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UBC Publications

UBC Reports 1967

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 UBC Reports
VOLUME 13, No. 7
B.C.'s three public universities have
warned that enrolment limitations may
be necessary in 1968.
Dean Walter Gage, acting president
of UBC, issued his warning statement
late in October following a meeting
of the Senate.
The Senate, and later the Board of
Governors, approved the following
statement, which will appear in the
1968 UBC Calendar:
"The University reserves the right
to limit enrolment in 1968-69 and
thereafter if its facilities and resources
are inadequate. It follows therefore
that the University may not be able
to accept all candidates who meet the
minimum requirements as laid down
in the University Calendar. This provision applies both to students applying for admission for the first time
and to those applying for readmis-
Dean Gage emphasized that UBC is
not yet in a position to state whether
or not a restriction of enrolment may
be necessary in September, 1968.
"However," he added, "we feel it is
advisable to warn prospective students
now that such action may be necessary in September, 1968, and thereafter."
Dean Gage said the Board of Governors would consider the statement
in the light of their review of the
University's physical and financial resources.
The Senate of the University, he
said, would then decide which students  it would  be  able to accept.
"UBC's situation," Dean Gage said,
"has been made difficult as a result of
the fact that our freshman enrolment
for the current year was considerably
beyond our estimates."
This year UBC enrolled 3,755 freshmen as compared to 3,386 the previous
An official at Simon Fraser University said their registration was now
approximately 5,000 and an enrolment
limitation would be imposed in 1968
"if necessary."
The University of Victoria's warning came in the 1965-66 annual report
of President Malcolm Taylor, who
wrote: "Unless an increase in funds
is forthcoming, we shall be seriously
short of space in 1968, and shall have
to consider emergency measures,
among them limitation of enrolment
in 1968 or 1969."
UBC Doctor Joins
Research Council
Dr. Stephen M. Drance, associate
professor of ophthalmology in UBC's
faculty of medicine, is one of six new
members appointed to the Medical
Research Council of Canada.
Dr. Drance, who is director of glaucoma services in the UBC ophthalmology unit at the Vancouver General
Hospital, will serve a three-year term
on the Council, which makes grants
to Canadian scientists for medical and
bio-medical  research.
GRADUATE STUDENT Paul Thiele uses a Braille edition of Winston Churchill's
history of the second world war as a book rest in the new Charles Crane Memorial
Library in Brock Hall. The Library, used by the 18 blind and partially-sighted
students registered at UBC, includes the largest private collection of Braille books
in the world. Details on page four. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
The University of B. C.'s president-
designate, Dr. F. Kenneth Hare, will
take up his new post June 1, 1968.
Mr. Justice Nathan T. Nemetz, chairman of the Board of Governors of
UBC, has announced that Dr. Hare
will assume his presidential office following a brief holiday after relinquishing his present position as master of Birkbeck College of the University of London.
In the meantime, Dr. Hare will pay
two  brief visits to the  UBC  campus.
He will arrive in Vancouver Jan.
21 to address an annual banquet sponsored by the UBC Commerce Undergraduate Society in association with
the Vancouver Board of Trade on
Jan. 22 in the   Hotel  Vancouver.
About half of the 500 guests at the
banquet will be business and financial leaders; the others will be students.
This will be Dr. Hare's first opportunity to address the business community. He will speak on "Business
and the  University."
On Jan. 25, Dr. Hare will attend the
opening of the Legislative Assembly
on the invitation of Premier W. A. C.
Bennett. He will spend two days in
Victoria before returning to  England.
He will return to Vancouver again
late in March and is scheduled to
address the Vancouver Institute on
"Universities Unlimited" on March 30.
Dr. Hare's appointment as president
of UBC was announced on June 29
this year. He succeeds Dr. John B.
Macdonald, who was president for
five years from 1962 to June 30 this
Dean Walter Gage is acting president of UBC during the interim
Dr. Hare's appointment as president
climaxed an international, eight-month
search by a Board of Governors' presidential selection committee.
The committee cast its net wide,
soliciting nominations from the UBC
faculty and other sources. All told, 111
candidates in Canada, the United
States and the United Kingdom were
Dr. Hare brings to his new post a
distinguished background as a meteorological scientist and academic administrator.
A native of England, he was educated at King's College of the University of London, where he received his
bachelor of science degree with first
class honors in geography.
He lectured in geography at the
University of Manchester in 1939-40
and then joined the British Air Ministry as an operational weather forecaster.
After the Second World War he came
to Canada to teach geography at McGill University. Fluently bi-lingual, he
took his Ph.D. in geography at the
French-language University of Montreal in  1950.
He became a Canadian citizen and
rose to become professor and chairman of McGill's geography and meteorology department
In 1962 he was named dean of arts
and science at McGill, a post he held
until 1964 when he returned to England to become professor of geography at his old alma mater, King's
He was named master of Birkbeck
College in August, 1966.
Dr. Hare is well known for his work
in the field of meteorology and is
author of a widely-used textbook on
climatology entitled "The Restless
He is a past chairman of the Arctic
Institute of Canada, a fellow of the
Royal Geographic Society and is currently president of the Royal Meteorological  Society. TRAIN WATER POLLUTION EXPERTS
UBC Lake Part of International Program
Marion Lake, in the University of
B.C.'s 10,000-acre Research Forest near
Haney, B.C., isn't much to look at.
Statistically, it's a half mile long,
200 yards across at its widest point
and covers just over 32 acres. Its maximum depth is 21 feet.
Marion Lake, however, is about to
achieve a measure of scientific fame.
It is now included in the International Biological Program—a 50-nation
plan of fundamental research designed to give man a better understanding of the biological nature of
food production and ways and means
of.controlling the balance of nature.
