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UBC Reports Mar 23, 1995

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# John Chong photo
Man In Motion
Rick Hansen speeds along West Mall on a hand-propelled three-wheeled
cycle. The 15-kilogram Varna n cycle is highly manoeuverable and has 18
gears for a variety of uses. Hansen is national Fellow, Disabilities in the Rick
Hansen National Fellow Program at UBC. He is also director ofthe Life Skills
Motivation Centre, which is part of UBC's Institute of Health Promotion
BoG approves fee
for new MBA program
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
UBC's Board of Governors has approved an increase in tuition fees for a
radically revised MBA program in the
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
Tuition for the new 15-month program, which goes to Senate for approval
next month, will be $7,000 for 1995-96,
which is still far short of full cost recovery. The faculty may eventually consider
recommending a further increase in tuition.
The revised program means a single.
15-month program will replace the traditional two, eight-month sessions and
enable graduates to enter the business
world five months earlier. Anticipated
earnings during this initial period in the
work force would more than defray the
$2,500-increase in tuition, said Acting
Dean Derek Atkins.
A part-time study program, which
normally requires three years of study,
will also be available in September 1996.
The foundation material of business
education has been completely rewritten
and restructured by the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration to be
See MBA Page 2
Is it real, or is it
acoustical virtual reality?
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
It's one thing to don a pair of headphones to listen to a selection of recorded concert hall music. It's another
to slip on a pair of headphones to listen
to a piece of concert hall music in a
concert hall that hasn't even been built
However, as a result of research being done by Asst. Prof. Murray Hodgson
and a group of UBC master's students
it will soon be possible to experience the
acoustical environment of an area
through computer simulation.
It's called acoustical virtual reality,
or auralization. And as the term would
suggest, it is the acoustical equivalent
of visualization.
"Using a computer, it will be possible to simulate the acoustical environment of a particular room in such
a way that the person feels as if he or
she is in the real environment," said
Hodgson, who has a joint appoint
ment in the departments of Occupational Hygiene and Mechanical Engineering.
"Auralization is increasingly becoming an important aspect of my research
activity. In addition, industrial applications will result in cost-saving implications for people who are in the business
of designing and building concert halls,
theatres and offices."
Hodgson is currently writing the software and assembling the computer hardware that will make auralization a virtual acoustical reality at UBC within
one year. Although there are operational systems in existence at other labs
around the world, Hodgson said they
are limited by very large calculation
times and computer hardware requirements.
"Auralization involves complex signal processing techniques which are
implemented using computers and signal processing cards," Hodgson explained.
See NOISE Page 2
Federal funding slashed
Cuts pose threat to
research programs
UBC researchers are bracing for bad
news as Canada's largest research funding agencies decide how to make cuts
announced in the recent federal government budget.
Everyone from graduate students to
directors of prestigious research centres
will feel the pinch as agencies funding
research in medicine, science, engineering, social sciences and humanities are
forced to slash their budgets by more
than $200 million in the next three years.
UBC's share of those cuts is unknown,
but university researchers here stand to
lose millions of dollars,
threatening well-established programs and making it difficult to initiate
new projects.
The university's largest source of research
funding, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC),
will be cut 14 per cent
over the next three years,
a total shortfall of $142
million from previously
approved funding levels.
The Medical Research
Council (MRC), the next
largest  funding agency,
will lose 10 per cent of its budget over
three years, while the Social Sciences
and   Humanities   Research   Council
(SSHRC) will suffer a 14 per cent cut.
UBC initiatives that rely on major
grants from other sources may also be in
jeopardy. The Centre for Human Settlements must renegotiate a $6-million grant
with the Canadian International Development Agency, which had its budget
trimmed by $300 million.
As well, both the National Networks of
Centres of Excellence and the Canadian
Institute for Advanced Research suffered
cuts. ,
The worst loss, however, will be from
NSERC funding. UBC is a major recipient
of NSERC grants, second among Canadian universities this year only to the
University of Toronto, but often ranked
first in the country.
UBC researchers received nearly $29
million from NSERC this year in research
grants, equipment and fellowships, university-Industry programs and strategic
Martha Salcudean, associate vice-
president.  Research,  said the cuts to
Martha Salcudean
NSERC will have a very negative impact
on UBC and further erode Canada's already slim research base, leaving capable
researchers without the funding they need
to continue their work.
"There are some very good researchers
who will be losing their research funding
and important programs that will be cancelled," she said.
"On one hand, we tell our young people
to choose a career in science and technology, but on the other we are not using the
capacity we already have in our universities. That's a contradiction I don't understand," Salcudean said.
The MRC will see its
budget reduced by 10 per
cent over the next three
years for a total loss of almost $60 million.
"The obvious effect is
that it is going to be harder
for people to get a grant,"
said Dr. Bernard Bressler,
head of the Dept. of
Anatomy and MRC regional
director for UBC.
In 1994/95, 246 UBC
researchers shared about
$17 million in MRC funding for core programs.
"As of September last
year, only 20 per cent of the faculty who
applied for new grants were successful,"
Bressler said. "That's down five per cent
from the year before because of budget
constraints; now we have a budget cut."
Bressler also noted that the number of
faculty receiving grant renewals may decrease to as low as 50 per cent from a
current level of 65 per cent.
In addition, a special fund sponsored
by the council, which supports medical
students engaged in summer research
projects during their first two years of
study, may be in jeopardy, he said.
Bressler anticipates that cuts in federal transfer payments to the provinces
— beginning next year — will have an
impact on the infrastructure required to
support the research effort.
Infrastructure costs are paid out ofthe
university's general purpose operating
fund which is determined by the amount
received from the province's transfer payment allocation.
"It is important to realize that the full
impact is not yet known," Bressler cautioned.
See BUDGET Page 2
Patent Push
UBC Inventors urged to act now with changes to U.S. patent law pending
Looking Outward 4
A Pacific Rim universities agreement opens doors for graduate students
Quality Commitment 5
Forum: Maintaining teaching quality a priority for the Faculty Association
Mountain Man 12
Profile: Avalanche expert Prof. David McClung likes living on the edge 2 UBC Reports ■ March 23, 1995
UBC Reports welcomes letters to the editor on topics relevant to the
university community. Letters must be signed and include an address
and phone number for verification. Please limit letters, which may be
edited for length, style and clarity, to 300 words. Deadline is 10 days
before publication date. Submit letters in person or by mail to the UBC
Public Affairs Office, 207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z2, by
fax to 822-2684 or by e-mail to pmmartin® unixg.ubc.ca.
GVRD does not
manage UEL
Page 12 ofthe March 9,
1995 UBC Reports states "The
UEL ... is managed by the
Greater Vancouver Regional
District on behalf of the
province." This is untrue. It is
managed by an on-site management directly responsible to
the minister of Municipal
Affairs. The GVRD has nothing
to do with it, but so much
misinformation about the UEL
has been spread over many
years by the proponents of
incorporation that anyone who
makes an unchecked statement about this area has a
very good chance of getting it
Ralph Spitzer
Prof. Emeritus, Pathology
Vancouver, B.C.
Continued from Page 1
delivered in a single integrated
core followed by a choice of specialization," said Atkins.
"The movement away from a
general management degree to
one that adds real value through
a specialized course of study has
been greeted with keen interest
by prospective students.
"An increase in tuition fees
was necessary to help defray
some ofthe costs associated with
running enhanced student services like the Career Centre and
the Study Abroad and Exchange
The revised curriculum will
enable students to meet the dramatically changing expectations
of employers.
With middle levels of management shrinking and businesses taking on a flatter organizational structure, the program
design committee of faculty
members Ron Giammarino, Ken
MacCrimmon and David
McPhillips determined that specialization would be the key component of a revamped MBA pro
gram. It also capitalizes on the
faculty's pre-eminence as the top
research business school in
After completing a 14-week
single integrated course, students will move into one of 11
areas of specialization, including international business, entrepreneurship, banking and
international finance, and management information systems.
These specialized courses
will be taught in six, six-week
modules. The fourth module
period will feature a hands-on
internship program and work
experience with a Canadian
"The entire program has been
very strongly supported by the
faculty's advisory council, which
consists of representatives from
the Canadian business community," said Atkins.
"Although other universities
in this country are moving toward integrated MBA core programs, the enormous range of
specialty courses that will be
available at UBC is totally with
out precedent."
Six, one-week sessions devoted to professional development will form a common thread
throughout the entire 15-month
full-time program.
Students will have an opportunity to build skills associated
with leadership, career guidance
and personal communication. In
addition, they will be encouraged to take part in UBC's international exchange programs.
Students with limited management background, or who
lack adequate preparation in
prerequisite courses, will be required to participate in a three-
week pre-core program consisting of non-credit basic business
education. Topics will include
accounting, computing, and economics.
The implementation of this
revised program over the last
eight months has involved a huge
effort on the part ofthe faculty,"
said Atkins. 'This program will
put UBC at the forefront of educational innovations amongst
business schools."
Continued from Page 1
The process involves digitizing a particular sound signal,
such as speech or music. A computer model is needed to simulate the way a particular room or
area would transform those signals and how the human ears
would transform that sound.
Then, you must have the capability of replaying these sounds
to a person through headphones,
without distortion. Hodgson said
the procedure involves compensating, electronically, for both
the headphones and the listener's ears, so that the result ofthe
simulation is the sound that
would arrive at the listener's two
eardrums in the real environment.
Hodgson and his team members are currently working with
researchers in UBC's School of
Audiology and Speech Sciences
and the Psychology Dept. at the
University of Toronto in a project
involving speech understanding
in the elderly.
Through auralization, they
will attempt to determine how
spatial characteristics of sounds
affect the ability of the elderly to
understand speech by simulating difficult hearing situations.
Hodgson said UBC will likely
have two auralization systems
in operation in about a year,
with both industrial and academic applications.
Continued from Page 1
The MRC is scheduled to meet
in Montreal this week to decide
how it will distribute the cuts.
Results will be published in the
April issue of Decisions, MRC's
in-house newsletter.
UBC, which traditionally
ranks third after Montreal's
McGill University and the University ofToronto in funding from
the MRC, received 10.4 per cent of
the council's total budget last year.
Olav Slaymaker, associate
vice-president of Research for
Humanities, Interdisciplinary
Initiatives and Social Sciences,
points out that the differential
impact of a 14 per cent cut is far
greater on SSHRC's $100 million budget than on NSERC's
annual allotment of $500 million and the 10 per cent cut on
MRC's $300 million.
"It's reasonable that everyone
should take a cut and share the
load but unreasonable that the
council with the smallest amount
of funding should take as big a
cut as those with much larger
budgets," he said.
For SSHRC, federal budget
cuts translate into an immediate
six per cent decrease in individual research operating grants
and more extensive, but still
undefined, cuts to strategic research grants for larger, interdisciplinary projects.
Two initiatives in the latter
category are the Fraser Basin
Eco-system Study, led by
Michael Healey at the Westwater
Research Centre, and the Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital Research Centre, directed by
Commerce Prof. Raphael Amit.
Slaymaker says income from
UBC's Hampton Place endowment is more important than
ever. The Hampton fund, directed to new social sciences
and humanities research initiatives and funded by the proceeds of land lease sales for
market housing on campus, is
scheduled to rise to $900,000
by 1997.
From a national perspective,
Slaymaker noted that the removal of all funding support to
the Canadian Federation of the
Humanities and to the Social
Science Federation of Canada
will have far-reaching implications
for the roughly 100 academic associations they represent.
