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UBC Reports Mar 6, 2003

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VOLUME  49      NUMBER  3      MARCH  6,2003
2 UBC in the News
3 Free Tuition for PhDs
Solitary Man
$9 Million Mini-Series
Toxic Emotions at Work
Scientist Predicts Ocean Fisheries Disaster
Daniel Pauly says we are destroying world fish stocks
He describes himself as a bridge
And that bridge is built over
troubled waters, says UBC
Fisheries Centre Prof. Daniel Pauly,
a vocal and influential critic of current fishing practices that are
depleting the world's fish stocks.
"We are destroying these
resources for no reason," he says.
"This systematic overfishing will
soon leave nothing in the ocean but
The 56-year-old has been studying the declining bounty of the seas
for about 25 years, in a career that
spans four continents.
French by birth, Pauly was
raised in Switzerland but at 16
years old left an unhappy home life
and set out for Germany. There he
worked at labouring jobs by day
and by night attended classes to
hone his language skills and complete high school.
He particularly wanted an
applied and transferable skill that
would allow him to work outside
of Europe. As a person of colour -
the son of a white mother and an
Afro-American father - he had
always felt like an outsider and
was eager to move on.
His first stop was Ghana, West
Africa, followed by a two-year stay
in Indonesia where he helped
develop new fisheries. His experience there led to the creation of a
simple if sometimes disputed
method of predicting the natural
mortality of fish - a key factor in
estimating sustainable catches.
The work was a complement to
the theory of fish growth that led
to his doctorate from the
University   of  Kiel,   Germany   in
1979. His paper on the method -
called the Pauly equation - is the
most cited of his more than 400
His next stop, at the
International Center for Living
Aquatic Resources Management
(ICLARM) in the Philippines, is
where he really made some waves.
A key accomplishment was the
development of software system
methods that use simple measurements of length to estimate age.
The estimates help researchers
study fish growth, which is important to fisheries management.
He spent 15 years at the Manila
research facility and his achievements include launching FishBase,
an online encyclopedia now covering more than 27,000 species of
fish. The Web site gets up to five
million hits a month. He also
worked with international colleagues to develop Ecopath, a tool
for describing ecosystems' food
When ICLARM management
shifted in 1994, Pauly accepted a
position with UBC's Fisheries
His research here has included
developing Ecopath to create a system called Ecosim, which predicts
the effects of fisheries on ecosystems. He has also studied how fishers regularly 'overfish' large valuable stock like tuna and snapper
and then work down the food web
to smaller species. Dubbing the
practice 'fishing down the food
web,' Pauly has shown how devastating the practice is to the marine
continued on page 5       UBC Fisheries Centre Prof. Daniel Pauly seeks a union between fisheries scientists and conservationists.
Teaching Manners to House Robots
Engineering prof, working on a more polite robot for the future, by Michelle cook
Elizabeth Croft is looking at ways to bring humans and robots closer together.
Blame it on Rosie, the Jetsons'
robot maid. The popular TV cartoon character helped to fuel our
fascination with having automated
help around the house but, in real
life, Rosie would be too dangerous
to let loose with the vacuum cleaner, says a UBC robotics expert.
"Robots are used extensively in
industry but they haven't made the
leap into everyday life because
functions like vacuuming and loading a dishwasher require robotic
arms and these can literally get in
your face and injure you," says
Elizabeth Croft, an associate professor in the Dept. of Mechanical
Engineering and member of UBC's
Institute of Computing,
Information & Cognitive Systems.
Safety is the main reason why we
have yet to bond with robots in the
way envisioned on The Jetsons TV
series.   It's  a  problem that  Croft
hopes to solve by designing
machines that are more "polite."
"We talk all the time about
bringing robots into our environment but the fundamental questions of safety haven't been
answered," Croft says. "There's
been a lot of work done on human-
machine interaction but it's mainly
been with computers or passive
devices and not with robotic
There are lots of potential applications for "well-mannered"
robots, Croft says with a smile.
They can be put to work in offices,
helping people with spinal cord
injuries to perform routine office
functions. In labs, they can help
researchers to conduct experiments
with toxic substances; and in the
home, they can assist the elderly
and disabled with feeding themselves and other daily living tasks.
Before robots can be taken off
the factory floor and put into settings where people can work more
closely with them, there has to be
some proof that they can consistently behave in a safe way. This is
the focus of Croft's current
Current industry standards limit
human-robot interaction by
requiring physical barriers like big
yellow lines to be put around a
robot's workplace, and safety
interlock circuits that shut the
robot down if someone enters its
space. As a result, industrial robots
aren't very well mannered.
"We've got to get from the zero
interaction that is prescribed now
to the point where a robot is aware
that there is a person in its space,"
Croft says.
continued on page 3 I      UBC      REPORTS       |      MARCH      6,      2003
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Making Native Space
Colonialism, Resistance,
and Reserves in British Columbia
Cole Harris
"Cole Harris has written the definitive history of the Aboriginal struggle
for recognition and justice in British Columbia. Future generations of
British Columbians, Aboriginal and otherwise, will thank him for this
remarkable story."
- Neil J. Sterritt, Gitksan Nation, co-author of Tribal Boundaries in the Nass
Order from the UBC bookstore, or from uniPRESSES
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Retirement Strategies Workshop
for UBC Faculty Members
Date: Thursday March. 27, 2003,12:30 -1:30 p.m.
Location:       Sage Bistro (lunch provided)
Presenters:    Don Proteau, B.Comm, CFP
Frank Danielson, B.Ed., CFP
To register, please call: 604-638-0335
(Attendance is limited to 18 guests)
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Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in February 2003. compiled by brian lin
Federal money promised
$1.7 billion in federal money for
research has been promised to
universities over the next three
years .
UBC President Martha Piper
told The Vancouver Sun that she
hopes that perhaps 15 per cent of
4,000 federally funded graduate
students will be attracted to UBC.
"Those would be some of the
most outstanding young minds of
the future," Piper said. "That's just
an extraordinary source of talent
that we would be very actively trying to recruit."
The new federal budget also
includes an initiative which will
allow students to make as much as
$1,700 a year - up from $600
annually - before their income
reduces the amount they are eligible to borrow through students
"There's no doubt that when it's
fully implemented, it will have a
tremendous impact," UBC AVP of
Government Relations Allan
Tupper told The Globe and Mail.
