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UBC Reports Apr 24, 1972

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 REPORTS
VOLUME     EIGHTEEN,     NUMBER     EIGHT
V
APRIL    24,    1972,    VANCOUVER    8,    B.C.
A Very Good Year
For UBC's Athletes
See Pages Two and Three
Making Music In
A laboratory'
See Pages Eight ancl Nine
UBC Names Its 1972
Master Teachers
See Pages Four and Five
Press Stimulates
Scholarly Writing
See Pages Six and Seven UBC's top athletes in 1972 were Ron Thorsen, above, winner
of the Bobby Gaul Memorial Trophy, and track star Penny
May, shown below, chatting with coach Lionel Pugh at an
international university meet held in Italy last year. Miss May-
captured the Sparling Trophy.
o
m
«;.■;,■'; ..  <r* @*'v^ ■s#*)&&i.
FOR UBC'S
ATHLETES, IT
WAS A VERY
GOOD YEAR
For men and women athletes at UBC the 1971-72 season was
a very good year. For the first time in the University's history,
both the men's and women's basketball teams captured the
Western Canadian Inter-Collegiate Athletic championships and
the Canadian Inter-Collegiate Athletic Union championships.
The track team came out on top in the WCIAA
championships, as did the women's field hockey and curling
teams, the swim team, and the men's cross-country team.
In many of the sports, individual stars cropped up faster than
they could be counted. Perhaps the most surprising overnight
star was Liza Richardson, a third-year Arts student, and
member of the Thunderbird ski team. Miss Richardson, who
had never won a major race before, was the last skier down the
course in the downhill competition in the World University
Winter Games at Lake Placid, New York, on Feb. 28. Virtually
unknown in international competition prior to the race, she
came from behind to snatch the victory and a gold medal from
Caroline Rebattu of France, winning by a mere 3/100th second.
Football got off to its usual slow start with plenty of rookies
on the team, but under the enthusiastic and ever-optimistic
coaching of Frank Gnup, the team jelled at mid-season^""^;!
actually went on to win three of its last four games. Rc^we
quarterback Jim Tarves was named to the Western Conference
All-Star team along with Ron Fowler, the veteran linebacker.
The outlook was a little brighter for the UBC hockey team,
which got off to a strong start early in the season, won the
Hockey Canada tournament during the Christmas break by
defeating Sir George Williams and the University of Alberta, but
then suffered some late-season losses to finish out of the
playoffs with a win-loss record of 14-6. Five of the players were
selected in the draft of the fledgling World Hockey Association
— Ian Wilkie, Rich Longpre, Doug Buhr, Laurie Yaworski, and
Bob McAneeley, the latter also clinching the WCIAA scoring
title for the second consecutive year.
The rugby Thunderbirds had an excellent season and have,
become one of the strongest teams in Canada. They y^-e
undefeated in the Northwest Collegiate Conference and m_\\\\w.
the championship even though they suffered a 21/2-month layoff
in mid-season due to inclement weather. Including games in
California and Oregon, the 'Birds ended with a won-lost record
of 14-2. In terms of points for and against their record was.
433-107.
A measure of the standing of the UBC rugby XV is the fact
that they will take on the touring Bridgend club from Wales at
2:30 p.m. on May 13 at Thunderbird Stadium. The 'Birds will
oppose the rugged Welsh team with hard tackling and
immediate counter-attack, an approach that was reasonably,
successful for the Canadian national team that toured Wales last
September. Six UBC players were on the touring squad and four
of them will see action at UBC next month.
The Sparling Trophy for the top female athlete displaying
world-class calibre went this year to Penny May, a Physical
Education student and recent transfer from the University of.
Victoria. Miss May, the national record-holder in the 50-metre
hurdles, is also Canadian long-jump champion, and won a silver
medal in the pentathlon at the Pan-American Games. Under the
watchful eye of UBC track coach Lionel Pugh, she is currently
trying to improve her high jumping before tackling her next
goal, an Olympic medal.
Guard Ron Thorsen of the champion Thunderbirds
basketball team was the top male athlete, winning the Bobby
Gaul Trophy for outstanding qualities of sportsmanship, athletic
excellence, contribution to athletics and scholastic ability.
Thorsen, who set new UBC career and national scoring records^
this season, was also named B.C. Sports Federation University
Athlete of the Year.
Definitely a good year and, if you ask anyone in the athletic
departments, a better one coming up. Now if they'd only put a
roof on Empire Pool, finish the running track at Thunderbird
Stadium, increase the travel budget for Women's Athletics
2/UBC Reports/April 24, 1972 o
U
Centre John Mills (25) fights at left for a rebound during the
national basketball championship game that pitted UBC
against the Axemen from Acadia University in the Maritimes.
UBC won the game S7-S0 at the War Memorial Gymnasium.
The same day March 4 UBC's women's basketball squad
captured the national title in Saskatoon by defeating the
University of New Brunswick 74-69. A pair of defenscmen on
UBC's rough, tough hockey club are shown below fending off
a couple of Edmonton Bear forwards during a game at UBC's
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre.
""*£\
Picture by Bill Cunningham, The Province
Rookie quarterback find for UBC's
Thunderbird football team in 1971 was Jim
Tarves, shown at right unleashing a pass
against the University of Calgary team.
Tarves lead 'Birds to victory in three of
their last four games.
Picture by Jack Ccury
***%rt#***
f!r^ ^feU\.' i%Mf'J'¥ &&&>
UBC Reports/April 24, 1972/3 UBC's Master Teachers for 1972 are pictured at right, Dr. Bryan
Clarke, standing, is director of a program for teachers of deaf
children in the Faculty of Education, and Dr. Moses Steinberg,
seated, is a well-known teacher in the Department of English.
UBC NAMES
ITS 1972
MASTER
TEACHERS
Dr. Moses W. Steinberg, professor of English,
and Dr. Bryan R. Clarke, associate professor of
Education, are the receipeits of the 1972 Master
Teacher Award at the University of B.C.
They are the sixth and seventh recipients of
the award and will share a $5,000 cash prize that
goes with the honor.
The 12-man selection committee responsible
for screening nominees for the award also
awarded certificates of merit to five other UBC
teachers. All will be eligible for the award in
future years.
Certificate of merit winners are:
• Dr. Alan Bree, professor of Chemistry;
• Dr. Nathan J. Divinsky, professor of
Mathematics and assistant dean of the Faculty
of Science;
• Dr. Malcolm F. McGregor, professor and
head of the Department of Classics;
• Dr. Marketa Goetz Stankiewicz, associate
professor of German; and
• Dr. Donald G. Stephens, associate professor
of English.
There were a total of 32 eligible faculty
members nominated for the 1972 competition
by students and faculty members.
Members of the selection committee, which is
chaired by UBC's Academic Planner, Dr. Robert
Clark, visited the classrooms of those nominated
to listen to lectures, and department heads or
4/UBC Reports/April 24, 1972
deans were asked to provide an assessment of
each nominee in relation to the criteria for the
awards.
The Master Teacher Award was established in
1969 by Dr. Walter Koerner, a member of UBC's
Board of Governors, as a tribute to his brother,
Dr. Leon Koerner. The awards are designed to
recognize and encourage good teaching at UBC.
The first winner of the Master Teacher Award
was Prof. Walter Gage, now UBC's president.
Other winners are Prof. Peter Larkin, of the
Department of Zoology; Prof. Sam Black, of the
Faculty of Education; Dr. Floyd St. Clair, of the
Department of French; and Dr. John Hulcoop,
of the Department of English.
Both Dr. Steinberg and Dr. Clarke, the
winners of the 1972 awards, were Certificate of
Merit winners in the 1971 competition.
Dr. Steinberg has been a member of the UBC
faculty since 1946 and is noted for his teaching
and writing on such noted British authors as
George Bernard Shaw, H.G. Wells and Thomas
Hardy. In the past year he has taught a graduate
course on tragedy in literature and given a senior
course in the early modern period of English
literature.
A native of Ottawa, Dr. Steinberg is a
graduate of Queen's University, in Kingston,
Ontario, where he received the degrees of
Bachelor and Master of Arts, and the University
of Toronto, where he received his doctorate. .
In addition to his activities as a teacher,
author and broadcaster Dr. Steinberg has taken
an active part in University affairs as a member
of UBC's Senate and innumerable Faculty and
departmental committees.
