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UBC Reports Oct 31, 1967

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Array WILL TAKE THREE YEARS
.^"
UBC Participates in Majoi-Health Study
What do British Columbians do when they feel
ill?
Do they consult a physician? Talk it over with
the corner druggist? Appeal to neighbors for advice?
Go to a chiropractor?
MANY QUESTIONS EXPLORED
And when they're really sick, do they get the
kind of help they need, from doctors, nurses, social
workers,  dentists,  rehabilitation  therapists?
What pills and medicines do they take routinely,
and why?
Do  they  wait  too   long in   their   doctor's;. qffice.
before  he  can see     them? Will   he  come  to  their
home if necessary? How do they feel about doctors
and other health workers?
These are some of the questions that will be
explored in a major study to be undertaken next
spring by UBC in co-operation with the various
professions in the health field.
The study, including computer-analysis of masses
of statistical data, will take three years and will
form   part of a seven-nation  project known  as  the
.Jnternaltlorfal  Collaborative   Study  of  Medical  Care
•'Utilization.
FOUNDATION GIVES SUPPORT
The B.C. study will cost an estimated $500,000. The
newly formed Donner Canadian Foundation of Montreal will contribute $42,000, the remainder will be
sought from the federal government.
The study will be conducted by the Department
of Health Care and Epidemiology of the UBC Faculty
Please turn to back page
See STUDY  WILL AID PLANNERS
UBC Reports
■ RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED
VOLUME 13, No. 6
VANCOUVER 8, B.C.
OCTOBER, 1967
FIRST YEAR ENROLMENT UP
Nobel
Winner
Appointed
The eminent Australian neurophy-
siologist Sir John Carew Eccles has
been appointed Distinguished Visiting Professor in neurophysiology in
the Kinsmen Laboratory of Neurological Research of the UBC Department of Psychiatry.
Sir John is the first Nobel Prizewinner ever to be associated on a
continuing basis with the University
of B.C.
As Distinguished Visiting Professor
he will spend several weeks each
year studying and working at UBC.
He has recently taken up a post as
Professor of Neurophysiology at the
University of Buffalo.
Sir John is best known for his explorations of the intracellular phenomena that characterize nerve cells and
their  inter-communications.
In 1951 he devised a technique for
implanting an electrode in an individual brain cell and recording
changes in the minute electrical currents generated in the cell.
It was this breakthrough, and other
work that flowed from it, that won
Sir John the 1963 Nobel Prize in
medicine, an honor he shared with
two British researchers.
Sir John was awarded an honorary
doctor of science degree at UBC's
annual congregation in  1966.
Social Work
Head Named
Dr. George M. Hougham has been
appointed Director of the UBC School
of Social Work. The appointment was
approved by the Board of Governors
at  its  meeting  October 3.
Dr. Hougham, 45, was born in Vancouver and received his BA and MA
at the University of Toronto, and his
Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1954.
From 1958 to 1963 Dr. Hougham was
Director of Research and Special Projects for the Canadian Welfare Council. He then served two years with
the Bureau of Social Affairs at the
United Nations in New York, and was
professor at the School of Social Work
at Western Reserve University, Cleveland, until he joined the UBC School
of Social Work as associate professor
in July, 1966.
Dr. Hougham has been acting director of the school since February of
this year, when Prof. William G. Dixon
relinquished his position as director
because of ill  health.
Prof. Dixon, who returned from sick
leave on August 31, has resumed his
duties as professor in the School of
Social Work.
UBC CHEMIST Dr. David C. Walker demonstrates the use of a new high energy
radiation source called a Gammacell to graduate student Geraldine Kenney. The
four-ton machine will be used to change the properties of water and various other
substances.   Details below.   Photo by B. C. Jennings.
WEIGHS FOUR TONS
Thick Lead Wall Hides
High Energy Radiation
A new tool for investigating the
chemical changes resulting from high
energy radiation has been installed at
the  University of B.C.
The compact machine, known as a
Gammacell, is manufactured by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and
conceals its deadly radiation source
in  the  heart of a  protecting column
of lead a foot and a half thick.
The Gammacell, which weighs more
than four tons, will be located in
UBC's chemistry department where it
will be used by a number of scientists for experiments designed to reveal what happens when gamma radia-
Please turn to back page
See GAMMACELL
Increased enrolment in the first year
of the three largest faculties at the
University of B.C. has registration
officials puzzled.
Increased freshman registration in
the faculties of arts, science and education is largely responsible for pushing UBC's 1967-68 enrolment to a
record total of 18,359.
This is within 146 students of a predicted   enrolment   of   18,213,   and   an
increase   of   1,140   students   over   the
previous year's registration.
NOT  EXPECTED
Mr. J. E. A. Parnall, UBC's registrar, said the increases in arts, science
and education were not expected this
year. "We thought that freshman enrolments would remain about the same
as last year," he said, "with any added
load of students registering at Simon
Fraser University and the University
of Victoria."
Instead first year enrolments are up
in arts from 1,446 to 1,598, in science
from 1,206 to 1,363 and in education
from 461 to 576.
Mr. Parnall said an analysis of first
year student registrations would be
made to determine if there was any
increase in numbers of students coming from specific geographic areas of
the province.
He also emphasized that the current
figures for 1967-68 registration were
preliminary and would be subject to
slight change in ensuing   months.
Enrolment at B.C.'s three public
universities — Simon Fraser, Victoria
and UBC — now totals 27,403 students,
as against a total of 24,842  last year.
Mr. R. R. Jeffels, registrar at the
University of Victoria, reported a total
enrolment of 4,031 students as against
3,423 in 1966-67. He said the University's freshman enrolment was up
only slightly and there were substantial increases in registration at the
third and fourth year levels.
Simon Fraser officials said .they had
registered 5,013 students as compared
to 4,200 the previous year.
The   faculty   of  arts,   with    a   total
registration   of   5,649    is   still    UBC's
largest  faculty.
GRADUATE  STUDIES
Registration in the faculty of graduate studies also showed a substantial increase from 1,616 last year to
1,727 in 1967-68. Within the faculty,
registrations for the doctor of philosophy degree program went up from
552 to 633.
Here are registration figures for
each UBC faculty with last year's
totals in brackets: arts, 5,649 (5,405);
science, 3,422 (3,212); education (including physical education), 3,281
(3,061); agriculture, 220 (206); applied
science (including architecture and
nursing), 1,497 (1,388); commerce and
business administration, 1,129 (1,021);
dentistry, 39 (22); forestry, 222 (237);
law, 402 (333); medicine (including
rehabilitation medicine), 335 (331);
pharmacy, 132 (125); graduate studies,
1,727 (1,616); qualifying year for graduate studies and unclassified, 304
(262). Grand total,  18,359  (17,219). THREE UNITS READY FOR WINTER SESSION
New Building Named for Former President
Three new buildings marking milestones in the development of the fine
arts, the health sciences and athletics
were ready and waiting for students
enrolling for UBC's 19G7-68 winter
session.
The developments, which cost just
over $10,000,000, provide modern facilities for the department of music, the
faculty of dentistry and the school of
physical education.
COSTLIEST   DEVELOPMENT
The costliest development of the
three is the John Barfoot Macdonald
Building (Dental Health Sciences),
named for UBC's former president
whose resignation became effective at
the   end  of   June  this   year.
UBC's Dean of Dentistry, Dr. S.
Wah Leung, said the building was
named for Dr. Macdonald in recogni
tion of his key role in establishing the
faculty. He was consultant on dental
education to UBC in 1955 and wrote
two reports which served as blueprints   for   development   of   dentistry.
DENTAL  HYGIENE
Dean Leung says the new dental
teaching and research facilities will
allow for increased student enrolment,
a program to train dental hygienists,
expansion of continuing education
programs, and future postgraduate
training. Faculty research will also
be greatly facilitated.
Designed by Thompson, Berwick,
Pratt and Partners, the Macdonald
building is an integral part of the
Health   Sciences   Centre.
It is linked to the department of
anatomy and near the M e d i ca I
Sciences    buildings    and    Woodward
DENTISTRY STUDENT Marvin Christianson, left, examines a young patient in
the ultra-modern clinical facilities of the new John Barfoot Macdonald Building
for dental health sciences at UBC. Taking an interest in the examination are
Dr. John Ryan, right, part-time clinical instructor in UBC's dental faculty, and
dental   assistant  Annette  Weatherhead.   Photo  by   B.  C. Jennings.
Biomedical Library — facilities which
the dental students use. As part of
the faculty's building program, additions of about 52,000 square feet have
been made to the Medical Sciences
buildings to provide teaching and research facilities in basic medical
sciences for dental  students.
Cost of the Macdonald building and
additions to the Medical Sciences
buildings was $6,350,322.
The Macdonald building will accommodate up to 160 dental students
and 20 dental hygiene students. Present enrolment in the faculty, which
began in 19S4, is 39 with first year
students numbering 20.
TWENTY   SELECTED
"Next year we will be able to take
40 first year students," says Dean
Leung. "This year, out of about 160
applicants, 60 reached the standard
for admission, but we could only
select 20 because the facilities are incomplete."
A three-storey concrete structure of
approximately 70,000 square feet, the
building provides for the addition of
two future floors.
The building's ground floor includes
a surgical suite, teaching clinic for
children's dentistry and orthodontics,
staff offices and research laboratories.
The main entrance to the Macdonald
building leads directly to the second
floor patient reception and waiting
areas. On this floor are the main
clinic, the diagnosis and lead-lined
X-ray clinic's, the technology teaching
laboratories, demonstration clinics,
faculty and staff offices, research
laboratories and a patient records
room.
COMPACT  CLINIC
The main clinic will eventually contain 80 chairs in a compact, versatile
cubicle system. Each student, assigned to his own cubicle, will carry out
all his clinical practice there with the
exception of diagnosis, radiology and
surgery. Attached to the main clinic
is a large dispensary and two X-ray
rooms for making radiographs during
treatment.
Funds for the Macdonald building
came from the 3-Universifies Capital
Fund, the provincial government and
the federal government's Health Resources Fund. Contractors for the
building were Dawson & Hall Ltd.
•       •       •
The newest addition to the Norman
MacKenzie Centre for Fine Arts is
the $2,575,842 building for the department of music, which formerly occupied an abandoned forest products
building, an agronomy barn and several  huts.
The music department, which opened in 1959 with 27 students and eight
NEW MUSIC BUILDING at UBC is the latest addition to
the Norman MacKenzie Centre for Fine Arts. Located adjacent to the Frederic Lassere building, seen at right, the new
music  building  will  accommodate 300 students  and contains
a 285-seat concert theatre as well as classrooms, faculty
offices and sound-proofed practice studios. A month of special
programs is planned in January, 1968, to mark the opening
of the building. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
faculty members, has this year enrolled a record 200 students and has a
teaching staff of 48. The building can
accommodate 300 students and 50
faculty members.
Dr. G. Welton Marquis, head of the
music department since it was created,
said, 'The new building has provided
us with greatly improved teaching and
practice conditions, valuable listening
and ear-training aids, and a building
fund has enabled us to buy a quantity
of new instruments.