Not enough punishment
A B.C. Supreme Court judge
recently sentenced two street racers
to house arrest for killing a
"It's totally inappropriate to
have somebody sentenced to house
arrest, basically the punishment for
UBC President Martha Piper is
pleased with promise of federal
killing a person is to go away and
be a good citizen," UBC law senior
instructor Don Egleston told
Currently, a first-degree murder
conviction is an automatic 25 years
behind bars. Using a weapon
during a robbery, even if no shots
are fired, is a minimum four years
in jail.
"If you get killed by a car you're
just as dead as being killed by a
rifle bullet, at the present time, the
law doesn't seem to recognize
that," said Egleston.
UBC political science Prof. Richard
Price, who specializes in international relations, believes what
drove so many people to take part
in anti-war protests was a belief the
U.S. has not made a credible case
for war, and that attacking Iraq
could have serious international
consequences, including increased
terrorism around the world.
Price told The Vancouver Sun
that while it is impossible to gauge
what direct impact such protests
might have on government decision-making, history shows they do
have an indirect effect.
Backcountry skiers
Veteran avalanche expert and UBC
geography Prof. Dave McClung
told The Globe and Mail that it
would be folly to try to restrict
backcountry skiing, despite the
two recent disasters.
"Whose business is that to regulate it? What about rock-climbing?
What about hang-gliding? Risk is
related to reward, and it always
will be," he said.
"I am philosophically opposed
to some kind of government
agency closing down the back-
country to people. Even when
instability is high or extreme, you
can always find a place to ski." □
Dear Editor,
"Putting an End to Expensive Print Journals" in the
February 6, 2003 edition of UBC Reports brings up an
important issue that UBC librarians have been struggling
with for a number of years: the purchase of print vs.
electronic journals.
With the advent of the Internet, the tradition of
refereeing, printing, and distributing journals that had
developed over the past century was turned on its head.
No one today can deny the contribution electronic
journals have made to facilitating ease and access to
academic writing, but until we can be sure electronic
journals are continuously available, the library will also
purchase as many of their print equivalents as the
budget allows.
I applaud UBC Education Professor John Willinsky's
efforts to seek other means of providing information and
cut the costs of what are admittedly a huge drain on the
financial resources of the university in general and of its
library system in particular. But there are important
issues to consider and discuss so that articles are available over the long term and in the most cost-effective
Academic provision of journal articles free on the
Internet is also not without challenges for both present
and future access. Clifford Lynch, director of the
Coalition for Networked Information and adjunct
professor at Berkeley's School of Information
Management and  Systems  recently  spoke  at  UBC,
saying that direct electronic access to academic research
is occurring without an accompanying means of
preserving it. There are countless projects on North
American computers that have been abandoned
and/or forgotten after a research grant has run out,
after a leading researcher retires, after an operating
system is changed, or after interest in a given
issue wanes.
Also problematic is the more usual provision of
electronic articles that come by way of third party
providers (Gale, Ebsco, ProQuest etc.) that purchase
rights to distribute individual journals. Unlike libraries,
these private firms are not obligated and make no commitment to continue providing access to a given journal
should it prove uneconomical to do so. Alternatively if
one of these providers goes out of business or merges
with another, any number of journals could be dropped
and, at the stroke of a pen, 10 or more years of an
electronic journal could no longer be accessible.
Ironically, the very journals that Professor Willinsky
is sitting on in the photo accompanying this article
may provide the only copy of an article he needs in
five years' time if electronic access to them is
arbitrarily wiped out by the provider or if they are
inadequately preserved.
Donna Jean MacKinnon, Librarian
UBC Law Library
Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Paul Patterson  paul.patterson@ubc.ca
Design Director
Chris Dahl  chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Sharmini Thiagarajah  sharmini@exchange.ubc.ca
Michelle Cook michelle.cook@ubc.ca
Brian Lin  brian.lin@ubc.ca
Erica Smishek erica.smishek@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson  hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Cristina Calboreanu  mccalbor@exchange.ubc.ca
UBC Reports is published monthly by the UBC Public Affairs Office
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Publications Mail Agreement Number 1689851 UBC      REPORTS      |      MARCH      6,     2003      |      3
Free Tuition for PhD Students
Tuition waived to make UBC more competitive, by Michelle cook
UBC is waiving tuition fees   for
PhD students in a bid to become
more competitive in attracting top
scholars nationally and internationally.
The waiver proposal, approved
by the Board of Governors in
January, will apply to all full-time
research-based PhD students in the
first four years of their program,
and will take effect September
"We know funding is an issue
for students at this level of their
studies and this is an incentive to
attract and retain the world's best
PhD candidates to campus," said
Barry McBride,  UBC's vice-presi-
Teaching Manners
to House Robots
continued from page 1
Croft and her researchers are
working to improve the design of
robots to get them to move in ways
that are less likely to hurt people.
They are also looking at how to
program robots with a set of guidelines, similar to the human rules of
etiquette, to help them anticipate
how a person in their space is
going to act.
To do this, the team of mechanical engineers has had to learn a little more about human behaviour.
"People are unpredictable and
react in different ways," says Dana
Kulic, one of Croft's PhD students.
"Determining which responses are
appropriate in terms of designing
human-robot interaction control is
a challenge."
The team has been monitoring
how people interact with a robot
by monitoring visual clues like
body position and eye gaze, and
physiological signals like heart
rate, skin conductance and muscle
contractions. The information is
combined to provide an estimate of
the person's intentions, and data
can then be used to control the
robot to adjust to how that person
will interact with it.
"Just like we learn about the
people we meet, a robot has to
learn about each new person it
comes into contact with, and with
information we collect, we can
provide the robot with a kind of
user profile," Kulic says.
Croft hopes the work she and
her researchers are doing will lead
to the establishment of safety standards for human-robot interaction.
But that doesn't mean Rosie will be
vacuuming your house any time
"The question of whether you
have a robot in your home will be
an economic one. It's difficult to
predict how expensive they will
be," Croft says. "There's also the
question of whether people will
accept robots in their homes; that's
an issue of convenience over the
need for human interaction." □
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dent, Academic. "This is a very
competitive environment, and
most American universities offer
tuition waivers to PhD candidates,
and other Canadian universities
are moving in this direction too."
