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UBC Reports Aug 6, 1987

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1UBC
Volume 33 Number 15, August 6,1987
Medal for President
UBC President David Strangway has been awarded the
1987 J. Tuzo Wilson Medal for his outstanding contribution to
Canadian geophysics.
Strangway is best known for his studies in rock magnetism
and for his work at NASA, where he was responsible for the
geophysical aspects of the Apollo missions. For his scientific
accomplishments, he has been awarded the NASA Medal for
Exceptional Scientific Achievement, the Virgil Kauffman Gold
Medal of the Society for Exploration Geophysicists and the
Senior Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Scholarship, Canada's
most prestigious award in the sciences.
The Canadian Geophysical Union named the Wilson Medal
after the country's most renowned geophysicist — a pioneer in
the research of plate tectonics. Tuzo Wilson, who was first to
win the award in his name in 1978, was also Strangway's
professor and mentor.
Strangway will receive the Wilson Medal at the International
Union of Geodesy and Geophysics assembly on Aug. 18 at
UBC.
Merger possible
Boards of Trustees for UBC Health Sciences Centre Hospital
and Shaughnessy Hospital are discussing the possible merger
of the two facilities.
Alan Pierce, outgoing chairman of the Health Sciences
Hospital, said the merger would save money and would "allow
us to improve our services in the future, with particular focus on
leading edge developments in wellness and health promotion."
The combined complement of the two hospitals is
approximately 1,650 beds, of which 950 are located at
Shaughnessy.
Both Pierce and Dr. Daniel Birch, UBC's vice-president
academic and chairman of Shaughnessy Hospital, said the
merger would not result in significant cuts in nursing and
medical staff. As well, each hospital has vacancies for senior
administrators, so there are no predicted management cuts.
In spite of those assurances, the president of medical staff at
the campus hospital said he can't see any argument in favour of
amalgamation. Dr. Kenneth Leighton said the UBC Health
Sciences facility has strong funding and successful teaching
and patient treatment programs. "Why try to fix something
that's not broken? " he asked.
Dr. Birch said the principles Dr. Leighton stands for will be
considered when the Boards of Trustees meet to discuss the
feasibility of a merger.
UBC honors Hansen
Man-in-Motion Rick Hansen and outgoing chancellor
Robert Wyman will receive honorary degrees at a Sept. 9
ceremony in the War Memorial Gymnasium.
The degrees will be conferred at a ceremony marking the
installation of UBC's new chancellor Leslie Peterson.
Peterson, a Vancouver lawyer and former cabinet minister
and attorney-general, was elected chancellor by UBC alumni in
March. He will be installed for a three-year t,erm by Lieutenant-
Governor Robert Rogers.
Peterson will then confer honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D)
degrees on Vancouver businessman Robert Wyman, UBC's
chancellor since 1984, and wheelchair athlete Rick Hansen.
The final part of the ceremony will introduce a new UBC
tradition — an official welcoming of new and returning students
by President David Strangway. Director of Ceremonies John
Stager said all students, staff and faculty are encouraged to
attend the ceremony, which is tentatively scheduled for 2:30
p.m.
Stager said the university intends to make the welcome to
students an annual event.
Ocean study
UBC oceanographers are now able to study the circulation
of ocean currents during the past two million years as if they
were leafing through the pages of history books, with the
department's new $300,000 mass spectrometer.
Dr. Tom Pedersen said information gathered by the machine
is being used to aid companies involved in oil exploration.
The mass spectrometer measures the amount of stable
isotopes in sediment samples taken from the ocean floor. By
combining that information with the climatic history of the earth,
researchers hope to discover the effect of both on the
accumulation of organic matter.
Plant scientists at UBC will also use the machine to study the
effect of ozone on plants. And Simon Fraser University's
archeology department is using the mass spectrometer to study
the nutritional habits of the native aboriginals of B.C.
Admin/professional staff
get improved salary scale
by Debora Sweeney
As part of a commitment to ensure UBC salaries remain
competitive with the market, the Board of Governors has
approved a new salary scale for administrative and professional
staff.
Bruce Gellatly, vice-president of administration and finance,
said the new scale attempts to correct inconsistencies between
pay grades 1-12 and the minimum to maximum ranges within
those grades. He said there have been situations where a
supervisor's salary is less than the salary of the person
supervised.
In an attempt to remedy those kinds of situations, the Board
has approved a five per cent salary increase allowance fund
(subject to approval under the Compensation Stabilization
Program), which includes a three per cent merit pool and a two
per cent pool for anomolies.
In the first year, the two per cent pool will be used to adjust
positions which are more than 20 per cent behind the market
and for individuals whose salaries are below the new pay grade
minimums. In the second year, a pool will be established to
take care of staff groups 10-20 per cent behind the market, and
in the third year, a similar pool will be set for groups which are
5-10 per cent behind.
The differential between those supervised and their
supervisors will be adjusted to three per cent with a target of
five per cent within three years.
Eileen Stewart, director of Personnel Services, said the
Board's decision came after the university experienced
recruiting problems attributable to salary ranges not keeping
pace with the market.
"We want to attract and retain quality staff, thinking people,
progressive people," said Stewart. "Dr. Strangway would like
us to be seen as an outstanding employer."