"With these facilities and equipment
we hope to concentrate more on graduate work and have already increased
our graduate enrollment from five
last year to about 14 this year."
Among the new facilities are 20
cubicles for disc and tape listening
and two rooms for group phonograph
listening. The building is wired for
television and radio broadcasts as well
as closed-circuit television, and music
can be recorded from or transmitted
to any part of the building through a
central control room on the main floor.
SOUNDPROOF  STUDIOS
Teaching studios are soundproofed
for the first time, and the electronic
studio has been expanded and re-
equipped. More than 30 new pianos
have been purchased, including concert grands, and a variety of woodwind, brass and stringed instruments.
The recital hall has provisions for
a future pipe organ which, when
acquired, will give UBC the distinction of being the only organ teaching
institution  in  B.C.
The four-storey building was designed by the architects Gardiner,
Thornton, Gathe, Davidson, Garrett,
Masson and Associates to harmonize
with the adjacent Frederic Lasserre
building for architecture and fine arts
and the Frederic Wood Theatre, the
other units of the Norman MacKenzie
Fine Arts Centre.
Funds for the building were provided by a Canada Council grant of
$736 297, with the balance from the
3-Universities Capital Fund. Contractors were Burns & Dutton Construction (1962) Ltd.
•       •       *
UBC's unique Thunderbird Stadium
will be opened officially October 7
and will provide new facilities for the
school of physical education and an
unexcelled rugby, football, and soccer
field as well as an all-weather running track.
The opening ceremony will be carried out by Allan M. McGavin, chairman of the Pan-American Games
Committee for Canada, which was responsible for the Pan-Am Games in
Winnipeg this year.
Mr. McGavin, who has been closely
connected with the development of
amateur sport in Canada, is also a
member of UBC's Board of Governors.
The opening ceremony at 1:45 p.m.
will be followed by the first athletic
event to be held in the Stadium —
a rugby match between the B.C. All-
Stars and past and present UBC
players.
SUSPENDED   ROOF
The 3,000-seat Stadium, which cost
about $1,200,000, was designed by Vancouver architect and UBC graduate,
Vladimir Plavsic. Consulting engineer
for the Stadium roof, which is suspended on IVi inch cables from a
dozen 80-foot stressed-concrete posts,
was Boguslaw B. Babicki, a part-time
lecturer in mechanical engineering at
UBC.
Each of the 12 concrete posts is
surmounted by a cast of a Thunderbird designed by Kelowna sculptor
and  artist Zeljko   Kujundzic.
Among the facilities included in the
new Stadium are a training room
named for the late UBC trainer John
Owen, built with a $4,000 gift from
alumni, and a scoreboard and track
timing device purchased with a $5,000
gift from the 1967 graduating class.
Athletic facilities include changing
and shower rooms, a 30 by 50 foot
wrestling room and a facility for game
officials.
The 440-yard track which encircles
the central playing field and equipment for field events will be installed
in  the coming year.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME  13,  No. 6
OCTOBER, 1967
*~> UBC's new 3000-seat Thunderbird Stadium will be
officially opened Oct. 7 to provide new field facilities
for rugby, football, soccer and track and field events.
NINE PROJECTS UNDERWAY
The Stadium cost about $1,200,000 and replaces the
student-built stadium on the East Mall which has been
demolished to make way for the new Student Union
Building. View-obstructing posts in the new stadium
have been eliminated by suspending the roof on IV2-
inch cables from  12 concrete  posts.
UBC Construction Exceeds $22,000,000
The familiar roar of bulldozers, concrete trucks and scoop shovels continues to pervade the University of
B.C. campus as the result of a building
program totalling more than
$22,300,000.
A total of nine projects, including
four residence towers and the first two
units of the new University Hospital
in the Health Sciences Centre, are currently under construction to keep pace
with growing enrolments.
Here is a rundown on all current
campus construction projects.
RESIDENCES: Four new residence
towers, costing a total of $3,615,000 are
underway in the Place Vanier (Lower
Mall) and Totem Park residence areas.
The two Totem Park towers, costing $2,413,000, will add 400 beds to the
existing 800 units there. Construction
involves closure of Agronomy Road
and provision of a replacement road
leading to student and faculty parking
lots at the south end of the campus.
The Place Vanier towers, costing
$1,202,000, will house 192 male students.
Students living in both developments
will eat in common block facilities in
each residence area.
The contracts are a further step in
UBC's plan to increase total residence
space for single students by 75 per
cent—from 2,662 beds to 4,690 beds—
by  1971.
Rapidly nearing completion at the
south end of Acadia Road is the new
$4,600,000 Acadia Park development
consisting of 275 units for married
graduate students.
The development consists of one,
two and a limited number of three-
bedroom suites as well as a 12-storey
high-rise tower containing 100 suites.
The development will include specialized areas for graduate students
and their families, study areas, a play
area for children and communal social
and laundry facilities.
Residence developments at UBC are
financed through borrowings from
Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation.  Residences are operated on  a
non-profit basis and rents are used to
repay borrowings and meet operating
costs.
HEALTH SCIENCES CENTRE: The
first two units of the University Hospital are under construction at a total
cost of $5,376,304.
The Hospital wing will provide facilities for psychiatric services and includes three 20-bed nursing units, facilities for day and night care of
patients, research laboratories, and
UBC's Neurological Research Unit.
The UBC Health Sciences Centre,
when complete, will comprise a 14-
building complex to serve as a major
referral centre for problem cases from
all over B.C., a major research facility,
and a pioneering centre for the integrated teaching of all the health
sciences.
Costs of the psychiatric unit are being shared equally by the B.C. Hospital Insurance Service and the federal
Health Resources Fund.
METALLURGY: A new six-storey
metallurgy   building,   which   will    in-
DR. WARREN D. KITTS
New Animal Science Head Named
Expansion of extension activities
and research into nutritional diseases
in animals is forecast by Dr. Warren
D. Kitts, the new chairman of the
animal science division of UBC's
faculty of agriculture.
SUCCEEDS   DEAN
Dr. Kitts, 44, who has been a UBC
faculty member since 1953, succeeds
Dr. Blythe Eagles, who held the posts
of dean of agriculture and chairman
of the animal science division until
his retirement this year.
UBC's new dean of agriculture, Dr.
Michael Shaw, said he was delighted
that Dr. Kitts had accepted the appointment.
"Dr. Kitts," he said, "is one of Canada's leading animal scientists and is
singularly fitted to fill the post because of his intimate knowledge of the
B.C. scene and the contributions he
has made to research.
HIGHLY   REGARDED
"He is highly regarded by scientists
in this field in all parts of Canada
and is in touch with the latest developments in animal science, which
is an important aspect of B.C. agriculture."
Dr. Kitts, whose main research interest is in the field of animal  nutri
tion, said the division would expand
its present research work and appoint
additional   staff   to   emphasize   nutri-
DR. WARREN KITTS
tional    diseases    resulting    from    impaired metabolism.
He also predicted a closer liaison
with the departments of plant and soil
science in the agriculture faculty to
develop further research in forage
utilization and trace mineral nutrition.
DISSEMINATE   RESULTS
Dr. Kitts said he also plans to widen
the extension activities of the division
to disseminate experimental results
throughout the farming community.
Dr. Kitts is a native of North Vancouver, B.C., and was awarded the
degrees of bachelor and master of
science in agriculture by UBC in 1947
and 1949. He obtained his Ph.D. from
Iowa  State   University in   1953.
For the current year he has been
awarded $30,000 in research grants. A
total of 12 graduate students are
registered in animal science and ten
of them are under Dr. Kitts' direct
supervision.
HEADS SOCIETY
Dr. Kitts has published more than
60 papers on research topics and is
currently president of the Society of
Animal Production, which has a membership of about 400 professional animal scientists in Canada.
elude a Centre for Materials Research,
is under construction on a south campus site set aside for the Faculty of
Applied Science. It will cost $2,600,000.
The building will provide the metallurgy department with floor space
equivalent to that now in use in seven
dispersed buildings.
The Materials Research Centre is
financed with a grant of $375,000 from
the National Research Council and
will stimulate and expand research in
the preparation and properties of materials, including metals, ceramics and
plastics with emphasis on applications
to real problems.
STUDENT UNION BUILDING: The
new SUB, which is being constructed
on the site of UBC's original stadium,
will cost in excess of $5,000,000.
About $3,000,000 of the cost will be
provided through an annual assessment of $15 per student which began
in   1964.
UBC's Board of Governors will provide two grants to aid the project—
$1,100,000 for food services and $202,880
as a general contribution to costs out
of rentals prepaid by the Bank of
Montreal for 35-year occupancy in the
new student building.
COMPUTING CENTRE: The overhanging east wing of the civil engineering building is being enclosed to
provide 5,000 square feet of space on
two floors for new computing centre
quarters.
The addition, costing $300,952, will
provide offices, key-punch facilities, a
small library and a seminar room.
BOOKSTORE: An addition to the
campus bookstore, costing $108,245,
will provide increased sales and storage space to the south of the existing
store.
SCENERY SHOP: A new scenery
shop is being constructed at the rear
of the Frederic Wood Theatre at a
cost of $142,100. The existing shop, at
the rear of the UBC armoury, will be
demolished.
FACULTY CLUB: Interior renovations and a new wing to the Faculty
Club are being built at a cost of
$723,821. The new facilities are designed to provide more efficient food
services for UBC's growing faculty.
The cost of the Faculty Club construction is being paid for by members
through increased membership fees
and a surcharge on sales.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME   13,   No. 6
OCTOBER, 1967 EMPLOYER BELIEFS IDENTIFIED
'Disadvantaged' Studied by Psychologist
If you're an ex-mental patient in search of a job
it will probably pay you to seek out a company with
a female personnel officer, according to a University
of B.C. psychologist.
This is a single example of an attitude toward
the hiring of "disadvantaged" persons which has
been uncovered by a UBC research team currently
working on a federal-government supported project
The research team, headed by psychology professor Edro Signori, is using a $4,100 grant from the
federal department of manpower and immigration to
discover the basic attitudes of employers toward the
hiring of socially disadvantaged persons.
ALL TYPES INCLUDED
"We are interpreting the word 'disadvantaged' in
the widest possible way," said Dr. Signori, "to include
the physically and mentally handicapped, school
dropouts, ex-criminals, older workers, ethnic minorities, and women, since some employers don't regard
womeVi as the equals of men."
Dr. Signori and two graduate students are examining in detail some 400 books, articles and research reports in an attempt to tabulate the beliefs
which lead to the development of attitudes toward
the  disadvantaged.
"In comparing the attitudes of men and women
employers," he said, "the literature suggests that
women   are   more   tolerant   toward   former   mental
patients than are men. As a result, the disadvantaged in this area will probably find it easier to find
employment if the hiring decision is made by a
woman."
The socially disadvantaged present a real problem
in present-day society, Dr. Signori  believes.
"There is little question," he said, "that the disadvantaged have a harder time finding jobs, are
unemployed for longer periods than normal persons,
and take longer to find jobs if they have to be reemployed."
The research team has already identified 70
different beliefs on the part of employers toward
persons  who  are  physically   handicapped.
