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UBC Reports Mar 7, 2002

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 5f
VOLUME 48  I  NUMBER 5  |  MARCH J ,     2002
INSIDE
3 Swing shift
Are your hormones getting
you down?
5 Caring companies     ;   y
Researchers study tlc's
effect on employees
g be reports
THE    UNIVERSITY   OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA *
In his search for ways to produce better biomaterials for use in human implants, Metals and Materials Engineering
Asst. Prof. Rizhi Wang studies the shells of pearl oysters and the teeth of horses, cows, alligators, sea urchins and
humans to uncover the secrets of their strength and durability. Martin Dee photo
Researcher searches nature
for better human implants
Shells, teeth may hold clues for hip, joint replacements
by Michelle Cook staffwriter
FROM HEART VALVES TO TEETH,
replacing faulty body parts with
artificial implants is becoming increasingly common. In Canada
alone, there are now 37,000 hip
and knee joint replacements performed annually.
The problem is that many ofthe
clinically engineered materials —
called biomaterials — used to replace or repair living tissues have a
limited lifespan and will need to be
replaced eventually. It's a costly
and painful prospect that ubc researcher Rizhi Wang says we can
avoid by designing biomaterials
that will last longer and function
better in our bodies. And he says
we need only look to nature for
some engineering inspiration.
"You can always find some
model in nature that is very close
to what you are working on and in
this you can find ideas and tricks
to use in design solutions," says
Wang, an assistant professor in the
Dept. of Metals and Materials Engineering.
He calls his field of research
"bio-inspired materials design and
processing" because, he explains,
he isn't trying to duplicate materials found in nature. He is looking
for good examples of natural de
sign interfaces that he can incorporate into the design of materials
processed in the lab like plastic,
polymer and titanium.
Wang's research focus is
strengthening the gap, or interface, between an implant and the
bone surrounding it with the goal
of encouraging tissues to regenerate. Currently, most implants are
made of titanium with a polymer
cement or ceramic coating that
may disintegrate in the body, causing the implant to loosen.
In his search for more bone-
friendly materials, Wang has studied the teeth of horses, cows, alligators and even sea urchins, to examine their different surface
see Nature page 2
Business leaders join
Board of Governors
English professor elected
as faculty representative
six new members have been appointed to ubc's Board of Governors by the provincial government.
They join Prof. Dennis Danielson,
associate head of English, who was
recently elected to the board as a
faculty representative for a three-
year term.
Lawyer Nicole Byres, architect
Bryce Rositch, advertising executive Karen Nishi, hsbc Bank Canada president and ceo Martin
Glynn, b.c Gas president and ceo
John Reid and Jay Grewal, acting
president of Aimglobal Technologies Inc. have been appointed for a
three-year term.
"Our board looks forward to
working with all the new appointees," says board chair Larry Bell.
"These are exciting and challenging times at ubc and I know each
new board member will be able to
further our common Trek 2000
goal of making ubc the top university in Canada."
Bell thanked five departing
board members for their service:
Elsie McMurphy, Stephen Howard,
Guninder Mumick, Joe Wai and
Linda Crompton.
"We appreciate the rich perspective and backgrounds these
members brought to our board
and are grateful for their contributions," Bell says.
A ubc faculty member since
1986, Danielson is a pioneer member of Foundations, an interdisci-
Advertising executive Karen Nishi
hsbc President Martin Glynn
plinary introduction to the social
sciences and humanities..
ubc's 15-member Board of Governors comprises the chancellor,
the president, eight persons appointed by the provincial government, two faculty members elected by faculty, two full-time students elected by students, and one
person elected by and from the
full-time employees of the university who are not faculty members.
Pair tackle Creation
for dramatic thesis
Focus on research. Stories page 3,4,5 and 8. Visit www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca for more.
Learning takes stage for
Fine Arts students
by Michelle Cook staffwriter
IF THE PROSPECT OF DEFENDING
your thesis in front of a panel of
professors makes you nervous, just
ask Angelina Kekich and Stephen
Drover about presenting theirs to a
paying audience of theatregoers —
10 nights in a row.
The double thesis project for the
two Master of Fine Arts students is
a production of The Creation,
opening at the Chan Centre's Telus
Studio on March 13.
Theatre Dept. faculty paired up
Drover, the play's director, and Kekich, its costume designer, last
September to work on staging the
play, an adaptation ofthe medieval
mystery cycles which dramatized
Bible stories about man's creation,
fall and redemption.
Drover chose the play in order to
explore how theatre can help us understand ourselves and our relationship to God. Although the
script, taken from a 1996 production staged by the Royal Shakespeare Company, is a newer version
of the medieval plays, it satisfied
Drover's interest in archaic texts.
see Creation page 2 I      UBC     REPORTS      |      MARCH     7,     20O2
LETTERS
Loss of Calendar cause
for regret, says reader
Editor:
I was dismayed to read a notice in
your Feb. 7 issue stating that "ubc
Reports will no longer publish the
Calendar as of March when it
changes from a biweekly to a
monthly publication."
While I understand that a monthly calendar might be too incomplete
and unreliable to be useful, the sudden demise of this service seems to
me a cause for real regret.
An informal canvas of colleagues and students suggests that
I am not alone on this campus in
regarding the Calendar as the best
reason for picking up ubc Reports
and using it as my main guide to
extra-curricular academic events.
We are told that "Members ofthe
campus community are welcome to
submit events information to Athlet
ics and Recreation's LiveAtuBC online calendar at www.liveat.ubc.ca."
Surely even in this so-called Information Age some distinction might be
kept between academic programming and sports, if only for the sake
of tax-payers' perceptions of what
goes on at ubc?
The final sentence ofthe notice
announces that "Public Affairs is
currently working with other campus groups to consider improvements in how the university's
events listings can be accessed online." Which groups?