Since 1963, Marion Lake has been
the object of an intensive scientific
study by a task force of nearly 30
people headed by UBC zoologist-fisheries expert Dr. Ian E. Efford.
Dr. Efford's research group is about
to publish the first results of their investigation of the lake. The project is
far from completed, however, and its
inclusion in the world-wide IBP will
give the research further impetus.
The most important long-range effect which the Marion Lake studies
will have, Dr. Efford said, is an understanding  of water  pollution  and  fish
production problems and the training
of experts capable of dealing with
such problems.
Dr. Efford puts it this way:
"The usual way in which the pollution problem is attacked is to ask experts to study an already-polluted
river or lake. This cannot be done
without a proper understanding of the
environment in the lake before it became polluted.
"The big gap in our knowledge is
that we simply don't understand the
complex problem of the lake's productivity and the many factors that
limit it
"    -»>%Ji!>- i-'-r    ■
MARION LAKE, in UBC's 10,000-acre research forest near
Haney, B.C., has yielded up these live salamanders and fish
specimens for laboratory studies by graduate students Barry
Hargrave,  right, and   Dan  Ware.  The   Marion   Lake   project
V- •SK
which is now part of the International Biological Program,
is designed to measure the lake's productivity and will have
an impact on pollution and fish production studies. For
details, see story above. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
Island Hunting Quality Studied
A University of B.C. economist who
has already completed one study of
hunting in the East Kootenay area of
B.C. has turned his attention to deer
hunting on  Vancouver  Island.
Two thousand questionnaires were
mailed in late August to deer hunters
in Victoria and Campbell River in an
attempt to find out information on
the economics of hunting quality.
The study is under the direction of
Dr. Peter H. Pearse, associate professor of economics, assisted by graduate
student Gary Bowden of Langley, B.C.
Cost of the study is being met with
a $3,800 grant from a private American foundation called Resources for
the Future Inc. of Washington, D.C,
which also underwrote the cost of Dr.
Pearse's earlier study in the East
"The hypothesis we want to test
in our current study," said Dr. Pearse,
"is that hunting quality is measured
by the hunter's expected success in
bagging an animal.
"In a larger sense the study will
throw light on the value of public investment in managing game and its
habitat since hunting success can be
increased through such expenditures."
He said the decision to analyse deer
hunting on Vancouver Island resulted
from the fact that deer are almost the
only big game animal hunted in the
area and hunters are easy to identify
from fish and wildlife branch records.
For the purposes of the study, the
researchers have divided Vancouver
Island into six areas. Hunters will be
asked to report the number of times
they hunted in each area and estimate
the costs of travelling to hunt. From
these figures it will be possible to
calculate what hunters are prepared
to pay to get better hunting.
These calculations will, in turn, be
correlated with statistical rates of
hunter success obtained from the government's fish and game branch.
"We will then see whether hunters
who travel greater distances improve
their probability of bagging a deer,"
Dr.   Pearse   said.
"If they do consistently improve
their chances by travel, our hypothesis will be confirmed and we
can then try to work out how much
improved hunting quality is worth.
"This could provide useful information for guiding spending and game
management programs on the part of
"If we find there is no orderly relationship between distance travelled
and hunter success," Dr. Pearse said,
"we will have to conclude either that
factors other than hunting success determine     preferences    for    different
areas, or that hunters aren't aware of
the relative statistical probabilities of
success among deer hunting areas."
The results of the study will be important whether the hypothesis proves
to be true or untrue, Dr. Pearse said.
"If it is not true," he said, "it will
mean that public money spent purely
to increase game herds or otherwise
improve hunters' chances of getting
game is being wasted.
"On the other hand, confirmation of
our hypothesis will enable us to make
fairly precise estimates of the benefits of improving hunting opportunities by increasing the deer population and providing access to deer-rich
Dr. Pearse's studies are aimed at
compiling information about the value
of resources so that realistic decisions
can be made about how much should
be spent on management, and how
much one resource should be sacrificed for another when conflicts arise.
"We talk a great deal about the
quality of the environment and the
provision of recreational opportunities," he said, "but we really have to
know something about the value of
these resources before public authorities decide on the most efficient use
or combination of uses to which a
given  area can be put"
"Our aspect of the International Biological Program aims to fill this gap.
Marion Lake is one of a number of
lakes in various parts of the world
that are being studied with common
measuring methods, agreed upon at a
series of recent international meetings, so that data can be compared.
"Not only will we amass a body of
basic data concerning lake productivity, but the students who go through
the program will be trained to deal
with water pollution and fish production problems."
There will be other benefits from
the program as well, Dr. Efford said.
Chief among these will be development of methods which will increase
fish productivity in Marion Lake.
Studies carried out so far by Dr.
Efford show that the size and number
of fish in the lake are probably limited
by competition for the existing food
"In terms of fish growth," said Dr.
Efford, "Marion Lake is the poorest of
28 other B.C. lakes for which we have
obtained data.
"There must be a couple of hundred
similar lakes in the lower mainland
area of B.C. which are just as poor in
terms of fish production and growth."
Studies carried out so far have already given some clues to the reason
for this.
"The fish in Marion Lake," said Dr.
Efford, "are of two kinds—6,000 Ko-
kanee salmon, which are landlocked
sockeye, and 4,000 Rainbow trout They
are, on the whole, rather poor specimens, measuring up to six or seven
inches in length when full grown."
"Lakes with  a  high productivity in
the   interior,   say,   have   Kokanee   in
them  measuring  up to two feet
"The chief reason for this limitation
of fish size seems to be competition
for the available food supply with approximately 8,000 salamanders which
inhabit the bottom of the lake. Both
salamanders and the fish tend to eat
the same kinds of insects and bottom
organisms, and as there is a limited
amount of food the fish grow poorly."
Dr. Efford's next project involves
the alteration of various factors affecting the food supply.