Dr. Bryan Clarke is the director of Canada's
only university training program for teachers of
deaf children in the division of special education
in UBC's Faculty of Education.
He teaches and supervises the work of eight
students enrolled for a one-year diploma
program for teachers of deaf children and*
supervises the work of three graduate students
working on Doctor of Education degrees.
Dr. Clarke came to Canada from Australia in
1968 to initiate the training program for
teachers of the deaf. He is a graduate of the
University of Melbourne, where he received a
Bachelor of Arts degree and a diploma in
Education, and the University of Manchester in
England, where he was awarded the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy in the Education of the
Deaf.
Before coming to Canada, Dr. Clarke taught
for 27 years in Australia at various schools and
training centres for teachers of the deaf.
Following are brief biographical notes on
Certificate of Merit winners: __.
Dr. Alan V. Bree, professor of Chemistry, has been a member of the UBC faculty since 1961,
when he came to Canada from Australia. He was
educated at the University of Sydney and
specializes, in his research, in spectroscopic
studies of organic crystals. In the past academic
* year he has been teaching chemistry at the
"first-year level.
Dr. Nathan Divinsky, professor of
Mathematics and assistant dean of the Faculty
of Science, teaches mathematics at the first- and
second-year levels to students in Arts, Science
and Applied Science.
A graduate of the Universities of Manitoba
and Chicago, he joined the UBC faculty in 1959
after a teaching career in the United States and
at the University of Manitoba. He was appointed
assistant dean of Science in 1969.
Dr. Malcolm F. McGregor, professor and head
of the Department of Classics, teaches Greek
history and language to undergraduate students
and supervises a graduate seminar in his field of
specialization, Greek epigraphy, the
interpretation of ancient inscriptions.
A graduate of UBC and the University of
Cincinnati, where he taught for more than 20
years, Prof. McGregor returned to UBC in 1954
as head of the Classics department. He is the
author of numerous books and articles on Greek
t "history and epigraphy and has taken an active
part in UBC government.
Dr. Marketa Goetz Stankiewicz is a graduate
of the University of Toronto, where she received
the degrees of Bachelor and Master of Arts; and
Doctor of Philosophy, and has been a UBC
faculty member since 1957.
In the Department of German, Dr.
Stankiewicz teaches 19th- and 20th-century
German drama and poetry and comparative
literature and is the author of numerous articles
on subjects in these fields.
Dr. Donald G. Stephens, associate professor
of English, is a specialist in the field of Canadian
poetry and literature, and serves as associate
editor of the UBC publication, Canadian
Literature, a quarterly magazine.
A native of Saskatchewan, Dr. Stephens was
educated at the Universities of New Brunswick
and Edinburgh and joined the UBC faculty in
1958. In addition to teaching and writing, Dr.
Stephens serves as chairman of the committee
on graduate studies in the English department.
To be eligible for the Master Teacher Award,
candidates must have held a full-time teaching
post at UBC for at least three years and
currently be teaching on the campus.
Those nominating UBC faculty members are
asked to submit an evaluation of the candidates,
bearing in mind the following criteria:
Having a comprehensive knowledge of the
subject,
• Being habitually well-prepared for class,
• Having enthusiasm for the subject,
• Having the capacity to arouse interest in it
among students,
• Establishing good rapport with students
both in and out of class,
• Setting a high standard and successfully
motivating students to attain such a standard,
• Communicating effectively at levels
appropriate to the preparedness of students,
• Utilizing methods of evaluation of student
performance which search for understanding of
the subject rather than just ability to memorize,
and
• Being accessible to students outside class
hours.
Members of the selection committee for the
1972 awards were: Prof. Clark, chairman; UBC's
Chancellor, Mr. Allan McGavin; Prof. Roy
Daniells, University Professor of English
Language and Literature; Prof. P.A. Larkin,
Department of Zoology; Prof. W.A. Webber,
acting dean of Medicine; Dr. Ruth L. White,
Department of French; Dr. Ross Stewart,
Department of Chemistry; and UBC graduate
Mrs. Beverley Field who, with Dr. Stewart,
represented the Alumni Association, and four
students nominated by the Students' Council:
Mrs. Karin Vickars, Mr. W. Gordon Blankstein,
Mr. Gordon S. McNab and Mr. Richard
Ouzounian.
UBC Reports/April 24, 1972/5 Checking galley proofs for a forthcoming publication of recently-established
University of B.C. Press are three of its key figures: Mr. Tony Blicq, left, the
Press's director, and Miss Judy Stewart and Mr. Ken Pearson, the Press's two
editors. The Press plans to publish an impressive list of ten books in the
coming year.
UBC MAKES
A COMMITMENT
TO SCHOLARLY
PUBLISHING
By  Keith  Bradbury
Following a tradition that goes back almost to the
invention of movable type, the University of B.C. has
launched itself into scholarly publishing with the
establishment of the University of British Columbia
Press.
It was at Oxford University in the year 1478 that the
first university press began with the publication of a
commentary on the Apostles' Creed attributed to St.
Jerome. That was just 24 years after the completion of
Johann Gutenberg's Mazarin Bible and only a year after
the first book printed in England had come off William
Caxton's press at Westminster.
UBC had to wait until 1971 for the establishment of
its own Press, but when it did enter the field it did so
with a full commitment to the principles of university
publishing — and with a director who came to UBC
direct from Oxford.
With its first year of publication now over, the
University of B.C. Press can point to three titles
published, an encouraging sales record and, perhaps most
important, considerable critical acclaim. The Press is
planning to more than triple its output in its second
year, with a total of ten titles scheduled for publication
in the coming months.
A measure of the rapid development of the Press
since it was established is its recent acceptance as a
member of the American Association of University
Presses. Membership in the AAUP is much sought-after
because it confers professional recognition on the
products of a press and enables members to display their
books at conferences and meetings where the
Association has a display. Extensive publishing and
marketing information also becomes available when a
university press is accepted for membership.
The Press grew out of the UBC Publications Centre,
which was established in 1961 when Prof. W.L. Holland
came to UBC to join the Department of Asian Studies.
He brought with him the journal Pacific Affairs, then in
its 33rd year of publication, and a backlist of about 60
books on Asia and the Pacific.
JOURNALS APPEAR
The Publications Centre marketed these books and
published new ones in its ten years of existence. During
this time the quarterly journal Canadian Literature,
edited by George Woodcock, and the Canadian
Yearbook of International Law, edited by Prof. C.B.
Bourne, began publication, in association with the
Publications Centre. More recently the quarterly journal
B.C.  Studies,  a  forum  for  issues pertaining to British
Columbia, edited by Dr. Margaret Prang and Prof. Walter
Young, has been distributed by the Centre.
The conversion from Publications Centre to
University Press was made after the arrival at UBC of Mr.
Anthony Blicq, the Press's director. He was hired for the
express purpose of reorganizing and expanding the
Centre and turning it into a full-fledged university press.
Mr. Blicq is committed to the idea that the raison
d'etre of a university press is to advance knowledge. He
puts it this way: "One role of a university is to
disseminate knowledge and therefore a university press
helps fulfill this function. At the same time, there is a
considerable amount of scholarly writing that is not
commercially viable for publication by commercial
publishing firms, and if a university press did not exist
this work might not be published at all."
MAJOR TITLE
The first major title of the University of British
Columbia Press was The Royal Navy and the Northwest
Coast of North America, 1810 to 1914, by Dr. Barry
Gough, a UBC graduate who now teaches at Western
Washington State College in Bellingham. This work,
which analyzes the implementation and execution of
British foreign policy by the Royal Navy in the 19th
century, became a local best-seller (it was on the list of
the top ten books sold in the Vancouver area for five
weeks) and won many complimentary reviews.
The Times Literary Supplement reviewer, for
example, wrote: "His (Gough's) research into the
primary source has been thorough, his presentation is
scholarly and his case fully sustained .... A book of
this kind, illustrating a specific example of the
significance of British naval supremacy in the century
after Trafalgar, was well worth writing."
Published at the same time were two other books — A
Reference Guide to English, American and Canadian
Literature and Malcolm Lowry: The Man and His Work.