Neither of the university's two
graduate colleges, which between
them have accounted for a large
share of listings in recent years,
had been consulted at the time the
notice appeared.
And why is it assumed that online media by themselves satisfy all
calendrical needs? (Has the daily
consultation of refrigerator doors
declined in recent years?)
A university that makes as much
fanfare about "learning communi-
Wax - it
Histology Services
Providing Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spurr RT, RLAT Kevin Gibbon   ART FIBMS
Phone   (604) 822-1595 Phone   (604) 856-7370
E-mail   gspurr@interchange.ubc.ca E-mail gibbowax@telus.net
lill|>://w\vu'w;ix-il.orii
on the
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Public Information
IVICCtinS for the campus community
Tec De Monterrey-
UBC House Student Residence
Monday, March 11,2002, 6- 8 p.m.
Shrum Lounge in Vanier Commons Block,
1935 Lower Mall
.       VANIER(j££j ^j*
A     RESIDENCE
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To present and review the schematic design for the Tec De
Monterrey - ubc House Student Residence proposed to be
constructed on the Place Vanier site, adjacent to Northwest
Marine Drive. The proposed building is a six-storey, 175-200 unit
single student residence.
Subject to Board of Governors approval, construction is
anticipated to begin in Summer 2002 with occupancy in August
2003.
For information regarding access for persons with
disabilities in the Vanier Commons Block, please call
Gisela Haarbrucker at 604-822-9560 seven days before
meeting date, free parking will be available in the
Fraser River Parkade — please pick up a parking pass
after the meeting in order to exit the Parkade without charge.
Questions or for further info: Contactjim Carruthers, Campus
Planning, at 604-822-0469
ties" and "interdisciplinarity" as
ours does these days ought not so
carelessly to discard its best means
of convening groups of people outside classes, courses, and the routines of established disciplines.
Even if we can only afford a
monthly newspaper, please may
we at  least  have  a bi-monthly
printed calendar?
Assoc. Prof. Mark Vessey
English Dept.
Creation
Continued from page 1
"I'm interested in theatre's roots
as a form of ritual, story telling and
myth telling. It was a rich period of
theatre," Drover says.
In addition to learning "a million" small things about directing a
cast of 13 actors and a production
crew of 45, Drover says his most
valuable lesson has been discovering how to tell an original story on
stage.
"A story like this comes with
hundreds of years of interpretation
and opinion," Drover explains.
"These are Bible stories that we
hear all our lives, and the actors
and I bring that baggage to the
Nature
Continued from page 1
structures and how effectively
these act as an interface. He's also
explored the pearl oyster's ability
to produce a strong protective nacreous layer, the material responsible for creating a lustrous pearl.
Shiny, brittle human teeth have
also yielded up some valuable lessons for Wang. He discovered that
although a tooth's surface is covered in cracks, it is still able to
function because of a thin, soft
area between the tooth's hard, outer shell of enamel and inner core of
dentin. Called the enamel/dentin
junction, it performs much like a
bumper for cracks.
In addition to continuing his
studies on the interfaces found in
mammal and human teeth and
other biological systems, Wang
hopes to gain a better understanding of how and why bones and
teeth become deformed or fracture by examining them on a nano-
scale. He will also conduct research on how surface patterns
can help improve the fit between
biomaterials and bone and teeth.
Staff.
The April 4 issue of ubc
Reports will feature stories
of ubc staff. Story suggestions are welcome.
ubc Reports also welcomes
letters to the editor as well
as opinion piece submissions from ubc faculty,
staff and students.
E-mail the editor at
janet.ansell@ubc.ca.
play. I had to drop that and find the
play's human qualities."
Kekich's collaboration with
Drover began with a series of
meetings to discuss his vision for
the presentation, including the
lighting, music, characters and
what they would wear.
"As a costume designer you do
what the director wants. You have
to be able to read his mind," Kekich
explains.
An experienced fashion designer with film work under her belt,
Kekich relished the challenge of
creating 40 original costumes with
a timeless look that would not be
adapted from already existing
stage costumes.
For her research, Kekich looked
at Byzantine, early Gothic, Cambodian and Tibetan clothing styles
and scoured fashion magazines for
modern influences.
In addition to conceptualizing the
look for The Creation with hand-
drawn and computerized sketches,
Kekich's thesis work has included
managing a costume design budget,
and working with fabric dyers, cutters and sewers in the Frederic Wood
Theatre's costume shop.
"People think costume design is
a hokey pokey thing," Kekich says.
"They don't realize the work and
research that it takes. It's a long
process."
ubc reports
Published monthly by:
ubc Public Affairs Office
310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver BC, v6t izi.
Tel: 604-UBC-iNFO (604-822-4636)
Fax: 604-822-2684
Web site: www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca
ubc Reports welcomes the submission of letters and opinion
pieces. Opinions and advertising
published in ubc Reports do not
necessarily reflect official university policy. Material may be
reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to ubc Reports.
LETTERS  POLICY
Letters must be signed and
include an address and phone
number for verification. Please
limit letters, which may be edited
for length, style, and clarity, to 300
words. Deadline is 10 days before
publication date. Submit letters to
the ubc Public Affairs Office (address above); by fax to 822-2684;
or by e-mail to janet.ansell@ubc.ca
director, public affairs
Scott Macrae
(scott.macrae@u bc.ca)
editor/ production
Janet Ansell
(Janet. ansell@u bc.ca)
contributors
Michelle Cook
(michelle.cook@u bc.ca)
Helen Lewis
(helen.lewis@u bc.ca)
Hilary Thomson
(hilary.thomson@ubc.ca)
ADVERTISING
Carol Price
(carolpr@exchange. ubc.ca)
PUBLICATIONS MAIL
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Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
UBC BOOKSTORE
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Days
www.bookstore. ubc. ca
Friday
March   15
and
Saturday
March  16
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Save 20%
on almost
everything!
• Regular-priced General Books
• UBC Textbooks
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See in-store signs for additions and exceptions.
