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UBC Reports Apr 4, 1996

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Volume 42, Number 7
April 4, 1996
Up The Wall
D. Thomson photo
The 17th annual Storm the Wall competition saw 470, five-person faculty, staff and student teams go up and
over. The popular relay-style competition includes an 11-width swim ofthe Aquatic Centre pool, a 450-metre
sprint to Main Mall, a 2.8-kilometre cycle loop on Main Mall and a one-kilometre run. The whole team goes over
the wall at the end.
grant policy
UBC President David Strangway has
welcomed the provincial government's
decision not to pass cuts in federal
transfer payments along to B.C. universities.
"It's an immense relief," Strangway
said, adding that a recent decision to
freeze salaries of public sector employees will help minimize any negative
effect of the provincial grant, which
remains unchanged from the previous
But Strangway pointed out that,
when coupled with the recently announced freeze on post-secondary tuition fees, the university is actually faced
with a one per cent cut in its 1996/97
operating budget. This cut is required
to cover previous salary settlements
and other costs.
Strangway said the government's decisions allow UBC to uphold its tuition
policy as approved by the Board of
Governors last year.
"UBC's tuition policy constrains UBC
to operate within inflation, provides for
offsetting a cut in the provincial grant,
and provides for a fund to protect about
one-third of students against the effect
of a tuition increase," he said. "With
the inflationary effect of salary increases
controlled and no decrease in the provincial operating grant, the board's
tuition policy remains intact."
The government also announced that
each college and university will be required to increase productivity by four
See GRANT Page 2
Crime rate suggests
campus safe place
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Property crimes remain the highest
reported incidents at UBC, a recent
survey of campus crime statistics indicates.
"Members ofthe
campus commu- ^HHB|^^
nity are at greater
risk of having their
wallet, purse or
computer stolen
than being assaulted," says Meg
Gaily, UBC's personal security coordinator. "It's the
reality for most of
us where we live.
as well. Compared to other Lower Mainland communities, the campus is a
relatively safe place."
Incident reports from UBC's Parking
and Security Services (PASS) for January to March 23 this year list a total of
81 property crimes compared to two
sexual offences. There are no sexual
assaults reported to date.
There were nine trespass act offences, 43 reports of suspicious per-
Compared to other Lower
Mainland communities,
the campus is a relatively
safe place."
Meg Gaily
sons, 12 motor vehicle accidents and
28 other criminal activities which included intoxication, dumpster fires and
verbal altercations.
Despite the statistical evidence, Gaily
is concerned that persistent rumours
about  sexual  assaults  and  murders
purportedly  tak-
^^mm^m^^^^^     ing place at UBC
are causing fear
on campus, especially among students.
"At a forum on
personal   safety,
students   complained about not
having access to
reliable information about crime
at the university," Gaily said.  "They
may   receive   incorrect   information,
based on rumour,  that is disturbing
and frightening."
She noted that much ofthe problem
stems from confusion about what constitutes the UBC campus.
"Often the media will report that a
murder victim, for example, was found
at  UBC when in reality it may have
See CRIME Page 2
Alumni gift establishes
new chair in design
through the developi
A donation from a UBC alumnus
and   mechanical   engi-     	
neeringgraduate is leading to the establishment
of a $ 1.5-million chair in
mechanical engineering
Patrick Campbell, who
graduated from UBC in
1947, donated $750,000
to the Faculty of Applied
Science. This amount will
be matched with money
of the Hampton Place
housing complex to create
the Patrick David
Campbell Chair in Mechanical Engineering Design.
Prof. Robert Evans,
head of the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, said
the chair will enhance research in an area that is
See DESIGN Page 2
Sleep State
We may not be sleepless, but we could do with more, says Stanley Coren
Gull Gusto 3_
Offbeat: Give him macaroni and cheese and he'll follow you anywhere
Troubled Times 9
Forum:  Former Irish PM Albert Reynolds talks about achieving peace
Pure Information 12
Mechanical engineer Rabab Ward works to make sense out of noise 2 UBC Reports • April 4, 1996
Kahn clarifies
Dr. Dennis Danielson's
letter (UBC Reports, March 21,
1996) gives me an opportunity
to clarify a confusion over the
term "systemic discrimination"
that Dr. Danielson and others
"Systemic discrimination" is
not a synonym for "pervasive
discrimination" or "chilly
climate." Rather, "systemic
discrimination" refers to a
specific type of discrimination
that occurs when a practice
that appears innocuous proves
under certain circumstances to
discriminate unreasonably and
without justification.
For example, the practice of
UBC Reports welcomes letters to the editor on topics relevant to the
university community. Letters must be signed and include an address
and phone number for verification. Please limit letters, which may be
edited for length, style and clarity, to 300 words. Deadline is 10 days
before publication date. Submit letters in person or by mail to the UBC
Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C.,
V6T 1Z1, by fax to 822-2684 or by e-mail to paula.martin®ubc.ca.
scheduling courses in rooms
that can only be reached by
stairs is not discriminatory
discrimination' is
not a synonym for
discrimination' or
chilly climate.'"
Sharon Kahn
until a student finds that his
disability prevents him from
attending class. A failure to
provide a women's washroom
in an all-male unit is not
discriminatory until a woman
joins the work force. Manda-
UBC team among
math elite
UBC placed eighth in North
America's most prestigious
mathematics contest for undergraduate college and university
students. The 1995 W. L.
Putnam Mathematics Competition was written last December by 2,468 students from 405
colleges and universities.
Prof. Lon Rosen, coach of
UBC's three-member team, said
contestants spent six hours attempting to solve 12 problems.
"The median score was eight
out of 120 so that gives some
idea of the level of difficulty,"
said Rosen, who added that the
highest score was 86.
UBC was represented by
David Savitt, Erich Mueller and
Mark Hamilton, each of whom
is graduating this year.
Savitt's individual score of
71 was good for 13 th place
overall. This was the third consecutive year Savitt has placed
in the top 15. The graduate of
St. George's School in Vancouver will begin a doctoral mathematics program at Harvard
next year.
The top five schools in this
year's Putnam competition
were: Harvard University,
Cornell University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
University of Toronto and
Princeton University.
This is the third year UBC
has received an honourable
mention for finishing in the top
10. The University of Chicago,
Duke University, New York
University and Washington
University (St. Louis) also received honourable mention.
tory meetings held in the late
afternoon are not discriminatory until parents discover that
child-rearing responsibilities
prevent their attending.
When matters such as these
are brought to the attention of
equity-minded administrators,
they provide complainants
with reasonable accommodation. Administrators who
refuse to offer reasonable
accommodation discriminate
I trust this explanation of
"systemic discrimination"
resolves the semantic difficulties
Dr. Danielson discovers in the
wording of UBC's Policy on
Discrimination and Harassment.
Sharon E. Kahn
Associate Vice-president,
Continued from Page 1
been Wreck Beach, Pacific
Spirit Regional Park or the
University Endowment Lands,
none of which are within the
university's jurisdiction."
Gaily also believes that people may take crime statistics
published by the university detachment of the RCMP for the
entire area they administer,
which includes UBC, and apply them to the campus only.
"Suddenly, people are saying that the 85 sexual assaults
reported to the RCMP in 1995
all occurred at the university."
Gaily stressed the importance of tracking down the
source of information. She recommends that anyone troubled
by rumours should call her
office, PASS or the RCMP who
will make printed crime reports
available on request.
For more information, call
Gailv at 822-6210.
Continued from Page 1
key to the field of engineering.
"Design is really the synthesis of everything you learn as
an engineer," he said. "And that
design work touches on almost
everything around us, whether
it's a car, a home appliance or
an airplane. It's ultimately designed by engineers."
While at UBC Campbell was
a member of the Phi Kappa
Sigma fraternity and was a
three-time winner of the Big
Block award for athletics.
Campbell's career as a pipeline engineer took him from
remote corners of the world to
the top ranks of Williams
Brothers Overseas, one of the
world's largest pipeline companies. He became president
of that company in 1971.
He supervised construction
of thousands of kilometres ot
pipeline around the globe, in
cluding the Trans-Ecuadorian
pipeline that spanned the Andes Mountains at heights up to
4,500 metres.
Campbell and his brother
Alastair, also a UBC engineering alumnus, earlier established a scholarship in honour
of their mother, Mairi Grant
Campbell, who emigrated from
Scotland in 1924 and later
taught at several Vancouver
high schools.
Campbell has also recently
funded the Patrick David
Campbell Fellowships which
will provide funding for
graduate students in all areas of study. There are cur
rently only 319 graduate fellowships available to 1.200
eligible students.
Continued from Page 1
per cent, implying a four per
cent increase in student
spaces. The university currently has about 2,000
weighted full time equivalent
students more than it is funded
"For us it does not mean a
change of direction. It's a
stand-pat year in every sense."
Strangway said.
Edwin Jackson
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
Associate Director, University Relations: Steve Crombie
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.filletti@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc,ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996 3
Sleep Thieves suggests
we need to sleep more
by Gavin Wilson
Stanley Coren
Staff writer
Psychology Prof. Stanley Coren sees
the evidence all around him: in
concertgoers dozing in the Orpheum,
airline passengers nodding off on a mid-
morning flight, and even among his own
students, one of whom damaged valuable equipment when she fell asleep in
his lab.
"As a society." Coren says, "we are
sleep deprived. The
data suggests we may ^■"^■■■■■^^
actually be getting
two-and-a-half to
three hours a night
less sleep than our
bodies were designed
to have."
This is the thesis
of Coren's new book,
Sleep Thieves. In it he
argues that the seven
or eight hours sleep
conventional wisdom
says we need is inadequate. The cumulative effect of the resulting sleep debt is a
deterioration of our physical and mental
health that endangers ourselves and others.
Sleep Thieves' publication is timely.
Coren warns that the onset of daylight
savings time, which begins April 7, is
responsible for hundreds of deaths and
accidents each year.
"If sleep debt makes us more susceptible to the effects of any small additional
sleep loss, then that hour of sleep we lose
in the spring following the daylight savings
time shift should make us more clumsy,
inattentive and accident prone—and
maybe more likely to die," Coren says.
In research that will also be published in the New England Journal of
Medicine this week. Coren shows that
traffic accidents in Canada jump by
seven per cent the day after the shift to
daylight savings time. Similarly, when
we gain an hour's sleep in the fall, the
accident rate dips.