McBride says the waiver is
designed to help students focus on
their studies, and to recognize the
important contribution that PhD
candidates make to UBC, especially in advancing research, often
with little remuneration. Doctoral
candidates typically take four to
six years to complete their degree.
The proposal to waive PhD
tuition comes out of a student
financial        assistance        report
prepared by a committee of
faculty and students. McBride says
the waiver is the first step in
defining a minimum financial
assistance package for PhD students similar to those in place at
the University of Toronto, which
has offered tuition waivers to
research-based PhD students, plus
a minimum of $12,000 in guaranteed funding, since 2001.
Of UBC's 7,000 graduate
students, just more than 2,200 - or
30 per cent - are doctoral candidates. Currently, annual tuition
costs are $3,200 for domestic
students and $7,200 for international PhD students. □
New Bus Makes it Safe
to Go to School
A UBC-community partnership solves the problem
Children attending University Hill
Elementary School can now get to
and from school more conveniently and safely thanks to a unique
UBC-community partnership.
Launched last November, the
U-Hill Bus Program runs between
the Acadia housing area and the
elementary school each morning
and afternoon for $10 per month
per student. The initiative is a
collaboration of the school's
Parent Advisory Committee,
TransLink, the RCMP and UBC's
TREK Program Centre.
"It's exciting to see the community pull together," says Gord
Lovegrove, UBC's director of
Transportation Planning, whose
own child has attended U-Hill
Elementary. He knows first-hand
the traffic problems, and the
security and safety concerns
associated with UBC residents
with young children having to
make the long trip to School.
"We used to walk and bike to
school, travelling down Acadia
Road," recalls Lovegrove.
"Crossing the crosswalks was a
little dicey, especially when the
RCMP weren't there to patrol in
morning rush hour to ensure that
traffic slowed down or stopped for
pedestrians and cyclists. The odd
time I tried driving Sarah on rainy
days was also a pain because there
were always long line-ups and no
space to pull over."
Lovegrove says the situation
was the hardest on single parents
who worked  and lived  on  UBC
campus, and wanted to make sure
their kids got to and from school
"They had to either arrive at
work/classes later and leave earlier
to pick up their kids, or pay extra
money for day care before and
after school," says Lovegrove. "It
also weighs heavily on parents to
decide whether it was safe enough
for their children to travel on their
own, tempted to short-cut through
Pacific Spirit Park."
With more than 180 subscribers
and buses regularly packed to
standing-room capacity, students,
school officials and parents - most
of whom are UBC faculty, staff
and students - are calling it a
"Traffic problems around the
school have virtually disappeared, " says Fred Pritchard,
director of Campus and
Community Planning. "The
demand on the RCMP has been
eliminated and TransLink has
filled two otherwise idle buses."
Lovegrove says the program
provides a model for partnerships
between UBC and the surrounding
communities, and exemplifies
UBC's commitment to build safer,
more complete communities for
recruitment and retention of
world-class personnel.
"Programs like this say to
potential faculty, students and
staff: 'Come to UBC, we care
about your families as well, your
children are taken care of from
door to door.'" □
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www.rBjrmandjiirrie3.eai 4       I      UBC      REPORTS      |      MARCH      6,     2003
UBC Student Survives Year of
Self-imposed Exile on Desolate Island
His only companion an epileptic kitten
After six weeks of fierce winds and
chilling downpours, Bob Kull
didn't think things could get much
worse on the desolate island off
the coast of southern Chile where
he was trying to set up camp.
Then, one night during a raging
storm, the wind flipped his boat
and submerged both its motors in
"I remember thinking I had no
way to get off the island. I had a
strong sense that the wind - this
elemental force of nature - was out
to get me, and I remember looking
out at the boat and thinking,
'maybe I've bitten off more than I
can chew,'" recalls Kull, a PhD
candidate in Interdisciplinary
That moment was the bleakest
one Kull experienced during his
yearlong sojourn on the
uninhabited chunk of land,
separated from the nearest town
150 kilometres away by isolated
ocean passages and the Andean
In February 2001, a Chilean
navy boat dropped off Kull and his
supplies on the island's slippery
His self-enforced year of
solitude in a "raw, cold" landscape
of dense underbrush, wind and
rain is the basis of an unusual PhD
thesis project. Through what he
calls "lived-experience" research,
Kull wanted to explore the psychological, emotional and spiritual
transformations that can happen
in solitude, and how these shifts in
consciousness might transform our
relationship with the non-human
world, and lead to new ways of
feeling and behaving.
Kull, who recently returned to
UBC after two years in South
America, is affiliated with the
Forestry faculty but his project
spans psychology, biology,
philosophy, education and
spirituality. It also encompasses
nature and wildlife conservation
Integrating real-life experience
with academic work was a natural
step for Kull, aged 56. Born in
California, he's worked as a logger
on Vancouver Island and as a
scuba diving instructor in the
Caribbean. After losing his leg in a
motorcycle accident, Kull entered
university for the first time at the
age of 40.
Kull's year on the Chilean
island, 2,700 kilometres south of
Santiago, was his longest retreat
from civilization, but not his first.
He spent several months alone in
B.C.'s Chilcotin region when he
was 28, and headed into the
wilderness of Northern Quebec
after finishing his undergraduate
degree at McGill.
The location Kull chose to
undertake his PhD research was so
remote that he didn't see any
planes or boats for 12 months,
except once when the Chilean
National Parks Service came to
check on him. His only companions were "birds, dolphins, trees,
the rain, the sea, the sky" and an
epileptic kitten that the Parks
Service suggested he bring along to
test for bad shellfish. Kull quickly
became too attached to the cat to
feed it anything but the same fish
he ate.
Armed with self-taught survival
skills, Kull eventually salvaged his
boat motors, built a wood-frame
cabin, and began the daily business
of solitude. This included meditating, gathering firewood and fishing
- when the strong winds let up - to
supplement his staples of rice,
beans, oatmeal, pasta, boullion
cubes and coffee.
Deciding how much food to
bring was simple, Kull says. All he
did was cook up a day's worth of
food then multiply it by 365. More
difficult was determining all the
things he might need in a year -
everything from rain and fishing
gear, solar panels, and a wind generator to the tools needed to repair
those things if they broke. His life-
savers were three common household items: duct tape, shoe goo and
"If Napoleon had had duct tape
he would have conquered the
world," Kull laughs.
