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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jul 7, 1976

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Vol. 22, No. 24. July 7, 1976. Published by
Information Services, University of B.C., 2075
Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5. J.A.
Banham, editor. Judith Walker, staff writer.
Production assistants, Anne Shorter and Louise
ubc reports
UBC Thunderbird rowing crew, shown above on the water
in Vancouver harbor just before leaving for a month-long
tour of Great Britain, were a close second to the British
Leander crew in the finals for the Grand Challenge Cup for
eights at the Henley Royal Regatta last Friday (July 2).
However, four members of the eight-oar crew captured the
Steward's   Challenge   Cup   with  a  one-third  boat  length
victory over the Thames Tradesmen in the
fours-without-cox competition on Sunday (July 3). Left to
right are Doug Mullins, Dinyar Marzban, Ken Rae, Paul
Castner, Michael Moran, Jeffrey Allester, Fred Withers,
John Bodnar and coxwain Michael Conway. Rae, Bodnar,
Moran and Allester were winners of the Steward's Challenge
Cup. Picture by Bill Cunningham.
Grant aids resource economists
A team of UBC economists will
receive more than $806,000 over the
next five years from the Canada
Council for an integrated study
designed to throw light on one of the
least-explored areas of modern
economics — the management of the
world's natural resources.
Up to 45 graduate students will be
associated over the next five years
with the 10-member team of UBC
faculty members in a wide-ranging
program of research that will result in
a series of reports on such topics as
energy policy; petroleum, mineral,
fisheries and forestry problems; and
the policies of governments and
industry in relation to the exploitation
and taxation of natural resources.
Prof.    A.D.    "Tony"   Scott,   a
long-time member of the UBC faculty
and one of the prime movers in the
proposal to the Canada Council, said
the project is unique in that it will be
the first time that any university group
in Canada has undertaken an
integrated study of natural resource
"Up to now," he said, "there have
been isolated and sporadic efforts by
economists in Canada and elsewhere to
come to grips with many of the
problems related to the management
of natural resources.
"But these dispersed efforts have
not really resulted in any useful data
or recommendations. Many areas of
natural-resource policy — mining, for
example — remain almost closed
"We don't even know whether we
are asking the right questions about
many aspects of resource exploitation.
This concentrated grouping of 10 UBC
specialists, all of whom have teaching
and research experience in the area of
natural resources, will enable us to
mount a large-scale crash effort to
illuminate these questions."
Prof. Scott, who is currently serving
as coordinator of the project, said one
reason why the problem of
natural-resource management had not
been tackled on a large-scale basis lies
in the phenomenon of uncertainty
that surrounds such things as resource
Please turn to Page Two
Continued from Page One
tenure and the allocation of resources
over time.
"In the field of natural resources,
one isn't dealing with a
factory-produced, standardized
product that can be analyzed in terms
of its production and distribution
costs," he said.
"Where a factory-produced airplane
is standardized to the extent that this
year's model is the same as last year's,
the opposite applies to ore taken from
the ground or a sockeye salmon taken
from the Fraser River.
"This year's lump of ore or fish is
not the same as last year's, and
furthermore you're dealing with an
exhaustible natural resource that is
altered through mining it or fishing for
"Add to this changing world
conditions in the demand for natural
resources and you create an element of
uncertainty and an absence of
standardization that results in a lack of
guidelines for decision-making by
governments and industry on such
questions as when to exploit or not to
exploit a resource, and what its real
value is."
As an example, Prof. Scott cited
the various policies of governments
and the protests of industry
concerning taxes and royalties in the
mining industry.
"There is no reliable data available
to either party on the relationship
between the cost of mining copper or
coal and the price at which these
commodities are sold. As a result,
taxes and royalties are imposed on a
haphazard basis without even the
barest policy guidelines.
"I don't expect that our studies will
tell governments and industry how to
solve taxation and royalty problems in
every instance, but one of the prime
aims of our project will be to develop
analytical techniques and
generalizations that will enable both
parties to ask the right questions about
the way in which a specific natural
resource should be exploited, taxed
and managed."
Prof. Scott said UBC has the largest
group of economists in Canada — "and
perhaps anywhere" — who are
interested in the economics of natural
resources. 'This concentration of
expertise could mean a real
breakthrough in terms of a mass attack
on the problem of the economics of
natural resources," he said.
Here is a list of the UBC faculty
members involved in the study and the
areas they will be exploring.
Prof. John Helliwell and Dr. Ernst
Berndt will deal with various aspects
of energy policy. Prof. Helliwell will
2/UBC Reports/July 7, 1976
Recommendations of the
President's Ad Hoc Committee
on Salary Differentials for
Faculty Men and Women were
approved Tuesday by the Board
of Governors.