Statistics also show that the number
of accidental deaths in the U.S. spikes
sharply on the first four working days
following the onset of daylight savings
The effects of our general sleep debt
are reflected year-round in accident statistics. Coren says that each year in the
United States sleep-related accidents result in $56 billion in damage. 25,00 deaths
"The onset of daylight
savings time... is
responsible for hundreds
of deaths and accidents
each year."
and 2.5 million disabling injuries.
Sleep deprivation was a factor in some
of the greatest calamities of recent times,
including Chernobyl and the space shuttle Challenger explosion. The Exxon Valdez
oil spill was another, caused when the
captain's third mate fell asleep at the helm.
Sleep Thieves also contains anecdotes
about how sleep debt affects shift workers, airline pilots, long-haul truckers,
and hospital interns and residents who
work round the clock making life and
death decisions
^^^^^^^^^^^ about their patients.
One story tells of
the airliner that flew
past its destination,
Los Angeles International Airport,
and continued for
160 kilometres over
the Pacific, all three
pilots fast asleep.
Coren  also  inter-
       views a trucker who
fell asleep at the
wheel and woke to find himself on the
Utah salt flats 16 kilometres from the
nearest highway.
Coren says the culprit is the unnatural sleep patterns that the modern world
imposes on us.
Blame Thomas Edison. He viewed
sleep as wasteful and claimed to need
just four hours a night. With his invention of the electric light bulb, society
entered a world of perpetual daylight.
The production line introduced round-
the-clock shift work, and today, computer networks keep information flowing 24 hours a day.
Edison's feelings about sleep mirror
those of contemporary society, which sees
it as unproductive down time, but Coren
says the data shows that we should be
sleeping at least nine-and-a-half hours of
every 24.
In an experiment at Stanford University, student volunteers were asked to
sleep for one and a half hours longer than
they normally do. Despite their fears about
losing study time, the students increased
their grades by an average of 10 per
cent—the equivalent of a two or three
point increase in IQ.
Some of the other topics covered in
Sleep Thieves include insomnia, dreams,
jet lag, sleep apnea, the differences in
sleep among infants, children and teenagers, and the always futile attempts at
reducing or even eliminating sleep.
by staff writers
Chandelle Coleman freely admits it—she's gull-ible.
For three years, the donations processing clerk from UBC's
Development Office has been sharing a lunch break with a seagull
she calls No-Neck.
The feathered affair started in Feb. 1994 while Coleman was working out
ofthe stately Cecil Green Park House situated on the most northwestern point of campus. From her third-floor window. Coleman held
■y court with many a gull but No-Neck stood out.
-w- "Other gulls were pushy but no-neck was not at all
>r^-       aggressive," said Coleman. "He just sat there quietly
->w»~        and waited patiently for what scraps came his
_^_ -*^ way."
__—■<" No-Neck was certainly not picky. Cheezies.
-V apples, cinnamon buns, bananas, jelly-tots, macaroni
and cheese—Coleman gaveth and gull didst taketh away.
So when it came time for Donations Processing to move into
nearby Mary Bollert Hall last August, Coleman thought that was the end
of their relationship.
She was wrong. It appears No-Neck is part horning pigeon.
Shortly after her move. Coleman looked out her window to find No-Neck
staring back with his trademark slouch and cracked beak.
"He's taken to coming around in the mornings now but I don't mind." said
Coleman. "1 guess there's no accounting for good taste."
These UBC students show the classic signs of sleep deprivation, the topic
of Psychology Prof. Stanley Coren's latest book, Sleep Thieves. University
students in 1910 slept about nine hours a night, compared with eight hours
in the 1960s, seven hours and 18 minutes in 1978 and six hours and 52
minutes in 1988. A Stanford University study showed that students
improved their grades by sleeping more each night, even though it gave
them less time to study.
New centre to study
immigration's impact
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Vancouver has been transformed in
recent years as immigration and off-shore
investment have re-shaped its commercial and residential landscapes. But until
now, few have studied this impact.
That will change with the creation of a
multi-million-dollar Centre of Excellence
for the Study of Immigration and Integration involving UBC and 14 other Canadian universities.
The Vancouver research centre, and
three others located in Toronto, Montreal
and Edmonton, were recently announced
by Hedy Fry. federal secretary of state for
"Few cities have changed so much,
and so quickly, as Vancouver has in
recent years." said Geography Prof. David
Ley, who is co-director ofthe Vancouver
centre along with SFU Economics Prof.
Don DeVoretz.
"Aside from some sensational newspaper stories that have emphasized the
atypical rather than the typical, little is
known about immigration's impact. We
need a better handle on the experiences
of immigrants and their influence on our
communities," he said.
The centre's findings will give all levels
of government better information to develop policies and services including education, housing and health care needs,
and assess how social, economic and
cultural life will be affected.
Ley. a social geographer who has studied Canadian cities for 24 years, is part of
a team of 45 researchers from UBC. SFU
and UVic who will carry out the centre's
work in partnership with other organizations.
UBC departments taking part in the
project are Geography, Sociology, Economics and Civil Engineering, the schools
of Nursing, Rehabilitation Sciences and
Community and Regional Planning and
the faculties of Education and Commerce.
Project partners include organizations
that provide service to immigrants along
with other public and private sector
stakeholders such as municipal governments and school boards, the provincial
ministry for Multiculturalism and Immigration and community based groups
such as SUCCESS and MOSAIC.
"Their participation in this project is
important and we hope that their inclusion produces benefits for them." Ley
said. "Multiculturalism has to be a means
of leading to a sense of Canadian citizenship that is shared by all. It should lead
to a stronger Canada, not a more fragmented one."
The four research centres will receive
a total of $8 million over six years.
Financial support comes from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research
Council. Citizenship and Immigration
Canada. Health Canada, the Dept. of
Human Resources, the Dept. of Canadian Heritage. Status of Women Canada.
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp.,
and the Dept. ofthe Solicitor General.
The centres are a major part of Canada's participation in the Metropolis
Project, an international initiative examining the impact of immigration on cities
around the world. 4 UBC Reports • April 4, 1996
Purchase of a $500,000 photon machine would allow cost-effective stereotactic radio brain
surgery to take place in Vancouver. Dr. Brian Toyota, pictured above, and colleagues are
already using a type of stereotactic procedure to perform precise brain biopsies on a daycare basis.
Technology offers painless,
bloodless brain surgery
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
UBC's Division of Neurosurgery and the B.C. Cancer Agency
are working together to bring a
unique tool to Vancouver that
will combat brain tumours and
strokes without invasive surgery.
Stereotactic radiosurgery allows painless and bloodless procedures that replace the surgeon's scalpel with powerful,
highly focused beams of radiation, said Dr. Brian Toyota.
Toyota, an assistant professor in the Dept. of Surgery, is
part of a group of physicians
who are trying to build support
for the purchase of stereotactic
radio surgery equipment.
There is often a lot of hype
about these kinds of things, and
this technology does have its
limitations—we can't use it for
every brain tumour or blood vessel malformation—but this is
really quite a remarkable ad
vance and we should be taking
advantage of it," he said.
Stereotactic radio surgery offers many advantages to conventional surgery.
Lesions and tumours can be
eliminated with little effect on
surrounding brain tissue and
there is none of the trauma involved with general anesthesia
and open brain surgery that can
take several hours. Complications such as stroke, infection
and hemorrhage occur much less
Such surgery is also cost-effective, Toyota said. Procedures
are usually performed under a
local anesthetic and are complete in less than an hour. There
is no need for post-operative care
or long rehabilitation. Patients
can be sent home on the same
day instead of enduring a lengthy
Stereotactic radio surgery is
already in use in Europe, the
U.S. and central Canada, but it
Open House/
Public Forum
Official Community Plan
for UBC
■ Monday, April 15th
■ 4pm to 8pm
■ Student Union Building (SUB)
Room 214/216
6138 SUB Boulevard
UBC Campus
For further information, please call the Greater
Vancouver Regional District information line at
is not yet available anywhere in
Western Canada.
The reason is that cash-
strapped hospitals can't afford
it. Toyota said his group advocates the purchase of the least
expensive option, a photon machine costing $500,000. It is
basically a modification of what
is already used in cancer radiation therapy.
The photon-based equipment
is a fraction of the cost of other
radio surgery hardware like the
Gamma Knife, which costs more
than $5 million, but it is equally
effective, he said.
Toyota said UBC has recruited
personnel in recent years, including himself, who are trained
and experienced in using these
"The technology is available,
people are eager and willing to
use it, but now we've hit a wall,"
he said. "What we have learned
may soon be outdated if we wait
too long. If we had the money we
could have this up and running
by the fall."
Toyota and his colleagues are
already performing a type of
stereotactic procedure to perform precise biopsies of brain
lesions on a day-care basis.
Stereotactic biopsies are performed by placing a cylinder-like
frame around the patient's head
to provide a reference for accurate coordinates. A CT scan is
done and a small incision is made
in the skull under a local
The tip of a very fine probe is
then used to take a biopsy sample of the tissue. The entire procedure takes no more than two
hours and does away with the
need for a large opening in the
skull and a long recovery period.
Stereotactic procedures are
also used to diagnose AIDS-re-
lated neurological complications
that are otherwise difficult to
locate, plan the removal of lesions and tumours and locate
small tumours.
H    Please
€■«}  Recycle
Crisis point focus
for institute study
At what point does a situation
become a crisis?
This question is the first focus of study for the Peter Wall
Institute for Advanced Studies.
Over the next three years, a core
group of nine UBC scholars will
receive a grant of $500,000 to
look at the phenomenon known
as a "crisis point" —that juncture at which the character of a
process changes abruptly.
"It may be the recurrence of a
disease posing a major new
threat, groundwater pollution
reaching a level where it threatens our water supply, the collapse of fisheries due to a sudden drop in populations, an avalanche, earthquake or the collapse of a currency or market,"
said project co-ordinator Priscilla
Greenwood. "The critical points
at which such phenomena
emerge are the crisis points we
propose to study."
Greenwood, a professor of
mathematics, said the interdisciplinary group of researchers
will study both the general question of how to develop crisis point
models and how to apply them to
particular problems in areas
such as biology, earth sciences,
economics, epidemiology and
psychology. The research team
will be aided by graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and
visiting scholars.
The study will have three components: a description of the
nature of crisis point models;
development of techniques for
determining when and how to
apply models to an area; and
suggestions on how to implement practical applications
guided by results and insights
from modelling efforts.