The Reference Guide, designed to inform the
undergraduate student of research methods and
materials useful to him, was reviewed in the Queen's
Quarterly by R.C. Ellsworth, who wrote: ". . . use of
this handsomely designed and produced volume shows it
to be a well-rounded vade-mecum that will facilitate the
search for background information and critical comment
that may be outside the special interest of anyone
concerned with the whys, whats and hows of
investigating the literature of Canada, England and the
United States."
The Lowry book, a multi-faceted collection of essays
on the novelist who lived and worked in a squatter's
shack at Dollarton on Burrard Inlet, was also well
received. All three of the first year's books are being
considered for a second printing.
The journals and the Yearbook continue to hs
published independently, but in association with the
Press, and to have their own editors. The editors act as
consultants to the Press in their own field of interest.
In its second year the University of British Columbia
Press plans to publish an impressive list of ten books
which include:
Peasant Society in Konku; A Study of Right ancHfeft
Subcastes in South India, by Brenda E.F^H^ck;
Imperialism and Free Trade: Lancashire and India in the
Mid-Nineteenth Century, by Peter HarnettyM Checklist
of Printed Materials Relating to French-Canadian
Literature - Second Edition, by Gerard Tougas;
Transport Competition and Public Policy in Canada *.by
Harry L. Purdy; Frank Fairchild Wesbrook, by William
C. Gibson; Dramatists in Canada, by William H. New;
Indonesia After Sukarno, by Justus M. Van der Kroef;
Dilemmas of Statehood in Southeast Asia, by Michael
Leifer, and Japan's Foreign Policy Today, by Frank C.
Langdon.
Initially, the policy of the UBC Press is to
concentrate on four specific areas of interest — the same
areas the four journals concentrate on — Asia and the
Pacific, Canadian literature, Western Canada and
international law. The reason for this is that these areas
form a natural extension of the publishing activity of the
last few years. However, Mr. Blicq points out that whpie
preference may be given to books in these four areas,
works of special significance from any field will be
considered by the UBC Press.
The Press also prefers to publish Canadian authors —
ancl specifically Western Canadians or UBC professors.
Two of the first year's three books were written by UBC
people; eight of the ten to be published this year were
written at UBC.
Ideally, at some time in the future,  Mr. Blicq would
like to see the UBC Press turning out 25 books a year,
hlowever,'because of limited funds and a small staff, he
foresees the publication of no more than eight to V?o *
books a year for several years yet.
The Press has its offices on the top floor of the Old
Auditorium building. There Mr. Blicq and his staff of
eight edit and promote their books. A floor below is the
mailing room from which orders for University of B.C.
Press books are filled. _„,.
6/UBC Reports/April 24, 1972 How a book goes from idea in the author's head to
publication by the University of B.C. Press is an
interesting process.
In many cases it will begin with the author
approaching the Press with an outline of a book he is
t thinking of writing in order to see if the Press would be
interested in publishing the finished work. An early
approach is preferred by the Press staff because it
enables the Press to be involved with the author as he
writes — and this can help to ensure that the finished
product will be something the Press wants to print.
Some authors, however, approach the Press only after
the^iave finished their manuscripts.
^^;isions on which books are to be published are
made by the staff of the Press and a President's Advisory
Committee chaired by UBC's Librarian, Mr. Basil
Stuart-Stubbs. However, these decisions are made only
after certain preliminary work is completed. One step is
* te have the manuscript read by expert "readers"
involved in the particular discipline of the book. In most
cases there are two readers — one an on-campus
specialist, the other an off-campus specialist; in some
cases three readings may be asked for.
Another preliminary step is to look into marketing
'aspects of publishing such a book. Other books in the
field will be examined, costs will be analyzed and
eventually a financial picture will emerge which indicates
whether the book is likely to produce a profit or a loss -
and how much.
MANUSCRIPT EDITORS
' - At the same time editing of the manuscript must
begin. This is handled by two editors, 'VI r. Ken Pearson,
formerly of McGraw Hill, and Miss Judy Stewart, also
formerly of McGraw Hill in Canada. One of the aims of
the editors in their work on the book is to make sure
that   it  is a continuum  of  ideas  — that the thoughts
» throughout are consistent.
In some cases the editors may suggest ways in which
passages can be rewritten to make them clearer,
"although we always keep in mind that it's the author s
work," Mr. Pearson says. The editors must also make
sure that many details are looked after, such as proper
»p*unctuation, proper citation in footnotes, and
proof-reading.
The printing, though controlled by the University of
B.C. Press, is handled by commercial printing houses.
Usually books are put out to tender, with the printer
offering the best job at the best price being the winner
_&f   the   contract.    But   in   some   cases,   where   special
typefaces or other features are required, a particular
house may be awarded the job because it offers what is
needed.
Mr. Blicq says the aim is to give the work to B.C.
printers when possible. Two of the first three books
published by the Press were printed in B.C. The Press
will definitely not do its own printing.
Once off the press, a book is promoted and
distributed by the UBC Press. It is listed and described in
the Press's annual widely-distributed booklist of new
books, copies of the book are distributed for review, and
a direct mail program is undertaken for each book to a
carefully selected list of potential customers. The Press
also has two sales representatives in Canada — one who
covers Ontario and Montreal and another who covers
British Columbia. The Press is expanding with similar
agents in the U.S.
The latest sign of growth is the recent establishment
of a new sales division, and a sales manager will be
joining the Press in May to strengthen even further the
Press's sales record. Sales abroad are sometimes handled
by co-publishing arrangements (Peter Harnetty's book.
Imperialism and Free Trade, is being distributed in the
U.K. market by the University of Manchester Press, for
example), or sales agencies.
Even now, the United States is a large customer of
the UBC Press. Mr. John Stuart, the Press' promotion
manager, has approximately 125 standing orders from
libraries and universities from Canada and the United
States.
Pricing is often a problem at a university press.
"University presses do not anticipate a profit," Mr.
Blicq says. "If we do get a best seller, we'll plough the
money back into our publishing program. We aim to
publish as cheaply as possible because the main idea is to
get the books to people who should have them,
especially students. Some paperbacks we've priced
almost uneconomically low and yet they still cos-: more
than we would like."
The University Press therefore relies on several
financial sources. The most important source of funds is
the revenue from sales of books. All money from sales is
put back into publishing. Other sources include an
annual income from a trust account established with
money from the estate of Frank J. Burd, an annual
subsidy from the University and assistance from the
Canada Council and private donations. Mr. Blicq spends
much of his time looking for donations and encourages
people wanting to assist the Press to do it in this way.
LOOK FOR E5ALANCE
Mr. Blicq believes that subsidies, particularly from the
University, can be kept to a minimum and that a
substantial amount of the Press's income should come
from sales. Because of this, the decision to publish is
further complicated by a need for a balance between
profit and non-profit books.
"We look for a balance," explains Mr. Blicq. "The
only way to expand is to find some books that will
return a profit to us without sacrificing academic
quality." Sales matter to the University Press — a-: least
to the extent that they should be in relation to what the
press estimates they would be. For the UBC Press, sales
will be helped by the fact that it is entering international
fields and will be able to count on an international
audience for many of its works.
Occasionally academic books will "take off." One
such university press book that took off was The Lonely
Crowd, by sociologist David Riesman, which had a first
printing of 1,500, but which now has more than a
million copies in print in paperback. And Marshall
McLuhan's Gutenberg Galaxy was first published by the
University of Toronto Press.
The UBC Press finds itself with more manuscripts
than it can publish. Some 30 manuscripts were returned
to their authors in the last few months, either because
they were not publishable or because they were outside
the Press's area of specialization. Yet the Press
encourages authors to bring their works forward.
Mr. Blica feels there are several reasons for an author
to publish through the UBC Press. One is that if the
author is on campus there can be a close relationship
between author and Press during the progress of the
book. At the same time, a small house like the UBC
Press can concentrate its efforts on the author's book.
It is expected that the existence of the Press on
campus will have a stimulating effect on the University
community.
How   this   happened   at   Toronto   was   recalled   by
Eleanor Harman, associate director of the University of
Please turn to Page Eight
See UBC PRESS
LITTLE AND
LEARNED
One of the measures of the intellectual life of a
university is the publications turned out by its faculty
members. The University of B.C. is just moving into
the university press field, but it has several
well-established learned journals already in existence.