The committee of three
women and three men,
appointed in September by
President Douglas Kenny,
invited representation from any
of the 281 full-time women
members of the UBC faculty
who wished to have her salary
Those who applied were
asked to name male peers, and
this "matched-pair" system was
used by the committee as part of
its deliberations.
The committee found 29
inequities, and the 29 women
will receive salary increases of
varying amounts retroactive to
July 1, 1975, to give them parity
with their male counterparts.
The committee was
co-chaired by Dr. Margaret
Prang, head of the Department
of History, and Dr. Jim
Richards, Department of Food
Science. Other members were
Prof. Alan Cairns, head of the
Department of Political Science;
Prof. Penny Gouldstone, Faculty
of Education; Prof. Julia Levy,
Department of Microbiology;
and Prof. Donald Whitelaw,
Department of Medicine.
also carry out independent studies on
pricing policy and the movement of
gas and oil.
Prof. Paul Bradley and Dr. Harry
Campbell will research the economics
of mineral exploration. Dr. Bradley
will also study technical and economic
factors related to petroleum reserves.
Dr. Gordon R. Munro will
specialize in fisheries problems.
Prof. Philip Neher will deal with
capital theory and how it applies to
natural resources.
Prof. Peter Pearse will specialize in
forestry topics.
Prof. Scott plans to explore
governmental arrangements for
resource planning over time.
Dr. James E. Wilen will be involved
in empirical aspects of optimal
resource taxation.
Dr. Russell Uhler, a statistical
expert, will use statistical techniques
to estimate reserves of natural
resources, and will also be responsible
for development of a data bank for use
by the research group.
Each graduate student working
with one faculty member will tend to
specialize rather more than most
master's degree students. However, in
their research and course work they
will gain experience and familiarity
with more than one area of
natural-resource inquiry, Prof. Scott
The graduate students will be
subject to all UBC course
requirements. They will utilize the
material accumulated in their research
to satisfy the thesis and essay
requirements for degrees.
"One of our real concerns in recent
years," Prof. Scott said, "has been to
attract to UBC a number of
outstanding graduate students
commensurate with faculty interest in
the area of natural resources. The
Canada Council grant, and other funds
available to support the students, will
enable us to mount this integrated
research program."
He said that one of the long-range
benefits of the program to
governments and industry was the
creation of a pool of talent who would
bring to their future jobs expertise in
the economics of natural resources.
"Many of the graduate students may
choose jobs unrelated directly to
resource management," he said, "but
the expertise they acquire in this
program will always be there for
future use in government and
Looking on the project as a whole,
Prof. Scott described its future
benefits as "incalculable. We obviously
have British Columbia in the back of
our minds in mounting this project,
but our studies will not necessarily be
confined to the West Coast. Gordon
Munro's fisheries studies will
encompass both the East and West
"The research studies we produce
should enable governments, industry
and related agencies to ask the right
questions and refer to a set of
generalizations and guidelines on
resource management.
"On a larger scale, our research will
be applicable anywhere there are
natural resources being exploited, for
example in Zambia and Chile, which
have economies based on the
exploitation of copper.
"In the final analysis, it's
conceivable that this project could be
of benefit to all mankind. We're
enormously pleased that the Canada
Council has chosen to back us." Urban almanac gets help from UBC
Many UBC departments and
inhabitants of the Point Grey campus,
including faculty members and
students, have played a major role in
compiling and writing material for The
Vancouver Book, a newly-published
500-page "urban almanac" about
Canada's third-largest city.
Vancouver writer and broadcaster
Chuck Davis, who conceived the idea
for the volume in 1967, claims it's the
largest book ever written about a
Canadian city.
Some 200 people contributed
material for the book and more than
1,000 gave it "time, effort or money,
or a combination of those important
things," says Mr. Davis.
People associated with UBC have
made contributions to each major
section of the book, including history,
neighborhoods, environment, the
physical city, civic government, and
ethnic groups and churches.
The book includes material by the
following UBC people: Prof. Philip
Akrigg, English, and his wife, Helen,
on Vancouver place names; Dr. David
Bates, dean of Medicine, on air
pollution in Vancouver; Tony Dorcey,
of the Westwater Research Centre, on
lower Fraser River water quality; Dr.
Tim    Oke   and    Dr.   John    Hay,
Lady Jackson
Crane book
The Crane Memorial Library for the
blind has received a collector's item —
an autographed copy of Barbara Ward
Jackson's book, The Home of Man.
But there's something different about
this autograph. It's a tape-recorded-
message for a talking book.