"We will consider what aspects of model results are relevant to the real world problems
at hand and how to make the
case to the public and various
authorities that models can be
useful," said Greenwood. "We
hope our models will enable people to evaluate danger better, to
see crises coming and be in a
position to make decisions based
on good judgements."
The Institute for Advanced
Studies was established by a
$15 million gift from Vancouver
financier Peter Wall. The first of
its kind in Canada, the institute
will have renowned scholars
undertaking thematic enquiries
into topical, cross-disciplinary
John Grace, dean ofthe Faculty of Graduate Studies, said a
new thematic grant proposal will
be selected each year in an open
competition. Successful proposals are supported by an endowment of $10 million drawn from
the Hampton Place residential
development. Grace added that
the institute hopes to announce
the appointment of a director in
Joining Greenwood in the proposal Crisis Points and Models
for Decision are: Asst. Prof. Roger
Beckie. Geological Sciences; Prof.
Birger Bergersen. Physics: Prof.
Leah Edelstein-Keshet. Mathematics; Prof. David McClung.
Geography/Civil Engineering;
Asst. Prof. Joris Pinske. Economics; Prof. Michael Schulzer,
Statistics/Medicine: Prof. Carl
Walters, Fisheries Centre/Zoology; and Prof. Lawrence Ward,
D Thomson photo
Dig This
Graduating student Ho Min Um helped plant a dogwood
tree in the North Meadow across from the Rose Garden
Parkade recently. The tradition of graduating classes
planting a tree on campus dates back to 1915. UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996 5
Teen pregnancy not at
root of drop-out rate
Despite popular belief, pregnancy is
not the main reason why teenage girls
drop out of school, says a UBC researcher.
This is one of several myths about teen
pregnancy, parenthood and education
that are exploded in a recently completed
study by Deirdre Kelly, an assistant professor of Educational Studies.
"Girls leave school for many of the
same reasons boys do," says Kelly. "Rarely
today are girls, who are academically and
socially engaged in school, suddenly derailed in their education by pregnancy."
In 1993, Kelly began attending classes
and extracurricular events at two B.C.
schools with on-site child-care facilities
for teen parents. Both schools integrated
pregnant and parenting students into
regular classes and activities.
In addition, she interviewed several hundred teachers, students, school administrators and trustees, community representatives and school-based child-care workers.
Kelly also observed 22 teenage mothers at school, socializing with friends and
interacting with their children both at
home and at daycare centres.
Preliminary data analysis shows that
73 per cent ofthe teens either quit school
or were severely truant prior to pregnancy. Another 14.5 per cent dropped
out during their pregnancy or after giving
birth, while 12.5 per cent remained in
school throughout.
Kelly's research also indicated that teenage motherhood did not impede the mother's ability to complete her education.
'Teen mothers told me that having a
child is what re-inspired them to return to
school and get an education," Kelly said.
Her survey of students about whether or
not school-based day-care centres encouraged other teens to get pregnant revealed
that their presence actually contributed to
the prevention of teen pregnancy.
"Not one student agreed that having a
day-care centre at a regular high school
had encouraged them to think about
having a baby," Kelly said. "Instead, they
emphasized that they had learned firsthand about the enormous responsibilities that teen parents face."
Kelly's research was supported by a
grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
She will present these and other research results as she closes the Faculty
of Education's lecture series on important educational issues in B.C. with a
talk titled Myths About Teen Pregnancy
and Parenthood: Implications for Sexuality Education on April 23.
The free lecture starts at 7:30 p.m. in
the Judge White Theatre at the Robson
Square Conference Centre. For more information, call 822-6239.
Teaching trends
Instructional skills workshops
Self-help key to training
program's success
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Students teaching students teaching students is the winning formula
behind a unique program developed by UBC's Centre for Faculty Development
and Instructional Services for tomorrow's teachers today.
Since the inception ofthe Instructional Skills Workshops in 1992, UBC
teaching assistants and graduate students have had the opportunity to train
for future responsibilities as educators and learn to be more effective in their
current university employment as laboratory assistants, tutorial leaders,
markers and undergraduate course instructors.
"Knowing about content and having the ability to communicate that content
to others to help them learn it are two distinct talents," says graduate student
co-ordinator Janice Johnson. "The main purpose ofthe workshops is to help
teaching assistants make the learning environment a good one so that everyone benefits from it."
The three-day workshops, funded by the Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund, are offered free to teaching assistants and graduate students 16
times a year between May and February.
Each workshop accommodates 12 students who share ideas, practice skills
and design and instruct mini lessons with help from two peer facilitators.
"It is quite a unique program among its kind in North America because it is
taught, reviewed and revised by the facilitators who are teaching assistants
themselves," Johnson explained. "Many similar workshops at other universities are planned and taught by faculty members."
UBC's workshops, which usually have a waiting list, are now one of the
models for universities across Canada currently developing their own programs.
Johnson also attributes the workshops' success to the written and verbal
feedback participants receive on their mini lessons, which are videotaped.
"Students consistently tell us that the mini lessons and the feedback are
the most valuable aspects ofthe program," she said. 'The facilitators guide
constructive analysis ofthe lessons, enabling the participants to decide what
changes may be necessary."
Johnson added that many of the participants indicate they have found
employment as a direct result of their honed teaching skills.
'The workshops are constantly evolving to address issues such as changing
ideas about teaching, the use of technology in teaching and diverse student
populations." she said. "We've been told by participants that the practical
training they've received and their enhanced ability to teach has helped them
get jobs."
The Instructional Skills Workshops are accredited by B.C.'s Ministry of
Education, Skills and Training and appear on participants' transcripts as an
interdisciplinary non-credit course.
Follow-up sessions—which cover everything from time management to
learning styles—are also available to students who have either attended a
workshop, or who are interested in the topics.
For more information, fax 822-9826 or send e-mail to lynne.abbott@ubc.ca.
Gavin Wilson photo
Now And Zen
Members of UBC's Zen Society meditate each Monday afternoon in the
tea gallery of the Asian Centre using cushions and other equipment
donated by Komazawa University in Japan.
Ecologically friendly
buildings focus of
research partnership
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
UBC's Faculty of Forestry has joined
in a research partnership that will explore, among other things, how ancient
design and construction wisdom of Japanese temples can be combined with modern technology to produce environmentally sensitive buildings.
UBC signed an agreement March 26
with the International Environmental
Institute (IEI), a Japanese research institute established by KST-Hokkaido
founder Akira Yamaguchi. The agreement involves about $1.3 million in research funding over six years.
Wood Science Prof. David Cohen, who
will play a role in bringing a multi-disciplinary UBC research team together, said
that under the terms of the agreement,
IEI will contribute funding for still to be
determined research projects, while UBC
will provide the expertise.
"It's very much a Pacific Rim partnership," Cohen said. "It's a relationship
with common goals. Combining the science of western society with the wisdom
of Japanese tradition should provide many
insights into a more harmonious future
with the environment in the 21 st century."
He said the agreement extends well
beyond the financial aspect and involves
an important exchange of wisdom and
KST-Hokkaido builds strong wooden
houses  exclusively  on   the  island   of
Hokkaido using Japanese wood, post -
and-beam construction and joinery based
on ancient temple techniques. These
houses are usually subject to extreme
winter conditions and exist in earthquake-
prone areas.
An interdisciplinary research team
from UBC (including experts in architectural design, wood engineering and nrar-
keting) will examine KST-Hokkaido's
housing system, and other systems, in
the northern regions of Japan, Canada
and Europe.
Cohen said an important aspect ofthe
agreement is an emphasis on bio-regionalism, the practice of making use of resources available in a specific region as
opposed to relying on imported goods,
whether foods or building supplies.
Yamaguchi, who signed the agreement
with Forestry Dean Clark Binkley. UBC
Vice-President. Academic, Dan Birch and
IEI Director Yahiro Ohkoda, said the UBC
agreement is part of his company's commitment to research. IEI is also funding
research at Harvard University and the
University of Montana-Missoula.
Ohkoda said the Harvard research "is
people-centered and at UBC it is forestry -
and wood-centered.
"UBC is a very powerful and influential
university in the fields of forestry and
architecture. We're interested in using
trees to their fullest and that is what UBC
is very good at," he said. "UBC is interested
in sharing KST-Hokkaido's knowledge of
winter life and housing needs. We hope to
help people ofthe northern regions." 6 UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996
April 7 through April 20
Tuesday, Apr. 9
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Analysis Of The Conjugates Of
Reactive Metabolites Of Valporic
Acid. Sashi Gopaul, grad. student. IRC#3. 12:30-4:30pm. Call
Oceanography Seminar
Upwelling Over Canyons: Juan
de Fuca Is A Special Case. Susan
Allen, Oceanography.
BioSciences 1465, 3:30pm. Call
Wednesday, Apr. 10
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Does Nifedipine Really Increase
Cardiac Mortality? Jane
DeLemos. Vancouver Hospital/
HSC, Koerner Pavilion, G-279,
4:30-5:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Diagnosis Of Cystic Fibrosis In
Adults. Dr. B. Nakielna, Medicine. Vancouver Hospital/HSC,
2775 Heather St., 3rd floor conference room, 5-6pm. Call 875-
UBC Zen Society
Day Retreat. Asian Centre, tea
gallery, 9am-4pm. Call 228-8955.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
ACL As Day Care - Pain Management Program. Dr. J.P.
McConkey, Athletic Injuries and
Arthroscopic Surgery. VancouverHospital/HSC, Eye Care Centre auditorium, 7am. Call 875-
4111 local 66276.
Public Forum
Living Wills. Peter Singer, U of
Toronto Centre for Bioethics.
Representation Agreements.
Gerrit Clements, BC Ministry of
Health and Ministry Responsible
for Seniors. Judge White Theatre, Robson Square conference
centre, 7-9pm. Call 822-5677.
Thursday, Apr. 11
Economics Seminar
Does European Unemployment
Prop-up U.S. Wages? Donald
Davis, Harvard. Buchanan D-
225, 4pm. Call 822-2876.
Centre for Applied Ethics
Strategy And Ethics. Daniel Gilbert, BucknellU. Angus415, 2:30-
4:30pm. Call 822-5139.
Friday, Apr. 12
Economics Seminar
Constitutional Limitations On Public Deficits: Evidence From The
United States. Henning Bonn,
Santa Barbara. Buchanan D-225.