Kull's other lifeline was a
satellite phone linked to a laptop
computer for emergencies and to
send monthly "check-in" e-mails
to the Chilean Parks Service, UBC
and his family. The e-mail came in
handy when he needed medical
advice to treat torn rotator cuff
muscles in his shoulders and pull
an abscessed tooth. But when he
found himself using it as a high-
tech crutch to "escape emotional
and spiritual difficulties," he
weaned himself off of it.
Apart from the physical
challenges of surviving, Kull faced
many emotional, spiritual and
psychological tests. The fierce
winds were a constant source of
anger, frustration and fear but they
ultimately offered him the
opportunity to examine his
relationship to the natural flow of
the world. Another low point was
the feeling, several months into his
stay, that he wasn't experiencing
the enlightenment - spiritually or
academically - he'd hoped for.
UBC's modern-day Robinson Crusoe Bob Kull (above) contemplates the nature of solitude amid the grandeur
of southern Chile. His home for a year was a self-built wood frame cabin covered in tarp (below right), and his
Man Friday, an epileptic kitten named Cat (below left).
Eventually, he had moments
when he felt, unexpectedly, that he
was a part of everything flowing
through and around him. He still
can't identify the catalyst for those
brief transformations, but he's
happy his exploration ended with
some questions unresolved.
"In some sense, I was looking to
fail," Kull says. "This project was
not primarily about achieving
personal success because failing is
very much a part of spiritual
practice, but I did experience
feelings of sudden change, of joy
and a sense of being deeply alive in
a living universe when I was on
the island."
Kull ended his solitude after a
year, as planned, hauling away
everything that he'd brought in
and leaving the landscape almost
exactly as he had found it.
Perhaps that's why, despite the
urging of others, Kull has no
interest in claiming the island as
his own.
"People have said I should name
it, but I don't want to because part
of what I was exploring was man's
relationship to the non-human
world and, as humans, we have the
tendency to continually want to
encompass   nature   and   make   it
ours," Kull says. "My experience
was about surrendering to and
integrating into nature, and trying
to realize a deep inner connection.
Now my work is to practice what I
learned in solitude back here in the
world of people."
Bob Kull is available to give
slide show presentations of his
year of solitude in southern Chile.
For more information call
604.737.1374 or e-mail
bobkull@exchange.ubc.ca. To
see more photos of Kull's journey,
visit www.forestry.ubc.ca/portaP
bobkull. □
It's Notjust Smoke and Mirrors
Putting the audience in a fog could put them at risk, by Hilary Thomson
Fake fog - special effect or special
In the first study of its kind in
North America, researchers at
UBC's School of Occupational and
Environmental Hygiene have
found significant ill effects associated with exposure to theatrical
smokes and fogs.
Investigators Kay Teschke and
Susan Kennedy looked at more
than 100 entertainment industry
employees working in TV, movies,
theatre, music concerts and a video
arcade in a four-year study conducted in the Lower Mainland.
Previous studies have focused on
stage performers only.
"This was an unusual study
from a hygienist's perspective
because it's not often that a chemical exposure is purposely introduced to a work site," says
Teschke. "They don't want to contain the fog - they want it to make
a big impression."
The investigators measured
employees'   lung   function   before
and after exposure and gathered
data on the workers' lung health.
Compared to a control group, the
entertainment industry employees
showed both chronic and acute
effects, even after taking into
account such factors as age, smoking, lung diseases and allergic conditions. Symptoms included lower
average lung function, more chronic respiratory symptoms, nasal
symptoms, cough, chest tightness
and shortness of breath on exertion.
There is no data that looks at the
risk to audiences, says Kennedy,
but individuals could be susceptible to acute effects in smaller venues where they are close to the
smoke sources. In these locations
and in video arcades where customers are immersed in smoke
there is every reason to think that
their reaction to it would be the
same as employees.
Signs at venues suggesting that a
non-toxic haze is being used need
to be changed to warn audiences
that the smoke can be irritating, she
About half of theatre productions, 75 per cent of TV and movie
productions and 100 per cent of
rock concerts use these special
effects created by machines spraying
vapourized glycol or mineral oil.
There are Workers'
Compensation Board (WCB) standards for exposure to mineral oils,
but these were drafted primarily for
machinists and there are no standards specifically for entertainment
employees using the chemicals. The
situation is complicated by the customized chemical concoctions that
some technicians use and long hours
on the job that boost employees'
Researchers recommend that the
industry establish control plans for
exposure to both glycol and mineral
oil-based fogs. Suggestions to reduce
exposure include the use of other
methods, such as filters or computerized effects, to duplicate the look
of theatrical fog. Also, crews could
ventilate sets with fresh air after
fog use or schedule filming that
uses fogs near the end of a production day so that residual airborne mist is given time to settle
when no one is on the set.
The study was commissioned by
Safety and Health in Arts,
Production and Entertainment, an
association that promotes workplace health and safety in the
motion picture and performing
arts industries in B.C. The organization will work with researchers,
industry workers and the WCB to
create safe work guidelines.
Other researchers involved in
the study were Prof. of
Occupational and Environmental
Hygiene Mike Brauer and Assoc.
Prof, of Health Care and
Epidemiology Chris van Netten.
Funding was provided by the B.C.
Lung Association and the WCB.
For more information on the
study, check the web at
www.soeh.ubc.ca and click on
research. □ UBC      REPORTS      |       MARCH      6,      2003      |      5
continued from page 1
In addition, his international perspective - he
speaks four languages -
allows him to cater to a
global base of scientists and
students. He is very clear on
the role universities must
play in conserving fish
"We must be the
engineers ofthe vision - not
just doing more of the
same. If we can't do that,
we shouldn't be in business. "
Such outspoken stances
have brought Pauly both
acclaim and criticism. In
1995, he publicly aligned
himself with marine
conservationists - a trip to
the dark side in the view of
most fisheries scientists.
The move earned him the
label of heretic.
"Fisheries scientists help
to build stocks so that the
fishing industry can exploit
them," he says. "We can't
continue to treat industry
as an exclusive client of our
Since 1999, Pauly has
headed a Fisheries Centre
project that looks at the
impact of fisheries on the
world's marine ecosystems.