For most of them circulations and budgets are low
and they continue to be publishec largely through the
personal dedication of their editors and writers. But
standards are high, which is most  mportant.
Canadian Literature, with a subscription list of
19,000, is probably the most widely read of the UBC
publications. It is also the only magazine devoted
entirely   to  the study  and  criticism  of writers and
SUBSCRIPTIONS
ANYONE?
If you're interested in subscribing to any of
UBC's journals, here are the details:
The Journal of Education — One issue per
year. Mailing address: Dr. John Calam, Faculty
of Education, University of B.C., Vancouver 8,
B.C.
B.C. Studies — Appears quarterly.
Subscriptions — S5.00 a year or $9.00 for two
years. Mailing address: University of B.C. Press,
UBC, Vancouver 8, B.C.
Prism International — Published 3 times a
year. Subscriptions — $5.00 a year or $1.75 a
copy. Mailing address: Creative Writing
Department, UBC, Vancouver 8, B.C.
Pacific Affairs — Appears quarterly.
Subscriptions — $7.00 a year. Mailing address:
University of B.C. Press, UBC, Vancouver 8,
B.C.
Canadian Yearbook of International Law —
$14.00 for Volume 9; back issues slightly less.
Mailing address: University of B.C. Press, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Canadian Literature — Appears quarterly.
Subscriptions — $5.50 a year. Mailing address:
English Department, University of B.C.,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
writing in Canada and serves as a continuing
symposium on the nation's lite'ature, the literary
world and its problems, and literature in relation to
society. Most well-known Canad an writers such as
Mordecai Richler, W.K. Page, Hugh MacLennan, and
Margaret Laurence are contributors. The opinions of
international figures in the literary field also appear in
the journal.
Most countries of the world ars represented on its
subscription list and it is frequently used as source
material in high schools and universities.
Canadian Literature is exclusively a journal of
criticism and review of Canadian authors and current
Canadian works.
Founded by Prof. George Woodcock in 1959, the
magazine has recorded the changes in the Canadian
literary scene over the intervening years.
"Our purpose has been to oresent a running
commentary on the development of writing and
writers in Canada and there have been some
significant changes since we began publishing," he
says.
"We seem to have moved out of the pioneer period
and   our  writers  are   no   longer   obsessed  with   the
Please turn to Page Eight
See JOURNALS
UBC Reports/April 24, 1972/7 JOURNALS
Continued from Page Seven
Canadian landscape. The writing is more
psychological and less nationalistic, and writers such
as Mordecai Richler, Northrop Frye and Morley
Callaghan have become accepted internationally."
Each spring Canadian Literature also publishes a
complete bibliography of writing recently published
in Canada. This check-list of Canadian literature is
also available in French.
Pacific Affairs is a quarterly publication covering
the political, economic, social and diplomatic
problems of eastern and southern Asia and the South
Pacific. Each issue contains several research articles
and a comprehensive book review section.
The journal has a paid subscription list of 3,000
and is read throughout the world. Subscribers include
the Indonesian embassy in India and the office of
Australia's prime minister. It is read by politicians,
administrators and academics who are influential in
the affairs of their nations.
The magazine was originally published as the
official journal of the Institute of Pacific Relations in
New York. In 1960 the Institute ceased operations
and Mr. William L. Holland, then secretary-general of
the Institute and editor of Pacific Affairs, brought the
magazine with him to UBC when he became professor
and head of the Department of Asian Studies here.
Pacific Affairs, which first appeared in 1927, has
UBC PRESS
Continued from Page Seven
Toronto Press. "Our professors were not writing when
we started out on an active book publishing program
some 20 years ago,' she recalled. "A few had
manuscripts stored away; these they pulled out and
brought in to us, and we published the ones that we
could. Then they sat down and started writing new
manuscripts in earnest. Now, a whole generation of
scholars has grown up knowing they can be published —
Canadian professors are now sought out for books."
The University of Toronto Press is the largest
university press in Canada and the third-largest
university press in North America. In Mr. Blicq's
opinion, it is a superb example of what can be
accomplished by a university press. "At present,
however, we cannot hope to achieve its size, but we will
aim at the same degree of excellence," he said. "Until
now, university publishing in Canada has been centred in
the East, but it will benefit the considerable research and
writing being done in the West to have an outlet here."
It has been the experience of other university presses
that a press becomes an important outlet for the
spreading of knowledge about particular areas of the
country. In this sense, as a handbook on American
university press publishing says, "All the publishing a
university press does of the works of its own faculty
members is regional. For this publishing develops and
makes known abroad the work of some of the region's
own leading men of thought."
SEARCH EDITORS
Perhaps surprisingly, however, other university
presses do not confine themselves to publishing
manuscripts by members of their own faculties. Many
presses issuing some 20 or more titles a year find that
only a quarter or a third of their authors are members of
the home university faculty. This is partly because a
university press also serves faculty members at other
colleges and universities that do not have a press. It is
also because larger university presses have search editors
who spend their time searching for manuscripts and
consulting with scholars.
While the success of a university press depends on a
number of factors ranging from finances to sound
decision-making, perhaps the single most important
element is the director. In this regard, Mr. William
Sloane of the Rutgers University Press has set down
some basic guidelines: "Don't put anybody in charge of
a university press as a substitute for administrative or
academic promotion n his own field or because you
don't know what else to do with him. Try to find a man
with a powerful commitment to book publishing."
Mr. Blicq came to UBC more than two years ago with
just such a commitment. He turned down offers from
two commercial publishing houses in the East in order to
take the UBC job because he believes implicitly in the
importance of a university press. Mr. Blicq's aim is a
quality press, and if its production so far is any
indication it looks as if that is what the University of
B.C. will have.
8/UBC Repfrts/April 24, 1972
the longest publishing history of the journals now
published at UBC.
Prism International was first published in 1959 by
the Department of Creative Writing at UBC and today
ranks with the Tamarack Review and the Malahat
Review as one of the leading journals of creative
writing in Canada. The only criterion for its
contributors is excellence and writers such as Gunter
Grass, Margaret Laurence and Earle Birney have shared
the pages with unknown writers whose short stories,
essays or poetry are judged by the editors to be of
professional quality.
"We publish many writers who aren't well known
but who we think could become so," says
editor-in-chief Jacob Zilber.
"About 90 per cent of the important writers of
this century — Hemingway, Faulkner, Joyce to name
a few — were first published in 'little' magazines like
Prism.
"The 'little magazine' is life's blood for young
poets and prose writers and for more established
writers who may wish to experiment with new forms
of expression."
Many of the world's national libraries subscribe to
Prism, including those in the Soviet Union and
Bulgaria. Selections from Prism are frequently
selected for anthologies.
B.C. Studies publishes articles specifically about
human history in B.C. It is co-edited by Dr. Margaret
Prang of UBC's history department and Prof. Walter
Young, head of the political science department.
"We believe that a great deal of research is done on
a variety of aspects of life in B.C. but, because it is
provincial in scope, it is largely unavailable to
scholars, teachers and those members of the general
public who would be interested in it.
"This is true of work in many areas such as
anthropology, archaeology, history, economics,
resource management and others which do not fit
neatly into the concerns of any single university
discipline. By publishing the work of people doing
research in these and other areas, B.C. Studies will
help to advance the understanding of B.C. past and
present," the editors believe.
As well as publishing articles, B.C. Studies also
contains reviews of books and publications related to
B.C. and a bibliography of recently published
material, both governmental and private, about the
province. As well, the magazine publishes special
issues such as Number 13 on the economy of B.C. or
the issue dealing exclusively with archaeology in the
province.
The magazine recently received a Canada Council
grant, a measure of its growing reputation. Most
university libraries in Canada and a number of
libraries in the United States now subscribe to B.C.
Studies.
The Journal of Education was first published in
1957 at the suggestion of Dean of Education Neville
Scarfe, who felt that the new Faculty needed a lively
medium for the interchange of ideas on educational
philosophy.
The present editor, Dr. L.F. Ashley, says that the
Journal now enjoys an international reputation and,
with a circulation of approximately 2,000, is widely
distributed abroad.
The Journal publishes one or two editions a year
as well as special numbers on such subjects as music
education or special education. The edition on special
education was typical of the magazine's international
outlook and included articles by writers from the
Soviet Union, Hungary and Bulgaria. Another special
issue on biculturalism and education attracted
widespread interest in the educational community.