4pm. Call 822-2876.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Genetic Predisposition To Malignancy - Breast And Ovarian Cancer. Dr. Barbara McGillivray, Medical Genetics. GF Strong auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Health Care & Epidemiology
Moving Into The Information Age:
Impact On Patient Care And
Worklife Of Health Care Professionals. Marilynne Hebert, Mather
253, 9-10am. Call 822-2772.
Saturday, Apr. 13
Web Workshop
Creating A Web Home Page. Brenda
Peterson, MLS and Larry Campbell,
MLS. Main Library, 8th floor, 9am-
4pm. $130. Call 822-2404.
New Plant Centre
Celebrations Over The Weekend,
Free garden tours lpm and 3pm.
Draws for prizes every 1 /2 hour.
UBC Botanical Garden, 10am-
6pm. Call 822-4529.
Sunday, Apr. 14
Beadwork and Tanning. Gertie Tom,
Tutchone artist. MOA theatre gallery, 2:30pm. Free with museum
admission. Call 822-4604.
Monday, Apr. 15
Economics Seminar
Two Views Of The British Industrial Revolution. P. Temin, MIT.
Buchanan D-225, 4pm. Call 822-
Biochemistry and Molecular
Biology Seminar
The Insulin Receptor Family: From
Flies To Neurons. Richard Roth.
Give Someone
a Second Chance.
Discuss organ donation with your family.
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Linda Reid (right) MLA for Richmond East and opposition
critic for the Attorney General and Science and Technology
recently met with Lynn Smith, Dean of Law and Associate
Dean Philip Bryden. She also met with students involved
in the Law students legal advice program as well as with
Science Dean Barry McBride.
Stanford U. IRC#3. 3:45pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-
Centre for Applied Ethics
On Trust. Daryl Koehn, candidate.
Chair in Business Ethics - Depaul
U. Angus 415, 2:30-4:30pm. Call
Tuesday, Apr. 16
Oceanography Seminar
Interannual Fluctuations Of The
Zooplankton Community Off Vancouver Island. Dave Mackas, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney.
BioSciences 1465, 3:30pm. Call
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Developmental Metabolism Of
Diphenhydramine In Pregnant
Sheep. Harvey Wong, grad. student. IRC#3, 12:30-4:30pm. Call
Botany Seminar
Testing ANearshore Subtidal Classification System. Mary Morris,
grad. student. BioSciences 2000,
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Green College Speaker Series
The Judges' Legal Revolution In
Italy: A Triumph For The Rule Of
Law? Prof. David Nelken, U of
Macerata and U of Wales at Cardiff. Green College, 5:30-6:30pm.
Reception in Graham House, 4:45-
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Wednesday, Apr. 17
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Varicella Vaccine: Should There
Be Universal Immunization? Jane
Kirkpatrick, Pharm.D student. IRC
G-41, 4:30-5:30pm. Call 822-
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Laser Treatment For Snoring. Dr.
A. Blokmanis and Dr. J. Woodham.
Vancouver Hospital/HSC, 2775
Heather St., 3rd floor conference
room, 5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Leukemic Arthropathy. Dr. G.M.
Hawk. Dietary Rickets InThe '90s.
Dr. M.J. Penner. Vancouver Hospital/HSC Eye Care Centre auditorium, 7am. Call 875-4111 local
The Eighth Regular Meeting Of
The Senate, UBC's Academic Parliament. Curtis 102, 1822 East
Mall, 8pm. Call 822-2951.
Thursday, Apr. 18
Economics Seminar
Crowding Out In A Model Of Endogenous Growth. Eric Fisher,
Ohio State. Buchanan D-225,
4pm. Call 822-2876.
19th Century Distinguished
Excessively Peculiar: The Cult Of
Aesthetic Languor In Victorian Art
And Culture. Susan Casteras, Yale
Centre for British Art. Green College, 8pm. Call 822-6067.
Friday, Apr. 19
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Imaging In Urinary Tract Infections. Dr. Thomas L. Slovis, Children's Hospital of Michigan and
Wayne State U; Dr. Betty J. Wood,
BC's Children's Hospital. GF
Strong auditorium 9am. Call 875-
Health Care &
Epidemiology Rounds
Lead And Your Sex Life. Dr. Nelson
Ames. Mather 253, 9-10am. Call
Next calendar deadline:
Noon, April 9
Saturday, Apr. 20
Web Workshop
Creating A Web Home Page.
Brenda Peterson. MLS and Larry
Campbell. MLS. Main Library.
8th floor. 9am-4pm. $130. Call
Badminton Drop-In
Faculty/Staff/Grad Students are
welcome at the Student Recreation Centre, Mondays, 6:30-8pm.
and Wednesdays, 6:45-8:15pm.
Bring your library card. Check for
ratkay@unix.infoserve.net or call
Faculty, Staff and Grad Student
Volleyball Group. Every Monday
and Wednesday, Osborne Centre,
Gym A, 12:30-1:30pm. No fees.
Drop-ins and regular attendees
welcome for friendly competitive
games. Call 822-4479 or e-mail:
Morris and Helen Belkin
Art Gallery
The Innocence Of Trees: Agnes
Martin and Emily Carr. Guest
curated by David Bellman. March
14 - May 25. Tuesday - Friday,
10am-5pm; Saturday, 12-5pm.
1825 Main Mall. Call 822-2759.
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one, about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre for Faculty
Development and Instructional
Services at 822-0828 and ask for
the Teaching Support Group.
Fitness Appraisal
The John M. Buchanan Exercise
Science Laboratory is administering a comprehensive physiological
assessment program available to
students, staff, and the general
public. A complete fitness assessment with an interpretation ofthe
results takes approximately one
hour and encompasses detailed
training prescription. A fee of $50
for students and $60 for all others
is charged. For additional information or an appointment, please
call 822-4356.
Parents in Long-Term Care
Daughters with a parent in a care
facility are invited to participate.
Study focuses on the challenges of
visiting/providing care and its effect on well-being. Involves interviews/responses to questionnaires. Call Allison. Counselling
Psychology at 946-7803.
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies learn to talk? Help us find
out! We are looking for parents
with babies between 1 and 14
months of age to participate in
language development studies. If
you are interested in bringing
your baby for a one hour visit,
please call Dr. Janet Werker's
Infant Studies Centre. Department of Psychology, UBC, 822-
6408 (ask for Nancy).
Clinical Trial in
A study comparing two oral medi-
cations. Famciclovir and
Valacyclovir in the treatment of
first episode of Herpes Zoster
(shingles). Age 50 and over. Division of Dermatology. 835 West
10th Avenue. 3rd floor. Reimbursement for expenses. Call
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Weekly sales of furniture, computers, scientific etc. held every
Wednesday. noon-5pm. SERF,
Task Force Building, 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 822-2582 for
Garden Hours
Nitobe Memorial Garden, Botanical Garden and the Shop-in-the-
Garden are open 10am-6pm daily
(including weekends) until Oct.
13. Call 822-9666 (gardens), 822-
4529 (shop).
Guided Tours of Botanical
By Friends ofthe Garden. Every
Wednesday and Saturday, lpm,
until Oct. 13. Free with admission. Call 822-9666.
English Language Institute
Homestay. English-speaking
families are needed to host international students participating
in ELI programs for periods of
two to six weeks. Remuneration
is $22/night. Call 822-1537.
Language Programs
Registration is underway for Continuing Studies French, Spanish, Japanese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Italian. German, Arabic,
Hindi and Punjabi conversation
classes starting April 20 and 23.
$245 for 10-week session. For
course times and registration
information call 822-0800.
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 -6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be
limited due to space.
Deadline for the April 18 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period April 21 to May 4— is noon,
April 9. UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996 7
April 4, 1996
To: Members of the UBC Community
From:    Committee to Review the Dept. of Plant Operations
The committee1 charged to review the Department of Plant Operations, seeks
your help. The Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers (for historical reasons, abbreviated APPA)—the relevant professional organization—has
conducted an external review of the Department. The Executive Summary of
their report along with a summary of recommendations are reproduced
The APPA review covered a wide range of topics touching on every aspect of
the Department. Their report contains 39 recommendations. We want your
views on the merits of these recommendations, and suggestions for other
ways to improve the Department's delivery of services to the University.
Based on the APPA report, your comments and comments from other parts of
the University community, the committee will prepare a report for the VP
Administration and Finance. He and others responsible for management of
the Department will be responsible for any decisions about implementing
these or other recommendations.
Please forward your comments to Clark S. Binkley, by fax:  822-8645: e-mail:
binkley@unixg.ubc.ca; or by mail to:   Faculty of Forestry, UBC, #270 - 2357
Main Mall, Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z4.
1 The committee is chaired by Clark Binkley, Dean, Faculty of Forestry, and
includes Derek Atkins, Associate Dean, Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration; Michael Davies, Associate Dean, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Robert Kubicek, Associate Dean, faculty of Arts;   Ruth Patrick,
University Librarian, and James Sherrill, Associate Dean, Faculty of
Education. Terry Sumner served on the committee until he became VP
Administration and Finance, the official to whom the committee reports.
Executive Summary
The five-day facilities management evaluation process identified four broad areas
needing additional attention by the Plant Operations Department at UBC. This
Executive Summary is organized around these areas for purposes of clarity and
Customer Focus
Though a number of customers indicated Department of Plant Operations'
performance has improved in the past three to five years, customer focus still
needs more attention.  As with many downsized university plant operations.
Department of Plant Operations has been "assaulted" by a huge and growing list
of facilities deficiencies.  Unfortunately this situation often pushes face-to-face,
customer contact into the background.   Despite this tendency, the Department of
Plant Operations needs to reorganize and deploy managerial and supervisory staff
in a manner that dramatically increases customer contact.  We recommend
moving to a "modified" area or zone concept, including the assignment of trades
persons and generalists to an increased number of specific zones.
We also recommend a rigorous schedule of meetings and discussion between key
managers in the Department of Plant Operations and all deans and their department heads.   In those discussions, the Department of Plant Operations needs to
ask:   1) how they can best assist the academic endeavour, and 2) where they need
to improve services the most.
Adopting a clear customer focus, with concomitant staff training, may be the best
"common ground" around which both management and unionized workforce can
partner.   For the union, satisfying the customer is the only long-term route to job
Team Building
The quality of the Department of Plant Operations staff is impressive. Articulate,
personable, professional, dedicated people are everywhere in the organization.