The university is basing the salary range modifications on
pay research data provided by public and private sector
organizations and other western Canadian, universities. The
analysis shows that in most cases, administrative and
professional staff at UBC make less, some considerably less
than their counterparts. The gap between the market and UBC
is largest at the lower pay grades with a nan-owing of the gap
towards the higher pay grades. At pay grade 10, UBC ranges
are higher.
"We want our salaries to be competitive at the average of
the market," said Stewart.
The revised salary scale does not include general pay
increases to all staff. Individual salary adjustments will be made
on a merit basis. Gellatly said the pay adjustments will be
made annually.
DNA test marks disease gene
by David Morton
"We're here to eliminate the hell of uncertainty," says UBC
medical geneticist, Dr. Michael Hayden.
He is referring to a new test that can predict the presence of
Huntington's Disease before its symptoms appear. For people
with a family history of the genetically transmitted disease, that
can cut out years of painful anticipation.
A child has a 50-50 chance of inheriting the gene from a
parent with Huntington's. And since the disease often appears
at age 30 to 40, potential victims must live in uncertainty for
most of their lives.
When it appears, the victim suffers uncontrollable body
movements, such as flinging of the arms or legs, clenching and
unclenching of the fists and slurred speech. Ultimately, the
sufferer loses the ability to talk, swallow or remember recent
events. After 15 to 20 years of gradual deterioration, the victim
dies.
"It's a fairly rare disease — it affects only about one in
10,000," says Hayden, a recent Killam award winner. "But
approximately one in 1,500 are at risk of inheriting the disease.
"It has also been described as the worst disease known to
man. Not only is it extremely slow and debilitating, it strikes in
the most productive years of many people's lives.
"For people at risk, finding out whether or not they have the
disease, however painful, can be a tremendous relief. Either
way, they can make some decisions and plan their lives with
more certainty."
The Huntington's Disease test being used at UBC involves
the study of DNA taken from blood samples of potential victim
and family members. Radioactive DNA probes are added to
the sample and attach themselves to the chromosome carrying
the Huntington's gene. Pictures of the radioactive DNA are
taken, which show up as small black bands, called markers.
By checking the markers against a family history of the
disease, Hayden and his team can identify the DNA marker
inherited with the Huntington's gene in the family. If it shows up
in the "at risk" family member, there is up to a 96 percent
chance he or she will develop the disease.
Eight patients have completed the tests since the UBC
program started two years ago. Hayden won't say how many
have tested positive for the gene. Forty-five are currently
enrolled in the program.
See DNA Page Two
Huntington's disease research staff inspects a petri dish with cultured DNA clones.   Left to right are
director, Dr. Michael Hayden, Chantel Hilbert, Dr. Jeff Hewitt and Dr. Denis Allard. New Physics Dept head
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by Jo Moss
Since stepping into his new position as
head of the physics department July 1, Brian
Turrell has been hard-pressed to keep up with
the changes in the department. Barely two
weeks after his appointment, the provincial
government announced funding for a new
chemistry-physics building on campus--a
boon for those physics researchers who will be
able to expand into properly designed
laboratory space.
"Ifs very encouraging. For years we've
been trying to do research in a building that
was designed for teaching," Turrell says.
One rapidly changing area of research that
has received considerable media attention
recently is superconductors—materials that
conduct electricity with no power loss. About a
dozen UBC physicists are collaborating to
compete in the world-wide race to develop the
new "high temperature materials".
"There are some problems to be solved,"
Turrell says. "One is that the properties of
superconductors are such that they may not
necessarily be useful for power generation and
Dr. Brian Turrell
transmission. The superconducting material is
not metalic, but basically ceramic and difficult
to fashion into wires and cables.
"However, the commercial potential is very
great. Other areas of application include large
magnets, magnetically levitated trains and
high-speed computers."
In his own area of research, Turrell has
turned his attention recently from studies of
magnetic materials to developing superheated
superconducting colloidal detectors—devices
that detect sub-atomic particles and radiation
(X-rays and gamma rays). They may also be
able to detect neutrinos (particles that have no
charge and a very small or zero mass at rest).
"Normally the detectors that track neutrinos
are very large and expensive devices," Turrell
says. "There are many problems to overcome,
but if they are, these new detectors would be
much cheaper and could be made relatively
easily. As X-ray detectors they may also have
important applications in medicine and
industry.
The department has many experimental
research strengths such as spin-polarized
atomic hydrogen studies, which are known
world-wide, and have led to the creation of
one of the most accurate clocks in the world.
There are also strong theoretical efforts in
cosmology and particle physics. In addition,
the department has an enviable record of
spin-off technology including the MOLI battery,
the VORTEK lamp and the TIR light pipe
system.
Two recent arrivals who have enhanced the
department are: Ian Affleck, under the
auspices of the Canadian Institute of
Advanced Research, who adds to the
expertise of the theoretical side of the
department. And Tom Tiedge, a renowned
experimental physicist, who is interested in
surface science and thin-film technology, such
as solar cells.
Turrell is hoping his new administrative
duties won't keep him too far from his
research, or his noon-hour run. An avid
runner with half-a-dozen marathons to his
credit, he trains daily with a group of faculty
colleagues.
Although the post of department head
means a reduced teaching load, Turrell will
continue to instruct one course this fall. "I
think ifs important to keep in touch with the
undergraduate students," he says.
New phones by year end
A state-of-the-art touch-tone telephone
system will be in place on campus by the end
the year.