Called The Sea Around Us,
it is funded by a $4-million
grant from Philadelphia-
based Pew Charitable
Pauly and others at the
centre last year published a
comprehensive review of
global fisheries in the prestigious journal, Nature.
One of the questions they
tackled was whether aquaculture could save the
world's fish stocks.
Typically, Pauly's
response is passionate and
irreverent. He calls aquaculture facilities, such as
those raising salmon, the
equivalent of a "floating
pig farm." In his mind,
aquaculture is just another
example of the proliferation
of unregulated fisheries - a
machine that seems almost
unstoppable. Salmon and
other raised fish that are
fed ground sardines and
other smaller fishes cannot
alleviate the fisheries problem, he says. The demand
for fishmeal actually
increases the pressure on
wild stocks.
But even with this bleak
outlook for the future of
our fisheries, Pauly is hopeful. Determined to bring
together fisheries scientists
and conservationists, he has
presented information from
the The Sea Around Us
study to international audiences and recently spoke to
a U.S. House of
Representatives Ocean
Caucus. He is often quoted
in mainstream media and
has been profiled in Science
and The New York Times.
After a quarter century,
Daniel Pauly is far from
exhausted in his campaign
to save the world's fish.
"I think we're just at the
cusp of getting the
message across. There is
still time to restore marine
ecosystems. We can do
this." □
New $9-Million CBC
Mini-Series Driven by UBC Talent
Dramatic thriller probes the post-9/11 world of refugees, by erica smishek
On this day, Vancouver's Orpheum
Theatre doubles for Canada's
Parliament Buildings. Cables,
lights, aluminum stands and
frames, and assorted other gear line
the foyer. Background performers
wait in the theatre, their "holding"
area, for their call. In a red-carpeted hall upstairs, well-known
Canadian actors Kate Nelligan and
R.H. Thompson work with
director Brad Turner to nail
their lines.
Combining creativity and the
tight protocols of a military operation, this is Day 23 of shooting for
Third World, a $9-million, six-hour
mini-series for CBC, and UBC
creative writing Assoc. Prof. Linda
Svendsen is right in the thick of
the action.
"It's great to be behind the scenes
and be part of the process," says
Svendsen, who co-wrote the script
with her partner, Brian McKeown,
and is also co-producing. "Seeing
people do their jobs is fascinating -
the cast, the director, the grips, even
locations. When I saw the house we
used for Nina [Nelligan]'s house, I
felt like I was getting married. It
was all so perfect. I went back after
Svendsen is also an acclaimed
fiction writer and has taught in the
creative writing program at UBC
since 1989.
Third World is billed as an
unflinching look at the post-9/11
world of refugees and the people
who sacrifice their lives to help - or
hinder - them. Production includes
35 shooting days in Vancouver and
20 days in Port St. John, South
Africa. Svendsen, McKeown and
their two young children will spend
two months there this spring.
"It was supposed to be a novel
set in the Philippines," Svendsen
says of a project that began more
than eight years ago. "Then I got
pregnant. Events were unfolding in
Rwanda at the time. I saw the
documentary, Who Gets In, about
the Canadian immigration process.
I was just really involved in the
issue. I couldn't travel so I started
taking a closer look at the work. I
had the main character of Nina, a
politician, in my mind. Was it a
novel? Was it a movie-of-the-week?
Then I started attending refugee
hearings and listening to people's
stories first hand.
Svendsen's thoughts and it is surely
more than chance that took her
and the story there.
"I think about Rwanda and the
fact that no one did anything.
Romeo Dallaire [former commander of the UN Assistance
Mission for Rwanda], Stephen
Lewis [UN Special Envoy for
HIV/AIDS in Africa] - the work
they do amazes me. When Dallaire
spoke here last year, he punctuated
his speech many times with the tag,
'are all humans human or are some
humans more human than others?'
"We are living in a very curious
Third World weaves together six
characters whose stories intersect
on the front lines of the world's
refugee crisis. They include an
Afghan woman smuggled across
the Canadian border in a produce
truck; a committed refugee lawyer
(played by Nicholas Campbell of
DaVinci's Inquest) involved in her
claim; an ambitious right-wing
politician (Nelligan) whose racist
views enflame her colleagues and
the legal community and eventually test the country's perception of
itself; her daughter, a relief agency
Third World weaves together six characters whose stories
intersect on the front lines ofthe world's refugee crisis
we   struck   the   set  to just  walk
through, I was so moved by it."
Though wearing a producer's hat
for the first time, Svendsen is no
stranger to film and television. In
New York in the early 1980s, this
UBC alumna worked as a freelance
story analyst at Tri-Star Pictures
and Samuel Goldwyn and adapted
a short story for CBC. She has written extensively for the screen ever
since; credits include The Diviners,
At the End of the Day: The Sue
Rodriguez Story and These Arms of
"We presented our idea to Susan
Morgan [head of series] at CBC
and she said 'do it - but make it
bigger. Go somewhere.' We picked
up a globe and put our finger on it
and started in Africa."
During the early stages of
development, support from UBC
helped fund library acquisitions,
office expenses and travel to
African refugee camps, a mine and
South African locations for
research purposes.
The continent is never far from
worker, caught in an ethnic conflict
in central Africa; a mother battling
shifting hierarchies, disease, starvation and child-soldier recruitment
to keep herself and her three young
children alive in Africa; and her
brother, who endures torture and
degradation before escaping and
filing a refugee claim in Canada.
"We took six pieces of yellow
lined paper," says Svendsen, who
until teaming with McKeown on
the project had always written
alone.  "We laid them out on the
UBC creative writing Assoc. Prof.
Linda Svendsen is co-writer and
co-producer of Third World, a
stark thriller being shot in
Vancouver and Africa.
table and said 'here are our
characters.' From there, we developed a pitch document, then a
draft, then another and another. I
took Nina and the female characters. Brian was with the men. We
passed scenes back and forth. Brian
had worked at CBC news and has
a political background. I tend to
deal with structure and be the story
editor. His strength is being in the
moment with the characters."
The pair was well into a draft
when Sept. 11 changed immigration laws, international relations,
the whole refugee system - and
the script.
"In Vancouver alone, there are
160 parts," Svendsen explains,
"with people from very different
ethnic backgrounds. There is
racism and some tough things in
the script. It was very humbling.