He has already begun fertilizing
large enclosures in the lake with
chemical fertilizers which increase
growth of the food of the bottom organisms eaten by the fish and salamanders.
In 1969 he plans to trap or eliminate
many of the lake's salamanders to
measure the effect of their absence
on the fish growth.
The implications of changing lake
environments are obvious, Dr. Efford
These experimental results will be
useful to underdeveloped countries
anxious to develop fish production as
a food source and they could also
have a considerable impact on the development of sport fishing.
Dr. Efford and his research group
have received more than $40,000 for
research in the current year from the
National Research Council, which is
coordinating the International Biological Program in Canada, the Fisheries
Research Board and UBC.
The project will be aided by new
laboratory facilities which have been
set up on the shore of Marion Lake.
One of the new laboratories is a 50-
foot trailer which was in use last year
on the UBC campus as a clinical training facility for student dentists.
Five other university professors and
their students are involved in the
Marion Lake studies. Dr. Hamish
Duthie, of Waterloo University in Ontario, and Dr. Glen Rouse, of UBC's
botany department are analysing
cores of bottom sediments to find clues
to the environment in the lake thousands of years ago.
Other scientists involved in studies
at the lake are Dr. Glen Geen, of
Simon Fraser University, and Prof.
Dennis Chitty, of UBC's zoology department and Dr. G. C. Hughes,
assistant professor of botany at UBC.
VOLUME 13, No. 7
HIGHLIGHT of UBC's 1967 Homecoming weekend in October
was the official opening of Cecil Green Park, a new UBC-
community centre in the former mansion of the late Senator
S. S. McKeen adjacent to the UBC campus. Dr. Cecil Green,
a former UBC student who gave $200,000 enabling purchase
and renovation of the Centre, is shown with his wife inspecting the plaque acknowledging his gift For details see story
below. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
Cecil Green Park Will Promote
UBC Contacts With Community
Dr. Cecil Green, the former UBC
student whose $200,000 gift made possible a new centre for UBC-com-
munity activities, officially opened the
building named for him during 1967
Homecoming  celebrations.
Dr. Green told a crowded October
Homecoming gathering that he hoped
Cecil Green Park would be a "symbol
of a healthy working relationship between the University and the adults
of the community."
The large well-pressrved mansion
named for Dr. Green is the former
residence of Senator S. S. McKeen
located on 3Vi acres of clifftop property between Fort Camp and the
former residence of F. Ronald Graham, which now houses UBC's school
of social work.
The purchase and renovation of the
house, which now houses the UBC
Alumni Association, University Resources Council, 3-Universities Capital
Fund and facilities for the Faculty
Women's Club, was made possible by
Dr.  Green's gift.
In his remarks at the opening ceremony, Dr. Green said he preferred to
use the word "investment" rather
than "gift" in describing his contribution for the purchase of Cecil Green
He paid tribute to Dr. William C.
Gibson, Special Assistant to the President on University Development for
bringing to his attention the potential of the facility.
Referring to the possibilities for
continuing education at the centre,
Dr. Green said it was "not only important for the University to turn out
well educated students, but it would
be failing in its mission if it did not
attract them back as adults.
"It is my hope," he added, "that
Cecil Green Park will make the Uni-
Leaves  UBC
The University of B.C. has received
a bequest of $100,000 from the estate
of the late Hugo Emil Meilicke, a Vancouver financier who died September
20, 1967, at the age of 89.
Under the terms of Mr. Meilicke's
will the bequest will "establish the
Hugo E. Meilicke Memorial Fund to
be used for such purposes as the University may decide from time to time."
Mr. Meilicke was born in the United
States and emigrated to Saskatchewan
in 1902. His father was the late Senator E. J. Meilicke.
Senator Meilicke and his three sons
founded the Saskatchewan farming
community of Dundurn and owned
two newspapers, the Regina Leader-
Post and the Saskatoon Star, in the
late 1920s. They also owned wheat,
lumber, automobile and theatre interests in Saskatchewan.
Hugo Meilicke came to Vancouver
in 1922 and opened a financier's office
with one of his brothers.
He was active in community affairs
in Vancouver  and was  a  director of
the Salvation Army, the Vancouver
Foundation, the Crippled Children's
Hospital, the Vancouver Art Gallery
and the Vancouver Symphony Society.
UBC has also received a bequest of
$1,000 from the estate of the late Ruth
H. Maitland, of Vancouver, who died
April 13, 1967.
Under the terms of Mrs. Maitland's
will the bequest will be used to establish the R. L. and Ruth Maitland Loan
Fund to assist "worthy undergraduates
in the Faculty of Law."
Mrs. Maitland's late husband, R. L.
Maitland, was attorney-general of the
Province of British Columbia at the.
time of the establishment of a Faculty
of Law at UBC.
VOLUME 13, No. 7
versity a tangible part of the community."
Dr. Green was a student at UBC
from 1918 to 1921. Because he wished
to study electrical engineering, which
was not offered at UBC at that time,
he took his bachelor and master of
science degrees at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
During the 1930s Dr. Green was the
founder of Texas Instruments, Inc.,
of Dallas, Texas, one of the largest
instrument manufacturing companies
in the world.
He has mada a number of notable
benefactions to education, including
establishment of a school of science
for boys in Dallas, a graduate student
research centre near Dallas, and gifts
for a graduate student centre at MIT.
He was awarded an honorary doctor
of science degree by UBC in 1954.
Cecil Green Park has already been
used for a number of UBC-commun-
ity conferences and seminars, including a meeting of North American university presidents, a conference on
west coast art, meetings of the board
of management of the Alumni Association, as well as social functions and
meetings of the Faculty Women's
One of the new facilities in the
building is a board room and social
suite, furnished with gifts from two
UBC graduates, Robert and Sidney
The mansion in Cecil Green Park
was built in 1912 by Mr. E. P. Davis, a
well-known Vancouver lawyer, and
was the Davis family home until 1940.