"Some employers believe," Dr. Signori said, "that
the physically handicapped require special facilities,
that they have less stamina, and are less capable
than normal persons in dealing with the public, to
name only a few of the negative beliefs.
"We also found some positive beliefs about the
physically handicapped. They are said to be kinder
and more alert on the job."
The main concern of the research group is to
isolate the beliefs which lead to the formation of
attitudes on the part of the employer.
"Some of the beliefs may be completely unfounded,"   Dr.  Signori   said,  "while  others   may   be
supported by evidence contained in the research
studies we  are examining."
Ultimately, he said, the aim of the research should
be an educational program prepared by the government to do two things. "Where there are unfounded
prejudices," he said, "there should be a campaign
designed to counteract misconceptions.
"And where there is supporting evidence for
beliefs, the emphasis should be on selecting disadvantaged persons for jobs which are suited to their
abilities and talents."
STUDENTS TAKE PART
Another aspect of the study is to determine if
negative or positive attitudes toward one category
of disadvantaged persons are generalized to include
other categories.
In the preliminary stages, two groups of students
will take part in the study in an attempt to determine
if changes in attitude result from education.
A first-year group and a fourth-year group will
be asked to relate beliefs about the disadvantaged
on a seven-point scale ranging from strong disagreement to strong agreement. Later it is planned to
study similar ratings by employers.
"By applying some statistical techniques and
running the ratings through the computer, we may
come up with a picture of the nature of prejudiced
attitudes and the beliefs which are involved in these
attitudes," Dr. Signori said.
GIFT TO UNIVERSITY
Book Collection Will Attract
Leading Scholars to Campus
A library of nineteenth and early
twentieth century English literature,
consisting of nearly 500 author collections, and valued between $150,000
and $250,000, has arrived at the University of British Columbia.
The man who assembled it during
almost half a century, one-time bookseller Reginald Norman Colbeck, 64,
has come from England and will
spend the next five years as a bibliographer in UBC's library, engaged
mainly in the preparation of a descriptive catalogue.
The 50,000-item collection, which
is   a  gift to the University from   Mr.
Colbeck, is regarded as one of the
finest in private hands of this period,
exclusive of the novel. It was shipped
from England in 118 wooden cases,
weighing more than eight tons in all.
The negotiations which brought the
collection to UBC were made by Professor William E. Fredeman, of UBC's
English department, who was in England in 1965-66 on a Guggenheim Fellowship. He said its presence at UBC
would mean that the library resources
in the area covered would advance
from zero to almost fifty on a scale
of a hundred.
"The     Colbeck     Collection,"     Prof.
VALUABLE COLLECTION of books has been given to UBC by Norman Colbeck,
right, who spent half a century collecting them.   He is shown discussing one of the
collection's    manuscripts    with    UBC    English    professor,
Photo by B. C. Jennings.
Dr.    W.    E.    Fredeman.
Fredeman said, "includes the work of
485 separate authors, plus various
special collections, and will strengthen
the Library's holdings. In fact, it will
comprehensively represent the major
and minor authors of the period
covered."
Prof. Fredeman said the fact that
UBC had such a collection would attract many scholars to the campus
and aid in the development of graduate studies in English literature and
bibliography.
FIRST  EDITIONS
The books are mainly first editions,
and in unusually fine condition. There
is a special emphasis on 'presentation'
and 'association' copies — books with
autograph inscriptions from their authors, often to significant contemporaries.
There are also many duplicate
copies showing bibliographical variations, often demonstrating revisions
which are of value in the verification
of texts.
Many of the books by minor poets
and essayists are extremely rare —
some, indeed, are missing from the
copyright libraries in the United Kingdom. One such is T. E. Brown's "Betsy
Lee: A Fo'c's'le Yarn," written and
printed in 1871, a narrative poem of
49 pages, which might well realise
$1,000 if it were offered at auction.
The major Victorian poets — Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Morris and the
Rossettis—are very fully represented,
as is the Irish Literary Revival headed
by W. B. Yeats. The collection of this
author alone, which includes the
Cuala Press printings, has an estimated value of $15,000.
The eighteen - nineties period is
strongly represented — by Wilde,
Beardsley, Arthur Symons, Ernest
Dowson and others.
ORIGINAL  MANUSCRIPTS
Amongst original manuscripts of
twentieth century authors are unpublished works of W. E. Henley, Edward
Carpenter, Michael Field, A. C. Benson, T. Sturge Moore, George Bourne,
Shane Leslie and Augustine Birrell;
and among the more important holdings are some two hundred unpublished letters by the First World War
poet, Edward Thomas, amounting to
over 500 pages, and the corrected
typescript of Philip Guedalla's early
biography of Sir Winston Churchill,
published in 1941.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME  13,  No. 6
OCTOBER, 1967
DEAN   BERNARD  E. RIEDEL
Dean of
Pharmacy
Appointed
A distinguished Edmonton biochemist has been named the new dean of
pharmacy at the University of B.C.
He is Dr. Bernard E. Riedel, 48, who
was professor of pharmacy and
executive assistant to the vice-president of the University of Alberta. Dr.
Riedel succeeded Dr. A. Whitney Matthews who retired as dean of pharmacy June 30.
Dr. Riedel was born at Provost, Alberta and attended the University of
Alberta where he obtained his B.Sc.
degree in pharmacy in 1943.
That year he joined the Royal Canadian Air Force and served for three
years with Coastal Command as a
navigator-bombardier. He was discharged with the rank of flying officer.
Dr. Riedel returned to the University of Alberta and took his master's
degree in pharmacy in 1949. In 1953
he was awarded his Ph.D. in biochemistry at the University of Western Ontario, and was then appointed
assistant professor of pharmacy at
the University of Edmonton. He became a full  professor in  1959.
For the past six years Dr. Riedel
has been executive assistant to the
vice-president of the university, a post
which has given him a broad familiarity with many of the problems of
today's rapidly growing universities.
He has been active for many years
in research, particularly into the effects of various drugs on muscle tissues and on the production of hormones in animals, and on the use of
radioactive   isotopes. HITOBMWJ. IJECTUIFIE: inn lllns; hii'iSavy xtl tmesild-b^I isliiaxwsnv'
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MM AffllLIIEU iSCIIENICE IFACILHOTT
Assistant to Dean Appointed
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Conne
Home
Grads!!1
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Picker Goes Back To Drawing"Board
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hia-f\ :!fdiuobiaei."
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itVot fcairrtsidiiiR.ixn osblbbs Unastmi Ik liaoeaani lanntl i5hiq:i."
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|:ili>bsd'aotl trlnenr trvi iii Hint: tUnruugrtrtt." President-Designate Says Close Contact With Students Is Vital
(Dr. F. Kenneth Hare paid his first
formal visit to the campus as UBC's
president-designate in late August and
early September. What follows is the
major part of a news conference given by
Dr. Hare early in his visit.)
QUESTION: What made you decide to
accept the position, sir?
DR. HARE: Oh, a variety of things.
I've known UBC for a long time, I've
admired it as one of the major universities and I've known and liked Vancouver
as a place to live. I think too that probably the best thing about it is that it
is on the Pacific coast and I have a
private theory that the next century
belongs to the Pacific coast, so if you are
going to take a Canadian university on,
this is a good one.
QUESTION: Would you elaborate on
that?    -
DR. HARE: Well, I think basically it's
just the rise of Asia in world affairs. I
don't see any way of stopping this. It's
quite obvious that the major concentration of the world's population is going
to be around the South West Pacific.
And, if that is so, both the political and
the economic opportunities are there in
South East Asia — I mean that's where
they are now, of course, and that's going
to go on growing. I see this of course as
mainly, at the moment, an involvement
with the Americans, but I have no doubt
whatever the same thing will happen
here in Canada.
STAKE IN ASIA
QUESTION: How do you see the University of British Columbia becoming involved with Japan or with the rest of
South East Asia?
DR. HARE: Well, I don't know much
about this University in detail yet, but
I know it already has, for example, a
fine library of Asiatic collections, and
this is obviously a sensible thing for a
Pacific Coast university to have and I
should have supposed that this country
ought to have one or two universities
with a deep stake  in Asiatic affairs.
QUESTION: Do you want to see a
strong, excellent Asiatic department?
DR. HARE: I think 1 did say that I
don't know enough about UBC to make
statements that strong. I did say that in
coming to UBC I had it in mind that the
Pacific is the ocean of the future and
universities ought to be where the action
is. They ought to belong in the world of
affairs. They do, of course, and if the
Pacific is going to rise, relatively, I am
sure that there is going to be a great
opportunity for the universities on the
Pacific coast.
QUESTION: What is your attitude towards dissent on the university campus?
DR. HARE: It depends on what you're
dissenting from. 1 think that a university
has to be a place where every question
is open. It's a place where questions are
asked and answered. The university itself doesn't go around preaching any
gospel but certainly I would think that
a healthy university has to have its doors
open to ideas, religious, for example,
and any other body of ideas that leads to
dissent, but a university has got no business taking sides in matters of this kind.
Its only business is to keep its doors
open to every kind of opinion. The main
business of a university is to train the
critical faculty and to train the intellect,
and you can't do that if you shut certain
doors.
QUESTION: Universities across North
America in recent years are inclined to
champion causes of one kind or another.
The American Civil Rights movement in
the United States is an example of university students from all corners of the
country, and even from Canada, taking
part. Do you think that's a healthy
situation?
HELP UNDERDOG
DR. HARE: Well, students have always
taken sides on behalf of the underdog.
They did when I was a student. As far as
I know they always have and I think it's
a good thing that they should. The great
thing about a teenager and a younq man
in his low twenties is that his conscience
is still active and he still has all his
idealism, but he hasn't learned how difficult things actually are. I'm certainly
in favour of—shall we say I would hate
to think that the students were not interested in the woes of the world.
QUESTION: Some universities are getting so big that they are being referred
to as multiversities. Do you think that
huge university complexes are as effective as smaller ones?
DR. HARE: I'm a big university man.
I think that the virtues of a small university have been grossly exaggerated.
The point is that a modern university
has to be complex, because knowledge
is complex. You've got to be able to
afford to have a very wide variety of
departments. You've got to be able to
afford to have a huge library to cover
the waterfront. The only way you can
do this is to have a big enough operation
to be sure that you really are covering it.
Now the small universities and colleges
were tuned in on a very much simpler
world when things were simple and you
could really say that the object was to
study the classics and mathematics and
the other things that don't occupy much
space. But this isn't true of the modern
university at all, so I'm in favour of the
big university from this point of view.
KEEP UNIVERSITY HUMAN
But, having said that, I know how
difficult it is to keep a big university
human. This is the big problem of the
day—how do you make a big university
exist as a sympathetic place to the individual student?
QUESTION: Is that what you mean by
the title of your book "On University
Freedom," or do you put some other
meaning on that title?
DR. HARE: I put some other meaning
on that title. That meaning is that I
would like to see the universities stay
free in an age of state financing. They
were free in the old days because they
didn't matter.