Communications supervisor Olga Duncan
said the new Northern Telcom SLI system will
help UBC reduce its annual $4.4 million
telephone bill because ifs more efficient and
flexible than the old Centrex system.
"Several areas on campus, such as the
Health Sciences Centre Hospital, Personnel
Services, the Development Office, Commerce,
the Pulp and Paper Research Centre and
others, are already using the new system,
which has been in place since April, 1980,"
said Duncan. "We're upgrading the hardware
and software and increasing the memory so
that the system can be used by the whole
campus."
Duncan said the $5 million borrowed by the
university to install the system will be repaid
during the next 15 years from reduced annual
telephone equipment costs.
When the switch-over is carried out in
December, campus users will be able to reach
any university office by dialing only the last four
digits, including the areas which currently have
to be dialed with six or eight digits.
All campus telephone numbers will remain
the same.
Duncan outlines some of the features of the
new system:
"If a person is dialing long distance, he or
she will just have to dial 9 and then the
number. The system will automatically place
the call through the least expensive route —
first through foreign exchange, then the WATS
line, and finally through direct distance dialing
(DDD). If the first two routes are unavailable,
the caller has the option of using DDD, or
waiting until a less expensive route is available.
The system can automatically ring the caller
back when a foreign exchange or WATS line is
free."
Duncan said that this feature alone should
save the university a significant amount of time
and money.
Other highlights of the new system include
message waiting and call forwarding features.
Another change for campus telephone
users will be a new bill-back procedure that
will be introduced in the spring of 1988.
"We will operate like a telephone company,
allocating a telephone equipment budget to
each department supported by the university's
general purposes operating funds," said
Duncan.
Duncan said that the budget for each
department will be assessed very carefully to
ensure that the rates are fair and equitable.
DNA Continued from Page One
According to Hayden, telling patients they
have the gene is never easy.
"Ifs a highly emotional session. There are
lots of tears. We try to prepare patients for the
worst by rehearsing the outcome. We get
them anticipating what will happen in both
cases. It softens the blow a little."
Hayden is director of the National DNA
Bank for Huntington's Disease based at the
Health Sciences Centre. The bank stores DNA
samples of at-risk patients and their family
members so that in the future, a person may
undergo tests despite a crucial relative's DNA
being unavailable at the time.
Currently, the bank holds 1,250 samples
from around the world. The UBC Health
Sciences Centre program is one of only four
centres in the world where these tests are
carried out.
The DNA Bank also serves as a research
centre. Even though scientists have found the
marker for Huntington's, they still haven't found
the gene that is responsible.
Award-winning journalist
heads UBC news bureau
Don Whlteley
Well-known journalist Don Whlteley has
left the Vancouver Sun to head the UBC News
Bureau in the Community Relations Office.
Business reporter for the Sun, Whiteley
recently won first prize in the news category of
the 1987 MacMillan Bloedel journalism awards
for a series of articles on the countervailing
duty issue in the lumber war between Canada
and the United States.
Competition judge and industry consultant
Ron Longstaffe praised Whiteley's quality of
writing and initiative. "He was dogged in
tracking down the issues and contributed
much to the public's understanding of the
news."
A two-time winner of the Canadian
Petroleum Association national journalism
award, Whiteley worked in radio and television,
and at the Boston Globe and Calgary Herald,
prior to joining the Sun in 1979. In his 20 year
career, he has reported on a variety of issues
and areas from sports to politics and more
recently energy and forestry.
As manager of the Community Relations
News Bureau, Whiteley will be acting in a
capacity similar to that of city editor at a large
newspaper, developing media strategies to
raise the profile of the university at the national
and international level, as well as within B.C.,
and directing an extensive public information
program.
He also takes on the editor's position for
UBC Reports.
The Royal Society of Canada has awarded
chemistry professor Grenfell Patey the
Rutherford Medal in Chemistry for outstanding
research. Patey studies water and aqueous
electrolytes, and in the process of this work
has discovered new and powerful theoretical
techniques which can be applied to other
liquids and solutions. Described by the society
as "a brilliant theoretical physical chemist of his
generation", Patey's work has gained him an
international reputation.
Four UBC librarians have been recognized
for outstanding achievements.
Anne Piternick, a professor in the School
of Library, Archival and Information Sciences,
received the Special Librarianship Award from
the Canadian Association of Special Libraries
and Information Services.
The Canadian Association of College and
University Libraries' Blackwell Award went to
the school's director, Basil Stuart-Stubbs.
The B.C. Library Association recently
presented Honorary Membership Awards to
Margaret Friesen, head of the UBC's
Interlibrary Loan Division, for achievements in
leadership and fundraising, and to Joan
Sandilands, head of Sedgewick Library, for
public relations development and
implementation.
The Society of Multivariate Experimental
Psychology recently awarded psychology
professor James H. Stelger the Raymond B.
Cattell award for distinguished contributions to
the field.
Psychologists use various methods to
gather and analyze data from their
experimental work. Multivariate experimental
psychology is an area of study in which a
number of different measures, or variables, are
examined at the same time to see if certain
patterns, or relationships between the variables
can be determined.
Steiger has developed several unique
statistical tests which allow psychologists to
evaluate data in a simpler, more efficient way.
He is currently involved in developing a new
computer language and associated software
which will analyze and test experimental data
under this simplified system.