Mrs. E. V. Schwitzer, who still lives in
Vancouver, owned the house until
1951 when it was purchased by the
late Senator McKeen.
The house contains many items of
furniture and other articles donated
by the various families who once lived
Dominating the main reception room
of the mansion on the ground floor
is a huge grand piano once owned by
the renowned pianist Jan Paderewski.
The piano, which Paderewski used
for his North American concert tours,
was discovered in the tiny B.C. community of Walhachin and was presented to the UBC school of music in
Mr. Jack K. Stathers, a 35-year-old
graduate of UBC, has been appointed
director of the UBC Alumni Association.
Alumni Association president Mrs.
John M. Lecky announced the appointment of Mr. Stathers, who was
formerly manager of administration
and planning for Brenda Mines of
Mr. Stathers will be responsible for
coordinating the work of the Alumni
Association and implementing programs that will engender community
and graduate support of UBC. His
appointment was effective November
Mr. Stathers succeeds Tim Hollick-
Kenyon, who resigned in April of this
year to take another position after
serving as director of the Association
for almost six years.
Mrs. Lecky said the Alumni Association was fortunate to have secured
a person of Mr. Stathers' abilities at
a time when the Association was trying to give a new thrust to its activities, particularly in the area of relations with the government and the
Mr. Stathers graduated from UBC
in 1955 with a bachelor of arts degree, majoring in geography, history
and   physics.
He completed a master of arts
degree in geography in 1958. He has
been employed as an economic consultant for Noranda Mines Ltd., president of Stradone Enterprises Ltd. and
Skagit Projects Ltd., and as an industrial consultant with B.C. Hydro
and Power Authority. He is married
and   has  four   children.
UCPA Honors
UBC Staffer
John F. McLean, UBC's director of
personnel and ancillary services, has
been given the first award of merit of
the University Career Planning Association.
The citation for the award said Mr.
McLean was honored as a "prime
founder" of the UCPA who gave the
organization "long service and administrative leadership." He was president of the UCPA in 1959-60.
Mr. McLean has been a member of
the UBC staff since 1945 when he was
appointed a counsellor after a teaching career in B C. high schools and
UBC's former department of education.
He was later appointed director of
personnel and student services, a position he held until 1963, when he became director of personnel and ancillary services.
Mr. McLean is a UBC graduate
(BA '3D and served in the Canadian
army during World War II. He attained the rank of major and was awarded the DSO. Largest Private Braille Library
The largest private Braille library in existence, assembled
in Vancouver over a period of 44 years by the late Charles A.
Crane, has been donated to the University of B.C.
The 2,500-volume collection, which will provide the most
comprehensive university library facility for the blind in Canada,
is now in operation in Brock Hall where it is being used daily
by the 18 blind and partially-sighted students currently registered at UBC.
Establishment of the facility, to be known as the Charles A.
Crane Memorial Library, has been aided by grants from Delta
Gamma women's fraternity, which assists blind students; Mr.
and Mrs. P. A. Woodward's Foundation, and the Canadian
National  Institute for the Blind.
The library consists of a room housing the collection, and
an adjacent reading room and a lounge where blind students
can meet The facilities occupy part of the former offices of the
UBC Alumni Association in the north wing of Brock Hall.
Charles A. Crane, the man who assembled the collection,
was born in Toronto in 1906, and was deaf and blind from the
age of nine months as the result of an attack of spinal meningitis.
The family moved to Vancouver in 1911 and from 1916 to
1921 Charles Crane attended the School for the Deaf in Halifax,
where he made remarkable progress in learning to read and talk.
In 1916 he visited Alexander Graham Bell, who later told a
writer that the most interesting person he knew was "not a
man, but a deaf and dumb boy named Charles Crane, who will
some day be as famous as  Helen  Keller."
Before returning to Vancouver in 1922 Crane addressed a
Rotary Club meeting in Halifax, "and each word was easily
understood by every one in the large room," according to the
principal of the Halifax school.
When Crane returned to Vancouver in 1922 to continue his
education at the Jericho Hill School for the deaf and blind he
began collecting and purchasing the Braille volumes which
were eventually to become the largest private library of its kind
in the world.
The bulk of the Crane collection was purchased from the
Royal National Institute for the Blind in London, the Royal
Blind Asylum and School in Scotland and four printing houses
for the blind in the U.S.
During the 1930s Crane acquired a machine for punching
Braille and with the assistance of a reader began translating
a number of books.
The tasl
deaf and bl
each word I
a classical i
dictionary o
When C
blind Canac
two years a
Ubyssey, a >
He was <
half the   lib
and Roman
tion is large
After le
Vancouver '
employed fn
in 1965.
Mrs. Joi
ment and o
said Crane*!
and Mr. Jc
blind studer
"The ill
the  library,'
Delta G
furniture in
the organize
in the catalc
A $3,000
tion has be
rels where
$1,000 for Jl
writers and
The UB
collection av
has a large*
In 1916, at the age of 10, Charles
Crane visited the famous inventor
Alexander Graham Bell. Bell, who
described Crane as the most interesting
person he knew, is shown above
"talking" to Crane by touching his
hands and fingers. Charles Crane returned to Vancouver in 1922 and
began collecting the largest private
collection of Braille books in the
world, which is now housed in a new
facility for blind students in UBC's
Brock Hall. Part of the Library, which
is equipped with study carrels, tape
recorders and high intensity reading
lamps, is shown at right. Reading by
Braille from the Library's collection
are Brian Lendrum, right, first year
arts, and Sherryn Grout, a graduate
student in English and German. Seated
at the table are Mrs. Joan Pavelich,
left, instructor in English at UBC and
coordinator of the Crane library project, and Mrs. K. f. McRae, a UBC
graduate and member of Delta Gamma
women's fraternity, which is assisting
in the cataloguing of the collection and
providing $4,500 to furnish the library
and an adjacent lounge. o
as com
is complicated by the fact that Crane was both
and his assistant had to indicate each letter of
touching Crane's fingers.