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Study puts educators
in touch with blind
Aim to establish guidelines
for graphic representations
by Michelle Cook staff writer
THE INCREASING USE OF GRAPHICS in high school and university
textbooks is proving to be a challenge for visually impaired students, but with the completion of a
study on tactile graphic educational materials, researchers in the Faculty of Education hope to help establish guidelines for producing
high-quality maps, graphs and other representations for the blind.
The Graphic Research and
Standards Project was a two-year
study, sponsored by the Canadian
Braille Authority (cba) and the
Braille Authority of North America
(bana), to examine how visually
impaired students respond to
different kinds of tactile graphics.
The first research of its kind undertaken in North America, it
looked at which production methods and materials best meet the
users' needs and personal tastes.
"Textbooks today contain more
graphic material than ever before.
Students who are blind or visually
impaired must have access to
graphic material in text and consistent production methods would
help teachers prepare students to
interpret this complex information," says project leader Assoc.
Prof. Cay Holbrook, director of
ubc's training program for teachers of visually impaired children
and the only faculty member in
Canada specializing in literacy for
the blind.
It's an area of research that is only
just starting to receive attention,
adds Amedeo D'Angiulli, a sshrc
and Killam post-doctoral fellow who
assisted with the project.
For the study, Holbrook, DAngiulli
and other researchers recruited 19
Canadian and American students
aged 13-23 — all life-long braille readers — to compare six sets of tactile
education materials. Produced by
cba, bana and other organizations,
the sets include braille-like dots,
raised lines, textured backgrounds,
and moulded forms.
The students had to determine
what information the graphics
conveyed and their personal usage
preferences. Tactile graphics producers will use their feedback to
determine what graphics are most
effective when developing tactile
representations of things as diverse as mountain ranges and
oceans on relief maps to muscle
and skin on biological diagrams.
Among the study's main findings were that graphic size is important because symbols can become too small for fingers to interpret. Researchers also found that
tactile pictures of subjects like animals and plants were of little use.
"We found that without context, a graphic representation of a
picture of a lion isn't meaningful to
a person who is blind. It may look
like what it should look like, but it
doesn't feel like what it should feel
like," Holbrook explains.
"The blind student needs to have
experience with the real thing, the
actual object or something that can
transfer that knowledge."
With the study completed, Holbrook and D'Angiulli both hope to
continue researching the use of
tactile graphics in educational materials for the visually impaired.
"Graphic material must be included in textbooks for students
who are blind," Holbrook says. "If
they are eliminated, the blind child
will be at a disadvantage to his
class peers."
Women's Studies Prof. Veronica Strong-Boag is among the ubc researchers whose work will be celebrated at the
Celebrate Research gala next week. Her current research investigates the history of adoption in Canada from the mid-
19th to late 20th centuries. Martin Dee photo
Vision researcher, historical
scholar, among honorees
Northern lights the theme for Celebrate Research gala
ubc researchers will be honoured at a gala event with a celestial theme to be held at the Chan
Centre for the Performing Arts on
the evening of Thursday, March 14.
Called Celebrate Research, the
evening includes a sound and light
sculpture by Fine Arts Assoc. Prof.
Richard Prince called Aurora Borea-
lis and musical entertainment by pianist Music Prof. Rena Sharon with
the Borealis String Quartet.
Those being honoured include
Educational Studies and Women's
Studies Prof. Veronica Strong-Boag
and Biochemistry and Ophthalmology Prof. Robert Molday.
Strong-Boag has spent more
than 30 years devoted to interdis-
icplinary historical scholarship.
Her publications have ranged
from a consideration of class in
shaping working class women's
employment to studies of Canada's
post-war suburbs and the nations
abused and dependent children.
"I've always been intrigued by
what it means to be Canadian, especially what it means for women,
workers and First Nations peo-
Sex hormones' link to stress, depression explored
Connection may explain some disorders' gender balance
by Hilary Thomson staffwriter
if the sex hormone testosterone
is powerful enough to produce puberty changes such as hair growth
and sex drive, how does it affect
the body the rest ofthe time?
Victor Viau, an assistant professor of Anatomy, is exploring the
role of sex hormones and how they
affect our response to stress. He
aims to find where in the brain the
interface between sex hormones,
stress and depression occurs.
"We know that sex steroids and
their receptors show up everywhere in the body including the
brain, but we don't know their
role," says the Montreal native,
who came to ubc in 2000 from the
University of California at San
Francisco.
"We also know that there are
gender differences in stress-related illnesses and variations in hormonal levels associated with those
illnesses. I hope to better understand the interaction between
these various systems."
He wants to reveal the pathways, transmitters and cellular
mechanisms that testosterone
uses to alter the brain circuits that
relay stress-related information.
His work may help to diagnose and
treat depression and other sex dependent disorders including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
Viau's focus is the hypothalam-
ic-pituitary-adrenal (hpa) axis, an
important hormonal system that
controls the secretion of the steroid Cortisol from the adrenal
gland.
Cortisol protects us from the
effects of acute stress by regulating
processes such as blood pressure
and immune function. When the
body is subjected to chronic stress,
however, the steroid is implicated
in causing disease such as depression.
Asst. Prof. Victor Viau
Testosterone acts on the hpa
axis to inhibit the release of the
stress steroid Cortisol, which may
explain why males react differently to stress than females. Viau
notes that many men with depression show reduced testosterone
levels, suggesting that naturally
occurring variations in testosterone levels may have a bearing on
the cause of depression.
Case studies show that where the
patient is not responding to antidepressant medication an alteration in testosterone levels may lead
to improvement. Also, the incidence of suicide among pubescent
males may be connected with both
Cortisol and testosterone levels.
"Stress listens to what is going
on in the reproductive system —
there is functional cross talk between sex steroids and the adrenal
system," he says.
