature change. The infection often results in mild to moderate hearing loss
of up to 60 decibels.
Leslie cautioned that even mild
hearing impairment can lead to significant trouble later in a child's development. If the impairment isn't treated,
Leslie said the problem may worsen
and become cyclical.
"The problem is not easily diagnosed because the hearing loss comes
and goes on a regular basis," said
Leslie. "Teachers start thinking students are inattentive or have behavioral problems, when really there is a
physical explanation. They simply
can't hear what's being taught during
periods of infection."
Leslie first recognized the extent of
the problem in 1986 while supervising
student teachers at a school for the
deaf, in another province. Even though
half of the student population at the
school was Native, there were no provisions made in the curriculum for
cultural differences.
"It seemed unfortunate that these
Native students had to leave their
homes and move to a residential school
many miles away." said Leslie. "That's
when I decided to study students in
their home environments."
Leslie's first task in the study will
be to test the hearing of 1,100 students.
This includes screening approximately
"It seemed unfortunate that these Native students
had to leave their homes and move to a residential
school many miles away."
300 students enrolled in nine Band or
Federal Reserve schools, 200 students
in three Catholic separate schools and
600 students in 20 schools spread out
among Burns Lake, Vanderhoof,
Prince George, Fort St. James and
Smithers areas. While he's screening
students, Leslie also gives practical tips
to teachers on how to deal with deafness in their classrooms.
Since October, Leslie, who is on
leave from his UBC teaching duties,
figures he has driven about 25,000 kilo
metres and interviewed close to 700
students. Earlier this month, he made a
fourth attempt at flying into Fort Ware,
located 400 kilometres north of Prince
George. Bad weather forced the small,
eight-passenger plane to turn back on
three other occasions.
Once the screening is completed in
mid-March, a comparison will be done
on a random sample of 150 hearing
and 150 hearing-impaired Native students. Differences between the two
—^^ groups in their academic
achievement will be related to the extent of hearing loss and the delays in
diagnosis, medical atten-
"^^™' tion and special education
services. In addition, revised methods
of testing the intelligence of Native
students will also be investigated.
Leslie said the study could have
far-reaching implications if hearing
impairment in the Carriere-Sekani
population proves greater than in non-
Native populations. Given the current
push for more Native self-government,
Leslie said the study could lead to a
national study of the medical and educational services for Native people in
northern communities.
AMS & UBC present the
March 20 & 21,1991
Wednesday & Thursday
10:00 AM-5:00 PM
Student Union Building,
University of B.C.
6138 SUB Boulevard
Don't miss this opportunity to view
the latest equipment from UBC's suppliers.
mi UBCREPORTS Mar.7.1991
Important hormone for treatment of
osteoporosis not approved in Canada
By CONNIE FILLETTI
A hormone discovered by a
physiologist at UBC,
widely used throughout Europe and Japan for the treatment of osteoporosis and other painful
bone diseases, has yet to be approved
in Canada.
"It's a typical Canadian attitude not
to believe that anything good can come
out of Canadian endeavor," said Dr.
Harold Copp, professor emeritus of
physiology, who discovered calcitonin
in 1961.
"Canada is backward in its approach
to the treatment of osteoporosis. We
really aren't doing much about it
when positive things can be done to
reduce the incidence and prevent
fractures."
A non-addictive pain killer, 30 times
more powerful than morphine, calcitonin regulates the tone of calcium in
the blood and supresses bone loss. As
a hormonal therapy, calcitonin ranks
second to insulin.
"It has been estimated that osteopo
rosis costs the Canadian health care
system close to a
billion dollars a
year, in addition to
the untold suffering
it causes our senior
citizens," said
Copp.
He added that
osteoporosis affects one-in-four
women over 50
and leads to hip
fractures with a 20-
per-cent mortality
rate within six
months. Incapacitation requiring extended care occurs
in about 40 per cent of those who survive.
In general use in Europe since
1975, calcitonin was approved by
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration a decade later. It is now one of
the most widely used therapeutic
agents for treating osteoporosis and
Dr. Harold Copp of UBC discovered calcitonin in 1961
other bone diseases. It is also being
used to relieve pain in terminal cancer patients.