Mathematics professor Shirley Wong
received the Sheila Cameron Award at the
1987 Business Educator's Conference for
outstanding contributions in the field of
business education. The annual award
recognizes excellence as a classroom teacher,
outstanding accomplishments, sharing ideas
through seminars, workshops and
publications, and professional involvement in
the B.C. Business Educator's Association and
the Canadian Association of Business
Education Teachers.
One of Canada's leading curators in
ethnology is joining the staff of UBC's Museum
of Anthropology. Carol Mayer was formerly
senior curator at the Vancouver Museum
where she developed the Department of
Decorative and Applied Arts and worked with
exhibits such as "The Look of Music" and
"Cabinets of Curiosity". Mayer, who has
mounted more than 30 exhibits in her career,
will be involved with collection management,
research and public education at the MOA.
Rehabilitation professor Lyn Jongbloed
has received the 1987 Achievement of the Year
Award from the B.C. Society of Occupational
Therapists. Johngbloed collaborates with
clinicians in facilities such as G.F. Strong
Rehabilitation Centre for her research which
includes the effectiveness of occupational
therapy treatment programs involving stroke
patients.
Vice-President Research
The University of British Columbia
The University of British Columbia is
seeking outstanding candidates for the
position of Vice-President, Research.
The chosen candidate will have major
responsibility for the development and
administration of research policy including
oversight of more than $70 million in annual
research grants and contracts.
The Vice-President, Research, has direct
responsibility for the Office of Research
Services, the Office of Industrial Liaison,
Animal Care Services, and works with the
president and other vice-presidents in
identifying strategies for achieving university
goals and priorities.
The incumbent chairs the President's
Executive Committee on Research, is
responsible for committees which advise on
internal research grants and prizes, serves as a
university nominee on several boards and
councils, and represents the university in its
relations with various industrial, provincial and
national agencies and associations.
Please reply in confidence to:
Dr. D.W. Strangway, President
The University of British Columbia
6328 Memorial Road
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2B3
with a curriculum vitae and the names of three
references. Applications or nominations
should be received by Oct. 31. The successful
candidate is expected to take office in early
1988.
In accordance with Canadian immigration
requirements, this advertisement is directed to
Canadian citizens and permanent residents.
2     UBC REPORTS August 6,1987 Acid rain—just a question of time for West Coast
by Jo Moss
'The first question people usually ask me is
'why are you studying acid rain in southern
Ontario out here in British Columbia?'" says
medicine professor David Bates.
Few people think of acid rain as a West
Coast phenomena. But according to Bates, it
is just a question of time before B.C. will face
the same destructive effects of acid rain.
"We now have the same high levels of
ozone pollutants as do parts of Ontario. Air
pollution in Port Moody gets up to 120 parts
per billion in the summer and that's about what
southern Ontario gets. But pollution from
sulphates in the West is still far below eastern
levels."
Ozone results from automobile emissions
and industrial processes; sulphates originate
as sulphur dioxide expelled from industries
such as pulp and paper mills. Given time and
the right meteorological conditions, sulphur
dioxide turns into sulphates. One reason the
»   sulphate level in Vancouver is low is because
there is no long-range transmission of
sulphates as there is from industry in Illinois
and Indiana to areas of Ontario and Quebec.
The difference in levels of ozone and
sulphate pollutants between Vancouver and
Ontario is the reason Bates has turned his
attention to the effects of air pollution in the
j   Lower Mainland. As a respiratory physician,
he hopes to find out how each of the two chief
components of acid rain affect the health of the
population.
Working in collaboration with geography
professor Timothy Oke, Bates has begun to
duplicate in B.C. his ground-breaking Ontario
study of acid rain,
-i       This research, begun in 1977 and still
underway, has been to study the correlation
between air pollution readings, weather, and
hospital visits in southern Ontario.
Using data obtained from the Ontario
Health Insurance Plan, Bates looks at the
number of daily admissions to hospital for
respiratory ailments along a 500 kilometre
.. stretch between Windsor and Peterborough.
He has found that on summer days when
pollution levels are high, there is a small but
definite increase in the number of people
admitted.
"We're talking about an increase of only 25
people, or so, in a population of five million on
a given day, but Ifs repetitive," Bates says.
"The importance of the study is that it is the
first time anyone has dared to suggest that the
present levels of pollution in Ontario might be
affecting people. This is not exactly popular
with some politicians."
Previous studies on the effects of acid rain
have focused on crop damage or deterioration
of the environment. Bates was the first to
establish a link between precursors of acid rain
and an increase of respiratory ailments in
people. He says concrete evidence of health
problems are what it will take to pressure the
U.S to legislate a limit on acid rain emissions.
Bates says there is some controversy as to
whether fresh water lakes in the West are
already affected by acid rain. Some scientists
speculate they are. In the long term, Bates
points to what has happened in eastern
Canada and the eastern United States as a
future scenario for B.C.
"In Pennsylvania, experts estimate that
5,000 miles of trout streams have already been
destroyed. In Vermont and Quebec, people
are concerned about the maple sugar industry
and I think acid rain levels there are going to
destroy a lot of the maple sugar trees. In
addition to polluting lakes and streams, I think
it's probable that acid rain is reducing the
productivity of forest growth by at least 20 per
cent. And that's why the West has to watch its
sulphur dioxide emissions. If we allow tree
growth to decline we're cutting right into the
basic resources of the province."
Bates has acted as a consultant for
numerous organizations, both public and
private on the hazards of air pollution.