They provide the solid foundation every world-class entity must have.  After
several years of budget cuts and occasional labour strife, however, it appears time
to undertake a major team building program.   Major elements of this program
should be:   development of the vision statement; further development and publicizing of the mission, goals, and objectives; task forces or continuous improvement groups addressing work process and customer issues; and drastically
improved dialogue with trades team members.   Regardless of on-going contract
bargaining or historically difficult relations, the Department of Plant Operations
cannot effectively serve the campus until the two distinct culture within the
department, union and nonunion, begin to work closely together to serve the
customer. The resultant improvement in internal communications and inter-unit
accountability are key to the unifying of the Department of Plant Operations
diverse workforce.
Maintenance Workforce Productivity
Customers were clear in conveying their perception of poor productivity in the
trades maintenance group.  Though some of the productivity isstie appears
unavoidable given the narrow jurisdictions and limitations of existing union
contracts, much of it also resides in traditional practices, both perceived and real,
surrounding work breaks, transportation, and job contact time.  We recommend
the following:
A. Increase the use of generalists (e.g.. utility workers) to do a large part of the
simple, day-to-day maintenance tasks.  Decrease the use of specialists.
B. Utilize a zone approach to maintenance service to:
1. Minimize travel time
2. Improve service personnel knowledge of specific building system problems
and customer concerns
3. Give the customer a few familiar faces to deal with when there are facilities
C. Initiate specific partnering activities with the unions to improve customer
service through:
1. Decentralized service delivery
2. Increased use of generalists
3. More flexible job assignments
4. Reduced downtime due to travel and parts procurement
5. Identifying ways to improve customer perception and overall relations.
Process Improvement
The Department of Plant Operations has made tremendous progress in the
upgrading of a number of management systems and processes. The TSW management information system is state-of-the-art and will be a key building block for
plant operations in years to come.   Implementation of such systems is complex
and time-consuming, with an implementation failure rate of about 60 percent.
The Department of Plant Operations can take great pride in their notable success.
Other areas could also benefit from attention.  For example, the department could
shift organization and processes to increase the contact between managerial staff
and customers. Too many supervisors and coordinators see their job as paper
work and systems centered, rather than customer centered.   It appears that span-
of-control could be increased for a number of supervisors, thereby increasing their
involvement in a broader range of work and flattening the organizational structure.  It is likely that the initiatives discussed earlier under Customer Focus,
Team Building, and Maintenance Productivity will result in much robust discussion of process and organization issues.
Recommendations from APPA Review of
Plant Operations
Recommendation 1
Publish the Department's Mission Statement and distribute to both customers
and all Plant Operations employees.
Recommendation 2
Encourage discussion of the Mission Statement at the shop and division level,
and how it relates to both plant operations and shop responsibility.
Recommendation 3
Involve all Plant Operations divisions and shops in the completion of goals and
objectives congruent with the Department of Plant Operations' mission and goals.
Recommendation 4
Communicate large-scale Plant Operations goals and objectives to campus
Recommendation 5
Establish a separate Utilities Division, reporting to the Director, to better combine
and align utilities management responsibilities. This unit would entail:
• Boiler plant management, including fuel purchasing
• Utility distribution system management
• Energy management, including utility metering.
Recommendation 6
Review in detail the functions, roles, and individual performance of the three job
area supervisors, project coordinators and Maintenance Coordinators. Assure
clarity in responsibility and accountability for any work done in campus zones, to
assure customer understanding.
Plant operations management might also consider a separate reporting line for
Grounds. They share little common ground with the traditional trades groups,
their existing organizational home, and might benefit from more interface with the
director. Grounds maintenance is very important in conveying the care and
concern of the university for the overall campus environment.
Recommendation 7
Via a reduction in the number of trades workers, through attrition, increase the
use of general worker positions (e.g. utility worker) to handle a wide range of
minor maintenance tasks. UBC will always need a cadre of centralized and highly
specialized trade personnel, but the Department of Plant Operations would benefit
from more generalists.
Recommendation 8
Plant Operations should consider increasing the number of "areas" or zones assigned.
Coupled with increased clarity in Area Maintenance Coordinator duties discussed
in Section 2.2, this enhanced system would increase direct plant operations
contact with the customer, and begin to "put a face" on maintenance response. It
will benefit both staff and the customer. It would better facilitate evolution toward
a model characterized by a customer driven focus, decentralized service delivery,
and provision of service by generalists instead of specialists.
Recommendation 9
Increase the recurring resources for plant and facilities needs, through either
Department of Plant Operations staffing or the use of outside contractors, to a
median level for comparable institutions in Canada. 8 UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996
Recommendation 10
As a minimum, continue the
Cyclical Maintenance funding
at the present level, until the
deferred maintenance backlog
is at an acceptable level.
Recommendation 11
We recommend that all major
University building and
infrastructure systems/
components be carefully
inspected at least every other
Recommendation 12
We recommend that the
Department of Plant Operations establish 40% as their
goal for the portion of trades
maintenance work devoted to
scheduled/preventive maintenance activity.
Recommendation 13
We recommend two changes:
First, implement a priority
system for maintenance work
that gives higher priority to
customer-initiated routine
maintenance requests.
Recommendation 14
Second, increase the time
management personnel devote
to the "hands-on" orchestration of the departments'
maintenance work flow.
Recommendation 15
We recommend that the department develop work performance
standards for frequentiy recurring building and grounds
maintenance tasks.
Recommendation 16
The Department of Plant
Operations and Campus
Planning and Development
should prepare and issue a
joint services guide to clarify
UBC facilities services.
Recommendation 17
Teams should be established
with the goal of resolving
disputes surrounding disputed
position descriptions.
Recommendation 18
A central location should be
designated for official position
descriptions, one that is
readily accessible to both
Human Resources and Plant
Recommendation 19
A copy of the appropriate
position description should be
provided to new employees at
the time of their orientation.
Recommendation 20
Plant Operations should consider
establishing a division-wide
Training Coordinator.
Recommendation 21
Although it may be difficult,
and may take extended
negotiations, it is recommended that union contracts
be altered to include performance appraisals.
Recommendation 22
It is recommended that annual
performance planning and
evaluations become mandatory
throughout the administration
in the Department of Plant
Recommendation 23
It is recommended that Plant
Operations establish a cross-
functional, cross-unit team to
implement a recognition
Recommendation 24
Efforts need to continue in
improving the documentation/
justification for the capital
renewal model, to ensure
continued funding support for
Cyclical Maintenance.
Recommendation 25
Continue efforts to benchmark
Plant Operations performance
against peer institutions.
Recommendation 26
Provide follow-up to determine
specific peer methods or
practices that may be applicable at UBC.
Recommendation 27
Because of the strong union
environment and restrictive
trade practices existing at UBC,
greater effort should be made to
compare the costs of specific
tasks done in-house versus
utilizing the private sector.
Recommendation 28
Serious consideration should
be given running the Utilities
as an ancillary business unit.
Recommendation 29
A complete metering system
should be installed to better
facilitate energy/utility
Recommendation 30
It is recommended that the boiler
plant and these distribution
systems be given a much higher
priority and that system replacements/upgrades be made as
soon as possible.
Recommendation 31
Develop specific programs or
initiatives to improve working
relationships among Plant
Operations, Campus Planning
and Development, and Telecommunications.
Recommendation 32
The Department of Plant
Operations needs to conduct
team building workshops
throughout the organization to
improve employee
understandings, cross-functional communications, and
emphasize the customer focus.
Recommendation 33
A comprehensive communications plan needs to be developed and implemented to
obtain customer feedback,
advice and priorities.
Recommendation 34
Communication channels
among the Union, the Department of Plant Operations, and
the University must be improved to effect greater productivity and better customer
Recommendation 35
A careful review of the work
scheduling and customer
feedback process is needed, to
assure that significant aspects
of facilities needs are addressed proactively by Plant
Operations, i.e. before the
customer complains.
Recommendation 36
Customer feedback mechanisms, such as surveys, need
to be implemented as a
performance measurement
system to facilitate continuous
Recommendation 37
The Department of Plant Operations should have a formal role in
the campus master planning
process especially regarding
utility infrastructure planning
and extensions.
Recommendation 38
The Departments of Plant
Operations and Campus
Planning and Development
should work together to
develop and implement a
comprehensive facility commissioning procedure managed
by Plant Operations.
Recommendation 39
The Departments of Plant
Operations and CP&D should
work together with building
user representatives to develop
a Design Criteria and Construction Standards document
for the Universitv.
ACIT, the Advisory Committee on Information Technology,
Wants Your Input!
Information technology is changing the way UBC works, and ACIT's goal is to achieve the maximum benefit from IT in a cost effective manner.
Chaired by the Vice President - Student and Academic Services, ACIT is representative of both users and providers of IT. Its mandate includes computing
and data processing, as well as voice, video, and data communications in support of teaching, research, and administrative activities.
Among the issues to be considered by ACIT are: • Access to information technology for all students, faculty and staff; * Implications of the growing
use of IT for the dissemination of scholarly materials; * Creative approaches to funding IT usage; # Effective and efficient management of IT; * Policies
for establishing rate structures for all aspects of information technology, including voice and data communications. ACIT and the Committee on Educational
Technology, which is concerned with instructional use of IT, will work together where appropriate.