se •difficulties Crane completed translations of
onary which runs to 30 Braille volumes, and a
jwering plants and ferns, made up of 21  Braille
e entered UBC in 1931 he was the first deaf and
to undertake university studies. He attended
was a reporter for the student newspaper, The
ity wrestler, and a member of the Classics Club.
icially interested in classical literature and about
is made up of Braille translations of Greek
rks of the classical period. Balance of the collec-
English   literature and  history.
ng UBC Crane was a publicity agent for the
Ifare Foundation. From 1933 until 1951 he was
le workshop of the CNIB in Vancouver. He died
Pavelich, an instructor in UBC's English depart-
"dinator of the Crane Memorial Library project,
urvivring sister and brother, Mrs. Harriet Killy
Crane, had donated the collection to UBC in
h their brother's wish that it should challenge
to take up University studies.
srsity* is also grateful to a number of outside
kr the assistance they have given us in equipping
?e said.
ma women's fraternity will contribute $4,500 for
library and lounge, and about 50 members of
i have put in many hundreds of hours assisting
ing of the collection.
ant from Mr. and Mrs. P. A. Woodward's Founda-
wsed for construction of shelves  and three car-
k^nts  can   read,   and  the  CNIB  has contributed
u re base of such  items as tape recorders, type-
h intensity  reading  lamps.
brary will be supplemented by the huge Braille
?ble through the U.S. Library of Congress, which
»nch* library in Seattle.
PROFESSOR of agronomy at UBC, Dr. A. J. Renney, inspects a sample of diffuse knapweed, a weed which is threatening range lands and recreational areas in the Kamloops
district and the Okanagan valley. Drive to eliminate the weed
will be aided by establishment of the Jean Bostock Memorial
Weed Fund to provide an annual fellowship in UBC's faculty
of graduate studies. Dr. Renney and his co-workers have been
experimenting with a herbicide which shows great promise
in the control of the weed.
Photo by B. C. Jennings.
Weed Research Gets Impetus
From Bostock Memorial Fund
A member of a pioneer B.C. family
has established a fund at the University of B.C. for study and research
on dryland weeds and weed control
on range lands.
Miss A. E. Bostock, of Monte Creek,
B.C., daughter of the late Senator
Hewitt Bostock, has established the
fund in memory of her late sister,
Miss Jean Bostock, who died in 1960.
The Jean Bostock Memorial Weed
Fund, which will eventually total $50,-
000, will be invested and the proceeds used to provide an annual $3,000
fellowship to a student in the faculty
of graduate studies.
Professor V. C. Brink, head of the
department of plant science in UBC's
faculty of agriculture, said the Bostock Fund would mean greater impetus could be given to research
which has been continuing for a number of years in an attempt to control
the spread of diffuse knapweed, which
is threatening range lands.
It is estimated that more than 300,-
000 acres of interior range land is
infested with diffuse knapweed, which
was introduced into B.C. before the
first world war in shipments of alfalfa seed.
Dr. A. J. Renney, professor of
agronomy, who is in charge of research on the weed, said it has gradually spread throughout the Kamloops
area and down through the Okanagan
valley and is also a problem in Washington   state.
Diffuse knapweed, and its relatives,
spotted and Russian knapweed, establish themselves quickly and excrete a toxic substance which inhibits
the growth of surrounding grasses
and   plants.
As a result, said Dr. Renney, the
weed restricts the growth of range
land grasses and ruins recreational
areas. Grazing animals will not touch
the weed because of its very bitter
Research on control of the weed
has been going on for a number of
years under Dr. Renney's direction.
"Biological control methods, which
have possibilities, are being undertaken   by the  federal   department  of
Volume 13, No. 7—December, 1967. Authorized as second class mail by the Post
Office Department, Ottawa, and for payment of postage in cash. Published by the
University of British Columbia and distributed free of charge to friends and
graduates of the University. Material appearing herein may be reproduced freely.
Letters are welcome and should be addressed to The Information Office, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
agriculture, and we are cooperating in
these efforts," Dr. Renney said.
"We at UBC have been concentrating on the use of cultural and herbi-
cidal methods of control. One herbi-
bicide has shown great promise in
eradication of the weed if sprayed on
it in minute amounts in the spring
and  early   summer."
Dr. Renney said research would
also be undertaken on a number of
other B.C. weeds which are estimated
to cost British Columbians about $25
million per year in crop and livestock   losses  and  control   measures.
"On a national basis," Dr. Renney
said, "conservative estimates indicate that weeds cost Canadians more
than $500 million annually, and the
situation will only get worse unless
a substantial effort is made through
Miss Jean Bostock, for whom the
fund is named, was a graduate in
botany and horticulture from the University of London.
Senator Hewitt Bostock settled in the
Monte Creek area of B.C. in 1888 as
a young immigrant from England. He
once owned a Victoria weekly paper
and   The   Province   in   Vancouver.
Senator Bostock was speaker in the
Canadian Senate from 1922 to 1930.
He died in 1930. AIDING scheme to construct an east-west medical centre on
a Greek island are UBC's professor of the history of medicine
and science, Dr. William C. Gibson, left and Dr. Oscar
Sziklai,   of  the   faculty   of  forestry.   Dr.   Sziklai   is   x-raying
seed taken from a tree under which the Greek scientist-
philosopher Hippocrates is said to have instructed students.
Good seed is sold to provide funds for construction of the
meeting place. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
UBC Professors Aid Plan
To Construct Medical Centre
Plans to create an east-west meeting
centre for the medical world on the
Greek island of Cos are being aided
by two professors at UBC.