The most recent edition was an adult-education
inventory which assessed the progress of adult
education in B.C. from the First World War and also
contained a working bibliography on adult education
for educators in that field.
The Canadian Yearbook of International Law
contains articles written mainly by Canadians on
various aspects of international law as it affects
Canada
Written in either French or English, the articles
deal with such topics as space law, international water
rights or Canada's role on international commissions.
One edition, for example, contained an article on the
Canadian viewpoint of the United States antitrust
laws.
Each edition contains approximately 450 pages
with 10 or more contributing authors. The Yearbook
was founded in 1963 by Prof. Charles Bourne of
UBC's Faculty of Law, who also serves as the
Yearbook's editor.
Prof. Cortland Hultberg, of UBC's music
department, sits amid the loudspeakers, patch
cords and control panels of UBC's electronic
music studio, where faculty members and
students create unique musical compositions
with oddly-named "instruments" called the,
Moog and Buchla. Picture by UBC Photo
Department.
Makin
Music
Without
Musician^
Remember the story of the blind men who were
asked to feel and describe various parts of an elephant?
One felt the leg and thought it was a tree, another felt
the trunk and thought it was a snake and a third felt the
tail and thought it was a rope.
The casual visitor to the electronic music studio at,
the University of B.C. might well be reminded of the
story.
At first sight the array of equipment ranged in a
semi-circle around three walls of the narrow room might
be mistaken for the private study of a record collector
with a passion for high fidelity.
PUZZLING SIGHT
The sight of a panel filled with patch cords plugged
into various holes and another filled with blinking red
lights, might lead you to believe you were in some sort of
compact communications centre.
Or you might deduce that you had blundered into the
control room of a campus radio station.
The studio, packed with $16,000 worth of equipment
and located on the third floor of the Music Building in
the Norman MacKenzie Centre for Fine Arts, is none of
these things.
It's a studio where music is produced and composed
electronically without the aid of musicians playing
conventional musical instruments.
Prof. Cortland Hultberg, who is in charge of the
studio, says it was conceived in 1965 by Prof. G. Welton
Marquis, founder and former head of the Department of
Music. Prof. Marquis gave up the headship of the'
department this year but remains on the faculty as a full
professor.
"Prof. Marquis believed students would have to know
about electronic music in order to be musicians in the
20th and 21st centuries," says Prof. Hultberg.
If you think that synthetic music is something new,-
Prof. Hultberg can quickly disillusion you.
The hand-powered barrel organ made its appearance
at the beginning of the 17th century, the player piano
cane along in 1850 and in 1906 a U.S. inventor, who
rejoiced in the name Thaddeus Cahill, demonstrated
something called the Dynamophone, which involved thS j
use of dynamos, weighed 200 tons, and was designed to
produce microtonal intervals.
Other landmarks which led to the development of the
present-day tools of the electronic composer include the
synthesizer, a mechanical device that reproduces
perfectly     the    sounds    of    conventional    musical J
epf] instruments and, of course, the technology of the tape
recorder.
And lest you think that your contact with electronic
music lies in some distant future, Prof. Hultberg will
disillusion you again.
Concerts of electronic music are now fairly frequent
' occurrences in the major entertainment centres and
many of the advertisements you see and hear on radio
and television have background electronic music. Even
the staid Canadian Broadcasting Corporation begins and
ends "The National," its daily, late-nignt newscast with
theme "music" composed on the computer at the
National Research Council in Ottawa.
«ch leads us to the tools of the trade of the UBC
ser of electronic music — the Moog and the
Buchla.
Robert Moog (rhymes with rogue) has called his
sound-producing device a synthesizer, which is rather a
misnomer, according to Prof. Hultberg, because it isn't
primarily designed to reproduce the sounds of
conventional instruments.
A better way of describing the device would be to call
it an "electronic music box," which is the term used by
Donald Buchla (rhymes with bucksaw) for his machine.
Both Moog and Buchla, incidentally, are Americans
who head companies that manufacture and market
electronic music devices. Moog has a factory in New
York state and Buchla manufactures his equipment in
Oakland.
Stated very simply, the Moog and Buchla generate
low, varying voltages which can be either converted
directly into sound waves or retained in the machine to
Be converted, modulated or combined with other sounds
to produce unique effects. Eventually, everything gets
recorded on magnetic tape in a sequence which results in
a "composition."
PRECISION SOUND
And because effects are produced electronically,
sound emerges with greater precision and accuracy of
pitch and rhythm than any that can be produced by
human musicians using conventional instruments.
There are also a couple of wrinkles included as part of
these machines to aid the composer.
One of the devices is an "envelope control," which
allows the composer to shape the electronic waves
before they emerge as sound waves. The term
"envelope" simply describes how a single sound starts
and stops and what happens to it in between.
The control isolates the beginning, middle or end of a
sound so that each part can be heard in isolation from
the others.
A control device unique to the Buchla, called the
"sequencer," simplifies the composition of electronic
music. The device can release any sequence of up to 16
notes in single or different rhythms, which can be
repeated infinitely. When the composer has modified a
sequence to his satisfaction, it can be recorded and the
addition of other sequences of notes could constitute an
electronic music composition.
The sound generators can actually be played by the
composer by plugging into them a small keyboard made
up of metal strips. Sound is produced by touching the
metal strips. The keyboard is so sensitive that moisture
from a wet finger will cause sound to be generated until
the moisture evaporates.
Prof. Hultberg and the students who use the studio
don't use the Moog or Buchla as synthesizers which
duplicate the sounds of a conventional instrument.
"There's not much point in trying to duplicate an oboe
or a violin since we already have these sounds
immediately available to us, either through recordings or
by having the instruments played by live musicians," he
says.
Occasionally, however, an electronic music composer
does want to use a concrete, or man-made sound. "We
use a microphone to record sounds like bells, or keys on
a string being hit with spoons or even human voices. I've
even struck metal ash trays to obtain a desired effect."
These man-made sounds seldom get recorded directly
on tape, however. Usually they are purposely distorted
by the machines and incorporated into a composition in
such a way that they are indistinguishable from
electronically-produced sounds.
All of this may give the impression that the end
product of an electronic composition is musical chaos.
After all, your run-of-the-mill music buff is used to good
old Mozart or Bach, who started with a recognizable
melody, varied and elaborated it in fairly predictable
ways and projected a sense of architectural structure.
Producing electronic compositions doesn't mean that
the composer isn't concerned with organizing principles,
Prof. Hultberg says by way of rebuttal. "Electronic
composers utilize 'themes' to the extent that they are
involved with a sequence of sound events rather than a
melodic theme.
"Both the traditional and the modern composer are
one in that they are concerned with a kind of forward
movement for their composition," he says.
Prof. Hultberg believes that electronic music has a
great future because it provides for a degree of virtuosity
previously unattainable. "There are no performance
errors in electronic music," he points out, "and the
machines are capable of producing sounds never before
created by man or nature."
The computer holds out many possibilities for the
future of electronic music as well, "Prof. Hultberg
believes. "Certainly, electronic music will become more
complex through the use of computers," he says, "but at
the moment there isn't enough direct control over the
initial concept of a piece and the realization of the
concept via the computer."
COMPUTER  MUSIC
And—are you ready?—Prof. Hultberg even envisions an
ultimate, direct cerebral control of electronic music via a
sensing computer.
Prof. Hultberg is not afraid that electronic music will
be branded a gimmick and gradjally disappear into
limbo as a curiosity. To begin with, there are too many
significant compositions now in existence to write it off
as gimmickry, he says.
He also points out that in every age composers have
made significant break-throughs in musical thought that
were not understood at the time.
"The difference today is that with so many musical
styles in existence it's difficult to think of a new musical
form as an extension of something that has developed
from previous musical thought. As a result, it's not
always easy to see where an electronic composition came
from," he says.
Paradoxically, Prof. Hultberg continues, it is more
difficult today for a composer to become internationally
renowned precisely because he has so many ways in
which to communicate.
"In the past," he says, "a composer was familiar with
a small area of music and, as a result, his choices were
limited. Today's composer has so many directions in
which he can turn that it becomes difficult for him to
make a decision about which musical idiom to choose."