Formerly consultant to the U.S. Surgeon
General on air pollution in Los Angeles, he
testified before a U.S. Senate Committee in
1968 on the effects of ozone. Recently
returned from a second trip to Washington at
Dr. David Bates
the invitation of the U.S. Committee on the
Public Works and the Environment, he is
cautiously optimistic about future restrictive
legislation.
Bates speculates that "something effective
will be done" in the next 10 years. "Ifs a slow
process. You just have to keep the pressure
on. All our efforts are educational, we go
through the research data with the Senate
committee members and answer questions
about it."
But those efforts, he says, are more than
matched by a powerful lobby sponsored by
U.S. utilities which spent $3 million in
Washington last year lobbying against action
against acid rain. 'There's a big organization
pounding the Senators trying to persuade
them that the studies are not true. We dont
have that kind of financial support on our
side."
Bates predicts acid rain will be a key issue
in the next American election. "I think Canada
will keep up its pressure and so it should.
Legislative changes in the States will depend
on who is elected. If there is another right
wing government, it may be a long time
coming."
Part of the problem is that acid rain is not
strictly an environmental issue, all kinds of
other social factors come into play. To control
sulphur dioxide emission, for example, the
government can redesign utilities that are out
of date, or perhaps use a coal with a lower
sulphur content. But what happens to the
economic welfare of people who live in an area
producing the high-sulphur coal?
'Thafs where the politicians take over,"
Bates says. "My job is to point out the extent
of the problem—they can take the issue and
run with it."
Bates volunteers hundreds of hours of
service. For example, he and geography
professor Timothy Oke appeared before a
municipal committee in Port Moody last year to
argue that a licence application from B.C.
Hydro to run its thermal generator during the
summer, would raise the ozone levels in the
air. "In the end, we got the license profoundly
qualified, which was some sort of success.
'The realization is slowly coming, both here
and in the States, that you can't make ad hoc
development decisions continuously without
having progressive degradation of the
atmosphere," Bates says. "Original pollution
legislation in B.C. was written in such a way
that applications to the Greater Vancouver
Regional District, who issue licenses for
industrial expansion, were considered in
isolation. Anyone opposing it was required to
prove that the individual application would
have direct adverse effects—a very difficult
thing.
"People are beginning to realize that if they
take single steps like that, they end up with
severe air pollution. Each step of the process
has perhaps been defensible, but piled one on
top of the other it becomes too much. We
have to take a global look at the issue."
Med students get a taste    Food safety is complex
of rural doctor's life
'       In spite of today's increasingly specialized
and high tech health care educational system,
UBC medical students are getting a unique
opportunity to experience the life of a
traditional country doctor.
Through the Medical Student Rural Practice
Program, run by UBC's Faculty of Medicine,
[ participating students benefit not only in their
* overall medical education, they also get a taste
of rural life, says the program's co-ordinator
Dr. William Buchan, who also heads UBC's
campus Family Practice Unit. Under the
auspices of this program, second-year medical
students are sent to rural areas of the province
to work with experienced physicians for
1 periods of four to eight weeks.
A major benefit of this program, explains
Buchan, is that the students see a wide range
of medical practices. Rural family doctors
routinely handle problems that are usually
given to specialists in urban centres.
The highly successful program, which
began in 1974 with 28 students participating,
' has grown steadily in popularity over the years.
This summer 90 students out of a class of 120
are involved. They will head to such far-flung
places as Bella Bella and Yellowknife, NWT.
Each student is paired with a family doctor
who volunteers his or her services as an
instructor. The students are paid a minimum
wage provided by monies from a government-
^sponsored Challenge '87 project and the
Faculty of Medicine.
The program was created initially as a
"make-work" project, with the long-run intent
to promote recruitment to isolated areas of the
province, says Buchan. In several cases
former students have gone back to the
communities where they trained. Some have
[ even gone into practice with their instructors.
According to Buchan, the vast majority of
participants have enjoyed their rural practice
experience. "Not only did I learn a lot about
medicine but I got a chance to learn about
Indian culture, which was an invaluable
experience," wrote one student in a typical
response to the program.
"I've been looking forward to it," says
medical student Derek Hitchman, who has
been on the program since May 25. "Ifs
probably the best part of our schooling."
Hitchman, who gets paid about $700 a
month, is assigned for eight weeks to a family
doctor in Langley where he gets to do a lot of
hands-on work. "Ifs a great way to get some
general experience," says the 27-year-old
student who is thinking of going into family
practice.
It probably won't be in Vancouver or
Victoria. According to recent figures from
UBC's Health Manpower Research Unit, there
are 40 per cent more family doctors per capita
in B.C.'s two major metropolitan areas than in
the rest of the province. The rural practice
program will continue to play an important role
in encouraging medical graduates to establish
in rural areas.
Physics
Olympiad
Two B.C. high school students claimed top
honors at the International Physics Olympiad in
East Germany, July 5 - 12. The students were
competing against 121 young physics whizzes
from 25 countries.
Karl Berggren of Coquitlam won a bronze
medal and Greg Wellman of Richmond won an
honorable mention. Berggren attended St.
Georges School, Wellman attended Sir
Winston Churchill in Vancouver.
The competition is the science world's
answer to the Olympics and involves each
student responding to complex questions,
problems and practical situations. Dr. Brian
Turrell, the head of physics at UBC, said the
students' accomplishments are extraordinary
because Canada is a newcomer to the
Olympiad.