QUESTION: Does that mean that you
would   like   to   see   them   get   adequate
UBC's   New   President   in   Brief
Here's a brief biographical sketch of
Dr. F. Kenneth Hare, president-
designate of UBC.
FREDERICK KENNETH HARE —
Bachelor of Science, Doctor of Philosophy, Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society; Master of Birkbeck
College, University of London, since
August, 1966.
Born Wy lye, Wiltshire, England,
February 5, 1919; son of Frederick Eli
Hare and Irene Smith; married, two
sons, Christopher and Robin; one
daughter,   Elissa   Beatrice.
Education: Windsor Grammar
School; King's College, University of
London (Bachelor of Science with
first-class honours in geography) 1939;
University of Montreal, Doctor of
Philosophy in geography, 1950; Lecturer in geography, University of
Manchester,   1940-4J.
War service in British Air Ministry,
operational forecaster, Meteorological
Office,   1941-45.
Assistant and associate professor of
geography, McGill University, Montreal, 1945-52; professor of geography
and meteorology, McGill, 1952-64;
Chairman of Department of Geography and Meteorology, McGill; Dean
of the Faculty of Arts and Science,
McGill, 1962-64; Warden of Peterson
Residsnce, McGill, 1946-50; professor
of geography, King's College, University of London, 1964-66,
Member, National Research Council
of Canada, 1962-64; Chairman of the
Board, Arctic Institute of North
America, 1963; Member, Natural Environmental Research Council, 1965—;
Honourary Fellow, American Geographical Society, 1963; Honorary
President, Association of American
Geographers, 1964; President, Canadian Association of Geographers, 1964;
Honorary Doctor of Laws degree,
Queens University, 1964.
Author of "The Restless Atmosphere," 1953, a textbook on climatology, and many articles on climato-
ogy, meteorology and geography in
scientific journals. Recreations —
music,  photography.
Dr. Hare was a member of a Commission to Study the Development of
Graduate Programmes in Ontario
Universities. The resulting document,
issued in 1966, has become known as
the Spinks Report, for Dr. J. W. T.
Spinks, President of the University of
Saskatchewan, who chaired the Com-
lission.
financial support without any ties on
the money?
DR. HARE: Not quite, but I'd like to
see them in effect create their own ties.
I personally feel that the university community has to arrive at a method of disciplining itself, of keeping its own relations with society on an even keel. Universities are such complicated operations
that only university people, it seems to
me, know how to run them. That means
that the university people have an obligation to see to it that they are run
economically  and that they  co-ordinate.
What I really mean is that if you claim
the freedom that universities do claim,
then it must be done responsibly. You've
got to accept the responsibility as well
as seeing to it that the public money is
wisely spent. This is what the British
try to do through their University Grants
Committee. It gets more difficult all the
time but I think it has to be attempted
because if anybody else tries to do it,
they'll find out how difficult it is to run
universities.
QUESTION: What are your views on
the standards of entrance into universities today? Do you think they should be
raised?
SELECT STUDENTS
DR. HARE: Well, that depends on
which university you are talking about.
Some universities most certainly should
raise their standards, others might conceivably lower them, but at the moment
I think that the proportion of Canadian
youth going to university is actually too
small, not too high, and I think that the
proportion could be increased.
What we need to do is to have a much
more efficient way of selecting them. I
don't know what that way is yet but at
the moment 9% of the young Canadians
go to college and I think that the proportion should probably be at least
doubled, and I say that in spite of the
fact that there is a very big drop-out at
the present time. The 9% we are taking
in are not necessarily the right 9%. Somehow we have got to find a way of getting
the right 9%, or the right 15%.
QUESTION: Right in terms of what,
sir?
DR. HARE: Right in terms of their
ability to finish the course and get a*-good
degree out of it and get value for their
time spent.
QUESTION: Does this in any way indicate   an   abolition  of tuition  fees?
DR. HARE: No, I don't think it does.
I don't think that tuition fees are a barrier but I certainly think that if you have
tuition fees there should be a way in
which the deserving child who really can
profit should be able to get those fees
covered.
May I cite my British experience for a
minute. I've been over there four years
and I think it's true to say that any child
over there who can meet the minimum
requirements is absolutely guaranteed
full support through university or technical college, and this is true provided
he  has the  minimum qualifications.
QUESTION: Are you saying that
should be done here?
DR. HARE: I'd prefer to defer an
answer to that until I've looked at it.
I don't think it is working very well in
Britain because they haven't got enough
university places. What they've done is
to make it possible for any qualified
youngster to go to college, if he can get
in. But in fact only half of the ones that
are qualified do get in, which is a tragedy.
And this isn't a question of the state
being unwilling to pay their fees, it's a
question of the state having been unwilling to put up the capital required to
build the  universities.
QUESTION: When you said that you
believe in a large university, do you
think a 30,000 student university is too
large or do you think 20,000 is enough
for one university?
DR. HARE: The question is, can you
run a good 20,000 university or can you
run a good 30,000 university? In principle, I don't know any reason why you
couldn't run a good 100,000 university,
but in fact I know we don't.
MANY FAIL
The question seems to me to be this —
what can you do in the structure of a
big university like UBC or California or
McGill or the other big fellows of the
continent — what can you do to their
structure that makes the student feel
that he really knows the place, that he
really belongs, that there is someone he
can talk to. At the moment I know very
well that in the universities outside UBC
—this is no comment on UBC because I
just don't know the place — but outside
Dr. F. Kenneth Hare, UBC's president-designate, makes a point to reporters at his first news conference.
this   university the ones   I   do know fail
in this respect.
It boils down to this—that if the student in a Canadian university does an
honors degree, if he takes the major
part of his studies in one discipline, he
will attach himself to that department
and that usually means that he feels he-
belongs. But, if he does a general degree
—and a lot of people think this is the
right kind of degree because it gives you
a broad education—there isn't any one
department he belongs to; instead he
finds himself one of some thousands of
people having no particular home that
he can call his own. Now, I think that
what you have somehow to do is to find
a way of getting the virtues of the
honors degree attachment to the department communicated to every student
on the campus.
RESEARCH CENTRE
QUESTION: Do you see UBC becoming a research centre, a highly sophisticated research centre, or the basis for
one?
DR. HARE; Every major university
must or it isn't a major university. A
university is a place where knowledge is
advanced and nowadays that means you
have to have big research on the university campus.
QUESTION: I'm talking about major
facilities and this kind of thing.
DR. HARE: Well, in the sciences, this
means major facilities and I don't see
any alternative to this. I think if a university gets to be a slave to its big
equipment then it's in trouble, and this
has happened in places in the States.
Universities have become so muscle-
bound with heavy gadgets that it warps
their entire program.
You can't allow that to happen but,
equally, you can't get along these days
without big equipment in the science departments and engineering and forestry .
and the other technical fields, and "a
university without this is crippled.
QUESTION: Would you couple this
with, say, more emphasis on graduate
studies in universities?
DR. HARE: Well, of course. This country at the present moment is living in a
fool's paradise as far as advanced studies
are concerned. It just does not meet its
own demand for higher degree studies.
It relies on imported brains from overseas. What we do in fact when we set up
a new university, like Simon Fraser or
Victoria, or start a new faculty at UBC,
is to make a private bet that somewhere
'in England or Germany or the United
States or Hawaii or Australia there are
some people who will come and work
for us, because that's where the staff will
have to come from.
This country is not even nearly self-
rtifficient. It's the only rich country in
the world that isn't self-sufficient, and
it's an absolute obligation on rich countries to be self-sufficient in people with
advanced training. I mean by that the
- s.enior professions—I mean the full requirement in graduate work and it's got
to be done inside Canada.
Now, I've just been serving on the
Spinks Commission in Ontario looking
into this situation in the Ontario universities, which are very strong numerically. They are nowhere near meeting
the Ontario requirement and they are
supposed to be exporting to the rest of
the country. In fact they can easily absorb their entire product without letting
/'one man go to industry or to another
province.
INADEQUATE OUTPUT
The Ontario universities can absorb all
the people they are training, which is
absurd. It means that there simply isn't
any place in the country where there is
an adequate output of people with advanced training. In Britain we have the
opposite situation, by the way. There
there is a surplus. They emigrate in
droves and it's called the brain drain.
QUESTION: Would you say that if
UBC was to concentrate more on graduate studies that it would do so at the
expense of, say, undergraduate studies?
,- DR. HARE: I don't think it ought to.
The point is that the undergraduate program is the core of the university, there's
no question about it, and I think the universities have an obligation to the public
to see to it that the undergraduate places
'are available.
I think if I had to make this the choice,
starve the undergraduate program in
order to feed research, I wouldn't do it.
On the other hand I think it would be
tr-agic if the universities were driven into
that position.
QUESTION: Do you think they are
being driven into that position?
QR. HARE: Well, I won't comment on
$iie UBC picture because I haven't
looked at the universities of this province. I will say that elsewhere in the
country   magnificent   things   are    being
done. I would like to say how splendidly
they are trying to meet this in Ontario.
I think the Ontario government's done a
fine job in meeting the challenge and if
looks  as  if Quebec's on the move.
The fact is that I have encountered a
good many jurisdictions in North America where this problem, the starving of
the graduate faculty to feed the undergraduate, is a reality, but they all happen
to be American.
QUESTION: You talk about the University of Toronto as being the only
Canadian university on the brink of
world stature. How would you say the
University of Toronto is now, and how
would you say the University of British
Columbia is in relation to the U. of T.?
DR. HARE: When I made that remark
about the University of Toronto I was
talking to the other Ontario universities.
It was part of the Spinks Commission
Report that brought this up and I said
it at Carleton last February, it's true.
By the world class, I mean institutions
like Harvard, Oxford, London, M.I.T.,
Berkeley and by that I mean institutions
which are magnets. They draw the best
people without any effort. In fact they
have to beat the competition off and
they do this because they have the facilities    and    they    have    the    atmosphere.
What they've done in Toronto, over the
last ten or twenty years, is to build up
a really first-class effort in quite a broad
range of subjects, and in half a dozen or
so, it's the place to go.
HAVE TO WAIT
Now institutions that can do that
across a broad range are world institutions and that's what I meant by saying
that Toronto was competitive. Now, you
have to wait, there's no such thing as an
instant graduate school, to quote John
Spinks. You just can't create that overnight.
What has happened here at UBC is that
in the last five years there has been a
most spectacular development in graduate studies, and I think a very imaginative development in graduate studies,
and it's on the right path, and if the
resources can be found there is not the
slightest doubt that there is the scope
here for the same kind of stature. It'll
take a little time, but there's plenty of
ambition.
QUESTION: Is that your ambition, to
see UBC in the world league?
DR. HARE: Well, of course. And, incidentally, may I tell you what you're
up against? Harvard's operating budget
this year is equal to the Ontario subsidy
to all their universities. Government support to all Ontario universities put together is equal to the operating budget
of one American university—$121 million.
QUESTION: Is that the largest figure
in the U.S.?
DR. HARE: Yes, easily. Harvard is the
richest university, without doubt, in the
world.
QUESTION: Ontario is embarking on
regional, community, and technological
college programs. I think about eighteen
colleges will be open next month. How
do you see the regional college concept
in relation to universities in this province? Do you think we should have a
lot more of them?