With no central organization
lobbying on their behalf, individual associations will be forced
to generate their own income to run
meetings and publish journals.
The result, said Slaymaker, is
that small academic associations
will either become more regional
or collapse altogether and affiliate with American counterparts.
"It's a shadow of the political
disintegration that's occurring
in the whole country," said
Slaymaker. "We'll have a split
Canadian personality with no
central body of Canadian academic effort."
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire
university community by the UBC Public Affairs Office,
207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z2.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
(scrombie@unixg. ubc.ca)
Editor: Paula Martin (pmmartin@unixg.ubc.ca)
Production: Stephen Forgacs (forgacs@unixg.ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Filletti (filletti@unixg.ubc.ca), Abe
Hefter (hefter@unixg.ubc.ca), Charles Ker (charlesk®
unixg.ubc.ca), Gavin Wilson (gavinw@unixg.ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131
(phone), (604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in
UBC Reports do not necessarily reflect official university
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ March 23, 1995 3
Changes in patent law
will affect researchers
The University-Industry Liaison Office
(UILO) is urging UBC researchers to disclose inventions to the UILO before
changes to U.S. patent law come into
Beginning June 8, the U.S. patent
term for an invention will be 20 years,
measured from the filing date of the patent application. Currently, the U.S. patent term for an invention is 17 years from
the date of grant of the patent.
Since it can take several years to obtain a patent, this change in patent law
may lead to shorter patent term protection.
The UILO is asking that all researchers review their work in progress to determine if they have an invention to disclose.
These disclosures should be submitted
to the UILO as soon as possible, and the
office will attempt to fast-track its evaluation to make any necessary patent applications before June 8.
Researchers should remember that it
is important they follow correct procedures for evidencing the date of an invention. As UBC policy number 88 states, if
a patentable device or process might arise
in the course of work on any project,
"laboratory records should be kept in a
bound, not loose-leaf, notebook and be
dated, signed and witnessed as a routine
For more information on this and other
U.S. patent changes, contact the UILO at
1995 honorary degree recipients
UBC alumnus known
as top of his field
Thomas Franck. a UBC alumnus
recognized worldwide as one of this
generation's most
productive and influential international legal scholars, will receive an
honorary degree
during the university's spring Congregation ceremonies on June 2.
Since 1965.
Franck has been
peerless as the director of the Center
for International
Studies at NewYork
He was cited by
the UBC Tributes Committee, which
recommends nominees for honorary
degrees, for his significant contribution to the betterment of international law and human rights on be-
Thomas Franck
half of foreign governments.
During his career
he has served as a
legal advisor and
counsellor to the
governments of Tanzania, Kenya, Zanzibar. Mauritius.
Solomon Islands, El
Salvador, Chad,
Bosnia and
The author of numerous works on international and constitutional law,
Franck is a three-
time recipient of the
Certificate of Merit
awarded by the
American Society of
International Law in recognition of
his writing.
(This is the fourth in a series of
articles featuring UBC's honorary
degree recipients.)
Author places stories
in rural B.C. settings
Celebrated   novelist  and   UBC
graduate Jack Hodgins, author of
Spit Delaney's Island, The Resurrection     of    Joseph
Bourne and other literary  treasures  of
Canadian      West
Coast regional literature, will be awarded
an honorary degree
during UBC's spring
Congregation  ceremonies on June 1.
A resident of Victoria, Hodgins is a
professor of creative
writing at the University of Victoria
where he has inspired hundreds of
students with his superbly crafted style
which ranges from
realism to experimental postmodernism.
Set mostly in small towns and
along the back roads of rural Vancouver Island, his writing creates a
compelling portrait of the region's
people and history.
Jack Hodgins
His fiction has won the Governor
General's Award, the Gibson's First
Novel Award, the Eaton's B.C. Book
Award, the Commonwealth Literature Prize (Canada-
Caribbean region)
and the Canada-
Australia Prize.
Several of his stories and novels have
been translated into
other languages including Dutch,
Hungarian, Japanese, Russian, Italian and Norwegian.
In nominating
him for an honorary
degree, the UBC
Tributes Committee
said that Hodgins
had brought renown
to the university and the province as
one of Canada's finest fiction writers
and as an innovative stylist and distinguished academic.
(This is the fifth in a series of articles featuring UBC's honorary degree
Gavin Wilson photo
Mechanical Engineering students Ian Colotla, (left) fourth-year computer
automation option, and Wendy Ho, third-year electro-mechanical option,
with an x-y table that Colotla designed and built. The table uses computer
controls and a linear motor to make precision movements accurate up to
one-thousandth of a millimetre. The same principles are used in industrial
applications from machine tooling to making circuit boards.
Engineering program
takes novel approach
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
A new program is educating Applied
Science students in the interdisciplinary
area of electrical and mechanical engineering design while giving them valuable industrial experience.
The five-year Electro-Mechanical Engineering Design program combines bachelor and master of engineering degree
programs and provides for two summers
working in industry.
As computers become more closely
integrated into many products and processes, mechanical engineers must have
an increasing knowledge of electronics
and computer operation and software,
said YusufAltintas, professor of Mechanical Engineering and co-ordinator of the
"This is a bridge between the two fields,"
Altintas said of the program, which was
developed jointly by the departments of
Mechanical Engineering and Electrical
As well as the fundamental analysis
and design knowledge required of all
mechanical engineers, students graduating from this program will have special
abilities in integrating computers into
the design of mechanical devices and
"Since current technology requires an
interdisciplinary knowledge of mechanical, electrical and computer systems, the
graduates from this program are expected
to be in high demand by industry," Altintas
Ten students in second-year Mechanical Engineering will be chosen to enter
the program according to their academic
record, design aptitude and interpersonal
and communication skills.
'The reason we ask for good communications and interpersonal skills is simple." Altintas said. "No one can make an
aircraft on their own; it requires a team."
When students are admitted to the
program, they immediately spend a summer working in industry, something they
repeat at the end of their third year of
Third- and fourth-year curricula are a
mix of Mechanical Engineering courses
and Electrical Engineering courses in
At the end of year four, the graduate
school year of 12 months begins on May
1, with the students working in design
teams comprising two to four students, a
professor and an engineer from industry.
Each team takes on two parallel
projects. The first involves designing and
building a piece of complex machinery,
for example, a gear box or a hydraulic
press. The second project requires they
design a single-board computer to control the machinery.
"It's a very hands-on approach. These
are not fundamental research projects."
Altintas said. "We want them to be similar
to professional projects done in industry.
In fact, we hope the projects will be initiated by the companies in which the students do their co-op work terms."
While doing these projects, students
will also take related graduate courses.
At the end of their fifth year they receive
a Bachelor of Applied Science and a Master's of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering simultaneously.
The program should produce its first
graduates by May, 1997.
Recently approved by Senate, there are
already students enrolled in the program. 4 UBC Reports • March 23, 1995
Agreement opens Asia to UBC students
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
For one UBC graduate student, an exchange agreement
with a Philippine university provided a chance to meet face-to-
face with rural managers of rice
and livestock co-operatives.
For another, it gave an opportunity to conduct research on
genetic differences in tropical
fish, which will strengthen her
PhD thesis on the disease resistance of B.C.'s coho salmon.
This exchange program, one
ofthe very few focusing on graduate students, is among the benefits that UBC has gained from
membership in a consortium of
Southeast Asian universities.
Consortium supporters on
campus say this is just the beginning. As links with these universities grow, so will potential
opportunities for both students
and faculty.
Formed in 1989, the Southeast Asian University Consortium for Graduate Education in
Agriculture and Natural Resources unites five universities
to share resources and expertise
and enhance graduate education and research.
UBC was invited to join in
1993, and officially signed on
last November as an associate
member, along with Australia's
University of Queensland.
The founding members are
Indonesia's Universitas Gadjah
Mada and Institut Pertanian
Bogor, Thailand's Kasetsart
University, Malaysia's
Universiti Pertanian and the
University of the Philippines,
Los Banos.
George Kennedy, who facilitated UBC's membership in the
consortium, is the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences' director
of International Programs.
He says UBC is an ideal partner for the consortium, with its
Pacific Rim location, pre-eminence in Asian research and
strong programs in agriculture,
environmental studies, fisheries, forestry, and resource management.
Belonging to the consortium
can also help strengthen existing UBC programs, he adds.
"For example, we have no
course on agricultural extension
here, but now we can offer it
through the exchange program.
The consortium can strengthen
funding opportunities. Such
partnerships also promote interdisciplinary research across
campus in natural resources."
Down  the  road,   Kennedy
Gavin Wilson photo
Shannon Balfry, who is working on a PhD in Animal Science,
went to a Malaysian university to conduct research under an
exchange agreement with Southeast Asian universities.
Here at UBC, she looks at genetic variations in coho salmon
strains from different B.C. river systems.
hopes that consortium members
will develop programs together.
"In the future, it may not be
unreasonable to think ofthe consortium as one university with
seven campuses, each with its
own strengths, expertise and resources."
For the time being, the exchanges are the most visible aspect of the consortium's activities. They allow graduate students to carry out research or
take courses overseas, and get
credit toward their UBC degree.
Among the other benefits a
semester abroad can bring,
Kennedy says, are language
practice, insight into other cultures, international experience,
different expertise and access to
courses not available at UBC.
Faculty exchanges have been
limited to short-term visits, although that may change later.
So far. Maureen Garland, Brent
Skura, Murray Isman and Rick
Barichello, all from Agricultural
Sciences, have made visits
funded with B.C. Asia Pacific
Scholars Awards.
As well as the exchanges,
consortium members are sharing information on courses, research expertise, faculty members and library resources,
Kennedy says.
Andrew Howard, director of
International Programs in the
Faculty of Forestry, is also excited by the possibilities the consortium opens for his faculty.
Although there have been no
exchanges yet. there are several
students, especially at the graduate level, who are interested in
international work, he says. The
faculty is also co-sponsoring an
international conference with
Malaysia's Universiti Pertanian
next year.
"The consortium has great
potential for us," Howard says.
"It is consistent with our goal
of expanding activities in Pacific   Rim  countries.  We  can
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also act as ambassadors, improving understanding of Canadian forestry practices."
Andrea Harris, studying for
her master's degree in Agricultural Economics, went to the
Philippines on a four-month exchange last spring. There she
conducted research on agricultural co-operatives, which parallels her thesis research on
Canadian co-ops.
After growing up on the Canadian prairie, with its huge,
mechanized farms, it was an eye-
opener for Harris to see draft
animals in use and the intensive
labour in the rice paddies.
Harris also found that co-ops
have a different role in the Philippines, where they are used as
a development tool and are often
imposed from above by government. This, however, distorted
key aims of co-ops, such as community control, she says.
Travelling from village to village, she interviewed managers
of 10 rice and livestock co-ops in
the provinces of Laguna and
Batangus. She found that grassroots, self-funded co-ops were
doing best.
"I have always been interested
in development issues, and this
exchange gave me valuable experience that would otherwise
be hard to get," Harris says.
As well as broadening her
perceptions of co-operatives and
how they work in developing
countries, the exchange gave her
fresh insight into Canadian agriculture — and into her own
"You learn a lot about yourself and how you deal with situations that might make you uncomfortable. It's a real test of
your character," she says.
Another exchange student,
Shannon Balfry, who is doing
her PhD in Animal Science, went
to Malaysia's Universiti
Pertanian to conduct research
with funding from a Canada-
ASEAN Centre/Asia Pacific
Foundation travel grant.