Lady Jackson recorded the
autograph during her recent stay in
Vancouver to attend the United
Nations Conference on Human
Settlements. The Crane library
contacted her to request copyright
permission for the recording of her
book, which focusses on the problems
of human settlements. Not only did
she grant permission, but she agreed to
record a greeting for blind and
handicapped readers in which she
encourages blind readers and supports
their efforts to gather information
through non-print means.
The talking version of The Home of
Man with its autograph will soon be
available through the Crane library in
the Brock Hall Annex.
geography, on Vancouver's climate;
Prof. Charles Rowles and Prof. Leslie
Lavkulich, soil science, on Vancouver
soils; Dr. Peter Moogk, history, on the
historical guns of the city; Sheila
Neville, of the UBC library, on
community theatre; Prof. Emeritus
Stanley Read, English, on Vancouver
public libraries; Prof. Geoffrey
Scudder, zoology, on the insects of
Vancouver; Dr. Paul Tennant, political
science, on civic politics; Paul Thiele,
of the Crane Library for the blind at
UBC, on services for the blind in
Vancouver; and Peter Thompson,
assistant information officer in UBC's
Department of Information Services,
who wrote a 10-page section on city
health services.
Mr. Davis also tips his hat to the
more than 1,000 persons who
provided basic material for the book
or offered suggestions for items to be
UBC people and departments
included    in    this    category    are:
Education V, a division of the UBC
Faculty of Education; Prof. Irving
Fox, director of the Westwater
Research Centre; The Ubyssey, the
campus student newspaper; Dr. Robert
McKechnie, mechanical engineering,
and three Engineering students for a
paper on waste disposal; Dr. William C.
Gibson, head of the Department of the
History of Medicine and Science; Prof.
Emeritus of Education Leonard Marsh;
Prof. J. Lewis Robinson, geography;
and Arnie Myers, Al Hunter and Jim
Banham, of the Department of
Information Services.
The book's index also contains
more than 60 references to the UBC
campus proper or UBC-related
subjects, including the University
Endowment Lands, the Great Trek of
1923, the UBC Press (which also
contributed photographs for a section
on Vancouver's architecture), and
UBC Reports.
The Vancouver Book is available at
the Bookstore for $10.95 a copy.
English tutorials start
What would you do if you had
some senior students who really
loved English as a subject and
wanted to teach it, and some
first-year students who, for the life
of them, just couldn't put a
sentence together? Why, introduce
them to each other, of course.
And that's exactly what the
Department of English at UBC has
done this summer, with money for
salaries of the student teachers
supplied through the provincial
Department of Labour's seasonal
employment university program.
The English composition tutorial
program, which began Monday,
July 5, was available free of charge
to students planning to enrol in
English 100 in the fall. More than
100 students have enrolled in the
program and it is now full. The six
tutors are from the English
department's graduate, honors and
majors programs, chosen for their
competence in English and their
interest in teaching.
"Almost all the students in the
tutorials are those retaking English
100," explained Dr. Jon Wisenthal
who, as chairman of English 100, is
looking after the summer program.
The number of students in each
class of English 100, the wide range
of ability the students have with
the language and the limited time
available for individual instruction
prohibits English 100 from stressing
basic language training as much as is
necessary for some students, he
"In this program there will be no
such obstacles to language
training," he said.
Tutorial sessions can be arranged
with the tutors from 9 a.m. until 10
p.m. and as often as the student
wishes and time permits. The
sessions are based on essays which
the students will write, with the
tutors going over the essays
individually with the students. The
tutors have been given advice on
teaching this kind of program by
members of the English faculty,
who will also be available during
the summer for consultation.
"We don't have enough people
during the year for this kind of
remedial help," Dr. Wisenthal said.
"Now we have six people for two
months whose sole concern will be
the teaching of remedial
"And the program has the
additional advantage of giving good
teaching experience to the tutors,"
he added.
UBC Reports/July 7, 1976/3 NEXT WEEK AT UBC
Notices must reach Information Services, Main Mall North Admin. Bldg., by mail, by 5 p.m. Thursday of week preceding publication of notice.
In addition to listing events of interest to the campus
community scheduled for the week of July 11 — 17, this
week's column includes a list of activities which will take
place during Summer Session. These events, listed under
the title "Summer Scene," are open to faculty, staff and
students, unless otherwise noted.
For Summer Students: This column is the place
where you'll find lectures, seminars, plays, concerts and
anything else that might be happening at UBC next
week. It will appear on the back page of UBC Reports,
which is published every Wednesday by Information
Services and placed in major campus buildings. If you
can't find a copy of UBC Reports, pick one up at our
office, second floor. Main Mall North Administration
If you have notices you'd like to have published, the
deadline is Thursday at 5 p.m. of the week before the
edition of UBC Reports you'd like to have it appear in is
published. Send notices to "Next Week at UBC," c/o
Department of Information Services, UBC.