The connection to sex hormones may help to explain why
some disorders linked to stress are
seen more commonly in one sex
than the other. Depression is more
commonly found in women; schizophrenia and cardiovascular disease in men.
Although the research questions are simple, they must be attacked in a multi-disciplinary way,
says Viau, who draws on expertise
from the fields of neuroscience,
psychology and endocrinology.
pies," says Strong-Boag who headed up ubc's Centre for Research in
Women's Studies and Gender Relations until 1997.
The recipient of numerous honours for her work, Strong-Boag received the Killam Research Prize at
ubc and is a fellow ofthe Royal Society of Canada.
Coming to ubc from Cai Tech in
1975, Molday is an expert on age-
related macular degeneration
(amd), the leading cause of legal
blindness in people over 50 years
of age and a significant health concern as huge numbers of baby
boomers age.
The Canada Research Chair in
Vision and Macular Degeneration,
Molday looks at how light interacts with photoreceptor cells in vision and investigates how mutated
genes cause inherited vision disorders such as AMD.
Recent Canada Foundation for
Innovation funding will help Molday establish and direct a Centre
for Macular Research at ubc.
"Canada is a leader in this type
of science," he says. "We are well-
poised to be the prime research
unit in the country."
Recently named a fellow of the
Royal Society of Canada, Molday is
currently investigating the development and application of gene therapy to correct inherited retinal degenerative diseases including some
forms of macular degeneration.
There is reserved free seating at
the gala which is part of Research
Awareness Week, March 9-16. For
information visit www.research.
ubc.ca/raw.htm or e-mail
celebrate.research@ubc.ca.
For a forum on the role of research
in the knowledge-based economy
by vice-president, Research, Indira
Samarasekera, visit www.
publicaffairs.ubc.ca/reports 4     |     UBC     REPORTS
MARCH     7,     2002
THE VANCOUVER
INSTITUTE
FREE SATURDAY EVENING LECTURES AT U.B.C.
March 9
March 16
March 23
April 6
April 13
UBC EXCELLENCE IN RESEARCH LECTURE
Professor Bob Hancock
Department of Microbiology & Immunology, UBC
NEW APPROACHES TO TREATING INFECTIONS
Professor Domna Stanton
Distinguished Professor, City University of New York
THE NATION AS ITS OTHERS: PROTESTANTS
AND WOMEN IN THE AGE OF LOUIS XIV
Dr. Burton Richter
Nobel Laureate in Physics, Stanford
ENERGY IN THE 21st CENTURY
Professor David Suzuki
Department of Zoology, UBC
THE CHALLENGE OF AN ECOLOGICAL
MILLENNIUM: SETTING THE BOTTOM LINE
Professor Sherrill Grace
Head, Department of English, UBC
IDEAS OF NORTH
Saturdays at 8:15 p.m. in Lecture Hall No. 2 ofthe
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre at UBC.
Visit our website at http//psg.com/~ted/vaninst/
Drug advertising may pose
health risk warns researcher
Requests for advertised drug influence mds, says study
HONOURS AND AWARDS DEADLINES
• ORDER OF BRITISH COLUMBIA: WWW.protOCOl.
gov.bc.ca/obc/about_the.html: march io
• HERZBERG MEMORIAL PRIZE AND FELLOWSHIP:
www.nrc.ca/corporate/english/research/ghm.html:
NEW DEADLINE TBA BY NRC
For assistance with applications, call the Office ofthe
Vice-President, Research, at 604-822-0234.
by Hilary Thomson staffwriter
WHEN     MARKETING     MEETS     UP
with medicine, results can be
harmful to health, says a ubc researcher.
Barbara Mintzes, a phD candidate in the Dept. of Health Care
and Epidemiology, led a study of
how advertising affects prescribing practices in Vancouver and
Sacramento, Calif. The study was
published last month in the British
Medical Journal.
Doctors were more likely to prescribe a drug that a patient had seen
advertised and specifically asked for
even when the doctor was uncertain
about its appropriateness for that
patient, according to Mintzes and
co-investigators from ubc's Centre
for Health Services and Policy Research, York University and the University of California at Davis.
"One ofthe big concerns about
this kind of advertising is you're
pushing people to use very new
drugs before we know very much
about either their risks or their
longer term benefit," says Mintzes,
who has worked for Health Action
International, a non-profit global
group interested in a more rational use of medicinal drugs.
The study of 78 primary care
physicians and 1,431 patients used
questionnaires to determine the
ISSSX     RESEARCH    AWARENESS   WEEK
MARCH     9-16,    2002
Saturday, March 9    8:15 p.m.
VANCOUVER INSTITUTE LECTURE:
Professor Bob Hancock, Dept. of Microbiology & Immunology
"New Approaches to Treating Infections"
Woodward Instructional Resource Centre Lecture Hall 2
Contact: peter.nemetzOcommerce.ubc.ca
Monday, March 11    4:00 - 5:00 p.m. (reception to follow)
CELEBRATE RESEARCH LECTURE SERIES:
Dr. Dennis Danielson, Dept. of English, and Dr. Jaymie Matthews,
Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
"The Arts and Science of the Cosmos"
4.00 pm, Dodson Room, Main Library
Contact: sidkatz@interchange.ubc.ca
Thursday, March 14    7:00 - 9:00 p.m.
CELEBRATE RESEARCH AWARDS EVENING
The Chan Centre for the Performing Arts
Tickets still available, contact: celebrate.research@ubc.ca
For a full list of events associated with Research Awareness Week visit
our website at www.research.ubc.ca and click on Celebrate Research
OFFICE OFTHE VICE PRESIDENT RESEARCH   I WWW.RESEARCH.UBC.CA T: 604.822.6010
frequency of patients' requests for
prescriptions and of prescriptions
resulting from requests.
Findings showed that physicians prescribe drugs in response
to almost three-quarters of requests and that doctors are ambivalent about their prescription decision in about half of cases where
they are responding to patient requests for an advertised drug. They
reported ambivalence in only
about one case in eight when not
prompted by a patient request.