Despite the fact that there art; no formal courses
offered in electronic composition by the music
department, 30 students or about ten per cent of those
enrolled in the department make active use of the
studio. "We're a little too close tc electronic music in
point of time for it to be taught on a formal basis," Prof.
Hultberg says. "Students are shown how to use the
studio on a one-to-one basis and the rest is exploration
for them."
One such explorer is Phillip Lui, a third-year
composition major who plays the piano, violin and oboe
in addition to experimenting in the electronic music
studio.
"We're living in a technological age," he says, "and as
a composer I felt I had to know something about this
idiom. It's an important part of my education to try to
compose for this day and age."
Mr. Lui believes electronic music is neither science
nor art but pure composition, in ihe same way that a
painter will relate a group of objects on a canvas or a
writer relate words in a composition. "You take basic
sounds and relate them in a meaningful way in the
composition of electronic music," he says.
ELECTRONIC COMPOSER
"In the studio you don't use a manuscript to write
down and record the sounds, you use a tape recorder.
And you don't use a piano to hear the sounds, you use
the machine to produce the sounds. '
Even though he hopes to compose electronically and
enjoy the seemingly limitless possibilities that the
sound-producing machines offer, Mr. Lui is strongly
opposed to the idea of the machines eliminating the
human element in musical performance and
composition.
"I would be isolating myself if I were to deal solely in
electronic music," he says. "A composer should provide
music that people can play and to which they can relate.
Eliminating the performing musician makes it easier
because it does away with rehearsal and human error,
but I don't believe electronic music can supplant the
musician.
"It will only add a new dimension to sound rather
than eliminate the performer. I'd like, eventually, to
combine instrumental sounds with electronic sounds.
Music is music because of what man does to it or for it.
It's a human thing."
UBC Reports/April 24, 1972/9 UBC NEWS
IN BRIEF
COMMITTEE EXPANDED
A six-man fact-finding committee established by the
Faculty of Applied Science on March 21 to investigate
charges of intimidation of professors who teach
engineering students has been expanded to draw up
recommendations based on the fact-finding report.
The decision to expand the committee was made
Tuesday (April 18) at a meeting of the Faculty of
Applied Science which discussed the report of the
fact-finding committee, chaired by Dr. James Kennedy,
director of UBC's Computing Centre.
Dr. Kennedy's committee was established to examine
charges originally made by the Department of
Mathematics about physical and mental intimidation of
professors, teaching conditions generally in the Faculty
of Applied Science and the role of the Engineering
Undergraduate Society in the controversy which
engulfed the engineering school following the
publication of two EUS newsletters which contained a
number of "racist" jokes.
The expanded committee will include two students,
to be named by the EUS in consultation with Dean W.D.
Liam Finn, head of the Applied Science faculty, and
representation from the Department of Mathematics to
be arranged through consultation between Dean Finn
and Mathematics head Prof. Ralph James.
The expanded committee will also have a new
chairman — Prof. Edward Teghtsoonian, head of the
Department of Metallurgy in the Faculty of Applied
Science. Dr. Kennedy will continue to serve on it.
Dean Finn said he would draw up precise terms of
reference for the expanded committee. In general, he
said, the committee would be asked to make
recommendations about how to deal with disciplinary
matters within the Faculty of Applied Science and how
events such as those of the past two months might be
avoided in future.
Dean Finn said the expanded committee would make
use of the fact-finding committee's report in its
deliberations, although the expanded committee is
empowered to gather additional information if it is
needed.
He said the report of the fact-finding committee
would remain a confidential document for the present.
Dean Finn said he hoped the report of the expanded
committee would be available for discussion by the
Faculty late in May.
The sequence of events which led to the
establishment of the investigating committees began
Feb. 16 when the first of two issues of an EUS newsletter containing "racist" jokes appeared.
The EUS executive apologized publicly for the first
newsletter, but on March 9, while most of the EUS
executive was attending a conference in eastern Canada,
a second newsletter appeared containing more "racist"
jokes.
Following the appearance of the second newsletter,
ten of 24 mathematics professors who teach engineers
suspended classes for one or two days and agreed to
resume teaching duties only after the classes had been
moved to non-engineering buildings.
Dean Finn also withdrew financial support from the
EUS, requested the removal of the EUS office from the
Civil Engineering Building and asked for a meeting of the
Faculty Council, UBC's major disciplinary body, to
consider the incidents.
An apology for the contents of the newsletters was
approved at a mass meeting of engineers on March 15.
UBC's Faculty Council has met at least twice to
discuss the incidents, but has not issued a statement.
HUMANITIES COURSES
The University of B.C.'s engineering school plans to
include "applied humanities" courses in its
undergraduate program.
The courses will be designed to give engineering
students a social awareness to apply in the widest
practice of their work as professional engineers.
The additions were approved in principle at two
meetings of UBC's Faculty of Applied Science this
month following two years of review of the present
curriculum.
A committee will be formed to decide on the content
UBC'S EXPERIMENTAL Urban Vehicle, which will be
entered in an international competition in August, has
now been officially named the "Wally Wagon" in honor
of UBC's President, Dr. Walter H. Gage, shown above in
the driver's seat of the partially-finished car. Kneeling
are two of the engineering students involved in building
the car: Dean McKay, right, leader of the student design
team, and Ken Bish, who designed and executed the
car's body. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology-
sponsored competition will take place Aug. 9, 10 and 11
at Milford, Michigan, near Detroit. Picture by Michael-
Tindall.
of the applied humanities courses.
Applied humanities — a relatively new term — is
sometimes taken to include the social sciences,
economics, literature and other subjects.
The Faculty has approved in principle a proposal to
give a three-hour applied humanities course to both first-
and second-year engineering students beginning in the
1973-74 session.
A three-hour course will also be added, in principle,
to both the third- and fourth-year programs in the
1974-75 session.
The additions will be made without increasing the
number of hours the students spend in classrooms and
laboratories.
Students would also be able to take conventional
humanities courses offered at UBC rather than the
applied humanities courses selected by the committee,
provided they get the approval of the dean or
department heads.
LAW FUND LAUNCHED
The University of B.C.'s law school, the only one in
the province, has launched a fund drive for a new
building.
The $500,000 that the public and the legal profession
will be asked to donate to the campaign will be added to
the $3 million the University is contributing out of its
capital budget towards the new home for the Faculty of
Law.
The first contribution has been made by
Lieutenant-Governor J.R. Nicholson, a lawyer himself,
for $25,000.
At the campaign kick-off dinner at UBC on April 12,
Mr. R.W. Bonner, campaign co-chairman and former
attorney-general of B.C., said graduates of UBC's law
school provide the backbone of the judiciary and
practising legal profession in the province.
The work of law professors and their students, Mr.
Bonner said, is a continuing interest to industry,
commerce, finance, government and the public.
Campaign co-chairman Mr. A.B.B. Carruthers, of the
legal firm of Douglas Symes & Brissenden, said "the
actual volunteer contribution made by the lawyer to the
well-being of his fellow man is second to that of no
other group in the community."
UBC's Faculty of Law began in 1945 and its first
classes were held in former army huts. In 1951 a
permanent building provided classroom and library space
but by 1960 enrolment had risen to the point where the
building had to be used as a library only and the
classrooms once again returned to army huts.
More than a quarter of a century after its founding,
Faculty of Law classrooms are still in Second World War
army  huts whose romance and paint disappeared long
ago. As a result, enrolment has been limited. Out of 867
applicants last year, 204 were admitted to first-year law.
The new building is designed to serve a total of 700
law students, allowing some increase over present
enrolment in the three-year program. It will include
proper   library   space,   more   classrooms   and   seminar
rooms and a moot court room where court action can be
simulated.
Dean A.J. McClean of the Faculty of Law said that
the new building will realistically meet both costs and
educational needs. "It should provide us with adequate
but not by any stretch of the imagination luxurious
surroundings in which to provide legal education for
future generations in the province," Dean McClean
MEDICAL CARE
Medical care provided to University of B.C. staff and
faculty members at the Student Health Service in the
Wesbrook Building has been phased out.
University faculty and staff wanting on-campus
medical service are now being treated in the Faculty of
Medicine's Community Health Centre in Room 209 of
the Wesbrook Building.