To learn more about ACIT, visit our World Wide Web site at <http://mis.commerce.ubC.ca/ACIT/ACIT.html>. Please direct comments or
questions to any of the following:
Chair: Maria Klawe, Student & Academic Services Vice Chair: Robert Goldstein, Commerce
822-5075, vpsas@unixg.ubc.ca 822-8389, bob.goldstein@ubc.ca
John Chase, Budget & Planning, chase@oldadm.ubc.ca
Ryan Davies, Alma Mater Society, finance@ams.ubc.ca
Julie Dzerowicz, Grad. Student Soc, julied@unixg.ubc.ca
John Gilbert, Health Sciences, johnhvg@unixg.ubc.ca
Bev Gray, Chemistry, gray@admin.chem.ubc.ca
Tim Hofmann, Path., thofmann@bcrehab.vancouver.be.ca
Jack Leigh, University Computing Sen'., jack@ucs.ubc.ca
Anna Li, Bookstore, annali@unixg.ubc.ca
Audrey Lindsay, Registrar's Ofc, audrey.lindsay@ubc.ca
Barry McBride, Science, mcbride@unixg.ubc.ca
Marilyn MacCrimmon, Law, maccrimmonfgjlaw.ubc.ca
Alan Mackworth, Computer Science, mack(3;cs.ubc.ca
Brian Owen, Library, brimowen@library .ubc.ca
Terry Sumner, Financial Services, terry.sumner@;ubc.ca
Richard Tees, Psychology, rtees@cortex.psych.ubc.ca
Jim Tom, Telecommunications, jimtom@unixg.ubc.ca
Ken White, Economics, ken@falcon.econ.ubc.ca
Jerzy Wojtowicz, Architecture, jw@architecture.ubc.ca
A CIT Subcommittees
John Gilbert, Health Sciences, Chair
822-5662, johnhvg ©unixg.ubc.ca
Philip Austin, Geography
James Boritz, Graduate Student Society
Elliott Bumell, Chemistry
bur @chem.ubc.ca
Dick Campanella, Civil Engineering
Peter Danielson, Philosophy
pad @robo.ethics.ubc.ca
Sian Echard, English
Jocelyn Godolphin, Library
Muriel Harris, Medical Genetics
Peter Milroy, UBC Press
Ruth Patrick, Library
David Robitaille, Math/Science Education
John Roeder, Music
jroeder ©unixg.ubc.ca
Richard Rosenberg, Computer Science
Bonita Stableford, Library
bstford ©unixg.ubc.ca
Kay Teschke, Health Care & Epidemiology
Administrative Resources:
Terry Sumner, Financial Serv., Chair
terry.su mner ©ubc.ca
Gary Barnes, Financial Serv., Vice chair
822-3686, gary.barnes©ubc.ca
Robert Bruce, Education Computing Services
robert.e.bruce ©ubc.ca
Harvey Burian, Human Resources
John Chase, Budget and Planning
Dave Frazer, University Computing Services
frazer ©ucs.ubc.ca
Bev Gray, Chemistry
John Hogg, Applied Science
hogg@ts. apse, ubc.ca
Jack Leigh, University Computing Service
Audrey Lindsay, Registrar's Office
alindsay ©regi .ubc.ca
Alan Marchant. External Affairs
alan.marchant ©ubc.ca
John Muirhead, Internal Audit
w. John, muirhead© ubc.ca
Branko Peric, Arts Computing
branko.peric© ubc.ca
Richard Tees, Psychology
(rtees @ cortex.psych.ubc.ca)
Ann Turner, Library
aturner ©unixg.ubc.ca
Marvin Westrom, Curriculum Studies
westrom@umxg. ubc.ca
Scholarly Resources:
Alan   Mackworth, Computer Science, Chair
822-4893, mack@cs.ubc.ca
Tony Bates, Continuing Studies
bates ©cstudies.ubc.ca
Joan Bevan, Anaesthesia
Hilde Colenbrander, Data Library
hilde@datalib. ubc.ca
Ryan Davies, Alma Mater Society,
Margaret Ellis, Centre for Educational Tech.
margaret.ellis ©ubc.ca
Robert Evans, Mechanical Engineering
evans © mech.ubc.ca
Geoff Herring, Chemistry
fgh© chem.ubc.ca
Michael Hrybyk, Central Networking
Michael. Hrybyk@ubc.ca
Gerald Neufeld, Computer Science
neufeld @cs .ubc.ca
Brian Owen. Library
Brian_0wen© library.ubc.ca
Donald Paterson, Arts
paterson ©arts.ubc.ca
Rosemary Redfield, Zoology
redfield ©unixg.ubc.ca
Mike Yang, Graduate Student Society
mkyang@unixg. ubc.ca
Ken White, Economics, Chair
822-5360, ken©falcon.econ.ubc.ca
Derek Atkins, Commerce
atkins © Dean,commerce .ubc.ca
John Chase, Budget & Planning
chase @ oldadm.ubc.ca
Ryan Davies, Alma Mater Society,
finance ©ams.ubc.ca
Julie Dzerowicz. Grad. Student Soc,
julied ©unixg.ubc.ca
Peter Gouzouais, Curriculum Studies
petergou ©unixg.ubc.ca
Jack Leigh, University Computing Services
Marilyn MacCrimmon, Law
maccrimmon© law.ubc.ca
Richard Spencer, Registrars Office
rspencer© regi.ubc.ca
Jim Tom, Telecommunications
jimtom© unixg.ubc.ca
Ann Turner, Library
aturner ©unixg.ubc.ca UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996 9
Making neighbours:
peace in Ireland
These remarks are excerpted
from an unscripted speech given
by Albert Reynolds, former prime
minister ofthe Republic of
Ireland, at a special Vancouver
Institute lecture March 31, 1996.
It is true that we have had
centuries of conflict in Ireland.
Conflict between two traditions, between two communities that see things differently.
A nationalist community
looking towards Dublin for an
identity and the unionist
community looking towards
London for their identity. A
very complex situation that's
really about the power and
privilege that was dispensed,
that was not dispensed
equitably to either community
because if you were down at
the lower end of the laddgr you
didn't fare out too well no
matter which side of the divide
you came from.
Now every prime minister
and every government that
went before has tried everything—tried to lecture the men
of violence to stop and hand in
their arms, tried to cajole
them, tried to show the way
forward—without any result so
when I was elected leader of
my own party and the prime
minister of Ireland, I decided
that I would go the unorthodox
way about trying to bring
peace to Ireland. On my first
day in office I set out my two
main political objectives: to
bring peace to Ireland and to
grow the Irish economy at a
rate that would provide much
more employment for young
well-educated people at home.
I didn't see those two issues
as separate; I saw each of
them as inter-related. I saw
them as inter-related for the
very reason that the image of
Ireland around the world was
one of a nation at conflict.
Continuing conflict, death and
destruction, funeral after
funeral, walls of wilted flowers,
an eternity of tears. We had
seen this and become so
accustomed to it for 25 years
that people just began to
accept it as part of the way of
Rather than go the way that
had been tried and failed
before, I decided to open up
links of communications
indirectly to those who controlled the violence because those
that were part of the problem,
in my view, were going to have
to be made part of the solution.
Yes, it was a risky political
strategy. Yes, it was a strategy
that took a lot of faith and I
was well and truly conscious
of it. It's easier to do nothing I
suppose but as somebody who
is involved in business and not
a career politician I calculated
the risks and I took the risks,
but taking the risks alone
wasn't good enough.
A leader of one of the
nationalist parties in Northern
Ireland came to see me in the
early days of my premiership.
He brought me up-to-date with
discussions he had with Gerry
Adams, the leader ofthe Sinn
Fein, the political wing of the
Republican movement. I felt
that there was a window of
opportunity opening up.
I was fortunate indeed that
in London at the same time was
British Prime Minister John
Major. The traditional hostility
that normally existed between
Irish Prime Ministers and
British Prime Ministers was not
between us and we could
indeed, and did develop, a very
good trusting relationship. And
just after being elected in the
United States was President
Clinton, who during his election
campaign had given a commitment that, if elected, he would
support anything that would
bring peace to Ireland.
For the next 18 months
John Major and I began to
understand the mind-set in
both camps as to where they
were coming from, what they
were fighting for and what their
fears were for the future. And
it's only when you understand
and listen to the people explain
it to you that you get to know
the reasons they would put
their own lives at risk and do
the horrendous things that
have been done during the last
25 years in Northern Ireland.
Private, secret and confidential
negotiations eventually led up
to the signing and publication
of the Downing Street declaration on the 15th December
1993, between John Major and
myself, that was the Charter for
Peace in Ireland.
This Downing Street Declaration for the very first time
made statements acknowledging the fact that history had
failed to deal with the situation.
That majority rule that had
existed for over 70 years, that
dispensed the power and the
privilege, had not done so in an
equitable manner, and that
consequendy the nationalist
community and indeed many of
the unionist communities too,
felt deeply in their hearts that
there was injustice, there was
inequality, there was lack of
opportunity, there was lack of
investment and a lot of discrimination that bred injustice.
We also made declarations,
both of us, that it was a matter
for the Irish people alone to
agree by peaceful means as to
what their future was going to
be. And that whatever arrangements the Irish people would
agree on, both governments
would underwrite it. And so it
was that the Charter for Peace
and the principles on which
future peace and future
agreements were to be settied
were set out in the Downing
Street declaration.
As in every organization, as
in the Republican leadership,
as in the Loyalist leadership,
there are hawks and doves. And
the hawks had been winning
the battle for 25 years. And the
whole approach was let's find
and put together an alternative
strategy to replace the violence.
On the 31st of August we had
a Republican-IRA cease-fire to
cease all military operations as
and from that date. Six weeks
later the Loyalist command called
their cessation of violence. For
the following 17 months we had
total cessation of violence, where
the bombings stopped and the
killings stopped.
And then a word cropped up
and this to me was the most
poisonous word of all—decommissioning.
Decommissioning of arms
was then laid down. It wasn't
part of the Downing Street
Declaration and if it was I never
would have signed it for the
following reasons: that there is
no historical precedent in
Ireland for handing over guns.
The party that I led and am a
member of, we were bom out of
armed rebellion ourselves. The
founders of my party, never
handed in their arms when
they entered politics. In fact it
is symbolic surrender. It wasn't
a surrender we had; it was a
The same rules that apply to
decommissioning as part of
conflict resolution around the
world were not applied in
Ireland. There was no such precondition laid down in relation
to Bosnia, to the Middle East in
South Africa, nor in El Salvador
so why should there be a
different international ruling
laid down in relation to conflict
resolution in Ireland?
The suspicions arose as to
what was the good faith of the
British government. Were they
again looking for surrender and
defeat of the IRA. And from the
Loyalist point of view, they too,
were just as adamant, that they
would not decommission their
arms as a pre-condition of
getting into talks.
You have to understand
why. There is a deep-rooted fear
and suspicion in both communities. I have been in the small
streets of Belfast, and I have
seen first-hand the bullet holes
in the walls above children's
cots where they were left
defenceless. People don't want
to see arms given up before
talks and negotiations start.
They want confidence built in
the process on either side.
What happened over that 17-
month period of cease-fires is
that trust and confidence was
gradually eroded. In the end,
decommissioning became the
poison word. It couldn't be
resolved, and constanUy was
another big issue that raised
suspicions and disbelief.