Three of the five students chosen to
represent Canada in the competition were from
B.C. Dr. Michael Crooks of the UBC physics
department coached the team.
Greg Wellman, who will attend UBC in the
fall, has won one of the university's top
entrance scholarships, the Mt. Pleasant
Scholarship worth $5,000. Karl Berggren has
enrolled at Harvard University.
North Americans are becoming more and
more selective about the foods they eat. But
ironically, they may be doing themselves—and
their families—more harm than good.
UBC food scientist Brent Skura says when
it comes to food safety, what you don't know
can hurt you.
'There are a lot of misconceptions about
items such as food additives and
preservatives," he says. "Without the proper
information, people can end up eating food
thafs worse for them than the foods they're
avoiding."
People mistakenly believe, for example, that
organically grown fruits and vegetables are
always healthier and safer than commercially
grown foods treated with pesticides or
herbicides.
"When plants are invaded by various fungi,
viruses or insects, they protect themselves by
producing toxic chemicals," explains Skura. "If
the chemicals occur in high enough
concentrations they can represent a real health
hazard to humans eating the produce."
Skura says the summer season, with its
abundance of fruits and vegetables, also
presents food safety hazards.
"Many people like to freeze and can their
own produce," he says, "but if it isn't done
properly, the results can be very dangerous.
There's a very hardy and toxic organism called
Clostridium botulinum that can survive the
home canning process if it isn't followed to the
Sino-Tibetan
language conference
Experts from around the world will be on
campus Aug. 21-23 for the 20th International
Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and
Lingustjcs.
Dr. Edwin Pulleyblank, a professor of Asian
Studies at UBC, said experts from China,
Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Australia, the
United States, Canada and Europe will be at
UBC to present papers on topics ranging from
the history of Chinese and Tibetan languages
to the relationship between language and
society in modern China.
Funding for the conference is being
provided by the Asia Pacific Foundation.
letter.
"If the organism isn't killed in the heafing
process in canning, it can lead to botulism, a
serious form of food poisoning that causes
gastrointestinal and respiratory problems, and
in some cases, even death."
Skura says Agriculture Canada has
published a free booklet (Publication #1560)
that outlines safe techniques for canning fruits
and vegetables. For a good overview of food
safety he recommends Health and Welfare
Canada's "Food Safety ~ Ifs in Your Hands",
which is also available free of charge.
New parkade
for SUB lot
The Board of Governors has approved the
development of working drawings for a new
1,250-vehicle parkade on campus.
Subject to Board approval of the final
designs and adequate financing arrangements,
the parkade could be completed by the fall of
1988.
It will be located on the site of the present
Student Union Building parking lot, which
accommodates 492 vehicles. A covered
walkway will join the parkade and the adjacent
Gage Residences.
Bruce Gellatly, UBC's vice-president for
finance, said the multi-storey parkade will
meet the growing demand for parking by users
of the Student Union Building, Gage
Residences, General Services Administration
Building, Brock Hall, Main Library and
buildings housing the Faculties of Arts and
Law.
"Ifs estimated that between 85 and 100
vehicles are turned away from the SUB
parking lot every day during the academic
year," said Gellatly. He added that parking is
needed in the summer months for visitors to
UBC's Conference Centre, which is located in
the Gage Residences.
Total cost for the parkade is estimated at
$6.3 million, including construction, road
works, fees and interim financing. Gellatly said
construction of the parkade would require
modest increases in parking rates in 1988/89.
Construction is expected to begin in March,
1988.
UBC REPORTS August 6,1987     3 UBC Calendar
SUNDAY, AUGUST 9
Sun Dance
Evelyn Roth's Festival Arts, with Sun Ray sculpture and
dance choreographed by Ann Harvey. Weather
permitting, otherwise will transform into a Rain Dance
celebration. Free. Behind Museum of Anthropology,
near Haida Houses. 2:30 p.m.
MONDAY, AUGUST 10
Pharmacology & Therapeutics Seminar
Ca     Dependent Relaxation in Oesophageal Smooth
Muscle. Dr. C.R. Triggle. Room 317, Basic Medical
Sciences Building, Block C. 4 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 12
Pharmacology & Therapeutics Seminar
The Venous System in Cardiovascular Homeostasis. Dr.
C.V. Greenway, Chairman, Department of
Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Universityof Manitoba.
Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences Building, Block C. 4
p.m.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 13
Medical Grand Rounds
Antiplatelet Agents-When and Why. Dr. Cedric Carter,
Department of Hematopathology, HSCH. Room G-279,
Lecture Theatre, Acute Care Unit, Health Sciences
Centre Hospital. 12 noon.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 26
Office for Women Students Lecture
Women Coping With Campus. A one-session program
for women planning to enter UBC this fall after a break
of five or more years in their education. Free, but pre-
registration is required. Register at Brock 203.
Enquiries: 228-2415. Room 223, Brock Hall. 9 a.m.-3
p.m.
NOTICES
Volunteers Needed Urgently
Crane Library is looking for a team of volunteer readers
with mathematics (calculus) knowledge. Readers
should have relatively accent-free English, good
knowledge of first year calculus and able to spend two
consecutive hours per week or more during business
hours in the Crane Recording Centre. Some training
materials available. This project is urgent. Contact:
PauleThiele 228-6111.