The performers thanked me for
writing this. That has never
happened to me before." □
Afghan refugee Naila Zalmi (played by actress Myriam Acharki) passes a message to her husband through his friend Mahmoud (Camyar Chai) in this scene. 6     I
1C      REPORTS      |      MARCH
]K     BL
University Boulevard
Neighborhood Plan
Tell us what you think
In keeping with UBC'S evolving University Town, a
draft neighbourhood plan is being developed for the
University Boulevard local area.
A campus and community consultation process is being
conducted to gather feedback on the draft plan prior
to its finalization and presentation to the UBC Board
of Governors in May, 2003. You can participate in this
consultation in a number of ways:
1. Internet: You can learn more about the University
Boulevard draft plan by reading the Discussion
Guide at www.universitytown.ubc.ca and give your
opinion via the online feedback form.
2. Open Houses
March 6, 9 am to 3 pm at the War Memorial Gym
March 10, 6 pm to 9 pm in Room 212Aof SUB
March 11, 6 pm to 9 pm in Room 214 of SUB
March 13, 9 am to 3 pm at the Aquatic Centre
3. Small Group Meetings (Feb.10 - March 31)
Your group can request a presentation by
contacting the University Town inquiry line
at 604.822.6400 or e-mail
4. Campus and Community Public Meeting
Tuesday, April 1-7 pm
Room 214 - Student Union Building
How Campus & Community Feedback Will Be Used
Feedback gathered through this consultation via the
web, fax, campus publications, open houses, small-
group meetings and public meetings will be recorded
and summarized in a Consultation Summary Report,
which will be presented with a Technical report and
revised neighbourhood plan to the UBC Board of
Governors. The Consultation Summary Report will also
be posted on the web.
For further information contact:
Linda Moore
Tel: 604.822.6400
Fax: 604.822.8102
or info.universitytown@ubc.ca
> Katie Eliot, BA'8o
Peter Wall Institute
Sustainable Writer
The university, it turns out, is a great place to study and a great
place to work. Witness all the UBC grads who work here.
One of these, Katie Eliot, took her BA in Geography in 1980,
then worked as a PR coordinator for Fisheries and Oceans, and,
later, for the Urban Transit Authority, which became Sky Train.
She came back to UBC in 1984 to work on Viewpoints magazine
for the faculty of Commerce. She moved to the Asian Centre in
1987 where, among other things, she coordinated their newsletter
and other publications. She finally settled at the Peter Wall
Institute for Advanced Studies in 2000. As the Secretary for the
Institute, she coordinates academic programs (Visiting Junior
Scholars, UBC Distinguished Scholars in Residence), plays host to
the visiting international researchers who stay at the Peter Wall
residence, and, like most senior administrative staff at UBC, is the
key person who keeps her unit from lurching to a grinding halt.
Katie is a member of UBC's Sustainability Committee, and
works on a sub-committee formed to help give back to
departments some of the money they saved in energy consumption. UBC saved nearly $4 million in power costs last year due to
the committee's hard work and the high level of sustainability-
consciousness it raised on campus, and 2 per cent of that saving,
or $75,000, will be ploughed back in to sustainability projects
proposed by university units. The committee has received 36
proposals, and is currently reviewing them.
But in her real life, Katie is a writer. She's published a book of
her own poetry and has had work published in many magazines
including Canadian Author and Bookman, Scrivener, Taproot
and New Quarterly. As a reviewer and critic, she has pieces in
World Literature Today, BC Books and other Canadian magazines. Katie was the founding editor of Spokes, the quarterly
newsletter of the Canadian Poetry Association in Vancouver, and
SPEC's newsletter, Spectrum. Her scripts have been featured on
Ecowatch, a weekly radio show broadcast by CFRO.  After
returning to UBC, Katie was instrumental in starting the
Geography Alumni Association, and also edited Geogramme, its
quarterly newsletter. These days she has switched genres and is
working on some magazine articles and a historical novel.
If you are a UBC grad working on campus, let us know. We
want to keep in touch with you. Call the Alumni Association at
Students Vote
in Favour of
Bus Pass
U-Pass passes with record
In the highest voter turnout in the
history of the University of British
Columbia, students voted overwhelmingly in favour of a Universal
Transportation Pass (U-Pass).
More than 15,000 people
cast their votes recently, with
10,742 in favour.
"I am extremely pleased that
students came out in force to
endorse a transit plan that will have
significant financial benefits for
students," said Alma Mater Society
VP External Tara Learn.
The pass will cost $20 per month
and will be mandatory for all
students. With regular one-zone
fare cards costing $63 per month,
the $20 U-Pass price tag constitutes
considerable savings. In addition,
TransLink has committed to
increasing the number of service
hours to UBC by 23,000 per year.
Pass holders will be entitled to
unlimited use of TransLink buses,
Sky Train and SeaBus services within the Greater Vancouver Regional
District from September through
April. U-Pass holders will also have
free access to campus shuttles,
bicycle and carpool programs,
merchant discounts and a guaranteed ride home in an emergency.
"This is a great start for our
community, especially since U-Pass
is more than just a bus pass," said
Gord Lovegrove, UBC's director of
transportation planning.
"In the near future, we see the
full U-Pass program being offered
to students, staff, faculty and their
families all year round. The variety
of transportation options afforded
by the pass will make it a true universal transportation pass program,
benefiting all UBC commuters and
campus residents." □
The ASI Exchange - BC's premier technology event to stimulate and accelerate
connexions, opportunities and innovation
March 11,2003
9:00 am -5:30 pm
Enterprise Hall @ Plaza of Nations
Vancouver, BC
exctiar>ge research ideas • visit over 250 academic and industry displays
listen to 13 innovative speakers ■ expand your professional network
see wtiat's new in BC's high-tech industry »   seek research partnerships
ASI Exchange After Party
The Commodore, B66 Granville Si.
Match 11.2003,6:00- 10 00 pm
Cos! StO per person
Visit www.techvibeB.ccm to register
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Handling Emotional Pain
in the Workplace
UBC Commerce professor says managers must have compassion, by erica smishek
Retiring Within 5 Years?
Cancer changed Peter Frost's life
and his research. Now that
research just might change organizational life for leaders and
employees around the world.