Dr. Oscar Sziklai, a faculty of forestry genetics expert and Dr. William
C. Gibson, professor of the history of
medicine and science, hope their efforts will raise $50,000 toward the cost
of the $300,000 meeting centre.
The International Hippocratic Foundation of Athens, which is sponsoring
the project, will sell seeds from the
sycamore tree under which, legend
says, Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, taught his students.
Dr. Sziklai visited the Greek island
last summer and returned with a few
se:d balls taken from the ancient
sycamore. Late in November an additional eight pounds, or 1,500,000 seeds,
arrived for inspection and x-ray examination.
He is currently x-raying the seed he
brought to Vancouver to determine
which will germinate and which will
The good seed will be sent to the
International Hippocratic Foundation
in Athens for distribution to doctors
who make a donation toward construction of the meeting centre.
To ensure that the embryo of the
good seeds is not altered genetically,
Dr. Sziklai is using soft or low-power,
x-rays in his laboratory examination.
Dr. Gibson said the purpose of the
meeting centre is to provide an east-
west meeting centre for the world's
doctors. "The Foundation," he said,
"wants doctors to feel that the Cos
building and the setting of the island
is the home of their science."
The meeting building, he said, would
be a suitable memorial to Hippocrates,
Council Grant Enables
Expert to Visit U.K.
Dr. Harry L. Stein, a vocational
guidance expert in the University of
B.C.'s faculty of education, has been
awarded a $2,500 grant from the Canada Council for research in the United
The grant, from the Council's humanities and social sciences branch,
will enable Dr. Stein to visit the
U.K. for two months in 1968 to investigate principles underlying vocational guidance in the Youth Employment Service there.
The visit will complete a study of
European vocational guidance practices which began in 1964 when Dr.
Stein visited 13 countries for similar
"The increasing importance of automation and other factors make it imperative that young people have adequate information to guide them in
choosing jobs," Dr. Stein said.
He said that at present school job
counsellors have little real contact
with the world of work with the result
that they are unable to advise students
"Our educational system," he said,
"desperately needs to produce a
guidance worker who understands
the world of work and the needs and
abilities of young people as individuals."
In the U.K. Dr.^Stein will visit the
headquarters and principal regional
offices of the Youth Employment
Service to interview senior administrative personnel on the philosophy
underlying youth job placement.
His research will result in a report
to the Canada Council and the federal
manpower department recommending principles which could be applied
to the Canadian situation.
who lived from 460 to 370 B.C., and
is regarded as the father of scientific
and clinical observation and the man
who initially freed medicine from the
curse of superstition.
The ancient sycamore tree, which
bears seed balls annually, is being
carefully guarded by the Lord Mayor
of Cos, who is actively supporting the
project The seed balls, when mature,
are collected by the local district agriculturalist.
The tree itself is about 50 feet high,
seven feet in diameter and almost
completely hollow inside. Its huge
branches are propped up with marble
columns and wooden sticks.
Despite its enormous age, said Dr.
Sziklai, the tree is still very much
alive with new sprouts coming up and
plenty of seed  produced annually.
The first seed from the Cos sycamore was brought to UBC in 1965 and
several dozen plants have already
been germinated by University horti-
The seedlings will be planted out
eventually in the courtyard of UBC's
new Health Sciences Centre, currently
under construction.
This past summer, a second year
medical student at UBC, John Walker,
visited Cos with assistance from UBC's
medical school to collect information
for a guide book he will write for
medical and non-medical visitors.
Walker, before entering the UBC
medical school, received his bachelor
of arts degree in classics.
The idea for a meeting centre at
Cos grew out of the 17th International
Congress of the History of Medicine
in 1930. The Foundation, established
the same year, is currently presided
over by Dr. Spiros Oeconomos, professor emeritus of surgery at the University of Athens.
The 25-mile long island is located in
the eastern Aegean Sea close to the
mainland of Turkey. The ruins of
ancient Greek buildings abound on
the island.
The University of B.C.'s Senate has
received assurances from 15 fraternities and nine sororities that their conditions of membership satisfy in full
the requirements set out in a Senate
policy statement
Mr. J. E. A. Parnall, UBC's registrar
and secretary of Senate, said that as
far as the University was aware all
fraternities and sororities had now
stated that they met the requirements
of the Senate policy statement
The Senate statement is as follows:
"The University recognizes the right
of any group whose primary purpose
is social, such as men's and women's
fraternities, to choose its membership
from among people who are personally compatible. The University, on the
other hand, regards it as unworthy of
the long traditions of University membership to select or reject persons for
or from membership in a social group
on other than the basis of their individual personal qualities. Specifically, the University regards exclusion
of persons from membership in men's
and women's fraternities for reasons
of racial origin as incompatible with
the traditions of the University, and
regards limitation of membership to
adherents of a specific religious faith
to .be acceptable only where adherence to such faith is a bona fide tenet
of the organization."
Mr. Parnall said that each fraternity
and sorority had replied to a letter
from acting president Walter Gage
stating that their conditions of membership satisfy in full the Senate
Following is a list of UBC fraternities and sororities which have replied
to Dean Gage's letter:
Fraternities: Phi Delta Theta, Phi
Gamma Delta, Beta Theta Pi, Zeta
Psi, Psi Upsilon, Alpha Delta Phi,
Kappa Sigma, Delta Upsilon, Sigma
Phi Delta, Zeta Beta Tau, Alpha Tau
Omega, Phi Kappa SigmaJ Delta
Kappa Epsilon, Phi Kappa Pi, Sigma
Sororities: Kappa Alpha Theta,
Alpha Gamma Delta, Delta Phi Epsilon, Gamma Phi Beta, Delta Gamma,
Alpha Omicron Pi, Kappa Kappa
Gamma, Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Phi.