An international commission
was called in to adjudicate and
bring out what they believed
was an objective analysis of the
situation and produce a report
that to all sides could well have
been the blueprint of the end of
the war for all time. But for
whatever reason the British
Prime Minister, John Major,
discarded the report before the
ink was dry. That to me was the
straw that broke the camel's
back in relation to trust and
confidence in the peace process, that drove people to go
back to violence feeling that
there was nothing going to
happen. That wasn't strictly
true as some things had
happened. But the things that
could have underpinned the
peace process were not done.
If there's one thing about
politics, it is that political
leaders have to listen to the
people who put them there, the
voters. And what are the voters
saying? They've enjoyed 17
months of a quality of life that
they haven't known for 25
years. For 17 months young
kids have been able to go out
and play in the streets again.
Teenagers have gone to their
discos and enjoyed themselves
without any fears of not
returning home at night and
their parents can now sit
happily at home for 17 months
knowing that their kids were
safe, and that they wouldn't be
caught up in an unannounced
bomb or sniper's bullet.
We all take those freedoms
for granted because we live in
free societies where normal
societies allows these things to
happen but normal society did
not exist in Northern Ireland for
25 years. And that's why the
people who have tasted that,
the young people especially, are
saying loud and clear in opinion
polls and demonstrations in the
streets and everywhere they
can, there is no going back and
we're not going back. We don't
care what ideologies our fathers
and mothers professed. We are
saying to everybody this is what
we had for 17 months and
that's what we are going to have
back and nobody, but nobody
is going to bring us in a different direction.
And at the end of the day
political leaders will have to
speak and have to listen to those
that speak to them in that
regard. And in society itself we
have had 17 months of a peace
dividend that people couldn't
even contemplate was possible.
Just to give you an idea there
were 25 visits of possible or
potential industrial investors in
Northern Ireland in the year
before the peace broke out. In
that 12 month of peace period
that multiplied to 200. Tourism
in Northern Ireland increased
immediately by 56 per cent The
potential for trade between north
and south was studied very
closely and there's potential and
capacity for an increase of 100
per cent coming from north to
south, and 50 per cent going
from south to north. As the first
prime minister of Stormont in
Belfast, Lord Tregavin, said this
island is too small to be kept
apart for all time.
I believe that historic
opportunity exists but I
believe that the precursor for
that historic opportunity has
to be to establish peace first.
Peace is paramount because if
we get peace I believe we can
get people eventually to the
table. We can get the barriers
of suspicion broken down. We
can banish that fear and start
to build hope and confidence
for the future again. We have
to leave that black history
behind us and start to write a
new chapter.
Diversity doesn't have to be
a weakening factor in the
development of Ireland. It can
be the strength. We have great
cultures. We have great
heritage. We have produced
some fine writers. William
Butler Yeats said peace comes
dropping slow.
We all know there are
difficulties along the way. We
all know there are going to be
road blocks but we cannot
just throw up our hands in
despair and say look it's all
over again just because we
had a breakdown. That's not
the way ahead for Ireland.
And it's not the way of the
people of Ireland because they
have demonstrated north and
south in thousands out in the
streets in recent weeks that
they want to return to the
peace they had. They've
expressed it through opinion
We had 25 years of futile
violence. We had over 3000
people dead, about 40,000
people injured. We didn't get
one bit closer to where we
want to be so we are now
trying the new way forward.
The way of peace.
Politicians are going to
have to take risks for peace
again. They are going to have
to take courage in their hands
and despite what may appear
to be unpopular they have to
do the things that are going to
lead everybody back to the
conference table.
Peace will bring that
political stability that will
indeed attract more and more
international investment into
Ireland, that will produce
more and more jobs, and
peace will give the right image
around the world that here
now is an island at peace with
itself, an island that has no
borders in relation to cultural
development, to our heritage.
The British people don't
want to see any repeats of the
Warringtons of this world or
the Guildford bombings or the
Birmingham six or indeed the
Canary Wharf or anywhere
else. They too want to live in
peace. They want to enjoy
safety of their homes and free
of threats of violence they've
had to endure for the last 25
years too.
There is no excuse for not
going forward back to the
table. If confidence can be
rebuilt in the short term, I
believe there will be the
restoration of the cease-fire
and that we will move on to
the talks and the talks will
probably take quite some
And my message always is
to the Unionist people whom I
get on with just as well as I do
with Nationalists,  'Think,
think, think that a good
neighbour is better than a faraway friend." 10 UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996
News Digest
Bradshaw Pack and Jocelyn Morlock, graduate students in
UBC's School of Music, are among three finalists announced in the
6th Biennial BC Young Composers Competition.
Sponsored by Vancouver New Music (VNM), the competition is
intended to help emerging talents develop their careers and provides high profile performances of their work.
Pack's Elegy and Eidolons for string quartet and Morlock's Limbo,
for B-flat clarinet and piano, will be performed in VNM's "Flash! This
just in: BC's latest music" concert on April 14 at the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre. For more information, call 606-6440.
The first high level delegation of Chinese legal professionals to
visit Canada since 1949 was on campus last month to gain firsthand knowledge about Canada's criminal law and criminal justice
The nine-member team of prosecutors and law professors represented the Supreme People's Procuratorate and the China University of Political Science and Law. They met with members of the
International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice
Policy (ICCLR), March 25 to April 1 for discussions and workshops
on issues that included organized crime and the protection of
women's rights.
"We wanted to share with the delegation the kind of Canadian
ideas and experience that would be helpful in assisting the on-going
reforms ofthe Chinese system," said Daniel Prefontaine. director of
the ICCLR. "We anticipate that this would help maintain a proper
balance of due process and crime control in criminal proceedings.
The ICCLR, based at UBC, is a joint initiative with Simon Fraser
University and the Society for the Reform of Criminal Law. It is
dedicated to making a substantial contribution to national and
international efforts to improve criminal justice.
Prefontaine said that the visit by the Chinese delegation will
encourage future development of a co-operative relationship between the relevant Canadian and Chinese institutions.
Review of Computing and
A committee chaired by Barry McBride. Dean. Faculty of
Science has been established to conduct a review of
Computing and Communications (C&C). C&C consists ofthe
following units: University Computing Services, Telecommunication Services, Media Services and the UBC Press. The
last comprehensive review of University Computing Services
(the Computing Centre as it was then known) was conducted in 1988.
The Review Committee's mandate includes, but is not
limited to, the following:
• To review the mandates, strategic plans, structures,
operations, staffing and budgets of the four units comprising C&C, and their role in support of the University's
• To review and comment on the role of C&C and the
impact of decentralization with respect to the development of Information Technology standards
• To evaluate the overall levels of responsiveness, effectiveness and accountability of each unit
• To identify opportunities and make recommendations for
improved service
The Committee will take into consideration the Senate
Budget Committee's recommendations with respect to the
cyclical reviews of centralized service units.
The Committee membership is:
• Barry McBride, Dean, Facultv of Science, Chair
• Richard Spencer, Registrar and Director of Student
• Robert Kubicek, Department of History
• Jean Tsang, Department of Financial Senices
• Sharon Hartung, Graduate Student
• Ron Johnson, Vice President, Computing and Communications, University ofWashington
• Gerry Miller, Executive Director, Information Service and
Technology, University of Manitoba
Byron Hender, Executive Coordinator, Student and Academic Services will act as Secretary to the Committee.The
external members of the Committee will be at UBC for three
days in April.
The Committee will welcome written submissions from
individuals or groups. Submissions should be received no
later than April 12, 1996 and should be addressed to:
Byron Hender
Secretary, C&C Review Committee
Office of the Vice President, Student and Academic Services
124-6328 Memorial Road
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z2
FAX 822 8194
e mail hender@unixg.ubc.ca
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made ou t to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the April 18, 1996 issue of UBC Reports is noon. April 9.
WOMEN ages mid-40's to early
60's looking for more members.
We do nature hature hikes mainly
in the Kitsilano - Point Grey areas
followed by refreshments and
intellectual discussions. 224-8621.
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INCOME TAX RETURN prepared for
as low as $35. Electronic filing now
available, refunds possible in 10
working days. Pick up and delivery
from UBC, professionally prepared.
Phone 940-9180 or 940-2800, Len.
proof read and copy edit all
written materials, including
research papers, articles, essays
and business documents.
Includes all subject matters. Aid
in constructing resumes too. Call
Peggy at 329-4175.
I       House Sitters
COUPLE seeks short/longterm
house sifting opportunity to begin
September 1/96 (flexible).
Excellent references. Call 732-
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House Exchange
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swap for 96/97 Academic Year
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location is in Vermont near
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perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
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accom. in Pt, Grey area. Minutes
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to shops and restaurants. Inc. TV,
tea and coffee making, private
phone/fridge. Weekly rates
available. Tel: 222-3461. Fax:222-
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $ 13/day for mealsSun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
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and breakfast. Warm hospitality
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deadline for May 16-June 27
period: April 15 (rates
negotiable). Phone Scott Fraser,
1-604-725-2489, or e-mail:
WEST POINT GREY. To sublet May
1 to October 1, one bedroom
de-luxe apt. West 10th Ave., close
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AUGUST. Large 3 bedroom + den
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Housing Wanted
Furnished. Parking. Sharedornot.
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References, c.v,, etc., available.
Phone collect (604) 633-2644 or fax
wife (no children, no pets, no
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3432 W. Broadway 732-4240 UBC Reports • April 4, 1996 11
T-bird notes
by Don Wells
Thunderbird Athletics
Olympic hopefuls Schiebler,
Evanetz UBC's best for 95-96
The UBC Athletic Department announced that Jeff
Schiebler and Sarah
Evanetz had been named
UBC's top athletes for the
1995-96 season at the
always splashy Big Block
Awards Dinner March 21 at
the Hyatt Regency Ballroom.
A total of 550 athletes,
coaches and guests from
university administration
and alumni gathered for the
annual salute to success for
the UBC Thunderbirds.
As predicted, it had been a
vintage year, and when the
championship harvest was
over, almost half of the
Canada West yield went to
UBC cellars. The T-Birds won
a total of seven of the 15
Canada West Championships.
When later pitted against the
best in Canada at CIAU
Championships in those same
sports. UBC teams finished
no worse than third.
Perhaps the Grand Cru of
1995-96 was the third
straight CIAU Championship
for women's swimming, or
maybe it was the Canada
West men's basketball
championship stolen from the
defending national champions
Alberta Golden Bears in front
of a huge War Memorial Gym
crowd.  Perhaps it was the
decisive 29-7 win over SFU in
the Shrum Bowl. In any case,
the T-Birds were flocking
together in the swanky Regency
Ballroom, far from the stale
locker rooms of Point Grey.