10:00a.m. CANADIAN RED CROSS Blood Donor Clinic.
Student Union Building. Continues until 4 p.m.
7:30p.m. SUMMER SCREEN SERIES featuring five films
about women from the National Film Board.
Woman on the March, Great Grand Mother, Spring
and Fall of Nina Polanski, Housewife and Our Dear
Sisters will be shown. Lecture Hall 2, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre. Free.
Peter L. Berger, Graduate School, Rutgers University, on Reflections on the Idea of Progress. Theatre,
Student Union Building.
10:00a.m. CANADIAN RED CROSS Blood Donor Clinic.
Student Union Building. Continues until 4 p.m.
7:30p.m. SUMMER SCREEN SERIES featuring threefilmsof
political commentary and satire from the National
Film Board. A Propaganda Message, The Hecklers,
and We Sing More Than We Cry will be shown.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre. Free.
8:00 p.m. STAGE CAMPUS '76 presents Shelley by Ann
Jellicoe. Dorothy Somerset Studio. Tickets, $3;
students, $2. Continues nightly until July 24. For
reservations, call 228-2678.
Dorothy H. Donnelly, Jesuit School of Theology,
Berkeley, on Consciousness, The Spirit and You.
Theatre, Student Union Building.
2:30 p.m. CHEMISTRY SEMINAR. Dr. L. Josef F. Hermans,
Rijksuniversiteit, Leiden, The Netherlands, on Experiments on Gas Transport Properties in a Magnetic
Field. Room 225, Chemistry Building.
7:30p.m. SUMMER SCREEN SERIES featuring Cactus
Flower with Walter Mathau and Goldie Hawn.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre. Free.
ensemble performs Music of Mozart, Dvorak and
Brahms. Recital Hall, Music Building.
summer scene
If you need help with anything during Summer Session, contact
the Summer Students' Association located in West Mall Annex,
Rooms 140-142 or phone 228-6178. Office hours 2 to 4 p.m.
Summer Session is now part of the Office of Extra-Sessional
Studies. The new office is located in the Coach House, 6323 Cecil
Green Park Road. Phone 228-2581 or 228-2657.
Free noon-hour concerts held outside the Student Union Building
begin on Wednesday, July 7. Everyone welcome.
Wednesday evenings, 7:30 — 9:30 p.m. on the SUB plaza, folk
dance sessions will be held. All that's needed is a pair of
comfortable dancing shoes and your enthusiasm. All of the dances
are easy to learn and exciting to dance, so come and bring your
friends. For further information, call Richard Spratley, 228-3653.
If you are unfamiliar with the Library facilities on campus — Main
Library + 13 branch libraries with more than 1.6 million books and
periodicals, 1.6 million microforms, 400,000 government
documents, 100,000 maps and 132,000 recordings, films,
videotapes, slides, transparencies and pictures — take a tour!
They're available each day until Friday, July 9 at 10:30 a.m. and
12:30 p.m., beginning in the Main Library entrance hall. One
half-hour later, the Sedgewick Library is giving orientation to
undergraduates. If you can't make the tour, pick up the UBC
Library Handbook near the card catalogues in the main concourse.
A series of activities which will study trees and wooded areas of the
campus, with direct concern for the ecology of these areas, will be
held through July and the first two weeks of August. The
mini-course is open to children aged 9 to 13. Parents interested in
enrolling their children in the course should contact John Coates,
228-5056 (office) or 224-9182 (home phone after 5 p.m.
Information on this co-educational camp sponsored by Physical
Education for children aged 7 to 14 can be obtained by calling
228-3341. Camps run for two weeks from July 5 to Aug. 13,9 a.m.
to noon, and cost $32 for each two-week session.
Free swimming is once again available to Summer Session students.
Check for times at the swim office at Empire Pool. Equipment for
use   in  the  gymnasium  (basketballs, badminton,  etc.),  is also,
available from the swim cage.
The Summer Students' Association is sponsoring golf lessons.
Package of eight lessons only $8 or single lessons at $1 for an hour's
instruction. Lessons also available for faculty and staff for $2 each
hour of instruction. Register at the Summer Students'Association
office. Room 140, West Mall Annex. Call 228-6178 for more
Lessons held on Place Vanier Residence courts beginning
Thursday, July 8, at 1 p.m. Cost to Summer Session students is$1
each lesson or $6 for a six-lesson package. Also open to faculty and
staff for $2 a lesson. Register at the Summer Students' Association
office, Room 140, West Mall Annex. Call 228-6178 for more
4/UBC Reports/July 7, 1976


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