Group Names
UBC Planner
Dr. H. Peter Oberlander, director
of UBC's school of community and
regional planning, has become the first
Canadian to be elected president-
designate of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
He was elected at the tenth annual
meeting in Washington, D.C, and will
take up office in the new year.
The organization is the largest of
its kind and represents all accredited
schools of planning in North America.
It was founded under the auspices of
the American Institute of Planners to
integrate all educational matters for
urban and regional planning in Canada and the United States.
Dr. Oberlander has been a member
of the UBC faculty since 1950. He is
a graduate of McGill and Harvard
Universities and holds the degrees of
bachelor of architecture, master of
community planning and doctor of
He is a special consultant to the
Housing and Planning Section of the
United Nations Department of Social
Affairs on education for city planners.
In 1961 he served as consultant to
the government of Ghana in establishing an institute of community planning
in that country and has also acted as
a consultant to numerous Canadian
government departments. Among the
projects he has carried out is a development plan for Banff and Jasper.
VOLUME 13, No. 7
DECEMBER,  1967 DISCOVERER of new calcium-controlling hormone, Dr.
Harold Copp, left, head of UBC's physiology department,
inspects  filtration   columns   used  for   purification   of  the
hormone. With him is assistant professor Dr. C. Owen
Parks, who is directing the research involved in isolating
the hormone. Photo by B. C. Jennings.
UBC Doctor Discovers Hormone
Dr. Harold Copp, professor and
head of the department of physiology at UBC has received one of
this year's Gairdner Foundation
annual awards for special achievement in medical science. It is the
first time that a Gairdner award
has been made to a Western Canadian scientist.
The foundation was established
in 1957 by Toronto financier J. A.
Gairdner and since its inception 51
scientists from eight countries, including six Canadians, have been
so honored.
The awards, which include substantial cash prizes, are made in
recognition of significant achievements in the field of arthritic, rheumatic or cardiovascular disease or
other contributions which may help
in the control of disease and alleviation of human suffering.
This year, nine scientists from
four countries were chosen from
the 71 nominated. The awards were
made by Governor General Roland
Michener at a special dinner in
Toronto Nov. 17.
Dr. Copp's award is in recognition of his discovery in 1961 of the
calcium-regulating hormone Calcitonin.  The   award   is  shared   with
his colleague, Dr. lain Maclntyre of
the Royal Postgraduate Medical
School, London, who confirmed the
work of Dr. Copp's group two years
later, and who showed that the
hormone was produced by cells in
the thyroid, rather than the parathyroid as was originally thought.
Dr. Copp's original work was first
greeted with polite scepticism by
his colleagues, but is now widely
accepted and has opened up a new
field of study in endocrinology.
This year there are three international conferences primarily devoted to Calcitonin or (Thyro-cal-
citonin, as it is sometimes called).
The hormone apparently reduces
the level of calcium in blood by
slowing down its release from the
calcium storehouse in bone. Although it will be some time before
the hormone will be available for
medical use, there is some hope
that it may prove of value in controlling the weakening of bones
through loss of calcium which
occurs in old age and in long-term
treatment with steroid hormones
such as cortisone.
In work carried out during the
past three  months,   Dr.  Copp  has
shown that the real source of Calcitonin is an obscure organ called
the ultimobranchial gland whose
function up until now has been
In mammals, these become imbedded in the thyroid and parathyroid glands, accounting for the
early confusion as to the origin of
the hormone. However, in birds,
reptiles and fishes, the ultimo-
branchials are separate and distinct, and provide a very rich
source of hormone.
This past summer, Dr. Copp had
a crew of student "ultimobranchial
pluckers" collecting glands from
thousands of chickens at two large
B.C. poultry processing plants. He
is now looking into another source
— the lowly Pacific dogfish, a small
predatory shark common in B.C.
waters and the bane- of salmon
Locally, the hormone is sometimes referred to as Ultimo-Bran-
chial-Calcitonin (UBC for short)
but it seems likely that the simpler
term — Calcitonin — will persist.
It is a term which should become
increasingly familiar to biologists
and medical scientists alike.
Economist Cited  for   66  Book
Professor A. D. Scott, head of the
University of B.C.'s economics department, has been a cited by the Wildlife
Society of America as-co-author of
"the outstanding publication in fish
ecology and management" for 1966.
The book which earned the citation
is "The Commonwealth in Ocean
Fisheries,"   a   281-page   volume   pub
lished by the Johns Hopkins University Press.
It deals with problems of growth
and economic allocation in the management of the high seas fishery as
well as the future of supply and demand for fish and legal problems involved in making the harvest available without economic waste.
Prof. Scott wrote the book over a
period of four years in collaboration
with Francis T. Christy, Jr., a member of the research staff of Resources
for the Future, a foundation located
in Washington, D.C, which also provided funds for research which preceded the writing of the  book.
Prof. Scott has been head of the
UBC economics department since September, 1965.
One-third more people participated
in continuing education programs
offered by UBC in 1966-67 than in the
same period of 1965-66, according to
the extension department's annual
Total enrolment in continuing education programs for the past year was
25,467, while the previous year's enrolment was 18,586. This total includes
extra-sessional credit courses, non-
credit evening classes, short courses,
conferences, lecture series and diploma programs.
Approximately 10,000 people took
part in continuing professional and
technical education programs. This
represents a 27 per cent increase over
last year's figure and is attributed primarily to the initiation of two new
programs — continuing education in
engineering and law.
The extension department also administers professional and technical
programs in the fields of education,
social work, pharmacy, forestry, fisheries, agriculture and business. (The
report does not include figures for the
department of continuing medical education.)