The study looked at drugs having the 50 biggest advertising
budgets in the u.s. or which had
been covered by Canadian media.
Only the U.S. and New Zealand
allow advertising of drugs directed
at patients, u.s. pharmaceutical
companies spent $2.5 billion us in
advertising prescription drug
products to the public in 2000,
says Mintzes.
Although this amount is less than
20 per cent of the total advertising
budget, it is the fastest-growing
budget item, she adds. Retail drug
sales in 2000 totalled $145 billion us.
The Pharmaceutical Advertising Advisory Board, part of Health
Canada, prohibits such advertising
but enforcement is lax, she says.
She points out that Canadians
still get the messages through
American cable and satellite tv,
magazines and the Internet. In addition some ads are allowed that
fall between the cracks of regulations concerning promotion, such
Researcher Barbara Mintzes
as disease-oriented ads that advise
patient to see their doctor.
"It's very clear that the industry
has been pushing the limits ofthe
law," she says.
Even if it is not explicit, it is still
promotional activity posing as education, she adds.
Critics ofthe research say it does
not address the key question of how
the advertising-influenced prescribing affected patients' health.
"Medicines have prescription-
only status because they are
judged to be too risky to be used
without the advice of a physician.
We are concerned that the protection offered by prescription-only
status is being seriously eroded if
patients request drugs in response
to advertising and doctors prescribe requested drugs in spite of
being ambivalent about the choice
of treatment," says Mintzes.
For more information about the
study, visit the British Medical
Journal Web site at bmj.com/cgi/
content/full/324/7332/278
m&*
Institute of Asian Research
Artists in Residence
SACRED MUSIC OF TIBET
The Gyuto
Monks
Apr. 08
9:00-12 noon, 1:30-3:30 pm
Information, Sand Mandala
Apr, oq
9:00 am   Chant/musical
demonstration
9:30-10:30 am Lecture on
symbology of music
1:30-2:30 pm Lecture on
musical structure
Apr. 10 9:00-10:00 am
Meditation at UBC First Nations House of Learning
Apr. 11
9:00—12 noon   Information, Sand Mandala
7:00 pm
Public Lecture UBC First Nations House of Learning
Apr. 12
9:00-12 noon  Completion of Sand Mandala
8:00 pm Performance at UBC Chan Centre
For further information, please call (604) 822-4688
or visit our website http://tuiviv.iar.ubc.ca UBC     REPORTS      |      MARCH     7,     2002     |     5
Compassion heightens workplace
performance, research suggests
Caring companies make for loyal employees, say scholars
by Helen Lewis staffwriter
the responses to the tragedy of
Sept. 11 were poles apart.
When seven tjx employees died
aboard one of the planes that hit
the World Trade Center, the president and ceo acted quickly. He
gathered his staff and broke the
news, called in grief counsellors
and chartered a plane to bring the
victims' relatives to the company's
Massachusetts headquarters.
Employees were offered time
off, but most chose to keep working and supporting each other following the attacks.
By contrast, the heads of a publishing company close to ground
zero declared "business as usual"
immediately after the disaster, giving scant support to employees.
One editor was called at home early on Sept. 12, her bosses demanding to know why she was late for a
meeting. Her loyalty to the company, she says, began trickling away
that day.
How companies like these show
— or fail to show — compassion to
employees in pain is being studied
at CompassionLab, a joint project
of ubc and the University of Michigan (um).
CompassionLab — a diverse
group of researchers rather than a
bricks-and-mortar facility — includes ubc Commerce Prof. Peter
Frost, um Business School Prof.
Jane Dutton, ubc Commerce Asst.
Prof. Sally Maitlis, and Jason
Kanov, Monica Worline and Jacoba
Lilius of um's Psychology Dept.
CompassionLab examines the
importance and the effects of
compassion in the workplace and
it's an area of research that is increasingly in demand, says CompassionLab co-founder Frost.
"These days we depend on people's intellectual and emotional capacity to get a competitive edge, so
we need to look at people as an investment, not a cost. And if you're
investing in people you must invest
in the whole person, not just their
hands or their brains," he says.
Point Grey
Guest House
4103 W. 10th Ave.
Vancouver, b.c.
Call or fax 604-222-4104
georgiahftrinterchange.ubc.ca
"A growing body of research
shows when organizations put
people first, their performance on
almost all indicators is better. In
times of trauma, people aren't
focused on their job or their organization — they're focused on the
pain. But if people are cared for
when they're vulnerable, it makes
it possible for them to move on
more quickly and become productive again."
CompassionLab's work does not
focus solely on responses to Sept.
11. Pain in the workplace existed
long before that, the researchers
say, and comes in different forms.
On an individual scale, an employee may be diagnosed with cancer, lose a family member or face
divorce, while examples of larger-
scale trauma include natural disasters, fire destroying a manufacturing plant or mass lay-offs.
The lab's "subject" organizations
Sally Maitlis (left) and Peter Frost
have been chosen by recommendation — Cisco, Newsweek and Macy's
were identified as organizations
showing compassion — and by direct invitations from companies.
"It's early days but we've got rich
data and some very provocative
hypotheses which we'll be able to
take further with the extensive
data we're collecting in organizational sites," Frost says.
For more information about
CompassionLab and compassionate workplaces, visit www.
compassionlab.com.