Frost, a professor of organizational behaviour in UBC's Faculty
of Commerce, is the author of
Toxic Emotions at Work. Just
published by Harvard Business
School Press, the book examines
how organizations and their
leaders cause emotional pain, how
that pain affects performance and
how to alleviate the pain before it
becomes toxic.
"At some level, toxicity is
everywhere," says Frost from his
office, a well-lit, jam-packed yet
noticeably peaceful place filled
with colourful artwork, artifacts
and small treasures that speak
volumes about this open-hearted
and inspiring man.
"It's not possible to have
everyone happy all the time at
work. You're dealing with scarce
resources, with competition,
budgets, mergers. There is nothing
wrong with that. The problem is
when the toxicity goes untreated or
barely treated and builds up. It
pools and starts to affect everyone
in the organization.
"Now people realize that it can
also impact the bottom line."
Frost's exploration of the need
for compassionate managers to
handle pain and conflict began in
1997. Diagnosed with an
aggressive form of melanoma, he
began thinking about the hidden
forces that determine well-being
and, in turn, how the behaviour of
organizations and the people in
them can affect the health of others
at work.
While attending a seminar on
health and healing, he heard seminar leader Dr. Joan Borysenko, co-
founder of the Mind/Body Clinic at
Harvard Medical School, talk
about "sin eaters" - people who
pick up the toxicity in a family or
in a work system.
"I got goose bumps," he says.
"The notion of people taking on
others' pain was like a light going
on. It started me on this track."
Thanks to hard work and a
series of "serendipities" - a presentation to the Academy of
Management; a connection
through a colleague to a Harvard
Business Review editor; a
magazine article on David
Marsing, an Intel executive who
suffered a stress-related near-fatal
heart attack at 36; and a CEO of a
multimillion-dollar company willing to tell his story; among others -
a book was born.
In Toxic Emotions at Work,
Frost identifies emotional pain and
sources of toxicity in organizations. He details the work of the
"toxin handler" - those managers
or staff members who step into
toxic situations and help heal the
people who are hurting.
Toxin handling comes at
considerable risk. Too often the
toxin handlers become toxic themselves, becoming so immersed with
the work of healing others that
they can't recognize the toll it's
taking on their own health. As
well, the handling is usually done
behind-the-scenes so an organization rarely rewards, encourages or
supports the handler.
Frost outlines ways organizations can heal these handlers and
provides strategies for
organizations to distribute pain
management more widely, alter
practices   and   policies   to   fight
Commerce Prof. Peter Frost makes a compelling case for compassion in
business with his new book, Toxic Emotions at Work.
toxicity and create a culture that
institutionalizes compassionate
responses to pain.
"Organizations reduce work to
numbers and things and forget
about people," he says. "That
process dehumanizes the equation... I want toxicity to become
part of the agenda for
discussion in organizations. I want
organizations to ask 'what can we
do to mitigate this pain?'"
With initial translations in
Portuguese and Italian, Frost
believes the book has an international audience. It has already been
hailed by business experts for
breaking a taboo in business books
by dealing with the darker
side of leadership.
"A lot of the rhetoric around
leadership has been heroic but it's
been heroic without examining the
consequences," Frost explains. "It
focuses on charisma, on the
positive effects. The idea that
there is pain and somehow it's been
created in an organization doesn't
bear telling.
"Organizational cultures are
macho. To talk about someone
hurting   runs   the   risk   of  being
labeled 'soft.'"
Born in South Africa, Frost
started at UBC in 1975.
Recognized with numerous
academic and professional awards,
including the 3M Canada Teaching
Excellence Award and the 2002
MBA Professor of the Year,
this husband, father, grandfather
and body surfer has explored
leadership and organizational
culture for many years.
" One of the things that attracted
me to organizational culture
was that it brought expressions
and emotions to the table. Prior to
that, behaviour was assessed by
stimulus and response, then by
cognitive factors.
"But it's not just the head. It's
not just the hands. It's also the
While emotional engagement
has guided his research, Frost says
it is equally important in how
he conducts his teaching and
his life.
It comes as no surprise that a
coffee mug on his desk carries
the message, "Teaching is a
journey into the mind through
the heart." □
3rd Child & Youth Health Congress
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Immediate attention and prompt delivery
Hourly rate with estimates - Coursework not accepted
 David Harrison 	
20 years academic work in Canada, U.S. and Europe
E-mail: dharrison@direct.ca Ph: 604-733-3499
[unci    >:•
" Mediav
for your posters, signs & banners
Maximum 36" width
3 mm gloss and 6 mm matte laminates available
Room 632. Woodward tRC
2194 Reatth Sciences. Mall
Vancnuvw. B.C.VBT1Z3
Tel. (504)672-5561
Fax: (604} S22-20O4 I       UBC      REPORTS      |       MARCH      6,      2003
^/filde Deprez
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^fr .. • Notarizations
-■   ft     v • Wills & Powers of Attorney
• Real Estate transactions
• Affidavits & Statutory Declarations
- Close to major bus stops    *ig* m   r\r\M    m*\ M*\ - Oatcall service
- Free underground parking 0U4ha£ a£ I ai}j4w " English / French / Dutch
2515 Alma Street (between W.lOth and W. Broadway)
K--11   ■   I 1 ■ :i    '.-. ■.■■    ■»!! -J HIK II
Applications for Directorship, Centre for India and South Asia Research
The Institute of Asian Research is seeking applications from within the University
for the post of Director of the Centre for India and South Asia Research.
Applicants should hold academic appointments at UBC and have demonstrated
commitment to research on India and/or South Asia. The successful applicant will
be expected to take up the appointment on July 1,2003.
The successful candidate will be expected to develop research programs focusing
on India and/or South Asia, seek funding from external donors for the programs of
the Centre, organize conferences and seminars on the Centre's research interests
and projects, administer the budget of the Centre, and chair the Centre's
management committee. The Centre Director will be expected to collaborate with
the Director of the Institute of Asian Research in developing inter-Centre and
interdisciplinary teaching and research initiatives. The Centre Director will also
serve on the Council ofthe Institute. Issues regarding teaching relief, honorarium
and/or other aspects of compensation will be subject to negotiation with the
Director ofthe Institute of Asian Research.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified persons to apply. The appointment will be for a fixed term
of three to five years. The deadline for applications is May 31, 2003. Applicants
should send a letter describing their interest in the position, a curriculum vitae,
and the names and addresses of three references to:
Pitman B. Potter, Director
Institute of Asian Research
CK. Choi Building, Room 251
1855 West Mall, UBC
V6T 1Z2.