At UBC, she looks at genetic
variations in coho strains from
different B.C. river systems, to
see which may be related to the
ability to resist diseases.
The results of her study could
eventually benefit B.C.'s growing aquaculture industry.
If there is a genetic component to disease resistance, then
aquaculturalists could breed it
into fish stocks, reducing the
need for antibiotics, which have
health and environmental impacts.
Travelling to Malaysia was an
opportunity for Balfry to work
with a different fish species —
one that lives in warm water and
is exposed to different pathogens — to see if her hypothesis
held true.
"The results were perfect. They
fit in nicely with my coho work,"
says Balfry, who will incorporate
the findings into her thesis.
Balfry said she was pleasantly surprised when she arrived at Universiti Pertanian, a
beautiful, modern campus where
graduate courses are taught in
English. Even the library was
predominantly English, and featured the latest CD-ROM database systems.
"I'd like to go back as a postdoctoral fellow," she says. "With
the world. becoming a smaller
place, to have international experience puts you a little ahead
when competing for jobs. Especially as a graduate student, it's
an advantage."
Anyone interested in learning more about the exchange
program — current and prospective graduate students or
faculty — can find out more at
an information session on
Thursday, March 30, from 1 to
2 p.m. in Room 158, MacMillan
Success in private practice requires
more than professional expertise...it
takes business know-how!
Participate in this exciting 12-hour series and learn the skills
necessary to build and run a successful private practice.
For dates & further information, call 737-8145
The Learning Curve Training Systems Inc.
Patrick Moore
from the Forest Alliance of British Columbia
(Co-founder of Greenpeace)
Douglas Hopwood
Forestry Consultant
Author of "Principles and Practices of New Forestry"
This two-hour session will provide current and varying perspectives
on the issues confronting the forest industry in British Columbia.
Audience participation with questions and comments will be
Thursday, March 30, IRC Lecture Hall #6
7:30 - 9:30 p.m. UBC Reports ■ March 23, 1995 5
Faculty Association
strives to maintain
quality of education
at UBC
by Tony Sheppard
Law Prof Tony Sheppard is
President ofthe UBC Faculty Association.
These days, it seems that every
aspect of university life is subject to a
welter of criticism.  Even the quality
of university teaching is being
questioned. Some also criticize
faculty associations for playing an
obstructionist role, and frustrating
attempts to improve university
teaching. These criticisms are ill-
informed. The quality of teaching at
Canadian universities, in general,
and at UBC, in particular, is second
to none. Of course in teaching, as in
every other form of human endeavour, one always strives to do better.
The Faculty Association has played
and continues to play a pivotal and
constructive role
in attempts to
improve teaching at UBC.
The exemplary quality of
teaching is
amply demonstrated by a
Canada survey
which found
that 86 per cent
of Canadian
graduates are
either satisfied
or very satisfied
with the teaching quality in
their programs.
At UBC, the
1994/95 Budget and Planning
Narrative reports that annual student
evaluations of teaching in thousands
of course sections result in only 30 to
40 less than satisfactory teaching
assessments. The budget narrative
goes on to state that there is no
discernible problem whatever with
the quality of teaching at UBC:
"What was most striking was that
teaching is overwhelmingly positively
evaluated by students and that in the
case of the small proportion of
instructors whose teaching is evaluated as less than satisfactory,
approximately one-third are not with
the university the following year, one-
third have taken action to improve
their teaching effectiveness.  Of the
balance, some are reassigned to
courses in which they are more
effective leaving a very small number
who repeat the same problems in the
following year."
For an individual member of
faculty to become a good teacher and
remain so over the years requires
continuous dedication and effort. The
Faculty Association plays an important role in sustaining the development of teaching skills throughout a
member's career. The goal of improving the quality of teaching and the
purposes of the Faculty Association
are completely consistent. The
association's constitution states that
Tony Sheppard
its purposes are to promote the
welfare of its members and the
University of British Columbia and to
act as bargaining agent for its
Quality of teaching depends
primarily on the quality of faculty. To
recruit and retain the most qualified
faculty, the association must ensure
through bargaining and, if necessary,
arbitration, that the university does
not shirk its responsibilities to
provide financial rewards for good
teaching through career progress
increments, merit awards, etc.
The association has also succeeded in obtaining rights of bargaining for part-time faculty and to
bargain not only salary and economic
benefits, but also conditions of
appointment for sessional and part-
time faculty. The Faculty Association
and the university administration are in the
final stages of
bringing into
effect a new
conditions of
and providing
some job
security for
these individuals.  Sessional
and part-time
faculty bear
heavy teaching
loads, and
these new
conditions of
will help to
ensure that the
university rewards their good teaching
with offers of continuous employment.
When the Faculty Association
submits a denial of reappointment,
promotion and tenure to arbitration,
a critical concern is whether or not
the quality of the candidate's teaching has been fairly and accurately
evaluated beginning at the departmental level and proceeding onwards
and upwards to the president of the
The appeal board has observed
that candidates' teaching records are
sometimes undervalued, resulting in
an unfair loss of employment. In
taking such appeals to arbitration,
the Faculty Association seeks to
validate teaching as a worthy criterion for granting reappointment,
tenure or promotion.
Defending academic freedom and
drawing public attention to deteriorating teaching conditions on campus are only two examples of how the
Faculty Association serves to improve
the quality of instruction at UBC.
This ongoing commitment is
perhaps best exemplified by the
association's founding of the Centre
for Faculty Development and Instructional Services in 1987. The association continues to be represented on
the advisory board of the centre and
most of the centre's programs are
conducted by faculty volunteers.
Cutting Edge
Dave Thomson photo
Shyan Ku from UBC's Dept. of Electrical Engineering was one of more than
100 Applied Science graduate students who showed their research wares
during the B.C. Advanced Systems Institute Graduate Students Presentation
Day at the Robson Square Conference Centre. Ku's project involved a
machine that allows microsurgeons to manipulate delicate tissue more
safely and efficiently.
Effect of fisheries extends
to phytoplankton: study
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
The world's fisheries have a greater
impact on ocean food chains than previously believed, says a study by Daniel
Pauly, a professor at UBC's Fisheries
Centre, and Villy Christensen of the International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management in Manila, Philippines.
The study, published in the March 16
issue ofthe sciencejournal Nature, found
that a surprising percentage of organisms at the most basic level of the food
chain are needed to support global fisheries.
Until now, the authors say, studies of
fisheries problems usually emphasized
the decline of the exploited fish
populations, which are generally on top
ofthe food chains.
It was assumed that fisheries have
little impact on the lower links ofthe food
chain: zooplankton, the small shrimplike animals on which many fish feed,
and phytoplankton, the microscopic algae that zooplankton eat.
Zooplankton are eaten by small fish,
which are food for larger fish which are in
turn eaten by ocean-going predators at
the top ofthe food chain, such as tuna.
The researchers based their calculations on the 90 million tonnes of fish
landed each year by the world's fisheries,
and added another 30 million tonnes of
by-catch, fish accidentally caught in nets
and then discarded at sea.
The researchers estimated that eight
per cent of the world's production of
phytoplankton, four times the previous
estimate, are required to sustain the total
catch of 120 million tonnes.
This, however, is an average that combines a low of two per cent in open ocean
waters with much higher figures in areas
where the most intensive fishing occurs.
Nearly 90 per cent ofthe world's catch is
taken in fresh water, upwellings and continental shelves, the narrow bands of
water less than 200 metres deep.
On shelves, the percentage of
phytoplankton production required to
sustain the fisheries is as high as 35 per
cent, which the authors call "a surprisingly high figure."
In other words, in areas where most
fishing is done, one of every three algal
cells works to support the fishery.
But even these high figures could be
an underestimate, Pauly and Christensen
said. They did not include unreported
and illegal catches and did not take into
account the fact that some phytoplankton
production is recycled by the algae themselves.
The researchers say this is strong evidence for the limits of global fisheries and
justifies concerns for the sustainability
and biodiversity of the world's marine
Pauly and his colleagues at the UBC
Fisheries Centre are now doing a detailed
study of the global food and primary
production requirements of marine mammals, and a global study of the extent of
unreported and illegal fisheries catches.
Their ultimate aim is to estimate the
size ofthe catch that the world's fisheries
can take without depleting fish stocks or
endangering top predators such as marine mammals and sea birds.
Charles Ker photo
Woman Of Words
Vancouver author Joy Kogawa
takes a break in the courtyard of
the Buchanan complex before
reading from her acclaimed works,
Obasan, and its sequel, Itsuka.
Kogawa was the final speaker in
the Dept. of Creative Writing's
reading series sponsored by the
Canada Council. 6 UBC Reports • March 23, 1995
March 26 through April 8
Sunday, Mar. 26
Collegium Musicum
John Sawyer/Morna Edmundson, directors. VST, chapel ofthe
Epiphany at 8pm. Call 822-5574.
Monday, Mar. 27
Electrical Engineering
Whither Neural Networks. Prof.
Igor Aleksander, head, Electrical
Engineering, Imperial College,
London. CEME 1202 at 8:30am.
Call 822-6660.
Origami Demonstration
Discover the delights of Japanese paper folding. Joseph Wu
shows how to create amazing art
objects from the special papers
that have been developed over
the centuries. UBC Bookstore
Art/Design section from 12-
1:30pm. Call 822-0587.
UBC Zen Society
Beginning Zen. Graham Good,
English. Buchanan D-201 at
2:30pm. Call 822-4086.
Biochemistry /Molecular
Tumour Suppressor Genes: Exploring Their Clinical Applications. Dr. Stephen Friend, Molecular Genetics, Massachusetts
General Hosp., Boston. IRC #4 at
3:45pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Asian Studies Colloquium
An Investigation Of An Early
Western Zhou Bronze: The
Xueding. Robert Stephenson,
Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3881.
Plant Science Seminar
Physiological Changes Associated
With Aging Potato Tuber. Rick
Knowles, U. of Alberta. MacMillan
318-D at 12:30pm. Call 822-
Astronomy Seminar
Molecular Gas In Local Group
Galaxies. Christine Wilson,
McMaster U. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-2696/
Centre for Applied Ethics
Finding The Lost Lawyer:
Kronman On Practical Wisdom/
Professional Ethics.Dr. Tim Dare,
Philosophy, U. of Auckland, NZ.
Angus415from4-6pm. Call 822-
1995 Comparative
Physiology Seminar
Transport Of Para-amino
Hippurate And Urate By Reptilian Nephrons. Dr. Bill Dantzler.
Physiology, U. of Arizona, Tucson.
BioSciences 2449 at 4:30pm. Call
822- 4228/822-3168.
Botanical Garden Special
Discovering Exciting/Unusual
Perennials, Shrubs And Vines For
BC Gardens. Sponsored by
Friends of the Garden. Crofton
House School Addison Theatre at
8pm. Admission $8/$5 (available
at the Garden). Call 822-4529.
Green College Seminar
Pride, Prejudice/Corruption: In
Search For Neurobiology's Holy
Grail. Chris Shaw, Ophthalmology. Green College recreation
lounge at 8pm. Call 822-8660.
Tuesday, Mar. 28
MOST Workshop
The Fundamentals Of Communicating. Maura Da Cruz, training
administrator. Human Resources.
Brock Hall 0017 from 9am-12pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-9644.
Animal Science Seminar
Metabolic Responses Of Early Life
Stages In Fish To Salinity Change.