Extra-sessional courses — those held
in the late afternoon and evening —
for University credit in arts, science
and education showed a 10 per cent
increase over last year's figures. A
total of 1,389 students enrolled in 55
courses. For the first time extra-sessional classes were scheduled in the
evening from  May to August.
Credit correspondence courses enrolled 689 students in 15 subjects.
Sixty-four programs were offered
by the extension department in towns
throughout B.C. These included 10
credit courses, 37 professional and
technical programs and 17 liberal arts
programs for a total enrolment of
More than 3,000 persons attended
lectures in a special centennial series,
Man's Potential: Vision Unlimited, offered by the extension department
during the first five months of 1967.
A University of B.C. expert in the
chemistry of carbohydrates has been
awarded one of the first of a new
series of annual lectureships sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty
Professor Guy Dutton, of UBC's
chemistry department, has been
granted leave of absence from January 1 to April 30, 1968, to lecture in
two European countries under the
NATO   award.
Purpose of the lectureship, according to NATO, is to select a scientist
who has recently made an important
contribution to a rapidly-developing
field of science to enable him to present the most up-to-date developments
by means of a small number of lectures.
Prof. Dutton will lecture at the
Technical University of Denmark
near Copenhagen and at the Max
Planck Institute for Immunobioiogy
in   Freiburg, West Germany.
Dr. Dutton's research in carbohydrates is allied to problems in wood
chemistry, plant gums and the application of new techniques of gas
chromatography and spectrometry to
the analysis of various problems.
VOLUME 13, No. 7
DECEMBER,  1967 Indian
Professor Donald B. Fields, of the
University of B.C.'s faculty of commerce, has received a $17,000 research
grant to study the burden of taxation
on  native  B.C.  Indians.
The federal government's Department of Indian Affairs and Northern
Development has made the grant for
preparation of a report aimed at putting into perspective the Indian as a
taxpayer and a recipient of tax monies, Prof. Fields said.
Work on the study began during the
summer. Tax and other relevant data
has been collected from the provincial and federal governments and is
currently being analysed. An attempt
will be made to assess the tax burdeh
on Indians in terms of indirect taxes
as well as direct taxes, and in terms
of taxes levied by all three levels of
government — federal, provincial and
If feasible, Prof. Fields said, a further examination into benefits received by Indians from tax revenues from
the three levels of government will be
carried out to attempt some cost-
benefit analyses.
Mr. William Stanbury, a UBC commerce graduate who won the faculty's
gold medal when he graduated in
1966, is research assistant for the project He is currently studying for his
Ph.D. degree in economics at the University of California at Berkeley and
will return to UBC next spring to
continue' work on the study.
Prof. Fields said his tax project was
one of several matters relating to native Indians currently being researched in Canada under the auspices of
the federal Department of Indian Affairs and  Northern  Development
Prof. Fields, who recently completed
a study on aids to small business in
Canada under the sponsorship of the
Economic Council of Canada, was formerly a research supervisor, personal
tax, for the Royal Commission on Taxation.
Bids Asked
For Admin.
UBC's Board of Governors has approved working drawings and called
tenders for construction of stage one
of a new General Services Administration   building.
The 68,000-square-foot building will
be constructed on the northwest corner of Wesbrook Crescent and University Boulevard adjacent to the War
Memorial   Gymnasium.
It will house the registrar's office,
department of finance, data processing
centre, post office, housing administration, office of the dean of graduate
studies and the Bank of Montreal.
The building will be financed by a
unique arrangement between UBC
and the Bank of Montreal through a
combination of pre-paid rentals and
bank   loan.
The negotiations which led to the
arrangement with the Bank of Montreal were finalized only after Canada's five major chartered banks were
asked to submit financing proposals.
Only two banks made such proposals.
The new building will bring together under one roof a number of
major UBC administrative offices, all
of which now occupy congested and
separate quarters on the campus.
Provision has been made for construction of a second stage of the
building in the future. Architects for
the project are Thompson, Berwick,
Pratt and Partners.
THIS FAMILIAR campus landmark, originally a horticulture barn built in 1917, will get a new lease on life soon
as a snack bar providing food services for faculty members
and students in the south campus area. In recent years the
building served as an office and practice facility for the
music department. Dwarfing the barn in the background
is the new metallurgy building and at left the H. R. MacMillan building for forestry and agriculture.
Barn Gets New Lease on Life
One of the University of B.C.'s original buildings, built
at a cost of $5,250 in 1917, is getting a new lease on life.
The old horticulture barn in the shadow of the north side
of the new H. R. MacMillan building is being renovated
as a snack bar at a cost of $67,622.
UBC's Board of Governors has approved the awarding
of a contract to Oliver Builders Ltd. for $54,700 to renovate
the interior of the building. The balance of the conversion
price will provide equipment for the snack bar.
The snack bar, which will seat 148 persons, is designed
to provide food services for students and faculty members
at the south end of the campus.
Plans call for the snack bar to be named/'The Barn" to
indicate the building's beginnings as a horticulture facility.
From 1917 to 1924 the building served as a classroom where
soldiers returning from World War I were taught practical
aspects of horticulture.
Generations of undergraduate students in agriculture
received instruction in horticulture in the building and
many famous UBC professors taught there, including
former Dean of agriculture F. M. Clement and Professor
Emeritus of horticulture A. F. Barss.
In recent years the building served as a studio and office
facility for UBC's department of music, which this year
moved into a new building in the Norman MacKenzie
Centre for Fine Arts.
GREETING four new student members of the UBC Senate at
their first meeting is Senate secretary and UBC registrar
J. E. A. Parnall. From left to right are Miss Kirsten Emmott,
Mr. Gabor Mate, Mr. Mark C. Waldman and Mr. Ray R.
Larsen. Mr. Waldman was elected by graduate students and
the  other  three  by  students  in  other  faculties.  Sun   photo.
VOLUME 13, No. 7


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