The Centre is staffed by an integrated team consisting
of family physicians and nurses and a pediatrician, social
worker and nutritionist. For an appointment, please
phone 228-3149.
Medical care had been provided to faculty and staff
by a private physician, Dr. J.K.A. Clokie, in an office
supplied by the Student Health Service.
Student Health Service will continue to treat stud^H
and receive all campus emergencies since it is equipped
with emergency facilities and a 26-bed hospital.
Sometime this summer the Community Health Centre
will   move   from   the   Wesbrook   Building  to   its  new
quarters in the Community Health Centre building now-
nearing completion on Wesbrook Crescent.
The Centre is the third to be set up by the Faculty of
Medicine. A similar "Family Practice Unit" was opened
three years ago near the Vancouver General Hospital and
another — the REACH Centre - was established two
years ago on Commercial Drive in Vancouver's East End. .
They were organized by the medical school as model
teaching and research centres. They are designed to
provide health care to families and others near them and
to introduce students in the health sciences to problems
associated with family practice rather than the illnesses
encountered in hospitals.
APARTMENT COMPLEX
Construction is expected to start soon on a
twin-tower, luxury apartment complex on the University
Endowment Lands immediately south of the existing
shopping area on University Boulevard.
The $8 million, 12-storey development will contain
220 suites and underground parking accommodation for
330 cars. Each tower in the development will be 125
feet in height.
The property, known as Block 96, is zoned for
multiple-family dwellings and there are no barriers to its
use for apartment construction, according to Mr. R.P.
Murdoch, manager of the University Endowment Lands.
He said that local ratepayers in the Endowment Lands
had been kept informed of the plans for the complex.
The land is owned by Grovesnor International Ltd.
and the apartment complex will be built by A.V. Carlson
Construction Ltd., a Vancouver firm.
10/UBC Reports/April 24, 1972 UBC ELECTIONS
UBC Reports regrets that the name of one of the 25
UBC graduates nominated for the 15 Convocation seats
on the University Senate was inadvertently left out of
the listing which appeared in the March 29 edition of the
paper.
The listing should have included:
*   . MRS. BEVERLEY K. LECKY - Born Beverley
K.   Cunningham.   UBC   Arts  graduate   ('38}   and
former president of the UBC Alumni Association.
Active   in   community   affairs   and   currently   a
member of UBC's Board of Governors.
Ballots for the election of the Convocation Senators
and the Chancellor of the University have now been
mailed to members of Convocation. Ballots wil be
counted on June 7 and the results announced at the
regular meeting of UBC's Senate that night.
There are two candidates for Chancellor of the
University to succeed Mr. Allan McGavin, who decided
not to run again for the position before nominations
were received for the 1972 election.
Nominees for Chancellor are Mr. Robert S. Thorpe, a
Vancouver lawyer who holds UBC Arts and Law degrees
and who has been active in community affairs in North
Vancouver; and Mr. Justice Nathan T. Nemetz, a judge
of the B.C. Court of Appeal, a UBC Arts graduate and
former Vancouver lawyer. Mr. Justice Nemetz was a
' member of UBC's Board of Governors from 1957 to
1968.
UBC ENVIRONMENT
UBC faculty members are hardly "up in arms" about
the environment on the UBC campus, but they do
» express concerns about a wide range of matters, most
notably classrooms.
These are the findings contained in a preliminary
report of a Faculty Association Committee on the
Ea^enment, which plans to continue to probe faculty
c^JFn about physical developments en the campus and
the surrounding area.
The five-man committee, chaired by Dr. Richard
Seaton, of UBC's Academic Planning Office and School
of Architecture, conducted 16 in-depth interviews
lasting up to 1 Vi hours to obtain the impressions
contained in the preliminary report.
In general, the report says, those interviewed were
satisfied with the working and natural environments at
UBC, particularly in contrast to environments at other
campuses where they had lived and worked.
"At the same time," the report continued, "almost all
respondents, when their views were probed, expressed
concern about specific areas of improvement that they
judged were feasible. These varied widely, from
fiigh-rises to huts and from commuters to classrooms."
T^^nst item was mentioned more than any other issue,
the report said.
PSYCHOLOGIST DIES
Mr. E.S.W. "Ed" Belyea, associate professor of
psychology, and a UBC faculty member since 1946, died
suddenly on April 18 in Scotland while on a year's leave
of absence for research at the applied psychology unit of
the University of Edinburgh.
Mr. Belyea, who was 54 at the time of his death, was
a native of Fredericton, New Brunswick, and a graduate
-of the University of Toronto, where he received the
degrees of Bachelor and Master of Arts. He was awarded
the Governor-General's Medal when he received his
bachelor's degree in 1939.
After war service with the Canadian navy, Prof.
Belyea joined the UBC faculty and took an active part in
University government. He also served as a consultant to
numerous public, business and labor organizations in the
area of industrial psychology and personnel selection.
GUGGENHEIM AWARD
A   UBC   anthropologist   is   one   ol   eight   Canadian
_    university professors awarded a 1972 fellowship by the
HHH Vol.   18,   No.   8   -  April   24,
IIIkI 1972.     Published     by     the
H1J BB University of British Columbia
^m* ami ^aw anc)     distributed     free.     UBC
REPORTS
Reports      appears     on
Wednesdays during the University's winter
session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin,
Production Supervisor. Letters to the Edtor
should be sent to Information Services, Main
Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation of New
York.
Prof. Kenelm O. Burridge will use the award,
considered one of tine most prestigious made to
academics in North America, to undertake a research
study of the effects of Christian missionary teaching in
developing countries.
Dr. Burridge said most of the leaders of the so-called
"third world" countries had at one time or another been
taught by missionaries who had influenced their
thinking.
He will spend a year's, leave of absence in England and
Australia with visits to countries in Africa and the
Oceania region of the South Pacific.
GIFT OF BOOKS
The government of the Republic of Korea has made a
donation of English and Korean books relating to
Korean studies to the UBC Library and has opened a
publication exchange program between the Central
National Library and UBC. Korean Consul General Mr.
Jae-yong Chang presented a number of books to Prof.
Edwin Pulleyblank, head of the Department of Asian
Studies, at a recent luncheon. Consul General Chang
pointed out that UBC, with its strong Asian studies
program, could play an important role in developing
Korean studies in Canada, particularly in view of the
anticipated establishment of a Canadian diplomatic
mission in Seoul in the near future.
Tenure Report Adopted
The B.C. Legislature adopted on March 23 a report
from its Select Standing Committee on Social Welfare
and Education dealing with tenure in public
universities.
The committee concluded its report with three
"observations," but said it would in no way "attempt
to impose these recommendations on any university."
The observations called for continuation of the
practice of granting "appointments without term," a
joint effort by B.C.'s public universities to agree on a
common definition of appointment without term and
no discrimination because of race, religion, sex or
polirics.
The announcement that the Legislature
committee, chaired by Mr. John D. Tisdalle, Social
Credit member for Saanich and the Islands, would
conduct a review of university tenure was made in the
throne speech that opened the 1972 sitting of the
Legislature.
The committee, in its report, said its objectives
were to examine the meaning of the word "tenure" as
it applies to the faculties of universities, to assess the
advantages and disadvantages of the practice, and to
study the procedures followed by the universities in
granting tenure to their teachers.
Representatives of UBC's academic administration
and the Faculty Association appeared before the
committee in Victoria on Feb. 18 and in separate
briefs said the principles of tenure should be retained
and UBC should remain free to work out appropriate
procedures for granting tenure to junior faculty
members and for dismissing those who already hold
tenure.
At subsequent hearings the committee heard briefs
and presentations from UBC students and faculty
members and representatives of the University of
Victoria and Simon Fraser University.
The full texts of briefs presented to the committee
by UBC faculty members and students appeared in
the Feb. 23 and March 8 issues of UBC Reports.
What follows is the bulk of the text of the report
of the Select Standing Committee.
TOWARD A DEFINITION. There appears to be
substantial agreement among those representing the
official point of view of the three public universities
that the granting of "tenure" to a faculty member is
the provision in the employment contract between
the university and the faculty member of a term that
the duration of the contract is for an indefinite
period or in other words an "appointment without
term." There was also common understanding among
the three groups that a faculty member may terminate a tenured appointment by resignation, repudiation, or retirement.