Erick Groot, PhD candidate.
MacMillan 256 at 12:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-4593.
Centre for Biodiversity
Research Spring Seminars
Bioindication Of Heavy Metals In
The Fraser Valley. Ute Pott, MSc.
candidate, Botany. BioSciences
2000 at 12:30pm. Call 822-2131.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Carvedilol: Stereoselective Analy-
sis/Pharmacokinetics. Lilian
Clohs, grad student, Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC #3 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-4645.
Lectures in Modern
Radical Approaches To Highly Reduced Compounds Of The Early
Transition Metals. Prof. John Ellis,
Chemistry, U. of Minnesota. Chemistry 250, south wing at lpm. Refreshments from 12:40pm. Call
MOST Workshop
Central Agencies II: Human Resources —Recruiting Staff At UBC.
Kim Simms, personnel assistant.
Human Resources. Brock Hall
0017 from l-4pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-9644.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Lipoprotein Lipase In The Diabetic
Rat. Dr. David Seversen, MRC Signal
Transduction Group, U.of Calgary.
IRC #5 at 4pm. Call 822-4645.
Psychology Seminar
Alternative Metaphors For Judgment And Choice: The Psychologist, The Economist, The Politician And The Theologian. Visiting
Scholar Philip Tetlock, director,
Institute of Personality/Social Research, U. of Calif., Berkeley.
Kenny 2510 Peter Suedfeld lounge
at 4pm. Call 822-5675.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Molecular Characterization Of
Human Phospholipase A2 Like
Gene. Paul Kowalski, PhD student. Medical Genetics. Wesbrook
201 at 4:30pm. Refreshments at
4:15pm. Call 822-5312.
Green College Seminar
Contested Space: The Politics Of
Canadian Memory. Veronica
Strong-Boag, Centre for Research
in Women's Studies/Gender Relations. Green College recreation
lounge at 5:30pm. Call 822-8660.
Wednesday, Mar. 29
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Japanese Labour And The Miracle: The Missing Link. Dr. John
Price, History. Asian Centre music
studio from 12:30-2:00pm. Call
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Cervical Spine/Rheumatoid Arthritis. Dr. Marcel Dvorak, speaker;
Dr. Robert W. McGraw. chair. Vancouver Hosp/HSC Eye Care Centre auditorium from 7-8am. Call
Developmental Genes Discovered
By Restriction Enzyme Mediated
Integration Plasmids In
Dictyostelium. Dr. Bill Loomis,
Biology, U. of Calif., San Diego.
Wesbrook 201 from 12-1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
Music Concert
UBC Jazz Ensemble. Fred Stride,
director. Music Bldg. Recital hall
at 12:30pm. Free admission. Call
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Productivity In Japan. John Price,
History. Asian Centre 604 from
12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Institute of Applied
Mathematics Colloquium
TBA. Dr. Huaxiang Huang, Mathematics, SFU. Math 203 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-4584.
Geography Colloquium
Glacier Dynamics/Anomalous
Post-Glacial Emergence On
Ellesmere Island: New Perspectives
On Paleoclimatic Change And
Neotectonics In The High Arctic.
Dr. John England, Geography, U.
of Alberta. Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Complete Androgen Block In Prostate Cancer: Is It Cost Effective
Therapy? Donna Buna, PharmD
student. Clinical Pharmacy. Vancouver Hosp/HSC G-279 from 4-
5pm. Call 822-4645.
Centre for Biodiversity
Research Spring Seminars
Amphibian Population Declines:
Evidence, Causes And Implications: Andy Blaustein, Zoology,
Oregon State U. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60 at 4:30pm. Call
Respiratory Seminar Series
Should We Put The Respiratory
Muscles To Rest? Dr. Jeremy Road,
associate professor. Medicine.
Taylor-Fiddler conference room,
Vancouver Hosp/HSC Laurel Pavilion from 5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Distinguished Speakers
Political Or Politicized Psychology:
Is The Road To Scientific Hell Paved
With Good Intentions? Philip
Tetlock, director, Institute of Personality/Social Research, U. of
Calif., Berkeley. Hotel Georgia from
7:30-9:30pm. $10. Call 822 1450.
Music Concert
UBC Percussion Ensemble/
Capilano College Percussion Ensemble. John Rudolph, director.
Old Auditorium at 8pm. Free admission. Call 822-5574.
Green College 19th Century
Studies Colloquium
Breaking The Sound Barrier: A
Short History Of Noise. Peter Bailey, History, U. of Manitoba. Green
College recreation lounge at 8pm.
Call 822-8660.
Thursday, Mar. 30
Continuing Studies Lecture
Ecology, Politics and Clearcutting.
Patrick Moore, Forest Alliance of
B.C.; DougHopwood, forestry consultant. IRC Lecture Hall 6 from
7:30-9:30pm. Call 822-1460.
Music Concert
UBC   Contemporary   Players.
Andrew Dawes/Stephen Chatman,
directors. Music Bldg. Recital hall
at 12:30pm. Free admission. Call
Psychology Lecture
How Politicized Has Political Psychology Become? Examining The
Debates OverThe New Racism And
The End OfThe Cold War. Cecil/
Ida Green Visiting Professor Philip
Tetlock, director. Institute of Personality/Social Research, U. of
Calif., Berkeley. Buchanan A-106
at 12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Forestry Lecture
Better Utilization For Sustained
Production And Profit. Dr. Robert
Youngs, College of Forestry, Fisheries and Wildlife Resources, Virginia Tech. MacMillan 260 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-5303.
Agricultural Economics/
Related Information Meeting
Southeast Asian University Consortium For Graduate Education
In Agriculture And Natural Resources. Opportunities for faculty/
student exchanges. MacMillan 158
from l-2pm. Call 822-2193.
Multimedia Demonstrations
Presentations by Marc Broudo,
Health Sciences; Michelle
Lamberson, Geological Sciences;
Paul Hibbitts, Media Resource
Network. USB, south end
TELEcentre from l-2pm. Call 822-
Physics Colloquium
Quantum Mechanics In Your Face.
Sidney Coleman, Harvard U.
Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call 822-
Music Concert
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble.
Martin Berinbaum, director. Old
Auditorium at 8pm. Call 822-5574.
Friday, Mar. 31
Health Care/Epidemiology
Quality Of Life Outcomes Following Cataract Surgery. Dr. Simon
Holland, clinical instruction of
Ophthalmology; Dr. Rick Mathias,
professor of Epidemiology; Ronnie
Sizto, systems analyst. Mather 253
from9-10am. Call 822-2772. Parking available in B lot.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Partnerships/Opportunities: The
Centre For Molecular Medicine And
Therapeutics. Dr. Michael Hayden,
Medical Genetics. GF Strong auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2307.
Political Science Seminar
Good Judgment In World Politics:
Who Gets What Right, When And
Why. Cecil/Ida Green Visiting Pro
fessor Philip Tetlock, director Institute of Personality/Social Research, U. of Calif., Berkeley.
Buchanan A-104 at 3:30pm. Call
Mathematics/Institute of
Applied Mathematics
Topics In Singular Perturbations/
Exponential Asymptotics. Dr.
Michael Ward, Mathematics.
Math 203 at 3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:15pm in Math Annex
1115. Call 822-2666.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Mathematical Modelling Of
Fluid/Ion Exchange Following
Thermal Injury. CristinaGyenge,
grad student. ChemEngineering
206 at 3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Theoretical Chemistry
Aspects Of Kinetic TheoryTo Ionospheric Physics. G. Arkos, Geophysics. Chemistry 402, central
wing at 4pm. Call 822-3997.
Saturday, Apr. 1
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Prospects For Peace In Ireland. Prof.
Conor Cruise O'Brien, essayist,
historian, diplomat, Dublin. IRC
#2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Monday, Apr. 3
Cancer Research Seminar
Helix-Loop-Helix Protein In
Hematolymphoid Development.
Dr. Adam Goldfarb, Institute of
Pathology, Case Western Reserve,
U. of Cleveland. BC Cancer Research Centre lecture theatre at
12pm. Call 877-6010.
Plant Science Seminar
The Regulation Of
Phenylpropanoid Natural Product Biosyntheses: Molecular Approaches. Carl Douglas, Botany.
MacMillan 318-D at 12:30pm.
Call 822-9646.
Astronomy Seminar
Properties Of Invisible Galaxies.
GregBothun, U. of Oregon. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm.
Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call
Centre for Chinese
Research Seminar
The Chinese Communist Party's
'Case Examination' Apparatus:
A Secret Party Organization And
Its Operating Procedures. Prof.
Michael Schoenhals, Pacific Asia
Studies, Stockholm U. Asian Centre 604 from 4:30-6pm. Call 822-
c Ai.F.iAm ar Pour* Aim nFAntJWRs
i The UBC Rep&tts Calendar lists uriiversiiy-relaied or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 207-6328
Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. VST 1Z2. Phone: 822-
|t3l. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be limited
due to space.
Deadline for the April 6 issue of UBC Reports—which
covers the period April 9 to April 22 — is noon, March
28. _.,   . Calendar
UBC Reports ■ March 23,1995 7
March 26 through April 8
Public Lecture
Of Summits, Security And
Sustainability — Rio, Cairo, Copenhagen, Beijing, Halifax: IsThe
World A Better Place? Arthur J.
Hanson, president/CEO International Inst, for Sustainable Development. IRC #3
7:30pm. Call 822-9150.
Tuesday, Apr. 4
Centre for Biodiversity
Research Spring Seminars
Factors Restricting Plant Growth
In The Boreal Forest Understory:
A Field Test OfThe Relative Importance Of Abiotic/Biotic Factors. BioSciences 2000 at
12:30pm. Call 822-2131.
Faculty Women's Club
Annual General Meeting
Election of officers/presentation
of life memberships. Featured:
Great Plant Hunter — Native BC
Horticultural Species And How
To Use Them In Our Gardens.
Wilf Nicholls, Botanical Garden.
Cecil Green Park main floor at
Oceanography Seminar
On Cows, Fish And Man: The
Carrying Capacity OfThe Northeast Pacific For Sockeye Salmon.
Michael Baumann, Oceanography. BioSciences 1465 at
3:30pm. Call 822-4511.
Green College Seminar
Synthetic DNA And Biology.
Michael Smith, director.
Biotechnology Lab, Biochemistry/Molecular Biology. Green
College recreation lounge at
5:30pm. Call 822-8660.
Wednesday, Apr. 5
Orthopaedics Grand
Upper Extremity Reconstruction
In Quadriplegia. Maura
Whittaker/Liza Hart, Spinal Cord
Program, speakers; Dr. Peter T.
Gropper, chair. Vancouver Hosp/
HSC Eye Care Centre auditorium from 7-8am. Call875-4272.
Clementine At The Moon. Eugene
Shoemaker, U.S. Geological Survey, Flagstaff, Ariz. BioSciences
2000 at 4pm. Call 822-2696/
School of Nursing Scholarly
Feminist Methods And Their Ap
plication. Claire Budgen, professor, Okanagan U. College. Vancouver Hosp/HSC UBC Pavilion
T-180 at 4:30pm. Call 822-7453.
MOST Workshop
Conflict Resolution: An Introduction To Win/Win. Gary Harper,
Harper & Associates. Brock Hall
0017 from 9am-4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-9644.
Respiratory Seminar Series
Role Of Alveolar Macrophage
Flastase In Emphysema. Dr.