But Canada is one of a few countries in the Western world which has
not yet approved the hormone for the
treatment of osteoporosis. Canadian
sales of calcitonin are less than 0.5 per
cent of those in Italy or Japan, while
world sales in 1990
approached SI billion U.S.
While injectable
calcitonin has been
marketed in Canada
under the trade
name Calcimar
since 1976, it is
only used for the
treatment of Paget' s
Disease—a skeletal
disease of the elderly with chronic inflammation of
bones—and hypercalcemia due to cancer and other metabolic complications.
Copp said calcitonin is a remarkably safe therapeutic agent, with occasional minor side effects such as flushing and nausea. However, both are
substantially reduced if the hormone is
taken in a nasal spray form available in
ioto by Media Services
Europe since 1986.
But Perrin Beatty, minister of National Health and Welfare, said the in-
tra-nasal solution of calcitonin is still
considered to be an "investigational
drug."
In a recent letter to Copp, Beatty
also stated that, to date, no manufacturer has filed an acceptable submission for the marketing of an intra-nasal
calcitonin product in the treatment of
osteoporosis.
The international pharmaceutical
company Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, which
acquired the manufacturing rights to
calcitonin five years ago, is currently
preparing a submission to the Health
Protection Branch for approval of calcitonin.
An international symposium—Calcitonin Past, Present and Future, A
Celebration ofthe 30th Anniversary of
Its Discovery at UBC—will be held on
campus Aug. 29 and 30, 1991. It will
be attended by leading scientists in the
field of osteoporosis worldwide.
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design
• sampling
•data analysis
• forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D.
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508      Home: (604) 263-5394
Classified
Classified advertising can be purchased from Media Services. Phone
822-4775. Ads placed by faculty and staff cost $6 per insertion for 35
words. Others are charged $7. Monday, Mar. 11 at 4 p.m. is the deadline
for the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, Mar. 21.
Deadline for the following edition on Apr. 4 is 4 p.m. Monday, Mar.25 All
ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal requisition.
Services
GUARANTEED ACCURACY plus
professional looking results with WP5
and HP Deskjet Plus printer. Editing
and proofreading. Competitive rates.
Pickup and delivery available at extra
cost. West End location. Call Suzanne
683-1194.
WODEN'S WORKS: We specialize
in custom woodwork and construction, carpentry, renovations and restorations, interior and exterior finishing, stairs, lofts, skylights, custom
windows, patios, decks, furniture,
and cabinet-making. Call and compare. 736-6957
ENGUSHCERMAN TRANSLATIONS:
We also do editing, proofreading and
abstracting. Over 8 years experience;
translator certificate arid degrees in physical and life sciences. Fast, reliable service, competitive rates. 224-8775
WORD PROCESSING AND MORE:
We also provide photocopying, fax, desktop
publishing, business arid wedding stationery and rubber stamp. Come see
your professional, Wendy neighbourhood
service centre at Elite Graphics, 4369
W. 10th Ave. 222-8587
Miscellaneous
FIELD HOCKEY FOR BOYS AND
GIRLS: Season, April-June, for
grades 3-12. Registration ($27) at
Dunbar C.C. Sun. Feb. 24, March. 3:
10-11 a.m„ or at Kerrisdale C.C,
Wed. Feb.27: 5:30-7 p.m. For information call 263-5570
EMPLOYMENT WANTED: What can
I do for You? Former UBC Program
Assistant available for part-time, on-
call relief office duties. 822-8254.
DOG WALKING SERVICES: (also
pet and house sitting). Kits and Pt.
Grey Area. Recent university graduate (and animal lover!) in need of extra income. $5/walk (approx. 1 hour).
Excellent references. 224-4722 evenings or week-ends.
BLACK & WHITE ENLARGEMENTS: from your negatives, individually hand exposed, cropped,
dodged and shaded to your exact
specifications. High quality papers in
matte or high gloss finish. We can
get the best from your sub-standard
negative. Great prices, an 8x10 custom enlargement just $5.70! Call
Media Services Photography at 822-
4775. (3rd floor LPC, 2206 East Mall).