Safety Program Seminar
The Occupational Health and Safety Department is
holding a 2-day seminar on occupational health and
safety programs. Topics include Safety
Responsibilities, Effective Safety Committees, Safety
Inspection Techniques, Accident Investigations and
Safety Training and Instruction. Freeadmission. Will be
of interest to managers, supervisors and safety
committee members. For information and registration
call 228-2643. Wed. and Thurs., August 19 and 20.
Bursaries to Study French at UBC
Bursaries may be available to Canadian citizens or
landed immigrants who have been full-time students
duringthe 1986-87 academic year. Now- August 21.
The bursary covers tuition, room and board on campus,
and cultural and social activities scheduled by the
Program. For information, call 222-5224.
First Student Nations' Cup of Canada
University students from thirteen nations will compete
in the Olympic disciplines of dressage and show
jumping on horses provided by the host organization
(SRUBC). 10 a.m.-3 p.m. daily, August 21-23.
Southlands Riding Club, 7025 Macdonald Street,
Vancouver (below S.W. Marine at Macdonald);
Native Youth Programs
Native Youth Workers present the following illustrated
talks and tours: Traditional Uses of the Cedar Tree (1:15
p.m.); Northwest Coast Ceremonies and Feasts (2 p.m.);
Fishing Technology on the Northwest Coast (2:30 p.m.);
Totem Pole Tour (3:30 p.m.). Tuesday through Friday
now through August 28. For more information, call 228-
5087, Museum of Anthropology.
Economic Seminar
Doing Economics Economically. Terence Gorman,
Oxford University. Every Tuesday and Thursday
throughout August. Economics Conference Room,
Buto Room 997D. 3:30 - 5:30 p.m.
Laboratory Chemical Safety Course
The UBC Occupational Health and Safety Office is
offering a course covering chemical storage, handling
and disposal, laboratory inspections, emergency
response and spill clean up. The two morning lecture
sessions (August 24 and 25) and one morning practical
session (September 2, 9,10 or 25) are intended for
people who handle chemicals in a laboratory, especially
lab technicians, stores keepers and safety committee
representatives. Information and course registration is
available from the Occupational Health and Safety
Office, 228-2029.
Research Forest Tours
The UBC Research Forest, Silver Valley Road, Maple
Ridge offers guided tours until Sept. 7. Sundays and
holiday Mondays a professional forester will guide
visitors on a free two-hour tour of the gentle trail
system leaving the main gate at 2 p.m. rain or shine.
Group and individual tours run Wednesday to Friday and
can be arranged by calling 463-8148.
UBC Reports is published every second
Thursday by UBC Community Relations
6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.
V6T 1W5, Telephone 228-3131.
EdItor-ln-Chlef: Margaret Nevin
Editor: Don Whiteley
Layout: Jo Moss
Contributors: Jo Moss, Lorie Chortyk,
David Morton, Debora Sweeney.
Dr. David Sanderson, Physical Education, in the cycling research lab with Shad Valley
student Leonard Firkus of Chilliwack on the bike.
Science views the cyclist
The single most common affliction for
cyclists, whether they are recreational riders or
professional racers, is knee injuries. Yet little is
known about how and why they occur.
That will soon change once David
Sanderson's research gets under way. An
avid cyclist and Physical Education professor
with a background in biomechanics—the study
of human motion using the principles of
mechanics—he is investigating the relationship
between the joints and muscles used in
pedalling. "It's cycling from a scientist's
viewpoint," he says.
"The issue is how the motion of cycling
causes an injury," he explains. "We study the
up-and-down path of a cyclist's knees to
determine deviation from the ideal movement
which is in a straight vertical line. Deviation
from this line may cause joint inflammation and
other problems."
With a better understanding of the
mechanical movements of the body, the
solution to some knee injuries may be as
simple as adjusting the orientation of the foot
on the pedal of the bike, he says.
"For most cyclists, the question of how high
they should put the seat, whether it should it
be tilted forward or back, and how fast to ride
for maximum efficiency is a matter of personal
preference and what feels right for them. What
we will eventually be able to tell people is how
to cycle for maximum effectiveness and
minimal risk of injury'."
A recent arrival to UBC from Pennsylvania
State University, Sanderson has already done
preliminary testing with the Canadian bicycling
team. He is currently working in conjunction
with the Sports Medicine Clinic in the area of
elite performance.
The future results of Sanderson's research
will have implications for other areas of
medicine, including patients in rehabilitation
who have been advised to substitute cycling
for other physically taxing exercise.
Tour Time at the Library
Tours of Main and Sedgewick Libraries will be given
weekdays, September 8-18at 10:30a.m. and 12:30 p.m.
Meet in the Main Library entrance. Tours last about 45
minutes. All welcome.
Heritage Quilts
A selection of antique and modern quilts from the
collection of the Agnes Etherington Art Centre of
Queen's University, Ontario. Monday- Friday, 10a.m. -
4 p.m. Basement, Main Library Building.
Free Guided Campus Tours
Bring your friends, visitors, community, school or civic
group to UBC for a walking tour of the campus. Every
Monday through Friday at 10 a.m., 1 p.m. and 3 p.m.,
groups will have the opportunity to see and learn about
everything from the unique Sedgewick underground
library to the Rose Garden and more. Tours last
approximately 2 hours in the morning and 1 1/2 hours in
the afternoon. To book, call the Community Relations
Office at 228-3131.