DR. HARE: Well, I've read the Macdonald Report. I think it's true to say
that it's inescapable that you are going
to have to see the creation of a very
wide tertiary level of education. More
and more leisure means more and more
opportunity for tertiary level education.
By tertiary education I mean education
that's post-high school. But it's obvious,
isn't it, that most of the people who get
into that class are probably not university
material. One doesn't know what the proportion is. Some people in the States
say that a quarter of that age group is
university material but, whatever it is,
most of them aren't.
TERTIARY LEVEL
Most of them couldn't face up to the
rigors of honors physics or economics.
But the other three-quarters are owed
something. They pay taxes too, and it
seems to me that it's inevitable that
there be another level of tertiary education. Certainly I think that the Macdonald Report in this respect was remarkably far-sighted.
QUESTION: Dr. Macdonald, it is widely believed, sir, had a frustrating time
with Premier Bennett over the matter of
budgets for UBC and the other two universities. Last year he asked for $66
million and got $53 million. Would you
care to comment on what your chances
will be in relation to the government
over grants and so forth?
DR HARE: I think until I've talked to
Mr. Bennett that it would be quite improper for me to make any comment at
all.
QUESTION: Most of the student body,
I believe, had a very high regard for Dr.
Macdonald as an individual as well as
being an efficient head of the university.
Do you think that this is something that
the head of a university should work towards?
DR. HARE: I think you can exaggerate
the role of a university president. He's
not God Almighty — he's an enabler. I
think it's true to say, however, that the
way Canadian universities have evolved,
a unique degree of responsibility and
obligation is placed on the president,
which in other institutions in other countries doesn't fall to the president.
Certainly I think that the crucial role
that the president can play in this is to
see to it that the students don't get left
out of the picture. One of my pet interests has been letting the students be
heard. I think that you fellows {the press)
do a good deal to see that they are heard,
but the ones that are silent ought to be
heard  from   too.
I was talking to the student president
of this university this morning and agreeing with him that perhaps the most important single role the president has is
to be in pretty continuous touch with
the student body and know what they
are thinking and to see to it that this
is not left out of account.
QUESTION: What's the best way of
doing that?
DR. HARE: Well, certainly, the students ought to have their representatives
on the Senate and they have, thank God,
at UBC. Those representatives are in a
particularly difficult position, I think. I
am not now talking about-the four on
the UBC Senate, I'm talking about the
student representatives on the Senate in
general.
DIFFICULT JOB
The difficulty is that, that if the job
is to be done well, if student opinion is
to be heard from, they have a terrifically
difficult job. They represent a very large
constituency, for the most part they are
young and immature and they are new
to the game, and it's going to be very
difficult for them to represent representative student opinion without in fact
wrecking their own academic careers.
The greatest difficulty about student
affairs, about student participation in
university government, is how to do it
without wrecking their academic year.
Now, quite a few places now give their
student presidents sabbatical years. But
it isn't enough to say that you are willing
to give a sabbatical year to the odd
student president.
So I think that's one thing—put them
on the Senate. But the other thing,
basically, is to encourage in the student
body a discussion of genuine academic
reforms,     genuine     academic     advance.
QUESTION: Do you think there should
be a student on the Board of Governors?
DR. HARE: I don't think there's any
absolute answer to that question. There
are two students on the Board of Governors of the College I am head of at the
moment and the way that Board functions and the way those students operate
this  makes sense, because it's  a college
Meteorologists
Name Dr. Hare
Society President
Dr. F. Kenneth Hare, UBC's
president-designate, has been elected president of the Royal Meteorological Society, an international
learned society with headquarters
in London, England. Dr. Hare will
hold the presidency of the Society
for one year. His term of office
began   on   September   1.
The Society, founded in 1850, has
a membership of more than 2,100
professional meteorologists and
scientists and interested lay persons.
Until this year, when the Canadian Meteorological Society came
into existence, the Society had a
Canadian branch of some 400
members.
Some 95 per cent of the Canadian members of the Royal
Meteorological Society opted to retain their memberships in the
British organization when the Canadian Society was formed. It is
estimated that there are about 100
members of the Royal Meteorological   Society  in  Vancouver.
The object of the RMS is the
promotion of every aspect of the
science of meteorology. In addition to sponsoring free lectures,
the Society publishes a quarterly
journal devoted to research papers
and "Weather," a semi-popular
monthly   magazine.
On alternate years the Society
awards the S y m o n s Memorial
Medal for distinguished work in
meteorology and the Buchan Prize,
which is open to fellows of the
Society.
Dr. Hare is well-known in the
scientific world for his research in
the field of meteorology and climatology, particularly in the Canadian Arctic and the Labrador-
Ungava region. He is the author
of a widely-used textbook on
climatology, "The Restless Atmosphere."
for mature adults. The two students on
that Board are both in their late twenties.
What Birkbeck does is to provide second-chance university degrees to anyone
who is willing to come while fujly employed. What it demonstrates is that
these people can compete on equal terms
with the full-time students.
I am absolutely certain that this need
exists in every Canadian city. In Montreal where it is exceedingly heavy, it's
all carried by Sir George Williams University, which I think has done a very
splendid job. I think every Canadian city
has this need.
QUESTION: Do you think it is necessary to get out and explain the university to the public by talking to the
Rotary Club, talking to people generally, making speeches and raising funds
as a public service?
DR. HARE: Yes. I certainly do. Universities are dependent on public support. It isn't so much a question of the
University claiming the support of the
public; I think universities are answerable to the public. They, after all, depend almost entirely on public funds and
they fulfill a major public responsibility.
Quite obviously the president, and not
only the president, but all the deans and
all the local professors ought to be
undertaking as much as they can to justify the University's work. UBC Doctor' Gets. First
Milba'irnik Faculty Award
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saaslHliingi laai'nioas HHa-wu^Hoouit; lllnas -wilnodia!
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iVi bbnimasi* iqaLqdil i:*:..bddtn Uliruaa- lanofcl
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maa-, Ins- njjdsiirsatl l:eDd^esii:ri-'i: iaiotl
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'A-X(IUJL1/AI=;  CE,l. I4:<. Ic
x«:rnn£i:]p; mf NEW DIMENSIONS IN POLITICAL PROTEST
Academic Freedom Threatened on Campus
(Dr. fohn B. Macdonald, president of UBC from
1962 until June of this year, received an honorary
degree at UBC's spring congregation on June 2.
What follows is the major part of Dr. Macdonald's
congregation address on academic freedom.)
Perhaps the most important issue affecting the
welfare and the survival of universities as we know
them is the future of academic freedom in universities and the autonomy of universities. It may sound
strange to you that I should suggest that academic
freedom and autonomy face dangers at a time when
probably more is being said and written in their
defence than at any time in North American history.
The problem arises because of misunderstandings
of the meaning of academic freedom and the ways
in which it differs from some other kinds of freedom
—such as civil rights or freedom of speech. Compounding the difficulties arising from misunderstanding are new forms of organized political activity by
students and faculty in which the campus is used
as a base for attacks on various aspects of society.
These activities sometimes have involved demonstrations, strikes, sit-ins, civil disobedience, violence
and demagoguery. They represent new dimensions
in political protest Without wishing to examine
their origins closely I suggest that they have arisen
partly as a consequence of the often stirring drama
of the civil rights movement in the United States
and partly as a consequence of new awareness of
the political power of organized protest.
DISSENT IS A DUTY
Let me say at the outset that I speak not against
dissent. Dissent is a duty in a democracy. Neither
do I speak against civil disobedience for a noble
cause entered into consciously and thoughtfully and
with the courage to accept the consequences. I speak
only of kinds of behaviour sometimes indulged in
on today's campuses which constitute a threat to
academic freedom. Such events have become common in recent years across North America.
We have been fortunate at UBC to have seen
relatively little of these difficulties and I hope and
pray that in the years ahead UBC may be wise
enough not to tolerate the kinds of dangers about
which I wish to speak. It is with the hope that a
frank discussion of the issues today may help this
University to deal wisely with the events of tomorrow
that I chose to speak on this subject.
Student rebellion is not new. What is new is the
kind of rebellion. In earlier times students rebelled
against universities, largely because of their role
"in loco parentis." The universities served as convenient surrogate fathers, and in this capacity
tended to invite rebellion.
Today's students, when they rebel, are more
often involved in a political movement and their
demands frequently are in the form of ideological
pressures on the universities or the community. In
these pressures for student rights, for student participation in university government, for academic
freedom for students, for free speech for students,
for the right to use the campus as a base for political
activities, they are sometimes joined by faculty
members. It is in the ideological nature of modern
rebellion that some of the danger lies.
The paradox is that a number of actions and attitudes found on today's campuses aimed at protecting
or extending academic freedom, instead constitute a
threat to academic freedom.
The reasons for granting academic freedom within
universities and colleges relate to their special
functions in generating ideas — new ideas, revolutionary ideas, unpopular ideas, ideas in conflict with
the status quo, ideas disturbing to vested interests,
pointless ideas, frightening ideas. Ideas are the life-
blood of society and many of the most important
ideas flow from the  universities.
It is one of the great purposes of the universities
to generate, nourish, test and promulgate new ideas.
This crucial function of the university cannot exist
where there is fear of consequences. Coercion of
teachers is not new. It has existed from time to
time in many countries, recently and widely in Nazi
Germany and in the Soviet Union.
GIVES WIDEST POSSIBLE FREEDOM
And though we are free from coercion in its extreme forms, the teacher who generates new ideas
can still be subject to strong and bitter criticism.
He can still be subject to ostracism; he can lose
financial support; he or his institution may experience the threat of political sanctions. It is to give
the widest possible protection to the individual
teacher that the concept of academic freedom has
been  introduced  and  has flourished.
Under the umbrella of academic freedom the
teacher has a right to speak in his field of competence without fear from government, from society or
from his employer. His views may be in direct conflict with the vast majority of his fellow countrymen;
his views may challenge those of his professional
colleagues; his views may be diametrically opposed
to those of the president of his University, the chairman of the board of governors, the University's most
generous benefactor, the publisher of the local newspaper. Academic freedom, like other freedoms, is
difficult to sustain.
The protection afforded by academic freedom is
crucially important.   Equally important are appropri
ate and proper limits on academic freedom and responsibilities that co-exist with academic freedom.
In the first place, the protection of academic freedom
applies to a man's field of special competence for
which he is employed by the University.
It is granted by the University on the basis of
the judgment of his professional colleagues and
peers, that he is competent, critical and honest.
Academic freedom does not give him special rights
in fields other than the ones judged by his colleagues
to be his area of special competence. On other matters, both on and off campus, he has the same freedom of speech, no more, no less, than any other
citizen. That is the judgment of the professors
themselves.
IMPORTANT TO STUDENTS
An additional implied restriction on academic
freedom is that it is not for students. The right to
academic freedom must be earned by study and the
acquisition of professional competence. Until that
competence has been acquired, in the judgment of
one's professional colleagues, to the point where
they are prepared to support an appointment to the
faculty of the University, academic freedom has no
meaning.