Over 50 of them were
Canada West All-stars or
medalists, only slightly fewer
were All Canadians or CIAU
medalists. In a short time,
about 60 will be named Academic All Canadians for
maintaining a grade point
average in excess of 80 per cent
while taking full-time classes
and competing in CIAU sports.
Many will attempt to make the
Olympics, and some will.
Evanetz is one of them. The
20 year-old swimmer is
currently ranked 13th in the
world in 100-metre butterfly.
Presented with the Marilyn
Pomfret Trophy as the Most
Outstanding Female Athlete
for 1995-96, the third-year
Arts student won five gold
medals for the third consecutive year at the CIAU Swim
Other nominees included
field hockey captain Laura
Prellwitz, soccer mid-fielder
Heidi Slaymaker and volleyball all-Canadian Joanne
The Bobby Gaul Award.
presented annually to the Most
Outstanding Graduating Male
Athlete, went to Olympic track
hopeful Jeff Schiebler. The
21 year-old fourth year
Human Kinetics student won
both the CIAU Cross Country
Championships and a gold
medal in 3000 metres at the
CIAU Track and Field Championships held earlier this
month at the University of
Windsor. Schiebler's time of
7:59 was also a new CIAU
record. At present he is the
only Canadian athlete to
have met Olympic qualifying
standard in 10,000 metres.
Head Track and Field Coach
Carmyn James accepted the
Gaul award for Schiebler who
was competing at the World
Cross Country Championships
in South Africa.
Other nominees were
football's Brad Yamaoka,
swimmer John McArthur
and Canada West basketball
all star Mark Tinholt.
Other award winners were
Heather Andrews, who
received the Kay Brearley
Award for Outstanding
Service to Women's Athletics:
basketball's Brady Ibbetson
and soccer goalkeeper Lisa
Archer who received the
inaugural $500 Thunderbird
Athletes' Council Leadership
Awards; the Tailgators
Booster Club which received
the Arthur Delamont Award
for "Perennial Freshman
Spirit" and the Women's
Swim Team which received
the Du Vivier Award as
Team of the Year.
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School of Music graduate Tamara Hummel is one of
nine winners of this year's Metropolitan Opera
National Council Auditions.
Currently in her final year of the Artist Diploma Program
at the Vancouver Academy of Music. Hummel received a
Bachelor of Music degree from UBC in 1994.
She was selected from more than 2,000 singers who enter
the competition each year from Canada, the United States,
Puerto Rico and Australia.
Hummel has performed as a soprano soloist with the
Vancouver Bach Choir and as a member of the Vancouver
Opera chorus. She has also appeared with the Vancouver
Cantata Singers, the North West Opera and the Vancouver
Women's Musical Club.
In 1994 Hummel was a member of the UBC University
Singers, winners ofthe CBC Choral Competition that year.
One year later she took first place in the Western Concert
Opera Scholarship Recital.
As a national council winner, Hummel performed in the
annual winners concert held on the stage of the Metropolitan
Opera House in New York on March 31 and received a
$10,000 award. She will continue her studies in Salzburg,
Austria this summer on a full scholarship from the Johann
Strauss Foundation.
Social Work Asst. Prof. Roopchand Seebaran has been
named B.C.'s social worker of the year by the Cana
dian Association of Social Workers.
He won the distinguished service award, given to a
member of each of the association's provincial organizations,
on the occasion of National Social Work Week, held in
Seebaran, who joined UBC in 1974. specializes in issues
of social planning and community development.
Seebaran frequently serves as a speaker, trainer, consultant and facilitator for a variety of government departments
and social agencies. He has also presented guest lectures
and conducted training sessions in the U.K. U.S.. Thailand
and Fiji.
In 1984, he was named social worker of the year by the
B.C. Association of Social Workers, an organization of which
he is the former president. He also recently chaired the B.C.
Advisory Council on Multiculturalism.
Dr. Christine Ann Loock is one of five recipients of
Southern Methodist University's 1996 Distinguished
Alumni Awards.
A clinical associate professor in the Dept. of Pediatrics,
Loock was recognized for her work on the prevention of
prenatal alcohol and drug-related developmental disabilities,
most notably Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. She has also won a
number of awards for her teaching.
Loock also serves with the B.C. Children's Hospital Spina
Bifida clinic and the Sunny Hill Health Centre for Children, as
director of the Rotary rod's Place outreach clinic and as a
developmental pediatrician for the Vancouver Regional Health
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822-0800 12 UBC Reports ■ April 4, 1996
Clear signals
Making sense out of noise is just one of Rabab Ward's achievements
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Rabab Ward doesn't exactly come
across as rebellious. Yet the
soft-spoken electrical engineering professor has quietly challenged the
status quo since she was a teenager
growing up in Beirut, Lebanon.
Ward, whose research in the realm
of signal processing has led to advances ranging from an improved
capacity for early detection of breast
cancer to clearer television images, has
remained flexible in her approach to
the personal and professional challenges she has faced.
"I'm a person who acclimatizes very
quickly to any environment. I just deal
with every different problem as it
arises," she says. "I don't have just one
coping strategy; I have many. It depends on the problem."
Ward revels in the challenge of
deciphering electronic information
while seeking to minimize the "noise"
that confuses or muddies a signal. It's
pure information she seeks, and
although she uses computers extensively in her research she views them
only as the means to an end.
"So many students want to study
computers," she says. "Personally, I
don't find computers that exciting.
What I'm interested in is how to use the
computer in order to allow it to distinguish a good signal from a bad one."
The cable television industry is also
interested in Ward's research. Canadian Cable Labs, a research fund
established by Rogers Cablesystems,
has financially supported several of her
most recent research initiatives.
At present, cable television operators
are forced to interrupt transmission of
cable signals in order to monitor and
measure image quality at various
locations throughout a distribution
network. Referred to as intrusive
measurement, it is an operation that is
labour intensive, time consuming, and
"It is a major headache for cable
operators everywhere," Ward says.
'They have to shut down transmission
at about 2 a.m. while technicians travel
all over the city measuring channel by
Ward tackled the problem and
devised a method that will allow
computers to monitor image quality
without interrupting transmission. A
U.S. leader in cable technology and
scientific equipment is now incorporating her ideas in instruments that will
soon be available to North A      rican
cable operators.
Other work involves the compression
of digital cable signals at the point
From cancer imaging to improving cable TV images, Rabab Ward's research
focuses on distinguishing pure information from the noise that surrounds
where cable signals are collected from
satellite transmissions—in Rogers' case
on the roof of the Rogers Cantel tower
in Metrotown—and improving image
quality through decoding cable transmissions at the television and refining
the conversion process from digital to
the analog information displayed by
The latter improvement will occur
in a set-top converter that will
correct each picture received in
real time, at a rate of 30 frames per
second, providing the viewer with a
crisp image.
The persistence Ward displays in her
efforts to tame and control electronic
signals is reflected in her personal
When she first applied to study
engineering in 1961—after graduating
from high school with the highest
marks in her native country, Lebanon—she was refused admission at the
American University of Beirut because
she was a woman.
Determined to study engineering,
she went to see the dean of engineering
at the university, an American, and
asked why young men with inferior
grades were being admitted to the
program while she was refused. Policy,
was the answer. Period.
Ward, raised in a traditional Moslem
family, also faced opposition from her
father who did not believe engineering to
be a suitable profession for women.
Medicine, on the other hand, was.
So Ward left Beirut to study medicine in Egypt where, coincidentally,
women were permitted to study engineering.
"After the first week in medical
school I decided it really wasn't for me,"
she says. "I wrote a letter to my father,
a very emotional letter, and he finally
said okay.
"I transferred to engineering and I've
never regretted it."
Ward graduated near the top of
her class with a degree in
electrical engineering in 1967
and returned to Lebanon to become the
first female member of the Lebanese
Professional Engineering Society.
A year later she left Lebanon with a
scholarship to attend the University of
California at Berkeley where she
acquired a master's degree, a PhD and
a non-Moslem boyfriend.
"We visited Lebanon while together
and I told my parents 'this is the man I
want to marry.' It was a little difficult,
but they did agree in the end.
"I was rebellious but not disliked,"
she says. "I didn't push too far. but I
was always at the limit and pushing a
little bit. My strength was that I was
succeeding academically, so people
forgave me."
A few years after leaving Berkeley.
Ward and her husband Peter, a civil
engineer, moved to Rhodesia (now
Zimbabwe) to help found the University of Rhodesia's engineering faculty.
The fledgling electrical engineering
department provided Ward with an
opportunity to participate in the
development of the department,
including the curriculum.
"Professionally it was very rewarding. You didn't have the luxury of
specializing because there were so few
professors. You really had to keep
learning about all the areas because
you knew you might have to teach
them," she says.
While in Rhodesia. Ward developed a
program that forecast the electricity
needs of the country. The program was
adopted by the electricity supply
commission and, with modifications, is
still in use today.
But the 1970s were a time of civil
war and political turmoil in
Rhodesia. And, in 1979, after
the head of the engineering department
was stabbed on the street outside the
Wards' house, the family returned to
North America.
Ward joined UBC's Faculty of
Applied Science as a sessional instructor and in 1981 became UBC's first
female engineering professor.
Ward's research while at Berkeley
and. initially, at UBC, was in the area
of systems and control, an area now
best known for robotics.
In 1984 she started working on
signal processing, primarily image
restoration of stellar images, pictures
collected via telescope. By refining the
image Ward was able to determine if
what appeared as a blob of light was in
fact two or three stars.
With the advent of the Hubble
telescope, which produces clearer
images. Ward moved into the realm of
cancer imaging research.
Mammography, an X-ray technique
of diagnosing abnormalities in the
breast, is used to find small masses or
microcalcifications in the breast crucial
to the early detection of breast cancer.
Ward's work on restoring X-ray images
to determine whether dots visible in the
image are, in fact, microcalcifications
or the result of noise inherent in the
image formation system, has enhanced
early detection capabilities.
Ward remains involved with a variety
of research projects, including working
with Prof. Charles Laszlo to develop a
device that can determine distress
levels in an infant's cry. and supervises
the research of four doctoral and three
masters students. She also employs
three full-time research engineers.
Despite the range of research Ward
has touched on. past and present, she
remains focused in her quest to get to
the heart of the matter, and to deliver
electronic information that is as clear
and uncluttered as the force that drives


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