Botanical & Nitobe Memorial Gardens
The Botanical Garden and Nitobe Memorial Garden will
be open daily 10a.m. - 8 p.m. Freeadmission
Wednesdays. For information, call 228-4208.
Language Exchange Program
This program is for those interested in learning foreign
languages or in exchanging a foreign language for
English. Call International House between 9 a.m. and 5
p.m. Monday- Friday at 228-5021.
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre Lounge
5 p.m. to 11 p.m. Closed Saturday, Sunday and
holidays. Appearing nightly "Bob the Bartender".
Haida Houses Project
Northwest Coast artist, Norman Tait and a team of five
carvers are turning a 29.5 ton, 20 metre-long log into a
Nishga cargo canoe - the first of its kind in over 100
years. It will be paddled down the west coast to
California, tracing the ancient abalone trading routes.
For further information, call 228-5087. Haida Houses,
Museum of Anthropology. Continues throughout the
summer.
UBC Access
The new issue of the Guided Independent Study
calendar supplement 1987/1988 is now available. Please
call 224-3214 or drop by Room 324, Library Processing
Centre.
English Conversation Class
English Conversation Class, with a variety of music,
stories and films - all free! International House, Upper
Lounge. For more information, call 228-5021. Monday
evenings, 7:30 p.m.
GRANT    DEADLINES
SEPTEMBER 1987
* Alberta Oil Sands Tech. and Research Authority
-Research Contract [ 1]
* Alcoholic Beverage Medical Research Fdn.
-Research [15]
* American Council of Learned Societies
-Fellowships [30]
* Birla Academy of Art & Culture
-Award for Humanism [30]
* B.C. Health Care Research Foundation
-Development and Training Fellowship [ 1]
-Research [ 1]
-Research Scholar Award [ 1]
* B.C. Medical Services Foundation (BCMSF)
-Research [21]
* Canada Council: Aid to Artists
-Aid To Artists [15]
* Canada Council: Explorations Prog.
-Explorations Grant [15]
* Canadian Heart Foundation
-Cardiovascular Travelling Lectureships [15]
-Grants in Aid of Research or Development
[15]
-Research in Professional Education [15]
-Research Scholarship [15]
-Stroke Research Fellowship [15]
-Teaching Fellowship [15]
-Visiting Scientist Programme [15]
* Canola Council of Canada
-Canola Utilization Assistance Program [11]
* Committee to Combat Huntington's Disease (US)
-Research [30]
-Research Fellowship [30]
* CSP Foods Ltd.
-CSP Canola Research Award [30]
* Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (US)
-Clinical Fellowships, 3rd yr. [1]
-Research [1]
-Research Fellowships [1]
-Research Scholar Awards [1]
* Francis, Parker B., Foundation
-Parker B. Francis Fellowship in Pulmonary
Research [15]
* Ham ber Foundation
-Foundation Grant [ 5]
* Health and Welfare Canada: Welfare
-National Welfare: Research Group
Development [ 1]
-National Welfare: Senior Research
Fellowship [ 1]
-Welfare Research Project Contribution [ 1]
* Health Effects Institute (US)
-Research (Letter of Intent) [22]
* King Baudouin Foundation
-International Development Prize [30]
* Koerner, Leon and Thea, Foundation
-Foundation Grants [15]
* Leukemia Society of America
-Scholar, Fellow, Special Fellow [ 1]
* March of Dimes Birth Defects Fdn. (US)
-Research [ 1]
-Social & Behavioral Sciences Research
Program [ 1]
* Matsumae International Fdn.
-Matsumae Fellowship [30]
* MRC: Awards Program
-MRC Scholarship [15]
* MRC: Grants Program
-Maintenance Grants [15]
-Major Equipment [15]
-Operating Grants - NEW [15]
-Program Grants (Letter of Intent) [ 1]
"     North Atlantic Treaty Organization
-Advanced Research Workshops Programme
[15]
-Advanced Study Institutes (ASI) [15]
* Rockefeller Foundation
-Research: Women's Status and Fertility [ 1]
* Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of
Canada
-Continuing Medical Education Fellowship
[30]
-H.K. Detweiler Travel Fellowships [30]
-MacKenzie-Ethicon Travelling Fellowship
[30]
-Royal Cdn. Legion Fellowships in Geriatric
Medicine [30]
-Travel Fellowship for Non-Resident Fellows
[30]
* Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute
-Research, study & language training in India
[10]
* Sloan, Alfred P. Foundation (US)
-Sloan Research Fellowships [15]
* Squibb Cardiovascular Fellowship Program
-Squibb Cardiovascular Fellowship Award
[30]
* SSHRC: Fellowships Division
-Canada Research Fellowships (due ORSIL)
[17]
* Technion Israel Inst, of Technology
-The Harvey Prize [30]
* Third World Foundation for Social and Economic
Studies
-Third World Prize [30]
* Universityof British Columbia
-UBC-SPCA Animal Alternatives Committee
[19]
-UBC-SSHRC Grants to New Faculty (HSS)
[26]
* World Society for the Protection of Animals
-WSPA Marchig Animal Welfare Award [30]
* World University Services
-Awards to Foreign Nationals: Fellowships
[30]
■1
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the period September 13 to September 26, notices must be submitted on
proper Calendar forms no later than 4 p.m. on Thursday, September 3 to the
Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Road, Room 207, Old Administration
Building.  For more information, call 228-3131.
4     UBC REPORTS August 6. 1987

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