This is not to say that academic freedom is not
important to students. Indeed, it is crucial to students if they are to have freedom to learn. But
academic freedom is vested in the teacher and not
the student. As observed by Sidney Hook, "where
teachers are deprived of academic freedom, students
DR. JOHN B. MACDONALD
are, ipso facto, deprived of the opportunity to learn."
Freedom to teach and freedom to learn are not the
same thing.
Many things may interfere with freedom to learn
—poverty, discrimination, social environment. Students have a right to expect that such limitations on
freedom to learn be removed, but this is a moral
or a civil right, not to be confused with academic
freedom.
In the same sense, freedom of speech is not the
same as academic freedom. Freedom of speech is a
civil right, which should be available to everyone
in a democracy. Everyone is free to hire a hall and
promote nonsense, or to stand on a soap box and
claim the earth is flat. It is worth noting, though,
that even freedom of speech has its limits. No one
has the right to shout fire in a crowded theatre,
no one has the right to incite to riot, no one has the
right to slander.
Nevertheless the rights of freedom of speech are
very broad, and indeed they are much broader in
some ways than the rights of academic freedom. A
teacher protected by academic freedom has no right
to spout what he knows to be nonsense or to speak
untruthfully. That is an abuse of the academic freedom which he earned on the basis of competence
and  truthfulness.
Having stated the case for academic freedom, and
having distinguished between academic freedom and
UBC REPORTS
Volume 13, No. 6 — October, 1967. Authorized as second
class mail by the Post Office Department, Ottawa, and for
payment of postage in cash. Published by the University
of British Columbia and distributed free of charge to
friends and graduates of the University. Maferial appearing herein may be reproduced freely. Letters are welcome
and should be addressed to The Information Office, UBC,
Vancouver 8,  B.C.
some other kinds of freedom, let me now explain
why many of today's practices by students and sometimes by faculty can constitute a threat to academic
freedom and what a  university stands for.
In the first place, an obvious though usually
neglected fact is that pressure, strikes, demonstrations, interfere with freedom to teach, and that is
an interference with academic freedom. Surely it is
axiomatic that academic freedom should protect the
teacher against interference with his teaching, his
research, his study, his debates, his dialogue. Likewise, though not the same thing, the student's freedom to learn should be protected. There can be no
freedom to  learn  if there is not freedom to teach.
It is regrettable that this elementary fact has
sometimes been forgotten when universities have
tried to cope with disturbances on or off campus.
The basic consideration when universities must decide whether or not to apply disciplinary measures
is not whether or not a crime has been committed, or
whether or not civil authorities are  laying charges.
The basic consideration is whether the questionable activity interferes with the educational goals
and the educational philosophy of the university.
If universities will ask and answer that question
honestly, they will find they can deal with many
problems on an ad hoc basis more wisely than
by relying on a set of rules and regulations.
The second reason that many of today's incidents
are a threat to academic freedom is that they depend on eristic controversy—argument aimed at victory rather than truth. Emotions are brought to the
fore. Persons become objects of attack. Character
assassination is used to win arguments. Arrogance
and rigidity replace humility and ability to be persuaded. What a far cry such behaviour is from the
kind  of  behaviour  protected  by  academic  freedom.
ACADEMIC WAY SEEKS TRUTH
The academic way seeks the truth; the academic
way has respect for opposing views; the academic
way is indifferent to the winning or losing of an
argument; the academic way is based on intellect,
not emotion.
The final point I wish to make relates to the
reason why today's rebellions are particularly alarming. The secretary of the American Association of
University Professors recently commented, "It is
not only students who are taking unprecedented steps
to gain recognition and concurrence for demands
that often leave small ground for the kind of consultation and debate that academic people are accustomed to, but also some faculty groups are resorting to pressure tactics. Threatened strikes or
boycotts, publicity before demands have been examined or answered, refusal to use established
faculty agencies, appeals to students for sympathetic
support, and related efforts which often bring issues
to  the  state  of  immediate  crisis."
These are forms of political behaviour, and
political activities of this kind are occurring not
only within the universities but in such a way as to
use the university as a fortress from which to launch
organized attacks on one or other element of society
in the name of reform. It is not the individual acts
of university members exercising their rights as
individual citizens which concerns me; it is organized
political activity within the university where the
target   is   outside   the   university.
Those who undertake such activities tend to do so
with the expectation that they are under the protective umbrella of academic freedom. How naive!
In the first place, academic freedom, as we have
seen, has nothing to do with such activities. In the
second place, it surely must be obvious that universities cannot have things both ways.
Where then will academic freedom be? What
right has the academic to expect that he can launch
organized attacks on various aspects of our society
without society responding by interfering with the
autonomy of the universities and by laying down
ground rules through government edict on what
will be allowed and what will not be allowed within
our   universities?
That is where the great danger lies. Students,
as individuals, and faculty, as individuals, have a
right and a responsibility to follow the dictates of
their conscience in pressing for reform, but let them
not use the university as an instrument for their
purposes.
PURPOSE OF UNIVERSITY
The purpose of the university is to formulate
ideas, to test them, to criticize them, to accept them,
to reject them. The University by definition cannot
become the curator of any particular viewpoint, or
the defender of a faith, the guardian of an ideology.
Some of the ideas generated by the university
may be adopted by society but the university has
no right to try to force such adoption. Indeed the
very ideas first suggested within the university and
later adopted by society may become the victim of
future criticism from the university as new ideas
emerge to replace old ones in a never-ending
process.
The day that the university forgets this crucial
responsibility and allows itself to become a spokesman for particular political or social platforms, it
will invite and deserve outside interference with its
own autonomy, and that day will bring the end of
academic  freedom. PROGRAM COORDINATOR NAMED
Retardation Institute Announced for UBC
A five-year program costing $1,400,-
000 for establishment of a large-scale
teaching and research program on
mental retardation has been announced by the University of B.C. and the
Association for Retarded Children of
B.C.
The development, to be known as
the British Columbia Mental Retardation Institute, will involve the appointment of "specialists in mental
retardation" at all three public unk
versifies in B.C. and construction of
a headquarters building on the UBC
campus.
COORDINATOR   APPOINTED
Announcement of the establishment
of the institute was made by UBC's
acting president, Dean Walter Gage,
and Mr. George W. Atherton, president of the Association for Retarded
Children   of   B.C.
Dean Gage said that Dr. Charlotte
David, associate professor in the UBC
faculties of education and medicine,
had been named coordinator of the
institute   program.
Dr. David described the development as "one of the most significant
ever proposed in Canada for dealing
with   mental   retardation   problems."
She said the basic concept of the
project was to give professionals of
every appropriate discipline — teachers, doctors, social workers, nurses,
recreation specialists and others —
sufficient training and exposure to all
aspects of mental retardation to enable them to give adequate service to
the   retarded.
She said the main emphasis of the
program would be placed on appointing "specialists in mental retardation"
to the staffs of UBC, Simon Fraser
University and the University of Victoria.
"Their task," she said, "within their
own departments and faculties, will
be to launch a research and teaching
program to equip students to deal
with the problems of the mentally retarded when they become professionals  working   in  the  field."
NAME SPECIALISTS
She said the specialists would be
appointed to such departments and
faculties as medicine, psychology,
nursing, education, social work, genetics, neurology, and physical education
and recreation.
"We are also planning an extensive continuing education program to
keep professionals now working in
the field  up-to-date on the  latest re-
Zoologist
Honored
In East
Professor William S. Hoar, head of
UBC's zoology department, was one
of five leading North American fisheries experts who received honorary
degrees in Newfoundland recently.
Dr. Hoar was awarded the honorary
degree of doctor of science at the
special convocation of the Memorial
University of Newfoundland on the
occasion of the official opening of a
$1.6 million marine sciences laboratory at Logy Bay, Newfoundland.
The cost of constructing the laboratory was shared equally by Canada's
National Research Council and Memorial  University
Dr. Hoar's degree citation read, in
part, as follows:
"Born and bred in New Brunswick,
William Stewart Hoar studied and
taught in his native province, in
Ontario and at Boston before migrating in 1945 to British Columbia.
"There, as professor of zoology and
head of the department, he has made
peculiarly his own the study of the
histology, embryology and behavior
of salmon.
"His contributions in this field, together with those to general and comparative physiology, marshalled most
recently in a book . . . , display the
crispness, lucidity, and learning which
have made him a fellow of the Royal
Society of Canada, and winner of the
Society's  Flavelle Medal."
The convocation was held during
meetings of the American Society of
Limnologists (specialists in freshwater biology) and Oceanographers,
attended by more than 1,000 scientists.
search  developments,  and  to  provide
training  for those  who  don't have   it
at  present," Dr.  David said.
OVERCOME   SHORTAGE
One of the aims of the program is
to overcome a widespread shortage of
personnel in the field of mental retardation  in   B.C.  and  Canada.
"An estimated three out of every
hundred children born in Canada are
mentally retarded to some extent,"
Dr. David said. "The only way in
which the shortage of experts can be
overcome is through expansion of educational facilities to make personnel
familiar with all aspects of the problem."
Mr. Atherton said the concept of
projects such as the B.C. Mental Retardation Institute grew out of a meeting of scientists and professionals
sponsored by the Canadian Association for Retarded Children, which was
held in Toronto in  1963.
The following year, the B.C. association hosted a meeting at Harrison
Hot Springs of university and government personnel which pointed up
the necessity for training personnel
for work in the field. This led, he
said, to the idea of establishment of
the institute on the  UBC campus.
He said the B.C. branch of the association was committed to raising
$500,000 as their share of a $5,000,000
national campaign  to support a total
DR. CHARLOTTE DAVID
of 14 mental retardation projects in
various parts of Canada. These projects vary in their basic purpose, but
each focuses on some aspect of increased knowledge and service for the
retarded.
He said funds sufficient to guarantee the success of the B.C. project
would be appropriated from the national   campaign   fund.
At this time, he said, it was not
possible to quote a dollar figure for
this support, since the federal and
provincial governments would also be
providing funds for the operation of
the  institute.
"The    provincial    government,"    he
said,   "has   already   given   assurances
to  us that they will  match  a  federal
contribution up to $700,000.
FINANCIAL  GAP
"Any financial gap which exists
after the federal and provincial governments have made their contributions will be met out of the $5,000,000
national campaign fund."
The $1,400,000 will be spent over a
five-year  period  as  follows:
The bulk of the funds — $850,000 —
will be used to support part- or full-
time appointments in designated departments at B.C.'s three public universities.
Approximately $300,000 will be used
to construct a building to house the
administrative offices and to provide
services and conference rooms for the
institute  on   the   UBC  campus.
The remainder — approximately
$250,000 — will be used for operating
expenses and salaries of personnel
directly attached  to  the   institute.
The institute will have two administrative   bodies:
10
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME  13,  No. 6
OCTOBER, 1967
An inter-departmental committee
composed of representatives of university departments that have appoin-
ed a "specialist in mental retardation." The committee will review programs to avoid duplication and propose joint research studies.
ADVISORY COUNCIL
An advisory council, composed of
two members each from the B.C. government, the Honorary Board of Governors of the CARC, and the Association for Retarded Children of B.C.,
and one member each from UBC,
Simon Fraser and the University of
Victoria.