Steven D. Shapiro, professor,
Washington U. at St. Louis. Taylor-
Fiddler conference room, Vancouver Hosp/HSC Laurel Pavilion from
5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Green College Science/
Society Seminar
Greening The Campus. John
Robinson, director. Sustainable
Development Research Inst. Green
College recreation lounge at 8pm.
Call 822-8660.
Thursday, Apr. 6
Computer Science Invited
Speaker Seminars
An Integrated System Architecture
For Distributed Boundary Value
Problems. Prof. HarrickVin, Computer Science, U. ofTexas at Austin. CICSR/CS 208 from 11:30am-
lpm. 7th of 8. Call 822-0557.
Friday, Apr. 7
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
The Role Of Imaging In Pediatric
Oncology. Dr. Mervyn D. Cohen,
director of Radiology, Riley Children's Hosp/professor, Indiana U.
GF Strong auditorium at 9am. Call
Plant Science Seminar
The Development Of ASolar Greenhouse. Prof. Dov Pasternak, Agriculture/Applied Biology, Ben-
Gurion U. of the Negev, Israel.
MacMillan 318-D at 11:30am. Call
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Dynamic Study Of Surfact During Catalytic Reaction. Prof. Yoshi
Amenomiya, Chemistry, Ottawa.
ChemEngineering 206 at
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Saturday, Apr. 8
Vancouver Institute Lecture
The Emperor's New Mind Revisited. Prof. Roger Penrose, Rouse
Ball Prof, of Mathematics., Oxford. IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-
UBC Zen Society
Zazen (sitting meditation) will be
held this term every Monday 1:30-
2:30pm in the Tea Gallery of the
Asian Centre. Beginners welcome, cushions provided. Meet
at 1:30pm outside the Asian Centre Auditorium. Call 228-8955.
Student Housing
A service offered by the AMS has
been established to provide a housing listing service for both students and landlords. This service
utilizes a computer voice
messaging system. Students call
822-9844. landlords call 1-900-
451-5585 (touch-tone calling) or
822-0888, info only.
Friday Morning Tour
School/College Liaison tours provide prospective UBC students with
an overview of campus activities,
facilities and services. Brock Hall
204from9:30-l lam. Reservations
one week in advance. Call 822-
Counselling Psychology
Midlife Daughters/Daughters-In-
Law. Daughters, who are caring
for a parent in a care facility, are
needed for a study on stress and
coping. Involves one evening small
group discussion with women similar to yourself. Call Allison at 822-
Grad Centre Activities
Dance To A Latin Beat. Every
Thur. at the Graduate Centre at
8:30pm. To find out more about
free Mon. movies (presently Japanese) in the penthouse at the Grad
Centre, free Tai Chi and other activities call the hot-line at 822-
International Student
Women's Support Group. Jennie
Campbell, International Student
Advisor/Program Coordinator.
International House every Thurs.
between 4-5pm.  Call 822-5021.
UBC Libraries
Library branches and divisions
are offering more than 100 training/tutorial sessions this term.
Learn how to use the online catalogue/information system, or one
of more than 75 electronic
databases in the library. Check
branches/divisions for times and
dates.  Call 822-3096.
Clinical Research Support
Under the auspices of Health Care/
Epidemiology. Provides Methodological, biostatistical, computational and analytical support for
health researchers. Call 822-4530.
Disability Resource Centre
The centre provides consultation
and information for faculty members with students with disabilities. Guidebooks/servicesforstu-
dents and faculty available. Call
Equity Office
Advisors are available to discuss
questions or concerns. We are prepared to help any UBC student, or
member of staff or faculty who is
experiencing discrimination or harassment, including sexual harassment, find a satisfactory resolution. Call 822-6353.
Continuing Studies Writing
Writing 098: Preparation For University     Writing     And     The
LPI.Summer Session: June 27-
July 27, Tues., Thurs., 7-10pm.
Call 822-9564.
A Study on Hearing and Age
Senior (65 yrs. or older) and junior
(20-25 yrs.) volunteers are needed.
Expected to attend 3 one-hour
appointments at UBC. Experiments will examine how hearing
and communication abilities differ with age. Honorarium. Call
Dermatology Studies
Volunteers Required
Genital Herpes
16 yrs/older. Approx. Eight visits
over one-yr. period. All patients
will be treated with medication.
No control group. Call 875-5296.
Skin Infection
18 yrs/older. Looking for participants with infections such as infected wounds, burns, boils, sebaceous cysts or impetigo. Four visits over maximum 26 days. Honorarium. Call 875-5296.
Statistical Consulting/
Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Dept. of
Statistics to provide statistical
advice to faculty/staff/students.
DuringTerm 2, 94/95, up to three
hours of free advice is available for
selected clients.    Call 822-4037.
Badminton Club
Faculty/staff/grad students welcome. Osborne Gym A, Fridays
from 6:30-9:30pm. $15 yr; $2
drop in. John Amor, Geophysics/
Astronomy.  Call 822-6933.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items. Every
Wednesday, 12-5pm. Task Force
Bldg., 2352 Health Sciences Mall.
Call Vince at 822-2582/Rich at
Garden Tours
Wednesdays/Saturdays until October. UBC Botanical Garden at
lpm. Available with the price of
admission. Call 822-9666.
Psychology Study
Continues to May 15. Music And
Mood. Volunteers required for 2
one-hr. sessions booked 2 days
apart. $20 honorarium upon
completion. Call 822-2022.
English Language Institute
Continues to Aug. 17. English-
speaking families needed to host
international students participating in ELI programs for periods of
two to six weeks. Remuneration
is $22 per day. Call 822-1537.
Nitobe Memorial Garden
Botanical Garden
Summer Hours effective
March 11 - October 15.
1995:10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
daily (including weekends).Call
822-9666 for garden information.
Shop-in-the-Garden 822-4529.
Calendar entries for the
period of May 7 to June
17 must be submitted
by April 20.
The Calendar will not
appear in the May 18
issue of UBC Reports.
'Wet sites' yield ancient artifacts
Imagine an archeologist from
the future trying to reconstruct
present-day society if all material made from plastics or
synthetics had disappeared.
Clothing, furnishings, computers, airplanes — no trace of
these objects would survive.
Archeologists face a similar problem when looking at the remains
of ancient societies in British
Columbia without the benefit of
wood or plant material. Many
tools and containers, as well as
clothing, fishing nets, houses
and canoes, were made from
wood and other plant material
that perish unless preserved
under special conditions.
A new exhibit opening March
28 at the Museum of Anthropol
ogy (MOA) will provide a unique
glimpse into the early history of
the Lower Mainland by looking
at objects that normally decay
over time.
Entitled "From Under the
Delta: Wet-Site Archeology in
British Columbia's Lower Mainland," the exhibit features rare,
perishable wood and bark artifacts, some of which date back
4,500 years.
Advances in conservation science now make it possible to preserve and show these important
collections, most of which have
never been on public display.
The exhibit's artifacts include
tools, baskets, cordage and fishing gear retrieved from 11 archeological wet sites across the
Lower Mainland. Most of the
objects in the exhibit were recovered from the Musqueam Northeast site on the Musqueam Reserve, and the Water Hazard site
in Tsawwassen. Other objects
on display come from sites in
Richmond, Delta, Crescent
Beach, Coquitlam, Pitt Meadows and the Fraser Valley.
The exhibit was developed in
consultation with local First
Nations communities that have
participated in wet-site archeology projects and draws attention to issues relating to the
management and preservation of
First Nations cultural heritage.
In conjunction with the exhibit, MOA will be hosting an
international  conference  on
A 4,300-year-old basket fragment from a Fraser River site
wetland archeology April 27-30.
Organized in co-operation with
the Musqueam, Tsawwassen,
Katzie and Sto:lo Nations, the
program includes scientific sessions on current wet-site archeo
logical research and object conservation, as well as public talks
and workshops on education and
cultural resource management.
For information and registration, call MOA at 822-5087. 8 UBC Reports • March 23, 1995
Supplement to UBC Reports
March 23, 1995
Dear Colleagues:
Earlier drafts entitled "Towards a Tuition Policy" were prepared following the Board
of Governor's August retreat at which the issue was raised and the themes identified.
The fourth draft was discussed at the December first board meeting. Subsequently
it was refined and reformatted following advice received from vice presidents, deans,
heads and directors and from the Senate Budget Committee.
At its January 1995 meeting, the board discussed the fifth draft and approved the
following resolution: "That the Board request the Administration to proceed to
consultation and further development of a strategy on the basis ofthe December 30,
1994 draft ofthe paper entitled Towards a Tuition Policy."
Uncertainty around the future of federal transfers to the provinces and provincial
support for higher education makes it essential that the university have in place a
clear policy to guide its actions in the determination of tuition fees under the various
scenarios which could be played out over the next few months. The position ofthe
administration is that government grants to higher education are an investment in
the future ofthe economy and the nation, both in the development of Canada's human
resources through education and training and in the development of intellectual
property through research and creative professional activity. Consequently we
believe adequate funding of universities to be not only an important investment for
social reasons but a wise investment for economic reasons.
It is also demonstrable that higher education benefits not only society generally but
the recipient personally. Consequently there is a rationale for regarding the student's
payment of tuition fees and other related costs as a private investment with a high
probability of private benefit.   There is no simple or straightforward method of
calculating the appropriate share of the cost of higher education which should be
borne respectively by the public generally and by the student specifically.
The policy suggests that the university should maximize revenues from governments
and from all possible sources other than students provided doing so does not impose
obligations inconsistent with its mission. Further it suggests that the university must
be demonstrably committed to effectiveness, efficiency and accountability in carrying
out its mission. Then tuition fees should be established in such a way that they enable
the university to maintain resources at the current level in constant dollars per
weighted full time equivalent student. In so determining tuition fees, the university
has an obligation to establish scholarship and bursary programs such that, taken
with provincial and national financial aid programs, they ensure that no student who
would otherwise be eligible for admission to UBC is excluded merely for personal
financial reasons. An added element in tuition fee policy will be a provision for
student financial awards.
In keeping with the resolution passed by the board and the board-approved policy
governing consultation on tuition, following the January board meeting the administration proceeded to consult with the campus community generally and with
students specifically in further developing a tuition policy. The attached statement,
"UBC Tuition Policy," incorporates advice from board members, from about a dozen
deans, heads and directors, from the Senate Budget Committee and from others,
including students, who provided advice verbally. All letters have been acknowledged
and many ofthe proposed revisions and clarifications adopted. In the attached paper,
significant revisions are identified in italics. An outline ofthe process of consultation
is also attached.
I look forward to receiving further comments on the tuition policy.
David W. Strangway
The University of British Columbia has a
special (national and international) role
in a well-articulated provincial system of
higher education. To fulfill this role, it
must be responsive to the province and
community of which it is a part. A well-
defined vision and mission drive strategic
planning to achieve its goals and priorities. The University is committed to
effectiveness, efficiency and accountability and every avenue is explored to limit
expenditures and to generate additional
sources of revenue.
Maintaining the quality required to
achieve its mission depends on stopping
the erosion of operating funds, i.e. on
maintaining the real value of the provincial grant and tuition fees. General purpose operating funds derive directly from
non-earmarked provincial grants and tuition income and are allocated in terms of
University priorities to maintain operations and implement plans. UBC will
continue, by all methods possible, to
achieve greater effectiveness and efficiency
and, in doing so, will be accountable to
the people of British Columbia. Any
continuing savings will be used to enhance academic activities. The University will also make every effort to raise
endowment funds from private sources
to support chairs and professorships to
attract and retain exceptional faculty and
thereby to reinforce the margin of excellence. Capitalfunds can only be used for
constructionprqjects and related purposes.