There seemed less certainty about the power of
the university to terminate such an appointment.
Most representatives agreed that there are "ways"
that a university can find to end the tenure of
unsatisfactory faculty members but, with the exception of "dismissal for cause," these are not explicitly
stated in the faculty handbooks.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGED OF
THE TENURE SYSTEM. In defence of the tenure
system, three basic arguments are made: It protects
freedom in teaching and research; it provides security
of employment; and it is a means of recognizing long
and valued service.
In addition, the university representatives pointed
out that the lengthy and involved selection procedures used in granting tenure gave some protection to
the university from unproductive and unsatisfactory
faculty members. They also agreed that the selection
procedures were a major source of the controversy
surrounding the tenure system and each informed the
committee that these procedures were under review.
Finally, the university representatives advised the
committee that, in order to remain competitive in
attracting good teachers and scholars, no single
university could afford to abandon the tenure system.
Those who oppose tenure generally do so on the
grounds that, once gained, there is often a slacking-
off of effort on the part of the faculty member,
resulting in an increase of "dead wood" in departments. Moreover, they point out that the granting of
tenure is not reciprocal, since a tenured person is free
to move and is not committed in any way to the
university which gave him tenure.
■ Most witnesses appearing before the committee to
present opposing points of view did not appear to
oppose tenure per se. They opposed the method by
which tenure is granted. Representatives of students,
for example, felt that a more formal structure should
be established to ensure that the student point of
view is heard. The representatives of the Women's
Action Group felt that women were discriminated
against in the ratio of tenured appointments between
men and women. One individual protested the fact
that universities did not in their tenure documents
specify the means of discontinuing a tenure appointment.
UNIVERSITY AUTONOMY AND ACADEMIC
FREEDOM. In making the following observations,
which university authorities may wish to consider,
the committee wishes to reaffirm its belief in the
principles of university autonomy and academic
freedom and to state its understanding of them. The
committee believes that institutions of higher education are conducted for the common good, which
depends upon the free search for, and the exposition
of, truth and understanding. Academic freedom is
indispensable to a democratic society. The academic
community must be free to participate in the
democratic process of government as citizens, to learn
and to teach what scholarship suggests is the truth, to
question what is believed to have been the truth, and
to publish without fear of reprisal what scholarship
has discovered.
The committee takes the position that academic
freedom and responsibility are inseparable and must
be considered simultaneously. They are shared by
members of the academic community, including
students. Tenure, on the other hand, is a specific
provision of employment accorded to those members
of the university who qualify for it.
In setting forth the following observations, the
committee is in no way purporting to abrogate the
principles it believes in. In no way would it attempt
to impose these recommendations on any university.
But having listened objectively to a number of points
of view, and after studying a number of pertinent
documents, the committee feels that it might be able
to  be  helpful.   It  is  in this spirit that it makes the
following observations:
(a) That the practice followed by universities in
granting "appointments without term" be continued;
(b) That the three public universities of the
province work together to agree on a common
definition of "appointment without term;"
(c) That there be no discrimination, in terms of
race, religion, sex, or politics.
Respectfully submitted.
John D. Tisdalle, Chairman
UBC Reports/April 24, 1972/11 ^^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
Contact
ON OCT. 22, 1922, hundreds of UBC students
marched through downtown Vancouver demanding
the government build the University at Point Grey.
This October the class of 1922 will hold a reunion to
recall one of the landmark events in UBC's history —
the Great Trek. See story at right.
Trekkers
Reunion Set
And now for a footnote to UBC history.
It's said that some 50 of the original Great
Trekkers later went on to become postmen —
to put their learning to use. But we're not so
sure we believe that tale.
No doubt we'll get the true story when the
50th anniversary of the Great Trek is held at
UBC this October. The celebration is
tentatively planned for the weekend of Oct.
21.
It's hoped that a large contingent of
Trekkers will be on hand to recall that
footsore day, October 22, 1922, when
hundreds of UBC students marched through
downtown Vancouver demanding that the
government build the University at Point
Grey. The march was instrumental in getting
the government to stop stalling and start
building. ^^
All former Trekkers interested in receivinc^^
more  information are asked to write or call
the   UBC   Alumni   Association,   6251    N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C. (228-3313).
FOR EROSION CONTROL
Alumni Seek Support
Representatives of the UBC Alumni Association's
government relations committee expect to meet soon
with the Vancouver Park Board to endeavor to enlist
the Board's support for an erosion control project to
stop the Point Grey cliffs from collapsing into the
sea.
"I'm hoping to set up a meeting with the Park
Board within the next couple of weeks," said Bob
Dundas, government relations committee chairman,
just before presstime. "I think it's important that we
move quickly on this because time isn't on our side.
Erosion of the cliffs is continuing daily and already
several University buildings are threatened."
Mr. Dundas has held meetings with several
interested community groups, and most recently with
student representatives Mr. Tony Hodge, former AMS
president, and Mr. Peter Chataway of the
Architectural Students Association, to explain the
Alumni Association's position on erosion control and
to endeavor to obtain support. The Association is
seeking support for an appeal to the provincial
government for finances to construct an erosion
control project to stop the cliffs and valuable
University buildings from sliding into the sea.
Spokesmen for the Park Board have indicated that
the Board is very interested in meeting with the
Alumni representatives and receiving their proposals.
The   Point  Grey cliffs on  the north  side of the
peninsula are eroding at the rate of up to V/2 feet a
year. The most seriously threatened building is Cecil
Green Park, the headquarters of the Alumni
Association and the centre for meetings of campus
and community groups. The UBC President's
Residence, the School of Social Work in the old
Graham residence and the Women's Residences are
also becoming increasingly threatened.
The Alumni Association wants to see a sand and
gravel protective beach constructed along the
approximately 3,700 feet of most critical shoreline.
The Association does not want a road, but only the
development of a project that will protect the cliffs
from further erosion and preserve the natural beauty
of the beach.
Official Notice
Notice is hereby given that the annual general
meeting of the University of B.C. Alumni Association
will be held on Thursday, May 18, 1972, at 8:30 p.m.
in the Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C.
At that time there will be an extraordinary
resolution presented to alter the bylaws of the
Association.
Mrs. A. Vitols,
Acting Executive Director
Director Resigns
On Friday, March 24, the UBC Alumni Association
received the resignation of the Association's executive
director, Mr. Jack Stathers. Mr. Stathers, who had
served in the post since 1967, resigned for personal
reasons.
Alumni Association president Mr. Frank Walden
said the Association appreciated Mr. Stathers'
contributions over the years and wished him well in
his future endeavors. The Association is now receiving]
applications for the post of executive director.
Branch Meetings
On the branches front, alumni in two centres will
be getting together in May to renew acquaintances
and do a bit of wine and cheese tasting.
Northern California UBC alumni are staging a wine
and cheese tasting function at 4 p.m. on Sunday, May
7, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Barry Patmore, 231
Seville Way, San Mateo, Calif. Contact is Mr. Norm
Gillies, 2420 Steiner Street, San Francisco
(567-4478).
On Wednesday, May 17, Quesnel alumni will hold
their wine and cheese get-together. It is to be held in
conjunction with a "career day" to convey
information about UBC programs and courses. The"
suggested location for the event is "The Cat House,"
a former house of ill repute left over from Barkerville
gold rush days. Contact in Quesnel is Don Frood,
992-2378.
Further events are being planned in Kamloops in
October and for Williams Lake in August.
»|* A^_wn
Lord Terence O'Neill
Ireland's
Tragic
Dilemma
Is   There   A   Way   Out?
Lord   Terence   O'Neill Please send me ... tickets at $6.50 each.
Former    Prime    Minister    of Endosed is a cn for $  	
Northern Ireland, presents his ,.   t   t,    .,„„..        . .        . ..     ,
view  of what's happening in (payable to the UBC Alumn. Association)
Ireland today. Name	
UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION Address   	
ANNUAL DINNER 	
t,       ,      -.     „„ Phone number  	
Thursday, May 18
Hotel Vancouver Mail u,: UBC Alumni Association, 6251
6 N.W.   Marine  Drive,  Vancouver 8,  B.C.
 —  (228-3313)
Earlv reservations advised
12/UBC Reports/April 24, 1972

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