The advisory council will have
over-all responsibility for the institute, approve applications for research funds, and give general direction to the entire project.
Dr. David, who will act as coordinator for the project, is a well-known
educational   psychologist   and   coordi
nator of UBC's Research Unit for
Exceptional Children.
She is currently president of the
B.C. Psychological Association and a
former chairman of the professional
advisory committee of the Association
for Retarded Children of B.C.
She is a graduate of Texas Women's
College, where she received her
bachelor's degree in 1942 and Columbia University Teachers College,
where she was awarded her master of
arts degree in 1943. She received her
doctor of philosophy degree from the
University of Portland in 1960.
LECTURED  IN   U.S.
Before joining the UBC faculty in
1982, she was a lecturer in psychology
at the University of Portland and a
staff psychologist at': Morningside
Hospital in Portland. During the 1940s
and 1950s she was associated with
various community recreation programs in the State of New York.
CAMPUS FOOD SERVICES
Single  UBC  Ancillary
Service  Breaks  Even
Only one of UBC's five ancillary enterprises—campus food services—
broke even during the last fiscal year.
Three of the other four services—residences, health service hospital and
University research farm—incurred deficits which were met with appropriations from UBC's general revenues.
UBC's bookstore and post office also showed a deficit which resulted from
construction of additional facilities. The $28,103 spent on this development
was made up of a $10,471 surplus from the previous year's operations plus a
$17,632 appropriation  from  bookstore operations  in  1966-67.
UBC's traffic and security patrol costs are not included in the 1966-67
statement because of new fiscal arrangements between the federal and provincial governments requiring standard classification of accounting practices.
This necessitates viewing the costs of traffic and security as part of
physical plant maintenance and service costs. Physical plant costs are shown
in the fund transaction table on the  page opposite.
Below is a table showing the financial operations of UBC's ancillary
enterprises for the year ending March 31, 1967.
Campus Food Services
Revenue     _   ._  $  776,566
Food Costs      $   345,804
Labour Costs          284,911
Other Operating Costs  _   88,399
Repayment of Advance for Construction
(Ponderosa Cafeteria)    57,452 776,566
Residence Operations
Revenue  	
Food Costs	
Labour Costs (Residences $367,128; Food $385,460)
Other Operating Costs (Residences $316,896;
Food $69,540) 	
Development of Facilities and Grounds 	
Debt Repayment (on borrowing for construction) ..
$  573,574
752,588
386,436
22,892
362,149
$     —
$2,094,357
2,097,639
Net Profit (loss)  *       ($      3,282)
University Health Service Hospital
Revenue   ._	
Food Costs      $      7,702
Labour Costs   94,071
Other Operating Costs   20,630
$   114,741
122,403
Net  Profit  (loss)          ($      7,662)
Bookstore and Post Office
Gross  Revenue 	
Less Rebates to Students 	
Cost of Books and Supplies      $1,559,646
Labour Costs
Other Operating Costs 	
Development of Facilities (Bookstore Addition)
151,306
22,317
28,103
$1,800,901
50,000
$1,750,901
1,761,372
Net Profit (loss)        ($     10,471)
University Research Farm
Revenue      _.        $    84,873
Feed  Costs       $    38,102
Labour Costs         36,523
Other Operating Costs   16,542 91,167
Net  Profit  (loss)   _           ($      6,294)
Total Ancillary Enterprises
Revenue 	
Expenditure        $4,429,546
Repayment of Debt and Advances for Buildings          429,601
Excess of Expenditure over Revenue 	
Deduct Bookstore and Post Office Appropriated
Surplus from  1965-66 	
Net cost to University General Revenues
$4,821,438
4,849,147
$ 27,709
10,471
$  17,238 UBC's CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FUND
For the Year Ended March 31, 15
OPERATING   FUNDS
TRAN
>67
Endowment
and
Student Loan
Funds
SACTI
Capital
Funds
ONS
Total of
all
Funds
General
INCOME                                                                                                         Purposes
Specific
Purposes
Total
Operating and Capital Grants—Canada  5 6,913,309
$     —
249,813
235,405
7,455,972
2,712,105
60,724
$ 6,913,309
13,920,000
8,646,330
1,295,382
235,405
7,455,972
2,712,105
211,037
$     —
5,394,770
$     360,075
2,234,501
3,000,000
724,079
2,326,454
50,360
$ 7,273,384
2,234,501
16,920,000
724.079
8,646,330
1,295,382
235,405
7,455,972
10,433,329
261,397
Health Sciences Centre            —
—British   Columbia      .   ....      13,920,000
Health Sciences Centre           —
Student Fees                                                                                    -    _     8,646,330
Services                                                                                                                                     1,045,569
Miscellaneous                                                                                    -         150,313
Total Income          -  - ~~ - ~_   - $30,675,521
$10,714,019
$41,389,540
$ 5,394,770
$ 8,695,469
$55,479,779
EXPENDITURE
Academic  .    $21,708,416
$ 1,058,038
1,191,310
6,761,440
15,325
145,371
11,572
688,116
12,661
$22,766,454
3,269,241
6,761,440
1,279,565
583,320
3,857,882
1,281,558
149,037
650
11,098
10,302
9,342,064
$22,766,454
3,259,241
6,761,440
1,290,663
583,320
3,857,882
1,281,558
159,989
9,342,064
Library                     ....                                     _      2,077,931
Sponsored or Assisted Research              —
Administration     -     1,264,240
Student Services                                         .- -        437,949
Plant Maintenance                                                                          _ -      3,846,310
Scholarships and Bursaries            593,442
General   Expenses                                                                 . -         136,376
Land, Buildings and Equipment                                                     -         —
$30,064,664
Ancillary  Enterprises (Net)    .           27,709
$ 9,883,833
$39,948,497
27,709
$           650
$ 9,363,464
$49,312,611
27,709
Total  Expenditure                                                                            - ..$30,092,373
$ 9,883,833
$39,976,206
$           650
$ 9,363,464
$49,340,320
Excess of Income over Expenditure for the year ended March 31, 1967  $    583,148
Net Additions (Decrease) to Fund Balances _            —
830,186
210,610
3,077,658
$    583,148
830,186
210,610
3,170,220
5,394,120
(       210,610)
8,810,075
(       667,995)
1,799,859
$    583,148
5,556,311
13,780,154
Fund Balances at April 1, 1966    _         92,562
Fund Balances at March 31, 1967 as per Statement of Financial Condition  $    675,710
$ 4,118,454
$ 4,794,164
$13,993,535
$ 1,131,864
$19,919,613
UBC'S FINANCIAL STATEMENTS SHOW:
Nearly $2 Million Spent   Keeping House'
The cost of "keeping house" at the
University of B.C. during the last
fiscal year totalled nearly $2,000,000.
The University's household expenses for heat, light, telephones,
food, laundry and water are detailed
in UBC's financial statements for the
fiscal year April 1, 1966 to March 31,
1967. (Copies of the statements are
available at UBC's bookstore for $3
plus tax.)
PUBLISHED   ANNUALLY
The statements, which also include
details of salaries paid to faculty
members, employed staff and student
assistants as well as payments to
domestic and foreign vendors, are
published annually in accordance with
the B.C. government's Public Bodies
Financial   Information Act.
UBC's largest single household expense was $665,038.17 paid to B.C.
Hydro and  Power Authority for elec
trical   power   and   gas   for   heat  and
light.
Add to this payments of $227,346.57
to the B.C. Telephone Co. for services
and the total comes to more than
$892,000 or about 40 per cent of the
total "household" bill.
UBC's faculty, staff and students
also have sizeable appetites. They
consumed food which cost the University about $750,000.
Meat purchases totalling $278,588.15
were the largest single food item,
closely followed by staples and fresh
produce valued at more than $213,000.
Dairy products were another big
favorite on campus, costing UBC
nearly $138,000 and the bill for bread
and dinner rolls amounted to $63,-
166.83.
Minor items by comparison were
the  cost  of  eggs  — $11,113.99  — and
fish   and   other   sea   food   totalling
$38,000.
The bill for water services for the
entire UBC campus was about $90,000
and laundry services amounted to
nearly $46,000.
LIVESTOCK   BILL
And just as most ordinary households have a pet or two to feed, so
UBC had to provide for its animals
and livestock on the campus or at the
research farm at Oyster River on
Vancouver   Island.
The bill for their food came to more
than $120,000.
UBC's consolidated statement of
fund transactions shows a gross income of $55,470,779 and gross expenditures of $49,340,320. (See table
above.)
UBC's Bursar William White said
the difference between income and
expenditure —  $6,139,459 —  is  almost
IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
Experts Study Water Problems
The department of civil engineering
of the University of B.C. is embarking on a program of education and
research in the wise management of
one of British Columbia's most abundant and most valuable natural resources, water.
A team of experts in various fields
will be established in the department
to undertake studies of specific regions in the province where water
problems have arisen or may arise in
the future.
PROBLEM   RANGE
The problems to be studied may
range from flood control to the supply
of water for agricultural irrigation
and will include social and economic
as well as physical and technological
aspects of water management.
In addition, the new program will
serve as a training ground for future
specialists in water management, who
are in great demand by government
agencies.
The program will be financed under
an agreement between the University
and the Water Resources Service of
the B.C. Department of Lands, Forests
and Water Resources. The initial
agreement is for a three-year period
and anticipates a yearly expenditure
of   $35,000.
In addition, the Water Resources
Services will support a few research
studies on water resources by graduate students in the civil engineering
department at an estimated cost of
$3,000 per student.
The government will benefit from
the program by being supplied with
sound data as a basis for its comprehensive planning of water use and
by having available an enlarged pool
of trained specialists in water management.
"This program will be a distinct advantage to our Water Resources Service," said A. F. Paget, d;puty minister
of water  resources. "We hoDe  it will
11
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME  13,  No.  6
OCTOBER, 1967
encourage  more  people to  enter this
important   and   specialized   field."
Dr. W. D. Liam Finn, head of the
department of civil engineering, will
head the new program. He plans an
inter-disciplinary approach which will
draw on the talents of faculty members in such other fields as economics,
geography and agriculture, as well as
those .of his own department.
FUTURE  WATER   NEEDS
Among the problems that will engage Dr. Finn's group will be an assessment of future water needs in the
dry interior of the province, and the
social, economic and engineering
questions involved in flood control,
pollution control, and the conveyance
of water from areas of surplus to
deficient areas.
Dr. Finn's study group will begin
work on initial projects during his
current absence from Canada. Dr.
Finn left recently for a six-month visit
to the Soviet Union as a visiting scientist to the USSR Academy of
Science, under an exchange agreement between the academy and the
National Research Council of Canada.
entirely the result of increases in
UBC's endowment funds from the
estate of the  late Dorothy J.  Killam.
"These capital sums," Mr. White
said, "are not available for use by
the University to meet immediate expenses. They are invested by the
University and the annual income is
used in ways specified by the donors."