Study links UIC to distortions in
US/Canada employment figures
By ABE HEFTER
As Canadians struggle to hang on
to their jobs during these tough economic times, the Department of Economics is shedding new light on an
employment trend that emerged following the last recession.
Economics F'rofessors Craig Riddell, of UBC, and David Card, of
Princeton,     re-       ———■—■
"There's a greater economic incentive in Canada to remain attached to
the labor force," Riddell said.. "Although being available for work is a
requirement for receiving unemployment insurance benefits in both countries, Canadians are able to receive
benefits after 10 to 14 weeks of work.
On the other hand, during the 1980s,
cently completed
"A Comparative
Analysis of Unemployment in
Canada and the ^~^~"""""'—"™
United States." The study was undertaken to help understand the levels of
higher unemployment experienced in
Canada during the 1980s. The results
could have significant implications for
Canada's unemployment insurance
scheme.
From 1953 through 1982, unemployment rates in Canada and the U.S.
were very similar. Prior to the 1982-83
downturn, the unemployment rate in
each country stcod at around 7.5 per
cent. When the i^ecession hit, the U.S.
rate increased to 9.5 per cent, while the
rate in Canada skyrocketed to 12 per
cent.
Since then, the Canadian unemployment rate has remained two to three
percentage points; above that in the U.S.
Economists have struggled to determine why the gap emerged and why it
still exists. Although Riddell and Card
say questions still remain to be answered, one key observation has already emerged from their research.
"The amount of time Canadians and
Americans spend working in a year is
remarkably similar — whether one
looks at youths, adults, females or
males," said Riddell. "However, Canadians who are not employed are more
likely to be looking for work, while
non-employed Americans are less
likely to report lhat they are seeking
work."
The result: higher unemployment
figures in Canada.
Riddell said the difference between
the unemployment insurance systems
in Canada and this U.S. may be behind
this phenomenon.
"On average, an unemployed worker in Canada is
more than 3 times as likely to receive unemployment
insurance benefits than an unemployed American."
American have generally required at
least 20 weeks of work experience to
receive benefits."
Riddell said there are a number of
differences between the two unemployment insurance systems—differences
which became more pronounced during the 1980s.
Riddell and Card found that, on
average, an unemployed worker in
Canada is more than three times as
likely to receive unemployment insurance benefits than an unemployed
American. They also discovered that
the differences between the two countries, in the area of low-level work experience (people who work less than
26 weeks per year), account for two-
thirds of the unemployment gap.
"Critics of Canada's unemployment
insurance program will probably find
our results appealing," said Riddell.
"However, it is important to recognize
————^ that our findings
clearly indicate that
Canada's relatively
higher unemployment during the
"""^" 1980s is not associated with lower levels of employment
than in the U.S., as is often assumed to
be the case. Rather, the gap is associated with the different ways Canadians
and Americans spend their non-working time."
Riddell said they also found that
the burden of unemployment is more
evenly distributed in Canada than in
the U.S.
"This may also be associated with
the differences in the two countries'
unemployment insurance programs,"
he added.
Advertise in UBC Reports
Deadline for paid advertisements for the Mar.
21 issue is 4 p.m. Mar. 12.
For information, phone 822-3131
To place an ad, phone 822-4775
Your New International Newspaper
& Magazine Store with a
24 hours Automated Video Rental Outlet
IS NOW OPEN at
4453 W.lOth Ave. Vancouver 222-8333
VIDEO CUBE OFFERS:
• over 3000 Videos (VHS fc Beta)
• over 800 titles of International
Newspapers & Magazines 8    UBC REPORTS Mar. 7.1991
UBC students holding their
breath over submarine race
Menbers ofSUBC team lower early version of submarine into test pool.
By GAVIN WILSON
Tell most students you're going to
the submarine races and you'll get a
nudge and a wink. But to Geoffrey
Liggins and Ronan Oger, it's no joke.
The pair of third-year Mechanical
Engineering students are leading the
only Canadian university entry in the
second Human Powered Submarine
Race at Riviera Beach, Florida, June
15-22.