Thesefunds derivefrom provincial alloca-
tion,fromfundraising orfromfinancingfor
self-funding projects. In addition to major
capital allocations, the province provides
two capital allocations: a fund for minor
capital (public works and renovations) and
a fund for cyclical or deferred maintenance.
With its commitments to effectiveness,
efficiency and accountability firmly in
place, the University will determine future tuition fee increases in a manner
that offsets any reduction in the provincial grant in constant dollars per weighted
full-time equivalent student. Constant
dollars will be calculated using an inflation index appropriate to the University
including imposed and regulatory costs,
e.g.   mandated increases in the cost of
benefits. (The resulting index has been
and for some time will continue to be one
or two percent higher than CPI.) Tuition
fee increases will provide an additional
allocation equal to one-third of the basic
annual increase to fund scholarships for
the most outstanding students and bursaries for those in greatest need.
The sections which follow say something
about the University's special role and
strategic planning, steps taken to enhance effectiveness, efficiency and accountability and to gain access to additional resources. The policy on tuition
fees is proposed in the light of the evidence of careful planning and decisionmaking designed to ensure that the people of British Columbia receive the greatest possible return on the resources entrusted to the University to carry out its
mission. We also recognize that governments and citizens are observing that a
university education is not only an investment for the benefit of society in
general but that it confers a private benefit on the individual. An issue with
which we are engaged is the determination of an appropriate balance between
public and private investment for public
and private benefit.
UBC's Role
A recent economic impact study has
shown that the universities of British Columbia make a major contribution to
British Columbia's economy. It is now
recognized that UBC is one of the principal job creators in the province. In an
increasingly knowledge-intensive world,
the province requires an outstanding and
diverse university system, among the
best in Canada and the world, not only for
economic but for social and cultural leadership.
1. A diverse and well articulated post-
secondary system is now established in
the Province and within this system UBC
can and must play a very special role.
2. Outstanding research and teaching
in core academic fields and in the professions are essential to the future prosperity of the Province.
3. In addition to teaching and research.
the University provides benefits to British Columbians in many ways, e.g. the
enhancement ofthe arts and the transfer
of technology.
4. Carrying out the University's special
role requires that we maintain the quality
of teaching, learning, research and service at UBC. It also requires that every
effort be made to provide good facilities
including new space and maintenance
and renovation of existing space. (The
latter is done with provincial minor capital
and cyclical maintenance funds.)
5. We plan to maintain the policy in
place since 1965 that the student body at
UBC should be 28,000 (22,000 undergraduate and 6,000 graduate students).
6. We recognize that the quality of the
faculty is key to our mission.
7. We recognize that the quality and
efficiency of support staff are key to our
Commitment to Effectiveness,
Efficiency and Accountability
1. Effectiveness and efficiency have
improved dramatically and are reflected
in the awarding of 40% more degrees
annually now than ten years ago.
2. The increased retention rate of undergraduate students is the product of an
admission process that selects students
with the highest academic standards and
of a variety of other strategies designed to
provide support for personal and academic growth while students are at the
3. Graduate students are equally rigorously selected and faculties are working
to improve retention and completion rates
in graduate programs.
4. Since 1981/82 UBC has absorbed a
27% reduction in the constant dollar
value ofthe provincial grant per weighted
student and has accordingly improved its
efficiency (or its productivity) dramatically. The effective value ofthe provincial
grant has been reduced even further by
the requirement that the University absorb without incremental funding the
costs arising from government legislation
and regulation and from mandatory or
fixed costs in such areas as Unemployment Insurance, Canada Pension Plan,
equity, safety, environment. Workers'
Compensation, utility rates, insurance
rates. Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy. We can no longer
absorb added fiscal demands without
commensurate funding.
5. Major reengineering projects are now
under way to seek further efficiencies,
e.g. in the appointment and procurement
processes. The principles of continuous
quality improvement are applied explicitly in a number of departments and in
several additional projects.
6. We have raised awareness of the
importance of stewardship and have introduced incentives for fiscal responsibility by allowing carry-forward of surpluses
and deficits as a first credit or first charge
against the following year's budget of a
7. Both efficiency and accountability
are served by the policy of requiring an
increasing number of self-funding ancillaries to operate on a break-even basis
(including salaries and benefits, capital
and space operating costs). Efficiency is
monitored in part by benchmarking. Current ancillary enterprises include:
• Bookstore
• Athletics and Sports Services
(complete by 95/96)
• Biomedical Communications
(complete by 95/96)
• Educational Measurement Research Group
• Computing and Communications
(complete by 95/96)
• UBC Press (complete by end of 95/
• Media Services
• University Computing Services
(complete by 95/96)
• Telecommunications Services
(complete by 95/96)
• Food Services
• Housing and Conferences
(note: Any minor remaining subsidies
have been identified and will be removed
by the end ofthe 1995/1996 fiscal year.) Supplement to UBC Reports
UBC Reports ■ March 23, 1995 9
8. Many units, sub-units or programs -
not referred to as ancillaries - generate
their own revenues and do not receive
support from general purpose income,
i.e. provincial operating grant or credit
tuition revenue. They carry forward
100% of any year-end deficit or surplus
and cover all their costs including the
cost of employee benefits. These principles apply either to the entire budget of
the unit or to a designated portion of its
functions and its budget. In the latter
case two budgets are provided, one for the
GPOF core functions and one for designated or non-core funded functions (including benefit costs).
Oyster River Farm
Medical Student Alumni Centre
UBC/Ritsumeikan  (academic program)
Library photocopying
Interlibrary loans
Student Health Service (designated
Animal Care Centre (budgeted portion)
Campus Planning and Development
(portion supported from capital funds
as part of specific capital projects)
University Industry  Liaison Office
(designated portion)
University Research Forests
Green College
Academic Equipment Fund
Cooperative Education Administration Fund
Graduate Student Awards Fund
Oral Medicine Clinic
Partnership Costs of University College Programs
Teacher Education Expansion
Teaching and Learning Enhancement
Student Aid Fund
Development Office (portion funded
by charges against endowment)
Pacific Educational Press   ,
Distance Education Office (Faculty
of Education)
9. A number of programs operate now
(or will in the near future) with special
purpose budgets supported either wholly
or largely by endowment income. These
programs cover their own costs including
the cost of employee benefits. Where a
portion is supported from GPOF, two
budgets are presented:
• Disability Resource Centre (designated portion)
• Life Skills Motivation Centre
including Rick Hansen National
Fellow Program
• Graduate Program in Occupational
Hygiene (designated portion)
• Peter Wall Institute for Advanced
• Social Science and Humanities
Research Fund
• endowed chairs
• endowed professorships
• MAGIC (designated portion)
• Centre for Applied Ethics (designated portion)
• Institute for Asian Research
(Centres for Chinese, Japanese,
Korean, South Asian and Southeast Asian Research)
10. Many units or sub-units have a significant part of their operation supported
by outside revenue. As of 1995/1996,
year-end shortfalls or excesses in budgeted outside revenue will be carried forward to reward stewardship and enhance
accountability. For each such unit two
budgets are presented, one for core GPOF
and one for non-core, Le. those functions
(including salaries and related benefits)
supported by other sources of revenue. An
appropriate business plan accompanies
the budgets.
• Belkin Art Gallery (future)
• Frederic Wood Theatre
• Child Study Centre
• Museum of Anthropology
• Botanical Garden (moving towards
• South Campus Farm
• Faculty of Medicine (MSP revenue)
• Chan Shun Centre for the Performing Arts (future)
• Dental Clinic
11. Continuing studies across all faculties and units have been mandated to
operate on a self-sufficient basis, i.e.
they carry forward year-end deficits or
surpluses. The University and the faculties are reimbursed by these units for the
cost of services provided through them to
students and to the public. Further growth
in summer, evening, diploma and certificate programs can be expected since this
uses the campus more effectively and
does not draw on core GPOF support.
12. An aggressive early retirement program has provided both budget reduction and faculty renewal opportunities. It
has been a significant factor in our ability
to maintain a faculty renewal rate of at
least 5% per year. Thus tenure has not
been a major barrier to appropriate levels
of renewal and change.
13. The costs of operating our physical
plant have been kept consistently among
the lowest in Canada. On the other hand
we do have significant deferred maintenance costs.
14. UBC is one ofthe few universities in
Canada to eliminate selected academic
programs (and to sever the associated
tenured faculty).
15. Major steps have been taken and
continue to be taken to reduce the unnecessary usage of utilities - electricity, water, gas, etc.
16. To assess their standing, effectiveness and efficiency we now review every
academic and service program periodically (every five to seven years) with appropriate national and international comparisons.
17. The year-round usage ofthe campus
is increasing sharply. Within the next
few years, we will have as many students
in the two terms ofthe summer session as
in the two terms of the winter session.
Some programs are operating formally on
a trimester basis, and the rest of the
University is operating, in effect, on a
trimester basis.
18. In search of greater effectiveness and
efficiency, we have embarked on a review
of academic organization, including the
nature and size of departments and faculties. Already some departments and
other units have merged and others have
been eliminated.
19. The entire 1994/95 provincial innovation grant equal to one percent of the
operating grant has been used to implement an integrated campus plan for the
development and use of new media technologies in teaching and learning. We are
committed to maintaining the student/
faculty ratio as a fundamental element in
the quality of education and we are seeking to enhance the quality ofthe learning
environment through the innovative use
of technology.
20. We have increased substantially the
support of student aid through operating
budgets, endowments and part-time work
opportunities and this, together with provincial and federal loan programs, means
that no student, otherwise admissible, is
denied the opportunity to study at UBC
for personal financial reasons alone.
Commitment to Maximizing Resources
1. With the participation of the provincial government we have conducted the
most successful fundraising campaign in
Canadian history to support academic
enrichment through buildings and endowments.
2. We have used wisely the Hampton
Place income to develop an endowment
base to support UBC's mission and to
enhance fundraising activities for university priorities by providing matching
funds. (There will be more opportunities
on the South Campus for similar projects
in the future).
3. Based on widely accepted space
standards, UBC is short of space and we
will continue to seek all possible means to
correct this shortfall and to deal with
maintenance, and the refurbishment of
existing space or its replacement when
acceptable standards cannot be achieved
through refurbishment.
4. We will be recommending annual
graduate student tuition fees to ensure
that full tuition is paid as long as graduate students remain enrolled and that
fees are based on full or part-time study,
clearly defined by the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
5. For some new and redeveloped graduate programs in professional fields, tuition fees are being established at a level
which will recover all or most of the
program operating costs, both direct and
indirect, e.g. Pharm.D. and MBA
6. Endowment and operating funds are
being sought for new programs, particularly in fields which serve specific needs
of industry and society, e.g. advanced
wood products processing, fire protection engineering, vocational rehabilitation counseling.
7. We are developing the policy framework to enable faculties to plan for full
cost tuition for international students up
to ten percent of enrolment in undergraduate and professional graduate programs. This ten percent which would not
displace any Canadian students and
would be in addition to the approximately
live percent international students faculties are now encouraged to include within
their undergraduate enrolment. Research-oriented graduate programs will
be excluded from this plan.
8. We are maximizing the return to UBC
and to the creators of intellectual property developed in the University, through
royalties on patents, through licences
and through the creation of companies in
which the University takes equity as appropriate.