GREEN  COLLEGE
THEMATIC  LECTURES
Green College is pleased to announce three new Thematic
Lecture Series for 2002-2003:
"Engaging Civil Societies in Democratic Planning and
Governance: Re-Examining the Theory and Practice
of Community-Building"
Co<onvenors: Leonora C.Angeles and Penny Gurstein, School of
Community and Regional Planning
"Reckoning with Race:The Concept and its
Consequences in the 21st Century"
Co<onvenors: Brian Elliot and John Torpey, Anthropology and Sociology
"TITLE IN THE TEXT: Biblical Hermeneutics, Colonial
and Postcolonial Pre-occupations"
Co-convenors: Mark Vessey, English, Sharon V. Betcher and
Harry O. Maier. Vancouver School ofTheology, Robert A. Daum,
Classics, Near Eastern and Religious Studies
These series will begin in September 2002 and run throughout the
academic year. Speakers and schedules will be announced in late summer
For further information: cmtander@interchange.ubc.ca or 604-822-1878.
Dr. David Suzuki
The Sacred Balance:
Rediscovering the human place
in nature
Thursday, April 4,2002
12:30 - 1:30 p.m.
Woodward irc #2
All welcome to attend.
West Coast Suites
al The University of British Columbia
Here is the perfect alternative for a stay in Vancouver. Surrounded by the
spectacular beauty of the UBC campus, our fully-equipped, quality suites
offer convenience and comfort for visiting lecturers, professors, family,
friends or anyone who wants to stay on Vancouver's west side. Close to
restaurants and recreation both on and off campus, and only 20 minutes
from downtown Vancouver, the West Coast Suites is a wonderful retreat from
which to visit friends or make your stay on business a pleasure.
www.westcoastsuites.com
Reservations    Tel 604 822 1000    Fax 604 822 1001
5961 Student Union Boulevard Vancouver   BC   V6T 2C9
|y§£| Conferences and
^g) Accommodation
at The University of British Columbia
A  DIVISION  Ol   HOUSING  AND  I'ONFUii N( E5
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An Affordable,
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In our forest by the sea. We offer the best range of affordable
accommodation, meeting space and conference services in the
Lower Mainland. Come find out why.
www.ubcconferences.com
5961 Student Union Boulevard
Vancouver   BC  V6T 2C9
Reservations
Tel 604 822 1000
Fax 604 822 iooi
Croup Sates and
Conference Services
Tel 604 822 1060
Fax 604 822 1069
f Conferences and
Accommodation
at The University of British Columbia
A  DIVISION  Of  HOUSING  AND  CON F F_ R F NC ( S
UBC Press
|tPl||kPf|   *M* IMC**!*
GENDER in the
PROFESSION
Gender in the Legal
Profession
Fitting or Breaking
the Mould
Joan Brockman
An intensive and thoughtful
analysis of the causes and
implications of the gendered
structure of the legal profession
in Canada and elsewhere.
0-7748-08357 • pb • $29.95
Joan Brockman teaches in the School of Criminology at Simon
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it]
LAW AND SOCIETY SERIES UBC     REPORTS      |      MARCH     7 ,     2002
PUTTING YOU FiRS"
YOUR PEACE OF MIND FiRST
YOUR SUCCESS FiRST
For more information, contact Bill Caine, an experienced Raymond James Investment Advisor.
Bill earned a B.Comm, Finance from the University of British Columbia, then joined the
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varied clientele.   His expertise includes retirement and estate planning, wealth building, and
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#2 - 3554 West 41st Ave. Vancouver, B.C.
Tel: 604.263.8874
(just minutes away from ubc)
(Media
Vj
roup
IMAGING SERVICES
ARTS & GRAPHICS
PHOTOGRAPHY
TV & MEDIA PRODUCTION
MEDIA & EQUIPMENT SALES
AV EQUIPMENT RENTALS
DIGITAL COLOUR PRINTING
for publication-quality images,
vibrant full colour brochures,
proposals, flyers, and posters.
www.mediagroup.ubc.ca
THE MEDIA GROUP
Room B32, Woodward IRC
2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, B.C., V6T-1Z3
Tel: (604) 822-5561
Fax: (604) 822-2004
e-mail: wiediagrp@interchange.ubc.ca
Basement of
the Woodward
IRC Building
Events
WEDNESDAY,  MARCH  13
UBC Authors Week
ubc Authors From a To z. Prof.
William New, P.nglish; Prof. Peter
Hochachka, Zoology. Main Library - Dodson Room, from 12:30-
1:30pm.
THURSDAY,  MARCH   14
UBC Authors Week
Ways Of Seeing: ubc Filmmakers
Showcase Recent Productions.
Main Library- Dodson Room,
i2noon-ipm.
FRIDAY MARCH   15
UBC Authors Week
Recent Compositions By ubc Composers. Main Library - Dodson Room
from i2noon-ipm.
Festival
Festiva 2002. International House, 5pm
to 11pm. Advance tickets, $5 at International House. Call 604-822-5021.
ffoGlUb£
www.LiveAt.ubc.ca
MONDAY,  MARCH   l8
Lecture
The Role of Researchers In Responding To The Current Crisis Of
Cutbacks In Social Services, Social
Assistance And Health Benefits.
Prof. Dara Culhane, Anthropology,
sfu. Main Library, Dodson Room,
12 noon to 2 p.m. Visit
www.learningexchange.ubc.ca/.
FOR  MORE  UPCOMING
UBC  EVENTS, VISIT
WWW.LIVEAT.UBC.CA
Beat goes on all weeklong
Bring your bongos to the lunchtime 'jamaramd
A   PERFORMANCE   BY   UBCS   Bal-
inese Gamelan Ensemble and the
chance to come and bang your
own gong are some of the highlights ofthe School of Music's first
festival of drumming taking place
March 19-27.
The weeklong celebration kicks
off March 19 with an invitation to
bring your djembes, bongos and
shakers to a lunchtime Jamarama
at the Student Union Building. The
free two-hour jam session gets underway at noon.
The following day, the Izume
Taiko Ensemble brings the power
ful sound of Japanese drumming
to the School of Music Recital Hall,
also at noon. Tickets are $4 at the
door.
The festival concludes March 27
with a colourful noon-hour showcase of Balinese dance and music.