SUBC, as they've dubbed the
project, will join 35 other competitors at the event, sponsored by the
Florida Atlantic University Engineering Department and the H.A. Perry
Foundation.
The design guidelines require that
the sub's compartment be flooded, with
the two-person crew wearing scuba
gear. Power must be provided by one
diver, the steering and navigation by
the other.
"It's not like the type of submarine
you see in movies like The Abyss,"
said Oger.
The UBC sub will be more than
four metres long and about one metre
in diameter. The mold for the hull,
which will be cast in a fiberglass and
vinyl ester composite, is being made at
International Submarine Research in
Port Coquitlam.
During the competition, the submarine must stay upright in 10 metres
of water and be highly manoeuvreable
over a one-kilometre oval track. The
sub is also tested for top speed over a
100-metre straightaway. Entries are
also evaluated on engineering innovation, cost effectiveness, appearance and
crew participation.
Because the crew is working underwater, the design must also meet
tough safety standards.
"If we have any difficulties with
the sub, the canopy and safety harnesses restraining the crew must release so they can escape within 30 seconds," said Oger.
The UBC team hopes to gain an
edge on the competition with an innovative hull design and a novel propulsion system that begins with a crew
member pedaling a stationary bike.
The UBC team faces some stiff
competition. Vying for the $5,000 first
prize are teams from across the U.S..
Canada and Britain, representing universities and companies such as MIT,
Lougheed, Cal Tech and winners of
the first race, the U.S. Naval Academy
of Annapolis, Maryland.
About 20 students from Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering,
Engineering Physics, Commerce and
Arts make up the UBC team, whose
faculty advisor is Mechanical Engineering Professor Sander Calisal.
Sponsors include the Department
of Mechanical Engineering, International Submarine Engineering, Divers'
World and Kerrisdale Lumber. B.C.
Research has provided facilities for
some of the pre-competition testing,
but SUBC is still seeking additional
support to cover the costs of sending
an eight-student crew to Florida.
Oger and Liggins estimate they will
need to raise more than $20,000 to
allow them to take part in the competition. For more information contact the
SUBC project at 228-2648.
Business bullish on research
Mustard
By GAVIN WILSON
It was a scene that may have surprised some academics, but not the
outspoken president of the Canadian
Institute for Advanced Research, Fraser
Mustard.
At a recent reception, senior business executives crowded around a
noted cpsmologist, peppering him with
questions about the origins of the universe.
To Mustard, it was further proof
that the corporate world is interested in
scientific research in pursuit of excellence, not just the bottom line.
"The private sector is not a homo
geneous entity at all, it's a mosaic of
people," he said.
Since he helped found the institute
in 1982, Mustard has been devoted to
boosting research and development in
Canada by bringing together government, business and universities.
The CIAR is a private sector institute supported by a partnership of the
private sector, provincial governments
and  the  government of Canada.
"As a private
sector   initiative,
the institute has     ^^_^_^^___
the   freedom   to
move in the directions we sense are
right, rather than being caught up in
the bureaucratic process," said Mustard.
The fellowship that supports the
research of UBC cosmologist William
Unruh, for example, is supported by
Peter Allen, the head of Lac Minerals.
"He recognizes the high quality of
the program, and the fellow, and takes
pride in supporting their achievements," explains Mustard.
UBC receives more CIAR funding
and support than any other university
in Canada. Faculty members participate in each of the institute's five established programs, conducting high-
level research into superconductors,
cosmology, population health, evolutionary biology and artificial intelligence and robotics.
Sixteen ofthe institute's 86 Canadian members are based at UBC, including the heads of two programs
(Unruh of cosmology and Robert
Evans of population health). They receive more than $1 million in CIAR
       funding
Mustard believes that Canada
is on the road to economic ruin.
each year.
UBC's
connection
       to the CIAR
has been
further strengthened by the appointment of Patricia Baird. professor of
medical genetics, as one of its three
vice-presidents. Baird is a member of
the institute's research council and of
the population health program.
"Patricia has a strong commitment
to and understanding of what our institute is," said Mustard, noting her strong
network of contacts throughout the
private sector, government and academic community.