9. We are now recovering part of the
cost to UBC for a number of services
provided on a fee-for-service basis:
• processing of applications
• issuing of transcripts
• administration of ancillaries
• overhead costs of conducting
contract research
10. The judicious use of campus facilities for academic conferences has generated sufficient revenue to facilitate the
building of student residences and thereby
enabled us to exceed our goal of accommodating on campus 25% of full-time,
daytime, winter session students. Further construction of residences will be
aimed at refurbishing or replacing some
of the older residences and addressing
requirements for a change in the mix, e.g.
meeting the need for family housing for
older students, students with children,
single parents.
11. The building of faculty and staff rental
accommodation has been a significant
factor in enabling us to recruit outstanding faculty, further rental housing for
this purpose can be developed if and as
required since no core budget assistance
is required.
August 5, 1994
Issue raised by Board and discussed extensively at Board Retreat
Toward a Tuition Policy" 1st draft prepared
for comment by VPs
October 11
2nd draft circulated to VPs and Deans for
October 26
3rd draft prepared for comment by Deans,
Heads and Directors
Discussed with Senate Budget Committee
November 18
4th draft prepared for consideration by Board
November 24
Discussed by Finance Committee ofthe Board
December 1
Discussed further by the Board
December 30
Revised and reformatted 5th draft prepared for
January 12, 1995
Discussed by Finance Committee ofthe Board
January 16, 17
Extensively reviewed at Executive Retreat (P,
VPs, AVPs. Deans)
January 16
Circulated to Deans for Discussion within
faculties and comment
January 23
Discussed with Minister Miller and Deputy
Minister Wouters
January 25
Circulated to Deans. Heads and Directors for
January 25
Published in UBC Reports for campus comment
January 26
Approved by Board as the basis for further
Responses from Board members, deans, heads
and directors
February 15
Request for comment from Senate Budget
February 14, 24
Discussion with AMS re process for consultation
March 2
6th draft prepared incorporating results of
March 6
Circulated to Deans, Heads and Directors for
March 9
On the agenda for the Board Finance Committee
March 16
On the agenda of the Board for approval in
March 22
On the agenda of the Senate Budget Committee
March 23
Published in UBC Reports for campus comment
March 30
On the agenda for the Deans, Heads and
Directors 10 UBC Reports ■ March 23, 1995
26th annual UBC Faculty and Staff Golf Tournament
May 4 at the Surrey Golf and Country Club
The tournament is open to all golfers.
Call Doug Quinville at 822-6090 or Ed Auld at 822-6746.
The University of British Columbia
Application for Non-Resident Faculty
Green College invites applications from UBC
faculty who wish to be non-resident members of
the College.  The term of membership is two
years from September 1,1995. Selection is based
on academic distinction, interdisciplinary
interests and receptiveness, commitment to
participate in College life, and a balance in
membership in terms of discipline, rank and
gender. Please send a letter of interest and a
curriculum vitae to:
The Membership Committee
Green College
6201 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, B.C.   V6T 1Z1
Tel:   822-8660
The deadline for applications is May 31, 1995.
Grand Opening Special
20% off cuts
I do not cut your hair right away. First I look at the shape of your face. I
want to know what you want, the time you want to spend on your hair,
your lifestyle. Once your desires are communicated, my design
creativity flourishes into action to leave you feeling great by looking
your very best. I use natural products to leave your hair soft and free of
chemicals. I also specialize in men and women's hair loss.
I was trained in Paris and worked for Nexus as a platform artist. I invite
you to my recently opened salon in Kitsilano.
3432 W. Broadway 732-4240
^   \A loved oh&I **
for aggressive dogs
Do you feel safe? Why not protect yourself with pepper spray
for aggressive dogs.Ideal for nurses, hikers, bikers, joggers,
nightworkers and students. Registered by Agriculture Canada.
Member of the Better Business Bureau.
• 23g 6-Foot Key Chain Sprayer. .$13.90* "Best Seller"
• 58g 12-Foot Sprayer $19.50*
• 112g 15-Foot Sprayer $23.50*
• 112g 20-Foot Fogger Spray $25.99*
• All prices include tax 100% MONEY BACK GUARANTEE
(Cut along dotted tine)
Date of Birth / /	
Month Day Year
Telephone ( )	
I am requesting Units Each S & H
$3.20 shipping for one unit + $1.75 each additional
Make Cheque or Money Order Payable to:
313 9632 Cameron St. Burnaby, B.C. V3J 7N3 421-2669
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the April 6, 1995 issue of UBC Reports is
noon, March 28.
Planning, Retirement Income,
Deposits, Investment Funds, Life
Insurance, Local, independent,
personalized service with
comprehensive knowledge.
Integrating your financial needs
to your own personal,
professional association, group
and government benefit plans.
Please call Edwin Jackson BSc,
BArch, CIF, 224-3540. Representative of Planvest Pacific
Financial Corporation.
areas of English pronunciation
for advanced levels. Individual,
professional instruction. Downtown location. 689-5918.
planning. Get expert help with
your 1994 income tax return from
a qualified financial planner. We
also offer assistance regarding
investmentstrategies, retirement
planning etc. Call Brian at Cann
Financial Group, 733-PLAN.
for as low as $40. Electronic filing
now available, refunds as quickly
as 10 working days. Pick up and
delivery from UBC. Professionally
prepared. Phone 940-9180, Len.
Edwin Jackson. 224-3540.
PARTYLINE Vancouver's Best
Partyline. Ads, Jokes, Stories and
More. Call Free, 257-0234.
documents, (manuscripts,
reports, term papers, etc.);
dictaphone; graphics; data base
projects; spread sheet projects.
Excellent knowledge of medical/
scientific language. Fast
accurate and very reasonably
priced services offered. Call 822-
2343 or 732-6140 after 6pm, ask
for Charlene.
For Sale j
BY OWNER Save $1,000s - Sunny
2bedrm,2bathcondo. 16thAve.
(near Main St.) 25 mins. to UBC.
Quiet, 3 skylights, gas f/p, washer/
dryer ensuite, d/w and neat
sunroom. 855 sq.ft., NO GST!
Asking $ 179,500. NO AGENTS! Call
Anne at 874-6888.
'78 VW BUS Semi-camperized,
great body, great engine (2-litre
fuel inj.), great character, new
brakes, battery, heater, exhaust,
upholstery. All records. Great buy I
Call Charlie or leave message at
6.0, still in shrinkwrap, selling for
$200. Call Ray after 6pm or leave
a message at 984-9995.
value on West Side at $539,000.
Character Southlands home -
50x119 lot. 3 bedrms plus family
rm.Mortgage helper - won't last
at this price. 4025 W. 41st. OPEN
Sat., Sun., 2-4pm. Mary Ellen
Maasik. 263-1433.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W.lOth Ave.
Vancouver, B.C. V6R2H2. Phone
or fax (604) 222-4104.
Located near the Museum of
Anthropology, this is an ideal spot
forvisitingscholarsto UBC. Guests
dine with residents and enjoy
college life. Daily rate $50.00, plus
$ 13/day for meals Sun. -Thurs. Call
822-8660 for more information
and availability.
accommodation in Pt. Grey
area. Minutes to UBC. On main
bus routes. Close to shops and
restaurants, Incl. TV, tea and
coffee making, private phone
and fridge. Single $45, Double
$55, weekly rates available. Tel:
222-3461. Fax:222-9279.
GAGE COURT HOTEL offers year-
round accommodation in one-
bedroom suites with kitchenettes.
Ideal for visiting professors and
seminar groups. Located on
campus, across from the Student
Union Building. Daily rate is $69/
suite. For reservations call (604)
Furnished 3 bedrm modern home
on Mayne Island, walking
distance to ferry, w/w carpeting,
all appliances, fireplace, 2
bathrooms, TV(dish), $750/mo.
lease, references, Available May.
321 Wood Dale Dr.Ph. 272-4930
evenings or 539-5888 weekends.
bedrm furnished penthouse,
decks,.fireplace, near Alma and
6th Ave. for visiting faculty.
Available May 1 for 6 months or
year. $l,000/mo. incl. heat. Call
224-7705 (5:30-7 pm), or 822-4376
(Tu,Wed, Th, 9am-12pm).
spacious apartment beside Lost
Lagoon. Overlooks lagoon and
Stanley Park. No pets. Available
June 1 -Sept. 10. $685/mo. Phone
Sarah or Tracey at 687-8331.
UBC endowment lands. Minutes
to UBC/beaches. Offers
Vancouver visitors a peaceful
alternative. Furnished, fully
equipped 2 bedroom on
beautiful one-acre natural forest
setting. Monthly bookings
available July onward. 222-0060.
FALSE CREEK Apartment to sublet.
May 11-Sept. 30. Fully furnished,
bright, spacious, 2 bedrms, 2
baths. Super location, steps from
Granville Island. N/S, N/P. $950/
mo. Call 738-4761 or 822-5183.
interested in house sitting, looking
after pet and/or sub-letting May-
Aug. If interested please call
Brian 221-9717.
Accommodation     \
WEST SIDE HOME Fully furnished,
well-equipped, 2,000 sq.ft.
contemporary open plan, avail.
May 1, 95 for up to 12 months. 2
bedrms, 2.5 baths, 3 decks,
panoramic views. N/S, N/P.
$2,100/mo. incl. util., gardening,
bi-weekly cleaning. 732-1729.
UBC. 3 bedrms and office up. 2.5
baths. Ensuite. Large living rm.
Cross hall dining rm. New kitchen.
Family rm. Hardwood floors.
Finished bsmnt. with playroom. 1
bedrm bsmnt suite. Locking
garage. $2,500. June '94-June
'95 (negotiable). Call Dave or
Debbie 261-5976.
Housing Wanted
residence May to Aug. 95:
shared; house sitting; sublet. Kits
area preferred. Refs. Call David
(604) 624-6054 ext. 5729.
children and 1 small dog seek
house or condo for rent or sublet
commencing May 31,95. Require
minimum 4 months. 222-3496.
scholar with family requires to
sublet/housesit 3 bedrm pleasant
house/apartment, accessible
children's hospital. Coming to
Canada June 19 to end
August'95. Call Dr. MacNab 263-
5030 to discuss.
Wanted To Rent
garage for building hobby. West
Side or UBC area preferred. Short
or long term. Call Cheryl 224-
Annual BC HIV/AIDS Conference.
Focus on Drug Users. Nov. 5-7,
'95. Sponsored by Continuing
Education in Health Sciences,
UBC; The Province of BC Ministry
of Health; BC Centre for
Excellence in HIV/AIDS; and St.
Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC.
At: Westin Bayshore Hotel, 1601
W. Georgia St., Vancouver, BC.
For further information call:
(604)822-4965 or Fax: (604)822-
International Seating Symposium,
March 7-9/96. Vancouver, BC.
Call for Submissions, Deadline:
June 1, 1995. Sponsored by:
Sunny Hill Health Centre for
Children; UBC, Division of
Continuing Education in the
Health Sciences; University of
Pittsburgh, School of Health and
Rehabilitation Sciences; RESNA.
For further information, contact:
12th International Seating
Symposium, Continuing
Education in Health Sciences,The
University of British Columbia, Rm.
105-2194 Health Sciences Mall,
Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T1Z3.
Tel: (604)822-4965 or
Fax:(604)822-4835. UBC Reports ■ March 23,1995 11
Research centre named for
supporter Maurice Young
by Abe Hefter
Stciff writer
The Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital Research Centre has
been named the W.