Led by dynamic young Indonesian
artist Dewa Ketut Alit, ubc's 27-
member Gamelan Gita Asmara ensemble will perform a free concert
of traditional and new works that
Alit has composed for them.
Alit, who hails from a family of
traditional Balinese musicians, is
on campus this year as a Faculty of
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
CENTRE FOR
JAPANESE RESEARCH
DIRECTOR
The Institute of Asian Research is seeking applications from
within the University for the post of Director ofthe Centre for
Japanese Research. Applicants should hold academic
appointments at ubc and have a demonstrated record of
research on Japan. The successful applicant will be expected to
take up the appointment on July 1, 2002.
The successful candidate will be expected to develop research
programs focusing on Japan, seek funding from external donors
for the programs of the Centre for Japanese Research, organize
conferences and seminars on the Centre's research interests and
projects, administer the budget of the Centre, and chair the
Centre's management committee, '['he Centre Director will be
expected to collaborate with the Director of the Institute of
Asian Research in developing inter-Centre and interdisciplinary
teaching and research initiatives. The Centre Director will also
serve on the Council ofthe Institute.
ubc hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment
equity. We encourage all qualified persons to apply.
The appointment will be for a fixed term of three to five years.
The deadline for applications is March 31,2002. Applicants should
send a letter describing their interest in the position, a curriculum
vitae, and the names and postal and e-mail addresses of three
references to:
Pitman B. Potter, Director
Institute of Asian Research
ck. Choi Building, Room 251
1855 West Mall, ubc v6t 1Z2.
Tel: (604) 822-4688
Fax: (604) 822-5207
e-mail: potter@interchange.ubc.ca
Arts Andrew Fellow to share his
extensive knowledge of gamelan, a
percussion ensemble common on
the Indonesian islands of Bali and
Java.
Alit, Music Assoc. Prof.
Michael Tenzer and the rest of
the ensemble will be playing on a
hand-forged set of gongs, bronze
kettles, metallophones, bamboo
flutes, drums, and cymbals that
Tenzer brought back with him
from Bali.
For more information on times
and, for some ofthe performances,
ticket prices, call the ubc School of
Music at 604-822-5574 or visit
www.music.ubc.ca.
DIGEST
 •
Vocational pursuits
The Faculty of Education has
launched Canada's first ever master's degree program in Vocational
Rehabilitation Counselling.
The two-year program, operating from ubc's Point Grey campus
and ubc at Robson Square, will
train students in a broad spectrum
of rehabilitation services including
disability management in order to
help people with disabilities effectively integrate or re-integrate into
the community and workforce.
Its interdisciplinary focus will
bring together instructors from
the faculties of Medicine and Education and the School of Rehabilitation Sciences.
The Workers' Compensation
Board of b.c. contributed to an endowment fund to support the new
program. Another major sponsor is
Great-West Life Assurance Company. The program will be co-ordinated by Assoc. Prof. Izabela Schultz in
the Faculty of Education.
ACADEMIC EDITING
PhD offers editing, shaping, proofreading: scholarly papers, articles,
journals, books, proceedings,
websites. 20 yrs. experience, most
subjects. Touching-up minor English
problems a specialty. Hourly rate,
prompt. Course work not accepted.
E-mail dharrison@direct.ca. UBC      REPORTS      |      MARCH      J ,     2002
Honour Roll
Dr.Julio Montaner, a professor of
Medicine, has been awarded $1
million from international pharmaceutical company Bohringer
Ingleheim Canada. Montaner is
applying the funds to endow a professorship in health outcomes research in hiv/aids.
The award is one of the largest
single awards of its kind in Canada
and was given in recognition of
Montaner's contribution to hiv/
aids.
Brent Sauder has been appointed
director of the Office of Research
Services effective June 1.
A ubc Forestry graduate, Sauder is currently executive director of
the B.C. Advanced Systems Institute.
He previously held various positions in forestry research at MacMillan Bloedel and served as a director for the New Media Innova
tion Centre, Science Council of
British Columbia, and the Greater
Vancouver Economic Partnership.
Richard Kerekes has been appointed the first holder of a new
Paprican Professorship in Pulp
and Paper Engineering.
The professorship, created by
the Faculty of Applied Science in
collaboration with the Pulp and
Paper Research Institute of Canada (Paprican), will be funded from
a $i-million endowment created
by ubc and Paprican.
Kerekes is the founding director
of ubc's Pulp and Paper Centre.
The Alumni Association's Trek
magazine won silver in three categories at the recent case (Council
for the Advancement and Support
of Education) District vm competitions. The awards were received
for best writing ("The Striptease
Andrew
Hasman
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Record-breaking Arts student Brian
Johns.For story, see www.
publicaffairs. ubc.ca.
Project"), best design and best
overall magazine. The magazine is
edited by the association's Chris
Petty and designed by Chris Dahl
in ubc's Public Affairs Office.
ubc's Public Affairs Office won
bronze in the Special Audiences-
Annual Report category for ubc's
2001 Annual Report, "Out There."
The report was designed by Leap
Creative.
The Public Affairs Office also
won silver in the Special
Audiences-Fundraising Booklet
category for the Brain Research
Centre case statement. The booklet was designed by Tandem
Design Associates.
Both publications were developed by Karen McDonald in the
Public Affairs Office.
case District vm includes
member colleges, universities and
independent schools in Western
Canada and the u.s. Pacific Northwest.
Rrtlrtag Wtthla
Don Proteau
B.Comm.CFP.RI'P
Senior Financial
Planning Advisor
dproteau@assante.com
ra?
nk Danielson
8JEd., CFP
Senior Financial
Planning Advisor
f danielson@assante. com
► Complimentary consultations available for UBC Faculty and Staff 4
♦ Retirement and Estate planning ♦
♦ UBC pension expertise ♦
♦ References available ♦
"/ am completely satisfied with the service 1 am receiving from Don."
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"Frank and Don made me feel very comfortable witfi their advice and long range
planning. Their knowledge of the faculty pension plan is also a plus for UBC
professors."