The statement also shows UBC had
an excess of income over expenditure
amounting to $675,710. The bulk of
these funds — $583,148 — resulted
from the federal government which
makes grants to Canadian universities
on  the  basis of provincial  population.
OVERCOME   SHORTFALL
Mr. White said these funds would
be used during the 1967-68 fiscal year
to make up for a shortfall in provincial operating grants.
UBC's largest single expense was
for academic services, and included
more than $16,000,000 in wages and
salaries paid to faculty members and
administrative personnel.
The second largest expenditure —
$9,363,464 — was for construction of
new buildings and facilities on the
campus.
Ancillary enterprises at the University operated at a loss of $27,709
during the fiscal year, the statement
shows.   (See table  on   page opposite).
Mr. White said that most of these
enterprises — food services, bookstore, residences and parking — operated on a self-sustaining basis. General revenue contributions were made
to the operations of the University
hospital and the Oyster River research
farm   on  Vancouver   Island.
Scholarships and bursaries awarded
to UBC students amounted to $1,281,-
558, the statement shows. In addition,
student assistants, paid by the University for teaching services and
laboratory supervision, received $1,-
494,595.91. Grants in aid to graduate
students  totalled  $734,365.
PART-TIME  WORK
Mr. White said many students also
find part-time work on the campus in
physical  plant and food services.
"Taken together," Mr. White said,
"it is estimated that students on the
average get back from the University
about half of the $8,646,330 paid annually in tuition fees." FROM PAGE  ONE
Study Will
To Meet H
of Medicine. Dr. Donald O. Anderson,
head of the department, will be project director.
Acting as a steering committee for
the project will be the B.C. Health
Resources Council, a grouping of organizations representing the health
professions, the provincial government, and the UBC faculties and
schools concerned with education of
health workers.
This will be perhaps the most ambitious project of its kind ever undertaken in Canada. The information it
provides should be of great importance to governmental authorities and
health planners as they seek to meet
the increasing demands of the public
for health care.
The UBC study will be an in-depth
investigation of the availability and
utilization of all health resources in
two typical Fraser Valley communities, code-named Jersey (Langley)
and Fraser (Mission).
In general, the study will seek to
answer  four  major  questions:
1. What health personnel and facilities exist in these two communities?
2. How  are  they  now  being   used?
3. How could they be used to better
advantage?
FROM PAGE ONE
Gammacell
tion strikes water and various other
liquids and solids.
The chief advantage of the Gammacell is its compactness. The lead column containing the radiation source
is only five feet high and sits on a
base about 42 inches square. As a
result there is no need to install costly
lead shielding to protect scientists
carrying out experiments.
The source of radiation within the
Gammacell is an isotope of the element cobalt, which gives off high
energy gamma rays.
Basically, the Gammacell is a column of lead with a central core removed. At the bottom of the lead
column is a circular container lined
with 48 steel rods containing slugs of
Cobalt 60, the source of radiation.
Filling the core above the circular
container is a cylinder containing an
irradiation chamber which can be
raised  and   lowered  automatically.
Scientists wishing to irradiate a
sample simply raise the irradiation
chamber to the top of column, insert
the sample, and lower it into the
cylinder where it is bombarded by
the gamma rays.
Dr. David Walker, associate professor of chemistry and one of the scientists who will use the machine, said
the samples which will be irradiated
in the chamber will not themselves
become radioactive and can be
handled safely after removal.
Gamma rays, he explained, are electromagnetic waves of the same type
as radio and light waves, but of a
much higher photon energy.
When gamma rays strike the sample
they interact with electrons — negatively charged particles — which revolve in orbits around the nucleus
of atoms making up the material.
When these interactions take place,
a number of things can happen. Sometimes electrons are knocked out of
their orbits and lost, sometimes they
are captured by other atoms, and
often the electron's energy level is
altered as a result of irradiation.
The net result of altering the electron structure of the atoms is that the
properties of the sample are altered,
sometimes   radically.
Dr. Walker said his research is not
aimed at any practical application
but rather at elucidating the processes by which high energy radiations induce chemical and physical
changes.
Conceivably his experimental results could be applied to industrial
processes such as the manufacture of
chemicals, the preservation of food
and the alteration of plastics as well
as the treatment of cancer.
The $20,000 Gammacell was purchased with a $12,000 grant from Canada's National Research Council and
$8,000 from department of chemistry
funds.
Aid Planners
Ith Demands
4. What additional facilities and
manpower (or womanpower) are
needed?
The study will be divided into two
parts. One will be a complete inventory of health resources in the
two communities. The other will consist of exhaustive interviews, covering the whole field of personal health
care, with 1,000 families in each community.
Heading the separate studies will be
two senior research associates in Dr.
Anderson's department: Dr. Hart Scar-
row for the inventory of resources,
and Miss Brenda Morrison for the
household survey.
STUDENTS  TAKE  PART
The resources study will be conducted from May 1 to Sept 1, 1968, by
a group of UBC pharmacy, dental and
medical students.
They will make a detailed census
of all health workers and facilities in
the area, and by means of questionnaires, will attempt to establish the
total number of man-hours available
for personal health care, the time
given to each patient, and the length
of time patients must wait for appointments with doctors and dentists.
The household survey will be conducted by two teams, each composed
of 12 interviewers and supervisors.
Each team will interview members of
250 families in each of four six-week
periods spread over the 12 months
beginning May 1, 1968. Each interview will take about an hour.
The interviewers will use questionnaires carefully designed to produce
a maximum amount of information
about the respondent's state of health,
his knowledge of disease and the resources available to cope with it, his
relations with doctors, nurses and
other health workers, his use of prescribed and non-prescribed drugs, and
the extent to which his health expenses are covered by insurance or
welfare payments.
In addition the respondents will be
sounded for indications of their perception of health and illness, their attitudes toward doctors, and their expectations of health services.
All  information given by the interview   subjects   will    be    kept   confidential.
CENTRAL   FACILITY
Data from the survey will be sent
in coded form, to Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., which will act
as the central processing facility for
all data collected under the International Collaborative Study of Medical
Care Utilization.
(Other ICS-MCU studies are being
conducted by the Universities of Alberta and Saskatchewan and by other
agencies in the U.S.A., Britain, Finland, Yugoslavia,  Chile and  Poland.)
Organizations comprising the British Columbia Health Resources Council, which has fostered the B.C. study
are:
B.C. Dental Association; B.C. Medical Association; College of Physicians
and Surgeons of B.C.; Pharmaceutical
Association of the Province of B.C.;
Registered Nurses' Association of
B.C.; Department of Health Services
and Hospital Insurance, Province of
B.C.; University of B.C., Faculties of
Dentistry, Medicine and Pharmacy;
and the Schools of Nursing of B.C.
21 Lectures Planned
The Vancouver Institute will open
its 51st annual lecture series at the
University of British Columbia October  14.
Leading off the 1967-68 series in
UBC's Buchanan building at 8:15 p.m.
will be Burnaby's Reeve Allan Em-
molt, who will speak on "Metro —
the future of Greater Vancouver."
A brochure giving details of all lectures can be obtained by writing to
the   Information  Office,   UBC.
PROF. DENNIS   H.  CHITTY
Foundation
Supports
Zoologist
A UBC zoologist who believes liberal arts students should be encouraged to take courses in science has
been invited to teach in the United
States  next year.
He is Dr. Dennis H. Chitty, professor of zoology, who has been awarded
a $15,000 Senior Foreign Fellowship
by the U.S. National Science Foundation.
GRANTED   LEAVE
Dr. Chitty is one of 50-60 scientists
outside the U.S. who will receive such
awards for the 1968-69 academic year.
The National Science Foundation
says the awards are designed to bring
to the U.S. "foreign scientists whose
formal training, teaching and research
experience are of sufficient distinction to enable them to make significant contributions to science education and scientific research at American universities."
Dr. Chitty has been granted leave
of absence from UBC beginning next
August to go to Smith College in
Northampton, Massachusetts, where a
new $8,500,000 science centre has just
been completed.
At Smith, one of the world's leading liberal arts colleges for women,
Dr. Chitty will hold a graduate seminar in his research specialty, population ecology, and give an undergraduate course designed to bring together students in the liberal arts and
those  in  the  sciences.
Dr. Chitty said: "Even those students who are not planning a career
in science need to know something
about its powers and  limitations.
OFTEN   UNSUITABLE
"For students in the humanities
first year university science courses
are often unsuitable because they are
designed to provide the technical information needed by students planning  a  career  in  science.
"Yet without this technical knowledge no arts student can get anything
out of advanced level courses in science; and this is where the real excitement is.
"Over the years I have tried to develop at UBC a fourth-year course in
the principles and history of biology
that will have something in it for the
future specialists in science as well
as for students in other faculties, particularly in the faculty of arts.
"Smith has a new science centre
but is primarily a liberal arts college
and I have been invited there to give
this course, which is designed to
tackle the difficult problem of communication between the humanities
and the sciences."
Colloquium
Scrutinizes
Teaching
The University of B.C.'s faculty and
students will examine University
teaching at a series of four meetings
during October.
Entitled The Colloquium on University Education, the sessions are designed to provide a forum for students and faculty to discuss education
at UBC.
SELF-EXAMINATION
Dr. Richard Roydhouse, of UBC's
dental faculty, and one of the organizers of the colloquium, said the series
was designed as a self-examination
of teaching at UBC by both faculty
and students. He emphasized that the
sessions were not designed "to teach
teachers how to teach." '
The first session on October 4 will
centre around a 20-minute videotape
of a student discussion of the University followed by a review of the presentation by students and faculty.
The audience will then break up
into small groups for discussion, and
then report back to the meeting on
the significance of previous comments
and their own views on good teaching  at  UBC.
The second session of the colloquium on October 11 will hear two
debates dealing with influences on
University education.
Measuring teaching ability will be
discussed at the October 18 session.
Two speakers and a panel will discuss the evaluation system in use by
the administration at the University
of Washington and that used by UBC
students for teaching evaluation.
SUGGEST   IMPROVEMENTS
The final session on October 25 is
entitled "Further guideposts for University education." The audience will
be asked to suggest effective teaching
conditions and desirable improvements at UBC.
"Those attending all sessions," Dr.
Roydhouse said, "will see how TV
could be used in the classroom, the
effects of a debate on an audience
and a variety of ways of presenting
information."
All colloquium sessions will be held
in the auditorium of UBC's education
building beginning at 7:30 p.m.
Residence
Complex
Renamed
The Lower Mall student residence
complex has been renamed Place
Vanier in honor of the late Governor-
General of Canada, Gen. Georges P.
Vanier.
Dean Walter Gage, acting president
of the university, said the use of the
Vanier name was proposed by the
Lower Mall Residences Association
and the university was happy to
concur.
Mme. Vanier has approved the use
of the name and has expressed her
deep appreciation of this tribute to
her late husband.
Place Vanier now consists of eight
residential buildings, each of which
will continue to bear its distinctive
designation, and the Gordon Shrum
Common Block. A contract has been
awarded for construction of two new
towers which will bring the total capacity of Place Vanier to 911  students.
UBC
Reports
VOLUME  13, No. 6
OCTOBER, 1967
IAN LEE
LIBRARY

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