Maurice Young Entrepreneurship and
Venture Capital Research Centre.
"As a result of
Maury Young's guidance, insight, sup-
Maurice Young
port and encouragement, we
 were able to turn the
dream of developing
the centre into a reality," said Raffi Amit,
Peter Wall Distinguished Professor in
the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration and
director of the centre.
Established in
1992, the centre's
core activity is the
The Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting
Professorships of Green College at UBC
Director, Institute of Personality & Social Research
Alternative Metaphors for Judgment and Choice:
The Psychologist, the Economist, the Politician and the Theologian
Tuesday, March 28 at 4:00 PM
Kenny Building, Room 2510 Peter Suedfeld Lounge
Political or Politicized Psychology:
Is the Road to Scientific Hell Paved with Good Intentions?
Wednesday, March 29 at 7:30 PM
Hotel Georgia, 801 West Georgia Co-sponsored by UBC Continuing
How Politicized has Political Psychology Become?:
Examining the Debates over the New Racism
and the End of the Cold War
Thursday, March 30 at 12:30 PM
Buchanan A-106
Good Judgment in World Politics:
Who Gets What Right, When and Why
Friday, March 31 at 3:30 PM
Buchanan A-104
Entrepreneurship Research Alliance (ERA). The ERA involves
more than 40 researchers and
graduate students from across
Canada and around the world
who are dedicated to obtaining a
deeper understanding of the issues that relate to the success
and failure of new ventures.
Complementing a wide range
of courses at the undergraduate
and graduate levels is the Entrepreneurship Experience Program, which provides students
with hands-on experience and
training in a wide range of entrepreneurial ventures throughout
the Lower Mainland.
Commerce Dean Michael
Goldberg said Young's financial
sponsorship allowed the centre
to commence activities and develop both short- and long-term
research plans and, in the process, map out a comprehensive
approach to research, policy and
community outreach.
"His strategic insights and
direction were absolutely central in helping launch the centre," Goldberg said.
"In addition, Maury's ability
to obtain support from the business community was a key element in the centre's receiving a
$2.125-million Major Collaborative Research Grant from the
Social Sciences and Humanities
Research Council."
The centre's research is made
available through undergraduate and MBA entrepreneurship
courses, continuing education
and training, workshops and
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Camelol Computers prS82
by staff writers
Two UBC graduates and former faculty members are
being honoured by the provincial government for their
outstanding contribution to expanding knowledge and
awareness of B.C.'s past.
Historians Philip and Helen Akrigg are the co-recipients
ofthe first annual B.C. Heritage Award, a $10,000 endowment which will be invested in a heritage-related, non-profit
organization of their choice.
Philip Akrigg received an honours BA and a master's
degree from UBC before embarking on studies at the University of California at Berkeley and a research fellowship at the
Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, D.C.
He returned to UBC where he served as a professor of
English until his retirement.
Helen Akrigg, who also graduated from UBC with an
honours BA and a master's degree, worked in the Dept. of
Geography and taught at Vancouver City College.
The Akriggs have collaborated on several books which
preserve and present intricate details of B.C.'s history
including British Columbia Place Names, British Columbia
Chronicles and The H.M.S. Virago on the Pacific Coast.
• • • •
Vancouver lawyer Meg Gaily has
joined UBC as a Personal Security Co-ordinator in the Dept. of
Health, Safety and Environment.
Among her responsibilities are coordinating and promoting personal
security programs for the university
with a focus on safety awareness and
training; developing fact-finding and
reporting mechanisms for personal
security issues and concerns; and
collecting information and data about
incidents on campus.
Gaily, whose areas of legal expertise include human rights
law, has worked with students and other university groups
in the area of safety issues during her tenure as a foot patrol
co-ordinator at the University of Western Ontario.
• • • •
Pearl Wierenga is UBC's new Health Education Coordinator.
Based in the Student Resources Centre, Wierenga is
responsible for identifying critical
health issues affecting university
students and designing, implementing
and delivering appropriate programs to
address these issues.
A graduate of the BScN program at
the University of Alberta, her previous
experience includes serving as a public
health nurse for the city of Edmonton
and establishing Alberta Health's
sexual health program in the Jasper
National Park Health Unit.
Wierenga also served as a human
sexuality education consultant with
Correctional Services Canada in Bowden, Alta., developing
and co-facilitating a human sexuality education program for
male sex offenders.
Most recently, she was responsible for planning and
implementing school-based prevention programs for the B.C.
Ministry of Health's, alcohol and drug services branch in
Technical Support
for Social Science Projects
* Course & Instructor Evaluations
* Scannable Forms (multiple-choice)
^Data Collection j
* Statistical Analysis J
* Custom Reports/Graphics  " .
* Questionnaire/Survey/Test Design
Educational Measurement Research Group
University of British Columbia
Room 1311 Scarfe Building
2125 Main Mall
Dr. Michael Marshall
V     7 Executive Director
Tel: 822-4145 Fax:822-9144 12 UBC Reports ■ March 23, 1995
At the Peak
While far below men crawl in clay and clod,
Sublimely I shall stand alone with God.
- Mary Sinton Leitch
The Summit Mount Everest
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
There is something about mountain-climbing that brings out
the philosopher in people.
Maybe it's the solitude. Or feeling
insignificant before the mighty,
impassive rock faces. Or knowing
that death could be around a corner,
The philosopher in David McClung
comes out when he starts talking
about mountain climbing, avalanche
research and life, topics that are
inseparable for him.
In the past 25 years, the professor
of Geography and Civil Engineering
has climbed nearly 200 peaks and
routes in the Pacific Northwest and
taken part in six major expeditions to
the Himalaya, Andes and Alaska.
Quoting a fellow climber, he says.
"Life without risk is not really worth
too much.
The way I see it," he adds, continuing in his own words, "the things
that are worthwhile are those that
are really challenging — physically
and mentally. I don't like taking
the easiest path in life.
"We live in the age of
convenience. Everything has
to be convenient and easy,
he says with real distaste.
prefer things that are a bit
McClung was born
and raised in the Great
Plains of the United
States, but his
affinity for the
mountains dates
from childhood
and family
Vacations in the
TJiat is whaf
drew him to the
Pacific Northwest and, ultimately, to
his field of research — avalanches.
After completing two physics
degrees, McClung shifted to geophysics at the University ofWashington,
where he did his PhD on the study of
avalanches. Sincethen he has
opened new areite'bf researc h in tins
still relatively new., veryspei i.iMsted
field. '' ,
His research has taken Mm from
the mountains of western
Norway to Rogers Pass with the
National Research,Council, Canmare,
Alberta with Environment Canada
and, in 1991, to UBC.
i^fhety per cent of Canada's
avalanches occur tn B.C. Although    >
most are in untracked wilderness,,
theyaresttUart^rconcemfc J
railways, the ski industry and the :;
Ministry of Highways, which each
winter must guard 66 hi^h-risk "'.:
areas.  , >■ ) -,
,*Every winter hi Western Canada ;
we have 300,000 large avalanches,?;
* and 1 mean large ones, greater than
1,000 metric tonnes of snow," he, <: j'
Gavin Wilson photo
expert Prof. David McClung, above,
le tools *iif his trade: a shovel, a collapsible
probe pole and a transceiver. Inset at left, ice
coats McClung's whiskers at the peak of 7,817-
metre Nanda Devi, tine highest peak in the central
Himalaya. Background, the Rogers Pass section
of the Trans-Canada illustrates B.C.'s avalanche
problems. It is crittl-c^sjjssedby several avalanche
paths and kept open through the winter only with
snow sheds built over the roadway and controlled
ommon than
;er than that,
says. "They are "^^^
rock slides or
Much Bigger. Soi
slabs of mpw weig
500.000 tonnes
lOtiOO locomotives^
Inirtl|ng down the
mountain at 200
kilometres an hour.
Although most
pose no threat to
people, til*- turning
popularity ul hi li
skiing and ot Ik i
backrioutttiy re< km
tional pursuits has
Increased the
chances of death
and injury. .	
In 1991 an        ' *-.;
avalanche killed nine Skiers in south
eastern B.C.'s Purcell Bange. and in
January two young men were killed
while hiking near prince George.
Closer to home, fifaM&comb has 270
avalancfje paths around its ski areas,
and Wbiikler 100 mote within the
boundaries It controls.
"We live in th* age of
Everything has to be
convenient and easy. I mj
prefer things that are a "
bit risky."
- David McClung
ng heads the UBC Avalanche
Grouji, which is based in
Geography and Cfvil Engineer-
in#flepartmen^i Their research deals
wiib^five ardds: snow mechanics.
avafan^he*dynamics, land use planning, avalanche
prediction and the
forces put on
^Structures in deep
snow cover.
A numerical , i-'
recasting model %<#;
s developed has*'/ •
undergone r morousV;
testing lor the pastTT
three winters,
proving 80 per cent
 _____ Based on a
complex series of
calculations including past occurrences', snow and weather parameters,
it is the first new advance in B.C. for
Qualitative avalanche forecasting In 40
years. The Ministry of Highways,
principal sponsor of the research, plans
to use the new forecasting model
throughout the province.
It is important to McClung that his
research be put to practical use.
That's one reason he wrote the
Avalanche Handbook, a technical but
accessible guide used in training
schools and universities across North
America. Published in 1993. 6.000
copies were sold the first year and it
is being translated into Italian.
His insistence on utility may partly
stem from his own experiences in the
mountains, as a cross-country skier
and mountaineer.
cClung himself has been swept
up in avalanches, "but only in
small ones. I'm pretty conservative." he says.
Many of his friends and acquaintances have not been so lucky.
Several have died over the years.
In 1982 McClung and some
friends were attempting to climb an
8.000-metre peak in Pakistan's
Karakoram range. As they hunkered
down in their base camp, it snowed
every day lor three weeks.
"I went home, but others stayed
behind. One of my colleagues died in
an avalanche after 1 left."
Fortunately, other expeditions
were more successful.
In 1978 McClung scaled Nanda
Devi, the highest peak in the central
Himalaya at 7,817 metres; {By
comparison, Mt. Baker is a. mere
3,285 metres.)
In 1987 he was partof a: team
climbing 8,200-metre Cho Oyu, the
world's sixth highest mountain. 30
kilometres west of Everest. Two in his
party reached the peak.
"My feeling is that on a big mountain like that, tt's the mountain that
decides who gets to the peak,"
McClung said. "You must stay
healthy, work hardatttl stay positive
despite the cold, high altitude,
personality conllictsjS^db^tednm."
These expe(litiost*a'puisb;lhe limits
of mental and pby£#^ei&|$*ranee. A
Himalayan cliinb-lptleffis §$days
living in a tent, a l6CNfcUoaietre hike
just to gel to a base camp, and much
hard work.
There are rewards^ of bourse.
McClung mentions, the solitude,
scenic beauty, companionship and
'  ' "It's so wondeffu^tp go through an
■i experience like|hatJQn the moun-
stain for 55 dayisVwijb. no telephones,
^no fax, no inteVnat'COmbuslion
-; engines. All you* hsireto worry about
' is moving from A to B't eating,
sleeping and doing your work.
"To get up in the.aiorning and look
out over Tibet. !:. its magnificent."
And reaching a peak?
"It's the greatest feeling you can
McClung leans back In his chair
and offers some more phflosophy.
"It's been said that mountaineering is a game of patience and endurance. I believe that's true. Perhaps,
so is life, ff you're patient, a lot of
things follow,"


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