Dr. /. H. McNeill, Professor, Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC
Call or e-mail to be put on our campus seminar invitation list!
604-638-0335
HI Assante
The Assante symbol is a registered trademark of Assante Corporation, used under license.
© 2000 Assante Financial Management Ltd. All rights reserved.
NEXT SEMINAR: Investment Strategies to
Complement Your Faculty Pension Plan
Thursday March 14, 12:30 - 1:30 p.m.
Sage Bistro
* Attendance is limited to 30 guests. Please call
604-638-0335 to register.
AIR QUALITY TIPS...
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more efficiently, with fewer harmful emissions.
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Greater
Vancouver
Regional
District
Your gateway to
infinite connections &
opportunities
March 12, 2002
9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Enterprise Hall @ Plaza of Nations
Vancouver, BC
exchange research ideas    •    visit over 250 academic and industry displays
discover employment opportunities      •      expand your professional network
seek research partnerships      •    see what's new in BC's high-tech industry
listen to 13 innovative speakers    •    connect with other students and faculty
VISIT OUR WEBSITE TOR MORE INFORMATION AND TO REGISTER
www.asiexchange.com 8     |      UBC     REPORTS
MARCH     7,     2002
P RO FILE
The right mix
Who says you can't dj with cds ?
Not graduate student Tim Beamish
by Helen Lewis staffwriter
TIM BEAMISH WAS THE ONLY KID
in Trinity, Nfld., with a passion for
hip-hop music in the early '90s —
he knows that for a fact.
After all, even in a busy summer
there are only 200 people in the
tiny fishing village where he grew
up working in his family's whale-
watching operation.
Living three hours from anywhere, Beamish got his Djing start
when he spent every cent from his
eighth-grade summer jobs on two
turntables, a mixer and a rare second-hand drum machine, and began   scratching   records   in   his
It was hard to keep the dream
alive, being the 0.5 percent of the
population who shunned Bryan
Adams and Motley Criie in favour
of Public Enemy and Rap City.
But now his obsession is set to
pay off for djs everywhere.
These days Beamish is combining Djing — his passion and part-
time job — with his talent for
Computer Science in a unique
master's degree project at ubc.
His thesis involves creating a
new dj set-up to mix and compose
music in a digital environment.
"I'm looking at ways of incorporating the standard dj setup (two
turntables, a mixer and a crate of
records) into a digital realm where
I want to make a direct, hands-on
approach to digital music possible."
Beamish studied the tasks a dj
performs in the traditional set-up
and then set out to make those
easier through his research.
The result is D'oroove, a digital
turntable system that allows djs to
play digital music while keeping
the look and feel of a traditional
turntable and offers more creative
options than traditional vinyl
records.
D'Groove uses two turntable devices attached to a computer running a media player. Two-way
communication between the turntables and the computer means
both devices can "talk" to each
other.
MP3 and other digital music
from the computer is controlled by
the turntable. The turntable, in
turn, can be controlled both by the
computer and the dj's hands.
"The software I developed can
make the turntable stop, or spin at
a certain speed, or spin backwards,
or spin to a specific position and
then stop and spin back," Beamish
says. "This means the music will
stop, or spin at a certain speed, or
play backwards because the action
of the turntable controls the
music.
"This system also uses haptics, a
new form of Computer Science
that provides information from
the computer through the sense of
touch," Beamish adds. "D'oroove
gives haptic force feedback to the
dj, making the turntable harder or
easier to move, or giving bump,
bounce or spring-back effects. I
can also keep my hand on it and
Computer Science and a passion for Djing come together
in Computer Science student Tim Beamish's research
project. D'Groove, a digital turntable system Beamish
has developed, allows djs to do with digital music what
they once did only with lps. Martin Dee photo
the dj can use digital MP3 and cd
music and effects without losing
the performance aspect," he says.
"djs currently use vinyl records
largely as a means of control — it's
really important that they can use
their hands to get an instant reaction in what happens to the music.
whatever I do with my hand happens in the music."
D'Groove aids djs by helping
complete highly complex but essential processes such as beat-
matching and record selection,
leaving the dj free to focus on more
creative mixing.
"I want to give djs more options
and help increase their level of creativity so they can express themselves better," Beamish says.
"I don't want to fully automate
what the dj is doing. It's possible to
get a computer to mix music accurately, but you miss out on the little human nuances and the flair,
which is an important part of why
we love to see djs perform.
"I don't want to take the process
out of the dj's hands — I'm a dj
and I don't want to become obsolete. I like what I'm doing, but I
want to overcome the limitations
and give djs more to play with."
The work has been challenging
— Beamish had no previous experience in hardware elements so he
had to learn about circuitry, optical encoders, motors, input/output boards and writing software
drivers in order to bring his vision
to life.
He is closely in touch with the
music scene outside the lab, Djing
in clubs on Commercial Drive and
dealing with the deluge of e-mails
from djs giving feedback and asking when D'Groove will be commercially available.
And in the summer, Beamish returns to Newfoundland and performs for more receptive crowds
than he ever found during his teenage years.
He still spends the days guiding
whale-watching tours and helping
his father, a ubc Marine Bioacous-
tics phD alumnus, to conduct research on communication with
humpback whales.
"It's the best job in the world," he
says. "You get up around 5 a.m. and
you never know what you'll do that
day — you could be hiking, or going out in the boat, or helping rescue a humpback whale from a codfish net. You do all kinds of crazy
stuff."
Beamish is constantly improving D'Groove, sharing the progress
through his Web site (www.es.
ubc.ca/~tbeamish) and researching the many other facets of dj
work open to improvement.
"I'm overflowing with the
number of things I can work on in
this area," he says.
"I could spend a lifetime working on cool toys to improve a dj's
music."
For the rap-mad kid from tiny
Trinity, that would be a dream
come true.

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