Tel: (604) 822-4688
Fax: 604-822-5207
e-mail: potter@interehange.ubc.ca
luimniu* Aiu> m.a.Hii 11
Applications for Directorship, Centre for Australasian Studies
The Institute of Asian Research is seeking applications from within the University for
the post of Director of the Centre for Australasian Studies. Applicants should hold
academic appointments at UBC and have demonstrated commitment to research on
Australasia. The successful applicant will be expected to take up the appointment on
June 1,2003.
The successful candidate will be expected to devote considerable attention to seeking
funding from external donors for the programs of the Centre, as well as developing
research programs focusing on Australasia, organizing conferences and seminars on
the Centre's research interests and projects. The Director will administer the budget of
the Centre, and chair the Centre's management committee. The Centre Director will be
expected to collaborate with the Director of the Institute of Asian Research in
developing inter-Centre and interdisciplinary teaching and research initiatives. The
Centre Director will also serve on the Council of the Institute. Issues regarding
teaching release, honorarium and/or other aspects of compensation will be subject to
negotiation with the Director of the Institute of Asian Research.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified persons to apply.
The appointment will be for a fixed term of three to five years. The deadline for
applications is March 31st, 2003. Applicants should send a letter describing their
interest in the position, a curriculum vitae, and the names and addresses of three
references to:
Pitman B. Potter, Director
Institute of Asian Research
CK. Choi Building, Room 251
1855 West Mall, UBC
V6T 1Z2.
Tel: (604) 822-4688
Fax: (604) 822-5207
Jean Barman, Dept. of Educational Studies, is one ofthe UBC researchers
being honoured at Celebrate Research, a gala event to be held March 13
at the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts. Barman, a leading post-
colonial and feminist scholar and historian, was recently elected to the
Royal Society of Canada. The gala is the highlight of Research Awareness
Week (RAW), a series of free public forums and presentations focused on
sustainability to be held March 8-15 at the Point Grey and Robson Square
campus sites. For further information about RAW, link from the Web site
at www.research.ubc.ca or call 604.822.1700.
UBC has gained two honours in BC Biotech's
2003 Biotechnology Awards.
Brett Finlay, UBC Peter Wall Distinguished
Professor, was recognized with an Innovation and
Achievement Award. It honours an individual
whose pioneering work has led to important
applications in the field of biotechnology. A professor at UBC's Biotechnology Laboratory and co-
founder of Inimex Pharmaceuticals, Finlay's
research in bacterial disease has led to the near-
completion of a cattle vaccine to combat E. coli.
UBC's University-Industry Liaison Office was
recognized with a Lifetime Achievement Award.
The office, led by Angus Livingstone, has been
instrumental in the creation of the majority of
B.C.'s biotechnology companies. Started in 1984,
it provides services such as technology screening
and assessment, prototype development, technology commercialization and intellectual property
Education Prof. Margaret Early and a team of
researchers at five Canadian universities have
received a $750,000 grant from the Social Sciences
and Humanities Research Council of Canada
(SSHRC) to make literacy education more relevant to the Internet age. Early and researchers will
partner with three school boards and a teachers'
union to determine exactly what kinds of skills
students will need and how best to teach those
The team will study innovative teaching practices that expand students' literacy skills by
exploring a variety of media, including photography, video, art, music, drama and the Internet.
The project will also allow teachers to learn from
each other as they integrate multimedia resources
and their students' cultural diversity into the curriculum.
The findings will form the basis of a Literacy
Framework for the New Economy, designed to
establish Canadian schools as leaders in literacy
education, and give teachers tools to make technological, as well as cultural and linguistic skill
development, a key component of all classroom
Visual Art Prof. Ken Lum is this year's recipient of
the Dorothy Somerset Award for Performance and
Development in the Visual and Creative Arts.
Lum joined the Dept. of Fine Arts in 1990 and
has an outstanding record of teaching, scholarship, artistic production, criticism and publication.
His work has been exhibited around the world
and been included in the Carnegie International,
the Sao Paulo Bienal, The Venice Biennale and the
Johannesburg Biennale. He currently edits the critically acclaimed journal YISHU: The Journal of
Contemporary Chinese Art.
Since his arrival at UBC, Lum has also taught
two years as Invited Professor at L ecole
Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris as
well as a full term in the same capacity with the
Visual arts Prof. Ken Lum is this year's recipient of
the Dorothy Somerset Award.
Akademie der Bildenden Kunst in Munich. More
recently, he has worked on a number of public art
commissions for the cities of Vienna, Austria and
Leiden, the Netherlands and another for the State
of Sienna in Italy.
Education Assoc. Prof. Peter Gouzouasis  has
been awarded the Sam Black Award for Education
and Development in the Visual and Performing
Gouzouasis has launched several successful initiatives that have dramatically changed programs
in the faculty. Gouzouasis created the Fine Arts
and Multi-Media in Education cohort of student
teachers being trained to teach in elementary
schools. He also established the MUSES lab, a
multimedia learning space for visual arts and
music education and a precursor to the FAME
cohort model.
Gouzouasis is western Canada's only authorized
trainer for Macromedia Director, the most powerful multimedia scripting tool for Macintosh, PC,
and 3DO platforms, and has completed a working
interface of Interactive Wes, an interactive ethnographic piece on the life of jazz guitarist Wes
Geography Prof. David Ley is one of four
Canadian academics named to the Trudeau
Foundation Fellowships to pursue research on
public policy issues.
The awards are the first made by the
Foundation, which was established to help foster
the critical thinking championed by Pierre Trudeau
and endowed with a $125 million contribution by
the Government of Canada last year.
Ley, the Canada Research Chair in Geography,
studies how immigrant communities integrate into
urban environments and how loss of identity in
urban environments is resisted. □
TIME    PIECE    1929
UBC has a proud tradition of rowing that dates back to the early days of the university. Many
remember the "Golden Age" of rowing for UBC and for Canada when our university's eight-man
crews took the world championship in Henley in 1954/55. The tradition continues today.


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