Mustard, who is constantly crisscrossing the country spreading the
gospel of advanced research, was
in B.C. recently to deliver the Imperial   Oil Lecture at the University of
UBC phone numbers change
effective March 4
Effective March 4,1991, UBC is adopting a new prefix for most of its on
campus telephone numbers. It will be "822" {or "UBC" if you use the
letters on your telephone's dialer.)
If your current number is in one of the following blocks:
222   -8600to8699
-8900 to 8999
224   -8100 to 8599
228   -2000 to 7999 '""*''*'
or for on campus callers 2-xxxx.
If your current luirriber is not in one of ^^
number wfll remain as it is. *••"."     .».--
If you currently use a PBX local,
one of the fdtowtng blocks:
0000 to 1099
1200to1999
8700 to 8899
(from on campus
'A^~ /. -^    A^si-Jl-  .    i,
'Hf-^yi^r
Conversion of UBC's telephones to five-digit local dialing and to the
new exchange 822 was completed on March 4. Calls from one
campus phone to another are now made by dialing five digits, with
the first number being either 2 or 3 and the last four digits being the
current number. Phone numbers that can be dialed directly from off
campus begin with 2. Those numbers that cannot be dialed from off
campus begin with 3. The old exchange numbers will continue to
work until October, 1991 and either the old number or 822, when
dialed from off campus, will reach the correct telephone.
Symposium features
16th century maps
By CHARLES KER
Ancient footbinding in China and
contemporary tourism in Japan will be
just two of the topics discussed at a
travel writing symposium held at the
Asian Centre later this month.
Thirteen scholars from UBC, Simon Fraser University and the universities of Victoria, Calgary and Alberta
will be on hand for the March 23 gathering called Travel Discourse and the
Pacific Rim.
"Travel literature is a field that has
long been considered marginal even
though it has been an important medium used for hundreds of years," said
Eva-Marie Kroller, chair of UBC's
Comparative Literature Program. "It
was devoured by the public because it
was full of strange and exotic tales at a
time when travel was very difficult."
Ian MacLaren, of the University of
Alberta, will open the talks March 22
at SFU's Harbour Centre with a discussion of travel literature and the evolution of the author.
Tale tellers and their topics at the
Asian Centre will include: Iain Higgins. UBC English, medieval Europeans on the Far East; Millie Creighton,
UBC Sociology, the marketing of tradition and nostalgia in contemporary
Japanese tourism, Luc Nagtegaal; UBC
Asian Research Institute, Indonesia
through foreign eyes; Tama
Copithorne, with SFU's David Lam
Centre for International Communication, a sociological analysis ofthe Japanese practice of gift-giving as it relates
to travel; and Killam Doctoral Fellow
Philip Holden of the UBC English Department will talk about British novelists' depictions of East and Southeast
Asia.
Kroller organized the event with
help from Allan Smith of UBC's History Department and Robert Kramer
and Joshua Mostow from the Asian
Studies Department. The Special Collections Division of the library will be
contributing a display of Japanese
travel maps and guide books dating
back to 1600 at the Asian Centre during the symposium.
Special Collections recently received a $40,000 grant from the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research
Council to bolster its travel writing
section. The money will go towards
purchasing 18th and 19th century travel
accounts of voyages by westerners to
countries of the Pacific Rim.
Kroller added that a graduate course
in travel writing will be offered next
year as part of UBC's English program.
Victoria.
His topic was Canada's uncertain
future. It's a theme that is close to his
heart.
Mustard believes that Canada is on
the road to economic ruin.
"By my standards, we've been in a
relative economic decline since 1975.
All we've done is alleviate the effects
of it by running up a massive national
debt."
The only way out from under this
ever-increasing debt load, he believes,
is dramatically increased levels of research and development, and the subsequent conversion of our economy
from a resource base to one that is
knowledge-based and innovation-
driven.
"We have the worst industrial research and development base in the
developed world," Mustard said. "With
our resource base, we haven't had to
think about how to create wealth with
knowledge. But unless we do, we'll
just go further into debt."

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